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A Birth of Rock & Roll 6

A YouTube History of Music

Total War

Sixties American Rock

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



1910 Fruitgum Company
Allman Brothers Band    Amboy Dukes
Beach Boys   Beau Brummels    Captain Beefheart    Blood Sweat & Tears    Blue Cheer    Blues Magoos    Tommy Bolin    Box Tops    The Buckinghams
Canned Heat    Chicago    The Choir    Classics IV     Alice Cooper    Creedence Clearwater Revival
Delaney & Bonnie    Rick Derringer    Detroit Wheels    Micky Dolenz    The Doors
Electric Flag
Flo & Eddie    The Family Stone    The Four Seasons   John Fred    Frijid Pink    The Fugs
Barry Goldberg    The Golliwogs    Grand Funk Railroad    GTOs    Guess Who
Harpers Bizarre    Don Sugarcane Harris    Jimi Hendrix    The Hondells
Ike & Tina Turner    Iron Butterfly
Jackson 5    Michael Jackson    Tommy James    James Gang    Jay & the Americans    Jefferson Airplane    Billy Joel    Davy Jones
Gary Lewis    Lynyrd Skynyrd
Harvey Mandel    MC5    The McCoys    Lee Michaels    Buddy Miles    Steve Miller    Moby Grape    The Monkees    Chris Montez    Mountain
Nazz    Michael Nesmith    Harry Nilsson    Ted Nugent
Ohio Express
Pacific Gas & Electric    Paul & Paula   The Playboy Band    The Playboys    Iggy Pop    Billy Preston
Quicksilver Messenger Service
Rare Earth    The Rascals    Paul Revere & the Raiders    The Raspberries    Tommy Roe    Todd Rundgren    Leon Russell    Mitch Ryder
Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs    Santana    Boz Scaggs    Bob Seger    The Shangri-Las    Del Shannon    The Shondells    Silver Bullet Band    Grace Slick    Sly & the Family Stone    Sonny & Cher    Steppenwolf    The Stooges    Strawberry Alarm Clock
Three Dog Night    Peter Tork    The Tornadoes    Ike & Tina Turner    The Turtles
The Vagrants    Bobby Vee    Velvet Underground
Joe Walsh    Leslie West
Young Rascals
Frank Zappa    Zephyr    Warren Zevon    ZZ Top



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:


1956 Don Sugarcane Harris
1957 Billy Preston
1960 Paul Revere & the Raiders    Tommy Roe    Ike & Tina Turner    Bobby Vee

Beach Boys    The Four Seasons    Del Shannon    Jay & the Americans

1962 Tommy James   Chris Montez    Paul & Paula    Leon Russell    Mitch Ryder    The Tornadoes
1963 Harry Nilsson    Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs    The Shangri-Las
1964 Beau Brummels    The Golliwogs    Jimi Hendrix    The Hondells    Billy Joel    Gary Lewis & the Playboys    The Shondells   Sonny & Cher
1965 The Buckinghams    Classics IV    Alice Cooper     Rick Derringer    Detroit Wheels    The Fugs    Guess Who    Davy Jones    The McCoys   Steve Miller    Michael Nesmith    Boz Scaggs    Bob Seger    The Turtles    Young Rascals    The Vagrants    Leslie West
1966 Captain Beefheart    Blues Magoos    The Choir    Micky Dolenz    Barry Goldberg    Kaleidoscope    Jefferson Airplane    Harvey Mandel    The Monkees    Iggy Pop    Grace Slick    Peter Tork    Joe Walsh    Frank Zappa
1967 1910 Fruitgum Company    Amboy Dukes    Box Tops    Canned Heat    The Doors    John Fred & the Playboy Band    Harpers Bizarre    MC5    Moby Grape    Ted Nugent    Ohio Express    Quicksilver Messenger Service    The Rascals    Sly & the Family Stone    Steppenwolf    Strawberry Alarm Clock     Velvet Underground
1968 Blood Sweat & Tears     Blue Cheer    Creedence Clearwater Revival    Delaney & Bonnie    Electric Flag    Iron Butterfly    Jackson 5    Michael Jackson    Lynyrd Skynyrd    Lee Michaels    Nazz    Pacific Gas & Electric    Rare Earth    Todd Rundgren    Three Dog Night
1969 Allman Brothers Band    Tommy Bolin   Chicago    Frijid Pink    Grand Funk Railroad    GTOs    Iron Butterfly   James Gang    Mountain    Santana    The Stooges    Zephyr    Warren Zevon    ZZ Top
1970 Flo & Eddie
1972  The Raspberries 
1974 Silver Bullet Band    Utopia


  This page concerns American rock in the sixties. When the Beatles invaded the States in 1964 the strongest line of defense was little more then the Beach Boys and Elvis Presley. Rock was treading water in the early sixties, compared to the stir it had made in the fifties, the Beatles thus arriving at a perfect time, just when rock n roll was at a lull needing infusion. It would take a few years, however, for American bands to respond in kind. The early sixties on this page are thus sparse in comparison the latter sixties. If you think somebody is missing on this page they may well be in another section of these histories such as Modern Blues 1 and 2, Folk or Rock 1 (R&B) or Rock 7 (Popular). If they were originally a doo wop enterprise they may be in Rock 2. If their recording career began in the fifties they may be in Rock 3.


Sixties Rock: Don Sugarcane Harris

Don Sugarcane Harris

Source: MPS Schallplatten

Jazz fusion violinist, Don Sugarcane Harris, also performed on guitar and organ. His early R&B career with Dewey Terry as Don & Dewey didn't get the credit it merited. Don & Dewey released their first record in 1956 for the Shade label: 'Miss Sue'/'My Heart Is Aching'. The pair recorded numerously until their last in 1964: 'Get Your Hat'/'Annie Lee'. Harris then did a little time with John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers. He performed on the 'Johnny Otis Show' in 1968 and '69. He emerged on Frank Zappa's albums, 'Hot Rats' in 1969, then 'Burnt Weeny Sandwich' ('70) and 'Weasels Ripped My Flesh' ('70). 'Keep On Driving" and 'Sugarcane' were Harris' first two solo albums in 1970. In 1972 he formed the Pure Food and Drug Act with Victor Conte (bass), Paul Lagos (drums), Randy Resnick (guitar) and Harvey Mandel (guitar). The Drug Act issued one album in '72: 'Choice Cuts', Harris fourth by then. His tenth and last was 'Flashin' Time' in 1976. He had reunited with Dewey about that time, now to do the oldies circuit. Largely falling out of the music industry he recorded only on occasion with other musicians, appearing as late as 1998 on albums by CD Morris ('Shades of Country Blues') and Charles Wright ('Going to the Party'). Developing pulmonary disease, Harris died in Los Angeles in November 1999. Per below, Harris career is resumed with his solo career after Don & Dewey.

Don Sugarcane Harris   1969

  Gumbo Variations

      Frank Zappa LP: 'Hot Rats'

Don Sugarcane Harris   1970

  Keep on Driving

      LP: 'Keep on Driving'

  Nature's Disappearing

      John Mayall LP: 'USA Union'

Don Sugarcane Harris   1971

  Fiddler On the Rock


Pure Food and Drug Act   1972

  Choice Cuts


Don Sugarcane Harris   1973

  I'm On Your Case


Don Sugarcane Harris   1975



Don Sugarcane Harris   1976

  The Willies

      LP: 'Flashin' Time'


  Where best to begin some account of America's defense against the British Invasion but with the enemy? It might be said that the Brits won the Invasion by overwhelming force. Their two-prong attack by the Beatles and Rolling Stones alone were sufficient to alarm sleepy Americans of their doom. But America's capitulation didn't come without a fight, and that struggle required intel. Enter one of America's greatest spies several years into the war, an American "soul instrumentalist" who managed to infiltrate both the Beatles and Rolling Stones operations. Born in 1946 in Houston, organ player Billy Preston was first recorded on the 'Nat King Cole Show' in 1957, rendering a duet of 'Blueberry Hill' with Cole. His first record releases are thought to have been in 1961 with Contract Records: 'My Kind Of Music' b/w 'There's A Brand New Picture' and 'Volcano' b/w 'Young Heartaches'. In 1962 he played organ on 'This Sunday In Person!', an album released by gospel singer, James Cleveland. Preston also toured Europe with Little Richard in 1962, meeting the Beatles for the first time in Hamburg. 1963 saw his release of 'Greazee' with Derby Records and the issue of his debut album, '16 Yr. Old Soul'. In 1964 Preston participated in the issue of 'It's A Blessing' b/w 'Since I Found Him' by the Cogic (Church of God In Christ) Singers. He released three 45s in 1965 on Vee-Jay, as well as six singles on Oldies 45, flip sides shared by other artists. Preston also released his second album, 'The Most Exciting Organ Ever', in 1965 for the Spanish label, Vampisoul. It was 1966 when Capital Records saw in Preston a serious musician with ROI potential. He moved to Apple in 1969, performing with the Beatles at their last public performance on January 30 atop the roof of Apple headquarters in London. He also participated in the Beatles' albums, 'Abbey Road' ('69) and 'Let It Be' ('70). (Preston is thought to have contributed keyboards on the 'White Album', released in '68, as well. Such is difficult to substantiate. As for 'Let It Be', that album was recorded before 'Abbey Road' though its release came afterward.) His relationship with the Rolling Stones began briefly afterward, contributing to 'Can't You Hear Me Knocking' and 'I Got the Blues' on the 'Sticky Fingers' album ('71), and 'Shine a Light' on 'Exile On Main Street' ('72). Preston was the Stones' principal keyboardist until 1977 while he pursued his own career with A&M Records (as of '72), and would record on various later Stones issues (such as 'Tattoo You' in '81 and 'Bridges to Babylon' in '97). Preston moved to Motown Records in 1979, releasing his first duet with Syreeta Wright that year: 'Go For It' b/w 'With You I'm Born Again'. Last issuing with Motown in 1986, Preston spent the rest of the eighties doing session work. In 1990 he toured with both Eric Clapton and Ringo Starr before joining The Band, which relationship ended with double whammy trouble in 1991, first for insurance fraud, setting fire to his home in Los Angeles, then for sexual assault with a 16-year old male Mexican day laborer. He was sentenced to nine months drug rehabilitation (cocaine) and three months of house arrest. Preston released the albums 'Billy's Back' in 1995 and 'You and I' in 1997 (with the Italian band, Novecento). Preston's last years into the new millennium were as active as possible while afflicted with kidney disease. He is thought to have last recorded with Eric Clapton and JJ Cale for the 2006 release of the album, 'Escondido'. His last live performance arrived the same year at a Los Angeles concert with Dhani Harrison (son of George) and Ringo Starr. Preston died of kidney failure in June that year in Scottsdale, Arizona, not yet sixty years of age. Though Preston's bio comes early on this page we don't assume his career below until 1969, the year he joined Apple and began backing the Beatles. (His participation on their '68 'White Album' remains unsubstantiated.) His earlier career to '68 as a gospel and soul singer is indexed at Rock 1.

Billy Preston   1969

   Apple Rooftop Concert

     Live with the Beatles

   Get Back

     Apple Rooftop Concert   Music video

   Love Me Do

     With the Beatles

Billy Preston   1971

   I Wrote a Simple Song


Billy Preston   1973

   Live European Tour


  Live on WNET


Billy Preston   1974

   Nothing From Nothing

Billy Preston   1975

   Outta Space

     Live with the Rolling Stones

   That's Life

     Live with the Rolling Stones

Billy Preston   1979

   With You I'm Born Again

     Live with Syreeta Wright

Billy Preston   1988

   How Great Thou Art

     Filmed live

Billy Preston   1995

   Will It Go Round In Circles

     Filmed live in Japan with Ringo Starr

Billy Preston   1997

   You Are So Beautiful

     With Novecento

Billy Preston   2002

   Isn't It a Pity

     Filmed live with Eric Clapton


Sixties Rock: Billy Preston

Billy Preston

Source: Sopitas
Sixties Rock: Paul Revere & the Raiders

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1967

Source: Wikipedia

Keyboardist, Paul Revere Dick, saw the British Invasion coming but his warnings were in vain. Elvis Presley had finished his US Army tour in January of 1960, but his early preparations against British conquest were necessarily brave, America having little more means of defense than some boys on its beaches no one had heard of yet. Dick had been preparing against the plunder to come by forming a band called the Downbeats in the latter fifties which singer, Mark Lindsay, joined. Changing the group's name to Paul Revere and the Raiders in 1960, 'Beatnik Sticks' became their debut single that year. The album, 'Like, Long Hair' was released in '61. The Raiders toured the US that year with Leon Russell at piano. He briefly come and gone, other Raiders personnel likewise quickly rotated. Dick remained with the Raiders until his death of cancer in 2014. Lindsay left the group in 1975 for a solo career, the Raiders having had their heyday and well into descent by that time. The group nevertheless yet exists, three of its present members having been with the band since the seventies: Doug Heath (guitar), Ron Foos (bass) and Danny Krause (keyboards). In 1963 the Raiders released two albums titled 'Paul Revere and the Raiders', one an obscure live LP. Ten years later the group was in wane, though a couple reunion albums were released in '83: 'The Great Raider Reunion' and 'Paul Revere Rides Again'. During the latter sixties, however, the Raiders were hugely successful, beginning with 'Just Like Me' in latter '65. 'Kicks', 'Hungry' and 'Good Thing' each slipped to Billboard's Top Ten in 1966. 'Him or Me What's It Gonna Be?' rose to #5 in April of '67. The Raiders rolled out a couple magic carpets in 1971 with 'Indian Reservation' and 'Birds of a Feather', after which their horse got tired and they began their demise. A couple of obscure live volumes were issued in the nineties titled 'Generic Rock & Roll'. Two volumes of 'Ride to the Wall', issued in the new millennium, did little to resurrect the Raiders' name.

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1960

  Beatnik Sticks

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1961

  Like Long Hair


Paul Revere & the Raiders   1964



Paul Revere & the Raiders   1965

  Just Like Me

      With film

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1966

  Get It On

  Good Thing



Paul Revere & the Raiders   1967

  Him Or Me

      Television performance


      'Ed Sullivan Show'

  Ups and Downs

  Ups and Downs

      'Smothers Brothers Show'

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1969

  Let Me

      Filmed live

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1971

  Indian Reservation

      Television performance

Paul Revere & the Raiders   1986

  Live in Reno

      Filmed concert

Paul Revere & the Raiders   2014

  Live in Orlando

      Filmed concert


  Born in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1942, Tommy Roe supported his early musical ambitions after high school by working for General Electric. At age twenty he released his first singles for the Mark IV label as Tommy Roe & the Satins: 'Caveman' and 'I Got a Girl'. He then issued 'Shelia' (likely a misprint of 'Sheila') with the Satins in October 1960 for the Judd label, the Satins thereafter retired ('Pretty Girl' on the flip of Shelia'). In 1962 Roe issued 'Sheila', she to sit atop Billboard's Hot 100 at #1 in July. That brought an advance of $5000 from ABC-Paramount so Roe quit his job at GE to tour. 'Everybody' climbed to the #3 spot in September of 1963. 'Sweet Pea' saw #8 in June of '66, 'Hooray for Hazel' #6 in September. Like the Monkees, Roe verged on bubblegum pop, but like the Monkees he could rock too.. 'Dizzy' experienced thin atmosphere at #1 in February of '69. Roe's last to score in the Top Ten was 'Jam Up and Jelly Tight' in November of '69, gradually losing popularity thereafter, his final LP issued in 1977: 'Full Bloom'. (His first had been 'Sheila' in 1963.) That is, until Roe got ants in his pants to release 'Devil's Soul Pile' in 2012 thirty-five years later. He yet performs such as casinos with guitarist, Rick Levy.

Tommy Roe & the Satins   1960

   Caveman/I Got a Girl


Tommy Roe   1962


Tommy Roe   1966

   Sweet Pea


Tommy Roe   1966

   Soft Words

Tommy Roe   1969


     Telecast   Date estimated

   Heather Honey

   Jam Up and Jelly Tight

Tommy Roe   1970


     Televised w Joe South & Billy Joe Royal

Tommy Roe   1986


     'Little Darlin's'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Ike & Tommy Roe

Tommy Roe

Source: Discogs

Birth of Rock & Roll: Ike & Tina Turner

Tina & Ike Turner   1966

Photo: Associated Press

Source: SF Gate

Soul musicians Ike & Tina Turner began recording R&B together in 1958 ('Box Top', under Tina Turner). Tina was going by the name, Little Ann, at the time. In 1960 Ike changed her name to Tina Turner for the release of 'A Fool In Love' that year. That single exceeded a million copies. The Ike & Tina Turner Revue (as they were called) scored another million copies with 'It's Gonna Work Out Fine' in 1961. They then got married, eloping to Tijuana, in 1962. Despite the power combo that Ike & Tina were, they didn't score a gold album until 'What You Hear Is What You Get' in 1971. The Turner equation was nevertheless unstoppable until 1975 when the couple ceased performing together. Tina had separated from Ike the year before and would file for divorce in 1976. The last album of their original recordings together was 'The Edge', released in 1980.

Ike & Tina Turner   1960

   Chances Are

Ike & Tina Turner   1964

   I Can't Believe What You Say

Ike & Tina Turner   1965

   Fool In Love/Work Out Fine

Ike & Tina Turner   1968

   You Got What You Wanted

Ike & Tina Turner   1970

   Honky Tonk Woman

    Filmed live

Ike & Tina Turner   1971

   Funkier Than A Mosquita's Tweeter

   Proud Mary


Ike & Tina Turner   1973

   Nutbush City Limits

Ike & Tina Turner   1975

   Delilah's Power

    Filmed live


  Bobby Vee's (Sydney Ronald Velline born 1943) career began of the tragedy that took the lives of Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and the Big Bopper, along with their 21 year-old pilot, Roger Peterson, in 1959. It came to Velline (not yet Vee) to fill in for Buddy Holly's engagement in Moorhead, Minnesota, at which Holly would not now show. Vee had put together a band called the Shadows in Fargo, North Dakota, all of a week earlier, but during which week the group had been practicing Buddy Holly tunes. Vee's first recording occurred in 1959 as well: 'Suzie Baby' (unfound) backed with 'Flyin' High'. Those were followed in 1960 by 'What Do You Want'/'My Love Loves Me' and, third, 'One Last Kiss'/'Laurie'. Though Vee's career began with rock n roll he came to more greatly pursue the pop genre. As of this writing he yet performs, regularly at the Winter Dance Party concerts in Clear Lake, Iowa.

Bobby Vee   1959

   Flyin' High/Lonely Love

Bobby Vee   1960

   Devil or Angel



   I'm Sorry


      Third release   Side B

   One Last Kiss

      Third release   Side A

   Rubber Ball


   Since I Met You Baby

   What Do You Want/My Love Loves Me

      Second release   Sides A & B

   Young Love

Bobby Vee   1961

   Take Good Care Of My Baby

Bobby Vee   1962

   The Night Has a Thousand Eyes

    Music video

   Suzie Baby

Bobby Vee   1963

   What Else Is New

Bobby Vee   1965

   Run To Him

   Sharing You

    Filmed live

Bobby Vee   1967

   Come Back When You Grow Up

   Double Good Feeling

   Mission Accomplished

   Objects of Gold


Birth of Rock & Roll: Bobby Vee

Bobby Vee   1960

Source: From the Vaults

Birth of Rock & Roll: Beach Boys

Beach Boys

Source: Ranker197

In 1961 the Beach Boys recorded their first tune, 'Surfin', first composed by Brian Wilson as a substitute for a piano sonata he'd been expected to compose for a high school music class project. The Beach Boys originally named themselves the Pendletones, which a promotion worker at Candix Records deemed insufficient and changed, without their knowledge, as the labels for 'Surfin' went to press in 1961. The original members of the Pendletones, now stuck as the Beach Boys whether they liked it or not, were Al Jordine (rhythm guitar), Mike Love (vocals) and the three Wilson brothers: Brian (bass guitar), Carl (guitar) and Dennis (drums). Good thing that Dennis surfed, since for all the surfing songs the Beach Boys composed he was the only one in the group who did. Be as may, from 'Surfin' onward, the Beach Boys released a virtual river of successful tunes, such that they were one of the main lines of defense when the British invaded America void of conscience, forcing the civilian population to absorb Great Britain's two main waves of assault in 1964, the Beatles in February and the Rolling Stones in June. The Beach Boys had released their first album 'Surfin' Safari', in 1962. Though they couldn't save America, and were put to a scramble by the Beatles and the Stones, when all was said and done the Beach Boys could sniff their noses at such British forces, their preeminence in golden rock incontestable. In 1966 the concept album, 'Pet Sounds' appeared. In 1966 the Beach Boys founded Brother Records to release 'Smiley Smile' in 1967. With Brian in the band the Beach Boys became known for the technological expertise of their recordings. In mid 1968 the Beach Boys met Charles Manson, the killer, and his family. Manson and Dennis diddled about with some music. It's said that Brian had no truck with Manson from the start, hence Manson and his family were soon lost as thoroughly as possible. In 1973 the Beach Boys released their gold album, 'The Beach Boys in Concert'. The Beach Boys are one of few divisions of American defense that didn't simply crumble before British forces. Like most bands, their heydays were in their earlier years. But they've recorded and performed ever since for a wide audience intent that the Beach Boys stick around. The short list below is divided about half n half between some of the Beach Boys' early successes and how they sound now, half a century later. All edits for 2012 were filmed live.

Beach Boys   1961


Beach Boys   1962


   Surfin' Safari

Beach Boys   1963

   Surfin' USA

Beach Boys   1964

   Don't Worry Baby

   Fun Fun Fun

   I Get Around

    'Ready Steady Go!'

Beach Boys   1965

   California Girls

Beach Boys   1966

   Good Vibrations

Beach Boys   2012



   God Only Knows

   Help Me Rhonda

   It's OK

   Little Deuce Coupe


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Four Seasons

The Four Seasons   1966

Source: Wikipedia
The Four Seasons were formed in 1960 by Bob Gaudio (keyboards) and Frankie Valli (lead). They were joined by Nick Massi (bass) and Tommy DeVito (guitar). The group has employed numerous personnel over the years but Valli has been its anchor for more than fifty years, yet running the gang to this date. The Four Seasons emerged out of his earlier group, the Four Lovers, named after a bowling alley where the Lovers had failed an audition. The group's first plate was 'Bermuda'/'Spanish Lace' in 1961 for Gone Records, failing to chart. Their next single, however, topped Billboard in August of 1962: 'Sherry', included on their debut album, 'Sherry & 11 Others'. From that point onward the Four Seasons gave no season for years to come, topping Billboard at #1 four more times until 1975: 'Big Girls Don't Cry' (Oct '62), 'Walk Like a Man' (Jan '63), 'Rag Doll' (June '64) and 'December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)' (Dec '75). The Four Seasons reached Billboard's US Top Ten ten more times to 1975, after which their popularity waned though has never disappeared. Selling more than 100 million records throughout the globe, the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999.

The Four Seasons   1961

   Bermuda/Spanish Lace


The Four Seasons   1963

   Candy Girl


   Walk Like a Man

     Telecast   Year estimated

The Four Seasons   1964

   Big Girls Don't Cry



     Telecast   Year estimated

The Four Seasons   1965

   Let's Hang On

The Four Seasons   1966

   I've Got You Under My Skin

The Four Seasons   1967


   Can't Take My Eyes Off You



The Four Seasons   1971

   The Night

The Four Seasons   1975

   Who Loves You

     Music video

The Four Seasons   1992

   Live in Atlantic City

     Filmed concert

The Four Seasons   2009


     Filmed live

The Four Seasons   2015


     Filmed live


  Del Shannon was born Charles Weedon Westover in 1934 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. A country western fan as a youth, he taught himself to play ukulele and guitar. He joined the US Army in 1954, then worked at a furniture store in Battle Creek, Michigan, upon release from duty. He was rhythm guitarist with the Moonlight Ramblers at a place called the Hi-Lo Club when he became leader of the band in 1958, assuming the name, Del Shannon. He issued his first plate, 'Runaway'/'Jody', in March of 1961. 'Runaway' topped Billboard's chart at #1, followed by 'Hats Off to Larry' reaching the #5 spot in June. (The albums, 'Runaway' and 'Hats Off to Larry', surfaced in '61 and '62.) Shannon's next and last Top Ten in the States was 'Keep Searchin' in November of 1964. Five other tunes had meanwhile climbed to the Top Ten in Great Britain, not doing so well in America. For the next quarter century Shannon's career floundered to small progress. Among those who experience lock down with depression, Shannon was a user of Prozac. Whatever the chemistry, he killed himself with a .22 caliber rifle at his home in Santa Clarita, California, in February of 1990. His album, 'Rock On', was released posthumously the next year. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1999,

Del Shannon   1961

   Hats Off to Larry


Del Shannon   1962

   Cry Myself to Sleep


   Little Town Flirt


Del Shannon   1965

   Keep Searchin'

     'Top of the Pops'


     'Hollywood a Go Go'

Del Shannon   1986


     'David Letterman Late Show'

Del Shannon   1988

   Handy Man

     'Little Darlin's'

   I Go to Pieces

     'Little Darlin's'

   Little Town Flirt

     'Little Darlin's'

Del Shannon   1989

   Black Is Black

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Del Shannon

Del Shannon

Source: Curb Records
  Jay & the Americans were formed by former Mystics (doo wop) member Jay Traynor in 1960. They made their first recording, 'Tonight', in 1961 for the United Artists film, 'Westside Story'. It was released on record with 'The Other Girls' flip side. 'She Cried' stole the #5 spot on Billboard's Hot 100 in March of '62. 'Come a Little Closer' scored #3 in September '64. 'Cara Mia' rose to #4 in June of '65. In 1966 Traynor was replaced as lead vocalist by David Black, who then changed his first name to Jay. In December of 1968 'This Magic Moment' took the #6 spot on the Hot 100. In November the next year 'Walkin' in the Rain' rose to #9 on the Adult Contemporary chart. Everybody in Jay & the Americans quit in 1973, leaving Black to lead numerous configurations of the group into the new millennium. Jay & the Americans were voted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2002. Black yet tours as of this writing as Jay Black.

Jay & the Americans   1961

   The Other Girls


Jay & the Americans   1962

   She Cried

Jay & the Americans   1964

   Come A Little Bit Closer

    Filmed live

  Come A Little Bit Closer

    Studio version

   To Wait For Love

Jay & the Americans   1965

   Let's Lock the Door

   Only In America

      Filmed live

   Sunday and Me

Jay & the Americans   1969

   This Magic Moment

Jay & the Americans   2011

   Cara Mia

      Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Jay and the Americans

Jay (Traynor) & the Americans

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Birth of Rock & Roll: Tommy James & the Shondells

Tommy James & the Shondells

Source: Bons Tempos
Formed in 1959 in Niles, Michigan, the Echoes became Tom and the Tornadoes when Tommy Jackson (James), lead singer, was twelve. In 1962 that group released 'Long Ponytail' bw 'Judy' on the Northway Sound label (1007). In 1964 the band became the Shondells to release 'Hanky Panky' bw 'Thunderbolt' that January for Snap (102). (The female doo wop group, the Shondells, was no relation and seems to have ceased its short recording career about that period.) The Shondells also released 'Penny Wishing Well' bw 'Pretty Little Red Bird' for Snap (1344) in 1964. Snap was a regional outfit without means of national distribution, but the Shondells discovered their music was salable, getting bootlegged to the tune of 80,000 copies in ten days where not available by legal distribution. Members of the band at that time were Tommy Jackson at guitar and vocals, Larry Coverdale (lead guitar), Jim Payne (drums), Craig Villeneuve (keyboards) and Larry Wright (bass). The group was first called Tommy James & the Shondells when Roulette reissued 'Hanky Panky' bw 'Thunderbolt' in May of 1966, that in response to hanky panky amounting to thousands of dollars in lost sales. Due that Roulette could promote nationwide 'Hanky Panky' topped Billboard's chart the next month. A new band had to be formed at that time, James picking up a group called the Raconteurs in Pennsylvania with which to tour. The new Shondells would be Joe Kessler (guitar), George Magura (saxophone), Vinnie Pietropaoli (drums), Mike Vale (bass) and Ron Rosman (keyboards). One reason Roulette could distribute nationwide was that it was a Mafia front that got its way in the music industry by means of intimidation. Operated by Morris Levy, he would eventually be arrested and convicted, but died in 1990 before serving prison time. James' book, relating his relationship with Levy and Roulette until 1974, was published in 2011 titled 'Me, the Mob, and the Music'. (Another musician famous for ties to the mob was Frank Sinatra in Las Vegas.) The Shondells issued numerous Top Ten singles until their demise in 1970: 'I Think We're Alone Now' (#4 Feb '67), 'Mirage' (#10 Apr '67), 'Mony Mony' (#3 Apr '68'), 'Crimson and Clover' (#1 Dec '68), 'Sweet Cherry Wine' (#7 Mar '69), 'Crystal Blue Persuasion' (#2 Jun '69). The group has seen occasional reunions and various formations into the 21st century. Upon the dissolution of the Shondells James moved forward with a solo career. He issued his first solo LP in 1970: 'Tommy James'. Several followed through the seventies. Though James would tour he issued no recordings after a few in the early eighties until the album, 'Hi-Fi', in 1990. The new millennium has seen 'Hold The Fire' ('06) and 'I Love Christmas' ('12). All said and done, the James phenomenon produced 23 gold singles, 9 gold and platinum albums, and above 100 million records legally sold about the globe. No telling how much by hanky panky.

Tom & The Tornadoes   1962

   Judy/Long Pony Tail

The Shondells   1964

   Hanky Panky/Thunderbolt

Tommy James & the Shondells   1966

   Soul Searchin' Baby

Tommy James & the Shondells   1967

   I Think We're Alone Now


Tommy James & the Shondells   1968

   Crimson and Clover

Tommy James & the Shondells   1969

   Crimson and Clover


      LP: 'Crimson and Clover'

  Crystal Blue Persuasion

      LP: 'Crimson and Clover'

  Sweet Cherry Wine

Tommy James   1971

   Draggin the Line


Tommy James & the Shondells   1988

   Mony Mony


Tommy James & the Shondells   1999

   Live at the Bitter End

      Filmed concert


Birth of Rock & Roll: Chris Montez

Chris Montez

Source: Last FM
Born Ezekiel Christopher Montanez in 1943 in Los Angeles, Chris Montez released 'Let's Dance' in 1962, followed by 'Some Kinda Fun' in '63, both going gold. His 1966 cover of 'Call Me' also did hugely well (Petula Clark's original version released the year before). The term "soft rock" didn't come about until there was "hardrock" for comparison, but Montez was the very prototype of soft rock already, soft as cotton candy. As Montez' career moved forward he turned away from mainstream audiences toward his Hispanic fans. He released some seven albums between '63 ('Let's Dance') and '74 ('Ay No Digas'). Nine years later he issued the completely Spanish album, 'Cartas de Amor'. Though Montez has long since faded into obscurity he yet performs on tour to this date.

