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A Birth of the Blues

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Blues 1

Guitar - Bass - Violin

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



Elvin Bishop    Mike Bloomfield    Blues Project    Lonnie Brooks    Clarence Gatemouth Brown    Roy Buchanan    Eddie Burns    Jimmy Burns    RL Burnside
Eric Clapton    Eddy Clearwater     Climax Blues Band    Albert Collins    Pee Wee Crayton    Papa John Creach    Arthur Crudup
Barbara Dane    Reverend Gary Davis    Willie Dixon
David Honeyboy Edwards
Lowell Fulson
Peter Green    Guitar Shorty    Guitar Slim (Eddie Jones)    Buddy Guy  
Silas Hogan    Earl Hooker    John Lee Hooker    Lightnin' Hopkins    Long John Hunter
Elmore James    Homesick James    Jimmy Johnson (James Earl Thompson)   Syl Johnson (Sylvester Thompson)    Eddie Jones (Guitar Slim)    Floyd Jones    Moody Jones
Junior Kimbrough    Albert King    BB King    Earl King    Freddie King    Eddie Kirkland
Alvin Lee    Mance Lipscomb    Robert Lockwood
Lonnie Mack    Magic Sam   Taj Mahal    Bob Margolin    Mississippi Fred McDowell    Brownie McGhee
Robert Nighthawk
Charlie Patton
Bonnie Raitt    Louisiana Red    Jimmy Reed    Jimmy Rogers    Otis Rush
Magic Sam    Savoy Brown    Johnny Shines    Frankie Lee Sims    Lightnin' Slim    Magic Slim    Pops Staples    Arbee Stidham    Hubert Sumlin    Lonesome Sundown
Eddie Taylor    Sister Rosetta Tharpe    Hound Dog Taylor    Henry Townsend
Stevie Ray Vaughan
Phillip Walker    Muddy Waters    Josh White Jr.    Jody Williams    Robert Pete Williams    Johnny Winter    Howlin' Wolf
Mighty Joe Young



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:



Henry Townsend

1935 Reverend Gary Davis
1938 Sister Rosetta Tharpe
1940 Willie Dixon    Brownie McGhee
1941 Arthur Crudup    Robert Lockwood
1946 Pee Wee Crayton    Papa John Creach    Lowell Fulson    Jimmy Rogers
1947 Clarence Gatemouth Brown    Lightnin' Hopkins    Floyd Jones    Moody Jones    Frankie Lee Sims    Arbee Stidham    Muddy Waters
1948 John Lee Hooker
1949 Eddie Burns    BB King    Louisiana Red
1950 David Honeyboy Edwards
1951 Howlin' Wolf    Elmore James    Eddie Kirkland
1952 Guitar Slim (Eddie Jones)    Earl Hooker    Homesick James    Johnny Shines    Pops Staples     Eddie Taylor
1953 Albert King    Earl King    Jimmy Reed
1954 Long John Hunter    Lightnin' Slim    Hubert Sumlin    Jody Williams
1955 Phillip Walker
1956 Freddie King    Lonesome Sundown    Otis Rush    Josh White Jr.
1957 Lonnie Brooks    Barbara Dane    Magic Sam    Guitar Shorty    Mighty Joe Young
1958 Roy Buchanan    Eddy Clearwater    Albert Collins    Buddy Guy    Lonnie Mack
1959 Silas Hogan    Syl Johnson (Sylvester Thompson)    Johnny Winter
1960 Mance Lipscomb    Mississippi Fred McDowell    Hound Dog Taylor
1961 Robert Pete Williams
1963 Mike Bloomfield
1964 Jimmy Burns    Eric Clapton    Jimmy Johnson (James Earl Thompson)    Alvin Lee
1965 Elvin Bishop    Taj Mahal
1966 Blues Project    Peter Green    Magic Slim    Savoy Brown
1967 Junior Kimbrough    Bob Margolin
1969 RL Burnside    Climax Blues Band
1971 Bonnie Raitt    Stevie Ray Vaughan


  We demarcate rather arbitrarily between early and modern blues at about World War II. This page concerns blues by musicians who played guitar. For those who played other instruments such as harmonica or piano, or sang modern blues, see Blues 4. For blues from their inception see Early Blues 1 (guitar) or Early Blues 2 (vocals and other instruments).



Both a guitarist (acoustic, electric) and pianist, Henry Townsend (Henry Jesse James Townsend aka the Mule), managed to record during eight consecutive decades, from 1929 to 2006, the year he died. Born in Shelby, Mississippi, in 1909, Townsend left home for St. Louis at age nine, said due to an abusive father. St. Louis would become his main domicile the rest of his life. He spent his early career performing with such as Walter Davis and J.D. Short. It was 1929 when Townsend traveled to Chicago to make his first plates on November 15: 'Mistreated Blues', 'Poor Man Blues', 'Henry's Worry Blues' and 'Long Ago Blues', those released per Columbia 14491-D and Columbia 14529-D. His first LP was recorded by music historian, Sam Charters, in St. Louis in 1961: 'Tired of Bein' Mistreated' (Prestige Bluesville BVLP 1041 '62 ). That was issued again in 1984 by Folkway Records as 'The Blues in St. Louis Vol. 3'. Townsend published more than 350 compositions during his career. Titles recorded by Townsend with compositional credits at australiancharts and allmusic 1, 2, 3, 4. Songs below were written by Townsend except as noted. * = undetermined. Per 1980, except as otherwise annotated titles were recorded live in Linz, Austria, and issued in 2015 on the album, 'Original St. Louis Blues Live'.

Henry Townsend   1930

   Henry Worry Blues

Henry Townsend   1931

   Jack Of Diamonds

Henry Townsend   1935

   Every Day I Have the Blues

       Piano: Pinetop Sparks

       Composition: Lindberg (Marion) & Pinetop Sparks

   I Don't Love That Woman

   She's Got a Mean Disposition

Henry Townsend   1962

   All My Money's Gone

      Composition: Roosevelt Sykes   1929

   Cairos' My Baby's Home

       From Henry Spaulding's 'Cairo Blues'   1929

   The Train Is Coming*

Henry Townsend   1973

   Buz Buz Buz

Henry Townsend   1980

   Biddle Street

      Composition: Henry Spaulding    1929

   Guitar Talkin'

   I Cry All Night

   I’m Sorry My Heart

   Moanin’ and Cryin’

   Talkin' Guitar Blues

      Album: 'Mule'

   When the Sun Rise

Henry Townsend   1984

   I Got Tired

      Composition: Lightnin' Hopkins   1964

Henry Townsend   1999

   Don't You Remember Me?


Birth of the Blues: Henry Townsend

Henry Townsend

Source: Document Records


Alike numerous early blues musicians, Reverend Gary Davis expresses the intimate interweaving relationship between folk blues and folk gospel. Also alike many other blues musicians, Davis was blind, himself since an infant. Born in 1896 in Laurens, South Carolina, Davis was the only one of eight children to survive to adulthood. His father had been shot and killed by a Birmingham sheriff when he was ten. But before his death his father had arranged that Davis be given to the care of his paternal grandmother, as his mother treated him poorly. Alike Reverend Robert Wilkins (Blues 1), Davis became an ordained Christian minister (Baptist, in 1933) and experienced a turning away from secular blues to gospel. His first record release followed two years later (1935) with the American Recording Company (ARC). Davis died of heart attack in Hammonton, NJ, on May 5, 1972. Partial lists of Davis' recordings with songwriting credits at discogs and allmusic 1, 2. He composed all titles below except as noted. Per 1962 below, all songs were recorded in NYC in June 1957. They were issued on the album, 'Pure Religion and Bad Company'.

Reverend Gary Davis   1935

   I Am the Light of the World

   I Saw the Light

   You Got to Go Down

Reverend Gary Davis   1961

  Death Don't Have No Mercy

      Album: 'Harlem Street Singer'

   Keep Your Lamp Trimmed and Burning

      Recorded 1956

      Album: 'American Street Songs'


      Traditional/Blind Willie Johnson   1928

Reverend Gary Davis   1962

      All titles below recorded in NYC 1957

   Candy Man

   Coco Blues (Cocaine Blues)

   Mountain Jack

      Composition: Ma Rainey/Sid Harris   1926

   Seven Sisters


Birth of the Blues: Reverend Gary Davis

Reverend Gary Davis

Source:  Down at the Crossroads



Born in Cotton Plant, Arkansas, in 1915, gospel singer and guitarist Sister Rosetta Tharpe released her first four recordings in 1938, her composition, 'My Man and I', below, among them. Tharpe had begun her guitar and singing career as a young child tagging along behind her mother who was a traveling evangelist and gospel singer. Like other musicians who had difficulty reconciling religion with secular music, Tharpe had the same trouble, but blended the twain, not without controversy, nevertheless. The same year she released her first recordings Tharpe was hired by Cab Calloway. She would next record with Lucky Millender. Albeit Tharpe was religiously sincere and would have preferred to perform strictly gospel music, success upon need of a paycheck found her in a compromised "situation" in which the performance of secular music, or gospel amidst a secular atmosphere, got her ostracized by some of the religious community. A stroke in 1970 put an end to Tharpe's performing career, after which she had to have a leg amputated due to diabetes. She died in 1973. See australiancharts for a list of Tharpe's recordings with songwriting credits. See also allmusic 1, 2, 3, 4. Tharpe will also be found in Swing Song and A Birth of Rock and Roll.

Sister Rosetta Tharpe   1938

   My Man and I

      Composition: Rosetta Tharpe

Sister Rosetta Tharpe   1941

   Stand By Me

      Composition: Charles Albert Tindley   1905

Sister Rosetta Tharpe   1961

   Lonesome Road

      Composition: Nathaniel Shilkret/Gene Austin   1927


Birth of the Blues: Sister Rosetta Tharpe

Sister Rosetta Tharpe

Source: Roq n Rol

Birth of the Blues: Willie Dixon

Willie Dixon

Source: Darius

Born in 1915 in Vicksburg, Mississippi, Willie Dixon, double bass, was a boxer before turning to music in 1939, the result of meeting Leonard Caston at a gym, who built him his first bass, consisting of a tin can with one string. His first recording ('Baby Doo', unfound) followed the next year, with Caston, in a group called the Five Breezes. Dixon's budding career, however, would be interrupted by incarceration for ten months as a conscientious objector. In 1945 Dixon shaped a band called the Four Jumps of Jive, then got together with Caston again to form the Big Three Trio. For much of Dixon's career he doubled as a record producer, working for various labels (most notably Chess) until he brought forth his own, Yamba Records. In 1987 Dixon settled out of court with the rock band, Led Zeppelin, concerning a couple of his songs, 'Bring It On Home' (royalties long gone unpaid by Arc Music) and 'You Need Love'. Dixon had long-term diabetes which would eventually necessitate the amputation of a leg. He died of heart failure in Burbank, California, January 19, 1992. Dixon wrote or co-wrote more than 500 titles. Recordings by Dixon with compositional notation at australiancharts, discogs and allmusic 1, 2, 3, 4. Big Three Trio recordings with songwriting credits. Dixon compositions covered by others at all music and wikipedia. Dixon composed all titles below except as noted, * indicating undetermined.

Willie Dixon   1946

   The Signifying Monkey

   You Sure Look Good to Me*

Willie Dixon   1947

   Just Can't Let Her Be*

   What Am I to Do

      Composition: Mike Taylor

Willie Dixon   1948

   I Keep on Worrying*

      With Rosetta Howard

Willie Dixon   1962

   The Right Time*

      Drums: Jump Jackson   Piano: T-Bone Walker

      Guitar and vocal: John Lee Hooker

Willie Dixon   1969

   I Ain't Superstitious

   The Little Red Rooster


   You Shook Me

Willie Dixon   1988

   Blues You Can't Lose



Born in Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1915, Brownie McGhee was elder brother to Stick McGhee. He decided to become a traveling minstrel at age 22. His career took a decided turn upward upon going to New York City in 1942 to partner with Sonny Terry, whom he'd met on the road a couple years earlier. His partnership with Terry would last throughout their lives. Among the highlights of their partnership were recordings with British trombonist, Chris Barber, in 1958 in England. Their first at Free Trade Hall in Manchester on April 26, McGhee performing guitar and vocals on 'This Little Light of Mine' and 'Glory'. Their last session with Barber was on May 12 in London for the BBC broadcast, 'MBB', McGhee performing on 'Midnight Special' and 'John Henry'. Terry plays harmonica on many of the tracks below. Among examples of recordings by McGhee not involving Terry were those at a concert at Oakdale Musical Theatre in Wallingford, Connecticut, on September 26, 1958, getting issued on an album by various in 1959 titled 'The Seven Ages of Jazz'. In addition to garnering high regard as a blues musician easy to appreciate, McGhee was also an actor on Broadway, as well in film and television. Among titles McGhee wrote were 'Lose Your Money', 'Pawnshop Blues', 'Brownie's Guitar Blues' and 'Twelve Gates to the City', the last with partner, Terry. He died of stomach cancer on February 16, 1996. Discogs has every track on 'The Complete Brownie McGhee' ('94)written by McGhee. All titles below were composed by McGhee except as noted.

Brownie McGhee   1940

   Dealing With the Devil

   Not Guilty Blues

Brownie McGhee   1941

   Death of Blind Boy Fuller

Brownie McGhee   1946

   Mean Old Frisco

      Composition: Robert Ellen

Brownie McGhee   1947

   Baseball Boogie

Brownie McGhee   1958

   Guitar Highway

   Livin' with the Blues

Brownie McGhee   1960

   I've Been Buked & I've Been Scorned

      With Lightnin' Hopkins and Big Joe Williams

      Composition: Lightnin' Hopkins

Brownie McGhee   1963

   Key to the Highway

      Composition: Big Bill Broonzy   1940

      From Charles Segar's 'Key to the Highway'  1940

Brownie McGhee   1966

   Born and Livin' with The Blues

   Cornbread, Peas & Black Molasses

Brownie McGhee   1976

   Hootin' the Blues

      Composition: Sonny Terry

Brownie McGhee   1992

   Death of Blind Boy Fuller

      Composition: J.B. Lang


Birth of the Blues: Brownie McGhee

Brownie McGhee

Source: Blues Everyday

Birth of the Blues: Arthur Crudup

Arthur Crudup

Source: Original People

Born in 1905 in Forest, Mississippi, Arthur Crudup began his adult life as a migrant worker. He began singing gospel with a group called the Harmonizing Four, with which he made his way from Mississippi to Chicago. There opting for a solo career, he was busking on the streets, living in a packing crate, when he was introduced to Tampa Red by Lester Melrose of RCA Bluebird, who also signed him to Crudup's first recording contract. American Music (AM) has Crudup's first name sessions in Chicago on September 11, 1941, with Joe McCoy: 'If I Get Lucky'/'Death Valley Blues' (Bluebird B8858) and 'Kind Lover Blues'/'Black Pony Blues' (Bluebird B8896). Among Crudup's more important partners were Ransom Knowling (bass) and Judge Riley (drums). AM has their initial tracks together on September 6, 1946, for six sides including 'Crudup's After Hours'/'That's All Right' (RCA Victor 20-2205). AM has that trio recording numerously to as late as April 24, 1951, for such as 'I'm Gonna Dig Myself a Hole', 'Pearly Lee', et al. Despite Crudup's recordings he had to support his music throughout much of career as a bootlegger and laborer. He died in Virginia on March 28, 1974. More Arthur Crudup at Rock & Roll Development. Songwriting credits for Crudup at discogs and allmusic 1, 2, 3, 4. All titles below were composed by him.

Arthur Crudup   1941

   Black Pony Blues

   Death Valley Blues

   If I Get Lucky

Arthur Crudup   1942

   My Mama Don't Allow

      Composed w Ransom Knowling

Arthur Crudup   1944

   Rock Me Mama

      Composed w Melvin Draper

Arthur Crudup   1951

   I'm Gonna Dig Myself a Hole

Arthur Crudup   1952

   Gonna Find My Baby

      Composed w Lillian Shedd McMurry



Born in 1915 in Turkey Scratch, Arkansas, guitarist Robert Lockwood Jr. spent his youth in the Helena region. His mother is said to have been romantically involved with Robert Johnson who taught him guitar and with whom he first performed in public. With Robert Johnson as something of a stepfather, Lockwood became known as Robert Junior, hence Robert Lockwood Jr.. Wikipedia has them performing together with Johnson on one side of the Sunflower River and Lockwood on the other for some of their Clarksdale audience on the bridge between. Via Johnson, Lockwood spent his formative years as a professional musician playing with such as Johnny Shines and Sonny Boy Williamson II. He spent his early career performing at juke joints and such in the Delta region largely around Clarksdale, Mississippi. The latter thirties saw him working there with such as Elmore James. Lockwood had transitioned from acoustic to electric guitar in 1938, the year Johnson was murdered. American Music (AM) places Lockwood's first recordings in Chicago on July 1, 1941, backing vocalist, Peter Cleighton (Doctor Clayton), with Blind John Davis on several tracks like ''41 Blues'/'Love Is Gone' (OKeh 06375) and 'Roaming Gambler'/'Something Going on Wrong' (OKeh 06514), et al. Lockwood's first name titles followed 30 days later, four of his own compositions with Alfred Elkins: 'Little Boy Blue'/'Take A Little Walk With Me' (Bluebird B8820) and 'I'm Gonna Train My Baby'/'Black Spider Blues' (Bluebird B8877). Lockwood partnered with Williamson II in the early forties at KFFA Radio in Helena, Arkansas. Lockwood lived the itinerate lifestyle common to blues musicians during the forties, eventually to settle in Chicago in 1950, there to record numerously with pianist, Sunnyland Slim, in '51 and '54. The first of those sessions were in the Sunnyland Trio with drummer, Alfred Wallace, on March 22, backing Baby Face (Leroy Foster) on titles like 'Pet Rabbit'/'Louella' (J.O.B. 1002). November of '51 saw Slim, Wallace and Ernest Crawford (bass) supporting Lockwood on 'I'm Gonna Dig Myself a Hole'/'Dust My Broom' (Mercury 8260), with 'Glory For Man'/'My Daily Wish' unissued. It was Slim, Wallace and Ernest Cotton (tenor sax) in Lockwood's Combo in 1954 for 'Aw Aw'/'Sweet Woman from Maine' (J.O.B. 1107, Fury 500). He was still in Chicago when he backed J.B. Lenoir with Cotton, Willie Dixon (bass), et al, on 'Daddy Talk to Your Son'/'She Don't Know' (Checker 901), the rest unissued. AM has Lockwood backing Otis Spann's 'Otis Spann Is the Blues' in NYC in 1960 before moving to Cleveland in 1961, there to gig at local bars whilst recording variously as might. Lockwood's last recordings were with Cleveland Fats and Billy Branch in 2006, on the album, 'The Way Things Go'. He died November 1 the same year in Cleveland, Ohio, age ninety-one. Lockwood composed all titles below except as noted.

Robert Lockwood   1941

   Black Spider Blues

      With Doctor Clayton

   I'm Gonna Train My Baby

Robert Lockwood   1951

   I'm Gonna Dig Myself a Hole

      Composition: Arthur Crudup

Robert Lockwood   1996

   I Gotta Find Me a Woman


Birth of the Blues: Robert Lockwood

Robert Lockwood Jr.


Born Connie Curtis Crayton in Rockdale, Texas, in 1914, Pee Wee Crayton left Texas for Los Angeles in 1935, where he became employed at a shipyard. Need to escape no doubt drove him to get more serious with his guitar, forming a trio and turning professional about year 1945. Crayton may have first shown up on record per a session in Oakland in 1946 in the band of Ivory Joe Hunter, putting down such as 'Seventh Street Boogie' (Pacific 601) and 'Tavern Swing' (Pacific 609) among others. Several plates followed with Hunter into '47 when Crayton ventured upon a solo career mid-year with 'After Hours Boogie'/'Why Did You Go' (Four Star 1304), not issued until '49. Come sessions in '47 for 'Don't Ever Fall in Love'/'Pee Wee Special' (Gru-V-Tone 217), not issued until '49. 'Blues After Hours' (Pee Wee Crayton) and 'I'm Still in Love with You' (T-Bone Walker) went down some time in 1948 (Modern 624). 'Blues After Hours' climber to Billboard's No 1 spot in R&B in October that year. His composition, 'Texas Hop', reached No 5 in December. 'I Love You So' reached No 13 in July of '49, also his own composition. Others among numerous titles written by Crayton were 'Blues Before Dawn', 'California Women', 'Dedicated to the Blues' (with Jules Taub), 'Don't Break My Heart', 'I Got News for You', 'Phone Call from My Baby', 'Win-O', et al. He issued his first of several LPs, 'Pee Wee Crayton', in 1960. His next followed a decade later: 'Things I Used to Do' ('71). Crayton performed throughout much of the States until his death on June 25, 1985, at his home base in Los Angeles. He had recorded 'Early Hour Blues' in December of 1984. Among highlights in his latter career were appearances on four Big Joe Turner albums from 1975 to 1978: 'Everyday I Have the Blues', 'Nobody In Mind', 'In the Evening' and 'Have No Fear Joe Turner Is Here'. His recording of 'Stormy Monday' in '74 with Turner didn't show up until 1991 on the album 'Stormy Monday'. Crayton composed all titles below except as indicated. More Pee Wee Crayton in Rock n Roll 4.

Pee Wee Crayton   1946

   Seventh Street Boogie

      With Ivory Joe Hunter

     Composition: Ivory Joe Hunter

Pee Wee Crayton   1949

   Blues After Hours

     Composition: Pee Wee Crayton

   I'm Still In Love With You

      Composition: T-Bone Walker

Pee Wee Crayton   1950

   Change Your Way of Loving

     Composition: Pee Wee Crayton/Jules Taub

Pee Wee Crayton   1951


     Composition: Pee Wee Crayton

   When It Rains It Pours

     Composition: Pee Wee Crayton

Pee Wee Crayton   1954

   Every Dog Has a Day

      Composition: Dave Bartholomew

Pee Wee Crayton   1956

   My Baby's On the Line

     Composition: Pee Wee Crayton

   The Telephone Is Ringing

     Composition: Pee Wee Crayton

Pee Wee Crayton   1983

   The Things I Used to Do

      Live performance

      Composition: Guitar Slim (Eddie Jones)


Birth of the Blues: Pee Wee Crayton

Pee Wee Crayton

Source: Beadologie

Birth of the Blues: Papa John Creach

Papa John Creach

Source: Past Blues

Papa John Creach (John Henry Creach) was born in 1917 in Beaver Falls, PA, he moved with his family to Chicago in 1935 where he began to perform in cabarets. He purchased an electric violin in 1943, then moved to Los Angeles in '45 to work in clubs there. Creach's earliest determinable vinyl was in 1946 with Helen Andrews on 'Black World Blues' and 'Cotton and Corn Blues'. Creach had studied classical violin for years, but being black put him to a disadvantage in that genre at that time so he sought his living as a jazz musician. He began showing up in films in 'Cry Danger' per 1950 with Teddy Rudolph's Three Bits of Rhythm. In 1951 Creach issued what are thought his first record issues on Dootone: 'Danny Boy'/'It's You In My Heart' and 'Indian Love Call'/'Free for the Asking'. 1953 saw the issue of 'Please Be Sure'/'Neither You Nor I Am To Blame' and 'My Little Susie'/'Wedding of Andy and Raggedy Ann'. (Unfortunately none of Creach's earlier recordings are available at YouTube.) Creach was also a studio musician for whom recognition would arrive rather late, that via rock music, he not coming to be featured until Hot Tuna's 'First Pull Up, Then Pull Down' and Jefferson Airplane's 'Bark' in 1971. Creach would then become best known in association with rock. Creach also released his first album, 'Papa John Creach', in '71. (It was the Airplane which started calling him Papa John.) 'Filthy!' followed the next year. Creach released several more albums through the seventies, then ceased until his final in 1992: 'Papa's Blues'. He died of heart failure two years later in 1994, distinguished for his work with Hot Tuna and Jefferson Starship in particular. (Hot Tuna, formed out of Jefferson Airplane, issued its debut album, 'Hot Tuna', in 1970. Starship's debut LP was 'Dragon Fly' in 1974.) 'Pretty As You Feel', below, was written by Joey Covington, Jack Casady, Jorma Kaukonen, Carlos Santana and Michael Shrieve.

