A Birth of Jazz 6

A You Tube History of Music

Modern Jazz 3

Piano

 

Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording or record release (as possible):

1929

Mary Lou Williams

   
1936 Nat King Cole
   
1937 George Shearing
   
1940 Sir Charles Thompson
   
1941 Mel Powell    Wally Rose
   
1942 Stan Kenton
   
1943 Dodo Marmarosa
   
1944 Ralph Burns    Dick Farney    Bud Powell    Thelonious Monk
   
1945 Hadda Brooks    Wild Bill Davis    Red Garland    Al Haig     Oscar Peterson    André Previn    Billy Taylor
   
1946 Skitch Henderson    Hank Jones    Duke Jordan    John Lewis    Lou Stein
   
1947 Tadd Dameron    Hampton Hawes    Junior Mance    George Russell    George Wallington
   
1948 Milt Buckner    Elmo Hope    Marian McPartland    Terry Pollard
   
1949 Dave Brubeck    Kenny Drew   Phineas Newborn    Ralph Sutton    Lennie Tristano    Claude Williamson
   
1950 Paul Bley    Barry Harris    Dave McKenna
   
1951 Ahmad Jamal    Wynton Kelly
   
1952 Blossom Dearie    Horace Silver    Mal Waldron
   
1953 Toshiko Akiyoshi    Sonny Clark    Vince Guaraldi    Martial Solal
   
1954 Eddie Costa    Bill Evans    Michel Legrand
   
1955 Ray Bryant
   
1956 Ramsey Lewis   Cecil Taylor    Bobby Timmons
   
1957 Mose Allison    Clare Fischer    Tommy Flanagan
   
1958 Shirley Scott
   
1959 Shirley Horn    Duke Pearson    Cedar Walton

Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.

 

  Together with saxophone, piano is the main instrument of modern and progressive jazz. This page is intended to list pianists releasing their first recordings before 1960.

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mary Lou Williams

Mary Lou Williams

Mary Lou Williams (aka First Lady of Jazz) first recorded with Andy Kirk's Twelve Clouds of Joy (Early Jazz 1) in 1929. From that time onward, throughout the swing era and the decades preceding her death in 1981 she was one of those children that's got its own. The two tracks below for year 1945 are from her album, 'Zodiac Suite'. The three tracks for 1963 are from the album, 'Black Christ of the Andes'.

Mary Lou Williams   1930

   Sophomore

Mary Lou Williams   1936

   Mary's Special

Mary Lou Williams   1936

   Overhand (New Froggy Bottom)

Mary Lou Williams   1944

   Russian Lullaby

Mary Lou Williams   1945

   Aquarius

Mary Lou Williams   1945

   Taurus

Mary Lou Williams   1963

   Dirge Blues

Mary Lou Williams   1963

   A Grand Night For Swinging

Mary Lou Williams   1963

   Miss D.D.

Mary Lou Williams   1974

   Gloria

Mary Lou Williams   1976

   Dat Dere

Mary Lou Williams   1976

   Free Spirits

 

 
 

Nat King Cole made his first recordings in 1936 (none found) with his brother, bassist Eddie Cole. The next year he formed the King Cole Trio with bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore. Vocals by Nat King Cole can be found at Jazz 8. Yet more Nat King Cole in a Birth of Rock & Roll 2 and under guitarist Oscar Moore in Jazz 7.

Nat King Cole   1938

   Caravan

Nat King Cole   1938

   Liza

Nat King Cole   1938

   With Plenty of Money

Nat King Cole   1939

   Black Spider Stomp

Nat King Cole   1939

   Blue Lou

Nat King Cole   1939

   Rhythm Serenade

Nat King Cole   1939

   Rosetta

Nat King Cole   1939

   Russian Lullaby

Nat King Cole   1940

   Bedtime

Nat King Cole   1940

   With Lionel Hampton

   Central Avenue Breakdown

Nat King Cole   1940

   Early Morning Blues

Nat King Cole   1940

   French Toast

Nat King Cole   1940

   With Lionel Hampton & Helen Forrest

   A Ghost Of A Chance

Nat King Cole   1940

   Jivin' with the Notes

Nat King Cole   1940

   King Cole Blues

Nat King Cole   1940

   Love Is My Alibi

Nat King Cole   1940

   Pogo Stick Bounce

Nat King Cole   1941

   Fudge Wudge

Nat King Cole   1941

   Let's Try Again

Nat King Cole   1941

   Live performance

   Windy City Boogie Woogie

Nat King Cole   1944

   What Is This Thing Called Love

Nat King Cole   1947

   How High the Moon

Nat King Cole   1957

   Tea For Two

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Nat King Cole

Nat King Cole

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: George Shearing

George Shearing

Blind pianist George Shearing's first recording in 1937, simply titled 'Piano Solo', is unfound for this history. However, two years later he formed his own quintet, among his first releases 'Lullaby Of Birdland' (below) and 'September In the Rain'.

George Shearing   1949

   Lullaby of Birdland

George Shearing   1949

   I'll Be Around

George Shearing   1949

   Move

George Shearing   1949

   September In the Rain

George Shearing   1949

   Swedish Pastry

George Shearing   1956

   Latin Escapade

George Shearing   1961

   Vocals: Nat King Cole

   Let There Be Love

George Shearing   1961

   Vocals: Nancy Wilson

   The Nearness Of You

George Shearing   1974

   Aquarius

 

 
 

Sir Charles Thompson first recorded piano in 1940 with Lionel Hampton (Swing Jazz 1), two among several below.

Sir Charles Thompson   1940

   With Lionel Hampton

   Altitude

Sir Charles Thompson   1940

   With Lionel Hampton

   Open House

Sir Charles Thompson   1945

   Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

   Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   If I Had You

Sir Charles Thompson   1945

   Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

   Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   The Street Beat

Sir Charles Thompson   1945

   Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

   Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   Takin' Off

Sir Charles Thompson   1945

   Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

   Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   20th Century Blues

Sir Charles Thompson   1954

   These Foolish Things

Sir Charles Thompson   1984

   Happy Boogie

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Sir Charles Thompson

Sir Charles Thompson

 

Mel Powell was not only a great jazz pianist, but a classical composer as well (a couple of his compositions for strings included below). Powell was working professionally by age 14 in New York City. At about age 16 (1939) he was playing with Bobby Hackett (Jazz 5) and arranging for Gene Krupa (Jazz 2). The earliest recordings found of him are with Benny Goodman (Jazz 2), all the tracks below for 1941.

Mel Powell   1941

   Caprice XXIV Paganini

Mel Powell   1941

   If I Had You

Mel Powell   1941

   Oomph Fah Fah

Mel Powell   1942

   Blue Skies

Mel Powell   1942

   When Did You Leave Heaven?

Mel Powell   1945

   Clarinet: Benny Goodman   Vibes: Red Norvo

   I Got Rhythm

Mel Powell   1948

   Film: 'A Song Is Born'

   Clarinet: Benny Goodman   Vibes: Lionel Hampton

   Let's Steal Some Apples

Mel Powell   1954

   After You've Gone

Mel Powell   1954

   Lighthouse Blues

Mel Powell   1959

   Settings for String Quartet

Mel Powell   1982

   String Quartet

Mel Powell   1987

   I Can't Get Started

Mel Powell   1987

   Stomping at the Savoy

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mel Powell

Mel Powell

  Although Wally (Waller) Rose cut more than a hundred records there is little to found of him at You Tube with the exception of when he played with Lu Water's Yerba Buena Jazz Band. Born in Oakland in 1913, upon graduation from high school Rose found employment as a pianist on cruise ships. In 1940 he joined Lu Water's band (who had played trumpet on cruise ships) with which he first recorded in 1941. Alike Ralph Sutton (lower on this page) Rose kept ragtime piano alive throughout the decades following its demise in general. The first four tracks below are with Lu Waters.

Wally Rose   1941

   Irish Black Bottom

Wally Rose   1941

   Maple Leaf Rag

Wally Rose   1942

   Black and White Rag

Wally Rose   1942

   Fidgity Feet

Wally Rose   1942

   Temptation Rag

Wally Rose   1953

   Vocal: Clancy Hayes   Trumpet: Bob Skobey   Trombone: Buck Hayes

   Ace In the Hole

Wally Rose   1995

   Grizzly Bear Rag

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Wally Rose

Wally Rose

Birth of Modern Jazz: Stan Kenton

Stan Kenton

Pianist and band leader Stan Kenton started his career playing with dance bands in the thirties. In 1941 he formed his own band and booked the Rendezvous Ballroom in Balboa, California. Among his first recordings, also that year (released 1942), is 'Gambler's Blues' below.