Chris Montez   1962

   Let's Dance

Chris Montez   1966

   Call Me

   I Wish You Love

   The More I See You

   There Will Never Be Another You

   Time After Time

Chris Montez   1974

   Ay No Digas


Chris Montez   2010

   Live at El Camino College

      Filmed live

Chris Montez   2014

   Let's Dance

      Filmed at the Cavern in Liverpool


  Paul & Paula were Ray Hildebrand and Jill Jackson who met each other in 1962 at Howard Payne College in Brownwood, Texas. They formed a duo to perform Hildebrand's 'Hey Paula' on the radio for the American Cancer Society that year, then were signed up with Philips to release 'Hey Paula' bw 'Bobby Is the One' that year as well. Those were also released in '62 on a 7" EP with 'Young Lovers' and 'Ba-Hey-Be', for Philips as well, they sticking with that label until '66. 'Hey Paula' went gold, to sell 2 million copies, and the duo issued three albums in 1963. Nevertheless, Hildebrand returned to college in '65, issuing a solo Christian album, 'He's Everything to Me', a couple years later. Jackson pursued a solo career, marrying the duo's manager, then later, an attorney. The pair joined up again for the release of the Christian LP, 'Welcome Warrior', in 1976, thereafter to perform with one another on occasion. Hildebrand and guitarist, Harold Land, formed a Christian duo in 1983 which has issued multiple albums and performed into the 21st century. Between the soft rock of Chris Montez and the light rock of Paul & Paula America was wholly exposed to the unconscionable bombardment of the American public via the airwaves, then actual land assault via tours, that Queen Elizabeth II had designed per the British Invasion. Neither Montez nor Paul & Paula could defend America from the overwhelming forces that were the Beatles and Rolling Stones. They became ancient heroic casualties of fate, a subject for music historians also under-spoken in their brave battles against the intruders of years afore. Presley had a fairly strong division of boys to defend America's beaches and wasn't completely defenseless. But while Americans were fooling around taking tans, driving hot rods and playing volleyball in the sand the Brits were developing their advantage of the relative lull in American rock n roll in the early sixties, requiring an invasion to reawaken. The Beatles would change rock n roll fundamentally with a totally new sound called Merseybeat while the Stones raided America's own best ammo dumps of blues and R&B, turning them against a nation of frolicking unawares. Before forces alike Attila the Hun and Genghis Khan combined America had but cheerleaders of "silly love songs" with which to defend itself. America would soon be looking at whole defeat, desperate for generals who could face the foe. There was James Brown, the Turners, etc., but such were off route to the mainstream fluffy white bread that rock was otherwise in general becoming in the early sixties as popular music more emerged with it. Who could save America? No one. America got trounced, the Brits won the war and the Queen saunters about looking innocent in her pretty hat.

Paul & Paula   1962


  Bobby Is the One

  Young Lovers

Paul & Paula   1963

   First Day Back at School


  First Quarrel


  Hey Paula

      'Sing, Sing, Sing'

      Original issue 1962

  We Go Together

      'Sing, Sing, Sing'

Ray Hildebrand   1967

   It's Free

      LP: 'He's Everything to Me'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Paul and Paula

Paul & Paula

Source: Last FM
  Born Claude Russell Bridges in 1942 in Lawton, Oklahoma, Leon Russell graduated from Will Rogers High School in Tulsa in 1959. Already performing on keyboards in bars by then, he formed a group, as Russell Bridges, with David Gates (future Bread singer) called the Fencemen with which he released his debut sides, 'Swingin' Gates' and 'Bach N' Roll', in October of '62 (Liberty 55509). That was followed by the issue of 'Sunday Stranger' and 'Sour Grapes' in January of 1963 (Liberty 55535). It was 1963 that he joined the Phil Spector group as a session player in Los Angeles, his arrangements and compositions coming into use that year as well. Among his first sessions in '63 were 'Hot Rod Hootenanny' with Mr. Gasser & the Weirdos, 'Surf City' with Jan & Dean, 'Surfin' Hootenanny' with Al Casey, 'Surfin' U.S.A.' with the Hot Doggers and 'Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah' with Bob B. Soxx & the Blue Jeans. Session work and songwriting were Russell's strengths, he composing not a few beautiful melodies while appearing in one way or another on countless recordings. His own catalogue of albums is extensive as well. His initial solo single was 'Everybody’s Talking ‘Bout the Young' in 1965 for Dot Records. In 1968 he formed a duo called the Asylum Choir with Marc Benno, issuing his first album, 'Look Inside', that year. That pair would issue 'Choir II' in 1971. Russell had begun his solo career the year before with the release of 'Leon Russell' in 1970. In 1971 'Leon Russell and the Shelter People' became Russell's first of several gold LPs, most in the seventies: 'Carney' ('72), 'Leon Live' ('73), 'Will O' the Wisp' ('75) and 'One for the Road' ('79) with Willie Nelson. In 1976 he founded Paradise Records. In 2010 his album with Elton John, 'The Union', went gold in Canada. Russell yet tours the United States to this date. Among the more prominent musicians in American rock, but a few of his well-known compositions are 'Delta Lady', 'Tight Rope' and 'Masquerade'. Per Leon Russell 1963 below, titles are samples of early session work in Los Angeles.

The Fencemen   1962

  Swingin' Gates

The Fencemen   1963

  Sour Grapes

  Sunday Stranger

Leon Russell   1963

  Hot Rod Hootenanny

      With Mr. Gasser & the Weirdos

  Surf City

      With Jan & Dean


      With Bob B Soxx & the Blue Jeans

Leon Russell   1964

  Roll Over Beethoven


Leon Russell   1968

  Look Inside

      Album by Asylum Choir with Marc Benno

Leon Russell   1970

  Homewood Session

      Filmed live

  Leon Russell


  Live at Fillmore East

Leon Russell   1971

   A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall

      LP: 'The Shelter People'

     Original composition: Bob Dylan

  Asylum Choir II

      Album by Asylum Choir with Marc Benno

Leon Russell   1972



Leon Russell   1975

   Back to the Island

      LP: 'Will O' the Wisp'

Leon Russell   1979

   Live at Paradise Studios

      Filmed concert with JJ Cale

Leon Russell   1980

   New Grass Revival

      Filmed concert at the Perkins Palace

Leon Russell   1984

   Roll Over Beethoven/Good Time Charlie

      'Late Night with David Letterman'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Leon Russell

Leon Russell

Source: All Music
Birth of Rock & Roll: Mitch Ryder

Mitch Ryder

Source: Ultimate Classic Rock
Born William Levise Jr in 1945 in Hamtramck, Michigan, vocalist, Mitch Ryder, preceded Bruce Springsteen and John Mellencamp by a decade and more per what's called blue collar rock. Ryder spent his high school years in Warren where formed his first group, Tempest, yet in high school. In 1962 at age seventeen Ryder issued 'That's the Way It's Gonna Be'/'Fool For You' on the Carrie label as Billy Lee. 1964 saw the issue of 'Won't You Dance With Me/You Know' by Billy Lee and the Rivieras on the New Voice label. The initial Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels was also for New Voice in 1965: 'Jenny Take a Ride!'/'Baby Jane (Mo-Mo Jane)'. The album, 'Take a Ride', followed in '66 with Breakout!' behind it. The Detroit Wheels were retired after 'Mitch Ryder Sings the Hits' in 1968, Ryder's first solo LP 'What Now My Love', having been released the year earlier. He released 'How I Spent My Vacation' on his own label, Seeds and Stems, in 1978. Ryder's heydays were in the sixties, none of his nigh thirty albums from the seventies into the new millennium able to resurrect old glory. His latest LP, 'The Promise', was issued in 2012. Ryder tours globally, continuing to deliver punch rock to this day. Per below, Mitch Ryder is undistinguished from Mitch Ryder and the Detroit Wheels. Beginning his solo career in '67, he faded out the Wheels the next year. Per 'Jenny Take a Ride!', that's actually another version of Ma Rainey's 'See See Rider' (1924) come to be known as 'CC Rider' since then.

Billy Lee and the Rivieras   1964

   Won't You Dance With Me

    Billy Lee and the Rivieras

Mitch Ryder   1965

   Baby Jane (Mo-Mo Jane)

   I Hope

   I Need Help

Mitch Ryder   1966

   Jenny Take a Ride

     'A Go Go'

    Jenny Take a Ride


Mitch Ryder   1967

   Knock on Wood

     'Upbeat' with Otis Redding

    Sock It To Me Baby


Mitch Ryder   1979

   Ain't Nobody White (Can Sing The Blues)

     Filmed by Rockpalast

    Rock n Roll

     Filmed by Rockpalast

Mitch Ryder   1983

   When You Were Mine

     Music video

Mitch Ryder   2008

   Devil with the Blue Dress

     Filmed live   Date unconfirmed

Mitch Ryder   2010

   Little Latin Lupe Lu

     Filmed at Callahan's

Mitch Ryder   2011

   Little Latin Lupe Lu

     Filmed live

Mitch Ryder   2015

   Long Hard Road

     Filmed live

   Sock It to Me Baby

     Filmed live


  The Tornadoes aren't to be confused with Billy Fury's band, the Tornados, formed in '62 in Great Britain, to carry onward as its own spectacle after its short run with Fury. The American version changed its name to the Hollywood Tornadoes for a brief period in '62 when the British Tornados issued 'Telstar' to reach the top of Billboard's US charts, followed by their album of the same title the same year. (The tune, 'Telstar', would sell five million copies.) The American Tornados were a surf band formed in 1960 in Redlands, CA, to make its first issues, 'Bustin' Surfboards' bw 'Beyond the Surf', in 1962. The group would issue one album ('Bustin' Surfboards' '63) and several singles before its recording demise in '65. The original Tornadoes consisted of Gerald Sanders (bass), Norman Sanders (lead guitar), Jesse Sanders (rhythm guitar), Leonard Delaney (drums) and George White (sax). The group remained together throughout the decades, yet active as of this writing with the exception of Delaney's death in 2014 of Alzheimer's Disease, and current saxman, Joel Willenbring. The later formation has issued several new titles included on compilations released in the new millennium.

The Tornadoes   1963

   Bustin' Surfboads



Birth of Rock & Roll: The Tornadoes

The Tornadoes

Source: The Tornadoes
Birth of Rock & Roll: Harry Nilsson

Harry Nilsson

Source: Harry Nilsson
Harry Nilsson was born in Brooklyn in 1941. More a pop than rock musician, he yet had an aspect for marketing more to rock than popular audience. To help with family finances he quit school in the ninth grade. Being good with computers, he allowed to work underage at a bank. Employed at night, during the day he pursued composing and singing. He'd worked with a duo and had some guitar and piano going when he made his first recordings in 1962, demos for songwriter, Scott Turner. Those have been made available much later per 'Early Tymes' ('77), 'Nilsson '62: The Debut Sessions' ('95) and 'Hollywood Dreamer' ('01). Turner had paid Nilsson $5 per song. Upon later release of the demos he offered Nilsson a share, but Nilsson responded he'd already been paid. In 1963 Nilsson issued 'Donna I Understand' and 'Wig Job' as Johnny Niles. He issued 'Baa Baa Blacksheep' and 'Do You Wanna (Have Some Fun)' as Bo Pete in 1964, then 'All for the Beatles' ('Stand Up and Holler') as Foto-Fi Four. It was also '64 that Nilsson met arranger, George Tipton, with whom he would work into the seventies, Tipton also financing the recording of Nilsson's debut recordings as Harry Nilsson, released in October '64 for Tower Records: 'Sixteen Tons' bw 'I'm Gonna Lose My Mind'. His first album, 'Spotlight on Nilsson', arrived in '66, but Nilsson didn't start busting out until '69 with 'Everybody's Talkin'' reaching #6 on Billboard's Hot 100 in '69, first issued the year before. 'Without You' was a giant success in '71, followed by 'Coconut' the next year. In 1974 he collaborated with John Lennon on 'Pussy Cats', also '74 when singer, Elliot Cass, died of heart failure in his London flat after a Mamas and Papas performance. Four years later drummer, Keith Moon, died in the same room from an overdose of Clomethiazole, an anti-alcohol drug. Nilsson then sold the place to Pete Townshend and settled in Los Angeles. He released various recordings in the eighties but had largely wrapped up his career in music with the releases in 1980 of 'Popeye', the soundtrack, and 'Flash Harry', his sixteenth album. He formed Hawkeye, a film production company, in 1985, eventually releasing 'The Telephone' in 1988. 1990 brought the bad news that his accountant, Candy Sims, had been embezzling, leaving him in debt with $300 to his name. Sims spent more than a jail but made no restitution. Nilsson last performed in 1992 with Ringo Starr at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas. He had endured a heart attack in 1993, and had completed vocal tracks for an album when his heart failed in January of '94 at his home in Agoura Hills, California. Promo recordings made earlier in '92 and '93 were posthumously released in '94 as 'Papa's Got a Brown New Robe'. Per 1962 below, tracks are demos recorded that year, issued in 1995 on the LP, 'Nilsson '62: The Debut Sessions', with compositions by Scott Turner. Numerous titles from that are readily available at YouTube.

Harry Nilsson   1962

   It Just Ain't Right

   Learning From You

   On Time

Johnny Niles   1963

   Donna I Understand

   Wig Job

Bo Pete   1964

   Do You Wanna


Foto-Fi Four   1964

   All for the Beatles

     'Stand Up & Holler'

Harry Nilsson   1964

   I'm Gonna Lose My Mind

   Sixteen Tons

Harry Nilsson   1968


Harry Nilsson   1970

   Love Story

     Piano: Randy Newman

Harry Nilsson   1971

   Are You Sleeping?

     LP: 'The Point!'

   In Concert

     Filmed concert performances


     LP: 'Nilsson Schmilsson'

   Driving Along

     LP: 'Nilsson Schmilsson'

   Jump Into the Fire

     LP: 'Nilsson Schmilsson'

   Without You

     LP: 'Nilsson Schmilsson'

Harry Nilsson   1972


     LP: 'Son of Schmilsson'

   You're Breaking My Heart

     LP: 'Son of Schmilsson'

Harry Nilsson   1974

   A Little Touch of Schmilsson In the Night

     Filmed concert

   Pussy Cats

     Album with John Lennon

Harry Nilsson   1980

   Best Move

     LP: 'Flash Harry'

   Blow Me Down

     Demo for the film 'Popeye'

   Bright Side of Life

     LP: 'Flash Harry'

   Everything Is Food

     Demo for the film 'Popeye'

Harry Nilsson   1984

   Beatlefest '84

     Filmed live

Harry Nilsson   1988

   Over The Rainbow

     Recorded 1973

     LP: 'A Touch More Schmilsson In the Night'

Harry Nilsson   1994

   Papa's Got a Brown New Robe

     Album issued posthumously


  Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs consisted of Domingo Samudio (front), David Martin (bass), Jerry Patterson (drums) and Butch Gibson (saxophone). Born to Mexican immigrants in Dallas in 1937, Sam was well aware that many American radio stations were complicit in the bombardment of the American public during the British Invasion. (Suspicious that none have ever come to trial for treason.) During that war generals such as Frank Zappa fought strategically against the huge British front commanded by the Beatles. Canned Heat attempted to defend the homeland from the more barbaric onslaught of the Stones that was alike the Visigoths invading Rome, the campfires and fifty-gallon drums of crude Canned Heat burning in the night without the "safety" of Rome's walls as they defended its entrances with David-like confidence before the very face of the horde every bit as primitive. The Queen was attacking from all about her realms and beyond, and using Caribbean reggae musicians for spies who were ostensibly also moles either at first or later, perhaps both. Sam worked for intelligence on the American side. Albeit Mexican, he was able to fool the British into thinking that he and his band were a lot of sand babies. Fond of plumed turbans, with the Pharaohs in sheets, to disguise their Egyptian heritage as well, even as they flaunted such before the Queen in an attempt to divide her forces by starting another Invasion in Egypt. He even tied an arm behind his back by making his ruses obvious, calling himself a sham. His too great confidence in himself was his undoing. Instead of distracting the British to Egypt they gave him a hatchet haircut, though he survived. Sam was first heard on the radio when he was in second grade, singing for his school. He took up guitar, graduated, joined the Navy with which he spent six years in Panama, studied classical music at Arlington State College (now the University of Texas Arlington) for two years, then joined a carnival. The first formation of the Pharaohs arrived in 1961, though the group's name wouldn't appear on label until 'Wooly Bully' with 'Ain't Gonna Move' in 1964. Sam the Sham's first issue was in 1963 for Tupelo titled 'Betty and Dupree'/'Man Child', followed in '64 with 'The Signafyin' Monkey'/'Juimonos'. That those didn't do so well was a feint to hustle the Crown. Once the Queen's intimidating forces moved in Sam released 'Wooly Bully' to a resounding victory, the tune climbing to #2 on Billboard's US in April of '65. The Brits abandoned the battlefield and the Pharaohs went to work on their next lures. Just as Sam had plotted, once the Brits thought they saw a weak spot to exploit with an invading force Sam and his Pharaohs crushed that big bad wolf with 'Li'l Red Riding Hood' in June 1966. The cost, though, was high, with the Pharaohs so weakened that they gradually ceased to exasperate the Queen. Sam even lost his plume as she ceased to consider him a threat, waving him off to eventually forget about him so thoroughly that she doesn't remember to this day when a few clowning Spartans held off forces even greater than all of Persia's and, like heroes, have gone both unplumed and unsung for it. The irony. In 1967 Sam changed the name of his band to the Sam the Sham Revue upon the Six-Day War between Egypt and Israel. Sam would go on to issue 'Sam, Hard and Heavy' in 1972. He yet performs on occasion, though for which intelligence organizations is certainly Top Secert.

Sam the Sham   1963

   Man Child

Sam the Sham   1964

   Haunted House

  Juimonos (Let's Went)

  Signafyin' Monkey

Sam the Sham   1965

   Big City Lights

  Gangster of Love

  Ju Ju Hand

  Monkey See Monkey Do

     Film: 'When the Boys Meet the Girls'

  Ring Dang Doo


  The Phantom

  Wooly Bully


Sam the Sham   1966

  Hanky Panky

  Red Hot

Sam the Sham   1967

  Black Sheep

Sam the Sham   1972

  I Know It's Too Late/Starchild

     LP: 'Sam Hard and Heavy'

Sam the Sham   2000

  Li'l Red Riding Hood

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs

Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs

Source: Wikipedia
Birth of Rock & Roll: The Shangri-Las

The Shangri-Las

Source: Duck FM
The Shangri-Las were formed in 1963 in Queens, NYC, by sisters, Mary (lead) and Betty Weiss with identical twins Marge Ganser and Mary Ann Ganser. Named after a restaurant in Queens, the group emerged with a strong doo wop element which they transformed into rock. Just so, the Shangri-Las are a perfect example of doo wop R&B transitioning to rock. They released their first record in 1963: 'Simon Says' bw 'Simon Speaks'. 1964 was the year they rose to fame with 'Remember (Walking in the Sand)' rising to Billboard's #5 position in August followed by 'Leader of the Pack' that October at #1. The group toured, including the UK, and were a big attraction on television before their demise in 1968 after the departure of Marge the year before, leaving them a trio. The group held a reunion in 1969 before disappearing altogether. Betty Weiss married a musician and currently lives on Long Island. Mary Weiss moved onward to a career in furniture and interior design. Mary Ganser died in 1970, cause not officially determined between encephalitis, seizure or barbiturate overdose. Marge died of breast cancer in 1996.

The Shangri-Las   1963-67

   Full Discography


The Shangri-Las   1964

   Leader of the Pack

     'I've Got a Secret'

The Shangri-Las   1965

   Give Him a Great Big Kiss


  Out In the Streets


  Right Now and Not Later



     'Lloyd Thaxton Show'


  The Beau Brummels were formed in 1964 by Sal Valentino (lead), Ron Elliott (lead guitar), Ron Meagher (bass), Declan Mulligan (rhythm guitar) and John Petersen (drums). Due to a spell with diabetes Elliott was temporarily replaced by Don Irving in latter '65. Irving was drafted into the military after 'Beau Brummels '66' (third album) and Peterson left the group to join Harper's Bizarre. The Brummels were thus a trio upon recording 'Triangle'. The group's first plate was issued in 1964: 'Laugh Laugh' bw 'Still In Love With You Baby'. 'Just a Little' rose to #8 on Billboard's Hot 100 the next year. Those titles found their way onto The Brummels' first album, 'Introducing the Beau Brummels', in 1965. By 1966 the Brummels were in their death throes, though didn't give it up until 1969. They reformed again in 1974 for a year or so with Dan Levitt at banjo and Peterson returning. They issued 'The Beau Brummels' and toured the States in '75, but were beached by 1976. Decades later the Brummels issued 'Continuum' (2013) which fared less than well. As for the name of the band, Beau Brummell was the nickname of one George Bryan Brummell, a cavalry officer in the Royal Hussars around 1800, and well-known dandy who set the tone for elegant dress in English society. Impeccably presentable or fashionable therefore describes a Beau Brummel(l) (definitely nobody around here).

Beau Brummels   1964

   Laugh Laugh

   Still In Love With You Baby

Beau Brummels   1965

   I've Never Known

   Just a Lttle

   Just a Lttle


Beau Brummels   1966

   Mr Tambourine Man

     LP: 'Beau Brummels '66'

   You've Got to Hide Your Love Away

     LP: 'Beau Brummels '66'

Beau Brummels   1967



Beau Brummels   1968

   Turn Around

     LP: 'Bradley's Barn'

Beau Brummels   1975

   Singing Cowboy

     LP: 'The Beau Brummels'

   You Tell Me Why

     LP: 'The Beau Brummels'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Beau Brummels

Beau Brummels

Source: Al Hazan
  Jimi Hendrix was wrought in Seattle in 1942. After a brief time in the Army as a paratrooper, during which time he played guitar in a band called the Casuals, he headed for Clarksville, Tennessee, in 1963 to form a band called the King Kasuals with which he toured the Chitlin' Circuit, a group of clubs and theatres on the East Coast and down South that were safe for black musicians. The Cotton Club in Harlem, for instance, was a venue on the Chitlin' Circuit. It was during his Chitlin' period that Handrix started doing tricks like playing guitar with his teeth. He eventually fell in with the Isley Brothers with whom he made his first recordings in March of '64, the two parts of 'Testify', He then backed Don Covay on 'Mercy Mercy' later that year. He then joined Little Richard, surfacing on 'I Don't Know What You Got (But It's Got Me)' in 1965. He then backed Rosa Lee Brooks on 'My Diary'/'Utee' that year. Hendrix' first television appearance was in July of '65, backing Buddy & Stacy on 'Night Train', performing 'Shotgun'. He then appeared on the Isley Brothers' 'Move Over and Let Me Dance'/'Have You Ever Been Disappointed'. In April of '66 Hendrix surfaced on Curtis Knight's 'How Would You Feel'/'Welcome Home'. His first compositions on record were 'Hornets Nest' bw 'Knock Yourself Out' with Curtis Knight and the Squires that October. Hendrix was working a residency at Cafe Wha? in Greenwich Village when he met Keith Richard's girlfriend, Linda Keith, who hooked him up with Chas Chandler. Chandler had been in the Animals, leaving in '66 to begin producing. He was also in the UK so he flew Hendrix to London that September. Chandler then put together the Jimi Hendrix Experience, a trio consisting of Noel Redding on guitar and Mitch Mitchell on drums which played their first gig at the Novelty in Evreux, France. They then performed at the Bag O'Nails in London while appearing on the 'Ready Steady Go!' and 'Top of the Pops' television programs. It was December of 1966 that Hendrix issued his version of Billy Roberts' 'Hey Joe' backed with 'Stone Free'. 'Purple Haze' followed in March of '67 with '51st Anniversary' flip side, then 'The Wind Cries Mary' in May. Two albums were issued in '67, both of them to go platinum: 'Are You Experienced' and 'Axis: Bold as Love'. 'Are You Experienced' has gone platinum five times over. The album, 'Electric Ladyland', followed in '68, also to go platinum. The Jimi Hendrix Experience gave its last performance June 29 at the Mile High Stadium in Denver, Redding dropping out. Hendrix then made his first appearances on television in the United States, 'The Dick Cavett Show' (July 7) and 'The Tonight Show' (July 10). In 1970 Hendrix issued three live albums: 'Band of Gypsys', 'Woodstock' and 'Historic Performances Recorded at the Monterey International Pop Festival'. The two former would go platinum twice over, the third achieving gold. Like other rock musicians, Hendrix wasn't inexperienced with drugs, particularly LSD which he'd begun using in '66. He became a different creature with alcohol, angry and violent, putting his fist through a plate glass window in Sweden in '68, smashing his girlfriend (Carmen Borrero) over the brow with a vodka bottle in '69. He was arrested for drug possession at the Toronto International Airport in Canada in May of '69, later acquitted. It was September 18 of 1970 in London when nine pills of Vesparax, a sleeping aid belonging to his girlfriend (Monika Dannemann), took Hendrix' life, an accidental overdose. He'd given his last performance with Eric Burdon & War at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club in Soho on the 16th. As a lefty, Hendrix played restrung right-handed guitars upside down, Fenders and Gibsons, though generally the Fender Stratocaster. Highly esteemed by critics and fans alike, Jimi Hendrix set the bar in rock guitar for decades to come and is probably the singular most well-known name in rock music. Babies pop from the oven to hear about Jimi Hendrix from the obstetrician as 'Hey Joe' greets them from the radio. Children named Joe perk their ears but get confused about the gun. Others wonder why Joe get's all the attention while they don't get any at all, growing up to resent people named Joe all their lives. "Daddy, Mommy, why didn't Jimi Hendrix do a song about me?" is the sort of whining their parents must suffer.

Jimi Hendrix   1964

   Mercy Mercy

     With Don Covay


     With the Isley Brothers

Jimi Hendrix   1965

   I Don't Know What You Got

     With Little Richard

   Move Over and Let Me Dance

     With the Isley Brothers


    'Night Train'

     With Buddy & Stacy

Jimi Hendrix   1966

   How Would You Feel

     With Curtis Knight

   No Such Animal

     With Curtis Knight

Jimi Hendrix   1967

   Are You Experienced


   Bold As Love

     LP: 'Axis: Bold As Love'

   Hey Joe

     Filmed live

   Hey Joe

     Filmed at the Monterey Pop Festival

   Hush Now

     With Curtis Knight

   Purple Haze

     Filmed live

   Wait Until Tomorrow

     LP: 'Axis: Bold As Love'

Jimi Hendrix   1968

   All Along the Watchtower

     LP: 'Electric Ladyland'

   Takes Purple Barrel Acid

     Live at Pacific Coliseum Vancouver

      Unofficial issue 2013

Jimi Hendrix   1969

   Live at Liederhalle

     Taped in Stuttgart, Germany

   Star Spangled Banner

     Filmed at Woodstock

   Voodoo Child

     Filmed in Stockholm

Jimi Hendrix   1970

   Machine Gun

     LP: 'Band of Gypsys'

   Purple Haze

     Filmed at the Atlanta Pop Festival

   Who Knows

     LP: 'Band of Gypsys'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Jimi Hendrix

Jimi Hendrix

Source: Amanda Warren
  The Hondells were rapidly brought into action when the Beach Boys deemed that they alone couldn't defend both of America's coastlines from the British Invasion. After the Beatles breached New York by plane in spring of 1964 producer, Gary Usher, was called upon to help ensure that no such surprises might occur by beach landings from sea. He recorded 'Little Honda' and 'Hot Rod High' for release in August that year with a bunch of session musicians, the Hondells not yet existent. Those are thought to have been Glen Campbell, Curt Boettcher, Hal Blaine, Chuck Girard and Joe Kelly. Upon 'Little Honda' (Brian Wilson/Mike Love) riding to #9 on a big truck called Billboard in latter 1964 the Honda Motor Company was ready to work with Usher per a tour. He therefore needed a band and made Ritchie Burns, background singer per the above, leader of what would be the Hondells. It's was Burns' official Hondells which issued 'My Buddy Seat'/'You're Gonna' Ride With Me' in December of '64. They had already released their debut LP, 'Go Little Honda'. This was a diversionary strategy, to make the British think he was coming by land, though the Hondells were actually a surf band. The US Navy SEALS protect America's borders via surfboard to this day and no one knows the difference. People think they're worthless vagrants and leave them alone. Not so the Hondells because none of them are known to have surfed. (Of course not, ninny. They were undercover.) They did, however, launch at least one attack by skateboard, according to 'Little Sidewalk Surfer Girl' per 1965 below. Though the Hondells have only one other album to their name, 'The Hondells' ('64), they continued releasing 45s until their last in 1970: 'Shine On Ruby Mountain' bw 'The Legend of Frankie and Johnny'.

The Hondells   1964

 Death Valley Run

     LP: 'Go Little Honda'

 Hot Rod High

     'American Bandstand'

 Little Honda

     'American Bandstand'

 The Hondells


 Younger Girl

The Hondells   1965

 The Gasser

     Film: 'Ski Party'

 Little Sidewalk Surfer Girl


The Hondells   1967

 Just One More Chance

 Sea of Love


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Hondells 

The Hondells

Source: Wikipedia
Birth of Rock & Roll: Billy Joel

Billy Joel

Source: Mikstipes Music Blog
Born to Jewish immigrant parents in Bronx in 1949, piano player, Billy Joel, is the twentieth best-selling recording artist of all time with more than 150 million copies worldwide. (The top seven, selling more than 250 million, in order of sales are the Beatles, Elvis Presley, Michael Jackson, Madonna, Elton John, Led Zeppelin and Pink Floyd.) Thirty-three of his titles have perched in Billboard's Top 40 in addition to six Grammy Awards. Joel preferred boxing to piano as a youth but ceased upon a broken nose in his 24th Golden Gloves match. It's said he decided to become a rock musician upon viewing the Beatles on 'The Ed Sullivan Show'. He soon joined a group called the Echoes and was doing session work early enough to appear on the Shangri-Las' 'Remember (Walking in the Sand)' in 1964. (Joel performed on the Shangri-Las' demo of 'Leader of the Pack' that year but the issued version is with session pianist, Roger Rossi.) Joel stuck with the Echoes through a couple of band name changes before joining the Hassles to issue the album, 'The Hassles', in 1967. The band followed that in '69 with 'Hour of the Wolf'. Joel formed Attila in 1969, that band releasing the album, 'Attila', in 1970. Joel issued his initial solo LP, 'Cold Spring Harbor', in 1971. Unfortunately the album got mastered wrong, playing too fast, and Joel ended his relationship with Family Productions with which he had had a contact for nine more records. If Family had spent, as stated, $450,000 developing Joel then that was an expensive error. The remastered version wasn't issued until 1983. During Joel's tours after that album a live version of 'Captain Jack' (an anti-drug song as Joel didn't induge) was broadcast at WMMR Radio in Philadelphia in '72, the year he moved to Los Angeles to work in a piano bar at the Executive Room. The LP, 'Piano Man' (containing an orchestrated version of 'Captain Jack'), followed in 1973, 'Turnstiles' in 1976. Joel's release of 'The Stranger' in '77 was his first Top Ten album. His issue of '52nd Street' in 1978 is thought to have been the debut release of the CD format four years later in October of 1982 by Sony, along with Sony's first commercially available CD player, the CDP-101. Joel's 1986 tour of the Soviet Union resulted in 'Концерт' ('Kontsert') the next year. Joel began his 'Face to Face' tours with Elton John in 1994, the duo performing together off and on up to 2010. Joel's career has seen the issue of thirteen studio albums, five live albums, ten videoo albums and fifty music videos. Among his awards are seven honorary doctorates, the Kennedy Center Honors in 2013 and the Gershwin Prize in 2014. (The Gershwin Prize was founded in 2007, its first recipient Paul Simon.) He owns a couple homes in New York and is a Democrat, though prefers to keep his political opinions to himself.