Papa John Creach   1971

   Earth Mother

      Paul Kantner/Grace Slick LP: 'Sunfighter'

      Composition: Jack Traylor & Steelwind

   Papa John Creach

      Album   Side 1

   Papa John Creach

      Album   Side 2

   Pretty As You Feel

      Jefferson Airplane LP: 'Bark'

      Composition: Casady/Covington/Kaukonen

   Wild Turkey

      Jefferson Airplane LP: 'Bark'

      Composition: Jorma Kaukonen

Papa John Creach   1972



Papa John Creach   1974

   Playing My Fiddle for You


   That's for Sure

      With Jefferson Starship

      Composition: Craig Chaquico/Jerry Gallup

Papa John Creach   1975


      Composition: Art Freeman

Papa John Creach   1988

   Down Home Blues

      Filmed with Hot Tuna

      Composition: Papa John Creach

    Live In San Diego

      Filmed live

Papa John Creach   1992

   Papa Blues




Born in 1921 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Lowell Fulson began to play professionally in 1939 or 1940 with Texas Alexander. Part Choctaw Cherokee, Fulson was drafted in 1943. Upon release in 1945 he briefly returned to Oklahoma before heading to Oakland, California, where he made his first recordings in 1946. His early band was staffed at one time or another with both pianist, Ray Charles, and sax player, Stanley Turrentine. It was 1950 when his composition with pianist, Lloyd Glenn, 'Blue Shadows', reached Billboard's No 1 spot in R&B. Fulson put nine titles in the Top Ten from 1948 to 1967. Among the most serious contenders to T-Bone Walker's prestige as a blues guitarist, Fulson would record and tour for the next four decades. His last recording was 'Everyday I Have the Blues', a duet with Jimmy Rogers in 1999 (on the Jimmy Rogers album, 'Blues Blues Blues'), the year of his death on March 7. Partial lists of recordings by Fulson with songwriting credits at australian charts and discogs. Fulson wrote all titles below except as noted.

Lowell Fulson   1946

   San Francisco Blues

Lowell Fulson   1948

   Three O'Clock Blues

Lowell Fulson   1949

   Every Day I Have the Blues

      Composition: Lindberg & Pinetop Sparks

Lowell Fulson   1950

   Cold Hearted Woman

      Composition: Morris Magic Slim Holt

Lowell Fulson   1952

   Let's Live Right

      Composed w Lloyd Glenn

Lowell Fulson   1954

   Reconsider Baby

Lowell Fulson   1955

   Loving You (Is All I Crave)

      Composition: Willie Dixon

Lowell Fulson   1960

   Blue Shadows

      Composed w Lloyd Glenn

Lowell Fulson   1963

   You're Gonna Miss Me

Lowell Fulson   1964

   Reconsider Baby

      Piano: Lloyd Glenn

Lowell Fulson   1967

   I'm a Drifter


      Composed w Jimmy McCracklin

Lowell Fulson   1969

   Why Don't We Do It In the Road

      Composition: Lennon/McCartney

Lowell Fulson   1993

   Little by Little

      With BB King

      Composition: Amos Blakemore


Birth of the Blues: Lowell Fulson

Lowell Fulson

Source: Music Me

  Born James Lane in 1924 in Ruleville, Mississippi, Jimmy Rogers was raised in Atlanta, then Memphis. He played harmonica as a child, Snooky Pryor among his friends, adding guitar as a teenager. His early professional career found him in St. Louis, IL, with such as Robert Lockwood. Moving to Chicago in the mid forties, he there recorded his debut vinyl for Sunnyland Slim (piano) in September 1946: 'Round About Boogie' (Harlem 1021 A). That plate erroneously credits backing by pianist, Memphis Slim, and His House Rockers. (Neither Slim is thought to have ever recorded with the other.) Rogers probably joined Lee Brown (piano), Alex Atkins (alto sax), Big Crawford (bass) and Leroy Foster (drums) on that. American Music (AM) has Rogers in session again in 1947, date unknown, for titles backing mouth harp player, Little Walter, including 'That's Alright'/'Just Keep Loving Her' (Chance 1116). AM has Rogers' first session with Muddy Waters on May 14, 1949, that for unissued tracks by Walter accompanied by Sunnyland Slim and Elga Edmonds (drums): 'You Don't Have to Go' and 'I'm in Love with a Woman'. September of '49 saw Rogers backing Waters on 'Screamin' and Cryin'', 'Where's My Woman Been' and 'Last Time I Fool Around with You'. Rogers commenced 1950 in January with more titles by Walter (: 'Muskadine Blues') before recording his initial name sides on August 15 with his trio consisting of Walter and Big Crawford: 'That's All Right'/'Ludella' (Chess 1435). Rogers pretty much retired from the music industry in the sixties after working briefly with Howlin' Wolf (: Little Baby'/'Down in the Bottom' 61). He supported himself as a cab driver and owned a clothing store that burned down in the riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King (1968). Rogers began recording again in 1972, producing the album, 'Gold Tailed Bird', and was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1995. He died in Chicago in 1997 of colon cancer. A partial list of Rogers' recordings with compositional credits. Titles below were written by Rogers but as noted.

Jimmy Rogers   1950

   Last Time I Fool Around With You

      With Muddy Waters

      Composition: Muddy Waters

   That's Alright

   Today Today Blues

   Where's My Woman Been

      With Muddy Waters

      Composition: Muddy Waters

Jimmy Rogers   1953

   Act Like You Love Me

Jimmy Rogers   1973

   Gold Tailed Bird

      Album: 'Gold Tailed Bird'

Jimmy Rogers   1985

   Dirty Dozens

      Album w Left Hand Frank

Jimmy Rogers   1994

   Big Boss Man

      Album: 'Blue Bird'

      Composition: Al Smith/Luther Dixon

Jimmy Rogers   1999

   Gonna Shoot You Right Down

     Album: 'Blues Blues Blues'

      With Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, Robert Plant

      Composition: John Lee Hooker


      Album: 'Blues Blues Blues'   With Taj Mahal

   Bright Lights, Big City

      Album: 'Blues Blues Blues'

       Composition: Jimmy Reed


Birth of the Blues: Jimmy Rogers

Jimmy Rogers

Photo: Michael Amsler

Source: Bohemian

  Clarence Gatemouth Brown was a highly skilled guitarist born in 1924 in Vinton, Louisiana. He picked up "Gatemouth" from a high school teacher who compared his voice to to gate. Brown began his career as a drummer in San Antonio. His name began to spread upon filling in for an ill T-Bone Walker in 1947 at a Houston nightclub, Walker no easy talent to substitute. That same year in August Brown recorded his first tracks for Aladdin: 'Gatemouth Boogie'/'After Sunset' and 'Guitar In My Hand'/'Without Me Baby'. Two years later he helped launch Peacock records, recording six songs for three plates, among them: 'Mary Is Fine'/'My Time Is Expensive'. During the sixties Brown worked in Nashville, pursuing country music. His first of twelve tours to Europe was in 1971. He also toured East Africa as a U.S. State Department ambassador. Moving to New Orleans in the latter seventies, he then toured the Soviet Union in 1979. Tours to Russia had been a matter for the U.S. State Department up to that time. That tour, eight weeks shy of a year, was arranged by Brown's manager, Jim Halsey, and was the first concerning which a private party from the U.S. dealt directly with Soviet officials. Brown was elected into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1999. He toured internationally during his last years, his final record release in 2004: 'Timeless'. Brown's home was destroyed in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina, he having evacuated to Orange, Texas. He there died on September 10, 2005, only for flooding from Hurricane Ike to unearth his casket in 2008 (since refurbished with a headstone). Brown is thought to have composed all titles below except as indicated.

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1947

  Gatemouth Boogie

  Guitar In My Hand

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1949

   Mary Is Fine

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1950

   Boogie Rambler

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1951

   I Live My Life

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1953

   Boogie Uproar

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1954

   Baby Take It Easy

  Midnight Hour

  Okie Dokie Stomp

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1959

   Depression Blues

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1966

   Okie Dokie Stomp

     Filmed live

      Composition: Pluma Davis

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1972

   The Blues Ain't Nothing


Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1983

   Dollar Got the Blues

     Filmed live

  Worried Life Blues

     Filmed live with Canned Heat

      Composition: Big Maceo Merriweather   1941

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   1984


     Filmed live

      Composition: Albert Collins

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   2000


     Filmed live

      Composition: Louis Jordan

Clarence Gatemouth Brown   2004

   Live at Montreaux

     Filmed concert


Birth of the Blues: Clarence Gatemouth Brown

Clarence Gatemouth Brown

Photo: Andrew Lepley

Source: Powers 2

Birth of the Blues: Lightning Hopkins

Lightnin' Hopkins

Source: Eran Sabag

Guitarist Lightnin' Hopkins, was born in Centerville, TX, in 1912 and Texas blues is what he did. When Hopkins was age eight he met Blind Lemon Jefferson at a church picnic, which sealed his destiny. He was further educated in the blues by distant cousin, Alger Texas Alexander. Hopkins spent years playing largely in Centerville or Houston when not rambling as he supported himself as a farmhand. He did time at the Houston County Prison Farm for an unknown offense in the mid thirties. He pretty much spun wheels on ice until he left for Los Angeles to record his first records with pianist Wilson Smith (Thunder Smith) for Aladdin. American Music has him with Smith on ten sides on November 9, beginning with titles for Smith: 'Can't Do Like You Used To'/'West Coast Blues' (Aladdin 165). The second issue of that credited Hopkins as well. Next came Smith's 'L.A. Blues'/'Little Mama Boogie' (Aladdin 166). Next on the matrix roster came Hopkin's 'Katie Mae Blues'/'That Mean Old Twister' (Aladdin 167). With such as those under his belt, Hopkins returned to Houston to greater success. Hopkins recorded at least 800 tracks during his career. Four of those reached Billboard's Top Ten: 'T Model Blues' ('49), 'Shotgun Blues' ('50), 'Coffee Blues' ('52) and 'Give Me Central 209' ('52). His catalogue per australiancharts. Hopkins appeared at Carnegie Hall in 1960, and embarked on world tours in the sixties and seventies. He died of cancer in Houston on January 30, 1982. Hopkins composed all titles below except as noted.

Lightnin' Hopkins   1947

   Katie Mae

   Bald Headed Woman

Lightnin' Hopkins   1947

   Short Haired Woman

Lightnin' Hopkins   1949

   Baby Please Don't Go

      Composition: Traditional

Lightnin' Hopkins   1966

   Rock Me Baby

      Live in concert

      Composition: See Wikipedia



Born in Marianna, Arkansas, in 1917, guitarist, Floyd Jones, was a Delta blues musician before becoming involved with Chicago blues upon migrating there in the mid forties to join his elder brother, Moody Jones. He there added to his circle such as Little Walter, Jimmy Rogers and Snooky Pryor. American Music (AM) has his initial session as vocalist on titles credited with him to "Snooky & Moody": 'Stockyard Blues'/'Keep What You Got'. AM indicates the first issue of that in 1947 per Marvel 702. Pruter and Campbell don't have Marvel 702 sessioned until latter 1948, likely for '49 issue. At that point documentation breaks down, so we're calling it dubitably '47. Wirz at AM has Old Swing-Master 22 issued in '49, listed the same session as Marvel 702 by Pruter and Campbell. lf Pruter and Campbell have Moody Jones on titles prior per Swing Master 18. If P and C are correct then Jones isn't likely to have appeared on record until 1949. AM has Jones next supporting Sunnyland Slim on May 14 of 1949 with Muddy Waters (guitar) and Elga Edmonds (drums): 'Hard Times'/'School Days' (Tempo-Tone 1001). AM lists Jones' next name session on March 22, 1951: 'Big World'/'Dark Road' (J.O.B. 1001). His crew was Slim (piano), Moody Jones (bass) and Alfred Wallace (drums) with Billy Howell blowing trumpet on 'Big World'. He recorded those titles again on December 29 of 1951 per Chess 1498. That crew was Little Walter (harmonica), Jimmy Rogers (guitar) and likely Willie Coven (drums). 'Overseas' and 'Playhouse' went down unissued on the same date. Come September 17 of 1952 for 'You Can't Live Long'/'Early Morning' (Chess 1527). Titles issued in 1953 went down on January 17 that year, again with Slim, Moody Jones and Wallace: 'On the Road Again'/'Skinny Mama' (J.O.B. 1013). Jones performed and recorded in Chicago the remainder of his career, though he toured with Lionel Hampton's orchestra to Europe in 1961 and Japan in 1963. He died in Chicago on December 19, 1989 (following his brother, Moody, in March of '48). Allmusic lends this brief account of Jones' compositional credits. Titles below are thought to be written by Jones.

Floyd Jones   1947(?)

   Stockyard Blues

     AM has Marvel 702 recorded in 1947 for issue in '47

Floyd Jones   1951

   Dark Road

      With Sunnyland Slim

Floyd Jones   1952

   Dark Road

      With Little Walter

Floyd Jones   1953

   On the Road Again

Floyd Jones   1970

   Stockyard Blues

      Live performance


Birth of the Blues: Floyd Jones

Floyd Jones

Source: Early Blues

Birth of the Blues: Moody Jones

Moody Jones


Guitarist, Moody Jones, was born in Earle, Arkansas, on April 8, 1908, elder brother of Floyd Jones by nine years. Like other poor musicians he made his own instruments, working as a farmer. Allmusic has him in St. Louis in the late twenties, moving to Chicago in 1938. The recording and issue of his first record is problematic: 'Stockyard Blues'/'Keep What You Got' as "Snooky & Moody" with Floyd at vocals and Snooky Pryor at harmonica. That was first issued in either 1947 or '49. (See discussion under Floyd Jones.) His next, if not first, issued session was with Pryor in 1948: 'Telephone Blues'/'Boogie'. Again, American Music (AM) has that issued in 1948, but Robert Pruter and Robert Campbell don't have it sessioned until latter '48, likely too late for release until '49. If to go by Swing Master issues the '49 date would appear more accurate. AM next has Jones trading guitar for bass, his next session with Pryor in 1949 for 'Boogy Fool'/'Raisin' Sand' (J.O.B. 101). Stefan Wirz at AM has their next set on April 28, 1952: 'I'm Getting Tired'/'Going Back on the Road' (J.O.B. 115). Jones' only titles as a leader were also on that date. Supported by Pryor and Sunnyland Slim (piano) with Jones at guitar and vocals, those went unissued: 'Rough Treatment', 'Rough Treatment' (alt) and 'Why Should I Worry'. Jones was at guitar to back Pryor on titles in '53, those issued being 'Cryin' Shame'/'Eighty Nine Ten' (JOB 1014) and 'Crosstown Blues'/'I Want You for Myself' (Parrot 807). Jones drifted away from his blues career shortly afterward. Gospel oriented, he quit music altogether circa 1955 to become a pastor. He died in Chicago on March 23, 1988 (preceding his brother, Floyd, in December 89).

Moody Jones   1947(?)

   Keep What You Got

       With Floyd Jones & Snooky Pryor

      AM has Marvel 702 recorded and issued in '47

     Also issued as Swingmaster 22

      Composition: Floyd Jones

Moody Jones   1948(?)

   Telephone Blues

      With Snooky Pryor

      AM has Marvel 702 recorded and issued in '47

       Also issued as Swingmaster 18

      Composition: Moody Jones/Snooky Pryor

Moody Jones   1949

   Raisin' Sand

      With Snooky Pryor and Leroy Foster

      Composition: Snooky Pryor

Moody Jones   1952

   Rough Treatment

      With Snooky Pryor and Sunnyland Slim

      Recorded 1952   Issue unknown

      Composition: Moody Jones


  Born in New Orleans in 1917, Frankie Lee Sims was relocated as a youth with his family to Marshall, Texas. He was twelve when he began to play guitar, then ran away from home to become a musician. The latter thirties found him employed as a teacher in Palestine, Texas, playing local gigs on weekends. Sims enlisted as a Marine when the United States entered World War II in 1941. Upon release he made Dallas his home, where he made his initial recordings in 1947 backing pianist/vocalist, Smoky Hogg, on 'Hard Times'/'Goin' Back Home' (Bullet 285). AM has him leading the Blue Bonnet Trio in 1948 on 'Cross Country Blues'/'Home Again Blues' (Blue Bonnet 147), that followed by 'Don't Forget Me Baby'/'Single Man Blues' (Blue Bonnet 148) with his Guitar Trio. He was in Houston in 1949 with Lightnin' Hopkins for the latter's 'Jail House Blues' (Gold Star 662). AM doesn't have him recording again until May 5, 1953, back in Dallas with Herbert Washington on drums for 'I'm Long Long Gone'/'Yeh Baby' (Specialty 478). Titles ensued through the fifties into the sixties. Sims died of pneumonia on May 10, 1970, only 53 years of age. He composed all titles below excepting as noted (* = undetermined).

Frankie Lee Sims   1947

   Hard Times Goin' Back Home

      Backing Smoky Hogg

      Composition: Smoky Hogg

Frankie Lee Sims   1948

   Cross Country Blues*

   Single Man Blues*

Frankie Lee Sims   1953

   Lucy Mae Blues

Frankie Lee Sims   1954

   Cryin' Won't Help You

Frankie Lee Sims   1957

   Walking With Frankie

      Written w Johnny Vincent

Frankie Lee Sims   1958

   I Warned You Baby

   My Talk Didn't Do Any Good

   She Likes to Boogie Real Low


Birth of the Blues: Frankie Lee Jones

Frankie Lee Sims

Photo: Chris Strachwitz

Source: Bman's Blues Report

  Born Arbee Stidham in 1917 in DeValls Bluff, Arkansas, the same had a father who performed with Jimmie Lunceford and an uncle with the Memphis Jug Band. Though largely a guitar player, he originally learned harmonica, clarinet and saxophone as a youth. Stidham was a bit precocious with his own band called the Southern Syncopators by the age of thirteen, backing Bessie Smith on tour in 1930-31. He would perform on Radio KARK in Little Rock, Arkansas, and gig in Memphis, Tennessee. Heading for Chicago in the mid forties, he recorded his initial name tracks as a vocalist for RCA Victor with the Lucky Millinder Orchestra, Sax Mallard in the band, on September 18, 1947: 'In Love With You', 'I Found Out for Myself', 'I Don't Know How to Cry' and 'My Heart Belongs to You'. His compositions, 'My Heart Belongs to You' and 'I Found Out for Myself' were released back to back, the former to reach Billboard's #1 spot in R&B. Briefly afterward Stidham decided to learn guitar from Big Bill Broonzy [*] and Earl Hooker [*]. Though Stidham didn't cease with saxophone for health reasons until 1954, he plays guitar on 'Mr. Commissioner' below. Though Stidham himself recognized that guitar wasn't his forte that didn't stop him from recording his compositions, albeit his whole catalogue would fit in Dorothy's basket with room left for Toto, among them: 78 releases and 45 releases. Stidham completed four name albums starting in 1961 with 'I'm Tired of Wandering' and 'Arbee's Blues'. He featured on a couple other albums for Folkways Records during that period and remained active through the sixties, but wouldn't issue another album until 'A Time for Blues' in 1972, followed by 'There's Always Tomorrow' the next year, after which he retired, to die on April 26, 1978, in Cook County, Illinois. Stidham's total anthology has been issued by Blue Moon: 'Arbee Stidham ‎– The Complete Recordings Volume 1: 1947-1951' and 'Arbee Stidham ‎– The Complete Recordings Volume 2: 1951-1957'. (There is a recurring typo which has sites like Discogs and Amazon listing Volume 1 as 1941-1951). Among his numerous compositions were, in alphabetical: 'Falling Blues', 'I Stayed Away Too Long', 'I Want to Belong to You', 'Look Me Straight In the Eye', 'People, What Would You Do', 'Please Let It Be Me', 'Someone to Tell My Troubles To', 'You Keep Me Yearning' and 'What the Blues Will Do'.

Arbee Stidham   1948

   My Heart Belongs to You

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

Arbee Stidham   1952

   Mr Commissioner

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

Arbee Stidham   1956

   Meet Me Half Way

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

   When I Find My Baby

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

Arbee Stidham   1957

   I Stayed Away Too Long

      With Lefty Bates & Earl Hooker

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

Arbee Stidham   1960

   My Heart Belongs to You

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

   Pawn Shop

      Composition: Brownie McGhee

   Teenage Kiss

   You Can't Live In This World By Yourself

      Composition: Arbee Stidham

Arbee Stidham   1973



   Tired of Wondering

      Composition: Brownie McGhee


Birth of the Blues: Arbee Stidham

Arbee Stidham

Photo: Ray Flerlage

Source: VK/Primordial Blues

Birth of the Blues: Muddy Waters

Muddy Waters

Source: Morrison Hotel Gallery

Born McKinley Morganfield in 1913 in Mississippi, Muddy Waters got the first part of his name from his grandmother, who raised him upon his mother's death, because he liked to play in the muddy waters of nearby Deer Creek. As the "aristocrat" of the blues, Waters was one of those phenomena who seemed to easily own just about everything he did as first nature, another smooth act like T-Bone Walker who infused the blues with a sense of class, though not so stylishly as near contemporaries in jazz like Cab Calloway or Duke Ellington in their tuxedos, and a realm away from gentlemen of another sort in the classical field, such as their near contemporary, Sir William Turner Walton, knighted in 1951 by old wealth Queen Elizabeth II. Waters had early started playing harmonica in a distinctly less royal environment, but headed that general direction when he bought himself a guitar at age seventeen, first learning to play in the bottleneck (slide) style. Soon playing both solo and with a group called the Son Simms Four. Waters then opened a juke joint and played there as well. He first recorded as McKinley Morganfield in Stovall, Mississippi, circa 24-31 August, 1941, per 'Country Blues' and 'I Be's Troubled'. Those were with fiddler, Son Simms, for Library of Congress historian, Alan Lomax. Those eventually got issued in 1993 on CD by Chess on 'The Complete Plantation Recordings' (CHD 9344). Titles followed in '42, also with Simms for the Library of Congress, also on 'The Complete Plantation Recordings'. The sovereign of Chicago blues didn't make it to Chicago until 1943, where he began playing electric guitar in 1945, a gift from an uncle which served him well. Phil Wight and Fred Rothwell have Morganfield recording 'Mean Red Spider' as Muddy Waters sometime in 1946, erroneously credited to James Sweet Lucy Carter whose 'Let Me Be Your Coal Man' was on the flip side (20th Century 20-51 '48). September 27 of '46 saw Waters with pianist, James Clark, on several tracks, three backing Homer Harris (issued '73), two supporting Clark with 'Come to Me Baby'/'You Can’t Make the Grade' thought to have been issued in '47 (Columbia 37391, 30020). Between those sets had arrived three unissued tracks on the same date by Waters, supported by Clark, et al: 'Jitterbug Blues', 'Hard Day Blues' and 'Burying Ground Blues'. Sunnyland Slim's 'Johnson Machine Gun'/'Fly Right Little Girl' (Aristocrat 1301) followed sometime in 1947. Sequential matrix numbers suggest the same date that Slim backed Waters on 'Gypsy Woman '/'Little Anna Mae' (Aristocrat 1302). Come April of '48 Slim backed Waters on 'Good Lookin’ Woman' (Chess LP 680002 '85) and 'Mean Disposition' (Chess LP 2057 '84), neither released until years indicated. It was likely the same date that Waters supported Slim''s 'She Ain’t Nowhere'/'My Baby, My Baby' (Aristocrat 1301). ;From thereon Waters entered into a steady recording career, sessioning variously with such as Ernest Crawford (bassist whose first session with Waters had been for 'Mean Red Spider'), Jimmy Oden, again with Slim ('Blue Baby'/'I Want My Baby' '48), Jimmy Rogers (guitar), etc. Come 1950 Waters was bringing it on strong, well on the trail toward prominent recognition. His configurations in the early fifties included such as Rogers, Elga Evans (drums), Little Walter (harmonica), Otis Spann (piano) and Willie Dixon (bass). Reflecting his popularity during his first decade of recording were his fourteen R&B Top Ten titles, 'I'm Your Hoochie Coochie Man' reaching #3 in 1954. Waters toured England for the first time in 1958, again in 1972 toward 'The London Muddy Waters Sessions'. He would join trombonist, Chris Barber, at Alexandra Palace in London in July of 1979 for 'Kansas City', 'Lend Me Your Love' and 'Corrine Corrina'. Other highlights in Waters' career include Newport Jazz Festivals. One in 1960 had resulted in his first live LP, 'At Newport 1960'. Another in 1965 found him with Dizzy Gillespie performing 'Got My Mojo Working' (Preston Foster). Water's last album, 'King Bee', was issued in 1981. His last performance was with Eric Clapton in 1982, dying the next year of heart failure at his home in Illinois on April 30. Rock band, the Rolling Stones, took their name from 'Rollin' Stone' below. Recordings by Waters with compositional credits at australiancharts and discogs 1, 2, 3. All titles below were written by Waters except as noted. Waters will be found in A Birth of Rock & Roll as well.

