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A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 3

Piano

 

Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.

     

Alphabetical

Toshiko Akiyoshi    Mose Allison

 
Paul Bley    Hadda Brooks    Dave Brubeck    Ray Bryant    Milt Buckner    Ralph Burns
 
Sonny Clark    Nat King Cole    Eddie Costa
 
Tadd Dameron    Wild Bill Davis    Blossom Dearie    Martin Denny    Kenny Drew
 
Bill Evans    Gil Evans
 
Dick Farney    Victor Feldman    Clare Fischer    Tommy Flanagan
 
Red Garland    Erroll Garner    Vince Guaraldi
 
Al Haig    Sir Roland Hanna    Barry Harris    Gene Harris    Hampton Hawes    Skitch Henderson    Eddie Higgins   Jutta Hipp    Elmo Hope    Shirley Horn
 
Ahmad Jamal    Hank Jones    Duke Jordan
 
Wynton Kelly    Stan Kenton
 
Michel Legrand    John Lewis    Ramsey Lewis
 
Junior Mance    Dodo Marmarosa    Marian McPartland    Dave McKenna    Thelonious Monk
 
Phineas Newborn
 
Duke Pearson    Oscar Peterson    Terry Pollard    Bud Powell    Mel Powell    André Previn
 
Sun Ra    Freddie Redd    Wally Rose    Jimmy Rowles    George Russell
 
Shirley Scott    George Shearing    Lalo Schifrin    Horace Silver    Nina Simone    Jimmy Smith    Martial Solal    Lou Stein    Ralph Sutton
 
Billy Taylor    Cecil Taylor    Sir Charles Thompson    Bobby Timmons    Lennie Tristano    Bobby Troup
 
Mal Waldron    George Wallington    Cedar Walton    Randy Weston    Mary Lou Williams    Claude Williamson

 

Chronological

Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording or record release (as possible):

1927

Mary Lou Williams

   
1936 Nat King Cole
   
1937 George Shearing
   
1939 Gil Evans
   
1940 Sir Charles Thompson
   
1941 Thelonious Monk    Mel Powell    Wally Rose
   
1942 Stan Kenton    Jimmy Rowles
   
1943 Dodo Marmarosa
   
1944 Milt Buckner    Ralph Burns    Tadd Dameron    Dick Farney    Victor Feldman    Erroll Garner    Bud Powell    Billy Taylor
1945 Hadda Brooks    Wild Bill Davis    Al Haig    Duke Jordan     Oscar Peterson    André Previn    Lennie Tristano
   
1946 Skitch Henderson    Hank Jones    Sun Ra     John Lewis    Lou Stein
   
1947 Red Garland    Hampton Hawes    Junior Mance    Ralph Sutton    George Wallington
   
1948 Milt Buckner    Elmo Hope    Wynton Kelly    Marian McPartland    Terry Pollard
   
1949 Dave Brubeck    Ray Bryant    Phineas Newborn    Shirley Scott    Claude Williamson
   
1950 Paul Bley    Kenny Drew    Tommy Flanagan   Barry Harris    Dave McKenna    Horace Silver
   
1951 Ahmad Jamal    Wynton Kelly
   
1952 Blossom Dearie    Jutta Hipp    Mal Waldron
   
1953 Toshiko Akiyoshi    Sonny Clark    Vince Guaraldi    Michel Legrand    Lalo Schifrin    Martial Solal    Bobby Troup
   
1954 Eddie Costa    Bill Evans    Jimmy Smith    Randy Weston
   
1955 Gene Harris    Freddie Redd
   
1956 George Russell   Cecil Taylor    Bobby Timmons
   
1957 Mose Allison    Martin Denny    Clare Fischer   Eddie Higgins    Ramsey Lewis    Nina Simone
   
1958 Sir Roland Hanna    Cedar Walton
   
1959 Shirley Horn    Duke Pearson

 

  Together with saxophone, piano is the main instrument of modern and progressive jazz. This page is intended to list pianists releasing their first recordings before 1960. Other early jazz pianists can be found under Early Jazz, Swing Jazz and Jazz Orchestration.

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mary Lou Williams

Mary Lou Williams

Born Mary Elfrieda Scruggs in 1910 in Atlanta, Mary Lou Williams (aka First Lady of Jazz) married saxophonist John Williams in 1927. But she first made her debut recordings in January that year with the band in which John played, Jeanette James and the Synco Jazzers (Jeanette James was a vocalist.) Those tracks made for Paramount in Chicago were: 'Downhearted Mama', 'Midnight Stomp', 'The Bumps' and 'What's That Thing?'. Williams first recorded with Andy Kirk's Twelve Clouds of Joy in 1929. Her last recording, 'Solo Recital', appeared in 1978, three years before her death in 1981. The two tracks below for year 1945 are from her album, 'Zodiac Suite'. The three tracks for 1963 are from the album, 'Black Christ of the Andes'.

Mary Lou Williams   1927

   The Bumps

   What's That Thing?

Mary Lou Williams   1930

   Sophomore

Mary Lou Williams   1936

   Mary's Special

   Overhand (New Froggy Bottom)

Mary Lou Williams   1944

   Russian Lullaby

Mary Lou Williams   1945

   Aquarius

   Taurus

Mary Lou Williams   1963

   Dirge Blues

   A Grand Night For Swinging

   Miss D.D.

Mary Lou Williams   1974

   Gloria

Mary Lou Williams   1976

   Ode To Saint Cecile

   Album: 'Free Spirits' 

 

 
 

Nat King Cole was born in 1919 in Montgomery, Alabama. He made his first recordings in 1936 with his brother, bassist Eddie Cole. The next year he formed the King Cole Trio with bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore. His 'Nat King Cole Show' debuted in November of 1956. Cole pulled it thirteen months later, unable to acquire sufficient sponsorship (he being black). He recorded his last album, 'L-O-V-E', in December 1964. It was released the next year prior to Cole's death in February. Vocals by Nat King Cole can be found at Modern Jazz Song. Yet more Nat King Cole in a Birth of Rock & Roll 2 and under guitarist Oscar Moore in Modern Jazz Guitar. Per 1936 below, tracks are by Eddie Cole and the Solid Swingers, Eddie the vocalist. Unfortunately, Cole's piano recordings from 1938 through 1941 at YouTube's Overjazz channel have been made unavailable, making more a footnote of Cole on this page. Such is unfortunate because Cole was as fine a pianist as he was a singer.

Nat King Cole   1936

   Bedtime

  Honey Hush

  Stompin' At The Panama

  Thunder

Nat King Cole   1944

   B-Flat Blues

    Jazz at the Philharmonic 

  What Is This Thing Called Love

Nat King Cole   1947

   How High the Moon

Nat King Cole   1957

   Tea For Two

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Nat King Cole

Nat King Cole

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: George Shearing

George Shearing

Photo: Bettmann/Corbis

Born in London in 1919, blind pianist George Shearing's first recorded in 1937, a radio broadcast for the BBC. He began recording en force in 1938 with Vic Lewis and Carlo Krahmer, laying tracks with their ensemble into 1940. Shearing arrived to the U.S. in 1947. Two years later he formed his own quintet, among his first releases with that group being 'Lullaby Of Birdland' and 'September In the Rain'. He became a citizen of the U.S. in 1955. The majority of Shearing's latter twenty years were spent working intermittently between the U.K. and the U.S.. Shearing died in February of 2011.

George Shearing   1940

   Blue Moon

George Shearing   1941

   Jump For Joy Blue

George Shearing   1945

   Autumn Leaves

George Shearing   1948

   Consternation

George Shearing   1949

   Cotton Top

  Conception

  Lady Byrd

  I'll Be Around

   Move

   September In the Rain

   Swedish Pastry

George Shearing   1952

   Lullaby of Birdland

George Shearing   1954

   I'll Remember April

   Jumping with the Symphony

   Little White Lies

   Roses of Picardy

George Shearing   1956

   Latin Escapade

      Album 

George Shearing   1958

   Joy Spring

   The Nearness of You

   Some Other Spring

George Shearing   1960

   Laura

George Shearing   1961

   Let There Be Love

      Vocal: Nat King Cole

   The Nearness Of You

      Vocal: Nancy Wilson

George Shearing   1974

   Aquarius

George Shearing   1989

   Newport Jazz Festival

    Concert 

George Shearing   1997

   My Favorite Things

    Album 

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Gi Evans

Gil Evans

Canadian pianist, Gil Evans, born in Toronto, Ontario in 1912, was an arranger, composer and bandleader whose first recorded arrangement, 'Strange Enchantment', was for Skinnay Ennis, released in 1939 (unfound). Albeit Evans was a fine pianist, he was even more highly regarded as an arranger and composer, thus on this page concerning orchestration. Evans was particularly noted for "third stream" jazz or, fusion of classical with jazz improvisation. Evans' family had moved to Berkeley, then Stockton, California, where Evans began plunking the keys in hotels while in high school. He formed his first band, a dectet, with Ned Briggs in junior college, which became the house band at the Rendezvous Ballroom in Balboa Beach for two years. Retaining Evans at piano, vocalist Skinnay Ennis took over leadership of that band in 1937, moving it to Hollywood to play on the Bob Hope radio show. It was 1941 when Claude Thornhill hired Evans as an arranger for his orchestra. In 1947 Evans met Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan and pianist John Lewis at salons he held at his apartment in New York City. Thus arose the Miles Davis nonet which recorded 'The Birth of the Cool' between '49 and '50 on which Evans arranged 'Moon Dreams' and 'Boplicity'. ('The Birth of the Cool' wasn't released, however, until 1957.) Evans did freelance arranging in the fifties for such as Helen Merrill, Tony Bennett, Johnny Mathis, Billy Butterfield and Gerry Mulligan. Working again with Davis in 1957, the result was the 1957 issue of 'Miles Ahead'. The pair then collaborated on the release of "Milestones' and 'Porgy and Bess' in 1958, followed by 'Sketches of Spain' in 1960 and 'Quiet Nights' in 1962. (Per above, 'Miles Ahead', 'Milestones' and 'Sketches of Spain' are good examples of "third stream" jazz.) Evans' first issue as a bandleader was 'Gil Evans & Ten' in 1957, featuring soprano saxophonist, Steve Lacy. In like Flint, due largely to his work with Davis, Evans began collaborating with the crème de la crème of jazz: sax men Cannonball Adderley and Lee Konitz, guitarist Kenny Burrell, bassists Ron Carter and Paul Chambers, and vibraphonist Milt Jackson to cite only a few. In 1966 he arranged for gentle Brazilian vocalist, Astrud Gilberto, on her album, 'Look to the Rainbow'. In 1974 he released 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix' with electric guitarists, John Abercrombie and Ryo Kawasaki. In 1983 Evans began a five-year residency on Monday nights at the Sweet Basil jazz club in Greenwich Village. Evans arranged the soundtracks for the films, 'Absolute Beginners' and 'The Color of Money', each released in 1986. In 1987 he recorded with Sting. He died in March the following year of pneumonia in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Evans plays keyboards on most of the recordings below not otherwise indicated.

Gil Evans   1941

   Somebody Nobody Loves

      Piano: Claude Thornhill   Vocal: Lillian Lane

Gil Evans   1942

   Buster's Last Stand

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

   Moonlight Bay

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

Gil Evans   1946

   Portrait of a Guinea Farm

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

Gil Evans   1947

   A Beautiful Man

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

   Anthropology

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

Gil Evans   1956

   'Round Midnight

      Album: 'Around About Midnight'

      Piano: Red Garland   Trumpet: Miles Davis

Gil Evans   1957

   Miles Ahead

      Album Side A

      Piano: Wynton Kelly   Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Miles Ahead

      Album Side B

      Piano: Wynton Kelly   Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Jambangle

   Just One of Those Things

   Nobody's Heart

   Remember

Gil Evans   1960

   La Nevada

      Album: 'Out of the Cool'

Gil Evans   1962

   Bulbs/Into the Hot

      Album: 'Into the Hot'   Piano: Cedar Walton

Gil Evans   1964

   The Time of the Barracudas

      Album: 'The Individualism of Gil Evans'

Gil Evans   1966

   Once Upon a Summertime

      Album: 'Look to the Rainbow'

      Vocal: Astrud Gilberto

Gil Evans   1972

   Day By Day

      Album: 'Satin Doll'   Vocal: Kimiko Kasai

Gil Evans   1974

   Angel

      Original composition: Jimi Hendrix

   Crosstown Traffic

      Original composition: Jimi Hendrix

   Thoroughbred

      Live in Perugia

Gil Evans   1976

   Barcelona Jazz Festival

      Concert

   Thoroughbred

      Live In Warsaw

Gil Evans   1981

   Love Your Love

      Album: 'Where Flamingos Fly'   Recorded: 1971

Gil Evans   1983

   Friday the 13th

      Live performance

   Stone Free

      Live performance

Gil Evans   1984

   Soul Intro/The Chicken

      Live   Bass: Jaco Pastrious

Gil Evans   1986

   Bud and Bird

      Album: 'Bud and Bird'

   Eleven

      Live in Milano

   Little Wing

   Voodoo Chile

      Live in Milano

Gil Evans   1987

   Little Wing

      Live with Sting

 

 
 

Sir Charles Thompson was born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1918 and played piano professionally since age ten. He first recorded piano in 1940 with Lionel Hampton, two among those several tracks below. As of this writing Thompson yet lives in California.

Sir Charles Thompson   1940

   Altitude

      With Lionel Hampton

   Open House

      With Lionel Hampton

Sir Charles Thompson   1945

   If I Had You

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   The Street Beat

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   Takin' Off

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   20th Century Blues

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

Sir Charles Thompson   1947

   Tunis In

Sir Charles Thompson   1954

   These Foolish Things

Sir Charles Thompson   1956

   The Street Beat

Sir Charles Thompson   1984

   Happy Boogie

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Sir Charles Thompson

Sir Charles Thompson

Birth of Modern Jazz: Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Monk

Photo: Herb Snitzer

Thelonious Monk, composer, began his piano career as a teenager touring with an evangelist. He first recordings are thought to be in 1941 with Charlie Christian. That was a big year for Monk at various recorded jam sessions, he also cutting vinyl with Joe Guy, Roy Eldridge, Hot Lips Page and Don Byas. Monk's first recordings wiith Coleman Hawkins were in 1944. His first recordings as a band leader were for Blue Note Records in 1947. 1954 found him performing concerts in Paris. Monk's last concert tour and studio recordings as a band leader were in 1971. He afterward dropped away from the music business, not playing piano at all during the last six years of his life. Increasing mental illness is the general consensus as to his disappearance from the industry. But there seems no consensus as to what his illness was. The 'New York Times' gives bipolar disorder. Howsoever, Monk died in 1982, buried in Hartsdale, New York. 

Thelonious Monk   1941

   Down

  I Can't Give You Anything But Love

  Stompin' at the Savoy

Thelonious Monk   1944

   Ask Me Now

Thelonious Monk   1947

   'Round Midnight

Thelonious Monk   1952

   Sixteen

      With Max Roach

Thelonious Monk   1958

   At the Five Spot

  Live in New York City

  Sixteen

Thelonious Monk   1963

   Live at Monterey Jazz Festival

  Monk's Dream

Thelonious Monk   1964

   Live in Zurich

   Well You Needn't

Thelonious Monk   1966

   Live in Oslo

      Featuring Charlie Rouse

Thelonious Monk   1967

   Live in Paris

Thelonious Monk   1969

   Live in Paris

 

 
 

Born Melvin Epstein in the Bronx in 1923, Mel Powell was not only a great jazz pianist, but a classical composer as well (a couple of his compositions for strings included below). Powell was working professionally by age 14 in New York City. At about age 16 (1939) he was playing with Bobby Hackett and arranging for Gene Krupa. The earliest recordings found of him are with Benny Goodman, all the tracks below for 1941, the same year he changed his last name to Powell. As a classical composer Powel's early work was in the neoclassical style, he eventually examining the atonal (or "non-tonal") and serial composing a la Arnold Schoenberg. Powel died of liver cancer in 1998 in Sherman Oaks, California.

Mel Powell   1941

   Caprice XXIV Paganini

   If I Had You

   Oomph Fah Fah

Mel Powell   1942

   Blue Skies

   When Did You Leave Heaven?

Mel Powell   1945

   I Got Rhythm

      Clarinet: Benny Goodman   Vibes: Red Norvo

Mel Powell   1948

   Let's Steal Some Apples

      Film: 'A Song Is Born'

      Clarinet: Benny Goodman   Vibes: Lionel Hampton

Mel Powell   1954

   After You've Gone

   Lighthouse Blues

Mel Powell   1959

   Settings for String Quartet

Mel Powell   1987

   I Can't Get Started

   Stomping at the Savoy

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mel Powell

Mel Powell

  Although Wally (Waller) Rose cut more than a hundred records there is little to found of him at You Tube with the exception of when he played with Lu Water's Yerba Buena Jazz Band. Born in Oakland in 1913, upon graduation from high school Rose found employment as a pianist on cruise ships. In 1940 he joined Lu Water's band (who had played trumpet on cruise ships) with which he first recorded in 1941. Alike Ralph Sutton (lower on this page), Rose kept ragtime piano alive throughout the decades following its demise in general. The first four tracks below are with Lu Waters.