Stan Kenton   1942

   Film: 1944    Vocalist: Cyd Charisse

   This Love of Mine

Stan Kenton   1945

   Film    Vocalist: June Christy

   Tampico

Stan Kenton   1952

   Improvisation

Stan Kenton   1953

   Harlem Nocturne

Stan Kenton   1953

   Over the Rainbow

Stan Kenton   1954

   Bacante

Stan Kenton   1956

   Carnival

Stan Kenton   1956

   El Congo Valiente

Stan Kenton   1956

   Malibu Moonlight

Stan Kenton   1956

   Polka Dots and Moonbeams

Stan Kenton   1956

   Recuerdos

Stan Kenton   1958

   Machito

Stan Kenton   1977

   Artistry In Rhythm

Stan Kenton   1977

   Send In the Clowns

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dodo Marmarosa

Dodo Marmarosa

Bebob pianist Dodo Marmarosa began his professional career in 1941 by joining the Johnny Scat Davis Orchestra at age 15, then got hired by Gene Krupa (Jazz 2) to play in his orchestra in 1942. When Krupa dissolved that band in 1943 Marmarosa began touring with Charlie Barnet (Jazz 2), with whom he made his debut recordings that same year ('The Moose' and 'Strollin'').

Dodo Marmarosa   1943

   With Charlie Barnet

   The Moose

Dodo Marmarosa   1943

   With Charlie Barnet

   Strollin'

Dodo Marmarosa   1944

   With Charlie Barnet

   Skyliner

Dodo Marmarosa   1945

   With Lester Young

   These Foolish Things

Dodo Marmarosa   1946

   Alto sax: Charlie Parker

   Bird Lore

Dodo Marmarosa   1946

   Tenor sax: Lucky Thompson

   How High The Moon

Dodo Marmarosa   1946

    Alto sax: Charlie Parker

   Moose the Mooche

Dodo Marmarosa   1946

    Alto sax: Charlie Parker

   Ornithology

Dodo Marmarosa   1947

   Cosmo Street

Dodo Marmarosa   1947

    Alto sax: Charlie Parker

   Relaxin' At Camarillo

Dodo Marmarosa   1950

   My Foolish Heart

Dodo Marmarosa   1958

   Moose The Mooche

Dodo Marmarosa   1958

   Topsy

Dodo Marmarosa   1961

   Everything Happens To Me

Dodo Marmarosa   1961

   Mellow Mood

Dodo Marmarosa   1961

   On Green Dolphin Street

 

 
 

Arranger, composer, band leader and pianist Ralph Burns took his major break from Woody Herman by joining Herman's First Herd in 1944, with which he first recorded and began contributing arrangements and compositions. Burns later released his first collection, 'The Free Forms', in 1950. Unfortunately neither is his second album, 'Jazz Recital', found for this history. However, Burns released several albums in 1955, 'Bijou' among them. (It was only two years before Burns released his initial album that Columbia Records introduced the first long-playing record in 1948.)

Ralph Burns   1946

   Introspection

Ralph Burns   1949

   Recorded 1946 & 1947

   Summer Sequence

Ralph Burns   1955

   From the album 'Bijou'

   Sprang

Ralph Burns   1960

   Love For Sale

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Burns

Ralph Burns

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dick Farney

Dick Farney

 

Brazilian vocalist Dick Farney was also a fine piano player, making his debut as a singer on a Rio De Janeiro radio station in 1937. His first recording was 'The Music Stopped' in 1944. Because that and other examples of his music are featured in Modern Jazz Song we index only two examples of his piano playing below.

Dick Farney   1962

   Swanee River

Dick Farney   1962

   Tangerine

 

 
 

Talk about piano bars, here's a place to go tonight, courtesy of pianist Bud Powell, who first recorded with Cootie Williams (Jazz 5) in 1944, a rendition of Monk's 'Round Midnight', thereafter to become one of the most important jazz pianists.

Bud Powell   1944

   Round Midnight

Bud Powell   1949

   Bouncing With Bud

Bud Powell   1949

   Celia

Bud Powell   1949

   Cherokee

Bud Powell   1951

   The Last Time I Saw Paris

Bud Powell   1951

   A Night In Tunisia

Bud Powell   1951

   Oblivion

Bud Powell   1951

   Ornithology

Bud Powell   1951

   Over the Rainbow

Bud Powell   1954

   Autumn In New York

Bud Powell   1957

   Confirmation

Bud Powell   1957

   Bass: George Duvivier   Drums: Art Taylor

   She

Bud Powell   1957

   Yardbird Suite

Bud Powell   1958

   Comin' Up

Bud Powell   1959

   Live

   Get Happy

Bud Powell   1960

   Tea For Two

Bud Powell   1961

   A Portrait Of Thelonious

Bud Powell   1961

   Ruby, My Dear

Bud Powell   1962

   Live

   Anthropology

Bud Powell   1962

   Drums: Kenny Clarke

   There Will Never Be Another You

Bud Powell   1963

   When I Fall In Love

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bud Powell

Bud Powell

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Monk, composer, began his piano career as a teenager touring with an evangelist. He first recorded in 1944 with Coleman Hawkins (Jazz 4), with Blue Note Records in 1947.

Thelonious Monk   1947

   'Round Midnight

Thelonious Monk   1947

   Well You Needn't

Thelonious Monk   1952

   Ask Me Now

Thelonious Monk   1952

   With Max Roach

   Sixteen

Thelonious Monk   1963

   Criss-Cross

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Hadda Brooks

Hadda Brooks

Versatile pianist Hadda Brooks made a reputation for herself as the Queen of Boogie Woogie. Boogie woogie was the southern equivalent of ragtime, likely developing out of eastern Texas. Brooks' first recording in 1945 ('Swingin' the Boogie') is unfound. But another recording from 1945 is listed below ('Blues In B Flat). See A Birth Of Rock and Roll for more Hadda Brooks.

Hadda Brooks   1945

   Blues In B Flat

Hadda Brooks   1945

   The Man I Love

Hadda Brooks   1945

   Riding the Boogie

Hadda Brooks   1945

   Rockin' the Boogie

Hadda Brooks   1948

   Out Of the Blue

Hadda Brooks   1950

   From the film 'In a Lonely Place'

   I Hadn't Anyone 'Til You

Hadda Brooks   1953

   When I Leave the World

Hadda Brooks   1957

   The Thrill Is Gone

 

 
 

Wild Bill Davis began his career with the Milton Larkin Orchestra in 1939 as a guitar player. He then switched to piano to play for Louis Jordan (Rock 1) as a member of the Tympany Five, first recording with Jordan in 1945. Soon thereafter Davis changed to the electric organ. (Unable to find any samples of Davis at piano, all the tracks below are Davis at the instrument for which he is best known.) Davis recorded his first album, 'Sweet and Hot', in 1947. Another, 'On the Loose', followed in 1953. However, the earliest recording by Davis that could be found for this history is not until 1954.

Wild Bill Davis   1954

   Things Ain't What They Used to Be

Wild Bill Davis   1969

   April In Paris

Wild Bill Davis   1969

   Satin Doll

Wild Bill Davis   1973

   With Boogaloo Jones

   Snake Rhythm

Wild Bill Davis   1989

   Johnny Comes Lately

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Wild Bill Davis

Wild Bill Davis

 

Pianist Al Haig got his start as a professional musician in 1944 upon meeting Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, both of which with whom he first recorded in 1945. Those recordings readily available at You Tube, we list but one sample below. Haig put together his first group, the Al Haig Trio, ten years later, releasing his first album in 1954.

Al Haig   1945

   Shaw 'Nuff

Al Haig   1954

   Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Autumn In New York

Al Haig   1954

   Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Royal Garden Blues

Al Haig   1954

    Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   'S Wonderful/The Moon Was Yellow

Al Haig   1954

   Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Yardbird Suite

Al Haig   1972

   Bass: Jamil Nasser   Drums: Frank Gant

   Body and Soul

Al Haig   1976

   Prelude to a Kiss

Al Haig   1980

   Bass: Reggie Johnson   Drums: Frank Gant

   Foot Prints

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Al Haig

Al Haig

Birth of Modern Jazz: Red Garland

Red Garland

Upon five years of piano study Red Garland began playing professionally in 1945, the same year he first recorded. He produced his first album as a group leader in 1956, 'A Garland of Red'.

