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A Birth of Rock & Roll 4

A YouTube History of Music

The UK Beat

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



The All-Stars (Lee Curtis)    The All Stars (Cyril Davies)    The Applejacks

Cliff Bennett    Dave Berry    The Big Three    Blues Incorporated    Graham Bond    Graham Bonnet    Joe Brown    Pete Brown    The Bruvvers    The Bystanders
The Casuals    The Cockneys    Tony Crane    The Cruisers    The Cryin' Shames    Lee Curtis
The Dakotas    Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich    Cyril Davies    The Dominoes    The Drifters
Vince Eager
Georgie Fame   Adam Faith    Flaming Youth    The Fourmost    The Four Pennies    Billy Fury
Owen Gray
The Herd    The Honeycombs
The Iveys
Stu James    Peter Jay    The Jaywalkers
Kaleidoscope    Eden Kane    Johnny Kidd    Alexis Korner    Billy Kramer & the Dakotas
Freddy Lindquist    The Liverbirds    The Livin' Blues
Marmalade    Beryl Marsden    The Merseybeats    The Mojos    Lionel Morton
Anthony Phillips    The Pirates    Brian Poole    Jimmy Powell    The Pretty Things
Gerry Rafferty    The Rattles    Paul Raven    The Rebel Rousers    Cliff Richard    The Rockin' Berries    Paul & Barry Ryan
The Searchers    Sandie Shaw    Tony Sheridan    Millie Small    The Small Faces    Tommy Steele    Rory Storm    Swinging Blue Jeans
Kingsize Taylor    The Tremeloes
The Vernons Girls
Marty Wilde    Johnny Worth



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:



Cyril Davies

1956 Tommy Steele
1957 Adam Faith    Alexis Korner    Marty Wilde
1958 Blues Incorporated    Cliff Richard & the Drifters    Vince Eager    The Vernons Girls    Johnny Worth
1959 Joe Brown    Billy Fury    Johnny Kidd & the Pirates    Tony Sheridan
1960 Peter Jay    Eden Kane    Paul Raven    Rory Storm & the Hurricanes
1961 Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers    Graham Bond
1962 The All Stars (Cyril Davies)    The Bruvvers    Owen Gray    The Jaywalkers    Jimmy Powell    Millie Small    Brian Poole & the Tremeloes
1963 The All-Stars (Lee Curtis)    Dave Berry    The Big Three    Tony Crane    The Cruisers    Billy Kramer & the Dakotas    Kingsize Taylor & the Dominoes    Georgie Fame    The Fourmost    The Four Pennies    Beryl Marsden    The Merseybeats    Stu James & the Mojos    Lionel Morton    The Rockin' Berries    The Searchers    Swinging Blue Jeans
1964 The Applejacks    The Cockneys    The Honeycombs    The Liverbirds    Marmalade    The Pretty Things    The Rattles    Sandie Shaw
1965 The Casuals    Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich    The Herd    Paul & Barry Ryan    The Small Faces
1966 The Bystanders    Freddy Lindquist    The Cryin' Shames    Gerry Rafferty
1967 The Iveys    Kaleidoscope
1968 Graham Bonnet    The Livin' Blues    Anthony Phillips
1969 Pete Brown    Flaming Youth


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Merseyside County UK

Merseyside   Home to Merseybeat

Liverpool is at the indent of the red area northeast of Wales, Merseyside County, off the Irish Sea.

Source: Familypedia

This page concerns early rock n' roll in the United Kingdom, specifically, bands and musicians who were not a part of the "British Invasion," a term coined by Walter Cronkite on the evening news of the day the Beatles landed at Kennedy International Airport (February 7, 1964). The British invasion is described narrowly, in terms of chart domination, from 1964 to 1966, or broadly, including bands which aired or sold well in the United States whether or not they ever placed foot on American soil. The criterion for this history is the latter, arriving in America to play music, whether on tour or in some other way. However, though this page lists only bands and musicians who made their first record releases before 1970, we also recognize the British invasion's longer era, extending well into the seventies to include both early heavy metal and punk rock. For early American rock n' roll we refer you to Rock 1 (boogie woogie, jump blues, rhythm and blues), Rock 7 (contributions to rock by musicians of other musical genres), Rock 2 (doo wop), Rock 3 (the explosion of rock n' roll in the fifties) and Rock 5 (the British invasion). Before we continue, as I've not necessarily made Liverpool or Merseybeat a point, Merseybeat proper refers to Liverpool bands, as the River Mersey flows along its banks. The Beatles in Rock 5, for instance, were from Liverpool. It didn't take long before bands were described as Merseybeat, regardless where they came from, if that's what they sounded like. There was a brief period when records sold better by calling them Merseybeat. Per the map to the left is Merseyside County where Merseybeat originated, just northeast of Wales. Liverpool is at the indent of the red area off the Irish Sea, a couple hundred miles from London. Mercseybeat in the UK was preceded by skiffle, a British revival of folk and jug band music popular in America in the twenties and thirties. What chart information given on this page is culled from MUSIC VF, using the New Musical Express Chart from 1952 to 1960, Music Week thereafter.


  The earliest recording known by harmonica player Cyril Davies (born 1932) is 'KC Moan', recorded at his home in 1954. Not found for this history, that song was released several decades later in 1997 on a CD titled 'Knights of the Blues Table'. Davies' next recordings occurred in 1955, playing banjo with Steve Lane's Southern Stompers: 'Heah Me Talkin' and 'Tennessee Twilight', neither found. Davies also formed his own group in 1955 with Alexis Korner, a skiffle and blues ensemble. ("Skiffle" is a term for jug band music that had originated in the deep South of the United States. Jug bands often used makeshift instruments such as cigar boxes, saws, kazoos, washboards, combs and, well, jugs. A good example of an American jug band is the Memphis Jug Band in Blues 2. "Skiffle" was also a slang term for rent parties: social gatherings with a fee toward the purpose of paying the rent. Among its first known uses is in 1925 by jazz clarinetist Jimmy O'Bryant who had a band called the Chicago Skifflers. Ma Rainey also used the term to describe her repertoire. By the forties the term had largely fallen out of usage in America, "jug band music" what stuck. But the term came to revival in the fifties in the UK. Though not very popular either in America or Britain, no small number of British musicians on UK pages began their careers performing skiffle. In America singer James Brown put together a skiffle band while in jail for stealing a car as a youth, utilizing such as tubs for instruments.) In 1956 Davies recorded a number of songs with Beryl Bryden's Backroom Skiffle Group: 'Kansas City Blues', 'Casey Jones', 'This Train' and 'Rock Me', none found. He then recorded at least nine songs the same year year with the Alexis Korner Breakdown Group: 'Leaving Blues', 'Rotten Break', 'Alberta', 'Roundhouse Stomp', 'Skip to My Lou', 'Good Morning', 'Bol Weevil', 'Ella Speed' and 'Streamline Train', again none found. In 1957 Davies released 'Kid Man', 'County Jail' and 'Easy Rider' with the Alexis Korner Skiffle Group, repeated in 1958 with the addition of 'I Ain't Gonna Worry No More', again none found. In 1958 he appeared with Blues Incorporated on 'Sail On', 'National Defence Blues', 'Go Down Sunshine' and 'Death Letter', none found. Likewise unfound are his releases with the Roundhouse Jug Four in 1961: 'KC Moan', 'Hesitation Blues', 'It's the Same Thing' and 'Short Leg Shuffle'. Not until 1962 did Davies release any recordings to be found on YouTube, that is, one, again with Blues Incorporated: 'Hoochie Coochie Man' ('She Fooled Me' unfound). Upon leaving Blues Incorporated in 1962 Davies formed the All Stars, all cuts below, excepting 'Hoochie Coochie Man', with that band. Unfortunately Davies died of endocarditis (or possibly leukemia) at the young age of 31 in 1964. Long John Baldry then took charge, changing the band's name to the Hoochie Coochie Men.

Cyril Davies   1962

   Hoochie Coochie Man

      With Blues Incorporated

Cyril Davies & the All Stars   1963

   Chicago Calling

   Country Line Special

   Got My Mojo Working

      Live with Long John Baldry

   Preaching the Blues

   Someday Baby

   See See Rider

      Live with Long John Baldry

      Traditional composition

      First recording 1925 by Ma Rainey


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Cyril Davies

Cyril Davies

Source: Literatura

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Tommy Steele

Tommy Steele

Source: Film Star Postcards

Born Thomas William Hicks in 1934, Tommy Steele was a debate as whether to include in this history, as he was a manufactured talent among Great Britain's Elvis Presley imitators, who rocked a couple years, then shifted toward popular showmanship bearing no resemblance at all to rock and roll, Merseybeat, blues, rhythm and blues or even popularized jazz. Yet Steele was hugely popular in the UK, and is oft credited with bringing rock and roll to the island, howsoever in carbon. Steele had been a merchant seaman who played banjo and guitar in skiffle coffee houses during leave. While docked in Norfolk, Virginia, Steele saw a performance by Buddy Holly (another account says Elvis Presley), whence upon he decided to trade skiffle for rock n roll. While yet Tommy Hicks, Steele formed his first band, the Cavemen, in 1956. He then changed his name and his band became the Steelmen, making their first record release the same year: 'Rock With the Caveman' backed with 'Rock Around the Town', followed by 'Doomsday Rock' b/w 'Elevator Rock'.

Tommy Steele   1956

   Doomsday Rock

      Second release Side A

   Elevator Rock

      Second release Side B

   Rock Around the Town

      First release Side B

   Rock With the Caveman

      First release Side A

Tommy Steele   1957



   A Handul of Songs

Tommy Steele   1958

   I Puts the Lightie On


Tommy Steele   1959

   Little White Bull

   Where's the Birdie


Tommy Steele   1960

   What a Mouth

Tommy Steele   1966

   Two of a Kind

      Television performance with Gene Kelly

Tommy Steele   1979

   Bridge Over Troubled Water

      Live on the Parkinson Show

Tommy Steele   1992

   Some Like It Hot

      Live on Aspel

Tommy Steele   2004

   Rock and Roll Medley

      Live on the Royal Variety Show


  Pop rock vocalist Adam Faith (born 1940) first recorded in 1957, appearing on the BBC television program, Six Five Special (unfound). His debut record release was in 1958: '(Got a) Heartsick Feeling' backed by 'Brother Heartache and Sister Tears'. Faith placed ten titles in the UK Singles Top Ten during his career. 'What Do You Want?' in 1959 and 'Poor Me' in 1960 topped the charts at #1. Faith's major contribution to the British invasion was 'It's Alright', which reached Billnoard's Top 40 in the States in 1964 at #31. Faith had also been an actor. By the eighties he was working as a financial advisor and investor, writing articles as a financial journalist for 'Daily Mail' in the latter eighties. It isn't known if Faith made anyone any money (as financial advisors go), but his investments in UK's 'Money Channel' wrought bankruptcy in 2002 with bills worth 32 million pounds ($50,000,000 US). Faith died of heart attack in 2003. Wikipedia reports his last words to be "Channel 5 is all shit, isn't it? Christ, the crap they put on there. It's a waste of space." A number of the tracks below are live.

Adam Faith   1958

   Brother Heartache and Sister Tears

   Country Music Holiday

   (Got a) Heartsick Feeling

   High School Confidential

Adam Faith   1959

   Poor Little Baby

Adam Faith   1960

   Made You

   Poor Me

   Poor Me

   The Time Has Come

Adam Faith   1964

   It's All Right

Adam Faith   1969

   What Do You Want/Someone Else's Baby

Adam Faith   1993

   Squeeze Box


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Adam Faith

Adam Faith

Source: Flickr/Bradford Timeline

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Alexis Korner

Alexis Korner

Source: Anatolian Rock

Born in Paris, guitarist Alexis Korner (Koerner, born 1928) spent his childhood in Switzerland and North Africa as well, until arriving in London in 1940 with his parents at age twelve. Korner's first recordings occurred in 1957 with a band he had formed called the Breakdown Group. Those tunes were 'Leaving Blues', 'Rotten Break', 'Alberta', 'Roundhouse Stomp', 'Skip to My Lou', 'Good Morning', 'Bol Weevil', 'Ella Speed' and 'Streamline Train' on an LP called 'Blues From the Roundhouse'. Korner next formed the Alexis Korner Skiffle Group, recording 'Kid Man', 'County Jail' and 'Easy Rider' in 1957 (said to have been released much later in 1984 by Krazy Kat Records), followed by a 78 in 1958 bearing 'County Jail', 'I Ain't Gonna Worry No More', 'Easy Rider' and 'Kid Man' (Tempo Records). That same year he formed Blues Incorporated, his first releases with that group in 1958 as well: 'Sail On', 'National Defence Blues', 'Go Down Sunshine' and 'Death Letter' (Tempo Records). Unfortunately none of those early recordings are found. Not until 1962 does Korner appear on a You Tube presentation. Though Korner toured in Europe where he was widely popular he never made to the States, dying at the relatively young age of 55, of lung cancer, in 1984. Several of the later recordings below are live.