Muddy Waters   1941

   Country Blues

      First issue unknown

Muddy Waters   1947

   You Can’t Make the Grade

      With James Beale Street Clark

      Composition: James Clark

Muddy Waters   1948

   Gyspy Woman

      Recorded 1947 w Sunnyland Slim (piano)

   Little Anna Mae

      Recorded 1947 w Sunnyland Slim (piano)

   Mean Red Spider

      Recorded 1946

      Erroneously credited to James Sweet Lucy Carter

Muddy Waters   1950  

   Rollin' Stone (Catfish Blues)

Muddy Waters   1951

   Lonesome Day

Muddy Waters   1954

   Hoochie Coochie Man

      Composition: Willie Dixon

   I Just Want to Make Love to You

      Composition: Willie Dixon

   I'm Ready

      Composition: Willie Dixon

Muddy Waters   1966

   Got My Mojo Workin'

      Live performance

      Composition: Preston Foster

Muddy Waters   1969

   All Aboard

      Album: 'Fathers and Sons'

   Long Distance Call

      Album: 'Fathers and Sons'

   Baby, Please Don't Go/Honey Bee

      Album: 'Fathers and Sons'

Muddy Waters   1971

   Manish Boy

        Live performance

      Composed w Mel London

Muddy Waters   1977  

   Champagne & Reefer

Muddy Waters   1978

   Who Do You Trust

Muddy Waters   1981

   I'm a King Bee

        Live in Chicago

      Composition: James Moore

  You Don't Have to Go

       Live in Chicago

      Composition: Jimmy Reed



Birth of the Blues: John Lee Hooker

John Lee Hooker

Photo: Brian Smith

Source: VeV

Born circa 1917 in Tutwiler, Mississippi, guitarist, John Lee Hooker, was the youngest of no less than eleven children, his father a sharecropper and Baptist preacher. Running away from home at age fourteen, he showed up in Memphis in the thirties to gig on Beale Street, such as at the New Daisy Theatre. World War II found him employed by Ford Motors in Detroit where he transitioned from acoustic to electric guitar. Discographies by Claus Röhnisch place Hooker's first recording in Detroit on June 12, 1948: 'Rocks' ('Miss Sassy Mae'). Other demos followed that summer like 'Leavin' Chicago' ('Highway Blues') and 'Wednesday Evening Blues'. Those three tracks saw issue in 1990 by KrazyKat on 'Boogie Awhile'. A couple other demos were taped that summer ('Miss Sadie Mae' and 'When My First Wife Left Me') before Hooker put down his debut issues circa September, both composed by him: 'Sally May'/'Boogie Chillen'', released on November 3. Hooker located Billboard's R&B Top Ten with five titles from '49 to '51. Reaching No. 1 were 'Boogie Chillen' ('49) and 'I'm in the Mood' ('51). Hooker's would be one of the more illustrious careers in blues. Also a major influence on rock music, he released more than 100 albums. Though he lived his later years largely in Long Beach, Hooker owned several homes in California and opened his own nightclub in San Francisco in 1997: John Lee Hooker's Boom Boom Room. Hooker's last recording was in 2001 with Italian singer, Zucchero: 'Ali D'Oro' (released by Zucchero in 2005 on the album, 'Zucchero & Co.'). Hooker died in his sleep of natural causes on June 21, 2001. More John Lee Hooker in A Birth of Folk Music under Ry Cooder. Recordings by Hooker with songwriting credits documented at australiancharts. All titles below were composed by Hooker except as noted.

John Lee Hooker   1948  

   Boogie Chillen

   Crawlin' King Snake

   Goin' Down Highway 51

   Wednesday Evening Blues

John Lee Hooker   1951

   Catfish Blues

      Composition: Traditional

   I'm In the Mood

      Composition: Hooker/Jules Taub

   Reach My Goal

   Tease Me Baby

John Lee Hooker   1952

   Rock Me Mama

   Women and Money

John Lee Hooker   1963

   This Is Hip

John Lee Hooker   1971

   The Feelin' Is Gone

      LP: 'Hooker 'N Heat'

      With Canned Heat

   Messin' With the Hook

      LP: 'Hooker 'N Heat'

      With Canned Heat

   Whiskey and Wimmen

      LP: 'Hooker 'N Heat'

      With Canned Heat

John Lee Hooker   1980

   This Is Hip

      With Ry Cooder

John Lee Hooker   2001

   Boogie Chillun

   Ali D'Oro

      With Zucchero

      Composition: Luciano Luisi/Zucchero



Birth of the Blues: Eddie Burns

Eddie Burns

Source: Grognards

Born in Belzoni, Mississippi in 1928, Eddie "Guitar" Burns had a father who was a sharecropper and was himself a vocalist in medicine shows. He took a detour through Iowa on his way to Detroit in 1948, there to begin his recording career as a vocalist playing harmonica rather than guitar. American Music shows his debut recordings in 1949 as one of the Swing Brothers, John T. Smith on guitar as the other for 'Notoriety Woman'/'Papa's Boogie' (Palda 2004). That got released aka Slim Pickens per Holiday 202 ('Notoriety Woman' as 'Bad Woman Blues'). Come several tracks with John Lee Hooker in '49 and '51. Issued in from '49 sessions were 'Burnin' Hell' ('49) and 'Miss Eloise' ('50). AM has Burns starting to record in his own name in 1953, supported by Chuck Smith (piano), Percy Lee Brown (guitar) and Washboard Willie: 'Hello Miss Jessie Lee'/'Dealing with the Devil' (DeLuxe 6024). Come 1954 as Big Ed and His Combo backed by Bob Turman (piano), Percy Lee Brown (guitar) and Tom Whitehead (drums) for 'Superstition'/'Biscuit Baking Mama' (Checker 790). Wirz comments that Burns' vocals on 'Superstition' were double tracked for the duet affect. He was back to recording as Eddie Burns again in 1957 with Charlie Mills (piano), George DeLoach (bass) and Curtis Foster (drums): 'Treat Me Like I Treat You'/'Dont'cha Leave Me Baby' (J-V-B 82). Recordings in the sixties were launched by 'Orange Driver'/'Hard Hearted Woman' (Harvey HA-111) in 1961, supported by Shorty Long (trumpet/sax), Popcorn Wiley (piano), Eddie Willis (guitar), Robert White (guitar/bass) and Marvin Gaye (drums). Albeit Burns had to supplement his income as a mechanic in Detroit, he fared well enough to call for a tour of Europe in 1972, the same year his debut album, 'Bottle Up & Go' appeared, recorded in London. Eddie Burns' little brother by fifteen years was guitarist, Jimmy Burns (born 1943). Jimmy began his career in R&B, more oriented toward soul than blues. Albeit Jimmy was based in Chicago as a musician for decades, only 300 miles from Detroit, they don't appear to have recorded together until 2002 per Eddie's album, 'Snake Eyes'. (AM contends that it's not the same Jimmy Burns who recorded 'Nervous'/'Raise' [Combo 28] in 1952, which would have made Jimmy nine years of age at the time. Some sources also place Jimmy with the doo wop group, the Medallionaires, in the latter fifties, which doesn't savvy with personnel listed at DOO-WOP. AM doesn't have Jimmy recording until 'Forget It'/'Through All Your Faults' [USA 771] in 1964.) Burn's last recordings are thought to have been his album, 'Second Degree Burns', released in 2005. He died of heart failure on December 12, 2012. Jimmy continues his career to this day, having issued the album 'It Ain't Right', in 2015. We've inserted a few of his recordings amidst Eddie's below, though they collaborate only in 2002. All titles below were written by Eddie Burns except as noted. (* = undetermined.)

Eddie Burns   1949

   Bad Woman Blues ['Notoriety Woman']

      Harmonica with John T. Smith

   Burnin' Hell

      Harmonica with John Lee Hooker

     Composition: Bernard Besman

Eddie Burns   1951

   Where Did You Stay Last Night*

     Recorded 1951   Issue unknown

Eddie Burns   1953

  Hello Miss Jessie Lee

   She Keeps Me Guessing

Eddie Burns   1954

   Bisquit Baking Mama*

Eddie Burns   1957

   Dont'cha Leave Me Baby*

   Treat Me Like I Treat You

Eddie Burns   1961

   Orange Driver

Eddie Burns   1962

   (Don't Be) Messing with My Bread

Jimmy Burns   1964

    Forget It

     Composition: Jimmy Burns/Margaret Rudy

   Through All Your Faults

     Composition: Jimmy Burns/Margaret Rudy

Jimmy Burns   1972

    I Really Love You

     Composition: Bobby Newsome

Eddie Burns   1975

   Do It If You Wanna*

Eddie Burns   1987

   The Blues Is All Right

      With the BJ Hegens Bluesband

      Composition: Little Milton

Eddie Burns   1988

   When I Lost My Baby*

        With the BJ Hegens Bluesband

Jimmy Burns   1996

   Leaving Here Walking

       Album: 'Leaving Here Walking'

       Composition: Jimmy Burns

Eddie Burns w Jimmy Burns   2002

   Snake Eyes

       Album: 'Snake Eyes'

Eddie Burns   2005

   I'll Always Be Around

       Album: '2nd Degree Burns'

Jimmy Burns   2015

   It Ain't Right

       Album: 'It Ain't Right'

       Composition: Walter Jacobs



Birth of the Blues: BB King

BB King

Source: Daisy America

Born on the Berclair cotton plantation near Itta Bena, Mississippi, in 1925, BB King (Riley B. King) was raised by his grandmother in Kilmichael and sang in a Baptist church choir as a youth. Wikipedia has him purchasing his first guitar at age 12 for $15 (if it wasn't given to him by Bukka White, the latter's mother a sister to King's grandmother). King began performing in the gospel group, Famous St. John's Quartet, in 1943 at churches and on radio (WGRM). The latter forties found him working in radio in the West Memphis-Memphis area, including Sonny Boy Williamson II's program on KWEM. While working for WDIA he became known as the Beale Street Blues Boy, which got shortened to Blues Boy, then B.B.. King released his first recording, 'Miss Martha King', in 1949, backed by 'When Your Baby Packs Up and Goes'. That didn't sell well, but King put together his own band to tour the States. King was playing at a dance hall in Twist, Arkansas, that year when two men began fighting over a woman named Lucille. That escalated into a fire from which all fled. King had forgotten his $30 Gibson guitar and ran back into the burning building to retrieve it, whence he named it Lucille, the name he gave to all of his guitars, usually Gibsons. The song itself didn't arrive until 1968 on King's album, 'Lucille'. As King of the Blues, King's was an illustrious career for well over six decades. Among his numerous popular songs were those which charted on Billboard's R&B at #1: '3 O'Clock Blues' ('51), 'You Know I Love' ('52), 'Please Love Me' ('53) and 'You Upset Me Baby' ('54). He issued his debut LP, 'Singin' the Blues', in 1956. King began performing with rock bands in the sixties. Opening for the Rolling Stones' American Tour in 1969, King issued 'The Thrill Is Gone' the next year for a Grammy. 1980 saw his election into the Blues Hall of Fame. It was the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987. Maintaining high visibility throughout his career, Wikipedia has him performing 300 concerts in 1988. He and guitarist, Eric Clapton, issued 'Riding with the King' in 2000. King's final of about fifty albums, 'One Kind of Favor', was released in 2008. Wikipedia lists thirteen more live albums from 'Live at the Regal' ('65) to 'Live at the BBC' ('08). King died of heart attack at age 90 on May 14, 2015, in Queens (NYC). He wasn't related to either Albert King, Earl King or Freddie King. soulfulkindamusic publishes this discography of singles released to year 2000. Research compositions recorded by King at australiancharts. He wrote all titles below except as indicated.

BB King   1949  

   Miss Martha King

  When Your Baby Packs Up and Goes

BB King   1951

  3 O'Clock Blues

       Composition: Lowell Fulson   1946

       Original version: Lowell Fulson   1948

  She's Dynamite

       Composition: Hudson Whittaker (Tampa Red)

       Original version: Tampa Red   1951

BB King   1953  

   Highway Bound

BB King   1957  

   Early in the Morning

       Composition: King/Sam Ling

BB King   1965  

   Worry Worry

       Album: 'Live at the Regal'

       Composition: Jules Taub/Pluma Davis

BB King   1968



BB King   1969  

   The Thrill Is Gone

       Composition: Roy Hawkins/Rick Darnell

BB King   1970

   Nobody Loves Me But My Mother

BB King   1971  

   Sweet Thing

       Composition: King/Joe Josea

BB King   1987

   Why I Sing the Blues

      Live with Albert King, Eric Clapton, Stevie Ray Vaughan

BB King   1995

   Catfish Blues (Fishin' After Me)

       Composition: Robert Petway

BB King   2000

   Riding with the King

       Album w Eric Clapton


  Born in 1932 in Bessemer, Alabama, Louisiana Red (Iverson Minter) grew up being relayed from relative to relative. His mother had died of pneumonia shortly after his birth and his father his had been murdered by the Klan (KKK) in 1937. He first recorded in 1949 as Rocky Fuller, then joined the Army for a pleasant visit to Korea in 1951. Upon discharge Red continued to record as Rocky Fuller. Compositions issued by him in 1952 were: 'Soon One Morning', 'Rock Me Baby', 'Under a Neon Sign', 'Catch Me a Freight Train', 'Looking for the Mail Man', 'The Moon Won't Go Down', 'Gonna Leave This Town' and 'Raining and Snowing'. He also recorded as Playboy Fuller: Goldmine quotes the shellac 78, 'Sugar Cane Highway'/'Gonna Play My Guitar' (Fuller Records OP-171 1953), to be worth $2580 per this writing. During the latter fifties Red joined John Lee Hooker's band for a couple of years. His first album was released in 1963, 'Lowdown Back Porch Blues', followed the same year by 'Seventh Son'. Red enjoyed a very active career in the midst of which he moved to Hanover, Germany in 1981, where he died February 25, 2012. A partial list of Red's recordings with compositional credits. Red wrote all titles below except as noted (* = undetermined).

Louisiana Red   1949

   Come On Baby, Now

      As Rocky Fuller

Louisiana Red   1953

   Gonna Play My Guitar*

      As Playboy Fuller

Louisiana Red   1960

   I Done Woke Up

Louisiana Red   1964

   I'm Too Poor to Die

       Composition: Singleton/Wyche/Glover

Louisiana Red   1975

   Sweet Blood Call

       Composition: Kent Cooper/Red

Louisiana Red   1977

   Red's New Dream

       Live at 'The Old Gray Whistle Test'

       Composition: Eddie Jefferson

Louisiana Red   1982

   Nothing But a Gypsy Man*

Louisiana Red   1983

   No Future*

Louisiana Red   1999


Louisiana Red   2007

   Cotton Pickin' Blues

       Composition: Robert Petway


Birth of the Blues: Louisiana Red

Louisiana Red

Source: All Music

Birth of the Blues: David Honeyboy Edwards

David Honeyboy Edwards

Photo: Paul Natkin

Source: Paul Natkin

Born in 1915 in Shaw, Mississippi, David Honeyboy Edwards began his career in Delta blues at age 14, traveling with Big Joe Williams. He also performed with Charley Patton and Tommy Johnson as a teenager. As he matured into his twenties he hooked up with Robert Johnson in the latter thirties. As an itinerate bluesman he gigged with numerous well-known names before he was recorded by Alan Lomax in Clarksdale, MS, for the Library of Congress on July 20 and 22 of 1942. American Music has him on eighteen titles. The first, 'Worried Life Blues', didn't see issue until 1962 on 'Negro Blues and Hollers' (Library of Congress). Edwards didn't tape anything again until 1950 in Houston as Mr. Honey. Tracks issued with Wilson Thunder Smith supporting on piano were 'Build a Cave'/'Who May Your Regular Be' (ARC 102). Further unissued tracks were recorded in '52 and '53 in Memphis and Chicago, he making the latter his domicile. Edwards performed in Chicago for decades to come, recording on occasion into the new millennium. His autobiography, 'The World Don't Owe Me Nothing', was published in 1997. Edwards died of heart failure on August 29, 2011. Per 1942 below, titles were for the Library of Congress, not issued for many years.

David Honeyboy Edwards   1942

   The Army Blues

     Issued per 'Songs of War and History'   1978

   I Love My Jelly Roll

     Issued per 'Rock Me, Shake Me'   2002

   Wind Howlin' Blues

     Issued per 'Walking Blues'   1979

David Honeyboy Edwards   1951

   Build a Cave

   Who May Your Regular Be

David Honeyboy Edwards   1953

   Drop Down Mama

     Composition: Sleepy John Estes   1935

David Honeyboy Edwards   1969

   Black Jack Blues

     Composition: John T. Brown   1951

David Honeyboy Edwards   2010

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Live performance

     Composition: Robert Johnson   1936

David Honeyboy Edwards   2011

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Live performance

     Composition: Robert Johnson   1936



Birth of the Blues: Howling Wolf

Howlin' Wolf

Source: 10 Mania

Born in White Station, Mississippi, in 1910 as Chester Arthur Burnett, Howlin' Wolf, guitar and harmonica, had been named by his parents after the 21st President of the United States (Chester Arthur 1881-85). A year old when his parents separated, he didn't mix with his mother who sent him to live with his uncle as a child. It was bad enough there for him to walk barefoot 85 miles (per Wolf) when he was thirteen to join his father. Wikipedia has him meeting his mentor, Charlie Patton, in 1930. As they rambled about the Delta region Wolf would become acquainted with other bluesmen of the period, he especially attracted to the music of Blind Lemon Jefferson. As Wikipedia explains, he arrived to "Howlin' Wolf" per attempt to yodel in the manner of country musician, Jimmie Rodgers, but howling was the result. (It's also said that his grandfather told him frightening stories about wolves and boys who misbehaved.) Come 1933 he began to play harmonica, Sonny Boy Williamson II his teacher in that. He'd picked up electric guitar before getting drafted into the military in 1941-43. Upon discharge he headed to West Memphis where was family, then picked up the blues again with old acquaintance, Floyd Jones. Forming a band in 1948, he then became involved in radio (KWEM in West Memphis, Arkansas; KFFA in Helena). American Music (AM) has Wolf's debut recordings on May 14, 1951, those at least one take each of 'Baby Ride With Me' ('Ridin' in the Moonlight') and 'How Many More Years', none issued (eventually released in 1989 on 'Memphis Days - The Definitive Edition Vol 1' per Bear Family Records BCD 15460). His initial session to issue arrived in July, also in Memphis: 'Moanin' at Midnight'/'How Many More Years' (Chess 1479). A highly popular musician all along already, both those titles placed in Billboard's R&B Top Ten. Wolf recorded continuously thereafter. When he left Memphis for Chicago in 1952 Muddy Waters became his host to the city. They performed together a bit but would go their separate ways, never to record together. They would have become rivals friendly or otherwise anyway due to their fame as bluesmen. Wolf, however, made Waters something of a horse to keep abreast as they each led their own bands. Their differences in that were distinct. Wolf's was a professional operation with everything on the books (eventually Social Security, unemployment compensation, health insurance); Waters' was a more loosely behaving crew (see Wikipedia, RCR). Ed Mitchell at musicradar comments that compositions by Willie Dixon for both Waters and Wolf contributed to the rivalry between them. Dixon supplied Waters with such as 'I Just Want to Make Love to You' and 'Hoochie Coochie Man'. He wrote titles for Wolf like 'Little Red Rooster', 'I Ain't Superstitious' and 'Evil'. AM shows Dixon first backing Wolf in March of 1954 on 'No Place to Go' ('You Gonna Wreck My Life')/'Rockin' Daddy' (Chess 1566). Dixon supported Wolf numerously into the sixties. He was in Wolf's group for Wolf's compositions in 1956, 'I Asked for Water' and 'Smokestack Lightning', both which charted in R&B at #8. Wolf visited England in 1957 (Waters following in '58). In 1964 he traveled to Europe as a member of the American Folk Blues Festival tour. The next year he performed with the Rolling Stones (named after a song by Waters) on 'Shindig!'. Among musicians backing Wolf's various configurations had been such as Earl Phillips (drums), Otis Spann (piano), Hubert Sumlin (guitar), Hosea Lee Kennard (piano) and Alfred Elkins (bass). Wolf died of kidney disease on January 10, 1976, at the VA Hospital in Hines, Illinois. See australiancharts and allmusic 1, 2 for lists of Wolf's recordings with songwriting credits. Compositions covered by other musicians at secondhandsongs. More Howlin' Wolf at A Birth of Rock and Roll. Wolf composed all titles below except as noted.

Howlin' Wolf   1951

   How Many More Years

   Moanin' at Midnight

Howlin' Wolf   1954

   Forty Four

Howlin' Wolf   1956

   Smokestack Lightning

Howlin' Wolf   1961

   Down in the Bottom

     Composition: Willie Dixon

Howlin' Wolf   1964

   I'll Be Back Someday

      Live performance

   Shake for Me

      Live performance

     Composition: Willie Dixon/Wolf

Howlin' Wolf   1965

   Ooh Baby

Howlin' Wolf   1966

   Dust My Broom

     Composition: Robert Johnson

Howlin' Wolf   1967


     Composition: Willie Dixon

Howlin' Wolf   1968


     Composition: Willie Dixon



Birth of the Blues: Elmore James

Elmore James

Photo: Michael Ochs Archive

Source: Black & Blue

Being born in Richmond, Mississippi, in 1918, of a fifteen year-old mother made Elmore James (Elmore Brooks) another Delta blues guitarist. He began playing a diddley bow at age twelve. (A diddley bow is a single string, its ends attached anywhere you want to play it. You can string one along a stick; you can stretch one across the Grand Canyon and do some tightrope tricks if you can't play it.) Moving up to a self-made three-string instrument, James is likely to have met other itinerate bluesmen of the period as he traveled the Holmes County region south of Clarksdale. He may or may not have met Robert Johnson who composed the original version of 'Dust My Broom', a song for which version James would become well-known. James joined the Navy during World War II to become part of the invasion force against Japan in Guam. Upon discharge he returned to Mississippi where he fell in with longtime acquaintance, Sonny Boy Williamson II (Rice Miller). James' first recordings are thought to have been on January 4, 1951, in Jackson, MS, backing Williamson on 'Eyesight to the Blind'/'Crazy About You Baby' (Trumpet Records 129). Joe Willie Wilkins (guitar) and Joe Dyson (drums) were also part of that. American Music has James with Williamson in several sessions through December that year. Among those arrived Jame's first name titles (as Elmo), backed by Williamson, on August 5: 'Catfish Blues'/'Dust My Broom' (Trumpet 146). Leonard Ware (bass) and Frock Odell (drums) were in on that. 'Dust My Broom' found Billboard's #9 spot that year, he to call his configurations the Broomdusters after that. 'I Believe'/'I Held My Baby Last Night' was issued in 1952, 'I Believe' to also attain the #9 tier. James made his way to Chicago in the fifties and would spend the remainder of his career between there and Jackson, also recording in NYC and New Orleans. James' career was cut short by heart attack in 1963, only 45 years of age, just prior to a planned tour of Europe. A highly admired musician, John Mayall's 'Mr. James' on his 1968 album, 'Looking Back', was about James. Among who covered his composition, 'The Sky Is Crying', were Stevie Ray Vaughan, Albert King, George Thorogood and Eric Clapton. Songwriting credits to some of James' recordings at allmusic and australiancharts. He composed all titles below but as noted.

Elmore James   1951

   Dust My Broom

      Composition: Robert Johnson

Elmore James   1955

   Blues Before Sunrise

     Composition: Leroy Carr

Elmore James   1957

   Coming Home

   Cry For Me

     Composition: Mel London

   It Hurts Me Too

     Composition: James/James Sehorn

Elmore James   1960

   The Sky Is Crying


     James/Clarence Lewis /Morgan Robinson

   The Sun Is Shining

Elmore James   1961

   Done Somebody Wrong

   Shake Your Money Maker

     Composition: See Wikipedia

Elmore James   1963


     Composition: James/Joe Josea


  Born in Jamaica in 1923 of a mother only eleven years old (taught to believe his mother was his sister), Eddie Kirkland was raised in Alabama until 1935 when he stowed away in a tent truck of the Sugar Girls Medicine Show. Thus began his music career, singing in the chorus of a traveling tent show at age twelve. Kirkland joined the Army in the war against the Axis, after which he acquired employment at a Ford plant in Detroit in 1949 where John Lee Hooker was working as well. Kirkland began backing Hooker at gigs and is thought to have made his first recordings with Hooker in the Besman sessions of 1951. Claus Rohnisch's extensive Hooker discography (html, pdf) places Kirkland's first session on April 2 for titles such as 'Women in My Life' (Modern 829) and 'I'm Going Away'. Kirkland and Hooker would record numerously to 1962. His first recordings in his own right, backed by Hooker, occurred in Detroit in 1952 under the name of Little Eddie Kirkland: 'It's Time' and 'That's All Right'. Kirkland died on February 27, 2011, when he was struck by a Greyhound bus upon making a bad u-turn.

