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A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 6


Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



Mose Allison    Ernestine Anderson

Alice Babs    Pearl Bailey    Shirley Bassey    Tony Bennett    Teresa Brewer
Betty Carter    June Christy    Savannah Churchill    Rosemary Clooney    Nat King Cole    Perry Como    Chris Connor    Don Cornell
Vic Damone    Dorothy Dandridge    Bobby Darin    Sammy Davis Jr.    Doris Day    Blossom Dearie
Dick Farney    Mary Ford    Four Freshmen
Slim Gaillard    Babs Gonzales    Eydie Gormé    Buddy Greco
Johnny Hartman    Bill Henderson    Jon Hendricks    Al Hibbler    Shirley Horn
Joni James    Eddie Jefferson    Etta Jones
King Sisters    Eartha Kitt
Cleo Laine    Frankie Laine    Dave Lambert    Steve Lawrence    Abbey Lincoln    Julie London    Nellie Lutcher    Gloria Lynne
Dean Martin    Johnny Mathis    Carmen McRae    George Melly    Helen Merrill    Liza Minnelli    Guy Mitchell    Vaughn Monroe    Jane Morgan    Mark Murphy
Ray Nance
Patti Page    Édith Piaf    Arthur Prysock
Johnnie Ray    Della Reese    Rita Reys    Annie Ross    Lita Roza
Henri Salvador    Nina Simone    Frank Sinatra Jr    Keely Smith    Dorothy Squires    Kay Starr
Mel Tormé
Jerry Vale    Caterina Valente    Sarah Vaughan
Fran Warren    Dinah Washington    Frances Wayne    Margaret Whiting    Joe Williams    Nancy Wilson
Monica Zetterlund

Cry Me a River



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:



Vaughn Monroe

1936 Nat King Cole    Perry Como    Édith Piaf    Dorothy Squires
1937 Slim Gaillard    King Sisters    Ray Nance
1938 Annie Ross
1939 Alice Babs    Dorothy Dandridge    Doris Day    Kay Starr
1941 Frances Wayne
1942 Savannah Churchill    Don Cornell    Al Hibbler    Henri Salvador    Margaret Whiting
1944 Dick Farney    Arthur Prysock    Mel Tormé    Sarah Vaughan    Dinah Washington
1945 Pearl Bailey    June Christy    Etta Jones    Frankie Laine    Dave Lambert    Nellie Lutcher    Fran Warren
1946 Rosemary Clooney    Dean Martin    Carmen McRae
1947 Ernestine Anderson    Tony Bennett    Vic Damone    Babs Gonzales    Johnny Hartman    Jane Morgan    Patti Page    Joe Williams
1948 Buddy Greco    Guy Mitchell
1949 Teresa Brewer    Betty Carter    Chris Connor    Sammy Davis Jr.    Eddie Jefferson    Keely Smith
1950 Mary Ford    Four Freshmen   Eydie Gormé    Cleo Laine     George Melly    Lita Roza    Jerry Vale
1951 Jon Hendricks    Johnnie Ray
1952 Blossom Dearie    Bill Henderson    Eartha Kitt    Steve Lawrence
1953 Joni James    Gloria Lynne    Helen Merrill    Rita Reys
1954 Della Reese    Caterina Valente
1955 Julie London
1956 Shirley Bassey    Bobby Darin    Abbey Lincoln    Johnny Mathis    Mark Murphy    Nancy Wilson
1957 Mose Allison
1958 Nina Simone    Monica Zetterlund
1959 Shirley Horn
1961 Liza Minnelli
1965 Frank Sinatra Jr

1955   Cry Me a River


  If the vocalist you're seeking isn't on this page try Swing Jazz Song. Latin singers will be found in Early Modern Latin Jazz.

One might think of the history of jazz a little like the ka-boom of string-theory cosmology (or one such version): in the beginning was the big bounce of small bands (Ka . . . call Buddy Bolden the elusive string), next the inflation of full swing orchestras (Boom . . . Hi!-de-ho!), then the jazz universe as we know it, of solo stars in small clusters of all variety. This page concerns the birth of modern vocal jazz, intended to list musicians releasing their first recordings before 1960.



Birth of Modern Jazz: Vaughn Monroe

Vaughn Monroe

Source:  Canciones Versionades

Born in Akron, Ohio, in 1911, vocalist Vaughn Monroe abandoned college to join Austin Wylie and His Golden Pheasant Orchestra in 1932. In 1933 he moved onward to the Larry Funk Orchestra with which he made his first recordings, 'Rain', in 1934, among them. In 1936 he joined Jack Marshard's big band, then formed his own orchestra in 1940. That same year he built The Meadows restaurant in Massachusetts from where he began to host the Camel Caravan radio program in 1946. During the fifties he hosted 'The Vaughan Monroe Show' for CBS television. Monroe rounded out his life as an executive for RCA, dying after surgery for an ulcer on May 21, 1973.

Vaughn Monroe   1934


      Larry Funk Orchestra

   Too Beautiful for Words

      Larry Funk Orchestra

Vaughn Monroe   1939

   In the Still of the Night

      With Jack Marchard

Vaughn Monroe   1941

   Racing with the Moon

   There I Go

Vaughn Monroe   1942

   My Devotion

Vaughn Monroe   1943

   Let's Get Lost

      With the Four Lee Sisters

Vaughn Monroe   1944

   The Trolley Song

      With Marilyn Duke

Vaughn Monroe   1947

   Beware My Heart


Vaughn Monroe   1949

   Riders In the Sky

   Someday You'll Want Me To Want You

Vaughn Monroe   1951

   Sound Off

Vaughn Monroe   1955

   Black Denim Trousers

Vaughn Monroe   1960

   There I've Said It Again

      Television performance

Vaughn Monroe   1965


      Live in concert



Nat King Cole was born in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1919. He was among the first to pare down the big orchestra into a smaller group of individual musicians, first recording in 1936 with his brother, bassist Eddie Cole ('Honey Hush', Thunder', Bedtime' and Stompin' At the Panama'). The next year he formed the King Cole Trio which began broadcasting for NBC in 1938. Cole was first and foremost a pianist, but his trio with bass and guitar began its rise to popularity due Cole beginning to sing in the early forties. He is thought to have become a Freemason about that time. In 1944 he played piano at the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concert (July 2) at the Philharmonic Auditorium in Los Angeles. (Under contract with Columbia, he was listed as Shorty Nadine on Mercury recordings of Jazz at the Philharmonic.) Cole toured to Cuba in 1956. 'The Nat King Cole Show' debuted in November 1956 for NBC, though ran only just over one year, unable to acquire sufficient sponsorship. That Cole was black was the likely reason, as it was when he'd been attacked onstage by three "men" in early 1956 in Birmingham, Alabama. Cole fell from his piano bench during the fracas and never played the South again. He was facing criticism at the time from both fans and the NAACP for playing to segregated and white-only audiences. By April of 1956 he had paid the NAACP its $500 membership fee. A second tour to Cuba, then Venezuela, in 1958 resulted in a few albums in Spanish. In English Cole was a millionaire several times over by then. He died of lung cancer (two packs a day) in February of 1966. Tracks below are vocals by Cole. For piano as well as earlier recordings see Nat King Cole Piano. See also Cole Rock & Roll as well as guitarist, Oscar Moore.

Nat King Cole   1941

   Hit That Jive, Jack

Nat King Cole   1942

   That Ain't Right

Nat King Cole   1943

   All for You

   Sweet Georgia Brown

   Sweet Lorraine

Nat King Cole   1944

   Embraceable You

   It's Only a Paper Moon

Nat King Cole   1945

  How Does It Feel

   I'm a Shy Guy

      Filmed live

Nat King Cole   1947

   Dream a Little Dream of Me

   Nature Boy

      Filmed live

   Too Marvelous for Words

   When I Take My Sugar to Tea

Nat King Cole   1949

   Tis Autumn

Nat King Cole   1950

   Mona Lisa

   Tis Autumn

Nat King Cole   1952

   Because You're Mine

Nat King Cole   1954

   Love Is Here to Stay


Nat King Cole   1955

   Autumn Leaves

Nat King Cole   1957


      'Nat King Cole Show'

      Ensemble: Jazz at the Philharmonic

Nat King Cole   1958



Nat King Cole   1964

  I Could Have Danced All Night

  More Cole Español



Birth of Modern Jazz: Nat King Cole

Nat King Cole

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

Source: Circulo de Estudios


Perry Como hardly hummed a bar of jazz, being more a popular crooner. Born in 1912 in Canonsburg, PA, he ran his own barbershop when he joined Freddy Carlone's band in 1932, four days after getting married to one, Roselle. He stayed with Carlone, touring, a few years until joining the Ted Weems Orchestra with which he made his first recording, 'You Can't Pull the Wool Over My Eyes', in 1936. Como left Weems in late 1942, weary of traveling to take up barbering again. He then accepted an offer from CBS Radio in 1943, first broadcasting in March. He was performing clubs again that year, starting at the Copacabana in NYC in June. 'Goodbye, Sue'/'There'll Soon Be a Rainbow' was his first issue with RCA Victor that year, with which label he remained another 44 years. He moved from CBS to NBC in 1944 to air his first 'Chesterfield Supper Club' on December 11, that to eventually become a television show. 'The Perry Como Show' premiered on television in September of 1955. He followed that in 1959 with 'Perry Como's Kraft Music Hall' for an eight-year run. He began performing in Las Vegas in 1970, also touring the United Kingdom in the seventies. In 1982 Como visited Italy with Frank Sinatra, also touring the States in the eighties. He performed in tuxedo, rather than the usual cardigan sweater during his latter career as a manner of honoring his audience. He died in May 2001 in his sleep at home in Jupiter Inlet Colony, Florida. Others with whom he'd recorded were Benny Goodman, Louis Prima, Harry James and Tex Beneke. More Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters.

Perry Como   1936

   You Can't Pull the Wool Over My Eyes

Perry Como   1939

   Class Will Tell

   I Wonder Who's Kissing Her Now

   That Old Gang Of Mine

Perry Como   1946

   Chi-Baba Chi-Baba

Perry Como   1947

   I Wonder Who's Kissing Her Now

Perry Como   1950


Perry Como   1969



Birth of Modern Jazz: Perry Como

Perry Como

Yet triumphant after his 'Wool' period

Source: Last FM


Birth of Modern Jazz: Edith Piaf

Édith Piaf

Source: Classical Source


Born Édith Giovanna Gassion in Paris in 1915, Édith Piaf wasn't so much a jazz vocalist as a cabaret, torch and chanson singer whose first recordings appeared in 1936: 'Les Momes de la Cloche' and 'L'Étranger'. Piaf first professionally performed at age 14 as a singing acrobat with her father and half-sister Simone "Mômone" Berteaut. She obtained her first nightclub gig in 1933 at Juan-les-Pins. In 1935 she began singing at Le Gerny where owner, Louis Leplée, changed her name to La Môme Piaf (little sparrow, waif sparrow) and she began performing exclusively in black (like Johnny Cash). The next year she changed her name to Edith Piaf to disassociate herself from bad company acquired thus far in her career. (Louis Leplée had been murdered by mobsters she knew, and she herself had been suspect.) Piaf saw her rise to stardom in France during World War II. Usually performing for German occupation forces, she was thought a traitor by many, but she claimed she was a part of the French Resistance and helped a number of people, including at least one Jew, escape Nazi persecution. After that conflict she toured Europe, the United States and South America. Piaf died of liver cancer in France in 1963. Her funeral in Paris was attended by more than 100,000 people.

Édith Piaf   1936


   Dans la Garçonne

   Quand Même

   Y Avait du Soleil

Édith Piaf   1946

   Les Trois Cloches

   La Vie en Rose


Édith Piaf   1947

   La Vie en Rose


Édith Piaf   1950

   L'Hymne à l'Amour

Édith Piaf   1954


Édith Piaf   1956

   Les Amants d'un Jour

Édith Piaf   1960

   Non Je ne Regrette Rien

Édith Piaf   1962

   La Foule


Édith Piaf   1963

   L'Homme de Berlin



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dorothy Squires

Dorothy Squires

Source: BBC

Born in 1915 in Wales, pop vocalist Dorothy Squires was sixteen, working in a tin plate factory, when she began singing in a club in Pontyberem. In 1936 she joined the band of Billy Reid, also the year she began recording. After World War II she worked for the BBC on the 'Variety Bandbox' radio show. Her single, 'I'm Walking Behind You', was a strong performer in June of 1953, rising to #12 on the UK's NME (New Musical Express). Squires lived in the United States some years upon marrying her second husband, actor Roger Moore (of James Bond fame), in 1953 (separated 1961, divorced 1969). Squires led something of a tempestuous life, in and out of court so many times (30 cases) for various reasons, including lawsuits, that she was banned from initiating legal actions without permission of England's High Court. Her single, 'My Way', reached #10 on the UK Singles Chart in 1970. In 1974 she lost a mansion to fire, saving but her dog and correspondences (such as with Roger Moore). The house into which she moved three weeks later, next to the Thames, flooded, then was later lost to bankruptcy in 1988. Squires gave her last performance in 1990, dying of lung cancer in 1998.

Dorothy Squires   1936

   Moonlight on the Waterfall

Dorothy Squires   1937

   Kiss Me Goodnight

      Film: 'Saturday Night Revue'

Dorothy Squires   1948

   So Tired

Dorothy Squires   1961

   Say It With Flowers

Dorothy Squires   1969


Dorothy Squires   1971

   The Irony of War Part 1

   The Irony of War Part 2

Dorothy Squires   1972

   Gather Lilacs

Dorothy Squires   1975


Dorothy Squires   1977

   If I Never Sing Another Song

   The Way We Were



Birth of Modern Jazz: Slim Gaillard

Slim Gaillard

Photo: Shaw Artists Corporation

Source: Vocal Group Harmony

Born in 1916, guitarist and pianist Slim Gaillard is thought to have made his debut recordings on April 15, 1937, with trumpeter Frank Newton: 'There's No Two Ways About It' and ''Cause My Baby Says It's So'. January 19 of 1938 put him with bassist, Slam Stewart, in the duo, Slim and Slam, for 'The Flat Foot Floogie', 'Lady Be Good', etc.. Slim and Slam was a duo in name but usually incorporated other musicians such as Sam Allen (piano) and Pompey Guts Dobson (drums) on their first tracks. Slim and Slam remained an enterprise to become Slim Gaillard and His Flat Foot Floogie Boys from 1939 into the forties. Gaillard's 'Cement Mixer' and 'Scotchin' with the Soda' went down on January 12 of 1945 with Bam Brown (bass/vocal) and Zutty Singleton (drums). From the forties into the fifties he entertained at clubs like the Birdland in NYC. Gaillard was a comic by nature with a love for languages, several of which he studied, also creating his own language for the hip called Vout. After the issue of 'Slim Gaillard Rides Again' in 1959 Gaillard shifted away from music toward acting for television, assuming roles in such as 'Mission Impossible' and 'Roots'. Sources have him moving to England in 1983, though 'Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere' was recorded in London on October 30, 1982, that featuring Buddy Tate and Jay McShan. Among others with whom Gaillard partnered during his career were Dodo Marmarosa, Charlie Parker, Flip Phillips, Coleman Hawkins, Arnett Cobb, Dizzy Gillespie, George Melly, Al Jazzbo Collins and Memphis Slim.. 1989 saw four BBC episodes of Anthony Wall's documentary, 'Slim Gaillard's Civilisation'. Gaillard died in London on February 26, 1991. All tracks through 'Laguna Oroonie' below are with bassist Slam Stewart/a>.

Slim Gaillard   1938

   Buck Dance Rhythm

   Dopey Joe

   Flat Foot Floogie

   Jump Session

Slim Gaillard   1941



Slim Gaillard   1942

   Fuck Off (The Dirty Rooster)


Slim Gaillard   1946


      Album: 'The Absolute Voutest!'

   Laguna Oroonie


   Yep Rock Heresay

      Album: 'The Absolute Voutest!'

Slim Gaillard   1947

   Oh Me, Oh My, Oh Gosh

      Film: 'Boy! What A Girl!'   Vocal: Beryl Booker

Slim Gaillard   1952

   Potato Chips

      With Baker's Dozen

Slim Gaillard   1970


      'Flip Wilson Show'



Birth of Modern Jazz: King Sisters

King Sisters

Photo: ABC Television

Source: Wikiwand

The six original King Sisters were Alyce, Donna, Luise, Marilyn, Maxine and Yvonne. Each born in Pleasant Grove, Utah, their first professional employment was with a Salt Lake City radio station. They worked for a couple other radio stations in Oakland and San Francisco in the early thirties until joining the Horace Heidt Orchestra in 1935, with whom they began emerging to national attention. The Sister's first determinable recordings were issued with Heidt in 1937. After Heidt, the Sisters sang for Artie Shaw, Charlie Barnet and Alvino Rey. During World War II they appeared on radio with Kay Kyser. In 1965 they had their own ABC television program, 'The King Family Show', which ran for five seasons. The last surviving Sister, Marilyn, died in 2013. With the exception of 'Bluesette', all titles below from 1965 onward are edits from 'The King Family Show'.

King Sisters   1937

   Hot Lips

      With Horace Heidt

   It's The Natural Thing To Do

      With Horace Heidt

King Sisters   1940

   I'll Get By (As Long As I Have You)

King Sisters   1944

   San Fernando Valley

King Sisters   1945


King Sisters   1958


King Sisters   1964

   Everybody Loves Somebody Sometime

      'The Family Is King' television special

King Sisters   1965

   Early Autumn/Autumn Leaves

   (I've Got a Girl In) Kalamzoo/Tiger Rag/Guitar Boogie

   Theme to 'Bewitched'

   It's Halloween

King Sisters   1966



King Sisters   1969

   Blues Medley

      With the Four King Cousins



Birth of Modern Jazz: Ray Nance

Ray Nance

Source: Wikipedia


Born in 1913 in Chicago, trumpeter, violinist and vocalist Ray Nance formed his own band at age 21 in 1932. In 1937 he began blowing trumpet with pianist, Earl Hines, in Chicago with whom he set his first tracks on August 10, such as 'Hines Rhythm' and 'Rhythm Rhapsody'. His first recorded vocal was with Hines on March 7, 1938: 'Tippin' at the Terrace'. Sessions with Hines ensued into 1938 (another in '44) before joining Horace Henderson in '39. His first session with Henderson on February 27, 1940, found him on violin for the first time per 'Kitty on Toast'. A session for Okeh followed in May before Nance signed on with whom would be his major vehicle for the next quarter century, that Duke Ellington with whose orchestra he first recorded a long string of titles on November 7, 1940, at the Crystal Ballroom in Fargo, North Dakota, such as 'The Mooche' and 'Ko-Ko'. Replacing Cootie Williams, constant touring and numberless sessions followed to as late as July 29, 1966, at the Antibes Jazz Festival in Juan-les-Pins, France, another long stream of titles including 'Take the 'A' Train and 'Soul Call'. Nance reunited with Ellington several months before the latter's death (May 24, 1974) in September of 1973, for what were Ellington's last studio tracks per the album, 'It Don't Mean a Thing If It Ain't Got That Swing'. Another huge figure in Nance's career was also saxophonist, Johnny Hodges, he present at Nance's first session with Ellington at the Crystal Ballroom as commented. Hodges stayed with Ellington into 1955, after which Nance began backing Hodges' orchestra on January 11, 1956, blowing trumpet on such as 'Hi' Ya' and 'Sinbor'. Hodges was another reason that Nance's sessions during his career exceeded a highly prolific 640 (five of those his own). One session wrought the next to as late January 9, 1967 for Hodges' 'Triple Play'. Nance had held his first of a handful of sessions as a leader with the Ellingtonians on July 1, 1948, in London, resulting in such as 'Moon Mist' and 'Sometimes I'm Happy' for Esquire. He later issued a couple albums: 'Body and Soul' in '69 and 'Huffin' 'n' Puffin'' in '71. Nance toured England and recorded with trombonist, Chris Barber, in Germany in 1974, before his his final titles at Carnegie Hall on November 8 with the New York Jazz Repertory Company, such as 'Funeral March', 'St. Louis Blues' and 'You've Been a Good Old Wagon'. Nance died on January 28, 1976. in New York City. Nigh all tracks below are with the Duke Ellington Orchestra. In the 1940 sample Nance shares trumpet with Cootie Williams. He plays violin on 'C Jam Blues', 'Take the 'A' Train' and 'Wild Child' below. More Ray Nance on horn and violin under Ray Nance in Modern Jazz Horn.

Ray Nance   1938

   Tippin' at the Terrace

      With Earl Hines

Ray Nance   1940

   They Jittered All the Time

      With Horace Henderson

Ray Nance   1958

   It Don't Mean a Thing

Ray Nance   1965

   Jump for Joy



Born in 1930, Annabelle Short had a case of wanderlust upon completing tenth grade. So she left Los Angeles and went to Europe where she began her singing career, changing her name to Annie Ross. Ross had actually been born in London of Scottish parents who brought her to the States when she was a child. They returned across the Atlantic but she and her aunt stayed. Ross was first recorded in 1938, at age eight, singing 'The Bonnie Banks o' Loch Lomond' in the film 'The Our Gang Follies' (below). After dropping out of high school to visit her family in Scotland she performed in the musical, 'Burlesque' at the Princes Theatre in London in 1948. An affair in 1949 with drummer, Kenny Clarke, produced Kenny Clarke Jr., raised by Clarke's family. In 1950 Ross recorded her first vinyl in Paris for the band of pianist, Jacques Jack Dieval, with tenor saxophonist, James Moody: 'Le Vent Verte', 'Emef', 'Head Light' and 'Big Chief Peckham', those for Pacific on February 22. The next month on May 14 she was in the first instance of the Dave Lambert Singers with Jon Hendricks for unissued titles with the Mary Lou Williams Trio: 'The Sheik of Araby', 'Yes, We Have No Bananas', 'Walkin'' and 'Cloudy'. April 1 of 1952 found her recording 'I'm Beginning to Think You Love Me' with Blossom Dearie at piano and Percy Heath at bass. October 9 of 1952 found her recording her own composition, 'Twisted', putting words to the original tune by Wardell Gray in 1949. (Some may be familiar with the version done by folk singer Joni Mitchell in 1974.) Ross recorded seven albums with the trio, Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, between 1957 ('Sing a Song of Basie') and 1961 ('High Flying'). Their last known session was with Dave Brubeck for 'Blue Satchmo' in latter '61 before she left that trio in '62. Ross opened Annie's Room, a London nightclub, in 1964. He latter career included several film roles. Wikipedia has her down for twenty albums from '52 to 'Live in London' in 2006, recorded in 1965. That issue was preceded by 'Let Me Sing' in 2005. She contributed 'Music Is Forever' to 'The Royal Bopsters Project' issued in 2015. Among others with whom she recorded during her career were Charlie Parker, Jack Parnell, Tony Crombie, Vaughn Monroe, Count Basie, Louis Armstrong, Carmell Jones, Cleo Laine and Mel Tormé. As of this writing Ross is yet active, performing at the Metropolitan Room in NYC. Per 1981 below, 'Small Fry', is performed with both Hoagy Carmichael and the British singer and pianist Georgie Fame. That was one of Carmichael's last recordings before his death in 1981. More of Ross under Dave Lambert and Jon Hendricks.