Wally Rose   1941

   Irish Black Bottom

   Maple Leaf Rag

Wally Rose   1942

   Black and White Rag

   Fidgity Feet

   Temptation Rag

Wally Rose   1953

   Ace In the Hole

       Vocal: Clancy Hayes   Trumpet: Bob Skobey

       Trombone: Buck Hayes

Wally Rose   1995

   Grizzly Bear Rag

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Wally Rose

Wally Rose

Birth of Modern Jazz: Stan Kenton

Stan Kenton

Photo: Dave DeCaro

Born in Wichita, Kansas, in 1911, pianist and band leader Stan Kenton started his career playing with dance bands in the thirties. In 1941 he formed his own band and booked the Rendezvous Ballroom in Balboa, California. He began broadcasting from there in July of '49 for the Mutual Broadcasting System. Among his first studio recordings, also that year, is 'Gambler's Blues' released the next year. Kenton was to become something of a surveyor over American jazz, the go-to guy who knew everyone and all that was happening, the Man in Oz for musicians who needed something, like a job. Many a musician got started with Kenton and many a prominent name performed with him at one time or another. He passed away in 1979. Per below, 1941 is the recording rather than release year, those performances thought to take place between July and prior to when Howard Rumsey began to appear on Kenton's broadcasts in November that year. We haven't determined when, if ever, those broadcasts were released on other media except on much later compilations.

Stan Kenton   1941

  Balboa Bash

  Flamingo

    Vocal: Red Dorris

  I Haven't Got the Heart

  A Little Jive Is Good for You

     Vocal: Earl Collier

  Love Turns Winter to Spring

     Vocal: Red Dorris

   Marvin's Mumble

   Old Black Joe

   Prelude to Nothing

   Tempo De Joe

   Trumpet Symphonette

Stan Kenton   1942

   Gambler Blues

   This Love of Mine

      Film: 1944    Vocalist: Cyd Charisse

Stan Kenton   1943

   Artistry In Rhythm

Stan Kenton   1945

   Tampico

      Film    Vocalist: June Christy

Stan Kenton   1952

   Improvisation

Stan Kenton   1953

   Harlem Nocturne

   Over the Rainbow

Stan Kenton   1954

   Bacante

Stan Kenton   1956

   Carnival

   El Congo Valiente

   Malibu Moonlight

   Polka Dots and Moonbeams

   La Suertes De Los Tontos

Stan Kenton   1958

   Machito

Stan Kenton   1972

   Live in London

    Concert

Stan Kenton   1976

   Send In the Clowns

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy Rowles

Jimmy Rowles

Born in 1918 in Spokane, Jimmy Rowles studied at Gonzaga College (now University) before moving to Los Angeles in 1942, where he connected with sax man, Lester Young, and made his debut recordings with the same in June. Those were several tracks, known as 'Session #8', broadcasted from Billy Berg's Trouville Club, also joined by Billy Holiday on a couple of them. Rowles also worked as a studio musician, backing such as Benny Goodman, Woody Herman, Les Brown and Tommy Dorsey in those early days. Rowles' next recordings with Billy Holliday were also radio broadcasts, in June of 1949, for the Armed Forces Radio Services. Rowles issued tracks in 1953 with drummer, Louie Bellson, also privately recording with saxophonist, Charlie Parker and trumpet player, Chet Baker, at the University of Oregon. In 1955 he began recording steadily with Billy Holiday for a few years. In 1957 he laid grooves with Benny Carter. Among other vocalists whom Rowles backed on piano were Tony Bennett, Peggy Lee, Sarah Vaughan and Ella Fitzgerald. Rowles traded the West Coast for NYC in 1973, where he worked with Zoot Sims and Stan Getz. In 1983 he began collaborating with young pianist, Diana Krall, she said to have begun singing with his encouragement. Among Rowles' compositions are 'The Peacocks" and those appearing on the album, 'A Timeless Place', released by vocalist, Jeri Brown, in 1994. He died of cardiovascular disease in 1996 in Burbank, California. All tracks for year 1955 below are with Billy Holiday.

Jimmy Rowles   1942

   Benny's Bugle

      With Lee & Lester Young

Jimmy Rowles   1953

   Black Coffee

      Vocal: Peggy Lee

   For Europeans Only

      With Louie Bellson

Jimmy Rowles   1954

   Lady Be Good/Serenade In Blue/So Far So Good

   Topsy

Jimmy Rowles   1955

   Come Rain Or Shine

   A Fine Romance

   Everything Happens To Me

   Gone With The Wind

   I Don't Stand A Ghost Of A Chance With You

   I Don't Want To Cry Anymore

   I Get a Kick Out of You

   I Gotta Right To Sing The Blues

   It Had To Be You

   Nice Work If You Can Get It

   Prelude To A Kiss

   What's New

   When Your Lover Has Gone

Jimmy Rowles   1956

   Sonny Speaks

Jimmy Rowles   1957

   Comes Love

      Vocal: Billy Holiday

   Just One of Those Things

      Vocal: Billy Holiday

   I'm Coming Virginia

      Trumpet: Benny Carter

Jimmy Rowles   1958

   The Blues

Jimmy Rowles   1974

   A House Is Not A Home

      Vocal: Sarah Vaughan

   Sunday Monday Or Always

Jimmy Rowles   1975

   I'll Never Be the Same

      Sax: Stan Getz

Jimmy Rowles   1976

   While We're Young

Jimmy Rowles   1978

   Isfahan

      Bass: Ray Brown

   My Ideal/Close Your Eyes

      Bass: Ray Brown

   That's All/Looking Back

      Bass: Ray Brown

Jimmy Rowles   1981

   Live at Montreux

      Concert   Vocal: Ella Fitzgerald

   Stardust

      Guitar: Joe Pass

   'Tis Autumn

      Guitar: Joe Pass

Jimmy Rowles   1997

   These Foolish Things

      Recorded 1990?   Vocal: Jane Birkin

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dodo Marmarosa

Dodo Marmarosa

Born in 1925 in Pittsburg, PA, bebob pianist Dodo Marmarosa began his professional career in 1941 by joining the Johnny Scat Davis Orchestra at age 15, then got hired by Gene Krupa to play in his orchestra in 1942. When Krupa dissolved that band in 1943 Marmarosa began touring with Charlie Barnet, with whom he made his debut recordings that same year ('The Moose' and 'Strollin''). Drafted into the military in 1954, Marmarosa began experiencing conditions leading to electroshock therapy and release from the military. His only recordings since 1950 were in 1961 and 1962: 'Dodo's Back!' and 'Jug and Dodo,', the latter with Gene Ammons. It's thought that diabetes forced Marmarosa's retirement thereafter, he dying forty years later in 2002 at the VA Medical Center in Pittsburgh.

Dodo Marmarosa   1943

   The Moose

      With Charlie Barnet

Dodo Marmarosa   1944

   Skyliner

      With Charlie Barnet

Dodo Marmarosa   1945

   D.B. Blues

      With Lester Young

  These Foolish Things

      With Lester Young

  Lester Blows Again

      With Lester Young

  These Foolish Things

      With Lester Young

Dodo Marmarosa   1946

   How High The Moon

      Tenor sax: Lucky Thompson

   Moose the Mooche

       Alto sax: Charlie Parker

   Ornithology

       Alto sax: Charlie Parker

Dodo Marmarosa   1947

   Cosmo Street

   Relaxin' At Camarillo

       Alto sax: Charlie Parker

Dodo Marmarosa   1950

   My Foolish Heart

Dodo Marmarosa   1958

   Moose The Mooche

   Topsy

Dodo Marmarosa   1961

   Everything Happens To Me

   Mellow Mood

   On Green Dolphin Street

 

 
 

Milt Buckner was born in 1915 in St. Louis, Missouri. He began his career with the Cotton Pickers before joining Cab Calloway's orchestra. In 1941 he began to accompany Lionel Hampton for which he is best known. Buckner recorded his fist acetate demos in 1941. He first recordings to appear on vinyl were in December of 1943, backing Dinah Washington: on piano in NYC for Keynote Records: 'Evil Gal Blues', 'I Know How to Do It', 'Salty Papa Blues' and 'Homeward Bound'. (Thanks to JAZZdocumentation.) Buckner's last studio session took place in Paris in July 1974, the same month of his death. Below, Buckner plays piano on 'Milt's Boogie', vibraphone on 'Where Or When' and organ on 'Limehouse Blues'.

Milt Buckner   1944

   Evil Gal Blues

      Backing Dinah Washington

Milt Buckner   1948

   Baby Don't Be Mad At Me

      With the Beale Street Boys

   Fat Stuff Boogie

      With the Beale Street Boys

Milt Buckner   1949

   Milt's Boogie

Milt Buckner   1976

   Where Or When

Milt Buckner   1977

   Limehouse Blues

      Vibraphone: Lionel Hampton

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Milt Buckner

Milt Buckner

 

Born in 1922 in Newport, Massachusetts, arranger, composer, band leader and pianist Ralph Burns took his major break from Woody Herman by joining Herman's First Herd in 1944, with which he first recorded and began contributing arrangements and compositions. Burns later released his first collection, 'The Free Forms', in 1951 for Verve Records. (Various sources give between 1946 and 1952, 1951 cited by jazzdisco. 1946 would have been impossible, as Columbia Records didn't introduce the first long-playing record [LP] until 1948.) Burns released several albums in 1955, 'Bijou' among them. In 1957 he released 'Jazz Recital' with Billie Holiday. During the sixties Burns arranged and orchestrated for Broadway musicals. His first work on a soundtrack appeared in 1971 for the Woody Allen production, 'Bananas'. Burns died in 2001 in Los Angeles of pneumonia and complications following a stroke. Tracks below for 1951 are from Burns' album, 'The Free Forms'.

Ralph Burns   1946

   Introspection

Ralph Burns   1949

   Summer Sequence

      Recorded 1946-47

Ralph Burns   1951

   Lilith

   Terrisita

   Vignette at Verney's

Ralph Burns   1955

   Sprang

      Album: 'Bijou'

Ralph Burns   1960

   Love For Sale

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Burns

Ralph Burns

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

 

Composer, arranger and pianist Tadd Dameron is thought to have first recorded with Billy Eckstine in December 1944 (Deluxe label), those followed with further recordings with Eckstine the next year, as well as a session with Sarah Vaughan for Continental. His first album as a featured band leader was released in 1948 ('The Dameron Band'). During the fifties he worked with Clifford Brown. Born in Cleveland in 1917, Dameron died relatively young, age 48, of cancer in 1965.

Tadd Dameron   1947

   The Chase

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Lady Bird

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Our Delight

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

Tadd Dameron   1948

   Good Bait

      Composer: Count Basie

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

Tadd Dameron   1955

   A Study in Dameronia

      Featuring Clifford Brown

Tadd Dameron   1956

   On A Misty Night

      Tenor Sax: John Coltrane

   Super Jet

      Tenor Sax: John Coltrane

Tadd Dameron   1962

   You're a Joy

      Vocalist: Barbara Winfield

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Tadd Dameron

Tadd Dameron

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dick Farney

Dick Farney

 

Born in 1921 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazilian vocalist Dick Farney was also a fine piano player, making his debut as a singer on a Rio De Janeiro radio station in 1937. His first recording was 'The Music Stopped' in 1944. Because that and other examples of his music are featured in Modern Jazz Song we index only two examples of his piano playing below. Farney died in 1987.

Dick Farney   1962

   Swanee River

   Tangerine

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Victor Feldman

Victor Feldman

Born in London in 1934, drummer, vibraphonist and pianist Victor Feldman was a prodigy whose father owned a swing club. Feldman gave his first professional performance at age seven at the No. 1 Rhythm Club in a trio with his brothers Monty (accordion) and Robert (clarinet). He issued his first recordings at age ten (1944) for Parlophone, with his brothers, adding Bert Howard on bass and Vic Lewis on guitar. In catalogue order: 'Drumming Man', 'Sweet Georgia Brown', 'Coolin' Off' and 'Zanzibar' (none found). He next recorded as a leader in 1948, grooving five tracks for the Esquire label: 'Mop-Mop', 'Lady Bird', 'Quaternity', 'Moonlight In Vermont' and 'Gone With The Wind' (none found). His first recordings on vibraphone were in 1951, also for Esquire: 'Ego' and 'Jolly Squire'. Feldman's first name recordings as a pianist occurred in 1955, also for Esquire: 'Stella By Starlight', 'Sue Side Jump', 'Lullaby' and 'Groove For Two'. Unfortunately none of Feldman's recordings in the early fifties are found at YouTube. Feldman first left the United Kingdom for the United States in 1955, emigrating in 1957 to join the Woody Herman's band, then Buddy DeFranco's. He was also a session player for various prominent jazz artists, as well as the film industry upon moving to Los Angeles later that year. Notable collaborations in the early sixties were with Cannonball Adderley and Miles Davis. In the seventies Feldman ventured a bit beyond the jazz genre with such as Frank Zappa, Steely Dan and Joni Mitchell. In the eighties he worked with Tom Waits and Joe Walsh. Feldman died of heart attack at his home in Woodland Hills, California, in 1987. The tracks below feature Feldman at piano. See Feldman in Early Modern Jazz Percussion for examples of his work on vibes.

Victor Feldman   1958

   Minor Lament

      Bass: Scott LaFaro   Drums: Stan Levey

   Waltz

      Bass: Scott LaFaro   Drums: Stan Levey

Victor Feldman   1959

   Wonder Why

      With Shelly Manne

Victor Feldman   1961

   Lisa

      With Cannonbal Adderley

Victor Feldman   1965

   Summer Love

      Filmed live

   Swinging On A Star

      Filmed live

Victor Feldman   1977

   Haunted Ballroom

      Album: 'Artful Dodger'   Vocal: Jack Sheldon

Victor Feldman   1984

   With Your Love

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Erroll Garner

Erroll Garner

Born in 1923 in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, Erroll Garner was something of a prodigy, playing piano at three, though he never learned to read music. He began appearing on radio (KDKA) at age seven with a group called the Candy Kids. At age eleven he was playing riverboats along the Alleghany. In 1944 he went to New York, where he made his debut recordings that year. Garner was denied membership in the musician's union because he couldn't read music, which union relented, however, in 1956. Standing only 5'2", Garner preferred to play while sitting atop telephone directories placed on the piano bench. Garner's best known song was 'Misty', which he composed in 1954. Garner died in 1977 of cardiac arrest and was buried in Pittsburgh.

Erroll Garner   1944

   Erroll's Bounce

   I Get a Kick Out of You

   I Hear a Rhapsody

   Take the 'A' Train

      Radio broadcast

   Sweet Lorraine

Erroll Garner   1945

   Again

Erroll Garner   1949

   All the Things You Are

Erroll Garner   1951

   I'm In The Mood For Love

  Laura

Erroll Garner   1954

   Misty

Erroll Garner   1955

   I'll Remember April

      Album: 'Concert by the Sea'

Erroll Garner   1962

   Where or When

      Live performance

   Sweet And Lovely/Mack The Knife

Erroll Garner   1964

   My Fair Lady Medley

   Medley

      Concert

Erroll Garner   1972

   Earl's Dream

      Live performance

   Eldorado

 

 
 

Born in 1924 in Harlem, Bud Powell, first recorded with Cootie Williams in January 1944. That first of several sessions with Williams that year produced 'You Talk A Little Trash', 'Floogie Boo (Sweet Lorraine)', 'I Don't Know (Now I Know)' and 'Gotta Do Some War Work'. His appearance on Thelonious Monk's ''Round Midnight', below, is the first recording of that tune. Regrettably, Powell had emotional conditions, likely increased by alcohol and anger from racial persecution, that saw his first electroshock treatment in 1948. He nevertheless continued as a remarkable composer and pianist throughout most his career. Powell died in 1966, age 42, of tuberculosis exaggerated by alcoholism and malnutrition. His funeral was in Harlem. Per below, all tracks per 1944 are with Cootie Williams.

Bud Powell   1944

  Cherry Red Blues

   Echoes Of Harlem

   Floogie Boo

   'Round Midnight

   Somebody's Gotta Go

     Vocal: Eddie Cleanhead Vinson

   Tess's Torch Song

     Vocal: Pearl Bailey

   You Talk A Little Trash

Bud Powell   1949

   Bouncing With Bud

   Celia

   Cherokee

Bud Powell   1950

   Tea For Two

Bud Powell   1951

   The Last Time I Saw Paris

   A Night In Tunisia

   Oblivion

   Ornithology

   Over the Rainbow

Bud Powell   1954

   Autumn In New York

Bud Powell   1957

   Confirmation

   She

      Bass: George Duvivier   Drums: Art Taylor

   Yardbird Suite

Bud Powell   1958

   Comin' Up

   When I Fall In Love

Bud Powell   1959

   Blues in the Closet

     Film

   Get Happy

      Live performance

Bud Powell   1960

   Tea For Two

Bud Powell   1961

   Ruby, My Dear

Bud Powell   1962

   Anthropology

      Live performance

   Blues In The Closet

   I Remember Clifford

      Live performance

Bud Powell   1963

   B Flat Blues

   Satin Doll

   Stairway To The Stars

     Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bud Powell

Bud Powell

 

 

Born in 1921 in Greenville, North Carolina, Billy Taylor, began his jazz career in New York City with the Ben Webster Quartet in 1944. He first recorded a few unissued tracks with Hot Lips Page in 1944. In 1945 he recorded with Don Byas and Cozy Cole, the same year he released his debut album, 'Billy Taylor Piano' (not found). Taylor became musical director of the NBC television series, 'The Subject Is Jazz', in 1958. He became musical director of the 'David Frost Show' in 1969. Performing nigh until his death, Taylor passed of heart attack in 2010.