Billy Joel   1964

  Remember (Walking in the Sand)

     With the Shangri-Las

Billy Joel   1967

  The Hassles

     Album with the Hassles

Billy Joel   1969

  Hour of the Wolf

     Album with the Hassles

Billy Joel   1970


     Album with Attila

Billy Joel   1971

  Cold Spring Harbor

     Album   Remastered version 1983

Billy Joel   1972

  Captain Jack

     Broadcast from WMMR Philadelphia

Billy Joel   1973

  Piano Man

     LP: 'Piano Man'

  Travelin' Prayer

     LP: 'Piano Man'

Billy Joel   1974

  Streetlife Serenade


Billy Joel   1977

  The Stranger


Billy Joel   1978

  Big Shot

     LP: '52nd Street'


     LP: '52nd Street'

Billy Joel   1980

   Sometimes a Fantasy

     LP: 'Glass Houses'

  You May Be Right

     LP: 'Glass Houses'

Billy Joel   1981

  Say Goodbye to Hollywood

     LP: 'Turnstiles'

  Summer, Highland Falls

     LP: 'Turnstiles'

Billy Joel   1982


     LP: 'The Nylon Curtain'


     LP: 'The Nylon Curtain'

Billy Joel   1983

  An Innocent Man

     LP: 'An Innocent Man'

  Easy Money

     LP: 'An Innocent Man'

Billy Joel   1986

  Running On Ice

     LP: 'The Bridge'

  This Is the Time

     LP: 'The Bridge'

Billy Joel   1989

  That's Not Her Style

     LP: 'Storm Front'

  We Didn't Start the Fire

     LP: 'Storm Front'

Billy Joel   2008

  Only the Good Die Young

     Filmed at Shea Stadium

  She's Always a Woman

     Filmed at Shea Stadium

Billy Joel   2014

  Gershwin Prize For Popular Song


    Constitution Hall   Washington DC

Billy Joel   2015

  Uptown Girl

     Filmed at the Bonnaroo

    Manchester TN


Birth of Rock & Roll: Gary Lewis and the Playboys

Gary Lewis & the Playboys

Source: Bons Tempos
Gary Lewis was the son of actor, Jerry Lewis. He named his band the Playboys because they took their time getting to practice. Beside Lewis on drums and vocals performed David Walker (rhythm), Allan Ramsay (bass), David Costell (lead) and John West (organ/Cordovox). Leon Russell would appear on numerous of their titles as an unknown session musician. Among the band's early gigs was Disneyland. The Playboys released three singles in December of '64: 'This Diamond Ring', 'Hard to Find' and 'Tijuana Wedding'. 'This Diamond Ring' loitered at Billboard's Hot 100 at #1 in January of '65. 'Count Me In' hung around at #2 in April that year. Also dilatory to arrive at Billboard's Top Ten in 1965 were 'Save Your Heart for Me in July at #2', 'Everybody Loves a Clown' and ''. 'Save Your Heart for Me' in September at #4 and 'She's Just My Style' at #3 in December. 1966 was also a powerful year for the Playboys. 'Sure Gonna Miss Her' flirted with #9 in March, 'Green Grass' getting fresh with #8 in May, those in addition to philandering with three other Top Twenty and Thirty positions that year. In May of '68 they womanized #15 with 'Sealed With a Kiss'. The Playboys released not one, but three, albums in '65, issuing LPs in the same tardy manner until happening to come upon at least fifteen of them by 1970. That was despite Lewis getting drafted into the military in January of '67 until some time in '68. The Playboys took their time on every major television variety show, issued eight gold singles fashionably late, and catalogued four gold albums when they finally got around to it, Someone honked a honked to let them know the light was green to join the nostalgia circuit when albums in '69 didn't do well. Lewis and his Playboys would also perform at Jerry Lewis' Labor Day telethons for the Muscular Dystrophy Association. Gary Lewis yet tours the States with a version of the Playboys to this date.

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   1964

   Tijuana Wedding

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   1965

   Everybody Loves a Clown

     Hosted by Jerry Lewis

   Everybody Loves a Clown



     LP: 'A Session with Gary Lewis and the Playboys'

   This Diamond Ring

     Telecast   Original issue December 1964

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   1966

   An Evening with Gary Lewis and the Playboys

     WGN TV Chicago

   Hits Again


   (You Don't Have To) Paint Me a Picture

   She's Just My Style

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   1967

   Don't Make Promises

     LP: 'Listen!'


     LP: 'Listen!'

   New Directions

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   1969

   Close Cover Before Playing

   I'm On the Right Road Now

   Rhythm of the Rain

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   1990

   Count Me In

     'Nashville Now'

Gary Lewis & the Playboys   2015

   Live in Los Angeles

     Filmed live


  Sonny & Cher was a greatly popular duo consisting of Salvatore Bono and Cherilyn Sarkisian. Formed in 1961 at a Los Angeles coffee shop, Cher was age sixteen, Sonny eleven years older, the two to become lovers and marry some years later. Bono was working as a producer and session singer for Phil Spector, getting Cher hired as a studio singer as well. He had recorded 'Ecstacy' in 1952 while in high school to no great result. After graduating he would gather experience as a songwriter for Crystal Records, then Specialty. Among Cher's first recordings as a backup singer was 'A Fine, Fine Boy' released by Darlene Love in September of 1963, followed by 'Be My Baby' by the Ronettes in October. She also contributed to 'You've Lost That Loving Feeling' by the Righteous Brothers in 1964. Spector composed or collaborated in the composing of each of those. It was May 1964 when Sonny and Cher issued their first plate as Caesar & Cleo: 'The Letter' bw 'String Fever'. Caesar & Cleo issued another that September: 'Do You Want To Dance' bw 'Love Is Strange'. Their first release as Sonny & Cher was 'Baby Don't Go' bw 'Walkin' The Quetzal' the next month. Their debut album, 'Look at Us', followed in '65, a year of huge momentum for the duo, their #1 Billboard song, 'I Got You Babe', on that LP. A number of their songs began appearing in the Top Twenty that year, as well as multiple appearances on nationally broadcast television shows. Their third album in 1967, 'In Case You're In Love', contained the explosive 'The Beat Goes On', another for which they continue to be well-known. During the latter sixties the couple worked in Las Vegas, then starred in their first television special, 'The Nitty Gritty Hour' in 1970. 'The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour' ran three seasons from 1971 until their divorce in '74. They reunited for a couple of years in 1976 per 'The Sonny & Cher Show'. The pair parted ways permanently by 1978, Bono moved onward to an acting career in which both he and Cher already had a bit of experience. He would more famously become Mayor of Palm Springs in 1988, then a Republican congressman in the US House of Representatives in '95. He died in Lake Tahoe, Nevada, at the Heavenly Ski Resort based in California, due to blunt injuries upon colliding with a tree while skiing. Cher moved onward to a solo career in acting and music among the more spectacular in the industry. She had issued her first solo record in February of 1964 for Spector: 'Ringo, I Love You' bw 'Beatle Blues', followed by her first solo studio album, 'All I Really Want to Do', in 1965. By 20o1 and 23 more her gold and platinum catalogue in the US alone consisted of five gold and three platinum, She's remained a locomotive into the 21st century, her latest release being 'Closer to the Truth', in 2013, achieving gold in Canada.

Cher   1963

   Be My Baby

     Backing the Ronettes

   A Fine Fine Boy

     Backing Darlene Love

Cher   1964

   Ringo, I Love You

   You've Lost That Loving Feeling

     Backing the Righteous Brothers

Sonny & Cher   1964

   Baby Don't Go

   The Letter

      As Caesar & Cleo

   Walkin' the Quetzal

Sonny & Cher   1965

   All I Really Want to Do


   I Got You Babe

     'Top of the Pops'

Cher   1966

   Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)



Sonny & Cher   1966

   Little Man


   Living for You

Sonny & Cher   1967

   The Beat Goes On

   Stand By Me

Sonny & Cher   1972

   The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour

     With the Jackson 5 & Ronald Reagan

Cher   1973

   Half Breed

     'Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour'

Cher   1979

   Take Me Home

     LP: 'Take Me Home'

Cher   1989

   Heart of Stone


Cher   1991

   Love Hurts


Cher   1995

   It's a Man's World


Cher   1998



Cher   2001

   Living Proof


Cher   2002

   Take Me Home

     Filmed live

Cher   2013

   Take It Like a Man

     LP: 'Closer to the Truth'

   Woman's World

     LP: 'Closer to the Truth'


Birth of Rock and Roll: Sonny and Cher

Sonny & Cher

Source: BuzzFeed
Birth of Rock & Roll: The Buckinghams

The Buckinghams

Source: BSN Pubs
The Buckinghams were formed in 1965 out of a band called the Centuries, which became the Pulsations, which became the Buckinghams upon becoming the house band for the 'All-Time Hits' television program. The name was suggested by a security guard at the station to reflect what was by then much in affect, the British Invasion. With Queen II thinking they worked for her they were able to avoid ever being attacked while conducting Stateside guerrilla operations. But for surf rock the early sixties had been something aflounder compared to rock n roll in the fifties, headed the direction of pop or soul until the Beatles gave it a shot of Merseybeat, first arriving to America in February of 1964. Response to the British Invasion was something belated until 1967 when multiple especially powerful bands began to make their mark. Too bad. The Brits only put twice as many ships in the ocean, and left America a wasteland in which people like me would spend their lives breezily blowing along up street gutters like stray sheets of newspaper, many to get stuck to concrete curbs when it rained, if not become uncomfortably snagged on something downstream. To help delay such desperations bands like the Buckinghams were recruited to go to knuckles against the ravaging Brits. Their first assaults upon the enemy were at the battles of 'Sweets For My Sweet' bw 'Beginners Love' in 1965. Puny pickings. But they then unleashed three in the Top Ten in '66 and '67: 'Kind of a Drag' (#1 Dec '66), 'Don't You Care' (#6 Mar '67) and 'Mercy, Mercy, Mercy' (#5 Jun '67). 'Hey Babe' and 'Susan' also ranked in the Top Twenty in 1967. Unfortunately the British were able to absorb the damage and the Buckinghams hideout was discovered. Alike typical guerilla offensives, the Buckinghams couldn't hang around long, dispersing in 1970 under danger of all being captured at once, though reforming in the early eighties to continue into the 21st century, yet active to this date playing festivals and casinos. Original members, Nick Fortuna and Carl Giammarese, still lead the band. The Buckinghams have issued nine studio albums from 'Kind of a Drag' in '67 to 'Flashback' in 2014, in addition to several live albums in their latter years.

The Buckinghams   1965

   All Time Hits

     Telecast compilation

   Beginners Love

  Sweets For My Sweet

The Buckinghams   1966

   Kind of a Drag

The Buckinghams   1967

   Don't You Care

   I Call Your Name


The Buckinghams   1968

   Susan/What Is Love

     'Ed Sullivan Show'

The Buckinghams   2016

   Flower Power Cruise

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Classics IV

Classics IV

Source: JiveWired
The Classics IV need a genre named after them called Class Rock, as they were indeed a class act with jazz overtones who ceased recording too soon. Considering the group there is relatively little about them on the internet. They were formed in 1964 in Jacksonville, FL, by JR Cobb (guitar), Walter Eaton (guitar), Joe Wilson (keyboards) and singer Dennis Yost (vocals). Named after the drum set Yost owned (Classic). They issued 'Don't Make Me Wait/'It's Too Late' in 1964 on Arlen 746. Upon trading Jacksonville for Atlanta, Georgia, the group rapidly gained a contract with Capitol Records, releasing 'Pollyanna' bw 'Cry Baby' in '65. Followed by a television appearance on Dick Clark's 'Where the Action Is!', it was '67 when 'Spooky' rose to #3 on Billboard's Hot 100. The album ensued the next year, along with another giant, 'Stormy', rising to Billboard's #5. Dean Daughtry had replaced Wilson on keyboards by then. The classics topped '68's 'Stormy' in 1969 with 'Traces' at #2 and performed considerably well on the Easy Listening charts until their last Top Ten in '72, 'What Am I Crying For'. Their last to attain to the Top Forty on the AC (Easy Listening) was 'Rosanna' in '73. 'What Am I Crying For' became the band's last LP that year. The group wouldn't record again, for a total of six LPs not counting collections like 'Golden Greats' in '69. Yost lead various formations throughout the years. Sometime after a fall down a flight of steps in July 2006 resulted in brain trauma Yost chose Bill Garrott to take his position as lead. Yost died of respiratory failure in December 2008. Per below, though a couple titles are more properly listed as Dennis Yost than Classics IV it comes to the same thing.

Classics IV   1964

   Don't Make Me Wait

Classics IV   1966


     Dick Clark's 'Where the Action Is!'

Classics IV   1968




     LP: 'Mamas and Papas/Soul Train'

Classics IV   1969



Classics IV   1970


     LP: 'Midnight'




     Telecast   Date estimated

Classics IV   1995

   Georgia Music Hall of Fame

     Filmed live

Classics IV   1999


     Filmed live

Classics IV   2001


     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Alice Cooper

Alice Cooper

Source: MTV
Born Vincent Damon Furnier in Detroit in 1948, Alice Cooper was moved to Phoenix to attend Cortez High School where he formed a group called the Earwigs  to perform Beatles songs. When they won a varsity Letterman contest they purchased instruments from a pawn shop and named themselves more pleasantly the Spiders. Cooper learned harmonica for the release of 'Why Don't You Love Me' bw 'Hitch Hike' in 1965. The Spiders performed in the Phoenix area, becoming the house band at the VIP Club with a large spider web for a backdrop. Cooper was an early progenitor of theatrical rock, horror in particular. Later examples of theatrical rock, minus metal bands of which Cooper was also an early progenitor, are 'The Rocky Horror Picture Show' ['75] and Marilyn Manson in the nineties. The Spiders had graduated from high school by the time they issued 'Don't Blow Your Mind' bw 'No Price Tag'. The band began performing in Los Angeles in 1967, releasing 'Wonder Who's Lovin' Her Now' bw 'Lay Down and Die, Goodbye' as Nazz. Due that Todd Rundgren. already had a band called the Nazz, the band's name was changed to Alice Cooper, Furnier becoming Alice Cooper as well (legally in '75). Cooper released their first album, 'Pretties for You', in June of 1969 on Frank Zappa's Straight label, which confirmed their reputation thus far as not yet ready for prime time. Whether that changed or not in September of '69 is debatable, but that's when the subgenre of shock rock was born at the Toronto Rock and Roll Revival. During that performance Cooper manager, Shep Gordon, placed a chicken on stage. Not knowing chickens can't fly, Cooper tossed it with a burst of pillow feathers into the audience. It returned in pieces, torn apart and thrown back on stage by people in wheelchairs from the disabled section of the audience. The next day newspapers were publicizing Cooper as a monster who bit the heads off chickens and drank their blood, which Zappa advised Cooper to not deny, sensationalism known to sell records. Cooper would also become well-known for performing with large snakes. (His 16th studio album in 1986 album was titled 'Constrictor'.) Cooper's outfit issued another unsuccessful album in 1970, 'Easy Action', before his third and last LP for Straight Records, 'Love It to Death' in 1971. That entered atmosphere due largely to its inclusion of 'I'm Eighteen', (charting at #21 the year before). Cooper's first tour of Europe was also in 1971. Members of Alice Cooper from '71 to '74 are thought to have been Dennis Dunaway (bass), Michael Bruce (rhythm guitar), Glen Buxton (lead guitar) and Neal Smith (drums). The Cooper spectacle was getting its formula down by that time, Alice to assume the role of an androgynous overall criminal, and later crone, contrasting David Bowie's androgynous outer space persona. The band's next album, 'Killer', now for Warner Brothers, placed at #21 on Billboard's US Album chart. 'School's Out' occupied the chart at #2 in the summer of '72, Canada's RPM chart at #1. After the issues of 'Billion Dollar Babies' (#1 in both the US and UK) and 'Muscle of Love' in 1973 the Alice Cooper operation performed their last concerts together in South America in April of '74. Cooper and his group then separated, they to become the brief-lived band, Billion Dollar Babies, Cooper to commence his solo career with 'Welcome to My Nightmare' in 1975. He has since issued nearly twenty studio LPs, 'Welcome 2 My Nightmare', his 26th in 2011 peaking at #22. He's also released eleven live albums. His songs feature in numerous films, including, what else?, 'Scream' ('96) and 'Halloween' ('07). A few of Cooper's albums have performed enormously well beyond his large cult audience over the years: 'From the Inside' ('78), 'Trash' ('89) and 'Dirty Diamonds' ('05). Cooper released a Christian album in 1994 titled 'The Last Temptation'. The year Cooper released "Brutal Planet', 2000, he first visited Russia. 2001 saw the issue of the DVDs, 'Billion Dollar Babies' and 'Welcome to My Nightmare'. Cooper's later successes have been due in part to his work as a well-known DJ since 2004, now with above 100 affiliate stations broadcasting to a global audience. Yet active as ever, Cooper tours globally as well. Per below, numerous titles on albums are with music videos unnoted.

The Spiders   1965

   Why Don't You Love Me/Hitch Hike

The Spiders   1966

   Don't Blow Your Mind

Nazz   1967

   Lay Down and Die, Goodbye

   Wonder Who's Loving Her Now

Alice Cooper   1969

   10 Minutes Before the Worm

     LP: 'Pretties for You'

   Chicken Incident

     Filmed at the Toronto Rock & Roll Revival

   Don't Blow Your Mind

     Filmed at the Toronto Rock & Roll Revival

   Earwigs to Eternity

     LP: 'Pretties for You'

   Titanic Overture

     LP: 'Pretties for You'

Alice Cooper   1971

   Under My Wheels

     Filmed Live

Alice Cooper   1972

   I'm Eighteen

     Live at the Beat Club

   Luney Tune

     LP: 'School's Out'

   My Stars

     LP: 'School's Out'

   Public Animal

     Live at the Beat Club

Alice Cooper   1972

   Billion Dollar Babies

     LP: 'Billion Dollar Babies'

   Hello Hooray

     LP: 'Billion Dollar Babies'

   Muscle of Love

     LP: 'Muscle of Love'

Alice Cooper   1975

   Welcome to My Nightmare

     LP: 'Welcome to My Nightmare'

Alice Cooper   1977

   Damned If You Do

     LP: 'Lace and Whiskey'


     LP: 'Lace and Whiskey'

Alice Cooper   1978

   From the Inside

     LP: 'From the Inside'

   Wish I Were Born In Beverly Hills

     LP: 'From the Inside'

Alice Cooper   1981

   Live at Capitol Theatre

     Filmed concert

Alice Cooper   1983


     LP: 'DaDa'

Alice Cooper   1986


     LP: 'Constrictor'

    Give It Up

     LP: 'Constrictor'

Alice Cooper   1989


     LP: 'Trash'

Alice Cooper   1990

   Muscle of Love

     Filmed live


     Filmed live

   Spark in the Dark

     Filmed live

Alice Cooper   1991

   Hey Stoopid

     LP 'Hey Stoopid'

   Love's a Loaded Gun

     LP 'Hey Stoopid'

Alice Cooper   1994

   Nothing's Free

     LP: ' The Last Temptation'


     LP: ' The Last Temptation'

Alice Cooper   1997

   Halo of Flies

     Filmed in Budapest

Alice Cooper   2008

   Along Came a Spider

     Music video suite

Alice Cooper   2011

   Only Women Bleed/Cold Ethyl

     Filmed in Moscow

Alice Cooper   2014

   Live at Virginia Beach

     Filmed concert


Birth of Rock & Roll: Alice Cooper

The band Alice Cooper

Source: Sick Things
Birth of Rock & Roll: The McCoys

The McCoys

Source: 60s Official Site
Guitarist, Rick Derringer, was born Ricky Dean Zehringer in Fort Recovery, Ohio, in 1947, he the son of a railroad worker. He had a band at age seventeen called the McCoys which brought him fame with loads of cash in 1965 with its first release: 'Hang On Sloopy' bw 'I Can't Explain It'. 'Sloopy' shot to Billboard's #1 in August, followed by 'Fever' at #7 in November. The album, 'Hang On Sloopy', followed the same year. Members of the McCoys were Derringer's brother, Randy, on drums, Randy Hobbs on bass and Ronnie Brandon on organ.  The band toured with the Rolling Stones in 1966. Derringer had been tasked by Strategic Command to assassinate those British invaders with his little gun but there was falooting with enemy instead. Thus, thanks to Derringer the British aggressors won the war. No one knew this at the time though, the McCoys continuing to record into 1969, none aware to this day that his failure to obey orders allowed the Stones to bomb America into a wasteland. Derringer, who couldn't bring himself to kill, then spent some time in the bands of both Johnny Winter and Edgar Winter (whose debut release with White Trash, 'Entrance', in 1970 places him just a bit beyond this history's time period). Derringer's solo issue of 'All American Boy' in 1973 was distinctly different than his material with the McCoys had been, he now developing his reputation as a guitar virtuoso whose main draw was concert performances more so than recordings. Together with issuing well above twenty live and studio albums Derringer naturally worked with any number of other musicians, among them Steely Dan, Todd Rundgren, Cindi Lauper and, more recently, Ringo Starr, touring with the latter's All-Starr Band in 2010 and '11. Derringer also worked as a record producer, handling such as Weird Al Yankovic and Mason Ruffner in the eighties. Derringer became a Christian in 1997. His latest known issue was the Christian CD, 'High City', in 2014 on which, with assistance from wife, Jenda, he did a rapped up version of 'Rock and Roll Hoochie Koo' ('All American Boy') called 'Read the Word Live It Too'.

The McCoys   1965


  Hang On Sloopy


  I Don't Mind


The McCoys   1966

  Come On Let's Go



The McCoys   1967

   Beat the Clock

   I Got to Go Back

Rick Derringer   1973

  Rock & Roll Hoochie Koo

     Telecast   Keyboard: Edgar Winter

  Teenage Love Affair

Rick Derringer   1977

  Live at Capitol Theatre

     Filmed concert

Rick Derringer   1979

   Guitars and Women


Rick Derringer   1982

   Live at the Ritz

     Filmed concert

Rick Derringer   2009

   Sometimes/Hang On Sloopy

     Filmed live

Rick Derringer   2010

   Hang On Sloopy

     Filmed live   Drums: Ringo Starr

Rick Derringer   2011

   Feelin' Alright


Rick Derringer   2012

   Live in North Sturgis

     Concert filmed in Saskatchewan


Birth of Rock & Roll: Rick Derringer

Rick Derringer

Source: Pollstar
  The Fugs were formed in 1963 in NYC, named after a Norman Mailer euphemism for fuck. Its core members were poets, Ed Sanders, Tuli Kupferberg and Ken Weaver. 'The Fugs First Album' saw release in 1965, officially titled 'The Village Fugs'. The latter sixties would find them of note in FBI files on the Doors as "vulgar" and 'repulsive". The Fugs have been a fairly loose organization over the years, forming off and on in various formations. Releasing not quite twenty studio and live LPs, their latest was 'Be Free' in 2010, the same year of Kupferberg's death in July. The Fugs continue to perform to this date, led by original member, Ed Sanders. Per 1965 below, tracks are from the Fugs debut LP, 'The Village Fugs'.

The Fugs   1965

  Ah, Sunflower Weary of Time

   CIA Man


   I Couldn't Get High


   Super Girl

The Fugs   1966

  The Fugs


The Fugs   1968

  Exorcising the Evil Spirits from the Pentagon

     LP: 'Tenderness Junction'

   The Garden is Open

     LP: 'Tenderness Junction'

   I Couldnt Get High


   Johnny Pissoff Meets the Red Angel

     LP: 'It Crawled Into My Hand, Honest'

The Fugs   1970

  Saran Wrap

     LP: 'Golden Filth'

   Slum Goddess

     LP: 'Golden Filth'

The Fugs   2016


     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Fugs

The Fugs

Source: All Music
  Though Canada is a commonwealth realm of Queen Elizabeth II no one speaks of the Guess Who, formed in Winnipeg, Manitoba, as a British Invasion band. That's because they went incognito: Yes, they were traitors, and lucky the Queen, who had assumed their cause was British, never found them out. The Guess Who had formed in 1962 as Chad Allan and the Reflections, consisting of Chad Allan (guitar/vocals), Bob Ashley (keyboards), Randy Bachman (guitar), Jim Kale (bass) and Garry Peterson (drums). Allan had been with the group, the Sivertones, as of 1958. The Reflections issued several records beginning in 1962 with the Canadian American record label: 'I Just Didn't Have the Heart' bw 'Back and Forth' and 'Tribute to Buddy Holly' bw 'Back And Forth'. It was 1965 when the Reflections became the Expressions to avoid confusion with another band of the same name. It was also 1965 when the Expressions issued 'Shakin' All Over' bw 'Stop Teasin' Me' credited to Guess Who? on the label in an attempt to cause consumers to think those tracks were by a famous band. The mask was soon off, however, with Americans in the States calling the Expressions the Guess Who?. Thus records were issued with credits to both the Expressions for Canadians and the Guess Who? in parentheses for Americans across the border. When Allan left the band in 1966 the Expressions became the Guess Who? per the greater audience in the US than in Canada. Burton Cummings had replaced Ashley in late '65. They meanwhile issued two albums as both the Expressions and the Guess Who? in 1965: 'Shakin' All Over' and 'Hey Ho (What You Do to Me!)'. They were simply the Guess Who? for the LP, 'It's Time' in '66 and the shared album with the Staccatos in '68: 'A Wild Pair'. The question mark was dropped for the albums, 'Wheatfield Soul' and 'Canned Wheat', in '69, the band now simply the Guess Who. Those were the first albums with Allan out and Cummings delivering vocals. It's easy to see how all of that fooled the Queen, she thinking Guess Who was fighting for the Brits even as they recorded for labels in the States (RCA Victor), not Canada now. The Queen had planted a mole, however, whom they discovered. Knowing they were suspect, they banished him to anonymity and released the 1970 albums, 'American Woman' and 'Share the Land'. Unfortunately their attempt to fool the Queen succeeded all too well. Their adamant enmity with some anonymous American woman caused thousands of already unwelcome girls to have to guess if the band meant them. Then, with a title like 'Share the Land' Americans began to wonder if Guess Who wasn't actually an invasion band, and their heyday was through. 'Power In the Music' was the group's fourteenth and final studio album in 1975. There would be reunions and various formations into the 21st century, the Guess Who yet existent with original members Kale and Peterson.

Chad Allan & the Reflections   1962

   Back and Forth

   I Just Didn't Have the Heart

   Tribute to Buddy Holly

Chad Allan & the Expressions   1965

   Hey Ho (What You Do to Me!)

     Album   Also as the Guess Who?

   Shakin' All Over

     Album   Also as the Guess Who?

The Guess Who?   1966

   All Right

     LP: 'It's Time'

   Don't Act So Bad

     LP: 'It's Time'

   Gonna Search

     LP: 'It's Time'

The Guess Who?   1968

   HeyGoode Hardy

     LP shared with the Staccatos: 'A Wild Pair'

   Somewhere Up High

     LP shared with the Staccatos: 'A Wild Pair'

   Very Far From Near

     LP shared with the Staccatos: 'A Wild Pair'

The Guess Who   1969

   Friends of Mine

     LP: 'Wheatfield Soul'

   Minstrel Boy

     LP: 'Canned Wheat'

   No Time

     LP: 'Canned Wheat'

   These Eyes


The Guess Who   1970

   American Woman

     Telecast   Date estimated

   No Sugar Tonight

   No Time

     Music video

   Share the Land


The Guess Who   1973

   Dancin' Fool


The Guess Who   1974

   American Woman

     'Midnight Special'

The Guess Who   2000

   Running Back Thru Canada

     Filmed concert

The Guess Who   2015

   No Time

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Guess Who

Guess Who

Source: Tickets CA
Birth of Rock & Roll: Steve Miller

Steve Miller

Source: Jukebox
Steve Miller was a guitarist born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1943. Miller's was the favorite band of a friend of mine after the Navy who saved me from some damage after a pool game with two lightning punches, taking them both down instantly with a left and a right. That wowed me. I'm not the fisticuffs kind. I'm a wimp. The whole unfortunate situation was resolved before it started, then on to Steve Miller like nothing happened. The real me is more like the time I was in a bar back East somewhere across the street from a truck stop. One guy backed up by three others was building up to unleash a beating on someone who clearly didn't want to be of trouble. Just as it was threatening to get violent I happened to play 'Peaceful Easy Feeling' by the Eagles on the juke box. It actually fanned the air of storm. That's synchronicity. You get it with things like rhythm, trucking, coding, sex, etc., whatever one does well. It's natural for me all the day no matter what I'm doing. I'm a good touch. But I've only so many. So I must keep my identity unknown whilst avoiding high density populations lest I suddenly go poof! As for Miller, his parents were jazz enthusiasts enough to attend the wedding of Mary Ford and Les Paul. Steve's first primitive recording was at age four by his father, he playing guitar. Taken with his family to Texas in 1950, he graduated from high school in Dallas in 1961, He didn't know that's a top region to avoid in a big truck. He didn't have to because it's irrelevant. Censoring further development of that story quite after that time, Miller returned to Wisconsin to attend university, also forming a band called the Ardells. He didn't quite acquire his degree from the University of Copenhagen where he studied comparative literature, suddenly showing up in Chicago with a little push from his mother, he there to become involved with blues musicians like Muddy Waters like Howlin' Wolf. In 1965 he and keyboardist, Barry Goldberg, put together the Goldberg-Miller Blues Band to issue 'The Mother Song' bw 'More Soul, Than Soulful' that October for Epic (5 9865). They gigged in NYC briefly, after which Miller returned to Chicago, then Texas, then drove a Volkswagen van to California. Wkikpedia states he spent his last $5 at the Fillmore Auditorium in San Francisco where the Paul Butterfield Blues Band was appearing with the Jefferson Airplane. It was 1966 when Miller formed the Steve Miller Blues Band, soon shortened to the Steve Miller Band. The group backed Chuck Berry on his album, 'Live at the Fillmore Auditorium', in '67. The band issued its debut album, 'Children of the Future', in 1968, followed by 'Sailor' later that year. Releasing some 24 albums, studio and live, Miller rode a magic horse into the eighties, Pegasus according to the logo of his enterprise. His greatest studio albums were 'The Joker' ('73), 'Fly Like an Eagle' ('76), 'Book of Dreams' ('77) and 'Abracadabra' ('82). The band continued issuing albums to less success until 'Wide River' in 1993, after which no studio release was made until 'Bingo!' in 2010. Yes. We were both old by then and started playing the numbers. I went on to 'Cookie Cutting for Seniors' as Miller released 'Let Your Hair Down' in 2011. I couldn't because I had to wear a sanitary cap even in my own kitchen. When Miller was elected into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016 I threw that cap at my overbearing nurse who wouldn't bring me a puny platter of Pinwheels and pitcher of milk. I fired the bitch straight out but she doesn't get it, keeps hanging around pretending to be my friend. Snatched my cigarette and grabbed my beer in the hallway this morning. This crappy place ain't safe from terrorists in white always taking your stuff.

The Goldberg-Miller Blues Band   1965

   More Soul Than Soulful

   The Mother Song

Steve Miller   1968

   Children of the Future


   For Our Ancestors

     LP: 'Sailor'

Steve Miller   1969

   Brave New World

     LP: 'Brave New World'

   Celebration Day

     LP: 'Brave New World'

Steve Miller   1972

   Enter Maurice

     LP: 'Recall the Beginning'

Steve Miller   1973

   Mary Lou

     LP: 'The Joker'

Steve Miller   1974

   Fly Like an Eagle

     Filmed live

   The Joker

     'Midnight Special'

Steve Miller   1976

   Gangster of Love

     Filmed live

Steve Miller   1977

   Jet Airliner

     LP: 'Book of Dreams'

Steve Miller   1981

   Circle of Love


Steve Miller   1982



Steve Miller   1983

   Steve Miller Band Live!