Alexis Korner   1962

   Gotta Move/Keep Your Hands Off

      With Blues Incorporated

   Hoochie Coochie Man

      With Blues Incorporated

       Featuring Cyril Davies

   I'm Built For Comfort

      With Blues Incorporated

Alexis Korner   1964

   The Night Time Is the Right Time

      With Blues Incorporated

Alexis Korner   1967

   Watermelon Man

Alexis Korner   1969

   Stormy Monday/Night Train

      Album: 'Meet You There'

Alexis Korner   1971

   Clay House Inn

   Frankie Diamond

Alexis Korner   1972

   Lo and Behold

Alexis Korner   1974

   Get Off My Cloud

   Midnight Special

Alexis Korner   1975

   One Scotch, One Bourbon, One Beer

      Filmed live with Steve Marriott

   Slow Down

      Filmed live with Steve Marriott

   You Are My Sunshine

   Wasp (Texas Radio)

      Original composition: The Doors


     Filmed live

Alexis Korner   1983

   Hoochie Coochie Man

     Filmed live 


  Born Reginald Leonard Smith in 1939, Marty Wilde (renamed by impresario, Larry Parnes, in 1957), is thought to have first recorded in 1957 with a cover of the Bob Merrill composition, 'Honeycomb'. Though Wilde went unknown in the United States he was among Great Britain's favorite early rockers with his band, the Wildcats. He placed six titles in the Top Ten of the UK Singles Chart during his career, his first in 1958 with 'Endless Sleep' (#4), his last 'Rubber Ball' in 1969 (#9).

Marty Wilde   1957


Marty Wilde   1959

   Bad Boy

   Splish Splash

   Teenager In Love

      Television performance

Marty Wilde   1961

   Come Running

   Hide & Seek

   Rubber Ball

      Television performance with Cliff Richard

Marty Wilde   1962


Marty Wilde   2007

   Do You Wanna Dance

      Filmed live


      Filmed live


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Marty Wilde

Marty Wilde

Source: Rok Pool

  It was 1958 when Harry Webb decided he needed a backup band and formed the Drifters, changing his name to Cliff Richard the same year. Cliff Richard & the Drifters (not to be confused with Clyde McPhatter's earlier doo wop Drifters in the States) released their first recording in 1958: 'Move It' with 'Schoolboy Crush' B side. The Drifters also released two records of their own without Richards in 1959: 'Don't be a Fool With Love' backed by 'Feelin' Fine' and 'Jet Black' backed with Saturday Dance'. The Drifters became the Shadows in 1959 to avoid confusion with an American doo-wop band by that name. Though Richard released several top singles in the United States he didn't develop much of an audience in America. As his career progressed in the United Kingdom Richard would woo the more popular than rock oriented audience. The Drifters didn't visit America. But the next band by which Richard distinguished himself, the Shadows, would. At the bottom of the list below is a television performance of Cliff Richard with the Peter Crawford Trio in 1960.

Cliff Richard & the Drifters   1958

   High Class Baby

   Move It/Schoolboy Crush

      First release   Sides A & B

   Summertime Blues

The Drifters   1959

   Don't be a Fool With Love

      First release   Side B


      Second release   Side B


      Film: 'Expresso Bondo'

   Feelin' Fine

      First release   Side A

   Jet Black

      Second release   Side A

      Released in America as the Four Jets

   Livin' Lovin' Doll

   Lonesome Fella

   Saturday Dance

Cliff Richard   1960

   My Grandfather's Clock

      With the Peter Crawford Trio


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Cliff Richard & the Drifters

Cliff Richard and the Drifters

Source: Daily Mail

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Vince Eager

Vince Eager

Source: Rock'n'Roll-Schallplatten

Singer Vince Eager (born Roy Taylor in 1940) formed his first group, the Harmonica Vagabonds, later the Vagabonds Skiffle Group, as a teenager. He began appearing on various television broadcasts at age eighteen, the same year he released his first recordings. His name was changed by impresario, Larry Parnes, though I've no notion what makes Vince Eager more hip than Roy Taylor. Edits below for years 2011 and 2012 are live. As sometimes occurs in these histories, the audio is begging. Who have the software will want to do some engineering.

Vince Eager   1958

   Blue Ribbon Baby

   Buzz Buzz Buzz

   Five Days

   Gum Drop

   Soda Pop Pop

   Yea Yea

   No More

Vince Eager   1959

   El Paso

   I Know What I Want

Vince Eager   1963

   Any Time Is the Right Time

Vince Eager   2011

   Gum Drop

Vince Eager   2012

   Gum Drop

   Midnight Special

   Summertime Blues



Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Vernons Girls

The Vernons Girls

To the right sells Poo-Pourri now

Source: Flickr/Family Cat

It remains unclear just when the Vernons Girls were first founded (some time in the early fifties), originally to advertise Vernons Football Pools. Thus at first a commercial pop ensemble, they eventually began to sway on the waves of rock and roll as a choir of sixteen members which would gradually be whittled down to three, Maureen Kennedy its lead member. They began appearing on UK television with notoriety in 1958, the same year their first record was released: 'Lost And Found'/ 'White Bucks And Saddle Shoes' (neither found). They next released 'Jealous Heart'/ 'Now Is The Month Of Maying' in 1959 (neither found). Nor is their third release (1959), 'Don't Look Now But'/'Who Are They To Say?' found. Nigh all the girls in the 16-member ensemble would continue careers in music, perhaps most notable being Maggie Stredder, who would move on to become a founding member of the Ladybirds in the early sixties, and Jean Owen who would begin a successful solo career as Samantha Jones in 1964. The Vernons Girls were far from a steaming rhythm and blues group, but their act as they lightly bobbed along the wake of early rock n roll was an absolute delight.

The Vernons Girls   1959

   Don't Look Now But

      Television show: 'Oh Boy!'

   I Had a Dream

      Television show: 'Oh Boy!'

The Vernons Girls   1960

   We Like Boys

The Vernons Girls   1961

   Anniversary Song

   Ten Little Lonely Boys

The Vernons Girls   1962

   Dat's Love

   Funny All Over

   Lover Please

   You Know I Mean

The Vernons Girls   1963

   Hey Lover Boy


   Tomorrow Is Another Day

   We Love the Beatles

The Vernons Girls   1964

   It's a Sin to Tell a Lie

   Only You Can Do It


  Born Yani Panakos Paraskeva Skoradalides (also known as Les Vandyke and John Worsely), Johnny Worth wisely diced his name into something more manageable after release from national service, with intent to become a singer and songwriter, both which he accomplished to great success. Worth first worked in pubs until he joined the Oscar Rabin jazz band with which he first recorded (none found) and with which he kept for five years, after which he joined the Raindrops. It was while working with Oscar Rabin that Worth made his first solo recordings in 1958, several among them below. Worth was a prolific songwriter, Adam Faith notable among the musicians to whom he contributed numerous compositions. Howsoever, Worth would come to more emphasize the popular portion of the pop rock formula.

Johnny Worth   1958


   Ginger Bread

   Tom Dooley


Johnny Worth   1959

   A Fool Such As I

   Idle On Parade

   I Got Stung

   Mean Streak

Johnny Worth   1960

   Oh Carol


   How About That


   Nine Times Out Of Ten

   Pretty Blue Eyes

   A Voice In the Wilderness


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Johnny Worth

Johnny Worth

Source: John Barry

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Joe Brown

Joe Brown

Photo: Judy Totton

Source: Western Morning News

Among the more talented of early UK rockers was Joe Brown (born 1941). Playing guitar, ukulele, mandolin, fiddle and banjo, Brown formed his first band, a skiffle ensemble called the Spacemen, in 1956. Brown seemed more to indulge in early rock n roll as an amusement for the fun of it while honing his instrumental skills, with a taste for country, otherwise. He didn't even bother to change his name to sound more hep, as was the practice in early UK beat. Plain Joe Brown released his first record in 1959, 'People Gotta Talk' backed by 'Comes the Day'. He used session musicians for backing until 1962 when touring necessitated he form his own group, the Bruvvers. In 1972 Brown put together another band called Brown's Home Brew. For a musician of no mean ability who released a prolific amount of material YouTube is remarkably bare. Several live performances below

Joe Brown   1959

   Comes the Day

      First release   Side B

   People Gotta Talk

      First release   Side A

Joe Brown   1960

   The Darktown Strutters Ball


Joe Brown   1962

   It Only Took A Minute

    'Pops & Lenny' television broadcast

   A Picture of You

Joe Brown   1963

   Castin' My Spell


   The Spanish Bit

   What a Crazy World We're Living In

Joe Brown   1994

   He Can't Hold Still

Joe Brown   2002

   Killing the Blues

    Filmed live

Joe Brown   2008

   I'll See You In My Dreams

    Filmed live

   Long Gone

    Filmed live


  When Elvis Presley swept England in 1956 there immediately arose a number of mimicking showmen to ride the rock and roll wave for a brief time (a few to great popularity) before moving onward with careers that bore small resemblance. Such were tailored acts from their names to their Presley sneers, and Billy Fury (born Ronald Wycherley in 1940) was one of them. With the exception that Fury was indeed a talent all by himself. Presley or no Presley, Holly or no Holly, Fury was committed to music, this reflected as well in his early pursuit of pop, showing he had small interest in becoming a doll dressed in rock and roll gimmicks, such as black leather jackets [OK, so I'm pooping on the party] and sentiments such as rebellious youth [OK, so I've got a bad attitude]. Musicians who pursue the popular genre are oft cited for lack of originality. In Fury's case it was something the other way around. In an industry which concern was to pop the next heartthrob from the oven modeled after the last, Fury pretty much did his own thing as he might. His first record release was 'Maybe Tomorrow' in 1959. Between 1960 and 1965 Fury placed 10 titles in the Top Ten of the UK Singles Chart, his first, 'Collette' at #9, his last 'It's Thoughts of You' in July of '65. Fury's last release was 'Let Me Go Lover' b/w 'Forget Him' in 1983, Fury dying that year, only age 42, of heart attack.

Billy Fury   1959

   Maybe Tomorrow

Billy Fury   1960

   Don't Jump

   Don't Leave Me This Way

Billy Fury   1961

   Halfway to Paradise


   Low Down Blues

      Live at BBC

   Open Your Arms

Billy Fury   1962

   Last Night Was Made For Love

   Play It Cool

Billy Fury   1963

   I'd Never Find Another You

      Live performance

   In Summer

Billy Fury   1964

   I Will

      Live performance

   Nothin' Shakin'

      Live at BBC

   It's Only Make Believe

Billy Fury   1965

   Find Your Dream

      Film: 'I've Got a Horse'

Billy Fury   1971

   At This Stage

Billy Fury   1972

   Will The Real Man Please Stand Up

Billy Fury   1982

   Devil or Angel

   Let Me Go Lover

Billy Fury   1983

   Forget Him


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Billy Fury

Furious Billy Fury

Source: Leaks Blog

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Johnny Kidd & the Pirates

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1965

Source: VOX AC100

Beat vocalist Johnny Kidd first recorded with the Pirates in 1959: 'Please Don't Touch'. Original personnel were Brian Gregg on bass, Clem Cattini on drums and Alan Caddy on guitar. The group would see numerous personnel changes beginning in '61. The Pirates went nowhere at all in America in terms of the British invasion. They were greatly successful, however, in Germany where many British beat and Merseybeat groups found "foreign" venue. In the UK itself Johnny Kidd & the Pirates twice scored in the Top Ten of the Singles Chart: 'Shakin' All Over' in June of 1960 at #1 and 'I'll Never Get Over You' in 1963 at #4. Kidd was only age 30 when he was killed in a head-on auto collision, he a passenger, in 1966. The Pirates continued onward in various configurations, releasing occasional albums into the new millennium, their last in 2006 (none original members). The Pirates were permanently dismantled upon the death of Mick Green in 2010. Green had been with the Pirates since 1962, in time to appear on 'A Shot of Rhythm and Blues' b/w 'I Can Tell'.

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1959

   Hungry For Love

   Please Don't Touch

      First release

   I Can Tell

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1960

   Shakin' All Over

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1961

   Let's Talk About Us

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1962

   I Want That

   A Shot of Rhythm and Blues

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1963

   I'll Never Get Over You

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1964

   Dr. Feelgood

   Jealous Girl

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1965

   Cross My Heart

   Shakin' All Over

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1978

   Please Don't Bring Me Down

      Recorded 1961

Johnny Kidd & the Pirates   1990

   Some Other Guy

      Recorded 1963


  Guitarist and singer Tony Sheridan formed his first band at age sixteen. Though the band played for half a year at a club in London called the Two I's, Sheridan also struggled with homelessness until salvation arrived at age eighteen upon landing employment as a guitarist for the 'Oh Boy' television show. It was 1960 when Sheridan met the future Beatles, and 1961 when they made their first four recordings with him as the Beat Brothers. (Pete Best, not Ringo Starr, was drummer at the time.) 'My Bonnie' and 'The Saints' appear among the tracks below. 'Ain't She Sweet' and 'Cry For a Shadow', an instrumental, appear under the Beatles in Rock 6 because they were recorded minus Sheridan. Though Sheridan didn't tour the United States he did perform for the allies in Vietnam in 1967, which was a touch on the dangerous side, as one of the musicians in his band was killed by enemy fire during a concert. Sheridan was later made an honorary captain in the United States Army for his contributions to the troops. He died in February of 2013 in Hamburg upon hear surgery.