Eddie Kirkland   1951

   Women in My Life

      With John Lee Hooker

     Composition: Roy Rogers

Eddie Kirkland   1952

   It's Time for Lovin' to Be Done

      With John Lee Hooker

     Composition: Jules Bihari/Kirkland

   That's All Right

      With John Lee Hooker

     Composition: Arthur Crudup

Eddie Kirkland   1953

   Mistreated Woman

     Composition: Riley King/Jules Taub

   No Shoes

Eddie Kirkland   1959

   I Must've Done Something Wrong

     Composition: Elmore James

Eddie Kirkland   1961

   Train Done Gone

Eddie Kirkland   1964

   Chill Me Baby

   Have Mercy On Me

Eddie Kirkland   1995

   Our Love So Beautiful

Eddie Kirkland   2006

   Good, Good Day

      Album: 'Booty Blues'

Eddie Kirkland   2010

   Rock Me Baby

      With the Wentus Blues Band

     Composition: BB King    1964

     From Lil' Son Jackson's 'Rockin' and Rollin'   1950


Birth of the Blues: Eddie Kirkland

Eddie Kirkland

Photo: Kartik Pashupati

Source: India Music Week

Birth of the Blues: Earl Hooker

Earl Hooker

Source: The Music's Over

Born in Mississippi in 1929, slide guitarist Earl Hooker, cousin of John Lee Hooker, was a childhood friend of Bo Diddley with whom he busked on the streets of Chicago, Hooker's family having migrated there. Come 1942 he was playing professionally with T-Bone Walker at the Rhumboogie Club. He afterward shaped a relationship with electric guitarist, Robert Nighthawk, as well as pianist, Junior Wells. Come 1948 Hooker began touring the South with Nighthawk (who had taught him slide). He also performed during that period on Sonny Boy Williamson II's radio program, 'King Biscuit Time', at KFFA in Helena, Arkansas. Meeting Ike Turner in Clarksdale, the pair took off for Florida in 1952 where Hooker's debut recording sessions were held in Bradenton on November 26 of 1952. American Music (AM) wants those first two tracks for vocalist, Johnny O'Neal: 'Johnny Feels the Blues'/'So Many Hard Times' (King 4599). Hooker put down his first name titles on that date as well, per the Earl Hooker Trio consisting of Roosevelt Wardell (piano), Robert Dixon (bass) and William Cochran (drums): 'Blue Guitar Blues'/'Race Track' (King 4600). Hooker's next sessions to issue were held circa April '53 in Miami for vocalist, Little Sam Davis. Two of those were 'Goin' Home to Mother'/'1958 Blues' (Rockin' 512). The other two were 'She's So Good to Me'/'Goin' to New Orleans' (Rockin' 519). AM also has Davis on harmonica backing Hooker on several titles in April, the only issued being 'Sweet Angel'/'On the Hook' (Rockin' 513). AM doesn't have Hooker on another session to issue until some time in 1956 in Chicago as Earl "Zeb" Hooker: 'Frog Hop'/'Guitar Rumba' (Argo 5265). Another gap in recording occurs until May 23, 1959, with vocalist, Harry Tidwell, for 'Senorita Juanita'/'Sweet Soosie' (C. J. 605). An unspecified date also has Hooker putting down a couple titles with his band, the Road Masters, consisting of Johnny Big Moose Walker (piano), Jack Myers (bass) and Harold Tidwell (drums): 'Do the Chickin'/'Yea Yea' (C. J. 613). Hooker commenced a recording career en force in 1960, both in sessions for others and his own material. On January 15 he backed Bobby Saxton on 'Tryin' to Make a Livin'' and 'Dynamite'. His next sessions were on May 5 as a studio musician for Chief Records, supporting vocalist, Lillian Offitt, on 'The Man Won't Work'/'Will My Man Be Home Tonight' and 'Oh Mama'/'My Man Is a Lover'. August 8 saw a title shared with Junior Wells: 'Galloping Horses a Lazy Mule'. The same date witnessed Hooker's 'Blues in D Natural' with Wells, Johnny Walker, Earnest Johnson and Harold Tidwell. Among others Hooker backed during his relatively brief career were Elmore James, Ricky Allen and Muddy Waters. Hooker is distinguished in some of the tracks below by his use of the wah-wah pedal, which he began to use in 1968. Unfortunately, Hooker died at the early age of 41 on April 21, 1970, in Chicago, of tuberculosis. Brief list of Hooker's recordings with songwriting credits . All titles below were composed by Hooker except as noted. * = undetermined.

Earl Hooker   1952

   Sweet Black Angel

      Composition: Robert McCullum

Earl Hooker   1953

   Blue Guitar

      Composition: Hooker/Taylor

   Earl's Boogie Woogie

   Guitar Rag


      Composition: Andy Gibson

Earl Hooker   1960

   Blues in D Natural

      Composition: Hooker/Mel London

Earl Hooker   1961

   Apache War Dance

Earl Hooker   1969

   The Hook*


   I Don't Care When You Go

       With John Lee Hooker

      Composition: John Lee Hooker

   Off the Hook

   Two Bugs and a Roach

   Wah Wah Blues

   Messin' Around With the Blues

      With John Lee Hooker

      Composition: John Lee Hooker

Earl Hooker   1970

   Sweet Home Chicago

       Recorded 1969

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936



Homesick James Williamson's was born in Somerville, Tennessee, in April 1910, that or one among other years estimated ranging from 1905 to 1924. Allmusic has him picking up guitar at age ten, running away from home soon after to travel through Mississippi and North Carolina, exposing him to both Delta and Piedmont blues. As an itinerate musician in the twenties and early thirties he would have bumped shoulders with others like Sleepy John Estes living the same. James headed for the bright lights of Chicago in the mid thirties where he worked clubs like the Circle Inn with Horace Henderson and the Square Deal Club with Jimmy Walker (piano). James is supposed to have recorded in 1937 for RCA and 1939 for Vocalion with Little Buddy Doyle, but that's lent small credibility. He took up electric guitar about the same time. As the latter forties approached the fifties so did gigs with such as Sonny Boy Williamson II and Elmore James. ames' initial recording sessions were as James Williamson on June 12, 1952, with Lazy Bill Lucas (piano) and Alfred Elkins (bass): 'Farmers Blues'/'Lonesome Ole Train' (Chance 1121) with eleven unissued tracks. January 23 of 1953 witnessed 'Homesick'/'The Woman I Love' with his Trio consisting of Lazy Bill Lucas (piano), Johnny Shines (guitar) and Alfred Elkins (bass). Three more tracks on that date and five in August went unissued. Sometime later that year James put down 'Call Up My Baby'/'1954 Blues' as Jick and His Trio for Atomic (he yet under contract to Chance). His crew consisted of Lazy Bill Lucas (piano) and Sneaky Joe Harris (drums). Those were the basement tapes made at the home of Reverend Houston H. Harrington. AM has James recording for the first time as Homesick James at the home of Harrington as well, those unissued tracks of 'I'm Going Away' and 'Rest a Little While'. James first issued as Homesick James with Elmore James' Broom Dusters on August 12, 1957. The rest of James' band for 'The 12 Year Old Boy'/'Coming Home' were J.T. Brown (tenor sax), Johnny Jones (piano), Wayne Bennett (guitar), Eddie Taylor (guitar) and Odie Payne (drums). James had been with James since '55 and remained until 1963, backing numerous titles into 1960 on both bass and guitar. Some tracks gone down during that time saw release in later years to as late as 1972 ('Fine Little Mama'/'Something Inside Me' had gone down circa May 1960.) In the meantime James' first name issue as Homesick James arrived in 1962: 'Can't Afford to Do It'/'Set a Date'. His first album, 'Blues on the South Side', was released in 1964. James had recorded unissued titles with mouth harp player, Snooky Pryor, as early as 1953. Twenty years later they made their American Blues Legends tour to Europe, recording most of 'Homesick James & Snooky Pryor' in London on March 3. October of '73 saw their album, 'Shake Your Moneymaker' ('84), recorded live in Germany. Pryor backed James' 'Home Sweet Homesick James' in 1975. Recordings made by James and Pryor during that period were issued in 2003 as 'The Big Bear Sessions' (compositional credits). They issued 'Sad and Lonesome' in 1979. Allmusic has James recording his fourteenth and final album on December 17 of 1997: 'The Last of the Broomdusters'. He died December 13, 2006, in Springfield, Missouri. James wrote all titles below except as Noted.

Homesick James   1952

   Farmer's Blues

  Lonesome Ole Train

 Homesick James   1953

   The Woman I Love

Homesick James   1962


      Composition: Robert Johnson

   Set a Date

Homesick James   1964

   Homesick's Shuffle

Homesick James   1975

   Dust My Broom

      Composition: Robert Johnson

   Lonesome Train

Homesick James   1980

   Sad & Lonesome

      With Snooky Pryor

Homesick James   1993

   Live in Chicago

      With Yank Rachell


Birth of the Blues: Homesick James

Homesick James

Source: Donkey Show


Birth of the Blues: Johnny Shines

Johnny Shines

Source: Santa Barbara Blues

Born in Memphis in 1915, guitarist Johnny Shines first toured the South before becoming involved with Chicago blues. In 1935 he began touring the States and Canada with Robert Johnson until 1937. Shines continued touring the South until settling in Chicago in 1941 where he worked in construction while playing gigs with such as Sunnyland Slim at Tom's Tavern. He first began taping on February 24, 1946, for Columbia to no issue. Ditto titles for Chess on October 23, 1950. Titles in '46 were 'Tennessee Woman Blues', 'Delta Pine Blues', 'Ride, Ride Mama' and 'Evil Hearted Woman Blues'. Those might have been with Big Bill Broonzy. His 1950 titles were 'Joliet Blues' and 'So Glad I Found You', backed by Little Walter (harmonica), Jimmy Rogers (guitar) and Ernest Crawford (bass). American Music has Shines' first titles to issue gone down on April 28, 1952, backed by Moody Jones: 'Rambling'/'Cool Driver' (JOB 116). 'Fish Tail' and 'Ain't Doin' No Good' didn't see issue. Come January 22 of 1953 for tracks backed backed by Big Walter Horton (harmonica) and Al Smith on bass. Sales of those didn't come to a lot and hassles with the musicians union followed. According to allmusic Shines pawned his equipment in 1958 and quit the music business, sticking with construction thereafter. Allmusic has him frequenting the Chicago blues scene as a photographer, however, which is how he was later rediscovered in 1966, taking photographs at a nightclub. That resulted in his performance of six of his compositions on 'Chicago/The Blues/Today! Vol 3' ('66). The revival of Shines' career saw touring with the Chicago All Stars with Lee Jackson, Horton and Willie Dixon. He also toured with Robert Lockwood, then to Europe ('Live in Europe' 1975 - songwriting credits). Having moved to Holt, Alabama, in 1969, he died in Tuscaloosa on April 20, 1992. He was elected into the Blues Hall of Fame the same year. A compilation of Shines' compositions. He wrote all titles below except as noted.

Johnny Shines   1946

   Ride, Ride Mama

      Recorded 1946   Issue unknown

Johnny Shines   1950

   Joliet Blues

      Recorded 1950   Issue unknown

Johnny Shines   1952

   Cool Driver

      With Moody Jones


     With Moody Jones

       Composition: Robert Johnson

Johnny Shines   1953

   Brutal Hearted Woman

      With Walter Horton

   Evening Sun

      With Walter Horton

Johnny Shines   1966

   Black Spider Blues

      With Walter Horton

   Layin' Down My Shoes and Clothes

      With Walter Horton


  Born in Benoit, Mississippi in 1923, it was Eddie Taylor who taught Jimmy Reed guitar. Reed left the Delta region for Chicago in 1943, only to be drafted into World War II the same year as a sailor. Taylor left the Delta for Chicago in 1949. His earliest sessions listed at Wangdangdula (WDD) were on August 22, 1952, backing Grace and John Brim with Sunnyland Slim on piano. Titles for Grace were 'Hospitality Blues'/'Man Around My Door' (J.O.B. 117). Titles for John were 'Drinking Woman'/'Over Nite' (J.O.B. 1011). 1953 saw titles for Snooky Pryor ('Cryin' Shame'/'Eighty Nine Ten' - J.O.B. 1014) and Willie Nix ('Nervous Wreck'/'No More Love' and 'Just Can't Stay'/'All By Yourself'). With Reed back in Chicago by the early fifties, Taylor supported him circa December 1953 on Reed's debut titles, 'You Don't Have to Go'/'Boogie in the Dark' (Vee-Jay VJ 119). 'Shoot My Baby' went unissued. Floyd Jones 'Schooldays'/'Ain't Times Hard' (Vee-Jay VJ 111) and 'Any Old Lonesome '/'Floyd's Blues' (Vee-Jay VJ 126) went down on February 3 0f '54 before Taylor backed Reed again in March on 'Tough Times'/'Gary Stomp' (Parrot 799), this time with Reed's Stompers consisting of John Brim (guitar/vocals) and Grace Brim (drums). Taylor also backed Sunnyland Slim sometime in early '54 for 'Going Back to Memphis'/'Devil Is a Busy Man' (Blue Lake 105) and 'Shake It Baby'/'Bassology' (Blue Lake 107). Come Little Willie Foster's 'Falling Rain Blues'/'Four Day' for Blue Lake on January 14 of 1955. Taylor was back with Reed again on March 24 for the latter's 'Pretty Thing'/'I'm Gonna Ruin You' (Vee-Jay VJ 132). WDD and American Music place Taylor's first name sessions on January 18, 1955, with Reed backing him on 'Bad Boy'/'E.T. Blues' (Vee-Jay VJ 149). WDD has Taylor with John Lee Hooker on October 19 for 'Mambo Chillun'/'Time Is Marchin'' (Vee-Jay VJ 164). Come Reed's 'Baby, Don't Say That No More'/'Ain't That Lovin' You Baby' (Vee-Jay VJ 168) on December 5 of '55. Reed also backed Taylor on his second name plate, 'Ride Em On Down'/'Bigtown Playboy' (Vee-Jay VJ 185), on that date. Taylor supported sessions by Elmore James, Hooker and Reed again in 1956 before recording his third name release on July 9: 'You'll Always Have a Home'/'Don't Knock at My Door' (Vee-Jay VJ 206). He was joined by George Maywether (harmonica), Jimmy Lee Robinson (bass) and Earl Phillips (drums) on those. Working largely as an accompanist, Taylor would support James (alongside Little Walter), Hooker and Reed numerously in years to come. He also backed such as Bobo Jenkins, Big Mack, Little Eddie, Willy Williams and Big Walter Horton. Taylor died on Christmas Day in Chicago in 1985. Compilations with songwriting credits at allmusic 1, 2. Taylor composed all titles below except as noted (* = undeterminde).

Eddie Taylor   1952

   Man Around My Door*

      With Grace Brim

      Remake of Brim's 'Strange Man' in 1950

Eddie Taylor   1953

   Rockin' With Reed

      With Jimmy Reed

     Composition: Jimmy Reed

Eddie Taylor   1956

   Bad Boy

      With Jimmy Reed

   Big Town Playboy

      With Jimmy Reed

   Ride Em On Down

      With Jimmy Reed

Eddie Taylor   1957

   I'm Gonna Love You

Eddie Taylor   1966

   Peach Tree Blues

     Composition: Yank Rachell

Eddie Taylor   1972

   Stop Breaking Down

      Album: 'I Feel So Bad'

     Composition: Robert Johnson

   Stroll Out West (I Feel So Bad)

      Album: 'I Feel So Bad'

Eddie Taylor   1974

   Seems Like a Million Years

      Album: 'Ready For Eddy'

     Composition: Sam Phillips

Eddie Taylor   1980

   My Heart Is Bleeding

Eddie Taylor   1985

   Bad Boy

      Live performance

Eddie Taylor   1998

   Three O'clock In The Morning

     Composition: Lowell Fulson   1946


Birth of the Blues: Eddie Taylor

Eddie Taylor

Source: Discogs

Birth of the Blues: Albert King

Albert King

Source: Blues y Palabra

Born in Indianola, Mississippi, in 1923, guitarist Albert King (Albert Nelson - older brother of Freddie King but not related to either BB King or Earl King) began his professional career in 1950 with the Groove Boys in Osceola, Arkansas. Soon afterward he played drums with John Brim's Gary Kings in Indiana. It's moot whether or not King made his first recordings as a drummer for Jimmy Reed's first name titles on June 6(?) 1952: 'High and Lonesome'/'Roll and Rhumba' (Vee-Jay VJ-100). King was instrumental in getting Reed signed to Vee Jay, but Stefan Wirz (American Music - AM) prefers Morris Wilkerson on those. (Campbell & Pruter have Wilkerson backing the Spaniels on piano about the same time.) Ditto Reed's 'I Found My Baby'/'Jimmies Boogie' (Vee-Jay VJ 105) also estimated on June 6. AM has King drumming for Reed in December of '53: 'You Don't Have to Go'/'Boogie in the Dark' (Vee-Jay VJ 119) and 'Rockin' with Reed'/'Can't Stand to See You Go' (Vee-Jay VJ 186). 'Shoot My Baby' went unissued. King issued his first name titles in 1954: 'Be On Your Merry Way' with 'Bad Luck Blues' flip side. In 1961 King moved to Memphis where he released his first album in 1962, 'The Big Blues', followed by 'Born Under a Bad Sign' in '67. Though Albert was overshadowed by BB King his was among those major names in blues mentioned in the same breath. WorldCat has him publishing 399 works. His last studio release was the album, 'I'm in a Phone Booth, Baby', issued in 1984. King died December 21, 1992, in Memphis, Tennessee. A DVD of his last European tour was released in 2001, titled 'Godfather of the Blues'. See australiancharts for songwriting credits to his recordings.

Albert King   1954

  Bad Luck Blues

       Composition: Albert King

   Be On Your Merry Way

       Composition: Albert King

   You Don't Have to Go

        With Jimmy Reed

Albert King   1960

   Need You By My Side

       Composition: Robert Lyons

   The Time Has Come

       Composition: Robert Lyons

Albert King   1967

   Born Under a Bad Sign

       Composition: William Bell/Booker T. Jones


Albert King   1968

   As the Years Go Passing By

       Live performance

       Composition: Deadric Malone

Albert King   1968

   Blues Power

       Live performance

       Composition: Albert King

Albert King   1970

   Drowning on Dry Land

       Composition: Allen Jones/Mickey Gregory

   Oh, Pretty Woman

       Composition: A.C. Williams

Albert King   1971

   Everybody Wants to Go to Heaven

       Composition: John Nix



Albert King   1978

   Feel Like Breakin' Up Somebody's Home

       Composition: Timothy Matthews/Al Jackson Jr.   1971

Albert King   1981

   Born Under a Bad Sign

       Live performance

       Composition: William Bell/Booker T. Jones

Albert King   1983

   Born Under a Bad Sign/Stormy Monday

       Live with Stevie Ray Vaughan

    Texas Flood/Pride & Joy

       Live with Stevie Ray Vaughan

    Match Box Blues/Don't Lie to Me

       Live with Stevie Ray Vaughan

Albert King   1984

   Phone Booth

       Album: 'I'm Standing in a Phone Booth, Baby'

       Composition: Cray/Walker/Cousins/Vannice

Albert King   1992

   Red House

       Composition: Jimi Hendrix



Birth of the Blues: Earl King

Earl King

Photo: Rick Olivier

Source: Black Kudos


Born Earl Silas Johnson IV in 1934 in New Orleans, Earl King began to play guitar at age 15. As he began to play clubs professionally he played in the band of Guitar Slim at the Dew Drop Inn, also leading Slim's band when the latter was injured on tour. King began his recording career in 1953 with 'Have You Gone Crazy' b/w 'Begging at Your Mercy'. (Those early tunes at Earl King in A Birth of Rock & Roll 1.) King's 'Those Lonely, Lonely Nights' charted at #7 on Billboard's R&B in 1955. When it came to Billboard, King had much greater success as a composer. His first of numerous compositions to chart in the Top Ten was written with Dave Bartholomew for Smiley Lewis: 'I Hear You Knocking', reaching #2 in 1955. Five other of King's songs saw the Top Ten that year, including 'Poor Me' which he co-wrote with Fats Domino, that finding #1. Other of his compositions were 'Always a First Time' and 'Trick Bag', those released by himself in 1962. Earl King wasn't related to either Albert King, BB King or Freddie King. He died of diabetes on April 17, 2003. All titles below composed by King.

Earl King   1953

   Beggin' at Your Mercy

   Have You Gone Crazy

Earl King   1954

   A Mother's Love

Earl King   1955

   Those Lonely, Lonely Nights

Earl King   1974

   Live In Chicago

      Piano: Professor Longhair

Earl King   1993

   It All Went Down the Drain

      Live performance



Birth of the Blues: Jimmy Reed

Jimmy Reed

Source: Mojo Repair Shop

Born on a plantation in or near Dunleith, Mississippi, in 1925, guitarist and harmonica player, Jimmy Reed, busked that area until heading north to Chicago in 1943. His early career was interrupted by the draft, he serving in the Navy. Discharged to Mississippi in '45, he married Mama (Mary) Reed who would become his backup singer, then headed to Gary, Indiana, to work at the Armour meat-packing plant there. He started gaining gear as a local musician in the early fifties, working with John Brim's Gary Kings. American Music places Reed's debut recordings possibly June 6, 1953, for 'High and Lonesome'/'Roll and Rhumba' (Vee-Jay VJ-100) and 'I Found My Baby'/'Jimmies Boogie' (Vee-Jay 105). Wirz thinks it likely that he was backed by John Brim (guitar/bass) and Morris Wilkerson on drums (rather than Albert King who had brought Reed to newly founded Vee Jay). Reed recorded three more titles that year in December. 'You Don't Have to Go'/'Boogie in the Dark' saw issue per Vee-Jay VJ 119. 'Shoot My Baby' went unreleased, but 'You Don't Have to Go' placed No.5 on Billboard's R&B in 1955. Reed backed Brim as one of the latter's Stompers in March of 1954 ('Tough Times'/'Gary Stomp' - Parrot 799) before getting down to business with Vee Jay the next year, beginning on January 18 with guitarist, Eddie Taylor. Those issued were 'Bad Boy'/'E.T. Blues' (Vee-Jay VJ 149). Taylor was out for Reed's titles on that date: 'I Don't Go for That'/'She Don't Want Me No More' (Vee-Jay VJ 153). Reed never released a song to reach Billboard's #1 tier, but several climbed to the Top Ten, such as 'Ain't That Lovin' You Baby' ('56), 'You've Got Me Dizzy' ('56) and 'Bright Lights, Big City' ('61), all at #3. Those were Reed's compositions among others which found the Top Ten. Unfortunately alcohol and epilepsy interfered with Reed's skills, it accounted a wonder that Reed was such a successful musician, given that often he amazed that he could even stand up. He eventually quit drinking, but died relatively young (age fifty) of respiratory failure in 1976. A list of Reed's recordings with compositional credits insofar as known at autraliancharts. He wrote all titles below except as noted.

Jimmy Reed   1953

   High and Lonesome

   Roll and Rhumba

Jimmy Reed   1954

   Boogie In the Dark

      With Eddie Taylor

   You Don't Have to Go

      With Eddie Taylor

Jimmy Reed   1961

   Big Boss Man

       Composition: Luther Dixon/Al Smith

   Bright Lights, Big City

Jimmy Reed   1962

   Aw Shucks, Hush Your Mouth

   Good Lover



Birth of the Blues: Lightnin' Slim

Lightnin' Slim

Source: Hidden Charms

Born Otis Hicks in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1913, Lightnin' Slim is among the swamp blues musicians who recorded with Excello Records in Baton Rouge, having been relocated there with family at age 13. He was playing professionally by the late thirties, eventually playing bars and performing on radio in Baton Rouge. American Music (AM) begins Lightnin Slim's sessions discography circa March of 1954 in Crowley, Arkansas, with eleven tracks, only two issued: 'Bad Luck'/'Rock Me Mama' (Feature 3006). Joining him on that were Wild Bill Phillips (harmonica) and Ray Diggy Do Meaders (drums). Slim's next sessions circa August saw seven titles, two issued per Feature 3008: 'New Orleans Bound'/'I Can't Live Happy'. Henry Clement (harmonica) and Sammy Drake (drums) were in on that. Drake would see numerous sessions with Slim's band for another couple years, like on Slim's next session on an unidentified date with Schoolboy Cleve White on harmonica to yield 'Bugger Bugger Boy'/'Ethel Mae' (Feature 3012). White would also record numerously with Slim for another couple years. Slim supported White's 'She's Gone'/'Strange Letter Blues' (Feature 3013) on an unknown date in '54. Slim recorded numerously each year thereafter.  He put down some tracks for Ace ('Bad Feeling Blues'/'Lightning Slim Boogie' - Ace 505) in '55 before releasing titles on Excello: 'I Can't Be Successful'/'Lightnin' Blues' (Excello 2066). ('Lightnin' Blues had been recorded in '54 in Crowley where all these titles occur.) Drummer, Clarence Jockey Etienne, joined Slim for the first time on Slim's next session for Excello in May of '56 to bear 'Sugar Plum'/'Just Made Twenty-O' (Excello 2075). Most of Etienne's drumming for Slim was the next month in August. Lazy Lester supported Slim on harmonica in '56 and '57. Roosevelt Samples joined Slim in '57, possibly having been Slim's drummer to as late as '59. Among Slim's more popular singles in the fifties was Jerry West's 'Rooster Blues'. Slim recorded with Excello for another twelve years. But the latter sixties found him in Pontiac, Michigan, working at a foundry. He began to revive his career in 1971 upon reuniting with Lazy Lester with the encouragement of prior manager, Fred Reif. He also toured Europe (United Kingdom and Switzerland) into 1973. Slim would died shortly thereafter on July 27, 1974 in Detroit.