Annie Ross   1938

   The Bonnie Banks o' Loch Lomond

      Film: 'Our Gang Follies'

Annie Ross   1952


Annie Ross   1957

   Fiesta in Blue

      Lambert, Hendricks & Ross

      Album: 'Sing a Song of Basie'

  I've Grown Accustomed to Your Face

      Saxophone: Gerry Mulligan

Annie Ross   1959

   I'm Just A Lucky So and So

Annie Ross   1964

   Farmer's Market

Annie Ross   1981

   Small Fry

      With Hoagy Carmichael & Georgie Fame

Annie Ross   2006

   I Told Every Little Star

Annie Ross   2009

   One Meatball

   Ooh Shoo Bee Do Bee

   Travelin' Light

Annie Ross   2012

   Lush Life


Birth of Modern Jazz: Annie Ross

Annie Ross

Photo: David Beyda

Source: Annie Ross

Birth of Modern Jazz: Alice Babs

Alice Babs

Source: Bach Cantatas

Born Hildur Alice Nilson in Västervik, Sweden, in 1924, Alice Babs made her first recording, 'Joddlarflickan', at age fifteen in 1939 (neither documentation nor song found). She did, however, make a number of other recordings in 1939: On May 31 she laid 'On the Bumpy Road to Love' with the Willard Ringstrands Orkester for the Sonora label. In July she recorded 'Nobody's Sweetheart' and 'After You've Gone' with the Nisse Linds Hot-Trio, also 'Jag Har En Liten Radiola' with the Union Orkester. In November the same year: 'Susie' and 'Some of These Days' with the Nisse Linds Hot-Trio. Babs formed the Swe-Danes Trio in 1958 with guitarist Ulrik Neumann and violinist Svend Asmussen. Babs began a long term association with Duke Ellington in 1963, recording with his orchestra numerously that year with later reunions in '68, '69 and '73. Their first session together had been in Stockholm on February 7 of '63 for 'Take Love Easy' and 'Star-Crossed Lovers'. The last in '73 were concerts in England and Sweden, the first for Ellington's 'Third Sacred Concert', the second for titles that would eventually see issue on 'Duke Ellington in Sweden 1973' in 1999. In 1972 Babs was awarded the title of Court Singer by King Gustaf VI Adolf, the first non-opera vocalist to receive that honor. Appearing in above a dozen Swedish films, Babs was also Lutheran. Among her later albums was 'Don't Be Blue' in 2001.    She died of complications from Alzheimer's disease in 2014 in Stockholm. A collection of her works was released later that year in a box set of 6 CDs titled, 'Vi minns Alice Babs'.

Alice Babs   1939

   After You've Gone

      With the Nisse Linds Hot Trio

   Jag Har En Liten Radiola


   Nobody's Sweetheart

      With the Nisse Linds Hot Trio

Alice Babs   1940


      With the Nisse Linds Hot Trio

   Swing It, Magistern


Alice Babs   1951

   Bergakungens Land

Alice Babs   1961

   Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer

Alice Babs   1954


Alice Babs   1956


   St. Louis Blues Twist

Alice Babs   1958

   Lilla Stjärna

Alice Babs   1963

   After You've Gone

   Hylands Hörna

Alice Babs   1966


Alice Babs   1969


Alice Babs   1973

   Happy Jazz

      Filmed live

Alice Babs   1999

   Our Love Is Here To Stay

      Filmed live   Piano: Charlie Norman

   Sailboat in the Moonlight

      Filmed live   Piano: Charlie Norman

   Swing It, Magistern

      Filmed live   Piano: Charlie Norman


  Born in 1922 in Cleveland, actress Dorothy Dandridge swiftly made her name during the swing era. She left no huge pile of recordings as she was largely an actress and died young. Her first professional employment was as a teenager, touring the South in a duo with her sister, Vivian, called the Wonder Children. That duo became the Dandridge Sisters, eventually making their way to the Cotton Club and the Apollo Theater in Harlem. Dandridge made her debut film appearance in 1935 in 'Teacher's Beau' (an Our Gang shorty with the Little Rascals). The Dandridge Sisters began appearing in films that year as well: 'The Big Broadcast of 1936'. Among songs they performed in films were 'Harlem Yodel' and 'Mutiny In The Nursery' in 1938. Via film the Dandridge Sisters came upon opportunity to work with the masterful Louis Armstrong. Dorothy would record with him again in 1944. In 1939 the Dandridge Sisters issued a couple of discs for Parlophone: 'If I Were Sure of You'/'Undecided' and 'FDR Jones'/'The Lady's In Love With You'. (Preceding information thanks to Vocal Group Harmony.) Dandridge's first credited film role was in 'Four Shall Die' in 1940. 1941 found her working with the Glenn Miller Orchestra, notably a string of the 'Chesterfield Show' broadcasts. Among the brighter spotlights of her career was her role in the film, 'Carmen Jones', issued in 1954, also starring Harry Belafonte and Pearl Bailey. Her last movie, 'Malaga', was filmed in 1959, released in Europe in 1960, but not the States until 1962. Also in 1959 Dandridge lost her home due to unpaid taxes, that itself due to theft by financial managers of about $150,000. Dandridge died in September 1965, only 42 years of age, of an accidental overdose of the antidepressant, imipramine. All tracks below for year 1958 are with pianist Oscar Peterson.

Dorothy Dandridge   1940

   Red Wagon

      The Dandridge Sisters


      The Dandridge Sisters

Dorothy Dandridge   1941

   Chattanooga Choo Choo

      Film   With the Nicholas Brothers

Dorothy Dandridge   1942

   Cow Cow Boogie


   Zoot Suit


Dorothy Dandridge   1953

   Taking A Chance On Love

Dorothy Dandridge   1954

   Dat's Love

      Film: 'Carmen Jones'

Dorothy Dandridge   1956

   My Heart Belongs to Daddy


   You Do Something to Me


Dorothy Dandridge   1958

   Body and Soul

   It's Easy To Remember

   I've Got A Crush On You

   I've Grown Accustomed To Your Face

   What Is There To Say?

Dorothy Dandridge   1961

   Smooth Operator


Birth of Swing Jazz: Dorothy Dandridge

Dorothy Dandridge

Source: Lady Beauty Vintage

Birth of Modern Jazz: Doris Day

Doris Day

Source: Hyper Tomb

Actress Doris Day was one more of those singers who bore the burden of va va voom. Having been denied the opportunity to be ugly, she began her vocal career on WLW Radio to hide her appearance. While there she experienced an illuminating moment, got brave and changed her last name from Kappelhoff to Day in 1939. She first recorded in June of '39 with Barney Rapp (drums) in a session with vocalist, Lee Johnson, and unknown personnel: 'I'm Happy About the Whole Thing'. It was Les Brown and his Band of Renown on October 25 of 1940 for 'Maybe' and 'There I Go'. Day and Brown struck a match to as late as latter 1946. Though more famous as a popular singer, Day made wonderful contributions as a jazz vocalist, especially swing. She had opportunity to work with swing veteran, Harry James, on a number of occasions from 1949 to 1951. In December of 1961 she was accompanied by the André Previn Trio consisting of Red Mitchell (bass) and Frank Capp (drums) for 'Duet'. Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1922, Day was a major film star, yet with no intention of such when she was recommended for her first acting role in 'Romance on the High Seas', released in 1948. Her career was locomotive both in film and recording during the fifties and sixties. She wasn't interested in television either, but got saddled to her own show, which she didn't like doing, from November 1968 to 1973. She'd been contracted without her knowledge by husband and manager, Martin Melcher. Upon Melcher's death in 1968 Day discovered she was deeply in debt due Melcher's partner, her attorney and business manager, Jerome Rosenthal. Day sued Rosenthal and was awarded nigh 23 million, yet settled out of court for six million. To small avail, countersuits occurring into the eighties. Day had a television talk show for a season that decade. She was also deeply involved with animal welfare. In 1971 she'd cofounded Actors and Others for Animals, the Doris Day Pet Foundation following in 1978. In 2011 she cofounded the Doris Day Horse Rescue and Adoption Center, also releasing the album, 'My Heart', in the UK that year. Reportedly a Republican, Day is yet active as of this writing. She owns the Cypress Inn in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.

Doris Day   1940

   Dig It

      Bandleader: Les Brown

   Let's Be Buddies

      Bandleader: Les Brown

Doris Day   1941

   Between Friends

      Bandleader: Les Brown

Doris Day   1945

   Sentimental Journey

      Bandleader: Les Brown

   You Won't Be Satisfied

      Bandleader: Les Brown

Doris Day   1946

   (Ah Yes) There's Good Blues Tonight

Doris Day   1947

   My Young and Foolish Heart

Doris Day   1949

   Baby It's Cold Outside

      With Bob Hope

Doris Day   1950

   With a Song in My Heart

Doris Day   1952

   Autumn Leaves

      Bandleader: Paul Weston

   It's Magic

      Bandleader: Paul Weston

Doris Day   1956

   The Gypsy In My Soul

      Bandleader: Paul Weston

   Whatever Will Be Will Be

      Bandleader: Frank DeVol

Doris Day   1957


      Bandleader: Paul Weston

  Twelve O'Clock Tonight

Doris Day   1962

   Beautiful Music To Love By

   Fools Rush In

      With Andre Previn

Doris Day   1964

   Fly Me To the Moon

      Bandleader: Mort Garson

Doris Day   1965

   Be True To Me

      Album: 'Latin for Lovers'


      Album: 'Latin for Lovers'

Doris Day   2011

   My Heart

      Album: 'My Heart


  Born on an Indian reservation in Oklahoma, Kay Starr (Katherine Laverne Starks) began singing pop and hillbilly at age 7 (1929) on WRR Radio in Dallas. At age fifteen she was chosen by Joe Venuti to sing in his orchestra. She would much later record with Venuti. Lord's disco begins her discography in June and July with the Bob Crosby Orchestra for the unissued title, 'Memphis Blues'. That was later included on 'Bob Crosby's Camel Caravan' in 1984 and 'Kay Starr: Complete Lamplighter Recordings 1945-1946' in 1999. She next hooked up with Glenn Miller on July 26 of 1939 to leave 'Baby Me' and 'Love with a Capital You', those for Bluebird. Starr's career consisted largely of recording and touring, both in the States and the U.K.. Those with whom she recorded during her career included some respectable names from Les Paul to Charlie Barnet, Wingy Manone, the Capitol International Jazzmen ('45), Benny Carter and Red Nichols. Starr's last of about 30 albums since the early fifties is thought to have been 'Live at Freddy’s' in 1997. No later recordings are known than in 2001 on an LP by Tony Bennett: 'Playin' with My Friends: Bennett Sings the Blues'. Starr died in Beverly Hills, California, November 3, 2016, due to complications from Alzheimer's disease.

Kay Starr   1939

   Baby Me

      With Glenn Miller

   Love with a Capital You

      With Glenn Miller

Kay Starr   1944

   Stop That Dancin' Up There

      With Jimmy Dodds   Film

Kay Starr   1950

   Oh Babe!

Kay Starr   1951

   Come On-a My House

Kay Starr   1952

   Wheel of Fortune

Kay Starr   1954

   Changing Partners

   If You Love Me

Kay Starr   1956

   Rock and Roll Waltz

Kay Starr   1959

   Dry Bones

   Riders In the Sky

Kay Starr   1961

   Bonaparte's Retreat


Birth of Modern Jazz: Kay Starr

Kay Starr

Source: Tripod/Kay Starr

Birth of Modern Jazz: Frances Wayne

Frances Wayne

Source: Discogs

Born Clara Bertocci in 1924 in Boston, Frances Wayne made her first recordings in the band of Sam Donahue as Frances Claire on April 11, 1941: 'Loafin' on a Lazy Day', 'They Still Make Love in London' and 'Saxophone Sam' (unissued). On November 12 of 1941 she recorded 'Coffee and Cakes' as Frances Claire with Donahue as well. She came in swinging with the Charlie Barnet Orchestra as Frances Wayne, her first recording with Barnet per a session on July 17, 1942: 'That Old Black Magic'. The next year she began working with Woody Herman, a session on November 8 yielding 'The Music Stopped' and 'I Couldn't Sleep a Wink Last Night'. She pursued her solo career en force upon leaving Herman in 1946, begun in August of 1945 with titles arranged by husband ('44) and trumpeter, Neal Hefti, like 'He's Funny That Way' and 'In Love with Love'. She worked with Hefti's orchestra into the latter fifties, issuing three albums: 'Frances Wayne' ('54), 'Songs for My Man' ('56) and 'The Warm Sound of Frances Wayne' ('57). When not recording Wayne worked clubs. She performed into the seventies nigh until her death on February 6, 1978, in Boston.

Frances Wayne   1942

   Old Black Magic

      Charlie Barnet Orchestra

Frances Wayne   1943

   I Couldn't Sleep a Wink Last Night

Frances Wayne   1944

   The Music Stopped

   My Ideal

Frances Wayne   1945

   Time Waits For No One

      V-Disc 357 

Frances Wayne   1957

   In Other Words

   My One And Only Love

   'Round Midnight


  Savannah Churchill was born in Colfax, Louisiana in 1920. She first recorded for Beacon Records on July 28 of 1942 with Jimmy Lytell and His Al Star Seven: 'Two Faced Man', 'Fat Meat Is Good Meat', etc.. She next found a spot with the Benny Carter Orchestra for an AFRS broadcast of 'Stompin' at the Savoy' on December 8 of 1942 in Los Angeles and 'Why Don't You Do It Right?' about the same time. Among Churchill's more famous songs were 'Daddy Daddy' ('45), 'I Want to Be Loved' ('47), 'Time Out for Tears' ('48) and 'It's No Sin' ('51). Unfortunately, jazz lost a remarkable singer when in 1956 a drunken man fell from a balcony onto the stage where Churchill was performing and injured her beyond ability to continue her career. Though she recorded again in 1960 her health declined until her death in 1974, only 53 years of age. Others with whom she had worked worked Harlan Leonard and Jimmie Lunceford. Several of the audios below are in poor condition but we list them for who may have the software and inclination to improve them.

Savannah Churchill   1942

   Fat Meat Is Good Meat

      With Jimmy Lytell

Savannah Churchill   1943

   Hurry, Hurry!

      With Benny Carter

Savannah Churchill   1946

   Foolishly Yours

Savannah Churchill   1947

   I Want to Be Loved

Savannah Churchill   1948

   I Want to Be Loved

      Film: 'Miracle In Harlem'

Savannah Churchill   1949

   I'll Never Be Free

      With the Four Tunes

Savannah Churchill   1951

   (It's No) Sin

   I Don't Believe In Tomorrow

      With the Four Tunes

   Once There Lived A Fool

      With the Striders

Savannah Churchill   1953

   Daddy Daddy

   Shake a Hand


Birth of Modern Jazz: Savannah Churchill

Savannah Churchill

Source: Vocal Group Harmony

Birth of Modern Jazz: Don Cornell

Don Cornell

Source: Last FM

Born in 1919 in the Bronx, Don Cornell began his career as a guitarist for Red Nichols. His first recording is thought to have been 'Trust In Me' with Bobby Hayes in 1942 for the Mercury label, but no documentation of such is found. Cornell began working as a vocalist for the McFarland Twins Orchestra the same year, prior to joining Sammy Kaye's band. Cornell managed to sell more than fifty million records during his career, and was inducted into the Big Band Hall of Fame in 1993. Having moved to Florida in 1979, Cornell died in Aventura in 2004 of emphysema and diabetes.

Don Cornell   1942

   Hey Zeke!

      With Betty Norton

   I Left My Heart At The Stage Door Canteen

Don Cornell   1949

   Baby It's Cold Outside

      With Laura Leslie

Don Cornell   1952


   I'll Walk Alone

   I'm Yours

   It Isn't Fair

Don Cornell   1955

   Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing

   Young Abe Lincoln

Don Cornell   1957

   Mama Guitar



Birth of Modern Jazz: Al Hibbler

Al Hibbler

Source: New Hair Now

Born in 1915 in Tyro, Mississippi, Al Hibbler was blind from birth. Singing with local bands, Hibbler failed his first audition for Duke Ellington in 1935, after which he was employed by Dub Jenkins and his Playmates. His first recordings are thought to be with Jay McShann for Stash Records per an unissued session on February 13, 1942, for 'I Got It Bad'. His next session with McShann on July 2 of '42 for Decca Records saw issue: 'Get Me On Your Mind'. In 1943 he replaced Herb Jeffries who had vacated his position with Ellington in 1942. His first recording with Ellington was a radio broadcast from the Hurricane Restaurant in NYC on June 27, 1943, for 'Summertime'. That would also occur a long relationship with alto saxophonist, Johnny Hodges, both through Ellington and in Hodges' orchestras. Hibbler kept with Ellington until 1951, quitting over pay (concerning which Ellington was a well-known tightwad, the opportunity to play in his orchestras thought sufficient to make up for any lack). Upon leaving Ellington Hibbler recorded 'Sings Love Songs' on April 1, 1952. He then remained with Hodges and recorded with Count Basie. Hibbler had long since been placing titles in the Top Ten of the R&B: 'Trees' (#2 '48), 'Lover, Come Back to Me' (#9 '48), 'Danny Boy' (#9 '50), 'What Will I Tell My Heart' (#9 '51) and 'Unchained Melody' (#1 '54). Others did better on the Pop chart: 'He' (#4 '55) and 'After the Lights Go Down Low' (#10 '56). Hibbler became involved with civil rights activism in the fifties and sixties. Arrested twice, record labels shied away, with the exception of Reprise Records, owned by Frank Sinatra. Among recordings in his latter years were 'For Sentimental Reasons' with pianist, Hank Jones, issued in 1984, and titles on 'Ted Harris Presents More Giants of Jazz New Jersey Jazz Festival' issued in 1985. Hibbler died in Chicago on April 24, 2001.

Al Hibbler   1942

   Get Me On Your Mind

      With Jay McShann

Al Hibbler   1946

   It Shouldn't Happen To A Dream

      With Duke Ellington

   You Don't Love Me No More

      With Duke Ellington

Al Hibbler   1949


Al Hibbler   1951

   Going to Chicago

      With Count Basie

Al Hibbler   1955


   Unchained Melody

Al Hibbler   1956

   After the Lights Go Down Low

   I Was Telling Her About You

   Never Turn Back

Al Hibbler   1959

   'Tis Autumn

Al Hibbler   1972

   This Love of Mine

      Album: 'A Meeting Of Times'

      Sax: Rahsaan Roland Kirk

Al Hibbler   1981

   Gee Baby, Ain't I Good To You

      Album: 'For Sentimental Reasons'

      Piano: Hank Jones

   I Was Telling Her About You

      Album: 'For Sentimental Reasons'

      Piano: Hank Jones

   She's Funny That Way

      Album: 'For Sentimental Reasons'

      Piano: Hank Jones



Birth of Modern Jazz: Henri Salvador

Henri Salvador

Source: Res Musica

Born in Cayenne, French Guiana, in 1917, guitarist Henri Salvador moved to Paris with his family when he was age seven. He was age sixteen when he joined the Paul Raiss' Orchestra. He began performing at Jimmy's Bar (Paris) in 1935, where he began to employ comedy with his singing. In 1937 he joined the French infantry until the Nazi Occupation in 1940, after which he found his way to Cannes in the Free Zone in 1941. He there found work with the Bernard Hilda Orchestra. In 1942 he left for South America with the Ray Ventura Orchestra, playing guitar 'Sweet Georgia Brown' some time in 1942 in Montevideo, Uruguay. Salvador stayed in South America until the end of World War II in 1945, recording during those years with Louis Viola and Pierre Allier. Upon returning to Paris he sang with saxophonist, Andre Ekyan, in 1945. That session would appear to have been his first vocal contribution, 'Hey-ba-ba-re-bop', with his brother, Andre. A version with Ventura followed. Recordings by Salvador in the forties have been collected on the CD, 'Maladie D'amour' (Intégrale Vol 1 1942 - 1948), issued by Fremeaux. He began issuing for Polydor in 1948, eight sides (: 'Disease of Love'/'Clopin Clopant') that year into 1951, switching to Philips for titles from '52 onward. Beginning to issue albums in the fifties, his first with Philips was 'Henry Cording and His Original Rock and Roll Boys' bearing 'Rock and Roll-Mops'. He issued a host of LPs into the new millennium until 'Reverence' in 2006. Other albums in which he participated were 'Hampton, Salvador, Clark Terry, Moustache et Leurs Amis Jouent Brassens' recorded in Nice in 1982, Biréli Lagrène's 'Gipsy Project & Friends' gone down in Paris in 2002 and Rosa Passos' 'Amorosa' in 2003. Salvador was greatly popular in French film as well, also working in television. He died in Paris on February 13, 2008, of a ruptured aneurysm.

Henri Salvador   1946

   Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop

      With Ray Ventura


Henri Salvador   1947

   Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway

      Film excerpt   With Ray Ventura

   Maladie d' Amour

Henri Salvador   1948

   Chanson Surréaliste

Henri Salvador   1959

   Dans Mon Ile

      Film: 'Europa di Notte' ('European Nights')

Henri Salvador   1960

   De Papous

Henri Salvador   1964

   Maladie d' Amour

Henri Salvador   1965

   Le travail c'est la sante


Henri Salvador   1969


Henri Salvador   1971

   Mais non, mais non

   Pauvre Jesus Christ

Henri Salvador   1977


Henri Salvador   1997

   Le lion est mort ce soir

Henri Salvador   2003

   Une Chanson Douce

      Television performance   Duet with Céline Dion



Margaret Whiting was born in Detroit in 1924, raised in Los Angeles since age five. Whiting was signed to Capitol in Los Angeles in its youngest days by one of its cofounders, Johnny Mercer. (Capitol was founded as Liberty Records in April of 1942, its name changed to Capitol that May. There was another Liberty label, which Capitol eventually swallowed. The first recording by Capitol was 'Moon Dreams' by Martha Tilton in April that year.) Whiting's first title for Capitol is thought to have been recorded on July 21 of 1942 ('Without Love') with the Billy Butterfield Orchestra. It was 'Old Black Magic' with the Freddie Slack Orchestra on July 31. Whiting is an apt example of transition from swing to popular, working in radio during the fifties, then television. Orchestras with which she most worked were those of Jerry Gray, Frank DeVol, Lou Busch and Arnold Goland. She also had occasion to work with Billy May, Les Brown, Mel Tormé and Loonis McGlohon. Whiting released her last album, 'Then and Now', in 1991. Her last recording was in 1993, 'The Christmas Waltz'. Whiting died at home in Englewood, New Jersey, in January of 2011.