Tony Sheridan   1959

   I Like It

      'Oh Boy' television show

   Move It

      'Oh Boy' television show

Tony Sheridan   1962

   My Bonnie

      With the Beat Brothers (Beatles)

   The Saints

      With the Beat Brothers (Beatles)

   Sweet Georgia Brown

      With the Beat Brothers (Beatles)

   Take Out Some Insurance

      With the Beat Brothers (Beatles)


      With the Beat Brothers (Beatles)

   Ya Ya

      Live with the Beat Brothers (Beatles)

Tony Sheridan   1963

   Skinny Minnie

Tony Sheridan   1974

   Skinny Minny/Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On

      Filmed live

Tony Sheridan   1992

   Skinny Minny

      Filmed live

Tony Sheridan   2011

   Blue Suede Shoes

      Filmed live in Paris

   My Bonnie

      Filmed live


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Johnny Kidd & the Pirates

Tony Sheridan

Source: Fab 4 Historia

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Peter Jay & the Jaywalkers

Peter Jay and the Jaywalkers

The earliest found recording for drummer Peter Jay (born 1944) is in 1960, with the Blue Men, the same year he founded the Jaywalkers with Peter Miller (lead guitar), Tony Webster (rhythm guitar), Mac McIntyre (tenor saxophone/flute), Lloyd Baker (piano/baritone saxophone), Geoff Moss (acoustic bass) and Johnny Larke (electric bass). The Jaywalkers released their first recording, 'Can Can 62' in 1962, that initiative brought together for Decca Records by famous producer and songwriter, Joe Meek. (Meek handled a number of the musical enterprises on this page before his suicide by shotgun after killing his landlady.) The Jaywalkers never made it to America, disbanding in September 1966 after a tour of the United Kingdom with Ike & Tina Turner, the Rolling Stones and the Yardbirds. Pete Miller (replaced in 1965 by Terry Reid) moved onward to a solo career (as did Reid). Peter Jay would purchase and restore the Great Yarmouth Hippodrome in Norfolk in the latter seventies with his father.

Peter Jay & the Blue Men   1960

   I'm Just Too Late/Friendship

Peter Jay & the Jaywalkers   1962

   Can Can 62


Peter Jay & the Jaywalkers   1963


   Kansas City/Parade of the Tin Soldiers

   Totem Pole

   Oo La La

Peter Jay & the Jaywalkers   1964

   Where Did Our Love Go

   You Girl/If You Love Me

Peter Jay & the Jaywalkers   1965

   Before the Beginning

   Parchman Farm


  Eden Kane was born Richard Graham Sarstedt in New Delhi in 1940 to civil servant parents. Upon his father's death in 1954 his mother brought him and his siblings to England. It was a talent contest that he had won that gained him a contact to sing an advertising jingle for Cadbury Enterprises, which would become B side to his first record release in 1960, 'You Make Love So Well' backed by 'Hot Chocolate Crazy'. However, not before one of his managers, Michael Barclay, changed his name to Eden Kane. ("Eden" in reference to the Biblical garden, "Kane" because 'Citizen Kane' was Barclay's favorite movie.) Kane placed five titles in the Top Ten of the UK Singles Chart during his career:

'Well I Ask You'
   June #1 UK #119 US
'Get Lost'
   September #10 UK
'Forget Me Not'
   January #3 UK
'I Don't Know Why'
   May #7 UK
'Boys Cry'
   February #8 UK

Alike other early British musicians Kane went largely unknown in the United States, as touring agents at the time often believed it better to send musicians to Europe, down under to Australia and New Zealand, or Asia (such as Japan). Kane got booked for Australia but not the States. He would, however, migrate to California and become a record producer after his career as a singer rolled to a stop. He has later recorded variously in the States and Australia, thought to reside in Los Angeles as of this writing.

Eden Kane   1960

   Hot Chocolate Crazy

      First release   Side B

   You Make Love So Well

      First release   Side A

Eden Kane   1961

   Before I Lose My Mind

   I'm Telling You

   Well I Ask You

Eden Kane   1962

   Forget Me Not

   House to Let

   I Don't Know Why

   My Little Sue

   A New Kind of Lovin'

Eden Kane   1964

   Boys Cry

   Rain Go Away


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Eden Kane

Eden Kane

Source: Discogs

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Paul Raven

Paul Raven

Source: Discogs
Born Paul Francis Gadd in 1944 in Banbury, Oxfordshire, Paul Raven (not to be mistaken with the deceased Killing Joke bassist) was performing in clubs by age sixteen, his mother having moved to London. Changing his name to Raven, he released his first material: 'Alone In the Night/'Too Proud' in 1960. He quickly landed a spot on television ('Cool For Cats)' and a role in the film, 'Stranger In the City' before joining the Rebels to tour Europe. In 1961 Raven issued 'Walk On Boy' and 'Tower of Strength', neither of which prevented him from having to do television commercials until joining the Mike Leander Show Band in 1965. Later that year he formed the Boston International with saxophonist, John Rossall. In 1967 Raven toured the Middle East. In 1968 he released the titles, 'Musical Man', 'Soul Thing', 'Stand' and 'We'll Go Where The World Can't Find Us' (not necessarily in that order). He changed his moniker to Paul Monday for a brief time in 1969, releasing such as 'Musical Man', 'Here Comes the Sun' and 'We All Live In One Place'. Raven changed his name to Gary Glitter in 1971, which history is in British Invasion.

Paul Raven   1960

   Alone In the Night

Paul Raven   1961

   All Grown Up

   Tower Of Strength

   Walk On Boy

Paul Raven   1968

   Musical Man

   Soul Thing

Paul Monday   1969

   Here Comes the Sun



Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Rory Storm & the Hurricanes

Rory Storm & the Hurricanes

Source: Musicastória

Born Alan Caldwell, singer Rory Storm changed his name when the skiffle group he had formed in 1958, the Texans (originally Dracula and the Werewolves), transitioned toward rock n roll, becoming the Hurricanes. The Hurricanes disbanded in 1967 after lead guitarist, Ty O’Brien, collapsed on stage and later died due to complications upon an appendicitis operation. Storm moved on to become a disc jockey as well as water skiing instructor, until he was found dead with his mother in September 1972. His and his mother's deaths remain among the mysteries of rock and roll. Storm had a chest condition making it difficult for him to breathe. He thus used alcohol and sleeping pills to help him sleep. Post mortem, however, determined that he hadn't used enough of either to kill him. As for his mother, it isn't known whether her overdose was accidental or suicidal, perhaps upon grief of discovering her son dead.

Rory Storm & the Hurricanes   1960

   All American Boy

   Brand New Cadillac


   Rip It Up

   Train to Nowhere


Rory Storm & the Hurricanes   1963

   Beautiful Dreamer

   Dr. Feelgood

   I Can Tell

   I Can Tell

      Filmed at the Cavern

Rory Storm & the Hurricanes   1964


   Since You Broke My Heart



Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers

Cliff Bennett

Source: 45RPM

Cliff Bennett put together the first version of the Rebel Rousers in 1959. Their first record release was in 1961 with Parlophone: 'You've Got What I Like/I'm In Love With You', followed the same year by 'That's What I Said'/'When I Get Paid'. The Rebel Rousers twice breached the Top Ten of the UK Singles Chart during its existence: 'One Way Love' in February of 1964 at #9 and 'Got to Get You Into My Life' August of 1966 at #6. The Rebel Rousers' last record release occurred in 1967, after which Bennett formed the Cliff Bennett Band. For slightly later Cliff Bennett per the British Invasion see Seventies Rock.

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1961

   I'm In Love With You

      First release   Side B

   That's What I Said

      Second release   Side A

   When I Get Paid

      Second release   Side B

   You've Got What I Like

      First release   Side A

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1962

   Hurtin' Inside

      Third release   Side B

   Poor Joe

      Third release   Side A

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1963

   You've Really Got a Hold On Me

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1964

   Beautiful Dreamer

   One Way Love

   Slow Down

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1965

   Do You Love Him?

   Mercy Mercy

   I'll Take You Home

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1966

   Another Saturday Night

   Got To Get You Into My Life

   I Have Cried My Last Tear

   Three Rooms With Running Water

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers   1967

   I'm Sorry

   I Take What I Want

Cliff Bennett Band   1968

   Take Your Time

   You're Breaking Me Up


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers

Cliff Bennett & the Rebel Rousers

Source: MP3 XL

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Graham Bond

Graham Bond   1973

Photo: Paul Olsen

Source: Paul Olsen

Keyboardist, vocalist and sax man Graham Bond was born in 1939 in Romford, Essex. He began his career in music in 1960 by joining the Goudie Charles Quintet. He stayed with that group for a year before making his earliest known recordings in 1961 with the Don Rendell New Jazz Quartet, appearing on the album 'Roarin' (not found). Bond played briefly with Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated before forming and recording with the Graham Bond Quartet: Ginger Baker on drums, Jack Bruce on double bass, John McLaughlin on guitar and Bond at organ. The group was renamed the Graham Bond Organization and may have first recorded as such in 1964, backing singer Winston Gork (Johnny Apollo) on the tunes 'Please Don't Say' and 'Like a Baby' (neither found). The band's first release in its own name was 'Long Tall Shorty' backed by 'Long Legged Baby' in 1964. The Graham Bond Organization was riddled with troubles from substance abuse to inability between Bond and Bruce to get along (resulting in Bruce being fired in 1965). The group garnered commercial success sufficient only to keep the band rolling until it dissolved in 1967. Bond then moved to America where he did session work before returning to England in '69 to form the Graham Bond Initiation. All tracks below for years 1964 through 1966 are with the Graham Bond Organization. During the early seventies Bond spent some time in Ginger Baker's Air Force, also recording with Pete Brown. One sign things had been getting rough for Bond was a nervous breakdown in January of 1973 that put him in a hospital. It's common knowledge that his career had long since been running against the wind due to drug addiction. An attempt to form a group called the Magus in 1973 met frustration. Bond died in May of 1974 when he was run over by the Piccadilly subway train in London. Other theories exist, but his death is generally ascribed to suicide. Tracks are chronological by year only, alphabetical thereafter.

Graham Bond   1963

   I Saw Her Standing There

      Graham Bond Quartet with Duffy Power

Graham Bond   1964

   First Time I Met The Blues

   Long Legged Baby

   Long Tall Shorty

   Wade In The Water/Big Boss Man


   Early In The Morning


Graham Bond   1965

   Got My Mojo Working

   I Want You

   Lease On Love

   Little Girl

   Neighbor Neighbor

   Tell Me

   Wade In the Water

   Walking In the Park

   Hoochie Coochie Man

    Filmed live with Ginger Baker

Graham Bond   1966

   St. James Infirmary

Graham Bond   1969

   Love Is the Law

   Water, Water

Graham Bond   1970

   Green Onions

   The Magician

   Praise/City of Light/The Qabalistic Cross Aumgu

Graham Bond   1971


   Twelve Gates To the City

Graham Bond   1972

   Lost Tribe

      Live with Pete Brown


  Owen Gray was from Jamaica and performed ska. (See Millie Small lower on this page as well.) Gray would emigrate to Great Britain in 1962 (age 18) and stay put a while (aside from touring and travel). He would eventually live in New Orleans before returning to Jamaica, then settle in Miami some time in the eighties. Gray was the second artist to record with Island Records, founded in Jamaica in 1959 by Chris Blackwell, relocating to the UK in 1962. (The first to record with Island was Lord Creator). After his initial recordings with Island Gray would also record on the Blue Beat label, a subdivision of Melodisc Records in London, created in 1960 to specialize in Caribbean music. (Blue beat is another term for ska.) Though Bob Marley and Peter Tosh are generally the big names credited with the creation of reggae, Owen was also a contributor. He can also be heard singing duets with Millie Small lower on this page.

Owen Gray   1962

   Best Twist

   Grandma Grandpa

      Cariboo blank

   Midnight Track


      First release   Side A

   Twist Baby

      First release   Side B

Owen Gray   1967

   Give Me Little Sign

Owen Gray   1969

   I Really Love You Baby

Owen Gray   1971


Owen Gray   1973

   Tumblin' Dice

Owen Gray   1975

   Time After Time

Owen Gray   1977


Owen Gray   1990

   Feeling High

Owen Gray   2003

   Let's Start All Over


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Owen Gray

Owen Gray

Source: Reggae Vibes

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Jimmy Powell

Jimmy Powell

Source: Birmingham Music Archive

Singer Jimmy Powell (born 1942) began his professional career with the Rockin' Berries in 1961. He left that band before recording anything with it upon acquiring a recording contract resulting in his first releases in 1962. In need of a backup band he discovered the Dimensions in 1963, formed in London the previous year, now to be christened the Five Dimensions. (Rod Stewart, who had begun his career as an harmonica player, was briefly part of both bands, leaving the Five Dimensions because Powell wouldn't let him sing.) The Five Dimensions split apart in 1966, after which Powell put together the Dimensions, played with Coventry, put the Dimensions together again, released two solo albums ('Come On Down To My House' in 1969, followed by 'Hold On' in 1973), then performed local gigs with a group called the Survivors while working part-time as a furniture store manager.