Billy Taylor   1945

   Alexander’s Ragtime Band

      Bass: All Hall   Drums: Jimmy Crawford

Billy Taylor   1952

   I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

Billy Taylor   1958

   52nd Street Theme/Confirmation

      Live with Cannonball & Nat Adderly

   Night In Tunisia/Round About Midnight

      Live with Cannonball & Nat Adderly

Billy Taylor   1964

   Secret

      With Earl Coleman

Billy Taylor   1996

   My Heart Stood Still

   Tea For Two

Billy Taylor   2001

   CAG

Billy Taylor   2006

   All Alone

   Live performance 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Taylor

Billy Taylor

Photo: Tom Marcello

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Hadda Brooks

Hadda Brooks

Born in 1916 and raised in Los Angeles, versatile pianist Hadda Brooks made a reputation for herself as the Queen of Boogie Woogie. Boogie woogie was the southern equivalent of ragtime, likely developing out of eastern Texas. Brooks' first single, 'Swingin' the Boogie', was in 1945. She died in Los Angeles in 2002. More boogie woogie by Hadda Brooks.

Hadda Brooks   1945

   Blues In B Flat

   The Man I Love

   Society Boogie

   Swingin' the Boogie

Hadda Brooks   1948

   Out Of the Blue

Hadda Brooks   1950

   I Hadn't Anyone 'Til You

      From the film 'In a Lonely Place'

Hadda Brooks   1953

   When I Leave the World

Hadda Brooks   1957

   The Thrill Is Gone

 

 
 

Born in 1995 in Glasgow, Missouri, Wild Bill Davis began his career with the Milton Larkin Orchestra in 1939 as a guitar player. He then switched to piano to play for Louis Jordan as a member of the Tympany Five, first recording with Jordan in 1945. Soon thereafter Davis changed to the electric organ. (Unable to find any samples of Davis at piano, all the tracks below are Davis at the instrument for which he is best known.) Davis recorded his first album, 'Sweet and Hot', in 1947. Another, 'On the Loose', followed in 1953. However, the earliest recording by Davis that could be found for this history is not until 1954. Davis died in 1995.

Wild Bill Davis   1950

   I Know What I've Got

  Tamburitza Boogie

Wild Bill Davis   1954

   Things Ain't What They Used to Be

Wild Bill Davis   1969

   April In Paris

   Satin Doll

Wild Bill Davis   1973

   Snake Rhythm

      With Boogaloo Jones

Wild Bill Davis   1989

   Johnny Comes Lately

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Wild Bill Davis

Wild Bill Davis

 

Born in 1922 in Newark, New Jersey, bebop pianist Al Haig got his start as a professional musician in 1944 upon meeting Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, both of which with whom he first recorded a number of sessions in 1945. In 1949 Haig participated in the first session of Miles Davis' 'Birth of the Cool', released in 1957. Haig put together his first group, the Al Haig Trio, to release his first album in 1954. He died of heart attack in 1982. Per 1945 and 1946 below, all tracks are with Dizzy Gillespie.

Al Haig   1945

  Dizzy Atmosphere

  Hot House

  A Night In Tunisia (Interlude)

  Salt Peanuts

  That's Earl's Brother

  Lover Man

Al Haig   1946

   Lover Man

     Vocal: Sarah Vaughan

   Ol' Man Rebop

     Vibes: Milt Jackson

Al Haig   1954

   Autumn in New York

      Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Royal Garden Blues

      Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   'S Wonderful/The Moon Was Yellow

       Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Yardbird Suite

      Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

Al Haig   1972

   Body and Soul

      Bass: Jamil Nasser   Drums: Frank Gant

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Al Haig

Al Haig

 

Born in Brooklyn in 1922, Duke Jordan's first recordings are thought to have been in 1945 with the Floyd Horsecollar Williams Septet (to result unknown). He recorded with Roy Eldridge the next year though wasn't much featured. It was with Charlie Parker whom Jordan joined in 1947 that he began to shine as a great pianist. Jordan became a resident of Copenhagen in 1978, dying there in 2006.

Duke Jordan   1947

   The Bird Gets the Worm

         Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Bird of Paradise

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Bongo Pop

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Dewey Square

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

  Embraceable You

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Klaunstance

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

Duke Jordan   1954

   Golden Touch

     Bass: Oscar Pettiford

  Wait and See

Duke Jordan   1956

   More Of The Same

      Bass: Doug Watkins   Guitar: Kenny Burrell

Duke Jordan   1960

   Split Quick

      Album: 'Flight to Jordan'

Duke Jordan   1962

   The Feeling Of Love

   Yes, He's Gone

      Baritone sax: Cecil Payne

Duke Jordan   1973

   Everything Happens to Me

   Here's That Rainy Day

   Jordu

      Saxophone: Cecil Payne

  No Problem

  On Green Dolphin Street

  Two Loves

Duke Jordan   1979

   No Problem

     Trumpet: Chet Baker

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Duke Jordan

Duke Jordan

Birth of Modern Jazz: Oscar Peterson

Oscar Peterson

Photo: Associated Press

Born in 1925 in Montreal, Quebec, Canadian piano virtuoso Oscar Peterson first recorded in 1945 with the Oscar Peterson Trio. Among the highlights of his career was his meeting with Norman Granz that found Peterson playing with Jazz at the Philharmonic at Carnegie Hall in 1949. Granz would remain Peterson's manager most of his career. During the fifties Peterson made a number of notable recordings with bassist, Ray Brown. Drummer Ed Thigpen, often associated with Peterson, joined his Trio in 1959. Peterson also played with guitarist, Herb Ellis. Peterson was yet performing when he died in 2007.

Oscar Peterson   1945

   Claire de Lune

  Oscar's Boogie

Oscar Peterson   1951

   I Got Rhythm

Oscar Peterson   1957

   You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To

      With Ben Webster & Coleman Hawkins

Oscar Peterson   1958

   A Gal in Gallico

      Live performance with Herb Ellis & Ray Brown

Oscar Peterson   1961

   Moanin'

      Live performance   Trumpet: Lee Morgan

Oscar Peterson   1962

   Night Train

     Album

Oscar Peterson   1964

   C Jam Blues

      Live performance   Bass: Ray Brown

Oscar Peterson   1972

   Live in Hannover

      Concert

Oscar Peterson   1974

   Boogie Blues Etude

      Live   Guitar: Barney Kessel

Oscar Peterson   1987

   Live in Tokyo

      Concert

Oscar Peterson   2004

   Reunion Blues

      Live performance

 

 

 
 

An extraordinary thing occurred in 1945: the first recordings of composer, conductor and pianist André Previn at age sixteen. (There is a CD, titled 'Previn at Sunset', on which some of those recordings can heard.) Born in Berlin in 1929, one of Previn's first loves was jazz, though in 1948 he began composing for Hollywood ('The Secret Garden', for instance). His first recording as a conductor was in 1962 with the St. Louis Orchestra. He was appointed principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra in 1968. Previn became director of the Pittsburg Symphony Orchestra in 1976, then conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in 1985, the same year he began directing the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Among Previn's classical compositions are a strong number of pieces for chamber, orchestra, piano and song. Previn is yet active giving concerts as of this writing.

André Previn   1945

   I Surrender Dear

André Previn   1950

   I Only Have Eyes For You

   Love Is Just Around The Corner

   September In The Rain

   This Heart Of Mine

André Previn   1953

   Squeeze Me

      Original composition: Fats Waller

   Stealin' Apples

      Original composition: Fats Waller

   That's Where The South Begins

      Original composition: Fats Waller

André Previn   1959

   Like Young

André Previn   1961

   I Let A Song Go Out Of My Heart

      Original composition: Duke Ellington

André Previn   1962

   Close Your Eyes

     With Doris Day

  The Faraway Part Of Town

   Nobody's Heart

      With Doris Day

   Over the Rainbow

      Original composition: Harold Arlen

   Two For The Seesaw

      Film theme

André Previn   1963

   But Beautiful

    Album

André Previn   1964

   The Rain In Spain

   There Will Never Be Another You

André Previn   1985

   Rhapsody In Blue

      Original composition: George Gershwin

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: André Previn

André Previn

Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Scott

Shirley Scott

Shirley Scott played piano on occasion but her preferred instrument was organ. Born in Philadelphia in 1934, she first recorded piano in 1949 in Sheffield, England, with the Leicester Jazz Band. Of those issued were 'Kansas City Stomps'/'Savoy Blues' and 'Buddy Bolden's Blues'/'Courtin' Man Blues'. Scott Scott created nine record albums from 1958 to 1960, her first, 'Great Scott!'. 'Satin Doll', below, is from her tenth album, 'Satin Doll'. Scott was married to tenor sax player, Stanley Turrentine, with whom she performed from 1960 to 1969. She died of heart failure in 2002.

Shirley Scott   1958

  In the Kitchen

      Saxophone: Eddie Lockjaw Davis

  Satin Doll

Shirley Scott   1960

  Muy Azul (Very Blue)

      With the Latin Jazz Quintet

  Walkin'

      With the Latin Jazz Quintet

Shirley Scott   1964

  Shirley

      Saxophone: Stanley Turrentine

Shirley Scott   1972

  By the Time I Get to Phoenix

Shirley Scott   1976

  Live in San Francisco

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Lennie Tristano

Lennie Tristano

Born in 1919 in Chicago, blind pianist Lennie Tristano played his first professional gigs as a clarinetist at a brothel at age eleven. He was working on his master's degree in music in Chicago before traveling to New York City in '45 or '46. During his early career he also played saxophone. His first recordings are thought to have been in 1945 in Chicago, a number of piano solos, followed that year if not the next by a session with the Emmett Carls Sextet in NYC known as 'The Lost Session'. Tristano continued recording in his own name thereafter. In 1947 he met among his most important musical associates, saxman Charlie Parker, with whom he made some recordings that year. In 1948 he met another important associate, saxman, Warne Marsh. Tristano had more exploration and teacher in him than business enterprise. He is known to have played at only one festival (Newport in 1954) because he didn't like their marketing. Another notable saxophonist with whom Tristano would record was Lee Konitz. Tristano tired of concerts, delivering his last in the United States in 1968, thereafter teaching. He died of heart attack in 1978 at his home in Jamaica, New York.

Lennie Tristano   1946

  I Can't Get Started

Lennie Tristano   1949

  Intuition

      Saxophone: Wayne Marsh

  Tautology

      Bass: Arnold Fishkin   Drums: Shelly Manne

      Guitar: Billy Bauer   Alto Sax: Lee Konitz

Lennie Tristano   1955

  Don't Squawk

     With Lee Konitz & Warne Marsh

 Lenny-Bird

 Lenny Tristano

     Album

Warne Marsh   1958

  Live at the Half Note

      Film   With Lee Konitz & Warne Marsh

Lennie Tristano   1965

  Tangerine

  You Don't Know What Love Is

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Skitch Henderson

Skitch Henderson

The earliest recordings found for pianist Skitch Henderson were released in 1946. Born on a farm in 1918 near Holstad, Minnesota. If ask me, the winters there would have been reason enough to commence a music career as a traveling roadhouse performer in the Midwest, his major break occurring in 1937 upon being asked to accompany Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney on an MGM promotional tour that brought him to Hollywood. Among the highlights of Henderson's career was becoming music director for NBC television in 1951 and founding The New York Pops orchestra in 1983 based at Carnegie Hall. Henderson, however, may likely be best known as bandleader for 'The Tonight Show' from its inception in 1954 as 'Tonight' hosted by Steve Allen. (Other notable members of that orchestra have been guitarist Bucky Pizzarelli, drummer Ed Shaughnessy and trumpeter Doc Severinsen who acquired Henderson's position as bandleader in 1966.) Henderson served several miserable months for tax evasion in 1975. He died in 2005.

Skitch Henderson   1946

   Dreamland Rendezvous

   Five Minutes More

      With Ray Kellogg

   Save Me a Dream

      With Ray Kellogg

   Swan Lake

Skitch Henderson   1947

   Army Air Corp

   But None Like You

      With Andy Reed

   Corabelle

      With Mancy Reed & Andy Roberts

   A Garden In the Rain

      With Eileen Wilson

   Dream on a Summer Night

   Would You Believe

     With Eileen Wilson

Skitch Henderson   1965

   Curacao

      Album: 'Skitch...Tonight!'

   Night Life

   So What Else Is New

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Hank Jones

Hank Jones

Pianist Hank Jones (brother of trumpeter Thad Jones, was playing professionally by age 13 in Michigan. Born in 1918 in Vicksburg, Mississippi, it was 1944 when he and saxophone player Lucky Thompson took off together for New York City. His first recordings may have been with bop saxophone player Coleman Hawkins, one example below. Four years later Jones put together his first album in 1950. Bassist Ray Brown also features on one of its tracks, 'Ad Lib' below. Jones is also the pianist on 'Opus de Funk' under Milt Jackson in Jazz Percussion. Jones died in the Bronx in 2010.

Hank Jones   1946

  Bean and the Boys

      Saxophone: Coleman Hawkins

Hank Jones   1950

  Ad Lib

      Bass: Ray Brown   Drums: Buddy Rich

Hank Jones   1958

  My One And Only Love

      Drums: Osie Johnson

Hank Jones   1990

  Summertime

Hank Jones   1994

  Steal Away

Hank Jones   2009

  Live in Vienna

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Sun Ra

Sun Ra

Born Herman Poole Blount in 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama, pianist Sun Ra first recorded in 1946 with Wynonie Harris: 'Dig This Boogie'/'Lightning Struck the Poorhouse' and 'My Baby's Barrelhouse'/'Drinking By Myself'. Among the more colorful figures in jazz, Sun Ra was a child prodigy composing and sight reading music before he was a teenager. He first played professionally in 1934 when his high school biology teacher, Ethel Harper, formed a band and went on tour. Harper left the tour midway, bequeathing leadership of the band to Ra, who renamed it the Sonny Blount Orchestra. In 1936 he won a music scholarship, but dropped out after his first year in college. In 1942 he was arrested for not complying with the draft, but won deferment in 1943 for a hernia. His recordings in 1946 won him a place in Fletcher Henderson's band the same year. In 1948 he formed a trio with Coleman Hawkins and Stuff Smith. He then formed another group called the Space Trio, the year he changed his name from Blount to Sun Ra, considering Blount a slave name. A while later he began calling his orchestra the Arkestra. The Arkestra toured the West Coast in 1968, Europe in 1970 and Egypt in 1971. Ra was mayhaps most admired for his work with electric keyboards, and perhaps best known for his exotic concerts blending Egyptian and space age themes. Ra died of pneumonia in Birmingham in 1993, but later versions of the Arkestra yet make highly popular concert tours.

Sun Ra   1946

   Dig This Boogie

      With Wynonie Harris

   Drinkin' By Myself

      With Wynonie Harris

   Lightning Struck the Poorhouse

      With Wynonie Harris

Sun Ra   1956

   Supersonic Jazz

     Album

Sun Ra   1959

   Ancient Aiethopia

   Jazz In Silhouette

      Album

   Saturn

Sun Ra   1961

   Bassism

Sun Ra   1976

   Jazz From an Unknown Planet

Sun Ra   1987

   Jazz Jamboree in Warsaw

      Concert

Sun Ra   1988

   Sound Of Joy

      Aurex Jazz Festival

The Arkestra   2009

   Nancy Jazz Pulsations

      Without Sun Ra   Concert

The Arkestra   2014

   Live at the Jazzhouse in Copenhagen

      Without Sun Ra   Concert

   Love In Outer Space

      Without Sun Ra   Live

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: John Lewis

John Lewis

John Lewis met drummer Kenny Clarke while serving in the Army. Born in 1920 in La Grange, Illinois, Lewis began his professional career as a composer and pianist with Dizzy Gillespie. The piano for his first composition for Gillespie, 'Two Bass Hit', was played by Red Garland. His first recordings with Gillespie were in July of 1946 for the Savoy label. In 1949 he worked with the Miles Davis Nonet. Prior to that he had formed a quartet with Milt Jackson that became the Milt Jackson Quartet in 1951, that group's name changed to the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) the next year. Lewis remained with the MJQ throughout its existence to 1974, and its regrouping from 1981 until 1993. He began giving concerts in Japan in 1966, Japan among his favorite venues. Lewis passed away of prostate cancer in March 2001.