Margaret Whiting   1942

   Old Black Magic

Margaret Whiting   1943

   Moonlight In Vermont

Margaret Whiting   1945

   It Might As Well Be Spring

Margaret Whiting   1947

   What Are You Doing New Years Eve

Margaret Whiting   1948

   Far Away Places

   A Tree In the Meadow

Margaret Whiting   1959

   My Foolish Heart

Margaret Whiting   1966

   Wheel of Hurt

    Album   Reissue 

Margaret Whiting   1993

   The Christmas Waltz


Birth of Modern Jazz: Margaret Whiting

Margaret Whiting

Source: Jazz Station

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dick Farney

Dick Farney

Source: Last FM

Brazilian pianist Dick Farney was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1921. He made his singing debut for a radio station in Rio de Janeiro in 1937. From 1941 to 1944 he crooned for the orchestra of Carlos Machada, also in Rio de Janeiro. His first recording in 1944 was with the Orquestra de Ferreira Filho, namely, 'The Music Stopped'. He first arrived to the States in 1946, crooning for NBC Radio, but largely worked in Brazil. Forming an orchestra in 1960, he played clubs and ballrooms in Rio, did a bit of television (Brazilian) as a host and owned a couple clubs in São Paulo. Farney passed unto beyond in 1987. Piano by Farney.

Dick Farney   1944

  The Music Stopped

Dick Farney   1947


Dick Farney   1965

  One For My Baby


  Samba de Duas Notas

Dick Farney   1972

  Penumbra Romance


Dick Farney   1981





Birth of Modern Jazz: Arthur Prysock

Arthur Prysock

Source: All Music


Born in 1924 in Spartanburg, South Carolina, popular singer Arthur Prysock helped build airplanes during World War II, before being hired by Buddy Johnson in 1944. Prysock worked with Johnson for eight years before going solo in 1952. His first recorded vocal is thought to have been on October 4, 1945, with Johnson: 'They All Say I'm the Biggest Fool'. Prsycok's repertoire also included early rhythm & blues, as well as a bit of disco midway through his career. From 'I Worry About You' ('60) to 'Today's Love Songs, Tomorrow's Blues' ('88) Prysock issued 29 other albums. Among others with whom he recorded were Count Basie and the United States Air Force Airmen of Note. Prysock passed away on June 14, 1997, in Hamilton, Bermuda. Tenor saxophonist, Red Prysock, was Prysock's brother, appearing on a number of his recordings: 'A Rockin' Good Way' ('85), 'This Guy's in Love with You' ('86) and 'Today's Love Songs, Tomorrow's Blues' ('88).

Arthur Prysock   1945


      With Buddy Johnson

Arthur Prysock   1950

   They All Say I'm the Biggest Fool

      With Buddy Johnson


      With Buddy Johnson

Arthur Prysock   1957


Arthur Prysock   1964

   Blue Velvet

Arthur Prysock   1945

   Close Your Eyes

      'Dick Clark Show'

Arthur Prysock   1965

   Only A Fool Breaks His Own Heart

Arthur Prysock   1966

   A Working Man's Prayer

Arthur Prysock   1969

   I Stood Long Where You Left Me

   Your Body Makes Eyes At Me

Arthur Prysock   1976

   When Love Is New

Arthur Prysock   1979

   I Could Have Told You

      Count Basie Orchestra





Vocalist Mel Tormé was born in 1925 in Chicago. His first professional appearance was at age four with the Coon-Sanders Orchestra at the Blackhawk restaurant in Chicago. At age eight he was acting on radio. He also played drums as a child. Torme began composig songs at age thirteen, publishing his first, 'Lament to Love', in 1941, which Harry James would record. Chicago was the right place to be to make his first unissued recording with the orchestra of Chico Marx (Marx Brothers) in December of 1942: 'Abraham'. His first film appearance was also Frank Sinatra's in 1943, 'Higher and Higher', released in 1944. He formed the Mel-Tones in 1944. Their first single was 'White Christmas' with 'Where Or When' flip side. He began recording solo the next year. 'Careless Hands', released in 1949, was his one and only #1 on the charts. 'Again', though, made it to #3 that year. His debut album was 'Musical Sounds Are the Best Songs' in 1954. Torme's career was a tour through every band in the galaxy. Among who supported him were King Guion, Murray McEachern, Boyd Raeburn, Artie Shaw, Sonny Burke, Frank DeVol, Harold Mooney, Lou Busch, Pete Rugolo, Red Norvo, Nelson Riddle, Charlie Ventura, George Cates, Marty Paich, Wally Scott, Billy May, Russ Garcia, Johnny Mandel, Sy Oliver, Geoff Love, Tony Osborne, Shorty Rogers Benny Barth, Dick Hazard, Mort Garson, Woody Herman, Al Porcino, Chris Gunning, Buddy Rich, Gerry Mulligan, George Shearing, Larry O'Brien (New Glenn Miller Orchestra), Cincinnati Sinfonietta, Ray Anthony, Peter Nero and Rob McConnell. Torme published the first of several books in 1970: 'The Other Side of the Rainbow with Judy Garland on the Dawn Patrol'. Beyond arranging orchestra for a lot of his vocals, Tormé wrote above 250 songs. His last album was 'An Evening with Mel Tormé' in 1996, a stroke ending his career. He died on June 5, 1999, in Los Angeles. He had last recorded that year with his son, Steve March Torme, participating in the latter's debut album, 'Swingin' at the Blue Moon' on their duet 'Straighten Up & Fly Right'.

Mel Tormé  1944

   White Christmas

Mel Tormé  1945

   Lullaby Of Broadway

   Tantza Babele

Mel Tormé   1946

   Try a Little Tenderness

Mel Tormé   1949

   Careless Hands

Mel Tormé   1956

   Cement Mixer (Put-Ti-Put-Ti)

Mel Tormé   1959

   Back in Town



Birth of Modern Jazz: Mel Torme

Mel Tormé

Source: Sosegon



  Sarah Vaughan (Sassy) was conceived in Newark, New Jersey in 1924, her father a carpenter, her mother a laundress. She dropped out of high school as a junior to pursue music as both a pianist and vocalist across the Hudson River in New York City. Winning a talent contest in 1942 meant $10 and the opportunity to open for Ella Fitzgerald one night at the Apollo Theater. That in turn led to being hired by Earl Hines in April, 1943, to sing alongside baritone, Billy Eckstine. Vaughan made her first recording, 'I'll Wait and Pray', in 1944 upon Eckstine forming his own band. She left Eckstine's orchestra in late '44, though would work with him often over the years. Working clubs in NYC, Vaughan recorded several tracks in '45 with the Gillespie/Parker ensemble as well as Stuff Smith. She recorded a number of tracks with John Kirby (Crown), Tony Scott (Gotham) and Dickie Wells in early '46 before entering her first session for Musicraft in May of 1946. Despite Vaughan's early successes, Musicraft was facing bankruptcy in 1948 and couldn't pay its musicians their royalties. The necessity of moving to a larger label, Columbia, that year added big muscle to Vaughan's early renown. From that point onward she would become main rival to Ella Fitzgerald who had few. In 1954 she sang for Count Basie at Carnegie Hall. Her first gold record occurred with the Mercury label in 1959, 'Broken Hearted Melody'. Heavily touring the States from the start, Vaughan's first trip to Europe was in 1963 with Quincy Jones, recording live in Denmark. The next year she performed for President Johnson at the White House. The seventies and eighties saw seven albums released for Norman Granz' Pablo Records, including 'I Love Brazil!' and 'Copacabana'. She gave her last performances at the Blue Note Jazz Club in Greenwich Village, NYC, in 1989. Unable to perform her last engagement of the series due lung cancer, she returned home to California for treatment where she died in April 1990, refusing the further troubles of chemotherapy. She was buried in Bloomfield, New Jersey. More of Vaughan in 1955 under Herbie Mann.

Sarah Vaughan   1945

   Interlude (A Night In Tunisia)

    Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

   Lover Man

    Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie  

Sarah Vaughan   1946

   Body and Soul

   Don't Blame Me

Sarah Vaughan   1947


Sarah Vaughan   1949

   Black Coffee


Sarah Vaughan   1951

   Deep Purple

   You're Not the Kind


Sarah Vaughan   1952

   Say You'll Wait for Me

Sarah Vaughan   1953

   Ooh What-Cha Doin' To Me

   Spring Will Be A Little Late This Year

Sarah Vaughan   1954

   I'm Glad There is You

      With Clifford Brown

Sarah Vaughan   1955

   Whatever Lola Wants

Sarah Vaughan   1957

   How Long Has This Been Going On?


Sarah Vaughan   1958

   Like Someone In Love

Sarah Vaughan   1959


    Filmed live 

Sarah Vaughan   1964

   The Shadow of Your Smile

Sarah Vaughan   1970


Sarah Vaughan   1972

   Inner City Blues

   The Summer Knows

Sarah Vaughan   1987

   Send In the Clowns


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sarah Vaughan

Sarah Vaughan

Source: Spletnik/Muzyka


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dinah Washington

Dinah Washington

Source: ladybret

Bluesy torch singer, Dinah Washington was born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, in 1924. She released her first recording, 'Evil Gal Blues', in 1944 for Keynote with Lionel Hampton. Washington was the equation of all variety of factors and qualities that jelled together to produce one of the 20th century's elite female jazz vocalists, Washington to assume her place beside such as Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald, yet during a very brief career. As a child she played piano and sang gospel, moving onward to Chicago nightclubs as a teenager. The door to her career was opened upon being hired by Hampton in 1943, with whom she kept until 1946, afterward signing onto Mercury. Her first recordings with that label were in April of 1947 with the Chubby Jackson Orchestra: 'Mean and Evil Blues' (rejected), 'You Satisfy' (rejected), 'Stairway to the Stars' and 'I Want to Be Loved'. The latter two tracks were first released back to back on 78. Washington's short career saw a remarkable 35 titles reach Billboard's Top Ten in R&B. The first to gain #1 was 'Am I Asking Too Much in 1948, followed by 'Baby Get Lost' in '49. 'This Bitter Earth' found #1 in 1960, as well as two songs with Brook Benton, 'Baby (You've Got What It Takes)' and 'Rockin' Good Way'. Yet with a career that looked as promising as sky Washington died on December 14, 1963, at the relatively young age of 39 due to an accidental drug overdose. Lord's discography lists her final sessions on October 15 that year, the last three tracks of which were 'Lingering', 'Lord You Made Us Human' and 'They Said You'd Come Back Running'. A brief account of Washington's recordings with songwriting credits. More early recordings by Dinah Washington in Modern Blues.

Dinah Washington   1943

   I Know How to Do It

    With Lionel Hampton

       Composition: Leonard Feather/Sammy Price

Dinah Washington   1945

   My Voot Is Really Vout

       Composition: John Henry

   No Voot, No Boot

       Composition: Duke Henderson/Eduardo Paim

   Wise Woman Blues

       Composition: John Henry

Dinah Washington   1949

   The Richest Guy In The Graveyard

       Composition: Leonard Feather

Dinah Washington   1952

   Mad About the Boy

       Composition: Sir Noël Coward

Dinah Washington   1954

   A Foggy Day

       Composition: George & Ira Gershwin

   Come Rain Or Come Shine

       Composition: 1946

       Music: Harold Arlen

       Lyrics: Johnny Mercer

   Teach Me Tonight

       Composition: Sammy Cahn/Gene DePaul

Dinah Washington   1955

   I've Got You Under My Skin

       Composition: Cole Porter

   You Don't Know What Love Is

       Composition: 1941

       Music: Gene de Paul

       Lyrics: Don Raye

Dinah Washington   1958

   All Of Me

      Newport Jazz Festival

       Composition: 1931

        Gerald Marks/Seymour Simons

Dinah Washington   1959

   Cry Me a River

       Composition: Arthur Hamilton   1953

   What a Diff'rence a Day Made

       Composition: Maria Grever   1934

       English translation: Stanley Adams   1934

Dinah Washington   1960

   A Rockin' Good Way

       With Brook Benton

       Composition: Brook Benton/Luchi DeJesus

   Baby (You've Got What It Takes)

        With Brook Benton


       Clyde Otis/Murray Stein/Brook Benton

   This Bitter Earth

       Composition: Clyde Otis

Dinah Washington   1961

   Mood Indigo


       Barney Bigard/Duke Ellington/Irving Mills

   September In the Rain

       Composition: Harry Warren/Al Dubin   1937

Dinah Washington   1962

   Drinking Again

       Composition: 1962

       Music: Doris Tauber

       Lyrics: Johnny Mercer

   For All We Know

       Composition: 1934

       Music: John Frederick Coots

       Lyrics: Sam Lewis

Dinah Washington   1963

   Romance in the Dark

       Composition: Big Bill Broonzy/Lil Green   1940



Birth of Modern Jazz: Pearl Bailey

Pearl Bailey

Source: Toronto Blues Society


Actress Pearl Bailey, woman with an attitude, was born in 1918 in Virginia, raised in Newport News. She decided to become a dancer and singer upon winning a couple of talent contests as a teenager and was soon performing in clubs in Philadelphia and along the East Coast. In 1941 she toured the States with the USO, then began working clubs in NYC where big names began entering into her gigs, also performing with such as Cab Calloway and Duke Ellington. Bailey released her initial recordings in 1944 with the Cootie Williams Orchestra: 'Now I Know' and 'Tess's Torch Song'. It was the Stuff Smith Trio on December 20 that year for 'Perdido' and 'Our Waltz'. She led her own group on January 18 of 1945 for 'He didn't Ask Me', 'My Baby Said Yes' and 'The Quicker I Gets to Where I'm Goin''. Bailey's debut Broadway performance was 'St. Louis Woman' in 1946. She was particularly successful with an all-black version of the stage musical, 'Hello Dolly!' in the sixties with Cab Calloway. Her first film, 'Variety Girl', premiered in 1947. In June of 1951 she made her first television appearance on 'Faye Emerson's Wonderful Town' for CBS. Bailey was married to jazz drummer, Louie Bellson, on November 19, 1952, in London. Lord's disco doesn't show Bellson in a session with Bailey until September 10, 1953, with the Don Redman Orchestra for 'I Love My Argentine', 'Me and My Shadow' and 'She's Something Spanish'. Bailey and Bellson were constant companions into the sixties, he supporting her on albums to 'Pearl's Pearls' in 1971. From 1950 ('Pearl Bailey Entertains') to "Pearl's Pearls' she issued 32 albums. The first of several of Bailey's books, 'The Raw Pearl', was published in 1968. She was appointed special ambassador to the United Nations by President Ford in 1975 (she a Republican). Bailey died on August 17 of 1990 in Philadelphia, and was buried in West Chester, Pennsylvania.

Pearl Bailey   1945

   Don't Like Em

   Fifteen Years



Pearl Bailey   1947

   A Little Learnin' Is a Dangerous Thing

      With Frank Sinatra

Pearl Bailey   1949

   Baby It's Cold Outside

      With Hot Lips Page

Pearl Bailey   1953

   Say Si Si

      Album: 'Say Si Si'

   Toot Toot Tootsie Goodbye

Pearl Bailey   1959

   You Can Be Replaced

Pearl Bailey   1960

   I Hate Men

      Album: 'Naughty, But Nice!i'

   Mack the Knife

      Live with Dinah Shore

Pearl Bailey   1963

   Give Me the Simple Life

      Live with Andy Williams



Vocalist June Christy was born in Springfield, Illinois, in 1925. She began her career in 1945 with the Stan Kenton Orchestra, replacing Anita O'Day. Her first title with that band is thought to have been 'Tampico' on May 4 in Chicago followed by 'It's Been a Long Time' on June 30 in NYC. She began appearing on television in 1949. Christy issued her first name album, 'Something Cool', in 1954, the same year she released her one and only child, a daughter titled Shay. She toured heavily that decade, including internationally: Europe, Australia, South Africa, Japan. She released her final album, 'Impromptu', in 1977. Christy gave her last performance in 1988 with Chet Baker and Shorty Rogers on her last tour. She died two years later in June of kidney failure in Sherman Oaks, California. Among others with whom she'd worked were Jonah Jones and The United States Air Force Airmen of Note.

June Christy   1945

   On the Sunny Side Of the Street

      With Stan Kenton

   Sweet Lorraine

      With Stan Kenton

June Christy   1950

   All God's Children Got Rhythm

   He's Funny That Way

      Filmed live


   Taking a Chance On Love

June Christy   1953

   Midnight Sun

   My Heart Belongs to Only You

June Christy   1954

   Something Cool

       Album: 'Something Cool'

June Christy   1958

   It Don't Mean a Thing

June Christy   1959


June Christy   1960

   Looking For a Boy

June Christy   1965

   Lovely Way To Spend an Evening

      Television performance with Stan Kenton

   My Shining Hour

      Television performance with Stan Kenton

June Christy   1968

   Rock Me To Sleep


Birth of Modern Jazz: June Christy

June Christy

Source: Jazza-Me Muito



Steamy and much underestimated Etta Jones was born in Los Angeles in 1928. She was BB King's sweet sixteen at age fifteen, he eight years older. Her first recordings in 1944 were: 'Salty Papa Blues', 'Evil Gal Blues', 'Blow Top Blues', and 'Long, Long Journey' on December 29. Dinah Washington had released 'Evil Gal Blues' the previous year, and both boarded the torch song rail. Jones easily rivaled Washington in that, continuing along the same vein as Washington shifted a bit more toward a popular horizon, and after Washington's unfortunate death in 1963. By 1949 Jones was working with major name pianist, Earl Hines. The most important musical association of her profession was alto saxist, Houston Person, with whom she performed for three decades, he also her manager and producer. Lord's disco shows their first recordings at Watt's Mozambique in Detroit, Michigan in March of 1973: 'Tain't Nobody's Business If I Do' and 'Don't Go to Strangers'. Among others with whom she'd left titles were Floyd Horsecollar Williams, Pete Johnson, Gene Ammons, Cedar Walton, Rein de Graaff, James Williams, Milt Jackson, Ray Brown, Dick Morgan, Junior Mance, Clark Terry. Gene Walker. Keter Betts, John David Simon, Jeanie Bryson and James Williams. Jones was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993 and the Blues Hall of Fame in 2001. Her last album, with Houston Person, was 'Etta Jones Sings Lady Day', recorded in June of 2001 and released on the same date she died of cancer, October 16th, in Mount Vernon, New York.

Etta Jones   1947

   Blow Top Blues

   Salty Papa Blues

Etta Jones   1947

   I Sold My Heart to The Junkman

Etta Jones   1960

   Bye Bye Blackbird

   Don't Go To Strangers

      Album: 'Don't Go to Strangers'

Etta Jones   1961

   Till There Was You

Etta Jones   1962

   Nature Boy

      Album: 'Hollar!'

Etta Jones   1998

   I Wonder Where

Etta Jones   1998

   All of Me


Birth of Modern Jazz: Etta Jones

Etta Jones

Source: Ennaus

Birth of Modern Jazz: Frankie Laine

Frankie Laine

Source: Today


Born Francesco Paolo LoVecchio in 1913, crooner Frankie Laine joined a touring dance company upon graduating from high school. His first significant break was upon writing a song that Nat King Cole liked ('It Only Happens Once', recorded in 1945). Laine's first two recording sessions were for Beltone in 1944: 'In the Wee Small Hours Of the Morning' and 'Brother, That's Liberty'. Among Laine's more important partners in the forties was guitarist, Johnny Moore, they thought to have first recorded together in late '44 for 'Maureen'. There was a session in spring with the Johnny Moore Trio, then with Moore's Three Blazers on September 15, 1945, for 'Melancholy Madeline'. Lord's disco has them together numerously through 1947. His initial rise to prominence was Mercury's release of "That's My Desire' in 1946. In 1949 he released 'Mule Train', produced by Mitch Miller, which would lead to two major aspects of his career, soundtracks and western themes. Laine's first album that wasn't a compilation of singles was 'Mr. Rhythm' in 1953. His composition for the 1952 Gary Cooper film, 'High Noon', was sung by Tex Ritter. October of 1955 saw him recording 'Jazz Sectacular' with the Buck Clayton Orchestra. It is his voice on the theme for the famous television western, 'Rawhide', first airing in January of 1959 (commencing Clint Eastwood's career). His last performance was for PBS in 2005. He died in February of 2007. Beyond music, Laine had been a notable philanthropist.

Frankie Laine   1945

   Moonlight In Vermont

Frankie Laine   1946

   I May Be Wrong/Pickle In The Middle

   That's My Desire

Frankie Laine   1953

   I Believe

Frankie Laine   1959


Frankie Laine   1962

   North to Alaska


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Lambert

Dave Lambert

Photo: William Gottlieb

Source: PRX

Born in 1917 in Boston, Dave Lambert sang with the Johnny Long Orchestra upon release from the Army in 1943. He was next hired by Gene Krupa, his first issued recording with Krupa possibly 'What's This?' in 1945, sharing vocals with Buddy Stewart. The first instance of the Dave Lambert Singers with Jon Hendricks and Annie Ross recorded unissued titles with the Mary Lou Williams Trio on May 14, 1950: 'The Sheik of Araby', 'Yes, We Have No Bananas', 'Walkin'' and 'Cloudy'. 1955 saw Dave Lambert's Singers in a couple sessions yielding 'Four Brothers', 'Cloudburst', 'Four Brothers' and 'Standin' on the Corner'. In 1957 the Dave Lambert Singers became the trio that was Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, 'Sing a Song of Basie' their first release recorded in August. That trio recorded numerously through several albums while backing other operations to latter 1961 for Dave Brubeck's 'Blow Satchmo'. They had recorded with Louis Armstrong that September. When Ross left the trio in '62 she was replaced by Yolande Bavan, that trio leaving 'Live at Basin Street East' on September 6 of 1962. A few more albums ensued into latter '63 before that configuration dissolved the next year. 1965 saw titles with the Billy Taylor Trio. Lambert's early death was an accident in Connecticut on October 3, 1966. It seems a flat tire had Lambert stopped partially off the highway in wee hours. That or he had stopped to assist a motorist. Either way he wasn't completely off the road while parked, his lights were off, and he was struck by a tractor-trailer. Others who had recorded with Lambert had been Stan Kenton, Al Haig, Charlie Parker, Erroll Garner, Mary Lou Williams, King Pleasure and Count Basie. More Lambert is indexed under Jon Hendricks. Per 1946 below, tracks are with Buddy Stewart & Red Rodney's Be-Boppers.

Dave Lambert   1945

 What's This?

      With Buddy Stewart & Gene Krupa

Dave Lambert   1946

 Charge Account

  Gussy G.

Dave Lambert   1949


     With Jo Stafford

Dave Lambert   1961


     Lambert, Hendricks & Ross

Dave Lambert   1962


     Lambert, Hendricks & Ross

Dave Lambert   1963

 Watermelon Man

     Lambert, Hendricks & Ross

   Trumpet: Clark Terry

   Tenor sax: Coleman Hawkins



Birth of Modern Jazz: Nellie Lutcher

Nellie Lutcher

Source: Keep Swinging

Nellie Lutcher (sister of R&B sax player Joe Lutcher) was born in Lake Charles, Louisiana, in 1912. Playing piano as a child, she is an apt example of R&B filtered through jazz. Lutcher is thought to have first appeared in record shops in 1945, backing Lena Horne on piano on November 21, 1944, on 'I Didn't Know About You', 'One for My Baby', 'As Long As We Live' and 'I Ain't Got Nothin' But the Blues'. She came to the attention of Capitol Records in 1947 upon winning a March of Dimes talent contest, first recording in her own name on April 10 that year: 'The One I Love Belongs to Somebody Else', 'Hurry on Down', 'The Lady's in Love with You' and 'You Better Watch Yourself'. "Hurry On Down' reached the #2 spot on Billboard's R&B. 'He's a Real Gone Guy' did the same in November that year. Other strong issues were 'Come and Get It' (#6 '48), 'Cool Water' (#7 '48), 'Do You or Don't You Love Me?' (#9 '48), 'Fine Brown Frame' (#2 '48) and 'The Song Is Ended' (#3 '49). Lutcher recorded steadily into the fifties less successfully until she became a board member of the Los Angeles Musician's Union in 1957, after which she continued to perform into the nineties on occasion at clubs on both coasts, though not a primary focus. Among later recordings were with the Cab Calloway Orchestra at Carnegie Hall on July 6 of 1973. Her initial success had enabled her to invest in real estate, she owning an apartment building in Los Angeles. Lutcher died in June of 2007.

