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A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 9

Musicians 1960 to 1970: International

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



Juhani Aaltonen     Monty Alexander    Maarten Altena    Arild Andersen
Harry Beckett    Han Bennink    Karl Berger    Dollar Brand    Peter Brötzmann
Carola    Ian Carr    Philip Catherine    Jon Christensen    Graham Collier    Jacques Coursil
Wolfgang Dauner    Amancio D'Silva    Urszula Dudziak
Jan Garbarek    Michael Garrick    Eddie Gómez    Burton Greene
Jan Hammer    Gunter Hampel    Terumasa Hino    Dave Holland
Abdullah Ibrahim
Sven-Åke Johansson
Masabumi Kikuchi    Eero Koivistoinen    Peter Kowald    Fela Kuti
Mahavishnu Orchestra    Adam Makowicz    Michael Mantler    Hugh Masekela    Chris McGregor    John McLaughlin    Airto Moreira    Dick Morrissey    George Mraz    Jim Mullen
Zbigniew Namyslowski
Mike Osborne
Evan Parker    Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen    Esa Pethman    Jean-Luc Ponty    President of the Republic    Dudu Pukwana    Flora Purim
Enrico Rava    Aldo Romano    Terje Rypdal
Heikki Sarmanto    Alexander von Schlippenbach    Zbigniew Seifert    Shakti    Alan Silva    Alan Skidmore    Tomasz Stanko    Bobo Stenson    John Surman
Tasavallan Presidentti   John Taylor    Keith Tippett
UMO Orchestra    Michał Urbaniak
Edward Vesala    Miroslav Vitouš
Eberhard Weber    Mike Westbrook    Norma Winstone
Yosuke Yamashita



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:


1960 Dollar Brand    Philip Catherine    Abdullah Ibrahim    Fela Kuti    Hugh Masekela    Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen
1961 Monty Alexander    Dick Morrissey
1962 Ian Carr    Chris McGregor    Dudu Pukwana
1963 Han Bennink    Carola    Wolfgang Dauner    Michael Garrick    Masabumi Kikuchi     Esa Pethman    Terje Rypdal    Heikki Sarmanto    Yosuke Yamashita
1964 Jan Hammer    Zbigniew Namyslowski    Jean-Luc Ponty    Flora Purim    Miroslav Vitouš    Eberhard Weber
1965 Juhani Aaltonen     Eddie Gómez    Gunter Hampel    Terumasa Hino    Sven-Åke Johansson    Adam Makowicz    George Mraz    Enrico Rava    Alexander von Schlippenbach    Alan Skidmore    Bobo Stenson
1966 Karl Berger    Jacques Coursil    Michael Mantler    John McLaughlin    Aldo Romano    Alan Silva   Tomasz Stanko    John Surman
1967 Maarten Altena    Arild Andersen    Harry Beckett    Peter Brötzmann    Graham Collier    Jan Garbarek    Eero Koivistoinen    Peter Kowald    Airto Moreira    Mike Osborne    Edward Vesala    Mike Westbrook
1968 Jon Christensen    Urszula Dudziak    Dave Holland    Evan Parker    Michał Urbaniak
1968 Amancio D'Silva    President of the Republic    Tasavallan Presidentti    Norma Winstone
1970 Jim Mullen    Zbigniew Seifert    John Taylor    Keith Tippet
1971 Mahavishnu Orchestra
1976 Shakti    UMO Orchestra


  This page concerns international jazz musicians whose careers began in the sixties with their first appearance on issued vinyl. Prior to 1960 musicians born without the United States are included with US musicians according to their instrument. On this page they're assembled regardless of their instrument, a couple vocalists ncluded. A good number on this page were well-known in the United States, making their careers there, but are on this page if they were born elsewhere. The more, however, weren't generally known in the States. Even so, this page gathers together some of the more prominent jazz musicians from about the globe. Great Britain is strongly represented, as elsewhere throughout these histories, the British having formed a strong jazz culture ever since the Original Dixieland Jazz Band first toured there in 1919. Europe follows, particularly Germany (on this page). Also strongly represented are musicians emerging from Africa, Eastern Europe and Scandinavia. Musicians born in the Caribbean dot this page somewhat as well. Though most Latin musicians are found at Latin Jazz, several from Brazil or Italy are included on this page. Others from as far apart as Canada, India and Japan find a place on this page as well.


  Born Adolph Johannes Brand in 1934 in Capetown, South Africa, pianist, Abdullah Ibrahim, began training at age seven to begin performing professionally at age fifteen. In 1959 he helped form the Jazz Epistles with trumpeter, Hugh Masekela. Thought to be the first black ensemble to record jazz in South Africa (the album, 'Jazz Epistle - Verse 1'), an especially remarkable occasion as apartheid had been the official policy of the National Party government (1948-94) of South Africa for twelve years, such that black talent of all kind found South Africa a better place to be from than at. Ibrahim went by the name, Dollar Brand, at the time, and was member of the retinue of 'King Kong', a musical about the heavyweight boxer, when he first saw Europe on tour there. In 1962 he decided to stay in Europe where he was seen with his trio in Zurich by Duke Ellington, resulting in the 1965 release of 'Duke Ellington Presents The Dollar Brand Trio'. Additional recordings were made with vocalist, Sathima Bea Benjamin, whom Ibrahim married in '65, though not released until 1996. Ibrahim and Benjamin followed Ellington back to the States to perform at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1965. An ensuing tour of the States was significant in that Ibrahim led Ellington's orchestra on five occasions. To be noted at all by Ellington you had to know your stuff, but to lead his orchestra of high-caliber musicians was a heady promotion. Even so, Ibrahim obtained a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to attend Juilliard in 1967. The next year he became a Muslim, changing his name from Dollar Brand to Abdullah Ibrahim, though he continued professionally as Brand into the nineties. He'd briefly returned to South Africa where he also began to train in martial arts. Another trip to South Africa in the mid seventies resulted in recordings with musicians there. Such as 'Mannenberg' b/w 'The Pilgrim', released in 1974, were a very early spearhead toward what would become known as Cape jazz in the nineties once South Africa lost the National Party and apartheid in 1994. 'Mannenberg' would also become the theme song of anti-apartheid. Once the 46-year old presiding government of the National Party was offed by the election of Nelson Mandela in 1994 Ibrahim returned to Cape Town to reside. He has since toured internationally, working in various groups from trios to orchestras. In 1999 he founded the school of music, M7. Issuing well above fifty albums, his latest was 'The Song Is My Story' in 2014. Beyond music, Ibrahim has long since been a Black Belt in the martial arts, that engaged with zen philosophy. "Brand/Imbrahim" below reflects Brand's transitional dual billing as Abdullah Ibrahim until he dropped "Dollar Brand" altogether. Per 1960 below, all tracks are from the album, 'Jazz Epistle - Verse 1', including trumpeter, Hugh Masekela. Per 1965 all tracks are from the album, 'Duke Ellington Presents the Dollar Brand Trio'.

The Jazz Epistles   1960

   Sad Times, Bad Times/King Kong

   Scullery Department


Dollar Brand   1965

   Jumping Rope


   The Stride

Dollar Brand   1974


     Album: 'Mannenberg - 'Is Where It's Happening'


     Album: 'Underground In Africa'

Dollar Brand   1975


     Album: 'African Herbs'

   Soweto Is Where It's At

     Album: 'African Herbs'

Brand/Ibrahim   1977


     Album: 'The Journey'

Brand/Ibrahim   1980

   Whoza Mtwana

     Live at Montreux

Brand/Ibrahim   1988

   Ode to Duke

     Recorded 1973

     Album: 'Ode to Duke Ellington'

Dollar Brand   1993

   Duet Archie Shepp Dollar Brand


Abdullah Ibrahim   1998

   The Wedding

     Album: 'African Suite'

Abdullah Ibrahim   1999

   Cape Town Flower

     Filmed live at the Lugano Jazz Festival

Abdullah Ibrahim   2001

   Blue Bolero

     Album: 'African Magic'

Abdullah Ibrahim   2007

   Jacaranda Blue Suite

     Filmed live in Leverkusen, Germany

Abdullah Ibrahim   2010

   Calypso Minor

     Album: 'Sotho Blue'

Abdullah Ibrahim   2011

   Heineken Jazzaldia

     Filmed concert with Ekaya

Abdullah Ibrahim   2014

   Green Kalahari

     Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dollar Brand

Dollar Brand

Source: All Music
  Born in 1942 in London, guitarist, Philip Catherine, was English on his mother's side, Belgian on his father's. His own website states his first recording to have been 'Nuages' in 1958 for Philips Records. Other sources give 1959 or 1960. He was supposedly age 17, performing the tune at the finale of the Volkswagen Grand Prix de Belgique. When that got issued (Philips 14027) is indeterminable. A couple sources (such as Lord's disco) give May 1960 for a date of any kind, which may have been an issue date because it couldn't have been a recording date with the Grand Prix de Belgique held in June both in '58 and '60 (the race canceled in '59). 1960, then, is a possible but not certain first issue date. At age eighteen Catherine toured Europe with Lou Bennett. In 1961 he recorded another discographical ball of wires with Bennett and Jack Sels per titles like 'On Stage', 'Black Velvet', African Dance' and 'Blues for a Blonde'. Discogs would appear to want those on Delahay EP 14028 (no date) prior to the 1966 issue of 'The Sexy Sax of Sels & Swinging Friends' including other titles from that session. Those were issued on LP again in 1976 as 'Jack Sels' by IBC (4C 054 97754). Not until titles with the Lou Bennett Quartet in October of 1961 do we arrive to a certain first issue date, that in 1962 for RCA per 45cat: 'Last Night', 'Salut les Copains' and 'After Hours' ('Apres l'heure'). More titles with Sels with enigmatic issue dates continued to circa 1966 ('She's in the News'). Some would be found on 'The Complete Jack Sels' in 1973. Titles with Bennett had followed to October of 1966 in Prague, Czechoslovakia, for such as 'Guess What' and 'I Should Care'. In 1967 Catherine issued 'Slop' and 'Grelots' for NMC Records (two tracks by Les Dixieland Gamblers on the first side). Catherine issued his first LP in 1971, 'Stream', backed by pianist, Marc Moulin. By that time he was prepared to surface as a world-class jazz guitarist during the seventies. In December of 1971 he recorded 'Open Strings' with Jean-Luc Ponty in Villingen, Germany, apparently issued that year. December of 1973 found them in Paris recording 'Ponty - Grappelli' with violinist, Stephane Grappelli. Accelerating his career in the early seventies was upright bassist, Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (NHOP). They are thought to have first recorded together in Blaricum, Holland, in August of 1973 in Peter Herbolzheimer's Rhythm Combination & Brass toward 'Wide Open'. NHOP would be one of the most important of Catherine's comrades into the nineties, both backing other ensembles together and supporting each other. The first that Catherine backed NHOP was on September 9, 1975, for 'Jaywalkin'. NHOP contributed to Catherine's 'Spanish Nights' in May of 1989. In 1991 they recorded 'The Art of the Duo'. Several months after Catherine's first encounter with NHOP he joined pianist, Marc Moulin, in February for the latter's 'Placebo 1974'. That was followed by 'Sam' Suffy' in December. Catherine appeared on Moulin's 'Top Secret' in 2001. Another major figure in Catherine's career was pianist, Jasper Van't Hof. Their first occasion to record together was with another important figure, American saxophonist, Charlie Mariano, who had moved to Europe in 1971. That was for the latter's 'Cascade' in March of 1974. The next the three of them got together was May of '74 for Van't Hof's 'Transitory' with Pork Pie. Come Catherine's 'September Man' in August that year. Mariano, Van't Hof and Catherine worked numerously together into the nineties. The last all three of them got together is thought to have been in Belgium in 1996 with Pork Pie for 'Operanoia'. Another American musician who had moved to Europe was pianist, Kenny Drew, in 1961. Albums by Drew to which Catherine contributed were 'Morning' (1975), 'In Concert' (1977) and 'And Far Away' (1983). Drew gave Catherine a hand on the latter's 'Spanish Nights' in 1989. Another major figure in Catherine's career was guitarist, Larry Coryell. Coryell lived in the States but toured Europe often. He also hosted Catherine on the latter's tours to the States. They are thought to have first laid tracks in London as a duo in 1976 for 'Twin-House'. They bounced back and forth for a few years holding sessions with other ensembles when not working on Coryell's projects both in Europe and the United States. They performed together at the Newport Jazz Festival in '78. Among their last recordings together was for Stephane Grappelli's 'Young Django' in Stuttgart, Germany, in January of 1979, that with NHOP. Among other American musicians Catherine hosted on their tours to Europe was trumpeter, Chet Baker. On May 25, 1983, Catherine joined Baker's Trio with Michel Graillier (piano) and Riccardo Del Fra (bass) to record 'Father X-Mas' for Baker's album, 'Mr. B'. Ensuing tours resulted in numerous sessions with Baker's outfits to October 25 of 1985 for a duo issued as 'There'll Never Be Another You'. Baker would see Catherine again in Paris in February of 1988 for Jan Erik Vold's 'Blamann! Blamann!'. February of 1990 saw Catherine participating in the soundtrack for 'Daddy Nostalgie'. Among other with whom Catherine left titles were Chris Hinze, Toots Thielemans and Bjorn Thoroddsen. Catherine had long made Belgium his center of operations where he yet performs as of this writing. His most recent of 22 albums as a leader was 'The String Project' in 2015.

Philip Catherine   1971

  Give It Up Or Turn It Loose

      LP: 'Stream'


      LP: 'Stream'

Philip Catherine   1972

   How Would You Like

      Filmed with Jean Luc Ponty

Philip Catherine   1976



Philip Catherine   1981

 Cascais Jazz Festival

      Filmed with Chet Baker

Philip Catherine   1986

 How Deep is the Ocean

      Filmed with Chet Baker

Philip Catherine   1992

 Jazzfest Wien

      Filmed with NHOP

 Mingus In the Sky

      LP: 'Moods Vol II'

Philip Catherine   2000

 Jazzove Dni Bratislava

      Filmed concert

Philip Catherine   2005


      Filmed with Christophe Laurenceau

Philip Catherine   2011

 Brussels Jazz Marathon

      Filmed live

Philip Catherine   2014

 Live at L1 TV

      Television broadcast

Philip Catherine   2014

 Live at L1 TV


Philip Catherine   2015

 Jazz à Louviers

      Filmed live

 L' Eternel Desir

      LP: 'The String Project'


      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Philip Catherine

Philip Catherine

Source: Focus Collection

  Born Olufela Olusegun Oludotun Ransome-Kuti in 1938 in Abeokuta, Nigeria, multi-instrumentalist, Fela Kuti, had grown up in a Nigeria of about 150 million people, Lagos its capital upon acquiring independence in 1960. The West African culture of Ransom-Kuti's youth included the palm-wine folk music of the Kru people in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Guitar, brought by sailors from Portugal and the homes of calypso, Tobago and Trinidad, was a prominent instrument in palm-wine. (Palm wine was, is, an alcoholic beverage.) The other musical climate was highlife, African music wedded to European influences, originating in Ghana (nationhood in 1957). The latter was the music of the upper classes, heard at official functions like funerals, weddings and holiday celebrations. Ransome-Kuti's father was a Reverend and school principle. His mother was a feminist activist. Ransom-Kuti headed for London to study medicine in 1958, but matriculated into Trinity College to pursue music instead, trumpet his preferred instrument. He married his first wife, Remilekun Taylor, in 1960. Among his first recordings were 'Fela's Special' and 'Aigana' in 1960. Both are thought to have been released, presumably that year. Ransom-Kuti was going by Fela Ransome - Kuti & the Highlife Rakers at that time. 'Fela's Special' can be found on 'Highlife on the Move: Selected Nigerian and Ghanaian Recordings from London and Lagos – 1954-66', released in 2015. Recordings by Ransom-Kuti from 1963 to 1969 can be found on 'Highlife-Jazz and Afro Soul (1963-1969)', released in 2005 and 'Koola Lobitos 64–68', issued in 2006. 'Koola Labitos' includes 'The '69 Los Angeles Sessions' first issued in 2001. 'Highlife' is virtually the same as the CD box set, 'Lagos Baby', released in 2008 by Vampi Soul. Ransom-Kuti formed his band, Africa '70 (previously Nigeria '70) to release the album, 'Fela Fela Fela', recorded in Nigeria for HMV (His Master's Voice, an EMI imprint as of 1931). It was also 1970 that He formed his commune/recording studio, the Kalakuta Republic. He would then run a couple of nightclubs, the Afro-Spot and Afrika Shrine. He would drop Ransome from his name due its slave origins about that time. Kuti released several albums in 1971, one with drummer, Ginger Baker, titled 'Live'. It was during the seventies that Kuti began posting political columns in newspapers such as The Daily Times and The Punch. He had learned of the Black Power movement while traveling to the States (there recording 'The '69 Los Angeles Sessions'). "Black Power" is a broad term for the civil rights movement that would include such as the Black Panther Party. His '77 album, 'Zombie', was in reference to the Nigerian military. That was a popular album, but with a price. The Nigerian government thought overwhelming force an appropriate reply and sent a battalion of a thousand soldiers to burn down his commune and recording studio, including the Shrine nightclub. He was nearly beaten to death in the process and hos mother thrown from a window, proving fatal. Kuti's response was to establish a residence at the Crossroads Hotel and marry 27 women in 1978, his retinue, basically. Kuti was a polygamist for reason of variety. He was to adopt a rotation system of twelve at a time. Kuti was also a Pan-African socialist. He formed his own party, Movement of the People (MOP), but his candidacy in 1979 for the Nigerian presidency was refused. He then formed the band, Egypt '80. In 1984 he was jailed for currency smuggling, a political maneuver by then President, Muhammadu Buhari. Kuti was released 20 months later by General Ibrahim Babangida, after which he divorced his twelve wives. Important in 1986 was Kuti's performance at the Giants Stadium in New Jersey at the Amnesty International concert, 'Conspiracy of Hope'. Kuti was a prolific composer, also releasing nearly seventy albums. Kuti's death of Kaposi's sarcoma, a tumor wrought by AIDS, was announced in August 1997. He was buried in Lagos, Nigeria.

