Viola Fair Website   


A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 7


Other Instrumentation - Other Orchestration

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



Dave Bailey    Ray Barretto    Les Baxter    Louie Bellson    Art Blakey
Big Sid Catlett    Teddy Charles    Kenny Clarke    Jimmy Cobb    Jack Costanzo
Alan Dawson    Eric Delaney
Percy Faith    Victor Feldman
Terry Gibbs    Norman Granz
Chico Hamilton    Louis Hayes    Roy Haynes    Albert Heath    Billy Higgins
Milt Jackson    Jazz at the Philharmonic    Jazz Messengers    Ron Jefferson    Osie Johnson    Elvin Jones    Papa Jo Jones    Philly Joe Jones
Don Lamond    Pete La Roca    Stan Levey    Mel Lewis    Arthur Lyman
Shelly Manne   Larance Marable    Sabu Martinez   MJT+3    Modern Jazz Quartet    Buddy Montgomery    Joe Morello    Paul Motian    Idris Muhammad
Sonny Payne    Walter Perkins    Dave Pike    Tito Puente
Boyd Raeburn    Nelson Riddle    Max Roach   Mickey Roker
Phil Seamen
Grady Tate    Art Taylor    Ed Thigpen    Toots Thielemans    Cal Tjader
Guy Warren



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:


1928 Big Sid Catlett
1931 Papa Jo Jones
1938 Kenny Clarke
1941 Chico Hamilton    Shelly Manne
1943 Louie Bellson    Don Lamond
1944 Art Blakey    Victor Feldman    Norman Granz    Jazz at the Philharmonic    Stan Levey    Boyd Raeburn    Nelson Riddle    Max Roach
1945 Les Baxter    Roy Haynes   Milt Jackson
1946 Toots Thielemans
1947 Jack Costanzo    Eric Delaney    Percy Faith    Terry Gibbs   Jazz Messengers    Sonny Payne
1948 Elvin Jones    Philly Joe Jones    Sabu Martinez
1949 Tito Puente    Cal Tjader
1951 Teddy Charles    Jimmy Cobb    Larance Marable    Art Taylor
1952 Osie Johnson    Modern Jazz Quartet    Phil Seamen
1953 Alan Dawson    Joe Morello
1954 Ray Barretto    Ron Jefferson    Mel Lewis    Idris Muhammad   Mickey Roker    Ed Thigpen
1955 Dave Bailey    Buddy Montgomery
1956 Louis Hayes    Paul Motian    Walter Perkins    Guy Warren
1957 Albert Heath   Arthur Lyman     MJT+3    Dave Pike
1958 Billy Higgins    Pete La Roca
1959 Grady Tate


  This page concerns the birth of modern jazz percussion, as well as instrumentation and orchestration not found elsewhere, such as vibraphone or musicians who were more composers than performers. This page is intended to list bands, bandleaders and musicians releasing their first recordings before 1960. Other arrangers and composers, orchestral and not, can be found throughout these histories under the instruments they played. Also important to jazz percussion were Latin musicians on instruments such as maracas, congas, bongos, tumbadoras and timbales. Those of Latin heritage born in America are on this page. See Latin Recording for others.

Early Percussion Recording

The earliest recordings emphasizing percussion were, what else but, the U.S. military on Edison cylinders. Examples below are a long distance from jazz, until one considers such as James Reese Europe who later transformed his military experience into ragtime and touched (though barely) the hems of early jazz. Among the earliest military bands to record with Edison was the Columbia Drum, Fife and Bugle Corps, releasing 'The Girl I Left Behind Me' in 1899, a recording that doesn't appear to have survived. The early military recordings below were each made on Edison cylinders:

The Grenadier Fife, Drum and Bugle Band   1900/1901

   Bugle Union March

U. S. Marine Fife and Drum Corps   1902


U. S. Marine Fife and Drum Corps   1903

   The Girl I Left Behind Me



Drummer Big Sid Catlett was born in 1910 in Evansville, Indiana. He began his professional career in 1928 with Darnell Howard and was a member of the Chocolate Dandies. Among his first recordings in 1928 was with the Creole Jazz Band. Though definitely a swing drummer, and died in 1951 of heart attack at only age 41, Catlett is a perfect musician with whom to begin this history of modern jazz percussion, due to collaborations with Dizzy Gillespie in early bebop as well as experimental pieces like 'Boff Boff' below. Catlett was posthumously elected into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1996.

Big Sid Catlett   1928

   Down By the Levee

Big Sid Catlett   1939

   Haven't Named It Yet

      Vibes: Lionel Hampton

Big Sid Catlett   1944

   Just a Riff

Big Sid Catlett   1945

   Love For Scale

      Guitar: Al Casey

   Rose Room

   Salt Peanuts

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker

     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

      Bass: Curley Russel   Piano: Al Haig

   Shaw 'Nuff

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker

     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

      Bass: Curley Russel   Piano: Al Haig

Big Sid Catlett   1947

   Boff Boff

   Just a Riff

      Film: 'Boy, What a Girl'   With Gene Krupa


      Film: 'Sepia Cinderella'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Big Sid Catlett

Big Sid Catlett

Source: Puro Jazz

Papa Jo Jones began his musical career as a drummer and tap dancer at carnival shows. He joined Walter Page's Blue Devils in the late twenties. He first recorded in 1931 with Victoria Spivey as a member of Lloyd Hunter's Serenaders (Hunter's only recordings). The major boost to Jone's career was upon joining Count Basie's orchestra in 1934. In 1955 Jones released his first album, 'The Jo Jones Special'. He was house drummer at the West End jazz club in NYC during his latter career. Jones was well-known for his manner with brushes and shifting the role of time keeping from bass drum to the hi-hat cymbal. He died of pneumonia in 1983 in NYC.

Papa Jo Jones   1931

   Sensational Mood

      With Lloyd Hunter

Papa Jo Jones   1941

   Swingin' the Blues

      With Count Basie

Papa Jo Jones   1955

   Embraceable You

Papa Jo Jones   1959

   Embraceable You

Papa Jo Jones   1959

   But Not For Me

Papa Jo Jones   1964


      With Coleman Hawkins and the Harry Edison Quintet


Birth of Modern Jazz: Papa Jo Jones

Papa Jo Jones

Source: JD Drum School


Bop drummer Kenny Clarke (aka Klook) was born in Pittsburgh, PA, in 1914. He began recording as early as 1938 as a member of the Edgar Hayes band. In Sweden he assumed Haye's spot as leader to record four tracks with vocalist, James Anderson: 'I Found A New Baby', 'Once In A While', 'You're A Sweetheart' and 'Sweet Sue'. Clarke was house drummer at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem when he recorded such as 'Oop Bop Sh'Bam' with Dizzy Gillespie. An affair with Annie Ross in 1949, produced their son, Kenny Clarke Jr., raised by Clarke's family. During the early fifties Clarke performed with Milt Jackson's Modern Jazz Quartet. He didn't release an album of his own until 1955: 'Telefunken Blues'. In 1956 Clarke moved to Paris where he worked with Miles Davis and formed the Three Bosses with bassist, Pierre Michelot, and pianist, Bud Powell. That trio released the album, 'Our Man In Paris', in 1963 with tenor saxman, Dexter Gordon. In the latter sixties Clarke began collaborating with clarinetist, Jean-Christian Michel, with whom he remained for a decade. Clarke died in January of 1985 and was inducted into the 'Down Beat' Jazz Hall of Fame in 1988. More Kenny Clarke under Paul Chambers.

Kenny Clarke   1951

   All of Me

      Piano: Lennie Tristano

     Sax: Charlie Parker

   I Can't Believe That You're In Love With Me

      Piano: Lennie Tristano

     Sax: Charlie Parker

Kenny Clarke   1954


      Album: 'Strillin''

Kenny Clarke   1955

   Bohemia After Dark

      Album: 'Bohemia After Dark'


      Album: 'Bohemia After Dark'


      Album: 'Telefunkin' Blues'

     Piano: Milt Jackson

   Telefunken Blues

      Album: 'Telefunkin' Blues'

     Piano: Milt Jackson

   We'll Be Together Again

      Album: 'Bohemia After Dark'

   Willow Weep For Me

      Album: 'Bohemia After Dark'

Kenny Clarke   1956


      Tenor sax: Donald Byrd

Kenny Clarke   1958

   On the Alamo

      With Dizzy Gillespie & the Martial Solal Trio

Kenny Clarke   1959

   Get Happy

      Piano: Bud Powell

Kenny Clarke   1967

   Live in Prague

      Filmed concert with Francy Boland

Kenny Clarke   1972

   Our Delight

      Filmed live

Kenny Clarke   1975

   Bebop Reunion

      With Dizzy Gillespie on 'Soundstage'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Clarke

Kenny Clark

Source: Drummer World


West Coast drummer, composer and band leader Chico Hamilton was born in 1921 in Los Angeles. He made his recording debut with Slim Gaillard in 1941. Hamilton also appeared in the film, 'You'll Never Get Rich', that year with Fred Astaire. After military service during World War II he played with various top-name musicians, eventually accompanying Lena Horne for six years. Afterward, Hamilton put together his own trio in 1955 with bassist, George Duvivier, and guitarist Howard Roberts. Hamilton is credited as major progenitor of the subgenre called chamber jazz as of his work in the sixties. In 1975 he formed the Players. Hamilton became among the first faculty members at New School University in 1987. He also formed the group, Euphoria, that year. Hamilton died in Manhattan in November of 2013. More Hamilton with Buddy Collette.

Chico Hamilton   1941

   March Milastaire

      Film: 'You'll Never Get Rich'

     With Fred Astaire

Chico Hamilton   1955

   Blues Sands

   Buddy Boo

   Gone with the Wind

   My Funny Valentine

   A Nice Day

   The Sage

Chico Hamilton   1956

   Sleepy Slept Here

   The Wind

Chico Hamilton   1957

   Night Beat

Chico Hamilton   1958

   Blue Sands

    Newport Jazz Festival 

   Tuesday At Two

        Bass: Wyatt Ruther   

      Cello: Nathan Gershman

        Guitar: Dennis Budimir

      Alto Sax: Eric Dolphy

Chico Hamilton   1959

   Lost in the Night

Chico Hamilton   1963

   Lady Gabor

Chico Hamilton   1965


Chico Hamilton   1973


Chico Hamilton   1989

   My Funny Valentine

      Live performance

Chico Hamilton   2007



   Bones No Meat

   Chicken Pox

   Kerry's Caravan

   My Brother Bernie

   My Brother Don

   Mr. Hamilton

   Yeh Yeh

   You Name It

Chico Hamilton   2009

   Charlie Parker Suite

   Happiness Prevails

   I Don'T Know Why (I Just Do)


Birth of Modern Jazz: Chico Hamilton

Chico Hamilton

Source: Drummer World


Drummer Shelly Manne was born in New York City in 1923. He got his first professional job at age twenty (1940) with the Bobby Byrne Orchestra. His debut recordings followed in 1941, age 20, with Joe Marsala's band. His star began to shine in the latter forties into the fifties with Woody Herman and Stan Kenton. Largely associated with West Coast jazz, his debut album, 'The Three & Two' appeared in 1954, a compilation of previously released material. He left New York for a ranch near Los Angeles in the fifties to raise horses. From there he became strongly associated with West Coast and straight-ahead jazz. (An example of straight-ahead jazz is 'Straight No Chaser' under 1958 below.) Important during the sixties was his work with Henry Mancini on film scores. He also became part owner of the Manne-Hole in Los Angles in the sixties, performing there into the seventies. He joined the group, the L.A. Four, in 1974 for the next three years. Manne's career was highly active until his death in September of 1984 in Los Angeles.

Shelly Manne   1941

   Bull's Eye

      With Joe Marsala

Shelly Manne   1944

   The Man I Love

      With Coleman Hawkins

Shelly Manne   1945


      With Boyd Raeburn

Shelly Manne   1946

   Blue n' Boogie

      With Dizzy Gillespie


      With Coleman Hawkins

Shelly Manne   1949


      With Dizzy Gillespie

   Nonet Jam

      Miles Davis album  

      Live at WPIX Radio with Oscar Pettiford

Shelly Manne   1951


      With Shorty Rogers

   Scrapple From the Apple

      With Shorty Rogers

Shelly Manne   1952

   Don't Get Around Much Anymore

      With the Hampton Hawes Trio

   Jumpin' Jacque

      With the Hampton Hawes Trio

Shelly Manne   1953


   You and the Night and the Music

Shelly Manne   1958

   Be Deedle De Do

      With Ray Brown & Barney Kessell

   Straight No Chaser

      Filmed live

   Up Blues

      Piano: Hampton Hawes

Shelly Manne   1959

   Just Squeeze Me

      Album: 'At the Black Hawk'


      Album: 'At the Black Hawk'