John Lewis   1946

  Emanon

      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

  Jivin' in Be-Bop

       Film with Dizzy Gillespie

John Lewis   1947

  Ko-Ko

     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

John Lewis   1956

  Willow Weep for Me

       Guitar: Sacha Distel

John Lewis   1957

  Two Lyric Pieces

       Guitar: Jim Hall

John Lewis   1959

  Delaunay's Dilemma

 

 
 

Born in 1922 in Philadelphia, PA, composer Lou Stein is said to have worked with Buddy DeFranco as a teenager. At age 20 (1942) he began working on the road, notably with Ray McKinley. Stein later played with Glenn Miller and Charlie Ventura before work as a freelance session pianist, most notably backing Sarah Vaughan (year 1953 in particular). He died in 2002.

Lou Stein   1946

   Hoodle-Addle

     With Ray McKinley

Lou Stein   1952

   Lover

      With Charlie Parker

   Stella By Starlight

      With Charlie Parker

Lou Stein   1954

   Glad

Lou Stein   1955

   There'll Be Some Changes Made

Lou Stein   1958

   Got a Match

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Lou Stein

Lou Stein

Birth of Modern Jazz: Red Garland

Red Garland

Born in 1923 in Dallas, Red Garland had studied piano five years before his first big job in 1945 with Hot Lips Page. His earliest determinable recording session was with Eddie Lockjaw Davis in 1947: 'Ravin' at the Heaven'. It was upon joining the Miles Davis Quintet in 1955 that Garland began making a name for himself. Garland produced his first album as a group leader in 1956, 'A Garland of Red'. His initial of a number of recordings with John Coltrane appeared in 1958 on Coltrane's third studio LP release, 'John Coltrane with the Red Garland Trio'. Garland died of heart attack in 1984. Per 1955 below, all tracks were recorded in 1955 with Miles Davis.

Red Garland   1947

   Ravin' At The Haven

       With Eddie Lockjaw Davis

Red Garland   1956

  A Foggy Day

   A Gal in Calico

  How Am I to Know?

  I Didn't

  S'posin'

  Stablemates

  There Is No Greater Love

  Will You Still Be Mine?

Red Garland   1957

   Groovy

      Red Garland Trio   Album

Red Garland   1958

   Billie's Bounce

     With John Coltrane

  Blues In Mambo

   Lover

   Manteca

   A Tisket, A Tasket

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Hampton Hawes

Hampton Hawes

Hampton Hawes was born in Los Angeles in 1928. He found himself playing jazz with names like Dexter Gordon and Wardell Gray, to name but a couple, while yet a teenager. Largely associated with bebop and West Coast jazz, Hawes was also yet a teenager when he first recorded with Howard McGhee in March 1947, 'Dee Dee's Dance I' and 'Dee Dee's Dance II' among several live recording sessions at the Hi-De-Ho Club in Los Angeles. His first album release, 'Piano East West', was shared with pianist Freddie Redd in 1952 (also Redd's first release). Dameron published his autobiography, 'Raise Up Off Me', in 1974, three years before his death in 1977.

Hampton Hawes   1947

 Bopera (Disorder at the Border)

     Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

 Jeronimo (Cherokee)

     Trumpet: Howard McGhee

 The Man I Love

     Trumpet: Howard McGhee

 Ornithology

    Trumpet: Howard McGhee

Hampton Hawes   1952

 Brown Gold

     Alto sax: Art Pepper

 Don't Get Around Much Any More

     Bass: Joe Mondragon

   Drums: Shelly Manne

 Jumpin' Jacque

     Bass: Joe Mondragon

     Drums: Shelly Manne

Hampton Hawes   1955

 All the Things You Are

 Blues the Most

 Crazeology

 I Hear Music

 I'll Remember April

 So in Love

 Walkin'

Hampton Hawes   1956

 Polka Dots and Moonbeams

 Somebody Loves Me

 Stella By Starlight

 Will You Still Be Mine

Hampton Hawes   1958

 April in Paris

 Dangerous

 Someone Like in Love

 Up Blues

 Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams

Hampton Hawes   1964

 The Green Leaves of Summer

Hampton Hawes   1967

 Hamp's Blues

Hampton Hawes   1970

 Blues for J L

 Jazz On Stage

   Film 

Hampton Hawes   1972

 Drums for Peace/Love Is Better

Hampton Hawes   1974

 C & H Sugar

 Live in France

   Concert film

Hampton Hawes   1976

 Killing Me Softly

 Sunny

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Junior Mance

Junior Mance

It was 1947 when Junior Mance first recorded with Gene Ammons. The next year he laid tracks with Lester Young. Born in 1928 in Evanston, Illinois, Mance played professionally as a teenager and was a music major in college, until the opportunity arrived to play with Ammons, which he estimated to be a more enlightened kind of university. Notable during the fifties was Mance's work with Dinah Washington and Cannonball Adderley. From 1990 to 2009 Mance toured Japan every other year with the group, 100 Gold Fingers. Mance and his wife, Gloria, founded the JunGlo record label in 2007, 'Live At Café Loup' its first release. As of this writing Mance is active. Many of the tracks below are live performances.

Junior Mance   1947

 El Sino

    Sax: Gene Ammons

  Odd-En-Dow

    Sax: Gene Ammons

Junior Mance   1949

 Blues n' Bells

     With Lester Young

 D.B. Blues

     With Lester Young

Junior Mance   1950

 When I Dream Of You

    Sax: Gene Ammons

Junior Mance   1957

 Stella By Starlight

Junior Mance   1961

 Among My Souvenirs

   Trumpet: Clark Terry

 Cool

   Tenor sax: Sonny Stitt

 Summertime

 This Is Always

 You Are Too Beautiful

Junior Mance   1964

 In Mellow Tone

Junior Mance   1966

 St. James Infirmary

Junior Mance   1968

 Before This Time Another Year

 I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

 That's All

Junior Mance   1970

 Blue Monk

     With Dexter Gordon

 Don't Cha Hear Me Callin' Ya

     Album 'With a Little Help From My Friends'

 Never Say Naw

     Album 'With a Little Help From My Friends'

Junior Mance   1973

 Tin Tin Deo

 Zabuda

Junior Mance   2011

 I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

   Bass: Hide Tanaka   Drums: Kim Garey 

 

 
 

Ralph Sutton began his professional career in 1941 with Jack Teagarden. Born in Hamburg, Missouri in 1922, Sutton may have made his first recordings in February of 1947 for the WOR Studios 'This Is Jazz' radio broadcast. Those recordings with cornetist Wild Bill Davison would continue such that he would make them as a member of the All Star Stompers. Sutton largely continued the ragtime sound into the modern era of jazz, dying in Evergreen, Colorado, in 2001.

Ralph Sutton   1949

   Baby Baby

      With Henry Red Allen

   Black Bottom Stomp

   Dill Pickles/Whitewash Man

   I Dance At Your Wedding/I Got Rhythm

   Muskrat Ramble

      With Max Kaminsky

Ralph Sutton   1953

   Fussin'

   Tain't Nobody's Biz-Ness If I Do

Ralph Sutton   1960

   The Cascades

Ralph Sutton   1963

   Yellow Dog Blues

      With Henry Red Allen

Ralph Sutton   1988

   Dinah

      With Ruby Braff

Ralph Sutton   1998

   Eye Opener/Echoes Of Spring

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Sutton

Ralph Sutton

Birth of Modern Jazz: George Wallington

George Wallington

George Wallington was born in Sicily in 1924, but was raised in New York City since age one. He gained big momentum right off the bat at age 19 when he began playing bop with Dizzy Gillespie at a nightclub in New York City in 1943, after which he played with a number of major names both in and out the bebop realm. It isn't known if Wallington recorded earlier than 1947. He began recording as a leader, of a trio, in 1949, releasing a collection in 1951. Yet in 1960 the oddest thing occurred, especially for a musician with so much going for him. Wallington suddenly quit the field of music and joined his family's air conditioning business. Well, the music profession isn't easy even at the top. Though one could think the air conditioning business considerably worse, circumstances are unknown. Nevertheless, Wallington later released three more albums, beginning in 1984. He died in Miami in 1993.

George Wallington   1947

  Churchmouse

      Allen Eager Quintet

George Wallington   1951

  Fine and Dandy

      Drums: Max Roach

  High Score

  Joy Bell

  Polka Dot

George Wallington   1952

   Summer Rain

George Wallington   1953

  I Married an Angel/Tenderly

  Squeezer's Breezer

George Wallington   1954

   Without Reservation

George Wallington   1956

   Billie's Tune

   One Night of Love

   What's New?

George Wallington   1957

   All of You

      Tenor sax: Bobby Jaspar

   Dis Mornin'

   Prestidigitator

   Suite

George Wallington   1960

   Hyacinth

   It's All Right With Me

 

 
 

Milt Buckner was born in 1915 in St. Louis, Missouri. He began his career with the Cotton Pickers before joining Cab Calloway's orchestra. In 1941 he began to accompany Lionel Hampton for which he is best known. Buckner recorded his fist acetate demos in 1941. He first recordings to appear on vinyl were in December of 1943, backing Dinah Washington: on piano in NYC for Keynote Records: 'Evil Gal Blues', 'I Know How to Do It', 'Salty Papa Blues' and 'Homeward Bound'. (Thanks to JAZZdocumentation.) Buckner's last studio session took place in Paris in July 1974, the same month of his death. Below, Buckner plays piano on 'Milt's Boogie', vibraphone on 'Where Or When' and organ on 'Limehouse Blues'.

Milt Buckner   1948

   Baby Don't Be Mad At Me

      With the Beale Street Boys

   Fat Stuff Boogie

      With the Beale Street Boys

Milt Buckner   1949

   Milt's Boogie

Milt Buckner   1976

   Where Or When

Milt Buckner   1977

   Limehouse Blues

      Vibraphone: Lionel Hampton

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Milt Buckner

Milt Buckner

 

Elmo Hope was born in 1923 in NYC. He began his career with the Joe Morris band. 'The Applejack', below, from 1948, is among the first recordings of him. His first album as a leader was 'Introducing the Elmo Hope Trio', released in 1953. Hope's final recordings took place in 1966, the same year as his last concert. He died of pneumonia and heart failure the next year, only 44 years old.

Elmo Hope   1948

   The Applejack

      Trumpet: Joe Morris

Elmo Hope   1953

   Happy Hour

   I Remember You

Elmo Hope   1954

   Later For You

Elmo Hope   1955

   It's a Lovely Day Today

Elmo Hope   1956

   On It

      Tenor sax: John Coltrane & Hank Mobley

Elmo Hope   1957

   So Nice

   Vaun Ex

Elmo Hope   1963

   It Shouldn't Happen to a Dream

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Elmo Hope

Elmo Hope

Birth of Modern Jazz: Wynton Kelly

Wynton Kelly

Born in 1931 in Brooklyn to Jamaican immigrants, pianist Wynton Kelly's is thought to have recorded as early as 1948, circa June, in NYC for Savoy: 'Swanee River', 'Jumpin' in Jack's House' (unissued), 'A Plug for Cliff' and 'Corn Bread'. His first solo recordings followed the next year along with tracks with Babs Gonzales. He released his debut album, 'Piano Interpretations', in 1951, also recording with DDinah Washington that year. Kelly was drafted into the military in 1952. He ended his service as director of the First Army traveling show, giving a performance before an audience of 10,000 at Chastain Memorial Park in Atlanta. After his two-year duty was completed he began working with Dizzy Gillespie again, as well as Charles Mingus. He released his second album, 'Piano', in 1958. He thereafter collaborated with all number of notable jazz musicians, meeting Wes Montgomery, for example in 1961. Fatefully, Kelly had been plagued with epilepsy. He died in Toronto, Ontario, at only age forty upon an epileptic seizure in 1971. More Kelly under Donald Byrd, Johnny Griffin and Hank Mobley.

Wynton Kelly   1951

  Cherokee

  I'll Never Be Free/I Wanna Be Loved

      With Dinah Washington at Birdland

      Bass: Percy Heath   Drums: Art Blakey

  Summertime

      Piano solo

Wynton Kelly   1959

  On Green Dolphin Street

  Softly, As In A Morning's Sunrise

      Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

Wynton Kelly   1961

  Autumn Leaves

      Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

Wynton Kelly   1965

  Smokin' at the Half Note

      Album   Guitar: Wes Montgomery

Wynton Kelly   1966

  Autumn Leaves

      Bass: Ron McClure   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

 

 

 
 

Marian McPartland first recorded in 1948 with her husband, celebrated early jazz cornetist, Jimmy McPartland. Born in England in 1918, McPartland began her career in 1938 as a vaudeville pianist by the stage name of Marian Page. Born in Great Britain, MacPartland met her husband, Jimmy, in Europe during World War II upon his being drafted into the army. They married in 1944, after which Jimmy returned to the States with his bride to resume his musical career. Marian's first recordings with Jimmy in 1948 are unfound. Her first recordings apart from Jimmy were in 1951 for Savoy. Some time later, 1952, Marian formed a trio to play at the Hickory House in New York City for next eight years. In 1969 Marian founded her own record label, Halcyon Records, her last release with that label in 1979. McPartland died in August 2013. Bill Crow plays bass on all selections below for year 1955. Jimmy and Marian play together on a couple of later dates.

Marian McPartland   1955

  Chelsea Bridge

  I Could Write A Book

  Poor Little Rich Girl

  Sand In My Shoes

  Struttin' With Some Barbecue

Marian McPartland   1956

  Dark Eyes

      Saxophone: Stan Getz

      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

Marian McPartland   1960

  Peter Gunn Theme

      Cornet: Jimmy McPartland

Marian McPartland   1964

  Things Ain't What They Used To Be

      Filmed live

Marian McPartland   1974

  In a Mist

Marian McPartland   1975

  Afterglow

 At the Top

     Film   Cornet: Jimmy McPartland

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Marian PcPartland

Marian McPartland

Photo: marianmcpartland.com

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Terry Gibbs

Terry Gibbs & Terry Pollard

Born in 1923, pianist Terry Pollard is thought to have first recorded with Billy Mitchell in 1948. Best known in association with Terry Gibbs, with whom she toured in the fifties, Pollard's first and only album, 'Terry Pollard', appeared in 1955. Considering her enormous talent her early retirement as a professional musician remains unfortunate to jazz, though she continued to play locally in Detroit where her career had been centered. Pollard died in December 2009.

Terry Pollard   1955

   Autumn Serenade

   The Coninental

      Vibes: Terry Gibbs

Terry Pollard   1956

   Gibberish/Now's the Time

      Live performance   Vibes: Terry Gibbs

 

 
 

Born in 1920 in Concord, California, pianist Dave Brubeck is thought to have made his first recording in 1942: 'I've Found A New Baby' (available on CD, 'Jazz at the College of the Pacific, Vol. 2', first released in 1953). He met his future partner, Paul Desmond, in the army in 1944. Upon release from the service the pair met again in California in 1948 and produced their first recordings together with Brubeck's octet, an audition for NBC on the Fantasy label, tracks from which would be found on the 1950 release of the album, 'Dave Brubeck Octet'. While Desmond left for NYC to play with Jack Fina, Brubeck put together a trio with Ron Crotty on bass and Cal Tjader on drums, which first four recordings, made in September 1949, were 'Blue Moon', 'Tea For Two', 'Indiana' and 'Laura', those released that year. Upon Desmond's return to California in 1950 the pair formed a quartet. That quartet's first recordings were scheduled in August 1951: 'A Foggy Day', 'Lyons Busy', 'Somebody Loves Me' and 'Crazy Chris (Crazy Time)'. Brubeck's portrait appeared on 'Time' magazine's cover in 1954. Their album, 'Time Out', in 1959 was the first jazz album to sell platinum (one million copies). Brubeck and Desmond played together in their quartet until 1967, after which Brubeck began composing orchestral and choral pieces with Christian themes. (He would become a Catholic in 1980.) A recipient of several prestigious awards, Brubeck died of heart failure in Norwalk, Connecticut, in December 2012. Dave Brubeck is also found under Paul Desmond in Modern Jazz Saxophone. Per 1949 below, all tracks are with the Dave Brubeck Trio.