Jimmy Powell   1962

   Dance Her By Me

      Second release   Side B

   Sugar Babe Part 1 & 2

      First release   Sides A & B

    As the Five Dimensions

   Tom Hark

      Second release   Side A

Jimmy Powell & the Five Dimensions   1964

   I'm Looking For A Woman

      First release   Side B

   That's Alright

      First release   Side A

Jimmy Powell & the Five Dimensions   1966

   I Can Go Down

Jimmy Powell   1973

   Talking Progressive Blues

      Album: 'Hold On'


  The Caribbean: Calypso (see Harry Belafonte in A Birth of Folk Music) originated in Tobago and Trinidad, both near the coast of Venezuela. Mentos originated in Jamaica, just south of Cuba, just west of Haiti (what a few say Belafonte's calypso really was). Ska was, formally, developed out of mentos, therefore is native to Jamaica, but also borrows from calypso, jazz and rhythm and blues. Another term for ska was blue beat (hence Blue Beat Records, under Owen Gray above.) Rocksteady is slow tempo ska, developed into reggae by such as Bob Marley and Peter Tosh. Ska is what Millie Small (usually known as but Millie), from Jamaica, did. Born in Clarendon, Jamaica, in 1946, Small's first vinyl release was a duo with Roy Panton in 1962, 'We'll Meet', on the A side of a record shared with Roland Alphonso on B side, released again in 1963 as B side to 'Never Say Goodbye'. Her second release was a duo with Owen Gray the same year (1962), 'Sugar Plum', as B side to a record shared with Gray on A side. Both were recorded at Island Records in Jamaica. Millie would record a few more singles in Jamaica until her first excursion to London, about age 17, with the purpose of recording there. In March 1964 'My Boy Lollipop' peaked at #2 not only on the UK Singles Chart, but both Billboard's R&B and US charts. 'Sweet William' achieved #30 in the UK and #40 on Billboard's R&B and US charts in June of 1964. Small would eventually make Britain her home, albeit she lived in Singapore a couple of years from 1971 to 1973. Several television performances below. Indexed chronologically by year only, alphabetical thereafter.

Millie   1962

   We'll Meet

      Duet with Roy Panton

   Sugar Plum

      Duet with Owen Gray

Millie   1963

   I Don't Want You

      Duet with Owen Gray

   Never Say Goodbye

      Duet with Roy Panton

   Since I Met You Baby

      Duet with Roy Panton

   What You Gonna Do

      Duet with Shenley Duffus

Millie   1964

   My Boy Lollipop

    Television broadcast

   Oh Henry

   Sweet William

   I'm In Love Again/Sweet William

   What Am I Living For

       Television broadcast

Millie   1965

   I Love the Way You Love

    'Anata Ga Sukinano'

Millie   1967

   Chicken Feed

      Television broadcast

   Killer Joe

     Television broadcast

Millie   1970

   White Boys

Millie   1973

   My Boy Lollipop

    Television broadcast


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Millie Small

Millie Small

Source: MP3 XL

  The Tremeloes, with frontman Brian Poole, were founded in 1957 in London. As the story goes, Decca Records was seeking a band to push British beat and auditioned two, the Beatles and the Tremeloes. Decca chose the Tremeloes, ostensibly due to their location, London, as the Beatles were based more than three hours away by car in Liverpool. Consisting of Dave Munden (drums), Joe Gillingham (keyboards), Jeff Brown (bass) and Eddie Jones (lead guitar), the Tremeloes wouldn't approach the Beatles in world stature, but their career in the UK from 'Twist and Shout' in 1963 into the early seventies amounted to about seven years of consistent Top Ten activity. I dare not try the limits of human endeavor by a too precipitous or foolish bravery of attempting to list the Tremelos Top Twenty, Thirty or Forty. The months and years that they peaked in the Top Ten alone is a cliff that very few in the world have scaled:

'Twist and Shout'
   July #4 UK
'Do You Love Me'
    September #1 UK
'Candy Man'
   February #6 UK
Someone, Someone'
   May #2 UK
'Here Comes My Baby'
   February #4 UK #13 US
'Silence Is Golden'
    April #1 UK #11 US
'Even the Bad Times Are Good'
    August #4 UK #36 US
'Suddenly You Love Me'
   January #6 UK #44 US
'My Little Lady'
   September #6 UK #127 US
"Number One'
   November #2 UK
'Me and My Life'
   September #4 UK

Brian Poole left the band in 1966 to embark upon a solo career, was unsuccessful, and retired from the music industry to manage his family's butcher shop. Upon Poole's leaving, the others reshaped into a unit of four and continued recording quite successfully into the seventies. Indeed, the Tremelos yet perform as of this writing with original member, Dave Munden. Many classify the Tremeloes as an Invasion band, as they received a lot of airtime in the States and sold not a few records there. But the closest they came to putting foot on American soil at the time was performances at American military bases in Great Britain.

Brian Poole & the Tremeloes   1962

   Twist Little Sister/Lost Love

      First issue   Sides A & B


   That Ain't Right

Brian Poole & the Tremeloes   1963

   Twist and Shout

   Do You Love Me

   Keep On Dancing

   You Don't Own Me

Brian Poole & the Tremeloes   1964

   Someone Someone

Brian Poole & the Tremeloes   1965

   After a While/You Know

   Rag Doll

   The Three Bells

   The Uncle Willie


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Brian Poole and the Tremeloes

Brian Poole & the Tremeloes

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Le Curtis & the Sll-Stars

Lee Curtis & the All-Stars

Source: Sixties Beat

Singer Peter Flannery was a founding member of the band, the Detours, formed in Liverpool in 1961, when he changed his name to Lee Curtis (the inverse of Curtis Lee, the American doo wop vocalist). That band dissipated after only a few months, upon which Curtis formed the All-Stars. It was the All-Stars that drummer Pete Best joined when he was replaced by Ringo Starr as the Beatles' drummer, Beatles manager, Brian Epstein, likely suggesting that Curtis hire him. Best thus appears on the All-Stars first release in 1963, 'Little Girl' (not found) b/w 'Let's Stomp'. Yet later that year Curtis' whole band would quit to form the Original All-Stars (which would become the Pete Best Four), after which Curtis assembled a new All-Stars in 1963. That band consisted of Paul Pilnick (lead guitar), George Peckham (rhythm guitar), Dave Cooper (bass) and Don Alcyd (drums), but personnel would change rapidly upon Curtis taking the band to Hamburg. (Hamburg was the major hub for UK bands on the Continent. Things had changed since World War II.) Curtis returned to Liverpool in 1967 after sustaining head injuries in an auto accident. Though he performed occasionally thereafter, he became a casino croupier before later working for the Ford Motor Company in Halewood.

Lee Curtis & the All-Stars   1963

   Let's Stomp

    Drums: Pete Best

   Skinny Minnie

    Drums: Pete Best

Lee Curtis & the All-Stars   1964


   I've Got My Eyes On You

   What About Me

Lee Curtis & the All-Stars   1965

   Hello Josephine

   Memphis Tennessee

   Um, Um, Um, Um, Um

Lee Curtis & the All-Stars   1966

   Nobody But You

    Filmed live


  Vocalist Dave Berry began his music career with the Cruisers, his first record release with that group thought to be 'Memphis Tennessee' b/w 'Tossin' and Turnin' in 1963. The original Cruisers were John Fleet (bass and piano), Roy Barber (rhythm guitar), Frank Miles (lead guitar) and Kenny Slade (drums). The Cruisers placed three titles in the Top Ten of the UK Singles Chart: 'The Crying Game' (August 1964 #5), 'Little Things' (March 1965 #5) and 'Mama' (July 1966 #5). Though the Cruisers yet perform, none of its current members were in the band with Berry in the sixties. Incidentally, the 1983 film, 'Eddie and the Cruisers', had nothing to do with either Dave Berry and the Cruisers or the doo wop group by the same name. 'Eddie and the Cruisers' was a fictional name all in itself. All performances below from year 2008 onward were filmed live.

Dave Berry & the Cruisers   1963

   Memphis Tennessee

      First release   Side A

   Tossin' & Turnin'

      First release   Side B

Dave Berry & the Cruisers   1964

   Baby It's You

   The Crying Game

   Don't Give Me No Lip Child

   My Baby Left Me

Dave Berry & the Cruisers   1965


   This Strange Effect

Dave Berry & the Cruisers   1966


Dave Berry   2008

   Little Things

Dave Berry   2010

   Let's Work Together

Dave Berry & the Cruisers   2012

   Little Things

   Now Is the Moment

Dave Berry   2013

   Mama/First of May/I Knew The Bride


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Dave Berry & the Cruisers

Dave Berry & the Cruisers

Source: Down Your Way


In 1959 guitarist Brian Casser formed a trio called Cass & the Cassanovas. Upon continual personnel changes, the trio that eventually emerged to form the Big Three. On the tracks below are thought to be Johnny Gustafson (bass), Johnny Hutchinson (drums) and Brian Griffiths (guitar, vocals). (The band began experiencing continuous personnel rotation upon Gustafson and Griffiths temporarily leaving the band in November of '63.) Things didn't go right for the Big Three from the beginning of their recording career. For their first release, 'Some Other Guy', Decca Records used their audition demo, not permitting them a proper recording session. A bit of this and a bit of that led to the group's dissipation in 1966, Gustafson the only original member left. Gustafson and Griffiths reformed the Big Three, with seven total members in the band, in 1973 to release the album, 'Resurrection'.

The Big Three   1963

   By the Way

   Peanut Butter

   Some Other Guy/Let True Love Begin

      First release

   What'd I Say


  William Howard Ashton chose the name, Billy Kramer, at random from out of a telephone directory, then found a band already in existence to back him, namely the Dakotas, the latter insistent upon maintaining their own identity whether apart from or with Kramer when they all signed their first record contract with Parlophone. (That is, the Dakotas had little interest in being consigned to the position of an anonymous backup band, insisting their name appear alongside Kramer's in billing, and leaving them free to pursue their own career as a band apart from Kramer, which they did.) Neither Kramer nor the Dakotas were big on creating their own material. Though Kramer was from Lancashire he was billed as a Merseybeat singer due that so much of his material intentionally came from the inexhaustible songwriting combo, Lennon-McCartney, which at the time was supplying anyone who whistled. They might have put up a song writing stand on a street corner somewhere. Howsoever, Kramer & the Dakotas enjoyed a couple years of stellar success, placing six titles in the Top Ten on both UK and US charts. With the months that they peaked:

'Do You Want to Know a Secret?'
   May #2 UK
'Bad to Me'
   August #1 UK #9 US
'Ill Keep You Satisfied'
   November #4 UK #30 US
'Little Children'
   February #1 UK #7 US #6 AC
'From a Window'
   July #10 UK #23 US
'Trains and Boats and Planes'
   May #12 UK #47 US #12 AC

Of the 1963 titles above, John Lennon composed 'Do You Want to Know a Secret?' and 'Bad to Me'. Paul McCartney wrote 'I'll Keep You Satisfied'. McCartney also composed 'From a Window'. (Neither composed the others, 'Little Children' by Mort Shuman, 'Trains' by Burt Bacharach.) When the Beatles moved beyond their Merseybeat period so did they cease writing Merseybeat songs, leaving Kramer, and not a few other musicians, without a song to sing except they join the nostalgia circuit. Kramer left the Dakotas in September of 1967, putting an end to the group, though various reformations occurred from the eighties into the new millennium, the much altered group yet touring as of this writing. As for Kramer, he pursued a solo career working cabarets in Europe. That led to forming another band in the latter seventies to work that circuit until he eventually moved to America. He continued recording only sparingly. In 1983 Kramer issued 'You Can't Live on Memories'/'Shooting the Breeze' to little affect. He released the CD, 'I Won the Fight', as late as 2013.

Billy Kramer & the Dakotas   1963

   Do You Want to Know a Secret

   I'll Be On My Way

Billy Kramer & the Dakotas   1964

   Every Time That You Walk In The Room

      Original composition: The Searchers

   It's a Mad, Mad World

   From a Window

   Little Children

      Television broadcast

Billy Kramer & the Dakotas   1965

   It's Gotta Last Forever

   Trains And Boats And Planes

Billy Kramer   1983

   You Can't Live On Memories


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Billy Kramer

Billy Kramer

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: King Size Taylor & the Dominoes

Kingsize Taylor & the Dominoes

Source: Podomatic

Kingsize Taylor and the Dominoes were shaped in Liverpool in 1957 as a skiffle group called the Sinners. First billed as Kingsize Taylor and the Dominoes in 1960, the Dominoes also released records as the Shakers. The group first performed at the Cavern Club in Liverpool in January of 1961, at which time personnel began changing continuously. Taylor left the Dominoes in 1964 to briefly join the Griff Parry Five in Hamburg, also putting together another formation of the Dominoes for a short time. He recorded 'Somebody's Always Tryin'' with Jimmy Page on guitar in '64, but gradually figured matters would be better overall to drop out of the music industry altogether and manage his family's butcher business, which he did until retiring three decades later. Tracks below are alphabetical by year.