Shelly Manne   1962

   En Passant

   Take the 'A' Train

      Bass: George Duvivier

     Piano: Hank Jones

      Sax: Coleman Hawkins

      Composition: Billy Strayhorn   1939

Shelly Manne   1964

   Drum Quartet

      With Philly Joe Jones, Irv Cottler & Louie Bellson

       Dancing: Caterina Valente

Shelly Manne   1970

   Live at Shelly's Manne Hole


Birth of Modern Jazz: Shelly Manne

Shelly Manne

Source: NPR


Drummer Louie Bellson was born in 1924 in Rock Falls, Illinois. Bellson's first recording session is thought to have been with Benny Goodman, which orchestra he joined in 1942 in time for the September soundtrack, 'I Know That You Know', to 'The Powers Girl' issued in 1943. That was followed into December with Goodman by sessions backing Peggy Lee and Dennis Day. Bellson remained with Goodman another five years to the recording of 'Nagasaki' on August 22, 1947, with Goodman's Sextet. They reunited 40 years later in '85 and '86, that last occasion at SUNY (State University of New York) on January 19 for 'Lulu's Back in Town', 'Stardust' and 'Wrappin' It Up'. It was with Goodman that Bellson first recorded with saxophonist, Zoot Sims, on February 6, 1943, for a radio broadcast of 'Bugle Call Rag'. Sims joined Goodman again in October of '46 for an AFRS "Magic Carpet' broadcast #514 in Culver City (Los Angeles) for such as 'Let's Dance (theme) and 'Under the Double Eagle'. On June 21 of 1954 Sims and Charlie Shavers supported Bellson's album, 'Concerto for Drums' with Don Abney (piano) and George Duvivier (bass). Bellson and Sims found themselves working together often during Bellson's mid career. In 1966 they toured to England together with Norman Granz' Jazz at the Philharmonic All Stars. That was verily an all-star tour consisting of Dizzy Gillespie, Clark Terry, Benny Carter, Coleman Hawkins, James Moody, Teddy Wilson, Bob Cranshaw and T-Bone Walker recording such as 'Ow!', 'Woman You Must Be Crazy', 'Shiney Stockings' and 'Blue Lou' on November 26 at Royal Festival Hall in London. It was the JATP All Stars again at the Monterey Jazz Festival on September 19, 1971, to back Sarah Vaughan. The early seventies found them with Count Basie and Ella Fitzgerald before a tour to Europe to record Sims' 'The Tenor Giants' in October of 1975 with Eddie Lockjaw Davis (tenor sax), Oscar Peterson (piano) and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (bass). It was the JATP All Stars again in Tokyo on October 17, 1983, a second session supporting Ella Fitzgerald on 'Flying Home'. Sims was a major talent bobbing up on occasion, but Bellson's association with Count Basie would be of major impact on Bellson's later career. Bellson is thought to have first recorded with Basie on October 12, 1946, while with Goodman, Basie contributing piano to 'Mad Boogie' on 'The Benny Goodman Show' #7 in NYC. Sixteen years later Bellson joined Basie's orchestra in time for 'The Touch of Your Lips', 'Bluish Grey', et al, on July 25 of 1962. Several Basie albums went down between '62 and '67, Bellson to partner with Basie again from 1973 to '78. Their last session is thought to have been in Las Vegas on November 1, 1981, for Basie's 'Kansas City 6'. Long before Basie became a major element in Bellson's career had come the principal figure that was Tommy Dorsey. Bellson was yet with Goodman when he recorded his first titles with Dorsey on July 1 of 1957, such as 'I'll Be There' and 'Deep Valley' with vocalist, Stuart Foster. Bellson stuck with Dorsey's orchestra for another eight years to November 25, 1956, for a CBS radio broadcast from the Hotel Statler in NYC resulting in such as 'Harlem Express' and 'Moten Stomp'. Dorsey died the next day on the 26th. (Jimmy Dorsey, with whom Bellson worked on the multiple occasions that Jimmy appeared with Tommy's band, died seven months later on June 12, 1957, both premature deaths, they each in their early fifties.) It was a big deal for any musician to work with Louis Armstrong once, but Bellson was a major figure in Armstrong's career as well. Their initial session was on August 9, 1947, with Lionel Hampton, Goodman and Tommy also in the band for the soundtrack to 'A Song Is Born' ('48). Ten years later Bellson spent 1957 recording numerously with Armstrong, uniting thirteen years later on July 3 of 1970 for Armstrong's 'Hello Louis!'. We step back to May, 3 of 1951 for the next large-impact associate that was Duke Ellington, that a CBS telecast of 'The Kreisler Bandstand' which titles would get included on 'Hooray for Duke Ellington' in 1975. Bellson worked with Ellington to February 9 of 1953 for a 'Band Box' radio broadcast including such as 'Caravan' and 'Frustration'. He would see Ellington again numerously from 1963 to '69, that last occasion on April 29 at the White House in Washington D.C. for Ellington's 70th birthday celebration. Bellson joined Ellington's Big Four on January 8, 1973, in Los Angeles with Joe Pass on guitar and Ray Brown on bass for such as 'Cotton Tail' and 'Carnegie Blues'. Ellington died the next year on May 24, 1974, after which his son, Mercer Ellington assumed leadership of the Ellington ghost orchestra. In 1986 Bellson contributed drums to Mercer's 'Digital Duke' ('87). We step back to November 15, 1951, for the major character that would be Clark Terry. Bellson and Terry first got combined on that date with Ellington's orchestra in Ann Arbor, Michigan, for 'The Biggest Show of 1951' at the University of Michigan. They recorded together with Ellington numerously into 1953, in the meantime Terry supporting Bellson's 'Just Jazz All Stars' on May 23, 1952. Twelve years later they were with Ellington again at the Monterey Jazz Festival on September 18, 1965, for such as 'Take the 'A' Train' (Strayhorn) and 'Ad Lib on Nippon'. The next year saw them in London in November with the JATP All Stars per above with Dizzy Gillespie. It was Ellington again in '69 per above at the White House for Ellington's 70th birthday tribute, then 'Hello Louis!' per above in 1970 with Louis Armstrong. The seventies saw them together in sessions with Sarah Vaughan, Ella Fitzgerald, Gillespie and Count Basie. 1983 saw them with the JATP All Stars in Tokyo, per above, with Fitzgerald. Terry was also with Bellson for Mercer Ellington's 'Digital Duke' in 1983. December of 1987 found Terry backing Bellson's 'Hot' and 'East Side Suite'. In April of 1988 they recorded 'Berne, Baby, Berne' in Switzerland. They are thought to have recorded at the annual University of New Hampshire Jazz Festival from May of '89 to September of '92. December 16 of 1993 found Bellson and Terry recording 'Live in New York', that including 'Louie & Clark Expedition'. In 1999 they supported Steve Tyrell's 'A New Standard'. Eight years later in May of 2007 they expanded on 'Louie & Clark Expedition' with 'Louie & Clark Expedition Vol 2'. As might be indicated thus far, Dizzy Gillespie was also a large presence in Bellson's career. Lord's disco puts them together for the first time on November 14 of 1952 in Ellington's orchestra at Carnegie Hall for such as 'Star Spangled Banner and 'The Mooche'. They traveled much the same paths, largely with Ellington or the JATP, to a JATP concert at Carnegie Hall on September 17, 1955, with Roy Eldridge for titles like 'Blues', 'Lester Leaps In', etc.. They Bellson and Gillespie reunited with Ellington in 1965 and JATP in '66 before touring to Europe in 1975 to perform such as 'Montreux Blues' and 'On the Alamo' at the Montreux Jazz Festival in July with Eldridge, Terry, Oscar Peterson and Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen. Their last recordings together were possibly in support of Benny Carter's 'In the Mood for Swing' on November 9 of 1987. We need back up to May 23, 1952, for Bellson's first tracks as a leader, 'Just Jazz All Stars', per above with Terry. The first session of 'Skin Deep' ('55) was held in July of 1953 with Sweets Edison and Maynard Ferguson. The second was with Don Elliott in February of '54. 'Louis Bellson Quintet' (aka 'Concerto for Drums') went down on June 21 of 1954 for 1955 issue. Come 1954 for 'Journey Into Love'. Bellson was an unstoppable locomotive approaching 500 sessions during his career, Wikipedia's list of seventy albums as a leader is incomplete. 'Louie & Clark Expedition Vol 2' per above in 2007 was his final release. Bellson's first session in the making of 'Skin Deep' per above in July of '53 had included veteran alto saxophonist, Benny Carter. Carter was to become another heavyweight in Bellson's career, Bellson to back Carter's 'Moonglow' on June 23 of 1954. Two days later they recorded in a trio with pianist, Art Tatum, in Los Angeles, a string of titles like 'My Blue Heaven', 'Blues in B Flat', 'Idaho' and 'Street Of Dreams'. Some of those would get issued in 1955 on 'Tatum-Carter-Bellson', reissued in '57 as 'The Three Giants', both by Clef. Carter participated in Bellson's 1962 'Big Band Jazz at The Summit', followed by Carter's presence on numerous occasions in mutual support of various other enterprises to November of 1987 for Carter's 'In the Mood for Swing' with Dizzy Gillespie. We back up again for another of Bellson's more important partners, that Pearl Bailey whom he married in 1952 until her death in 1990. Becoming Bailey's musical director, their first recordings are thought to have been with the Don Redman Orchestra in NYC on September 10 of 1953: 'I Love My Argentine', 'Me and My Shadow' and 'She's Something Spanish'. Their next sessions in February of 1954 wrought such as 'Come Rain or Come Shine' and 'He's Gone'. They worked together continually to Bailey's 'All About Good Little Girls & Bad Little Boys' in 1963, partnering again in 1968 for 'The Real Pearl Bailey' and 1971 for 'Pearl's Pearls'. Having mentioned Jazz at the Philharmonic a couple of times, it's apt to comment that Norman Granz' JATP was one of the more important operations of which a musician could be a part, Granz' object to assemble the finest talents he that could acquire for his concerts a successful and highly regarded enterprise. Bellson was first invited to join the All Stars on September 17, 1954, at the Bushnell Memorial Auditorium in Hartford, Connecticut, with Dizzy Gillespie and Roy Eldridge, putting out such as 'Jazz Concert Blues' and 'The Challenges'. Bellson recorded with JATP on at least eight dates to 1983 per above with Ella Fitzgerald in Tokyo. It was at his first session with JATP in '54 that Bellson is thought to have first recorded with upright bassist, Ray BrownBrown would be one of the more important of Bellson's comrades for above four decades to come. They partnered continually in support of various bands, such as the JATP, to be found on countless titles together to July 28, 1995, with the Concord Festival All Stars for 'Fujitsu-Concord 27th Jazz Festival'. Along the way Brown had supported Bellson's 'Drummer's Holiday' on January 26 of 1958. In February of 1981 Bellson and Brown had put down 'Echoes from the West' in a trio with pianist, Roger Kellaway. We return to January 26 of 1955 when Bellson backed drummer, Buddy Rich, in the Howard Gibeling Orchestra, Rich not drumming, but delivering vocals on such as 'Everything Happens to Me' and 'Glad to Be Unhappy'. Rich's wasn't a career-shaping relationship with Bellson, but those two together on drums were major events. On January 18 of 1965 they participated in 'Are You Ready for This?' in Tokyo, that consisting of 22 minutes of drum solos. Bellson arranged 'Apples' on Rich's 'Swingin' New Big Band' in September of 1966. December 5 of 1971 saw the recording of 'Conversations - A Drum Spectacular' in London, also employing drummer, Kenny Clare. Having mentioned Ella Fitzgerald not a few times is due that Fitzgerald was another major steer in Bellson's career, nor only with Jazz at the Philharmonic with which he first supported her on February 10 of 1955 in Berlin: 'Papa Loves Mambo' and 'Perdido'. July 23 of 1957 found Bellson backing both Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong in Los Angeles on such as 'Love Is Here to Stay' and 'Learning the Blues'. It was the Armstrong/Fitzgerald partnership again on August 13 of 1957 for 'I Won't Dance', ''A Fine Romance', et al. Come October of 1965 for 'Ella at Duke's Place' with Duke Ellington, those three together as well on the 24th for the 'Ed Sullivan Show'. On July 20 of 1966 it was the Marty Paich Orchestra supporting Fitzgerald's 'Whisper Not'. Multiple sessions followed in the sixties and seventies to 'Lady Time' in June of 1978. Their last session was in 1983 per above for 'Flying Home' at the Yoyogi National Stadium in Tokyo. With the tower above accounting for but a small portion of Bellson's career, others with whom he'd worked were swing leaders such as Harry James and Johnny Hodges. Bellson died in Los Angeles of complications from a broken hip on Valentine's Day 2009 and was buried in Moline, Illinois.

Louie Bellson   1943


    Film: 'The Gang's All Here' 

     Vocals: Benny Goodman & Carmen Miranda


     Film: 'That Powers Girl' 

      With Benny Goodman

Louie Bellson   1954

  Blues in C

    Alto sax: Benny Carter

    Piano: Art Tatum

Louie Bellson   1957

   Skin Deep Solo

Louie Bellson   1964

   Drum Quartet

     With Shelley Manne, Irv Cottler & Philly Joe Jones

      Dancing: Caterina Valente

Louie Bellson   1967

   Drum Solo

Louie Bellson   1977


      Album: 'Prime Time'

Louie Bellson   1980

   Drum Solo

Louie Bellson   1982

   Drum Solo

Louie Bellson   1991


    Filmed live

Louie Bellson   1992


    Filmed live 

Louie Bellson   2008

   Give Me the Good Time

      With the Northern Illinois University Jazz Ensemble


Birth of Modern Jazz: Louie Bellson

Louie Bellson

Source: Ink & Beats

Birth of Modern Jazz: Don Lamond

Don Lamond

Source: Drummer World

Don Lamond was born in 1920 in Oklahoma City. He attended the Peabody Conservatory in Philadelphia before hiring on with Sonny Dunham in 1943, also first recording with Dunham that year. Tracks are thought to have been released in '44 if not 1943. Boyd Raeburn took on Lamond in 1944, with whom Lamond also recorded. His drumming career was made upon joining Woody Herman's First Herd in 1945. He then worked with Charlie Parker in 1947, then Herman's Second Herd until 1949. Working largely as a session musician to the Who's Who of jazz, Lamond put together an orchestra for the release of the album, 'Off Beat', in 1962. Much later albums of his were with his big swing band, recorded in 1977 and 1982. Between those two he recorded an album in 1981, leading a quartet with his wife, Terry, as vocalist. Lamond died in Orlando, Florida, in December 2003.

Don Lamond   1944


      With Boyd Raeburn

Don Lamond   1946

   Summer Sequence

      Clarinet: Woody Herman

Don Lamond   1947

   Keen And Peachy

      Clarinet: Woody Herman

Don Lamond   1951


      Piano: Marion McPartland

Don Lamond   1952


      Guitar: Johnny Smith

   Now's the Time

      With Charlie Parker

   Where or When

      Guitar: Johnny Smith

Don Lamond   1954

   Walk Don't Run!

      Guitar: Johnny Smith

Don Lamond   1954

   Body and Soul

      Violin: Joe Venuti

Don Lamond   1957

   In Other Words

      Vocal: Frances Wayne

   My One And Only Love

      Vocal: Frances Wayne

Don Lamond   1958

   Loch Lamond

      With Chubby Jackson

Don Lamond   1958


      With Woody Herman



Birth of Modern Jazz: Art Blakey

Art Blakey

Source: Souffle Bleu

Art Blakey was born in 1919 in Pittsburgh, PA. He was a pianist before he became a drummer. He was also Chick Webb's valet as a teenager. Blakey put together his first band in 1937, age eighteen. In 1939 he went touring with Fletcher Henderson, then was hired to back pianist Mary Lou Williams. He first recorded in 1944 with the Billy Eckstine Orchestra. In 1947 Blakey formed a group called the Seventeen Messengers. Eight members of that group recorded five tracks as the Jazz Messengers for Blue Note in December 1947 at WOR Studios in NYC with Kenny Dorham in the band. Those tracks: 'The Thin Man', 'The Bop Alley', 'The Bop Alley' (alt), 'Groove Street' and 'Musa's Vision'. Releases of 'The Thin Man'/'Musa's Vision' and 'Groove Street'/'The Bop Alley' were issued as Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, though date unknown. 'The Thin Man' and 'Bop Alley' were released in 1952 on a compilation album, 'New Sounds', with James Moody. Both the Seventeen Messengers and Jazz Messengers quickly dissolved for financial reasons. In 1952 Blakey met pianist, Horace Silver, who resurrected the Jazz Messengers name during performances in 1953, though recorded with Blakey under other group titles: Horace Silver Quintet and Horace Silver Trio, between which they released recordings pushing Blakey's name. The first name recording of the more permanent Jazz Messengers was in November of 1954, issuing, 'Horace Silver & The Jazz Messengers', in 1955. The hard bop band was led by Horace Silver until his departure in May of 1956, after which Blakey took over. While leading the Messengers Blakey also toured with Buddy DeFranco from 1951 to '57. The Messengers quickly became among the more elite bands in jazz, host to countless prestigious musicians, such as young Wayne Shorter, as personnel continually changed. During the eighties Wynton Marsalis performed with the band. It wouldn't appear that Blakey ever took a day off, his career producing some 76 Jazz Messenger albums, ten or so apart from the Messengers and dozens on which he performed as sideman. The Messengers are interspersed throughout the tracks below without mention, many live performances. The group will also be found under pianist Cedar Walton. Blakey gave his last performance in July of 1990, he dying that October in New York City. Per below, Horace Silver plays piano on tracks 1954 through 1956.

Art Blakey   1944

   I Want To Talk About You

      With Billy Eckstine

Art Blakey   1945

   Blowing The Blues Away

      With Billy Eckstine

   I Love The Rhythm In A Riff

      With Billy Eckstine

Art Blakey   1951

   It's Only A Paper Moon

    With Miles Davis 

Art Blakey   1954


   Split Kick

Art Blakey   1955


    Album: 'Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers' 

   Lady Bird

Art Blakey   1956


   The End Of a Love Affair

   The New Message


Art Blakey   1958



   A Night In Tunisia

    Filmed live

   It's You or No One

     Filmed live 

Art Blakey   1961

   Dat Dere

Art Blakey   1962



      Filmed live

Art Blakey   1965


    Filmed live 

Art Blakey   1980


      Live   Trumpet: Wynton Marsalis

Art Blakey   1989

   Leverkusen Jazzfest

      Filmed concert



Birth of Modern Jazz: Victor Feldman

Victor Feldman

Source: Nino de Rose

Born in London in 1934, drummer, vibraphonist and pianist Victor Feldman was a prodigy whose father owned a swing club. Feldman gave his first professional performance at age seven at the No. 1 Rhythm Club in a trio with his brothers Monty (accordion) and Robert (clarinet). He issued his first recordings at age ten (1944) for Parlophone, with his brothers, adding Bert Howard on bass and Vic Lewis on guitar. In catalogue order: 'Drumming Man', 'Sweet Georgia Brown', 'Coolin' Off' and 'Zanzibar' (none found). He next recorded as a leader in 1948, grooving five tracks for the Esquire label: 'Mop-Mop', 'Lady Bird', 'Quaternity', 'Moonlight In Vermont' and 'Gone With The Wind' (none found). His first recordings on vibraphone were in 1951, also for Esquire: 'Ego' and 'Jolly Squire'. Feldman's first name recordings as a pianist occurred in 1955, also for Esquire: 'Stella By Starlight', 'Sue Side Jump', 'Lullaby' and 'Groove For Two'. Unfortunately none of Feldman's recordings in the early fifties are found at YouTube. Feldman first left the United Kingdom for the United States in 1955, emigrating in 1957 to join the Woody Herman's band, then Buddy DeFranco's. He was also a session player for various prominent jazz artists, as well as the film industry upon moving to Los Angeles later that year. Notable collaborations in the early sixties were with Cannonball Adderley and Miles Davis. In the seventies Feldman ventured a bit beyond the jazz genre with such as Frank Zappa, Steely Dan and Joni Mitchell. In the eighties he worked with Tom Waits and Joe Walsh. Feldman died of heart attack at his home in Woodland Hills, California, in 1987. The tracks below feature Feldman at the vibraphone. See Feldman in Early Modern Jazz Piano for samples of his work on piano.

Victor Feldman   1957


Victor Feldman   1958


      Bass: Scott LaFaro   Drums: Stan Levey

   Serpent's Tooth

Victor Feldman   1959

   Woody'n You



Birth of Modern Jazz: Norman Granz

Norman Granz

Source: Noticias de Jazz

Born in 1918 in Los Angeles, Norman Granz was not a musician. But he staged the first Jazz at the Philharmonic (JAPT) in July 1944 at the Philharmonic Auditorium in Los Angeles. Jazz at the Philharmonic featured the cream of jazz musicians in a series of tours throughout Canada, Europe and the States. JAPT concerts owned considerable prestige, such that to play for Granz at a JATP concert you had to be a musician at the top of your game. Granz used various record labels to promote and distribute recordings of JATP concerts until founding his own, Verve Records, in 1956, in part to produce Ella Fitzgerald, whose manager he had been since 1946. Granz was well-liked by his musicians for two main reasons: the whole point of JATP was to showcase the masters or masters-to-be, thus pay was above average as well. Second, Granz had no problem with whites and blacks playing music together in the same ensemble. He was firmly antiracist, to the degree that he cancelled concerts at locations where segregation was expected, loss of income regardless. The last JATP concert was held in Tokyo in 1983. Granz died in 2001 in Geneva, Switzerland. The harvest below is but an iota of the many top name musicians who performed for Granz at JATP concerts.

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1944


      Guitar: Les Paul


       Guitar: Les Paul

     Piano: Nat King Cole

       Tenor Sax: Jack McVea

     Trombone: JJ Johnson

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1949

   Embraceable You

       Alto Sax: Charlie Parker

     Piano: Hank Jones

       Trumpet: Roy Eldridge

   Lester Leaps In

       Bass: Ray Brown

     Tenor Sax: Lester Young & Flip Phillips

       Drums: Buddy Rich  

     Piano: Hank Jones

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1956

   C Jam Blues

      Oscar Peterson Trio

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1957

   I Want To Be Happy

      Piano: Nat King Cole


      Oscar Peterson Trio

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1958

   It Don't Mean a Thing

      Piano: Oscar Peterson  

      Violin: Stuff Smith

      Vocal: Ella Fitzgerald

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1960

   All The Things You Are

      Tenor Sax: Coleman Hawkins, Don Byas & Stan Getz

      Trumpet: Roy Eldridge

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1966

   Goin' To Chicago Blues

       Bass: Bob Cranshaw  

     Guitar: T-Bone Walker

   Woman, You Must Be Crazy

       Bass: Bob Cranshaw

     Guitar: T-Bone Walker

Jazz at the Philharmonic   1967

   JATP Concert

       Drums: Louie Bellson

     Piano: Teddy Wilson

       Tenor sax: Zoot Sims

     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie



Birth of Modern Jazz: Stan Levey

Stan Levey

Source: Rhythm Web

Drummer Stan Levey was born in 1926 in Philadelphia. He began his professional career in a huge way at but age sixteen, joining the bebop group of Dizzy Gillespie. He grooved his first vinyl in 1944 with Coleman Hawkins, backing pianist, Art Tatum. He afterward spent some time in the orchestra of Stan Kenton before moving to California in 1954 to join Howard Rumsey at the Lighthouse Cafe, a hot spot for West Coast jazz. From thereon he participated in more than 1400 recordings with all number of large-name jazz musicians, including time spent in the bands of Quincy Jones and Skitch Henderson before his retirement in 1973 to pursue photography. Levey died in Van Nuys, California, in 2005.