Dave Brubeck   1949

   Blue Moon/Tea For Two

   Indiana

   Laura

Dave Brubeck   1950

   Fugue on Bop Themes

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Let's Fall In Love

     Dave Brubeck Trio

Dave Brubeck   1951

   Frenesi

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Lyons Busy

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1953

   How High the Moon

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Laura

   Over the Rainbow

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Tea For Two

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   The Way You Look Tonight

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1954

   Audrey

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1958

   Newport 1958

      Album   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1959

   Blue Rondo à la Turk

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1961

   Jazz Casual

      Live on 'Jazz Casual'   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

   Unsquare Dance

Dave Brubeck   1962

   Countdown: Time in Outer Space

      Album  Saxophone: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1963

   Blue Rondo à la Turk

      Live at Carnegie Hall   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1964

   Jazz 625

      Live on 'Jazz 625'   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Jazz at Storyville

     Album    Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Theme From 'Mr. Broadway'

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Time Changes

      Album   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1965

   Softly

Dave Brubeck   1966

   Time In

Dave Brubeck   1971

   All the Things You Are

      Live with Paul Desmond & Gerry Mulligan

Dave Brubeck   1972

   Take Five

      Live performance   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1975

   The Duets

      Album   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   2001

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Concert

Dave Brubeck   2004

   Take Five im Quartet

      Concert

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Brubeck

Dave Brubeck

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ray Bryant

Ray Bryant

Ray Bryant started playing piano at age six. He first recorded in 1945 with the Jimmy Johnson Big Band but those unknown titles weren't released. Bryant began touring with Tiny Grimes in 1948, he first recording with Grimes in 1949 for the Gotham label: 'Hey Now', 'Drinkin' Beer', 'My Baby Left Me' and 'Hey Mr. J.B.'. After sessions in 1955 with mouth harp player, Toots Thielemans, Bryant recorded his first name releases with Betty Carter and the Ray Bryant Trio, Epic issuing 'Meet Betty Carter and Ray Bryant' that year. From that point onward Bryant played with a number of top names in jazz, beginning with a session for Prestige in August 1955 with the Miles Davis Sextet. Bryant thereafter released at least one album nigh every year through 1997 in addition to albums on which he backed other musicians. He issued 'In the Back Room' in 2008, three years before his death in June of 2011. Bryant will also be found under Toots Thielemans in Jazz Guitar.

Ray Bryant   1949

 Hey Now

     With Tiny Grimes

  Drinking Beer

     With Tiny Grimes

Ray Bryant   1955

 Get Happy

  I Could Write a Book

     Vocalist: Betty Carter

Ray Bryant   1957

 Blue Changes

     Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

 Golden Earrings

     Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

 Sonar

     Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

Ray Bryant   1958

 Until The Real Thing Comes Along

     Saxophone: Coleman Hawkins

Ray Bryant   1967

 Fox Stalker

 Paper Cup

 Slow Freight

Ray Bryant   1968

 Above the Rock

Ray Bryant   1973

 Jazz Session

   Filmed live 

Ray Bryant   1976

 Good Morning Heartache

Ray Bryant   1989

 Reflection

Ray Bryant   1995

 In the Back Room

 

 

 
 

Pianist Phineas Newborn Jr. first recorded with his brother, guitarist Calvin Newborn, in 1949, backing what were BB King's first recordings as well (Sun Records). He and Calvin also early played with Big Walter Horton. Born in 1931, his first name recordings are thought to have been as the Phineas Newborn Quartet in 1953 in Houston: 'How High The Moon' and ''Round Midnight', his brother on guitar (Peacock's Progressive Jazz 500). Newborn's initial album release as a leader was in 1956 for Atlantic. He died in 1989 of lung issues.

Phineas Newborn   1949

  She's Dynamite

      Backing BB King

Phineas Newborn   1951

  Hard Hearted Woman

      Mouth harp: Big Walter Horton

Phineas Newborn   1959

  Give Me the Simple Life

 Golden Earrings

Phineas Newborn   1961

  For Carl

 Juicy Lucy

 Oleo

Phineas Newborn   1962

  Jazz Scene USA

     Television show

Phineas Newborn   1964

  Be Deedle Dee Do

 Good Lil' Man

 Grooveyard

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Phineas Newborn

Phineas Newborn

  Upon graduating from the New England Conservatory in Boston, Claude Williamson began his professional career in 1947 playing with Teddy Edwards, then Red Norvo, in San Francisco. He first recorded in 1949 with Charlie Barnet (none found, among them, 'Claude Reigns'), after which he worked with vocalist June Christy for a couple of years. Williamson cut vinyl in 1953 for Bethlehem records with Charlie Mariano, then Oscar Pettiford the next year, also appearing on Pacific Jazz Records' Jazz West Coast series in '54. He worked with Bud Shank during the fifties. During the sixties he was pianist for the 'Andy Williams Show' and the 'Sonny and Cher' television series. In the latter seventies and eighties Williamson toured and recorded in Japan. Born in 1922 in Brattleboro, Vermont, Williamson is yet active in Los Angeles as of this writing.

Claude Williamson   1949

 Claude Reigns

Claude Williamson   1950

 A Mile Down the Highway

     Vocal: June Christy 

Claude Williamson   1953

 Pirouette

Claude Williamson   1954

 Aquarium

     With the Lighthouse All-Stars 

Claude Williamson   1955

 Don't Get Around Much Anymore

Claude Williamson   1977

 All The Things You Are

 I Love You

 My Romance

Claude Williamson   1992

 As Time Goes By

 Embraceable You

 Pretendo

 Robbin's Nest

 Star Crossed Lovers

Claude Williamson   1993

 There Will Never Be Another You

 Work Song

Claude Williamson   1995

 Manhattan

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Claude Williamson

Claude Williamson

  Born in 1932 in Montreal, it was 1950 when composer and pianist Paul Bley was first recorded on a Canadian television broadcast with tenor saxophonist Brew Moore (unfound). He also recorded with Charlie Parker a short time later but such is also unfound. The first Paul Bley Trio, (Charles Mingus on bass, Art Blakey on drums) was recorded in November of 1953 for the album, 'Introducing Paul Bley'. Bley was married for a brief time early in his career to composer and pianist Carla Bley. During the sixties Bley worked with Jimmy Giuffre and Sonny Rollins. He helped form the Jazz Composers Guild in 1964 to promote free form jazz in New York City. Bley addressed his music in the documentary, 'Imagine the Sound', released in 1981. He began instructing at the New England Music Conservatory in the nineties. As of this writing Bley is yet active.

Paul Bley   1953

 Embraceable You

      Album: 'Montreal 1953'

 Montreal 1953

      Album suite   Alto sax: Charlie Parker

  Split Kick

      Bass: Charles Mingus   Drums: Art Blakey

Paul Bley   1958

 Live in Los Angeles

      Ornette Coleman Quintet

Paul Bley   1961

 Stretching Out

      Bass: Steve Swallow   Clarinet: Jimmy Giuffre

Paul Bley   1962

 Floater

 When Will the Blues Leave?

Paul Bley   1963

 Syndrome

      Album

Paul Bley   1964

 Barrage

 Syndrome

Paul Bley   1965

 Start

 Touching

Paul Bley   1966

 Cartoon

 Ida Lupino

 Only Sweetly

 Ramblin'

Paul Bley   1967

 Ballads

    Album 

Paul Bley   1968

 El Cordobes

Kid Dynamite

  Mr. Joy

 Nothing Ever Was Anyway

 Ramblin'

Paul Bley   1972

 El Cordobes/King Korn

 M.J.

    Album: 'Dual Unity'   Vocal: Annette Peacock

Paul Bley   1973

 Alrac

   Filmed live

 Ida Lupino

Paul Bley   1976

 Japan Suite

   Album

Paul Bley   1977

 Pyramid 2

      Alto sax: Lee Konitz   Guitar: Bill Connors

Paul Bley   1985

 Sonor

      Album

Paul Bley   1985

 You Go to My Head

      With Chet Baker

Paul Bley   1988

 If I Loved You

Paul Bley   1992

 Ojos de Gato

Paul Bley   1993

 Remembering

 Seven

Paul Bley   1994

 Chaos

Paul Bley   1996

 Time Will Tell

Paul Bley   2008

 Live in Oslo

   Filmed live

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Bley

Paul Bley

Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Drew

Kenny Drew

Kenny Drew first recorded with Howard McGhee in January 1950, also laying tracks with Sonny Stitt, Charlie Parker and Leo Parker that year. Drew played piano with several big names before releasing his first album in 1953. Drew moved to Paris in 1961, then Copenhagen three years later. In 1971 Drew collaborated with Dexter Gordon on the soundtrack for the film, 'Pornografi: En Musical'. He died in 1993. Per below, tenor sax by Lester Young is featured on all tracks for 1950.

Kenny Drew   1950

 Four Flats Unfurnished

 How High The Moon

 Later

 Mean to Me

Kenny Drew   1953

 Lo Flame

      Album: 'Introducing the Kenny Drew Trio'

 Yesterdays

      Album: 'New Faces, New Sounds'

Kenny Drew   1955

 Blues in a Cardboard Box

 Deadline

Kenny Drew   1956

 The Kenny Drew Trio

      Album

      Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Philly Jo Jones

Kenny Drew   1960

 Ballade

      Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

      Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

 Groovin' the Blues

      Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

      Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

 Undercurrent

      Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

      Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

Kenny Drew   1961

 A Stranger in Paradise

      Tenor sax: Tina Brooks

Kenny Drew   1971

 Springtime in Tivoli

   Film: 'Pornografi: En Musical'   With Dexter Gordon

Kenny Drew   1974

  In Your Own Sweet Way

    Album: 'If You Could See Me Now'

     Bass: Niels-Henning Pedersen   Drums: Albert Heath

  A Stranger in Paradise

     Album: 'Dark Beauty'

Kenny Drew   1980

 Ornithology

     Tenor Sax: Warne Marsh

     Bass: Bo Stief   Drums: Aage Tanggaaard

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Tommy Flanagan

Tommy Flanagan

Be-bop pianist Tommy Flanagan was born in Detroit in 1930. His father was a postman. His mother worked in the garment industry. He was yet in his teens when he was playing with Frank Rosolino, Lucky Thompson, Pepper Adams and Kenny Burrell. His first residency was at the Blue Bird Inn in Detroit at age nineteen. He is thought to have recorded as early as 1950 with Kenny Burrell and the Four Sharps, Yusef Lateef also in that band. He also played with saxophonist (not the guitarist) George Benson in Toledo before getting drafted into the Army. Flanagan left the military for New York City in 1956 where he worked in clubs and recorded with the Kenny Burrell Quintet , the Thad Jones Sextet, the Miles Davis Quintet, the Kenny Clarke Quintet, the Sahib Shihab Sextet, the Oscar Pettiford Orchestra, the Phil Woods Septet, the Sonny Rollins Quartet, the JJ Johnson Quintet and the Bobby Jaspar Quartet, all that year. He also accompanied Ella Fitzgerald for the first time in 1956. Flanagan released his first album in his own name, 'Overseas', in 1957 as the Tommy Flanagan Trio with bassist Wilbur Little and drummer Elvin Jones. His second album, 'The Cats', followed that year with a sextet. During the sixties Flanagan accompanied Ella Fitzgerald, Art Farmer and Tony Bennett. From 1968 to '78 he worked with Fitzgerald. In 1980 he played in a trio with Red Mitchell and Tal Farlow, filling out the eighties with his own trio including bassist, George Mraz. Flanagan toured Japan with 100 Golden Fingers in '90, '93 and '97. He died in 2001 in Manhattan. More Flanagan with Kenny Burrell.

Tommy Flanagan   1956

  Afternoon In Paris

      Kenny Clarke Quintet

  Hum-Bug

      Sahib Shihab Sextet

  In Your Own Sweet Way

      Miles Davis Quintet

  No Line

      Kenny Burrell Quartet

  Saxophone Colossus

      Album with Sonny Rollins

  Tariff

      Thad Jones Sextett

  Tom's Thumb

      Kenny Clark Quintet

  Vierd Blues

      Miles Davis Quintet

  Your Host

      Kenny Clarke Quintet

  Zec

      Thad Jones Sextet

Tommy Flanagan   1957

  Cheeta

      Kenny Burrell Quartet

  Dalarna

      Album: 'Overseas'

  Eclypso

      Album: 'The Cats'

  Relaxin' at Camarillo

      Bass: Wilbur Little   Drums: Elvin Jones

  Verdandi

      Bass: Wilbur Little Drums: Elvin Jones

Tommy Flanagan   1960

  At Dawning

      Sax: Coleman Hawkins

  Then I'll Be Tired Of You

      Sax: Coleman Hawkins

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Barry Harris

Barry Harris

Barry Harris was born in Detroit in 1929. He may have first recorded in 1950 with Christine Harris and Frank Foster (specifically, 'Hopper Topper' and 'Sante Fe Shuffle', neither found). Harris released his first album as a leader in 1958, 'Breakin' It Up'. In 1982 he became a founding partner of the Jazz Cultural Theater in NYC, that venue remaining open until 1987. As of this writing Harris is yet active conducting workshops in New York City.

Barry Harris   1958

  Allen's Alley

  Ornithology

  Passport

Barry Harris   1959

  All the Things You Are

 Stranger In Paradise

Barry Harris   1965

  Shiny Stockings

      With Dexter Gordon

Barry Harris   1967

  Even Steven

Barry Harris   1972

  Tune-Up

      With Sonny Stitt

Barry Harris   1976

  I'll Remember April

      Live in Tokyo

  I'll Remember April

      With Dexter Gordon

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave McKenna

Dave McKenna

Photo: Brian O'Connor

Dave McKenna played professionally as a teenager with the Boots Mussulli band. At 19 he left home to join the Charlie Ventura Orchestra. His first known recordings were shortly thereafter with Woody Herman's Second Herd, in 1950, before being drafted into the army. (One of those below, though McKenna isn't at all featured.) A humble man, McKenna, who once remarked he wasn't a "bona fide jazz guy", but "just a saloon piano player." McKenna began his solo recording career in 1955. His last recording was 'An Intimate Evening With Dave McKenna', released on Arbors Records in 2002. He died in 2008 in Woonsocket, Rhode Island.

Dave McKenna   1950

   Starlight Souvenirs

      With Woody Herman

Dave McKenna   1957

   Sweet Sue, Just You

      Tenor sax: Charlie Ventura

Dave McKenna   1962

   Bill Bailey

     With Bobby Hackett

Dave McKenna   1979

   Have You Met Miss Jones

Dave McKenna   1982

   Live in Boston

     Vocal: Tony Bennett

Dave McKenna   1983

   Lazy River

Dave McKenna   1989

   Dream Dancing

Dave McKenna   1993

   42nd Street

 

 
 

Pianist Horace Silver was discovered by Stan Getz in Connecticut in 1950. It's with Getz that Silver is thought to have made his initial recordings, also in 1950, in New York City for the Roost label. He would also record with the Lou Donaldson Quintet and the Terry Gibbs Sextet before grooving his first name tracks for Blue Note in October 1952, those recorded at WOR Studios in NYC with drummer, Art Blakey, and bassist, Gene Ramey. Albeit Blakey had already recorded with a group he'd called the Jazz Messengers in 1947 that was a brief affair. Under Silver's leadership the Messenger's name was resurrected, leading to its first name release in 1955 as 'Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers'. Silver and Blakey separated in 1956, leaving leadership of the Messengers to Blakey. Silver thereafter collaborated with all number of the bigger names in jazz, becoming among the most notable names in jazz piano during the latter half of the 20th century. He died in June of 2014, leaving a prolific trail of recordings behind him: 36 studio albums, three live albums and seven compilations.

Horace Silver   1952

 Strike Up the Band

      Tenor sax: Stan Getz

  Tootsie Roll

     Tenor sax: Stan Getz

Horace Silver   1952

 Potter's Luck

      Saxophone: Stan Getz

Art Blakey   1955

   Doodlin'

    Album: 'Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers'

   Prelude To a Kiss

     Drums: Art Blakey   Recorded 1952

Horace Silver   1956

  Señor Blues

Horace Silver   1959

  Blowin' The Blues Away

  Señor Blues

      Live performance

Horace Silver   1962

  The Tokyo Blues

 Wildwood

     Tenor sax: Stan Getz

Horace Silver   1963

  Silver's Serenade

Horace Silver   1964

  Lonely Woman

      Album: 'Song For My Father'

Horace Silver   1965

  The African Queen

Horace Silver   1968

  Serenade To a Soul Sister

  Song For My Father

      Live version

Horace Silver   1970

  Acid, Pot or Pills

Horace Silver   1972

  In Pursuit of the 27th Man

  Summer In Central Park

Horace Silver   1974

  Liberated Brother

      Umbria Jazz Festival

Horace Silver   1976

  Live at the Umbria Jazz Festival

      Concert

Horace Silver   1978

  The Gods Of The Yoruba

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Horace Silver

Horace Silver

Photo: Dimitri Savitski

 

 

Born Frederick (Fritz) Russell Jones in 1930 in Pittsburg, pianist Ahmad Jamal ('highly praised beauty" in Arabic) began his career with the George Hudson Orchestra in 1948. Conceived to Baptist parents, Jamal converted to Islam in 1950. His first recordings (including 'Ahmad's Blues'), were recorded in 1951 for the Okeh label with a group called the Three Strings. Wikipedia also dates the founding of Epic Records as 1953 (by Columbia, which also owned the Okeh label among others). Nevertheless, another source (the Ahmad Jamal website) catalogues Jamal with the Three Strings with Epic for 1951 releases of 'The Surrey with the Fringe on Top', 'Will You Still Be Mine', 'Rica Pulpa' and 'Perfidia'. 1952 releases, including 'Ahmad's Blues', are also catalogued as Epic. Jamal also recorded for the Chicago label, Parrot, between '53 and '55. The Three Strings, with personnel changes, released the album, 'Live at Pershing: But Not For Me', in 1958. Jamal's 'Poinciana' was first released on that album. After a tour of Africa Jamal disbanded the Three Strings and opened a club and restaurant in Chicago called The Alhambra. Jamal then put together a new ensemble in '64 to tour and record the album, 'Extensions', released in 1965. In 1986 Jamal sued Jewish critic, composer and musician, Leonard Feather, for using Jamal's non-Muslim name in a publication, greater circumstance, if any, unknown. (It seems Feather, now deceased, had written at least one dismissive review of Jamal, perhaps at that period. To this day another Jewish critic Jamal bans from mention, along with religion, during interviews is Ira Gitler. Knowing nothing about such, we leave it at coincidence. Knowing not what relevance, but relatively, Jamal produced 'The Fundamental Question' for Channel 4 in England in 1996, a documentary film concerning the rise of fundamentalist versus secularist Islam.) As of this writing Jamal is yet active. His last album release was 'Saturday Morning' as of 2013.