Steve Miller   1993

   Wide River

     LP: 'Wide River'

Steve Miller   2013

   Fly Like an Eagle

     Filmed live

Steve Miller   2016

   Fly Like an Eagle

     Filmed live

   The Joker

     'Charlie Rose'


  Born William Royce Scaggs in Canton, OH, in 1944, Boz Scaggs spent his youth in Plano and Dallas, TX, his father a salesman. He took to guitar at age twelve, to "Boz" from "Bill" soon after, a matter of accepting, rather than correcting, a mistaken name, as explained by MemphoTenn. Scaggs was a schoolmate of Steve Miller, the two meeting in 1959. Scaggs became vocalist in Miller's band, the Marksmen. They also attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison together, playing in the bands of the Ardells and the Fabulous Knight Trains. Scaggs soon got ants in his pants and went to Europe. He couldn't shake them off in London so he went to Sweden to record his debut album, 'Boz', in Stockholm for release in '65. The cover of his first album to the right shows him scratching an ant on one knee. Pestered by all the ants in Sweden, he returned to the States where he once had none. He joined Miller in San Francisco to contribute guitar and vocals to Miller's first two LPs in 1968: 'Children of the Future' and 'Sailor'. Scagg's next album appeared in 1969, eponymously titled 'Boz Scaggs'. He'd soon be opening for such as Led Zeppelin, then released 'Slow Dancer' in 1974 which went gold. His next, 'Silk Degrees', in 1976 would go platinum five times over. Three more platinum followed: 'Down Two Then Left' ('77), 'Middle Man' ('80) and 'Hits!' ('80). He still had ants in his pants but his audience thought less so until he recently came back strong in 2013 with 'Memphis'. His latest issue was in 2015 with Bonnie Raitt and Lucinda Williams: 'A Fool to Care'. All three of them now have a developed indifference to ants in their pants. Scaggs yet tours the United States as of this writing.

Boz Scaggs   1965

   Got You On My Mind

     LP: 'Boz'

Boz Scaggs   1968

   Baby's Calling Me Home

     Steve Miller LP: 'Children of the Future'

Boz Scaggs   1971

   Live at Pacific High Studios

Boz Scaggs   1976

   Silk Degrees

     Album containing 'Lido Shuffle'

Boz Scaggs   1977


     LP: 'Down Two Then Left'

   Lido Shuffle


Boz Scaggs   1980


     Music video

Boz Scaggs   1985

   We're All Alone

     Filmed live

Boz Scaggs   1988

   Live in Japan

     Filmed concert

Boz Scaggs   2012


     Filmed in San Francisco

Boz Scaggs   2013

   You Got Me Cryin'

     LP: 'Memphis'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Bob Seger

Boz Scaggs   1965

Source: Wikipedia
Birth of Rock & Roll: Bob Seger

Bob Seger

Source: Ultimate Classic Rock
Bob Seger was quintessential to classic rock, having no truck with a lot of finecut disco-hopping Leporidae. Born in 1945 in Lincoln Park, Michigan, his father was a medical technician who left the family when Seger was ten. What rang Seger's bell as a youth were Elvis Presley and Little Richard. Seger began playing in Detroit with the Decibels in 1961. His first composition, 'The Lonely One', was made a demo with that outfit and received once total airtime. Seger afterward moved on to the Town Criers, then issued his first vinyl in 1965 with Doug Brown and the Omens: 'TGIF (Thank Goodness It's Friday)' bw 'The First Girl'. The next year the Omens released 'Ballad of the Yellow Beret' and 'Florida Time' as the Beach Bums. Penned by Seger to address draft dodging during the Vietnam War era, 'Yellow Beret' was pulled upon threat of lawsuit by RCA which had issued "Ballad of the Green Berets" by Barry Sadler earlier that year. Seger had formed the Last Heard (not known if derived from Woody Herman's First Herd or the British band, The Herd.) in 1965, he issuing 'East Side Story' bw 'East Side Sound' in January of '66. Later picked up by Capitol, the label wanted Seger's operation to be called the Bob Seger System, that outfit releasing '2 + 2 = ?' in January of '68. That didn't fare very well but reflected Seger's opposition to the Vietnam War. It was included on the System's first album release, 'Ramblin' Gamblin' Man' in 1968. That was followed by 'Noah' the next year. 'Mongrel' arrived in 1970. Seger went solo in 1971 to issue the LP, 'Brand New Morning'. A couple more albums were issued until Seger formed the Silver Bullet Band, the one with which he rose to no uncertain national fame and ran for decades to come. The Silver Bullet Band released its first LP, 'Seven', in 1974. It was Seger's ninth album, 'Night Moves' per '76, that shot Seger out of the cannon. He'd long been a major figure in Detroit but had been relatively unknown elsewhere. From that point onward Seger maintained thrust over gravity for decades to come, not beginning to wane until the nineties, though far from disappearing since then. 'Face the Promise', released in 2006, became another of several platinum LPs, selling well above a million copies. With Seger's catalogue containing seventeen studio albums and two live albums, Seger yet tours throughout the States to arenas which capacity sells out fast. Per below, the Beach Bums are Doug Brown & the Omens. Seger is with the Silver Bullet Band from 1974 onward.

Bob Seger   1965

   TGIF (Thanks Goodness It's Friday)

     With Doug Brown & the Omens

Bob Seger   1966

   Ballad of the Yellow Beret

    With the Beach Bums

  East Side Sound

    With the Last Heard

  East Side Story

      With the Last Heard

      'Swingin' Time'


    With the Beach Bums

Bob Seger   1968

   Ramblin' Gamblin' Man

    Album with the Bob Seger System

Bob Seger   1969


    Album with the Bob Seger System

Bob Seger   1970


    Album with the Bob Seger System

Bob Seger   1971

   Brand New Morning


Bob Seger   1972

   Smokin' O.P.'S


Bob Seger   1973

   Back In '72


Bob Seger   1974



Bob Seger   1975

   Beautiful Loser


Bob Seger   1976

   Night Moves

    LP: 'Night Moves'

  Rock n Roll Never Forgets

    LP: 'Night Moves'

Bob Seger   1978

   Still The Same

    Filmed in San Diego

Bob Seger   1980

   Against the Wind


Bob Seger   1983

   Old Time Rock n Roll

    Filmed at Cobo Hall Detroit

Bob Seger   1986

   Like a Rock


Bob Seger   1987


Bob Seger   1991

   The Lonely One

    Debut composition of 1961

Bob Seger   1996

   Roll Me Away

    Filmed at the Palace of Auburn Hills

Bob Seger   2014

   Hey Gypsy

    Filmed in Saginaw MI

  Turn the Page

    Filmed in Saginaw MI


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Turtles

The Turtles   1967

Source: Wikipedia
The Turtles were formed in 1965 as the Crossfires, a surf rock group changing their name to the Tyrtles, then the Turtles upon signing up with White Whale Records that year. The group consisted of frontmen, Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman, along with Al Nichol (guitar), Chuck Portz (bass), Don Murray (drums) and Jim Tucker (guitar). Members began changing in '66. Joining that year were Joel Larson (drums), Chip Douglas (bass) and John Barbata (drums) with Murray and Portz leaving. Barbata replaced Larson that year. Jim Poris (guitar) joined in 1967, Douglas and Tucker leaving. John Seiter replaced Barbata in 1969. The Turtles' first plate was 'It Ain't Me Babe' bw 'Almost There', 'It Ain't Me Babe' reaching #8 on Billboard's US in August of '65. 1965 also saw 'Let Me Be' bw 'Your Maw Said You Cried'. A couple more tunes reached the Top Thirty before 'Happy Together' achieved Billboard's #1 spot in February of 1967, followed by 'She'd Rather Be with Me' at #4 in May. A couple more reached the Top Twenty before 'Elenore' perched at #6 in September of '68 followed by 'You Showed Me', also rising to #6 in January of 1969. The group disbanded in 1970 at which point Volman and Kaylan joined the Mothers of Invention as Phlorescent Leech & Eddie, then to become the duo, Flo & Eddie. They appeared on several Zappa albums beginning with his third, 'Chunga's Revenge', in 1970. Also releasing a number of their own albums, 'The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie' was issued in 1972, 'Flo & Eddie' in '74. The Turtles issued five studio albums before their demise, beginning with 'It Ain't Me Babe' in 1965, 'Turtle Soup' their final in 1969. In between came 'You Baby' ('66), 'Happy Together' ('67) and 'The Turtles Present the Battle of the Bands' ('68). Per 1970 below, Flo & Eddie contribute to vocals on tracks 2, 4, 5, 6, 9 and 10 of Zappa's 'Chunga's Revenge'.

The Turtles   1965

   It Ain't Me Babe


The Turtles   1966

   You Baby


The Turtles   1967

   Happy Together


The Turtles   1968



Flo & Eddie   1970

   Chunga's Revenge

     Album by Frank Zappa

Flo & Eddie   1972

   The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie


Flo & Eddie   1975

   Illegal, Immoral and Fattening


   Live at Capitol Theatre

     Concert filmed in Passaic NJ


Birth of Rock & Roll: Flo & Eddie

Flo & Eddie

Source: Las Galletas de Maria
Birth of Rock & Roll: Young Rascals

Young Rascals

Source: Nostalgia Central
The Young Rascals were formed in 1965 to become simply the Rascals in '67. (They were originally the Rascals, changing their name due to conflict with another band.) Original members were Eddie Brigati (bass, vocals), Felix Cavaliere (keyboards, vocals), Gene Cornish (guitar) and Dino Danelli (drums). The Young Rascals issued their first plate, 'I Ain't Gonna Eat Out My Heart Anymore' bw 'Slow Down' in latter 1965. They also appeared on 'Hullabaloo' in February that year. Those first releases would surface on the Young Rascals' first album in '66, 'The Young Rascals', along with 'Good Lovin'' and 'Mustang Sally'. The group issued two more albums while Young ('Collections', 'Groovin'') before its fourth as only the Rascals in February of '68, 'Once Upon a Dream'. Several LPs later the band issued its last album, 'The Island of Real', in 1972. Cavaliere and Danelli were the only original members. Brigati had left in 1970, Cornish in 1971, they replaced by Ann Sutton (vocals), Robert Popwell (bass) and Buzzy Feiten (guitar). Danny Weis replaced Feiten in 1970. Cavaliere and Danelli carried onward with solo careers after leaving the Rascals. They would surface on a couple albums together with the Bulldogs as well. Danelli would later join Steve Van Zandt's outfit in the early eighties. The Rascals would briefly reunite a few times into the new millennium with various members, but the band had run its course and gone kaput by 1973. It was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997, the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2007. Brigati and Cavaliere were elected into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2009.

Young Rascals   1965

   I Ain't Gonna Eat Out My Heart Anymore


Young Rascals   1966

   Good Lovin'

     'Ed Sullivan Show'

   Lonely Too Long


   Mickey's Monkey/Love Lights


   Slow Down


   You Better Run


   The Young Rascals


Young Rascals   1967

   A Beautiful Morning

     Music video

   A Girl Like You






   How Can I Be Sure



     'Mike Douglas Show'

The Rascals   1972

   The Island of Real



Birth of Rock & Roll: Leslie West

Leslie West

Source: MP3 XL

Birth of Rock & Roll: Mountain


Source: Metallized
Born Leslie Weinstein (Jewish) in 1945 in NYC, Leslie West roped up with the Vagrants, a band that released its first record for Southern Sound in July of '65: 'Oh Those Eyes' bw 'You're Too Young'. The Vagrants issued several plates until 'And When It's Over' bw 'I Don't Need Your Loving' in 1968. The Vagrants were produced by bassist/vocalist, Felix Pappalardi, with whom West released his first solo LP, 'Mountain', in 1969. The formation of the band, Mountain, followed that year to include Steve Knight on keyboards and ND Smart on drums. Mountain appeared at the Woodstock Festival in New York in August of 1969. 'Climbing!' was the band's debut LP in 1970, followed by 'Nantucket Sleighride' and 'Flowers of Evil' in 1971. In 1972 West, Jack Bruce (bass) and Corky Laing (drums) formed West, Bruce and Laing to issue 'Why Dontcha' followed by 'Whatever Turns You On' in 1973 and the live album, 'Live n Kickin'', in '74. Discogs has Mountain releasing above thirty albums, most recently in 2010: 'Live in NYC'. The band's latest studio enterprise has been 'Masters of War' in 2007. West himself has issued some fifteen LPs, his latest, 'Soundcheck', in 2015. West has made numerous appearances on the Howard Stern radio broadcast over the years.

The Vagrants   1965

   Oh Those Eyes

   You're Too Young

The Vagrants   1966

   I Can't Make a Friend

   Your Hasty Heart

The Vagrants   1967

   I Love You, Love You (Yes I Do)


   A Sunny Summer Rain/Beside the Sea

The Vagrants   1968

   I Don't Need Your Loving


Leslie West   1969

   Blood of the Sun

     LP: 'Mountain'

    Long Red

     LP: 'Mountain'

Mountain   1970

   Dreams of MIlk and Honey

     Live at Fillmore East

    Dreams of MIlk and Honey

     Filmed at Crosley Field

   Mississippi Queen

     Filmed in New York

    Theme for an Imaginary Western

     LP: 'Climbing!'

West, Bruce and Laing   1972

   Out In to the Fields

     LP: 'Why Dontcha'

    Why Dontcha

     LP: 'Why Dontcha'

West, Bruce and Laing   1973

   Live in Germany

   Whatever Turns You On


Leslie West   1976

   The Leslie West Band


Mountain   1985

   Live in Paris

    Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Vagrants 

The Vagrants   1966

Source: Wikipedia

Birth of Rock & Roll: West, Bruce & Laing

West, Bruce & Laing

Source: Discogs
Birth of Rock & Roll: Captain Beefheart

Captain Beefheart

Source: Pitchfork
Born Don Glen Vliet in 1941 in Glendale, CA, Captain Beefheart, also known as Don Van Vliet, wasn't among those singers who popped from the oven with Top Ten singles for a decade, then became crust. He went the other direction, from obscure in more ways than one to an underground cult figure whose recognition grew over the years largely in association with his high school friend, Frank Zappa. Beefheart began painting and sculpting at age three. He was apparently pretty good at shaping animals, yet would later decline several proffered scholarships. Perhaps, perhaps not, an early indication of paranoid schizophrenia was his disinclination to leave his bedroom, requiring his parents to slip dinner trays beneath his door. Howsoever, Beefheart was particularly fond of the blues (Howling Wolf) upon meeting Zappa at Antelope Valley High School in Lancaster. The twain separated to attend different colleges in the Los Angeles region but remained in contact. It was during that period that Beefheart made his first known recording, 'Lost In a Whirlpool'', taped by Zappa in one of his college classrooms, thought 1959. That can be found on Zappa's posthumous release of 'The Lost Episodes' per 1996. The two, however, pursued different paths in the early sixties, Zappa to work in advertising while performing in clubs, Beefheart to run a chain of Kinney's shoe stores while honing his skills on harmonica, also performing at clubs. In 1964 the two began to collaborate on compositions as the Soots. It was then that Vliet took up the name, Captain Beefheart. Among their recordings thought rejected by Dot Records were 'Cheryl's Canon', 'Metal Man Has Won His Wings' and 'Slippin' and Slidin''. Zappa thereat went on to form The Mothers, Beefheart to join a band called the Magic Band. He changed his name from Glen Vliet to Van Vliet at that time, though what emerged to make his first commercial recordings in 1966 for A&M was Captain Beefheart and his Magic Band: 'Diddy Wah Diddy'/'Who Do You Think You're Fooling' followed by 'Moonchild/Frying Pan' the same year. 'Yellow Brick Road'/'Abba Zaba' surfaced the next year, also appearing on Beefheart's debut LP that year, 'Safe As Milk'. His next album, 'Strictly Personal', surfaced in 1968. The next year he issued 'Trout Mask Replica' on Zappa's Straight Records label, a double LP with 28 tracks. He also contributed the vocal to 'Willie the Pimp' on Zappa's 'Hot Rats' in '69. In 1975 Beefheart and Zappa collaborated on the album, 'Bongo Fury'. Such was a trying experience to both of them, after which they fell out with other until Zappa's latter years. Unlike most in the rock business, though similar to Zappa's general disapproval of drug use, Beefheart kept a strict policy as to drugs: none allowed. On the other hand, accounts of Beefheart are riddled with odd conversations and experiences, sometimes of a dissociative, dubitable and/or imaginary if not extraordinary sort. One example of such peculiarities was during the production of 'Trout Mask Replica'. From 'Rolling Stone' magazine: 'Replica' being partially recorded at his home, Beefheart had requested of Straight Records the residence of a "tree surgeon" in the event that making such noise should cause his trees to 'fall over". Straight Records responded with a denial. After sessions were finished Beefheart nevertheless presented Straight with a bill of $250 to reimburse him for the hire of a tree doctor to ensure his trees were yet healthy. Not knowing quite what to think seems the impression Beefheart had on people in general, he also difficult with whom to work. In 1982 'Ice Cream for Crow' became Beefheart's last album, he retiring to paint [1, 2, 3]. Since that time members of his Magic Band have numerously related the difficulty of working with Beefheart, problems ranging from abuse including physical, poor pay including none for whole tours, and taking sole credit for collaborative efforts by all. The Magic Band reformed in 2003, sometimes on, sometimes off, depending on the year and who's clapping hands. As for Beefheart, having exhibited his paintings since 1972, he retired to seclusion, placing his works at the Michael Werner and Anton Kern galleries in New York. Though he was a less than compelling figure in the realms of fine art 'ARTNEWS' magazine has him auctioning a painting in 2003 for just above $9000, far from the stellar prices that some command, but quite comfortable in view of the fact that painters of high caliber anywhere ask a fraction as much for a canvas. Wikipedia mentions sales approaching $25,000. Howsoever, Beefheart designed his own album covers. He had also for some years been subject to multiple sclerosis, of which he died in December 2010. His thirteenth studio album, recorded in 1976, was 'Bat Chain Puller', issued in 2012.

Captain Beefheart   1959

   Lost in a Whirpool

     College recording issued 1996

       Frank Zappa LP: 'The Lost Episodes'

Captain Beefheart   1964

   Metal Man Has Won His Wings

     Not issued until 1998

     Frank Zappa LP: 'Mystery Disc'

Captain Beefheart   1966

   Diddy Wah Diddy

   Frying Pan


   Who Do You Think You're Fooling

Captain Beefheart   1967


     LP: 'Safe As Milk'

Captain Beefheart   1968

   Live on Top Gear

     BBC radio broadcast

  Strictly Personal


  Sure 'Nuff 'n Yes I Do

     Filmed in Cannes, France

Captain Beefheart   1969

   Trout Mask Replica


Captain Beefheart   1971

   Live at the Ludlow Garage

     Live at the Ludlow Garage Cincinnati

Captain Beefheart   1972

   The Spotlight Kid/Clear Spot



     German telecast

Captain Beefheart   1974

   Bluejeans and Moonbeams


   London 1974

     Not issued until 1994

Captain Beefheart   1975

   Live in El Paso

     Live with Frank Zappa

Captain Beefheart   1976

   Bat Chain Puller

     LP issued posthumously 2012

Captain Beefheart   1977

   Live at the Nouvel Hippodrome

Captain Beefheart   1978

   Live at My Father's Place

   Shiny Beast


Captain Beefheart   1980

   Live at the Théatre De L'Empire

     French telecast: 'Chorus'

Captain Beefheart   1982

   Ice Creme For Crow



Birth of Rock & Roll: Painting by Don Van Vliet

Saint Dog

Painting by Don Van Vliet

Source: Melt
Birth of Rock & Roll: Kaleidoscope

Blues Magoos

Source: Mental Itch
The Blues Magoos were among the earliest psychedelic bands, formed in 1964, not in LSD Central, San Francisco, but in Bronx. At the time of their first issues the group consisted of Ralph Scala (keyboards), Peppy Castro (guitar) Ron Gilbert (bass) Mike Esposito (guitar) and Geoff Daking (drums). Personnel would begin changing in '69 though core members, Scala, Daking and Castro, continue with the band to this day. The Magoos released their first album in 1966: 'Psychedelic Lollipop'. Their fifth and last album appeared in 1970: 'Gulf Coast Bound'. In between had come 'Electric Comic Book' ('67), 'Basic Blues Magoos' ('68) and 'Never Goin' Back to Georgia' ('69). The group disbanded per their last album, waited 36 years to reform in 2008, then waited six more to issue the LP, 'Psychedelic Resurrection', in 2014. Castro in the meantime had played with the bands, Barnaby Bye and Balance.

Blues Magoos   1966

   Pipe Dream

     'Smothers Brothers'

   Psychedelic Lollipop


Blues Magoos   1967

   There's a Chance We Can Make It

     LP: 'Electric Comic Book'

Blues Magoos   1968

   Basic Blues Magoos


Blues Magoos   1969

   Never Goin' Back to Georgia


Blues Magoos   1970

   Gulf Coast Bound


Blues Magoos   2014

   There's a Chance We Can Make It

     LP: 'Psychedelic Resurrection'

   We Ain't Got Nothin' Yet

     LP: 'Psychedelic Resurrection'


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Choir

The Choir

Source: Music Banter
The Choir, not to be confused with the later Christian group, was an obscure band that would become the more successful Raspberries in the seventies. They issued very little material, nigh their whole catalogue below. Their only albums were later compilations that included unissued tracks. The group finds its way into this history as one of the earliest bands to respond to the British Invasion in kind. That was due that the band's leader, Dann Klawon, was able to come by Beatles releases in the UK before they arrived in America in February of '64. Indeed, the Choir was first named the Mods, a British term representative of which were such as Julie Driscoll and Rod Stewart. At the time of its first single issued in '66 the Choir consisted of Dann Klawon (rhythm), Dave Smalley (rhythm), Dave Burke (bass), Wally Bryson (lead) and Jim Bonfanti (drums). They scattered for good in 1970. Since Queen Elizabeth II was a little miffed to discover they weren't actually British they were forced underground as the Raspberries the same year via Bonfanti, Bryson and Smalley, adding Eric Carmen on bass and lead vocals. When the Queen discovered the Raspberries weren't actually British in 1975 she was not a little peeved and they were forced to leave separate trails. The Raspberries managed to issue four albums before the Queen put a price on their heads: 'Raspberries' ('72), 'Fresh' ('72), 'Side 3' ('73) and 'Starting Over' ('74).

The Choir   1966

   I'm Goin' Home

   It's Cold Outside

The Choir   1967

   Changin' My Mind

   Don't You Feel a Little Sorry for Me

   No One Here to Play With

   When You Were With Me

The Raspberries   1972

   Might As Well

     LP: 'Fresh'

   Nobody Knows

     LP: 'Fresh'



The Raspberries   1973

   I'm a Rocker

     LP: 'Side 3'

   Last Dance

     LP: 'Side 3'

   Should I Wait

     LP: 'Side 3'

The Raspberries   1974

   Go All the Way

     'Mike Douglas Show'

    Overnight Sensation

     LP: 'Starting Over'

    Play On

     LP: 'Starting Over'

   Starting Over

     LP: 'Starting Over'


Birth of Rock & Roll: The Raspberries

The Raspberries

Source: Rate Your Music
  Barry Goldberg was a keyboardist and record producer born in 1942 in Chicago. He sat in on gigs with big blues names as a teenager, getting his early direction from such as Otis Rush, Muddy Waters and Howling Wolf. Goldberg gave his first notable public performance in 1965 with Bob Dylan at the Newport Folk Festival. Wikipedia has Goldberg first surfacing on vinyl in 1966 on 'Devil with the Blue Dress On'/'Good Golly Miss Molly' by Mitch Ryder & the Detroit Wheels. He then issued 'Blowing My Mind', his first LP, that year. In addition to above ten albums, studio and live, Goldberg contributed to numerous bands over the years, and countless recordings by yet others. He was an early member of Electric Flag in 1967 with Mike Bloomfield, and of the Rides in 2012 with Stephen Stills, issuing 'Can't Get Enough' as such in 2013. Goldberg's latest solo release was 'Chicago Blues Union' in 2006.

Barry Goldberg   1966

   Blowing My Mind

     LP: 'Blowing My Mind'

   Gettin' It Down

     LP: 'Blowing My Mind'

   Devil with a Blue Dress On/Good Golly Miss Molly

     With Mitch Ryder & the Detroit Wheels

Barry Goldberg   1969

    Blues For Barry And

     LP: 'Two Jews Blues'

    That's Alright Mama

     LP: 'Two Jews Blues'

   You're Still My Baby

     LP: 'Two Jews Blues'

Barry Goldberg   1973

    Cherry Jam

     With Harvey Mandel & Charlie Musselwhite

Barry Goldberg   1969

    It's Not Just the Spotlight

     LP: 'Barry Goldberg'

    I've Got to Use My Imagination

     LP: 'Barry Goldberg'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Barry Goldberg

Barry Goldberg

Source: Discogs
Birth of Rock & Roll: Kaleidoscope


Source: All Music
Kaleidoscope, not to be confused with the UK band, Kaleidoscope, of the same period, was formed in 1966 by the duo, Solomon Feldthouse (string instruments) and David Lindley (string instruments), upon adding Chester Crill (harmonica/violin), Chris Darrow (bass) and John Vidican (drums). An eclectic folk/psychedelic band, they issued their debut single, 'Please', in December 1966, that included on 'Side Trips', their first album per June of '67. Stuart Brotman replaced Darrow after the issue of the group's second album, 'A Beacon From Mars'. Paul Lagos also replaced Vidican on drums. Ron Johnston replaced Brotman as 'Bernice', issued in 1970, was being recorded, after which Feldthouse left the band. Kaleidoscope toured in '69 with the British band, Cream, then dissolved. Lindley moved onward to become a session musician, appearing as De Paris Letante on the reunion album that was issued in 1976 by Brotman, Crill, Darrow, Feldthouse and Lagos: 'When Scopes Collide'. Yet another reunion album was released in 1991, 'Greetings from Kartoonistan...(We Ain't Dead Yet)', minus Lindley.

Kaleidoscope   1967

   A Beacon From Mars

     Live at Club 47   Cambridge, Massachusetts

     Audience recording   Issue unknown

   Side Trips


Kaleidoscope   1968

   A Beacon From Mars


   Newport Folk Festival

Kaleidoscope   1969

   The Cuckoo

     LP: 'Incredible! Kaleidoscope'

Kaleidoscope   1972

   Lie to Me

     Film: 'Captain Milkshake'

Kaleidoscope   1976

   It's Love You're After

     LP: 'When Scopes Collide'

   So Long

     LP: 'When Scopes Collide'


  Jefferson Airplane was the premier psychedelic band of the period. Fleetwood Mac wasn't, but if not for the Airplane that British Invasion band might have done even more damage than it did. The Airplane was formed in 1965 in San Francisco by Marty Balin, the notion to drop some propaganda over London with some LSD, zone the Queen and take the city. It may have been due to a single Airplane that Ginger Baker figured he'd better assemble a whole Air Force to help beat the Yanks back. Balin had issued a couple records in 1962 for Challenge Records: 'Nobody But You' bw 'You Made Me Fall' and 'I Specialize In Love' bw 'You Are the One'. Balin's notion was to buy a pizza joint with a group of investors, turn it into a club called the Matrix and put his own band in it. Core members of the band were Paul Kantner (guitar), Jorma Kaukonen (guitar) and vocalist, Signe Toly Anderson. Drummers, Spencer Dryden and Skip Spence, both appeared on the the band's first album, Dryden eventually take over for a couple more years. Bassist, Jack Casady, would be with the band for its first album. Anderson would also appear on 'Jefferson Airplane Takes Off' in August of '66, to be replaced by Grace Slick thereafter upon becoming a mother. Slick would bring a couple of her earlier compositions to Jefferson Airplane, 'White Rabbit' and 'Somebody to Love', written when she was with the San Francisco band, the Great Society, the year before. Airplane gave its first performance at the Matrix in August of '65. The group recorded its first demo in 1965 as well, 'The Other Side of This Life' (with Bob Harvey on bass) for RCA. Balin must have been a skilled negotiator as RCA advanced the band an unusually high $25,000. Between 1966 and 1972 Airplane issued seven studio albums: Jefferson Airplane Takes Off ('66), Surrealistic Pillow ('67), After Bathing at Baxter's ('67), Crown of Creation ('68), Volunteers ('69), Bark ('71) and Long John Silver ('72), The group then separated after its last shows at the Winterland Ballroom in San Francisco in September of '72, both recorded. Members would form two bands out of Airplane, Hot Tuna (Kaukonen, Casady) and the Jefferson Starship. Slick would perform with Hot Tuna as a guest but Starship was her mojo. Hot Tuna had already issued its initial album in 1970: 'Hot Tuna'. Jefferson Starship had already released an album in 1970 as well, when Jerry Garcia was a member of the band led by Kantner: 'Blows Against the Empire'. We don't pursue Hot Tuna or Jefferson Starship this early in these histories, but have indexed their debut and only albums while the Airplane was in operation below. A reunion of Jefferson Airplane in 1989 resulted in the LP, 'Jefferson Airplane'. The Airplane was elected into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996. It was rewarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2016. Of the Airplane's main early crew, Dryden died in 2005, Kantner following in 2016. Included below is footage of the infamous Altamont Free Concert in 1969, the same at which the Rolling Stones performed with Hell's Angels hired for security.

Marty Balin   1962

   I Specialize In Love

   Nobody But You/You Made Me Fall

Jefferson Airplane   1966

   Jefferson Airplane Takes Off


Jefferson Airplane   1967

   After Bathing at Baxter's


   Live at CPSU

     Issue unknown

   Surrealistic Pillow


   White Rabbit/Somebody to Love

     'American Bandstand'

   White Rabbit/Somebody to Love

     'Smothers Brothers'

Jefferson Airplane   1968

   House at Pooneil Corners

     Filmed live


     LP: 'Crown of Creation'

Jefferson Airplane   1969

   The Other Side of This Life

     Filmed at the Altamont Free Festival

   Somebody to Love

     Filmed at Woodstock

   Uncle Sam Blues

     Filmed at Woodstock



   We Can Be Together/Volunteers

     Telecast with Dick Cavett

  White Rabbit

     Filmed at Woodstock

Hot Tuna   1970

   Live in Bath

    Hot Tuna


Jefferson Airplane   1970

   Eskimo Blue Day

     Filmed at the Family Dog Ballroom

   Live at Fillmore East

     Filmed live

   Live at Wally Heider Studios


Jefferson Starship   1970

   Blows Against the Empire


Jefferson Airplane   1971

   Feels So Good

     LP: 'Bark'

Jefferson Airplane   1972

   Long John Silver


Jefferson Airplane   1989

   Live at Golden Gate Park

     Issue unknown

   Live at the Greek Theater

     Issue unknown


Birth of Rock & Roll: Jefferson Airplane

Jefferson Airplane

L to R: Balin, Slick, Dryden

R to L: Casady, Kaukonen, Kantner

B to T: almost all

Photo: Associated Press

Source: CBS News
Birth of Rock & Roll: Harvey Mandel

Harvey Mandel

Source: Rock's Backpages
Harvey Mandel was born in Detroit in 1945 but raised in Morton Grove, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago. Mandel is among the lesser known on this page, highly paradoxical as he is also easily among the finest musicians to be counted on one hand on this page. Wikipedia has him first recording in 1966 on Charlie Musselwhite's 'Stand Back!'. He then showed up in San Francisco to perform at the Matrix on Fillmore Street. 'Cristo Redentor' was his debut album in 1968, after which he would join Canned Heat, performing at the famous Woodstock Festival in August of '69, the equivalent of the Boston Tea Party when Americans finally decided they'd seen enough of the British Invasion and now intended a sound whooping of the intruders. British bands were invited to Woodstock in a ruse for peace by American Strategic Command. The Brits accepted, also in a ruse for peace. British performers at Woodstock were Keef Hartley, Ten Years After, The Who and the Incredible String Band. Mitch Mitchell, drummer for Jimi Hendrix, was a British traitor who'd seen enough of the pummeling America was taking from his compatriots who knew no measure. After Canned Heat Mandell appeared on a couple of 1972 John Mayall LPs: 'USA Union' and 'Back to the Roots'. He then formed the Pure Food and Drug Act with Victor Conte (bass), Paul Lagos (drums), Randy Resnick (guitar) and Don Sugarcane Harris (violin). The Drug Act issued one album in '72: 'Choice Cuts'. In 1976 he appeared on the Rolling Stones' 'Black and Blue'. Mandell began releasing on his own Electric Snake label, based in Colorado, in 2000 with 'Emerald Triangle' and 'Lick This'. Mandel's latest album release was 'Harvey Mandel and the Snake Crew: Live' in 2009.