Stan Levey  1945

   Dizzy Atmosphere

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker

     Bass: Ray Brown

      Piano: Al Haig

     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

     Vibes: Milt Jackson

   Shaw 'Nuff

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker

     Bass: Ray Brown

      Piano: Al Haig

     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

     Vibes: Milt Jackson

Stan Levey  1955

   Casa de Luz

      Lighthouse All-Stars

     Bass: Howard Rumsey

      Trombone: Frank Rosolino

   Diggin' For Diz

      Stan Levey Sextet

   Stanley The Steamer

      Stan Levey Sextet

Stan Levey  1956

   Hit That Thing

      Trombone: Frank Rosolino

   My Deluxe

      Trombone: Frank Rosolino

Stan Levey  1957

   I Didn't Know What Time It Was

      Trombone: Frank Rosolino

   One For Joan

      Trombone: Frank Rosolino

   One For Stan

      Trombone: Frank Rosolino

Stan Levey  1958

   Chart of My Heart

      Filmed live  

      Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Trombone: Frank Rosolino


  Born in 1913 in Faith, South Dakota, Boyd Raeburn played bass saxophone but was far better known as a bandleader. He led his first orchestra while a student at the University of Chicago. He was prevented from recording until the American Federation of Musicians lifted its recording ban of 1942 in 1944. Raeburn first recorded with his own orchestra in 1944. His first commercial releases were for Savoy and Musicraft in 1945 with Dizzy Gillespie: 'March Of the Boyds', 'Summertime' and 'A Night In Tunisia'. Among Boyd's greater advantages was his employment of arranger, George Handy (later Ralph Flanagan and Johnny Richards). Though Raeburn was a highly regarded bandleader he had great difficulty both with commercial success and keeping bands together. Going bankrupt a number of times, he was once saved by a large cash donation from Duke Ellington who was a fan. Howsoever, his band completely folded in 1949. Though he issued three albums in the fifties for Columbia but they went nowhere. Raeburn died in 1966 in Lafayette, Louisiana, of heart attack, thought to be caused by the earlier trauma of an auto accident in Texas during which he was trapped for twenty hours inside an overturned vehicle.

Boyd Raeburn   1944


      One Night Stand' radio broadcast

   Night In Tunisia

      Radio broadcast

Boyd Raeburn   1945



      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

Boyd Raeburn   1946

   Blue Echoes

   Body and Soul

      Vocals: David Allyn & Ginnie Powell

   Boyd Meets Stravinsky

   Dalvatore Sally

   The Eagle Flies

   Little Boyd Blew His Top


      V-Disc 677

   Memphis In June

      Vocals: David Allyn & Ginnie Powell

   Over the Rainbow


Birth of Modern Jazz: Boyd Raeburn

Boyd Raeburn

Source: Jazz Wax

Birth of Modern Jazz: Nelson Riddle

Nelson Riddle

Source: Arts Fuse


Arranger, composer, conductor and pianist Nelson Smock Riddle Jr. refused to be born until 1921 so he could be in Oradell, New Jersey. He began arranging and playing third trombone for Tommy Dorsey in 1944, such as 'Laura' and 'I Should Care' (the latter included below, though as third trombone he isn't featured). Not a year later Nelson was drafted into the Army, after which he began arranging full steam, his first big success, 'Mona Lisa', for Nat King Cole in 1950. He worked with Frank Sinatra before releasing his first single as a bandleader in 1956, 'Lisbon Antigua'. Notable during the sixties were arrangements for Ella Fitzgerald. Riddle also composed soundtracks for film and television. During the eighties he arranged for Linda Ronstadt, who accepted his third Grammy on his behalf in early 1986, Riddle having died in Los Angeles in October of 1985.

Nelson Riddle   1956

   I've Got You Under My Skin

     Frank Sinatra

   Lisbon Antigua 

   The Shadows

     Nat King Cole acetate demo

Nelson Riddle   1957

   It's the Same Old Dream

     Frank Sinatra

   September In The Rain

   You Are My Lucky Star

Nelson Riddle   1958

   Am I Blue?

   One For My Baby

     Frank Sinatra

   Out of the Night

   Polka Dots And Moonbeams

   Shooting Star

Nelson Riddle   1960

   Can Can


Nelson Riddle   1962

   Playboy's Theme

   Theme From Route 66

Nelson Riddle   1963

   All the Things You Are

     Ella Fitzgerald

   My Foolish Heart

     Piano: Oscar Peterson

Nelson Riddle   1964

   Something's Gotta Give

      Ella Fitzgerald

Nelson Riddle   1968

   Jet Set Pop


  The Riddle of Today


Nelson Riddle   1968


Nelson Riddle   1971

   Changing Colors


Nelson Riddle   1984

   What's New

     Filmed concert with Linda Ronstadt



Birth of Modern Jazz: Max Roach

Max Roach

Source: Jerry Jazz

Max Roach was a seriously gifted drummer who studied classical percussion before beginning his jazz career in 1942. Born in 1923 near Newland, North Carolina, he is thought to have first recorded with Coleman Hawkins in December of 1943 for Brunswick in NYC: 'Blues Changes', 'These Foolish Things', 'Lover Come Back To Me' and 'Indiana'. Another of Roach's important musical associates in the forties was Charlie Parker, they recording for Savoy together in 1945. In 1952 he founded Debut Records with Charles Mingus. His first collaboration with Dinah Washington in the fifties was the album, 'Dinah Jams', in 1954.  It was 1956 that Roach started his own band, Max Roach + Four, recording 'Ezz-Thetic' the same year, released 1957. During the seventies he formed the percussion orchestra, M'Boom. Roach's last album was released in 2002 with trumpeter, Clark Terry: 'Friendship'. He died in August 2007 in Manhattan and was buried in Bronx. More of Roach under Booker Little.

Max Roach   1943

   Blues Changes

    Coleman Hawkins Quintet

   Lover Come Back To Me

    Coleman Hawkins Quintet

Max Roach   1944

   Rainbow Mist

    Coleman Hawkins Orchestra

Max Roach   1945

   Now's the Time

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker

     Bass: Curley Russell

      Piano: Dizzy Gillespie

     Trumpet: Miles Davis

Max Roach   1945

   Now's the Time

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker

Max Roach   1955

   Clifford Brown * Max Roach


   A Foggy Day

   Haitian Fight Song

   Love Chant

Max Roach   1956

   Woody 'n You

Max Roach   1957


      Saxophone: Sonny Rollins

   Minor Trouble

      Saxophone: Sonny Rollins

Max Roach   1960

   We Insist! Freedom Now

      Album   Vocal: Abbey Lincoln

Max Roach   1962

   Money Jungle


      Bass: Charles Mingus

   Piano: Duke Ellington

Max Roach   1964

   Driva Man

      Vocal: Abbey Lincoln

      Filmed live

   Freedom Day

      Vocal: Abbey Lincoln

      Filmed live


      'Prayer'   'Protest'   'Peace'

      Vocal: Abbey Lincoln

      Filmed live

Max Roach   1968

   Copenhagen Jazz Festival 1968

      Filmed concert


      Album: 'Members, Don't Git Weary'

Max Roach   1976



Max Roach   1992

   Newport Jazz Festival 1992

      Filmed concert

Max Roach   1994

   Mr. Hi-Hat

      Filmed live



Arranger, composer, conductor and pianist Les Baxter studied classical piano at the Detroit Conservatory and Pepperdine College in Los Angeles. Born in 1922, he began his jazz career playing sax for Freddie Slack on November 24 of 1943, titles like 'Silver Wings in the Moonlight' and 'Small Batch o' Nod'. He was singing bass with Mel Tormé and the Mel-tones in 1944 per 'Where or When'. Unissued titles with alto saxophonist, Dave Matthews, were put down on January 14 of '44 before further sessions with Slack and Tormé, the latter to be a major figure through the forties. Baxter was famous for exotica, as well as conducting with one of the rarer musical instruments, the theremin. The theremin is featured below with tracks from Baxter's first two albums, 'Music Out Of the Moon' and 'Perfume Set to Music', released in 1947 and 1948. He scored his first film, 'Tanga Tika', in 1953 and focused on soundtracks throughout his career, thus his mixture of classical, jazz and pop. In 1956 his orchestra backed Ella Mae Morse on titles like 'Down in Mexico' and 'I'm Gonna Walk'. His career ran through the seventies before largely dropping off after the soundtrack to 'Born Again' in 1978. Having issued well above sixty albums, Baxter passed away on January 15 of 1996, and was buried in Corona del Mar, California. His soundtrack to the 1961 film, 'The Lost Episode', had been released the prior year.

Les Baxter  1945

   Lullaby Of Broadway

      With Mel Tormé and the Mel-Tones

   Tantza Babele

      With Mel Tormé and the Mel-Tones

Les Baxter  1947

   Lunar Rhapsody

      Composition: Harry Revel

      Theramin: Samuel Hoffman


      Composition: Harry Revel

       Theramin: Samuel Hoffman

Les Baxter  1948


      Composition: Harry Revel

      Theramin: Samuel Hoffman

Les Baxter  1951

   The Ritual of the Savage


Les Baxter  1952

   Blue Tango

Les Baxter  1953


      Vocalist: Bill Kennedy

Les Baxter  1956

   Sinner Man

      Vocalist: Will Hart

Les Baxter  1957

   Tahiti: A Summer Night At Sea

Les Baxter  1970


   Boca Chica


Birth of Modern Jazz: Les Baxter

Les Baxter

Source: Discogs

Birth of Modern Jazz: Roy Haynes

Roy Haynes

Source: Metal Jazz

Drummer, Roy Haynes, was born in 1925 in Boston. Well-known for his contributions to avant-garde and fusion jazz, he began his professional career at age seventeen in Boston. He made his first recordings in 1945 with Luis Russell. His career shifted into higher gear upon joining Lester Young's band in 1947. 1949 found him with Charlie Parker, 1953 with Sarah Vaughan. Important during the sixties was work with Stan Getz, with whom he'd also recorded during his early Parker days. During the eighties he collaborated with Chick Corea and Pat Metheny. Haynes is yet active as of this writing. The bottom several cuts below are live performances. Per 2010 below, Haynes is 85 years old.

Roy Haynes   1947

   Easy Does It

      Saxophone: Lester Young

Roy Haynes   1953

   Moose the Mooche

      Piano: Red Garland

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

Roy Haynes   1954

   Little Leona/Gone Again

      Album: 'Busman's Holiday'

Roy Haynes   1958

   Sneakin' Around

Roy Haynes   1963

   Go 'n Git It!

      Album: 'Cymbalism'

   I'm Gettin' Sentimental Over You

      Album: 'Cymbalism'


      Album: 'Cymbalism'

Roy Haynes   1971

   I'm So High

Roy Haynes   1973

   Blue n' Boogie

      Original composition: Dizzy Gillespie

     Trumpet: Jimmy Owens

      Live performance

   Tin Tin Deo

   Togyu (Bullfight)

Roy Haynes   1998

   My Little Suede Shoes

Roy Haynes   2009

   Heineken Jazzaldia 2009

      Filmed concert

Roy Haynes   2010

   Vitoria-Gasteiz Jazz Festival 2010

      Piano: Chick Corea Piano

      Filmed concert



Birth of Modern Jazz: Milt Jackson

Milt Jackson

Source: Toppe2's Jazz

Milt Jackson (aka Bags) was born in 1923 in Detroit. He first pursued music as a pianist, later switching to the vibraphone. He first recorded with Dinah Washington in 1945, first on her album 'Dinah Washington Sings The Blues', then on 'Mellow Mama'. He also recorded with be bop sax man Charlie Parker in '45 and '46, leading to his appearance on releases by Dizzy Gillespie in 1946. (All the tracks below for year 1946 are with Gillespie.) Also in 1946 Jackson formed a quartet with a few members of Gillespie's band (Ray Brown, Kenny Clarke and John Lewis) which became the Milt Jackson Quartet in 1951. With Percy Heath replacing Brown in 1952, the quartet's name was changed to the Modern Jazz Quartet, releasing its first album, 'Vendome', with the Swing Singers that year. With the exception of Connie Kay replacing Clarke in 1955, the MJQ remained together until 1974. The group often regathered to perform from 1981 to 1993. The release of Jackson's first name album was in 1952, 'Wizard of the Vibes', a compilation of Jackson sessions from 1948 onward, including such as with the Thelonious Monk Quintet in 1951, together with sessions with the Modern Jazz Quartet and Lou Donaldson in 1952. Beginning in the latter seventies Jackson recorded with Norman Granz' Pablo Records into the eighties. Among his last recordings was 'The Very Tall Band', a live session at the Blue Note jazz club in Manhattan in 1998 with Ray Brown and Oscar Peterson. Jackson died of liver cancer in Manhattan in October 1999.

Milt Jackson   1945

   My Voot Is Really Vout

       Album: Dinah Washington's 'Mellow Mama'

   No Voot, No Boot

       Album: Dinah Washington's 'Mellow Mama'

   Wise Woman Blues

        Album: 'Dinah Washington Sings The Blues'

Milt Jackson   1946




   Round About Midnight

Milt Jackson   1952


Milt Jackson   1955

   Dr. Jackle (Jackie McLean)

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Opus de Funk

      Piano: Hank Jones

Milt Jackson   1956

   Milt Jackson Lucky Thompson Quintet


   Roll 'Em Bags

     Album with Kenny Clarke 

Milt Jackson   1957

   Somebody Loves Me

      Vocal: Chris Connor

Milt Jackson   1958

   Afternoon In Paris

     Milt Jackson Sextet

Milt Jackson   1970

   Enchanted Lady

     With the Ray Brown Big Band 

Milt Jackson   1974


Milt Jackson   1977

   Once I Loved

      Piano: Monty Alexander

   Soul Fusion

      Piano: Monty Alexander

Milt Jackson   1984


      Filmed live with Percy Heath

Milt Jackson   1986

   Bag's Groove

      Filmed live

Milt Jackson   1990


      Filmed live


      Filmed live

   Round Midnight

      Filmed live

Milt Jackson   1994

   Take the 'A' Train

      Filmed live

Milt Jackson   1995

   Munchner Klaviersomner

      Piano: Makoto Ozone

      Filmed live



Birth of Modern Jazz: Toots Thielemans

Toots Thielemans

Source: Enciclopedia del Jazz

It is thought Toots Thielemans, guitarist and harmonica player born in Belgium in 1922, first recorded in March of 1943 in Brussels, those titles with the Het Trio unissued: Les Yeux Noirs', Solitude', etc.. He played guitar on those with Gilbert DeLange on drums. His next recordings are thought to have been with the Robert De Kers Orchestra in early 1946, those for Animated Cartoons which Lord's disco links to the Belgian film, 'Modern Moods'. February 8 of 1946 found Thielemans in the band of Rud Wharton for titles like 'Don't Fence Me In' and 'Amor, Amor'. Theielemans was a prolific recording career of some 470 sessions, nigh a couple hundred of those his own. We'll not attempt to squeeze that into this pill box, and mention but a very few of its more significant events. Among the first would be his debut recording on harmonica rather than guitar. Thielemans was host to not a few American jazz musicians who toured to Europe during his career. Benny Goodman was the first visiting American with whom Thielemans recorded, that on harmonica for BBC Radio in London on July 16, 1949, with the Benny Goodman Quintet for 'After You've Gone'. Thielemans would see Zoot Sims, more of Goodman and Leonard Feather as well before moving to the United States in 1951 (citizenship in '57). His last recordings in Europe had been in October in Brussels that year for 'High School Cadets March', 'Michigan' and 'Birds and Bees'. His first in the States was a trio with Dick Hyman (organ) and Harry Reser (banjo) in NYC on June 12 of 1952 for 'The Jazz Me Blues', 'Smoke Rings', et al. His next session would be one of his more important in that it was for pianist, George Shearing, who would become a major figure in Thieleman's career. That was at the Birdland on December 6 of '52 for such as 'Pick Yourself Up' and 'Tenderly', et al. Thielemans spent the next seven years in countless sessions with Shearing to October, 1959, for Shearing's 'Satin Brass'. Among highlights in the early sixties was a trip to Europe in June 1962 to perform at the Ruhr Festival in Germany with Hans Koller and Rolf Ericson, et al, that to be found on 'Jazz Workshop - Ruhr Festival 1962'. Another important figure in Thielemans career was bandleader, Quincy Jones. Thielemans contributed harmonica, guitar and whistling to Jones' 'Explores the Music of Henry Mancini' on February 5 of 1964. He was with Jones again on May 21 of 1966 to support Peggy Lee's 'Happy Feet', 'The Shining Sea' and 'Stay With Me'. Albums with Jones followed from 1969 to 1972, 'Mellow Madness' in '75, 'The Dude' in 81 and 'Live at Budokan' in '85 in Tokyo. Thielemans contributed to numerous soundtracks during his career from 'The Pawnbroker' in 1964 to 'French Kiss' in 1995. He also worked in television, such as the theme to 'Sesame Street' in 1969 ('Can You Tell Me How to Get to Sesame Street?' Joe Raposo). He appeared on Billy Eckstine's last album in 1984: 'I Am a Singer'. Thielemans was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2009. He recorded as late as '90 Years' in 2011, also contributing to 'Grégoire Maret' that year. Thielemans died on August, 22, 2016. Among the host of others on whose recordings Thielemans can be found are Bill Ramsey, JJ Johnson, Dannie Richmond, Sylvia Vrethammar, Monica Zetterlund, Pat Metheny and Shirley Horn. Thielemans on guitar.