Kingsize Taylor and the Dominoes   1963

   Doctor Feelgood

      As the Shakers

   Down In the Valley

   Hippy Hippy Shake

      As the Shakers

   You Can't Sit Down

Kingsize Taylor and the Dominoes   1964

   Memphis Tennessee

   Somebody's Always Trying

      Guitar: Jimmy Page


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Georgie Fame

Georgie Fame

Source: Pirate Radio Beat Boat

Vocalist and keyboard player, Georgie Fame, was among the numerous R&B musicians on this page who didn't tan. Most R&B musicians in America had tans. As is evident to the left, Fame reflected so much more light than he absorbed that he had to wear clothing for safe travel. Born Clive Powell in 1943 in Leigh, Lancashire. He was given the choice during his early career in London of changing his name to Georgie Fame or not appearing in shows arranged by impresario, Larry Barnes. Thus it was Fame who began touring the UK. He took the reins to the Blue Flames from Billy Fury in 1961. The band recorded its first album in September of '63: 'Rhythm And Blues at the Flamingo'. 'Yeh, Yeh' topped the charts in Great Britain in December of '64, performing at #20 on Billboard's Hot 100. Fame appeared on 'Hullabaloo' in 1965, filmed in the UK, thus hosted by Brian Epstein (Beatles manager). 'Get Away' did the same in May of 1965, though achieved only #70 in the States. Fame's Flames blew out after that, Fame pursuing a solo career. (Fame would resurrect new incarnations of the Flames into the new millennium.) 'The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde' took #1 in December of 1967, rising as high as #7 on the US. Fame's last to perch in the UK's Top Twenty was 'Peaceful', rising to #15 as of July 1969. Fame's popularity began to wane as he gradually brewed R&B through an increasingly popular genre filter. From '77 to '88 he made Australia a favorite destination. In 1995 Fame founded the Three Line Whip record label. Fame was among those British talents content to stay in Great Britain, even as touring the States was fundamental to success there. But touring the States was a big gamble. It could affect a career explosion or it could break you. It was expensive, the multiple parties and processes involved unreliable, and the red-tape nigh like attempting to tour the Soviet Union. Touring the States was needful to high ambition but not at all to aspiration, music itself or an already good living, so most UK musicians kept to familiar waters, Fame doing just fine and famous enough without having to fly to the moon as well. Fame yet tours the UK as of this writing. Per 1967 below, Fame's performance on the German 'Beat Beat Beat' television program was May 1, 1967. Per 1981 below, the album, 'In Hoagland', with Annie Ross, contains Hoagy Carmichael''s final recordings.

Georgie Fame   1963

   Do the Dog

      Album: 'Rhythm and Blues at the Flamingo'

   J. A. Blues

      Album: 'Rhythm and Blues at the Flamingo'

Georgie Fame   1964

   Bend a Little

Georgie Fame   1965

   Yeh, Yeh

      'Hullabaloo' television program

Georgie Fame   1966

   Last Night

      Album: 'Sweet Things'


Georgie Fame   1967

   Get Away

      'Beat Beat Beat' television program

Georgie Fame   1968

   The Ballad of Bonnie & Clyde

      Music video

Georgie Fame   1969

   Am I Wasting My Time

      Television performance


Georgie Fame   1970

   Somebody Stole My Thunder

Georgie Fame   1971


      Filmed live with Alan Price


      Filmed live

Georgie Fame   1981

   In Hoagland

      Album Side 1


      Album Side 2

Georgie Fame   2000

   Yeh, Yeh

      Filmed live with Jools Holland


  The Fourmost are another example of a Merseybeat band (formed in Liverpool) which created little original material, mainly covering songs previously released by other musicians. They were also managed by Brian Epstein, the Beatles' main man. The group thus enjoyed access to the Lennon-McCartney industrial strength songwriting team. (Lennon composed 'Hello Little Girl' and 'I'm In Love'.) That was convenient, though rather to the result that when the flow of Merseybeat ebbed upon the Beatles moving onward the Fourmost were left to its remaining pool on the nostalgia circuit. The original members of the Fourmost were Brian O'Hara (lead), Mike Millward (rhythm), Billy Hatton (bass) and Dave Lovelady (drums). 'Hello Little Girl' peaked on the UK Singles Chart in November of 1963 at #9. 'A Little Loving' reached #6 in April of 1964. The group released its first and only album, 'First and Fourmost' in September 1965. Recording into the early seventies, the group then joined the cabaret circuit.

The Fourmost   1963

   Hello Little Girl

      First release   Side A

   Just In Case

      First release   Side B

   I'm In Love/Respectable

      Second release   Sides A & B

The Fourmost   1964

   Baby I Need Your Loving

   A Little Loving

   I Love You Too

   That's Only What They Say

   Waitin' For You

The Fourmost   1965

   Girls, Girls, Girls

   He Could Never

   My Block

   Some Kind of Wonderful

The Fourmost   1966

   Here, There And Everywhere

The Fourmost   1968

   Apples, Peaches & Pumpkin Pie


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Fourmost

The Fourmost

Source: Rok Pool

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Four Pennies

The Four Pennies

Source: Music Archive

From Lancashire, the Four Pennies (not the doo wop group also known as the Chiffons) were named after a street, Penny Street, on which the band had held a meeting above a music shop. Consisting of Lionel Morton (rhythm), Fritz Fryer (lead), Alan Buck (drums) and Mike Wilsh (bass & keyboards), the Four Pennies had difficulty getting airtime in the United States, remaining basically unknown there. They did, however, top the UK Singles Chart in April of 1964 with 'Juliet'. The band split up in 1967, after which Morton pursued a very brief solo career before turning to television. He would marry the actress, Julia Foster.

The Four Pennies   1963

   Do You Want Me To

      First release Side A

   Miss Bad Daddy

      First release Side B

The Four Pennies   1964

   Black Girl

   If You Love Me


The Four Pennies   1965

   A Place Where No One Goes

   Until It's Time For You To Go/Till Another Day

Lionel Morton   1969

   Floral Street

   Waterloo Road


  Born Beryl Hogg in Liverpool in 1947, Beryl Marsden began her career as a teenager in a band called the Crew, due that she was too young (age 14) to travel to club dates in Hamburg with the Undertakers who had wanted her in their group. Yet Marsden was only sixteen when she released her first record in 1963, 'I Know' with 'I Only Care About You' flip side. She enjoyed a fairly steady career as a solo act into 1966 when she joined Shotgun Express, then The She Trinity, then Sinbad, then Gambler before forming the Beryl Marsden Band. Her career thereafter was largely sporadic, albeit she worked as a sessions vocalist. She's released an album as recently as 2004: 'One Dream'.

Beryl Marsden   1963

   I Know

   I Only Care About You

Beryl Marsden   1964

   Love Is Going To Happen To Me

   When The Lovelight Starts Shining

Beryl Marsden   1965


   Gonna Make Him My Baby

Beryl Marsden   1966

   Everything Is Gonna Be Alright

      Filmed live

Beryl Marsden   1999

   One Fine Day

      Filmed live

Beryl Marsden   2008

   Too Late

Beryl Marsden   2012

   Baby It's You

      Filmed live


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Beryl Marsden

Beryl Marsden

Photo: Decca Records

Source: Beryl Marsdon

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Merseybeats

The Merceybeats

Source: Magic Mac

The Merseybeats were the bona fide Merseybeat article originally formed in Liverpool in 1960 as the Mavericks, which would become the Pacifics in September 1961, the Mersey Beats in February 1962 and, finally, the Merseybeats in April 1962. At the time of their first record release in 1963 the group consisted of Tony Crane (lead guitar), Bob Packham (bass), Lou Rosenthal (drums) and Billy Kinsley (rhythm guitar). Their first 45 to go on sale is thought to be 'It's Love That Really Counts'/'The Fortune Teller'. Between 1963 and 1966 the Merseybeats placed seven titles in the Top Forty of the UK Singles Charts:

'It's Love That Really Counts'
   September #24 UK
'I Think of You'
   January #5 UK
'Don't Turn Around'
   April #13 UK
'Wishin' and Hopin''
   July #13 UK
'Last Night'
   November #40 UK
'I Love You Yes I Do'
   October #22 UK
'I Stand Accusd'
    January #38 UK

Upon the Merseybeats disbanding in 1966 Crane and Kinsley formed a duo called the Merseys, which would fold in 1968, Crane eventually to form Tony Crane & the Merseybeats in the seventies. Crane and Kinsley yet tour Europe and the UK to this day with still another version of the Merseybeats.

The Merseybeats   1963

   The Fortune Teller

      First release   Side B

   I Think Of You/Mister Moonlight

      Second release   Sides A & B

   It's Love That Really Counts

      First release   Side A

The Merseybeats   1964

   Don't Turn Around


   Wishin' and Hopin'

The Merseys   1966


The Merseybeats   1989

   You'll Never Walk Alone

The Merseybeats   2013



  Originally a duo formed in 1962, as the Nomads, by John "Bob" Conrad and bassist Keith Karlson, the band became the Mojos upon the addition of pianist Stu James and rhythm guitarist, Adrian Lord. 'They Say' b/w 'Forever' was the band's initial release in 1963. Lord left the group after its release that October, replaced by Nicky Crouch. Personnel was further to change, which we'll not pursue. By the time the Mojos disbanded in September 1966 Stu James had become frontman and the only original member left. The group saw a few brief namesake bands put together into the seventies, a couple by James, as it faded into obscurity.

The Mojos   1963


      First release   Side B

   They Say

      First release   Side A

The Mojos   1964

   Blue Blue Feeling

   Don't Do It Anymore

   Everything's Alright

   Give Your Lovin' To Me

   Nobody But Me

   Nothin' At All

   Seven Daffodils

   Why Not Tonight

The Mojos   1965

   I Need You

   Wonder If She Knows

The Mojos   1966

   See What She's Done


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Stu James & the Mojos

Stu James & the Mojos

Source: Discogs

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Rockin' Berries

The Rockin' Berries

Originally called the Bobcats, upon a number of personnel changes the Rockin' Berries emerged in 1959 named after, not a cereal, but Chuck Berry. The group's first record release in 1963, 'Wah Wah Woo' b/w 'Rockin' Berries Stomp', remains unfound at YouTube. The Berries strung their vine at the #3 spot on the UK Singles Chart in October of 1964 with 'He's In Town'. In May of 1965 they peaked at #5 with 'Poor Man's Son'. The Rockin' Berries had been through so many personnel changes since their inception that it's surprising they recognized one another from day to day. Suffice it to say that original member, Brian "Chuck" Botfield (lead guitar), yet plays with the latest version of the band as of this writing, on occasion with early member (since 1961), Geoff Turton (vocals and rhythm guitar). Adding a bit of humor to their performances, the Rockin' Berries yet give a great show.

The Rockin' Berries   1963

   Itty Bitty Pieces

      Second release   Side A

   The Twitch

      Second release   Side B

The Rockin' Berries   1964

   Crazy Country Hop

   He's In Town

      Third release   Side B

   I Didn't Mean To Hurt You

      Third release   Side A

The Rockin' Berries   1965

   Poor Man's Son

   The Water Is Over My Head

   What In The World's Come Over You

   You're My Girl

The Rockin' Berries   1966

   Midnight Mary

The Rockin' Berries   1967

   Breakfast At Sam's

   Dawn (Go Away)

   She's Not Any Girl


      Film: 'Modern Times'   1936

      Original melody: Charlie Chaplin

      Lyrics & title: John Turner & Geoffrey Parsons   1954


  Taking their name from the 1956 John Wayne film, the Searchers went through continual personnel changes since their inception in Liverpool as a skiffle group in 1957 by John McNally. At the time of their first record release in 1963 the Searchers consisted of McNally on rhythm, Tony Jackson lead vocal and bass, Chris Curtis on drums and Michael Pender on lead. 'Sweets For My Sweet' b/w 'It's All Been A Dream' was their debut issue, followed by 'Sweet Nuthins'/'What'd I Say' and 'Sugar and Spice'/'Saints and Searchers'. (The English version of 'Saints and Searchers' is unfound. The track below is the French version.) The Searchers first album, 'Meet the Searchers', appeared in 1963 as well. The Searchers were a highly popular group, charting in the Top Ten in either the UK or the United States seven times from 1963 to 1965:

'Sweets For My Sweet'
   June #1 UK
'Sugar and Spice'
   October #2 UK #44 US
'Needles and Pins'
   January #1 UK #13 US
'Don't Throw Your Love Away'
   April #1 UK #16 US
'When You Walk In the Room'
   September #3 UK #35 US
'Love Potion #9'
   November #3 US
'Goodbye My Love'
   March #4 UK #52 US

The Searchers peaked numerously in the Top Twenties from '64 throughout 1965. Their last to attain a Top Forty position was 'Take It Or Leave It' in April of '66, reaching #31 on the UK. Though the Searchers toured the Far East with the Rolling Stones in 1966, and have later toured America, they weren't an Invasion band beyond radio and record shops. Despite charting well in the United States they performed no music there during that period. Original member, John McNally, yet tours internationally with the latest configuration of the band.