Nellie Lutcher   1947

 Hurry On Down

 Let Me Love You Tonight

 The One I Love Belongs To Someone Else

  A Real Gone Guy

Nellie Lutcher   1948

 Cool Water

 A Chicken Ain't Nothing But a Bird

 Fine Brown Frame

 Hurry On Down

 The Lady's In Love With You

Nellie Lutcher   1950

 Can I Come In For A Second

    Duet with Nat King Cole 

 For You My Love

     Duet with Nat King Cole

Nellie Lutcher   1956

 Blue Skies

    Filmed live


  Born Frances Wolfe in 1926 in Bronx, Fran Warren was a chorus girl at the Roxy Theater when at age 16 she auditioned for Duke Ellington. Whatever her disappointment that he didn't hire her, two years later she was singing on radio with Art Mooney's orchestra. It was about that time that Billy Eckstine christened her Fran Warren. Soon afterward she was hired by Charlie Barnet to replace Kay Starr. The earliest recording known by Warren with Barnet was of a radio broadcast including 'Just a Little Fond Affection' recorded October 2 of 1945, issued that December by Decca. Hired by Claude Thornhill in 1947, it was with Thornhill that Warren made a big name for herself. Their tune, 'A Sunday Kind of Love' (1947), sold so well that Thornhill paid her a $5000 bonus. Warren enjoyed perhaps six years at the top of the game until her last song to chart in 1953, 'It's Anybody's Heart'. She had already begun appearing in films in 1952 ('Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd'). During the sixties she worked with Harry James. Having collaborated with trumpeter, Joe Cabot, during the fifties and sixties, she connected with him again in 1979, whence they spent the next few years touring with the revue, 'The Big Broadcast of 1944'. Others with whom Warren had performed were Woody Herman and Tommy Dorsey. Warren died on her birthday, March 4, in 2013 in Connecticut where she resided.

Fran Warren   1945

   Just a Little Fond Affection

      With Charlie Barnet

Fran Warren   1946

   I Get the Blues When It Rains

      With Claude Thornhill

Fran Warren   1947

   Just About This Time Last Night

      With Claude Thornhill

   A Sunday Kind of Love

      With Claude Thornhill

Fran Warren   1949


      With Claude Thornhill

Fran Warren   1950

   Don't Say Goodbye

      With Henri René


   Ho Hum

   I'll Know

   I Said My Pajamas

      Duet with Tony Martin


      Filmed live

Fran Warren   1951

   Any Time At All

      With Hugo Winterhalter

Fran Warren   1952

   I Hear A Rhapsody

   What's This Thing Called Love?

   Wish You Were Here

Fran Warren   1953

   It's Anybody's Heart

   Unless You're Near Me

Fran Warren   1956

   A Corset Can Do A Lot For A Lady

Fran Warren   1957

   Hey There


   You Don't Know What Love Is

Fran Warren   1958



Birth of Modern Jazz: Fran Warren

Fran Warren

Photo: Neal Prince Trust

Source: Stian Eriksen


  Rosemary Clooney was born in Maysville, Kentucky, in 1928. She began her career at age 16 with her sister, Betty, age 13, for WLW Radio in Cincinnati for $20 a week. Lord's disco has her and Betty recording 'I Still Feel the Same About You' in Los Angeles with unknown accompaniment on June 20 of 1945. That may be in error, there no biographies mentioning her taking any trips to California during her high school years. Then again, Rosemary's mother and brother lived in California, separated from her father with whom she and Betty lived back in Kentucky. There may have been a trip to California during summer break from school? Otherwise, they did record an unissued audition that year, either for or heard at WLW Radio, and they did record 'I Still Feel the Same About You', but not certainly until January 2 of 1951 with the Percy Faith Orchestra. Howsoever, in 1946, age 18, Clooney began working with Tony Pastor's big band, recording 'Sooner or Later' in April, that used in Walt Disney's animated film, 'Song Of The South'. That session also included the Clooney Sisters on 'Everybody Has a Laughing Place', 'How Do You Do?' and 'Uncle Remus Said', those also used in 'Song of the South'. Among the many titles recorded with Pastor were 'You Started Something' and 'The Click Song' issued in September of 1948 (Columbia 38297). They had worked at the Click Club in Philadelphia around that time. Clooney's last session with Pastor is thought to have been on September 16, 1949, again with Betty as the Clooney Sisters for 'I Never See Maggie Alone' and 'I've Got a Lovely Bunch of Cocoanuts'. Clooney had begun to record in her own name on June 16 of '49 with the Norman Leyden Orchestra: 'Lover's Gold' and 'The Four Winds and the Seven Seas' issued by Harmony (1050). Also an actress, Clooney's first film role was for the 1953 release of 'The Stars Are Singing'. The first of Clooney's two memoirs appeared in 1977, published by Playboy Press: 'This for Remembrance'. 'Girl Singer: An Autobiography' was published in 2001 by Three Rivers Press. Clooney gave her last performance in Hawaii in December 2001, dying of lung cancer in June the next year in Beverly Hills, CA. She had recorded what would get released as 'The Last Concert' on November 16, 2001, in Honolulu. Others with whom she had recorded were Eddie Condon, George Girard, Harry James, Tommy Dorsey, Les Brown, Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Bing Crosby, Benny Goodman, Marian McPartland and Matt Catingub. For the collected works of Clooney see a box set of four CDs titled 'Rosemary Clooney: Ballads, Blue Songs, Hits and Jazz 1949 - 1958' issued in 2009.

Rosemary Clooney   1947

   Movie Tonight

      Film   With Tony Pastor

   They Can't Convince Me

Rosemary Clooney   1951

   Beautiful Brown Eyes

Rosemary Clooney   1952

   Half As Much


Rosemary Clooney   1954

   Hey There


      Film: 'White Christmas'    With Vera Ellen

Rosemary Clooney   1956

   Route 66

      Film with Dorothy Malone and Bobby Troup

Rosemary Clooney   1959

   A Kiss To Build A Dream On

Rosemary Clooney   1966

   Torch Song Medley

      Television performance

Rosemary Clooney   1981

   I Can't Get Started/Our Love Is Here To Stay

      Live performance


      Live performance

Rosemary Clooney   1995

   Hey There

      Live performance


Birth of Modern Jazz: Rosemary Clooney

Rosemary Clooney

Source: All Music



Dean Martin was a rough Italian kid (his parents immigrants) born in 1917 Steubenville, Ohio. When I myself was a kid it was Eric Burdon and the Animals one moment, Dean Martin the next. Born Dino Paul Crocetti, Martin dropped out of high school in 10th grade to pursue boxing. He also labored in a steel mill, bootlegged liquor and dealt blackjack in an illegal casino. All that was ruined upon joining Ernie McKay's band as a crooner in 1938. He toured with McKay a couple years, changing his name from Dino Crocetti to Dean Martin in 1940. He first met Frank Sinatra, later Rat Pack comrade, in 1943 in NYC, both performing at the Riobamba nightclub. He was drafted in '44 but released a year later due a double hernia. He returned to crooning in nightclubs on the East Coast and was making a comfortable living at such when he released his first record, 'Which Way Did My Heart Go', in 1946, recorded that July. Prior to that he had met Jerry Lewis in NYC at the Glass Hat Club, such that his first act with Lewis was also in July of 1946. That was at the 500 Club in Atlantic City and flopped. But they got the psychology right for their second act, Lewis the goffball, and their famous team was born. First appearing on television in June of '48 on 'Talk of the Town' (later to become 'The Ed Sullivan Show'), radio followed in '49, as well as film with 'My Friend Irma'. Lewis and Martin remained a team until 1956, after which Martin's first solo appearance in film was in 'Ten Thousands Bedrooms' in 1957. That film was a box office flop but Martin thereafter pursued serious acting quite successfully, along with a twin career as a major vocalist, coming distinctly into his own during the sixties as well. 'The Dean Martin Show', first aired in 1965, was popular until its pull in 1974. Martin had a vanity license plate that read "DRUNKY" because he could. The persona he leant himself on television as a lush, drink ever at hand, was entertainment. He wasn't himself a heavy drinker (despite what was said about the Rat Pack). Martin had played Las Vegas since the fifties in association with the Rat Pack (fundamentally a small circle of friends who decided to assist each other professionally). He continued to be popular there through the eighties, during which he released an MTV video in 1983 created by his youngest son, Ricci. In 1988 he contributed 'That's Amore' to the soundtrack for 'Moonstruck'. His last appearances in Las Vegas were at Bally's Hotel in 1990 with Jerry Lewis. He died of emphysema in 1995 at his home in Beverly Hills, CA. He had recorded above 600 songs and more than 100 albums. Of his numerous Top Ten titles those which rose to #1 on the Hot 100 or Adult Contemporary were 'Memories Are Made of This' ('55), 'Everybody Loves Somebody' ('64), 'The Door Is Still Open to My Heart' ('64), 'You're Nobody Till Somebody Loves You ('64), 'In the Chapel By the Moonlight ('67) and 'In the Misty Moonlight' ('67).

Dean Martin  1946

   Which Way Did My Heart Go

Dean Martin  1951

   Who's Sorry Now

Dean Martin  1952

   Half As Much

Dean Martin  1953

   That's Amore

Dean Martin  1955

   Memories Are Made Of This


  Memories Are Made Of This


Dean Martin  1959

   Baby It's Cold Outside

Dean Martin  1964

   Everybody Loves Somebody

Dean Martin  1965

   King Of the Road

      Studio Recording

   King Of the Road

      Live performance with Frank Sinatra

Dean Martin  1967

   Little Ole Wine Drinker, Me

   Welcome To My World

Dean Martin  1983

   Since I Met You Baby



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dean Martin

Dean Martin

Source: I Love Dino Martin

  Born in Harlem in 1920 to Jamaican parents, Carmen McRae received some encouragement as a teenager when Billie Holiday and Teddy Wilson recorded one of her compositions, 'Dream of Life'. In her latter teens McRae began playing piano professionally at Minton's Playhouse in Harlem. The first time she recorded was in 1946, as both pianist and vocalist, with Mercer Ellington. ('Pass Me By' and 'She Shoulda Flipped When He Flopped'. 'Moon Mist' and 'Metronome All Out' weren't issued.) Her first recordings in her own name were released in 1954, 'Easy to Love' and 'If I'm Lucky' among them. Other than recording, McRae's career consisted largely of playing nightclubs throughout the United States, also appearing often at jazz festivals. She died upon a stroke at her home in Beverley Hills, CA, in 1994.

Carmen McRae   1954


Carmen McRae   1955

   If I'm Lucky

   I'll See You Again

   Just One of Those Things

   Star Eyes

Carmen McRae   1956

   You Don't Know Me

Carmen McRae   1957

   Blue Moon


  I Loves You Porgy

    With Sammy Davis Junior

Carmen McRae   1962

   Live on Jazz Casual


Carmen McRae   1980

   The Very Thought of You

Carmen McRae   1982

   All In Love Is Fair

    Vibes: Cal Tjader 

Carmen McRae   1986



Birth of Modern Jazz: Carmen McRae

Carmen McRae

Photo: Charles Stewart

Source: Zona de Jazz


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ernestine Anderson

Ernestine Anderson

Photo: Jef Jaisun

Source: Rankopedia


Born in Houston in 1928, Ernestine Anderson began singing professionally as a teenager in 1943 with Russell Jacquet. She quickly made it large upon graduating from Garfield High School in Seattle, signing on with Johnny Otis in 1947. She also made her debut recordings in 1947 with Shifty Henry's orchestra: 'Good Lovin' Man' and 'K.C. Lover', on the Black & White label. She toured with Lionel Hampton in 1952. In 1953 she recorded 'They Tired' and 'Puerto Rico' with the Russell Jacquet Orchestra. Come the orchestra of Clifford King Solomon on August 2 of '53 for 'Li'l Daddy' and 'Square Dance Boogie'. It was the Gigi Gryce Orchestra on October 22 of '55 for 'Social Call' and 'The One I Love'. Anderson began recording enforce in 1956, beginning with a tour to Scandinavia with Rolf Ericson resulting in numerous sessions with various for three months, among them those to result in her first LP, 'Hot Cargo' ('58 'It's Time for Ernestine' in Sweden). Her first session on that tour was June 1 with Duke Jordan (piano), John Simmons (bass) and Art Taylor (drums), they recording such as 'Supper Time' and 'Looking for a Boy' in Stockholm, Sweden. Those would be included on a Japanese reissue of 'It's Time for Ernestine' ('58) in 1975. 'It's Time for Ernestine' was the Swedish version of 'Hot Cargo' issued in the States and Canada ('58), identical in all but title. Anderson moved to England in 1965, recording 'Miss Ernestine Anderson' in London before moving on to Sweden, returning to the States in time to join Don Friedman in 1971. Highlighting that decade was her 1976 performance at the Concord Jazz Festival in California, included on the 1978 release of 'Live From Concord to London'. Her first tour to Japan in 1983 resulted in 'Three Pearls', after which Gene Harris backed her on 'When the Sun Goes Down' in August of '84. Another tour to Japan in 1987 with the Concord Jazz All Stars resulted in 'Ow!'. She participated in a couple titles toward George Shearing's 'Dexterity' in 1988 in Tokyo as well. Come 1991 it was 'Late at Night' in Tokyo with Larry Fuller (piano) Bob Maize (bass) and Greg Williamson (drums). Anderson recorded and performed into her latter years, also conducting vocal jazz workshops in Seattle. She died in Seattle on March 10, 2016. Among her later albums had been 'Nightlife: Live at Dizzy's Club Coca-Cola' recorded in March and April of 2010.

Ernestine Anderson   1947

   K.C. Lover

      With Shifty Henry

Ernestine Anderson   1953

   Lil' Daddee

      With Cliff Solomon Hill

Ernestine Anderson   1956

   Mad About the Boy

      Album: 'Hot Cargo'

Ernestine Anderson   1967



Ernestine Anderson   1978

   I Want a Little Boy

      Filmed live

Ernestine Anderson   1981


      Filmed live

   What a Diffrence a Day Made

Ernestine Anderson   1983

   All Blues

      Album: 'Big City'

Ernestine Anderson   1984

   In The Evening When The Sun Goes Down

      Filmed live   Vibes: Milt Jackson

Ernestine Anderson   1987

   Please Send Me Someone To Love

      Live in Japan   Piano: George Shearing

Ernestine Anderson   1993

   Never Make Your Move Too Soon


Ernestine Anderson   1994

   I'll Be Seeing You

      Filmed live

   One Mint Julep

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Tony Bennett

Painting by Tony Bennett


Source: Art Brokerage

Anthony Dominick Benedetto worked under various names early in his career. But it was Bob Hope who suggested Tony Bennett in 1950. He is thought to have first recorded as Joe Bari in 1947 for the Leslie label: "Fascinatin' Rhythm' and 'Vieni Qui'. He began touring with Bob Hope in 1949, whence his career broke out of the gate with his first name recordings the next year: 'Boulevard of Broken Dreams, ''Sing You Sinners, 'I Can't Give You Anything But Love' and 'Crazy Rhythm'. 'Boulevard' went gold. Bennett released his first album, 'Cloud 7', in 1955. He worked with Count Basie in the latter fifties and focused on nightclubs in the sixties. The seventies were tumultuous for Bennett, from one failed marriage to a failed record label (inability to distribute) to a waning career beyond Las Vegas to the IRS with designs on his Los Angeles home to another failed marriage. Things began looking up in the eighties when his son, Danny, became his manager, concentrating on a younger audience. Since that time Bennett's career has been among the most brightly luminous of the old guard, there apparently no means to stop him and no one brave enough to try. His 1994 release of 'MTV Unplugged' won the 1995 Album of the Year Grammy Award. He performed in Israel for the first time in September 2014, playing there with Lady Gaga before their Cheek to Cheek tour, commencing that December until August 2015. Bennett had pursued art before he began his career as a singer, and came to be a well regarded painter.

Tony Bennett   1947

   Fascinatin' Rhythm

    As Joe Bari 

Tony Bennett   1950

   Boulevard of Broken Dreams

Tony Bennett   1951

   Because Of You

   Cold, Cold Heart

      Original composition: Hank Williams Sr.

Tony Bennett   1953

   Rags To Riches

Tony Bennett   1954

   Cinnamon Sinner

   There'll Be No Teardrops

Tony Bennett   1955

   Close Your Eyes

   Come Next Spring

   Darn That Dream

   I Fall In Love Too Easily

      Guitar: Chuck Wayne

Tony Bennett   1957

   Crazy Rhythm

Tony Bennett   1962

   I Left My Heart In San Francisco

      Guitarist: Chuck Wayne

Tony Bennett   1966

   If I Ruled the World

      Live performance

Tony Bennett   1974

   It Don't Mean a Thing

      Live performance   Drummer: Kenny Clare

Tony Bennett   1987

   Stella by Starlight

      Live performance

Tony Bennett   1994

   Old Devil Moon

      Filmed live

Tony Bennett   2011

   The Lady Is a Tramp

      Duet with Lady Gaga

   On The Sunny Side Of The Street

      Duet with Willie Nelson


Birth of Modern Jazz: Tony Bennett

Tony Bennett

Source: 5th Avenue


  Born Vito Rocco Farinola in 1928 in Brooklyn, Italian crooner Vic Damone switched Farinola to his mother's maiden name before winning a talent contest on 'Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts' in 1947. Becoming a regular on the show gained him his first recording contract in 1947, 'I Have But One Heart' his first issue that year. He began to air his own radio show, 'Saturday Night Serenade', the following year. He appeared in his first films, 'The Strip' and 'Rich, Young and Pretty' in 1951. Serving in the Army from '51 to '53, upon release from duty he married, then began to appear in films and on television in 1954 ('The Buick-Berle Show' hosted by Milton Berle). December 1 of 1955 witnessed 'I'll Never Smile Again' and 'Oh, Look at Me Now' with the Pied Pipers and a studio orchestra run by Tommy Dorsey. During the summers of '62 and '63 Damone hosted 'The Lively Ones' for NBC television. In 1971 he began playing Las Vegas, then toured the States and the UK later that decade. Damone published his autobiography 'Singing Was the Easy Part', in 2009. Recording more than 2000 songs into the early new millenium, as of this writing Damone is largely retired with his fifth wife, a fashion designer, in Florida.

Vic Damone   1947

   I Have But One Heart

   You Do

Vic Damone   1948

   Say Something Sweet To Your Sweetheart

      With Patti Page

Vic Damone   1949

   Four Winds and the Seven Seas

   My Bolero

   So In Love

      Television performance

   You're Breaking My Heart

Vic Damone   1950

   Just Say I Love Her

   Night Of My Nights

      Film: 'Kismet'

   Tzena Tzena Tzena

   Vagabond Shoes

Vic Damone   1956

   The Song Is You

VVic Damone   1957

   Stranger In Paradise

Vic Damone   1962



   Deep Heart

   Stella By Starlight

Vic Damone   1963

   Alright, Okay, You Win

   You and the Night and the Music

      Live at Basin Street East

Vic Damone   1965

   Gershwin Medley

      Live on Hollywood Palace

Vic Damone   1987


      Live with Diahann Carroll


Birth of Modern Jazz: Vic Damone

Vic Damone

Source: Mental Itch



Born Lee Brown in 1919 in Newark, New Jersey, bop singer Babs Gonzales is said to have changed his name from Brown to Ricardo Gonzales so he could get a hotel room, passing for Mexican rather than black. He worked with the orchestras of Charlie Barnet and Lionel Hampton before forming his own band, Three Bips And A Bop, in 1946. On February 24, 1947, that ensemble recorded 'Lop-Pow', 'Oop-Pop-a-Da', 'Stompin' at the Savoy' and 'Pay Dem Dues'. In that first configuration were Rudy Williams (alto sax) Tadd Dameron (piano) William Pee Wee Tinney (guitar) Arthur Phipps (bass) and Charles Simon (drums). A beat poet, Gonzales was known vocalese. Vocalese is the extemporaneous addition of lyrics to an instrumental or substitution of voice for an instrument. An example of such is 'Ornithology' below, become 'The Boss Is Back' with Gonzales. Among his compositions were 'Glidin' Along' and 'Expubidence' found on Bennie Green's 'Glidin' Along' in 1961. Gonzales published a couple of books in 1967 ('I Paid My Dues') and 1975 ('Movin' On Down De Line'). He issued 'The Ghettosburg Address' as late as 1970. Gonzales passed away on January 23, 1980. Among others with whom he recorded were James Moody, Lester Young, Johnny Griffin, Lenny Hambro and Eddie Jefferson.

Babs Gonzales   1947

  1280 Special


  Weird Lullaby

Babs Gonzales   1949

  St. Louis Blues

Babs Gonzales   1953

  The Boss Is Back (Ornithology)

  Get Out That Bed

Babs Gonzales   1956

  House Rent Party

Babs Gonzales   1958

  Cool Cookin'

  Lullaby of the Doomed

Babs Gonzales   1959

  Manhattan Fable

  Teenage Santa Claus

Babs Gonzales   1963

  Broadway - 4 A.M.


Birth of Modern Jazz: Babs Gonzales

Babs Gonzales

Photo: Willeam P. Gottlieb

Source: a href="" target="_blank">All About Jazz


Birth of Modern Jazz: Johnny Hartman

Johnny Hartman

Source: The Rake

Johnny Hartman was born in 1923 in Houma, Louisiana. Eight years later he was singing and playing piano. He attended the Chicago Musical College before service in the military, during which he sang in the US Army. After his tour was up he won a singing contest that found him in the band of Earl Hines. He had recorded 'Always To-Gether' and 'The Songs You Sing' with Marl Young in February of 1947 in Chicago, but it was his November tracks with Hines that brought him exposure: 'Sweet Honey Babe' and 'Midnight In New Orleans'. Those were immediately followed by several more titles with Hines (all recorded in Chicago) before he made his first name recordings, also in November of '47, being two takes of 'Why Was I Born?' in NYC. The next month in December he taped 'Just You, Just Me' (2 takes), 'A Woman Always Understands', 'I Let a Song Go out of My Heart', 'Sometime Remind Me to Tell You' (2 takes), and 'There Goes My Heart' (2 takes). Like his first recordings in November, those were at Majestic Studios in NYC for the Regent label. Most of were held in inventory for release years later. Hartman also sang with trumpeter, Dizzy Gillespie, and pianist, Erroll Garner, in the latter forties. During the sixties he worked with John Coltrane ('John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman' '63), Clark Terry ('Ain't Misbehavin' '79) in the seventies. His popularity went into decline in the seventies along with other jazz crooners, though he continued recording until 1980, his final recordings that year in Ontario, Canada: 'This One's for Tedi' released in 1985. Hartman was only sixty years old when he died of lung cancer on September 15, 1983.