Toots Thielemans   1950

   Jazz Me Blues

Toots Thielemans   1951

   Harmonica Rag

Toots Thielemans   1958

   Them There Eyes

Toots Thielemans   1959


      Piano: Ray Bryant

Toots Thielemans   1970

   The Railroad Song

      Guitar: Mads Vinding

Toots Thielemans   1972

   Love Theme From 'The Getaway'

Toots Thielemans   1975

   What Are You Doing The Rest Of Your Life

Toots Thielemans   1979

   Body & Soul

      Piano: Bill Evans

   The Days Of Wine And Roses

      Piano: Bill Evans

   Jesus' Last Ballad

      Piano: Bill Evans

Toots Thielemans   1982


Toots Thielemans   1985

   David Letterman Show


Toots Thielemans   1992

   Always and Forever

      With Pat Metheny

Toots Thielemans   1998

   Tenor Madness

Toots Thielemans   2000

   Hard To Say Goodbye

Toots Thielemans   2009

   Time Remembered/Very Early

Toots Thielemans   2012

   Midnight Cowboy




Birth of Modern Jazz: Jack Costanzo

Jack Costanzo

Source: Latin Jazz Corner


Bandleader and bongo player Jack Costanzo began his career in music with his wife as dancer. An important figure in Afro-Cuban jazz, the reason he isn't listed in Latin Music is that he was born in Chicago (1919). In 1947 he joined the Stan Kenton Orchestra with which he first recorded on bongos on September 24 on such as 'Prologue Suite'. Costanzo worked with Kenton into the fifties, though in 1949 he became a member of Nat King Cole's ensemble with which he remained until 1953 with a reunion in 1956. His first titles with Cole in 1949 were 'Laugh! Cool Clown' and 'Bop Kick'. On November 4 of 1949 they performed at Carnegie Hall for what would get issued in 2010 as 'The Forgotten 1949 Carnegie Hall Concert'. Costanzo formed his own band in 1950 and began issuing albums in 1954: 'Afro Cuban Jazz North-Of-The-Border' and 'Afro-Cubano' (December). Six more LPs ensued in the fifties: 'Mr. Bongo' (1956), 'Mr. Bongo Has Brass' (1956), 'King of the Bongos' (1957), 'Mr. Bongo Plays Hi-Fi Cha Cha' (1957), 'Latin Fever' (1958) and 'Bongo Fever: Jack Costanzo at the Garden of Allah' (1959). The sixties brought 'Afro Can-Can' (1960), 'Learn–Play Bongos' (1961), 'Naked City' (1961) and ''Bongo Fever!' (1966). 1971 saw 'Vivo Tirado'. Costanzo had begun touring internationally during the fifties, also appearing in film and on television. Costanzo was largely retired when he got ants in his pants and released the first of several more albums in thirty years in 2001: 'Back From Havana'. To follow were 'Scorching the Skins' (2002), 'Latin Percussion with Soul' (2003) and 'Versatile Mr. Bongo Plays Jazz, Afro and Latin' (2005). Costanzo is yet active touring California and internationally as of this writing.

Jack Costanzo   1949

   Laugh, Cool Clown

Jack Costanzo   1954


   Viva Torado

Jack Costanzo   1957

   Bongo Cha Cha Cha!





  Born in 1934 in Acton, London, drummer Eric Delaney started his career with the Bert Ambrose Quartet. He joined Geraldo Bright's outfit in December of 1946, thought to have first recorded with Bright the year on such as 'Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba' and 'Now Is the Hour'. Unfortunately major portions of Delaney's career are missing at YouTube, as well as Geraldo Bright's during that period. (The one recording discovered, below, on which Delaney likely appears is too worn for listening). It was with Bright that Delaney began coming fore both on stage and via radio programs such as 'Tip Top Tunes', 'Music Through the Shows' and 'The Charlie Chester Show'. Delaney left Bright in 1954 to form his own orchestra, also recording with the Melody Maker All Stars in 1954 and '55. About the cusp of the decade he downsized to a smaller band as big band jazz gave way to smaller ensembles as well as rock n' roll. Of note in 1960 is his recording of the album, 'Repercussion', with drummer, Louie Bellson (unfound). In 1965 he dissembled his band as he began performing in Las Vegas and the Bahamas, putting an ensemble together again in 1975. During the eighties he played regularly at the Tower Ballroom in Blackpool. In 1991 he thought hair too much bother and shaved his head. From 1998 to 2006 he lived in Spain, commuting to Great Britain to work. During his latter years he gigged at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club in London and oft played with the Wigan Youth Jazz Orchestra. Delaney passed away in London in 2011.

Eric Delaney   1947

   South America Take It Away

      Geraldo Bright Orchestra

Eric Delaney   1955

   Waxing The Winners

      Melody Maker All Stars

Eric Delaney   1956

   Rock n' Roll King Cole

Eric Delaney   1957

   Old King Rock & Roll

      Filmed live

Eric Delaney   1961

   Drum Twist

Eric Delaney   1962

   Sing Sing Sing

Eric Delaney   1992


Eric Delaney   2009

   Big Noise From Winnetka


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eric Delaney

Eric Delaney

Photo: Christian Him

Source: The Guardian

  Born in 1908 in Toronto, Ontario, Percy Faith was less a jazz arranger, composer and conductor than representative of the easy listening ("elevator" or "mood" music) genre. Faith first worked professionally as a child, playing piano or violin at theaters. Some time between then and 1933 he began orchestrating for radio. His first major employment in radio was with CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) in 1933 where he broadcasted live until 1940. In 1940 the Office of the Coordinator of Interamerican Affairs began broadcasting anti-Nazi propaganda in South America. That would evolve into the first Voice of America broadcast in Asia in 1941, Germany in 1942, then worldwide by the end of World War II (39 transmitters in forty languages). No dates or titles for Faith's early recordings for Voice of America are thus far found for this history. Faith also recorded for the Melody Hour (the Carnation Contented Hour renamed for the war effort) during the war, which program was broadcasted by the Armed Forces Radio Service as well. Faith also wrote film scores. He died of cancer in 1976 in Encino, California.

Percy Faith   1947


      'The Melody Hour' with Buddy Clark January 6


      'The Melody Hour' with Buddy Clark June 23

Percy Faith   1951

   Deep Purple

      With Sarah Vaughan

Percy Faith   1953

   April in Portugal

      Album: 'Continental Music'


   Song From Moulin Rouge

      With Felicia Sanders

   You're Not In My Arms Tonight

      With Guy Mitchell

Percy Faith   1954

   Caribbean Night

Percy Faith   1956


      Collaboration with Mitch Miller


      Album: 'Passport To Romance'

   Sierra Madre (Luna Gitana [Gypsy Moon])

      Album: 'Passport To Romance'

Percy Faith   1957

   The Man I Love

Percy Faith   1960

   Theme For Young Lovers

   Theme From A Summer Place

Percy Faith   1962


Percy Faith   1965

   I Could Have Danced All Night

Percy Faith   1972

   Bach's Lunch

Percy Faith   1973

   Beautiful Obsession

Percy Faith   1976

   Ding Dong


Birth of Modern Jazz: Percy Faith

Percy Faith

Source: Percy Faith Pages

Birth of Modern Jazz: Terry Gibbs

Terry Gibbs & Terry Pollard

Source: Women in Jazz

Terry Gibbs, vibraphone, was born in 1924 in Brooklyn. His earliest determinable recording was in 1947 with the Kay Penton Group, Tadd Dameron at piano: 'I Think I'll Go Away' and 'Don't Mention Love to Me' (V-Disc 794). In December of 1948 Gibbs recorded with Woody Herman: 'That's Right', 'Lemon Drop', 'Early Autumn' and 'Keeper Of The Flame'. In 1949 he laid four tracks with Serge Chaloff on March 10: 'Chickasaw', 'Bop Scotch', 'The Most' and 'Chasin' The Bass'. Four days later he recorded with his band, the New Jazz Pirates: 'Michelle' Parts 1 and 2 with alt takes of each, 'T and S', 'Terry's Blues' with two alt takes and 'Cuddles'. In that band were Shorty Rogers, Stan Getz, Earl Swope, George Wallington, Curly Russell and Shadow Wilson. In 1950 Gibbs recorded with Benny Goodman, also making the first of many television appearances that year. His first album, 'Good Vibes', was issued in 1951. His second album, titled simply 'Terry Gibbs', followed two years later. Gibbs is yet active of this writing. He can be found under Buddy DeFranco as well.

Terry Gibbs   1948

   Early Autumn

      With Woody Herman

   Lemon Drop

      With Woody Herman

Terry Gibbs   1949

   Bop Scotch

      With Serge Chaloff

   The Most

      With Serge Chaloff

Terry Gibbs   1950

   Lullaby Of The Leaves

      With Benny Goodman

  Temptation Rag

      With Benny Goodman

Terry Gibbs   1951

   Farewell Blues

      With Benny Goodman

Terry Gibbs   1953

   Nutty Notes

       Pianist: Terry Pollard

Terry Gibbs   1955

   Four or Five Times

      With Benny Goodman

Terry Gibbs   1956

   Gibberish/Now's the Time

      Live   Pianist: Terry Pollard

Terry Gibbs   1982

   Air Mail Special/Hot Blues

     Live on the 'Tonight Show'


   Opus One



Birth of Modern Jazz: Sonny Payne

Sonny Payne

Source: Drummer Cafe


Born in 1926 in New York City, drummer Sonny Payne, for whom the adjective "awesome" is not hyperbole, had drummer, Chris Columbus, for a father. Payne began to play professionally in 1944 with Dud & Paul Bascomb band. Although he worked with saxophonist Earl Bostic from 1945 to 1947, no determinable recordings are known for Payne before 1947 with guitarist Tiny Grimes. In catalogue order for the Atlantic label: 'Profoundly Blue', 'Blue Harlem', 'That Old Black Magic' and 'Boogie Woogie Barbecue'. His next documented recordings were in 1949, also with Grimes for Atlantic: 'Jealousy'/'The Sidewalks Of New York'. Unfortunately none of Payne's performances in the forties are found at YouTube. From 1950 to 1953 Payne played in the band of Erskine Hawkins. It was upon joining Count Basie in 1954 that Payne began making his name. Working with Basie for twelve years (a couple of those years with Frank Sinatra), Payne then joined the Harry James Orchestra. The seventies found him working alternately with Basie, James and Illinois Jacquet. Payne died of pneumonia in 1979 in Los Angeles, only fifty-two years of age. Most of the recordings below were filmed live.

Sonny Payne   1951

   Hot Rod

      With Julian Dash

   Somebody's Gone

      With Julian Dash

Sonny Payne   1958

   Drum Solo

      Count Basie Orchestra

Sonny Payne   1959

   Blee Blop Blues

      Count Basie Orchestra

   Drum Solo

Sonny Payne   1961

   Drum Solo

      Count Basie Orchestra

   Old Man River

      Count Basie Orchestra

Sonny Payne   1962

   Corner Pocket

      Count Basie Orchestra

   Drum Solo

      Filmed live


      Filmed concert   Count Basie Orchestra

Sonny Payne   1967

   Blues For Sale

      Harry James Orchestra

Sonny Payne   1971

   Drum Solo

      Harry James Orchestra

Sonny Payne   1978

   Opus One

      Harry James Orchestra



Drummer Elvin Jones was born in Pontiac, Michigan, in 1927. He is thought to have first recorded in 1948 for Dee Gee and Savoy with the Billy Mitchell Quintet, month not known. Those tracks were 'Compulsory', 'Blue Room', 'The Zec' and 'Alone Together'. He's next documented recording circa 1950 with Kenny Burrell and Four Sharps: 'Kenny's Sound' and 'My Funny Valentine'. (It seems open to doubt if Hindel Butts was not the drummer.) In 1953 he contributed to the EP, 'Billy Mitchell Presents Thad Jones'. He also drummed on the album, 'J Is For Jazz', with the JJ Johnson Quintet in 1955. From 1960 to '66 Jones drummed for John Coltrane. From that point onward Jones performed on a prolific number of albums, both as leader and sideman, into the new millenium. He died of heart failure in Englewood, New Jersey in May 2004. More Jones under pianist, Tommy Flannigan in Jazz Piano.

Elvin Jones   1963

   Afro Blue Impressions

      Album with John Coltrane

Elvin Jones   1965


       Sax: John Coltrane

Elvin Jones   1968

   Sweet Little Maia

   Filmed live 

Elvin Jones   1972

   New Breed

   Taurus People

Elvin Jones   1973

   The Children/Merry-Go-Round

    Filmed live 


Elvin Jones   1976

   Ray Nay

Elvin Jones   1979

   A Love Supreme

Elvin Jones   1996

   My Favorite Things

      Live   Guitar: John McLaughlin


Birth of Modern Jazz: Elvin Jones

Elvin Jones

Source: Drummer World




Joseph Rudolph "Philly Joe" Jones was born in 1923 in Philadelphia. He got his major start in jazz in 1947 as a house drummer at Café Society in New York City. He is thought to have first recorded the next year at Apex Studios in NYC, beginning three sessions in September with Joe Morris and His Orchestra, Morris on trumpet, Johnny Griffin tenor sax. Jones' first album, 'The Joe Jones Special', was released in 1957. His second album, 'Blues for Dracula', was issued the next year. In 1967 Jones left for London where he recorded the album,  'Mo' Joe', for release in '68. He lived a time in Paris before returning to Philadelphia to lead the fusion band, Le Grand Prix. He was a member of the group, Dameronia, in the early eighties. Jones died of heart attack in Philadelphia in 1985.

Philly Joe Jones   1953


      Trumpet: Clifford Brown

   I Remember You

      Piano: Elvin Hope

   'Round Midnight

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

Philly Joe Jones   1958

   Blues For Dracula

      Bass: Jimmy Garrison

     Piano: Tommy Flanagan


      With Cannonball Adderley

Philly Joe Jones   1959

   Joe's Debut

Philly Joe Jones   1960

   Two Bass Hit

Philly Joe Jones   1961

   Le Roi

      With Elvin Jones

Philly Joe Jones   1964

   Drum Quartet

    Live on 'Hollywood Palace' 

      With Shelley Manne, Irv Cottler & Louie Bellson

      Dancing: Caterina Valente

  Philly Joe Jones & Elvin Jones Together!


Philly Joe Jones   1968

   Here's That Rainy Day

    Album: 'Mo' Joe' 

   Trailways Express

       Album: 'Mo' Joe' 

Philly Joe Jones   1975

   On Green Dolphin Street

     Album   Recorded 1959

        Piano: Bill Evans


Birth of Modern Jazz: Philly Joe Jones

Philly Joe Jones

Source: Jazzipedia

  Born in Spanish Harlem in 1930, conguero Sabu Martinez began playing professionally as a teenager. Though born in the States, he lived in Puerto Rico for a time in 1944. After a year in the military, age 17, he joined the Joe Loco Trio in NYC. In 1948 he replaced Chano Pozo's vacancy in Dizzy Gillespie's outfit upon Pozo's untimely death. That occasioned Martinez' first session with Gillespie at the Royal Roost in NYC in October for AFRS 'Jubilee' #313: 'The Squirrel', 'Taboo', etc.. Numerous sessions were held with Gillespie in the next couple of months, they finally recording such as 'Guarachi Guaro' and 'Swedish Suite' in December, the latter for an AFRS broadcast of 'Christmas Jubilee'. A rapid succession of sessions followed with Benny Goodman from March 8 of '49 to the 29th bearing numerous titles from 'Chico's Bop' to 'Clarinade'. He squeezed in Mary Lou Williams on June 10 of 1951 for 'The Sheik of Araby'. Sessions with Buddy DeFranco on October 2 of 1952 and June 5 of 1953 involved drummer, Art Blakey, leading to the duo on November 23 of 1953 issued in 1955: 'Message From Kenya'. Future occasions with Blakey saw such as 'Orgy in Rhythm' and 'Cu-Bop' in 1957, and 'Holiday for Skins' in 1958. In the meantime Martinez had recorded his first LP, 'Palo Congo', on April 28 of 1957, that with Arsenio Rodríguez. 'Safari with Sabu' ensued that year, 'Sorcery' in 1958. 1960 saw 'Sabu's Jazz Espagnole' (w Louie Ramirez), 'In Orbit' and 'Astronautas de la Pachanga'. Martinez moved to Sweden in 1967, first recording there in Stockholm in August per pianist, Lars Werner's, 'That's Why I Drink'. He recorded with Arne Domnérus' Radiojazzgruppen (Radio Jazz Group) from March 19 of 1968 to April 22 of 1970. In 1973 Martinez put together the band, Burnt Sugar, and held a couple sessions that and the next year which got released on CD in 2008 as 'Burned Sugar'. (The LP contains only the '73 session.) Among the numerous on whose titles Martinez participated during his career were Kenny Clarke, Bjorbobandet, Peter Herbolzheimer (several albums), Art Farmer and George Russell. Martinez died on January 13 of 1979 of gastric ulcer. He had recorded 'Encounter' with Debbie Cameron and Richard Boone in early 1978. The next December on the 13th he had put down titles with Sahib Shihab for Swedish Radio that got included on 'Winds & Skins' in 2008 with earlier titles from 1967.