Lightnin' Slim   1954

   Bad Luck Blues

       Composition: Slim

   It's Mighty Crazy

       Composition: Slim/J.D. Miller

Lightnin' Slim   1955

   Lightnin's Blues

       Composition: Jerry West

Lightnin' Slim   1957

   I Ain't Got No Money

       Composition: Slim/Jerry West

   I'm Grown

       Composition: Slim/Jerry West

Lightnin' Slim   1959

   Rooster Blues

       Composition: Jerry West

   Sweet Little Woman

       Composition: Slim/Jerry West

Lightnin' Slim   1964

   Wintertime Blues

       Composition: Jerry West



Born in Greenwood, Mississippi in 1931, Hubert Sumlin was yet another Delta bluesman to journey north to the blues hub that was Chicago. He touched shore in 1954, invited by Howlin' Wolf to join his band as second guitar (rhythm) to Jody Williams. Wikipedia has Wolf sending Sumlin to the classical institute, Chicago Conservatory of Music, to study guitar (per Sumlin). Wangdangdula has Sumlin recording four tracks to release with Wolf and Williams on May 25 and October of '54: 'Evil Is Going On'/'Baby How Long' (Chess 1575) and 'Forty Four'/'I'll Be Around' (Chess 1584). Titles gone down in March of 1955 were 'Who Will Be Next'/'I Have a Little Girl' (Chess 1593) and 'Come to Me Baby'/'Don't Mess with My Baby' (Chess 1607). Wolf's band also consisted of Otis Spann (piano), Willie Dixon (bass) and Earl Phillips (drums) in those years. Sumlin was on scene for the commencing rivalry between Wolf and Muddy Waters during that period in Chicago. Waters and Wolf shared a common composer in Willie Dixon and a common pianist in Otis Spann. But Waters ended up with Wolf's guitarist, Sumlin making his first recordings for Waters on 'Forty Days & Forty Nights'/'All Aboard' (Chess 1620) on February 2, 1956. Three more dates followed with Waters when Sumlin found himself behind Chuck Berry on January 21, 1957, for 'School Day'/'Deep Feeling' (Chess 1653). He also backed all the titles that ended up on Berry's album, 'One Dozen Berrys', in March of '58. More titles had gone down with Waters in January and June of '57 as well. Sumlin backed Eddie Taylor and Jimmy Reed in '64. Come November 1 of '64 he recorded his first name titles in East Germany, his compositions, 'Love You, Woman', 'When I Feel Better', 'I Love' and 'Hubert's Blues'. Those saw issue on 'American Folk Blues' in 1965. He put down 'Across the Board'/'Sumlin Boogie' on November 29 of '64. Wolf had long since retrieved Sumlin from Waters back in the fifties. Though the two didn't always jive (a fist fight once) Sumlin was Wolfs mainstay lead guitarist until the latter's death in 1976. Sumlin supported Wolf's album, 'More Real Folk Blues', released in January of '67. He issued his own album, 'Hubert's American Blues', in 1969 backed by Sunnyland Slim (piano), Willie Dixon (bass) and Clifton James (drums). Upon Wolf's passing Sumlin assumed leadership of his band, renaming it the Wolf Pack. Sumlin's last of around 17 albums was 'About Them Shoes' in 2004. American Blues Scene has his last performance per the documentary film, 'Take Me to the River', in 2014. His final sessions were November 22 of 2011 for Stephen Dale Petit's 'Cracking the Code'. He died of heart failure a couple weeks later on December 4, 2011, in Wayne, New Jersey. 'Rolling Stone' lists Sumlin as 43 on its list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.

Hubert Sumlin   1954

   Evil Is Going On

       With Mowlin Wolf

       Composition: Willie Dixon

Hubert Sumlin   1956

   All Aboard/Forty Days & Forty Nights

       With Muddy Waters

   Smokestack Lightning

       With Howlin' Wolf

       Composition: Howlin' Wolf

Hubert Sumlin   1960

   Do the Do

       With Howlin' Wolf

       Composition: Willie Dixon/Valentine

   Mama's Baby

       With Howlin' Wolf

       Composition: Willie Dixon

Hubert Sumlin   1964

   I Love

       Composition: Hubert Sumlin

Hubert Sumlin   2004

   Killing Floor

       Live with Eric Clapton, Jimmy Vaughan, Robert Cray

       Composition: Howlin' Wolf


Birth of the Blues: Hubert Sumlin

Hubert Sumlin

Photo: Andrew Lepley

Source: Live Blues

Birth of the Blues: Jody Williams

Jody Williams

Born in Mobile, Alabama, in 1935, Jody Williams was largely raised in Chicago. He knew and busked with Bo Diddley, his mentor, as a teenager, then played gigs with such as Elmore James and Memphis Minnie. After touring with pianist, Charles Brown, Williams was hired by Chess Records as a session player, whence he met Howlin' Wolf and replaced guitarist, Lee Cooper. Wangdangdula (WDD) has Williams recording four titles to issue with Wolf on May 25 and October of '54: 'Evil Is Going On'/'Baby How Long' (Chess 1575) and 'Forty Four'/'I'll Be Around' (Chess 1584). Wolf's band on those also consisted of Otis Spann (piano), Hubert Sumlin (guitar), Willie Dixon (bass) and Earl Phillips (drums). Williams also supported Spann that October on 'It Must Have Been the Devil'/'Five Spot' (Checker 807). Spann's crew on that plate were George Smith (harmonica), BB King (guitar), Willie Dixon (bass) and Earl Phillips (drums). October of 1954 also saw 'Come Back Little Daddy'/'Hard to Get Along With' (Blue Lake 108) go down for Lou Mack w Bob Call on piano. Titles gone down w Wolf in March of 1955 were 'Who Will Be Next'/'I Have a Little Girl' (Chess 1593) and 'Come to Me Baby'/'Don't Mess with My Baby' (Chess 1607). Circa July saw Willie Dixon's 'If You're Mine'/'Walking the Blues' (Checker 822). Tracks followed that year with Sonny Boy Williamson II, Billy Boy and Bo Diddley (November 10: 'Diddy Wah Diddy', 'I'm Looking for a Woman') before Williams recorded 'Looking for My Baby' as Little Papa Joe in December of '55, that released with 'Easy Lovin' per Blue Lake 116. Other titles as Papa Joe for Blue Lake were 'What a Fool I've Been' and 'Groaning My Blues Away', thought unissued upon Blue Lake going out of business. Williams also supported Diddley's 'Who Do You Love' on May 24, 1956. That found its way onto 'Bo Diddley' ('58) with 'Diddy Wah Diddy'. Williams issued 'You May'/'Lucky Lou' as Little Joe Lee in 1957. 45Cat has 'Lonely Without You'/'Moanin’ for Molasses' issued as Jody Williams in 1962, followed by 'Hideout' in '63 (w 'Moanin’ for Molasses') and 'Time for a Change' in '64 (w 'Lonely Without You'). 'Lonely Without You' and 'Time for a Change' also saw reissue in 1964 by Yulando. Williams became weary with the music business and quit altogether in the mid sixties. WDD shows last tracks in June of 1966 for Billy Boy Arnold on such as 'Left My Happy Home', 'Baby Jane', 'Rock n Roll', et al. Williams then stuck his guitar under his bed, studied electronics and got a job with Xerox that he held until retirement. He avoided nightclubs so as to not be tempted by associates to pick up his guitar again. Not until 1994 did Williams consider playing music again, upon his wife's suggestion. Then it took another five or six years to get him to actually do so, returning to professional gigs in 2000, then recording the album, 'Return of a Legend', for its release in 2002. Williams issued his next album, 'You Left Me in the Dark', in 2004. Compositions by Williams listed at 45Cat and Allmusic.

Jody Williams   1954

   Evil Is Going On

      With Howlin' Wolf

      Composition: Willie Dixon

   It Must Have Been the Devil

      With Otis Spann

      Composition: Otis Spann

Jody Williams   1955

   Lookin' for My Baby

      As Little Papa Joe

      Composition: Jody Williams

Jody Williams   1956

   Easy Lovin'

   Who Do You Love?/I'm Bad

      With Bo Diddley

      Compositions: Ellas McDaniel

Jody Williams   1957

   Lucky You

      Composition: Jody Williams

   You May

      Composition: Jody Williams

Jody Williams   1963


      Composition: Jody Williams

   Moaning For Molasses

      Composition: Jody Williams

Jody Williams   1966

   Lonely Without You

      Composition: R. Hines/Williams

Jody Williams   2000

   Time for a Change

      Live performance

      Composition: R. Hines/Williams

Jody Williams   2010

   Lucky Lou

      Live performance

      Composition: Jody Williams


  Born in Welsh, Louisiana, in 1937 to sharecroppers, Phillip Walker made his first guitar out of a cigar box as a youth. He worked in the fields and branded cattle when he began playing in juke joints under age at fifteen. Two years later he made his first recording with Roscoe Gordon possibly in Memphis, 'The Things I Did For You', issue unknown [*]. He had already performed with such as Lonesome Sundown and Long John Hunter when he headed for the Port Arthur region, yet a teenager, to perform with such as Gatemouth Brown, Long John Hunter, Lightnin' Hopkins and Lonnie Brooks [*]. Hired by Clifton Chenier in 1953, American Music begins its account of Walker's first issues with Chenier per a session in April 1955 in Los Angeles for 'Ay-tete fee'/'Boppin' The Rock' (Specialty 552) and 'The Things I Did for You'/'Think It Over' (Specialty 556). September 9 that year saw 'Squeeze-Box Boogie'/'The Cat's Dreamin' (Specialty 568). Walker would hang with Chenier into 1957. They were in Chicago when Etta James joined them on 'My Soul' (Checker 939). Walker strung along his first name issues in September of 1959: 'I Want You For Myself'/'Louisiana Walk' (Elko 001) and 'Hello My Darling'/'Playing in the Park' (Elko 002). (Such amounted to the founding of Elko Records by Robert Fullbright.) During the sixties Walker recorded with such as Bea Bopp and Johnny Shines. 1973 saw his first LP, 'The Bottom of the Top'. I myself am the top of the bottom because I am so charming. Come 'Someday You'll Have These Blues' in 1976. The latter seventies saw titles with Lonesome Sundown and George Harmonica Smith. It was Percy Mayfield's 'Hit the Road Again' in '83, Lowell Fulson's 'One More Blues' in '84.  Highlighting the latter eighties was his album, 'Blues' ('88). He last recorded in 2007, grooving the final of well above ten albums, 'Going Back Home'. Walker died on July 22, 2010, in Palm Springs, CA, of heart failure. Walker had composed such as 'The Shovel' ('64), 'Trouble in My Home ('70), 'Hey, Hey, Baby's Gone' ('72) and 'I Got a Problem' ('95). Songwriting credits to some of Walker's issues on 45 RPM.

Phillip Walker   1955

   At-Tete Fee

      With Clifton Chenier

      Composition: Clifton Chenier

   Boppin' the Rock

       With Clifton Chenier

      Composition: Clifton Chenier

   Think It Over

       With Clifton Chenier

      Composition: W.E Buyem

Phillip Walker   1959

   Hello My Darling

      Composition: Phillip Walker

   I Want You For Myself

Phillip Walker   1973

   Hello Central

      Composition: Lightnin' Hopkins

Phillip Walker   1979

   Hello My Darling

      Composition: Phillip Walker

Phillip Walker   1984

   Port Arthur Blues

      Composition: David Amy/Phillip Walker

Phillip Walker   1989

   Crying About My Baby

       Piano Lou Matthews   Vocal: Percy Mayfield

      Composition: Percy Mayfield

   River's Invitation

       Piano Lou Matthews   Vocal: Percy Mayfield

      Composition: Percy Mayfield   1952

Phillip Walker   1994

   Big Blues From Texas

       Album: 'Big Blues From Texas'   With Otis Grand

      Composition: Otis Grand/Phillip Walker


       Album: 'Big Blues From Texas'   With Otis Grand

      Composition: Otis Grand/Walker

Phillip Walker   1995

   El Paso Blues

      Composition: David Amy/Dennis Walker

   Hello Central

      Composition: Lightnin' Hopkins

   How Long Must I Wait

      Album: 'Working Girl Blues'

   I'm Tough

      Composition: Lowell Fulson

   Go Ahead and Take Her

      Composition: Dennis Walker

Phillip Walker   1998

   Laughin' and Clownin'

      Composition: Sam Cooke

       Album: 'I Got a Sweet Tooth'


Birth of the Blues: Phillip Walker

Phillip Walker


Freddie King (younger brother of Albert King but not related to BB King or Earl King), guitar and harmonica, was born in 1934 in Gilmer, Texas. He followed his family to Chicago in 1950 where he formed his first band, the Every Hour Blues Boys. He first recorded the same year as his older brother (1953) although those cuts have never been released. He afterward spent a few years as a sideman for various musicians such as Muddy Waters before his first release, 'Country Boy' and 'That's What You Think' with Margaret Whitfield in 1956. His first album, 'Freddy King Sings' was released in 1961 containing 'I'm Torn Down', that reaching Billboard's #5 spot in R&B that year. His instrumental, 'Hide Away', also topped at #5 in 1961, that found on King's next album that year, his instrumental, 'Let's Hide Away and Dance Away with Freddy King'. His first overseas tour occurred in 1967. King died at only age 42 on December 6, 1976. Lord's disco has him recording as late as November 15 of that year at the Dallas Convention Center for 'Farther Up the Road'. See australiancharts for compositional credits to King's recordings. Most of the tracks below are live performances.

Freddie King   1956

   Country Boy

      With Margaret Whitfield

      Composition: Freddie King

Freddie King   1966

   Funny Bone

      Composition: Freddie King

   I Love the Woman

      Composition: Freddie King

   I'm Torn Down

      Composition: Freddie King

Freddie King   1971

   Going Down

      Composition: Don Nix

Freddie King   1972

   Key To the Highway

      Composition: Charles Segar/Big Bill Broonzy

Freddie King   1973

   Boogie Funk

      Composition: Freddie King

Freddie King   1974

   Woman Across The River/Ghetto Woman

   Blues Band Shuffle/Sweet Home Chicago

Freddie King   1975

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936

   Woke Up This Morning

     Composition: Jules Taub/BB King


Birth of the Blues: Freddie King

Freddie King

Source: Discogs

Birth of the Blues: Lonesome Sundown

Lonesome Sundown

Source: Past Blues

Born Cornelius Green III on the Dugas Plantation near Donaldsonville, Louisiana, in 1928, Lonesome Sundown was a swamp blues musician who didn't pick up a guitar until age twenty. He was discovered by Clifton Chenier in 1955, with whom Sundown first recorded as Cornelius Green in Los Angeles on September 8, 1955, playing second guitar to Phillip Walker's lead on six unissued tracks: three takes of 'All Night Long', 'Opelousas Hop' and 'I'm On My Way'. American Music has eleven more going down the next day, 'Squeeze-Box Boogie'/'The Cat's Dreamin'' the only issued (Specialty XSP/SP 568). 45Cat has Sundown's first name issues released in 1956: 'Leave My Money Alone'/'Lost Without Love' (Excello 2092). He issued 15 more plates to 'It's Easy When You Know How'/'Gonna Miss You When You're Gone' (Excello 2264) in 1965. Sundown then dropped away from the music business ten years into his recording career, that to support himself as a laborer before becoming a minister. He reemerged in 1977 with the release of the album, 'Been Gone Too Long', featuring such as 'I Betcha' and 'Louisiana Lover Man'. Sundown gave concerts after that (: New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival '79), including tours to Japan and Sweden, before returning to a normal life. He died on April 23, 1995, in Gonzalez, Louisiana. Songwriting credits for Excello recordings and 'Been Gone Too Long'.

Lonesome Sundown   1955

   All Night Long

      Unissued   With Clifton Chenier

      Composition: Clifton Chenier

   I'm On My Way

      Unissued   With Clifton Chenier

      Composition: Clifton Chenier

Lonesome Sundown   1956

   Leave My Money Alone

      Composition: Sundown/Jerry West

   Lost Without Love

      Composition: Sundown/Jerry West

Lonesome Sundown   1957

   Don't Say a Word

      Composition: Sundown

   I'm a Mojo Man

      Composition: J.D. Miller

   Lonesome Whistler

      Composition: J.D. Miller

   My Home Is a Prison

      Composition: J.D. Miller

Lonesome Sundown   1959

   Gonna Stick to You Baby

      Composition: Sundown/Jerry West

Lonesome Sundown   1963

   I Wanta Know Why

      Composition: Sundown

Lonesome Sundown   1977

   I Betcha

      Composition: Sundown

   Louisiana Lover Man/Black Cat Bone

   One More Night

      Composition: Dennis Walker



Born in Philadelphia, Mississippi, in 1935, Otis Rush, visited his sister in Chicago in 1948 who took him to see a performance by Muddy Waters. Deciding thereat to become a musician, he moved to Chicago, bought a guitar and was playing clubs a few years later. Rush recorded his first record on July 11, 1956: 'I Can't Quit You Baby'/'Sit Down Baby' (Cobra 5000). 'I Can't Quit You Baby' soared to #6 on Billboard's R&B. Rush also backed Lee Jackson's 'I'll Just Keep Walkin'' in 1956. 1957 saw 'Groaning the Blues'/'If You Were Mine' (Cobra 5010) and 'Jump Sister Bessie'/'Love That Woman' (Cobra 5015), as well as his first titles backing Harold Burrage for issue in 1958: 'Stop for the Red Light'/'Satisfied' (Cobra 5018). In latter '57 the Willie Dixon Band backed him on 'She's a Good 'Un'/'Three Times a Fool' (Cobra 5023). Recording steadily through the years, Rush issued his first album, 'Mourning in the Morning', in August of 1969. Among others with whom Rush laid tracks were Shakey Horton (Big Walter Horton), Charles Clark and Abb Locke. He was elected into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1984 before his performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1986, that recorded to later issue in 1994 ('Montreux '86' shared with titles by Eric Clapton who played Montreux the next day on July 10). Having also performed alongside such as Carlos Santana, Buddy Guy and Stevie Ray Vaughan, Rush toured to Japan as well. Rush has been unable to perform since a stroke in 2004. 'Rolling Stone' puts him on their list of 100 Greatest Guitarists at #53. More 1956 Otis Rush in Rock 7. Songwriting credits for some of Rush's early Cobra recordings. See also australiancharts. Rush composed all titles below except as indicated (* = undetermined).

Otis Rush   1956

   I Can't Quit You

      Composition: Willie Dixon

   My Love Will Never Die

      Composition: Willie Dixon/Rush

Otis Rush   1957

   My Baby (She's a Good 'Un)

   Groaning the Blues

      Composition: Willie Dixon

Otis Rush   1958

   All Your Love (I Miss Loving)

   Double Trouble

   It Takes Time

      Composition: Arthur Korb

   Keep On Loving Me

Otis Rush   1962


      Composition: Dave Clark/Al Perkins

Otis Rush   1966

   All Your Love (I Miss Loving)

   My Own Fault

      Composition: John Lee Hooker/BB King/Jules Taub

Otis Rush   1981

   Boll Weevil

      Composition: See Wikipedia

   Come On Baby*

   Crosscut Saw

      Composition: R.G. Ford

   Gambler's Blues

      Composition: BB King/Johnny Pate

   Right Place, Wrong Time

Otis Rush   1986

   Every Day I Have the Blues

      Composition: Lindberg & Pinetop Sparks

Otis Rush   1994

   As the Years Go Passing By

       Composition: Deadric Malone

Otis Rush   1996

   All Your Love (I Miss Loving)


Birth of the Blues: Otis Rush

Otis Rush

Source: Chicago Blues Guide

  Born Lee Baker Jr. in Louisiana in 1933, guitarist Lonnie Brooks began his professional career in Port Arthur, Texas, upon Clifton Chenier inviting him to tour with his band. But Brooks didn't want to travel to California with Chenier, prefering to form his own group. He assumed the moniker, Guitar Junior, and soon released with the Goldband label in 1957: 'I Got It Made (When I Marry Shirley Mae)'/'Family Rules (Angel Child)'. Both were his own compositions, the latter with Eddie Shuler. Releases of 'The Crawl'/'Now You Know' and 'Roll Roll Roll'/'Broken Hearted Rollin Tears' were made in 1958. All were written with Shuler except 'The Crawl', that by Shuler and Raymond Victorica. Brooks' first album occurred in 1969: 'Broke an’ Hungry'. His son, Ronnie Brooks, made his debut recording on 'Live from Chicago - Bayou Lightning Strikes' in 1988. Brook's other son, Wayne, began playing in Brooks' band in 1990. Brooks has remained active well into the new millennium. Among Brooks' other compositions were 'Brand New Mojo Hand', 'Don't Take Advantage of Me', 'I Want All My Money Back', 'Messed Up' and 'Mr. Somebody'. Edits below from year 1993 onward are live performances. Earlier rock by Lonnie Brooks as Guitar Junior in Fifties Rock n Roll.

Lonnie Brooks   1967

   One Sunny Day

       Composition: B. Ford/Tex McGinnis

Lonnie Brooks   1969

   Broke an' Hungry

       Composition: B. Ford/Tex McGinnis

Lonnie Brooks   1975

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936

Lonnie Brooks   1979

   You Know What My Body Needs

       Album: 'Bayou Lightning'

      Composition: Brooks

   Figure Head

       Album: 'Bayou Lightning'

      Composition: Emerson/Craig

Lonnie Brooks   1985

   Wound Up Tight

      Album: 'Wound Up Tight'

      With Johnny Winter

Lonnie Brooks   1993

   You're Usin' Me

Lonnie Brooks   1996

   Rockin' Red Rooster

Lonnie Brooks   2001

   Watch Dog

      Composition: Brooks

Lonnie Brooks   2011

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936


Birth of the Blues: Lonnie Brooks

Lonnie Brooks

Source: Friday Blues Fix

  Born in 1927, Barbara Dane was as much a folk as blues vocalist, singing at demonstrations concerning racial and economic matters upon graduating from high school. She even turned down an offer to tour with Alvino Rey in order to sing at factory gates and union halls. Raised largely in Chicago, she had sat in with bands about town as a teenager. In 1949 she left Chicago for San Francisco where she did the same at nightclubs, getting her first job as a professional musician seven years later (1956) with Turk Murphy at the Tin Angel. That same year she found herself recording with George Lewis and Dick Oxtot's Traditional Jazz Quartet on June 30 at Jenny Lind Hall in Oakland: 'The Glory of Love' and 'Good Morning Blues'. Those saw issue in 2013 as bonus tracks on Dane's 'I'm On My Way' (first released in '62). Wirz begins his list of Dane at American Music (AM) per the George Lewis Quartet with Papa Bue's Viking Jazzband, recording the same two titles in March of '57 [Discogs]: 'Good Mornin' Blues' and 'Glory of Love'. Dane recorded her debut album, 'Trouble in Mind', on July 4 [AM]. In 1961 she opened her own blues club, Sugar Hill, in the North Beach district. She founded Paredon Records in 1970 with husband, Irwin Silber, to produce nearly 50 albums in the next fifteen years, including three her own: 'FTA! Songs of the GI Resistance' ('70), 'I Hate the Capitalist System' ('73) and 'When We Make It Through' ('82). Her latest album was 'What Are You Gonna Do When There Ain't No Jazz?', released in 2002, until she issued 'Throw It Away...' in 2016. Among her numerous compositions are 'I'm On My Way' and 'Go 'Way from My Window' in 1960, 'Way Behind the Sun' in '64 and 'It's a Lonesome Old Town' in '66.

Barbara Dane   1957

  The Glory of Love

      Clarinet: George Lewis

      Banjo: Dick Octot

      Cornet: P.T. Stanton

      Bass: Lelieas Sharpton

      Composition: Billy Hill

      First issued recording by Will Bryant in 1936

   Trouble In Mind

      Piano: Don Ewell

     Trumpet: P.T. Stanton

      Clarinet: Darnell Howard

      Trombone: Bob Mielke

      Bass: Pops Foster

      Composition: Richard Jones

      First recorded by Thelma La Vizzo in 1924

Barbara Dane   1958

   Old Fashioned Love

Barbara Dane   1959

   Why Don't You Do Right

      Composition: Kansas Joe McCoy

Barbara Dane   1963

   Careless Love

      Composition: See Wikipedia

Barbara Dane   1973

   Working Class Woman

Barbara Dane   2008

   Mr. Rich Man

   Wild Women Don't Have The Blues

       Composition: Ida Cox


Birth of the Blues: Barbara Dane

Barbara Dane

Source: Berkeleyside

Birth of the Blues: Magic Sam

Magic Sam

Source: Ruth Marie Cumming

Born in Grenada, Mississippi, in 1937, Magic Sam (Samuel Maghett) was a Chicago bluesman, having left Mississippi with his family in 1950. Having formed his first band in 1955, his first recordings per American Music were possibly as early as 1956 for Cobra: 'Hot Dog and a Bottle of Pop', that unissued. With Harold Burrage at vocals, that crew is thought to have consisted of Willie Dixon (bass), Billy Stepney (drums) and either Johnny Jones or Henry Gray at piano. The summer of 1957 brought 'Love Me with a Feeling'/'All Your Love' (Cobra 5013). It was at those recordings that Maghett took the name, Magic Sam, from his bass player, Mack Thompson. Magic never placed a title on Billboard, but he's representative of that period in Chicago in the latter fifties, following Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf, which climate was affected by Buddy Guy and Otis Rush as well. It's thought that Guy won his initial recording contract due a competition between the three. Circa 1960 Magic was drafted into the Army, served six months in jail for desertion, then was discharged. He was soon recording again, and began touring the States, Great Britain and Germany during the early sixties. Magic Sam was rising in stature when he died of heart attack at but the age of 32 in 1969. Recordings by Magic Sam with songwriting credits at allmusic and discogs. More Magic Sam in Fifties American Rock. Per below, * = composer undetermined.