Fela Kuti   1960


Fela Kuti   1966

   Onifere No 2

Fela Kuti   1969

   The '69 Los Angeles Sessions

     Not released until 1993

   Fela Ransome Kuti and His Koola Lobitos

     Album recorded 1965

Fela Kuti   1971


     With Ginger Baker

Fela Kuti   1972


     Album: 'Shakara'

   Roforofo Fight


Fela Kuti   1973





Fela Kuti   1975

   Expensive Shit/Water No Get Enemy


   He Miss Road




Fela Kuti   1977

   Sorrow Tears and Blood




Fela Kuti   1978

   Live at Berliner Jazztage

     Concert filmed live   Africa '70

Fela Kuti   1987

   Live at Berliner Jazztage

     Arsenal TV3 Catalonia   Egypt '80


Birth of Modern Jazz: Fela Kuti

Fela Kuti

Source: FELA!
Birth of Modern Jazz: Hugh Masekela

Hugh Masekela

Source: Hudson Valley Times
Born in 1939 in Witbank, South Africa, composer, Hugh Masekela, began training on piano as a child, adding trumpet at age fourteen. After a bit of early training he began leading his own ensembles, a popular performer when he joined the African Jazz Revue in 1956. In 1958 he began touring South Africa with 'King Kong', the musical about the heavyweight boxer. In 1959 he helped form the Jazz Epistles (named after Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers) with Dollar Brand, coming to the distinction of being the first black jazz ensemble to make a recording in South Africa, 'Jazz Epistle - Verse 1', released in 1960. But by that time the National Party had governed South Africa for twelve years (1948). Apartheid, the official segregation and disenfranchisement of blacks, was a system largely ignored by the global community. The Sharpeville Massacre of 69 demonstrators in March of 1960 was one of the results of an oppression that included censorship of the arts, not only mind-wrenchingly ridiculous in the banning of blacks from performing jazz, but making South Africa a dangerous place for jazz musicians to be (see Fela Kuti as to the rather different political zeitgeist in the latter seventies in Negeria). Masekela therefore left his homeland for New York City in exile in 1960. Like others in the 'King King' production, he used its tour to Europe to leave South Africa without returning. Once in New York, Masekela enrolled in the Manhattan School of Music to study trumpet until 1964. He issued his first LP, 'Trumpet Africaine', in 1962. By 1967 Masekela could draw a crowd at the Monterey Pop Festival. Even better was the four million copies he would sell of the instrumental, 'Grazing in the Grass', issued in 1968, something not about to have happened in South Africa, which would be governed by the National Party until 1994. In 1980 Masekela and Jive Records put together a mobile studio in Botswana just across the border from South African to assist musicians there. Masekela's career would last considerably longer than that of the National Party. Releasing above forty albums, Masekela is yet active touring to this date. His latest releases were in latter 2012, 'Playing @ Work', and 'Friends' with pianist, Larry Willis. Per 1960 below, piano in the Jazz Epistles is by Dollar Brand who was young Abdullah Ibrahim. All tracks are from the album, 'Jazz Epistle - Verse 1'.

The Jazz Epistles   1960

   Sad Times, Bad Times/King Kong

   Scullery Department


Hugh Masekela   1966

   What Is Wrong With Groovin'?

     Album: 'The Emancipation of Hugh Masekela'

Hugh Masekela   1968

   Grazing in the Grass


Hugh Masekela   1973

   Introducing Hedzoleh Soundz


Hugh Masekela   1974

   I Am Not Afraid

     Album: 'I Am Not Afraid'

Hugh Masekela   1975

   A Person Is a Sometime Thing

     Album: 'The Boy's Doin' It'

Hugh Masekela   1984

   Don't Go Lose It Baby

     Album: 'Techno Bush'

Hugh Masekela   1986

   Stimela (Coal Train)

     Filmed live

Hugh Masekela   1993

   Market Place

     Album: 'Hope'

Hugh Masekela   2009

   Estival Jazz Lugano

     Filmed concert

Hugh Masekela   2010

   Stimela (Coal Train)

     Filmed live: Inntöne Festival Austria

Hugh Masekela   2011

   Estival Jazz Lugano

     Filmed concert

Hugh Masekela   2014

   I Won't Forget the Day

     Filmed live in Berlin

Hugh Masekela   2015

   Mandela (Bring Him Back Home)

     Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: NHOP

Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen

Source: Wikimedia Commons
Born in 1945 in Osted, Denmark, on the island of Zealand, double bassist, Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen (NHOP) formed his first band at age 14, the Jazzkvintet 60. He also appeared on vinyl for the first time that year. If his first recordings were with Don Camilo and the Footwarmers in 1960 then those tracks would be 'Du Skal Lytte Til Dit Unge Hjerte' and 'Jeg Har En Ven, En Rigtig Sailor' released on a 7" EP. (The Footwarmers had released 'Ungarsk Rapsodi' and 'Auld Lang Syne' the previous year on a 7".) He'd have been hired by Count Basie at age 17 but that he was too young to obtain legal permission to travel to the States. He nevertheless worked at Copenhagen's Jazzhus Montmartre, a hub for touring jazz musicians where he performed with numerous big names, from Bill Evans to Ella Fitzgerald, on their way through Denmark. In January of 1963 he recorded tracks with saxophonist, Albert Ayler, in Copenhagen that surfaced on 'My Name Is Albert Ayler' in 1964. But his career picked up momentum with saxman, Dexter Gordon, releasing appearing on Gordon's 'One Flight Up' in 1965, the first of more than ten for Gordon. NHOP also worked with pianist, Kenny Drew, on that album, the first of more than fifty on which he and Drew would be paired. Big stuff came NHOP's direction again when recorded 'Great Connection' in 1971 with a trio consisting of pianist, Oscar Peterson and drummer, Louis Hayes. NHOP appeared on several albums by Peterson into the eighties. In 1973 he and Kenny Drew released 'Duo', the first of several into the eighties on which NHOP would back Drew. NHOP's first of numerous LPs as a leader was 'Jaywalkin' in 1976. An important association was begun with Chet Baker in June 1979, recording 'The Touch of Your Lips', the initial of several albums with Baker. Backing a host of musicians during his career, some of the more productive were Tete Montoliu, Jackie McLean, Martial Solal, Philip Catherine, Joe Pass and Niels Lan Doky. Altogether, NHOP performed on more than 800 alums. He died of heart failure in 2005 in Copenhagen.

NHOP   1963

   Bye Bye Blackbird

     Albert Ayler album: 'My Name Albert Ayler'

NHOP   1972

   Live in Hannover

     Filmed live

     Drums: Tony Inzalaco

     Piano: Oscar Peterson

     Sax: Ben Webster

NHOP   1973

   I skovens dybe stille ro

     'In Woodland Quiet Calm'

     Filmed live with Kenny Drew

NHOP   1976

   Double Bass

     Album of duets with Sam Jones

NHOP   1978

   Have You Met Miss Jones

     Guitar: Joe Pass


     Guitar: Joe Pass

NHOP   1990

   Hommage: Once Upon a Time

     Album by Palle Mikkelborg

   Live in Hungary

     Filmed live at Stefánia Palace

     Drums: Alvin Queen

     Piano: Gustav Csik

NHOP   1992


     Filmed live with Joe Pass

NHOP   1993

   Stella by Starlight

     Album: 'To a Brother'

NHOP   1994

   Samba Petit

     Solo filmed live

NHOP   1998

   This Is All I Ask


NHOP   2003

   Bye Bye Blackbird

     Filmed live with Christian McBride

NHOP   2007

   The Unforgettable NHOP Trio Live



  Born in 1944 in Kingston, Jamaica, Monty Alexander was among the premier jazz pianists of the latter twentieth century, and continues with towering stature into the 21st. He took up classical piano as a child, jazz beginning to percolate at about age fourteen. Soon working in clubs, he was a study for pianist, Aubrey Adams, in Clue J and his Blues Blasters. He supposedly recorded with that group. Though Clue J issued a number of titles on 45 during that period no personnel data seems available to indicate Alexander on just which. He was seventeen when he made his first issues on 45 as the leader of the Cyclones. The single, 'Lazy Lou', appeared on the flip side of the Mellow Cats' 'Rock 'A' Man Soul' for the All Star label in 1961. The Cyclones also released 'Dog It'/'Summertime' in 1961 for Teen Records. Also recorded in Jamaica was the '62 release of 'Organization' on a 7" for Island Records, the flip side of 'Come On' by Martin & Derrick. It was 1961 when Alexander immigrated to Miami with his family. He turned up in Las Vegas with the Art Mooney Orchestra in 1963, which soon found him crossing the States again to work at Jilly's in NYC where there would be occasion to back Frank Sinatra. 1965 saw the issue of Alexander's first LPs as a leader: 'Alexander the Great' was recorded at an after hours concert at the Esquire Theatre in Los Angeles perhaps in 1964. Studio recordings may have begun in '64 for the release of 'Spunky' in '65 as well. Issue dates for either are unknown. Alexander has issued well above seventy LPs during his career. He also backed musicians such as Milt Jackson, Dizzy Gillespie and Ernest Ranglin. Of note during the seventies was his 1976 release of 'Montreux Alexander Live!', recorded at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland that July with his trio consisting of John Clayton (bass) and Jeff Hamilton (drums). In 1981 he married jazz guitarist, Emily Remler, they divorcing four years later. During the nineties Alexander focused on reggae. He also appeared with Ray Brown and Jeff Hamilton on 'Facets' in 1996. 'Overseas Special' was released that year with Ray Brown and Herb Ellis as well. That configuration would issue 'Triple Scoop' in 2002 and 'Straight Ahead' in 2003. Into the new millennium Alexander has remained dynamically active. Married to Italian vocalist, Catarina Zapponi, he yet records and tours heavily internationally. Alexander's latest issues were 'Uplift' ('11), 'Harlem-Kingston Express Live!' ('11), 'Uplift 2' ('13) and 'Harlem-Kingston Express Vol 2: 'The River Rolls On' in 2014.

Monty and the Cyclones   1961

  Dog It

  Lazy Lou



Monty Alexander   1965

  Jitterbug Waltz

      LP: 'Alexander the Great'


      LP: 'Spunky'

  Taggies Tune

      LP: 'Spunky'

Monty and the Cyclones   1971

  My Sweet Lord

Monty Alexander   1976

  Montreux Alexander Live!


Monty Alexander   2004

  Live at New Morning

      Concert filmed in Paris

Monty Alexander   2006

  Concrete Jungle


Monty Alexander   2011

  Jazz in Marciac

      Filmed concert

      Bass: John Clayton

      Drums: Jeff Hamilton

  Live in San Javier

      Concert filmed in Spain

  No Woman No Cry

      LP: 'Harlem-Kingston Express Live!'

Monty Alexander   2013

  Saint Émilion Jazz Festival

      Concert filmed in France

Monty Alexander   2014

  Live at Baloise Session

      Concert filmed in Basel, Switzerland

Monty Alexander   2015

  JNature Boy/Running Away

      Jazzwoche Burghausen Filmed concert

  Live at the Blue Note Milano

      Bass: Hassan Shakur

      Drums: Obed Calvaire


Birth of Modern Jazz: Monty Alexander

Monty Alexander

Source: Wikipedia
  Dick Morrissey was born in 1940 in Deal, Kent, to take up the sax at age sixteen. Appearing regularly to play bop at the Marquee Club in London in 1960, he recorded his first album in April of 1961 as the Dick Morrissey Quartet: 'It’s Morrissey, Man!'. He led quartets on tenor sax through several more albums in the sixties until forming If in 1969 with guitarist, Terry Smith. The debit If album was 'If' ('If 1', the first of four) in 1970. The core members of that group remained constant through the release of 'Waterfall' in late '72: JW Hodkinson (percussion/vocals), Jim Richardson (bass), Dennis Elliott (drums), John Mealing (organ/piano) and Dave Quincy (sax). New configurations of If issued a few more albums into 1975. Upon the disbanding of If, Morrissey toured Germany with Alexis Korner, then the United States with the Scottish group, the Average White Band. He next formed Morrissey-Mullen (M&M) with guitarist, Jim Mullen, which partnership yielded several LPs from 'Up' in 1976 through 'Happy Hour' in 1988. Another important association was guitarist/vocalist, Gary Numan, with whom Morrissey started releasing albums per 'Warriors' in latter 1983. Morrissey contributed sax on 'Dream Killer', found on Numan's thirteenth studio release in 1991: 'Outland'. His repertoire spanning jazz, pop and rock, Morrisey was in huge demand as a sideman, performing and recording with countless American and English musicians. Unfortunately he was also afflicted with spinal cancer. His last recordings were in the early nineties, after which performed during his last years in a wheelchair, often at the Alma pub in Deal, Kent. His last performance was an M&M reunion with Mullen at the Astor Theatre in Deal in August of 2000, he to die the next November. Per 1967 below, all tracks are from the album, 'Here and Now and Sounding Good!'. Per 1979, each track is by the Morrissey-Mullen partnership from the album, 'Cape Wrath'.

Dick Morrissey   1961


      LP: 'It’s Morrissey, Man!'

  St. Thomas

      LP: 'It’s Morrissey, Man!'

Dick Morrissey   1964

  The Goblin

      Album: 'Have You Heard'

Dick Morrissey   1964


      With the Michael Garrick Trio

      Not issued until 2011

      LP: 'The Girl with the Brown Hair'

      Limited edition: 500

Dick Morrissey   1967

  Little Miss Sadly

  Off the Wagon

  El Schtuck

  Sunday Lunch

Dick Morrissey   1979

  Bristol Boogie

   Lovely Day

   Return to Tooting Broadway

Dick Morrissey   1982

  Blade Runner: Love Theme

      Composition: Vangelis

Dick Morrissey   1983

   Running Out of Time

      Album: 'After Dark'

Dick Morrissey   1986


      Album: 'Souliloquy'

      Vocal: Lenny Zakate


      Album: 'Souliloquy'

Dick Morrissey   1993

   Jazzfestival Bern

      Filmed live

      Drum solo: Charly Antolini


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dick Morrissey

Dick Morrissey

Source: If Music
  Born in Dumfries, Scotland, in 1933, trumpet and flugelhorn player, Ian Carr, was older brother to keyboardist, Mike Carr. He studied English literature at King's College (now Newcastle University) and graduated with a license to educate. He'd been playing trumpet since age seventeen and upon graduation he headed for London to join his brother's band, the Emcee Five, with which he performed from '60 to '62. His first recordings were with Mike and the Emcee Five in June of 1961 in Newcastle, ten noncommercial unreleased tracks: 'Theme', 'Blowin' the Blues Away', 'John O'Groats', 'Downbeat After Dark', 'The One that Got Away', 'Blue Sue', 'Lefty's Tune', 'Dobson's Choice', 'The Bridge' and 'Blues for Monk'. The Emcee Five made their initial commercial release in 1962, that session in December of 1961 yielding: 'The One That Got Away', 'Stephenson's Rocket' and 'Preludes'. Those were issued on the 7" 45rpm, 'Let's Take Five!'. His next major move was joining the Don Rendell Quartet/Quintet in 1963, with which he remained until '69. Rendell's operation would become the Don Rendell-Ian Carr Quintet in latter 1964. Carr collaborated with numerous musicians during his career, but he is best known for his group, Nucleus, which debut LP was 'Elastic Rock' in 1970. Carr led Nucleus to its demise two decades later ('89). Carr led a double career as an academician as well. Along with album sleeve notes for other musicians he wrote a column for 'BBC Music Magazine', scratched biographies of Keith Jarrett and Miles Davis, coauthored 'The Rough Guide to Jazz' (its first of four editions in 1988 titled, 'Jazz, The Essential Companion'). Carr became associate professor at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London in 1987. He passed away in February 2009, having endured Alzheimer's disease. Per below, Carr performs with Don Rendell years 1965 to 1970 ('Kerkyra'). Per 1973, tracks are from the Nucleus LP, 'Labyrinth', with vocals by Norma Winstone.