Johnny Hartman   1948

 When I Dream of You

    With Earl Hines

  A Woman Always Understands

Johnny Hartman   1949

 Tormented (Why Must I Be)

Johnny Hartman   1963

  John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman


Johnny Hartman   1964

  The Voice That Is!


Johnny Hartman   1966


    Not issued until 1995

    LP: 'Unforgettable'

Johnny Hartman   1980

  Cardboard . . . Shoes/Nobody's Home

    Telecast with Loonis McGlohon

Johnny Hartman   1983

  Lush Life



  Born Florence Catherine Currier in 1924 in Newton, Massachusetts, Jane Morgan (not to be mistaken with the actress) left home for the Julliard School of Music to study opera. While there she began performing popular songs at various venues. Her first steady employment came at the Roseland Ballroom in Manhattan where she performed six nights a week for $25. In 1944 she was hired by Art Mooney to sing in his orchestra, at which time she changed her name to Helen Morgan (after vocalists Janie Ford and Marian Morgan). She is thought to have traveled to Paris with impresario, Bernard Hilda, in 1947, where her heydays began at the Club des Champs-Elysées. Lord's disco has her recording as early as August 14 and 18 in Barcelona, Spain, with Don Byas: 'Siempre, Siempre' and 'Sonar En Ti', those for Columbia. In 1949 she left 'C'est Tout' b/w 'J'aurais Bien Donne Dix Ans de Ma Vie', followed in 1950 by 'Qué Es Este Ruiseñor?' b/w 'Hey! Ba-Ba Re Bop'. Her television debut occurred in 1951 on 'Celebrity Time' show. In 1956 she released her first album, 'The American Girl from Paris', followed by 'Fascination' in '57. Morgan starred in her first Broadway musical in the 1957 and last edition of the 'Ziegfeld Follies'. She performed for Charles de Gaulle during her career, as well as five United States Presidents. Largely retiring in the seventies, Morgan has six gold records behind her. Among songs that did especially well were 'Fascination' ('57) and 'Elusive Butterfly' ('66). Yet active as of this writing, Morgan has owned Blueberry Hill Farm in Kennebunkport, Maine, since 1958.

Jane Morgan  1947

   Soñar En Ti

      With Don Byas

Jane Morgan  1950

   Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop

      With the Bernard Hilda Orchestra

Jane Morgan  1953

   Young At Heart

Jane Morgan  1955


Jane Morgan  1957


     Composition: F.D. Marchetti   1932

   If I Loved You

Jane Morgan  1958

   April Love

   The Day the Rains Came Down

       Live with Louis Armstrong & the Les Brown Orchestra

Jane Morgan  1959

   Adios/You Belong To My Heart

   Magic Is The Moonlight

   The Moon Was Yellow

   My Foolish Heart

Jane Morgan  1960


Jane Morgan  1962

   What Now My Love?

Jane Morgan  1963

   Red Sails In The Sunset

Jane Morgan  1966

   A Lover's Concerto


       Live performance

Jane Morgan  1969

   C'est La Vie, C'est L'Amour


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jane Morgan

Jane Morgan

Source: Great Entertainers

Birth of Modern Jazz: Patti Page

Patti Page

Photo: Associated Press

Source: XFinity

Born Clara Ann Fowler in 1927, popular singer Patti Page was age 18 when she made her professional debut on KTUL radio in Tulsa, Oklahoma. She was yet 18 when she signed on to Mercury Records to make her first recordings in 1947, to become that label's first successful recording artist. Though not especially a jazz vocalist, we include Page on this page at the outmost peripheries of jazz where it becomes simply popular music. She more intently recorded country than jazz, her first country recording to chart (Top 40) is thought to be 'Money, Marbles and Chalk' sessioned in 1949. Her first of fourteen platinum records was in 1950: 'With My Eyes Wide Open, I'm Dreaming', also sessioned in '49. (In the States, gold records are half a million copies, platinum a million, diamond ten million. A list of diamond recordings, nigh 120 of them, is at RIAA.) Page's 1950 release of 'The Tennessee Waltz' was also a recording of the last song to sell a million copies of sheet music to amateur pianists, not because people stopped playing piano, but because there came to be so much music to play. Page's first studio album was 'Folk Song Favorites' issued in 1951. She began appearing on television in the fifties, her strongest decade, having her own show in 1955. Her most important musical peer was Vic Schoen, famous in association with the Andrew Sisters, who became her musical director in 1956. Page's last song to reach Top 10 was in 1965 with 'Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte', per the film by the same title with Bette Davis released the prior year. Her last song to reach Top 40 was 'No Aces' in 1981. Her first live album didn't appear until 1998, 'Live at Carnegie Hall'. Living in California, she performed well into the new millennium, also running a maple syrup business in New Hampshire with her third and last husband, Jerry Filiciotto. She outlived her husband by nigh four years, dying of heart and lung disease in Encinitas, CA, January 2013. She was buried in San Diego. Per 1950 and 1962 below, this history needs avoid snippets and we prefer a whole cigar to a butt, but we've included a couple of brief edits from the 'Ed Sullivan Show', the first as Page during the big splash of her earliest days, the latter with Page at the height of her career.

Patti Page  1947


Patti Page  1948

   So In Love

      Original composition: Cole Porter

      From the musical: 'Kiss Me Kate'

Patti Page  1949

   Do Nothin' Till You Hear from Me

      Original composition: Duke Ellington

  I Can't Get Started with You

Patti Page  1950

  Oklahoma Blues

      'The Ed Sullivan Show'   Snippet

   The Tennessee Waltz

  With My Eyes Wide Open

Patti Page  1952

   I Went To Your Wedding

Patti Page  1953

  Changing Partners

   Doggie In the Window

Patti Page  1954

   Steam Heat

Patti Page  1956

  I'll Never Smile Again

  Keep Me In Mind

Patti Page  1958

   We Get Letters

      Television performance

      With Bing Crosby & Dean Martin

Patti Page  1962

   The Boll Weevil Song

      'The Ed Sullivan Show'   Snippet

Patti Page  1965

   Hush...Hush, Sweet Charlotte

Patti Page  1965

   Unchained Melody

      Television performance

Patti Page  1981

   No Aces

Patti Page  1982

   The Person Who Used to Be Me

      Television performance

Patti Page  1998


      'Jerry Lewis MD Telathon'



Joe Williams was born Joseph Goreed in Cordele, Georgia, in 1918. He got his big break in 1938 when Jimmie Noone asked him to sing with his band. Lord's disco puts him with Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson at Frenchy's in Milwaukee, WI, on October 15, 1943, for unissued recordings of 'Fast Blues' and 'Pine Creek'. Williams first recorded with Andy Kirk and his Clouds of Joy on December 2, 1946: 'Now You Tell Me', 'Louella' and 'I'm Falling for You'. Come Hot Lips Page and Red Saunders on June 15 of 1950 to back 'Blow Mr. Low-Blow' and 'Lyin' Gal Blues'. He worked with the King Kolax Orchestra in 1952, then left more titles with Saunders in 1953. His main vehicle into the early sixties and significant thereafter arrived in 1955 via Count Basie. His first title with Basie became his signature song, 'Every Day I Have the Blues', recorded at Municipal Auditorium in Topeka Kansas in February of 1955. (Memphis Slim is usually credited with composing 'Every Day I Have the Blues' in 1949. But there was an earlier release of it in 1935, performed by Henry Townsend and the Sparks Brothers.) During the latter part of Williams' career he performed on cruise ships and in Las Vegas. Among others with whom he recorded were Wes Montgomery & the Billy Taylor Trio, Ray Bloch, Ben Webster & the Junior Mance Trio, Frank Hunter, Dizzy Gillespie, the United States Air Force Airmen of Note, the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra, Melvin Moore, George Shearing, Bob Friedman, Cannonball Adderley, Dave Pell, Milt Jackson, Jim Cullum Jr., Milt Hinton, Tommy Newsom, Marian McPartland, Lou Rawls, Louie Bellson, Frank Foster, Arturo Sandoval, Benny Carter, the WDR Big Band Koln (Cologne, Germany) and Jay Leonhart. He had recorded duets with Sarah Vaughan, Lena Horne, Diane Schuur, Dianne Reeves and Nicole Yarling (1998). Williams died on March 29 of 1999 in Las Vegas.

Joe Williams   1953

   In the Evening

      With Red Saunders

   Tired of Moving

      With Red Saunders

Joe Williams   1955

   Every Day I Have the Blues

      With Count Basie

Joe Williams   1971

   My Heart Tells Me

      Piano: George Shearing

Joe Williams   1972

   Jumpin' At The Woodside/Alright OK

      With Count Basie

Joe Williams   1981

   Every Day I Have the Blues

      With Count Basie

   Who She Do

      Trumpet: Joe Newman

Joe Williams   1985

   It's Not Easy Being White


Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Williams

Joe Williams

Source: Concert Database

Birth of Modern Jazz: Buddy Greco

Buddy Greco

Photo: Maurice Seymour

Source: Marilyn 4 Ever


Buddy Greco was born Armando in 1926 in Philadelphia. Though Greco was a pianist he is more famous as a vocalist. He began to play piano as a child, although not greatly advantaged, his family not having one. He is thought to have first recorded on November 12 of 1948, backing 'Shawn' on piano for vocalist, Buddy Stewart, that released that year by the Sittin' In With label (#512). December 1st, 1948, at Hotel Syracuse in New York, as a pianist with Benny Goodman: 'Clarinet a la King' and 'You Turned the Tables On Me'. His next recordings with Goodman were the next day, same place, after which they rapidly recorded some 150 instances into 1949 together. He also toured abroad in the UK in 1949. Greco oft played in Las Vegas during the sixties with the Rat Pack. His last record to chart was 'From Atlanta to Goodbye' in 1969. He owned a club in Palm Springs for a while before making a second home in Essex, England. Greco died on January 10, 2017, in Las Vegas. He had released 'Jazz Grooves' as late as 1998. Per 1949 below, all tracks are Greco on piano with Benny Goodman.

Buddy Greco  1949

   Bop Hop

   Egg Head

   Undercurrent Blues

Buddy Greco  1953

   You're Driving Me Crazy

Buddy Greco  1960

   Around the World

   The Lady Is a Tramp

Buddy Greco  1966

   Baubles, Bangles & Beads

Buddy Greco  1974

   You Are the Sunshine of My Life

Buddy Greco  1984

   At Long Last

Buddy Greco  1998

   Buddy's Bounce

      Album: 'Jazz Grooves'

Buddy Greco  2008

   She Loves Me

      Filmed live

   Yes Sir That's My Baby

      Filmed live



Birth of Modern Jazz: Guy Mitchell

Guy Mitchell

Source: HWOF

Born Albert George Cernik in 1927 in Detroit, popular singer Guy Mitchell barely fits into the jazz genre, being more along the Mitch Miller vein. Mitchell began his life as an entertainer at age eleven, signing on with Warner Brothers for grooming as a film star. He also sang for KFWB in Los Angeles soon after. Among his first pro gigs upon graduating from high school was with country musician, Dude Martin, in San Francisco. Mitchell first scratched wax under his birth name, Al Cernik, in 1948 with the Carmen Camarillo Orchestra, appearing on 'Dream Girl', 'Encore, Cherie', 'Evelyn', 'I Go In When the Moon Comes Out' and 'Ah, But It Happens', all for Decca Records. In 1949 Mitchell recorded several tracks as Al Grant for the King label, among them: 'I Do I Do I Do', 'Cabaret', 'This Day Is Mine' and 'Lover's Gold'. It was Mitch Miller who changed Mitchell's name to Guy Mitchell in 1950. Of several songs Mitchell placed on Billboard's Top Ten were two reaching the #1 spot: 'Singing the Blues' ('56) and 'Heartaches by the Number' ('59). Married thrice, Mitchell died on July 1, 1999, from complications arising from surgery for cancer. Mitchell also recorded a number of tunes for the rock n' roll market in the fifties. Those will be found under Guy Mitchell in Rock 4.

Guy Mitchell   1949


      As Al Grant

   I Wish I Had a Record

      As Al Grant   Unissued

Guy Mitchell   1950

   Angels Cry (When Sweethearts Tell A Lie)

   Christopher Columbus

Guy Mitchell   1951

   You're Not In My Arms Tonight

      With Percy Faith

Guy Mitchell   1952

   Gently Johnny

      With Doris Day

Guy Mitchell   1953

   She Wears Red Feathers

   Sippin Soda'

Guy Mitchell   1956

   She Wears Red Feathers/Feet Up!

      Film: 'Mirth and Melody'

Guy Mitchell   1960

   The Alphabet Song

      With Petula Clark



Birth of Modern Jazz: Teresa Brewer

Teresa Brewer

Source: Music Journal

Born Theresa Veronica Breuer in 1931 in Toledo, Ohio, popular singer Teresa Brewer was two years old when she first appeared on radio WSPD in Toledo, a program called 'Uncle August's Kiddie Show', for which she was paid cookies and cupcakes. Between ages five and twelve Brewer sang and tap danced for the 'Major Bowes Amateur Hour' traveling radio show. At age twelve she attempted a normal school experience back in Toledo, but winning a local radio contest at age sixteen got her sent to New York City where she changed the spelling of her last name and graduated from radio competitions to nightclubs. Brewer's first recordings were with Bobby Wayne in 1949 for London Records: 'Copper Canyon' and 'Way Back Home'. Those were released in December, the same month she recorded 'Copenhagen' and 'Music, Music, Music' with the Dixieland All Stars on the 20th, also for London. April of 1951 found her on 'The Bing Crosby Show' for such as 'When You and I Were Young' and 'I Apologize'. That program was with Louis Armstrong in San Francisco. Brewer was picked up by Coral Records in 1951 for which she issued 'Till I Waltz Again with You' in '52 and 'Ricochet' in '53. Other of her songs which did well were 'Jilted' and 'Let Me Go, Lover' in 1954, 'A Tear Fell' and 'A Sweet Old Fashioned Girl' in '56, and 'You Send Me' in '57. Brewer switched to Phillips in 1962, then various others several years later. Having issued nearly six hundred tracks during her career, among others with whom who worked were Duke Ellington and George Segal. Brewer ceased recording upon the death of her husband, a producer for Flying Dutchman Records, in 1996. She died in New Rochelle, New York, on October 17, 2007.

Teresa Brewer  1950

   Choo'n Gum


   I Guess I'll Have To Dream The Rest

   Molasses, Molasses

   Music, Music, Music

   You've Got Me Crying Again

Teresa Brewer  1952

   Gonna Get Along Without You Now

Teresa Brewer  1953


      'Colgate Comedy Hour'

   Baby Baby Baby/Ricochet

      'George Jessel Show'

   Till I Waltz Again With You

Teresa Brewer  1955

   Tweedle Dee

Teresa Brewer  1956

   A Sweet Old Fashioned Girl

Teresa Brewer  1961

   Mockin' Bird Hill

   Your Cheatin' Heart

Teresa Brewer  1962

   Ballad Of Lover's Hill

   Let Me Go Lover

Teresa Brewer  1963

   The Old Lamplighter



Betty Carter (Betty Bebop) was was born in Flint, Michigan, in 1929, but grew up in Detroit. She was a teenager when she began singing and playing piano at local clubs in Detroit. She sang with Charlie Parker at age sixteen (1945) and toured with Lionel Hampton soon afterward with Wes Montgomery in his band. Carter is thought to have made her initial recording with Hampton during a radio broadcast in Peoria, Illinois: 'Lady Be Good'. 'Satchmo's Blues' followed a week later on August 11 during a broadcast from Denver. Come 'Jay Bird' in October of 1948 per a radio broadcast from an unknown location. 'I'll Dance at Your Wedding' was also recorded in 1948. None of the preceding are thought to have been issued at the time. 'Benson's Boogie', however, went down for Decca on January 27 of '49 with Hampton. 'The Hucklebuck' followed on May 10. 'Gladys's Idea' (Gladys = Hampton's wife) had also been recorded in 1949. Carter released her first solo album, 'Out There', in 1958. 1961 saw the album, 'Ray Charles and Betty Carter'. She founded Bet-Car Records in 1970 (becoming a Verve imprint in 1987). During the seventies she toured Europe and South America in addition to the States, performing at the Newport Jazz Festival twice. 1987 witnessed the issue of 'The Carmen McRae/Betty Carter Duets'. Carter's 1988 album, 'Look What I Got!', won a Grammy. She died of pancreatic cancer ten years later in September 1998. She had released the album, 'I'm Yours, You're Mine', in 1996.

Betty Carter   1949

  Benson's Boogie

      With Lionel Hampton

  The Hucklebuck

      With Lionel Hampton

Betty Carter   1952

  Red Top

      With King Pleasure

Betty Carter   1958

  Babe's Blues

  Foul Play

Betty Carter   1963

  The Way You Look Tonight

  When I Fall In Love

Betty Carter   1964

  This Is Always/Open The Door

  When I Fall In Love

Betty Carter   1965

  Spring Can Really Hang You Up

Betty Carter   1977

  What's New

      Live Performance

Betty Carter   1988

 Look What I Got

      Album: 'Look What I Got'

Betty Carter   1990

  Droppin' Things


Betty Carter   1990

  Hamburg Jazz Festival 1993


Betty Carter   1995

  How High the Moon

      Live Performance Carnegie Hall


Birth of Modern Jazz: Betty Carter

Betty Carter

Source: La Musica Actual


Birth of Modern Jazz: Chris Connor

Chris Connor

Source: Diego Fischerman

Born in 1927 in Kansas City Missouri, Chris Connor was a clarinetist as a youth. She first sang in public at the Jefferson City Junior College graduation ceremonies. Her initial professional employment was with the college band of the University of Missouri, she also working as a stenographer. In 1948 she moved to New York City where she continued as a stenographer but became homeless. She then joined a vocal group called the Snowflakes, making her first recordings with Claude Thornhill with that orchestra in January of 1949: 'I Don't Know Why' and 'There's A Small Hotel', both for RCA Victor. She found herself with the orchestra of Jerry Wald in April of '52: 'You're The Cream In My Coffee', 'Cherokee', 'Pennies From Heaven', 'Raisins and Almonds', and 'Terremoto'. A session with Thornhill followed in October for 'Come Rain Or Shine', 'Sorta Kinda', etc.. In February 1953 June Christy heard Connor singing live over the radio. Christy intended to leave Stan Kenton's band at that time and suggested Kenton hire Connor. Her first three sessions with Kenton are thought to have been December 11 through January 8 of '53 in Springfield, Illinois, and Hollywood for titles that would get issued in 1993 on 'Live! Spotlight on Lee Konitz, Chris Conner and Bill Russo'. January 11 wrought 'Talk of the Town'. Sessions with Kenton ensued in rapid fire almost daily, sometimes twice, in Hollywood and on tour about the nation, as well as Canada, to August 18 of 1953 for NBC Radio in Rhode Island for 'Bop-Doop-De-Doop' and 'My Lady'. She found the pace a little less driving at the Birdland in NYC, then signed on to Bethlehem Records, issuing her first two solo albums the next year: 'Chris Connor Sings Lullabys Of Birdland' and 'Chris Connor Sings Lullabys For Lovers'. Over the years she recorded for Atlantic, FM, Paramount and the Japanese label, Eastworld: Tours to Japan in '69 and '83 had resulted in 'Softly and Swingin'' and 'Three Pearls'. Connor's last three LPs were released by High Note Records slightly into the new millennium: 'Haunted Heart' ('01), 'I Walk with Music' ('02) and 'Everything I Love' ('03). Connor performed on occasion in the New York vicinity until her death of cancer on August 29, 2009, in Tom's River, New Jersey. Among the many who supported her were Sy Oliver, Ellis Larkins, Vinnie Burke, Maynard Ferguson, Michel Colombier and Hank Jones. All tracks below for year 1955 are from the album, 'This Is Chris'. All tracks for 1965 are from the album, 'Chris Connor Sings Gentle Bossa Nova'. The edits for 1992 require noise reduction.

Chris Connor   1953

   Blue Silhouette

      With Sy Oliver

   I Get a Kick Out of You

      With Stan Kenton

   Lullaby of Birdland

   Jeepers Creepers

      With Stan Kenton

Chris Connor   1954

   I Hear Music

   Spring Is Here

   Try a Little Tenderness

      Piano: Ellis Larkins

Chris Connor   1955

   Blame It On My Youth

   I Concentrate On You

   It's All Right with Me

   Ridin' High

Chris Connor   1956

   Angel Eyes

   Poor Little Rich Girl

Chris Connor   1957

   Somebody Loves Me

Chris Connor   1958

   Moonlight In Vermont

      Album: 'Chris Craft'

   Moon Ray

Chris Connor   1959


      Live at Village Vanguard


Chris Connor   1962

   Lonely Woman

Chris Connor   1965

   Baby, The Rain Must Fall

   Dear Heart


   Feeling Good

   Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte

   Stranger On the Shore

   A Taste of Honey

   Who Can I Turn To When Nobody Needs Me

Chris Connor   1992

   Angel Eyes

      Filmed live

   The Thrill Is Gone

      Filmed live



Birth of Modern Jazz: Sammy Davis Jr.

Sammy Davis Jr.

Source: Celebrity Net Worth


Pop singer Sammy Davis Junior was born in 1925 in Harlem. As a child he performed in the Masltn Trio, a dance troupe with his father and uncle. He had appeared in film as early as 1933, singing and dancing at age seven with Ethel Waters in 'Rufus Jones for President'. Serving in the military in World War II, upon discharge he joined his uncle's troupe again in Portland. Lord's disco has his first recordings on January 13, 1949, in Los Angeles with the Dave Cavanaugh Orchestra both singing and tap dancing in a session for Capitol including such as 'I Don't Care Who Knows' and 'The Way You Look Tonight'. Numerous sessions followed to the end of the year and steadily thereafter, Davis now on cruise. He also recorded four sides as Shorty Muggins in 1949: 'Got a Great Big Shovel'/'We're Gonna Roll' and 'Smile, Darn Ya, Smile'/'You Are My Lucky Star'. He issued sides as Eddie Green as well  that year: 'Dreamy Blues'/'What Can I Do'. On November 19, 1954, Davis was returning from Las Vegas to Los Angeles when an auto accident in San Bernardino deprived him of his left eye. Wikipedia has him adding tracks to his first album that year, issued the next in January as 'Starring Sammy Davis Jr.', he wearing an eye patch on the cover. Davis wore a patch for six months before exchanging it for a glass eye. Davis was and remains well known as one of the Rat Pack with colleague, Frank Sinatra. He starred in the initial Rat Pack film, 'Ocean's 11', in 1960. As the Rat Pack was a circle of friends largely centered in Las Vegas, Davis became a strong act there in the sixties, his most successful decade. One example of recordings from that era was issued in 1979 as 'Sinatra, Basie & Friends', recorded on July 20, 1965, in St. Louis, Missouri. Others with whom Davis recorded had been Billy Daniels, Peggy Lee, Carmen McRae, Billy May and Benny Carter. Among some of Davis' better performing songs were 'Something's Gotta Give' ('55), 'I've Gotta Be Me' ('68) and 'The Candy Man' ('72). Beyond his career Davis enjoyed photography and gun slinging. Davis died of throat cancer in 1990 in Beverly Hills, California. He had contributed 'I Wish I'd Met You' to Lena Horne's 'The Men In My Life' in 1988. All selections for 1966 below are with guitarist Laurindo Almeida.