Magic Sam   1957

   All Your Love

      Composition: Magic Sam

Magic Sam   1960

   She Belongs to Me

      Composition: Al Benson/Magic Sam

Magic Sam   1964

   I Just Got to Know*

Magic Sam   1968

   I Have the Same Old Blues

      Composition: Magic Sam

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936

Magic Sam   1989

   That Ain't It

      Composition: Jimmy Rogers


  Born in Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1927, Mighty Joe Young was raised in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. An amateur boxer in the forties, he began playing guitar in nightclubs in the early fifties. In 1955 he recorded 'Broke Down Hearted and Disgusted' and 'You Been Cheatin' Me' for Jiffy Records(?) in Easton, Louisiana. No documentation of any issue. American Music (AM) has Young in the Paul Gayton Orchestra backing vocalist, Oscar Wills, on 'Flatfoot Sam' (Argo 5277) sometime in 1957. AM then lists a session in Shreveport the same year with Wills as T.V. Slim and His Heartbreakers for 'Flatfoot Sam'/'Darling Remember' (Clif 103, Checker 870) and 'You Can't Buy A Woman' (Speed 704). May 20 of 1958 has Young backing Jimmy Rogers on multiple takes of 'Don't You Know My Baby' and 'This Has Never Been' and one of 'Looka Here', none for Chess issued. Young's first name releases went down sometime in 1959: 'She Is Different' and 'I Am Looking for Someone' (Atomic-H A 900 - B 9001). He commenced the sixties with 'Empty Arms'/'Why Baby' (Fire 1033) in 1961. Among other musicians Young supported on recordings through the years were Otis Rush, Magic Sam, Koko Taylor, Lucille Spann (wife as of '69 of pianist, Otis Spann, with whom Young recorded numerously), Snooky Pryor and Willie Dixon (an ancient associate, like Spann, since arriving to Chicago in the latter fifties). Young was an integral figure in the Chicago blues scene until his death of pneumonia on March 24, 1999. Young had composed titles like 'Why Baby' ('60), 'Just a Minute' ('88) and 'Lookin' for You' ('88). Songwriting credits to some of his 45 RPM issues.

Mighty Joe Young   1957

   Darling Remember

      With T.V. Slim (Oscar Wills)

      Composition: Clara Wills

   Flatfoot Sam

      With Oscar Wills

      Composition: Clara Wills

   Nervous Boogie

      With Oscar Wills

      Composition: Paul Gayten

Mighty Joe Young   1959

   She Is Different/I Am Looking for Someone

Mighty Joe Young   1972

   I Walked All Night

      Album: 'Blues with a Touch of Soul'

      Composition: Mighty Joe Young

   Baby Please

      Composition: Percy Mayfield

   I Have the Same Old Blues


   Lookin' For You

      Composition: Mighty Joe Young

  Rock Me Baby

      Composition: BB King/Joe Josea

   Things I Used to Do/Why Baby

      Album: 'Blues with a Touch of Soul'

      Composition: Eddie Jones

Mighty Joe Young   1974

   As the Years Go Passing By

        Composition: Deadric Malone

Mighty Joe Young   1975

   Baby Please

      Filmed live

      Composition: Percy Mayfield

Mighty Joe Young   1976

  Five Long Years

      Composition: Eddie Boyd

  Sweet Home Chicago

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936

  Take Money

      Composition: Joseph Young

  Teasin' the Blues

      Composition: Joseph Young

Mighty Joe Young   1981

   Turning Point


      Composition: Leo Graham


Birth of the Blues: Mighty Joe Young

Mighty Joe Young

Source: All About Blues

Birth of the Blues: Roy Buchanan

Roy Buchanan

Photo: Michael Ochs Archive/Getty

Source: Media Selection
Born as Leroy a bit off the main roads in Ozark, Arkansas, in 1939, Roy Buchanan had a sharecropper and farm laborer for a father who would take Roy to Pizley, CA, near Bakersfield, where he would finish out his childhood. He began playing professionally at age fifteen with Johnny Otis. He first surfaced on vinyl in 1958 with guitarist, Dale Hawkins, on 'My Babe' (Willie Dixon) for the Chess label. After a couple years with Dale he fell in with Ronnie Hawkins (Dale's cousin), filling Fred Carter Junior's spot in the Hawks for a brief time before Robbie Robertson (The Band) replaced him. (Buchanan would be The Band's opening act for their reunion tour in 1987.) In March 1961 Roy released Erskine Hawkins' composition, 'After Hours', with 'Whiskers', his own, per Bomarc 361. October saw the issue of 'Mule Train Stomp' (Lange/Heath/Glickman) and 'Pretty Please' (Buchanan) per Swan 4088. (See 45Cat.) Buchanan spent the sixties largely as a sideman, especially in Washington DC with Danny Denver. His family got bigger but regional engagements didn't, such that he thought to become a barber in the latter sixties. He and Denver issued 'The Best of Denver With Roy Buchanan' in 1970 for Wrayco Records, distribution limited to sales at gigs. Unable to acquire a record contract (with Polydor in particular), Buchanan formed his own label in 1971 (BIOYA: Blow It Out Your Ass) to release 'Buch and the Snake Stretcher's' the next year, distribution also limited to gigs. Be as may, a 1971 PBS documentary, 'Introducing Roy Buchanan', was just the shovel of coal his engine needed. Buchanan signed up with Polydor to issue 'Roy Buchanan' in 1972, followed by 'Second Album' in '73. His career now underway, Buchanan spent its remainder making himself a major name in blues. At one point Eric Clapton called him the best guitarist in the world. (One could probably write a book concerning the various Clapton has called something like the "greatest in the world" at some or other time. Mozart was another musician with a compliment for one and all, though more by nature than sincere opinion. Mozart wasn't around when Arthur de Lulli [Euphemia Allen] composed 'The Chopsticks Waltz' in 1877. But you'd have been a fine musician to Mozart's tongue, if not ears, if you could play three bars of it.) Unfortunately Buchanan had the blues in general and liked his beer, he a heavy drinker. One evening in August of 1988 an argument with his wife, Judy, resulted in a domestic violence call to the police. By the time they arrived Buchanan had left the house and was taking a walk to cool off. He was arrested for public intoxication and found in his jail cell later that night, hung to death with his own t-shirt. Many, however, yet find suicide implausible. It isn't known if he was belligerent or not, but marks about his head and other factors (have) led some to speculate if he wasn't actually beaten to death. The cause of his death appears to remain dubitable. Buchanan's twelfth and final album, 'Hot Wires', had been released in 1987. His main axe was an old 1953 Fender Telecaster that he'd named Nancy. An anthology of Buchanan's recordings with band personnel and songwriting credits.

Roy Buchanan   1958

   My Babe

      With Dale Hawkins

      Composition: Willie Dixon

Roy Buchanan   1971

   Introducing Roy Buchanan

      PBS documentary

Roy Buchanan   1972

   Buch and the Snake Stretcher's


   John's Blues

      LP: 'Roy Buchanan'

      Composition: Roy Buchanan

Roy Buchanan   1973

   Second Album


Roy Buchanan   1974

   Sweet Dreams

      Live in Evanston, IL

         Album released 2009

      Composition: Don Gibson

Roy Buchanan   1975

   Live Stock


Roy Buchanan   1976

   Hey Joe

      Filmed live

      Composition: Billy Cox

   Roy's Bluz

      Filmed live

      Composition: Roy Buchanan

   A Street Called Straight


   Sweet Dreams

      Filmed live

      Composition: Don Gibson

Roy Buchanan   1977

   I'm a Ram

      Live in Cleveland

      Composition: Al Green/Mabon Teenie Hodges

   Loading Zone


Roy Buchanan   1978

   You're Not Alone


Roy Buchanan   1981

   Turn to Stone

      Live in Toronto

      Composition: Terry Trebandt/Joe Walsh

Roy Buchanan   1985

   Further on Down the Road

      Filmed at Carnegie Hall

      With Albert Collins & Lonnie Mack

      Composition: Joe Medwick Veasey

      Original version:

      'Further on Up the Road' by Bobby Bland   1957

   Green Onions

      Filmed in Hamburg

      Composition: See Wikipedia

      Original version: Booker T. & the M.G.'s   1962

Roy Buchanan   1986

   Live in Denver




Birth of the Blues: Eddie Clearwater

Eddy Clearwater

Photo: Bill Greensmith

Source: Past Blues

Born in Macon, Mississippi, in 1935, Eddy Clearwater (Edward Harrington aka The Chief) left Mississippi for Chicago at age fifteen to perform with gospel groups, he already pretty fancy with a guitar. He wouldn't have to work as a dishwasher indefinitely whilst such as Sunnyland Slim and Earl Hooker became among his circle of associates. By age eighteen he was developing a reputation as Guitar Eddy at the bars where he played. Clearwater was age 23 when he released his first record, 'Hill Billy Blues'/'Boogie Woogie Baby' ('58), on the Atomic H label (owned by his uncle) as Clear Waters (as juxtaposed to Muddy Waters). It was Atomic H again in 1959 for 'I Don't Know Why'/'A Minor Cha-Cha'. The early sixties found Clearwater issuing with Jimmy Lee, the Bel-Aires and the Belvederes. 1961 saw his issue of 'Cool Water'/'Baby Please' (La Salle 502). None of the several plates that Clearwater issued in the sixties and seventies saw a Billboard chart. He recorded his first albums live at the Golden Slipper on October 24 of 1977 and Ma Bea's on November 5, Discogs having those issued that year: 'Direct From Chicago' and 'Black Night'. It was Clearwater's 1980 release of the LP, 'The Chief', that finally garnered him notability in Chicago blues and put him on his path as a mature musician. Being part Cherokee, I'm to a yet uncalculated measure offended by Clearwater's cultural appropriations via American Indian headdresses. I've no clue how many beans I've eaten either, but he wasn't a whole Cherokee, a critical issue, one could think. It would be more polite to remove some of those feathers and replace them with darker brown ones to more correctly reflect DNA test results. Besides, Indians have belonged in Oklahoma, not Chicago, ever since Jackson appropriated the Presidency. I don't live in Oklahoma either, but until I can more correctly send part of myself there you don't see me at the bar in full headdress like I'm an actual chief or something. I also share DNA with much of the animal kingdom, which doesn't mean I have to go about pretending to be a dog. Then there are all those insensitive sorts who wear cowboy hats (Clearwater apparently unable to make up his mind in general). Then everybody wearing baseball caps, insulting actual baseball players. Truckers do it, too, even though they have their own hats, no doubt upsetting to farmers at one time until some yokel gazette eventually shut up about it. As for Clearwater, who improperly wears a birthday hat every day on his website, he yet actively tours to this date in any of a variety of hats. All edits below for year 2009 are live performances.

Eddy Clearwater   1958

   Hill Billy Blues

Eddy Clearwater   1959

   A Minor Cha Cha

Eddy Clearwater   1962

   A Real Good Time

      Composition: J. Peterson/S. Thompson

Eddy Clearwater   1976

   Black Night

      Composition: Jessie Mae Robinson

Eddy Clearwater   1978

   Last Night

Eddy Clearwater   1989

   Blues Hang Out

      Composition: Clearwater

Eddy Clearwater   1994

   Blues For a Living

      Composition: Clearwater

Eddy Clearwater   2008

   A Good Leavin' Alone

       Television performance

      Composition: Ronnie Baker Brooks/Clearwater

Eddy Clearwater   2009

   Blue Over You

      Composition: Clearwater

   Came Up the Hard Way

      Composition: Clearwater

   Just Want to Make Love to You

      Composition: Willie Dixon

   Sweet Little Rock & Roller

      Composition: Chuck Berry

   Too Old to Get Married

      Composition: Ronnie Baker Brooks



Birth of the Blues: Albert Collins

Albert Collins

Photo: Charlie Gillett Collection

Source: Paseando por los Suenos

Born in Leona, Texas, in 1932, Albert Collins (Albert Drewery aka the Iceman - Master of the Telecaster) decided to pursue guitar with intent at age twelve. At age eighteen he formed the Rhythm Rockers, but had to support his music career as a ranch hand and truck driver for the next sixteen years. In the meantime he issued 'Freeze'/'Collins Shuffle' in 1958 for the Kangaroo label in Houston. None of Collins' sides in the sixties placed on Billboard either. It was with the assistance of the group, Canned Heat, which showed up at a gig Collins was playing in Houston, that Collins was able to give up the day job, moving to California to record the album, 'Love Can Be Found Anywhere', released in 1968. From that point onward Collins enjoyed a lively blues career until his death in 1993 of lung and liver cancer. His last album had been released the same year: 'Live '92/'93'. Collins composed all titles below except as noted.

Albert Collins   1958

   Collins Shuffle

   The Freeze

Albert Collins   1963


     Composition: Collins/Scott

   Sippin' Soda

     Composition: Collins/Scott

Albert Collins   1965

   Dyin' Flu

      Recorded 1962

Albert Collins   1968

   Cookin' Catfish

     Composition: Stephen Hollister


Albert Collins   1969

   Do the Sissy

     Composition: Stephen Hollister

   Lip Service

   Turnin' On

     Composition: Stephen Hollister

Albert Collins   1970

   Blues Power

      Live at Fillmore East

     Composition: Albert King

Albert Collins   1979

   Cold, Cold Feeling

     Composition: Jessie Mae Robinson

Albert Collins   1980


     Composition: Johnnie Morisette




   If You Love Me Like You Say

      Live performance

     Composition: Little Johnny Taylor

Albert Collins   1981

   Dyin' Flu

Albert Collins   1986

   Cold Snap


Albert Collins   1988


      Live with Stevie Ray Vaughan

Albert Collins   1992

   Honey Hush

      Live performance

     Composition: Lowell Fulson



Birth of the Blues: Buddy Guy

Buddy Guy

Source: Outtown

Born in Lettsworth, Louisiana, in 1936, George Buddy Guy is thought to have recorded 'The Way You Been Treatin' Me' sometime in 1957 for a Baton Rouge radio station. He left for Chicago in latter 1957, there to fall in with Muddy Waters. Wikipedia has him winning his first record contract via contest with Magic Sam and Otis Rush. Guy's first name issue in 1958 was 'Sit and Cry (the Blues)'/'Try to Quit You Baby' (Artistic). 'You Sure Can't Do'/'This Is the End' (Artistic) ensued in 1959. Guy's initial of numerous titles for Chess through the sixties arrived in 1960: 'Slop Around'/'Broken Hearted Blues' and 'I Got My Eyes on You'/'First Time I Met the Blues'. Among his more popular compositions was 'Stone Crazy' in 1962. Guy released his first album, 'Hoodoo Man Blues', in 1965. Eric Clapton stated in 1985 that Buddy Guy was the best guitarist alive. Stevie Ray Vaughan has remarked that without Buddy Guy there would be no Stevie Ray Vaughan. Guy has received numerous awards throughout his career and played at the White House in 2012. Recordings by Guy with compositional credits at discogs, allmusic and australiancharts. The greater majority of recordings below are live performances.

Buddy Guy   1957

   The Way You Been Treatin' Me


     Issued 1992 on 'The Very Best of Buddy Guy'

     Composition: Guy/Ike Turner

Buddy Guy   1958

   Sit and Cry (the Blues)

     Composition: Guy/Willie Dixon

   Try to Quit You Baby

     Composition: Archie Toscano

Buddy Guy   1960

   First Time I Met the Blues

     Composition: Eurreal Montgomery

Buddy Guy   1968

   Money (That's What I Want)

     Composition: Berry Gordy/Janie Bradford

Buddy Guy   1969

   Mary Had A Little Lamb/My Time After Awhile

      Drums: Buddy Miles

Buddy Guy   1970

   Hoochie Coochie Man

      Composition: Willie Dixon

Buddy Guy   1974

   Messin' with the Blues

      Filmed at the Montreax Jazz Festival/Switzerland

      With Muddy Waters

Buddy Guy   1992

   Stormy Monday

      Filmed at the Montreax Jazz Festival/Switzerland

      Composition: T-Bone Walker   1947

Buddy Guy   1998

   Damn Right I've Got the Blues

      Composition: Buddy Guy

   She Got the Devil in Her

      Album: 'Sweet Tea'

      Composition: CeDell Davis

Buddy Guy   2004


      Composition: Eddie Cooley/Otis Blackwell

      Original version: Little Willie John   1956

   Good Morning Little School Girl

      Composition: Donald Level/Bob Love

Buddy Guy   2005

   I Put a Spell On You

       Album: 'Bring 'Em In'   With Carlos Santana

      Composition: Jay Hawkins


  Born Lonnie McIntosh in 1941 in Dearborn County, Indiana, Lonnie Mack began playing guitar at age seven. Quitting school at age thirteen, he began playing roadhouses in the Cincinnati area with a false ID. He joined a band called the Twilighters in 1958 when they recorded 'Pistol Packin' Mama' (Al Dexter) for the small label, Esta, in Hamilton, Ohio. In 1959 he joined Harley Gabbard and Aubrey Holt in the recording of 'Hey, Baby' and 'Too Late to Cry' for the Sage label. None of those early titles were issued except 'Hey, Baby' in 2010 by Bear Family Records. The Twilighters would become his band with which he toured regionally. Mack began sessions for the Cincinnati Fraternity label in the early sixties. At a 1963 session with the Charmaines there was yet spare studio time for Mack to record 'Memphis'. Not intending to record anything at all, nor expecting anything to come of it, he'd forgotten all about it and hadn't a clue when he was informed on tour that the single was not only getting air time but had climbed to #4 on Billboard. Nice surprise from out of the blue that day. Even better, it would go gold. The B side of 'Memphis' was 'Down in the Dumps'. Mack followed that with 'Wham!'/'Suzie-Q Baby' and 'Baby, What's Wrong?'/'Where There's a Will' the same year, as well as the first of thirteen albums: 'The Wham of that Memphis Man!'. During the seventies he turned from rock to country as he retired from Los Angeles back to Ohio, feeling ill of the music business among his reasons. In 1977 he surfaced in Japan for a 'Save the Whales' benefit concert. He began playing with Stevie Ray Vaughan in 1979, they becoming good friends. Vaughan would produce and appear on Mack's 'Strike Like Lightning' in 1985. Mack would also visit Europe during his career. He's not toured since 2004, retiring to Tennessee. Having "pursued" his career in a casual manner since turning country, Mack has been one of those musicians with little interest in self-promotion. He just hangs out on his little patch on Earth and happens to play world-class guitar on occasion. Songwriting credits to numerous of Mack's early recordings at 45Cat.

Lonnie Mack   1963

   The Wham of that Memphis Man!


Lonnie Mack   1985

   Falling Back in Love with You

      Filmed at Carnegie Hall

      Composition: Lonnie Mack

   Further On Down the Road

      Filmed at Carnegie Hall

         With Roy Buchanan & Albert Collins

       Composition: Joe Medwick Veasey

        Original version:

       'Further on Up the Road' by Bobby Bland   1957

   Satisfy Susie

      LP: 'Strike Like Lightning'

       Composition: Mack/Tim Drummond

Lonnie Mack   1986

   Cincinnati Jail

      LP: 'Second Site'

      Composition: Lonnie Mack

   Oreo Cookie Blues

       'AM Cleveland' television program

         Date unconfirmed

      Composition: Mack/Mike Wilkerson

   Oreo Cookie Blues

      Filmed with Stevie Ray Vaughan

      Composition: Mack/Mike Wilkerson


      Filmed with Stevie Ray Vaughan

      Composition: Lonnie Mack

Lonnie Mack   1988

   Too Rock For Country


       Mack/Dan Penn//Hoy Lindsey/Denny Rice


Birth of the Blues: Lonnie Mack

Lonnie Mack

Photo: Randy Jennings/Captured Live

Source: B-L-U-E-S

Birth of the Blues: Silas Hogan

Silas Hogan

Photo: Pierre Degeneffe

Source: bdla

Born in 1911 in Louisiana, Silas Hogan never became a a very well-known musician, but he assists in filling out the swamp blues portion of this page (as compared to Delta blues, Piedmont blues, Texas blues, Chicago blues, etc.). Hogan didn't record until he was 48 years old in 1959, with Jimmy Dotson and the Blue Boys. American Music (AM) locates that session in Crowley, Arkansas, issued per Zynn 511: 'I Wanna Know'/'Looking for My Baby'. AM has 'Looking For My Baby' (alt), 'My Poor Heart in Pain' and 'The Ha! Ha! Tune' unissued. More titles backing Dotson went down in January 1960, 'Oh Baby'/'I Need Your Love' issued per Rocko 516. Hogan's first name recordings occurred in July of 1962 for Excello Records. Released as #2221 was 'You're Too Late Baby'/'Trouble at Home Blues'. Backing him were Sylvester Buckley (harmonica), Isaiah Chatman (guitar) and Samuel Hogan (drums). Hogan strung along tracks each year thereafter until 1965 when, due to dispute between his manager, Jay Miller, and Excello Records Hogan's recording career ended, he returning to his job at an Exxon oil refinery. Hogan resumed his recording career in the seventies ('Rats and Roaches in My Kitchen' [Hogan] '70) while playing such as blues festivals in the South. Gradually drifting into obscurity in later years, he died of heart disease on January 9 of 1994 in Baton Rouge, LA. Allmusic publishes a nice list of Hogan's recordings with songwriting credits.

Silas Hogan   1959

   I Wanna Know

      With Jimmy Dotson and the Blue Boys

      Composition: Jimmy Dotson/Jerry West

   Looking For My Baby

      With Jimmy Dotson and the Blue Boys

      Composition: Jimmy Dotson/Jerry West

Silas Hogan   1960

   I Need Your Love

      With Jimmy Dotson and the Blue Boys

      Composition: Jimmy Dotson/Jerry West

Silas Hogan   1962

   You're Too Late Baby

      Composition: Silas Hogan/Mark Dee

Silas Hogan   1963

   I'm Gonna Quit You Pretty Baby

      Composition: Silas Hogan/Mark Dee

Silas Hogan   1965

   Trouble At Home

      Composition: Silas Hogan/Mark Dee



Birth of the Blues: Johnny Winter

Johnny Winter

Source: Seventies Music


Born in 1944, guitar virtuoso Johnny Winter (brother of keyboardist Edgar Winter) is well known for his hard-driving blues-rock fusion. He released his first sides, 'One Night of Love' and 'Hey, Hey, Hey' (KRCo 107), at age fifteen in 1959 with Edgar. 'You Know I Love You'/'School Day Blues' (Dart 131) ensued the next year. Winter released his first album in 68, 'The Progressive Blues Experiment', the same year he got his big break, and major it was. Asked to join Mike Bloomfield on stage at Fillmore East in Chicago, Winters performed BB King's 'It's My Own Fault'. Representatives from Columbia Records were in attendance, after which Winters secured $600,000, the highest advance ever paid by a record company to a musician. His first album for Columbia the next year (1969) was titled simply 'Johnny Winter'. (Winter also appeared at Woodstock that year.) 'Second Winter' followed the same year. 'Live Johnny Winter And' followed in 1970, with guitarist Rick Derringer aboard. By this time heroin addiction, begun while creating 'Johnny Winter And', began taking its toll. So Winter sought treatment, then released 'Still Alive and Well' in 1973. 'Saints & Sinners' followed the next year. Winter's two-year recording partnership with Muddy Waters and Blue Sky Records began in 1977. Winter is among the most bootlegged musicians in the industry. It has been estimated that only fifteen percent of his recordings in the wild are commercially legitimate. Winter died in his hotel room in Switzerland while on tour in July of 2014.The majority of tracks below are live performances. Compositional credits at 45Cat ("first sides" above), allmusic and australiancharts. Winter wrote all titles below except as noted.

Johnny Winter   1960

   School Day Blues

      With Edgar Winter

Johnny Winter   1963


   Gangster of Love

      Composition: Johnny Guitar Watson

Johnny Winter   1968

   Progressive Blues Experiment


Johnny Winter   1969

   Johnny Winter


Johnny Winter   1970

   Ain't That a Kindness

      Album: 'Johnny Winter And'

       With Edgar Winter & Rick Derringer

       Composition: Mark Klingman

   Be Careful With a Fool

      Composition: BB King/Joe Josea

   Jumpin' Jack Flash

       Album: 'Johnny Winter And'

       With Edgar Winter & Rick Derringer

       Composition: Mick Jagger/Keith Richards

   Mean Town Blues

      Album: 'Johnny Winter And'

      With Edgar Winter & Rick Derringer

Johnny Winter   1971

   Great Balls of Fire

      Live in Sweden w Rick Derringer

      Composition: Jerry Lee Lewis

  Whole Lotta Shaking Going On

     Live in Sweden w Rick Derringer


     Dave Curlee Williams/James Faye Roy Hall

Johnny Winter   1973

   Still Alive and Well


Johnny Winter   1974

   Bad Luck Situation

Johnny Winter   1976

   Mercy Mercy

      With Edgar Winter

       Composition: Donald Covay/Ron Miller

Johnny Winter   1984

   Johnny B. Good

      Composition: Chuck Berry

Johnny Winter   1987

   Sound the Bell

       Composition: Eddie Shuler/Clarence Garlow

Johnny Winter   1991

   Mojo Boogie

       Composition: J.B. Lenoir


  Born in Alabama in 1895, Mance Lipscomb spent his life as a tenant farmer in Texas before he made his first recordings at age 65 in 1960. He had long since been playing guitar at local gatherings (usually what Lipscomb called "Saturday Night Suppers"), sometimes at his own home. Though beginning his professional career at an unusually late age, Lipscomb enjoyed such for more than a decade until his death in 1976, age 81, following a stroke two years earlier. Recordings by Lipscomb with compositional credits at allmusic 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.