Ahmad Jamal   1952

   Ahmad's Blues

   A Gal in Calico

  Aki & Ukthay (Brother & Sister)

Ahmad Jamal   1956

   Jim Love Sue

   Perfidia

   They Can't Take That Away From Me

Ahmad Jamal   1958

   Billy Boy

  I'll Remember April

  Poinciana

  Surrey with Fringe On Top

  Woody'n You

Ahmad Jamal   1959

  Darn That Dream

     Film

Ahmad Jamal   1961

   Isn't It Romantic

Ahmad Jamal   1970

   The Awakening

     Album

Ahmad Jamal   1971

   Outertimeinnerspace

     Album

Ahmad Jamal   1992

   Crossfire

      Bass: James Cammack   Drums: David Bowler

Ahmad Jamal   2008

   Aftermath

      Bass: James Cammack

      Drums: Idris Muhammad

Ahmad Jamal   2012

   Live in Paris

      Concert film with Yusef Lateef

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ahmad Jamal

Ahmad Jamal

Photo: Chuck Stewart

 

Born in 1924 in East Durham, New York, singer Blossom Dearie switched from classical piano to jazz as a teenager. In 1952, age 28, she took off for France where she formed the group, The Blue Stars of France. Returning to America in 1956, she recorded her first record album the following year. During the sixties she recorded four albums in the United Kingdom. Her career venues were largely shared between London and New York City. Dearie died in 2009 in her flat in Greenwich Village, NYC. More of Dearie, including a few of her earlier recordings in France.

Blossom Dearie   1955

   April In Paris

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Blossom Dearie

Blossom Dearie

 

  Born in 1925 in Leipzig, Germany, Jutta Hipp studied painting before moving to West Germany upon Soviet occupation and the establishment of East Germany (German Democratic Republic) in 1949. Among the names with whom she first played piano was tenor saxophonist, Hans Koller, Hipp also forming her first ensemble at that time. Hipp is thought to have grooved her debut recordings in 1952, the same year she began working with guitarist, Attila Zoller. Hipp recorded in Germany into 1955, releasing the album, 'Jutta (New Faces - New Sounds From Germany)' that year, then emigrated to the United States, there releasing the album, 'At the Hickory House Vol. 1', the same year. In 1956 she issued 'At the Hickory House Vol. 2', also featuring at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island that year. Also in 1956 she recorded the album, 'Jutta Hipp with Zoot Sims', released the following year. Hipp left the music industry in 1958 to paint, supporting herself in a garment factory. One source explains that she dropped away from the jazz scene due that she didn't possess a business drive, especially as rock music was by that time stealing away jazz audiences: she played piano well enough, but owned small ambition and was socially withdrawn. Another source cites that she suffered PTSD (post-traumatic stress syndrome) due largely to living in Germany during the war years. Though she played weekends until 1960 she gradually fully settled into employment at Wallach’s Clothiers, where she remained until retirement in the nineties. Among the few musicians with whom she remained in contact throughout her life was alto saxophonist, Lee Konitz. Hipp died in 2003 of pancreatic cancer in Queens. Saxophonist, Zoot Sims, performs with Hipp on all tracks for 1956 below.

Jutta Hipp   1952

   Indian Summer

Jutta Hipp   1954

   Ack Varmeland Du Skona

      Tenor Sax: Joki Freund & Hans Koller

   Diagram

      Bass: Hans Kresse   Drums: Karl Sanner

   Frankfurt Special

      Tenor Sax: Joki Freund & Hans Koller

   Laura

      Tenor Sax: Joki Freund

   Simon/Cool Dogs/Yogi

      Album: 'Cool Europe'   Tenor Sax: Joki Freund

Jutta Hipp   1956

   Almost Like Being In Love

   Down Home

   Just Blues

  S' Wonderful

   Too Close For Comfort

   These Foolish Things

  Violets For Your Furs

  Wee Dot

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Jutta Hipp

Jutta Hipp

  Malcolm Earl "Mal" Waldron was born in 1925 in New York City. He took his bachelor degree in music in 1949. He also made his first recordings in 1949. But those were unissued, Waldron not appearing on released tracks until a session in 1952 with Ike Quebec for the Hi-Lo label: 'Whispering Winds' and 'Kiss Of Fire'. He recorded with Emmett Davis on the same day (April 18) for the same label: 'Rippin' and Runnin'/'Look What'cha Done'. From 1954 to 1956 Waldron played with Charles Mingus, Lucky Millinder and Lucky Thompson. It was 1956 that Waldron put together his own band and created his debut album, 'Mal-1'. He backed Billy Holiday from 1957 until her death in 1959. Waldron's career came to serious threat in 1963 due to heroin overdose. Upon recovering, a change of scenery to Europe was of assistance, he eventually moving to Munich in 1967. Waldron's first visit to Japan was in 1970. He recorded several albums with jazz vocalist, Jeanne Lee, during the nineties (her first release in 1961, a year too late for these histories). Waldron performed his last concert in December 2002, dying two weeks later of complications arising from cancer. Per below, all tracks for 1987 are from the album, 'Breaking New Ground'.

Mal Waldron   1956

  Confirmation

     Alto sax: Jackie McLean

  Dee's Dilemma

      Alto sax: Jackie McLean

 Yesterdays

      Album: 'Mal-1'

Mal Waldron   1959

 Cat Walk

 Left Alone

Mal Waldron   1971

 Warm Canto

 First Encounter

     Album   Bass: Gary Peacock

     Drums: Hiroshi Murakami

Mal Waldron   1973

 Snake Out

     Album: 'Up Popped the Devil'

Mal Waldron   1983

 Desespoir Agreable

 'Round Midnight

 Waltz for My Mother

 You and the Night and the Music

Mal Waldron   1986

 Left Alone

    Filmed live   Alto sax: Jackie McLean

Mal Waldron   1987

 Everything Must Change

 Gemnopedie #2

 Suicide Is Painless

 Thy Freedom Come

Mal Waldron   1994

 Goodbye Pork Pie Hat

      Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Mal Waldron   1995

 Free Improvisations

      Live performance

Mal Waldron   1997

 Peggy's Blue Skylight

      With Steve Lacy

 Smooch

      With Steve Lacy

 Soul Eyes

      Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Mal Waldron   2000

 I Thought About You

     Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Mal Waldron   2002

 The Seagulls of Kristiansund

 Soul Eyes

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mal Waldron

Mal Waldron

Birth of Modern Jazz: Toshiko Akiyoshi

Toshiko Akiyoshi

Classical fans of Mitsuko Uchida, meet the Uchida of jazz, Toshiko Akiyoshi, whose recording career began much earlier in 1953 upon discovery by pianist Oscar Peterson. Born in Japan in 1929, Akiyoshi's first recorded with Peterson that year, also releasing the album, 'Toshiko's Piano' in 1953, performed with guitarist Herb Ellis, bassist Ray Brown and drummer J.C. Heard. She became the first Japanese student at the Berklee Shool of Music in Boston in 1956, attending on scholarship. She married saxophonist, Charlie Mariano, in 1959. In 1969 she married saxophonist, Lew Tabackin, with whom she formed a 16-piece big band band in 1973 to release the album, 'Kogun', the next year. In 1982 she and Tabackin formed the Toshiko Akiyoshi Jazz Orchestra. Akiyoshi's proclivity to work with big bands meant that a number of her recordings were released only in Japan, as by the time she entered the music business big bands were becoming passé in the States, the more so over the decades. Akiyoshi published her autobiography, 'Life with Jazz', in 1997. She dissolved her orchestra in 2003, 'Last Live in Blue Note Tokyo', released in 2004, its last recording. Having difficulty acquiring recording contracts for orchestral jazz, she then concentrated on piano. She became an NEA Jazz Master in 2007. As of this writing Akiyoshi yet lives with her husband in Manhattan.

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Blues For Toshiko

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1958

   The Third Movement

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1975

   Long Yellow Road

      With the Lew Tabackin Big Band

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1976

   Road Time Shuffle

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1996

   Dance of the Gremlins

   Feast In Milano

   Strive For Jive

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1997

   Count Your Blessings

     Live at the Blue Note Tokyo

   Sophisticated Lady

     Live at the Blue Note Tokyo

Toshiko Akiyoshi   2000

   Harvest Shuffle

 

 
 

Sonny Clark, organ and piano, left Pennsylvania for California at age 20 to pursue a career in jazz. He soon met Wardell Gray and Oscar Pettiford. Clark's first recording sessions are thought to have been in 1953 with the Teddy Charles West Coasters, Charles on vibes, Frank Morgan on alto sax and Wardell Gray on tenor sax. He began touring Europe and the United States with Buddy DeFranco in 1953, after which he settled in New York to play with singer, Dinah Washington. Clark's first album, 'Oakland', was released in 1955. He released his second album, 'Dial "S" For Sonny', in 1957. Having been born in Herminie, PA, in 1931, Clark died young at age 31 of heart attack.

Sonny Clark   1953

   Lavonne

      Teddy Charles' West Coasters

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

      Tenor sax: Wardell Gray

  The Man I Love

      Teddy Charles' West Coasters

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

      Tenor sax: Wardell Gray

  Paul's Cause

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

      Tenor sax: Wardell Gray

   So Long Broadway

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

Sonny Clark   1954

   Blues In the Closet

      With Buddy DeFranco

   A Foggy Day

      With Buddy DeFranco

   Once In A While

      Jimmy Raney Quartet

Sonny Clark   1957

   Bootin' It

      With Art Farmer

   Love Walked In

   Sonny's Mood

      With Art Farmer

Sonny Clark   1958

   All Of You

Sonny Clark   1961

   Eric Walks

   Melody For C

   Voodoo

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Sonny Clark

Sonny Clark

  Vince Guaraldi began performing on piano during college, that early inclination interrupted by service as an army cook during the Korean War. Upon discharge he found employment as an intermission pianist at the Black Hawk in San Francisco, a rather intimidating job due that it was Art Tatum for whom he filled in the breaks. In 1953 Guaraldi joined the Cal Tjader Trio with which he is thought to have first recorded on the album, 'The Cal Tjader Trio'. Three years later he formed his own trio and cut his first album, 'Vince Guaraldi Trio'. Tjader plays both drums and vibes in tracks below. Born in 1928 in San Francisco, Guaraldi's last recording, the soundtrack for 'It's Arbor Day, Charlie Brown', took place on February 6, 1976, he dropping dead later that day, possibly of heart attack.

Vince Guaraldi   1953

   Chopsticks-Mambo

      With Cal Tjader

   Lullaby of the Leaves

       With Cal Tjader

   Three Little Words

       With Cal Tjader

   Vibra-Tharpe

       With Cal Tjader

Vince Guaraldi   1956

   Django

      Album: 'Vince Guaraldi Trio'

Vince Guaraldi   1957

   A Flower is a Lovesome Thing

      Album

Vince Guaraldi   1962

   Cast Your Fate to the Wind

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Vince Guaraldi

Vince Guaraldi

 

Michel Legrand was born in 1932 in Paris. He entered the Paris Conservatory of Music at age ten, where he studied until age eighteen. Upon leaving school he accompanied a number of French popular singers and also toured with Maurice Chevelier. Legrand recorded his first album, 'I Love Paris', at age 22 (1954). Legrand first recorded jazz in 1958 upon visiting the United States. In addition to jazz piano, Legrand conducted orchestras and wrote above 200 film and television scores (: 'Cléo from 5 to 7' in 1961, 'The Thomas Crown Affair' in 1968, 'F for Fake' in 1974). Legrand is yet active as of this writing, having released more than 100 albums.

Michel Legrand   1953

  Le pianiste du bal Loulou

      André Claveau

Michel Legrand   1954

  I Love Paris

  Moulin Rouge

Michel Legrand   1958

  Jitterbug Waltz

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

  Night In Tunisia

      Trumpets: Donald Byrd and Art Farmer

  Rosetta

      Sax: Ben Webster

  'Round Midnight

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

Michel Legrand   1959

  Paris In the Spring

      Album: 'Jazz In Paris'

Michel Legrand   1970

  I Was Born in Love With You

      From the film 'Wuthering Heights'

Michel Legrand   1971

  Oum le dauphin

Michel Legrand   1972

  Pieces of Dreams

      With Sarah Vaughan

Michel Legrand   2001

  The Summer Knows

      Sax: Phil Woods

  Watch What Happens

      Sax: Phil Woods

  You Must Believe In Spring

      Sax: Phil Woods

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Michel Legrand

Michel Legrand

  Born in 1922 to Jewish parents in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Lalo Schifrin was largely an arranger and composer for film and television scores as well as a conductor and pianist. His most famous work is likely the theme to the television series, 'Mission Impossible', premiering in 1966. Schifrin didn't begin to study piano until age sixteen, then pursued sociology and law at the University of Buenos Aires. He quickly changed his major to music and enrolled at the Paris Conservatoire at age twenty. Schifrin played piano in Paris clubs before returning to Argentina to form an orchestra. His first arrangement to see vinyl was in 1951 per 'The Continental', performed by the All Stars Argentinos. His first piano recordings are thought to have been released in 1953 from a December 1952 session of 'Nunca Supe'/'Enigma Para Boppers', the latter 'Enigma Para Boppers' also his first recorded composition. His first performance on an album was as a pianist in 1955 on 'Piazzolla et Son Orchestre' released by Festival Records. (Thanks to Douglas Payne for recording information above.) Among Schiflin's more important musical associates was Dizzy Gillespie, with whom he worked in the latter fifties and early sixties. His initial film score was for 'Rhino!' released in 1963, followed by his first score for television in 1964, a movie titled 'See How They Run'. Themes for television shows rapidly followed, such as 'The Man From U.N.C.L.E.' and 'The Big Valley'. From that point onward Schifrin's career largely consisted of a prolific number of film scores and album releases. Schifrin is yet active as of this writing, touring internationally. Per below, arrangements and compositions are represented in addition to piano performances.

Lalo Schifrin   1958

   El Jefe

       Film theme

Lalo Schifrin   1959

   Cumana

       Conductor: Xavier Cugat

   Frenesi

       'Voice of Firestone' television program

Lalo Schifrin   1960

   All the Things You Are

       With Jazz at the Philharmonic

       Live in Paris 

   Indiana

       With Jazz at the Philharmonic

     Filmed live in Paris

   Take the 'A' Train

       With Jazz at the Philharmonic

      Filmed live in Paris

Lalo Schifrin   1961

   Medley

       Filmed live with Dizzy Gillespie

   Salt Peanuts

       Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

Lalo Schifrin   1962

   Bossa Nova

       Album

   An Evening in Sao Paulo

   Sphayros

Lalo Schifrin   1966

   Bossa Nova

       Television theme

Lalo Schifrin   1967

   The Fox

       Film theme

Lalo Schifrin   1968

   Bullitt

       Soundtrack suite

Lalo Schifrin   1970

   THX 1138

       Soundtrack suite

Lalo Schifrin   1974

   The Four Musketeers

       Film theme

Lalo Schifrin   2004

   Most Wanted

      Compilation album

         Arrangements 1968-79

Lalo Schifrin   2006

   Jazzwoche Burghausen 2006

       Filmed concert

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Lalo Schifrin

Lalo Schifrin
  Born in French Algeria in 1927, Martial Solal first recorded with Django Reinhardt in 1953 (two samples below). He also recorded with Don Byas in Paris later that year. He formed the Martial Solal Trio in 1953 as well, releasing his first album, 'French Modern Sounds' in 1954, followed by 'Martial Solal Trio', also recorded in 1953. Solal is yet active as of this writing. All cuts below from 1990 onward are live performances.