Red Garland   1945

    Composition: John Lewis   Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

   Two Bass Hit

Red Garland   1956

   Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Art Taylor

   A Foggy Day

Red Garland   1957

   Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Art Taylor

   C Jam Blues Groovy

Red Garland   1957

   Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Art Taylor

   What Can I say, Dear

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Oscar Peterson

Oscar Peterson

Canadian piano virtuoso Oscar Peterson first recorded in 1945 with the Oscar Peterson Trio. (Those Canadians again, who would later bring the likes of Joni Mitchell and Steppenwolf to America, and broadcast, from Quebec, about the best music radio to be heard in the Americas.) Drummer Ed Thigpen often played with Peterson. Peterson also plays with guitarist Herb Ellis, to be found in Jazz 7.

Oscar Peterson   1943

   With Ben Webster & Coleman Hawkins

   You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To

Oscar Peterson   1945

   Oscar's Boogie

Oscar Peterson   1958

   A Gal in Gallico

Oscar Peterson   1961

   Live performance   Trumpet: Lee Morgan

   Moanin'

 

 
 

An extraordinary thing occurred in 1945: the first recordings of composer, conductor and pianist André Previn at age sixteen. (Though nothing earlier than 1950 is found for this history there is a CD, titled 'Previn at Sunset', on which some of those recordings can heard.) One of Previn's first loves was jazz, though in 1949 he began composing for Hollywood ('The Secret Garden', for instance). He began conducting in 1962, appointed principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra in 1968.

André Previn   1950

   September In The Rain/I Only Have Eyes For You

André Previn   1950

   This Heart Of Mine/Love Is Just Around The Corner

André Previn   1953

   Original composition: Fats Waller

   Squeeze Me

André Previn   1953

   Original composition: Fats Waller

   Stealin' Apples

André Previn   1953

   Original composition: Fats Waller

   That's Where The South Begins

André Previn   1959

   Like Young

André Previn   1961

   Original composition: Duke Ellington

   I Let A Song Go Out Of My Heart

André Previn   1962

   The Faraway Part Of Town

André Previn   1962

   With Doris Day

   Nobody's Heart

André Previn   1962

   Original composition: Harold Arlen

   Over the Rainbow

André Previn   1964

   The Rain In Spain

André Previn   1964

   There Will Never Be Another You

André Previn   1970

   The Girl From Ipanema

André Previn   1985

   Original composition: George Gershwin

   Rhapsody In Blue

André Previn   1995

   At The Musikverein

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: André Previn

André Previn

 

Billy Taylor, pianist, began his jazz career in New York City with the Ben Webster Quartet in 1944. He cut his first vinyl in 1945 with 'Mad Monk' and 'Alexander’s Ragtime Band', the same year he released his debut album, 'Billy Taylor Piano' (not found).

Billy Taylor   1945

   Bass: All Hall   Drums: Jimmy Crawford

   Alexander’s Ragtime Band

Billy Taylor   1952

   I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

Billy Taylor   1958

   Live with Cannonball & Nat Adderly

   52nd Street Theme/Confirmation

     Night In Tunisia/Round About Midnight

Billy Taylor   1959

   Biddy's Beat

Billy Taylor   1967

   With Earl Coleman

   A Day in the Life of a Fool

Billy Taylor   1996

   Tea For Two

Billy Taylor   2001

   CAG

Billy Taylor   2006

   All Alone

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Taylor

Billy Taylor

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Skitch Henderson

Skitch Henderson

The earliest recordings found for pianist Skitch Henderson were released in 1946. Henderson had commenced his music career as a traveling roadhouse performer in the Midwest, his major break occurring in 1937 upon being asked to accompany Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney on an MGM promotional tour that brought him to Hollywood. Among the highlights of Henderson's career was becoming music director for NBC television in 1951 and founding The New York Pops orchestra in 1983 based at Carnegie Hall. Henderson, however, may likely be best known as bandleader for The Tonight Show from its inception in 1954 as Tonight hosted by Steve Allen. (Other notable members of that orchestra have been guitarist Bucky Pizzarelli, drummer Ed Shaughnessy and trumpeter Doc Severinsen who acquired Henderson's position as bandleader in 1966.)

Skitch Henderson   1946

   Dreamland Rendezvous

Skitch Henderson   1946

   With Ray Kellogg

   Five Minutes More

Skitch Henderson   1946

   With Ray Kellogg

   Save Me a Dream

Skitch Henderson   1946

   Swan Lake

Skitch Henderson   1947

   Army Air Corp

Skitch Henderson   1947

   With Andy Reed

   But None Like You

Skitch Henderson   1947

   With Mancy Reed & Andy Roberts

   Corabelle

Skitch Henderson   1947

   With Eileen Wilson

   A Garden In the Rain

Skitch Henderson   1947

   Dream on a Summer Night

Skitch Henderson   1947

   With Eileen Wilson

   Would You Believe

Skitch Henderson   1962

   Sunny Side of the Street

Skitch Henderson   1965

   Album: 'Skitch...Tonight!'

   Curacao

Skitch Henderson   1965

   Night Life

Skitch Henderson   1965

   So What Else Is New

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Hank Jones

Hank Jones

Pianist Hank Jones (brother of trumpeter Thad Jones in Jazz 5) was playing professionally by age 13 in Michigan. It was 1944 when he and saxophone player Lucky Thompson took off together for New York City. His first recordings may have been with bop saxophone player Coleman Hawkins, one example below. Four years later Jones put together his first album in 1950. Bassist Ray Brown also features on one of its tracks, 'Ad Lib' below. Jones is also the pianist on 'Opus de Funk' under Milt Jackson in Jazz 9.

Hank Jones   1946

   Saxophone: Coleman Hawkins

   Bean and the Boys

Hank Jones   1950

   Bass: Ray Brown   Drums: Buddy Rich

   Ad Lib

Hank Jones   1958

   Drums: Osie Johnson

   My One And Only Love

Hank Jones   1979

   The Very Thought Of You

Hank Jones   1994

    Live performance   Composition: Joe Henderson

   Recordame

 

 
 

Duke Jordan's first recordings may have been in 1946. He recorded with Roy Eldridge (Swing Jazz 1) that year though wasn't much featured. It was with Charlie Parker (Jazz 4) whom Jordan joined in 1947 that he began to shine as a great pianist.

Duke Jordan   1946

   With Roy Eldridge

   Jump Through the Window

Duke Jordan   1947

   Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   The Bird Gets the Worm

Duke Jordan   1947

   Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Bird of Paradise

Duke Jordan   1947

   Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Bongo Pop

Duke Jordan   1947

   Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Dewey Square

Duke Jordan   1954

   Embraceable You

Duke Jordan   1956

   Bass: Doug Watkins   Guitar: Kenny Burrell

   More Of The Same

Duke Jordan   1960

   Album: 'Flight to Jordan'

   Split Quick

Duke Jordan   1962

   No Problem

Duke Jordan   1973

   Saxophone: Cecil Payne

   Jordu

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Duke Jordan

Duke Jordan

Birth of Modern Jazz: John Lewis

John Lewis

After serving in the army, where John Lewis met drummer Kenny Clarke (Jazz 9), he began his professional career as a composer and pianist with Dizzy Gillespie (Jazz 5). The piano for his first composition for Gillespie, 'Two Bass Hit', was played by Red Garland. Lewis would later play with Miles Davis (Jazz 5), for which he his perhaps best known.

John Lewis   1946

   Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

   Emanon

John Lewis   1956

   Guitar: Sacha Distel

   Willow Weep for Me

John Lewis   1959

   Delaunay's Dilemma

John Lewis   1979

   Duet with Hank Jones

   I'll Remember April

 

 
 

Composer Lou Stein is said to have worked with Buddy DeFranco (Jazz 5) as a teenager. At age 20 (1942) he began working on the road, notably with Ray McKinley (Jazz 2). He later played with Glenn Miller (Jazz 2) and Charlie Ventura before work as a freelance session pianist, most notably backing Sarah Vaughn (year 1953 in particular, in Jazz 8).

Lou Stein   1946

   With Ray McKinley

   Hoodle-Addle

Lou Stein   1952

   With Charlie Parker

   Lover

Lou Stein   1952

   With Charlie Parker

   Stella By Starlight

Lou Stein   1954

   Glad

Lou Stein   1955

   There'll Be Some Changes Made

Lou Stein   1958

   Got a Match

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Lou Stein

Lou Stein

 

Composer, arranger and pianist Tadd Dameron first recorded largely in association with trumpeter Fats Navarro (Jazz 5). His first album as a featured band leader was released in 1948 ('The Dameron Band').