Harvey Mandel   1967

   Stand Back!

     Album by Charley Musselwhite

Harvey Mandel   1968

   Lights Out

     LP: 'Cristo Redentor'

   Wade In the Water

     LP: 'Cristo Redentor'

Harvey Mandel   1969

   Senor Blues

     LP: 'Games Guitars Play'

Harvey Mandel   1971

   Baby Batter

     LP: 'Baby Batter'

Harvey Mandel   1972


     LP: 'The Snake'

   Peruvian Flake

     LP: 'The Snake'

Harvey Mandel   1973



Harvey Mandel   2000

   Lick This

     LP: 'Lick This'

Harvey Mandel   2010

   Live with Canned Heat

     Filmed concert

Harvey Mandel   2013

   Wade In the Water

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Davy Jones

Davy Jones

Photo: Ron Galella/WireImage

Source: WXPN

Birth of Rock & Roll: Peter Tork

Peter Tork

Source: Monkees Live Almanac
The Monkees were a group of actors and musicians hired to play the roles of rock musicians in the comedy television series, 'The Monkees', which debuted in 1966 until 1968. In the process they became a band in their own right. Members all well-known were Davy Jones (front), Micky Dolenz (drums), Michael Nesmith (guitar) and Peter Tork (bass). That was their portrayal on television though the band switched about a lot. The Monkees issued their first records in 1966: 'Last Train to Clarksville' bw 'Take a Giant Step' and 'I'm a Believer' bw '(I'm Not Your) Steppin' Stone'. The LP, 'The Monkees', also saw issue that year. Prior to the Monkees Davy Jones had begun his career on Broadway in 1962, appearing as the Artful Dodger in 'Oliver!'. In 1964 he appeared on the 'Ed Sullivan Show' with English singer, Georgia Brown, on the same episode as the Beatles. In 1965 he issued three 45s for Colpix: 'Dream Girl' be 'Take Me to Paradise', 'What Are We Going to Do?' bw 'This Bouquet' and 'The Girl From Chelsea' bw 'Theme For a New Love (I Saw You Only Once)'. he also issued the album, 'David Jones', in '65. Jones was the one for which the producers of 'The Monkees' originally tailored the show. Nesmith was chosen from among 437 applicants responding to ads in 'Daily Variety' and 'The Hollywood Reporter'. He had also issued records in 1965, two as Michael Blessing and one as Mike & John & Bill: 'The New Recruit' bw 'A Journey with Michael Blessing', 'Until It's Time For You to Go' bw 'What Seems to Be the Trouble Officer' and 'How Can You Kiss Me' bw 'Just a Little Love'. Tork, who was playing with a folk group, applied for the role in 'The Monkees' upon hearing of it from Stephen Stills who had been rejected. Dolenz, originally a guitar player, had been a college student and would require training on drums by Tork when he was cast. He also sang lead with the Monkees. All variously contributed to compositions. The Monkees were an excellent example of the dangers of first impressions and typecasting. After getting tagged as a lot of goofballs on a comedy series described by some as an embarrassment they had difficulty being taken as serious musicians. They released the album, 'Headquarters', in 1967 that May, refashioning themselves after the Beatles in an endeavor to establish themselves apart from 'The Monkees' television program. Yet a tour with Jimi Hendrix in July that year failed to be completed due to incompatibility, the Monkees' audience being generally younger than Hendrix' who didn't play for screaming girls. Tork was the first to leave the Monkees in 1969. Citing exhaustion, he must have been pretty fatigued because he bought his way out of the last four years of his contract at $150,000 per year in order to pursue a solo career. Tork's last work with the Monkees was 'Head' ('68) and '33⅓ Revolutions per Monkee' (69). The Monkees continued as a trio, issuing their next two albums as such: 'Instant Replay' ('69) and 'The Monkees Present' ('69). Nesmith left the group in 1970, leaving Dolenz and Jones to record 'Changes' ('70) as a duo. Nesmith had already released his first solo album in 1968: 'The Wichita Train Whistle Sings'. After the Monkees he formed the First National Band, releasing two albums in 1970: 'Loose Salute' and 'Magnetic South'. Nesmith continued onward to a fairly successful recording career, also working as a film and television producer. His latest album was 'Movies of the Mind' in 2014. Dolenz moved on to a solo career as well, also acting. In 2016 he released 'An Evening with Peter Noone & Micky Dolenz' with Peter Noone of Herman's Hermits. Jones had been releasing solo records throughout his tenure with the Monkees. His first solo LP after the Monkees was 'Davy Jones' in '71. The Monkees have reunited on several occasions into the 21st century. Their first reunion album was 'Pool It!' per 1987, Nesmith out. Nesmith did appear on the reunion album of 1996: 'Justus'. Nesmith was out when the Monkees released three live albums in the opening years of the new millennium: 'Live In Las Vegas!' ('01), 'Live In Toronto' ('02) and 'Live Summer Tour' ('02). Due to their nigh unlimited access to a recording studio when they were with 'The Monkees' the group taped a load of unissued tunes which can be found on 'Missing Links' ('87) and the box set, 'Listen to the Band' ('91). All but one of the Monkees are yet living, Jones having died of coronary heart disease in 2012 after a heart attack while horseback riding in Florida. He is thus not included on the reunion album of 2016, 'Good Times!'. No doubt the Monkees were a silly and manufactured gang, yet after all these years if you ask somebody to word associate upon "the Beatles" you just might hear "the Monkees" in response, being at one point the Beatles hottest competition. They were simply a good feeling group, one step removed from Archies bubblegum perhaps, but a rocking band with talent nonetheless. The Monkees were a such huge deal in the latter sixties that their name is household word to this day. Michael Blessing, and Mike, John & Bill refer to Michael Nesmith. Though this is a music history it's appropriate to include at one episode of 'The Monkees' television program, being 'Monkee See, Monkee Die' from 1966. All four members are on Monkees titles below unless annotated.

Davy Jones   1964

   As Long As He Needs Me

     'Ed Sullivan Show' with Georgia Brown

Michael Blessing   1965

   A Journey with Michael Blessing

   The New Recruit

   Until It's Time For You to Go

     'Lloyd Thaxton Show'

   What Seems to Be the Trouble Officer

Davy Jones   1965

   Dream Girl

   Take Me to Paradise

   Theme for a New Love

   This Bouquet

    What Are We Going To Do?

Mike, John & Bill   1965

   How Can You Kiss Me?

   Just a Little Love

The Monkees   1966

   The Monkees


   Monkee See, Monkee Die

     Television episode

   (I'm Not Your) Steppin' Stone

     With film

The Monkees   1967



   Live 1967

     Album   Not issued until 1987

   Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd.


   Pleasant Valley Sunday

     Music video

   More of the Monkees


The Monkees   1968

   33 1/3 Revolutions


   The Birds, the Bees & the Monkees




Michael Nesmith   1968

   Don't Cry Now

     LP: 'The Wichita Train Whistle Sings'

The Monkees   1969

   33 1/3 Revolutions Per Monkee

     Television special

   Instant Replay

     Album   Dolenz/Jones/Nesmith

The Monkees   1970


     Album   Dolenz/Jones

Michael Nesmith   1970

   Calico Girlfriend

     LP: 'Magnetic South'

    With the First National Band

   Silver Moon

    LP: 'Loose Salute'

     With the First National Band

Davy Jones   1971

   Look at Me

     LP: 'Davy Jones'

Michael Nesmith   1971

   Nevada Fighter

     LP: 'Nevada Fighter'

    With the First National Band

Michael Nesmith   1973

   Some of Shelly's Blues

     LP: 'Pretty Much Your Standard Ranch Stash'

Michael Nesmith   1974

   The Amazing Zigzag Concert

     Issued 2010 Steel guitar: Red Rhodes

   The Prison


Michael Nesmith   1977


     Music video

The Monkees   1987

   Pool It!

     Album   Dolenz/Jones/Tork

The Monkees   1989

   Daydream Believer

     'Nashville Now'   Dolenz/Jones/Tork

   I'm a Believer

     'Aspel & Company'   Dolenz/Jones/Tork

Michael Nesmith   1992

   Begin the Beguine

     LP: 'Tropical Campfires'

   Yellow Butterfly

     LP: 'Tropical Campfires'

Peter Tork   1994


     Music video

      LP: 'Stranger Things Have Happened'

The Monkees   1996



   Last Train to Clarksville

     'Rosie O'Donnell Show'   Dolenz/Jones/Tork

The Monkees   1997

   Live in Los Angeles

     Filmed at the Universal Amphitheater


The Monkees   2001

   Live Summer Tour

     Filmed concert Dolenz/Jones/Tork


   (I'm Not Your) Steppin' Stone

     'Tonight Show with Jay Leno'


Peter Tork   2003

   Got My Mojo Working

     Filmed in Brasil

Peter Tork   2011

   'Til Then

     Filmed at Wolfgang's Vault

Mickey Dolenz   2012

   Daydream Believer/A Little Bit Me

     Filmed live

The Monkees   2012

   Papa Gene's Blues

     Filmed at Chicago Theatre


Michael Nesmith   2012

   Live at Union Chapel

     Concert filmed in London

Peter Tork   2013

   I'll Spend My Life With You

     Filmed live

Mickey Dolenz   2014

   Live at the Arcada Theater

     Filmed concert

Mickey Dolenz   2015


     Filmed live

   Randy Scouse Git

     Filmed live

The Monkees   2016

   Me & Magdalena

     LP: 'Good Times!'   Dolenz/Nesmith/Tork

   Daydream Believer

     Filmed live   Dolenz/Tork

   Shades of Gray

     Filmed live   Dolenz/Tork


Birth of Rock & Roll: Mickey Dolenz

Mickey Dolenz

Source: Fanpop

Birth of Rock & Roll: Michael Nesmith

Michael Nesmith

Source: Monkees Net
  Iggy Pop had been born James Newell Osterberg Jr in 1947 in Muskegon, MI. His father had been an English teacher and baseball coach. As mentioned in Wikipedia, Junior lived with his parents in a trailer too small for his drum kit anywhere but the master bedroom, so his parents slept in the living room. It was 1966 when Osterberg Jr first saw vinyl with a band called the Iguanas on the Forte label: 'Mona' bw 'I Don't Know Why'. (Another group called the Iguanas, easy to confuse, issued on Dunhill during the same period. That band was produced by Steve Barri and PF Sloan.) Junior changed his name to Iggy (Iguanas) Pop in 1967 and formed the Psychedelic Stooges in Chicago with their first gig at a Halloween party in Detroit. The name was soon shortened to simply the Stooges as Pop's performances weren't precisely psychedelic. Rather, he was an early progenitor of punk rock, often called the "father" of the genre that was in the latter seventies a response to classier, flashier, fashion-conscious disco rabbitry by those more at society's desperate litter amidst a landfill, meaning breeze-blown trash like me. The early Stooges released three albums before Pop transitioned to a solo career: 'The Stooges' ('69), 'Fun House' ('70) and 'Raw Poer' ('73). Core members for the first album were Dave Alexander (bass), Ron Asheton (guitar) and Scott Asheton (drums). John Cale contributed piano and viola. Pop's first release apart from the Stooges was with Stooges guitarist, James Williamson: 'Kill City' in 1977. Pop then issued his first two solo LPs, 'The Idiot' and 'Lust For Life', the same year. Discogs has Pop catalogued at above forty solo albums in addition to well over twenty with the Stooges. His last with the Stooges was 'Ready to Die' in 2013. 'Post Pop Depression' was issued in 2016.

The Iguanas   1966

   I Don't Know Why


The Stooges   1969


     With film

   The Stooges


The Stooges   1970


     LP: 'Fun House'


     LP: 'Fun House'

The Stooges   1973

   Raw Power


Iggy Pop   1977

   The Idiot


   Lust For Life


Iggy Pop   1986

   Real Wild Child (Wild One)

     Music video   LP: 'Blah Blah Blah'

The Stooges   2003


     Filmed live

Iggy Pop   2013

   Ready to Die


Iggy Pop   2016

   Break Into Your Heart

     LP: 'Post Pop Depression'

   Lust For Life

     Filmed live   Post Pop Depression Tour


Birth of Rock & Roll: Bob Seger

Iggy Pop & the Stooges   1972

Source: Iggy & the Stooges
Birth of Rock & Roll: James Gang

James Gang

L to R: Fox, Peters, Walsh

Source: Ultimate Classic Rock
In July of 1968 Deep Purple was at America's shores per the British Invasion with 'Shades of Deep Purple'. The coming months would see intense battles over a nation, the United States, brought to carnage since the assault of the Beatles in 1964 at John Kennedy Airport. With Deep Purple commanding global waters, when Led Zeppelin released its first egg in January of 1969 NORAD was forced to critical alert status. It was essential that America act quickly, but no one could be found with the balls to respond to the rampant raging threat that had major portions of the American population turning British for the last few years. Enter Joe Walsh, born in Wichita, Kansas, in 1947 to become one of the Purple Hearts and greatest generals of America's defense against a brutal foe, a singular force eluding the worst the Brits could assemble against him while making them whimper like starved and tired puppies. Walsh was a student at Kent State University when he joined the becomingly named band, the Measles. Since no one would go near them they pretended to be the Ohio Express on that band's album, 'Beg, Borrow and Steal' in 1967, they the uncredited performers of 'And It's True' and 'I Find I Think Of You'. Walsh composed the latter and sang vocals on both. The Measles also did another Ohio Express track, the instrumental, 'Money'. At the time the James Gang issued its debut LP, 'Yer Album', in March 1969 (two months after Led Zeppelin's debut LP) the trio consisted of Walsh at guitar and keyboards with Tom Kriss on bass and Jim Fox on drums. Kriss would be replaced by Dale Peters for the trio's next album, 'James Gang Rides Again', in 1970. Fox and Peters would carry the James Gang through to its ninth and last album in 1976, 'Jesse Come Home'. As for Walsh, he'd left the James Gang after the studio LP, 'Thirds', the Gang's third album issued in April of 1971. His last live recording with the group was for 'Live In Concert' at Carnegie Hall issued in '71. He went to Colorado and formed the band, Barnstorm, that year. Barnstorm was responsible for 'Barnstorm' in 1972 and 'The Smoker You Drink, the Player You Get' the next year. Walsh's first album independent of Barnstorm was 'So What' in 1974. Due much to James Gang and Barnstorm Walsh was now a huge name in rock music. He would then join a band formed in 1971 called the Eagles, by then a super band that would remain so for decades (unfortunately a touch too late for these histories). Walsh was with the Eagles in time to participate in 'Hotel California', their fifth album released in 1976. He would surface on several Eagles albums into the 21st century, the last, 'Long Road Out of Eden' in 2007, the Eagles' seventh and last studio album. As for Walsh, he's delivered twelve studio LPs, his latest 'Analog Man' in 2012. Naturally, Walsh has contributed to the albums of numerous musicians from BB King in 1970 to the Foo Fighters in 2014. Large in his life was Ringo Starr, his first of several albums with Starr, 'Old Wave', produced by him (Walsh) in 1983, their last together 'Y Not' in 2010.

Ohio Express   1966

   And It's True

     Actually the Measles

   I Find I Think of You

     Actually the Measles

James Gang   1969

   Yer Album


James Gang   1970

   James Gang Rides Again


James Gang   1971



   Walk Away

     Filmed live

Barnstorm   1972

   The Bomber

     Filmed live

   Here We Go

     LP: 'Barnstorm'


     LP: 'Barnstorm'

   Turn to Stone

     LP: 'Barnstorm'

Barnstorm   1973


     LP: 'The Smoker You Drink, the Player You Get'

   Rocky Mountain Way

     LP: 'The Smoker You Drink, the Player You Get'

   Rocky Mountain Way

     Filmed live

   Rocky Mountain Way


James Gang   1973

   The Devil Is Singing Our Song

     LP: 'Bang'   Walsh out


     LP: 'Bang'   Walsh out

   Ride the Wind

     LP: 'Bang'   Walsh out

Joe Walsh   1974

   Country Fair

     LP: 'So What'

   Welcome to the Club

     LP: 'So What'

The Eagles   1976

   Hotel California

     LP: 'Hotel California'

   New Kid In Town

     LP: 'Hotel California'

   Victim of Love

     LP: 'Hotel California'

James Gang   1976

   Feelin' Alright

     LP: 'Jesse Come Home'   Walsh out

Joe Walsh   1978

   Life's Been Good

     Telecast   Date estimated

Joe Walsh   1983

   Old Wave

     Album with Ringo Starr

Joe Walsh   1993

   Live at Camp LeJune

     Filmed concert

The Eagles   2007


     LP: 'Long Road Out of Eden'

   Waiting In the Weeds

     LP: 'Long Road Out of Eden'

Joe Walsh   2012

   Analog Man

     LP: 'Analog Man'

   Live From Daryl's House

     Filmed live

Joe Walsh   2015

   Funk 49

     Filmed in Windsor Canada

   I Like Big Tits

     Filmed in Windsor Canada


Birth of Rock & Roll: Joe Walsh

Joe Walsh

Source: Command Talent
Birth of Rock & Roll: Frank Zappa

Frank Zappa

Source: Biographies Net
Born in 1940 in Baltimore, Maryland, Frank Zappa had a chemist/mathematician for a father who worked in the defense industry. Just so, he spent his youth come and gone, attending some six high schools. It was at Antelope Valley High School in the Mojave Desert north of Los Angeles where he met one of the more colorful and enigmatic figures of his career, Captain Beefheart. with whom he would collaborate off and on until the mid seventies. Zappa had grown up with classical influences, had been drummer in a high school band in San Diego and took up guitar about that time ('57) upon joining a group called the Blackouts. He would become highly skilled with both guitar and keyboards. Zappa also began composing, arranging and conducting avant-garde orchestral pieces for high school. Graduating in 1958, he attended Chaffey College in Rancho Cucamonga for one semester, meanwhile playing clubs in the LA area with the Blackouts. Zappa's first professional composition was the soundtrack for the film, 'The World's Greatest Sinner', issued in 1962. The next year the '5th Contemporary Musical Symposium' was held on May 4 at Mount St. Mary’s College Los Angeles where Zappa's 'Piece #2 of Visual Music for Jazz Ensemble and 16mm Projector' was premiered (thought partially composed in 1957). Zappa then invested $300 to conduct the Pomona Valley Symphony Orchestra on the 19th, same location. Two concerts were held that day presenting several of Zappa's compositions. The St. Mary's concerts were taped by Carlos Hagen but not aired until 1974 by KPFK-FM in North Hollywood. 'Opus 5' is available on the 1985 album, 'We Are The Mothers and This Is What We Sound Like!'. Other titles are available with search, The Concert Database and Guitars 101 good places to start. It was also 1963 that Zappa appeared on the 'Steve Allen Show' using a bicycle for an instrument. In '64 Zappa and Beefheart collaborated on a number of compositions rejected by Dot Records. One of those was 'Metal Man Has Won His Wings', found on the 1998 LP, 'Mystery Disc'. That was recorded at Pal Studio in Rancho Cucamonga where Zappa was living and working. More of a flophouse for musicians than a recording studio, Zappa was granted much time to compose, examine tape manipulation and play with a band called the Muthers. Upon beginning to run the operation Zappa renamed it Studio Z. In 1965 he began performing his own compositions with an R&B band called the Soul Giants, renamed the Mothers. He also got arrested for conspiring to commit pornography in '65, upon producing an audio for a filmed bachelor party for $100 for an undercover cop. He cleared out with six months in jail suspended to ten days. The police apparently never returning about fifty of some 80 tapes, worse yet was Zappa's eviction in '66, unable to pay the rent. The building was torn down that year as well. He was nevertheless spotted that year at a nightclub by producer, Tom Wilson (Bob Dylan, Simon & Garfunkel), who signed him on to the Verve division of MGM Records, at which time the Mothers became the Mothers of Invention. 'Freak Out!', issued in '66, was a double LP (the first of which had been 'Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert' in 1950 by Columbia in presentation of Benny Goodman in 1938), followed in '67 by 'Absolutely Free' and 'Lumpy Gravy'. It was in December of '71, a month after the issue of '200 Motels', that a fan shot off a flare during a concert in Switzerland that burned down the Montreux Casino along with all of Zappa's equipment. That building having stood beside Lake Geneva, Deep Purple commemorated the incident with 'Smoke on the Water'. Six days later Zappa was performing at the Rainbow Theatre in London when a member of the audience managed to get on stage and push him into the orchestra pit, putting Zappa in a wheelchair for nigh the next year with broken bones and paralysis. His assailant had apparently been jealous that his girlfriend "loved" Frank Zappa, and he spent a year in jail as Zappa was healing. That may have been exasperated for the same reasons that a good portion of the American public lost no love on Zappa, being his constant references to sexuality, especially homosexuality. (Zappa was himself twice married, he with his second wife, Gail, from the latter sixties to his death, producing four children.) If Zappa was considered morally unfit for consumption, he was nevertheless of high ethical character and certainly one the hardest working musicians in the business. A prolific and accomplished musician in every regard, statistics reveal that 37% of the total internet consists of web pages about him, he not even alive when Windows 95 was released. Having issued above sixty albums, orchestral, solo and with the Mothers, one way he differed from his frequent partner during their early years, Captain Beefheart, was his considerably greater success, something of no more priority to Beefheart than was needful. Beefheart's mother was paying the rent and such for both himself and his Magic Band in 1968 when parts of 'Trout Mask Replica' were recorded at his home for Zappa's Straight label (Zappa would found several). That in itself was meager, however, the group working about thirteen hours a day for small coin in general, later doing whole tours for nothing but expenses, Beefheart in it for the experience more than profit. Zappa, on the other hand, was early earning royalties on his compositions and kept his group paid even when they weren't working. He was every bit as demanding of his accomplices as Beefheart, but the Mothers didn't see the abuse that the Magic Band did. (Among numerous accounts of such are those in 'Trout Mask Replica' by Kevin Courrier.) In 1975 Zappa and Beefheart collaborated on 'Bongo Fury', when they decided they couldn't do each other any more and fell apart until Zappa's latter years. By that time Zappa had issued twenty albums, two of them gold: 'Over-Nite Sensation' ('73) and 'Apostrophe' ('74). 'Zoot Allures' went silver in the UK in 1976. The '79 releases of 'Sheik Yerbouti' and 'Joe's Garage Act I' went gold in Canada. During the eighties Zappa concentrated on use of the synclavier, examples of such being 'Thing-Fish' and 'Francesco Zappa' in 1984. In latter 1985 Zappa testified before the United States Senate Commerce, Technology and Transportation Committee in opposition to the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) co-founded by Tipper Gore, (wife of Al Gore). Zappa considered the committee's wish to have records containing sensitive content, such as sexual lyrics, labeled as such to be censorship. One result of that was his album of the same year, 'Frank Zappa Meets the Mothers of Prevention'. The complete proceedings were issued in 2010 on 'Congress Shall Make No Law. Zappa won his first of two Grammy Awards in 1988 for 'Jazz From Hell', another in which the synclavier was heavily featured. 'Yellow Shark' in 1993 was Zappa's last album to be issued during his life, he dying of prostate cancer in December that year in Los Angeles. He made 'Down Beat' magazine's Hall of Fame the next near. 1995 found him elected into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame. He won the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. Among the more controversial rock musicians, Zappa was also among the more talented whether one cared for his music or not. A rock collection without Zappa is fundamentally not quite a rock collection, he a major cobblestone along its development per the avant-garde. He is the father of musician, Dweezil Zappa, and Moon Zappa who's 'Valley Girl' went gold in 1982.

Frank Zappa   1963


     'Steve Allen Show'

Frank Zappa   1964

   Metal Man Has Won His Wings

     Not issued until 1998

      LP: 'Mystery Disc'

Frank Zappa   1966

   Freak Out!


Frank Zappa   1967

   Absolutely Free


Frank Zappa   1969

   Hot Rats


Frank Zappa   1974

   Apostrophe (')


Frank Zappa   1975

   One Size Fits All


Frank Zappa   1976

   Zoot Allures


Frank Zappa   1978

   Live at Capitol Theatre

     Filmed in Passaic NJ

Frank Zappa   1979

   Joe's Garage


   Sheik Yerbouti


Frank Zappa   1985

   Porn Wars

     LP: 'Frank Zappa Meets the Mothers of Prevention'

Frank Zappa   1986

   Jazz From Hell


Frank Zappa   1988

   Live in Barcelona

     Filmed concert

Frank Zappa   1992

   The Yellow Shark

     Filmed concert

     Conducting: Peter Rundel & Frank Zappa

Frank Zappa   1993

   The Yellow Shark



  The 1910 Fruitgum Company was among the manufactured bubblegum groups that experienced a spurt of popularity in the latter sixties. Bubblegum groups were aimed at adolescents and younger, and like a lot I don't buy at the bakery, it was straight unadulterated sugar in colors. 1910 had been Jeckell and the Hydes in New Jersey in 1965. It was as the 1910 Fruitgum Company that they got packaging at Buddah Records (also Buddha Records) in 1967 to release 'Simon Says' bw 'Reflections From fhe Looking Glass'. Members of the Company were singers Mark Gutkowski and Joey Levine, guitarists Frank Jeckell, Pat Karwan and Chuck Travis, horn player, Larry Ripley, and drummers Rusty Oppenheimer and Floyd Marcus. 'Simon Says' got stuck at Billboard's #4 spot. In 1968 '1, 2, 3, Red Light' adhered to Billboard's #5. 'Indian Giver' did the same in 1969, after which Billboard hired Dow Chemical to invent a gum resistant surface. 1910 bounced about like Silly Putty (invented in 1943) after that, forced to disband in 1970. Their attempts to bust out of the bubblegum mold had been unsuccessful. The group had released five albums: 'Simon Says' ('68), '1, 2, 3, Red Light' ('68), 'Goody Goody Gumdrops' ('68), 'Indian Giver' ('69) and 'Hard Ride' ('69). Original guitarist, Frank Jeckell, yet runs a formation of the band to this date.

1910 Fruitgum Company   1967

   Simon Says


     LP: 'Simon Says' 1968

1910 Fruitgum Company   1968

   1, 2, 3, Red Light


      LP: '1, 2, 3, Red Light'

   Goody Goody Gumdrops

     LP: 'Goody Goody Gumdrops'

1910 Fruitgum Company   1969

   Collections of Thoughts

     LP: 'Hard Ride'

   Indian Giver

     LP: 'Indian Giver'

1910 Fruitgum Company   2012

   Indian Giver

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: 1910 Fruitgum Company

1910 Fruitgum Company

Source: Geezer Music Club
  The Box Tops were originally the Devilles, formed in 1963 in Memphis, Tennessee. They switched to the DeVilles only to discover there was a band in New York by that name, so they rechristened themselves the Box Tops. Personnel quickly became a turnstile through the years, but original members who took the band into the new millennium were Alex Chilton (lead vocals/rhythm guitar) and Gary Talley (lead guitar). Original members soon out but who would return in the late nineties were Bill Cunningham (bass) and Danny Smythe (drums). John Evans was on keyboards, soon replaced but returning in 1989. The Box Tops went directly to Billboard's #1 tier in July of 1967 with 'The Letter' (bw 'Happy Times'). They issued their first album that year, 'The Letter/Neon Rainbow'. 'Cry Like a Baby' gained the #2 position in February of '68, the album by the same name released in April. The Box Tops last performed in May 2009 at the Memphis Italian Festival, lead vocalist, Chilton, dying in 2010 of heart attack. Cunningham and Talley have represented the band since then.

The Box Tops   1967

   The Letter

     Filmed at the Bitter End

  The Letter

  The Letter


  Neon Rainbow

     Filmed at the Bitter End

The Box Tops   1968

   Cry Like a Baby


  Sweet Cream Ladies


The Box Tops   1969

   Deep Soul


The Box Tops   1991

   The Letter

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Box Tops

Box Tops

Source: Time Goes By
  Canned Heat was the inspiration of a group of blues records collectors in Topanga Canyon, California, in 1965. What had begun as a jug band recorded its first tracks in 1966 for producer, Johnny Otis, those on the 1970 issue of 'Vintage'. The world first heard Canned Heat on 'Rollin' and Tumblin'' and 'Bullfrog Blues' in 1967. The group's first public performance was at the Monterey Pop Festival in June, the album, 'Canned Heat', issued that year as well. Personnel at that time were Bob "The Bear" Hite (vocals), Alan Wilson (rhythm/slide guitar), Frank Cook (drums), Larry Taylor (bass) and Henry Vestine (lead guitar). Adolfo de la Parra would replace Cook in 1970. Canned Heat had performed at Woodstock the year before. The band collaborated with John Lee Hooker for the issue of 'Hooker 'n Heat' in January of 1971. Hite and De la Parra were the band's mainstays throughout the years. Hite left the band in 1981 after the album, 'Kings of the Boogie'. De la Parra runs Canned Heat to this day, among America's premier blues rock bands for decades.

Canned Heat   1966


     Album   Not Issud until 1970

Canned Heat   1967

   The Lost Live 1967

     Album Later issue unknown

   Rollin' and Tumblin'

     Reissue of 'Canned Heat'

Canned Heat   1968

   Boogie with Canned Heat


   Living the Blues


Canned Heat   1969

   A Change Is Gonna to Come

     Filmed at Woodstock

   On the Road Again

     Filmed at Woodstock

   Texas International Pop Festival


Canned Heat   1970

   '70 Concert Live in Europe


Canned Heat   1971

   Live at Topanga Corral


Canned Heat   1973

   One More River to Cross


Canned Heat   1978

   Human Condition


Canned Heat   1981

   Kings of Boogie


Canned Heat   1998

   Live at RockPalast

     Filmed concert

Canned Heat   2003

   Friends In the Can



Birth of Rock & Roll: Canned Heat

Canned Heat

Source: Last FM
Birth of Rock & Roll: The Doors

The Doors

Source: Rolling Stone
The Doors were among the first major forces assembled in America to defend the homeland from the British Invasion that had put the whole nation into shock, with its teenagers, the country's future, succumbing to hysteria. Rock in America was cotton candy before the Doors. After the Doors the British needed Florence Nightingale. But she died in 1910 so they were flat out of luck. They also learned that 'No One Here Gets Out Alive' by Jerry Hopkins and one of the Doors managers, Danny Sugerman. Not even more esteemed generals among the British marauders, such as Ian Anderson, dared mess with the Doors. Jethro Tull avoided open confrontation with the Doors, never daring them face to face on the battlefield for fear of civilian casualties in towns nationwide alone. The Doors were formed in 1965 by singer, Jim Morrison, with Ray Manzarek (keyboards), John Densmore (drums) and Robby Krieger (guitar). They recorded their first demo that year for Aura Records, a no go. 1966 saw them performing at clubs in Los Angeles like London Fog and the Whisky a Go Go. The LP, 'The Doors' was recorded that August for release in January of '67. It would go platinum like six other of their studio albums, including 'An American Prayer' ('78), released seven years after Morrison's death in 1971. Their live album of 1070, 'Absolutely Live', went gold as well. The Doors were yet selling gold and platinum years after their demise. 'Alive, She Cried' per 1983 went gold. 'In Concert' per 1991 went platinum. Add compilations and soundtracks and the Doors remained a major phenomenon in American rock long past their heyday. Beyond the band's ability to synthesize was the forceful figure that was Jim Morrison, born to rear admiral, George S Morrison in 1943. According to 'No One Here Gets Out Alive' he was less than likable, but apparently had no fear. He got the band fired from the Whisky a Go Go for obscenities from the start in '66. In December of '67 arrived the New Haven incident in which he got maced by a cop for being disagreeable before the performance, the concert starting an hour late, then brought to an early end as Morrison became the first musician to be arrested onstage. (Not a few rock musicians have been arrested offstage as well.) Charges of inciting a riot, indecency and public obscenity were dropped weeks later for insufficient evidence. In 1968 the Doors brought the Brits a little taste of their own medicine when they invaded London, then took on Europe the same tour. They made it back to the States yet alive and intact, enough for Morrison to be arrested in March of '69 for a drunken obscene performance he'd given several days earlier in Miami. Morrison would die before the case was resolved. (A posthumous pardon was given in 2010.) The Doors gave their last public performance in December of 1970 at the Warehouse in New Orleans. After recording LA Woman' in April of '71, Morrison moved to Paris with one Pamela Courson, whence upon he joined the 27 Club that July, preceded the year before by Jimi Hendrix (barbiturate overdose) and Janis Joplin (heroin overdose) less than a month apart. Accounts differ as to whether Morrison died in a toilet stall at the Rock and Roll Circus nightclub or in the bathtub of the flat where he was staying with Courson, but it's generally agreed he died of heroin overdose even though no autopsy was performed. Courson herself would die of heroin overdose back in the States in 1974. When life gets so desperate that you don't want to wake up the next morning heroin may be the preferred means to freedom. Until then its another lethal downer best to forget that it exists. (A toke or two of an indica cannabis is a far helthier solution to insomnia than any pharmaceutical. The worst that can happen, so far as is known, is that one might smile while drifting off, perhaps killing off cancer in the process. Which so beats belligerence, bar violence and waking up with a hangover that it's a case of truth stranger than fiction that lethal liquor is everywhere to be endured while benign yet so useful marijuana remains illegal. What a world.) Be as may, upon Morrison's waste the Doors continued a couple years without him, recording a couple albums before disbanding in '73. Densmore and Kreiger moved onward upon forming the Butts Band that year. Several reunions would occur into the 21st century. Their first resulted in the platinum album, 'An American Prayer', in 1978. The last reunion of all three together to issue an album was 'Stoned Immaculate' per 2000. Their last, 'Breakin' Sweat', was in 2011 per the Skrillex documentary, 'RE-GENERATION', also appearing on the Skrillex EP, 'Bangarang', that year. Manzarek died of cancer in February 2013, after which Densmore and Kreiger reunited for the last time per this writing in February 2016 to give a benefit concert for Stand Up to Cancer. The list of post-Doors honors the band has received, from Grammy Awards to 'Rolling Stone' magazine, have been numerous. If it wasn't a bonfire it was horseshoes or a kegger where the Doors were heard by when I was in high school. Per below, the Doors are minus Morrison from 1971 onward with the exceptions of 'LA Woman' and 'Riders On the Storm'.