The Searchers   1963

   It's All Been A Dream

      First release   Side B

   Saints and Searchers

      Third release   Side B   French version

   Sugar and Spice

      Third release   Side A

   Sweets For My Sweet

      First release   Side A

   Sweet Nuthin's

      Second release   Side A

   What'd I Say

      Second release   Side B

   Where Have All the Flowers Gone

      Album: 'Meet the Searchers'

The Searchers   1964

   Love Potion #9

    Television performance

   Needles and Pins


   Needles and Pins


   What'd I Say

      Filmed live

   What Have They Done to the Rain

      Television performance

The Searchers   1971



Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Rockin' Berries

The Searchers

Source: Stan Laundon

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Swinging Blue Jeans

The Swinging Blue Jeans

Source: Mузыкальная Rазета

The Swinging Blue Jeans emerged in 1962 out of a skiffle band, the Blue Genes, formed in 1956 by guitarist Bruce McCaskill (who left the group in 1959). Members at the time of their first record issue were Ray Ennis (rhythm guitar), Les Braid (bass and keyboards), Norman Kuhlke (drums) and Ralph Ellis (lead guitar), the last, Ellis, yet performing with the band as of this writing five decades later. The album below, 'Don't Make Me Over', had been pulled one day after its Canadian release by Capitol Records of Canada, but was again released in 2000. The Swinging Blue Jeans is another example of a highly talented British band that might, and ought have, taken America by storm but that they didn't tour there.

The Swinging Blue Jeans   1963

   It's Too Late Now

      First issue   Side A

   Think of Me

      First issue   Side B

   Hippy Hippy Shake

The Swinging Blue Jeans   1964

   Blue Jeans a' Swinging


   You're No Good

   Live aus dem Cascade Beat Club

      Album   Side 1

   Live aus dem Cascade Beat Club

     Album   Side 2

The Swinging Blue Jeans   1966

   Don't Make Me Over


The Swinging Blue Jeans   1975

   Hippy Hippy Shake

      Live on 'Wheeltappers and Shunters Social Club'


  Not to be confused with the earlier American band led by Dave Appell, the Applejacks first formed as a skiffle group, the Crestas, in 1961. They would become the Jaguars, then the Applejacks in 1962. Consisting of Al Jackson (vocals), Martin Baggott (lead), Don Gould (organ), Phil Cash (rhythm), Gerry Freeman (drums) and Megan Davies (bass), several of the band had been members of the same Scout troop as children. (I myself was a Scout, briefly, quitting upon altercations with a conscienceless gang of cacti.) The Applejacks were not an unsuccessful group, but they wrote very little of their own material ('Like Dreamers Do', for instance, a Lennon-McCartney composition), and they couldn't maintain early public favor. The group released their last recording in 1967, thereafter to become a cruise liner act.

The Applejacks   1964

   As a Matter of Fact

   Baby Jane

      First release   Side B

   Like Dreamers Do

   Tell Me When

      First release   Side A

   Three Little Words

      Second release   Side A

   Too Much Monkey Business

   What'd I Say

   You're the One

      First release   Side B

The Applejacks   1965

   Bye Bye Girl

   I'm Through

   It's Not a Game Anymore

The Applejacks   1967

   You've Been Cheating/Love Was In My Eyes


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Applejacks

The Applejacks

Photo: Decca Records

Source: Discogs

  The term, "Cockney" traditionally refers to people born in London within hearing range of the Bow bells of the church of St. Mary-le-Bow. The term precedes the bells by several decades, originating in the 14th century. First reference to the Bow bells, destroyed in World War II, is in the 15th century. "Cockney" culturally refers to the working class, especially such as reside in the East End area. The Cockneys were a minor band presumably from that part of London. In the photograph to the side the group wears clothing of pearly buttons on black that since the 19th century has been a fashionable way to celebrate being a cocky Cockney, often as elaborately as deliberately. Which hasn't a lot to do with early UK beat, but makes a fine history lesson. The Cockneys were at first the Falcons, recording 'Stampede' as such with Philips Records, remaining with Philips as the Cockneys. The band was almost as obscure in its day as it is now, not even the names of the band members known.

The Falcons   1963


The Cockneys   1964

   After Tomorrow

   I Know You're Gonna Be Mine

   I'll Cry Each Night

   Oh No You Don't


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Cockneys

The Cockneys

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Honeycombs

The Honeycombs

Source: Transparent Radiation

Shaped in North London in 1963, the Honeycombs are yet another sample of a band that fared all right where it toured (Europe, Asia, Australia) but acquired small presence where, despite radio, it did not (America). The core members of the Honeycombs were John Lantree (bass) and Honey Lantree (drums), until 1967 when even they decided to fold the band. They released their first record in 1964, 'Have I the Right?' backed by 'Please Don't Pretend Again'. 'Have I the Right' topped the UK Singles Chart. The group would place three more in the Top Forty: 'Is It Because' in October 1964 at #38, 'Something Better Beginning' at #39 in May of '65, and 'That's the Way' at #12 in August of '65. The group dissolved in 1967.

The Honeycombs   1964

   Colour Slide

   Have I the Right

      First release   Side A

   I Can't Stop

   I'll Cry Tomorrow

   It Ain't Necessarily So

   Please Don't Pretend Again

      First release   Side B

The Honeycombs   1965

   Can't Get Through to You

   That's the Way

   Nobody But Me

   There's Always Me

The Honeycombs   1966

   I Fell In Love


  The Liverbirds, from Guess Where, were named after the liver bird, a fictional creature that is the symbol of Liverpool. Formed in 1963 as the Debutones, the Liverbirds left Liverpool for Hamburg the following year. The band fared better in Germany than Britain, one reason being that they released no records in the UK, a truly underground band that made Europe its venue, particularly Hamburg. Consisting of Valerie Gell (guitar), Pamela Birch (guitar), Mary McGlory (bass) and Sylvia Saunders (drums), the Liverbirds' first record was released in 1964: 'Shop Around' b/w 'It's Got To Be You'. Though they invaded Japan in 1968 they never made it to America, breaking up that year as well. The group occasionally performed together until 1998. Saunders yet resides in Spain as of this writing. The others reside in Germany, but for Birch who died in 2009. Twenty-nine early tracks by the Liverbirds can be found on the compilation CD, 'The Liverbirds – From Merseyside To Hamburg, The Complete Star-Club Recordings'.

The Liverbirds   1964

   It's Got to Be You

   Shop Around

The Liverbirds   1965

   Diddley Daddy

   Johnny B Goode

   Leave All Your Old Loves

   Road Runner

   Why Do You Hang Around

The Liverbirds   1966

   Down Home Girl

   For Your Love

   It's So Exciting

   Long Tall Shorty

   Peanut Butter


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Liverbirds

The Liverbirds

Source: Steve Hoffman Music Forums

  In 1961 a group called the Gaylords, named after the Chicago gang, was put together by Pat Fairley and Billy Johnston in Glasgow, Scotland. Personnel changed rapidly, leaving Fairley the only member when the band became Dean Ford and the Gaylords, Dean Ford being lead singer, Thomas McAleese. That band issued 'Twenty Miles' b/w 'What's the Matter With Me' in April 1964. The band that became Marmalade in 1966 London consisted of Patrick Fairly (rhythm), William Junior Campbell (guitar, keyboards), Dean Ford (lead), Raymond Duffy (drums) and Graham Knight (bass). Marmalade issued 'It's All Leading Up To Saturday Night'/'Wait A Minute, Baby' in September of 1966. The band began making a big noise of itself when 'Lovin' Things' reached #6 on the UK chart in May of 1968. The band then released its debut LP, 'There's A Lot Of It'. 'Ob-La-Di Ob-La-Da' topped the UK chart in December of 1968. The band scored in the UK's Top Ten and Twenty numerously for the next eight years. 'Reflections of My Life' attained to #10 on Billboard's Hot 100 in the States in December 1969. 'Rainbow' achieved the #7 spot on the US AC (Adult Contemporary) in July 1970. Despite brief success over the air waves in the States the band didn't tour there. About that period there was opportunity to tour America with Three Dog Night, but manager, Peter Walsh, decided against it, the formidable cost of such the venture surely a factor. Howsoever, Fairley left the band in 1972. Upon Ford being replaced by Sandy Newman in 1975 no original members remained. 'Falling Apart at the Seams' was the new Marmalade's first and last big hurrah upon reaching the #9 spot on the UK chart in February of '76. Newman has led and recorded with changing formations of Marmalade since then, but 'Falling Apart at the Seams' was the group's prize cooked goose. Per 1976 below, lead vocalist is Sandy Newman rather than original member, Dean Ford.

Dean Ford & the Gaylords   1964

   Twenty Miles

   What's the Matter With Me

Marmalade   1966

   It's All Leading Up To Saturday Night

Marmalade   1968

   Ob-La-Di Ob-La-Da

Marmalade   1969

   Reflections of My Life

Marmalade   1976

   Falling Apart at the Seams

     Television broadcast


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Marbalade


Source: Music Box 365

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Pretty Things

The Pretty Things

Source: Live Journal

Founded in London in 1963, the Pretty Things named themselves after the Bo Diddley song, 'Pretty Thing'. Dick Taylor had been a member of Little Boy Blue & the Blueboys, which became the Rollin' Stones. He soon left the Stones to attend the London Central School of Art. But there he met Phil May, with whom he formed the Pretty Things. Their first two releases in 1964 were 'Rosalyn' b/w 'Big Boss Man' and 'Don't Bring Me Down' b/w 'We'll Be Together' (1965). The group placed three titles in the Top Forty of the UK Singles Chart during its career: 'Don't Bring Me Down' at #10 in May of '64, 'Honey I Need' at #13 in February of '65 and 'Cry to Me' at #28 in July of '65. The Pretty Things might well have been a huge success in America but that didn't tour there (seeing is believing), albeit they did give concerts down under, such as in New Zealand. The group dismantled in the seventies, but has variously reformed and recorded albums on occasion. Indeed, with May yet in the band the group's latest LP iwas 'The Sweet Pretty Things (Are In Bed Now, Of Course...)' released in July of 2015. Per below, all edits for 2013 were filmed live.

The Pretty Things   1964

   Don't Bring Me Down


The Pretty Things   1965

   Cry to Me

   Honey I Need

The Pretty Things   1966

   Midnight to Six

    Filmed live

The Pretty Things   1967


The Pretty Things   1970



The Pretty Things   1974

   Singapore Silk

The Pretty Things   1980

   The Monster Club

The Pretty Things   1989

   Eve of Destruction

The Pretty Things   1998

   S.F. Sorrow Live at Abbey Road

The Pretty Things   2013

   Baron Saturday

   Can't Be Satisfied

   Come See Me

   Cries from the Midnight Circus


   She Says Good Morning


  Albeit the Rattles were a German band they should be mentioned in this history, as they were a part of the Hamburg scene which was second home to UK musicians, and mixed gigs with the Beatles as well in 1962. Formed in 1960 in Hamburg, the Rattles original personnel were Achim Reichel (vocals/guitar), Herbert Hildebrandt (bass), Hajo Kreutzfeld (guitar) and Reinhard Tarrach (drums). By the time the band recorded 'The Witch' for the first time in 1968, however, none of that crew remained. Vocal on that was by Henner Hoier. Their second version of 'The Witch' in 1970 was performed by Edna Béjarano. That version made its way to the #8 tier on the UK Singles Chart, #79 in the United States. The Rattles yet perform to this day with original member, Herbert Hildebrandt. The group's last LP was released in 2007, 'Say Yeah!'.

The Rattles   1964

   Betty Jean

   Tell Me What Can I Do


The Rattles   1965

   Come On and Sing


    Filmed live

   La La La

The Rattles   1970

   The Witch

    Music video


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Rattles

The Rattles

Photo: Chris Walter

Source: Chris Walter

  Born in 1947, pop singer Sandie Shaw issued her first single, 'As Long as You're Happy Baby', in 1964. After graduating from school Shaw was discovered by Adam Faith singing at a charity concert. Shaw was heard on radio and seen on television in the United States, but trouble with work permits prevented her from joining the British Invasion. She nevertheless sparkled in the UK with eight titles reaching the Top Ten on the UK Singles Chart:

'Always Something to Remind Me'
   October #1 UK #52 US
'Girl Don't Come'
   December #3 UK #42 US
'I'll Stop At Nothing'
   February #4 UK #123 US
'Long Live Love'
   May #1 UK #97 US
'Message Understood'
   September #6 UK
   January #9 UK
'Puppet On a String'
   March #1 UK
'Monsieur Dupont'
   February #6 UK

Shaw's trademark was performing barefoot. To find a pair of shoes she founded her own fashion label in 1968. She hosted her own television broadcast the same year: 'The Sandie Shaw Supplement', also releasing an album by the same name. Shaw managed to place in the Top Forty of the UK Singles Chart as late as 1984 with 'Hand In Glove' reaching #27. She issued her last studio album in 1988: 'Hello Angel'. Her autobiography, 'The World at My Feet', was published in 1991. Shaw began studying psychotherapy at Oxford in 1992, then the University of London. She opened the Arts Clinic in 1997. Having produced three children and currently married to her third husband, Shaw has variously performed on occasion into the new millennium.