Tadd Dameron   1947

   Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Lady Bird

Tadd Dameron   1947

   Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Our Delight

Tadd Dameron   1948

   Composer:   Count Basie   Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Good Bait

Tadd Dameron   1955

   Featuring Clifford Brown

   A Study in Dameronia

Tadd Dameron   1956

   Saxophone: John Coltrane

   On A Misty Night

Tadd Dameron   1962

   Vocalist: Barbara Winfield

   You're a Joy

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Tadd Dameron

Tadd Dameron

Birth of Modern Jazz: Hampton Hawes

Hampton Hawes

Hampton Hawes, pianist, found himself playing jazz with big names like Dexter Gordon and Wardell Gray, to name but a couple (both in Jazz 4), while yet a teenager. Largely associated with bebop and West Coast jazz, Hawes was also yet a teenager when he first recorded with Howard McGhee (Jazz 5) in 1947 (unfound). His first album release, 'Piano East West', was shared with pianist Freddie Redd in 1952 (also Redd's first release).

Hampton Hawes   1952

   From the album 'Piano East/West'

   I'll Remember April/Hamp's Paws

Hampton Hawes   1952

   Bass: Joe Mondragon   Drums: Shelly Manne

   Don't Get Around Much Any More

Hampton Hawes   1952

   Bass: Joe Mondragon   Drums: Shelly Manne

   Jumpin' Jacque

Hampton Hawes   1955

   All the Things You Are

Hampton Hawes   1955

   Walkin'

Hampton Hawes   1955

   Crazeology

Hampton Hawes   1958

   Dangerous

Hampton Hawes   1958

   Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams

Hampton Hawes   1970

   Film

     Bass: Ray Brown   Drums: Shelly Manne   Sax: Bob Cooper

   Blues Improvisation/Stella By Starlight/Milestone

Hampton Hawes   1976

   Sunny

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Junior Mance

Junior Mance

It was 1947 when Junior Mance first recorded with Gene Ammons (Jazz 4), those recordings not found. Mance did, however, record with Lester Young (Jazz 2) in 1949, two tracks of which are below. Mance played professionally as a teenager and was a music major in college, until the opportunity arrived to play with Ammons, which he estimated to be a more enlightened kind of university. Many of the tracks below are live performances.

Junior Mance   1949

   With Lester Young

   Blues n' Bells

Junior Mance   1949

   With Lester Young

   D.B. Blues

Junior Mance   1957

   Stella By Starlight

Junior Mance   1961

   Summertime

Junior Mance   1961

   You Are Too Beautiful

Junior Mance   1964

   In Mellow Tone

Junior Mance   1966

   St. James Infirmary

Junior Mance   1968

   Before This Time Another Year

Junior Mance   1968

   I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to be Free

Junior Mance   1968

   That's All

Junior Mance   1970

   With Dexter Gordon

   Blue Monk

Junior Mance   1970

   Album 'With a Little Help From My Friends'

   Don't Cha Hear Me Callin' To Ya

Junior Mance   1970

   Album 'With a Little Help From My Friends'

   Never Say Naw

Junior Mance   1973

   Tin Tin Deo

Junior Mance   1973

   Zabuda

Junior Mance   1995

   Slow Fright

Junior Mance   2011

   I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to be Free

 

 
 

Arranger, composer and pianist George Russell got his first taste of big-time jazz at age seven, singing for Fats Waller (Jazz 1). He began his professional career as a drummer for Ben Carter (Jazz 1) before switching to piano, after which he wrote his first composition for Dizzy Gillespie (Jazz 5) in 1947 ('Cubano Be, Cubano Bop').  Despite being plagued with health problems (tuberculosis) which intermittently interfered with his career, Russell also published a book concerning music theory in 1953.

George Russell   1947

   Percussion: Chano Pozo   Trumpet: Dizzzy Gillespie

   Cubano Be, Cubano Bop

George Russell   1959

   East Side Medley

George Russell   1960

   Bent Eagle

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: George Russell

George Russell

Birth of Modern Jazz: George Wallington

George Wallington

George Wallington got a big break right off the bat at age 19 when he began playing bop with Dizzy Gillespie (Jazz 5) at a nightclub in New York City in 1943, after which he played with a number of major names both in and out the bebop realm. His earliest found recording, however, isn't until 1947. He began recording as a leader, of a trio, in 1949, releasing a collection in 1951. Yet in 1960 the oddest thing occurred, especially for a musician with so much going for him. Wallington suddenly quit the field of music and joined his family's air conditioning business. Well, the music profession isn't easy even at the top. Though one could think the air conditioning business considerably worse, circumstances are unknown. Nevertheless, Wallington later released three more albums, beginning in 1984.

George Wallington   1947

   Allen Eager Quintet

   Churchmouse

George Wallington   1951

   Drums: Max Roach

   Polka Dot/Fine and Dandy

George Wallington   1953

   I Married an Angel/Tenderly

George Wallington   1954

   Without Reservation

George Wallington   1956

   Billie's Tune

George Wallington   1956

   The End of a Love Affair

George Wallington   1956

   Godchild

George Wallington   1956

   One Night of Love

George Wallington   1956

   What's New?

George Wallington   1957

   Tenor sax: Bobby Jaspar

   All of You

George Wallington   1957

   Dis Mornin'

George Wallington   1957

   Prestidigitator

George Wallington   1957

   Be Bop/Lemon Drop/Salt Peanuts/Groovin' High

George Wallington   1960

   Hyacinth

George Wallington   1960

   It's All Right With Me

 

 
 

Milt Buckner began his career with the Cotton Pickers before joining Cab Calloway's orchestra. In 1941 he began to accompany Lionel Hampton (Jazz 2) for which he is best known. It is believed Buckner first recorded piano with the Beale Street Boys in 1947. One sample below. (To hear many more of Buckner's first recordings with that group see Beale Street Boys in Doo Wop.) Below, Buckner plays piano on 'Milt's Boogie', vibraphone on 'Where Or When' and organ on 'Limehouse Blues'.

Milt Buckner   1948

   With the Beale Street Boys

   Baby Don't Be Mad At Me

Milt Buckner   1948

   With the Beale Street Boys

   Fat Stuff Boogie

Milt Buckner   1949

   Milt's Boogie

Milt Buckner   1976

   Where Or When

Milt Buckner   1977

   Vibraphone: Lionel Hampton

   Limehouse Blues

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Milt Buckner

Milt Buckner

 

Elmo Hope began his career with the Joe Morris band. 'The Applejack', below, from 1948, is among the first recordings of him. His first album as a leader was 'Introducing the Elmo Hope Trio', released in 1953.

Elmo Hope   1948

   The Applejack

Elmo Hope   1953

   Happy Hour

Elmo Hope   1953

   I Remember You

Elmo Hope   1954

   Later For You

Elmo Hope   1955

   It's a Lovely Day Today

Elmo Hope   1956

   Album

   Informal Jazz

Elmo Hope   1957

   So Nice

Elmo Hope   1957

   Vaun Ex

Elmo Hope   1961

   Eyes So Beautiful As Yours

Elmo Hope   1963

   It Shouldn't Happen to a Dream

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Elmo Hope

Elmo Hope

 

Marian McPartland first recorded in 1948 with her husband, celebrated early jazz cornetist, Jimmy McPartland (Early Jazz 1). McPartland began her career in 1938 as a vaudeville pianist by the stage name of Marian Page. Born in Great Britain, MacPartland met her husband, Jimmy, in Europe during World War II upon his being drafted into the army. They married in 1944, after which Jimmy returned to the States with his bride to resume his musical career. (Marian's first recordings with Jimmy in 1948 are unfound.) Some time later, 1952, Marian formed a trio to play at the Hickory House in New York City for next eight years. In 1969 Marian founded her own record label, Halcyon Records. Bill Crow plays bass on all selections below for year 1955.

Marian McPartland   1955

   Chelsea Bridge

Marian McPartland   1955

   I Could Write A Book

Marian McPartland   1955

   Poor Little Rich Girl

Marian McPartland   1955

   Sand In My Shoes

Marian McPartland   1955

   Struttin' With Some Barbecue

Marian McPartland   1956

   Saxophone: Stan Getz   Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

   Dark Eyes

Marian McPartland   1974

   In a Mist

Marian McPartland   1975

   Afterglow

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Marian PcPartland

Marian McPartland

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Terry Gibbs

Terry Gibbs & Terry Pollard

Pianist Terry Pollard first recorded with Billy Mitchell in 1948. Best known in association with Terry Gibbs (Jazz 9), with whom she toured in the fifties, Pollard's first and only album, 'Terry Pollard', appeared in 1955. Considering her enormous talent her early retirement as a professional musician remains unfortunate to jazz.