The Doors   1967

   The Crystal Ship


   The Doors


   Light My Fire

     'Jonathan Winters Show'

   New Haven Incident

     Filmed live

   Strange Days


The Doors   1968

   Waiting for the Sun


The Doors   1969

   Miami Incident


   The Soft Parade


The Doors   1970

   Absolutely Live


   Break on Through

     Filmed live

   Morrison Hotel


    2007 issue with bonus tracks 12-21

   Roadhouse Blues

     With film from 1968

     VHS: 'Dance On Fire' 1985

The Doors   1971

   In the Eye of the Sun

     LP: 'Other Voices'

   LA Woman


   Ships w/Sails

     LP: 'Other Voices'

   Tightrope Ride

     LP: 'Other Voices'

The Doors   1972

   4 Billion Souls

     LP: 'Full Circle'

   Get Up and Dance

     LP: 'Full Circle'

   Good Rockin'

     LP: 'Full Circle'

The Doors   1978

   American Prayer



  John Fred & the Playboy Band was the renaming of the earlier John Fred & the Playboys to avoid confusion with Gary Lewis & the Playboys. Fred's rechristened Playboy Band released its first album in 1967, 'Agnes English', containing 'Judy In Disguise (With Glasses)'. In November that year the song topped Billboard's Hot 100 for two weeks, to earn gold with more than a million copies sold. It was Fred's first big success after treading water for several years with prior Playboys issues. The LPs, 'Permanently Stated' and 'Judy In Disguise With Glasses', followed in 1968. 'Where's Everybody Going' bw 'Miss Knocker' was the Playboy Band's last 7" in 1970. Fred went onward to release a few singles with the Creepers in 1973: 'I'm In Love Again', 'In the Mood' and 'Bayou Country'. Fred issued 'Hey Good Lookin'/'Juke Box Shirley' in 1976, Two versions of 'Louisiana's Gonna Rise Again', one an instrumental, appeared in 1988. Fred played largely locally as he pursued coaching high school baseball and basketball, he having been a college athlete in both upon the beginning of his recording career in 1958. He died in 2006 in New Orleans of a bad kidney.

John Fred & the Playboy Band   1967

   Judy In Disguise

John Fred & the Playboy Band   1968

   Judy In Disguise


   Permanently Stated


John Fred & the Playboy Band   1970

   Back In the U.S.S.R.

     LP: 'Love My Soul'


Birth of Rock & Roll: John Fred & the Playboy Band

John Fred & the Playboy Band

Source: Rock's Backpages
Birth of Rock & Roll: Harpers Bizarre

Harpers Bizarre

Source: All Music
Harpers Bizarre was a twist on 'Harper's Bazaar' magazine (founded 1867), not all that odd beyond that, excepting that none played harp. The group arose out of a prior formation called the Tikis which had released 'If I've Been Dreaming'/'Pay Attention to Me' and 'Bye Bye Bye'/'Lost My Love Today' in 1965 for Autumn Records. Warner Brothers issued the latter in 1966 as well. Bizarre issued Simon & Garfunkel's 'The 59th Street Bridge Song', better known as 'Feelin' Groovy', in 1967. That wandered to #13 on Billboard and an album, 'Feelin' Groovy', was issued the same year. The group consisted of Ted Templeman, Dick Scoppettone, Eddie James, Dick Yount (bass) and John Petersen (drums). James was replaced by Tom Sowell after the issue of their second album, 'Anything Goes', in December of '67. That contained their #1 tune, 'Chattanooga Choo Choo'. Bizarre released a couple more albums, 'Secret Life of Harpers Bizarre' and 'Harpers Bizarre 4', before separating in 1970. Some feathers got ruffled in 1969 when their TWA flight from Los Angeles to San Francisco was hijacked to Denver. The hostages were there released, the hijacker, Rafael Minichiello, AWOL from the US Marines, eventually landed in Rome, Italy, and was arrested at a church. As for the Bizarre, it was several years after their detour that something of a reunion album was issued in 1976, 'As Time Goes By', after which their clock got clocked altogether and they drifted off as angels. Special information tells me they will have to play harps in the clouds forevermore, evaporating into and out of existence as they float o'er the orb, for deceiving the public. Charges of impersonating innocence remained suspended as well.

The Tikis   1965

   Bye, Bye, Bye


   If I've Been Dreaming

     The Tikis

   Lost My Love Today


Harpers Bizarre   1967

   Anything Goes

     LP: 'Anything Goes'

    Anything Goes


    Chattanooga Choo Choo

     LP: 'Anything Goes'

   Come to the Sunshine

     'Mike Douglas Show'

    Feelin' Groovy


    Feelin' Groovy

     Music video

    Feelin' Groovy

     'Mike Douglas Show'

Harpers Bizarre   1968

   Both Sides Now

   The Drifter

     LP: 'The Secret Life of Harpers Bizarre'

Harpers Bizarre   1969

   Witchi Tai To

     LP: 'Harpers Bizarre 4'


Birth of Rock & Roll: MC5

MC5 (Motor City Five)

Photo: Leni Sinclair

Source: Jesus Loves the Stooges
The Motor City Five, that is, MC5, was formed in 1964 in Guess Where, Michigan. The group did gigs in the region until its first record issue in March of '67 on the AMG label: 'I Can Only Give You Everything'/'One of the Guys'. March of '68 saw 'Looking At You'/'Borderline' on A-Square. 'Kick Out The Jams'/'Motor City Is Burning' went on shelves in December of '68, released by Elektra. The group's first album followed in 1969: 'Kick Out the Jams'. At the time that was recorded the band consisted of Rob Tyner (front), Wayne Kramer (lead guitar), Fred  Smith (rhythm guitar), Michael Davis (bass guitar) and Dennis Thompson (drums). MC5 released three albums before washing up on the beach with some whales. Neither 'Back in the USA' ('70) nor 'High Time' ('71) proved any threat to British submarines with hulls too solid for "Such puny detonations!" according to Queen Elizabeth II. They might have been a hard rock band but the Beatles' 'Yellow Submarine' of '68 yet commanded the oceans despite the MC5 special subversive underwater force. Masks and flippers have reportedly been found on shores throughout the globe, snorkels available as well in Lost and Found departments throughout the world, some of them possibly those of the MC5 during their last brave attempts to stop the British juggernaut that was destroying the United States. Their tanks probably just floated to the bottom, there small hope of recovering them after all these years. MC5 saw reunion in '92 after many years of posttraumatic syndrome. They reformed in the new millennium with Kramer yet at lead guitar.

MC5   1967

   I Can Only Give You Everything

   One of the Guys

MC5   1968

   Looking At You/Borderline

MC5   1969

   Kick Out the Jams


MC5   1970

   Back In the USA


   Looking At You

     Filmed at Wayne State University

MC5   1971

   High Time


MC5   1972

   Live in Bremen

     Filmed Beat Club Recording Sessions


  What's big and yellow and lives in the ocean? A 'Yellow Submarine' used by the Beatles in 1966 to make cowardly attacks on America's shores from beneath the safety of the waves. What's big and purple and lives in the ocean? Moby Grape, formed in San Francisco in latter 1966 to swallow enemy submarines per the British Invasion. Moby Grape issued its first LP in 1967: 'Moby Grape'. The band issued its last studio LP in 1971, '20 Granite Creek'. Members at the time of the band's first issue were Skip Spence (rhythm), Peter Lewis (rhythm), Bob Mosley (bass), Don Stevenson (drums) and Jerry Miller (lead). All contibuted to compositions and vocals, and all but Spence, who would return on occasion, continue to perform with Moby Grape to this date. Spence's son, Omar, is presently with the band. The Grape have also performed as Maby Grope as well as the Melvilles due to legal disputes over the decades with original manager, Matthew Katz. Katz was of major assistance getting the band started, paying rent and such when he and Spence, previously with Jefferson Airplane, put the group together. Part of the deal, however, was Katz' ownership of the Moby Grape name. Like a lot of times one must put one's signature to the disagreeable (if not outright lie) to get along, the young Grape signed up with dumb faith just like college kids today to get first-degree burned via credit cards and student loans. Not until 2005 did Moby Grape finally win the right to its name. In addition to '1984 Reunion' below, the Grape reformed for the 1989 release of 'Legendary Grape'. That was a limited edition of only 500 cassette tapes. It was reissued in 2003.

Moby Grape   1967


     LP: 'Moby Grape'

    Mr. Blues

     LP: 'Moby Grape'

Moby Grape   1968

   Murder In My Heart For the Judge

     LP: 'Wow'

    The Place and the Time

     LP: 'Wow'

Moby Grape   1969

   Ain't That a Shame

     LP: 'Moby Grape '69'

    Ooh Mama Ooh

     LP: 'Moby Grape '69'

   Treat Me Bad

     LP: 'Truly Fine Citizen'

  Truly Fine Citizen

     LP: 'Truly Fine Citizen'

Moby Grape   1971

   Chinese Song

     LP: '20 Granite Creek'

    Horse Out In the Rain

     LP: '20 Granite Creek'

Moby Grape   1973



Moby Grape   1984

   American Dream

     LP: '1984 Reunion'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Ohio Express

Moby Grape

L to R: Spence, Miller, Mosley, Lewis, Stevenson

Source: Wikipedia
Birth of Rock & Roll: Ted Nugent

Ted Nugent

Source: Bio
Ted Nugent was born in Redford, Michigan, in 1948 to spend his teenage years in Palatine, Illinois. First performing on guitar at age ten, it was 1965 when he put together the Amboy Dukes while yet in high school. The band issued its first album, 'The Amboy Dukes' in November 1967. Ten Years After had issued 'Ten Years After' the month before, which Queen Elizabeth II, Supreme Commander of the British Invasion, thought would be a smooth operation. It would have been, Ten Years After leveling one American city after the next, had Nugent not been found to prevent Alvin Lee from leaving an absolute path of devastation throughout the land. Several Amboy Dukes albums would follow until 'Tooth Fang & Claw' in 1974, after which the name of the Dukes was discontinued. Nugent issued his initial solo LP, 'Ted Nugent', in '75. The album would go platinum, as would his next four, including the live double LP, 'Double Live Gonzo!' per 1978. His other platinum were 'Free-for-All' ('76), 'Cat Scratch Fever' ('77) and 'Weekend Warriors' ('78). 'State of Shock' ('79) and 'Scream Dream' ('80) were thought so much refuse, performing only gold. Nugent's recording career thereafter was less spectacular than his concert career, he the epitomy of a touring guitarist, delivering an average of more than one performance every other day for decades from the beginning of his career to the present day. God knows how many tickets Nugent has sold with Songkick listing only 539 concerts. He performed for troops in Iraq in 2004. More the performer than recorder, Nugent's latest album per 2014 has nevertheless done extremely well: 'Shutup & Jam!'. Beyond music Nugent is well-known for political controversy, particularly as an outspoken Republican against President Barack Obama. He is also a well-known hunter, keeping the Sunrize Acres Ranch near Jackson, Michigan, to that purpose. Just so, he is also famous for opposition to animal rights groups such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). Relatedly, Nugent has been a strong defender of gun rights, currently serving on the Board Directors of the National Rifle Association (NRA). He's been falsely accused of various prejudices, such as being anti-Semitic, for reason of being anti-Zionist.

The Amboy Dukes   1967

   Baby Please Don't Go

     LP: 'The Amboy Dukes'

    I Feel Free

     LP: 'The Amboy Dukes'

The Amboy Dukes   1968

   Journey to the Center of the Mind


    Journey to the Center of the Mind


The Amboy Dukes   1969



The Amboy Dukes   1973

   Live at El Mocambo Club

     Recorded 1973   Issue unknown

The Amboy Dukes   1974

   Live at Papa Joe's

     Recorded 1974   Issue unknown

   Tooth, Fang & Claw


Ted Nugent   1975


     LP: 'Ted Nugent'

Ted Nugent   1976


     Filmed live

Ted Nugent   1977

   Cat Scratch Fever

     LP: 'Cat Scratch Fever'

Ted Nugent   1978

   Cat Scratch Fever

     Filmed live

   Double Live Gonzo!


Ted Nugent   1980

   Wango Tango

     Filmed live   Date estimated

Ted Nugent   1987

   Great White Buffalo

     Filmed live

Ted Nugent   1995


     Filmed live

The Amboy Dukes   2009

   Baby Please Don't Go

     Filmed live the Detroit Music Awards

Ted Nugent   2016


     Filmed live


  Ohio Express was formed in Mansfield, Ohio, in 1967 out of a group called Rare Breed formed in Brooklyn. That consisted of John Freno (vocals/guitar), Barry Stolnick (keyboards), Joel Feigenbaum (rhythm guitar), Alexander "Bots" Narbut (vocals/bass) and Tony Cambria (drums). The Rare Breed had issued the singles 'Beg, Borrow and Steal' and 'Come and Take a Ride In My Boat' in 1966 for the Attack label. Upon dispute Rare Breed severed from Super K Productions, not to record again. Super K Productions remixed and reissued 'Beg, Borrow and Steal' on Cameo in 1967, creating the name, Ohio Express, which it rechristened a band called Sir Timothy & the Royals consisting of Doug Grassel (rhythm guitar), Dale Powers (vocals, lead guitar), Dean Kastran (bass), Jim Pfahler (keyboards) and Tim Corwin (drums). The Express was one of numerous bubblegum groups arising to high but brief popularity in the latter sixties, marketed to adolescents and younger and generally one step removed from the commercial jngle. The Ohio Express pretty much came and went with Joey Levine's vocals on 'Yummy Yummy Yummy' arriving to #4 on Billboard's Hot 100, issued in May of '69. In September of '69 'Sausalito' was issued. That was actually recorded by Graham Gouldman and a few members of his British Invasion band to be, 10cc (first touring the US in '74). Recorded thus in England, then credited to the Express, as bubblegum groups were typically manufactured Super K did a lot of name and title switching, musicians taking on anonymous roles like the session musicians most of them were. Be as may, after such as 'Down at Lulu's', 'Chewy Chewy' and 'Mercy' the Express began disappearing by the seventies, releasing one final phew before deflating as Ohio Ltd., an endeavor to escape the bubblegum matrix after lying low for a couple years: 'Wham Bam' bw 'Slow and Steady' in 1973. The group had issued four albums: 'Beg, Borrow and Steal' ('67), 'The Ohio Express' ('68), 'Chewy Chewy' ('69) and 'Mercy' ('69). Per '1967 below, two tracks on 'Beg, Borrow & Steal' were actually performed by the Measles with Joe Walsh on vocals: 'And It's True' and 'I Find I Think of You'.

The Rare Breed   1966

   Beg, Borrow & Steal

   Come On Down to My Boat

Ohio Express   1967

   Beg, Borrow & Steal


Ohio Express   1968

  Chewy Chewy

      With film

  Down at Lulu's/She's Not Coming Home

  Yummy Yummy Yummy


Ohio Express   1969



Ohio Ltd.   1973

   Wham Bam


Birth of Rock & Roll: Ohio Express

Ohio Express w Joey Levine

Source: Discogs
  Formed in 1965, Quicksilver Messenger Service gave its initial performance in December that year, they among the bloom of psychedelic bands that made San Francisco a hotbed of rock in the latter sixties. The band originally consisted of guitarists, John Cippolina, Jim Murray, Skip Spence and bassist, David Freilberg. Spence would soon leave the band, replaced by Gary Duncan, and Greg Elmore would carry drums. The group would see various formations during its existence, Duncan and Elmore its core. QMS had worked its way up to clubs like the Avalon Ballroom and Fillmore West, and was good enough to perform at the Monterey International Pop Festival in June of 1967, then to sign up with Capitol in time to release 'Dino's Song'/'Pride Of Man' that year. The band's initial album, 'Quicksilver Messenger Service', followed the next year. In 1971 Dino Valenti replaced Freilberg. It's eighth and last was 'Solid Silver' in 1975. The spasm continued another four years until QMS came unglued altogether in '79. Duncan occasionally released QMS issues thereafter into the new millennium, beginning with 'Peace By Piece' in 1986. He was joined in 2006 by Freilberg, the two releasing 'Reunion' and 'Castles In the Sand' in 2009. Freilberg would be out on Duncan's Quicksilver recordings in 2010: 'Six String Voodoo' and 'The Hermit'.

Quicksilver Messenger Service   1966

   Live at Fillmore Auditorium

     Soundboard recordings

   Live at the Matrix Coffeehouse

     Soundboard recordings

Quicksilver Messenger Service   1967

   Dino's Song

     Filmed at the Monterey Pop Festival

   Live at Fillmore Auditorium

     Soundboard Recordings

Quicksilver Messenger Service   1968

   Live at Fillmore Auditorium

     Soundboard Recordings

   Quicksilver Messenger Service


Quicksilver Messenger Service   1969

   Happy Trails


   Live at Sonoma State College

     Filmed concert

   Shady Grove


Quicksilver Messenger Service   1970

   Just For Love


Quicksilver Messenger Service   1971



Quicksilver Messenger Service   1972

   Comin' Thru


Quicksilver Messenger Service   1975

   Live at Winterland

     Filmed concert


Birth of Rock & Roll: Young Rascals

Quicksilver Messenger Service

Source: All Music
Birth of Rock & Roll: Sly and the Family Stone

Sly & the Family Stone

Source: Wikipedia
Sly and the Family Stone was a highly rated R&B band that passed over well into rock, ruling the Top Forty singles charts in both categories from '68 to '74. The Stone issued their debut LP in 1967: 'A Whole New Thing'. Two years later their fourth album, 'Stand!', would go platinum, followed by 'Greatest Hits' ('70) and 'There's a Riot Goin' On' ('71). Their next two albums would go gold: 'Fresh' ('73) and 'Small Talk' ('74). The man who made things happen with the Stone was Sylvester Stewart who would become Sly Stone. Born in 1943 in Denton, TX, he appeared on his first vinyl at age nine as vocalist for the Stewart Four in 1952: 'On The Battlefield'/'Walking In Jesus Name'. Those were for the Church Of God In Christ label #101. On piano was older sister, Loretta Stewart, who wouldn't pursue a musical career. Brother and sisters Freddie, Rose and Vaetta on backup vocals, however, would later perform with the Stone. Sly next recorded while yet in high school with a group called the Viscaynes, issuing 'Yellow Moon'/'Heavenly Angel' on VPM in Oct of '61. He was working as a disc jockey for KSOL in San Francisco and as a producer for the Autumn label when he released 'I Just Learned How to Swim'/'Scat Swim' in August of '64 as Sly Stewart. 45cat has the Viscaynes down for 'Pauline'/'Questions I Ask' in 1965 for Veep. In 1966 Sly formed the Stoners, including trumpeter Cynthia Robinson. Brother Freddie meanwhile formed the Stone Souls with drummer, Gregg Errico, and Jerry Martini on sax. The two groups meshed with Larry Graham employed on bass and the core members of the original Sly & the Family Stone were put together by March 1967. Family Stone's backup vocals were delivered by the trio, Little Sister, which been the high school gospel group, the Heavenly Tones, to which Vaetta Stewart belonged along with Mary McCreary and Elva Mouton. That was the configuration for the Stone's first album in '67 ('A Whole New Thing'). Rose Stone would join on keyboards for the '68 release of 'Dance to the Music'. Personnel would begin changing in the seventies but by 1975 everyone in this remarkable band had just as remarkably lost interest in the group. Its last concert was in January that year at Radio City Music Hall in NYC to only a fraction of the Stone's usual draw but briefly before. They would continue releasing albums though, until their tenth and final in 1982: 'Ain't But the One Way'. Members had been then moved onward to various musical careers. Sly had released his first solo LP, 'High on You', in 1975. He would issue a few more into the new millennium. Sly & the Family Stone was elected  into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993. They would perform together in 2006 at the Grammy Awards.

The Stewart Four   1952

   Walking In Jesus Name

The Viscaynes   1961

   Heavenly Angel/Yellow Moon

Sly Stewart   1964

   I Just Learned How to Swim

   Scat Swim

Sly & the Family Stone   1967


     LP: 'A Whole New Thing'

   If This Room Could Talk

     LP: 'A Whole New Thing'


     LP: 'A Whole New Thing'

Sly & the Family Stone   1968

   Everyday People/Dance to the Music


Sly & the Family Stone   1969

   Higher and Higher

     Filmed live

   Live in Harlem

     Filmed at the Harlem Cultural Festival

   Sex Machine

     LP: 'Stand!'

   Texas International Pop Festival


   You Can Make It If You Try

     LP: 'Stand!'

Sly & the Family Stone   1971

   Family Affair

     LP: 'There's a Riot Goin' On'

   There's a Riot Goin' On

     LP: 'There's a Riot Goin' On'

Sly & the Family Stone   1973

   Everybody Is a Star

     'Midnight Special'

Sly & the Family Stone   1974

   If You Want Me to Stay

    'Soul Train'

   Mother Beautiful

    'Mike Douglas Show'


    'Soul Train'

Sly & the Family Stone   1979

   Back on the Right Track

    Album   Side 1

   Back on the Right Track

    Album   Side 2


  Steppenwolf emerged in Los Angeles in 1967, put together by vocalist, main member and anchor ever since, John Kay. Kay had been raised in Hannover, Germany, and brought by his mother and stepfather to Toronto, Ontario, in 1958 where he eventually formed a band called the Sparrows. He was accompanied by Sparrow members, Jerry Edmonton (drums) and Goldy McJohn (keyboards) to Los Angeles where they recruited Michael Monarch (guitar) and Rushton Moreve (bass). As one might have guessed, Steppenwolf got its name from the 1927 novel by Hermann Hesse. It was 1967 when the band issued its debut vinyl, 'A Girl I Knew' b/w 'The Ostrich'. Those found their way onto the group's first album, eponymously titled 'Steppenwolf', issued in January of '68. Which was a real fine thing because it went gold like their 2nd, 'The Second', later that year. Many may recall the use of Steppenwolf's 'The Pusher' and 'Born to Be Wild' in the 1969 film, 'Easy Rider'. That helped 'Monster' go gold in 1969. 'Steppenwolf 7' earned the same patina in 1970 along with 'Steppenwolf Live'. Later collections have also earned huge metal though the band began its demise in the early seventies. Kay has run various formations ever since, the group active to this date.

Steppenwolf   1968

   Sookie Sookie

     'Playboy After Dark'



Steppenwolf   1969



Steppenwolf   1970

   Snowblind Friend

     Filmed live

Steppenwolf   2008

   The Pusher

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Steppenwolf


Source: Famous Fix
  Formed in Los Angeles in 1967, Strawberry Alarm Clock was shaped from two prior groups, Thee Sixpence and the Waterfyrd Traene. The Clock was assigned the task of alarming Americans to attacks per the British Invasion, a rock version of the air raid siren. Unfortunately the British found them out and slaughtered them. 'Incense and Peppermints' substituted for the #1 missing in action on Billboard in September of '67, followed by the album of the same title. 'Tomorrow' reached #23 in December with 'Wake Up...It's Tomorrow' to ensue the next year. Two more albums were released in '68 and '69, 'The World in a Sea Shell' and 'Good Morning Starshine'. The group appeared in the 1970 film, 'Beyond the Valley of the Dolls', then stopped ticking the next year because strawberries don't stay fresh very long. At the time of the group's first album release the Clock consisted of Mark Weitz (organ), George Bunnell (bass), Gary Lovetro (bass), Randy Seol (drums), Steve Bartek (flute), Ed King (lead guitar), and Lee Freeman (rhythm guitar). Greg Munford sang uncredited lead on 'Incense and Peppermints'. Although the British easily clocked the Clock the group was repaired and staged several reunions over the years after the alarm was no longer necessary. That couldn't be repaired so they had to go as a regular clock thereafter, 'Alarm' by name only. Original members who continue with the standard version of Clock (minus a functional alarm) to this day are Bartek, Bunnell, Seol and Weitz.

Strawberry Alarm Clock   1967

   Incense and Peppermints


   Incense and Peppermints


Strawberry Alarm Clock   1968





   Wake Up...It's Tomorrow




Strawberry Alarm Clock   1969

   Good Morning Starshine


Strawberry Alarm Clock   2014

   Incense and Peppermints

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Strawberry Alarm Clock

Strawberry Alarm Clock

Source: Fuzzine
Birth of Rock & Roll: Velvet Underground

Velvet Underground   1993

L to R: Tucker, Morrison, Cale, Reed

Source: Wikipedia
Formed in New York City in 1964, Velvet Underground was the entity of John Cale and Lou Reed. They had met at Syracuse University, playing in a band called the Primitives together. The Primitives issued an experimental plate in December that year, bearing 'The Ostrich' and 'Sneaky Pete' for the Pickwick City label (PC 9001). They would then become the Warlocks, then the Falling Spikes, before settling on the Velvet Underground to work with Andy Warhol's 'Exploding Plastic Inevitable' multimedia roadshow in '66 and '67. The Underground's debut album in 1967, 'The Velvet Underground & Nico', meant the Underground and German vocalist, Nico. Other members of the band at that time were Sterling Morrison (guitar) and Maureen Tucker (percussion). Nico afterward moved onward to a solo career. The Underground issued five studio albums with as many live during their existence, issuing their last studio LP, 'Squeeze', in 1973 (minus Reed). Those between were 'White Light/White Heat' ('68), 'The Velvet Underground' ('69 with Doug Yule replacing Cale) and 'Loaded' ('70), the latter after which Reed left the band, Yule taking the reins. Although the Underground was a niche band they were elected into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame in 1996. They were ranked the 19th greatest artist in 2014 by 'Rolling Stone' magazine. A poll by 'VH1' found them at #24, the Underground among the more influential bands over the decades long after their demise.

The Primitives   1964

   The Ostrich/Sneaky Pete


Velvet Underground   1966


     Andy Warhol's 'A Symphony of Sound'

    Issued 1991

Velvet Underground   1967

   The Velvet Underground & Nico


Velvet Underground   1968

   White Light/White Heat


Velvet Underground   1969

   Live at the Boston Tea Party


   Retinal Circus


   The Velvet Underground


Velvet Underground   1970



Velvet Underground   1973



Velvet Underground   1993


     Filmed reunion concert


  The British Invasion formally beginning with the Beatles in 1964 called for anti-airwave artillery, bands like Blood Sweat & Tears and Chicago formed to blast the enemy out the skies with brass rock. The United States had been fomenting the British Invasion for decades, ever since breaching Great Britain's borders with the Original Dixieland Jazz Band first touring there in 1919. By the sixties the Brits were weary of it and decided to send some traffic back, making Earth a loud planet complete with hysterics by screaming girls. It would have been apt for BS&T to name themselves after Winston Churchill's famous phrase, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat" during his 1940 war speech. But the name came, rather, from the 1963 album, 'Blood Sweat & Tears', by Johnny Cash. BS&T was formed in 1967 by Al Kooper and Steve Katz of the Blues Project, Bobby Colomby (drums) and Jim Fielder (bass) at the the Cafe Au Go Go in NYC. Fred Lipsius (sax), Randy Brecker (trumpet), Jerry Weiss (trumpet) and Dick Halligan (trombone) were added for the band's first album, 'Child Is Father to the Man', released in February of 1968. Personnel immediately began changing after that. The most significant replacement was of Kooper with David Clayton-Thomas. Trumpet players, Brecker and Weiss, were also replaced by Lew Soloff and Chuck Winfield for the group's second album, 'Blood, Sweat & Tears'. Released in December of 1968, that platter brought BS&T the Album of the Year Grammy Award in 1970. BS&T would hire the whole phonebook through the years, personnel coming and going like pinballs. The next significant switch was in January of 1972 with Jerry Fisher replacing David Clayton-Thomas. Clayton-Thomas would return in '74 until '81, then '84 to 2004. BS&T yet exists but with no original members. BS&T were featured at the famous Woodstock Festival in August of '69. 'Child Is Father to the Man' and 'Blood Sweat & Tears' per '68 would go gold, the latter then platinum. 'Blood, Sweat & Tears 3' ('70) and 'B, S & T 4' ('71). By 'New Blood' in '72 the band was fading, touring heavily but not again to achieve its original popularity. Its last of eleven studio albums, 'Nuclear Blues', was issued in 1980.