Mance Lipscomb   1960

   Ain't It Hard

       Composition: Mance Lipscomb

   Motherless Children

       Composition: Traditional

       First recorded 1927 by Blind Willie Johnson

   Sugar Babe

       Composition: Mance Lipscomb

Mance Lipscomb   1969

   Alcohol Blues

      Live performance

       Composition: Mance Lipscomb

Mance Lipscomb   1972

      Live at Harvard Dining Hall


Birth of the Blues: Mance Lipscomb

Mance Lipscomb

Source: Library of Congress

Birth of the Blues: Hound Dog Taylor

Hound Dog Taylor

Source: Joe's Beat
Born Theodore Roosevelt Taylor in Natchez, Mississippi, in 1915, Hound Dog Taylor, began playing piano as a child, guitar as a teenager, neither with a lot of intent until reaching his twenties. Among his earlier professional gigs as he worked the Delta region were appearances on Sonny Boy Williamson II's radio program, 'King Biscuit Time' (sponsored by King Biscuit Flour), out of Helena, Arkansas. has Taylor eluding the Ku Klux Klan as the cause of his arrival to Chicago in 1942. He then supported himself by various day jobs while performing at night with such as Elmore James ('55). Around 1957 he was able to shake the day job, sustaining himself with gigs at clubs. has him acquiring "Hound Dog" due to his attraction to women. It was also around that time that Taylor removed a short sixth finger from his right hand with a straight razor. He was 45 years of age when he recorded his first plate in 1960: 'My Baby Is Coming Home/Take Five' (Key 112, Marjette 1102). American Music (AM) has Taylor backed by Detroit Jr. (piano), Emerson Kidd (bass) and Bill Levi Warren (drums) on those debut titles which didn't fare too well. Neither did his 1962 issue of 'Christine'/'Alley Music' (Firma 626), supported by Lafayette Leake (piano) and Blind Jesse Williams (bass/drums). Taylor also backed Homesick James in '62 on 'Can't Afford to Do It'/'Set a Date' (Colt 632), alongside Lazy Bill Lucas (piano) and Willie Knowling (drums). Taylor toured to Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival, performing with Little Walter and Koko Taylor, in 1967. Taylor was performing with his trio, the HouseRockers (House Rockers), at Florence's Lounge in South Chicago when they recorded his debut album in 1971: 'Hound Dog Taylor and the HouseRockers'. His trio consisted of Brewer Phillips (2nd guitar) and Ted Harvey (drums). That also occasioned the first issue by Alligator Records, founded by Bruce Iglauer with a $2500 inheritance [Wikipedia] specifically to put Taylor on record. (Iglauer had founded 'Living Blues' magazine the year before.) Taylor's LP sold 9000 copies in the coming year, putting both Alligator and Taylor underway, the latter on tour in the States. AM has Taylor putting down 'Kitchen Sink Boogie' September 10, 1972 at the Otis Spann Memorial Field in Ann Arbor, Michigan, found the next year on 'Ann Arbor Blues & Jazz Festival' (Atlantic SD2-502). That November he performed titles at Joe's Place in Cambridge (Boston), MA, which would eventually get issued in 1992 as 'The Houserockers: Have Some Fun' in Austria and 'Live at Joe's Place' in France. Other titles at Joe's Place would see release on 'Live In Boston' in 1999 in Germany. Taylor issued his second album, 'Natural Boogie', in 1974, that having gone down in Chicago circa autumn of 1973. Taylor's third LP, 'Beware of the Dog', was recorded live in 1974 but not released until after his death. A tour to Australia and New Zealand in early 1975 saw 'Everything's Alright' issued on 'Levi's Blues' that year (45 rpm shared with Alexis Korner and Duster Bennett on the same and other side). 'See Me in the Evening' and 'It's Alright' witnessed release in 1990 by Alligator on 'Hound Dog Taylor: Release The Hound'. (Alligator had long since become a major blues label.) Taylor's death of lung cancer arrived on December 17, 1975, in Alsip, Illinois. 'Beware of the Dog' per above saw posthumous issue in 1976. Alligator released further unissued tracks by Taylor in 1982 on 'Genuine Houserocking Music'. A partial list of Taylor's recordings with compositional credits.

Hound Dog Taylor   1960

   Take Five

       Composition: Hound Dog Taylor

Hound Dog Taylor   1962


       Composition: Hound Dog Taylor

Hound Dog Taylor   1967

   Wang Dang Doodle

     American Folk Blues Festival

     Filmed live with Koko Taylor

       Composition: Willie Dixon

       Covers of 'Wang Dang Doodle'

   Wild About You Baby

     American Folk Blues Festival

     Filmed live with Little Walter

       Composition: Elmore James

Hound Dog Taylor   1971

   Gonna Send You Back to Georgia

       Composition: Johnnie Mae Matthews/Taylor

      Album: 'Hound Dog Taylor and the HouseRockers'

   She's Gone

       Composition: Hound Dog Taylor

       Album: 'Hound Dog Taylor and the HouseRockers'

Hound Dog Taylor   1973

   Natural Boogie


Hound Dog Taylor   1974

   Let's Get Funky

       Composition: Ted Harvey/Brewer Phillips/Taylor

       Album: 'Beware of Dog'


  Born in Zachary, Louisiana in 1914, Robert Pete Williams was among the most laboring - as in "I'm not going to make it if I don't get some water" - of blues musicians. As a child he worked in the fields instead of going to school. Williams began playing local gigs as a teenager with a cigar box guitar he had fashioned. Later able to advance to a cheap guitar, he worked in lumber yards in Baton Rouge as he continued playing locally for a couple decades. However, he shot a man to death in a nightclub in 1956 and ended in up Angola Prison (Louisiana) with a life sentence. Which is where Williams made his first recordings, beginning in 1959, to be released in 1961. Those tracks were taped by ethnomusicologists Dr. Harry Oster and Richard Allen. With assistance from Oster, Williams' had been pardoned and his sentence commuted to servitude parole in 1959. Servitude parole required 80 hours per week of farm labor so there wasn't a lot of time for music. His prison recordings, however, were popular, so when he received a full pardon in 1964, allowing him to leave Louisiana, he headed for the Newport Folk Festival in California, whence he began touring the States and eventually Europe (1966). Williams died on December 31, 1980, in Rosedale, Louisiana. Some of Petway's recordings with songwriting credits at allmusic, australiancharts and discogs.

Robert Pete Williams   1961

   Dyin' Soul

       Composition: Robert Pete Williams

   Free Again

   Hay Cutting Song

   I'm Goin' Back With Him When He Comes

   Prisoner's Talking Blues

      Recorded 1959

       Composition: Robert Pete Williams

   Rolling Stone

       Composition: Traditional

   Thousand Miles From Nowhere

       Composition: Traditional

   When I Lay My Burden Down

       Composition: Traditional

   Wife and Farm Blues

   I'm Glad My Mother Teached Me How to Pray

   Freight Train Blues

       Composition: Robert Pete Williams

   High As I Want to Be

   I'm Going Down Slow

       Composition: Jimmy Oden

   Somebody Help Poor Me

   Old Girl at My Door

   Scrap Iron Blues

   I'm Gonna Go to the River

   So Much Is Happenin' in This Wicked World

   My Mind Wandering Around

       Composition: Robert Pete Williams

   Sad News From Korea

Robert Pete Williams   1970

   Live at Portland State University


Birth of the Blues: Robert Pete Williams

Robert Pete Williams

Source: Discogs


Born in Chicago in 1943 to a wealthy Jewish family, no-nonsense guitarist, Mike Bloomfield (also a pianist), got relocated to Glencoe at age twelve. He began playing in bands in high school, then headed back to Chicago to perform with such as Howlin' Wolf and Muddy Waters in the early sixties. Mike Bloomfield American Music (NBAM) has Bloomfield on private recordings as early as June 1962 with Judy Roderick at the Attic in Boulder, Colorado: 'Take This Hammer', 'Bedbug Blues', 'Katie Mae' and 'Walkin' Blues (Thinking About a Friend)'. What became of those is evidently unknown. Bloomfield also recorded a number of tracks with the Westwind Singers in either '62 or '63. NBAM and The Discographer (TD) have those issuing years later per Balkan CD 1007 sometime after their discovery in 2007: 'San Francisco Bay Blues', 'Swing Down Chariot', et al. Bloomfield's first session to issue is thought to have been in March of 1963 for Yank Rachell's 'Mandolin Blues' which Discogs has issued that year per Delmark Records DL-606. Others with whom Bloomfield recorded that year were Sunnyland Slim and Little Brother Montgomery, those few tracks not released until years later. NBAM has Bloomfield recording private tracks with Paul Butterfield in Chicago as early as October 1963. His famous membership in the Paul Butterfield Blues Band (Blues 4) began in 1964, he paired alongside guitarist, Elvin Bishop. NBAM and TD have Bloomfield on organ with Bishop at lead in latter 1964 for Nick Gravenite's composition, 'Born in Chicago', issued in 1965 on the album by various: 'Folksong '65'. Discogs comments that the liner notes for that are incorrect, wanting Bloomfield on slide with Mark Naftalin at organ. Chrome Oxide (CO) appears to concur. Along with Butterfield on mouth harp, Jerome Arnold supplied bass and Sam Lay drums. Among other titles Bloomfield put down for Butterfield with Bishop in 1964 were 'Lovin' Cup' and 'Good Morning Little Schoolgirl', issued in 1966 on the album by various, 'What's Shakin'. Numerous other unissued titles in '64 saw release in 1995 per 'The Original Lost Elektra Sessions'. CO has 'Born in Chicago' recorded again in October of '65 for the album, 'The Paul Butterfield Blues Band'. Bloomfield shared electric guitar with Bishop on Butterfield's 'East-West' in the summer of '66. Bloomfield left Butterfield's band in 1967 to form Electric Flag, hence to record most the soundtrack to the film, 'The Trip', issued that year. The Electric Flag album, 'A Long Time Comin'', was issued in '68. Bloomfield reunited with Butterfield in May of 1968 toward the release of 'Super Session' with Al Kooper and Stephen Stills. Its sequel, 'The Live Adventures of Mike Bloomfield and Al Kooper', followed the same year in September at Fillmore West. Bloomfield released his debut name LP in 1969, 'It's Not Killing Me'. He recorded material to comprise about 14 more as a leader or co-leader, issued sooner or later, before he was discovered dead of drug overdose in his car in February 1981. It is said he died at a party in San Francisco, then was driven to a different location by two men and left there. A brief list of recordings by Bloomfield with songwriting credits at australiancharts. The bottom four tracks below are live performances.

Mike Bloomfield   1963

   Doorbell Blues

      With Yank Rachell

      Album: 'Mandolin Blues'

       Composition: Yank Rachell

Mike Bloomfield   1964

   Goin' Down Slow

      With the Paul Butterfield Blues Band

      Recorded 1964

     Issued 1995 on 'The Original Lost Elektra Sessions'

       Composition: Jimmy Oden

Mike Bloomfield   1965

   Born in Chicago

      With the Paul Butterfield Blues Band

      First version recorded latter 1964

      Issued on 'Folksong '65'

       Composition: Paul Butterfield?/Nick Gravenites

Mike Bloomfield   1968

   Albert's Shuffle

       Composition: Mike Bloomfield/Al Kooper

   His Holy Modal Majesty

       Composition: Mike Bloomfield/Al Kooper

   Season of the Witch

       Composition: Donovan Leitch/Shawn Phillips

Mike Bloomfield   1971

   Driftin' and Driftin'


       Charles Brown/Eddie Williams/Johnny Moore

   Statesboro Blues

       Composition: Blind Willie McTell

Mike Bloomfield   1978

   Michael Bloomfield



Birth of the Blues: Michael Bloomfield

Mike Bloomfield

Source: Jazzquad

Birth of the Blues: Eric Clapton

Eric Clapton

Source: Paste

Between the periods of BB King and Stevie Ray Vaughan occurred the phenomenon that is Eric Clapton (also called Slow Hand). Alike Ray Vaughan, Clapton would mix blues with rock in such extraordinary manner that rock music became nothing to sniff at evermore. Born in Ripley, Surrey, England, in 1945, Clapton received his first acoustic guitar on his 13th birthday. Per Wikipedia he found it frustrating and put it away. He picked it up again a couple years later and the combination worked. Early attracted to blues, he attended the Kingston College of Art for about a year before music intervened, he busking the streets about that time ('61) and already a capable guitarist. The next year at age 17 he joined the Roosters with which he remained into the summer of 1963. He performed with Casey Jones & the Engineers before another remarkably correct combination, he joining the Yardbirds in October that year. The original Yardbirds consisted of Keith Relf (vocals/harmonica), Chris Dreja (rhythm/bass), Jim McCarty (drums) and Paul Samwell-Smith (bass/producer). Remaining with the Yardbirds to to March of 1965, Clapton played lead on the Yardbirds' first album, 'Five Live Yardbirds', recorded March 20, 1964, at the Marquee Club in London. Among the more popular Yardbirds tunes to which Clapton contributed was 'For Your Love' in 1965. Since the Yardbirds wished to pursue a more commercial sound Clapton left the band to continue with blues, next joining John Mayall's Bluesbreakers in April of 1965 to record 'Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton' on July 22, 1966 (that Mayall's second album after 'John Mayall Plays John Mayall' in '65). Working with Mayall brought Clapton recognition as a guitarist as well as stardom in the UK (Mayall's album to go gold). But his next combination would make him a star in the United States. Leaving Mayall to replace him w Peter Green, Clapton then performed his first gig w Cream in July of 1966 at the Twisted Wheel Club in Manchester. Cream was a rock trio consisting of Jack Bruce on bass and Ginger Baker on drums. The LP, 'Fresh Cream', was issued in 1966 to go gold in both the UK and the States. Come a tour to the States in March of '67, that preceding four more albums from '67 to '70 that would go platinum in either Great Britain, the States or both: 'Disraeli Gears' ('67), 'Wheels of Fire' ('68), 'Goodbye' ('69) and 'Live Cream' ('70). Parting ways with Bruce in 1968, Clapton and Baker then formed Blind Faith w Steve Winwood and Ric Grech. The album, 'Blind Faith' ('69), would go platinum. His contribution to John Lennon and Yoko Ono's 'Live Peace in Toronto 1969' went gold. His 1970 debut name album, 'Eric Clapton', went gold, as well as ' On Tour with Eric Clapton' with Delaney & Bonnie and Friends. Forming Derek and the Dominos in 1970, 'Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs' saw issue later that year to go platinum. 'In Concert' was released in 1973 to go gold.  Clapton's second name album in 1974, '461 Ocean Boulevard', went gold. Numerous of Clapton's discs throughout his long career have gone gold and platinum. 'Unplugged' ('92) went diamond and won the 1993 Album of the Year Grammy Award. Clapton garnered a Grammy on 17 other occasions, the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music in 1987 and a CBE in 2004. Having collaborated with a galaxy of blues and rock musicians, only a few of such were Santana, Zucchero Fornaciari and BB King. Clapton is long since recognized as among the greatest guitarists of the 20th century. Recordings of his with songwriting credits at australiancharts. Albums linked above include composers as well. More Clapton under John Mayall (1965-66) and in Rock 6.

Eric Clapton   1964

   Five Live Yardbirds


Eric Clapton   1965

   Boom Boom

      Recorded live 1964 w the Yardbirds

      Composition: John Lee Hooker

 Eric Clapton   1966

   Double Crossing Time

      Album: 'Blues Breakers with Eric Clapton'

       Composition: Clapton/Mayall

   They Call It Stormy Monday

      Live w the Bluesbreakers

      Composition: T-Bone Walker

Eric Clapton   1969

   Sleeping In the Ground

      Live with Blind Faith

      Composition: Sam Myers

   Poor Elijah

       With Delaney & Bonnie & Friends


      Delaney Bramlett/Jim Ford/Leon Russell

Eric Clapton   1970

   Bell Bottom Blues

      With Derek and the Dominos

       Composition: Clapton/Bobby Whitlock

   Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out

      With Derek and the Dominos

       Composition: Jimmy Cox

Eric Clapton   1975

   Further On Up the Road

        Composition: Joe Medwick Veasey

        Original version:

       'Further on Up the Road' by Bobby Bland   1957

Eric Clapton   1980

   Double Trouble

      Live performance

     Composition: Otis Rush

Eric Clapton   1982

   Good Night Irene

      Live performance

        Composition: Lead Belly/John Lomax

Eric Clapton   1990

   Before You Accuse Me

      Live with Stevie Ray Vaughan

      Composition: Bo Diddley

Eric Clapton   1992

   Hey Hey

      Live performance


      Live performance

      Composition: Clapton/Jim Gordon

Eric Clapton   1996

   Six Strings Down

        Live performance

        With BB King, Bonnie Raitt

        Robert Cray, Jimmy Ray Vaughan


       Eric Kolb/Aaron Neville/Charmaine Neville

       Cyril Neville/Kelsey Smith/Jimmie Vaughan

Eric Clapton   1999

   Bell Bottom Blues

       Live performance

       Composition: Clapton/Bobby Whitlock

   Ramblin' on My Mind

       Live performance

        Composition: Clapton/Bobby Whitlock

Eric Clapton   2001

   Key to the Highway

       Live performance

        Composition: Bill Broonzy/Charles Seger

Eric Clapton   2007

   Can't Find My Way Home

       Live with Steve Winwood

        Composition: Steve Winwood

   River of Tears

       Live performance

        Composition: Simon Climie/Clapton

Eric Clapton   2008

   Drifting Blues

       Live performance


        Charles Brown/Johnny Moore/Eddie Williams

Eric Clapton   2009

   Stormy Monday

      Live with the Allman Brothers Band

      Composition: T-Bone Walker   1947

Eric Clapton   2010


      Live with BB King

      Composition: Robert Johnson

   Running On Faith

      Live performance

      Composition: Jerry Lynn Williams

   Somewhere Over the Rainbow

      Live performance

      Composition: Jerry Lynn Williams


  Born Graham Anthony Barnes in 1942 in Nottingham, England, Alvin Lee began his professional career in the United Kingdom in 1962 upon joining a band called the Jaybirds. In 1966 the Jaybirds were renamed Ten Years After in homage to Elvis Presley, 1956 the year Presley's career went supernova with songs such as 'Blue Suede Shoes' and 'Love Me Tender'. Ten Years After released its first album, titled 'Ten Years After', in 1967. Albeit several tunes by Ten Years After are indexed below that band is better represented in A Birth of Rock & Roll 6. Lee released more than twenty albums during his career, his last, 'Still on the Road to Freedom' in 2012. He died on March 6, 2013, age 68, in Spain. Compositional credits to some of Lee and Ten Years After's recordings at 45cat, australiancharts and discogs. Lyrics by Lee. Lee composed all titles below except as indicated.

Alvin Lee   1969

   I Woke Up This Morning

      With Ten Years After

Alvin Lee   1972

   Turned Off T.V. Blues

      With Ten Years After

Alvin Lee   1975

   Truckin' Down The Other Way

Alvin Lee   1983

   Help Me

      Composition: Mort Dixon/Willie Dixon

   Slow Blues in C

Alvin Lee   1989

   Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On

      Composition: Dave Williams/James Hall

      First version by Big Maybelle   1955

Alvin Lee   1995

   Slow Blues In C

      Album: 'Pure Blues'   With Ten Years After

   Lost In Love

      Album: 'Pure Blues'   With Ten Years After

      Composition: Steve Gould/Alvin Lee

Alvin Lee   1998

   Every Blues You've Ever Heard

      Album: 'In Flight'

Alvin Lee   2005

   King Of the Blues

      With Ten Years After

       Composition: Tony Crooks/Leo Lyons


Birth of the Blues: Alvin Lee

Alvin Lee

Source: GPB Media

  Born in 1942 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Elvin Bishop moved to Chicago in 1960 where he was a physics student (smart only to consider it). In 1963 he met Paul Butterfield, hence to become an original member of the latter's band the next year, paired with guitarist, Mike Bloomfield, who also joined Butterfield that year. Mike Bloomfield American Music and The Discographer (TD) have Bishop on lead with Bloomfield on organ in latter 1964 for Nick Gravenite's composition, 'Born in Chicago', issued in 1965 on the album by various, 'Folksong '65'. Discogs comments that the liner notes for that are incorrect, wanting Bloomfield on slide with Mark Naftalin at organ. Chrome Oxide (CO) appears to concur. Along with Butterfield on mouth harp, Jerome Arnold supplied bass and Sam Lay drums. Among other titles Bishop put down for Butterfield with Bloomfield in 1964 were 'Lovin' Cup' and 'Good Morning Little Schoolgirl', issued in 1966 on the album by various, 'What's Shakin'. Numerous other unissued titles in '64 saw release in 1995 per 'The Original Lost Elektra Sessions'. CO has 'Born in Chicago' recorded again in October of '65 for the album, 'The Paul Butterfield Blues Band'. Bishop stayed with Butterfield into 1968 (Bloomfield having left the prior year to form Electric Flag). TD has Bishop, Bloomfield, Butterfield, et al, reuniting in October 1978 for a recorded concert at the University of California Berkeley. June of '69 saw Bishop performing a few tunes at Fillmore West with the Grateful Dead. The cusp of '68-'69 saw Bishop forming his own band with Applejack Walroth (harmonica), Art Stavro (bass) and John Chambers (drums) to issue his first name LP in '69, 'The Elvin Bishop Group'. That same year he contributed to 'No More Lonely Nights' on 'The Live Adventures of Mike Bloomfield and Al Kooper' recorded at Fillmore West. (Carlos Santana contributed guitar on 'Sonny Boy Williamson'.) Supporting that album were John Kahn (bass) and Skip Prokop (drums). Bishop issued his second album in 1970, 'Feel It!', 'Rock My Soul' in 1972. He rang the bell in 1973 with his song, 'Fooled Around and Fell in Love', that charting on Billboard's Hot 100 at #3 (issued on LP in '75 per 'Struttin' My Stuff'). 1974 witnessed his fourth LP, 'Let It Flow'. Together with 'Juke Joint Jump' in '75 Discogs counts twenty more studio and six more live albums to 'Elvin Bishop's Big Fun Trio' in 2017, that with William Jordan (cajon/vocals) and Bob Welsh (guitar). Compositional credits to numerous of Bishop's recordings at allmusic and australiancharts.

Elvin Bishop   1964

   Goin' Down Slow

      With the Paul Butterfield Blues Band

    Recorded 1964

     Issued 1995 on 'The Original Lost Elektra Sessions'

       Composition: Jimmy Oden

Elvin Bishop   1965

   Born in Chicago

      With the Paul Butterfield Blues Band

      First version recorded latter 1964

      Issued on 'Folksong '65'

       Composition: Paul Butterfield?/Nick Gravenites

Elvin Bishop   1966

   Our Love Is Drifting

      With the Paul Butterfield Blues Band

      Composition: Elvin Bishop/Paul Butterfield

Elvin Bishop   1969

      All titles below from 'The Elvin Bishop Group'

   Dad Gum Ya Hide, Boy

      Composition: Guy Brownley Jr.

   Honey Bee

      Composition: Elvin Bishop

   Sweet Potato

      Composition: Elvin Bishop

   The Things I Used to Do

      Composition: Eddie Jones

Elvin Bishop   1972

   So Fine/Party Till The Cows Come Home

      Live at Fillmore West

Elvin Bishop   1975

   Travelin' Shoes

      Live performance

       Composition: Elvin Bishop

Elvin Bishop   1976

   Fooled Around & Fell In Love

      Composition: Elvin Bishop

Elvin Bishop   1979

   Rock Me Baby

      Live with Spencer Davis & John Mayall

       Composition: See Wikipedia

Elvin Bishop   2010

   Red Dog Speaks

      Album: 'Red Dog Speaks'

       Composition: Elvin Bishop

Elvin Bishop   2013

   Going Fishin'


Birth of the Blues: Elvin Bishop

Elvin Bishop

Source: Rock and Roll Is My Addiction


In addition to guitar Taj Mahal played harmonica and piano. Born Henry Saint Clair Fredericks in Harlem in 1944, Mahal was raised in Massachusetts where he began playing guitar at age thirteen. While yet a teenager he took the name, Taj Mahal, due to dreams about Gandhi and India. Mahal began working on a dairy farm at age sixteen, which he apparently liked so much that farming rivaled music as a career choice. It was at the University of Massachusetts, where Mahal was pursuing a degree in animal husbandry, that he formed his own band called the Elektras and music won over farming. In 1964 Mahal moved to Santa Monica, California, to put together his next band, the Rising Sons, with which he first recorded in October 1965. Mahal sang lead with Ry Cooder on lead for 'Candy Man'/'The Devil's Got My Woman' (Columbia 4-43534). Other tracks by the Rising Sons were eventually issued per 'Rising Sons Featuring Taj Mahal and Ry Cooder' in 1992. (That release with compositional credits.)      Mahal issued his first album, 'Taj Mahal', in 1968 with Cooder. Both he and Cooder worked with the Rolling Stones during that period as well. Mahal issued his second album, 'The Natch'l Blues', in December of 1968. In 1969 he recorded 'Farther on Down the Road' per his third album, 'Giant Step', that song to reach the #7 spot on Billboard's R&B. As that momentum declined while approaching the latter seventies, in 1981 Mahal relocated to Kauai, Hawaii, and formed the Hula Blues Band, returning to the mainland in 1987 to release the album, 'Taj'. Rateyoumusic offers a list of 36 more LPs by Mahal to 'TajMo' in 2017 with guitarist, Keb' Mo'. Songwriting credits for Mahal at australiancharts and allmusic 1, 2. Most of the later recordings below are live performances.