Emcee Five   1962


      Album: 'Let's Take Five!'

   Stephenson's Rocket

      Album: 'Let's Take Five!'

Ian Carr   1965

   Blue Mosque

      Album: 'Shades of Blue'

Ian Carr   1966

   Dusk Fire

      Album: 'Dusk Fire'

Ian Carr   1968

   Black Marigolds

      Album: 'Phase III'


      Filmed live

Ian Carr   1970


      Album: 'Greek Variations'

Nucleus   1970

   Elastic Rock


Nucleus   1971

   Bedrock Deadlock

      Album: 'Solar Plexus'

   We'll Talk About It Later


Nucleus   1972


      Album: 'Belladonna'

Nucleus   1973


   Bull Dance


Nucleus   1974

   BBC Jazz Club

Nucleus   1977

   In Flagranti Delicto



Birth of Modern Jazz: Ian Carr

Ian Carr

Source: Harmonies
Birth of Modern Jazz: Chris McGregor

Chris McGregor

Source: SEALS
Though Born in Transkei, currently part of Eastern Cape, South Africa, in 1936, pianist, Chris McGregor, had a headmaster of the Church of Scotland for a father. He grew up in the environment of the Xhosa people, a subdivide of the greater Bantus. After school and a period in the merchant navy McGregor entered the South African College of Music in 1952. During that time he studied classical by day (Bartók, Schoenberg), listened to Duke Ellington and Thelonious Monk by night, and involved himself in the Cape nightclub scene. He is thought to have first appeared on vinyl in 1962, as a leader on both albums. The one was a theatrical production of 'Mr. Paljas'. (That album is apparently worth several hundred dollars these days.) The other was titled simply 'Jazz'. It was 1962 when McGregor put together his band, the Blue Notes. That was followed the next year by his larger Castle Lager Big Band on the album, 'Jazz the African Sound'. McGregor took the Blue Notes to France in 1964, the year Mandela was imprisoned for life by South Africa's apartheid government. McGregor thus in exile, he remained in Europe, performing in London, Copenhagen and Zurich, eventually to become a French resident in the early seventies. In 1969 McGregor formed the big band, the Brotherhood of Breath, issuing several albums with that organization in the seventies and eighties. McGregor died in early 1990 in France.

Chris McGregor   1962

   German Luger


   Ndiyeke Mra


Chris McGregor   1968

   Don't Stir The Beehive

      Album: 'Very Urgent'

Chris McGregor   1970

   The Bride

      Album: 'Chris McGregor's Brotherhood Of Breath'


     Album: 'Chris McGregor's Brotherhood Of Breath'

Chris McGregor   1971

   Live in Baden Baden

      With the Brotherhood of Breath

Chris McGregor   1971

   Country Cooking

      Album: 'Country Cooking'

      With the Brotherhood of Breath

   Grandmothers Teaching


      With the Brotherhood of Breath


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dudu Pukwana

Dudu Pukwana

Source: Discogs
Born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, in 1938, composer, Dudu Pukwana, was raised at piano but switched to alto sax in 1956. Upon joining Chris McGregor's Blue Notes he first surfaced on vinyl that year. Heading to Europe as an exile from apartheid with the Blue Notes in 1964, he continued with McGregor's Brotherhood of Breath until joining the Bob Stuckey Trio in 1967 (Stuckey on Hammond organ, John Marshall on drums). That trio soon became a quartet with the addition of Phil Lee on guitar. He then put together the Spears early enough for the 1969 release of the album, 'Dudu Pukwana and the Spears'. Pukwana next put together the Afro rock band, Assagai, releasing the albums, 'Assagai' and 'Zimbabwe', in 1971. Pukwana next issued several albums with Spear (no longer the Spears) during the seventies. In 1978 Pukwana founded Jika Records, also forming the band, Zila, with which he performed and recorded through the eighties. Pukwana died of liver failure in June 1990. Per 1973 below, all tracks are from the album, 'In the Townships'.

Dudu Pukwana   1962

   German Luger

      Piano: Chris McGregor

   Ndiyeke Mra

      Piano: Chris McGregor

Dudu Pukwana   1967


      Piano: Chris McGregor

      Composition: Dudu Pukwana

Dudu Pukwana   1969

   Kuthwasi Hlobo (Spring)

      Album: 'Dudu Pukwana and the Spears'

   Pezulu (Way Up)

      Album: 'Dudu Pukwana and the Spears'

Dudu Pukwana   1973

   Angel Nemali


   Sekela Khuluma



Dudu Pukwana   1975

   Diamond Express

      Album: 'Diamond Express'


      Album: 'Flute Music'

   Tete/Barbs In My Mind

      Album: 'Diamond Express'

   You Cheated Me

      Album: 'Flute Music'

Dudu Pukwana   1985

   Sondela (Come Closer)


Dudu Pukwana   1987

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live with Zila


  Born in 1942 in Zaandam, Netherlands, drummer and free jazz improvisationist, Han Bennink, had a classical percussionist for a father. The earliest recording of which we know by him was an EP with the Tony Vos Trio in January of 1963 in Amsterdam with Arend Nijenhuis on bass. That contained the tracks: 'Undecided', 'Lover Man' and 'Comin' Home Baby'. In 1960 he joined the band on a cruise ship to float to America. Back in Europe, Bennink formed a quartet in 1963 with pianist, Misha Mengelberg, probably the most significant figure throughout his career. In June of '64 Eric Dolphy was in Netherlands where he was playing 'Epistrophy' in a set with Bennink and Mengelberg at De Poort van Kleef in Eindhoven when a fan recorded it. Bennink ended up with the tape and released it on vinyl in January of '75 on his Instant Composers Pool label (founded 1967) with another short tune titled 'Instant Composition'. 'Epistrophy' was recorded again the next day in Hilversum with six additional tracks, released on Dolphy's 'Last Date', posthumously, in 1964. (Dolphy would record again in Paris in June, before dying in Berlin that month of diabetic shock, collapsing on stage.) The Bennink-Mengelberg team proved to be a fruitful one, they performing at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1966. Bennink, Mengelberg and saxophonist, Willem Breuker, founded the ICP (Instant Composers Pool) label in 1967, and with it, the ICP Orchestra which Bennink and Mengelberg would lead into the new millennium. (Breuker left in 1974 to form the Collective, as well as his own label.) In March of 1971 Bennink recorded 'Improvisie' with Paul Bley and Annette Peacock. In 1973 he recorded what wouldn't be issued as 'Nerve Beats' until 2001. Apart from Mengelberg, the most significant figure in Bennink's career was Peter Brötzmann, with whom he released numerous titles from 'Machine Gun' in '68 to 'Amherst' in 2006. Also important in Bennink's work for well over a decade was the Dutch band, The Ex. Beyond music, Bennink was, is, a graphic artist and sculptor, designing album sleeves as well as exhibiting. Bennink is yet active as ever and touring. His ICP Orchestra released 'Misha Enzovoort' in June of 2015 with Cherry Duyns. Per 1964 below, only one track of  Dolphy's posthumous 'Last Date' is listed. Others on which Bennink participated are indexed under Dolphy.

Han Bennink   1964

   Live in Holland

      Eric Dolphy album: 'Last Date'

Han Bennink   1965

   Live in Holland

      Filmed live with Wes Montgomery

Han Bennink   1968

   Music for Han Bennink

      Peter Brötzmann LP: 'Machine Gun'

Han Bennink   1969

   An Old Woman

      Album: 'Derek Bailey/Han Bennink'

Han Bennink   1973

   Nerve Beats

      Album: 'Nerve Beats'

      Not released until 2001

Han Bennink   1978

   Midwoud 77


ICP Orchestra   1982

   Japan Japon Part 1


      Trumpet: Toshinori Kondo

   Japan Japon Part 2


      Trumpet: Toshinori Kondo

ICP Orchestra   1990

   The Mooche

      Album: 'Bospaadje Konijnehol'

      Composition: Duke Ellington

ICP Orchestra   1998

   Live at Moers Jazz Festival

      With The Ex

Han Bennink   2004

   Live in Ethiopia

      Filmed live with The Ex

Han Bennink   2006


      Albim: 'Spring Odyssey'

ICP Orchestra   2009

   Live at the Bimhuis

      Filmed live

Han Bennink   2012

   Drum Solo

      Filmed live in London

Han Bennink   2013

   Improvisation 1

      Filmed live with Mikko Innanen

   Improvisation 2

      Filmed live with Mikko Innanen

   Live in Napoli

      Piano: Misha Mengelberg

      Sax: Mario Schiano

Han Bennink   2014

   Anke hat Zeit (Anke Has Time)

      Filmed live with Uri Caine

   Live at Moers Festival

      Filmed live with Oscar Jan Hoogland

ICP Orchestra   2014

   East of the Sun

      Album: 'East of the Sun'

      Arrangement: Michael Moore


Birth of Modern Jazz: Han Bennink

Han Bennink

Source: persons-info
Birth of Modern Jazz: Carola


Source: Second Hand Songs
Carola was born Carola Christina Standertskjöld-Liemola in 1941 in Helsinki, Finland. As this page of the histories witnesses the bloom of Finnish jazz it's apt to note vocalist Carola Standertskjöld, the name by which she was known offstage. Singing in nine languages, she spoke five. After World War II her parents would take her Switzerland, she finishing out her teenage years in Spain. She performed chansons during her early public appearances at such as parties, sometimes with guitar. Carola liked it cold and returned to Finland where she hooked up with Esa Pethman to perform with his quartet in 1962, touring in Sweden, Poland and Czechoslovakia. The next year she released her first recordings, a couple of Jewish folk songs for RCA: 'Hava Nagila' and 'Telstar'. In '64 she toured Europe and appeared on television with the Swiss Hazy Osterwald Sextet. Her return to Finland in '65 saw the issue of 'Warum Willst Du Das Alles Vergessen'. She then recorded with The Boys, such as 'The End of the World', 'Jo Riittää!' ('The Last Time') and 'Hunajainen' ('A Taste of Honey'). She made her debut in film as an actress in '65 as well, appearing in 'The Cold Old Days'. Carola was accompanied by the Heikki Sarmanto Trio in '66. She continued similarly and was a world-class talent in the making when she decided on a career change in the seventies, working in her husband's grocery store. She thereafter performed on isolated occasions and recorded a few titles sporadically until receding into obscurity after the issue of 'Sydämeen Jäi Soimaan Blues' in 1985. In 1987 she was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, she dying ten years later in Kirkkonummi, Finland, in November of '97.

Carola   1965

   The Last Time (Jo riittää)

      With The Boys



   A Taste of Honey (Hunajainen)

      With The Boys

   Warum Willst Du Das Alles Vergessen


Carola   1966

   Förbjuden Lek


   Kielletyt Leikit


   My Favorite Things


Carola   1968


Carola   1969

   Chain of Fools



Carola   1970

   Seize the Time


  Sen pituinen se

Carola   1972

   Sen pituinen se



Birth of Modern Jazz: Wolfgang Dauner

Wolfgang Dauner   1971

Source: Different 868
Born in 1935 in Stuttgart, Germany, composer and keyboardist, Wolfgang Dauner, began performing in public at festivals. He involved himself with free jazz during his early career but soon began exploring other fascinating realms of his own. In 1963 he formed a trio with bassist, Eberhard Weber, and drummer, Fred Braceful. That trio appeared on 'Jazz Studio' in 1963 with the Hans Koller Oktett for the Saba label. He issued 'Dream Talk', in 1964. In 1969 he formed the band, Et Cetera. The next year he was co-leading the Free Sound & Super Brass Big Band. He was instrumental to the formation of the United Jazz and Rock Ensemble in 1975. Dauner's first solo album was 'Changes' in 1978. Among works Dauner composed for symphony orchestra were 'The Primal Scream' ('79), 'Trans Tanz' ('85) and 'When In Trouble Travel' ('92). Dauner has also composed f0r film, radio and television. Among Dauner's latest releases was his solo album, 'Tribute to the Past', in 2010.

Wolfgang Dauner   1967

   My Spanish Disguise

      Album: 'Free Action'

   Sketch Up and Downer

      Album: 'Free Action'

Wolfgang Dauner   1968

   Psalmus Spei


Wolfgang Dauner   1969

   The Oimels


Wolfgang Dauner   1970

   Rischka's Soul


Wolfgang Dauner   1971

   Et Cetera


Wolfgang Dauner   1972

   Frankfurt 1972

      Live at Deutsches Jazz Festival

Wolfgang Dauner   2004

   Hot Jazz Festival

      Filmed live with Albert Mangelsdorff

Wolfgang Dauner   2010

   Drachenburg für R

      Filmed live

   Dream Talk

      Album: 'Tribute to the Past'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Michael Garrick

Michael Garrick    1964

Source: The Wire
Michael Garrick was a composer/pianist born in 1933 in Enfield, Middlesex. He graduated from University College in London in 1959 with a bachelor's in English literature. He had recorded nine tracks in 1958 at London University first: 'Angel Eyes', 'A Welter of Phenomena', 'Silhouette', 'I'll Never Be The Same', 'Get Out Of Town', 'Threesome', 'Willow Weep For Me' and 'I Saw Stars' and 'Mr. Paganini'. Those weren't commercially released until 2010 on 'Silhouette' by Gearbox Records in a limited edition of 500. The next year Garrick recorded 'Henry VIII's Favourite Laye', 'Vishnu', 'Barbara Allen' and 'White Moon' at London University and 'Kronos' with a different group in London. Those weren't issued until 1983 on the first side of an album titled 'Kronos'. Garrick's first commercially available titles were released for Columbia in 1963, recorded December 1962: 'Cascades', 'Blues for the Lonely', 'Day of Atonement' and 'Sketches of Israel'. In May of '63 Garrick issued 'A Case of Jazz' with Shake Keane containing the tracks: 'Fish Babies', 'Watershute', 'Sun Maiden' and 'Regrets'. From '64 to '69 Garrick played in the Rendell-Carr Quintet (performing on several albums with that group), though he formed his own sextet in 1966. In 1968 he issued the choral jazz album, 'Jazz Praises', recorded at St. Paul's Cathedral in London. He attended the Berklee College of Music in Boston in 1970. Back in England in latter 1970, he recorded 'Mr Smith's Apocalypse', featuring the poetry of John Smith, for issue in 1971. During the seventies and eighties Garrick concentrated less on recording than education. He would hold posts at the Royal Academy of Music, Trinity College of Music and the Guildhall School of Music, as well as implement programs to introduce children to jazz. In 1994 Garrick issued 'Meteors Close at Hand' on his own label, Jazz Academy Records, followed by 'Parting Is Such' the next year. His first release in the 21st century was 'Genius' in 2000 featuring saxophone by Joe Harriott. He then released at least one album each year until his death in November of 2011. His latest releases were in 2010: 'Tone Poems' with the Michael Garrick Jazz Orchestra and 'Remembered Time' with Nette Robinso.

Michael Garrick   1958

   I Saw Stars

      Vocal: Josephine Stahl

      Not released until 2010

Michael Garrick   1959


      Not released until 1983

Michael Garrick   1963


      Album: 'Poetry and Jazz in Concert'

Michael Garrick   1964

   Sketches of Israel

Michael Garrick   1965

   October Woman

      Album: 'October Woman'

   Second Coming

      Album: 'Promises'

Michael Garrick   1966


      Album: 'Black Marigolds'

Michael Garrick   1968

   Heart Is a Lotus

      Recorded 1968 for BBC

      Not released until 2013


      Television broadcast

      Don Rendell-Ian Carr Quintet

Michael Garrick   1969

   Jazz Praises

      Performance October 1968

      St. Paul's Cathedral   London

Michael Garrick   1970

   The Heart Is a Lotus

      Album: 'The Heart Is a Lotus'

      Vocal: Norma Winstone

Michael Garrick   1972

   Cold Mountain

      Album: 'Cold Mountain'

   Home Stretch Blues


      Vocals: Norma Winstone

Michael Garrick   2011?