Martial Solal   1953

   I Cover the Waterfront

      With Django Reinhardt

   Le Soir

      With Django Reinhardt

Martial Solal   1954

   Poinciana

Martial Solal   1960

   Duo

      Album: 'À Bout de Souffle'

   New York Herald Tribune

      Album: 'À Bout de Souffle'

Martial Solal   1965

   On Green Dolphin Street

      Live performance

Martial Solal   1974

   Locomotion

Martial Solal   1990

   Triangle

Martial Solal   2007

   Coming Yesterday

   The Last Time I Saw Paris

   Body & Soul/Begin the Beguine

   Tea For Two

  Vierson Jazz Festival 2007

    Filmed concert 

Martial Solal   2008

   Piano Solo

Martial Solal   2010

   My Funny Valentine

Martial Solal   2012

   Improvisation

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Martial Solal

Martial Solal

Photo: Jos L. Knaepen

  Born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 1918, it isn't known when pianist Bobby Troup first recorded. It is known he had sold a couple compositions in 1941 ('Daddy', recorded by Sammy Kaye and the Andrew Sisters, and 'Snootie Little Cutie', recorded by Tommy Dorsey and Frank Sinatra). It was 1946 when he composed 'Route 66' (Nat King Cole in Rock 2) on his way to Los Angeles. But his first name recordings didn't occur until his release of the album, 'Bobby Troup!', in 1953. Troup had graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a degree in economics before joining the Marines, promoted to Captain in 1944. Troup was first married to Cynthia Hare (who contributed to lyrics on 'Route 66') in 1942. He later married vocalist Julie London in 1959. Troup also made appearances on film and television. He died in 1999 in Los Angeles.

Bobby Troup   1953

   Chicago

  I Can't Get Started

  Lemon Twist

  My Blue Heaven

  You're Lookin at Me

Bobby Troup   1955

   Little Girl Blue

   Love's Got Me In a Lazy Mood

Bobby Troup   1958

   Their Hearts Were Full of Spring

Bobby Troup   1964

   Route 66

   Tenderly

   You'd Be So Nice To Come Home To

      Filmed live in Japan   Vocal: Julie London

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Troup

Bobby Troup

Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Costa

Eddie Costa

Eddie Costa's first recordings were made in 1954 with guitarist Sal Salvador ('Round Trip' one of those tracks). He recorded a number of duets with pianist, John Mehegan, the next year. Costa released his first recordings as a band leader in 1957, 'I Didn't Know What Time It Was' among them. Costa collaborated with a number of great jazz musicians during his very brief career. Born in Atlas, Pennsylvania, in 1930, he was killed in a late-night auto crash in 1962 on a highway in New York. During his eight years of professional activity he appeared on more than 100 albums.

Eddie Costa   1956

   Pile Driver

      Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

   Sweet and Lovely

      Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

   Yesterdays

     Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

Eddie Costa   1957

   I Didn't Know What Time It Was

   Let's Take a Chance On Love

Eddie Costa   1958

   Adelaide

   I'll Know

   I've Never Been In Love Before

Eddie Costa   1959

   Anabelle

   Diane

   The House Of Blue Lights

   My Funny Valentine

   What's To Ya

   When I Fall In Love

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bill Evans

Bill Evans

Bill Evans was born in 1929 in Plainfield, New Jersey. He began to play piano in his brother's band at age twelve. Though good at classical, but not improvisation, at that time, nine years later in 1950 he got his first job with Herbie Fields. Drafted into the Army in 1951, upon discharge Evans cut his first grooves with the Jerry Wald Orchestra in 1953 and 1955. Those albums were 'Jerry Wald And His Orchestra' and 'Listen To The Music Of Jerry Wald'. Evans also recorded with Lucy Reed in '55, tracks from that session appearing on her 1957 album, 'The Singing Reed'. Evans released his first name album, 'New Jazz Conceptions' in 1956. Also important during the fifties was his work with pianist, George Russell, trumpeter, Miles Davis and saxman, Cannonball Adderley. Evans stepped onto the heroin carpet in the latter fifties as well, which he rode until the early seventies. He first switched from acoustic to electric piano for the release of 'From Left to Right' in 1970. During the latter seventies Evans found cocaine to be choice. He recorded his last studio LP in 1979, 'We Will Meet Again', dying the next year of multiple causes: ulcer, cirrhosis, pneumonia and hepatitis. Among Evans' favorite nonmusical interests had been horseracing, frequently gambling sizable sums and winning. He also owned the horse, Annie Hall, with film producer, Jack Rollins. Evans will also be found under Toots Thielemans in Jazz 10.

Bill Evans   1956

   Kimona My House

      Guitar: Dick Garcia

  New Jazz Conceptions

     Album

Bill Evans   1958

   Play Fiddle Play

      Bass clarinet: Hal McKusick

     Drums: Paul Motian

     Guitar: Barry Galbrath

     Trumpet: Don Elliott

Bill Evans   1961

   Know What I Mean?

      Album   Sax: Cannonball Adderley

Bill Evans   1965

   Jazz 625

      Live concert

   Nardis

      Filmed live

Bill Evans   1970

   Soirée

      Album: 'Left to Right'

Bill Evans   1979

   We Will Meet Again

 

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy Smith

Jimmy Smith

While James Brown was delivering funk to rock n' roll fans organist Jimmy Smith brought funk to jazz listeners. Born in 1925 in Norristown, Pennsylvania, Smith began playing piano as a child. After service in the Navy he studied music at a couple colleges for a couple years before his big break arrived upon joining Don Gardner's outfit in 1951, the same year he began experimenting with the Hammond organ. Smith originally played piano with Gardner, but his first recordings with Gardner's band were on organ in 1954: 'New Kind of Love', 'When You're Gone', 'How Do You Speak To an Angel', 'Sonotone Bounce', 'I'll Walk Alone', 'Going Down Mary', 'It's a Sin To Tell a Lie' and 'I Hear a Rhapsody', all on the Bruce label. Smith began recording as a bandleader for Bluenote in 1956, releasing his first album, 'A New Sound... A New Star...', for that label the same year. He issued his first album for Verve, 'Bashin'', in 1962. Among the major names with whom Smith collaborated in the fifties and sixties were Wes Montgomery, Kenny Burrell and George Benson. In the seventies he played at his own Jimmy Smith Supper Club in Los Angeles. In 1978 he toured and recorded in South Africa. The eighties and nineties found Smith emphasizing recording again, also collaborating with various other prominent musicians. Smith moved to Flagstaff, Arizona, in 2004. His wife, Lola, died a few months later, and he himself, of natural causes, in February 2005. He began recording the LP, 'Legacy', in 2004 with Joey DeFrancesco, that platter released posthumously the next year.

Jimmy Smith   1954

   How Do You Speak To An Angel

      With Don Gardner

   Sonotone Bounce

      With Don Gardner

Jimmy Smith   1958

   Flamingo

Jimmy Smith   1962

   Live on Jazz Scene USA

Jimmy Smith   1965

   Live for the BBC

      Film

Jimmy Smith   1971

   Dirty Roosta Booga

   First Class

      Album

Jimmy Smith   1972

   Root Down (and Get It)

Jimmy Smith   1974

   I Can't Get Enough

      Album: 'Paid in Full'

Jimmy Smith   1977

   Born to Groove

   Give Up The Booty

Jimmy Smith   1988

   Live at the ZDF Jazz Club

      Concert filmed live

Jimmy Smith   1995

   The Sermon

      Filmed live

Jimmy Smith   1996

   Funky Broadway

Jimmy Smith   2005

   I've Got My Mojo Workin'

     With Joey DeFrancesco

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Randy Weston

Randy Weston

Born in Brooklyn in 1926, pianist Randy Weston ran a restaurant in the latter forties frequented by name jazz musicians, whence he began playing gigs with Bull Moose Jackson and Eddie Cleanhead Vinson. In 1953 he began playing with Kenny Dorham, then with Cecil Payne, beginning in 1954. His first certain recording sessions were in April 1954, with bassist Sam Gill, for the Riverside and Milestone labels. Those eight tracks made their way onto the 10-inch album, 'Randy Weston Plays Cole Porter in a Modern Mood', released the same year. In 1955 he added drummer Art Blakey to his duo with Gill, releasing those six tracks on albums by various titles, again for Riverside and Milestone. That same year he exchanged Blakey for drummer Wilbert Hogan, recording ten tracks, again for Riverside. Unfortunately the earliest recordings by Weston to be found at YouTube aren't until his next recording project in 1956 with Cecil Payne, his first album that year, 'With These Hands', emerging. Among Weston's most significant collaborators during his career was trombonist Melba Liston. In the early sixties Weston began experimenting with African elements in jazz, releasing the album, 'Uhuru Afrika' ('Freedom Africa'), in 1960 (banned in South Africa in 1964). Weston moved to Morocco in 1968 where he worked with Gnawa musicians for the next five years, perhaps the most musically significant period of his life. In 2010 Weston published his autobiography, 'African Rhythms'. Weston issued a prolific number of albums during his career which is yet active as of this writing (9/2014), touring internationally. Weston plays with saxophonist Cecil Payne on all tracks below for year 1956.

Randy Weston   1956

   Don't Blame Me

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

   How High the Moon

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

   I Can't Get Started

      Album: 'With These Hands'

   Lifetime

      Album: 'With These Hands'

   Little Niles

      Album: 'With These Hands'

   It's All Right With Me

      Album: 'Jazz A La Bohemia'

   The Man I Love

      Album: 'With These Hands'

   Once In a While

      Album: 'Jazz a la Bohemia'

   Run Joe

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

   Well, You Needn't

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

Randy Weston   1958

   Hi-Fly

      Newport Jazz Festival

Randy Weston   1959

   Hi-Fly

      Live at the Five Spot in NYC

Randy Weston   1972

   African Cookbook

      Album: 'African Cookbook'

  Niger Mambo

      Album: 'Highlife'

   Night In Medina

      Album: 'Blue Moses'

Randy Weston   1973

   Tanjah

Randy Weston   1974

   Uhuru Kwanza

      Album: 'Blues to Africa'

 

 
  Born in Benton Harbor, Michigan in 1933, Gene Harris toured with various bands upon discharge from the Army in 1954. His first name recording was possibly his first recording session as well, in 1955 in NYC, releasing the Jubilee LP, 'Our Love Is Here To Stay' as the Gene Harris Trio the same year. In 1956 he formed the Four Sounds which quickly became the Three Sounds upon the loss of a member. Harris played with that band until 1970, they releasing their last LP in 1971. During and after that period Harris collaborated with others as well, to name but a few: Stanley Turrentine, James Clay, Milt Jackson, Benny Carter. Harris moved to Boise, Idaho, to play locally there in the latter seventies with howling coyotes and crows picking in trash bins during blizzards across a tundra that more potatoes than humans can endure. (We reserve the right to joke about any place we've been. Which is everywhere.) Harris reassumed his national status with bassist, Ray Brown, in the eighties. He died of kidney failure in 2000.

Gene Harris   1955

  Almost Like Being In Love

     Album: 'Our Love Is Here To Stay'

  Our Love Is Here To Stay

     Album: 'Our Love Is Here To Stay'

  There'll Never Be Another You

     Album: 'Our Love Is Here To Stay'

Gene Harris   1968

  Book of Slim

     Album: 'Elegant Soul'

Gene Harris   1973

  Lil' Darling

Gene Harris   1976

  Theme For Relana

Gene Harris   1977

  As

    Album: 'Tone Tantrum'

Gene Harris   1986

  Uptown Sop

Gene Harris   1987

  The Masquerade Is Over

    Album: 'Tribute to Count Basie'

Gene Harris   1991

  Black And Blue

    Album: 'Black And Blue'

Gene Harris   1992

  When You Wish Upon A Star

Gene Harris   1998

  Meditation

   Filmed Live

Gene Harris   2010

  This Masquerade

   Recorded 1996   Released posthumously

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Gene Harris

Gene Harris

Photo: Pam Bentham

Birth of Modern Jazz: Freddie Redd

Freddie Redd

Born in 1928 in Harlem, hard bop pianist Freddie Redd was released from active duty in the military in 1949, whence upon he took his first professional gigs in Syracuse, New York. He next headed for NYC where he played with a number of prominent names before making what are thought his first recordings in 1954 with Art Farmer and Gigi Gryce. Redd also issued his first name recordings that year ('Piano - East/West', sharing half the album with recordings made by Hampton Hawes in 1952). In 1956 he toured Sweden with Rolf Ericson and Ernestine Anderson. Redd wrote the score to the 1961 film, 'The Connection', in which he also appeared both as an actor and musician. Briefly afterward he moved to Denmark, then France, returning to the States in 1974 to pursue his occupation in San Francisco. Upon a career of collaborations with not a few top names in jazz, Redd moved to Baltimore in 2011 where, as of this writing, he yet resides.

Freddie Redd   1955

  Blue Lights

     With Art Farmer & Gigi Gryce

  Ready Freddie

     Album: "Introducing Freddie Redd'

Freddie Redd   1956

  People's Park

Freddie Redd   1960

  Blues, Blues, Blues

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

   ust a Ballad For My Baby

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

  The Thespian

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

  O.D. (Overdoes)

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

  Shadows

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

  (Theme For) Sister Salvation

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

  Time to Smile

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

  Who Killed Cock Robin?

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

  Wigglin'

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

Freddie Redd   1961

  Old Spice

Freddie Redd   1977

  Waltzing In

     Album: 'Straight Ahead'

Freddie Redd   2013

  Buckeye Blues

     Filmed live with the Colours Quartet

 

 
 

Arranger, composer and pianist George Russell got his first taste of big-time jazz at age seven, singing for Fats Waller. He began his professional career as a drummer for Benny Carter before switching to piano, after which he wrote his first composition for Dizzy Gillespie in 1947 ('Cubano Be, Cubano Bop'). Despite being plagued with health problems (tuberculosis) which intermittently interfered with his career, Russell published a book concerning music theory in 1953, 'Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization'. His first recordings were issued in 1956. Russell's first tour to Europe in 1964 resulted in him living in Scandinavia for five years. During the seventies most of his work would be in Norway and Sweden. Born in 1923 in Cincinnati, Russell passed away in 2009.

George Russell   1956

 Ezz-thetic

 Jack's Blues

 Livingstone I PresumeYe Hypocrite, Ye Beelzebub

George Russell   1958

 East Side Medley

George Russell   1959

 A Helluva Town

George Russell   1960

 Bent Eagle

 Stratusphunk

George Russell   1961

 Ezz-thetics

George Russell   1962

 You Are My Sunshine

George Russell   1967

 Live in Stockholm

George Russell   1970

 Trip To Prillarguri

George Russell   1971

 The Essence of George Russell

George Russell   1978

 Cubano Be, Cubano Bop

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: George Russell

George Russell

Photo: georgerussell.com

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Cecil Taylor

Cecil Taylor

It's possible that Cecil Percival Taylor could have first been recorded in 1948 by WHN Radio in New York City. Nothing else is known about that recording but that it would have to have occurred before WHN became WMGM in September that year. Howsoever, it may not have survived. Born in 1929 in NYC, Taylor formed his first band in 1955 with saxophonist Steve Lacy, releasing his first album the next year, 'Jazz Advance'. During the nineties Taylor headed the Feel Trio. Taylor was a major figure in the launching of the "free jazz" genre (see Ornette Coleman as well). Having received both MacArthur and Guggenheim fellowships, he accepted the Kyoto Prize in 2014, only to be swindled of the $500,000 award by one Noel Muir. Muir may be in prison as of this writing. The account into which he fraudulently deposited Taylor's prize was depleted by the time he was caught. The result of asset forfeiture to compensate Taylor isn't known as of this writing. Taylor is yet active. Per 1956 below, all tracks are from the album, 'Jazz Advance', with bassist, Buell Heidlinger, and drummer, Dennis Charles.

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bemsha Swing

   Charge 'Em Blues

   Song

   You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To

Cecil Taylor   1958

   Excursion On a Wobbly Rail

Cecil Taylor   1959

   Get Out of Town

      Album: 'Love for Sale'

Cecil Taylor   1965

   Number One

     'Octagonal Skirt and Fancy Pants'

      Alto Sax: Jimmy Lyons

      Bass: Henry Grimes

     Drums: Sunny Murray

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Timmons

Bobby Timmons

Born in 1935 in Philadelphia, pianist Bobby Timmons studied on scholarship at the Philadelphia Musical Academy. Moving to New York in 1954, Timmons first recorded with trumpeter Kenny Dorham and the Jazz Prophets in May of 1956. He recorded with a number of musicians in '56, especially trumpeter, Chet Baker. From that year onward Timmons was in big demand as a sideman, working with all number of prominent jazz musicians, such as Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in 1958 with which he toured Europe. He released his first album, 'This Here Is Bobby Timmons', in 1960. More than Timmons' career was daunted by alcoholism during the sixties, Timmons drinking so heavily as to die of cirrhosis in 1974. He had fallen in a Swedish bar while beginning a tour in Europe with Clark Terry and been flown back to the States to be hospitalized to no avail, he dying a month later.

Bobby Timmons   1956

  Autumn In New York

      With the Jazz Prophets

  K.D.'s Blues

      With the Jazz Prophets

  Riffin'

      With the Jazz Prophets

Bobby Timmons   1958

  Moanin'

      Album with the Jazz Messengers

Bobby Timmons   1960

  Dat Dere

     Album: 'This Is Bobby Timmons'

  Dat Dere

      With the Jazz Messengers

  This Here

      Album: 'This Is Bobby Timmons'

  My Funny Valentine

      With the Jazz Messengers

 

 
 

Pianist and vocalist Mose Allison was born in 1927 in Tippo, Mississippi. He attended the University of Mississippi, joined the Army for two years, then graduated from Louisiana with bachelor's in English. Moving to New York City in 1956, Allison quickly found work with such as Stan Getz, Gerry Mulligan, Al Cohn, Zoot Sims and Phil Woods. Allison released his first two albums, 'Back Country Suite' and 'Local Color', in 1957. Allison is living as of this writing but is retired from the music profession. More piano by Mose Allison.