The Rising Sons   1965

   .44 Blues

            With Ry Cooder

            Issued 1992

         Composition: See Wikipedia

The Rising Sons   1968

   Natch'l Blues

          Second album

   Taj Mahal

          Debut LP with Ry Cooder

Taj Mahal   1971

   You're Gonna Need Somebody on Your Bond

            Live at Fillmore East NY

          Composition: Traditional

          First version: Blind Willie Johnson   1930

Taj Mahal   1991

   Blues With a Feeling

          Composition: Rabon Tarrant/Jack McVea   1947

   Bourgeois Blues

          Composition: Lead Belly   1937

Taj Mahal   1997

   Señor Blues

          Music: Horace Silver   1956

          Lyrics: Horace Silver   1958

Taj Mahal   2000

   Blues Ain't Nothin'

          Composition: Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal   2002

   Living on Easy

          Composition: Traditional

Taj Mahal   2006

   Big Butt Blues

          Composition: Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal   2017

   Live in San Javier

          Filmed concert w Keb' Mo'


Birth of the Blues: Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal

Source: Jazz à Brignoles

Birth of the Blues: Blues Project

Blues Project

Photo: William Morris Agency

Source: Artist Direct
The Blues Project was formed in NYC at the Cafe Au Go Go in 1966 by Danny Kalb (guitar), Steve Katz (guitar), Tommy Flanders (vocals) and Al Kooper switching from guitar to organ. 'Live at The Cafe Au Go Go' was issued in 1966, followed by a tour to the West Coast to appear at Fillmore West. Their much applauded studio LP, 'Projections', was issued the same year. Kooper, however, dropped out in '67, Katz following after the Monterey International Pop Festival in June of '67, he and Kooper to found Blood Sweat & Tears. Kalb left about the same time. 'Planned Obsolescence' per 1968 was the Project's fourth LP release with only Roy Blumenfeld (drums) and Andy Kulberg (bass) for original members. 'Lazarus' per 1971 would see Kalb, Katz, Kooper and Flanders gathering again, ditto 'Blues Project' in '72 minus Katz and Kooper. 'Reunion In Central Park' featured Kalb, Katz and Kooper with Flanders out in '73. A few reunions of this and that nature would follow over the years but the band was defunct by that time. Members and gigs. Album discography.

The Blues Project   1966

   Goin' Down Luisiana

      LP: 'Live at the Cafe Au Go Go'

       Composition: Muddy Waters

   I Can't Keep From Crying Sometimes

       Composition: Al Kooper

      LP: 'Projections'

   Steve's Song

       Composition: Steve Katz

      LP: 'Live at the Cafe Au Go Go'

The Blues Project   1967

   No Time Like the Right Time

       Composition: Al Kooper

      LP: 'Live at Town Hall'

   Where There's Smoke There's Fire


       Bob Brass/Stanley Dural Jr.

       Al Kooper/Irwin Levine

      LP: 'Live at Town Hall'

The Blues Project   1968

   Dakota Recollection


       Andy Kulberg/Donald Kretmar

       John Gregory/Richard Greene/Roy Blumenfeld

      LP: 'Planned Obsolescence'

   If You Gotta Make a Fool of Somebody

       Composition: Rudy Clark

      LP: 'Planned Obsolescence'

The Blues Project   1971


       Composition: Traditional

      Arrangement: Danny Kalb

      LP: 'Lazarus'

The Blues Project   1972

   Back Door Man

       Composition: Chester Burnett/Willie Dixon

      LP: 'Blues Project'

   I'm Ready

       Composition: Willie Dixon   1954

      First version by Muddy Waters   1954

      LP: 'Blues Project'

The Blues Project   1973

   Reunion in Central Park



  Born in London in 1946, Peter Green first recorded in 1966 with a group called Peter B's Looners: 'If You Wanna Be Happy' b/w 'Jodrell's Blues'. It was during his three months with Peter Barden's band that he met Mic Fleetwood, also a member. That same year he met with opportunity to fill Eric Clapton's spot in John Mayall's Bluesbreakers. His debut recordings with the Bluesbreakers occur on the album, 'A Hard Road', released in 1967. Later that year Green formed Fleetwood Mac with Mic Fleetwood (drums, also a Bluesbreaker), Jeremy Spencer (guitar) and Bob Brunning (bass, until replaced by John McVie, also a Bluesbreaker, later that year). Though there would be reunions, Green left Fleetwood Mac in 1970, his first solo recordings occurring that year with an album of jam sessions, 'The End of the Game'. About 1973 Green was finding his mental condition too debilitating to work. Later diagnosed with schizophrenia, he disappeared from the music business until 1978, gradually emerging again with the release of 'Apostle' b/w 'Tribal Dance', which would be included on his album, 'In the Skies', released the next year. Among Green's better known compositions were 'Albatross' ('68), 'Man of the World' ('69), 'Oh Well' ('69) and 'The Green Manalishi'.

Peter Green   1966

   Jodrell's Blues

      With Peter B's Looners

       Composition: Peter Bardens

   If You Wanna Be Happy

      With Peter B's Looners

       Composition: Frank Guida/Joseph Royster

Peter Green   1967

   Alabama Blues

      With Fleetwood Mac   Composition: JB Lenoir

   The Same Way

      With Fleetwood Mac   Composition: JB Lenoir

   The Supernatural

      With Fleetwood Mac   Composition: JB Lenoir

Peter Green   1968

   Lazy Poker Blues

      With Fleetwood Mac   Composition: Peter Green

Peter Green   1970

   The End of the Game


   The Green Manalishi

      Live with Fleetwood Mac

       Composition: Peter Green

Peter Green   1971

   Heavy Heart

       Composition: Green/Kelly/Watson/Chewaluza

Peter Green   1972

   Beasts of Burden

       Composition: Peter Green/Nigel Watson

Peter Green   1978


       Composition: Peter Green

      Also appears on the album 'In the Skies'

   Tribal Dance

       Composition: Peter Green

      Also appears on the album 'In the Skies'

Peter Green   1979

   In the Skies

       Composition: Peter Green/J. Green

      Album: 'In the Skies'

Peter Green   1998

   The Supernatural

      Live performance

      Composition: JB Lenoir

Peter Green   2001

   A Fool No More

       Composition: Peter Green

Peter Green   2010

   Blues Get Off My Shoulder

      Live performance

       Composition: Bobby Parker   1958


Birth of the Blues: Peter Green

Peter Green

Photo: Graham Wiltshire

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Source: America Pink

Birth of the Blues: Savoy Brown

Savoy Brown

Source: Electric Buffalo

British blues rock band Savoy Brown was formed in 1966 by guitarist Kim Simmonds. It's original members were Bryce Portius (vocals), Trevor Jeavons (keyboard), Ray Chappell (bass), Leo Manning (drums) and John O'Leary (harmonica). Savoy Brown has from its start been through nigh countless personnel changes, yet Kim  Simmonds remains at its lead to this day. Discogs has Savoy Brown recording 'I Tried'/'Can't Quit You Baby' (Purdah 45-3503) in August of 1966 in London. The group's first album was 'Shake Down' in 1967. 'Getting to the Point' in 1968 included 'Taste and Try, Before You Buy' and 'Someday People' released on 45 in November of '67. The LPs, 'Blue Matter' and 'A Step Further', completed the sixties. Commencing the seventies with 'Raw Sienna' and 'Looking In', the group then lost Roger Earl, Dave Peveritt (Lonesome Dave) and Tony Stevens in 1970, they to form the rock band, Foghat, that same year. Moving onward with 'Street Corner Talking' in 1971, Simmonds would lead Savoy Brown through 44 albums [per Discogs] to 'Witchy Feelin'' in 2017. Gigs and sessions 1966-71. Songwriting credits at australiancharts, 45cat and allmusic 1, 2. All tracks below for year 1967 are from Savoy Brown's first album, 'Shake Down'. See also Rock 6.

Savoy Brown   1966

   I Can't Quit You Baby

       Composition: Willie Dixon

Savoy Brown   1967

   I Smell Trouble

       Composition: Deadric Malone

   It's My Own Fault

       Composition: John Lee Hooker

   Rock Me Baby

       Composition: BB King/Joe Josea

Savoy Brown   1969

   Tolling Bells

       Composition: Chris Youlden/Kim  Simmonds

   Train to Nowhere

       Composition: Chris Youlden/Kim  Simmonds

Savoy Brown   1970

   Looking In

       Composition: Dave Peverett/Kim  Simmonds

   Louisiana Blues

       Composition: McKinley Morganfield

   Money Can't Save Your Soul

       Composition: Dave Peverett/Kim  Simmonds

Savoy Brown   1971

   Tell Mama

       Composition: Kim  Simmonds/Paul Raymond

   Wang Dang Doodle

       Composition: Willie Dixon

Savoy Brown   1972

   Hellbound Train

       Composition: Kim  Simmonds/Andy Sylvester

   Lost and Lonely Child

       Composition: Kim  Simmonds

Savoy Brown   1981

   Live at The Bottom Line


Savoy Brown   2004

   Tell Mama

       Composition: Kim  Simmonds/Paul Raymond

Savoy Brown   2011

   Voodoo Moon

       Composition: Kim  Simmonds

Savoy Brown   2017

   Close to Midnight

       Album: 'Witchy Feelin''



  Born in Harmontown, Mississippi, in 1926, RL (Roy Lee) Burnside left for Chicago at age eighteen to find better employment. Though he met his cousin-in-law, Muddy Waters, there, and began playing guitar (also marrying in 1949), Chicago otherwise offered little but the murder of his father, two brothers and an uncle. In 1959 he headed back for Mississippi with his wife, only to kill a man during a dice game and go to prison for six months, concerning which Burnside later said, "I didn't mean to kill nobody. I just meant to shoot the sonofabitch in the head and two times in the chest. Him dying was between him and the Lord." Burnside's first recordings occurred in 1967, but were not released until 1969 in combination with further sessions that year: 'Mississippi Delta Blues Vol 2'. He released his first two albums, 'Sound Machine' and 'Plays and Sings the Mississippi Delta Blues', in 1981 at age 55. Discogs has him fourteen albums later per 'A Bothered Mind' in 2004, that his final LP before his death on September 1, 2005, in Memphis. The collection, 'Rollin' & Tumblin'', saw release in 2010. 2017 saw the issue of titles recorded in 1982 in Europe: 'Long Distance Call'. Songwriting credits for Burnside recordings at allmusic, australiancharts and discogs 1, 2, 3. He composed all titles below except as noted. The majority of tracks below from 1978 onward are live performances.

RL Burnside   1969

   Catfish Blues

      Recorded 1967

   Goin' Down South

      Recorded 1967

   My Black Name a Ringin'

      Recorded 1969

       Composition: Traditional

   Poor Black Mattie

      Recorded 1967

       Composition: Traditional

   Nine Days In Jail

      Recorded 1969

   Sat Down on My Bed and Cried

      Recorded 1969

   Tom Wilson's Place

      Recorded 1969

   Two Trains Runnin'

      Recorded 1969

   Walkin' Blues

      Recorded 1967

RL Burnside   1978

   Burnside Blues

   See My Jumper Hanging Out On The Line

   Poor Boy Long Ways From Home

       Composition: Traditional

RL Burnside   1984

   See My Jumper Hanging Out On The Line

RL Burnside   1995

   Nightmare Blues

RL Burnside   1998

   Long Haired Doney

   Rollin' and Tumblin'

       Composition: Traditional

   Skinny Woman

RL Burnside   2000

   Hard Time Killin' Floor Blues

       Composition: Skip James

      Album: 'Wish I Was in Heaven Sitting Down'

RL Burnside   2001

   Goin' Away Baby

       Composition: Jimmy Rogers

      Album: 'Well, Well, Well'


Birth of the Blues: RL Burnside

RL Burnside

Source: Long Live Rock'n'Roll

  More a rock band than a blues group, the Climax Chicago Blues Band was formed in 1968 in England by Colin Cooper. Its name gradually came to the Climax Blues Band by 1973. Original members were Pete Haycock, Derek Holt, George Newsome, Arthur Wood and Richard Jones. The band recorded its initial LP, 'The Climax Chicago Blues Band' ('69), sometime in 1968. The group issued 'Like Uncle Charlie'/'Loving Machine' in 1969 as the Climax Chicago Blues Band. But Discogs has their second album, 'Plays On', issued that year as the Climax Blues Band. 'Reap What I've Sowed'/'Spoonful' was issued in 1970 as the Climax Chicago Blues Band as well as their third album, 'A Lot of Bottle' ('70). Tightly Knit' ('71) and 'Rich Man' ('72)were issued as Climax Chicago. The group had finally decided on Climax Blues Band by the time it issued 'FM/LIVE' in 1973. That album gained them a lot of attention, but it was the disco tune, 'Couldn't Get It Right', in 1976 that made them famous, charting at #3 in the States and #10 in the UK. The Climax Blues Band had experienced a fair number of personnel changes over the years, though Cooper led the group over the decades until his death from cancer in 2008, leaving no more founding members. The last of nearly twenty albums with Cooper leading had been issued in 2003, a tribute to Willie Dixon called 'Big Blues'. In 2013 'Security Alert' was issued by longtime members, George Glover, Lester Hunt, Roy Adams and Neil Simpson. Graham Dee supplied vocals with Chris Aldridge on sax. Research compositional credits at australiancharts. More of the Climax Blues Band in The British Invasion.

Climax Blues Band   1969


       Composition: Climax Blues Band

   Hey Baby, Everything's Gonna Be Alright

       Composition: Climax Blues Band

   Looking For My Baby

       Composition: Climax Blues Band

   Wee Baby Blues

       Composition: Traditional

Climax Blues Band   1970

   A Lot of Bottle


Climax Blues Band   1973

   Seventh Son

       Composition: Willie Dixon

   So Many Roads

       Composition: Marshall Paul

Climax Blues Band   2004

   I Love the Life I Live

         Filmed live in Hamburg

       Composition: Willie Dixon

   Let the Good Times Roll

         Filmed live in Hamburg

       Composition: Sam Theard

       First version by Louis Jordan   1946


Birth of the Blues: Climax Blues Band

Climax Blues Band

Source: Jazzy Soul

  This history is supposed to cease with musicians who released their first vinyl before 1970. But slide guitarist, Bonnie Raitt, too requests but a step beyond the border. Born in 1949 in Burbank, CA, Raitt was the daughter of the Broadway musical star, John Raitt. Graduating from high school in Poughkeepsie, New York, Raitt entered Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with an interest in African studies and political theory. In 1969 she bought a used Fender Stratocaster for $120, the same she's  bottlenecked ever since. About that time she met blues promoter, Dick Waterman, during her sophomore year with whom she left Cambridge for Philadelphia. She was performing gigs at the Gaslight Cafe in NYC for something like $50 a night when a journalist for 'Newsweek' magazine began extolling her, to the result that Warner Brothers picked her up, she releasing the LP, 'Bonnie Raitt', in 1971. From her 1972 album, 'Give It Up', dedicated to the people of North Vietnam, to No Nukes, Raitt has involved herself with political activism. She has also worked for charitable causes. She is well known to have supplied headstones to the graves of several older blues musicians. Unlike numerous early blues musicians who faded away before rediscovery in the sixties, Raitt's audience continued to grow into the new millennium. Between 1990 and 1995 she placed seven tracks in Billboard's Top Ten in Adult Contemporary. She's been the recipient of ten Grammy Awards and was elected into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. Her most important Grammy win was Album of the Year in 1990 for 'Nick of Time' ('89). Raitt has also received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Americana Music Association. Raitt has issued 19 albums, 'Slipstream' as of 2012. 'Dig in Deep', Raitt's seventeenth studio album, saw release in 2016, as well as 'Bumbershoot Arts Festival 1985', a platter consisting of titles performed live with Stevie Ray Vaughan. Numerous Raitt has supported through the years include such as Sippie Wallace, Catfish Hodge and Allen Toussaint. Yet giving powerful performances, Raitt continues to tour and make television appearances as of this writing. Credits for compositions recorded by Raitt at australiancharts.

Bonnie Raitt   1971

   Since I Fell for You

      Composition: Robert Johnson

     Album: 'Bonnie Raitt'

   Walking Blues

      Composition: Robert Johnson

     Album: 'Bonnie Raitt'

   Woman Be Wise

      Composition: Sippie Wallace/John Beach

     Album: 'Bonnie Raitt'

Bonnie Raitt   1972

   Blender Blues

      Composition: Bonnie Raitt

     Live at the Rainbow Room (Philadelphia)

   Richland Woman Blues

     Live at the Rainbow Room (Philadelphia)

Bonnie Raitt   1976

   Kokomo Blues

      Composition: See SecondHandSongs

     Filmed live

Bonnie Raitt   1977


      Composition: Del Shannon/Max Crook

     Filmed live

Bonnie Raitt   1989

   Have a Heart

      Composition: Bonnie Hayes

     Filmed live

   Live in Oakland

     Filmed concert

Bonnie Raitt   1991

   All at Once

      Composition: Bonnie Raitt

     Album: 'Luck of the Draw'

Bonnie Raitt   1992

   I Can't Make You Love Me

      Composition: Mike Reid/Allen Shamblin

     Television appearance: Grammy Awards

Bonnie Raitt   1993


     Live at Shoreline Amphitheatre

Bonnie Raitt   1995

   Love Me Like a Man

      Composition: Chris Smither

     Filmed live

Bonnie Raitt   2009

   Love Has No Pride

      Composition: Eric Kaz/Libby Titus

     Filmed live at Madison Square Garden

Bonnie Raitt   2012

   Sweet Home Chicago

      Composition: Robert Johnson   1936

     Kennedy Center Honors (Buddy Guy)


Birth of the Blues: Bonnie Raitt

Bonnie Raitt

Source: The Giggs
  This history is supposed to cease with musicians who released their first vinyl before 1970. But Stevie Ray Vaughan was a talent too remarkable to not hop to just the other side of the fence. Some of the finest guitarists on the planet are, to this day, blues musicians. One cause for that is Vaughan, who a few decades ago joined such as BB King and Eric Clapton in presenting a standard to which to attain. He first appeared on recordings in 1971 as a guitarist in the Cast of Thousands. Those songs, 'Red, White and Blue' and 'I Heard a Voice Last Night', were issued on the album, 'A New Hi', a compilation of Dallas bands. Born in 1954 in Dallas, Stevie Vaughan was the brother of Jimmy Vaughan, a no-joke guitarist himself, famous as a member of the Fabulous Thunderbirds, and with whom Stevie played in a band called Texas Storm in 1970. After recording with the Cast of Thousands, while also working with a band called Liberation, Vaughan dropped out of school in 1971 and headed to Austin to form his own band, Blackbird. Personnel problems made that band a brief one, after which Vaughan joined various bands in the seventies: Krackerjack, the Nightcrawlers (rejected album recorded for A&M in '73) and the Cobras. Vaughan was with the Cobras when they released 'Other Days' b/w 'Texas Clover' in 1973 for Viper. In 1977 Vaughan formed the band, Triple Threat Revue. That band recorded one single in January 1978 including 'I'm Crying'. (Later bootlegs of Vaughan performing at Stubbs Barbecue in 1977 have been produced.) Vaughan changed the name of his band to Double Trouble in 1978, name taken from a song by Otis Rush. Stevie also began billing himself as Stevie Ray in 1978. Double Trouble was a struggling band until its 1982 performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival (available on DVD). Vaughan had had a chance to jam with ZZ Top in 1970, but now Jackson Browne offered him the use of his personal recording studio in Los Angeles to record ten songs, and David Bowie secured his talent for his 1983 album, 'Let's Dance'. Vaughan signed up with Epic Records in 1983, releasing 'Texas Flood' that year. His music video, 'Love Struck Baby', was also released that year. Texas had been major host to blues music since the twenties. But upon Stevie Ray's arrival the world was to realize that Texas blues were a major deal as unlike afore. Vaughan's first tour of Europe followed, then a performance at Carnegie Hall in October 1984. That was followed by a couple hours of signing autographs for some 500 fans at a record shop in Greenwich Village. Yet the more notable was that Vaughan's rise to fame went step in step with cocaine and whisky. He'd been arrested in 1979 for use of cocaine, receiving two years probation. But powder and whisky were a mix too nice for Vaughan until it lost all measure, it said he consumed a quart of whisky and quarter ounce of cocaine each day before becoming ill in Denmark of near-death hydration in 1986. He went into rehabilitation and quickly bounced back two months later for his 'Live Alive' tour. 1989 saw 'Crossfire' reach #1 on Billboard's Rock chart. His stellar career thereafter was nipped short in 1990 like not a few others in the music industry, by crash in a flying vessel. Vaughan had given a performance in East Troy, Wisconsin, with Eric Clapton when he boarded a helicopter for Chicago on a foggy night with three members of Clapton's entourage. The helicopter rose and then veered into a mountain fifty feet from its summit of nine hundred, killing all with the pilot. Vaughan's fourth and final studio album issued before his death had been 'In Step', released in 1989. The first posthumous release of Vaughan's earlier recordings was his his fifth album, 'The Sky Is Crying', in 1991. That included his composition, 'Empty Arms', which ascended to Billboard's third tier in Rock in 1992. Composers of other of Vaughan's recordings at allmusic and australiancharts.

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1971

   I Heard a Voice Last Night

    With the Cast of Thousands 

  Red, White and Blue

      With the Cast of Thousands

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1975

   Other Days

      With Paul Ray & the Cobras

      Composition: Paul Ray/Benny Rowe

  Texas Clover

       With Paul Ray & the Cobras

      Composition: Paul Ray

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1977

   Something Inside

      With Triple Threat Revue

     Recorded at Stubb's Barbecue   Lubbock TX

      From a bootleg LP of unknown release date

      Composition: Mike Kindred

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1978

  Albert's Alley

      With Triple Threat Revue

      Recorded at Stubb's Barbecue   Lubbock TX

      From a bootleg LP of unknown release date

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1979?

   Live at the New Bluebird

      With Triple Threat Revue

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1983

   Dirty Pool

      Composition: Vaughan/Doyle Bramhall

      Album: 'Texas Flood'

  In Session

       Duets with Albert King   Filmed live

  Live at the Bayou Club

  Love Struck Baby

      Composition: Stevie Ray Vaughan

      Album: 'Texas Flood'

  Pride and Joy

      Composition: Stevie Ray Vaughan

      Album: 'Texas Flood'

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1984

   Cold Shot

      Composition: Mike Kindred/W.C. Clark

        Music video

  Little Wing

      Composition: Jimi Hendrix


      Composition: Lonnie Mack

      Filmed live with Jeff Beck & Jimmie Vaughan

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1985

   Live at Capital Theatre

   Live at Montreux

       Filmed concert

   Texas Flood

       Composition: Don Robey/Joseph Wade Scott

        Filmed live

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1986

   Live at the American Caravan

      Filmed concert

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1988

   Lookin' Out the Window

      Filmed live

      Composition: Doyle Bramhall

  Willie the Wimp

      Filmed live


      Buster Carter/R. Ellsworth/Ruth Ellsworth

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1989


      Filmed live


      Bill Carter/Ruth Ellsworth

      Chris Layton/Tommy Shannon/Reese Wynans

  In Step



       'Arsenio Hall Show'

   One Night In Texas

      Filmed concert

Stevie Ray Vaughan   1990

   MTV Unplugged


Birth of the Blues: Stevie Ray Vaughan

Stevie Ray Vaughan

Photo: Howard Rosenberg

Source: Albümatine

With Stevie Ray Vaughan we pause this history of modern blues music. We will be listing more bands and musicians as such occur.



Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 3: Black Gospel Appendix


Medieval - Renaissance


Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

Expressionist - Modern

Modern: Composers born 1900 to 1950




Country Western


Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Modern 6: Song

Modern 7: Latin Jazz - Latin Recording

Modern 8: United States 1960 - 1970

Modern 9: International 1960 - 1970

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul - Disco

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

UK Beat

British Invasion

Total War - Sixties American Rock

Other Musical Genres - Popular Music Appendix

Musician Indexes

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

Jazz Modern - Horn

Jazz Modern - Piano - String

Jazz Modern - Percussion - Song - Other

Jazz Modern - 1960 to 1970

Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul

UK Beat - British Invasion

Sixties American Rock - Popular

Latin Recording - Europe

Latin Recording - The Caribbean - South America


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