   Live at MAP Studio Cafe

      Horn: Tony Woods

      Vocal: Nette Robinson


Birth of Modern Jazz: Masabumi Kikuchi

Masabumi Kikuchi

Photo: John Rogers

Source: Manafonistas
Born in Tokyo, Japan, in 1939, pianist, Masabumi Kikuchi studied music at the Tokyo Art College High School. Upon graduation he formed a trio, then performed with visiting Lionel Hampton. Kikuchi first emerged on vinyl in 1963 on Toshiko Akiyoshi's album, 'East & West', appearing on one track: 'Stone Garden of Ryoan Temple'. Kikuchi partnered with Terumasa Hino on recordings in the latter sixties. He first visited the United States in 1969 to attend the Berklee College of Music in Boston. That was short-lived, as he was back in Japan to record a couple albums with bassist, Gary Peacock, and drummer, Masabumi Kikuchi, released in 1970 and '71: 'Eastward' and 'Voices'. Drummer, Masahiko Togashi, also appeared on the latter. Kikuchi issued his first album in 1970: 'Poo-Sun'. Moving to NYC permanently in 1974, Kikuchi would explore the synthesizer during the eighties. Throughout the nineties he was a third of the trio, Tethered Moon, with Peacock and Paul Motian. That trio's first recordings in '90 and '91 weren't released until 1997 as 'First Meeting'. Significant in the new millennium were kikuchi's live recordings at the Village Vanguard with Motian. Having issued more than twenty albums as a leader or co-leader, his last was in May of 2015, 'Masabumi Kikuchi Ben Street Thomas Morgan Kresten Osgood', issued two months before his death of subdural hematoma in Manhattan in July of 2015. Per 1963 below, 'Stone Garden of Ryoan Temple' was Kikuchi's debut recording, issued on the joint Mariano/Akiyoshi LP, 'East & West'. Per 1997 below, tracks are with Tethered Moon from the album, 'First Meeting', recorded 1990-91.

Masabumi Kikuchi   1963

   Stone Garden of Ryoan Temple

      Alto sax: Charlie Mariano

Masabumi Kikuchi   1970

   Dancing Mist

      LP: 'Poo-Sun'

   Sum Dum Fun

      LP: 'Poo-Sun'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1972

   Drizzling Rain

      LP: 'Masabumi Kikuchi + Gil Evans'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1973

   Little Abi

      LP with Elvin Jones: 'Hollow Out'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1974

   East Wind

      LP: 'East Wind'

   Green Dance

      LP: 'East Wind'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1977

   Black Orpheus

      LP: 'Matrix'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1978


      Album with Kochi

Masabumi Kikuchi   1989


      LP: 'Attached'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1992

   You're My Everything

      With Tethered Moon

      LP: 'Tethered Moon'

Masabumi Kikuchi   1994

   After Hours

      Album   Solo piano

Masabumi Kikuchi   1997

   First Meeting/Solar/Open Trio

   Tethered Moon

Masabumi Kikuchi   2004

   Live in Nishinohara

      Filmed concert


  Born in 1938 in Kuusankoski, Finland, saxophonist/flautist, Esa Pethman, began studies at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki in 1952, meanwhile performing in the bands of Erkki Melakoski and Laila Kinnunen. He afterward toured Finland, Czechoslovakia and Poland with his brother, Anssi (drums/sax), playing with a number of orchestras as well. 1963 saw the release of his 45 rpm 'Al Secco' b/w 'Finnish Schnapps'. Pethman's debut LP was 'Modern Sound of Finland' in 1965. The next year he emerged on 'Carola ja Heikki Sarmanto Trio'. In 1985 Pethman released the LP, 'Unten Soitto - Song Of Slumber'. 1986 saw the issues of 'Esa & Flutes' and 'Light Mäyränkolosta'. In 1996 he released 'Esamba'. Pethman also involved himself with classical composition, such as opera, and worked in film. Though issuing only several albums through the years, Pethman has backed numerous others while arranging for countless more, including in the popular genre. His career largely concentrated on delivering concerts, Pethman currently resides with his wife in Hämeenlinna, Finland, yet active touring.

Esa Pethman   1964

   Elokuvasta Lauantaileikit


Esa Pethman   1965

   The Flame

      LP: 'Modern Sound of Finland'

Esa Pethman   1966

   The Flame

      LP: 'Carola ja Heikki Sarmanto Trio'

Esa Pethman   1986

   The Weeping Flute

      LP: 'Esa & Flutes'

Esa Pethman   1996

   Samba Facilitar

      LP: 'Esamba'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Esa Pethman

Esa Pethman

Source: Elvis Ry
  Born in 1947 in Oslo, Norway, composer and guitarist, Terje Rypdal, trained on piano and trumpet as a child, switching to guitar as a teenager. His was a wide range, from classical composition to jazz-rock fusion, with an Impressionistic lean. They might have done belly dances in the Middle East, but with Rypdal one wafts, this vaporous existence. He joined a band called the Vanguards in 1961 or '62, that group beginning to issue records in 1963, their first being 'I See You Drafting Glugg' b/w 'Charmaine'. The Vanguards released the album, 'Hjemme Igjen' in 1966. ('Hjemme Igjen' means 'Back Home' or, a cover of 'Homeward Bound', composed by Simon & Garfunkel and issued earlier that year.) Rypdal would appear on several Vanguard releases, including 'Phnooole', issued in 1967. He also recorded with Dream in '67, the album, 'Get Dreamy', limited to 500 editions that year, though that album has seen much later releases. Rypdal's debut name release was 'Bleak House' in 1968. In addition to guitar he played flute and sang lead on all compositions by himself, the album also produced by him. Rypdal entered the studio in 1969 with George Russell to record tracks for 'Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature', not released until 1980. In latter 1969 Rypdal laid tracks on Jan Garbarek's 'Esoteric Circle', issued that year. It was his 1971 album, 'Terje Rypdal', that made his name as a composer and guitarist beyond its eponymous title. Rypdal composed his 'Symphony No 1' in 1975, the year he released his double-sleeve LP, 'Odyssey'. The eighties found him forming the Chasers with bassist, Bjørn Kjellemyr, a trio including Audun Kleive on drums on the Chaser's debut album, 'Chaser'. Rypdal appeared on the first of several albums with Ketil Bjørnstad in 1993: 'Water Stories'. Rypdal also released his classical album, 'Q.E.D.', in 1993. Rypdal's latest release as of this writing is 'Melodic Warrior' in 2013. Having issued above thirty albums as a leader, in addition to a prolific number of recordings with other musicians, Rypdal currently resides in Tresfjord, Norway. Per 1968 below, all tracks are from the LP, 'Bleak House'.

Terje Rypdal   1963


      With the Vanguards

  Vanguard Special

      With the Vanguards

Terje Rypdal   1966

  Hjemme Igjen

      With the Vanguards

Terje Rypdal   1967

  Get Dreamy

      Album with Dream

Terje Rypdal   1968

  Bleak House

  Dead Man´s Tale

  A Feeling of Harmony



  Winter Serenade

Terje Rypdal   1973

  Live in France

      Television broadcast


Terje Rypdal   1974

  The Hunt

Terje Rypdal   1975

  Rolling Stone

      Album: 'Odyssey'

Terje Rypdal   1978

   Symphony No 2   Movement 1

      Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra

   Symphony No 2   Movement 4

      Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra

Terje Rypdal   1987

   The Curse

      Album: 'Blue'

   Kompet Gar

      Album: 'Blue'

Terje Rypdal   1995

   Live in Stuttgart

      Filmed live

      Double bass: Miroslav Vitous

      Drums: Trilok Gurtu

Terje Rypdal   2000

   Mystery Man

Terje Rypdal   2010


   Live in Garana

      Filmed live in Romania

   Live in Moscow

      Filmed live in Russia

Terje Rypdal   2014

   Jarasum Jazz Festival

      Filmed live   Piano: Ketil Bjørnstad


Birth of Modern Jazz: Terje Rypdal

Terje Rypdal

Photo: Roberto Masotti/ECM Records

Source: Notes o the Road
Birth of Modern Jazz: Heikki Sarmantot

Heikki Sarmanto

Source: Sarmanto
Born in 1939 in Helsinki, Finland, pianist, Heikki Sarmanto, was a unit of the great jazz awakening in Finland that emerged in the sixties to see its heydays in the seventies. Other nations in that region of the globe had something earlier or about the same time seen a burst of talents arise, to speak of Finland's Scandinavian partners to the west as well as Communist Poland several hundred miles south across the Baltic. Before Sarmanto ran his first big band he studied languages at Helsinki University. In the early sixties he attended the Sibelius Academy, also in Helsinki. He started leading bands in 1962. The next year he recorded a couple of tracks with Esa Pethman that would be released that year on a 7" 45 EP (Scandia SEP 194): 'Al Secco' b/w 'Finnish Schnapps'. In '65 he surfaced on Pethman's 'The Modern Sound Of Finland'. He was with the Christian Schwindt Quintet for its issue of 'For Friends and Relatives' in '66. Like other of his Finnish compatriots he attended the Berkllee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts, studying piano and composition from '68 to '71. His debut LP, however, was recorded in Finland in '69 for issue that year: 'Flowers In the Water'. It was 1976 that Sarmanto formed the UMO Orchestra (Uuden Musiikin Orkesteri: New Music Orchestra), which he would run the remainder of his career. That outfit issued its first albums in 1976: 'A Good Time Was Had By All' and 'Our Latin Friends'. The UMO would release above forty albums. Sarmanto would become its Artistic Director in 1998. Highly productive, Sarmanto would appear on above twenty more albums as a leader or collaborator. Among Sarmanto's latest releases as a collaborator was 'Conversations' in 2011, in a duo with Juhani Aaltonen on tenor sax. As for the UMO Orchestra its latest was 'Mysterium Magnum' in 2015.

Heikki Sarmanto   1966

   The Flame

      LP: 'Carola & Heikki Sarmanto Trio'

   Helsinki at Noon

      Christian Schwindt Quintet

      LP: 'For Friends and Relatives'

Heikki Sarmanto   1969

   Flowers In the Water

      LP: 'Flowers in the Water'

Heikki Sarmanto   1972

   Marat IV: The Game

      LP: 'Everything Is It'

Heikki Sarmanto   1976


      LP: 'Open Ear'

   The Land That Is Not

      LP: 'Open Ear'

   Shattered Mirrors

      LP: 'Open Ear'

Heikki Sarmanto   1979

   Duke and Trane

      LP: 'New Hope Jazz Mass'

Heikki Sarmanto   1980

   Magic Song

      Vocal: Jeannine Otis

      LP: 'Magic Song'

      Filmed presentation by Heikki Sarmanto

Heikki Sarmanto   2013

   Les Tuileries

      Album: 'Paris Impressions'



Birth of Modern Jazz: Yusuke Yamashita

Yusuke Yamashita

Source: Sync Music Japan
Born in 1942 in Tokyo, Japan, free jazz musician, Yosuke Yamashita, trained picked up violin at age nine, switching to piano as a teenager. Performing professionally in 1959, his first appearance on vinyl is thought to be the album Ginparis per 1963. In 1969 he formed a trio with Seiichi Nakamura and Takeo Moriyama to release his initial name LP that year: 'Mina's Second Theme'. In 1973 Yamashita performed a piano burning That trio dissolved in 1983, Yamashita then to form the New York Trio with drummer, Pheeroan akLaff. and bassist, Cecil McBee. During the nineties he composed film scores and ran a big band combining swing with free jazz. In 2008 he performed his second piano burning, his first in 1973 for the film, 'piano burning'. The burning piano ceremony began with the Royal Air Force between World Wars I and II as a ritual upon completion of pilot training, though reasons vary. One is that there were too few upper class candidates to train as pilots for World War II. Having to draw recruits from the general population, the RAF thought to add piano to training (culture, dexterity), which recruits didn't like and burned their piano to avoid it. Another is that an RAF pilot who had played the keyboard was downed, a piano burned in his honor, as if to say if not him, then no one. Howsoever, Chopin is fairly useless in times of war and the ceremony moved across the ocean to the United States Air Force. As for Yamashita, he has taught at colleges in Japan, including his alma mater, the Kunitachi College of Music, and published, concerning music, in print. He's won multiple awards and issued well above thirty albums as a leader or co-leader. Among his most recent was the big band LP, 'Bolero/Pictures at an Exhibition', in 2014.

Yosuke Yamashita   1972

   Ecstacy of the Angels

      Filmed live

   Tenshi no Kotosu


Yosuke Yamashita   1975


      LP: 'Distant Thunder'

   Up to Date


Yosuke Yamashita   1976


      LP: 'Montreux Afterglow'

Yosuke Yamashita   1978

   Usagi No Dance

      LP: 'Sunayama'

Yosuke Yamashita   1979

   First Time


Yosuke Yamashita   1982


      Recorded 1975

      LP: 'Chiasma'

Yosuke Yamashita   1985

   Live at Sweet Basil

      Filmed concert

Yosuke Yamashita   1990


      Recorded 1977

      LP: 'Ghosts by Albert Ayler'

Yosuke Yamashita   1992

   Kurdish Dance

      LP: 'Kurdish Dance'

      Bass: Cecil McBee

      Drums: Pheeroan akLaff

      Tenor sax: Joe Lovano

Yosuke Yamashita   1999

   Quest 1999

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Cecil McBee

      Drums: Pheeroan akLaff

Yosuke Yamashita   2008

   Burning Piano

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jan Hammer

Jan Hammer

Source: Radio Praha
Born in 1948 in Prague, Czechoslovakia, jazz fusion keyboardist, Jan Hammer (pronounced 'yawn"), had a singer for a mother and a doctor for a father who was also vibraphonist, Jan Hammer Sr. who had begun his recording career approximately the same year as Junior's birth, thought with Rytmus 48. Upon starting high school in 1962 Hammer formed a trio with brothers Alan Vitouš (drums) and Miroslav Vitouš (bass) which recorded one track to be found on 'Ceskolovensky Jazz 64'. He joined his brothers on several tracks of 'Jazz 65' the next year. In 1968 he composed the soundtrack for the Czech film, 'Šíleně smutná princezna'. With the invasion of Czechoslovakia per the Warsaw Pact in 1968 Hammer moved to Munich, Germany, where he recorded at the Domicile, not released until 2007 as 'Turtles', and 'Maliny Maliny', issued in '69. That was also issued as 'Malma Maliny' by virtue of misinterpreted handwriting. In 1976 it was reissued as 'Make Love' (its first track). Hammer moved to the United States to attend the Berklee College of Music in 1968 on scholarship. He next spent a year touring with Sarah Vaughan. In 1971 he surfaced on Jeremy Steig's 'Energy'. He also appeared that year on the first of a few albums by John McLaughlin's Mahavishnu Orchestra: 'The Inner Mounting Flame'. In December of 1971 he recorded his first tracks with Elvin Jones that would be found on 'Merry-Go-Round' the next year. Hammer issued 'The First Seven Days' in 1975. He appeared on the first of several albums with Jeff Beck in 1976: 'Wired' (platinum). 'Jeff Beck With the Jan Hammer Group Live' per 1977 would go gold. The latter seventies also found him on his first LP with Al di Meola, 'Elegant Gypsy', in 1977. 1983 saw Hammer participating with Beck in nine ARMS (Action Research into Multiple Sclerosis) benefit concerts which impetus was British bass guitarist, Ronnie Lane, and girlfriend, Boo Oldfield. Hammer began composing for the television series, 'Miami Vice', in latter 1984. The 'Miami Vice' soundtrack not only went platinum the next year, but four times over, as it would sell more than four million copes. It also won Hammer a couple of Grammy awards in 1986, as well as his second award by 'Keyboard' magazine. Hammer stepped away from his seat at 'Miami Vice' in 1988, releasing 'Snapshots' the next year. The nineties saw Hammer composing heavily for film and television, including TV Nova from 1996 to 2000. TV Nova had been established in 1994 in the Czech Republic as the first such commercial enterprise in Eastern Europe. The 21st century saw Hammer yet composing scores, one such, 'Cocaine Cowboys', in 2007. The next year saw the issue of 'Live in New York' on DVD. Per 1968 below, tracks are from 'Maliny Maliny' with the Jan Hammer Trio consisting of George Mraz (bass) and Cees See (drums). Per 1987 below, all tracks on 'Escape From Television' were for the Miami Vice' television series except 7, 10 and 13.

Jan Hammer   1968


      LP: 'Turtles'

      Not issued until 2007

Jan Hammer   1969

   Make Love

   Maliny Maliny

   Waltz For Ivona

Jan Hammer   1974

   Like Children

      Album with Jerry Goodman

Jan Hammer   1977



   She's a Woman

      LP: 'Jeff Beck With the Jan Hammer Group Live'

Jan Hammer   1985

   Miami Vice


Jan Hammer   1987

   Escape From Television


Jan Hammer   1991

   Fusion at Montreal

      Filmed live with Tony Williams

Jan Hammer   1992

   Beyond the Mind's Eye



  Born in 1939 in Warsaw, Poland, Zbigniew Namyslowski began playing piano professionally in 1955 at a club called Hybrids. He switched over to cello upon joining Krzysztof Sadowski's Modern Combo. He took up alto sax in 1960, which instrument he chiefly favored. He was playing in a group he'd formed, the Jazz Rockers, with Michał Urbaniak on tenor sax, when the two joined the Wreckers together in 1962. That resulted in a tour to the United States that year, the Newport Jazz Festival one of their destinations. Namyslowski then formed a quartet in England in '63, recording 'Lola' in 1964. Then he was off to tour Europe, Asia, Australasia and the Soviet Union. Jazz festivals figured large in Namyslowski's career. He also visited destinations such as Israel, India, Cuba, Mexico, Kuwait and South Africa. Likewise, he has recorded all over the globe: Poland, Germany, England, Sweden, Italy, Greece, Hungary and the States. Among Namyslowski's most important musical associates was composer, Andrzej Trzaskowski, with whom he worked several decades. Having released nigh thirty albums as a leader or co-leader, among Namyslowski's latest was 'Geomusic 111-PL' in 2011.