Terry Pollard   1955

   Drums:   Frank DeVito    Trumpet: Don Fagerquist

   Autumn Serenade

Terry Pollard   1955

   Drums:   Frank DeVito    Trumpet: Don Fagerquist

   Feddi

Terry Pollard   1956

   Live   Vibes: Terry Gibbs

   Gibberish/Now's the Time

 

 
 

Pianist Dave Brubeck met his future partner Paul Desmond (Birth of Jazz 4) in the army in 1944. Upon release from service the pair met again in California in 1949, formed an octet and produced their first recordings. That same year they trimmed personnel and recorded as the Dave Brubeck Trio with Cal Tjader (Birth of Jazz 9). Dave Brubeck is also found under Paul Desmond in Jazz 4.

Dave Brubeck   1949

  Dave Brubeck Trio

   Indiana

Dave Brubeck   1949

  Dave Brubeck Trio

   Laura

Dave Brubeck   1961

   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

   Take Five

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Brubeck

Dave Brubeck

Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Drew

Kenny Drew

Kenny Drew, piano, first recorded with Howard McGhee (Jazz 5) in 1949 and would play with several big names before releasing his first album, 'New Faces, New Sounds' in 1953. He released his second album, 'The Ideation Of Kenny Drew', in 1954. Tracks from neither of these albums could be found for this history, thus starting below with his third album, 'Talkin' and Walkin', produced in 1955.

Kenny Drew   1955   Sax: Joe Maini

   Bass: Leroy Vinnegar   Drums: Larance Marable

   I'm Old Fashioned

Kenny Drew   1955   Sax: Joe Maini

   Bass: Leroy Vinnegar   Drums: Larance Marable

   Minor Blues (Blues In a Cardboard Box)

Kenny Drew   1956

   Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums:   Philly Joe Jones

   It's Only A Paper Moon

Kenny Drew   1960

   Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

   Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

   Ballade

Kenny Drew   1960

   Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

   Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

   Groovin' the Blues

Kenny Drew   1960

   Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

   Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

   Undercurrent

Kenny Drew   1964

   Bass: Niels-Henning Pedersen   Drums: Albert Heath

   A Stranger In Paradise

Kenny Drew   1974

   Bass: Niels-Henning Pedersen   Drums: Albert Heath

   In Your Own Sweet Way

Kenny Drew   1980

   Tenor Sax: Warne Marsh

   Bass: Bo Stief   Drums: Aage Tanggaaard

   Ornithology

 

 
 

Pianist Phineas Newborn (and his brother Calvin) first recorded in 1949, backing what were BB King's first recordings as well (see A Birth of the Blues). The releases below followed some ten years later.

Phineas Newborn   1959

   Bass: Ray Brown   Drums: Marvin Smith

   C Jam Blues

Phineas Newborn   1961

   Lush Life

Phineas Newborn   1961

   Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

   Oleo

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Phineas Newborn

Phineas Newborn

Birth of Modern Jazz: Lennie Tristano

Lennie Tristano

Like guitarist Billy Bauer (Jazz 7), some credit blind pianist Lennie Tristano with pushing bebop toward cool jazz. Among his earliest recordings is 'Intuition' in 1949, on which Bauer also plays.

Lennie Tristano   1949

   Saxophone: Wayne Marsh

   Intuition

Lennie Tristano   1949

   Bass: Arnold Fishkin   Drums: Shelly Manne

     Guitar: Billy Bauer   Alto Sax: Lee Konitz

   Tautology

Lennie Tristano   1953

   Descent into the Maelstrom

Lennie Tristano   1955

   With Lee Konitz & Warne Marsh

   Don't Squawk

Warne Marsh   1958

   Film   With Lee Konitz & Warne Marsh

   Live at the Half Note

Lennie Tristano   1965

   Tangerine

Lennie Tristano   1965

   You Don't Know What Love Is

 

 
 

Ralph Sutton began his professional career in 1941 with Jack Teagarden (Early Jazz 1). It isn't yet determined if (or with whom) he was first recorded before 1949 we begin with tracks that can be found on the CD, 'The Circle Recordings'. Sutton largely continued the ragtime sound into the modern era of jazz.

Ralph Sutton   1949

   With Henry Red Allen

   Baby Baby

Ralph Sutton   1949

   Black Bottom Stomp

Ralph Sutton   1949

   Dill Pickles/Whitewash Man

Ralph Sutton   1949

   I Dance At Your Wedding/I Got Rhythm

Ralph Sutton   1949

   With Max Kaminsky

   Muskrat Ramble

Ralph Sutton   1953

   Fussin'

Ralph Sutton   1953

   Tain't Nobody's Biz-Ness If I Do

Ralph Sutton   1960

   The Cascades

Ralph Sutton   1963

   With Henry Red Allen

   Yellow Dog Blues

Ralph Sutton   1988

   With Ruby Braff

   Dinah

Ralph Sutton   1998

   Eye Opener/Echoes Of Spring

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Sutton

Ralph Sutton

  Upon graduating from the New England Conservatory in Boston, Claude Williamson began his professional career in 1947 playing with Teddy Edwards (Jazz 4), then Red Norvo (Jazz 2), in San Francisco. He first recorded in 1949 with Charlie Barnet (none found, among them, 'Claude Reigns'), after which he worked with vocalist June Christy (Jazz 8) for a couple of years.

Claude Williamson   1950

   A Mile Down the Highway

Claude Williamson   1953

   Pirouette

Claude Williamson   1954

   Bouncing with Bud/Bean and the Boys

Claude Williamson   1955

   Don't Get Around Much Anymore

Claude Williamson   1956

   June Bug

Claude Williamson   1977

   All The Things You Are

Claude Williamson   1977

   I Love You

Claude Williamson   1992

   Robin's Nest

Claude Williamson   1993

   Song for My Father

Claude Williamson   1993

   Work Song

Claude Williamson   1995

   Manhattan

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Claude Williamson

Claude Williamson

  It was 1950 when composer and pianist Paul Bley was first recorded on a Canadian television broadcast with tenor saxophonist Brew Moore (unfound). He also recorded with Charlie Parker a short time later but such is also unfound. Bley is featured, however, together with drummer Art Blakey, on an album released in 1953 by bassist Charles Mingus, 'Introducing Paul Bley'. Bley was married for a brief time early in his career to composer and pianist Carla Bley.

Paul Bley   1953

   Bass: Charles Mingus   Drums: Art Blakey

   Spontaneous Combustion

Paul Bley   1953

   Bass: Charles Mingus   Drums: Art Blakey

   Teapot

Paul Bley   1961

   Bass: Steve Swallow   Clarinet: Jimmy Giuffre

   Stretching Out

Paul Bley   1962

   When Will the Blues Leave?

Paul Bley   1964

   Barrage

Paul Bley   1965

   Start

Paul Bley   1966

   Both

Paul Bley   1972

   El Cordobes/King Korn

Paul Bley   1973

   Ida Lupino

Paul Bley   1977

   Alto sax: Lee Konitz   Guitar: Bill Connors

   Tavia/Longer Than You Know/Play Blue

Paul Bley   1985

   With Chet Baker

   You Go to My Head

Paul Bley   1988

   If I Loved You

Paul Bley   1992

   Ojos de Gato

Paul Bley   1993

   Remembering

Paul Bley   1993

   Seven

Paul Bley   1996

   Time Will Tell

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Bley

Paul Bley

Birth of Modern Jazz: Barry Harris

Barry Harris

Barry Harris is thought to have first recorded in 1950 with Christine Harris and Frank Foster (specifically, 'Hopper Topper' and 'Sante Fe Shuffle', neither found). Harris released his first album as a leader in 1958: 'Breakin' It Up', the earliest recordings of Harris found. All the tracks below for that year are from that release.

Barry Harris   1958

   Allen's Alley

Barry Harris   1958

   All the Things You Are

Barry Harris   1958

   Bluesy

Barry Harris   1958

   Embraceable You

Barry Harris   1958

   Ornithology

Barry Harris   1958

   Stranger In Paradise

Barry Harris   1965

   With Dexter Gordon

   Shiny Stockings

Barry Harris   1967

   Even Steven

Barry Harris   1972

   With Sonny Stitt

   Tune-Up

Barry Harris   1976

   With Dexter Gordon

   I'll Remember April

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave McKenna

Dave McKenna

Dave McKenna was played professionally as a teenager with the Boots Mussulli band. At 19 he left home to join the Charlie Ventura Orchestra. His first known recordings are shortly thereafter with Woody Herman's Second Herd (Jazz 2), in 1950, before being drafted in the army. (One of those below, though McKenna isn't at all featured on it.) A humble man, McKenna, who once remarked he wasn't a "bona fide jazz guy", but "just a saloon piano player." McKenna began his solo recording career in 1955.