Sammy Davis Junior   1954

   Hey There

    'Colgate Comedy Hour' 

   Hey There

     Studio version 

   The Red Grapes

Sammy Davis Junior   1966

   Here's That Rainy Day

   I'm Always Chasing Rainbows

   The Shadow Of Your Smile

   Speak Low

   Two Different Worlds

   We'll Be Together Again

Sammy Davis Junior   1989

   Mr. Bojangles

      Live Performance



Eddie Jefferson was born in 1918 in Pittsburgh. He first recorded his vocalese in 1949 with the Spotlight label, putting words to Charlie Parker's 'Parker's Mood' and Lester Young's 'I Cover the Waterfront'. (Vocalese is the application of words to previously existing instrumentals, extemporaneously or otherwise.) Among the more important bandleaders with whom he worked was James Moody, that first occasion on January 8, 1954, for 'Workshop'. Jefferson and Moody partnered numerously to as late as the 1972 issue of Moody's 'Heritage Hum' to which Jefferson contributed 'Parker's Mood' and 'Pennies from Heaven'. Lord's disco has last titles for Jefferson as of April 25, 1979, with alto saxoponist, Richie Cole: 'Hi Fly', 'Relaxin' at Camarillo', 'Waiting for Waits' and 'Hooray for Hollywood'. Two weeks later his life got clipped on May 9, 1979, when he walked out of Baker's Keyboard Lounge in Detroit about 1:30 in the morning and was shot to death by a dancer he had fired.

Eddie Jefferson  1952

   Body and Soul

   I Got the Blues

Eddie Jefferson  1968

   So What

      Original composition: Miles Davis 1959

Eddie Jefferson  1976

   Parker's Mood

Eddie Jefferson  1977



Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Jefferson

Eddie Jefferson

Source: Rock e Martello


Keely Smith was born in Norfolk, Virginia, in 1928. She is thought to have begun singing in public at age fourteen at the Naval base in Norfolk where Saxie Dowell was stationed, leading a Navy band. Smith's first professional job came the next year, singing in the band of Earl Bennett. She began recording in 1947 radio broadcasts with future husband (1953-61) Louis Prima. (Such are included on a CD released in 2000 titled, '1940s Broadcasts with Keely Smith Vol. 2', covering Prima recordings from 1941 to 1947.) Smith was at first a band accompanist until Prima took her to Las Vegas to become his duet partner in 1948. Their first recordings together are thought to have been issued in 1949. Keely released her first single, 'I Wish You Love', in 1956, the album, 'Keely Smith', following in '57. Her last performance with Prima was in 1961 at the Desert Inn in Las Vegas, the same year as their divorce. Their last recordings together were released the same year on the album, 'Return of the Wildest'. Smith largely withdrew from the music industry during the seventies. She released her comeback album, 'I'm In Love Again', in 1985, leading to a highly productive decade in the nineties and into the new millennium. Among others with whom she's recorded were Frank Sinatra and Count Basie. As of this writing Smith is yet active, living in Nevada, performing about the Las Vegas region and thought to be scratching an autobiography.

Keely Smith   1949

  That Was a Big Fat Lie

     With Louis Prima 

Keely Smith   1956

  I Wish You Love

Keely Smith   1957


  I'm In The Mood For Love

      Filmed live with Louis Prima 

  You Go To My Head

Keely Smith   1958

  That Old Black Magic

     With Louis Prima 

 Zooma Zooma

      'The Chevy Show' with Louis Prima 

Keely Smith   1959

  All the Way

  Autumn Leaves

  Bei Mir Bist Du Schon

  Hey Boy! Hey Girl!

     Filmed live with Louis Prima 

  It's Magic

Keely Smith   1960

  Talk To Me

Keely Smith   1961

  All Or Nothing At All

Keely Smith   1962

  Because You're Mine

  Then I'll Be Tired Of You

Keely Smith   1963

  So In Love

     Duet with Frank Sinatra

Keely Smith   1963

  Please Please Me

     Beatles cover

Keely Smith   1965

  Somethin' Wonderful Happened

  You're Breaking My Heart


Birth of Modern Jazz: Keely Smith

Keely Smith

Source: Jeremy Aldridge

Birth of Modern Jazz: Mary Ford with Les Paul

Mary Ford & Les Paul

Source: Gibson

Guitarist Mary Ford (Iris Colleen Summers), known largely for her duets with Les Paul, came from an evangelical family which toured the country preaching and singing the gospel at revival gatherings. At age nineteen she formed a trio called the Sunshine Girls, which group became regulars of The Hollywood Barn Dance radio show. Ford married Les Paul in 1946, with whom she did radio until they first recorded together in 1950. She issued her first name single, 'Dominique', in 1963. Ford died of diabetes in 1977 in Arcadia, California, and was buried in Covina. Les Paul collaborates with Ford in all but the last track below.

Mary Ford   1950

   Tennessee Waltz

Mary Ford   1951

   How High the Moon

   Mockin' Bird Hill

Mary Ford   1952

   Smoke Rings

Mary Ford   1953

   Don'cha Hear Them Bells

   Tiger Rag

   Vaya Con Dios

Mary Ford   1954

   I'm a Fool To Care

   Song In Blue

Mary Ford   1955


   Magic Melody

Mary Ford   1958


Mary Ford   1963




The Four Freshmen were originally a barbershop quartet called Hal's Harmonizers. They originally consisted of Bob Flanigan, Don Barbour, Ross Barbour and Hal Kratzsch. Formed in 1948, they changed their name the same year. Two years later Stan Kenton garnered them a recording contract with Capitol Records, recording 'Mr. B's Blus'/'Then I'll Be Happy' on October 13, 1950. They also made their single appearance in film in 1950 in 'Rich, Young and Pretty'. The group's first charting single was 'It's a Blue World' in 1952. Their debut album was 'Voices in Modern' in 1954. The had also worked with bandleader, Ray Anthony. The Four Freshmen are yet an active group, though with none of its original members. Its last original member, Bob Flanigan, remained with them until 1993. Their current drummer, Bob Ferreira, has been with the group the longest, since the early nineties. Other vocal jazz quartets at the roots of doo wop.)

Four Freshman   1950


Four Freshman   1952

   It's Blue World


Four Freshman   1955

   Day By Day

   How Can I Tell Her

Four Freshman   1956

   Graduation Day

   Our Love Is Here To Stay

Four Freshman   1966

   Shangri La


Birth of Modern Jazz: Four Freshmen

Four Freshmen

Source: Mania DB

Birth of Modern Jazz: Eydie Gorme

Eydie Gormé

Source: Hasta que el Cuerpo Aguante

Born in 1928 in the Bronx, Eydie Gormé graduated from high school in 1946. Fluent in Spanish, she soon acquired a position as an interpreter at the United Nations. Yet in 1950 she made her recording debut with the Tommy Tucker Orchestra: 'Powder and Paint' and 'Cherry Stones'. Gormé next worked with Tex Beneke in 1951 with whom she did some radio recordings: 'Can't We Talk It Over', 'Baby Oh!', et al. Those can be found on the 1996 issue of Beneke's 'Dancer's Delight'. Her first name recordings are thought to have been in '52, released in 1953 on the Coral label: 'I Danced with My Darling'/'I'd Be Forgotten' and 'Frenesi'/'All Night Long'. Not until 1954 did Gormé begin to gather a national audience, that upon appearing on 'Tonight' (hosted by Steve Allen) with her future husband, Steve Lawrence. December of 1954 witnessed the issue of their 45, 'Make Yourself Comfortable'/'I've Gotta Crow'. She and Lawrence married in Las Vegas in 1957 and remained partners in wedlock the rest of their lives while pursuing largely separate careers. Gormé is perhaps most beloved for the recordings she made with El Trio Los Panchos, beginning in 1964. The next year saw the release of 'Blame It on the Bossa Nova'/'Can't Get Over (the Bossa Nova)', the latter side with Lawrence. She died on August 10, 2013, in Las Vegas. As customary, we index not only jazz recordings, but list the broader range of Gormé's music below. Per 1950/51, recordings are transcriptions with Tex Beneke with unknown release dates.

Eydie Gormé   1950/51

   Baby O

   Can't We Talk It Over

   If I Were a Bell

   Orange Coloured Sky

Eydie Gormé   1953

   All Night Long

   I Danced with My Darling

Eydie Gormé   1954

   I've Gotta Crow

   Make Yourself Comfortable

      With Steve Lawrence

Eydie Gormé   1957

   After You've Gone

   Love Me Forever

   Stormy Weather

   Toot Toot Tootsie Goodbye

Eydie Gormé   1959

   I Lost My Way

      Album: 'On Stage'

Eydie Gormé   1963

   Blame It On the Bossa Nova

   Everybody Go Home

Eydie Gormé   1964


      With El Trio Los Panchos

   Piel Canela/Sabor a Mi/Granada

      With El Trio Los Panchos   Live

Eydie Gormé   1966

   What Did I Have

   What's New

Eydie Gormé   1968


Eydie Gormé   1969

   As Long As He Needs Me

Eydie Gormé   1981

   Since I Fell For You


 British vocalist Cleo Laine, born in Uxbridge in 1927, began her recording career in 1950 with the John Dankworth Seven, such as 'Get Happy'. In 1955 she released 'Cleo Sings British' on a ten inch LP. Laine married Dankworth (alto sax) in 1958, with whom she remained until his death in 2010, they working more than half a century together through countless titles. She and Dankworth founded The Stables in 1970, a musical venue in Wavendon (now with two auditoria, hosting above 600 events per year, mostly concerts). Laine visited Australia with Dankworth in 1972 before arriving to the United States to play Lincoln Center. Her first of three appearances at Carnegie Hall was with Dankworth on October 17, 1973. They performed at Carnegie again on January 13, 1976, and April 6 of 1983, all those concerts recorded and issued. Laine's last issue was 'Jazz Matters' in 2010, again with Dankworth. She is thought to have performed as recently as 2013 in Wavendon.

Cleo Laine   1957

   Hit the Road to Dreamland

      Album: 'She's the Tops'

   Mood Indigo

      Album: 'In Retrospect'

Cleo Laine   1961

   You'll Answer to Me

Cleo Laine   1962

   Lady Be Good

      Live performance

Cleo Laine   1963


   While You're Away

Cleo Laine   1964

   O Mistress Mine

      Album: 'Shakespeare and All that Jazz'

   Shall I Compare Thee To a Summer's Day

      Album: 'Shakespeare and All that Jazz'

Cleo Laine   1965

   Little Boat

      Album: 'Woman Talk'

Cleo Laine   1972

   Make It With You

      Album: 'Feel the Warm'

Cleo Laine   1974

   Feeling Good

      With Johnny Dankworth

Cleo Laine   1976

   London Pride

      Live performance


      With Ray Charles

Cleo Laine   1977

   It Might As Well Be Spring/Come Back To Me

      Live performance

Cleo Laine   1978

   It Don't Mean a Thing

      Live performance

Cleo Laine   1980

   He Was Beautiful

      Live with John Williams

Cleo Laine   1982

   Never Let Me Go

      Live performance

Cleo Laine   1991

   How, Where, When

Cleo Laine   2009

   Slow Boat to China

      'Paul O'Grady Show'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Cleo Laine

Cleo Laine

Source: Playbill

  Born in 1926 in Liverpool, George Melly entered his first recording studio in 1950 with Mick Mulligan's Magnolia Jazz Band upon discharge from the Royal Navy: 'Frankie and Johnny' and 'Empty Bed Blues'. Albeit Melly was as much a writer as a vocalist there is surprisingly little about him to be found on the internet, and as little at YouTube. Melly retired from singing jazz in the sixties to work as a film critic for 'The Observer' and writer for the comic strip, 'Flook'. He returned to music in the seventies, joining John Chilton's Feetwarmers, with which he kept until 2003. Along with lecturing and writing about modern art (surrealism especially), Melly was an honorary associate of both the National Secular Society and the Rationalist Association. He also served as president of the British Humanist Association from 1972 to 1974. Melly made his last recordings in March of 2007 for the album, 'Farewell Blues'. He gave his last performance, a charity benefit, in June that year at the 100 Club in London. He died the next month (July 5) of emphysema and lung cancer, and was given a humanist funeral. Others with whom he recorded were Alex Welsh, Monty Sunshine, Chris Barber and Digby Fairweather.

George Melly   1957

   Black Bottom Stomp

George Melly   1958

   Abdul Abulbul Amir

   Get Away Old Man, Get Away

George Melly   1960

   Ise A Muggin

George Melly   1972


George Melly   1978

   Old Codger

      With the Stranglers

George Melly   1987


      Television performance

George Melly   2006

   Backwater Blues

      With Van Morrison

George Melly   2007

   Empty Bed Blues

      With the UCS Jazz Quartet


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Melly

George Melly

Photo: The Guardian/Christian Sinibaldi

Source: Entelekia

Birth of Modern Jazz: Lita Roza

Lita Roza

Source: Euro Covers

Born in Liverpool in 1926, Lita Roza began her music career at age twelve as a juvenile dancer. At age sixteen she began singing at a Liverpool nightclub called the New Yorker. This was at the height of the Nazi Blitz. Two years later Roza left war-ravaged England for Miami via marriage. The marriage didn't last and she found herself back in England in 1950, whence upon she began singing with the Ted Heath orchestra. Roza's first recording with Heath is thought to have been 'My Very Good Friend the Milkman' on September 1, 1950. That was followed on March 26 of 1952 by 'Blacksmith Blues'. She is said to have despised the title that took her to #1 on the UK chart in March of 1953, '(How Much Is) That Doggie in the Window?', that released in the States the prior month by Patti Page as 'The Doggie in the Window'. Immensely popular with Heath's orchestra through 1954, Roza then left to pursue her solo career, recording 'Guilty' and 'Don't Worry 'Bout Me' on April 5 of 1955 with the Tony Kinsey Quartet. She married trumpet player, Ronnie Hughes, in 1956. He would accompany her in Billy Munn's All Stars on February 11 of '57 for 'Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea'. He also supported her on 'Drinka Lita Roza Day' on May 4 of 1960. The fifties were Roza's strongest decade, releasing numerous titles through 1959. Wikipedia picks her up again for four sides in 1965: 'What Am I Supposed To Do'/'Where Do I Go From Here' and 'Keep Watch Over Him'/'Stranger Things Have Happened'. Lord's disco has her participating in Stan Reynolds' 'The Greatest Swing Band in the World ... Is British' as late as September of 1975. Her last performance was for the BBC in September 2002. She died six years years later on August 14 at her home in London. Roza sings with Heath's swinging band in all the examples below except the last.

Lita Roza   1951


Lita Roza   1953

   Crazy Man Crazy

   Oakie Boogie

Lita Roza   1955

   The Man in a Raincoat

Lita Roza   1962

   Mama (He Treats Your Daughter Mean)

Lita Roza   1964

   It's For You



  Born Genaro Louis Vitaliano in the Bronx in 1930, popular singer Jerry Vale only barely fits into the jazz genre. Vale sang as a child as a shoeshine boy. He began his professional career while yet in high school. Vale scratched his first discs in December 1952 for Columbia Records. He first appeared, however, on the 'Ted Mack Amateur Hour' in 1950. In 1963 Vale was awarded a Gold Record for his rendition of 'The Star-Spangled Banner', often played at sporting events thereafter. (Similar to Kate Smith's 'God Bless America', recorded in December of 1940, often played at major events.) Vale also performed 'The Star-Spangled Banner' at Yankee Stadium over the years. He owned the minor-league team, the Daytona Beach Admirals, as well. Vale's autobiography, 'A Singer's Life', was published in 2000, written with Richard Grudens. He died in 2014 at his home in Palm Desert, California.

Jerry Vale   1950

   It Isn't Fair

      'Ted Mack Amateur Hour'

Jerry Vale   1953

   And No One Knows

   Two Purple Shadows

   You Can Never Give Me Back My Heart

Jerry Vale   1955


Jerry Vale   1956

   Innamorata (Sweetheart)

   You Don't Know Me

Jerry Vale   1957

   Pretend You Don't See Her

Jerry Vale   1963

   The Star-Spangled Banner

Jerry Vale   1987

   Till/What I Did For Love

      Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jerry Vale

Jerry Vale

Source: PDX Retro


Born in 1921 in Newark, Ohio, Jon Hendricks was a vocalese singer. Vocalese is the extemporaneous addition of song to an instrumental piece (thus given to scat singing), or the substitution for an instrument with voice. Hendricks is thought to have acquired his first experience recording on May 14 of 1950 for an unknown label with pianist, Mary Lou Williams. Nothing from that session was issued which seems the first instance of the Dave Lambert Singers with Annie Ross (: 'The Sheik of Araby', 'Yes, We Have No Bananas', 'Walkin'' and 'Cloudy'). Hendricks next recorded with Williams on June 11 or 15 of 1951: 'Walking', 'De Function' (unissued), 'Cloudy' and 'I Won't Let It Bother Me' (Columbia University J-DISC). In 1954 he joined King Pleasure and Eddie Jefferson backed by the Quincy Jones Orchestra for 'Don't Get Scared' and 'I'm Gone'. 1955 saw Dave Lambert's Singers in a couple sessions yielding 'Four Brothers', 'Cloudburst', 'Four Brothers' and 'Standin' on the Corner'. In 1957 Dave Lambert's Singers became the vocal trio that was Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, recording 'Sing a Song of Basie' on August 26 that year. Lord's discography has that trio recording numerously through several albums to latter 1961 for Dave Brubeck's 'Blow Satchmo'. The had put down 'High Flying' that year in March and held a couple sessions with Louis Armstrong in September. In the meantime Hendricks had recorded his debut album in 1959, 'A Good Git-Together'. Hendricks moved to London in 1968, touring Europe and Africa from there. Returning to the States five years later, he worked as a critic for the San Francisco Chronicle and taught at the University of California, Berkeley, while homed in Mill Valley, California. In 2000 Hendricks began instructing at the University of Toledo, later at the University of Paris. He has recorded as late as the 2015 issue of 'The Royal Bopsters Project', contributing 'Music In the Air'. Among others with whom he's recorded are Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Harry James, the United States Air Force Airmen of Note, Rahsaan Roland Kirk, Art Blakey, Jimmy Diamond, Jimmy Rowles, Lionel Hampton, the Manhattan Transfer, Janis Siegel, Larry Vuckovich, Freddie Hubbard, Michele Hendricks, Wynton Marsalis, Al Grey, Georgie Fame, Joyce, Patti Dunham, Charles Schwartz, Gege Telesforo, Antônio Carlos Jobim, Benny Carter, Michele Hendricks, Kurt Elling, The Legacy, Larry Vuckovich, Karrin Allyson, Take 6, Andy Farber, Sachal Vasandani, the Three Cohens, Connie Evingson and Amy London. Hendricks is yet active as of this writing.

Jon Hendricks   1958

 Blues Backstage

      Lambert, Hendricks and Ross

      Album: 'Sing a Song of Basie'

 Every Day

      Album: 'Sing a Song of Basie'

Jon Hendricks   1959

 Every Day I Have the Blues

      Lambert, Hendricks and Ross

Jon Hendricks   1961


      Lambert, Hendricks and Ross

Jon Hendricks   1973


     With Art Blakey

Jon Hendricks   1975

 Sing Me A Jazz Song'

     Soundstage performance

Jon Hendricks   1988

 Ooo Pa Pa Da

     Live with Dizzy Gillespie

Jon Hendricks   1990

 Dedication To Charlie Parker

     Filmed concert

 Freddie Freeloader

Jon Hendricks   1997

 Gimme That Wine

     Live with Wynton Marsalis

Jon Hendricks   2003

 Tickle Toe

     Piano: Larry Vuckovich

Jon Hendricks   2012

 In Walked Bud

    Filmed live with Sachal Vasandani


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jon Hendricks

Jon Hendricks

Source: James Tartaglia


Johnnie Ray was born in 1927 in Dallas, Oregon, where no one knew Dallas was in Texas. But it was a remarkably close guess, relatively speaking. Largely a popular singer belonging more in Popular Music, Ray produced a few jazz recordings as well. His first track, in 1951, was 'Whiskey and Gin'. It was also the year of his first arrest for sexually soliciting an undercover vice cop, at a burlesque house in Detroit. He was fined. Ray's first album followed the next year. The R&B song, 'Cry', below, was written by Churchill Kohlman and hung as #1 on the charts for eleven weeks. Others charting in Billboard's Top Ten were 'The Little White Cloud That Cried' (#2 '51), 'Here I Am Broken Hearted' (#8 '52), 'Please Mr. Sun' (#6 '52), 'Walkin' My Baby Back Home' (#4 '52), 'Somebody Stole My Gal' (#8 '53), 'Just Walking in the Rain' (#2 '56) and 'You Don't Owe Me a Thing' (#10 '57). Ray's debut album, 'Johnnie Ray', had been issued in 1952. His last of several is thought to have been 'A Sinner Am I' in 1959. Ray enjoyed a decade of great popularity until his career began to decline in the early sixties. (His second arrest for sexually soliciting an undercover cop had been in 1959, a bar in Detroit. Trial found him not guilty.) He ceased recording, and kicked about doing nightclubs and television in the States, but never did revive his career to its former success. In Europe, where he toured, he remained quite popular. Ray gave his last concert in 1989 in Salem, Oregon, where no one knew Salem was in Massachusetts. It was a haywire guess, considering Dallas had been closer. Thinking to help, I asked my mailman. All he answered was, "Too bad, those folks in Oregon not knowing where they live yet." He looked at me as if confused himself, then drove off. Johnnie Ray passed away of liver failure in February of 1990 in Los Angeles.