Zbigniew Namyslowski   1964





Zbigniew Namyslowski   1966

   Zbigniew Namyslowski Quartet


Zbigniew Namyslowski   1973



Zbigniew Namyslowski   1973



Zbigniew Namyslowski   1975

   Kuyaviak Goes Funky


   Der Schmaltztango


Zbigniew Namyslowski   1977

   Jasmine Flavoured

      LP: 'Zbigniew Namysłowski'

Zbigniew Namyslowski   1981

   Air Condition


Zbigniew Namyslowski   1991

   Live at Jazz Jamboree


Zbigniew Namyslowski   2015

   Live with Brass Federacja

      Filmed in Warsaw

      Summer Parade of Music


Birth of Modern Jazz: Zbigniew Namyslowski

Zbigniew Namyslowski

Source: All Souls Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jean-Luc Ponty

Jean-Luc Ponty   1977

Source: All Music
Born in 1942 in Avranches, France, virtuoso violinist, Jean-Luc Ponty, had a violin teacher for a father and a piano teacher for a mother. At age sixteen he enrolled into the Conservatoire de Paris, graduating two years later with that institution's highest honor, the Premier Prix, he then joined the Orchestre Lamoureux for the next three years. His jazz career began upon visiting a nightclub one night after a performance with the Lamoureux, happening to have his violin with him. Surely he knew that France had produced Stephane Grappelli, long since already hogging the show when it came to jazz violin. But Ponty lived in a democracy (not yet under threat of Muslim fascism per the 21st century), could do what he liked, and lived in a time when human intellect was yet growing rather than shrinking. Needing not recognize that the world was too small to receive him, instead of becoming a monk he proceeded with classical by day and jazz by night. Ponty was twenty-two when he released his debut album, 'Jazz Long Playing' in 1964, recorded in Paris. Two years later he surfaced on 'Violin Summit' with violinists, Svend Asmussen, Stephane Grappelli and Stuff Smith. (Recorded for the German label, MPS Records, MPS has released numerous 'Summit' albums per various instruments as well as vocals.) Ponty first visited the United States for the 1967 Monterey Jazz Festival, resulting in a contract with World Pacific (Pacific Jazz until 1957), a major label specializing in cool and West Coast jazz. Ponty's relationship with Frank Zappa began with his appearance on Zappa's 'Hot Rats' in 1969. Zappa then composed Ponty's LP, 'King Kong', issued in 1970. Ponty moved to America in the early seventies, in time to appear on a couple albums with the Mahavishnu Orchestra with John McLaughlin: 'Apocolypse' in '73 and 'Visions of the Emerald Beyond' in '74. He also surfaced on further Zappa albums, from 'Over-Nite Sensation' in '73 to the triple album, 'Shut Up 'n Play Yer Guitar' in 1981. 'Jean Luc Ponty & Stéphane Grappelli' is thought to have been issued in 1976. Ponty has released an average of nigh one album per year through the decades, not a few of them worth a million copies. Of especial note in the nineties was his exploration of African rhythms on 'Tchokola' in 1991, and 'The Rite of Strings' with Stanley Clarke and Al Di Meola, released in 1995. Having heavily toured internationally through the years, Ponty finally visited India for the first time in 2003 before a reunion tour of North America in 2004 with Clarke and Di Meola. 2005 saw him touring with Clarke and banjo virtuoso, Bela Fleck. The next year Ponty took his band around the world to South America, Europe, Russia, the Middle East and India. Another reunion concert with Clarke and Di Meola was held in Paris in 2012 at the Chatelet Theatre. Ponty performed on both acoustic and electric violins. Among his latest issues was 'Better Late Than Never' with Yes vocalist, Jon Anderson, recorded in Aspen, Colorado, for release in August 2015, followed by 'D-Stringz', another collaboration with Stanley Clarke. Per below, all titles are albums unless otherwise indicated.

Jean-Luc Ponty   1964

   Jazz Long Playing

Jean-Luc Ponty   1967

   Sketch Up & Down'er

      Filmed live in Hamburg

Jean-Luc Ponty   1975


Jean-Luc Ponty   1976

   Imaginary Voyage

Jean-Luc Ponty   1977

   Enigmatic Ocean

Jean-Luc Ponty   1978

   Cosmic Messenger

Jean-Luc Ponty   1979


Jean-Luc Ponty   1980

   Civilized Evil

Jean-Luc Ponty   1981

   Mirage/Egocentric Molecules

      Filmed in Brazil

Jean-Luc Ponty   1982

   Live in Montreal

      Filmed concert

   Mystical Adventures

Jean-Luc Ponty   1983

   Computer Incantations for World Peace

      LP: 'Individual Choice'

Jean-Luc Ponty   1988

   Once a Blue Planet

      Filmed in Chile

Jean-Luc Ponty   1989


Jean-Luc Ponty   1991


      LP: 'Tchokola'


      LP: 'Tchokola'

Jean-Luc Ponty   1993

   No Absolute Time

Jean-Luc Ponty   1995

   The Rite Of Strings

      LP with Stanley Clarke & Al Di Meola

Jean-Luc Ponty   1996

   Live at Chene Park

Jean-Luc Ponty   1997

   Live in Warsaw

      Audio of Jazz Jamboree

Jean-Luc Ponty   2001

   Life Enigma

Jean-Luc Ponty   2011


      Filmed live in Chile


  Born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1942, Jewish vocalist, Flora Purim, recorded the bossa nova album, 'Flora é M.P.M.', in 1964. She would leave Brazil with her husband, percussionist, Airto Moreira, in 1967. The pair had met in 1965 and, like not a few Brazilian musicians, found the military regime, resultant of the coup of '64, oppressive. Unlike other Brazilian musicians, they didn't return to Brazil except in concert, first heading for New York City, eventually to reside in Los Angeles. Though Purim and Moreira both led their own careers they were largely a partnership such that to say the one was to say the other. Purim's initial recording in the States was with pianist, Duke Pearson, on 'How Insensitive' per 1969 (Moreira contributing percussion). She then toured Europe with Gil Evans and appeared on Moreira's 1970 release of 'Natural Feeling'. 1971 saw the birth of Purim's daughter, Diana Booker. Purim issued her second LP, 'Butterfly Dreams' in 1973. Albums with Chick Corea and Santana were also made in the early seventies. Purim spent latter '74 to early '76 in prison at Terminal Island, Los Angeles, for cocaine possession. In 1990 Purim surfaced on 'Live at the Royal Festival Hall' with Dizzy Gillespie and the United Nation Orchestra. That won a Grammy. The next year she appeared on Micky Hart's 'Planet Drum' which album also scored a Grammy. Throughout the nineties Purim appeared on several albums with her Latin band, Fourth World, a joint project with Moreira. Purim has been four-time recipient of 'Down Beat' magazine's Best Female Jazz Vocalist, as well as the Brazilian Order of Rio Branco in 2002. A practitioner of the Bahá'í Faith (as was Gillespie), an interview with 'Americas' magazine in 2001 finds Purim commenting that her favorite albums were 'Miles Ahead' (Miles Davis/Gil Evans) and 'Blow by Blow' (Jeff Beck). Among Purim's most recent issues in the 21st century were 'Speak No Evil' in 2003 and 'Flora's Song' in 2005. Purim's career was heavy with international tours, she yet active as of this writing. Per below, all tracks are collaborations with Airto Moreira except for years 1964 and 1989. More Purim under Moreira.

Flora Purim   1964

   Flora é M.P.M.


Flora Purim   1976

   Open Your Eyes, You Can Fly


   That's What She Said


Flora Purim   1979

   Carry On Side A


   Carry On Side B


Flora Purim   1982


      Filmed live

Flora Purim   1986

   Live on Ohne Filter

      Television broadcast

   The Magicians


Flora Purim   1988

   Live In São Paulo

      Filmed concert

Flora Purim   1989

   Waiting For Angela

      Album: 'Rhythm Stick'

Flora Purim   2005

   Angel's Angels

      Album: 'Flora's Song'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Flora Purim

Flora Purim

Source: Discogs
  Born in 1947 in Prague, Czechoslovakia, Miroslav Vitouš began to play violin at age six, added piano at age ten and double bass at fourteen. He studied music at Prague Conservatory. In 1962 he was in a trio with brothers Andy (drums) and Jan Hammer that recorded one track to be found on 'Ceskolovensky Jazz 64' (Gramofonovy Klub 1964). In 1965 he emerged on Jancy Körössy's 'Piano...?', 'Jazz 65' and 'International Jazz Festival Prague 2', all on the Supraphon label. In 1966 he surfaced on 'Jazz Wien 1966', the same year he won first prize in a competition organized by pianist, Friedrich Gulda, which brought about a scholarship to the Berklee School of Music in Boston. He and Berklee were two different entities so he found himself studying independently instead, soon working in NYC with name performers such as Clark Terry, Miles Davis and Herbie Mann. In October of 1967 he contributed to Donald Byrd's 'The Creeper', not issued by Blue Note until 1981. In February of 1968 Vitouš joined Herbie Mann in the recording of 'Windows Opened', released that year. He was also invited to join Chick Corea in three March sessions in 1968 for 'Now He Sings, Now He Sobs', that issued the next December. In 1969 Vitouš recorded his debut album, 'Infinite Search', released the next year. That album is oft mistaken with 'Mountain in the Clouds', released in 1972. Though they both have the same tracks (in different order) 'Mountain in the Clouds' contains the additional tune: 'Cérečka'. 'Mountain in the Clouds' is, however, the same LP as 'The Boss', released the same year in Germany. Among the more important years of Vitouš' career were those with Weather Report, of which he was a founding member in 1970 with Joe Zawinul (piano) and Wayne Shorter (saxophone). That group issued its first album, 'Weather Report', in 1971. Vitous last appeared with that ensemble on 'Mysterious Traveller' in 1974, being replaced by Alphonso Johnson, who played bass guitar on that album. Vitouš returned to Prague to concentrate on composing in 1988, though traveled back to the States for festivals. He has released more than fifteen albums as a leader, yet recording and touring as of this writing.

Miroslav Vitouš   1968

  By the Time I Get to Phoenix

      Herbie Mann album: 'Windows Opened'


      Herbie Mann album: 'Windows Opened'

  If I Were a Carpenter

      Herbie Mann album: 'Windows Opened'


      Chick Corea album:

      'Now He Sings,Now He Sobs'

  Now He Sings,Now He Sobs

      Chick Corea album:

      'Now He Sings,Now He Sobs'

Miroslav Vitouš   1969

  Infinite Search


Miroslav Vitouš   1970


      Album: 'Purple'


      Album: 'Purple'

Miroslav Vitouš   1971

  NDR Jazz Workshop

      Filmed live

Miroslav Vitouš   1976

  Tiger in the Rain

      Album: 'Miroslav'

Miroslav Vitouš   1981

  The Creeper

      Donald Byrd LP: 'The Creeper'

      Recorded October 1967

  Woodstock Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

Miroslav Vitouš   2013

  Jarasum Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Miroslav Vitouš   2015

  Gone with Water

      Filmed live at the Mozaic Jazz Festival

     Piano: Emil Viklicky


      Filmed live at the Mozaic Jazz Festival

     Piano: Emil Viklicky


Birth of Modern Jazz: Miroslav Vitous

Miroslav Vitous

Source: Black Music Promotion
  Born in 1940 in Stuttgart, Germany, double bassist, Eberhard Weber, was among the more remarkable musicians in the history of jazz, known for designing his own electric double bass. He began with cello at age six, moving onward to double bass at age sixteen. He surfaced on vinyl in 1964 playing cello on the album, 'Dream Talk', with keyboardist, Wolfgang Dauner. During the sixties Weber recorded with Hampton Hawes and Baden Powell before releasing his debut solo LP, 'The Colours of Chloë' in 1974. Forming the group, Colours, that year, he toured the States thrice with that group in the seventies. During the early seventies Weber had had his electric double bass fitted with an additional string, followed by yet another in the late seventies. In 1982 he released the first of several albums with vocalist, Kate Bush, 'The Dreaming'. Beyond his own compositions Weber is likely best known per his partnership with Jan Garbarek, appearing on Garbarek's 'Photo with Blue Sky, White Cloud, Wires, Windows and a Red Roof' in 1979. Weber would record some ten albums with Garbarek through the nineties. Weber's last issue was 'Stages of a Long Journey' in 2007, recorded at the Theaterhaus in Stuttgart, Germany. In 2007 Weber endured a stroke that left him unable to perform. Compilations of his work have since appeared: 'Résumé' (2012), 'Encore' (2015) and 'Hommage à Eberhard Weber' (2015). Per 1967 below, all tracks are from the Wolfgang Dauner album, 'Free Action', excepting 'Hamp's Blues'.

Eberhard Weber   1960


      Album 'Dream Talk'

      Drums: Fred Braceful

      Piano: Wolfgang Dauner

Eberhard Weber   1967


   Free Action Shot

   Hamp's Blues

      Piano: Hampton Hawes

   My Spanish Disguise

   Sketch Up and Downer

Eberhard Weber   1974

   The Colours of Chloë

      Album: 'The Colours of Chloë'

   No Motion Picture

      Album: 'The Colours of Chloë'

Eberhard Weber   1976

   The Following Morning

      Album: 'The Following Morning'

   T. on a White Horse

      Album: 'The Following Morning'


      Album: 'Yellow Fields'

Eberhard Weber   1977


      Gary Burton album 'Passengers'

Eberhard Weber   1978

   Silent Feet

      Album: 'Silent Feet'

Eberhard Weber   1979

   Live in San Francisco

      Great American Music Hall

  Quiet Departure

      Album: 'Fluid Rustle'

Eberhard Weber   1982

   Death in the Carwash

      Album: 'Later That Evening'


      Album: 'Later That Evening'

Eberhard Weber   1989


      Filmed live

      Theaterhaus, Stuttgart, Germany

Eberhard Weber   1993


      Album: 'Pendulum'

Eberhard Weber   2007

   Why Not Brazilian

      Solo fimed live in Budapest


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eberhard Weber 

Eberhard Weber

Source: Musica en Espiral
Birth of Modern Jazz: Juhani Aaltonen

Juhani Aaltonen

Source: Jazzrytmit
Born in 1935 in Kouvola, Finland, Juhani Aaltonen, didn't take up the sax until age 18 ('53). Among his important activities in the fifties was his membership in the Heikki Rosendahl Sextet. A few years later he entered the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki to study flute. That was followed by a time at the Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts. 1965 saw Aaltonen playing flute on 'The Modern Sound Of Finland' (RCA Victor) with Esa Pethman. Those tracks were 'Blues for Duke' and 'Blues Fantasie'. In 1969 Aaltonen surfaced on four tracks of 'Nykysuomalaista - Contemporary Finnish' (Finnlevy) with the band, Soulset, with drummer, Edward Vesala. He bobbed up in '73 on Peter Brötzmann's 'Hot Lotta'. Aaltonen would perform with similar European and Scandinavian musicians throughout his career. His first name LP was 'Etiquette' in 1974. As for American musicians, in 1977 Aaltonen recorded 'UMO' with Mel Lewis and Thad Jones when the latter visited Helsinki, that released in '78. In 1983 Aaltonen began a long association with the rock band, Tasavallan Presidentti. At some time in the eighties the Finnish government awarded him a grant that kept him in business for the next fifteen years. The nineties saw Aaltonen shifting from jazz-fusion toward such as spiritual themes. In 2003 his album, 'Mother Tomgue', won Finland's Emma Award. With perhaps twenty albums beneath his belt, Aaltonen's latest was in 2015 with Juhani Aaltonen: 'Kirkastus'.

Juhani Aaltonen   1971

   Beat Bolero

      With Paroni Paakkunainen

Juhani Aaltonen   1973

   After Pam-Pam

      Peter Brotzmann LP: 'Hot Lotta'


      Peter Brotzmann LP: 'Hot Lotta'

   Suite 19

      Eero Koivistoinen LP: 'Wahoo!'