Blood Sweat & Tears   1968

   I Love You More Than You'll Ever Know

     LP: 'Child Is Father to the Man'

   Morning Glory

     LP: 'Child Is Father to the Man'

   Smiling Variations

     LP: 'Blood Sweat & Tears'

   Morning Glory

     LP: 'Blood Sweat & Tears'

Blood Sweat & Tears   1969

   Spinning Wheel

     Filmed live

Blood Sweat & Tears   1970

   And When I Die

     Filmed live

   Lucretia MacEvil

     LP: 'Blood, Sweat & Tears 3'

Blood Sweat & Tears   1971

   B, S & T 4


   You've Made Me So Very Happy

     Filmed live

Blood Sweat & Tears   1973

   Live at Musikladen

     Filmed concert

   No Sweat


Blood Sweat & Tears   1974

   I Love You More Than You'll Ever Know

     Filmed live

   Mirror Image


Blood Sweat & Tears   1976

   And When I Die

     Filmed live

   In Concert


Blood Sweat & Tears   1980

   Nuclear Blues


Blood Sweat & Tears   1993

   You've Made Me So Very Happy

     Filmed live

Blood Sweat & Tears   2013

   Live at the Berklee College of Music

     Filmed live

Blood Sweat & Tears   2014

   Midnight Rider

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Blood Sweat & Tears

BS&T w Al Kooper

Source: In Deep
Birth of Rock & Roll: Blue Cheer

Blue Cheer   1968

Photo: Herb Greene

Source: Psychedelic Sight
Formed in San Francisco in 1967, Blue Cheer consisted of Eric Albronda (drums), Dickie Peterson (bass/vocals) and Leigh Stephens (guitar). Personnel would soon and continually change, Paul Whaley replacing Albronda in '67, he and Peterson the core of the band throughout its existence into the new millennium. Blue Cheer was named after a brand of LSD, that itself named after a laundry detergent. Its first single was 'Summertime Blues' in 1968, appearing on the band's debut LP the same year: 'Vincebus Eruptum'. Though Blue Cheer would never duplicate the success of 'Summertime Blues' the band released about ten studio albums over the years and nigh as many live until its permanent dissolution in 2009 upon the death of Peterson of prostate cancer. Not the most popular band to arise out of the sixties, Blue Cheer nevertheless maintained a large cult audience, owning the distinction of being one of the earliest hard metal bands.

Blue Cheer   1968



   Vincebus Eruptum


Blue Cheer   1969

   Blue Cheer


Blue Cheer   1970

   The Original Human Being


Blue Cheer   1984

   The Beast Is Back


Blue Cheer   1999

   Doctor Please

     Live in Japan

    LP: 'Hello Tokyo, Bye Bye Osaka'

Blue Cheer   2008

   Live in Bonn

     Concert filmed by Rockpalast


  Among the unquestionably greatest bands to first record in the sixties was Creedence Clearwater Revival (CCR) consisting of John Fogerty (lead), Tom Fogerty (rhythm), Stu Cook (bass) and Doug Clifford (drums). CCR, known for Bayou rock, was eventually formed out of a couple earlier bands. Tommy Fogerty and the Blue Velvets consisting of John, Stu and Doug issued three records in 1961 on the Orchestra label: 'Have You Ever Been Lonely'/'Bonita', 'Come On Baby'/'Oh My Love' and 'Now You're Not Mine'/'Yes You Did'. The Blue Velvets were renamed the Golliwogs at Fantasy Records for their first issue as such in 1964: 'Don't Tell Me No Lies'/'Little Girl (Does Your Mamma Know?)'. The Golliwogs released seven 7" 45s to 1967, then changed their name to Creedence Clearwater Revival in January of '68 to release their first LP that year in July: 'Creedence Clearwater Revival', the first of five platinum albums to follow 'Bayou Country' ('69 platinum 2x), 'Green River', ('69 platinum 3x), 'Willy and the Poor Boys' ('69 platinum 2x), 'Cosmo's Factory' ('70 platinum 2x) and 'Pendulum' (platinum). Their final LP in '72, 'Mardi Gras' went only gold. 'The Concert' in 1980 went platinum as well, recorded in 1970. Their first of two live LPs in '73, 'Live In Europe', had fared not so well. CCR was one of the bands to play at the famous Woodstock Festival in August of '69. Their issue of 'Willy and the Poor Boys' in November of '69 so frightened Paul McCartney that he announced he was quitting the Beatles in April 1970. Supreme Commander of the British Invasion, Queen Elizabeth II, then knew her days were numbered. She would continue bombarding America throughout the seventies, even sending her refuse across the Atlantic in the form of punk bands in the latter seventies in her ambition to be the eternal Queen of Rock n Roll. But by the eighties few any longer referred to the Brits as invaders and the Queen sat on her buff-gotten tuff forever more. CCR began its last concert tour in October of '72, after which band members weren't getting along well enough to continue, also swamped with severe financial trouble per mistakes made by John Fogerty who, not being a businessman, got eaten by sharks who were. With half his life spent at court trying to get more square deals he went onward with the Blue Ridge Rangers in 1973 and continues solo to this day. His album, 'John Fogerty', was released in 1975. Tom Fogerty went on to release 'Zephyr National' in 1974. He died in 1990 in Scottsdale, Arizona, of an AIDS-contaminated blood transfusion during back surgery. Doug Clifford and Stu Cook remained good friends after the dissolution of CCR, joining the Don Harrison Band together, then founding Factory Productions. (Clifford had issued 'Cosmo' in 1972.) They put together Creedence Clearwater Revisited in 1995, releasing a double album in 1998: 'Recollection'. The group yet tours globally to this date. Per 1976 below, 'Hoodoo' is a bootleg from an incomplete project by John Fogerty, the tapes not destroyed as had been his wish.

The Blue Velvets   1961


   Come On Baby/Oh My Love

   Have You Ever Been Lonely?

The Golliwogs   1964

   Don't Tell Me No Lies

   Little Girl (Does Your Mamma Know?)

The Golliwogs   1965

   Brown Eyed Girl

The Golliwogs   1966

   Fight Fire

   Walking On the Water

The Golliwogs   1967

   Call It Pretending

Creedence Clearwater Revival   1968

   Creedence Clearwater Revival


Creedence Clearwater Revival   1969

   Bayou Country


   Green River


   Willy and the Poor Boys



     Album   Not issued until 2009

Creedence Clearwater Revival   1970

   Cosmo's Factory


   Live at Royal Albert Hall

     Filmed concert



Doug Clifford   1972

   Get Your Raise

     LP: 'Cosmo'

   I Just Want to Cry

     LP: 'Cosmo'


     LP: 'Cosmo'

Creedence Clearwater Revival   1972

   Mardi Gras


Tom Fogerty   1972

   Joyful Resurrection

     LP: 'Zephyr National'

John Fogerty   1972

   John Fogerty


John Fogerty   1976


     Recorded 1976   Issue unknown

John Fogerty   1985



John Fogerty   1986

   Eye of the Zombie


John Fogerty   1997

   Blue Moon Swamp


Creedence Clearwater Revisited   1998



Creedence Clearwater Revisited   1999

   Festival de Viña

     Filmed concert

Doug Clifford   2010

   Drum Solo

     Filmed live

   Drum Solo

     Filmed live

Creedence Clearwater Revisited   2010

   Suzie Q

     Filmed live

Creedence Clearwater Revisited   2015

   Live at the Indiana State Fair

     Filmed concert

Creedence Clearwater Revisited   2016

   Live at Fort McDowell

     Filmed concert


Birth of Rock & Roll: Electric Flag

Creedence Clearwater Revival

Source: Recorder
Birth of Rock & Roll: Delaney and Bonnie

Delaney & Bonnie

Source: Wikipedia
Delaney & Bonnie Bramlett was a brief-lived duo which marriage and professional partnership ran from 1967 to 1972. Delaney (1939-08) had begun his career in the early sixties as a songwriter in Los Angeles after leaving the US Navy. He released his first record in 1962 with Chuck Rio on the Toppa label: 'Doin' the Bossa Nova' bw 'I'm Older Than You Think'. From '64 into '65 he issued solo six sides on GNP Crescendo, those during the time he performed with the Shindogs, house band for the 'Shindig' television program (1964-66). Leon Russell was also a member of that crew. Bonnie (1944-present) had sung as early as age fourteen with Albert King. The next year she spent a brief time with Ike & Tina Turner. It was 1967 when she went to Los Angeles and met Delaney who was performing at a bowling alley with the Shindogs. The two swiftly married and would have a child, the singer, Bekka Bramlett. Delaney & Bonnie taped their first promo in 1967 per Independence: 'You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin''. Delaney had just recorded 'Guess I Must Be Dreamin'' bw 'Don't Let It (Be the Last Time)' for the same label. Their first sides to be issued were 'It's Been a Long Time Coming' bw 'We've Just Been Feeling Bad'. The albums, 'Home' and 'Accept No Substitute', followed in 1969. The couple released seven albums to 'D&B Together', their final in 1972. They divorced in '73. Delaney continued his career largely in a backup capacity. He released eight albums from 1972 ('Some Things Coming') to 2007 ('A New Kind of Blues'), dying the next year. Bonnie went onward with a solo career, releasing 'Sweet Bonnie Bramlett' in 1973. Her fifth solo LP, 'Step By Step', was issued in 1981, after which she ceased recording, spending the eighties acting in the television sitcom, 'Roseanne'. She returned to recording again in 2002 with 'I'm Still the Same' and has issued several LPs since, 'Beautiful' her latest in 2008. Per 1969 below, 'Live at Royal Albert Hall' was recorded in 1969, issued in 2010 on 'On Tour with Eric Clapton: Deluxe Edition Box Set'.

Delaney Bramlett   1964

 Heartbreak Hotel

  Delaney & the Shindogs


Delaney Bramlett   1965

  You Have No Choice

Delaney Bramlett   1967

  Guess I Must Be Dreamin'

Delaney & Bonnie   1968

  It's Been a Long Time Coming

 We've Just Been Feeling Bad

Delaney & Bonnie   1969

  Accept No Substitute




 Live at Royal Albert Hall

    With Eric Clapton    Issued 2010

 Live in Copenhagen

    Filmed concert

 Live with Eric Clapton

    'The Price of Fame'

Delaney & Bonnie   1970

 On Tour with Eric Clapton


 To Bonnie From Delaney


Delaney & Bonnie   1971

 Motel Shot


Delaney Bramlett   1972

 Some Things Coming

    LP: 'Some Things Coming'

 Thank God

    LP: 'Some Things Coming'

Delaney & Bonnie   1972

 D&B Together


 Well, Well

    Filmed live

Bonnie Bramlett   1973

 In Concert

    Filmed live

 Sweet Bonnie Bramlett


Delaney Bramlett   1977

 I Wish It Would Rain

 Locked Up In Alabama

Delaney Bramlett   1998

 Brown Paper Bag

    LP: 'Sounds From Home'

Bonnie Bramlett   2006

 A Change Is Gonna Come

    LP: 'I Can Laugh About It Now'

Delaney Bramlett   2007

 Cold Hard Times

    LP: 'A New Kind of Blues'

 Mighty Mighty Mississippi

    LP: 'A New Kind of Blues'

Bonnie Bramlett   2014


    Filmed live


    Filmed with Bekka Bramlett

Bonnie Bramlett   2016


    Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Electric Flag

Electric Flag

Source: Manzana Verde
Born in Omaha, NE, in 1947, Buddy Miles was Junior to Senior who played upright bass professionally with such as Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Charlie Parker and Dexter Gordon. He had a band called the Bebops with which Junior played as an adolescent. He began gigging with notable R&B bands at age sixteen when he met Jimi Hendrix for the first time, they working in Canada. Their association would continue to California, then New York where Miles would contribute drums and vocals to Hendrix' third album, 'Electric Ladyland', for issue in latter 1967. Also in 1967 Miles joined blues composer and guitarist, Mike Bloomfield, in the formation of Electric Flag. Nick Gravenites joined them on vocals. Bloomfield had recently completed composing the soundtrack to the 1967 film, 'The Trip ', concerning LSD, starring Peter Fonda and written by Jack Nicholson. Electric Flag recorded the soundtrack, 'The Trip', issued the same year. Members in the band per its album, 'A Long Time Comin'', in 1968 included Harvey Brooks on bass. In addition to four keyboardists and three horn players, a crew of percussion and string musicians participated in that LP. Only three months after the issue of 'Comin'' Bloomfield moved onward in June. Flag was left to issue 'The Electric Flag: An American Music Band' without him in 1968. Which was the end of Electric Flag until a reunion album in 1974. As for Miles, he had already begun his solo recording career in 1968 with 'Expressway to Your Skull'. 1970 found him on John McLaughlin's 'Devotion', '72 on Santana's 'Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles! Live!'. Having issued at least twenty albums into the new millennium, his last was 'The Band of Gypsys Return' with Billy Cox in 2006. In 2008 he died at his home in Austin, Texas, of congestive heart disease, only fifty years of age.

Electric Flag   1967

   Fine Jung Thing

     Soundtrack: 'The Trip'

   Peter's Trip

     Soundtrack: 'The Trip'

Buddy Miles   1967

   Have You Ever Been

     Jimi Hendrix LP: 'Electric Ladyland'

Electric Flag   1968

   Goin' Down Slow

     LP: 'A Long Time Comin'

   Killing Floor

     LP: 'A Long Time Comin'


     LP: 'An American Music Band'

   Soul Searchin'

     LP: 'An American Music Band'


     LP: 'An American Music Band'


     LP: 'A Long Time Comin'

Buddy Miles   1968

   Don't Mess with Cupid

     LP: 'Expressway to Your Skull'

   Spot On the Wall

     LP: 'Expressway to Your Skull'

   Wrap It Up

     LP: 'Expressway to Your Skull'

Buddy Miles   1969

   Live at Newport

     Filmed with Jimi Hendrix

Buddy Miles   1970

   I Still Love You, Anyway

     LP: 'Them Changes'

   Memphis Train

     LP: 'Them Changes'

Buddy Miles   1971

   Buddy Miles Live


Buddy Miles   1972

   Free Form Funkafide Filth

     LP: 'Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles! Live!'

   Them Changes

     LP: 'Carlos Santana & Buddy Miles! Live!'

Hardware   1992

   Third Eye Open


Buddy Miles   1997

   Live at Red House

     Filmed live

Buddy Miles   2002

   Purple Haze

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Buddy Miles

Buddy Miles

Source: Manzana Verde
  Iron Butterfly, formed in San Diego in 1966, was, well, a heavy rock band. Though Led Zeppelin wasn't properly a heavy rock band, they more rhythm and blues in context, they were ordered by Supreme Commander of the British Invasion, Queen Elizabeth II, to sink Iron Butterfly, which they did after numerous vicious battles over the air, not space itself, but right at the top so they still could breathe to wage war, the iron-built Butterfly vs the lead-heavy Zeppelin. The Zeppelin were generals tasked on many fronts during the invasion and major advisors to the Queen yet sniffing at American attempts to defend themselves, including Iron Butterfly's debut LP, 'Heavy', in January 1968. But when Butterfly issued 'In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida' in June the terror which was the UK realized the horror that was the US. But who in all of Great Britain's realms could be found to bitch slap these presumptive upstart rebels of iron? Led Zeppelin released its first album on January 12, 1969 ('Led Zeppelin'). But US Supreme Command received early intel of such and Iron Butterfly was ready with 'Ball' five days later. The diff between the Billboard #4 LP, 'In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida', and the #3 'Ball' is that the latter went gold, but the former went platinum four times over, selling more than 30 million copies. Once again US Supreme Command received early intel. When the Moody Blues issued 'A Question of Balance' on August 7, 1970, the Butterfly were ready with  'Metamorphosis' six days later. After which the Queen had had enough nonsense and focused even more intently upon Butterfly's extermination. And what a horrible thing to do. Who would point a can of Raid at a nice butterfly but a mean old (age 44 in 1970) Queen? I've witnessed her chasing after the poor things in her garden like Elmer Fudd gone Wabbit. One thing's for certain: one of us has moths in our skull. The Butterfly sustained casualties from that terrifying witch with a reformed band in 1974. 'Scorching Beauty' and 'Sun and Steel' were issued in 1975 to a total of seven albums before Butterfly could no longer flap at the enemy. Foot-bound ever since, though yet walking, at the time of its greatest success, 'In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida', Iron Butterfly consisted of Eric Braun (guitar), Lee Dorman (bass), Ron Bushy (drums) and Doug Ingle (organ). The group has employed every name taken by the Census Bureau since then, but Ron Bushy leads the band to this day. Dorman died in 2012.

Iron Butterfly   1968






     With film

   Unconscious Power

     Filmed live

Iron Butterfly   1969



   In the Time of Our Lives


   Soul Experience

     Filmed live

Iron Butterfly   1970





Iron Butterfly   1971

   Butterfly Bleu

     Filmed live

   Live in Denmark

     Danish telecast

Iron Butterfly   1975

   Scorching Beauty/Sun & Steel


Iron Butterfly   1988

   Fillmore East 1988

     Recorded 1988   Issue unknown


Birth of Rock & Roll: Iron Butterfly

Iron Butterfly

Source: My Gully
Birth of Rock & Roll: Jackson 5

Jackson 5

Source: Barks
Michael Jackson was born in scenic Gary, Indiana, in 1958 to a large family. His father, Joe, a former boxer, worked at US Steel. He also played professionally in a band called the Falcons. It was 1963 when he formed the Jackson Brothers consisting of sons Jackie, Tito, Jermaine and Marlon. Randy Jackson would join later. As for Michael, he was six years old when he began in 1964 on percussion. He started singing lead with Jermaine in 1965. Joe put his boys to work on the chitlin' circuit (black-safe clubs and theatres) after creating a reputation at talent shows. Their name was changed to the Jackson 5 before their first recordings in November of '67, issued the next year in January: 'Big Boy' bw 'We Don't Have to Be Over 21'. Those were for Steeltown Records in Gary, Indiana, after which Joe took his gang to Detroit to record for Motown in '69. Their first plate, 'I Want You Back' bw 'Who's Lovin' You', ascended to #1 on Billboard's R&B for both songs. Appearing on 'The Ed Sullivan Show' in 1969, the group also released its first album that year in December: 'Diana Ross Presents The Jackson 5'. From that point on they spent the next twenty years in the Top Ten, releasing a total of 23 titles to attain that position until '2300 Jackson Street' in 1989 at #9. The Jackson 5 also placed eight titles in Billboard's Dance Top Ten, beginning with 'Forever Came Today' at #1 in 1975, the last 'Nothin'' in 1989. The Jackson 5 would see a couple of reformations in the 21st century. By the time Randy replaced Jermaine in 1975, the latter off to a solo career, the Jacksons had issued 174 singles for Motown. Switching to CBS for greater artistic freedom, they released 'Enjoy Yourself' in '76. Jackson had released his first solo single, 'Got to Be There', in 1971, with the LP by the same name following the next year. The single strolled to #4 on Billboard's R&B, after which Jackson spent the remainder of his career into the 21st century descending to the Top Ten of some or other kind. His first role in film arrived in 1978, playing the part of the scarecrow in the 'The Wiz'. Ensuing from that was his solo release, 'You Can't Win', in January of '79. Jackson also made great use of the music video. He had made several before his first to air on MTV (founded 1981) in 1983, 'Billie Jean', helping to put MTV on the map. Out of 'Billie Jean' would be derived Jackson's first jingle for Pepsi in 1984, his first contract with Pepsi worth $5 million, his next in the latter eighties worth $10 million. He had spent well above $47 million in 1985 to purchase the ATV catalogue loaded with Beatles titles. Jackson released his autobiography, 'Moonwalk', in 1988, the same year he purchased the Neverland Ranch in the Santa Ynez Valley of California for $17 million dollars. His income that year from royalties and such was about $125 million. He renewed his contract with Sony in 1991 for $65 million. The most controversial episodes during Jackson's life had little to do with his obsessive compulsion about his appearance. They more concerned sex with minors, he first accused of such in the summer of 1993. Whether the matter was actual or an extortion attempt seems unclear, but Jackson was acquitted in 1994 upon an out of court settlement of $22 million dollars. He married Lisa Marie Presley, daughter of Elvis Presley, that year, to divorce in January of 1996, after which he married Debbie Rowe for three years. In 2003 Jackson was arrested on charges of, again, sex with children, of which he was acquitted in '95. Jackson's last studio album to be issued in his lifetime was 'Invincible'' in 2001. He died of cardiac arrest, only fifty years of age, in California in June of 2009. Neverland had increased in value to $33 million by that time. He owned 50% of his Sony/ATV catalogue, that worth $390 million. With $20 million in antiques and automobiles, and well above $600,000 in cash, after debt his net worth by one estimate was $268 million dollars, slightly more than his dancing contemporary, Mick Jagger. Wikipedia describes the effect of Jackson's death on the internet: websites crashing from TMZ, the Los Angeles Times and AOL Instant Messenger to Twitter and Wikipedia's Michael Jackson biography page (one million visitors per hour). Fifteen percent of Twitter's tweets concerned Michael Jackson at 5,000 per minute. Google shut down its search engine for half an hour, thinking the explosion of searches was a DDoS attack. During the first year after his death Jackson was good for above eight million albums in the States, 35 million globally. Downloads from the internet amounted to 2.6 million songs per week at one point. Sony paid the Jackson estate $250 million plus royalties to make the posthumous release of 'Michael' in 2010. Jackson is the elder brother of the singer, Janet Jackson, born in 1966 to begin her own solo recording career in the early eighties. Per below, all titles for Michael Jackson are music videos unless noted otherwise.

Jackson 5   1968

   Big Boy

   We Don't Have to Be Over 21

Jackson 5   1968

   I Want You Back

     'Ed Sullivan Show'

   I Want You Back

     With telecast hosted by Diana Ross

   Who's Lovin' You

     'Ed Sullivan Show'

Jackson 5   1970

   The Love You Save

   One More Chance

Jackson 5   1971

   I'll Be There/Feelin' Alright

     Telecast hosted by Diana Ross

Michael Jackson   1972

   Got to Be There


Jackson 5   1975

   Medley with Cher


Michael Jackson   1983

   Beat It

   Billie Jean


Michael Jackson   1987


   The Way You Make Me Feel

Michael Jackson   1988

   Smooth Criminal

Michael Jackson   1991

   Black Or White

Michael Jackson   1992

   Remember the Time

Michael Jackson   1993

   Super Bowl XXVII

     Filmed live

Michael Jackson   1995

   Earth Song

   You Are Not Alone

Michael Jackson   2001

   Billie Jean

     Filmed at Madison Square Garden


     LP: 'Invincible'

   You Rock My World


Birth of Rock & Roll: Michael Jackson

Michael Jackson

Source: Daily Mail
Birth of Rock & Roll: Lynard Skynard

Lynard Skynard

Source: Pittsburgh in Tune
Lynyrd Skynyrd was a Southern country rock band which came to prominence in the seventies. The group finds its way into this history of bands issuing their first vinyl in the sixties by virtue of 'Need All My Friends' bw 'Michelle' getting released as a demo of 300 copies in 1968, the band's name spelled Lynard Skynard for that. Discogs and Wikipedia give it a '68 release date though the former notes that to be debatable, Goldmine giving it a date of 1971. It's also been given a date of 1970. Its copyright, anyway, is 1968 by Shady Tree Records and, indeed, those sides were Skynard's first recordings at the Norm Vincent Studios in Jacksonville, FL, that year. They were issued commercially in 1978 by Atina. Howsoever, Skynard having insinuated itself into this history with a possible limited edition in '68, since it was indeed one of the better bands of the seventies we might as well continue, despite that few knew of their existence until their first commercial releases which weren't until 1973. Skynard issued 'Gimme Three Steps' bw 'Mr. Banker' that year, as well as the album, '(Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd)'. Lynyrd Skynyrd had gone by various names since its inception in 1964 in Jacksonville, Florida. They eventually named themselves after a high school phys ed teacher, one Leonard Skinner. At the time they recorded their debut LP the band basically consisted of three lead guitarists: Gary Rossington, Allen Collins and Ed King. Ronnie Van Zant was front with Billy Powell on keyboards, Bob Burns on drums and Leon Wilkeson on bass. The only original member left to this date is Rossington. One cause for that was the plane crash of 1977 that killed Van Zant and five others, leaving twenty survivors. That was October 20, three days after the issue of the LP, 'Street Survivors'. En route from Greenville, South Carolina to Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the craft ran out of fuel near Gillsburg, Mississippi. Something roughed up, the band took the next ten years off, reforming in 1987, this time with four guitars: Rossington, King, Alan Connins and Randall Hall. Bass was yet Wilkeson and keyboards yet Powell, with Dale Krantz Rossington providing backup vocals. Artimis Pyle had been drummer since 1974. That year they recorded the live album, 'Southern by the Grace of God', released in '88. Skynard has issued at least 14 albums over the years. Four went platinum: '(Pronounced 'Lĕh-'nérd 'Skin-'nérd)' ('73), 'Second Helping' ('74), 'Nuthin' Fancy' ('76) and 'Street Survivors' ('77). 'Gimme Back My Bullets' per 1976 turned gold. 'Last of a Dyin' Breed' was Skynard's latest studio release in 2012. In 2015 the band issued the live LP, 'One More for the Fans', recorded the prior year at the Fox Theatre in Atlanta, GA.

Lynard Skynard   1968

   Need All My Friends

     Demo   Date moot

Lynyrd Skynyrd   1973

   (Pronounced 'Leh 'nérd 'Skin 'nérd)


Lynyrd Skynyrd   1974

   Second Helping


Lynyrd Skynyrd   1975

   Live at the Winterland Ballroom

     Concert filmed in San Francisco CA

Lynyrd Skynyrd   1976

   Nuthin' Fancy


Lynyrd Skynyrd   1977

   Live at Convention Hall

     Concert filmed in Asbury Park NJ

   Street Survivors


Lynyrd Skynyrd   1988

   Southern By the Grace of God


Lynyrd Skynyrd   2015

   Free Bird

     Filmed at Rockingham County Fair

   Simple Man

     Filmed at Rockingham County Fair


  Born in Los Angeles in 1945, Hammond organist, Lee Michaels, had played keyboards with a band called the Sentinels in LA, then the Strangers and the Family Tree in San Francisco before issuing his first LP in 1968, 'Carnival of Life', with Reverend Gary Davis sharing bass and organ. Michaels took full control of organ on his next album that year, 'Recital'. The eponymous 'Lee Micheals' was issued the next year. Michaels issued seven more albums to 'Saturn Rings' in 1975 as well as a live album in '73. By the end of the decade he was retired from the music industry. He went on to found the small chain of Killer Shrimp restaurants. Lee Michaels happens to be the first of the few concerts I've attended. I recall there was a lot of complaining in the audience that he was too drunk to perform. Per 'Space and First Takes' below, Michaels trades organ for guitar.

Lee Michaels   1968

   Carnival of Life

     LP: 'Carnival of Life'


     LP: 'Carnival of Life'

   Spare Change

     LP: 'Recital'

Lee Michaels   1969

   Stormy Monday

     LP: 'Lee Michaels'

Lee Michaels   1970

   Mad Dog

     LP: 'Barrel'

   Murder in My Heart for the Judge

     LP: 'Barrel'

   What Now America

     LP: 'Barrel'

Lee Michaels   1971

   Do You Know What I Mean

     LP: '5th'

   Oak Fire

     LP: '5th'

Lee Michaels   1972

   Space and First Takes

     LP: 'Space and First Takes'

Lee Michaels   1973

   Your Breath Is Bleeding

     LP: 'Nice Day for Something'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Lee Michaels

Lee Michaels

Source: Rock n Roll Goulash
Birth of Rock & Roll: Pacific Gas and Electric

Pacific Gas & Electric

Source: San Diego Reader
Though not a major band, Pacific Gas & Electric released the single, 'Are You Ready?', in 1970 to great success. It was also about the best example of a blues rock band on this page. Formed by drummer to become vocalist, Charlie Allen, the group originated in 1968 to issue its first LP that year: 'Get It On'. It issued 'Pacific Gas & Electric' in '69 followed by 'Are You Ready' in 1970. At the core of the band up to that time were Brent Block (bass), Frank Cook (drums), Glenn Schwartz (lead guitar) and Tom Marshall (rhythm guitar). It was inevitable that the Pacific Gas and Electric utilities company would wish to avoid confusion with the band, the group changing its name to PG&E in 1971, Allen now running a completely different crew with Frank Peticca on bass, Ron Woods at drums and Ken Utterback picking up lead guitar. PG&E issued 'PG&E' that year. Their next and last album in 1973 was nevertheless titled 'Pacific Gas & Electric Starring Charlie Allen'. 'Live 'n' Kicking at Lexington', recorded in 1970, was released in 2007. Allen died in 1990, only 48 years of age, cause unknown for all that can be determined. Per 1968 below, all tracks are from the LP, 'Get It On'. Per 1970 all tracks are from the album, 'Are You Ready'.

Pacific Gas & Electric   1968

   Cry Cry Cry

     Composition: Deadric Malone

   The Hunter


     Booker T Jones/Al Jackson Jr/Junior Wells

   Jelly Jelly

     Composition: James Cotton

   Live Love

     Composition: Tom Marshall

   Long Handled Shovel

   Motor City's Burning

     Composition: Al Smith

   Stormy Times

     Composition: Brent Block

   Wade In the Water

Pacific Gas & Electric   1969

   Pacific Gas and Electric


   Stormy Times


     Composition: Brent Block

Pacific Gas & Electric   1970

    Are You Ready?

     Filmed live

     Composition: Charlie Allen/John Hil

   The Blackberry

     Composition: O'Kelly, Ronald & Rudolph Isley


     Composition: Brent Block/Charlie Allen

     Frank Cook/Glenn Schwartz/Tom Marshall

   Hawg for You

     Composition: Otis Redding

   Love Love Love Love Love

     Composition: David Cochrane/John Hill

   Mother Why Do You Cry

     Composition: Charlie Allen


     Composition: Brent Block


     Composition: Charlie Allen/John Hill


  Conceived in Detroit in 1961, the Sunliners spent several years gigging in clubs until changing their name to Rare Earth to issue their first LP in 1968: 'Dreams/Answers'. That contained 'Get Ready', my theme song as a trucker. (The original 'Get Ready' was issued by the Temptations in 1966.) The album came and went without the notice it deserved, but Earth's next LP, 'Get Ready' ('69 with the long version of 'Get Ready'), did extraordinarily well. Also big time came 'Ecology' in 1970 and a couple in 1971, 'One World' and 'Rare Earth In Concert', before the group began its decline. Rare Earth has employed everyone with a social security number over the years, its main fire maker being Gil Bridges (lead/sax/flute) who's been with the band since its birth as the Sunliners and runs it to the present day. Rare Earth has issued above twenty studio and live albums, 'A Brand New World' its latest in 2008.

Rare Earth   1968

   Get Ready

     With film LP: 'Dreams/Answers'

   King of a Rainy Country

     LP: 'Dreams/Answers'

   Stop/Where Did Our Love Go

     LP: 'Dreams/Answers'

Rare Earth   1969

   Get Ready


Rare Earth   1970

   Long Time Leavin'

     LP: 'Ecology'

Rare Earth   1971

   I Just Want to Celebrate

     Revolver TV

   Rare Earth In Concert


Rare Earth   1972

   Hey, Big Brother

     'Revolver TV'

Rare Earth   1974

   Hey, Big Brother

     Filmed live

Rare Earth   1974

   Hey, Big Brother

     Filmed live

   I Just Want to Celebrate

     Filmed live

Rare Earth   2004

   Live at Rock Festival Tennessee

     Filmed live

Rare Earth   2016

   Hey, Big Brother

     Filmed live

   I'm Losing You

     Filmed live

   Tobacco Road

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Rare Earth

Rare Earth

Source: Dimitris Moraitis
Birth of Rock & Roll: Todd Rundgren

Todd Rundgren

Source: Punk Globe
Born in Philadelphia, PA, in 1948, multi-instrumentalist guitarist, Todd Rundgren was a member of Philly-based Woody's Truck Stop before that group recorded its album, 'Woody's Truck Stop' for issue in 1969. Upon leaving that band with bassist, Carson Van Osten, they formed Nazz with drummer, Thom Mooney and keyboardist, Robert Antoni, Nazz issued three albums: 'Nazz' ('68), 'Nazz Nazz' ('69) and 'Nazz III' ('71). Rindgren issued his first solo album, 'Runt', in 1970 with his band called Runt. Runt also employed the brothers, Hunt Sales on drums and Tony Sales on bass. It was '69 that Rundgren had gone to New York City to begin producing and sound engineering for Albert Grossman, making his name within the music industry more in that capacity than with Nazz. Among the bands with which he worked were The Band and the Paul Butterfield Blues Band. Runt released another album, 'Runt. The Ballad of Todd Rundgren', in 1971. 'Something/Anything?', a double album, saw release in 1972 upon Rundgren having moved to Los Angeles. Brave heart Rundgren had been assigned by Strategic Command to meet the British Invasion (Elizabeth II Supreme Commander) against egregious aggressors such as Yes and Queen (Elizabeth's private masquerade as the band's real manager and producer, proof of their complicit handshake in conspiracy against the United States arriving in 2002 when Queen guitarist, Brian May, performed 'God Save the Queen' at the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II). Unfortunately Rundgren's lone daring against the odds little phased those bands, allowing them to massacre innocent Americans by the millions, Rndgren somehow managing to come out alive amidst widespread devastation from sea to shining sea. He released a few more solo LPs while returning to New York to form the band, Utopia. Those were 'A Wizard, a True Star' ('73), 'Todd' ('74) and 'Initiation' ('75). 'Todd Rundgren's Utopia' had meanwhile seen issue in '74. Utopia personnel continuously changed over the years, Rundgren its chief in staff. He would lead a double career at that point, one solo, one with Utopia. The latter saw some ten studio album issues to 'P.O.V.' in 1985, the same year Rundgren issued his eleventh solo LP, 'A Cappella'. Utopia reunited for 'Redux '92: Live in Japan' released in '93, the same year Rundgren issued 'No World Order' as TR-i (Todd Rundgren interactive) in 1993. Among Rundgren's beneficiaries as a producer in the 21st century have been the New York Dolls, XTC and the New Cars. Rindgren is also notable for his work in meshing the realms of computing with music and music production. He had begun programming in the latter seventies and had developed a paint program for Apple, the Utopia Graphics System, in 1979. The brain had also helped develop the Flowfazer screensaver per 1990. Examples of Rundgren at the computer are his 1981 music video for 'Time Heals' (his eighth for MTV) and the animation of 'Change Myself' in 1991. In 1997 he founded PatroNet, an early internet subscription service distributing music via download. Rundgren was another of rock's power generators of high productivity, he yet touring like a thirty-year old as of this writing. He issued his 25th solo studio album in 2015: 'Global'. He is also noted for his work with music videos. Per Nazz below, 'Fungo Bat' contains sessions toward the releases of 'Nazz Nazz' and 'Nazz III'.