Mose Allison   1957

  In Salah

     From the album 'Back Country Suite'

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mose Allison

Mose Allison

 

  Born in NYC in 1911, Martin Denny played piano as a child. During the thirties he toured South America some four years with the Don Dean Orchestra. After service in the USAAF (Army Air Forces) Denny studied at the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music and the University of Southern California. In 1954 he moved to Honolulu to play at the Shell Bar on Oahu. While there he noticed bull frogs croaking when his band played, and stopping when his band stopped. Group members began joking around making tropical bird calls and the subgenre of jazz known as exotica was born. Conceived in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, such would come to be referred to as Polynesian. First recording in 1956, Denny's first releases were the next year, the single, 'Hong Kong Blues'/'Ah Me Furi', and the album, 'Exotica', released in May. Denny recorded and toured until the latter eighties when he retired. He died in Honolulu in March 2005. other associated with exotica are Les Baxter and Arthur Lyman.

Martin Denny   1957

  Exotica

     Album

Martin Denny   1958

  Forbidden Island

Martin Denny   1959

  Martinique

Martin Denny   1962

  A Taste of Honey

     Album

Martin Denny   1968

  Exotic Love

     Album

Martin Denny   1980

  From Maui With Love

     Album

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Martin Denny

Martin Denny

Birth of Modern Jazz: Clare Fischer

Clare Fischer

Keyboardist (piano, synthesizer), arranger and composer Douglas Clare Fischer was born in 1928 in Durand, Michigan. He put together his first band at age fifteen. Graduating from high school in 1946, Fischer began studying composition in 1947. But he didn't receive his Master in Music until 1955 due to having been drafted into the Army. He began his professional career in Los Angeles as an arranger and accompanist (piano) for the Hi-Lo's. 'Tenderly', below, is among Fisher's first arrangements with that group, on which he also conducts the orchestra. 'Agogically So' is another of his arrangements, on which he may also be the accompanist on piano. Fischer began writing for commercials in the early sixties. He first recorded with vibes player, Cal Tjader, among the more significant figures in his career, in 1960. Fischer's released his first album in his own name in 1962, 'First Time Out' for Pacific Jazz Records. Among the genres into which Fischer crossed as a jazz musician were Latin and pop. As to the former, he formed the group, Salsa Picante, in the seventies. As to the latter, among the more significant during his later career were Michael Jackson and Prince. Fischer died in January 2012 of cardiac arrest. A number of the later tracks below are with the group, Salsa Picante.

Clare Fischer   1957

  Tenderly

       Arrangement for the Hi-Lo's

Clare Fischer   1958

  Agogically So

       Arrangement for the Hi-Lo's

Clare Fischer   1960

  Over the Rainbow

       Vibes: Cal Tjader

Clare Fischer   1962

  I Love You

       Album: 'First Time Out'

  Nigerian Walk

       Album: 'First Time Out'

  Pensative

       Saxophone: Bud Shank

Clare Fischer   1963

  Strayhorn

  There Will Never Be Another You

       Guitarist: Joe Pass

Clare Fischer   1965

  Morning

     Album: 'Manteca' 

Clare Fischer   1976

  Someday My Prince Will Come

Clare Fischer   1979

  Guarabe

Clare Fischer   1980

  Gaviota

     Album: 'Muchaca'

Clare Fischer   1981

  Morning

     With 2 + 2

Clare Fischer   1987

  Cuban Fantasy

  San Francisco PM

 

 
  Pianist, composer and orchestrator, Eddie Higgins, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1932. He began his professional career performing at jazz clubs in Chicago as a student at the Northwestern University School of Music. His initial recording session was in late 1956 or early 1957 with Paul Severson for Replica Records in Des Plains, Illinois. His next session is listed as of the 15th of January 1957 with vocalist, Lucy Reed. During his Chicago period Higgins performed and recorded with any number of prominent musicians as they passed through Chicago, from Cannonball Adderley to Dizzy Gillespie. In 1970 he relocated to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, spending his winters there and his summers in Cape Cod, Rhode Island. He participated in some of Sonny Stitt's last recordings in 1981, held at Bubba's Jazz Restaurant in Fort Lauderdale. (Stitt's last recordings were the next year in Japan.) Higgins began touring internationally during the eighties, both Europe and Asia, most notably Japan. He died in 2009 in Fort Lauderdale. Per 2000 below, tracks are with Eddie Lockjaw Davis, Sweets Edison and Sonny Stitt, recorded live at Bubba's Restaurant, Fort Lauderdale, in 1981, not issued until 2000.

Eddie Higgins   1957

  I'll be Seeing You

    With Paul Severson

Eddie Higgins   1960

  You Leave Me Breathless

Eddie Higgins   1996

  A Portrait In Black And White

    Album

Eddie Higgins   2000

  The Chef

    Recorded 1981

  Lester Leaps In

     Recorded 1981

  Oh, Lady Be Good

     Recorded 1981

Eddie Higgins   2002

  Dear Old Stockholm

Eddie Higgins   2003

  Yellow Days

Eddie Higgins   2005

  Minor Swing

  On A Slow Boat To China

  Shinjuku Twilight

Eddie Higgins   2007

  A Fine Romance

     Album

Eddie Higgins   2008

  Christmas Songs

     Album

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Higgins

Eddie Higgins
 

Pianist Ramsey Lewis was born in Chicago in 1935. He began piano lessons at age four and played in his first band at age fifteen (The Cleffs). With the drummer from that band, Isaac Holt, and bassist, Eldee Young, Lewis then formed the Ramsey Lewis Trio which released its first album, 'Ramsey Lewis and The Gentlemen of Swing' in 1957. (Release dates vary at several sources from 1956 to '58 for Argot LP 611. '57 looks most probable.) Lewis released his second LP in 1958, 'The Gentlemen of Jazz', also for Argot (LP 627). In 1966 Lewis released three singles which each sold over a million copies: 'The In Crowd', 'Hang On Sloopy' and 'Wade in the Water'. Lewis released over eighty albums over the years, produced seven gold records (500,000 copies) and received three Grammy Awards. His last LP was 'Taking Another Look' in 2011. As of this writing Lewis is yet active giving concerts.

Ramsey Lewis   1957

   Carmen

   Album: 'The Gentlemen of Swing'

Ramsey Lewis   1958

  I Get A Kick Out Of You

   Album: 'The Gentlemen of Jazz'

Ramsey Lewis   1968

   Les Fleurs

   Album: 'Maiden Voyage'

Ramsey Lewis   1974

   Sun Goddess

    With Earth, Wind & Fire

Ramsey Lewis   1977

   Tequila Mockingbird

Ramsey Lewis   1983

   Essence of Love

    Album: 'Les Fleurs'

  Super Woman

    Album: 'Les Fleurs'

Ramsey Lewis   1984

   Closer Than Close

Ramsey Lewis   2011

   Love Song

   Album: 'Taking Another Look'

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ramsey Lewis

Ramsey Lewis

  Born Eunice Kathleen Waymon in 1933 in Tryon, North Carolina, composer, pianist and vocalist, Nina Simone began playing piano at age three. Her early influences were classical and gospel. One incident as a child illustrates her later involvement in civil rights: At one recital her parents, who had sat in the front row, were moved to the rear of the hall to make room for white folk. Simone refused to play until her parents were moved back up front. Simone later studied at Julliard. Among her first jobs was at the Midtown Bar & Grill in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where, upon the owner's request, she added singing to piano performances. About that time she changed her name from Eunice Waymon to Nina Simone. ("Niña" is Spanish for little girl. "Simone" was in honor of the French actress, Simone Signoret.) It was 1957 that Simone came out the gate with a group of powerful recordings that made her abilities conspicuous, compiled on an album titled, 'Little Girl Blue' (preceded by the single, 'I Loves You, Porgy'). The problem with poverty is that the condition itself keeps you poor. Not having the wherewithal to wait for royalties, Simone sold her rights for $3000, after which she lost an estimated one million dollars over the years from that record's sales. Simone began addressing racial inequality with song in 1964, upon the release of the live album, 'Nina Simone In Concert'. During that period she advocated violent revolution, Martin Luther King's strategy of protest too slow. Among such songs was her 1965 cover of Billy Holiday's 1939 recording of 'Strange Fruit', concerning the lynching of blacks. Simone moved to Barbados in 1970. She intended to quit the music industry in 1974 with the release of the album, 'It Is Finished', but started to record again in 1978, issuing the album, 'Baltimore'. During the eighties she worked at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club in London. She lived in Switzerland and the Netherlands before calling France home in 1992, the year Simone published her memoirs, 'I Put a Spell On You'. She released her last album, 'A Single Woman', in 1993. Simone died in her sleep in Carry-le-Rouet, France, on the Mediterranean coast, in 2003. Among her longest musical associations through the decades were with guitarist and musical director, Al Schackman, and percussionist, Leopoldo Fleming. Among her awards were the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2000 and honorary degrees from three schools. A statue was erected in her honor in 2010 in her birthplace, Tryon, North Carolina. We list only one performance by Simone below, a concert filmed live in Montreux. More piano by Simone will be found in Early Modern Jazz Song.

Nina Simone   1958

 Little Girl Blue   [Selection]

Nina Simone   1959-62

 Piano Suite

Nina Simone   1969

  Nina Simone and Piano!

   Album 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Nina Simone

Nina Simone

  Born in 1932 in Detroit, Sir Roland Hanna began studying classical piano at age eleven. Pianist, Tommy Flannigan, was a childhood friend of his. Hanna began playing professionally while yet in high school. Upon graduation he enlisted in the Army for a couple of years, during which time he played in an Army band. Upon release from duty in 1951 Hanna connected with Thad Jones in Detroit. Moving to NYC in 1955, he played with Benny Goodman, then Coleman Hawkins, then Charles Mingus, the latter with whom he recorded in 1959. Hanna isn't known to have entered a session before 1959, though he is recorded on an earlier 1958 television broadcast (below). His first album releases were in 1959: 'Roland Hanna Plays Harold Rome's Destry Rides Again' and 'Easy to Love'. In 1960 Hanna took his bachelor's degree from Julliard, upon which he began backing Sarah Vaughan and Al Hibbler. Significant in the sixties were Hanna's collaborations with Thad Jones, with whom he would work until 1974. In 1968 Hanna began a series of charity concerts in Liberia, resulting in being knighted by Liberian President, William Tubman, in 1970. In 1971 he formed the New York Jazz Quartet with saxophonist, Frank West, then toured the Soviet Union in 1972. In 1988 Hanna composed the soundtrack for the Clint Eastwood film, 'Bird'. During his latter career Hanna taught music, particularly at the Aaron Copland School of Music at Queens College in Flushing, New York, where he was a tenured professor. In association with that he founded the RMI record label in 1997. Hanna died of a heart infection in 2002. All tracks below for year 1959 are from the album, 'Roland Hanna Plays Harold Rome's Destry Rides Again', unless otherwise noted.

Sir Roland Hanna   1958

   Lover Come Back

      'Art Ford's Jazz Party'

Sir Roland Hanna   1959

   Anyone Would Love You

      Guitar: Kenny Burrell

   Diane

      Albums: 'Mingus Dynasty'

                  'Mingus - Alternate Takes'

   Easy to Love

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

   Fair Warning

      Guitar: Kenny Burrell

   From This Day On

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

   I Know Your Kind

   I Know Your Love

   I Say Hello

   Like Someone to Love

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

   Rose Lovejoy Of Paradise Alley

   Yesterdays

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

Sir Roland Hanna   1974

   A Child Is Born

   Perugia

   Take the 'A' Train

Sir Roland Hanna   1976

   Summertime

      Bass: George Mraz

Sir Roland Hanna   1977

   Time For the Dancers

Sir Roland Hanna   1981

   Time For the Dancers

      Filmed live

Sir Roland Hanna   2002

   All Blues

   Portrait Of John Lewis

Sir Roland Hanna   2003

   Body and Soul

      Posthumous release

   Prelude Op.28, No.20

      Posthumous release

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Sir Roland Hanna

Sir Roland Hanna

Birth of Modern Jazz: Cedar Walton

Cedar Walton

Cedar Walton was born in 1934 in Dallas. He is thought to have first recorded in July and August sessions in 1958 with Kenny Dorham, those for the Riverside label. It was as a member of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in the early sixties that Walton began to secure recognition of his considerable talents. He worked with Lee Morgan in the latter sixties, later heading the funk group, Mobius, in the seventies. Walton worked with Etta James in the nineties. He was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2010. Walton died in August 2013 at his home in Brooklyn. Per below, all undescribed tracks for 1958 and 1959 are with Kenny Dorham on trumpet. Dorham also performs vocals on all tracks for '58.

Cedar Walton   1958

 Angel Eyes

 Autumn Leaves

 Golden Earrings

 I Remember Clifford

Cedar Walton   1959

  Giant Steps

     Tenor sax: John Coltrane

 It Might as Well Be Spring

 Passion Spring

 Poetic Spring

 Spring Cannon

Cedar Walton   1960

  Blues On Down

      Tenor sax: Benny Golson

      Trumpet: Art Farmer

Cedar Walton   1961

  Mohawk

      Trombone: JJ Johnson

Cedar Walton   1962

  Capers

     Trumpet: Blue Mitchell

  Caravan

     With the Jazz Messengers

Cedar Walton   1967

  Turqoise Twice

Cedar Walton   1975

  Blue Trane

Cedar Walton   1976

  Blue Monk

      Live performance

 The Girl With Discotheque Eyes

  Low Rider

     Original composition: War

Cedar Walton   1982

  God Bless the Child

      Live performance

      Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

  Midnight Waltz

Cedar Walton   1986

  Misty

      Live performance

      Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

 

 
 

Shirley Horn, a vocalist as well as pianist, formed her first band, a trio, in 1954. Born in Washington D.C. in 1934, Horn's first known recordings are thought to be with violinist Stuff Smith in 1959 (unfound). She released her first album, 'Embers and Ashes', the next year. Among her most important associates in the music business were Miles Davis and Quincy Jones. Horn lost a foot to diabetes in 2000, dying of the same in 2005. More Shirley Horn in Modern Jazz Song.

Shirley Horn   1960

   I Thought About You

Shirley Horn   1992

   Here's to Life

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Horn

Shirley Horn

Photo: John O'Hara

 

 

It is thought Duke Pearson first recorded in October 1959 with the Donald Byrd Quintet for Blue Note, Jackie McLean on that session. He made his first name recordings for Blue Note later the same month as the Duke Pearson Trio, releasing the album, 'Profile', that year. His second album, 'Tender Feelin's', was recorded in '59 and released in 1960. Among his more important musical associates in the sixties was Donald Byrd. In 1963 Pearson headed the A&R division at Blue Note, switching to teach at Clark College in '71. He toured with Carmen McRae and Joe Williams in the early seventies. Born in 1932 in Atlanta, Pearson died relatively young at age 48 of multiple sclerosis at the Atlanta Veterans Hospital. Per 1960 below, all undescribed tracks were recorded in October 1959 with the Donald Byrd Trio and released in 1960 on the album, 'Fuego'.

Duke Pearson   1959

  Black Coffee

     Album: 'Profile'

 I'm Glad There is You

     Album: 'Profile'

 Witchcraft

     Album: 'Profile'

Duke Pearson   1960

 Amen

 Bup-A-Loup

  I Love You

     Album: 'Tender Feelin's'

 Funky Mama

  I'm a Fool to Want You

     Album: 'Tender Feelin's'

 Lament

 Low Life

Duke Pearson   1961

  Lex

     Album: 'Dedication!'

  Number Five

     Album: 'Dedication!'

  Jeannine

     Album: 'Bag's Groove'

  Say You're Mine

     Album: 'Angel Eyes'

Duke Pearson   1968

  The Moana Surf

 Say You're Mine

 Tones for Joan's Bones

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Duke Pearson

Duke Pearson

 

We pause this Birth of Modern Jazz Piano with Cedar Walton. By the time Pearson arrives jazz is well developed beyond big swing orchestra, largely via the introduction of sounds from without the United States in the thirties, then bebop and individualists such as Nat King Cole in the forties. The fifties will have commenced with "cool" jazz ('Birth of the Cool' by Miles Davis representative of such, recorded in 1949-50 though not released until 1957) and be a decade of experiment giving passage to prominent compositions in the sixties announcing that modern jazz has arrived (such as 'Take Five' by Brubeck above). By the time Timmons records his first album keyboardists such as Don Friedman, Big John Patton, Herbie Hancock, Monty Alexander, Dick Hyman, Ronnie Matthews, Les McCann, Jimmy McGriff and McCoy Tyner are in position to take jazz through the sixties.

 

 

Blues

Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Classical

Medieval - Renaissance

Baroque

Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

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Country

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Jazz

Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Song

Modern 6: Latin

Modern 7: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul

Other Musical Genres

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

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British Invasion

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Musician Indexes

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

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Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul

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