Sandie Shaw   1964

   As Long As You're Happy Baby

   Don't You Know

Sandie Shaw   1965

   Love Me, Please Love Me

Sandie Shaw   1967

   Marionetas En la Cuerda

   Prends la vie du bon côté

      Television performance

   Puppet On a String

      Television performance

   Puppet On a String

      Live for Eurovision

Sandie Shaw   1969

   Girl Don't Come

      Filmed live

   Love Me Do

Sandie Shaw   1970

   Che effetto mi fa

Sandie Shaw   1988

   Hello Angel


Sandie Shaw   1990

   Deep Joy

      Live performance


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Sandie Shaw

Sandie Shaw

Source: Andrei Partos

  Conceived in 1965 by John Tebb (piano) and Howard Newcombe (guitar), upon adding Don Fortune (drums) and Zenon Kowalski (bass) the Casuals were born. The band released its debut record the same year: 'If You Walk Out'/ 'Please Don't Hide'. In 1966 the Casuals made Milan their home base, returning to Britain in 1968 upon 'Jesamine' reaching #2 on the UK Singles Chart in August that year. 'Toy' tiered at #30 that December, after which they disappeared from the charts. The group dismantled in 1976 after the issue of 'Good Times'.

The Casuals   1965

   If You Walk Out

   If You Don't

The Casuals   1966

   L'Amore Dura Solo Un Attimo

   Il Sole Non Tramonterà/

   Land of 1000 Dances

   Walk Away

The Casuals   1967


   Siamo Quattro

The Casuals   1968



The Casuals   1969

   Alla Fine della Strada

    Filmed live 

   Someday Man

The Casuals   1970

   My Name Is Love

The Casuals   1971

   Someday Rock n Roll Lady


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Casuals

The Casuals

Source: America Pink

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich

Source: Audio Music Info

Originally formed in 1961 as Dave Dee & the Bostons, the band's named was changed to Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich to emphasize each individual in the group. Dave Dee, an ex-cop, was lead vocalist with Dozy on bass, Beaky on rhythm, Mick on drums and Tich on lead guitar. Between 1965 and 1969 Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich spent more time on the UK Singles Chart than the Beatles. The band went largely, though not completely, unknown in the States as they didn't tour there, though they did perform down under in Australia and New Zealand. Their first record release occurred in 1965: 'No Time' b/w 'Is It Love'. That was followed the same year by 'All I Want' with 'It Seems a Pity' flip side. Their third release, again in 1965, was 'You Make It Move' with 'I Can't Stop'. Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich was a short name compared to the group's list of Top Ten, Twenty and Thirty titles. Their Top Ten alone were:

'The Legend of Xanadu'
   April #1 UK #123 US
'Hold Tight'
   March #4 UK
   June #10 UK
'Bend It!'
   September #2 UK #110 US
'Save Me'
   December #3 UK
   May #4 UK
   October #3 UK #52 US
'Last Night In Soho'
   July #8 UK
Dave Dee left the band in 1969, his career in music sporadic thereafter, as he became a Justice of the Peace and retired as such in Cheshire. The rest of the band would form the group, D, B, M and T. Several of the edits below are live performances. Dave Dee died in 2009. There have been various reformations of band members, including Dee, into the new millenium.

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich   1965

   All I Want

      Second release   Side A


   Hold Tight

    'Blue Peter' television broadcast

   It Seems a Pity

      Second release   Side B

   No Time

      First release   Side A

   You Make It Move

      Third release   Side A

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich   1966

   Bend It

    Television broadcast 

   No More Love

   Nose For Trouble

  Save Me

    Music video 

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich   1967

   It's So Hard to Love You

     Filmed live

   Loos of England

     Music video 

   Touch Me

     Filmed live 


    'Top Of The Pops'

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich   1968

   Bend It

    Filmed live

   Don Juan

    Filmed live

   From Where To

   The Legend Of Xanadu

     Music video 

   The Wreck of the Antoinette

     Music video

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich   1983


     Filmed live

Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich   1984

  Save Me

    Music video 


  Formed in South London in 1965, the Herd made its first record release with Parlophone (Columbia's European branch) in May that same year: 'Goodbye Baby Goodbye' b/w 'Here Comes the Fool', followed by 'She Was Really Saying Something' b/w 'It’s Been a Long Time Baby' in October. The Herd placed three titles in the Top Ten and Twenty of the UK Singles Chart during its career: 'From the Underworld' at #6 in September of 1967, followed by 'Paradise Lost' in December at #15. In 1968 'I Don't Want Our Loving to Die' peaked at #5. The Herd experienced a number of personnel changes during its existence, its most luminous member being Peter Frampton who joined the group in 1966 and stayed throughout most of 1968 until leaving to form Humble Pie with Steve Marriott of the Small Faces in 1969. Frampton's departure signaled the end of the Herd, the group's last single, 'You've Got Me Hangin' From Your Lovin' Tree', issued in 1971.

The Herd   1965

   Goodbye Baby

      First release   Side A

   She Was Really Saying Something

      Second release   Side A

The Herd   1967

   From the Underworld

   I Can Fly

    Music video

The Herd   1968

   I Don't Want Our Loving To Die

    Music video

   Paradise Lost

    Music video

   Something Strange


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Herd

The Herd

Source: Dandy in Aspic

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Paul & Barry Ryan

Paul & Barry Ryan

Photo: David Wedgbury

Source: Anorak Thing

The pop duo of twins, Paul & Barry Ryan, first recorded in 1965. The pair were more popular in France and Germany than in the United Kingdom. The duo's highest title to chart was their first release in 1965, 'Don't Bring Me Your Heartaches' reaching #13 on the UK Singles Chart. 'Have Pity' peaked at #18 in February of 1966. 'I Love Her' followed in May at #17, 'I Love How You Love Me' at that July at #21. Their last to breach the Top Forty was 'Keep It Out of Sight' (composed by Cat Stevens) in March of 1967 at #30. Paul, on the sensitive side, had difficulty managing the stress of the music business. The duo thus broke up in 1968, Paul to write music, Barry to pursue a solo career as a performer. Paul would eventually leave music and start a chain of hairdressing salons. He died of cancer in 1992. Barry suffered burns to his face in a phone booth or studio accident in 1969. He wasn't damaged that badly, the bandages he wore to protect against infection regarded by many to be a publicity stunt. He recorded consistently throughout the seventies, only occasionally into the nineties.

Paul & Barry Ryan   1965

   Don't Bring Me Your Heartaches

   I'll Go Crazy

Paul & Barry Ryan   1966


    Filmed live with Barry out 

   Have Pity on the Boy

   There You Go

Paul & Barry Ryan   1967



   Keep It Out of Sight

Barry & Ryan   1968


     Filmed live with Barry out


     Music video with Barry out

   Love Is Love

     Filmed live with Barry out 


   Pictures of Today

     Television broadcast



Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Small Faces

The Small Faces

Source: Seesaa Blog

Steve Marriott formed the Small Faces in London in 1965 with bass player Ronnie Lane, drummer Kenney Jones (age 16) and keyboardist Jimmy Winston, later replaced by Ian "Mac" McLagan. The Small Faces had been named by a friend of Marriott's, one Annabel, who had all of one moment observed that they all had small faces. Such the revelation was in addition to the fact that none of the Small Faces stood over 5'6" tall. The band released its debut recordings the same year with 'Whatcha Gonna Do About It' b/w 'What's a Matter Baby'. It released seven titles eight times into the Top Ten of the UK Singles Chart ('Itchycoo Park' twice, the second but a rerelease of the first). The band placed three more in the Top Twenty and yet another in the Top Thirty:

'Watcha Gonna Do About It?'
   September #14 UK
'Sha La La La Lee'
   February #3 UK
'Hey Girl'
   May #10 UK
'All Or Nothing'
   August #1 UK
'My Mind's Eye'
   November #4 UK
'I Can't Make It'
   March #26 UK
'Here Comes the Nice'
   June #12
'Itchycoo Park'
   August #3 UK #16 US
'Tin Soldier'
   December #9 UK #73 US
'Lazy Sunday'
   April #2 UK #114 US
'The Universal'
   July #16 UK
'Itchycoo Park'
    December #9 UK

The Small Faces was another band that some include with the British Invasion because they charted and sold well from American radio play. But the closest the band ever came to performing in America was hotel stops in Honolulu and San Francisco upon their return to Britain from performances in Australia. The Small Faces did attempt to tour the States but McLagan had drug convictions preventing his entry. They made no music in the States until they became the Faces in 1969.

Small Faces   1965

   It's Too Late

      Second release   Side B

   Whatcha Gonna Do About It

      First release   Sides A

   What's a Matter Baby

      First release   Sides B

Small Faces   1966

   All Or Nothing

      Filmed live

   Sha-La-la-La-Lee/Grow Your Own

   You Need Loving

Small Faces   1967

   Tin Soldier

      Music video

Small Faces   1968

   Rollin' Over

     'Surprise Partie' television broadcast

   Song Of A Baker

      Live at BBC

Small Faces   1979

   Stand By Me

      Music video



Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Bystanders

The Bystanders   1965

Source: Psychedelicized

Welsh band, the Bystanders, formed in 1962, released their first single in 1966: 'That's the End'. The band released only eight singles, including a cover of '98.6', which proved not so popular in either the UK or US as that done by American singer, Keith, released earlier the same year. The Bystanders consisted of Micky Jones (guitar), Ray Williams (bass), Jeff Jones (drums), Clive John (keyboards) and Vic Oakley (vocals). When Oakley left the band in 1968 (to be replaced by Deke Leonard) its name was changed to Man.

The Bystanders   1966

   That's the End

The Bystanders   1967

   My Way of Thinking


   Royal Blue Summer Sunshine Day

The Bystanders   1968

   When Jesamine Goes


Birth of Rock and Roll: The Norway Beat: Freddy Lindquist

Freddy Lindquist

Source: Day After the Sabbath


Its not like the Brits were the only who rocked in Europe. Example about 570 miles from London was the Rattles in Hamburg. With Brits hogging the show on this page its fortunate I'm here to lend comparisons like the Rattles to the British beat, not to mention Norway's Freddy Lindquist. Born in Oslo, 700 miles by air from London, a little less from Liverpool, if Lindquist ever traveled to either the United States or Great Britain there's no record of such found. Lindquist belonged to a group called the Modern 5 during his school years, which had evolved into the Gibbons when he was invited to join the Beatnicks in 1965. He is known to have recorded a couple singles with the Beatnicks. One of them was 'Love Is a Beautiful Thing' for the Norwegian label, Triola,  backed with 'Peace on Earth' in 1966. Lindquist then replaced Terje Rypdal in the Vanguards, appearing on the album, 'Phnooole', released in December 1966. In 1970 Lindquist issued the LP, 'Menu'. He would issue several albums with pianist, Reidar Larsen in the early nineties. Having also appeared in several films, Lindquist is yet active as of this writing.

Freddy Lindquist  1970




  Founded in Liverpool in 1963 as the Bumblies, upon various personnel changes what eventually emerged was the Cryin' Shames in December 1965. The Cryin' Shames released their first single, 'Please Stay' b/w 'What's New Pussycat' in 1966 for Decca. That was also their highest to reach on the UK Singles Chart in April at #26. At that time the Shames consisted of Charlie Crane (vocals), Joey Kneen (vocals), Ritchie Routledge (guitar), Phil Roberts (keyboards), George Robinson (bass guitar) and Charlie Gallagher (drums). Derek Cleary then replaced Robinson on bass to release 'Nobody Waved Goodbye' b/w 'You' (1966). Crane and Routledge then formed a band called Paul and Ritchie and the Cryin' Shames to issue 'September in the Rain' b/w 'Come On Back' (1966). Which was Cryin' Shames entire catalogue of released original material excepting a later issue of 'I'm Gonna Tell the World' b/w 'I Don't Believe It' in 1973.

The Cryin' Shames   1966

   Please Stay

   Come On Back

   Nobody Waved Goodbye

   September In the Rain

   We Could Be Happy

   What's New Pussycat

     Music video


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Cryin' Shames

The Cryin' Shames

Photo: Decca Records

Source: Merseybeat Nostalgia

  Gerry Rafferty was born in Scotland in 1947. Initially folk oriented, he turned toward pop and soft rock in the seventies. Upon leaving school in 1963 he played in a band called the Mavericks and busked the Tube (London Underground). His initial recordings in 1966 were with the Fifth Column: 'Benjamin Day'/'There's Nobody Here'. In 1969 Rafferty appeared on at least one of two albums released by the Humblebums for Transatlantic, then again in 1970. His debut solo album, 'Can I Have My Money Back?', was released in 1971 by Transatlantic. That was his first working experience with Hugh Murphy, to become the important relationship of Rafferty's career, Murphy to produce seven of Refferty's albums for well over the next two decades. In 1972 he formed Stealers Wheel with Joe Egan, they recording three albums. It was Rafferty's second solo release in January 1978, 'City to City', that blew the lid off his crockpot, it reaching No. 1 on the charts in the US and No. 6 in the UK, to sell Platinum. God knows if he might not have even doubled that had he not so disliked touring as to refuse to travel to the United States to promote it. Very private and independent by disposition, Rafferty would pursue the remainder of his career as divorced from the music industry, and everything else (politics, society, etc.), as possible. His last album, 'Life Goes On', was issued in 2009. Rafferty died of liver failure in Stroud, Gloucestershire, in January of 2011.