Juhani Aaltonen   1974


      LP: 'Etiquette'

Juhani Aaltonen   1977


      LP: 'Springbird'

Juhani Aaltonen   1982

   Live at Groovy


   Round About Midnight

      Filmed with Dizzy Gillespie

Juhani Aaltonen   2003

   Nature Boy

      LP: 'Mother Tongue'


      LP: 'Mother Tongue'

Juhani Aaltonen   2009

   Shimmer of Fallen Stars

      LP: 'Conclusions'

Juhani Aaltonen   2015

   Live with Risto Vuolanne

      Filmed live


  Born in 1944 in Santurce, Puerto Rico, double bassist, Eddie Gómez, was raised in New York City. He began training with his instrument at age eleven. He had played in a couple bands before attending Juilliard, from which he graduated in 1963.In the summer of his third year at Juilliard Gomez began jamming with Gary McFarland. We know of no earlier recordings by Gomez than with Giuseppe Logan on October 5, 1964, yielding the release of 'The Giuseppi Logan Quartet' EP in 1965 bearing the titles, 'Tabla Suite', 'Dance Of Satan', 'Dialogue', 'Taneous' and 'Bleecker Partita'. 'Wretched Sunday' was released on Logan's next album, 'More', also with Gomez. Fifteen days Gomez' first session with Logan he entered the studio with Paul Bley to record 'Barrage', released the next year. He was playing at the Village Vanguard with Gerry Mulligan's quintet when pianist, Bill Evans, decided to hire him, replacing Teddy Kotick. Drummer, Arnie Wise, was with Evans at the time. Gomez was first recorded with that trio at the Village Vanguard in July of '66. Those six tracks, unreleased, can be found on the first disc of the 1996 box set titled 'The Secret Sessions'. That set includes prior unreleased recordings when Kotick was with Evans, as well as a host of Evan's later recordings at the Vanguard to 1975. Gomez' first vinyl issue with Evans was recorded in October of '66, 'A Simple Matter of Conviction' released January of '67. Evans was by far the major figure in Gomez' career, the two releasing some twenty-five albums together into the latter seventies. Also important was Chick Corea, with whom he issued several albums, beginning with 'The Leprechaun' in 1976. Also in 1976 Gomez' first LP as a leader arrived: 'Down Stretch'. He left Bill Evans' trio in 1977 to do session work with a variety of musicians. His initial of three albums with Joanne Brackeen was 'Keyed In' in 1979. In 1992 Gomez put together a group with drummer, Jimmy Cobb, and pianist, Stefan Karlsson, with whom he has recorded and toured ever since. Gomez has taught or lived as an artist in residence at several conservatories and universities in Europe and the States. He currently serves as Artistic Director at the Conservatory of Music of Puerto Rico and is a resident artist at the Berklee College of Music. Per 1965 below, 'The Giuseppi Logan Quartet' and 'More' are Giuseppi Logan EPs. Per 2013 below, Gomez performs at his Honorary Doctorate Ceremony at the Berklee Valencia Campus.

Eddie Gómez   1965


      Composition: Carla Bley

      Paul Bley album: 'Barrage'

   The Giuseppi Logan Quartet

      Bleecker Partita

      Dance of Satan


      Table Suite



      Curve Eleven



      Wretched Sunday

Eddie Gómez   1966

   Autumn Leaves

      Filmed live

      Drums: Alex Riel

      Piano: Bill Evans

Eddie Gómez   1967


      Recorded at Village Vanguard

      Not released until 1996:

      'The Secret Sessions'

Eddie Gómez   1968

   The Shadow of Your Smile

      Recorded at Village Vanguard

      Not released until 1996:

      'The Secret Sessions'

Eddie Gómez   1976

   Down Stretch

      Album: 'Down Stretch'

Eddie Gómez   1987

   Down Stretch


Eddie Gómez   1990

   Live on Ohne Filter

      Television broadcast

Eddie Gómez   2007

   Waltz For Debby

      Album: 'The Boston Three Party'

      Drums: Airto Moreira

      Piano: Chick Corea

Eddie Gómez   2008

   Jazzfestival Viersen

      Filmed live

      Drums: Duduka Da Fonseca

      Piano: Stefan Karlsson

Eddie Gómez   2010

   All Blues

      Filmed live in Mexico City

Eddie Gómez   2013


      Filmed at Berklee Valencia Campus

   Stella by Starlight

      Filmed at Berklee Valencia Campus


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Gomez

Eddie Gomez

Photo: JZ Club

Source: Global Times
  Born in 1937 in Göttingen, Germany, multi-instrumentalist, Gunter Hampel, is said to have begun playing piano and reeds at age four. He picked up the vibraphone at age seventeen. Drafted into the German Army in 1957, he served briefly, then studied architecture at the University in Braunschweig from '58 to '62. The early sixties saw Hampel performing about Europe, with occasion in 1964 to befriend Eric Dolphy , on tour, with accommodations in Paris. Hampel is thought to have entered the studio for the first time in January of 1965 to record his debut album, 'Heartplants'. His first of several collaborations with vocalist, Jeanne Lee (whom he eventually wedded), is thought to have been 'Gunter Hampel Group + Jeanne Lee', issued in 1969. He also founded Birth Records in 1969. On the 8th of July that year he recorded 'The 8th of July', which also featured Lee. Hampel formed the Galaxie Dream Band in 1973. Among Hampel's more important comrades through the years were Manfred Schoof (trumpet), Alexander von Schlippenbach (piano), Steve McCall (drums) and Marion Brown (saxophone). Having recorded prolifically, Hampel yet tours internationally as of this writing. Per below, Hampel plays vibes and reeds such as bass clarinet and flute on the majority of tracks.

Gunter Hampel   1965


      Album: 'Heartplants'

   No Arrows

      Album: 'Heartplants'

   Without Me

      Album: 'Heartplants'

Gunter Hampel   1966


      Album: 'Music From Europe'

   Make Love Not War to Everybody

      Album: 'Music From Europe'

Gunter Hampel   1969

   The Capacity of This Room


     'Gunter Hampel Group + Jeanne Lee''

Gunter Hampel   1972


      Album   Side A

      With Anthony Braxton & Jeanne Lee


      Album   Side B

      With Anthony Braxton & Jeanne Lee

   Live in Berlin

      Filmed live

Gunter Hampel   1978

   And Then They Embraced

      Album: 'Reeds 'n Vibes'


      Album: 'Reeds 'n Vibes'

Gunter Hampel   1982


      Album: 'Cavana'

   Serenade for Marion Brown

      Album: 'Cavana'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Gunter Hampe

Gunter Hampel

Source: Bimhuis
  Born in 1942 in Tokyo, Japan, trumpeter, Terumasa Hino, played cornet and flugelhorn as well. He began tap dancing at age four, taking up trumpet at age nine. Rateyournusic has Hino issuing the album, 'Trumpet in Bluejeans', in 1965. He issued 'Alone, Alone and Alone' in 1967. 1968 saw the release of 'Feelin' Good', 'La chanson d'Orphée' and 'Hino–Kikuchi Quintet'. In 1969 Hino issued 'Hi-Nology' and 'Swing Journal Jazz Workshop 1 - Terumasa Hino Concert'. Upon recordings released in 1970 Hino began to tour internationally, Germany in particular. Though he left Japan to live in New York City in 1975 Hino continued performing in his homeland throughout his career. While taking his talents throughout the world Hino has issued well above fifty studio and live albums over the years, among his latest those issued in 2011: 'After Shock' and the soundtrack, 'Hakuchuu No Shuugeki'.

Terumasa Hino   1967

  Alone, Alone and Alone

      LP: 'Alone, Alone and Alone'


      LP: 'Alone, Alone and Alone'

Terumasa Hino   1968

  Feelin' Good


Terumasa Hino   1973

  Be and Know

      LP: 'Live!'

Terumasa Hino   1979

  Hino's Reggae

      LP: 'City Connection'

  Send Me Your Feelings

      LP: 'City Connection'

Terumasa Hino   1980


      LP: 'Daydream'

  Going for Gold

      LP: 'Daydream'

  This Planet Is Ours

      LP: 'Hip Seagull'

Terumasa Hino   1989

  Sweet Love of Mine

      LP: 'Bluestruck'

Terumasa Hino   1992


      Filmed live

      Original composition: Miles Davis

Terumasa Hino   1999

  Round Midnight

      Filmed live

Terumasa Hino   2000

  Into Heaven

      LP: 'Into Heaven'

  I Remember Clifford

      LP: 'Transfusion'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Terusama Hino

Terusama Hino

Source: Smashing Mag
Birth of Modern Jazz: Sven-Åke Johansson

Sven-Åke Johansson

Source: FMP
Born in 1943 in Mariestad, Sweden, free jazz drummer and avant-garde percussionist, Sven-Åke Johansson, began his career playing in dance bands, eventually making his way to the Continent. His first vinyl is thought to have been recorded in 1963, the album, 'Erste Duisburger Messe', released in 1965. He isn't thought to have recorded again until 1967 on a couple albums by Manfred Schoof. He also began recording with Peter Brötzmann in '67. Settling in Berlin in 1968, he there remained the rest of his life. Johansson's first of several LP recordings with Alexander von Schlippenbach are thought to have been in 1976 on the album, 'Schlippenbach & Johansson Live at the Quartier Latin'. In addition to a lengthy list of collaborations Johansson worked extensively in theatre and has issued some forty albums. He has also published poetry and texts, and has exhibited as a painter. Biographical accounts of Johansson are brief but for discography. Documentary portraits, however, have been issued on DVD in 2013 and 2015 titled 'Film I' and 'Film II'.

Sven-Åke Johansson   1967

  For Adolphe Sax


      Peter Brötzmann Trio

Sven-Åke Johansson   1968

  Machine Gun

      Peter Brotzman album: 'Machine Gun'

      Percussion shared with Han Bennink

Sven-Åke Johansson   1974


      Original release date undetermined

Sven-Åke Johansson   2010

  MM Schäumend

      Filmed live in Berlin

Sven-Åke Johansson   2012

  Live in Berlin

      Piano: August Rosebaum

      Saxophone: Lars Greve 

        Filmed live

   Live in Berlin

      Duet with Burkhard Beins

      Filmed live

Sven-Åke Johansson   2014

  CTM Festival Berlin

      Solo filmed live


  Born in 1940 in Poland, composer/pianist, Adam Makowicz, is among those fine musicians who put Poland on the map of jazz in the sixties. Though he had no great audience in the States, he would become one of Europe's most highly regarded talents, easy to hear why. Makiwics was at a great disadvantage, however, as jazz was frowned upon in Poland, being a member of the Communist Soviet Bloc from 1945 to 1989. Makowicz studied at the Chopin Conservatory of Music in Kraków, then faced some lean years as a touring jazz performer. In 1962 he joined Tomasz Stanko's Jazz Darings. The next year he began a decade with the Andrzej Kurylewicz's Kwartet. No earlier recordings are uncovered by him than Wikipedia's reference to 'AM Trio with Novi Singers' in 1965, that in Zurich, Switzerland, for the Exlibris label. Makiwicz visited the United States in 1977, performing with various orchestras in various venues such as Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Centre. While in the States he recorded the album, 'Adam' ('78). Having worked as both a classical and jazz musician, Makowicz has issued nearly forty albums. Among his latest was 'Indigo Bliss' in 2007. Having settled in Toronto, Ontario, in the new millennium, Makowicz is yet active as of this writing.

Adam Makowicz   1968

  Secret Life

      Novi Quartet LP: 'Novi In Wonderland'

Adam Makowicz   1972


      LP: 'Newborn Light'

      Vocal: Urszula Dudziak

Adam Makowicz   1973



Adam Makowicz   1976


      With Tomasz Stanko

Adam Makowicz   1977

  Zimní Kvety ('Winter Flowers')


Adam Makowicz   1982


      LP: 'Classic Jazz Duets'

      Bass: George Mraz

Adam Makowicz   1989

  Jazz Jamboree


Adam Makowicz   1994

  Round Midnight

      LP: 'The Solo Album: Adam in Stockholm'

Adam Makowicz   2010


      LP: 'A Tribute to Art Tatum'

  Jazz Jamboree

      Filmed live

Adam Makowicz   Unknown

  Just One of Those Things

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Adam Makowicz

Adam Makowicz

Source: Toronto Jazz
  Born in 1944 in Pisek in what is now the Czech Republic, double bassist, George Mraz (also Jiri), was one of the more important musicians to emerge out Czechoslovakia during the sixties. He began training at age seven on violin, shifted toward jazz in high school, then entered the Prague Conservatory in 1961 to study bass violin. While there a student, Mraz fell in with multi-instrumentalist, Karel Velebny, who ran the SHQ (Spejbl and Huvínek Quintet), what would become one of Czechoslovakia's more significant jazz ensembles. Mraz is thought to have been attending Prague Conservatory when he first recorded with Velebny, 'SHQ A Prátelé' (also issued as: '[S+H] Q + Friends'), issued in 1965 by Supraphon. Those were uncredited tracks A2, A3, B2 and B3. After graduation in 1966 Mraz worked in Munich for a time. He would become more famous than his Czech contemporaries, at least in the United States, due that he didn't return to Czechoslovakia after its invasion in August of 1968 per the Warsaw Pact (Soviet Union and allies, East Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary and Poland). Mraz instead won a scholarship to the Berklee College Of Music in Boston. While studying there he performed at Lennie's on the Turnpike and the Jazz Workshop, clubs where such as Clark Terry, Herbie Hancock, Joe Williams and Carmen McRae passed through. In 1969 he worked briefly with Dizzy Gillespie in New York City, then toured with Oscar Peterson for a couple years. He surfaced on Peterson's 'Walking the Line' in 1970 and 'In Tune' the next year. Mraz then performed with the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra for six years. During that time he also appeared on the initial of several albums backing Art Pepper, 'Ephemera', that in 1973. From the latter seventies into the eighties Mraz performed with New York Jazz Quartet, 'Surge' his first release with that ensemble in 1977, 'Song of the Black Knight' and 'Blues for Sarka' following the next year. John Abercrombie would also figure large in the latter seventies, he appearing on Abercrombie's 'Arcade' ('79), 'Abercrombie Quartet' ('80) and 'M' ('81). Mraz surfaced in 1984 on the first of several LPs over the years with Toshiko Akiyoshi, 'Time Stream', that with drummer, Art Taylor. He was working with Gillespie again in the early nineties, then Joe Levano in the 21st century. In addition to a strong number of his own albums as a leader Mraz has found his way onto nigh a thousand released recordings. Among his latest was 'Together Again' in 2014 with pianist, Emil Viklický.

George Mraz   1970


      Oscar Peterson Trio

George Mraz   1976


      Piano: Roland Hanna

George Mraz   1982

  Live in Amsterdam

      NOS Radio broadcast

George Mraz   1994

  Recorda Me

      Filmed with the Joe Henderson Quartet

George Mraz   1995

  Cinema Paradiso (Love Theme)

      LP: 'Jazz'

  His Dreams

      Filmed live at the Spectrum Montreal

      Drums: Al Foster

      Tenor sax: Joe Lovano

  Hues Blues

      LP: 'Hues of Blues'

  My Foolish Heart


      LP: 'Hues of Blues'

George Mraz   2005

  Alone Together

      Drums: Billy Drummond

      Piano: David Hazeltine

George Mraz   2008

  Alone Together

      Ted Rosenthal Trio

George Mraz   2009

  Hamp's Blues

      Drums: Martin Šulc

      Piano: Najponk

George Mraz   2011

  Beautiful Love

      Filmed with the Libor Smoldas Quartet

George Mraz   2014

  A Delicate Balance

      Filmed live with Bill Charlap


      LP: 'Together Again'

      Piano: Emil Viklický


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Mraz

George Mraz

Photo: John Abbott

Source: All Music
Birth of Modern Jazz: Enrico Rava

Enrico Rava

Photo: Claudio Casanova

Source: Jazz in Europe
Born in Trieste, Italy, in 1939, Enrico Rava first played trombone, exchanging that for trumpet before going professional. His career was effectively begun upon joining a quintet led by Gato Barbieri in 1962. A few years later he would emerge with Barbieri on two titles of the soundtrack to 'Una Bella Grinta' ('65): 'Una Bella Grinta' and 'Hammond Blues'. The next year he emerged on Steve Lacy's 'Sortie'. Another LP with Lacy followed in '67, the year Rava immigrated to the US to join Gas Mask, appearing on that group's album, 'Their First Album', in 1970. The first album to be recorded as a leader by Rava was 'Il Giro Del Giorno in 80 Mondi', in February of '72, issued in 1976. His first LP to be issued was 'Katcharpari' in 1973. Having collaborated with numerous important musicians, Rava has toured internationally not a little and won numerous awards, including top spots in 'Musica Jazz' and 'Down Beat' magazines. Having recorded as a leader at a pace averaging nearly two albums per year for the last four decades, Rava's left behind a menu that requires digesting beyond the abilities of many an intestinal power. Since you're not likely to consume it all choose comfortable portions and chew slowly to gain the most of it.