Sabu Martinez   1953

   Horace Silver: Art Blakey - Sabu

      Album   Appears on tracks 15 & 16 only

Sabu Martinez   1957

   El Cumbanchero

      With Arsenio Rodriguez


   Tribilin Cantore

Sabu Martinez   1960

   Sabu's Jazz Espagnole


   In Orbit

Sabu Martinez   1961

   Flamenco Ain`t Bad

Sabu Martinez   1968


Sabu Martinez   1973

   Afro Temple

   Hotel Alyssa-Soussie

   My Christina

   The Polyvox Jam


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sabu Martinez

Sabu Martinez

Source: Discogs


Tito Puente was born of Puerto Rican heritage in New York City in 1923. Puente was a Latin jazz, salsa and Afro-Cuban band leader, famous as a timbales drummer. Drafted in 1942, Puente served in the Navy for for three years. He graduated from Julliard in the latter forties. 'Great Hispanic Heritage: Tito Puente' by Tim McNeese wants him recording with his orchestra as early as 1948 for Tico Records, but no earlier issue is determined than 1949 per 'Abaniquito'. 'Babarabatiri' (Barretto) and 'Ran Kan Kan' (Barretto) went down later in 1949 for RCA Victor. Compilations of Puente's early works were released in 1994 on CD: 'El Timbal' by Greycliff and 'Babarabatiri' by Saludos Amigos. 'Live!...the Early Years' was issued in 2007. Puente had issued several 10" mambo albums for Tico between 1951 and 1953 before releasing his first 12" LP, 'Mamborama', in 1955. 'Puente In Percussion' ensued in 1956. In 1958 he issued 'Herman's Heat & Puente's Beat!' with Woody Herman. 1961 found him contributing to Quincy Jones' 'Around the World'. 1963 saw the issue of the tune 'Oye Como Va' (Barretto), covered seven years later by Santana. Recording dozens of albums into the new millennium, in 1979 Puente released the first of six that won Grammy Awards: 'A Tribute to Benny Moré'. His next Grammy arrived in '83 for 'On Broadway', '85 for 'Mambo Diablo' with George Shearing, '90 for 'Goza Mi Timbal' containing 'Lambada Timbales', '99 for 'Mambo Birdland' and 2000 for 'Obra Maestra' ('Masterpiece') with Eddie Palmieri. Among Puente's more important associates in the nineties was pianist, Hilton Ruiz, they both contributing to 'Rhythmstick' in 1989 with Dizzy Gillespie and Art Farmer, et al. They would spend the next eight years backing both other bands and each other. Puente albums to which Ruiz contributed were 'Live at the Village Gate' ('92), 'In Session' ('92), 'Tito's Idea' ('95), 'Jazzin'' ('95) and 'Special Delivery' ('96). Ruiz albums were 'Heroes' ('94), 'Hands on Percussion' ('95), 'Island Eyes' ('96) and 'Rhythm in the House' ('97). Among the many others with whom Puente had recorded were the TropiJazz All Stars in 1996 (with Ruiz) and Benny Golson in 1997 ('Tito Puente' with Patato on Golson's 'Remembering Clifford'). Puente gave his last concert in New York City on April 19 of 2000 ('The Last Concert' '09). A heart attack in 2000 in Puerto Rico saw Puente flown to NYC for unsuccessful surgery, he to die on May 31. Among numerous awards was a posthumous Lifetime Achievement Grammy in 2003.

Tito Puente   1948


Tito Puente   1955



Tito Puente   1956

   Elegua Chango

   Puente In Percussion


Tito Puente   1959

   Philadelphia Mambo


Tito Puente   1965

   El Cumbanchero

     Filmed live

Tito Puente   1985

   Pachito Eché

     Filmed live with Celia Cruz 

Tito Puente   1987


Tito Puente   1997


      With Machito 

   Newport Jazz Festival 1997

      Filmed concert

Tito Puente   2000



Birth of Modern Jazz: Tito Puente

Tito Puente

Source: Carolee Ross

Birth of Modern Jazz: Cal Tjader

Cal Tjader

Source: Jazz Wax

Though Cal Tjader is better known as a vibraphonist, he began his career playing a variety of percussion. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1925, he was at San Francisco State when he met Dave Brubeck and Paul Desmond. His first recordings were as a drummer with bassist, Jack Weeks, in the Dave Brubeck Octet in 1948, tracks from which would be found on the 1950 release of the album, 'Dave Brubeck Octet'. Tjader's first releases were in 1949 with bassist, Ron Crotty, recording with the Dave Brubeck Trio in September that year: 'Blue Moon', 'Tea For Two', 'Indiana' and 'Laura'. Tjader's first recordings on vibraphone were in March of 1950, released that year, also with the Dave Brubeck Trio. Upon leaving Brubeck Tjader continued on vibraphone with pianist, George Shearing, before forming the Tjader Modern Mambo Quintet in 1954. He exchanged Latin for straight-ahead jazz in the latter fifties with his band, the Cal Tjader Quartet. Notable during the sixties were collaborations with Dizzy Gillespie ('Soul Sauce', 1961). He released the album, 'Soul Sauce', in 1964 before teaming with Eddie Palmieri to release 'El Sonido Nuevo' in 1966 and 'Bamboleate' in 1967. In 1975 Tjader released the album, 'Amazonias'. Tjader toured Japan in the latter seventies with Art Pepper. He died of heart attack while on tour in Manila, Philippines, in 1982. Per 1949 below, Tjader plays drums. He plays bongos on 'That Old Black Magic' per 1950.

Cal Tjader   1949

   Blue Moon/Tea For Two

       Dave Brubeck Trio


       Dave Brubeck Trio


       Dave Brubeck Trio

Cal Tjader   1950

   That Old Black Magic

       Dave Brubeck Trio

Cal Tjader   1950

   Tjader Plays Mambo


Cal Tjader   1957

   Bill B


Cal Tjader   1964

   Soul Sauce


Cal Tjader   1966


      Piano: Eddie Palmier

Cal Tjader   1966

   Cal Plugs In


   Guajira En Azul

      Piano: Eddie Palmier

Cal Tjader   1966

   Cal Plugs In


Cal Tjader   1975



Cal Tjader   1973

   Big Noise From Winnetka

Cal Tjader   1980

   This Is Always


  Born in 1928 in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, Teddy Charles Cohen played drums and piano, but is best known as a vibraphonist. He studied percussion at Juilliard, beginning his career as Teddy Cohen, changing his last name to Charles in 1951. Tracks on what may be his first recordings in November 1951 were released as both Teddy Cohen (two tracks for New Jazz: 'I'll Remember April'/'The Lady Is A Tramp') and Teddy Charles (several others for Prestige). He was accompanied on those tracks by bassist, Kenny O'Brien and guitarist, Don Roberts. Of equal if not greater importance to Charles was sail boating. He first raced sloops in the forties, purchasing his first boat in 1958. In 1959 he sailed to his engagement at the Newport Jazz Festival (New York to Rhode Isalnd), but was tardy so didn't play. He dropped out of the national jazz scene in the sixties (though played locally) to charter vessels between New York City and the Caribbean. During the seventies he established the Seven Seas Sailing Club of City Island, also restoring a 1906 fishing schooner. Charles' final recording was 'You Don't Know What Love Is' in 2011, he dying the next year.

Teddy Charles   1953


Teddy Charles   1955


Teddy Charles   1956

   Just One of Those Things

  You Go To My Head

  When Your Lover Has Gone

Teddy Charles   1958

  3 For Duke


    Bass: Oscar Pettiford   Piano: Hall Overton


Birth of Modern Jazz: Cal Tjader

Teddy Charles

Source: Jazz Wax

Drummer Jimmy Cobb, was born in 1929 in Washington D.C.. Beginning his professional career in 1950, his first recording was in 1951 with Earl Bostic: 'Flamingo'. Cobb may be best known for his work with Miles Davis whom he joined in 1957, they releasing the album, 'Kind of Blue', in 1959, among several others. Beginning in 1970 Cobb backed Sarah Vaughan until 1978, then largely freelanced into the new millenium. Cobb was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2009. His last release was 'Wonderful! Wonderful!' in 2012 and is yet active as of this writing.

Jimmy Cobb   1951


      With Earl Bostic 

Jimmy Cobb   1957

  Another Kind Of Soul

      Bass: Sam Jones

     Piano: Junior Mance

      Alto Sax: Cannonball Adderley

     Trumpet: Nat Adderley


      Bass: Sam Jones

     Piano: Junior Mance

      Alto Sax: Cannonball Adderley

     Trumpet: Nat Adderley

Jimmy Cobb   1959

  Kind of Blue

     Album with Miles Davis 

Jimmy Cobb   2002

  Sugar Ray

Jimmy Cobb   2009

  Kind Of Blue/So What

      Filmed live 

   he Theme

      Filmed live  

Jimmy Cobb   2011

  Dear Old Stockholm

      With the Berklee All-Stars

      Filmed live 

Jimmy Cobb   2012

  Live In Vienna

     With Larry Coryell & Joey DeFrancesco

       Filmed live 


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy Cobb

Jimmy Cobb

Source: All About Jazz

Birth of Modern Jazz: Art Taylor

Arthur Taylor

Photo: Getty Images

Source: Aural Art

Drummer, Arthur Taylor, was born in 1929 in NYC. He began his professional career in 1948 in Harlem, joining a band consisting of Sonny Rollins, Jackie McLean and Kenny Drew. He played in Howard McGhee's band in 1948. Taylor's debit recordings are thought to have been in April of 1951 for Mercer with the Oscar Pettiford Sextet, Howard McGhee on trumpet: 'Swingin' Till The Girls Come Home', 'Bei Mir Bist Du Schon', 'Love For Sale' (unissued), and 'Oscar's Wild' (unissued). In October of 1951 Taylor recorded 'It's No Sin' with 'And So To Sleep' with Coleman Hawkins for Decca. 1952 found him at WOR Studios to lay several tracks with the Lou Donaldson Quartet in June. He formed his own band, Taylor's Wailers, in 1956, releasing his first name album the next year with that group: 'Taylor's Wailers'. Taylor moved to France in 1963, then Belgium, living in Europe a couple decades before returning to the States in the early nineties to reform Taylor's Wailers. He died two years later in Manhattan in February. Per 1960 below, all nonannotated entries are from Taylor's album, 'A.T's Delight'.

Art Taylor   1951

   And to Sleep Again

      Sax: Coleman Hawkins

Art Taylor   1955


      Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Dr. Jackal

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Minor March

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

Art Taylor   1957


      Piano: Ray Bryant


      Piano: Red Garland


      Red Garland Trio   Album

Art Taylor   1959

   Live in Cannes

      Filmed live


Art Taylor   1960

  Blue Interlude

  Cookoo and Fungi


   High Seas


   Syeeda's Song Flute

   Second Balcony Jump

       Filmed live with Dexter Gordon

Art Taylor   1971

   Live in Cannes

      Filmed live with Johnny Griffin

Art Taylor   1991

   Mr. A.T.

   Soul Eyes

Art Taylor   1992

   Dear Old Stockholm



Drummer and vocalist Osie Johnson first worked professionally in 1941. Upon discharge from the Navy in 1943 he freelanced in Chicago until joining Earl Hines' band in 1951 to tour the States. Johnson was performing with Hines in New York when he made some easy money on his first recording, a vocal, of sorts. Neither the session nor date is known so we estimate 1952. The anecdote goes that Johnson, who had never before attended a recording session, was present as an observer with Milt Hinton at a Billy Williams recording session. After a tune requiring several takes was finally nicely accomplished Johnson shouted "Oh Yeah!" before taping was stopped. Hinton corrected him for that but Williams kept it and paid Johnson for his contribution. Johnson was performing with Hines in Chicago when he made his first determinable recordings on drums with Clifford Brown and Chris Powell in March of 1952 for Okeh and Columbia: 'Ida Red', 'I Come From Jamaica', 'Blue Boy' and 'Darn That Dream'. Johnson left Hines in 1953 to freelance. In November of 1954 he recorded several tracks with the Aaron Sachs Sextet with Barry Galbraith, then with Oscar Pettiford and Clark Terry that December. His first album was released in 1955: 'Johnson's Whacks', followed by 'Osie's Oasis' the same year. Johnson's last vocal recordings were released in January of 1966 with JJ Johnson on the album, 'Goodies'. He was only 43 years of age when he died of kidney failure in February of 1966 in NYC.

Osie Johnson   1952

   I Come From Jamaica

    With Chris Powell & the Blue Flames 

   Ida Red

    With Chris Powell & the Blue Flames

Osie Johnson   1955

   Blues For Camels

   Osie's Oasis

Osie Johnson   1956

   Clothesline Ballet

    Bass: Oscar Pettiford

    Piano: George Wallington

   Half Loved

   Lullaby of the Leaves

     Guitar: Billy Bauer

   When It's Sleepy Time Down South

     Guitar: Billy Bauer

Osie Johnson   1957

   In a Mellotone

      Vocal: Carol Stevens

   'Round Midnight

     Vocal: Frances Wayne

Osie Johnson   1958

   Jazz Party 1958

     Filmed live with Buster Bailey

Osie Johnson   1960

   Then I'll Be Tired of You


Birth of Modern Jazz: Osie Johnson

Osie Johnson

Source: Discogs



Birth of Modern Jazz: Phil Seamen

Phil Seamen

Photo: Terry Cryer

Source: All About Jazz

Born in 1926 in Staffordshire, England, drummer Phil Seamen began playing drums at age six, turning professional at age eighteen upon joining Nat Gonella and his Georgians in 1944. In 1948 he joined the Tommy Sampson Orchestra, followed by the Joe Loss Orchestra. In 1951 he became a member of Jack Parnell's band, thought to have first recorded with Parnell in 1952, among such: 'The Champ' (not found). From 1952 to 1958 Seamen worked with Kenny Graham's Afro-Cubists. About 1954 Seamen began a career as a session musician in constant demand. The one time Seamen attempted to visit the United States he was arrested for drug possession (1957), thus never performed in America. During the sixties Seamen's flourishing career began to snooze due to alcohol and heroin addiction. In 1970 Seamen found himself playing with Ginger Baker's Air Force. He didn't care for rock music ("Too bloody loud!"), but the band's energy, not to mention that Baker had been a prior student of his, shook him out of his malaise and he began working busily again. Sadly, the damage had already been done, such that Seamen died upon falling to sleep in October of 1972, due less to overdose of alcohol and drugs on that occasion than the accumulative effects of such over the years. He was only 46 years old. His last known live recording, at the Hope & Anchor in June 1972, is listed below. Nigh all tracks below from 1955 through 1959 are with Tubby Hayes on tenor saxophone.

Phil Seamen   1952

   The Champ

      With Jack Parnell

 Phil Seamen   1953

   Bongo Chant

      With Kenny Graham

Phil Seamen   1955

   Final Selection

Phil Seamen   1956

   Scrapple From The Apple

      With the Dizzy Reese Quintet

   A Tribute

      Trumpet: Jimmy Deuchar

Phil Seamen   1958

   The Moon Was Yellow

Phil Seamen   1959

   Hook's Way

   Like Someone to Love


   Tin Tin Deo

   The Trolley Song

Phil Seamen   1960

   Free Form

      With the Joe Harriot Quintet

Phil Seamen   1968

   Cool of the Evening

      Filmed live   Saxophones: Al Cohn & Zoot Sims

Phil Seamen   1970

   Don't Care

      With Ginger Baker

Phil Seamen   1972

   Live at the Hope & Anchor


Birth of Modern Jazz: Alan Dawson

Alan Dawson

Source: Drummer World
Born in 1929 in Marietta, PA, drummer, Alan Dawson, was raised in Roxbury, Massachusetts. He served States-side in the Army at Fort Dix in New Jersey during the Korean War ('50-'53) from '51 to '53. Upon release he joined Lionel Hampton's entourage to Europe in 1953, which members included James Cleveland, Clifford Brown, Art Farmer, Gigi Gryce and Quincy Jones among others. On September 14 Dawson and Jones (playing piano) recorded 'The Song Is You' and 'Jackie' with vocalist, Annie Ross, and Swedish baritone saxophonist, Lars Gullin, for the Metronome label. Those were released decades later in 2002 on 'Various Artists - Americans in Sweden 1949-1953 Vol 1: Dear Old Stockholm'. On September 26 Dawson drummed on tracks which would be found on 'The Many Faces of Jazz Vol 8', release date indeterminable. Appearing on that were Gryce, Brown, Farmer and vocalist, Cleveland, among others. A session two days later yielded 'The Clifford Brown Big Band In Paris', said to have been released in '53 but unconfirmed. Later on November 6 Dawson recorded more tracks for Metronome with Lars Gullin as one of Gullin's Quintet which saw issue in 1954, again unconfirmed: 'Bugs', 'Jump for Fan', 'Stocks and Bonds' and 'I Fall in Love Too Easily'. Four days later he laid tracks with Quincy Jones and his Swedish-American All Stars that aren't thought to have been released until 1958 on Jones 'Stockholm Sweetnin''. Upon leaving Hampton, Dawson returned to Boston to perform with pianist, Sabby Lewis, in whose band he had played before Hampton's. In 1957 Dawson began his long tenure of eighteen years at the Berklee College of Music. He mixed that with drumming at Lennie's on the Turnpike in Peabody, Massachusetts, from '63 to 1970. In the meanwhile saxophonist, Booker Ervin, was the major figure in his career in the sixties, they releasing eight albums together between '63 and '68. Pianist, Jaki Byard, also figured large, five albums recorded between '65 and '68'. Dawson drummed on three Sonny Criss albums from '66 to '68, five with saxophonist, Eric Kloss, between '66 and '69. The early seventies saw several LPs recorded with Dave Brubeck before a ruptured disc in '75 slowed Dawson's activities. No longer at Berklee, Dawson held private lessons, he famous for teaching such as independent limb movement. In 1992 Dawson recorded his only album as a leader with bassist, Ray Drummond, containing some of his own compositions and playing vibes on a couple tracks: 'Waltzin' with Flo'. That wouldn't be released, however, until 2002, posthumously, as Dawson died of leukemia in 1996.