Dave McKenna   1950

   With Woody Herman

   Starlight Souvenirs

Dave McKenna   1955

   Bass: Max Bennett

   My Heart Belongs to Daddy

Dave McKenna   1955

   Bass: Max Bennett

   Strike Up The Band

Dave McKenna   1957

   Tenor sax: Charlie Ventura

   Sweet Sue, Just You

Dave McKenna   1962

   Bill Bailey

Dave McKenna   1977

   Oil and Vinegar

Dave McKenna   1979

   Have You Met Miss Jones

Dave McKenna   1983

   Lazy River

Dave McKenna   1993

   42nd Street

 

 
 

Pianist Ahmad Jamal began his career with the George Hudson Orchestra. His first album, released 1951, is unfound.

Ahmad Jamal   1952

   Bass: Eddie Calhoun   Guitar: Ray Crawford

   Ahmad's Blues/Billy Boy

Ahmad Jamal   1958

   I'll Remember April

Ahmad Jamal   1961

   Isn't It Romantic

Ahmad Jamal   1992

   Bass: James Cammack   Drums: David Bowler

   Crossfire

Ahmad Jamal   2008

   Bass: James Cammack   Drums: Idris Muhammad

   Aftermath

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ahmad Jamal

Ahmad Jamal

Birth of Modern Jazz: Wynton Kelly

Wynton Kelly

Jamaican pianist Wynton Kelly's first album, 'Piano Interpretations', in 1951 is unfound for this history. But there is a sample of his playing with Dinah Washington the same year in Jazz 8, as well as a solo piece, 'Summertime', below. He is also the pianist on the samples of Wes Montgomery's 1965 release of 'Smokin' At the Half Note' in Jazz 7. Find him under Donald Byrd in Jazz 5 and Hank Mobley in Jazz 4 as well.

Wynton Kelly   1951

   Goodbye

Wynton Kelly   1951

   With Dinah Washington at Birdland

   Bass: Percy Heath   Drums: Art Blakey

   I'll Never Be Free/I Wanna Be Loved

Wynton Kelly   1951

   Piano solo

   Summertime

Wynton Kelly   1959

   On Green Dolphin Street

Wynton Kelly   1959

   Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

   Softly, As In A Morning's Sunrise

Wynton Kelly   1961

   Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

   Autumn Leaves

 

 
 

Singer Blossom Dearie switched from classical to jazz as a teenager. In 1952, age 28, she took off for France where she formed the group, The Blue Stars of France. Returning to America in 1956, she recorded her first record album the following year. More of Dearie can be found in Modern Jazz Song, including a few of her earlier recordings in France.

Blossom Dearie   1955

   April In Paris

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Blossom Dearie

Blossom Dearie

 

 

Pianist Horace Silver was discovered by Stan Getz (Jazz 4) in Connecticut in 1950. It isn't clear though whether his debut recording in 1952 was with Stan Getz or the Lou Donaldson Quintet. He plays with Getz below, and with Donaldson in Modern Jazz 4. Silver is also the pianist on 'Split Kick' with Art Blakey in Modern Jazz 9.

Horace Silver   1952

   Prelude To a Kiss

Horace Silver   1952

   Saxophone: Stan Getz

   Potter's Luck

Horace Silver   1956

   Señor Blues

Horace Silver   1959

   Blowin' The Blues Away

Horace Silver   1959

   Live

   Señor Blues

Horace Silver   1962

   The Tokyo Blues

Horace Silver   1963

   Silver's Serenade

Horace Silver   1964

   Album: 'Song For My Father'

   Lonely Woman

Horace Silver   1965

   The African Queen

Horace Silver   1968

   Serenade To a Soul Sister

Horace Silver   1968

   Live version

   Song For My Father

Horace Silver   1968

   Studio version

   Song For My Father

Horace Silver   1970

   Acid, Pot or Pills

Horace Silver   1972

   In Pursuit of the 27th Man

Horace Silver   1972

   Summer In Central Park

Horace Silver   1974

   Umbria Jazz Festival

   Liberated Brother

Horace Silver   1976

   Concert

   Live at the Umbria Jazz Festival

Horace Silver   1978

   The Gods Of The Yoruba

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Horace Silver

Horace Silver

 

  Malcolm Earl "Mal" Waldron took his bachelor degree in music in 1949. He worked with various bands until first recording with Ike Quebec in 1952 (unfound). From 1954 to 1956 Waldron played with Charles Mingus, Lucky Millinder and Lucky Thompson. He also backed Billy Holiday from 1957 until her death in 1959. It was 1956 that Waldron put together his own band and created his debut album, 'Mal-1'.

Mal Waldron   1956

   Album: 'Mal-1'

   Stablemates

Mal Waldron   1956

   Album: 'Mal-1'

   Yesterdays

Mal Waldron   1959

   Cat Walk

Mal Waldron   1959

   Left Alone

Mal Waldron   1961

   Left Alone

Mal Waldron   1971

   Warm Canto

Mal Waldron   1971

   Album   Bass: Gary Peacock Drums: Hiroshi Murakami

   First Encounter

Mal Waldron   1983

   Right On

Mal Waldron   1986

   Desespoir Agreable

Mal Waldron   1995

   Thy Freedom Come

Mal Waldron   1997

   Live

   Free Improvisations

Mal Waldron   1997

   With Steve Lacy

   Peggy's Blue Skylight

Mal Waldron   1997

   With Steve Lacy

   Smooch

Mal Waldron   2002

   The Seagulls of Kristiansund

Mal Waldron   2002

   Soul Eyes

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mal Waldron

Mal Waldron

Birth of Modern Jazz: Toshiko Akiyoshi

Toshiko Akiyoshi

Classical fans of Mitsuko Uchida, meet the Uchida of jazz, Toshiko Akiyoshi, whose recording career began much earlier in 1953 upon discovery by pianist Oscar Peterson. Born in Japan, Akiyoshi's first album (1953), 'Toshiko's Piano' (unfortunately unfound), was performed with guitarist Herb Ellis, bassist Ray Brown and drummer J.C. Heard.

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Blues For Toshiko

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   The Third Movement

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Improvisation

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Road Time Shuffle

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   It Was a Very Good Year

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Dance of the Gremlins

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Feast In Milano

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Strive For Jive

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Harvest Shuffle

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Un Poco Loco

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Long Yellow Road

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Kogun

 

 
 

Sonny Clark, organ and piano, left Pennsylvania for California at age 20 to pursue a career in jazz. He soon met Wardell Gray (Jazz 4) and Oscar Pettiford (Jazz 7), then got a real jump when he began touring Europe and the United States with Buddy DeFranco, after which he settled in New York to play with singer Dinah Washington (Jazz 8). Clark's first recordings may have been in 1953, with saxophonists Frank Morgan and Wardell Gray among them. His first album, 'Oakland', released in 1955, is unfound for this history. He released his second album, 'Dial "S" For Sonny', in 1957. Sadly, Clark died young at age 31. Some say of heart attack. Others say of heroin overdose.

Sonny Clark   1953

   Saxophone: Frank Morgan

   Paul's Case

Sonny Clark   1953

   Saxophone: Wardell Gray

   So Long Broadway

Sonny Clark   1954

   With Buddy DeFranco

   Blues In the Closet

Sonny Clark   1954

   With Buddy DeFranco

   A Foggy Day

Sonny Clark   1954

   With Buddy DeFranco

   The Nearness of You

Sonny Clark   1954

   With Buddy DeFranco

   Sonny's Idea

Sonny Clark   1957

   With Art Farmer

   Bootin' It

Sonny Clark   1957

   Love Walked In

Sonny Clark   1957

   With Art Farmer

   Sonny's Mood

Sonny Clark   1961

   Eric Walks

Sonny Clark   1961

   Melody For C

Sonny Clark   1961

   Voodoo

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Sonny Clark

Sonny Clark

  Vince Guaraldi began performing on piano during college, that early inclination interrupted by service as an army cook during the Korean War. Upon discharge he found employment as an intermission pianist at the Black Hawk in San Francisco, a rather intimidating job due that it was Art Tatum (Jazz 2) for whom he filled in the breaks. Nevertheless, taking courage in the face of the daunting paid off when Guaraldi himself got a major break in 1953, joining the Cal Tjader Trio (Jazz 9) with which he first recorded. Three years later he formed his own trio and cut his first album, 'Vince Guaraldi Trio'. Tjader plays both drums and vibes in tracks below.