Nazz   1968

   Fungo Bat

     Taped 1968-69   Issued 2006



Nazz   1969

   Nazz Nazz


Runt   1970

   Baby Let's Swing

     LP: 'Runt'

   We Gotta Get You a Woman

     LP: 'Runt'

Runt   1971

   The Ballad

     LP: 'Runt. The Ballad of Todd Rundgren'

Todd Rundgren   1973

   A Wizard, a True Star


Utopia   1974

   Todd Rundgren's Utopia


Todd Rundgren   1976



Utopia   1976


     Album   Unknown Deluxe Edition

Utopia   1977

   Live at WDR Studio L

     Rockpalast concert in Koln

Todd Rundgren   1978

   Back to the Bars


Todd Rundgren   1989

   Nearly Human


Utopia   2011

   Live at the Highline Ballroom

     Filmed in NYC

Todd Rundgren   2014

   Love Is the Answer

     Filmed with the Ringo All-Starr Band

Todd Rundgren   2016

   Live in Atlanta

     Filmed concert


  Three Dog Night was formed in Los Angeles in 1967 by core vocalists, Danny Hutton, Chuck Negron and Cory Wells. They filled their band with a bassist, drummer, guitarist and keyboardist, they well-known by now, but at the time in great dread of the assignment they'd been given as members of Three Dog Night, to counter the invasive force that was the Nottingham band, Ten Years After. Those brave enough to fight with Three Dog Nght at the battle of their first album in 1968, 'Three Dog Night' (aka 'One') were Joe Schermie (bass), Michael Allsup (guitar), Floyd Sneed (drums) and keyboardist, Jimmy Greenspoon. Personnel would begin changing the same year and remain continuous to the present day with the exceptions of Allsup, Greenspoon, Hutton, Negron and Wells. Three Dog Night was named by actress, June Fairchild, having read about the practice of indigenous Australians to sleep with a couple of dogs on cold nights, with three dogs when especially so. And a charming dream it was, sleeping through 12 gold albums beginning with their first that went platinum. TDN released 12 studio and four live albums into the eighties. Core members Greenspan and Wells both died in 2015.

Three Dog Night   1968


     LP: 'Three Dog Night'

Three Dog Night   1969

   Easy to Be Hard

     Filmed live

Three Dog Night   1970

   Joy to the World


   Mama Told Me Not to Come

     Filmed live

Three Dog Night   1971

   Never Been to Spain

     LP: 'Harmony'

   Old Fashioned Love Song

     'Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour'

Three Dog Night   1972

   Black and White


Three Dog Night   1973



Three Dog Night   1975

   Live in Chicago


Three Dog Night   1983

   Somebody's Gonna Get Hurt

     LP: 'It's a Jungle'

Three Dog Night   2002

   Live with the Tennessee Symphony Orchestra

     Filmed live

Three Dog Night   2002

   Live in New Jersey

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Three Dog Night

Three Dog Night

L to R: Negron, Hutton, Wells

Photo: Fred Sabine/Getty Images

Source: LA Times
Birth of Rock & Roll: Duane and Greg Allman

Duane & Greg Allman

Source: hankgwe
The South may have lost the Civil War but when it rose again to protect America from the British Invasion it spelled the doom of Queen Elizabeth's intrusion untold until these histories. The official beginning of the Invasion is generally given per The Beatles arriving at John Kennedy airport in February 1964, although The Shadows had arrived in 1960 to scout out the land for the Queen's coming tit for tat for America presuming to send musicians to Great Britain for the last thirty years to considerable disturbance of its peace. But just as there was no equivalence to the Beatles's Merseybeat in America, nor was there any equivalence in the UK to the Southern (country/blues) rock bands that would come on strong in the seventies and continue so to this day. From Texas to Florida such as ZZ Top, Charlie Daniels, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Marshall Tuckaer, the Outlaws and Molly Hatchet saved America from whole tyranny by British air raids. Advised by her generals that she couldn't take down the South, the Queen wisely considered her gig was up. She had accounted the Brothers' first LP in '69 no threat. But two albums later 'At Fillmore East' ('71) would go platinum. She was noticeably flustered as she called an emergency meeting of her Invasion staff (not all showing up). The Brits knew they had a hot potato on their hands but persisted confidently as before, albeit by then American bands were returning equivalent damage, civilians by untold number in the UK becoming refugees from the airwaves if not brainwashed. But upon the release of 'Eat a Peach' in '72 the Queen, only 46 years of age at the time, became like sputtering Aunt Clara in 'Bewitched', unable to remember her spells. She'd been in her garden potting tomatoes when the blow arrived by royal courier. In a blink her generals were summoned, right there in galoshes and bonnet in her little tent greenhouse, with a tomato plant, in shock itself, on the table next to the impudent album cover of 'Eat a Peach'. Like Hitler, instead of listening to her generals who well knew that America was no longer easy prey, she would continue her plundering adventure through the seventies, though with gradually dwindling interest as she turned away from war maps and practicing air guitar before mirrors to a solo career in croquette, performing the mallet, which took some balls to do, she quite rattled by that time, the consequences of a triumphant but stressful Invasion. Elizabeth yet had the audacity to send some punk bands across the Atlantic in the latter seventies, to find a soft spot while getting rid of them, but Americans had garbage all their own. Societies' junk knew it was better to unite than fight and few thereafter, per the eighties, referred to the Brits as invaders anymore. As for the Allman Brothers, they were formed in Jacksonville, Florida, in 1969. At the time of their first album release, 'The Allman Brothers Band', in 1969 the group consisted of Duane Allman (slide/lead guitar), Gregg Allman (organ/lead vocal), Dickey Betts (lead guitar), Berry Oakley (bass), Jai Johanny Johanson (drums/congas) and Butch Trucks (drums/percussion). Duane and Gregg had formed and earlier band, the Allman Joys, before Duane became a session musician at FAME Studios. He didn't care much for studio work and the Allman Brothers were conceived. Duane, however, died in a motorcycle accident on a Harley-Davidson Sportster in 1971 after the issue of 'At Fillmore East'. Only eleven months later Oakley also died in a motorcycle accident, 'Eat a Peach' released several months before. With Betts dropping out in the latter nineties, the Allman Brothers continue to this day with original members, Gregg, Johanson and Trucks. Current members since the early 21st century are Warren Haynes (guitar), Jack Pearson (guitar), Oteil Burbridge (bass) and Marc Quinones (drums). With eleven studio and sixteen live albums in their catalogue, three of those were platinum, 'Brothers and Sisters' the last to do that well in 1973. Three gold albums followed into the nineties. The Allman Brothers' last studio release was 'Hittin' the Note' in 2003. The group's latest live LP, 'One Way Out', was recorded that year, issued in 2004.

Allman Brothers   1969

   Black Hearted Woman

     LP: 'The Allman Brothers Band'

   Don't Want You No More/It's Not My Cross to Bear

     LP: 'The Allman Brothers Band'

Allman Brothers   1970

   Whipping Post

     Filmed at Fillmore East

Allman Brothers   1971

   Live at Stonybrook

     Album   Not issued until 2003

Allman Brothers   1972

   Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out

     LP: 'Eat a Peach'


     LP: 'Duane & Greg Allman'

   Ramblin' Man

     Filmed at Hofstra University

Allman Brothers   1973

   Brothers and Sisters


Allman Brothers   1979

   Live at Capitol Theatre 1979

     Filmed concert

Allman Brothers   1980

   Live at Capitol Theatre 1980

     Filmed concert

Allman Brothers   1981

   Live at Capitol Theatre 1981

     Filmed concert

Allman Brothers   1982

   Live at the University of Florida

     Filmed concert

Allman Brothers   1990

   Seven Turns

     Album   Side A

   Seven Turns

     Album   Side B

Allman Brothers   1994

   Live at Woodstock

     Filmed concert

Allman Brothers   2003

   Hittin' the Note


Allman Brothers   2009

   Live at Beacon Theatre

     Filmed in NYC with Eric Clapton

Allman Brothers   2010


     Filmed live with Derek Trucks


Birth of Rock & Roll: Tommy Bolin

Tommy Bolin

Source: Tommy Bolin
Born in Sioux City, Iowa, in 1951, Tommy Bolin's was a brief but illustrious career as guitarist for Zephyr from '69 to '71, Billy Cobham in '73, the James Gang from '73 to '74 and Deep Purple in '75 and '76. He also recorded with drummer, Alphonse Mouzon (debut recording as drummer on Weather Report's initial album in '71), and the Canadian group, Moxy. Zephyr's first issue, 'Zephyr', was in 1969, the band formed in Boulder, Colorado, out of a couple of previous bands, American Standard and Ethereal Zephyr, the latter named after a railway between Chicago and Denver. The other original members of Zephyr were Robbie Chamberlin (drums), John Faris (keyboards), David Givens (bass) and Candy Givens (vocals). Bolin remained with Zephyr long enough to to record 'Going Back to Colorado' for its issue in 1971. The group continued briefly without Bolin, issuing 'Sunset Ride' in '72. It resurrected in the early eighties to release 'Zephyr Heartbeat' in 1982. Bolin moved onward to other bands as mentioned above. He also issued two solo albums during his short visit to Earth: 'Teaser' ('75) and 'Private Eyes' ('76). Bolin gave his final performance in Miami in December of '76, opening for British guitarist, Jeff Beck. The last known photo of him is sitting backstage with Beck after the show, shot by "Rolling Stone'. He died hours later of a heroin overdose, alcohol, cocaine and barbiturates also on his menu. Even at the confident age of twenty-five and a demon with guitar one can't do just anything and everything at all. Tracks per 1969 below are from Zephyr's debut album, 'Zephyr'.

Tommy Bolin   1969



    Sun's a Risin'

Tommy Bolin   1970

   Day of Joy Festival

     Filmed in Houston with Zephyr

Tommy Bolin   1971


     Zephyr LP: 'Going Back To Colorado'

Tommy Bolin   1973


     Album by Billy Cobham

Tommy Bolin   1974

   Funk 49

     Telecast with the James Gang

Tommy Bolin   1975

   Fusion Jam

     With Alphonse Mouzon

     Not issued until 1999

     Rehearsal for 'Mind Transplant'

   Highway Star

     Live with Deep Purple


     Album by Moxy

    Bolin featured tracks 4-6



Tommy Bolin   1976

   Live at Ford Auditorium

     Recorded in Detroit

   Private Eyes



Birth of Rock & Roll: Zephyr


Source: Rock 6070
  The British Invasion formally beginning with the Beatles in 1964 called for anti-airwave artillery, bands like Blood Sweat & Tears (BS&T) and Chicago formed to blast the enemy out the skies with brass rock. First coming together in 1967 in Chicago, Chicago would prove vastly more successful for considerably more years than its early rival BS&T. Its personnel was more tightly glued together as well. Members of the band would alter over the years but not to the degree of BS&T which has employed some 140 musicians up to present times. At the time of Chicago's debut album, a double, in April of 1969, 'The Chicago Transit Authority', members were Terry Kath (guitar/vocals), Peter Cetera (bass/vocals), Robert Lamm (keyboards/vocals) and Danny Seraphine on drums. On horns were Walter Parazaider (sax), James Pankow (trombone) and Lee Loughnane on trumpet. Chicago continues to this day with original members Parazaider, Pankow, Loughnane and Lamm. Bill Champlin, had been with the group from 1981 into the 21st century. Current bassist, Jason Scheff, has been with Chicago since 1985. Current drummer, Tim Imboden, has been with the band since 1990 . Chicago's first twelve albums from 1969 to '78 went platinum. One of those was 'Chicago IX', a greatest hits release in '75 that has gone platinum five times. Unfortunately, 'Chicago 13' fell over in 1979, only harvesting gold. Five albums from 1982 to '89 went platinum, the last, 'Greatest Hits', selling platinum five times over as well. The band didn't issue another studio album of original material for eleven years after 'Night & Day Big Band' in 1995, though a couple more gold LPs were issued in the latter nineties, a greatest hits and a Christmas LP. The band yet appealed to a huge audience into the new millennium with 'The Very Best of Chicago: Only the Beginning' doubly platinum in 2002, followed by 'The Best of Chicago: 40th Anniversary Edition' in 2007 going gold. One of Chicago's platinum albums was 'Chicago at Carnegie Hall' in 1971, notable in that live albums don't generally sell as well as studio projects. Notable in the 21st century were a couple tours with the Doobie Brothers in 2010 and '12. Chicago yet rocks as of this writing.

Chicago   1969


     LP: 'Chicago Transit Authority'

   I'm a Man

     Filmed live

Chicago   1970



   Live at Tanglewood

     Filmed in Massachusetts

Chicago   1971

   Chicago at Carnegie Hall


Chicago   1973

   Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is

     Filmed at Caribou Ranch

Chicago   1984

   We Can Stop the Hurtin'

     Filmed live

Chicago   1991

   Twenty 1


Chicago   1995

   Night & Day

     LP: 'Night & Day'

Chicago   2011

   Saturday In the Park

     Filmed with the Notre Dame Marching Band

Chicago   2016

   Ballet for a Girl from Buchanno

     Filmed at the Sedona Performing Arts Center


Birth of Rock & Roll: Chicago


Source: Chicago
  Frijid Pink, named after a Frigidaire refrigerator, was formed in Detroit in 1967 out of a local cover band called the Detroit Vibrations, of which Tom Harris (bass)and Rick Stevers (drums)were joined by Tom Beaudry (vocals) and Gary Ray Thompson (guitar) at the time Frijid Pink released its first issue in 1969: 'Tell Me Why'/'Cryin' Shame'. 'Drivin' Blues'/'God Gave Me You' followed when the same year 'House of the Rising Sun'/'Drivin' Blues' performed remarkably at #7 on Billboard's Hot 100. Their album in 1970, 'Frijid Pink', proved such a debacle to British Invaders that bands like Free avoided meeting Pink in open field for fear of being routed. Though Pink wouldn't score another victory like it did at the Battle of 'Frigid' Pink', it kept the enemy pestered into the seventies, issuing its fourth and last studio album in 1975: 'All Pink Inside'. Decades later Frijid Pink formed again, issuing 'Inner Heat' in 2002. Another reformation of the band saw Frijid Pink'' in 2011. "Made In Detroit' was issued in 2014. Pink yet tours as of this writing with original member, Rick Stevers, yet at drums. Per 1970 below, the album, 'Frigid Pink', contains all six of the singles Pink issued in '69.

Frijid Pink   1969

   The House of the Rising Sun

     Telecast Date estimated

   Sing a Song for Freedom


Frijid Pink   1970



   Frijid Pink


Frijid Pink   1971

   The House of the Rising Sun

     Filmed live

Frijid Pink   1972

   Earth Omen

     LP: 'Earth Omen'

   Miss Evil

     LP: 'Earth Omen'


     LP: 'Earth Omen'

Frijid Pink   1972

   A Day Late a Dollar Short

     LP: 'All Pink Inside'

   Money Man

     LP: 'All Pink Inside'


     LP: 'All Pink Inside'

   School Day

     LP: 'All Pink Inside'


Birth of Rock & Roll: LP: 'Frijid Pink' 1970

'Frijid Pink'   1970

Source: 45 Cat
  Grand Funk Railroad (GFR) was named in 1969 after the Grand Trunk Western Railroad that ran from Chicago through Michigan up into Canada and across Northeastern United States. So far as they were concerned Queen Elizabeth II, Supreme Commander of the British Invasion, was a big pantywaist, though only her tailor really knew. Grand Funk Railroad proved a deadly enemy to the British, they assigned by US Supreme Command to survey and strike at will. The havoc they unleashed on not a few, from Climax Blues Band to all the unnamed soldiers who had dared to face so fierce the weapon as had been the Railroad, put Elizabeth to something of a fuss. She was far from ready to relinquish sovereignty as the Queen of Rock and Roll, but when GFR issued 'On Time' and 'Grand Funk' in 1969, the former to go gold, the latter platinum, she began to see the light: Americans were now a threat, not just a bother. That spurred her to redouble her efforts when the Railroad released 'Closer to Home' in 1970, plunking a cannonball right through her window. That would go platinum, and the Queen so distracted that she began to yarn booties. In 1971 'Survival' and 'E luribia Funk', both to go platinum, wrought the Queen so distraught that she Britishly brattishly shouted "If I can't win I won't play!" as she stomped away from her generals. Convinced that without a Queen they might as well forfeit the game, the Brits turned up the heat, only to be faced with 'Phoenix' in 1972 which would go gold. GFR was hardly the only American band causing air raids in Great Britain, and by the time they released 'We're an American Band' in 1973, to go platinum, the Brits were sorry they'd ever sent the Beatles to America in the first place. Too bad. GFR pounded them with 'Shinin' On' and 'All the Girls in the World Beware!!!' in 1974, both of which would achieve gold. Unfortunately a few girls apparently took them for their word and GFR never produced another metal album. The band's first retirement arrived after 'Good Singin', Good Playin'' per 1976. A reformation in 1981 lasted a few years before it was put to sleep. The group was resurrected yet again in 1996 to continue to the present day. At the time Grand Funk released its debut album it was a trio consisting of Don Brewer (drums), Mel Schacher (bass) and Mark Farner (guitar/piano/harmonica). Brewer and Schacher yet run the band which is now a hand of five.

Grand Funk Railroad   1969

   Grand Funk


   Inside Looking Out

     Filmed live

   On Time


   Please Don't Worry

     'Playboy After Dark'

Grand Funk Railroad   1970

   Closer to Home


   Grand Funk Live


Grand Funk Railroad   1971

   E Pluribus Funk


   I'm Your Captain

     Filmed live

   Live: The 1971 Tour




Grand Funk Railroad   1972



Grand Funk Railroad   1973

   We're an American Band


Grand Funk Railroad   1974

   All the Girls In the World Beware

     LP: 'All the Girls In the World Beware!!!'

   Good and Evil

     LP: 'All the Girls In the World Beware!!!'

   Live in Japan

     Filmed concert

   We're an American Band

     Filmed in Los Angeles

   Shinin' On



     Filmed in Los Angeles

Grand Funk Railroad   1976

   Born to Die


   Good Singin', Good Playin'


Grand Funk Railroad   1981

   Grand Funk Lives


Grand Funk Railroad   1983

   El Salvador

     LP: 'What's Funk?'

   Still Waitin'

     LP: 'What's Funk?'

Mark Farner   2016

   Live in Concert

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock & Roll: Grand Funk Railroad

Grand Funk Railroad

L to R: Farner, Brewer, Schacher

Source: Ultimate Classic Rock
Birth of Rock & Roll: The GTOs

The GTOs

Source: Radio Free Gunslinger
The GTOs (Girls Together anything spelled O, such as Outrageously, Only, Objectively, Occasionally, etc.) were a brief-lived experiment by Frank Zappa, issuing only one album in '69, reuniting in '74, then vanishing into the bottomless pit of O. Members of the GTOs were seven, with their more proper names in parentheses: Pamela Ann Miller (Miss Pamela), Judith Edra Peters (Miss Mercy), Cynthia Sue Wells (Miss Cynderella), Christine Ann Frka (Miss Christine), Luz Selenia Offerral (Miss Lucy) and Sandra Lynn Rowe (Miss Sandra). As of this writing only three of the GTOs remain living: Miss Pamela, Miss Mercy and Miss Sparky.

The GTOs   1969

   Permanent Damage



  Santana was formed by Carlos Santana in San Francisco in 1969. Members of the band at the time of its first LP issue in August of '69, 'Santana', were Carlos Santana (lead), Mike Shreve (drums), David Brown (bass), Gregg Rolie (organ), with percussionists, Michael Carabello and Jose Areas. The group would quickly begin to employ all of Latin America with a good portion of North by the time it arrived to the 21st century, but it was Carlos' pack and he would make the Santana name as famous as Mexico. Carlos, elder brother of guitarist, Jorge Santana, had been born in Autlán de Navarro, Jalisco (Mexico), in 1947. He followed his family to San Francisco in time to graduate from junior high and high school in the US. He had been busking and washing dishes for several years when in 1966 a no show by Paul Butterfield (too drunk to perform at the moment) at the Fillmore West auditorium forced manager, Bill Graham, to quickly toss together a band. Carlos made his career that evening with an impressive performance, forming the Carlos Santana Blues Band the next year. In the latter portion of '68 Carlos would contribute guitar to 'The Live Adventures of Mike Bloomfield and Al Kooper', issued in '69. It was Graham who got Santana booked at the famous Woodstock Festival in August of '69, the same month Santana issued its debut LP. 'Abraxas' was issued in 1970, containing 'Black Magic Woman' (Peter Green). Come 1972 Santana had five albums going platinum, making the British threat per the Invasion that was the overwhelming force, Led Zeppelin, piss in their fairy fleece pajamas and Twinkle Toes. Zeppelin had launched their first air assault, 'Led Zeppelin', in January of 1969, eight months before Santana's debut LP. Santana had Queen Elizabeth II spilling her tea as well, her British Invasion beginning to crack with Santana, she getting wise to more lay off her Invasion during the seventies, despite her greed for power which continued until the unknown truce of News Years Day 1980 when the Queen, no longer interested in less easy prey, pronounced that the eighties would be Invasion free. British musicians tromping into the United States or occupying American airwaves were to no longer be classified as invaders. Pretty sneaky, but matters not. The Queen's gig in the war was up by then as well, America no longer only resisting as in the latter sixties, but now a reawakened giant difficult to penetrate by even its own with a higher bar getting set due to bands like Santana. Be as may, Santana lost grip after '72, releasing only four gold albums until 1977, when they finally got their act together to release platinum 'Moonflower'. Yet again the band fell to pieces, issuing only two gold albums until 'Zebop!' in 1981 which would go platinum. All too soon the group shattered again, releasing only one gold album ('Shango' '82) until platinum (15x) 'Supernatural' in 1999, that winning the 2000 Album of the Year Grammy Award. That would be the longest period, 17 years, between original albums to achieve at least gold. 'Shaman' per 2002 would sell platinum as well. Then guess what? Santana crumbled yet again, issuing only one gold LP until 'Corazón' in 2014 which went platinum. About time. And now what's taking so long, there nothing platinum of late to hear? There's 'Santana IV', issued in April of 2016 to sell 40,000 copies in its first week and place at #5 on Billboard. But, what? Nine platinum albums through the years, plus eight admittedly fallen gold LPs, and that's it?

Santana   1969

   Shades of Time

     LP: 'Santana'


     LP: 'Santana'

Santana   1970



   Live in Lenox

     Filmed concert

Santana   1973

   Live in South America

     Filmed concert

Santana   1981


     LP: 'Zebop!'

   Primera Invasion

     LP: 'Zebop!'

Santana   1989

   Live in Watsonville

     Filmed concert

Santana   1993

   Live at Sunrise

     Album   Recorded 1988

Santana   1997

   Viva Percussion

     Album   Recorded 1987 with Buddy Miles

Santana   1999

   Love of My Life

     LP: 'Supernatural'   Vocal: Dave Matthews


     LP: 'Supernatural'   Vocal: Rob Thomas

Santana   2000

   Supernatural Tour

     Concert filmed in Tokyo

Santana   2016

   Anywhere You Want to Go

     LP: 'Santana IV'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Carlos Santana

Carlos Santana

Photo: Ruben Martin

Source: Radio Zurqui
  Warren Zevon was born in Chicago in 1947, his father a Jewish immigrant from Russia, his mother an English Mormon. His father was also a bookie known as Stumpy for Jewish mobster, Micky Cohen (1913-76). Zevon was raised a teenager in Fresno, California. His parents divorcing at age sixteen, he quit school and took off for New York City to become involved in the folk scene there, writing compositions and jingles while working as a studio musician. His initial LP, 'Wanted Dead or Alive', emerged in 1969. During the early seventies he toured with the Everly Brothers. He lived briefly in Spain in 1975 before returning to Los Angeles to record 'Warren Zevon' for release in 1976. That fared not so well, but 'Excitable Boy' per 1978 would go platinum. After 'Bad Luck Streak in Dancing School' in 1980 Zevon's albums largely fell off the charts until 'The Wind' per 2003 went gold, that his twelfth and final studio LP. Zevon had discovered he had cancer (pleural mesothelioma) in 2002, but chose to continue working rather than enter into iffy situations with doctors and the considerable inconvenience, to the degree of becoming a lifestyle, of treatments and pills. He died the next year in September less than two weeks after the August issue of 'The Wind' which won him two posthumous Grammy Awards. His ashes were dispersed over the Pacific Ocean near Los Angeles.

Warren Zevon   1969

   Wanted Dead Or Alive


Warren Zevon   1976

   Desperados Under the Eaves


Warren Zevon   1978

   Excitable Boy


Warren Zevon   1980

   Jungle Work

     LP: 'Bad Luck Streak In Dancing School'

   Live at the Capitol Theatre

     Filmed concert

Warren Zevon   1982

   The Envoy

     Filmed in Passaic NJ

   Live at the Capitol Theatre

     Filmed concert

Warren Zevon   1987

   The Factory

     LP: 'Sentimental Hygiene'

   Sentimental Hygiene

     LP: 'Sentimental Hygiene'

Warren Zevon   1989

   Lawyers, Guns and Money

     'Night Music with David Sanborn'

   Run Straight Down

     LP: 'Transverse City'

Warren Zevon   1993

   Mr Bad Example

     'David Letterman Show'

Warren Zevon   1995

   Rottweiler Blues

     'Sound FX'

Warren Zevon   2002

   Life'll Kill Ya Tour

      Filmed live


      LP: 'My Ride's Here'

   My Ride's Here

      'David Letterman Show'

Warren Zevon   2003

   Disorder In the House

      Music video with Bruce Springsteen

       LP: 'The Wind'

   Keep Me In Your Heart

      Music video   LP: 'The Wind'


Birth of Rock & Roll: Warren Zevon

Warren Zevon

Source: All Music
Birth of Rock & Roll: ZZ Top

ZZ Top

Photo: Ross Halfin

Source: Ultimate Classic Rock
ZZ Top was formed in Houston in 1969, named after blues vocalist, ZZ Hill, and BB King, "top" musician to the mind of guitarist/vocalist, Billy Gibbons. ZZ Top was another of the Southern rock bands which helped to deflate Queen Elizabeth's pretensions to rule rock and roll as a monarchy per the British Invasion. But Gibbons knew it took two dance so he formed ZZ Top to shock her into a more submissive stance during the Invasion, to the point that she has long since ceased to be known to have taken any role in it all. The Top were were at first organist, Lanier Greig, and drummer, Dan Mitchell. It was that configuration which issued 'Salt Lick'/'Miller's Farm' in 1969 on the Scat label (45-500). 'ZZ Top's First Album' in 1971, however, featured Dusty Hill on bass and keyboards, with Frank Beard on drums. That configuration had already issued the 45, '(Somebody Else Been) Shakin' Your Tree'/'Neighbor, Neighbor', in 1970 for London (45-138). The trio of Gibbons, Beard and Hill has stuck together to this day. The Queen thought ZZ Top was just another pack of American lapdogs, or so she told herself, the war having become so intense that even the Beatles, her top generals, retreated from action, disbanding in 1969-70. When ZZ Top issued 'Tres Hombres' in 1973 it had gold written on it. But Elizabeth was yet in a state of denial when 'Fandango! ('75) and 'Tejas' ('76) were issued, each to go gold ('Fandango' platinum in Canada), 'Degüello' in 1979 would go platinum, and the Queen would hang on to sanity by a thread, forced to resign as Supreme Commander by her generals who wished war no more, thinking it time to tour the United States as allies rather than enemies. ZZ Top itself first toured Europe in 1980, appearing in Germany on the 'Rockpalast' television program. The now demented Queen was well out of the way, left to cut Pay-Doh cookies into shapes like stars and bake them in the sun in the courtyard of her palace as therapy, when ZZ Top issued 'El Loco' in 1981 to go gold. She couldn't have cared less, she now living in the cobwebs of the good old days, when she had bands like the Stones to do her dirty work for her. In 1983 ZZ Top released 'Eliminator' which would go not platinum, but diamond. 'Afterburner' per 1985 would tick platinum five times. In 1990 'Recycler' would see platinum, as well as 'Antenna' ('94). Top remains a major American band to date, 'La Futura' going gold in Germany as late as 2012 and attaining to #6 on Billboard's album chart

ZZ Top   1969

   Miller's Farm

   Salt Lick

ZZ Top   1971

   ZZ Top's First Album


ZZ Top   1972

   Rio Grande Mud


ZZ Top   1973

   Tres Hombres


ZZ Top   1975



ZZ Top   1976



ZZ Top   1979



ZZ Top   1981

   El Loco


ZZ Top   1983



   Gimme All Your Lovin'

     Music video


     Music video

   Sharp Dressed Man

     Music video

ZZ Top   1985



   Rough Boy

     Music video

   Sleeping Bag

     Music video

ZZ Top   1990

   My Head's In Mississippi

     Music video



ZZ Top   1994


     LP: 'Antenna'


     LP: 'Antenna'

ZZ Top   1999



ZZ Top   2003

   Live in New Jersey

     Filmed concert



ZZ Top   2004


     Filmed at the Crossroads Guitar Festival

ZZ Top   2011

   Brown Sugar

     Filmed live

ZZ Top   2012

   La Futura


ZZ Top   2013

   Live at Bonnaroo

     Filmed concert



We suspend this section of the history of early Rock & Roll with ZZ Top. 1970 would see the first record releases by such as Jimmy Buffet, the Eagles, Funkadelic, the J Geils Band, Sugarloaf, and the soul group, the Stylistics. Following in 1971 were the initial issues of America, Commander Cody, the Doobie Brothers, Little Feat, the Manhattan Transfer, the New Riders of the Purple Sage and the R&B/soul acts, Bill Withers, Sister Sledge, and Mike Tyson's the Undisputed Truth.




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