Enrico Rava   1965

  Hammond Blues

      Soundtrack: 'Una Bella Grinta'

      With Gato Barbieri

  Una Bella Grinta

      Soundtrack: 'Una Bella Grinta'

      With Gato Barbieri

Enrico Rava   1966

  Live in San Remo

      Bass: Johnny Dijani

      Drums: Louis Moholo

      Soprano sax: Steve Lacy

Gas Mask   1970

  The I Ching Thing

      Album: 'Their First Album'

Enrico Rava   1973


      Album: 'Katcharpari'

Enrico Rava   1975


      Album: 'The Pilgrim and the Stars'

Enrico Rava   1976

  Il Giro Del Giorno in 80 Mondi


      Recorded 1972

  Live in Turin

      Filmed concert

Enrico Rava   1993

  Landes de Merveille

      Album: 'Nausicaa'

Enrico Rava   1999

  Suzie Wong I

      Album: 'Rava Plays Rava'

Enrico Rava   2002

  Dear Old Stockholm

      Album: 'Renaissance'

  It Ain't Necessarily So

      Album: 'Renaissance'

Enrico Rava   2003

  Nature Boy

      Album: 'Full of Life'

Enrico Rava   2004

  Jazz Baltica

      Filmed concert

Enrico Rava   2012

  I Just Can't.../Smooth Criminal

      Album: 'On the Dance Floor'

Enrico Rava   2014

  Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed concert

Enrico Rava   2015

  Jazz Baltica

      Filmed concert


  Born in 1938 in Berlin, composer, Alexander von Schlippenbach, began piano training at age eight. He was studying under Bernd Alois Zimmermann in Cologne when he there joined Gunter Hampel's outfit in 1963. His first vinyl is thought to have been with Hampel on the album, 'Heartplants', recorded in January of 1965. Schlippenbach is thought to have begun his tenure with Manfred Schoof in '64 while yet studying at the State College für Musik. He appeared on Schoof's 1966 album, 'Voices'. In December that year he recorded his first LP as a conductor/leader, 'Globe Unity'. Issued by the Saba label, that contained two tracks: 'Globe Unity' and 'Sun'. Schlippenbach would issue well over ten more LPs with the Globe Unity Orchestra through the years. His debut solo LP, 'Payan', was issued in 1972, recorded in February. The next April he recorded the first of some twenty albums with the Alexander Von Schlippenbach Trio: 'First Recordings'. April of 1976 found Schlippenbach recording his first of ten LPs with accordionist and drummer, Sven-Åke Johansson: 'Live At The Quartier Latin'. Their last together is thought be 'Smack Up Again' as of 1994. In 1990 Schlippenbach issued 'Berlin Contemporary Jazz Orchestra', the first of three in the nineties. He has issued a prolific number of recordings both as a leader and sideman. His latest studio release is thought to be 'So Long, Eric!: Homage to Eric Dolphy' as of letter 2014. Schlippenbach yet tours Europe as of this writing.

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1965


      Gunter Hampel album: 'Heartplants'

  Without Me

      Gunter Hampel album: 'Heartplants'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1966


      Album by Manfred Schoof

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1967

  Globe Unity


Alexander von Schlippenbach   1969


      Album: 'The Living Music'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1970

  Drunken in the Morning Sunrise

      Globe Unity Orchestra

      Filmed live

  Live in Frankfurt

      Album: 'The Living Music'


      Globe Unity Orchestra

      Filmed live

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1972

  Pakistani Pomade

      Album: 'Pakistani Pomade'


      Album: 'Payan'

  Sun Luck Night Rain

      Album: 'Pakistani Pomade'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1981

  Fra di Moi

      Album: 'Detto fra di noi'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1996

  'Round about Midnight

      Album: 'Schlippenbach Plays Monk'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   1998

  Live in Atlanta

      Filmed live

Alexander von Schlippenbach   2005

  BemshaSwing/52nd Street Theme

      Album: 'Monk's Casino'


      Album: 'Monk's Casino'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   2006

  K 2

      Album: 'Twelve Tone Tales Vol 1'

Alexander von Schlippenbach   2007

  The Forge

      Album: 'Globe Unity - 40 Years'

  Live in Netherlands



Birth of Modern Jazz: Barre Phillips

Alexander von Schlippenbach

Source: Discogs
  Born in 1942 in London, tenor saxophonist, Alan Skidmore, was the son of saxophonist, Jimmy Skidmore. He was working professionally at sixteen and toured with comedian, Tony Hancock. Skidmore began his recording career in 1965 on Alexis Korner's 'Blues Incorporated'. 1966 found him with bluesman, John Mayall, surfacing on 'Blues Breakers' (Decca LK 4804) with Eric Clapton that year. Skidmore's website has him recording at 'NDR Jazz Workshop', a television program, as early as 1967. An LP titled 'NDR Jazz Workshop', catalogued as NDR 0654 96351, apparently contains such, but no information concerning that is found. One needn't hardly look, however, to find the 2011 release of 'Flashpoint: NDR Jazz Workshop', recorded in 1969. Skidmore released his first album in 1970: 'Once Upon a Time'. He's since appeared on some thirteen more as a leader or co-leader, also backing countless musicians throughout his career. Skidmore brought in the new millennium with South African band, Amampondo. Skidmore remains professionally active as of this writing.

Alan Skidmore   1965

  Blue Mink

      Alexis Korner LP: 'Blues Incorporated'

Alan Skidmore   1966

  Blue Mink

      LP: 'Blues Breakers'

Alan Skidmore   1970

  Jack Knife

      LP: 'TCB'

  Once Upon a Time



      LP: 'TCB'

Alan Skidmore   1977

  K and A Blues

      LP: 'El Skid'

  That's For Cha

      LP: 'El Skid'

Alan Skidmore   1979

  Trans Tanz

      Percussion: Peter Giger

      Piano: Wolfgang Dauner

Alan Skidmore   1991


      Vocal: Georgie Fame

Alan Skidmore   2012




Birth of Modern Jazz: Alan Skidmore

Alan Skidmore

Photo: Brian O'Connor

Source: All About Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobo Stenson

Bobo Stenson

Photo: Heiko Purnhagen

Source: Alchetron
Born in 1944 in Västerås, Sweden, pianist, Bobo Stenson left the snow banks of Sweden for Paris where he played with a number of jazz musicians both locally and those passing through on tour from America and other parts of Europe. It was upon touring Germany with Inge Brandenburg that he first recorded, that in Berlin with Brandenburg in 1965 on her album, 'It's Alright with Me', released the same year. In February of 1969 he entered the studio in Paris to record Red Mitchell's LP, 'One Long String'. 1971 found him on 'Sart', an album released by Jan Garbarek, a couple more with Garbarek to follow. The next month he recorded his first name LP, 'Underwear', with his trio, Arild Anderson (bass) and Jon Christensen (drums). He would work with Christensen through the nineties. Double bass player, Anders Jormin, would be another member of his trio beginning in the eighties. In 1990 he appeared on 'Fish Out of Water', the first of several with Charles Lloyd. His first of four albums with Tomasz Stanko was 'Bossanova and Other Ballads' in 1993. In 2012 Stenson issued 'Indicum', Jormin yet with him on bass, Jon Fait as well on drums.

Bobo Stenson   1965


      Album: 'It's Alright with Me'

      With Inge Brandenburg

Bobo Stenson   1971

  Live in Norway

      Filmed live

      Bass: Arild Andersen

      Drums: Jon Christensen

      Sax: Sonny Rollins

  Song of Space

      Jan Garbarek album: 'Sart'

Bobo Stenson   1973


      Jan Garbarek album: 'Witchi-Tai-To'

Bobo Stenson   1987

  Moon and Sand

      Bass: Andres Jormin

      Drums: Rune Carlsson

Bobo Stenson   1992


      Album: 'Reflections'

      Bass: Anders Jormin

      Drums: Jon Christensen

Bobo Stenson   1997

  Oleo de Mujer con Sombrero

      'Oil of Woman with Hat''

      Album: 'War Orphans'

Bobo Stenson   2000

  The Long Way Home

      Album: 'Serenity'


      Album: 'Serenity'

Bobo Stenson   2005

  Song About Earth

      Bass: Anders Jormin

      Drums: Paul Motian

Bobo Stenson   2009

  Live in the Forest

      Swedish television Veckans Konsert

Bobo Stenson   2010

  Live In Madrid

      Bass: Anders Jormin

      Drums: Jon Fält


  Born in 1935 in Heidelberg, Germany, Karl Berger began piano studies at age ten. Among his first gigs was at the Club 54 in Heidelberg, a favorite place to jam for musicians visiting from America. Along the way to completing a Ph. D. in music in 1963 he took up the vibraphone. Two years later he found employment with Don Cherry, based at the time in Paris. Upon Cherry's return to the States in 1966 Berger followed, then to record 'Symphony for Improvisers', Cherry's second album released that year. Berger's first album as a leader, 'From Now On', was released in 1966 as well. In 1971 he and Ornette Coleman founded the Creative Music Studio in Woodstock, New York (its closure in 1984, three years after the celebration of its tenth anniversary at Woodstock.) Together with working as a sideman to a good number of ranking jazz musicians Berger has released well over twenty albums as a leader. He currently directs the Creative Music Studio resurrected in 2013.

Karl Berger   1966

  From Now On Side A

      Debut album

  From Now On Side B

      Debut album

   Symphony For Improvisers   Part 1

     Symphony for Improvisers

     Symphony for Improvisers/Nu Creative Love

   Symphony For Improvisers   Part 2

      Symphony for Improvisers:

      What's Not Serious?/Infant Happiness

   Symphony For Improvisers   Part 3

      Manhattan Cry: Manhattan Cry/Lunatic

   Symphony For Improvisers   Part 4

      Manhattan Cry: Sparkle Plenty/Om Nu

Karl Berger   1971

  We Are You

      Album: 'We Are You'

Karl Berger   1979

  Woodstock Workshop Orchestra

      Live album

Karl Berger   1989

  Chimney Road

      Album: 'Transit'

      Bass: Dave Holland   Drums: Ed Blackwell

  Out There Alone

      Album: 'Transit'

      Bass: Dave Holland   Drums: Ed Blackwell

Karl Berger   1991


      Album: 'Around'

Karl Berger   1998

  True Blue

      Pete Namlook album: 'Polytime'

Karl Berger   2010

  Miniature 1

      Album: 'Strangely Familiar'

Karl Berger   2011

  Nameless Child

      Filmed live

     The Stone Workshop Orchestra


      Filmed live

     The Stone Workshop Orchestra

Karl Berger   2013

  Live at El Taller

      Concert filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Karl Berger

Karl Berger

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jacques Coursil

Jacques Coursil

Source: Metisse Music
Born in 1938 in Paris, trumpeter, Jacques Coursil, had parents from Martinique (West Indies). In 1958 he ventured to West Africa, finding himself in Dakar upon Senegal's independence from France in 1960. Returning to France in '61, he studied music and taught literature. In 1965 he immigrated to the United States. The next year he recorded 'Sunny Murray' with guess who. Unissued tracks of his own were taped in 1967 in NYC. He made records with Frank Wight, Bill Dixon and Burton Greene before releasing his first album, 'Black Suite', in 1969, followed by 'Way Ahead' the same year. Coursil isn't thought to have issued another album until 2005 ('Minimal Brass'), the reason being his pursuit of literature and theoretical linguistics as a PHD. He taught in France, at Cornell in Ithaca, NY, and the University of California. One example of the work he did in his field is 'The Function of Language Muette', published in 2000. He has since issued 'Cries' ('07) and 'Trails of Tears' ('10). Regardless of Coursil's small catalogue it's a bright one, he recognized as one of the globe's top trumpeters by those alone.

Jacques Coursil   1966


      LP: 'Sunny Murray'

Jacques Coursil   1969

   Way Ahead


Jacques Coursil   2005

   Second Fanfare

      LP: 'Minimal Brass'

Jacques Coursil   2006

   L'un et le multiple

      Rocé LP: 'Identité En Crescendo'

Jacques Coursil   2011

   Glissant 2

      Filmed with Alan Sila (bass)

   The Removal   Act 1

      LP: 'Trails of Tears'

Jacques Coursil   2014

   Brooklyn Bridge, the Metal and the Wind 5

      LP: 'FreeJazzArt'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Michael Mantler

Michael Mantler

Source: Opus Klassiek
Born in 1943 in Vienna, Austria, trumpeter, Michael Mantler studied at the Academy of Music and Vienna University before traveling to Boston to enroll at the Berlkee School of Music in 1962. He worked with Cecil Taylor a bit before forming the Jazz Composer's Orchestra in 1965 with pianist, Carla Bley. 'Communication' was the album that resulted in 1966 with compositions by Mantler and Carla, piano byPaul Bley. Carla played piano on Mantler's next release in '66, 'Jazz Realities', together with Steve Lacy on soprano sax, a member of the Jazz Composer's Orchestra. Married to Carla from 1967 to 1992, Mantler and she would release well over ten albums into the eighties together. In 1993 Mantler formed the Chamber Music and Songs ensemble. His opera, 'The School of Understanding', premiered in Copenhagen in 1996. His 'One Symphony' premiered in 1998 in Frankfurt. His 'Concerto for Marimba and Vibraphone' also premiered in Frankfurt, in 2005. In addition to backing a number of other musicians Mantler has released well above twenty albums, his latest in 2014: 'Jazz Composer's Orchestra Update'. Mantler is yet active performing in Europe.

Michael Mantler   1966

  Communications No 5

      Album: 'Communication'

      The Jazz Composer's Orchestra

  Jazz Realities

      Album with Carla Bley

Michael Mantler   1968

  Communications No 9

      Album: 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'

  Communications No 11

      Album: 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'


      Album: 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'

Michael Mantler   1975


      Album: '13 & 3/4'

      Piano: Carla Bley

Michael Mantler   1976

  The Doubtful Guest

      Album: 'The Hapless Child'

  The Hapless Child

      Album: 'The Hapless Child'

Michael Mantler   1978




Birth of Modern Jazz: John McLaughlin

John McLaughlin

Source: Wikimedia Commons
Born in 1942 in Doncaster, West Riding of Yorkshire, John McLaughlin had a concert violinist for a mother. He studied violin and piano as a child, switching to guitar at age eleven. He left Yorkshire for London in the early sixties where he was soon performing with Alexis Korner and Georgie Fame. John McLaughlin first recorded in 1963 with Graham Bond. Those tracks weren't released, though, until 1971 ('Solid Bond') and 2011 ('Wade in the Water'). He is thought to have recorded with the Rolling Stones in 1964, appearing on the Stones' album, 'Metamorphosis', in 1975. Meeting Duffy Powers via Graham Bond, in 1965 and '66 McLaughlin laid numerous tracks with him. The first to appear on vinyl were on the album, 'Innovations', in 1971. Other '65 recordings with Powers are found on 'Just Stay Blue' ('98), 'Leapers & Sleepers' ('02) and 'Vampers & Champers' ('02 'Innovations' + 'Little Girl'). McLaughlin's recording of 'Hound Dog' with Powers in November of '66 saw release the next January. Also in '65 and '66 McLaughlin recorded with Herbie Goins & the Night-Timers. His debut vinyl release is thought to be with that band in July 1966, appearing on 'Cruisin', the B side of 'No.1 In Your Heart'. McLaughlin next saw issue in December of '66, appearing on an album by the vocal duet, Twice As Much 'Own Up' (that duet composed of Dave Skinner and Andrew Rose). McLaughlin made a number of obscure recordings before he laid the tracks to his first album. From '66 to '68 he taped sessions or was recorded with Howie Blake, Pete Brown, Mike Carr, Danny Thompson, Bob Cornford and Gordon Beck. None of those were released with the exception of Beck, 'Experiments With Pops' issued in January 1968, McLaughlin appearing on several tracks. It was January the next year that McLaughlin decided to stop fooling around and record his debut album, 'Extrapolation', released in '69 in the UK but not until 1972 in the States. The next month, February, he recorded Miles Davis' 'In a Silent Way', released in July of '69. McLaughlin had only just migrated that year to the States and joined Tony Williams' group, Lifetime. Also in '69 McLaughlin jammed and recorded with Jimi Hendrix on a number of occasions. In 1971 McLaughlin formed the Mahavishnu Orchestra, a jazz-rock fusion affair. The first of several albums released with that group was 'The Inner Mounting Flame' in 1971. Upon its disbanding McLaughlin formed Shakti in 1975 with Indian violinist, Lakshminarayana Shankar. Three albums with that ensemble resulted: 'Shakti with John McLaughlin' ('76), 'A Handful of Beauty' ('76) and 'Natural Elements' ('77). Not as if McLaughlin sailed off into the sunset for India though. He began appearing on Stanley Clarke LPs in the latter seventies (Clarke's first sessions in the seventies making him too late for this page). In 1979 he formed the Guitar Trio with flamenco guitarist, Paco de Lucía and Larry Coryell, the latter replaced by Al Di Meola (whose first sessions in the seventies make him too late for this page) in the early eighties. McLaughlin formed another version of the Mahavishnu Orchestra in 1984, issuing 'Mahavishnu' that year, the first of four with that group. In the latter eighties McLaughlin formed a trio with percussionist, Trilok Gurtu, revolving bassists into the early nineties. Into the new millennium McLaughlin released 'Thieves and Poets' in 2003, a score for ballet. He's recorded and toured variously since then to this date.