Gerry Rafferty   1966

   There's Nobody Here

     With the Fifth Column

Gerry Rafferty   1969


     With the Humblebums

Gerry Rafferty   1970

   Oh No

     With the Humblebums

Gerry Rafferty   1970

   Can I Have My Money Back?


   Shoeshine Boy

     With the Humblebums      

Gerry Rafferty   1974


     As Stealers Wheelers with Joe Egan

     Filmed live 

Gerry Rafferty   1978

   City to City


Gerry Rafferty   1979

   Night Owl


Gerry Rafferty   1980

   Snakes & Ladders


Gerry Rafferty   1988

   North & South


Gerry Rafferty   1994

   Over My Head


Gerry Rafferty   2001

   Another World


Gerry Rafferty   2009

   Life Goes On

    Album: 'Life Goes On' 


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Gerry Rafferty

Gerry Rafferty

Photo: Gijsbert Hanekroot/Redferns/Getty

Source: Gordon Lightfoot

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Iveys

The Iveys

Source: Marmalade Skies

The Iveys originally consisted of Mike Gibbins (drums), Ron Griffiths (bass), Pete Ham (guitar and keyboards) and David Jenkins (guitar). The band released its first single, 'Maybe Tomorrow', in 1969. They were the first musicians to sign up with the Beatles's new recording label, Apple Records. The Iveys weren't the Iveys long enough to tour the States, as they changed their name to Badfinger, a British Invasion band, the same year (1969).

The Iveys   1967

   Water Lily

      Demo   Featuring Tom Evans

The Iveys   1968



The Iveys   1969


    BBC Radio

   Maybe Tomorrow

      First single   Promo video

   No Escaping Your Love

   Storm In a Teacup


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Kaleidoscope


Source: Ticketfly
Kaleidoscope, was a soft psychedelic group not to be confused with the US band, Kaleidoscope, during the same period. The band was originally formed in 1963 as the Sidekicks. A CD exists, titled 'The Sidekicks Sessions 1964-1967', issued in 2003. In September of '66 that band issued 'Suspicions' bw 'Up On the Roof'. The Sidekicks also used the name, The Key, before becoming Kaleidoscope in 1967 to issue its first plate later that year: 'Flight from Ashiya' bw 'Holidaymaker'. Kaleidoscope consisted of Eddy Pumer (lead guitar/organ), Steve Clark (bass), Danny Bridgmen (drums) and Peter Daltry (lead vocals/organ). Though Kaleidoscope received much airplay in Great Britain (several shows with BBC) the group never came to a lot. It released the last of several records, 'Balloon' bw 'If You So Wish', in 1969. The group had released the albums, 'Tangerine Dream' and 'Faintly Blowing', before its final sessions in 1971, recording 'White Faced Lady', which wouldn't be issued until 1991. Meanwhile the group had also recorded as Fairfield Parlour, issuing 'From Home to Home' in 1970. Kaleidoscope also issued 'Let the World Wash In' bw 'Medieval Masquerade' in 1970 as I Luv Wight, released a week after 'From Home to Home'. Fairfield Parlour remained active until 1972, giving its last performance that year in Bremen, Germany. Per 1971 below, tracks are from 'White-Faced Lady', recorded in '71 but not issued until 1991.

The Sidekicks   1966



Kaleidoscope   1967

   Tangerine Dream


Kaleidoscope   1969


     LP: 'Faintly Blowing '

   Love Song for Annie

     LP: 'Faintly Blowing '

   A Story from Tom Bitz

     LP: 'Faintly Blowing '

Fairfield Parlour   1970

   From Home to Home


I Luv Wight   1970

   Let the World Wash In


Kaleidoscope   1971

   Epitaph: Angel


   White-Faced Lady


  Born in Lincolnshire in 1947, vocalist, Graham Bonnet, was with the Marbles when e issued his first vinyl: 'Only One Woman' bw 'By the Light of a Burning Candle' in August of 1968, that reaching #5 on the UK chart. Bonnet is thought to have been writing advertising jingles when he issued his first solo sides in 1972: 'Whisper In the Night' bw 'Rare Specimen'. Several followed until his debut album in 1977: 'Gary Bonnet'. In 1979 he joined the band, Rainbow (after its '78 tour to the States). Just so, he worked alongside Ritchie Blackmore with Rainbow. Bonnet contributed to the Michael Schenker Group's 'Assault Attack' per '82, though got fired after his first public gig with MSG for drunken exposure of his frontal mid-body penile apputenance assisted by a busting zipper. The next year he formed Alcatrazz in Los Angeles, issuing 'No Parole from Rock 'n' Roll' as well. After Alcatrazz' fourth and final album, 'Dangerous Games', in '86 Bonnet recorded with several groups as he again pursued a solo career: Impellitteri, Forcefield, Blackthorne, Anthem and the Taz Taylor Band. Having released at least seven solo albums, Among Bonnet's latest was 'Live In Japan 2015: Osaka & Nagoya'.

The Marbles   1968

   By the Light of a Burning Candle

     LP: 'The Marbles" 1970

   Only One Woman


   Only One Woman


Graham Bonnet   1972

   Whisper In the Night

Graham Bonnet   1977

   Graham Bonnet


   It's All Over Now Baby Blue

     Filmed live

Graham Bonnet   1978

   No Bad Habits


Graham Bonnet   1981

   Line Up


   Night Games

     Filmed live

Alcatrazz   1983

   No Parole From Rock 'N' Roll


Alcatrazz   1984

   Live Sentence


   Suffer Me

     Filmed in Tokyo

Alcatrazz   1985

   Disturbing the Peace


Alcatrazz   1986

   Dangerous Games


Graham Bonnet   1991

   Here Comes the Night


Graham Bonnet   1996

   Lost in Hollywood

     LP: 'Underground'


     LP: 'Underground'


     LP: 'Underground'

   The Wind Cries Mary

     LP: 'Underground'

Graham Bonnet   2016

   All Night Long

     Filmed live


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Graham Bonnet

Graham Bonnet

Photo: Chris Walter

Source: Chris Walter
Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: The Livin' Blues

The Livin' Blues   1969

Source: Stitching Blues Award
The Livin' Blues were a Dutch rather than British band. Formed in 1967 in The Hague, Netherlands, the band made its first record release the next year: 'Murphy Mccoy'/'My Sister Kate' (unfound). In 1969 they issued 'Sonny Boy (You Better Watch Yourself)'/'One Night Blues' as well as the album, 'Hell's Session'. Having already seen personnel changes, with more to come, at the time 'Hell's Session' was recorded the band consisted of Ted Oberg (guitar), John Lagrand (mouth harp), Nicko Christiansen (vocals), Cesar Zuiderwijk (drums) and Henk Smitskamp (bass). 1970 saw the release of 'Wang Dang Doodle'/'Crazy Woman' and the album, 'Wang Dang Doodle'. The band released 'Black Lisa'/'Red Mountain River' in 1971. The Livin' Blues aren't known to have ever toured in the States. The band has been through various incarnations since since the seventies, also performing as the New Livin’ Blues as of 1986, Blues A Livin’ as of 2003 and the Livin’ Blues Xperience as of 2005 with Nicko Christiansen yet fronting the band as of this writing. Per below, all tracks for 1971 are from the album, 'Bamboozle'.

The Livin' Blues   1969

   Hell's Session


The Livin' Blues   1971


   Keep On


The Livin' Blues   1972

   Ain't No Use Crying

   L.B. Boogie

     Music video

   You're A Stranger

The Livin' Blues   1975

   Rock & Roll Hoochie Coo

     Original composer: Rick Derringer 

The Livin' Blues   1976

   Blue Breeze



  At the latter cusp of this history of the UK beat arrives Anthony Phillips., born in 1951 in Chiswick. Phillips was a founding member of Genesis, his first recordings with that band in 1968. (One sample from 1969 below. Tracks from 1968 will be found under Genesis in Rock 6.) He didn't, however, tour the States with that band, resigning in 1970 due to ill health and stage fright. Though Phillips afterward collaborated with various musicians he largely studied classical music, especially guitar. Not until 1977 did he release his first solo endeavor, 'The Geese and the Ghost'. Phillips has consistently issued albums into the new millennium, in addition to collaborations with others. He has also worked on film scores. The eleventh volume of his 'Private Parts & Pieces' series, was released in 2012, titled, 'City of Dreams'.

Anthony Phillips   1969


      With Genesis   Vocal: Peter Gabriel

Anthony Phillips   1977

   The Geese and the Ghost


Anthony Phillips   1979

   Sisters of Remindum

      Album: 'Sides'

Anthony Phillips   1984


      Album: '1984'

Anthony Phillips   1996

   The Meadows of Englewood

      Album   With Guillermo Cazenave

Anthony Phillips   2012

   Forgotten Angel

      Album: 'Seventh Heaven'


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Anthony Phillips

Anthony Phillips   2008

Source: Rockol

Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Pete Brown

Pete Brown

Source: Rock Boar

Percussionist and composer Pete Brown formed the First Real Poetry Band with jazz guitarist John McLaughlin in 1966. The group caught the attention of Cream such that Brown came to collaborate with bassist Jack Bruce on the the composition of number of Cream songs ('I Feel Free' and White Room' among them). Brown formed the Battered Ornaments in 1968, releasing the album, 'A Meal You Can Shake Hands With In The Dark' in 1969. This was intended to be followed by a second album, 'Mantle-Piece', the same year. But displeasure with Brown's vocals led to his being fired from his own band the day prior to opening for the Rolling Stones at Hyde Park. The original 'Mantle-Piece' was then discarded and recorded again with guitarist Chris Spedding replacing Brown's vocals. The band was at once renamed from Pete Brown and His Battered Ornaments to simply The Battered Ornaments. Brown quickly bounced back with a new band, Piblokto, releasing the album by that name in 1970. (Piblokto is an Eskimo-specific condition of hysteria, experienced largely by Inuit women, said to be caused by long confinement against harsh winter conditions.) His relationship with Phil Ryan began at that time, Ryan playing keyboards with Piblokto. After Piblokto Brown recorded the LP, 'Two Heads Are Better Than One', with Graham Bond in 1972. He released 'The Not Forgotten Association' in 1973, then recorded an album with Back to Front. Beginning to write film scripts in 1977, Brown sometime afterward formed a long partnership with Phil Ryan. They would issue a couple albums and tour together in 1993. The two have released 'Road of Cobras' as recently as 2010.

Pete Brown & his Battered Ornaments   1969

   The Old Man

      Album: 'A Meal You Can Shake Hands With In The Dark'


      Album: 'A Meal You Can Shake Hands With In The Dark'

Pete Brown & Pibllokto   1970

   Golden Country Kingdom

      Filmed live

   High Flying Electric Bird

   Things May Come and Things May Go

   Thousands On a Raft

Pete Brown   2011

   Sunshine of Your Love

      Live with Psoulchedelia

     Keyboard: Phil Ryan


  The founding members of Flaming Youth were keyboardist Brian Chatton, bassist Ronnie Caryl, guitarist Gordon Smith and drummer Phil Collins (of Genesis fame). Flaming Youth sputtered out in 1970 (Collins moving onward to Genesis), after producing the album, 'Ark 2', and the single, 'Man, Woman and Child'. All recordings below are live performances with the exception of 'The Planets'.

Flaming Youth   1969

   The Planets

      Album: 'Ark 2'

   Guide me, Orion

     Promo video?

Flaming Youth   1970


    Filmed live

   Earth Glow

    Music video

   From Now On

    Filmed live

   Man, Woman and Child


    Music video


Birth of Rock and Roll: The UK Beat: Flaming Youth

The Flaming Youth

Source: Discogs

  We cease this history of the UK beat, including Merseybeat, with Flaming Youth, but may make additions as they occur.



Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 3: Black Gospel Appendix


Medieval - Renaissance


Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

Expressionist - Modern

Modern: Composers born 1900 to 1950




Country Western


Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Modern 6: Song

Modern 7: Latin Jazz - Latin Recording

Modern 8: United States 1960 - 1970

Modern 9: International 1960 - 1970

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul - Disco

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

UK Beat

British Invasion

Total War - Sixties American Rock

Other Musical Genres - Popular Music Appendix

Musician Indexes

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

Jazz Modern - Horn

Jazz Modern - Piano - String

Jazz Modern - Percussion - Song - Other

Jazz Modern - 1960 to 1970

Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul - Disco

UK Beat - British Invasion

Sixties American Rock - Popular

Latin Recording - Europe

Latin Recording - The Caribbean - South America


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