Johnnie Ray   1951

   Whiskey and Gin


   The Little White Cloud That Cried

Johnnie Ray   1952

   Faith Can Move Mountains

Johnnie Ray   1954

   Such a Night

Johnnie Ray   1956

   Just Walking In The Rain

      Television performance

Johnnie Ray   1957

   Yes, Tonight, Josephine


Johnnie Ray   1959

   I'll Never Fall In Love Again


Birth of Modern Jazz: Johnnie Ray

Johnnie Ray

Source: Puget Sound Radio


Born in 1924 in East Durham, New York, singer Blossom Dearie switched from classical piano to jazz as a teenager. In 1948-49 she recorded a few vocals in NYC which didn't make it to issue at the time. The first was 'In the Merry Land of Bop' in May of '48, sharing vocals with Dave Lambert and Buddy Stewart with Al Haig on piano. That would be included on an album by various in 1965 called 'A Look at Yesterday', also on the 1972 issue of 'Yesterday'. On July 28 of '49 she contributed vocals to 'Be Still, TV' and 'Short P, Not LP' with Haig at piano, those to eventually be included on the album by various, 'Prezervation', in 1967. February 19, 1952, found her singing with King Pleasure on 'Moody's Mood for Love'. Allmusic mentions her recording a lost album of piano solos around this time. Her first issue at piano was recorded April 1, 1952, for Annie Ross, resulting in Dee Gee titles like 'Every Time' and 'The Way You Look Tonight. Shortly afterward that year, at age 28 she took off for France where she formed the group, The Blue Stars of France. Her initial session with that ensemble in November of '54 in Paris was a long stream of vocals such as 'La legende du pays des oiseaux' ('Lullaby of Birdland') and 'Cherokee'. The next year she performed piano with Herman Garst (bass) and Bernard Planchenault (drums) toward her first name album, 'Jazz Sweet'. On April 20 of '55 Dearie arranged titles for Bobby Jaspar such as 'Lover Man' and 'What's New?'. They co-led more titles on January 16, 1956, like 'Old Devil Moon' and 'Flamingo'. Dearie and Jaspar married in April of '56 to 1963. Numerous sessions with Les Blue Stars ensued in '56 until Dearie returned to America that year to record her first record album in September: 'Blossom Dearie'. 'Give Him the Ooh-la-la' followed in September of '57, 'Once Upon a Summertime' in September of '58. Sessions in NYC followed until the recording of 'Soubrette: Blossom Dearie Sings Broadway Hit Songs' in Los Angeles in February of 1960. Her first trip to London in '62 or '63 resulted in 'Sweet Blossom Dearie' recorded live at Ronnie Scott's jazz club. She would spend the remainder of her career commuting between the United Kingdom, New York City and California. She founded Daffodil Records in New York in 1974 (not to be confused with the Canadian label existent in 1971-78). Dearie's career wasn't recording intensive with only fifty some sessions, the majority her own. She yet maintained, if not a blockbusting presence, one of distinctive charm. Dearie is thought to have recorded her final album, 'Blossom's Planet', in 1999 for 2000 release. Her last title, 'It's All Right to Be Afraid', was issued in 2003. Dearie died on February 7, 2009, in her flat in Greenwich Village, NYC. The box set of 4 CDs, 'Complete Recordings: 1952-1962', was issued in 2014. Piano solo by Dearie.

Blossom Dearie   1949

   Short P, Not LP

      Not issued until 1967

      Tenor sax: Stan Getz

      Trombone: Kai Winding

      Piano: Al Haig

      Guitar: Jimmy Raney

      Bass: Tommy Potter

      Drums: Roy Haynes

Blossom Dearie   1952

   Moody Mood For Love

      With King Pleasure

Blossom Dearie   1955

   I Won't Dance

   Lullaby Of Birdland

      With Les Blue Stars

   Tout Bas (Speak Low)/Gina

       With Les Blue Stars

Blossom Dearie   1957

   Let Me Love You

Blossom Dearie   1958

   We Are Together/Down With Love

Blossom Dearie   1959

   Blossom's Blues

   Someone To Watch Over Me

  Thou Swell

Blossom Dearie   1960

   Rhode Island Is Famous For You

Blossom Dearie   1961

   C'est le Printemps/Plus je t'embrasse

     Filmed Live

Blossom Dearie   1964

   I'm Old Fashioned

   I Wish You Love

Blossom Dearie   1966

   I'm Hip

Blossom Dearie   1979

   A Jazz Musician

     Filmed Live 


Birth of Modern Jazz: Blossom Dearie

Blossom Dearie

Source: Soulful Planet



Birth of Modern Jazz: Bill Henderson

Bill Henderson

Source: Jazzy 88.9

Vocalist Bill Henderson was born in 1926 in Chicago. 'Billboard' has Henderson issuing 'How Long Has This Been Going On?' and 'Busy Signal' with his All Stars by June 2, 1952, recording date unknown. His next session is thought to have been on July 18, 1952, with the Jackson Brothers Orchestra for such as 'We're Gonna Rock This Joint' and 'There Is No Other Way'. June of 1958 found him with Horace Silver for Blue Note: 'Señor Blues'/'Tippin''. He appeared on 'Art Ford's Jazz Party' on October 8 of 1958. On October 14 he laid four tracks with organist, Jimmy Smith: 'Ain't That Love'/'Willow Weep For Me' and 'Ain't No Use'/'Angel Eyes'. Those were also issued on Smith's album, 'Softly as a Summer Breeze', per 1960. Henderson began recording for Vee-Jay Records in October of 1959. (Thirteen months of Henderson's recordings with Vee-Jay are compiled on a CD titled 'Bill Henderson: His Complete Vee-Jay Recordings'.) In 1967 Henderson began his twin career as a film and television actor upon moving to Hollywood. Henderson was backed by all number of bands from that of Ramsey Lewis to the Jazz Messengers, Oscar Peterson, Count Basie, Hugh Masekela, Charlie Haden/a>, Mike Melvoin and Chico Hamilton.. Henderson died in April 2016 in Los Angeles. He had recorded 'Beautiful Memory' at the Vic in Santa Monica, CA, in 2007, above eighty years of age.  Per 1958 below, all nonannotated tracks are with organist, Jimmy Smith/a>.

Bill Henderson   1952

  We're Gonna Rock This Joint

     Jackson Brothers Orchestra

Bill Henderson   1958

  Ain't No Use

  Ain't That Love

  Angel Eyes

 Busy Signal

    Piano: Hank Jones

  Señor Blues

     Piano: Horace Silver 


     Piano: Horace Silver 

  Willow Weep For Me

Bill Henderson   1959

  It Never Entered My Mind

Bill Henderson   1960

  Sweet Pumpkin

Bill Henderson   1961

   My, How the Time Goes By

Bill Henderson   1999

  Why Did I Choose You?

Bill Henderson   2009

  Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Thing

    Filmed live 


  Eartha Kitt, born in South Carolina in 1927, began her career at age 16 as a dancer with the Katherine Dunham Company. She made her first film appearance as a member of that troupe in 1948 with the production of 'Casbah'. Kitt made her first recordings in Paris in January 1950 with Doc Cheatham for the Disques Swing label (Swing Records): 'I Can't Give you Anything But Love'', 'Solitude', 'Since I Fell For You' and 'What Is This Thing Called Love?'. Those weren't released until 1985 on an LP featuring other 1950 Cheatham recordings in Paris, as well as three other Paris recordings from 1956 with Bill Coleman. Kitt's first released recordings were in 1952: 'Monotonous'/'Boston Beguine'. She is thought to have recorded 'Tierre Va Temblar' and 'Caliente' in '52 as well. She appeared on Leonard Sillman's 'New Faces Of 1952', a Broadway revue. Kitt's was a full career on Broadway, film and television. Along with recording and touring internationally she was an activist for disadvantaged youth and peace in Vietnam. Kitt was professionally active well into the new millennium, dying from colon cancer on Christmas Day at her home in Weston, Connecticut, in 2008. She had participated in the musical, 'All About Us', as recently as January 17, 2006. Per 1948 below, Kitt dances in the film, 'Casbah'.

Eartha Kitt   1948


     Katherine Dunham Dance Company

     Film: 'Casbah' 

Eartha Kitt   1951


     Film: 'Paris Is Always Paris' 

Eartha Kitt   1952



   Tierre Va Temblar

Eartha Kitt   1953

   Angelitos Negros

   C'est Si Bon

   I Want to Be Evil

   Santa Baby

   Under the Bridges of Paris

Eartha Kitt   1955

   Je Cherche Un Homme

     'I'm Searching For a Man' 

Eartha Kitt   1957

   My Heart Belongs to Daddy

     Nat King Cole Show 

Eartha Kitt   1962

   When The World Was Young

Eartha Kitt   1970

   Hurdy Gurdy Man

     Original composition: Donovon 

Eartha Kitt   1986

   This Is My Life


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eartha Kitt

Eartha Kitt

Source: Classical Allure

 It was 1952 when Steve Lawrence released his first record, 'Poinciana'. Though Lawrence more belongs in the popular genre he samples crooning at the farthest peripheries of jazz where it ceases to be jazz. Born Sidney Liebowitz in Brooklyn in 1927 to Jewish bakers, he and Eydie Gormé first partnered in 1954, both releasing their first duo album and appearing together on the 'Tonight' television broadcast hosted by Steve Allen. They married in 1957 in Las Vegas and remained so until Gormé's death in 2013. They pursued, however, largely separate careers. Though Lawrence appeared on Broadway and film, his major medium beyond vinyl was television. He is yet active as of this writing, having issued 'Steve Lawrence Sings Sinatra' as recently as 2003. Tracks below reflect the broader range of Lawrence's music.

Steve Lawrence   1952


Steve Lawrence   1953

   How Many Stars Have To Shine

   Tango of Roses

Steve Lawrence   1959

   Pretty Blue Eyes

Steve Lawrence   1960


Steve Lawrence   1961

   In Time

   Portrait of My Love

Steve Lawrence   1963

   Don't Be Afraid Little Darlin

   Go Away, Little Girl

   Walking Proud

   Poor Little Rich Girl

   A Room Without Windows

Steve Lawrence   1965


Steve Lawrence   1979

   Not Even Nominated

      Live with Sammy Davis Jr.


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Lawrence

Steve Lawrence

Source: All Music

Birth of Modern Jazz: Joni James

Joni James

Source: Wired State

Born Giovanna Carmella Babbo in 1930 in Chicago, Joni James may more belong in the popular genre than jazz, James a good example of how far jazz can stretch until it disappears as like into a black hole, little left of it to be identified at the popular event horizon.She began her career as a dancer upon graduating from high school, touring Canada with a local troupe. She next worked as a chorus girl at the Edgewater Beach Hotel in Chicago. After filling the empty spot of a missing vocalist in Indiana James decided to pursue singing, then was discovered by MGM in a television commercial. James signed her first recording contract in 1952. A number of her singles performed quite well on Billboard's Hot 100: 'Why Don't You Believe Me?' (#1 '52), 'Have You Heard?' ( #2 '53), 'Your Cheatin' Heart' (#2 '53), 'Almost Always' (#9 '53), 'My Love, My Love' (#8 '53), 'How Important Can It Be?' (#2 '55) and 'You Are My Love' (#6 '55). James' career was worth more than a hundred million records sold and more than 25 albums released. James retired from the music business in 1964, partly to care for her first husband (of two) who was in poor health. She had recorded 'Bossa Nova Style' for issue in 1965. Some years after his death in 1986 James began performing again, giving concert tours. She is yet active as of this writing.

Joni James   1953

   Almost Always

   Have You Heard

   I'll Never Stand In Your Way

   Is It Any Wonder

   My Love My Love

   Non Dimenticar

   Why Don't You Believe Me

   Wishing Ring

   Your Cheatin' Heart

   You're Fooling Someone

   You're My Everything

Joni James   1954

   Am I In Love?

   I'll Be Seeing You

Joni James   1955

   Embraceable You

   How Important Can It Be?

      Television performance

   When I Fall In Love

Joni James   1956

   My Foolish Heart

Joni James   1957

   Among My Souvenirs

Joni James   1958

   There Goes My Heart

Joni James   1960

   Believe Me, if All Those Endearing Young Charms

   Galway Bay

   My Wild Irish Rose

   If I Loved You

Joni James   1962

   I Really Don't Want to Know

Joni James   1963


   Red Sails In the Sunset

Joni James   1964

   Ciao Ciao Bambina



Birth of Modern Jazz: Gloria Lynne

Gloria Lynne

Source: JazzMa

Vocalist Gloria Lynne was born in 1929 in Harlem. She first recorded in 1953 as Gloria Alleyne (her married name) with the female doo wop group, the Delltones (not to be mistaken for the male group later formed in 1958). (Previously the Enchanters, Lynne was part of that group when it became the Delltones, but not until after their earlier recordings for Jubilee in '52). Those 1953 Delltone tracks for Coral Records (a Brunswick imprint) were 'My Heart's On Fire' (lead vocal by Della Simpson) and 'Your's Alone' (lead vocal by Alleyne). Lynne's first recordings in her own name were also as Gloria Alleyne: 'When I Say My Prayer' and 'Uncloudy Day' for Josie Records, session thought held in September of 1954. After leaving the Delltones Lynne became more jazz oriented, the sixties her strongest decade during which she issued two Top Ten titles on Billboard's R&B: 'I Wish You Love' (#3 '64) and 'Watermelon Man' (#8 '65). Her career included collaborations with such as Harry Belafonte, Billy Eckstine and Herbie Hancock. Lynne died of heart attack in Newark, New Jersey, in October 2013. She had recorded 'From My Heart to Yours' as recently as 2007.

Gloria Lynne   1953

   Yours Alone

    With the Delltones 

Gloria Lynne   1958

   April In Paris

   Bye Bye Blackbird

   I Can't Give You Anything But Love

   June Night

   Just Squeeze Me

   Stormy Monday Blues

Gloria Lynne   1959

   Love, I Found You

      Album 'Lonely and Sentimental'

Gloria Lynne   1960

   Am I Blue

Gloria Lynne   1961

   I'm Glad There Is You

     Album 'I'm Glad There Is You'

Gloria Lynne   1962

   He Needs Me

      Album: 'He Needs Me'

Gloria Lynne   1963

   Whispering Grass

      Album: 'Gloria, Marty & Strings'

Gloria Lynne   1965

   I'm Gonna Laugh You Right out of My Life

      Album 'Intimate Moments'

Gloria Lynne   1966

   Speaking of Happiness

Gloria Lynne   1972

   Kickin' Life

      Album: 'A Very Gentle Sound'



Helen Merrill was born in NYC in 1930. She made her first silken-voiced record release in 1953 with pianist Earl Hines for the D'Oro label: 'A Cigarette For Company' recorded on December 15 of '52. Her debut LP was released in 1954 with trumpeter Clifford Brown and bassist Oscar Pettiford, arrangements by Quincy Jones. Often touring Europe, Merrill lived in Italy during the sixties, then Tokyo as of 1967. Returning to live in the States in 1971, Merrill took up touring again. Highlights in Merrill's career were collaborations with Gil Evans in both early and later recordings. Having borne one child, rock musician, Alan Merrill, in 1951, Merrill is yet active. She issued the album, 'Lilac Wine', as late as 2003. Among those with whom she recorded were Hal Mooney, Piero Umiliani, Sandro Brugnolini, John Lewis, Al Haig, Sir Roland Hanna, Tommy Flanagan, Shoji Suzuki, Billy Eckstine, Yvonne Roome and Vienna Art Orchestra. Per 1954 below, all tracks were arranged by Quincy Jones with Clifford Brown at trumpet and Oscar Pettiford on bass.

Helen Merrill   1954

   Born to Be Blue

   Falling In Love With Love

   What's New


Helen Merrill   1955

   Beautiful Love

   I'm Afraid the Masquerade Is Over

   Lilac Wine

   'S Wonderful

Helen Merrill   1955

   Lazy Afternoon

Helen Merrill   1957

   The Things We Did Last Summer

Helen Merrill   1966

   Blowin' In the Wind

      Original composition: Bob Dylan

Helen Merrill   1990


      Filmed live in Tokyo


Birth of Modern Jazz: Helen Merrill

Helen Merrill

Source: Jazz Wax


Rita Reys was born in 1924 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. She began her professional career in 1943 touring Europe with her new husband, drummer, Wessel Ilcken. She first recorded with Ilcken in 1953 in Stockholm, Sweden, with the Lars Gullin Kvartett on the Artist label: 'Deed I Do', 'Over the Rainbow', 'Lullaby Rhythm' and 'He's Funny That Way' with an alt take of each. Reys first visited New York City in 1956, upon which she recorded with Art Blakey and his Jazz Messengers on May 3: 'Taking a Chance on Love', 'That Old Black Magic', et al. Another trip in 1957 resulted in titles that May with the Mat Matthews Combo including Milt Hinton: 'You Stepped Out of a Dream', 'It's Mine After All', et al.. Among the more important figures in her career was pianist, Pim Jacobs, who had first accompanied her on 'The Cool Voice of Rita Reys' on March 25 of 1957. The two remained partners with various of Jacobs' bands from small combos to orchestra into the eighties. Lord's disco shows them recording together as late as April 7 of 1985 for 'Live at the Concertgebouw', that with pianist, Louis Van Dijk. Professionally based in the Netherlands, Reys was sometimes called Europe's First Lady of Jazz. A trip to the States in 1969 saw her with Milt Hinton, Clark Terry and Zoot Sims at the New Orleans Jazz Festival. Among others with whom Reys recorded titles were the Wessel Ilcken Combo, Jos Cleber, Oliver Nelson, Peter Knight, the Dutch Swing College Band and Rogier Van Otterloo. Reys died in July of 2013 in Breukelen, Netherlands. She had recorded 'Beautiful Love: a Tribute to Pim Jacobs' as recently as 2004.

Rita Reys   1953

   Deed I Do

Rita Reys   1955

   My Funny Valentine

Rita Reys   1956

   Taking A Chance On Love

Rita Reys   1961

   I Got Rhythm

      Original composition: George Gershwin

   It's Alright With Me

      Original composition: Cole Porter

Rita Reys   1963

   After You've Gone

Rita Reys   1965

   It Could Happen To You


Rita Reys   1971

   A House Is Not a Home

Rita Reys   1973

   Here's That Rainy Day

Rita Reys   1990

   I Thought About You

Rita Reys   2010

   Young At Heart


Birth of Modern Jazz: Rita Reys

Rita Reys

Source: Rita Reys

Birth of Modern Jazz: Della Reese

Della Reese

Source: Autograph Sellers

Gospel was the first love of Della Reese before turning to jazz. Born Delloreese Patricia Early in 1931 in Detroit, Reese graduated from high school at age fifteen. She sang with the gospel group, the Meditation Singers, in the latter forties while majoring in psychology at Wayne State University in Detroit. Upon the death of her mother, however, she had to quit both school and singing to help support her ill father. In 1953 Reese was in Chicago to record titles on June 30 with Clark Terry, Jimmy Hamilton, et al: 'Blue and Orange Birds (and Silver Bells)', 'There Will Never Be Another You' (unissued) and 'Yes Indeed', released by Great Lakes (#1203) in 1954. In 1953 she landed a contract with Jubilee Records. Her first issues by that outfit in '55 had been recorded in '54 in either Chicago or Detroit: 'In the Still of the Night' and 'Kiss My Love Goodbye'. Powered by a few years of successful career in jazz, Reese was able to do her thing with the Meditation Singers again, this time in a larger way. In 1958 they recorded 'Amen' in Detroit. Reese had a twin career as a television actress and had her own show in 1969, 'Della'. She also filled roles in several films. Her 23rd and latest album was 'Give It to God' in 2006. Reese became an ordained minister in 2010. As of this writing she yet serves the Understanding Principles for Better Living Church in Inglewood, California. Among others with whom she recorded are Glenn Osser, Neal Hefti, Mercer Ellington and Duke Ellington. Good early discography at Soulful Kinda Music. Gospel is interspersed with jazz in the tracks below, listed alphabetically by year.

Della Reese   1954

   There Will Never Be Another You

Della Reese   1955

   In the Still of the Night

Della Reese   1959


      With the Meditation Singers

   And That Reminds Me

   Don't You Know?


      With the Meditation Singers

   Jesus Will Answer Your Prayer

      With the Meditation Singers

   Rock My Soul

      With the Meditation Singers

Della Reese   1960

   He Was Too Good to Me

   More Than You Know

   Someday (You'll Want Me to Want You)

   These Foolish Things

Della Reese   1961

   Let's Do It

   Love Story

Della Reese   1966

   It's Magic

Della Reese   1968

   Do I Worry?

   I Heard You Cried Last Night


Della Reese   1985

   Blue Skies

      Live performance

   Man with a Horn

      Live   Trumpet: Al Hirt

Della Reese   1988

   Precious Lord

      Live performance

Della Reese   1993

   Come Rain or Come Shine

      Live performance


  Born in Paris in 1931, Italian dancer Caterina Valente was fond of languages, singing some fifteen hundred songs in French, German, Italian, English, Spanish and Swedish during her career. She made her recording debut for Radio Zurich in 1953 with fifteen songs, perhaps transcriptions for radio distribution. Valente also debuted in film in 1953, appearing in 'Mannequins für Rio' released in 1954. In 1954 Valente released her debut album, 'Istanbul', with the Kurt Edelhagen Orchestra. The next year she crossed the Atlantic to appear on the 'Colgate Comedy Hour' in the US. Her initial stage appearance in the US was at the Hotel Pierre in NYC. She began her own television show in Germany in 1957. During the sixties Valente often appeared on American television broadcasts, especially the 'Perry Como Show' and 'Kraft Music Hall' (the latter of which Como was host from 1959 to 1967). 1966 saw her on the 'Danny Kaye Show' with Louis Armstrong. She made frequent appearances on the the 'Dean Martin Show' from '66 to '72. She was married to British pianist, Roy Budd, from 1972 to 1979. Her last stage appearance in the United States at the Hollywood Bowl in L.A. in 1987. Her last stage appearance in Europe was at the Leipzig Opera in 1996. Valente issued above twenty albums in each of both English and German alone. Valente currently resides in Europe as of this writing.

Caterina Valente   1953

   Begin the Beguine

      With the Monaco Ball Orchestra


      With the Monaco Ball Orchestra

Caterina Valente   1955


Caterina Valente   1957

   Island In the Sun

      Television performance


Caterina Valente   1958

   Kiss Of Fire

Caterina Valente   1959

   Bongo Cha Cha Cha

   Stranger In Paradise

   Tonight We Love

Caterina Valente   1960


Caterina Valente   1962

   Quando, Quando

Caterina Valente   1963


      Television performance with Bing Crosby

Caterina Valente   1964


      'Hollywood Palace'

      Drums: Louie Bellson, Shelley Manne, Irv Cottler & Philly Joe Jones

Caterina Valente   1970

   It's a Most Unusual Day

      Television performance

Caterina Valente   1975

   Malaguena/The Breeze and I

      Live performance


Birth of Modern Jazz: Caterina Valente

Caterina Valente

Source: Film Star Postcards

Birth of Modern Jazz: Julie London

Julie London

Source: Joan Crawford

Born in Santa Rosa, California, in 1926, smoky and sultry Julie London was a film and television actress who is perhaps best known for her rendition of 'Cry Me a River', released in 1955. She had worked as an elevator operator until she gave a performance at the 881 Club in Los Angeles one night. That was 1955, the year she released both her first singles ('Cry Me a River'/'S'Wonderful' and 'Baby, Baby, All the Time'/'Shadow Woman') and first album ('Julie Is Her Name'). The albums, 'Lonely Girl' and 'Calendar Girl' followed in '56. Twenty-seven more followed to 1969. London was twice married, first to television star, Jack Webb ('Dragnet'), from '47 to '54, then jazz composer and pianist Bobby Troup from '59 until his death in 1999. London's last recording was 'My Funny Valentine' in 1981 for the Burt Reynolds film, 'Sharky's Machine'. Her health began to fail upon a stroke in 1995. She died October 18, 2000, on what would have been Troup's birthday.

Julie London   1955

   Cry Me a River

   Gone With the Wind

   I'm Glad There Is You

   I Should Care

   You're Blasé

Julie London   1958

   Man of the West

Julie London   1964

   You'd Be So Nice To Come Home To

      Filmed live in Japan

Julie London   1965

   Hello, Dolly!