Alan Dawson   1953

   Brown Skins

      Clifford Brown Big Band

      Issue date unconfirmed

   Brown Skins (Alt)

      Clifford Brown Big Band

      Issue date unconfirmed

Alan Dawson   1958

   Stockholm Sweetnin'

      Recorded 1953   First issue:

      Quincy Jones: 'Stockholm Sweetnin''

Alan Dawson   1965

   Beautiful Love

      Filmed with Bill Evans

   Drum Solo

      Filmed with Sonny Rollins

Alan Dawson   1972

   All the Things You Are

      Filmed with Dave Brubeck

   Take Five

      Filmed with Dave Brubeck

Alan Dawson   1978

   Live in Nice

      Filmed with Eddie Cleanhead Vinson

Alan Dawson   2002

   Penta Blues

      LP: 'Waltzin' with Flo'

      Recorded 1992   Posthumous release



Born in 1928 in Springfield, Massachusetts, drummer Joe Morello studied violin until age 15, then switched to drums, thinking he could never match the sound of violinist, Jascha Heifetz. He may have made his first recordings in 1947 with Phil Woods and Sal Salvador at Wood's home in Springfield, MA, when Woods was age sixteen. Those tracks are said to exist on a CD called 'Bird's Eyes', cut, owned or in the care of the Philology label (perhaps Philology Jazz Records in Italy). Howsoever, those rare tracks aren't offered to YouTube. No earlier record releases are known for Morello than 1953 for Blue Note with the Gil Mellé Quintet.: 'Cyclotron', 'October', 'Under Capricorn' and 'Venus'. However, had already begun his professional recording career in 1951 with pianist, Marian McPartland, at the Hickory House in NYC. He is thought to have initially appeared on vinyl in 1956 with McPartland on a group of recordings at the Hickory House with McPartland's trio, but earlier earlier recordings with her have been later issued variously. It was also 1956 that Morello first recorded with Dave Brubeck and Paul Desmond, the twelve years he spent with them those for which Morello is best known. Those were radio broadcasts from the Basin Street Club in NYC. Appearing on more than 120 albums, sixty of those were with the Dave Brubeck Quartet. Morello also authored several instructional books and videos. Among his numerous awards were 'Playboy' magazine's Best Drummer seven years straight and 'Down Beat' magazine's Best Drummer for five. 'Modern Drummer' magazine elected him in 1988 for its Hall of Fame. Morello died in Irvington, New Jersey, in March 2011.

Joe Morello   1956

   Falling In Love With Love

      Piano: Marian McPartland

Joe Morello   1957

   The Masquerade Is Over

      Piano: Dave Brubeck

Joe Morello   1961

   Drum Solo

    Filmed live 

   Fatha Time

   It's About Time

   Just In Time

      Sax: Phil Woods

   Time After Time

Joe Morello   1964

   Sounds of the Loop

    Filmed live

Joe Morello   1969

   The Truth

Joe Morello   1995

   Take Five

      Television performance


Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Morello

Joe Morello

Source: Jazz Profiles

  Born in 1929 in New York City, conga player Ray Barretto was raised in Spanish Harlem. At age 17 he joined the Army and was stationed in Germany. Though his mother had been a jazz lover it was in the military that Barretto decided to become a musician. Discharged from duty in 1949, he returned to NYC and began playing in clubs. He quickly joined pianist, Eddie Bonemere’s, Latin jazz combo, then worked with Jose Curbelo. His earliest known recording is thought to have been on bongos with Neal Hefti for 'In Veradero' on November 15, 1952 (Lord's), first issued in 1954 on the album, 'Neal Hefti' (See Coral 57007). Continuing to perform at clubs like the Bucket of Blood, Barretto next played conga with Eddie Lockjaw Davis on January 22 of 1957 for the King label: 'I Wished On the Moon', 'Speak Low', 'Sheila', and 'Ebb Tide' (none found). Davis would be a fairly important figure in Barretto's career, joining him again from 1959 to 1961, reuniting in 1965 to support Sonny Stitt's 'The Matadors Meet The Bull', again in 1966 to record Davis' 'Lock, The Fox'. Sometime in 1957 Barretto joined Tito Puente's orchestra with which he kept three or four years. Titles recorded during that period were included on 'Babarabatiri', a Puente mambo compilation. Titles included on that were his own compositions, 'Babarabatiri', 'Ran Kan Kan' and 'Oye Como Va'. In 1958 Barretto featured on Puente's album, 'Dance Mania'. After Barretto's first session with Eddie Lockjaw Davis he recorded with Hal Singer, Bill Doggett and Sabu Martinez before a session with Lou Donaldson on June 9 of 1957 for 'Swing and Soul'. Donaldson would be a fairly significant associate in the several years to come, appearing on five more of Donaldson's LPs to 'Cole Slaw' in 1964. Another important figure was saxophonist, Gene Ammons, Barretto participating in titles on Ammons' 'Blue Gene' on May 2 of 1958. Among titles recorded with Ammons into 1961 were the albums 'Boss Tenor' ('60), 'Angel Eyes' ('60) and 'Twisting the Jug'. Barretto later contributed to tracks on Ammons' 'Goodbye' in 1974. The major figure that was tenor saxophonist, Oliver Nelson, arrived on April 22, 1960, they backing Johnny Hammond Smith's 'Talk That Talk'. Their paths interweaved often into 1966, first backing other bands, then Nelson arranging and conducting his own orchestra. In 1962 Barretto supported Nelson on three albums issued in 1962: 'Main Stem' w Joe Newman and Hank Jones, 'Afro-American Sketches' and 'Impressions of Phaedra'. Their last recording project together may have been September 21 of 1966, Nelson arranging Jimmy Smith and Wes Montgomery's 'Dynamic Duo'. Another major figure was Herbie Mann had come along on May 5 of 1960 for 'Dearly Beloved' and 'Fife 'n' Tambourine Corps'. Multiple sessions were held with Mann into 1961. He backed Mann on 'The Glory of Love' in 1967 and reunited in the seventies for 'Herbie Mania' ('76). Barretto is thought to have first recorded with Yusef Lateef sometime in 1961, that to support Babatunde Olatunji's 'Afro Percussion' (also issued as 'Zungo!'). Later in 1969 he would back Lateef on 'Yusef Lateef's Detroit'. Ten years later in May of 1979 Barretto supported Lateef's 'In a Temple Garden'. Barretto released his debut album, 'Barretto Para Bailar', in 1961. He would issue fifty of them into the new millennium. Also notable was his 1963 issue of the 45 7", 'El Watusi' bw 'Ritmo Sabroso'. He began his association with the Fania record label, specializing in salsa, in 1967, issuing 'Acid' in 1968. He would work with Fania Records' Fania All Stars some thirty years. Tito Puente supported him in 1982 for 'La Cuna'. His first album with his sextet, New World Spirit, was 'Ancestral Messages' in 1993. His final albums were laid out in 2005: 'Time Was Time Is' and 'Standards Rican-Ditioned'. Guitarist, Wes Montgomery, had also been a major figure, leaping back to August 6 of 1964 to regard 'So Much Guitar!'. 1966 saw several albums recorded with Montgomery: 'Tequila', 'California Dreaming', 'The Dynamic Duo' and 'The Further Adventures of Jimmy and Wes', the latter two with organist, Jimmy Smith. 1967 saw 'A Day in the Life of Wes Montgomery', 1968 'Down Here On The Ground'. Another guitarist Barretto saw a lot of was Kenny Burrell, their first titles together with Coleman Hawkins and Tommy Flanagan on 'Bluesy Burrell' on September 14, 1962. Barretto's association with Burrell resulted in multiple albums into 1964. They would reunite in 1971 for Stanley Turrentine's 'The Sugar Man'. March of 1999 saw Burrell supporting Barretto's 'Portraits in Jazz and Clave'. Another musician with whom Barretto was often seen was vibraphonist, Cal Tjader, Barretto surfacing on Tjader's 'Along Comes Cal' in 1967, 'Hip Vibrations' and 'Solar Heat' in 1968. Barretto managed well beyond a couple hundred sessions during his career. Among the host of others he had supported were Art Blakey, Red Garland, Art Farmer, Julius Watkins, Gil Goldstein, the Rolling Stones and the Bee Gees. During the nineties Barretto joined Chino Rodríguez in the formation of the Latin Legends of Fania. He was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame in 1999. Barretto's heart failed on February 17, 2006, in New York City, one month after recording his final tiles per 'Standards Rican-Ditioned'.

Ray Barretto   1958

   Blues in Mambo

      Piano: Red Garland

   Dance Mania

      Album   With Tito Puente

   Holiday For Skins/Reflection

      Drums: Art Blakey   Trumpet: Donald Byrd


      Alto sax: Lou Donaldson   Drums: Jimmy Wormworth


      Piano: Red Garland


      Piano: Red Garland

Ray Barretto   1960


      Album   Tenor sax: Eddie Lockjaw Davis

Ray Barretto   1961

   El Watusi

      (Included on the 1962 album, 'Charanga Moderna')

Ray Barretto   1964

   Errante y Bohemio

   Guaguanco Bonito

   Swing a la Moderna

Ray Barretto   1969

   Oye la Noticia

Ray Barretto   1970


Ray Barretto   1972

   Quitata la Mascara

Ray Barretto   1973


Ray Barretto   1979

   Ya Ves


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ray Barretto

Ray Barretto

Source: Galeria Cafe Libro


  Drummer, Ron Jefferson, was born in 1926 in New York City. He began his career as a tap dancer in the forties and very likely recorded before the earliest we've thus far uncovered in 1954 per May and October sessions with Joe Roland. Those were released on 'Joltin' Joe Roland' in '54 or '55. (Tracks on that album with vocalist, Paula Castle, were recorded in January with drummer, Harold Granowski. Jefferson is on the rest.) Having played with bassist, Oscar Pettiford, that May for that album, he laid tracks that September for Pettiford's 1954 'Oscar Pettiford Modern Quintet'. Several albums with Julius Watkins and Charlie Rouse followed in the latter fifties. Figuring large in Jefferson's career would be pianist, Les McCann, with whom he issued several LPs in the early sixties in McCann's Ltd. trio, beginning with that group's debut: 'Les McCann Ltd. Plays the Truth' per 1960. About that time Jefferson moved to Los Angeles where he recorded his debut album as a leader, 'Love Lifted Me', released in 1962. In September of 1965 he recorded 'Ron Jefferson Choir' in Paris, then worked with Ruth Brown and pianist, Stuart de Silva, in Barcelona. Upon returning to the US Jefferson hosted the 'Miles Ahead' television program with drummer, John Lewis. His next and last album followed eleven years later, 'Vous Ete's Swing', per 1976. Like his career before 1954, not a lot is forthcoming per Jefferson after '76, we leaving what discography there may be to radar search. Jefferson died in Richmond, VA, in May 2007.

Ron Jefferson   1954

   Cable Car

      LP: 'Oscar Pettiford Modern Quintet'

   Garrity's Night

      LP: 'Joltin' Joe Roland'

   Gene's Stew

      LP: 'Joltin' Joe Roland'

   Golden Touch

      LP: 'Oscar Pettiford Modern Quintet'

Ron Jefferson   1955

   Ready Freddie

      Bass: John Ore

      Piano: Freddie Redd

Ron Jefferson   1956

   When the Blues Come On

      French horn: Julius Watkins

      Tenor sax: Charlie Rouse

      Piano: Gildo Mahones

      Bass: Paul Chambers

      Harp: Janet Putman

      Vocal: Eileen Gilbert

Ron Jefferson   1960

   Fish This Week

      Bass: Leroy Vinnegar

      Piano: Les McCann

   A Foggy Day

      Bass: Leroy Vinnegar

      Piano: Les McCann

   Blues Comjumations

      Album: 'It's About Time'

      Bass: Leroy Vinnegar

      Piano: Les McCann

      Tenor Sax: Teddy Edwards


      Album: 'It's About Time'

      Bass: Leroy Vinnegar

      Piano: Les McCann

      Tenor Sax: Teddy Edwards


      Bass: Leroy Vinnegar

      Piano: Les McCann

Ron Jefferson   1961

   Go On and Get That Church

      Bass: Herbie Lewis

      Piano: Les McCann

      Filmed in France

   Too Close for Comfort

      Bass: Herbie Lewis

      Piano: Les McCann

Ron Jefferson   1962

   George's Dilemma

   Yours Is My Heart Alone

      Album: 'On Time'

      Bass: Leroy Vinnegar

      Piano: Les McCann

      Guitar: Joe Pass

Ron Jefferson   1965

   The Speaker

      LP: 'Ron Jefferson Choir'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ron Jefferson

Ron Jefferson

Source: Music Web International

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mel Lewis

Mel Lewis

Source: Jazz Wax

Drummer and bandleader Mel Lewis was born in 1929 in Buffalo, New York. He played professionally as a teenager before joining Stan Kenton's band in 1954. He then moved to Los Angeles where he dipped into West Coast jazz, replacing Stan Levey for trombonist, Frank Rosolino. Lewis' earliest determinable recording date was two sessions for Capitol on November 6 of 1954 with Rosolino's sextet. Session 1: 'Embraceable You', 'I'm Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter', 'Besame Mucho' ('Kiss Me Much') and 'Linda'. Session 2: 'Ragamuffin' and  'Frank 'n Earnest'. Lewis recorded in October and December of 1956 with the Marty Paich Orchestra in Hollywood for Kapp Records: 'Times Square', 'Coldwater Canyon Blues', 'Four Blow Fours' and 'Lonely Time'. He also recorded his first name LP in 1956 for San Francisco Jazz Records: 'Got' Cha'. In 1957 he laid tracks with Pepper Adams, as well as the Don Fagerquist Octet. Upon touring with Dizzy Gillespie and Benny Goodman he resettled in New York in 1963. He laid tracks with James Moody that year in June, trumpeter, Thad Jones in Moody's band. Lewis later formed a partnership with Jones in 1966, with whom he played for the next twelve years and is best known. Upon Jones moving to Denmark in 1978 Lewis continued leading that orchestra, performing at the Village Vanguard nigh unto his demise in February of 1990.

Mel Lewis   1954

   Frank'n Earnest

      With the Frank Rosolino Sextet

      Recorded November 1954 

Mel Lewis   1955

   It Had To Be You

      With the Bill Perkins Quintet

Mel Lewis   1956


      With Stan Kenton

   El Congo Valiente

      With Stan Kenton

  Leave Your Worries Behind

      Album: 'Got Cha'

   Malibu Moonlight

      With Stan Kenton

   Polka Dots and Moonbeams

      With Stan Kenton

Mel Lewis   1957

   Flute Fraternity

      Flutes: Herbie Man & Buddy Colette

Mel Lewis   1964

   Music for Piano and Band

      Pianist: Friedrich Gulda

Mel Lewis   1967


      Trumpet: Thad Jones

   Samba Con Getchu

      Trumpet: Thad Jones

Mel Lewis   1970


      Album with Thad Jones


Birth of Modern Jazz: Idris Muhammad

Idris Muhammad

Source: Blue Note
Born Leo Morris in 1939 in New Orleans, Idris Muhammad began drums at age eight. He recorded as Leo Morris until becoming a Muslim in 1966, then changing his name. At fifteen he joined the Hawketts, run by Art Neville, himself sixteen at the time. In January of 1955 the Hawketts recorded 'Mardi Gras Mambo'/'Your Time's Up' (Chess 1591) at WWEZ radio station for release the next month. 'Mardi Gras Mambo' would become a standard at the New Orleans Mardi Gras. The next year Muhammad (yet Morris for a decade to come) became famous as the drummer on Fats Domino's 'Blueberry Hill'. He recorded 'Bony Moronie' in 1957 with Larry Williams, then 'You Talk Too Much' with Joe Jones in 1960. Muhammad was a fairly experienced drummer before signing up with big name, Lou Donaldson, in 1965, for the recording of 'Fried Buzzard'. Donaldson would be Muhammad's main vehicle into the seventies, issuing eleven more LPs with him to 1971 (then 'Sweet Poppa Lou' in 1981). In 1968 Muhammad (no longer Morris) joined the Broadway production of 'Hair', with which personnel he remained the for four years. In the meantime he had recorded 'Jewels of Thought' with Pharoah Sanders ('69) and 'The Black Cat' ('70)with Gene Ammons. Several more with Ammons rapidly followed, by which time Muhammad had issued his debut LP in 1970: 'Black Rhythm Revolution!'. After 'Hair' Muhammad backed Roberta Flack for about four years. Muhammad appeared on at least a thousand recordings as a sideman, among them multiple albums by Grant Green, Rusty Bryant, Hank Crawford, Melvin Sparks, Leon Spencer and Sonny Stitt. During the eighties he worked closely with Sanders, then Randy Weston into the nineties. Muhammad emerged on Ahmad Jamal's first volume of 'The Essence' in 1995 and continued working with Jamal into the 21st century. He was supposed to have retired in New Orleans in 2011 for dialysis treatments (kidneys), but died in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in 2014. He had released twelve albums in addition to the countless that he had backed.

Idris Muhammad   1955

   Mardi Gras Mambo

      Art Neville & the Hawketts

Idris Muhammad   1956

   Blueberry Hill

      With Fats Domino

Idris Muhammad   1957

   Boney Maronie

      With Larry Williams

Idris Muhammad   1960

   Chain Gang

      With Sam Cooke

   You Talk Too Much

      With Joe Jones

Idris Muhammad   1970


      LP: Black Rhythm Revolution!'