Vince Guaraldi   1953

   With Cal Tjader

   Chopsticks-Mambo

Vince Guaraldi   1953

    With Cal Tjader

   Lullaby of the Leaves

Vince Guaraldi   1953

    With Cal Tjader

   Three Little Words

Vince Guaraldi   1953

    With Cal Tjader

   Vibra-Tharpe

Vince Guaraldi   1956

   Album: 'Vince Guaraldi Trio'

   Django

Vince Guaraldi   1957

   Album

   A Flower is a Lovesome Thing

Vince Guaraldi   1962

   Cast Your Fate to the Wind

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Vince Guaraldi

Vince Guaraldi

  Born in French Algeria in 1927, Martial Solal first recorded with Django Reinhardt in 1953 (two samples below). He formed the Martial Solal Trio in 1953 as well, releasing his first album , 'French Modern Sounds' in 1954, followed by 'Martial Solal Trio', also recorded in 1953. All cuts below from 1990 onward are live performances.

Martial Solal   1953

   With Django Reinhardt

   I Cover the Waterfront

Martial Solal   1953

   With Django Reinhardt

   Le Soir

Martial Solal   1954

   Poinciana

Martial Solal   1960

   Album: 'À Bout de Souffle'

   Duo

Martial Solal   1960

   Album: 'À Bout de Souffle'

   New York Herald Tribune

Martial Solal   1965

   Live

   On Green Dolphin Street

Martial Solal   1974

   Locomotion

Martial Solal   1990

   Triangle

Martial Solal   2007

   Coming Yesterday

Martial Solal   2007

   The Last Time I Saw Paris/Body & Soul/Begin the Beguine

Martial Solal   2007

   Tea For Two

Martial Solal   2008

   Piano Solo

Martial Solal   2010

   My Funny Valentine

Martial Solal   2012

   Improvisation

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Martial Solal

Martial Solal

Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Costa

Eddie Costa

Eddie Costa's first recordings were made in 1954 with guitarist Sal Salvador (unfound, though Salvador will be found in Jazz 7). He released his first recordings as a band leader in 1957, 'I Didn't Know What Time It Was' among them.

Eddie Costa   1956

   Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

   Pile Driver

Eddie Costa   1956

   Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

   Sweet and Lovely

Eddie Costa   1956

   Yesterdays

Eddie Costa   1957

   I Didn't Know What Time It Was

Eddie Costa   1957

   Let's Take a Chance On Love

Eddie Costa   1958

   Adelaide

Eddie Costa   1958

   I'll Know

Eddie Costa   1958

   I've Never Been In Love Before

Eddie Costa   1959

   Anabelle

Eddie Costa   1959

   Diane

Eddie Costa   1959

   The House Of Blue Lights

Eddie Costa   1959

   My Funny Valentine

Eddie Costa   1959

   What's To Ya

Eddie Costa   1959

   When I Fall In Love

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bill Evans

Bill Evans

Bill Evans began to play piano in his brother's band at age twelve. Though good at classical, but not improvisation, at that time, nine years later in 1950 he got his first job with Herbie Fields (Jazz 5). Drafted into the Army in 1951, upon discharge Evans cut his first grooves with the Jerry Wald Orchestra in 1954 and 1955. Those albums were 'Jerry Wald And His Orchestra' and 'Listen To The Music Of Jerry Wald' (neither found). Evans later released his first name album, 'New Jazz Conceptions' in 1956. Evans will also be found under Toots Thielemans in Jazz 9.

Bill Evans   1956

   Five

Bill Evans   1956

   I Love You

Bill Evans   1956

   Sax: Cannonball Adderley

   Waltz For Debby

Bill Evans   1965

   Live concert

   Jazz 625

 

 
 

Michel Legrand entered the Paris Conservatory of Music at age ten, where he studied until age eighteen. Upon leaving school he accompanied a number of French popular singers (none found), and also toured with Maurice Chevelier. Legrand recorded his first album, 'I Love Paris', at age 22 (1954). Legrand first recorded jazz in 1958 upon visiting the United States. In addition to jazz piano, Legrand conducted orchestras and wrote film scores.

Michel Legrand   1954

   I Love Paris

Michel Legrand   1954

   Moulin Rouge

Michel Legrand   1958

   Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Jitterbug Waltz

Michel Legrand   1958

   Trumpets: Donald Byrd and Art Farmer

   Night In Tunisia

Michel Legrand   1958

   Sax: Ben Webster

   Rosetta

Michel Legrand   1958

   Trumpet: Miles Davis

   'Round Midnight

Michel Legrand   1959

   Album: 'Jazz In Paris'

   Paris In the Spring

Michel Legrand   1970

   From the film 'Wuthering Heights'

   I Was Born in Love With You

Michel Legrand   1971

   Oum le dauphin

Michel Legrand   1972

   With Sarah Vaughan

   Pieces of Dreams

Michel Legrand   2001

   Sax: Phil Woods

   The Summer Knows

Michel Legrand   2001

   Sax: Phil Woods

   Watch What Happens

Michel Legrand   2001

   Sax: Phil Woods

   You Must Believe In Spring

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Michel Legrand

Michel Legrand

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ray Bryant

Ray Bryant

Ray Bryant began playing piano at age six. He began playing professionally with big names such as Coleman Hawkins (Jazz 4), Miles Davis (Jazz 5) and Sonny Rollins (Jazz 4). He first recorded with guitarist Toots Thielemans in August 1955 (unfound). His first album as a band leader, 'Meet Betty Carter and Ray Bryant', was produced in 1955, after which he formed his first trio in 1956. Bryant will also be found under Toots Thielemans in Jazz 7.

Ray Bryant   1955

   Vocalist: Betty Carter

   I Could Write a Book

Ray Bryant   1957

   Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

   Blue Changes

Ray Bryant   1957

   Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

   Golden Earrings

Ray Bryant   1957

   Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

   Sonar

Ray Bryant   1958

   Saxophone: Coleman Hawkins

   Until The Real Thing Comes Along

Ray Bryant   1967

   Fox Stalker

Ray Bryant   1967

   Paper Cup

Ray Bryant   1967

   Slow Freight

Ray Bryant   1968

   Above the Rock

Ray Bryant   1976

   Good Morning Heartache

Ray Bryant   1989

   Reflection

 

 
 

Pianist Ramsey Lewis released his first album, 'Ramsey Lewis and The Gentlemen of Swing' in 1956.

Ramsey Lewis   1956

   Carmen

Ramsey Lewis   1974

   Sun Goddess

Ramsey Lewis   1977

   Tequila Mockingbird

Ramsey Lewis   1983

   Les Fleur

Ramsey Lewis   1984

   Closer Than Close

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ramsey Lewis

Ramsey Lewis

Birth of Modern Jazz: Cecil Taylor

Cecil Taylor

Pianist Cecil Taylor formed his first band in 1955 with saxophonist Steve Lacy (Jazz 4), releasing his first album the next year, 'Jazz Advance'.

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bass: Buell Neidlinger Drums: Dennis Charles

   Bemsha Swing

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bass: Buell Neidlinger Drums: Dennis Charles

   Charge 'Em Blues

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bass: Buell Neidlinger Drums: Dennis Charles

   Rick Kick Shaw

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bass: Buell Neidlinger Drums: Dennis Charles

   Song

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bass: Buell Neidlinger Drums: Dennis Charles

   You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To

Cecil Taylor   1958

   Excursion On a Wobbly Rail

Cecil Taylor   1965

Alto Sax: Jimmy Lyons

     Bass: Henry Grimes   Drums: Sunny Murray

   Number One (Octagonal Skirt and Fancy Pants)

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Timmons

Bobby Timmons

Pianist Bobby Timmons got his start as a professional musician with trumpeter Kenny Dorham and the Jazz Prophets in 1956, then later joined drummer Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers (Jazz 9). He released his first album, 'This Here Is Bobby Timmons', in 1960, the three tracks below for that year from that record.

Bobby Timmons   1956

   With the Jazz Prophets

   Autumn In New York

Bobby Timmons   1956

   With the Jazz Prophets

   K.D.'s Blues

Bobby Timmons   1958

   With the Jazz Messengers   Live

   Moanin'

Bobby Timmons   1958

   With the Jazz Messengers   Studio

   Moanin'

Bobby Timmons   1960

   Bass: Sam Jones Drums: Jimmy Cobb

   Dat Dere

Bobby Timmons   1960

   Bass: Sam Jones Drums: Jimmy Cobb

   My Funny Valentine

Bobby Timmons   1960

   Bass: Sam Jones Drums: Jimmy Cobb

   This Here

Bobby Timmons   1960

   With the Jazz Messengers

   My Funny Valentine

 

 
 

Pianist and vocalist Mose Allison released his first two albums, 'Back Country Suite' and 'Local Color', in 1957. Allison heard jazz so differently that, at the time, it's surprising he was able to find a record producer at all. More extraordinary piano by Mose Allison can be found in A Birth of Modern Jazz Song.