Julie London   1966

   Am I Blue

   Can't Get Out Of This Mood

Julie London   1967

   Body and Soul

Julie London   1968

   Me and My Shadow

Julie London   1981

   My Funny Valentine



Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Bassey

Shirley Bassey

Source: Billboard

Welsh singer Shirley Bassey released her first recording in 1956, 'Burn My Candle'. The song was too "risqué" for the BBC which banned it in Great Britain. Born in 1937 in Tiger Bay, Bassey left school at age fourteen to work in a factory and sing at local pubs. Her first professional employment beyond taverns was in 1953 with a traveling variety show, 'Memories of Al Jolson'. She also became pregnant that year, age sixteen, with elder daughter, Sharon. Waiting tables in Cardiff while looking at a difficult future, salvation arrived in booking agent, Michael Sullivan, who got her started touring theatres. From that point onward she was kept a busy girl in her field of work. Arriving to the United States in 1957, she recorded for Mitch Miller, producer at Columbia, then headed for Las Vegas to perform at El Rancho Vegas. Her career thereafter was largely twofold between the UK and US. Her debut on American television was 'The Ed Sullivan Show' in November 1960. During the sixties she recorded the theme for the James Bond film, 'Goldfinger' (1964). Two more Bond themes followed in 1971 ('Diamonds Are Forever') and 1979 ('Moonraker'). In 1976 and '79 she hosted 'The Shirley Bassey Show' for BBC. Bassey began to draw breath in the eighties after two decades of exhausting career. She continued performing and recording into the nineties, though at a less pressured pace. Bassey was made DBE (Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire) by Queen Elizabeth II in 1999. Into the new millennium, she is yet active as of this writing, having released 105 singles, 19 extended plays, 35 studio albums, six live albums and 17 compilations.

Shirley Bassey   1956

   Burn My Candle

Shirley Bassey   1961

   The Nearness Of You

Shirley Bassey   1964

   As Long As He Needs Me

     Live at Carnegie Hall 

Shirley Bassey   1967

   If You Go Away

Shirley Bassey   1978

   As Time Goes By

Shirley Bassey   1987

   I Who Have Nothing

      Live Performance

Shirley Bassey   2007

   Hey Big Spender

      Filmed live in Glastonbury



Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Darin

Bobby Darin

Source: Pop Bop Rock Til U Drop

Born Walden Robert Cassotto in 1936 in NYC, composer and multi-instrumentalist Bobby Darin first recorded via agent for Decca in 1956. His career went nowhere until his release of 'Splish Splash' in 1958, beginning his rise toward becoming one of the most highly regarded singers in the music business. Upon selling more than a million copies of 'Splish Splash' Darin continued briefly with rock and roll before turning to jazz. Also an actor, Darin first appeared on television in that capacity in 1959 in the television series, 'Hennessy'. He also first appeared in films in 1959: 'Shadows'. In 1960 he found himself with contracts with five major film studios, also appearing in 'Pepe' that year. Also a music publisher and record producer, it was Darin who signed singer, Wayne Newton, to his first recording contract in 1963. Politically active, Darin worked with the 1968 campaign of Robert Kennedy. In 1969 he founded Direction Records specifically to produce activist folk music. In 1972 he ran his own variety show for NBC, 'The Bobby Darin Amusement Company'. 'The Bobby Darin Show' followed in 1973. His last performance was on that show in April 1973, 'Splish Splash', below, edited from that broadcast. Though not a master, Darin was an expert chess player. He was only age 37 when he died of heart complications ensuing upon rheumatic fever as child. More Bobby Darin in Fifties Rock and Roll.

Bobby Darin   1956

   The Decca Years

   If I Were a Carpenter

Bobby Darin   1958

   I'll Remember April

Bobby Darin   1959

   Mack the Knife

Bobby Darin   1960

   Have Mercy Baby

      Live with Clyde McPhatter

   It's You Or No

Bobby Darin   1962

   Nature Boy

Bobby Darin   1966

   It's Only a Paper Moon


   The Shadow of Your Smile

Bobby Darin   1967

   Beautiful Things

Bobby Darin   1968


   The Proper Gander

Bobby Darin   1972

   Alone Again Naturally

      Live performance

   Can't Take My Eyes Off of You

      Live performance

Bobby Darin   1973


      Live performance

   Splish Splash

      Live performance


  Born in Chicago in 1930, it was 1956 when Abbey Lincoln landed her first role in Hollywood ('The Girl Can't Help It'). She released her first recordings the same year on the album 'Abbey Lincoln's Affair'. She released her second album, 'That's Him!', in 1957. March 29 of 1958 saw an appearance on 'Art Ford's Jazz Party' with Jimmy McPartland, et al. In 1962 Lincoln married drummer, Max Roach. Lincoln was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2003. Having issued more than twenty albums (eight of them in the nineties), three were in collaboration with Max Roach: 'Moon Faced and Starry Eyed' in 1959, 'We Insist!' in 1960 and 'It's Time' in 1961. Her last LP was 'Abbey Sings Abbey' in 2007. She underwent open-heart surgery that year, after which her health collapsed so rapidly as to require a nursing home. Lincoln died in Manhattan in August of 2010. Among others with whom she recorded were the Verve Christmas All-Stars, Mal Waldron, Bob Moses and Cedar Walton ('The Maestro' in 1981).

Abbey Lincoln   1956

   Abbey Lincoln's Affair

      Debut LP 

Abbey Lincoln   1957

   Don't Explain

   Happiness Is a Thing Called Joe

   I Must Have That Man

Abbey Lincoln   1958

   It's Magic


Max Roach   1960

   We Insist! Freedom Now

      Album   Drums: Max Roach

Abbey Lincoln   1964

   Driva Man

      Filmed live with Max Roach


      Filmed live with Max Roach

Abbey Lincoln   1973

   Living Room

   You and Me Love

Abbey Lincoln   1983

   You and I

   Whistling Away the Dark

   You and I

   You're My Thrill

Abbey Lincoln   1995

   Down Here Below

    Album: 'A Turtle's Dream' 

   Nature Boy

     Album: 'A Turtle's Dream'

   What Are You Doing The Rest Of Your Life

Abbey Lincoln   2007

   Throw It Away


Birth of Modern Jazz: Abbey Lincoln

Abbey Lincoln

Source: Napster

  Born in 1935 in Gilmer, Texas, Johnny Mathis was discovered singing on weekends at Ann Dee's 440 Club in San Francisco by musical manager Helen Noga and Columbia producer George Avakian. His first record release was the album, 'Johnny Mathis', issued in 1956. (All tracks below for 1956 are from that album.) Mathis first appeared in film the next year: 'Lizzie'. After recording four albums Mathis wasted no time releasing a Greatest Hits LP in 1958. With the exception of four years at Mercury in the sixties, Mathis made all his recordings for Columbia. Releasing more than 200 singles, Mathis sold more than 350,000,000 records, making him the third highest selling recording artist (after Elvis Presley and Frank Sinatra). Of his numerous Top Ten titles, 'I'm Coming Home' reached #1 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary in 1973. In addition to music Mathis was a talented golfer (nine holes-in-one) and published a cookbook in 1982. As of this writing Mathis continues to perform, record and tour ('60th Anniversary Concert Tour' 2016).

Johnny Mathis   1956

   Autumn In Rome

   Fly Me to the Moon

   It Might As Well Be Spring

   Star Eyes

Johnny Mathis   1957

   A Certain Smile

   Chances Are

   It's Not For Me to Say

   I Wish You Love

   There Goes My Heart

   The Twelfth of Never


   Wonderful, Wonderful

   Wild Is the Wind

Johnny Mathis   1958


      Original composition: Erroll Garner

Johnny Mathis   1959

   My Funny Valentine

Johnny Mathis   1960


      Television rehearsal

Johnny Mathis   1965

   Danny Boy

Johnny Mathis   1983

   Nat King Cole Medley

      Television performance

Johnny Mathis   1984

   Love Never Felt So Good

      Album: 'A Special Part Of Me'

Johnny Mathis   2011

   Secret Love


Birth of Modern Jazz: Johnny Mathis

Johnny Mathis

Source: Mi Tocadiscos Dual

Birth of Modern Jazz: Nancy Wilson

Nancy Wilson

Source: Soul Tracks

Nancy Wilson was born in 1937 in Chillicothe, Ohio, to an iron foundry worker and a maid. She began her career in clubs at age fifteen, also winning a talent contest that put her on the 'Skyline Melodies' television show. Her first recording adventure was in 1956 with the Rusty Bryant Carolyn Club Big Band for Dots Records: 'Don't Tell Me'. Those got her an audition which put her with Bryant's band for the next couple years. Wilson released her first single, 'Guess Who I Saw Today', in 1960. It was successful enough to follow with her debut album, 'Like In Love', the same year. From that time onward into the new millennium Wilson's was a highly productive career, issuing well above sixty albums. Songs that did especially well were 'Save Your Love for Me' ('62), '(You Don't Know) How Glad I Am' ('64), 'I Wanna Be With You' ('64), 'Uptight (Everything's Alright)' ('66) and 'You're As Right As Rain' ('74). Also an actress, Wilson began appearing on television in the sixties. International tours included a session in Yugoslavia in 1978 resulting in 'Live in Europe'. 1981 saw her recording live in Japan with pianist, Hank Jones, and trumpeter, Art Farmer. Tours to Japan in 1982/83 resulted in 'Your Eyes', 'I'll Be a Song' and 'Godsend'. 'Winter Green and Summer Blue' was recorded in 1985 in Tokyo for the soundtrack to 'YaKsa', as well as the album, 'Keep You Satisfied'. Wilson was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2004. Her latest album, 'Turned to Blue', was released in 2006, after which she contributed a couple titles to Tom Scott's 'Cannon Re-Loaded'. She gave her last stage performance in September of 2011 at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio. Among others with whom she recorded were George Shearing, Sid Feller, the United States Air Force Airmen of Note, Oliver Nelson, Jimmy Jones, Cannonball Adderley, Grover Washington Jr, Ramsey Lewis, DIVA, Henry Johnson and John B Williams.

Nancy Wilson   1956

   Don't Tell Me

Nancy Wilson   1960

   Fly Me to the Moon

   Guess Who I Saw Today

   I Wish You Love

   Teach Me Tonight

   What a Little Moonlight Can Do

   You Can Have Him

Nancy Wilson   1967

   Willow Weep For Me

      Album: 'Naturally'

   You've Changed

Nancy Wilson   1979


Nancy Wilson   1982

   You're Breaking My Heart

      Live at Lake Tahoe

Nancy Wilson   1987

   Newport Jazz Festival 1987

      Filmed concert



Pianist and vocalist Mose Allison was born in 1927 in Tippo, Mississippi. He attended the University of Mississippi, joined the Army for two years, then graduated from Louisiana with a bachelor's in English. Moving to New York City in 1956, Allison quickly found work with such as Gerry Mulligan. He recorded his first vinyl as a member of the Al Cohn Quintet in December of '56 toward the album, 'The Al Cohn Quintet Featuring Bobby Brookmeyer'. Allison would record with Brookmeyer again on October 27, 1959, as members of the Manhattan Jazz All-Stars, such as 'Adelaide' and 'I'll Know'. Allison recorded with Cohn again on March 27, 1957, in 1959-61 and, finally in April of 1976, Cohn supporting Allison on the latter's album, 'You Mind Is On Vacation'. A portion of Allison's professional circle in 1957 consisted of Stan Getz and Zoot Sims. His first tracks for Getz were per a Mutual radio broadcast at the Red Hill Inn in Pennsauken NJ on February 16, 1957, participating in such as 'Some Blues' and 'Feather Merchant'. Allison contributed to Getz' 'The Soft Swing' on July 12. Allison had by that time accomplished his first name session as a leader on March 7, 1957, that for 'Back Country Suite' with Taylor LaFargue on bass and Frank Isola on drums. Twenty days later on the 27th he recorded with Sims for the first time, they members of the Al Cohn Quintet for the album 'Al and Zoot'. They would record variously several more times together, also supporting each other's projects, until their last occasion in February of '61 for Cohn's 'Either Way'. It was during a session with Sims at the Half Note in NYC on February 7, 1959, that Allison first saw titles with alto saxophonist, Phil Woods: 'Wee Dot and 'After You've Gone'. Woods was also one of the Manhattan Jazz All-Stars per above with Brookmeyer in October. From 'Local Color' on November 8, 1957, to 'Autumn Song' on February 13, 1959, Allison released five albums, making for six in three years, a pace something kept until gradually relaxing into his latter career, recording only on occasion. Alison died at his home in Hilton Head, South Carolina, on November 15, 2016, having for some years retired from the music profession. His last tracks are thought to have been recorded in Pasadena, CA, in 2009, for 'The Way of the World'. More piano by Allison.

Mose Allison   1957

   Parchman Farm

      From the album 'Local Color'

      Bass: Addison Farmer

     Drums: Nick Stabulas

Mose Allison   1959

   Eyesight to the Blind

   The Seventh Son

   Young Man's Blues

Mose Allison   1962

   I Don't Worry About a Thing

      Bass: Addison Farmer

     Drums: Osie Johnson

Mose Allison   1975

   Your Mind Is On Vacation

      Live performance

      Bass: Jack Hannah

     Drums: Jerry Granelli

Mose Allison   1989

   Gettin' There

      Live performance


Birth of Modern Jazz: Mose Allison

Mose Allison

Source: ABC Jazz


Birth of Modern Jazz: Nina Simone

Nina Simone

Source: Sound Projections

Born Eunice Kathleen Waymon in 1933 in Tryon, North Carolina, composer, pianist and vocalist, Nina Simone began playing piano at age three. Her early influences were classical and gospel. One incident as a child illustrates her later involvement in civil rights: At one recital her parents, who had sat in the front row, were moved to the rear of the hall to make room for white folk. Simone refused to play until her parents were moved back up front. Simone later studied at Julliard. Among her first jobs was at the Midtown Bar & Grill in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where, upon the owner's request, she added singing to piano performances. About that time she changed her name from Eunice Waymon to Nina Simone. ("Niña" is Spanish for little girl. "Simone" was in honor of the French actress, Simone Signoret.) It was December 1957 that Simone recorded her first titles, compiled on an album titled, 'Little Girl Blue' (preceded by the single, 'I Loves You, Porgy'). The problem with poverty is that the condition itself keeps you poor. Not having the wherewithal to wait for royalties, Simone sold her rights for $3000, after which she lost an estimated one million dollars over the years from that record's sales. Simone began addressing racial inequality with song in 1964, upon the release of the live album, 'Nina Simone In Concert'. During that period she advocated violent revolution, Martin Luther King's strategy of protest too slow. Among such songs was her 1965 cover of Billie Holiday's 1939 recording of 'Strange Fruit', concerning the lynching of blacks. Simone moved to Barbados in 1970. She intended to quit the music industry in 1974 with the release of the album, 'It Is Finished', but started to record again in 1978, issuing the album, 'Baltimore'. During the eighties she worked at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club in London. She lived in Switzerland and the Netherlands before calling France home in 1992, the year Simone published her memoirs, 'I Put a Spell On You'. She released her last album, 'A Single Woman', in 1993. Simone died in her sleep in Carry-le-Rouet, France, on the Mediterranean coast, in 2003. Among her longest musical associations through the decades were with guitarist and musical director, Al Schackman, and percussionist, Leopoldo Fleming. Among her awards were the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2000 and honorary degrees from three schools. A statue was erected in her honor in 2010 in her birthplace, Tryon, North Carolina. All tracks below for year 1957 are from Simone's first album, 'Little Girl Blue'. All tracks for year 1969 are from the album, ''Nina Simone and Piano!', unless otherwise noted. Per 1976 below, all edits are filmed live at Montreux. More Simone in Modern Jazz Piano.

Nina Simone   1957

   Central Park Blues

   Don't Smoke In Bed

   Good Bait

   He Needs Me

   I Loves You, Porgy

   Little Girl Blue

   Love Me Or Leave Me

   Mood Indigo

   My Baby Just Cares For Me

   Plain Gold Ring

   You'll Never Walk Alone

Nina Simone   1959

   Black Is The Color Of My True Love's Hair

      Album: 'Nina Simone At Town Hall'

   Exactly Like You

      Album: 'Nina Simone At Town Hall'

   The Other Woman

      Album: 'Nina Simone At Town Hall'

Nina Simone   1964

   Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood

   Wild Is the Wind

Nina Simone   1965

   I Put a Spell On You

   Mississippi Goddam

      Filmed live in Holland


Nina Simone   1968

   Ain't Got No, I Got Life

      Filmed live in London

Nina Simone   1969

   Another Spring

   The Desperate Ones

   Everyone's Gone To The Moon

   Four Women

      Filmed live at Harlem Cultural Festival

   Nobody's Fault But Mine

   To Love Somebody

      Filmed live in Antibes

   Seems I'm Never Tired Lovin' You

Nina Simone   1971

   Here Comes the Sun

Nina Simone   1976

   Backlash Blues


   How It Feels to Be Free

   Little Girl Blue




Shirley Horn, a vocalist as well as pianist, formed her first band, a trio, in 1954. Born in Washington D.C. in 1934, Horn's first known recordings are thought to be with violinist Stuff Smith on August 7, 1959, in Washington DC, contributing piano and vocals to 'Cat on a Hot Fiddle'. She released her first album, 'Embers and Ashes', the next year. Among her most important associates in the music business were Miles Davis and Quincy Jones. The latter's orchestra backed her for the issue of 'Shirley Horn With Horns' in 1964. More than two thirds of Horn's 90 sessions were her own as a leader. She released her last album, 'May the Music Never End', in 2003. Her final recordings are thought to have been live at Le Jazz Au Bar in NYC in January 2005: 'Jelly Jelly', 'Loads of Love' and 'I Didn't Know What Time It Was'. Horn had lost a foot to diabetes in 2000, dying of the same in 2005. (More keyboard by Horn.)

Shirley Horn   1961

   Live at the Village Vanguard


Shirley Horn   1962

   Love For Sale

Shirley Horn   1989

   I Wanna Be Loved

  Once I Loved

  So I Love You

Shirley Horn   1991

   The Good Life

Shirley Horn   1992

   Georgia On My Mind

   Newport Jazz Festival 1992

     Concert filmed live 

Shirley Horn   1993

   Green (It's Not Easy Being Green)

Shirley Horn   1998

   Blue In Green


Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Horn

Shirley Horn

Photo: John O'Hara

Source: SF Gate


Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Horn

Frank Sinatra Jr

Source: American Daily News

Frank Sinatra Jr came to not the same renown as his father, Frank Sinatra, nor his older sister, Nancy Sinatra. Recording largely took a back seat to performing for Sinatra Jr, especially in Las Vegas. Born in Jersey City, NJ, in 1944, he may be better known for his kidnapping at age nineteen than his music. The year was 1963 when his father paid a ransom of $240,000 to three men for his release two days later. The kidnappers, however, would soon be convicted to long prison terms. Sinatra Jr was performing in clubs in his early teens. Around the time of his kidnapping he was working with such as Sam Donahue and Duke Ellington. He released his first of only eight albums, including two with Pat Longo and His Super Big Band, in 1965: 'Young Love For Sale', thereafter touring the nation and appearing on various television broadcasts. Per above, the major portion of Frank Jr's career consisted of keeping the tradition of jazz crooning, per his father especially, in Las Vegas, performing there just as had his father. Sinatra Jr issued his final album, 'That Face!', in 2006. He died on March 16, 2016, of cardiac arrest while on tour in Daytona Beach, Florida.

Frank Sinatra Jr   1965

  You Were Meant For Me

  Too Close For Comfort

Frank Sinatra Jr   1969

  All Or Nothing At All

     Filmed with Frank Sinatra

Frank Sinatra Jr   1971



Frank Sinatra Jr   2006

  That Face

     LP: 'That Face!'




Sixty Years of 'Cry Me a River'

Composition: Arthur Hamilton   Published 1953

Julie London   1955

Dexter Gordon   1955

Julie London   1956

JJ Johnson   1957

Davy Graham   1959

Dinah Washington   1961

Maria Azarskaia   1961

Ella Fitzgerald   1961

Sam Cooke   1963

Lesley Gore   1963

Barbra Streisand   1963

Ray Charles   1964

Sam Taylor   1964

Marie Knight   1965

Art Van Damme   1966

Hu & the Hilltops   1966

Steampacket   1966

Joe Cocker & Leon Russell   1970

Patty Pravo   1970

Claudine Longet   1971

Cher   1975

Sonny Criss   1975

Joan Baez   1977

Crystal Gayle   1978

Blue Mitchell   1980

Tania Maria   1981

Aerosmith   1982

Mari Wilson   1983

Ray Brown Trio   1984

Viktor Lazlo   1987

The Swans   1987

Patti Austin   1988

Leata Galloway   1988

Diane Shuur   1988

George Adams Quartet   1989

Bjork   1990

Rita Lee   1991

Mina   1992

Elkie Brooks   1992

Natalie Cole   1993

Anne Murray   1993

Combustible Edison   1994

Barney Wilen   1994

Lisa Ekdahl   1995

Barbara Manning   1995

Aaron Neville   1995

Archie Shepp Quartet   1996

Alexia Vassiliou   1996

John Hicks Trio   1996

Jai   1997

Ian Moss   1998

Susan Boyle   1999

Harry Connick Junior   1999

David Hazeltine Quartet   2000

Brad Mehldau   2000

Etta James   2001

Alison Moyet   2001

Bonnie Bramlett   2002

Diana Krall   2002

René Froger   2004

Olivia Newton-John   2004

Linda Ronstadt   2004

Rick Astley   2004

Caetano Veloso   2004

Susan Wong   2005

Frank Sinatra Junior   2006

Judith Owen   2007

High Contrast   2007

Cathy Segal-Garcia   2007

Cote de Pablo & Roberto Pitre   2007

Jessica Trantham   2008

Sara Bettens   2008

Sylvia Brooks   2008

Linda Carter   2009

Terry Clary   2009

Jordane Labrie   2009

Mariza   2009

Jaimee Paul   2009

Cynthia Basinet   2010

Jeff Beck   2010

Jeff Beck & Imelda May   2010

Michael Bublé   2010

David Nathan (Nefer Davis)   2010

Liam Payne   2010

Smithills School Senior Brass Band   2010

Isobel Daws   2011

Alfonso Gugliucci   2011

China Moses   2011

Colin Tribe   2011

Jerry Vezza Quartet   2011

Tina Arena   2012

Captain Flashback   2012

Sarah Hillyard   2012

Michaela Husárová   2012

Christophe Robert   2012

Angie Miller   2013



We pause this history of modern jazz vocalists with Frank Sinatra Jr as of 1965. We may make additions as such occur.



Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 3: Black Gospel Appendix


Medieval - Renaissance


Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

Expressionist - Modern

Modern: Composers born 1900 to 1950




Country Western


Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Modern 6: Song

Modern 7: Latin Jazz - Latin Recording

Modern 8: United States 1960 - 1970

Modern 9: International 1960 - 1970

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul - Disco

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

UK Beat

British Invasion

Total War - Sixties American Rock

Other Musical Genres - Popular Music Appendix

Musician Indexes

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

Jazz Modern - Horn

Jazz Modern - Piano - String

Jazz Modern - Percussion - Song - Other

Jazz Modern - 1960 to 1970

Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul - Disco

UK Beat - British Invasion

Sixties American Rock - Popular

Latin Recording - Europe

Latin Recording - The Caribbean - South America


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