Idris Muhammad   1971


      LP: 'Peace and Rhythm'

Idris Muhammad   1974



Idris Muhammad   1976

   House Of The Rising Sun

      LP: 'House Of The Rising Sun'

Idris Muhammad   1977

   Crab Apple

      LP: 'Turn This Mutha Out'

   Turn This Mutha Out

      LP: 'Turn This Mutha Out'

Idris Muhammad   1978


      LP: 'Boogie to the Top'

Idris Muhammad   1980

   For Your Love

      LP: 'Make It Count'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ed Thigpen

Ed Thigpen

Source: Drummer Cafe
Born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1942, drummer, Ed Thigpen, was raised in Los Angeles. He there enrolled in college to major in sociology, but soon moved to St. Louis to see his father, Ben, had played drums with Andy Kirk's Clouds of Joy years earlier. He gigged with Floyd Candy Johnson in St. Louis before moving onward to NYC. Among his first first professional jobs was with Cootie Williams at the Savoy Ballroom in 1951. Drafted into military service in 1952, he performed in a military band in Korea before returning to NYC where he recorded four tracks with Dinah Washington in February of 1954. Two of those emerged on Washington's album, 'After Hours With Miss 'D'', that year: 'Love For Sale' and 'Our Love Is Here to Stay'. 'Short John' surfaced on her '63 album, 'Late Late Show'. 'Old Man's Darlin'' appeared on her LP, 'The Good Old Days', of 1963. On April 1 of '56 Thigpen recorded the first of a few LPs with Gil Mellé, 'Patterns in Jazz'. Four days later on the 5th of April Thigpen recorded tracks for both volumes of Jutta Hipp's 'At the Hickory House'. That July he laid tracks on 'Jutta Hipp with Zoot Sims' for issue the next year. In August of 1956 Thigpen recorded 'Gille's Guests' with the Gil Mellé Septet, released in '58. In January of '58 he was in the studio with Billy Taylor (performing with since '56) to record 'Billy Taylor/Quincy Jones - My Fair Lady Loves Jazz', released in '64. A few more albums would follow with Taylor. March and April of '57 found him recording 'A Grand Night for Swinging' with Mundell Lowe for issue that year. Sessions in April and May with the Mal Waldron Sextet saw 'Mal/2' issued that year. Upon leaving Taylor's orchestra in '58 Thigpen finally found his element with the Oscar Peterson Trio in 1959, replacing guitarist, Herb Ellis. Alongside bassist, Ray Brown, Thigpen stuck with that trio until 1965. Some 25 albums would be released, ('The Trio' in 1961). During his time with Peterson's trio Thigpen also began recording albums with saxophonist, Gene Ammons, in '62. After Peterson, Thigpen joined Ella Fitzgerald's outfit until 1972, appearing on several albums by her. He recorded his debut LP, 'Out of the Storm', in 1966 in New Jersey before moving to Los Angeles in '67. In latter 1973 Thigpen began recording 'Flight to Denmark' with Duke Pearson for release the next year, the first of few LPs with Pearson. Thigpen moved to Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1974 where he spent the remainder of his career, dying there in January of 2010. Per below, all Oscar Peterson Trio are with double bassist, Ray Brown.

Ed Thigpen   1954

   Love for Sale

      Vocal: Dinah Washington

   Our Love Is Here to Stay

      Vocal: Dinah Washington

Ed Thigpen   1956

   The Arab Barber Blues

      Album: 'Patterns in Jazz'

      Album/Sax: Gil Mille

   Block Island

      Album: 'Gil's Guests'

      Album/Sax: Gil Mille

   These Foolish Things

      Album: 'At the Hickory House' (Vol 1)

      Album/Piano: Jutta Hipp

      Bass: Peter Ind

Ed Thigpen   1957

   It's a Grand Night for Swinging

      Album: 'A Grand Night for Swinging'

      Album by Mundell Lowe Quartet

Ed Thigpen   1961

   Live In Belgrade

      Album by Oscar Peterson Trio

Ed Thigpen   1964

   C Jam Blues

      Filmed live

      Oscar Peterson Trio

   The Oscar Peterson Trio Plays



      Filmed live

      Oscar Peterson Trio

   We Get Requests


      Oscar Peterson Trio

Ed Thigpen   1966

   Cielito Lindo

      Album: 'Out of the Storm'

   Out of the Storm

      Album: 'Out of the Storm'

Ed Thigpen   1969

   Live in Montreux

      Filmed live with Ella Fitzgerald

      Tommy Flanagan Trio

Ed Thigpen   1982

   Brush Mastery & Drum Solo

      Filmed live

   How My Heart Sings

      Album: 'Good Girl'

      Kim Parker - Tommy Flanagan Trio

   It's Time to Emulate the Japanese

      Album: 'Good Girl'

      Kim Parker - Tommy Flanagan Trio


      Album: 'Good Girl'

      Kim Parker - Tommy Flanagan Trio

Ed Thigpen   1987

   Throwback Thursday

      Filmed live at the MI Vault

Ed Thigpen   1995

   Leverkusener Jazzdays

      Drum solo filmed live

Ed Thigpen   1998

   Stolen Moments

      Album: 'A Time for Love'

      Bass: Christian McBride

      Piano: Benny Green

Ed Thigpen   2004

   Childrens Dance

      Filmed live

      Bass: Ron Carter

      Guitar: Tony Purrone

   Synonymous Blues

      Filmed live

      Bass: Ron Carter

      Guitar: Tony Purrone


  Born in Portsmouth, VA, in 1926, drummer, Dave Bailey, was a pilot during World War II. He took up drumming in NYC upon termination of service. His earliest determined recordings were three private sessions unissued in July of 1952 with Charlie Parker (see Allan Sutherland). Among each of those dates were 'Scrapple From the Apple', 'Embraceable You', the bebop anthem, 'Hot House', and another rendering of 'Scrapple From the Apple'. Bailey began recording with a number of R&B musicians in latter 1954, first with Al Sears & his Rock n Rollers for Herald 448: 'Goin' Uptown' and 'Tweedle Dee'. Larry Darnell came along on January 20 of '55 for Savoy 1151: 'That's All I Want From You' and 'Who Showed My Baby How to Love Me'. Varetta Dillard arrived on January 24 for Savoy 1153: 'Johnny Has Gone' and 'So Many Ways'. It was Nappy Brown on February 1 for Savoy: 'Don't Be Angry' and 'It's Really You'. The Roamers put down Savoy 1156 on March 14: 'Chop Chop Chin a Ling' and 'Never Let Me Go'. Come the Dreams the same day, which was the same vocal group as the Roamers under another name, for Savoy: 'I'll Be Faithful' and 'My Little Honeybun'. Little Jimmy Scott followed for Savoy for such as 'Time on My Hands and 'Imagination'. It was then Varetta Dillard with the Roamers on May 3 for Savoy: 'I'll Never Forget You', 'I Can't Stop Now', et al. Bailey found his place upon joining Gerry Mulligan in 1954, his first session with Mulligan thought to have been with the latter's sextet on September 21 of 1955 for 'Presenting the Mulligan Sextet'. Bailey would work regularly with Mulligan for another decade through a minimum of fourteen albums to the last on July 19 of 1966: 'Something Borrowed, Something Blue'. Bailey's first session with Mulligan also meant a major comrade in valve trombonist, Bob Brookmeyer, for the next decade, they both members of Mulligan's outfits during those years, later supporting Clark Terry and Lalo Schifrin together. Albums by Brookmeyer in which Bailey participated were 'Traditionalism Revisited' ('57), 'Samba Para Dos' ('63), 'The Vibes Are On' ('65), 'Suitably Zoot' ('66) and 'Gingerbread Men' ('66), the latter jointly led by Clark Terry. Apt to comment that Terry was another major figure in Bailey's career, theirs a tight relationship for eight years since July of 1960 when Terry joined Bailey in a sextet to record the latter's debut LP, 'One Foot in the Gutter: A Treasury of Soul'. Terry supported Bailey's second album in October: 'Gettin' Into Somethin''. They kept a largely parallel rail supporting other artists, such as Mulligan and Brookmeyer, to what Lord's disco lists as his last recordings before retirement, those on June 27, 1968, for Terry's 'Music in the Garden ('93). In the meantime Bailey had backed five prior Terry LPs beginning with 'More (Theme from Momdo Cane)' in 1963 with Ben Webster. Another significant figure in Bailey's career was Lou Donaldson, emerging on five of the latter's album's from 'Swing and Soul' ('57) to 'Gravy Train' ('61). On December 17, 1959, he supported Curtis Fuller's 'Imagination'. Fuller then backed Bailey on the latter's first two albums per above in 1960 w Terry, after which Bailey drove the beat on Fuller's 'South American Cookin'' in August of 1961. Next up was a tour to Brazil in July of 1961 with the Jazz Committee for Latin American Affairs where they recorded some bossa nova,'Jazz No Municipal', with Chris Connor. On October 1 of 1961 Fuller backed Bailey's 'Bash!'. Bailey saw Connor again on December 11 for 'Free Spirits'. Among the host of others Bailey backed during his career were Grant Green ('Green Street' '61), Billy Strayhorn ('Lush Life' '65) and Jimmy Witherspoon ('Blues for Easy Livers' '67). Bailey opted out of the music industry in 1969, returning to the military as a pilot. He would also be a flight instructor. He became active as well in jazz education, serving as executive director for the Jazzmobile in New York City. Other of his LPs not mentioned above were 'Reaching Out' ('61) and '2 Feet in the Gutter' ('61).

Dave Bailey   1955

  Who Showed My Baby How to Love Me

     With Larry Darnell

  Bernie's Tune

     LP: 'Presenting the Gerry Mulligan Sextet'

  Mud Bug

     LP: 'Presenting the Gerry Mulligan Sextet'

Dave Bailey   1960

  One Foot In the Gutter


Dave Bailey   1961

  Grand Street

     LP: 'Bash!'

  Shiny Stockings

     LP: '2 Feet in the Gutter'

  Slop Jah

     LP: 'Gettin' Into Somethin''


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Bailey

Dave Bailey   1965

Source: Discogs
  Born in indianapolis in 1930, pianist and vibraphonist, Buddy Montgomery, was younger brother to Monk and Wes Montgomery. He began his professional career in 1948, working with such as Big Joe Turner, Slide Hampton and Jay Johnson. It was 1955 when Montgomery appeared on vinyl with his brothers, Monk and Wes, in the Montgomery Brothers. That is thought to be 'Love for Sale' on a compilation of various artists by Columbia called 'Almost Forgotten'. They are thought to have been joined by Alonzo Johnson (tenor sax) and Robert Johnson (drums) on that recording held on June 15th in NYC. The Montgomery Brothers would release several titles into the early sixties. Buddy and Monk put together the Mastersounds with Benny Barth (drums) and Richie Crabtree (piano) to release the album, 'Jazz Showcase', recorded in Los Angeles in 1957. That was followed the same year by 'The King and I'. The Mastersounds released a number of titles into the early sixties, including one on which Wes appeared in 1958: 'Kismet'. Montgomery issued his debut LP as a leader in 1968: 'The Two-Sided Album'. Ten more would follow into the 21st century. In 1969 Montgomery moved to Milwaukee, where he divided his time between music and jazz promotion, founding the Milwaukee Jazz Alliance (MJA). He moved to Oakland in 1982 where he organized the Oakland Jazz Alliance (OJA). Montgomery's last LP was 'A Day In the Life', issued in 2006. Though only about eight years younger than his brothers, Monk and Wes (about the same age, Monk a year and a half older), Buddy outlived them both by decades. Wes had died of heart attack in 1968, Monk following in 1982 of cancer. Buddy lived until 2009, dying in Palmdale, California. He performs on both piano and vibraphone on tracks below.

Buddy Montgomery   1958

   Billie's Bounce

      Album: 'The Montgomery Brothers and 5 Others'

Buddy Montgomery   1961

   Double Deal

      Montgomery Brothers with George Shearing

   Groove Yard

      Montgomery Brothers album with Bobby Thomas


      Album: 'The Montgomery Brothers in Canada'


      Album: 'The Montgomery Brothers in Canada'

Buddy Montgomery   1970

   This Rather Than That


Buddy Montgomery   1997

   Blues for David

      Album: 'Here Again'

   One Thousand Rainbows

      Album: 'Here Again'

Buddy Montgomery   2013

   Polka Dots and Moonbeams

      Album: 'Remembering Wes'

      Recorded June 2000   Posthumous issue


Birth of Modern Jazz: Buddy Montgomery

Buddy Montgomery

Source: jpc
Birth of Modern Jazz: Louis Hayes

Louis Hayes

Source: Blue Note
Born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1937, drummer Louis Hayes didn't issue his first album , 'Louis Hayes' until 1960, three years after his first releases on vinyl in 1957 with Horace Silver, '6 Pieces of Silver' (recorded in '56) and 'The Stylings of Silver'. It was 1957 when Hayes began appearing on a lot of session work with such as Curtis Fuller, Clifford Jordan, Jackie McLean, Phil Woods, John Coltrane and Yusef Lateef. Recordings with guitrist, Kenny Burrell, that year were later released on an album titled 'K. B. Blues' in 1979. In 1959 Hayes left the Horace Silver Quintet to play with Cannonball Adderley until 1965, after which he joined the Oscar Peterson Trio for a couple of years. Hayes was in demand as a backup drummer throughout the sixties, not forming the Louis Hayes Sextet until 1972. He didn't release his second album, 'Breath of Life', until 1974. His sextet would become the Louis Hayes-Junior Cook Quintet, then the Louis Hayes-Woody Shaw Quintet which he continued to lead upon Shaw's departure in '77. In 1989 Hayes formed the Cannonball Legacy Band with flautist and sax man, Vincent Herring. Over the course of his career Hayes has backed or collaborated with countless jazz sessions from pianist, Cedar Walton, to double bassist, Sam Jones. He has issued seventeen name albums, his latest, 'Return of the Jazz Communicators', as of 2014. He currently heads both the Cannonball Legacy Band and The Jazz Communicators.

Louis Hayes   1957

   Cool Eyes

      Horace Silver album: '6 Pieces of Silver'


      Horace Silver album: 'The Stylings Of Silver'


      Horace Silver album: '6 Pieces of Silver'

Louis Hayes   1958

   Cool Eyes

      Filmed live with Horace Silver

Louis Hayes   1960


      With Yusef Lateef

   Rip De Boom

      With Yusef Lateef

   Them Dirty Blues

      Cannonball Adderley album

Louis Hayes   1961


     With Cannonball Adderley

    'Jazz Casual' television program

Louis Hayes   1969

   Softly As In a Morning Sunrise

      Double bass: Richard Davis

   The Things We Did Last Summer

      With Freddie Hubbard

   Without a Song

      With Freddie Hubbard

Louis Hayes   1970

   The Black Angel

     With Freddie Hubbard

Louis Hayes   1977

   In Case You Haven't Heard

      Louis Hayes-Woody Shaw Quintet


      Louis Hayes-Woody Shaw Quintet

Louis Hayes   1979


      Album: 'Variety Is the Spice'

   Little Sunflower

      Album: 'Variety Is the Spice'

   Dance With Me

      Album: 'Variety Is the Spice'

   My Favorite Things

      Album: 'Variety Is the Spice'

Louis Hayes   1986


      Bass: Scott LaFaro

Louis Hayes   2014


      Bass: Scott LaFaro


  Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1931, drummer Paul Motian left his tour in the Navy in 1952 for New York City. Having played gigs in high school, he eventually began playing late night sessions with Thelonious Monk. He is thought to have made his first recordings in September of 1956 with pianist Bill Evans. Motian would later distinguish himself as an arranger and composer. Of note in the nineties was his formation of the Electric Bebop Band in 1992. Motian died of myelodysplastic syndrome in 2011 in Manhattan. All tracks below through year 1961 are with pianist, Bill Evans.

Paul Motian   1956



   Easy Loving


   I Got It Bad (And That Ain´t Good)

   I Love You

   No Cover, No Minimum

   Our Delight

   Speak Low

Paul Motian   1957

   Round Johnny Rondo

      Guitar: Barry Galbraith

Paul Motian   1961

   Waltz For Debby

      Bass: Scott LaFaro

Paul Motian   1962

   Lonely Woman

      Bass: Charlie Haden   Piano: Geri Allen

Paul Motian   1969

   La Pasionaria

     Album: 'The Montreal Tapes'    Bass: Charles Haden

Paul Motian   1974


Paul Motian   1978


Paul Motian   1982


      Album: 'Psalm'

Paul Motian   1995

   How Deep Is the Ocean

      Umbria Jazz Festival


      Live at the Village Vanguard

   Stella By Starlight

      Live in Italy

   What is this Thing Called Love

      North Sea Jazz Festival

Paul Motian   2002

   The Electric Be

      Filmed live

Paul Motian   2003

   Brilliant Corners

      Chivas Jazz Festival   The Electric Bebop Band

Paul Motian   2005

   Body and Soul

      Live at the Village Vanguard

      Guitar: Bill Frisell Tenor sax: Joe Lovano

   It Should've Happened a Long Time Ago

      Live at the Village Vanguard

      Guitar: Bill Frisell Tenor sax: Joe Lovano

   On The Street Where You Live

Paul Motian   2008

   Just Now

      Filmed live

      Bass: Gary Wang   Piano: Anat Fort

Paul Motian   2009

   Cathedral Song

      Piano: Jason Moran

     Tenor Saxophone: Chris Potter


Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Motian

Paul Motian

Source: Dan Tepfer

  Born in 1932 in Chicago, not a lot of information is readily available concerning drummer, Walter Perkins (not to be confused with the early rockabilly musician), before he joined Ahmad Jamal in 1956. He also recorded 'Count 'Em 88' with Jamal that year. We wouldn't hazard to call those tracks his first recordings but we've discovered nothing earlier. Perkins formed his first configuration of the group, MJT+3 (Modern Jazz Two + 3), in 1957, issuing 'Daddy-O Presents MJT +3' that year. Perkins reorganized MJT+3 in '59 and made that group his focus until its disbanding in 1962 when he traded Chicago for side work in New York City. Just so, such as Gene Ammons came along, with whom Perkins worked in the early sixties. Another major associate in the sixties was Sonny Stitt. Perkins continued backing similar figures until he eventually moved back to Chicago. Apart from several albums released with MJT+3 Perkins has no catalogue as a leader. He died of lung cancer in February 2004 in Queens. Per 1956 below, tracks are with the Ahmad Jamal Trio from the album, 'Count 'Em 88'.