Mose Allison   1957

   From the album 'Back Country Suite'

   In Salah

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mose Allison

Mose Allison

Birth of Modern Jazz: Clare Fischer

Clare Fischer

Keyboardist (piano, synthesizer), arranger and composer Clare Fischer put together his first band at age fifteen. Graduating from high school in 1946, Fischer began studying composition in 1947. But he didn't receive his Master in Music until 1955 due to having been drafted into the army. He began his professional career in Los Angeles as an arranger and accompanist (piano) for the Hi-Lo's. 'Tenderly', below, is among Fisher's first arrangements with that group, on which he also conducts the orchestra. 'Agogically So' is another of his arrangements, on which he may also be the accompanist on piano. Fischer released his first album in his own name in 1962, 'First Time Out'.

Clare Fischer   1957

   Arrangement for the Hi-Lo's

   Tenderly

Clare Fischer   1958

   Arrangement for the Hi-Lo's

   Agogically So

Clare Fischer   1960

   Vibes: Cal Tjader

   Over the Rainbow

Clare Fischer   1962

   Album: 'First Time Out'

   I Love You

Clare Fischer   1962

   Album: 'First Time Out'

   Nigerian Walk

Clare Fischer   1963

   Guitarist: Joe Pass

   There Will Never Be Another You

Clare Fischer   1965

   Morning

Clare Fischer   1980

   Gaviota

Clare Fischer   1987

   Cuban Fantasy

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Tommy Flanagan

Tommy Flanagan

Be-bop pianist Tommy Flanagan released his first album under his own name in 1957 as the Tommy Flanagan Trio with bassist Wilbur Little and drummer Elvin Jones (Jazz 9). He first recorded the previous year with Kenny Burrell and Oscar Pettiford. Flanagan also plays with guitarist Kenny Burrell in Jazz 7.

Tommy Flanagan   1957

   Bass: Oscar Pettiford   Guitar: Kenny Burrell

   Cheeta

Tommy Flanagan   1957

   Bass: Oscar Pettiford

   Smoke Signal

Tommy Flanagan   1957

   Bass: Wilbur Little Drums: Elvin Jones

   Dalarna

Tommy Flanagan   1957

   Bass: Wilbur Little Drums: Elvin Jones

   Eclypso

Tommy Flanagan   1957

   Bass: Wilbur Little Drums: Elvin Jones

   Relaxin' at Camarillo

Tommy Flanagan   1957

   Bass: Wilbur Little Drums: Elvin Jones

   Verdandi

Tommy Flanagan   1960

   Sax: Coleman Hawkins

   At Dawning

Tommy Flanagan   1960

   Sax: Coleman Hawkins

   Then I'll Be Tired Of You

 

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Scott

Shirley Scott

Shirley Scott played piano on occasion but her preferred instrument was organ. Scott created nine record albums from 1958 to 1960, her first, 'Great Scott!'. None of them are found. 'Satin Doll', below, is from her tenth album, 'Satin Doll'. Scott was married to tenor sax player, Stanley Turrentine, with whom she performed from 1960 to 1969.

Shirley Scott   1958

   Saxophone: Eddie Lockjaw Davis

   In the Kitchen

Shirley Scott   1958

   Satin Doll

Shirley Scott   1964

   Saxophone: Stanley Turrentine

   Shirley

Shirley Scott   1972

   By the Time I Get to Phoenix

 

 
 

Shirley Horn, a vocalist as well as pianist, formed her first band, a trio, in 1954. Her first known recordings followed five years later with violinist Stuff Smith (Jazz 2) in 1959 (unfound). That was a major break, but when Miles Davis (Jazz 5) found good things to say about her in 1960 people started listening. Horn created her first album, 'Embers and Ashes', that same year. One track from that below. (More Shirley Horn in Jazz 8.)

Shirley Horn   1960

   I Thought About You

Shirley Horn   1992

   Here's to Life

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Horn

Shirley Horn

 

It is thought Duke Pearson first recorded in 1959 with Donald Byrd and Art Pepper (not found). Be as may, he began releasing records in his own name the same year.

Duke Pearson   1959

   Black Coffee

Duke Pearson   1959

   Album   Alto sax: Jackie McLean   Trumpet: Donald Byrd

   Fuego

Duke Pearson   1959

   I Love You

Duke Pearson   1959

   I'm a Fool to Want You

Duke Pearson   1959

   I'm Glad There is You

Duke Pearson   1959

   Witchcraft

Duke Pearson   1961

   Jeannine

Duke Pearson   1961

   Say You're Mine

 

Birth of Modern Jazz: Duke Pearson

Duke Pearson

Birth of Modern Jazz: Cedar Walton

Cedar Walton

Cedar Walton is thought to have first recorded in 1959 on an alternate take of 'Giant Steps' with John Coltrane (Jazz 4). It was as a member of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers (Jazz 9) in the early sixties that Walton began to secure recognition of his considerable talents. All the tracks below for year 1962 are Walton with the Jazz Messengers.

Cedar Walton   1959

   Giant Steps

Cedar Walton   1960

   Tenor sax: Benny Golson   Trumpet: Art Farmer

   Blues On Down

Cedar Walton   1961

   Trombone: JJ Johnson

   Mohawk

Cedar Walton   1962

   Caravan

Cedar Walton   1962

   Skylark

Cedar Walton   1962

   Sweet 'n' Sour

Cedar Walton   1962

   This Is For Albert

Cedar Walton   1976

   Live performance

   Blue Monk

Cedar Walton   1982

   Live performance   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

   God Bless the Child

Cedar Walton   1982

   Midnight Waltz

Cedar Walton   1986

   Live performance   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

   Misty

 

 

We pause this Birth of Modern Jazz Piano with Cedar Walton. By the time Pearson arrives jazz is well developed beyond big swing orchestra, largely via the introduction of sounds from without the United States in the thirties, then bebop and individualists such as Nat King Cole in the forties. The fifties will have commenced with "cool" jazz ('Birth of the Cool' by Miles Davis representative of such, recorded in 1949-50 though not released until 1957) and be a decade of experiment giving passage to prominent compositions in the sixties announcing that modern jazz has arrived (such as 'Take Five' by Brubeck above). By the time Timmons records his first album keyboardists such as Big John Patton, Herbie Hancock,  Monty Alexander, Dick Hyman, Ronnie Matthews, Les McCann and McCoy Tyner are in position to take jazz through the sixties, which we leave to a later period of this history.

 

 

A Birth of the Blues 1: Early Blues 1: Guitar

A Birth of the Blues 2: Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

A Birth of the Blues 3: Modern Blues 1: Guitar

A Birth of the Blues 4: Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

A Birth of Country 1: Bluegrass

A Birth of Country 2: Folk

A Birth of Country 3: Country Western

A Birth of Jazz 1: Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

A Birth of Jazz 1: Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

A Birth of Jazz 1: Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

A Birth of Jazz 2: Swing Era 1: Big Bands

A Birth of Jazz 3: Swing Era 2: Song

A Birth of Jazz 4: Modern 1: Saxophone

A Birth of Jazz 5: Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

A Birth of Jazz 6: Modern 3: Piano

A Birth of Jazz 7: Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

A Birth of Jazz 8: Modern 5: Song

A Birth of Jazz 9: Modern 6: Percussion - Other Orchestration

A Birth of Rock & Roll 1: Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B

        A Birth of Rock & Roll 2: Other Musical Genres

        A Birth of Rock & Roll 3: Doo Wop

        A Birth of Rock & Roll 4: The Big Bang

        A Birth of Rock & Roll 5: The UK Beat

        A Birth of Rock & Roll 6: The British Invasion

       A Birth of Rock & Roll 7: Total War

 

        Musician Index 1: The Blues

        Musician Index 2: Country Music - Bluegrass - Folk

        Musician Index 3: Country Music - Country Western

        Musician Index 4: Jazz Early - Swing Jazz

        Musician Index 5: Jazz Modern - Horn

        Musician Index 6: Jazz Modern - Piano - String

        Musician Index 7: Jazz Modern - Percussion - Song - Other

        Musician Index 8: Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll

       Musician Index 9: UK Beat - British Invasion

 

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