Walter Perkins   1956

  Easy to Remember

   How About You

   I Just Can't See For Lookin'

   Jim Love Sue

   Volga Boatman

Walter Perkins   1957

  Temporarily Out of Order

      LP: 'Daddy-O Presents MJT+3'

Walter Perkins   1959

  Body and Soul

      Live with Coleman Hawkins

  Brother Spike

      LP: 'Walter Perkins' MJT+3'


      LP: 'Walter Perkins' MJT+3'

Walter Perkins   1961

  Long Night

      Album by Frank Strozier

  Raggity Man

      LP: 'MJT+3'

Walter Perkins   1964

  Jazz Conversations

      LP: 'The Happy Horns of Clark Terry'

  Stompin' at the Savoy

      Art Farmer LP: 'Live at the Half-Note'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Walter Perkins

Walter Perkins

Source: Jazz Talk

Birth of Modern Jazz: Guy Warren

Guy Warren (aka Kofi Ghanaba)

Source: Kentake Page
Born Warren Gamaliel Kpakpo Akwei in 1923 in Greater Accra, Ghana, Guy Warren's parents had named him after US President Warren Harding. He began playing drums professionally in 1937 with the Accra Rhythmic Orchestra. He won a scholarship to Achimota School in Accra, but dropped out to join United States Army's Office of Strategic Services, a World War II intelligence agency. After the War he worked as a journalist and editor in various African newspapers. He began his radio career for the Gold Coast Broadcasting Service in 1944, beginning to go by the name he is known by at that time. In '51 he started with the BBC, after which he worked as a disc jockey for National Broadcasting Service of Liberia from '53 to '55. He journeyed to Chicago in 1955 where He recorded his first album the next year with the Gene Esposito Band: 'Africa Speaks America Answers'. In 1974 Warren returned to Ghana, changing his name to Ghanaba. He had apparently been in Great Britain for a time though, having recorded 'Emergent Drums' there in 1963, along with other recordings including 'Afro-Jazz' ('69) and 'Blood Brothers 69' with Ginger Baker, that appearing on Baker's 1972 LP, 'Stratavarious'. As a Pan-Africanist, Warren worked in South Africa during the apartheid years (Nelson Mandela imprisoned from 1964 to '91) and was a celebrant of Namibia's final independence from South Africa in 1990. His own favorite work is said to have been his talking drums version of Handel's 'Hallelujah Chorus'. Warren died in December 2008. Per 1956 below, tracks are from 'Africa Speaks America Answers'.

Guy Warren   1956

   Africa Speaks

   The Highlife

   Monkies and Butterflies

   Ode to a Stream

Guy Warren   1959

   Blood Brothers

      LP: 'Themes For African Drums'

   Waltzing Drums

      LP: 'Themes For African Drums'

Guy Warren   1964


      LP: 'Emergent Drums'

Guy Warren   1969

   I Love the Silence

      LP: "Afro-Jazz'

Guy Warren   1972

   Blood Brothers 69

      Ginger Baker LP: 'Stratavarious'

Guy Warren   1986

   Hallelujah Chorus

      Filmed live

   Hallelujah Chorus

      Live at Royal Albert Hall (?)

Guy Warren   1987

   Hallelujah Chorus

      Filmed in Accra


Birth of Modern Jazz: Albert Heath

Albert Heath

Photo: Mike McMillen

Source: Mike McMillen
Born 1935 in Philadelphia, PA, drummer, Albert Heath (aka Tootie), was younger brother to bassist, Percy, and Jimmy Heath (tenor sax). Heath is thought to have first recorded with John Coltrane on the latter's debut album, 'Coltrane', in 1957. Recorded on the same date (May 31) was 'I Hear a Rhapsody', found on Coltrane's 'Lush Life' in '61. Of major importance as Heath turned the page of the latter fifties into the sixties was his brother, Jimmy Heath, Clifford Jordan and Art Farmer. In 1964 he was featured on 'Gulda Jazz', an album by Austrian pianist, Friedrich Gulda. Also in '64 he and Kenny Dorham were recorded live in New York City that August, resulting in 'Jazz at P.S. 175'. Heath released his first album as a leader in 1969: 'Kawaida'. As he moved from the latter sixties into the seventies such as Yusef Lateef, Dexter Gordon and Tete Montoliuu would figure large. More so would be his formation of the Heath Brothers in 1975 with Percy and Jimmy. That group was good for three years when Heath dropped out to concentrate on side work. He would, however, be a member of the Heath Brothers one way and another throughout his career. Though Heath hasn't issued over many albums as a leader, he's appeared on countless recordings backing others. Yet active, Heath teaches at the Stanford Jazz Workshop and runs a group called the Whole Drum Truth. Among his most recent releases was 'Philadelphia Beat' in 2015. Per 1958 below, tracks are live with JJ Johnson (trombone), Nat Adderley (trumpet), Tommy Flanagan (piano) and Wilbur Little (bass).

Albert Heath   1957



Albert Heath   1958

   Tune Up


   What Is This Thing Called Love

Albert Heath   1959

   The Thumper

      Jimmy Heath LP: 'The Thumper'

Albert Heath   1959

   The Thumper


Albert Heath   1961

   Lowland Lullaby

      Jimmy Heath LP: 'The Quota'

Albert Heath   1967

   Live in Denmark

      Filmed live with Dexter Gordon

Albert Heath   1969


      LP: 'Kawaida'

Albert Heath   1974

   Wazuri Blues

      LP: 'Kwanza (The First)'

      Bass: Percy Heath

      Guitar: Ted Dunbar

Albert Heath   1992

   Sassy Samba

      Jimmy Heath LP: 'You've Changed'

Albert Heath   1995

   Hot House

      Jimmy Heath LP: 'You Or Me'

Albert Heath   2008

   Live at Duc des Lombards

      Filmed live

Albert Heath   2013

   The Charleston

      LP: 'Tootie's Tempo'

      Bass: Ben Street

      Piano: Ethan Iverson

Albert Heath   2015

   Live at Dizzy's

      Filmed live


  Born in 1932 on the island of Oahu in Hawaii (territory at the time), Arthur Lyman played vibes and the marimba (a kind xylophone, which was first developed in Asia circa 2000 BC, then imported to Africa circa 500 AD to become the marimba). Lyman's premier recordings were with pianist, Martin Denny in 1956, releasing the album, 'Exotica', the next year. 'Exotica' was the big splash of the jazz subgenre thereafter called exotica, often incorporating animal sounds, especially tropical birds. Though conceived in Hawaii exotica would come to be referred to as Polynesian. Lyman left Denny's after recording 'Exotica' and released his own LP the same year, 'Leis of Jazz'. Lyman recorded into the seventies while working clubs and hotels in Hawaii. He also played in Southern California and Chicago. Lyman expired February of 2002 in Honolulu, having issued above thirty albums.

Arthur Lyman   1957


     Album with Martin Denny

Arthur Lyman   1958

  Ringo Oiwake

Arthur Lyman   1960

  Return To Paradise

Arthur Lyman   1961

  Yellow Bird

Arthur Lyman   1965



Arthur Lyman   1992

  Live at the Makai Bar

Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Motian

Arthur Lyman

Source: All Music
Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Pike

Dave Pike

Source: Wikipedia
Born in Detroit in 1938, vibes player, Dave Pike , also performed on marimba. Starting with drums at age eight, he moved with his family to Los Angeles in 1954 and would soon be gigging with such as Dexter Gordon, Harold Land, Carl Perkins (pianist) and Curtis Counce. Everyone selling 'Gene Norman Presents the Jazz Couriers' on the internet has it issued in 1956, the year Gene Norman founded the Whippet Record Company (having founded GNP in '54). But Both Sides Now (bsn.pubs) has it in March of '57, which a Billboard review that month would seem to substantiate. Nobody else is readily talking so we leave it debatable. Pike came to recording 'Solemn Meditation' in Hollywood with Paul Bley in 1958. He figured he had reasons to move to New York City in 1960, and wasn't in error, signing up with Herbie Mann to appear on the first of several albums with him in the sixties, 'The Family of Mann', issued in 1961. That was preceded by Pike's debut album that year: 'It's Time for Dave Pike'. In 1968 he formed the Dave Pike Set in Europe, releasing six albums with that group into the early seventies. Returning to the States about that time, he performed at Hungry Joe's in Huntington Beach, CA, until it burned down in '75. He played in clubs, toured and recorded until his last album in 2000, 'Peligroso'. He toured until 2010 when poor health slowed his pace, and died in October of 2015. Per 1957 below, 'Valse Hot' is from the LP, 'Gene Norman Presents the Jazz Couriers'. Tracks in 1969 and '70 are with the Dave Pike Set.

Dave Pike   1957

   Valse Hot

Dave Pike   1961


      LP: 'It's Time for Dave Pike'

Dave Pike   1962

   Bossa Nova Carnival


Dave Pike   1963

   Limbo Carnival


Dave Pike   1965

   Standing Ovation at Newport

      LP by Herbie Mann

Dave Pike   1966

   The Jet Set


Dave Pike   1969


      Original composition: Classics IV

      LP: 'Got the Feelin''

Dave Pike   1970

   But Anyway

      LP: 'Infra-Red'

Dave Pike   2000

   Beauty & the Beast

      LP: 'Peligroso'


      LP: 'Peligroso'


  Born in Los Angeles in 1936, bop drummer Billy Higgins is thought to have first entered the recording studio in 1958, recording with Ornette Colemen for Contemporary, America and Improvising Artists Inc. that year. He then began a freelance career that would find him on more than 700 recordings with too many prominent names to list. During the sixties Higgins began playing sessions for Blue Note Records. In 1989 Higgins founded The World Stage in Los Angeles with poet, Kamau Daaood. Higgins also taught at the University of California. He died in 2001 of kidney and liver failure. Higgins drums with alto saxophonist, Orenette Coleman, in all tracks below through 1971 unless otherwise indicated.

Billy Higgins   1958


   Angel Voice

   The Blessing


   The Disguise




   The Sphinx

   When Will the Blues Leave?

Billy Higgins   1959

   Billie's Bounce

      Sax: Teddy Edwards

   The Shape of Jazz to Come

Billy Higgins   1960

   Una Muy Bonita

Billy Higgins   1965


      Bass: Charlie Haden   Piano: Enrico Pieranunzi

      Trumpet: Chet Baker

   Our Man Higgins

      Alto sax: Jackie McLean   Trumpet: Lee Morgan

Billy Higgins   1971

   Civilization Day

Billy Higgins   1979


Billy Higgins   1983


      Filmed live   Alto sax: Jackie McLean

Billy Higgins   1985


      Filmed live   Bass: Ron Carter   Piano: Herbie Hancock

Billy Higgins   1986

   Cool Struttin'

      Filmed live   Alto sax: Jackie McLean


      Filmed live   Guitar: Pat Metheny

Billy Higgins   1990

   Blues For C.M.

      Piano: Hank Jones

Billy Higgins   1993


      Filmed live   Guitar: Pat Metheny

Billy Higgins   2000


      Concert filmed live   Sax: Charles LLoyd


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Higgins

Billy Higgins

Source: Hipster Sanctuary

Birth of Modern Jazz: Pete La Roca

Pete La Roca

Source: All Music
Born Peter Sims in Harlem in 1938, drummer Pete La Roca began percussion as a child. While attending the City College of New York he played tympani in its orchestra. He began his professional career in the early fifties, changing his name from Sims to La Roca and playing timbales in NYC for Latin bands. La Roca's first track to see vinyl was 'A Night in Tunisia', recorded at the Village Vanguard November 3rd of 1957 with saxman, Sonny Rollins, released the next February on Rollins's album, 'A Night at the Village Vanguard'. A 1999 reissue of that album also has La Roca on 'I've Got You Under My Skin' and 'Softly, as in a Morning Sunrise'. In December of '57 La Roca laid three tracks with pianist, Sonny Clark, that found their way onto the 1979 release of 'My Conception', a Blue Note compilation of Clark compositions per '57 and '59: 'Minor Meeting', 'Eastern Incident' and 'Little Sonny'. It was 1959 that La Roca began sitting in on sessions regularly, recording with Sonny Clark, Slide Hampton, Jackie McLean, Sonny Rollins and Tony Scott that year. Tracks with the Steve Kuhn Trio were made in 1960, though not released until 2005. La Roca's initial of three albums as a leader was 'Basra' in 1965. In 1967 La Roca issued the LP, 'Turkish Women at the Bath', with Chick Corea, titled after the painting by Ingres. The next year he put away music due inability to find work, stating jazz fusion, not his bag, to be his nemesis. Nor was he into free jazz, preferring to drive a taxi for the next five years while studying law. He successfully sued Muse Records upon its 1973 release of 'Bliss', crediting Corea as leader of the quartet, because it was the same LP as 'Turkish Women at the Bath'. La Roca returned to music in 1979. His third and final album, 'Swingtime', appeared in 1997. He died of lung cancer in November 2012. Per 1967 below, all tracks are from La Roca's album, 'Turkish Women at the Bath'.

Pete La Roca   1958

  A Night in Tunisia

     Saxophone: Sonny Rollins

        Album: 'A Night at the Village Vanguard'

  Softly, As In a Morning Sunrise

Saxophone: Sonny Rollins

        Album: 'A Night at the Village Vanguard'

        Reissue 1999

Pete La Roca   1959

  Paul's Pal

     With Sonny Rollins

     Not released until 1984

Pete La Roca   1960

  Little Old Lady

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Piano: Steve Kuhn

Pete La Roca   1964

  Bag's Groove

     Filmed live with Art Farmer

  So In Love

     Filmed live with Art Farmer

Pete La Roca   1965


     Album: 'Basra'

  Lazy Afternoon

     Album: 'Basra'

Pete La Roca   1965


  Dancing Girls

  Love Planet

  Turkish Women at the Bath


  Drummer, Grady Tate, was half vocalist. He spent the first decade (and whole) of his career in high demand as a sideman before he began singing in the latter sixties. Born in Durham, North Carolina, in 1932, Tate began his recording career in 1959 on three albums released by organist, Wild Bill Davis, in alphabetical order: 'Flying High', 'In a Mellow Tone' and 'In The Groove!'. He next joined Quincy Jones' orchestra, whence his career as a session musician exploded. Among the first of his notable recordings was with Charles Mingus, drumming on 'The Complete Town Hall Concert' released in '62. Tate backed a galaxy of musicians through the decades. Among his more significant partners was Oliver Nelson, with whom he recorded the first of several albums in 1964 for release in '65: 'More Blues and the Abstract Truth'. Tate's vocal career began with the release of his album, 'Windmills of My Mind' in 1968. Another notable figure in Tate's drumming career was Lalo Schifrin with whom he issued several albums in the nineties. Tate has been teaching at Howard University in Washington DC since 1989. Per below, all tracks are samples of Tate's session work in percussion excepting 'Windmills of My Mind' in 1968 and 'By Special Request' in 1974 which are samples of his singing.

Grady Tate   1962


      Charles Mingus album:

       'The Complete Town Hall Concert'

   Peggy's Blue Skylight

      Charles Mingus album:

       'The Complete Town Hall Concert'

Grady Tate   1964

   A Bientot

      Oliver Nelson album: 'Fantabulous'

   The Cat

      Jimmy Smith album: 'The Cat'

   Take Me With You

      Oliver Nelson album: 'Fantabulous'

Grady Tate   1968

   2 Shows Nightly

      Album by Peggy Lee

      Live at the Copacabana


      Album: 'Hear, O Israel'

   Sack Full of Dreams

      Album: 'Windmills Of My Mind'

   The Windmills of Your Mind

      Album: 'Windmills Of My Mind'

   Would You Believe

      Album: 'Windmills Of My Mind'

Grady Tate   1974

   And I Love Her

      Album: 'By Special Request'

Grady Tate   1985

   Night Train

      Filmed at Jazzfestival Bern

     Bass: Ray Brown

     Piano: Gene Harris


Birth of Modern Jazz: Grady Tate

Grady Tate

Source: Drummer World


We suspend this Birth of Modern Jazz with drummer Grady Tate. Drummers who began their careers in the sixties are at Modern Jazz 8.




Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments


Medieval - Renaissance


Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

Expressionist - Modern

Modern: Composers born 1900 to 1950




Country Western


Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Song

Modern 6: Latin Jazz - Latin Recording

Modern 7: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Modern 8: United States 1960 - 1970

Modern 9: International 1960 - 1970

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul

Other Musical Genres

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

UK Beat

British Invasion

Total War - Sixties American Rock

Musician Indexes

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

Jazz Modern - Horn

Jazz Modern - Piano - String

Jazz Modern - Latin - Percussion - Song - Other

Jazz Modern - 1960 to 1970

Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul

UK Beat - British Invasion

Sixties American Rock - Popular


About This You Tube History

Audio/Video Downloaders/Converters - CD/DVD Burners


Art        Internet        Music        Poetry        Vaping

Site Map


vfssmail (at) gmail (dot) com