John McLaughlin   1963

  The Grass Is Greener

      Graham Bond album: 'Solid Bond'

      Not released until 1971

  Untitled Abbey Road Blues

      Not released until 2012

      CD box set: 'Wade In The Water'

John McLaughlin   1964

  Heart Of Stone

      Rolling Stones album: 'Metamorphosis'

      Uncredited session player

       Regent Sound Studios

      Guitar: Jimmy Page

      Released 1975

   Some Things Just Stick In Your Mind

      Rolling Stones album: 'Metamorphosis'

      Uncredited session player

      Regent Sound Studios

      Released 1975

John McLaughlin   1966


      With Herbie Goins

John McLaughlin   1967


      With Duffy Powers

John McLaughlin   1968

  Up Up and Away

      Gordon Beck album: 'Experiments With Pops's

John McLaughlin   1969



  Title undetermined

      Probably released 1983

      Guitar: Jimi Hendrix

     Bass: Dave Holland   Drums: Buddy Miles

John McLaughlin   1973

  Birds of Fire


   Carlos Santana - John McLaughlin

      Live at the Chicago Ampitheatre

John McLaughlin   1975

  Visions of the Emerald Beyond


John McLaughlin   1976

  Shakti with John McLaughlin


John McLaughlin   1979

  Electric Dreams


John McLaughlin   1981

  Friday Night in San Francisco


      Trio with Paco de Lucia & Al Di Meola


      Filmed live

John McLaughlin   1992

  Jazzgipfel Stuttgart

      Filmed live

      Trio with Trilok Gurtu & Dominique Di Piazza


Birth of Modern Jazz: Aldo Romano

Aldo Romano

Photo: Daniel Shen

Source: Wikipedia
Born in 1941 in Belluno, Italy, Aldo Romano was raised in Paris, a prime location to launch a jazz career, Paris the European hub of jazz convenient to all other destinations by American and European musicians on tour. He began working with trumpeter, Don Cherry, in 1963. In the spring and summer of 1965 he recorded 'Togetherness One' and 'Togetherness Two' with Cherry and saxophonist, Gato Barbieri, in Italy. The following December he layed tracks in Rome with Steve Lacy for release on the album, 'Disposability'. Romano didn't issue an album as a leader until 'Il Piacere' in 1979. The next year he and pianist, Michel Petrucciani, released 'Flash', the first of four, 'Playground' their last in 1991. Romano's latest studio release is thought to be 'Just Jazz' in 2008. Yet active, Romano currently divides his time between France and Italy playing in a quartet.

Aldo Romano   1966


      Steve Lacy album: 'Disposibility'


      Movements 1 & 2   Togetherness One

      Album: 'Togetherness'

      With Gato Barbieri & Don Cherry


      Movement 5   Togetherness Two

      Album: 'Togetherness'

      With Gato Barbieri & Don Cherry

  Tune 2

      Steve Lacy album: 'Disposibility'

Aldo Romano   1979

  Il Camino

      Album: 'Il Piacere'

Aldo Romano   1993


      Album: 'Non Dimenticar'

  Resta Cu' Mme

      Album: 'Non Dimenticar'

Aldo Romano   1995


      Album: 'Carnet de Routes'

Aldo Romano   2000

  Soweto Sorrow

      INA Archive (France)

Aldo Romano   2014

  Live in Paris

      Filmed live with Darryl Hall

      Piano: Baptiste Trotignon

      Trumpet: Enrico Rava


  Born Alan Treadwell da Silva in 1939 in Bermuda, free jazz double bassist, Alan Silva, was taken to New York at age five where he was raised in Harlem. He studied with Donald Byrd in the fifties, also attending Columbia University. He had begun playing trumpet before switching to upright bass. Among his first professional engagements was Bill Dixon's October Revolution in Jazz in 1964 at the Cellar Cafe in Manhattan. Dixon had put together the October Revolution in Jazz to promote free form. Silva apparently made a couple private recordings in March of 1966 with Dixon and vocalist, Judith Dunn. Those were 'Motorcycle' and 'Groundspeed', never issued. He did surface that year, however, on Cecil Taylor's 'Unit Structures'. In 1967 he emerged on two tracks on 'Albert Ayler in Greenwich Village' ('For John Coltrane' and 'Change Has Come'). In 1968 he surfaced on the second release by the Jazz Composer's Orchestra, 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'. He also issued his debut album, 'Skillfulness', that year (ESP 1091). Silva formed the Celestrial Communication Orchestra in Paris in the seventies. First releasing 'Luna Surface' in 1969, the CC was good for several more albums throughout the eighties, during which he also founded a school for jazz in Paris modeled after the classical conservatory. Among those on whose albums Silva has appeared through the years were Sun Ra, Cecil Taylor, Sunny Murray, Frank Wright, Bobby Few and Abdelhai Bennani. Among his later releases was 'Transmissions', a free form album issued in 2000. Per 1966 below, Silva shares bass with Henry Grimes. Per 1968 he shares bass with Eddie Gómez on the album, 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'.

Alan Silva   1966

  Unit Structures

      Album by Cecil Taylor

Alan Silva   1967

  Change Has Come

      LP: 'In Greenwich Village'

      Album by Albert Ayler

  For John Coltrane

      LP: 'In Greenwich Village'

      Album by Albert Ayler

Alan Silva   1968

  Communications #11

      LP: 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'


      LP: 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'

Alan Silva   1969

  Luna Surface

      LP with Celestrial Communication Orchestra

Alan Silva   1970


      LP with Celestrial Communication Orchestra

Alan Silva   1999

  A Hero's Welcome


  AS & the Sound Visions Orchestra


      Recorded at St. Nicholas of Myra Church NYC

Alan Silva   2011

  Glissant 2

      Filmed with Jacques Coursil

  Live at Le 106



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dr Lonnie Smith

Alan Silva

Source: Free the Music
Birth of Modern Jazz: Tomasz Stanko

Tomasz Stanko

Source: Jazz-Square
Born in 1942 in Rzeszów, Poland, Tomasz Stanko was an avant-garde trumpeter who would contribute to the emergence of Poland as a producer of top jazz talent in the sixties. Growing up in Communist Poland, Stanko first heard jazz on 'Voice of America' radio broadcasts. In 1962 Stanko formed the Jazz Darins with painist, Adam Makowicz. He joined the group of Krzysztof Komeda in 1963, with whom his initial recordings are thought to have been in December 1965 per the album, 'Astigmatic'. Komeda was a major player in Stanko's career, they touring heavily together as they issued eleven albums. 1970 saw the release of Stanko's 'Music for K' with his own quintet, he having formed his first in '68 after a period with pianist, Andrzej Trzaskowski. Stanko would form numerous chamber ensembles throughout his career, from trios to septets, though quartets and quintets were his favored configurations. During the early seventies Stanko worked with Alexander von Schlippenbach, Krysztof Penderecki and Don Cherry. During the mid seventies Stanko played in the quartet of Edward Vesala. The eighties saw a tour to India with Taj Mahal, also work with saxophonist, Chico Freeman (recording too late for these histories), and avant-garde pianist, Cecil Taylor. The nineties saw Stanko in a trio with Arild Andersen and Jon Christensen, as well as forming ensembles including such as drummer, Michal Miskiewicz, or pianist, Bobo Stenson. Having recorded prolifically, also backing projects by other musicians, Stanko has released well above forty albums as a leader or co-leader, his latest as of this writing in 2014: 'Polin'. Per 2006 below, tracks are from the LP, 'Lontano'. Per 2009 below, tracks are from 'Dark Eyes'.

Tomasz Stanko   1966


      Album by Krzysztof Komeda

Tomasz Stanko   1970

  Music for K

      LP: 'Music for K'

Tomasz Stanko   1975



Tomasz Stanko   1976

  Live in Helsinki

      Filmed live

      Bass: Pekka Sarmanto

      Drums: Edward Vesala

      Sax: Tomasz Szukalski

Tomasz Stanko   1997




      LP: 'Litania'

Tomasz Stanko   2001



Tomasz Stanko   2004

  Suspended Variation II

      LP: 'Suspended Night'

Tomasz Stanko   2005

  Jazz Baltica

      Filmed live

Tomasz Stanko   2006


  Lontano III

  Song for Ania

Tomasz Stanko   2009

   Grand Central

   So Nice

   Terminal 7

Tomasz Stanko   2012

  Live at Club Jazz L'F

      Filmed in Dinant, Belgique


      Filmed in Gdansk, Poland


  Born in 1944 in Tavistock, Devon, England, John Surman played saxophone, bass clarinet and synthesizer. He is thought to have first laid tracks with Peter Lemer in 1966 on the album, 'Local Colour'. 1967 found him on Mike Westbrook's 'Celebration', '68 on Westbrook's 'Release'. Also during that period Surman recorded with Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated, as well as in 1969 with Korner's New Church and Friends. Those tracks can be found on the 1972 album, 'Bootleg him!'. Surman issued his debut album in 1969, the eponymously titled 'John Surman'. He began exploring the synthesizer in the early seventies. His first of three albums with double bassist, Barre Phillips, was 'Mountainscapes' in 1976. His first of three with double bassist, Miroslav Vitouš, was 'First Meeting' in 1980. His first of three with pianist, Paul Bley, 'Fragments', was issued in 1986. In 1999 Surman released the first of four albums with tenor vocalist, John Potter: 'In Darkness Let Me Dwell'. Surman has left behind a prolific number of works, nearly fifty albums as a leader. He is the recipient of two Norwegian Spellman Awards as of 2004 and 2006. He yet tours as of this writing.

John Surman   1966

  Local Colour

      Album   Peter Lemer Quintet

John Surman   1969

  How Many Clouds Can You See?


John Surman   1971

  Tales of the Algonquin


John Surman   1979


      Album: 'The Party Album'

      Alexis Korner & Friends

  Upon Reflection


John Surman   1987

  Not Love Perhaps

      Album: 'Private City'

  Portrait of a Romantic

      Album: 'Private City'

John Surman   1991

  Live in Vienna

      Filmed live with Karin Krog

John Surman   2000

  Live in Duisburg

John Surman   2008

  Live in Hamburg

      Filmed live

John Surman   2012


      Album: 'Saltash Bells'

  Whistman's Wood

      Album: 'Saltash Bells'

John Surman   2013

  Jazz Under the Apple Trees

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: John Surman

John Surman

Source: Discogs
  Born in 1943 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, bassist, Maarten Altena, was attending the Conservatorium van Amsterdam when he recorded 'Stairs!' in 1967 with Theo Loevendie (bass clarinet) and John Engels Jr (drums). In December of 1967 he recorded 'Porto Novo' with Han Bennink (drums) and Marion Brown (alto sax) among others. A 1975 reissue of that would contain additional tracks. Upon graduation from the conservatory Altena performed with various classical and jazz ensembles, including the Dutch Ballet Orchestra. In 1968 he recorded 'The Machine' with a trio consisting of Nedly Elstak and Martin van Duynhoven. In 1969 he appeared on 'Live in Paradiso' with the group, Heavy Soul Inc. He also contributed to Loevendie's 'Mandela' in 1969. From '69 to '73 he performed on various recordings by Willem Breuker. Altena was yet with Breuker when he released his first album in 1973: 'Handicaps', a suite of solo compositions performed with his left wrist broken, requiring a cast not only for his wrist but the neck of his instrument as well. He recorded Steve Lacy's 'Lumps' in 1974 (released '78) before his next album of solos the next year: 'Turning the Bass'. From 1980 to '85 he studied composition with classical composer, Robert Heppener. In the meantime he issued five or six albums by the Maarten Altena Quartet, its first in 1980: 'Op Stap'. He later formed the Maarten Altena Ensemble. That group issued 'Generations' in 2002 before disassembly in 2005. Altena has appeared on at least 56 albums over the years, including his own. He has recently been more involved in composing than performing or recording.

Maarten Altena   1967

   Lady Penelope II

      Theo Loevendie LP: 'Stairs!'

Maarten Altena   1968

   5 Machine Songs

      Nedly Elstak LP: 'The Machine'


      Marion Brown LP: 'Porto Novo'

   The Machine

      Nedly Elstak LP: 'The Machine'

   Porto Novo

      Marion Brown LP: 'Porto Novo'


      Marion Brown LP: 'Porto Novo'

Maarten Altena   1973

   Handicaps I & II

      LP: 'Handicaps'

Maarten Altena   1974

   Dat Gebeurt in Vietnam

      Orkest De Volharding


      LP: 'Baal Brecht Breuker'

   Lied Van Het Verdronken Meisje

      LP: 'Baal Brecht Breuker'

   Lied van de Macht van het Volk

      Orkest De Volharding


      Orkest De Volharding

Maarten Altena   1979


      LP: 'High, Low and Order'

      With Steve Lacy

Maarten Altena   1980

   Pisa String Duet

      LP: 'PISA 1980: Improvisors' Symposium'



      Percussion: Paul Lovens

      Trombone: Günter Christmann

Maarten Altena   1981



Maarten Altena   1985

   Zwei Walzer

      LP: 'Rondedans'

Maarten Altena   1990


      LP: 'Rif'

Maarten Altena   1991

   Code 1

      LP: 'Code'


      LP: 'Code'

Maarten Altena   1993

   Bandrecorder, Eenvoudig

      LP: 'City Music'

Maarten Altena   1996

   Symphonie Joyeuse

      LP: 'Working On Time'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Maarten Altena

Maarten Altena

Source: Last FM
Birth of Modern Jazz: Arild Andersen

Arild Andersen

Source: Last FM
Born in 1945 in Lillestrøm, Norway, Arild Andersen began to play guitar in the early sixties, switching to double bass in 1964. Joining the Jan Garbarek Quartet in 1967 in Oslo, he remained with tenor sax man, Garbarek, recording several albums, until 1973. Anderson first recorded with Garbarek in 1967, appearing on both tracks of side B of the LP 'Til Vigdis': 'Freedom Jazz Dance' and 'Til Vigdis'. He also first toured the States with Garbarek in the early seventies. He and Garbare there recorded their first album with pianist, George Russell, in 1971: 'The Essence of George Russell'. Two more with Russell would emerge in the early eighties. Anderson's initial album with Ketil Bjørnstad was 'Åpning' in 1973, with whom he would issue several more into the new millennium. Anderson led his first group, a quartet, in 1974. His debut album, 'Clouds in My Head', was issued in 1975, recorded that February. Anderson formed the Arild Andersen Quintet in 1982 with drummer, Jon Christensen, with whom he'd performed as a band member with Garbarek. That group's name was changed to Masqualero before the 1983 recording of 'Masqualero', a couple more LPs by that group to follow. 'The Sign' was Anderson's first LP with Carston Dahl in 2002, several more to follow. His initial LP with Yelena Eckemoff was 'Glass Song' in 2013. Anderson's latest of above thirty LPs as a leader or co-leader was 'Mira' per January 2014. Per 2013 below, Anderson's partners are Tommy Smith (horn) and Paolo Vinaccia (drums).

Arild Andersen   1967

   Freedom Jazz Dance

      Jan Garbarek album: 'Til Vigdis'

   Til Vigdis

      Jan Garbarek album: 'Til Vigdis'

Arild Andersen   1971

   Kongsberg Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert with Sonny Rollins

Arild Andersen   1975

   Song for a Sad Day

      Album: 'Clouds in My Head'

Arild Andersen   1977


      Album: 'Shimri'

Arild Andersen   1978

   Green Shading Into Blue

      Guitar: Terje Rypdal

Arild Andersen   1994


      Album: 'If You Look Far Enough'

Arild Andersen   2012


      Filmed live at Oslo Jazzfestival


      Album: 'Rheomusi'

Arild Andersen   2013


      Filmed live


      Filmed live

   Live at Queen's Hall

      Concert filmed in Edinburgh, Scotland

Arild Andersen   2014

   Live in Camerino

      Drums: Paolo Vinaccia

      Horn: Tommy Smith

   Mingus in Aulaen

      Filmed concert


  Born in 1935 in Bridgetown, Barbados, some 500 miles north of Venezuela, British trumpeter, Harry Beckett, picked up music as a cornetist with a Salvation Army band. At age nineteen ('54) he journeyed to London where in the coming years he would play with Leslie Hutchinson. If he met bassist, Graham Collier, in 1961 that would have to have been before Collier attended the Berklee College of Music in the United States that year. In 1962 he appeared in the film, 'All Night Long', with Dave Brubeck and Charles Mingus, that film made in London. He found himself in Collier's band upon the latter's return to the UK in '63/64. Becket would remain with Collier until 1977. In 1967 Beckett surfaced on three tracks of Collier's 'Deep Dark Blue Centre' (Kenny Wheeler filled trumpet on the others.). Beckett released his first LP as a leader in 1970: 'Flare Up'. He played in ensembles from trios to orchestras. His last of some seventeen albums as a leader or co-leader is thought to have been 'The Modern Sound Of Harry Beckett'. 'Maxine' was issued posthumously in 2011, as Beckett died in July of 2010 of stroke. Per 1967 below, Beckett is on tracks A1, A3 and A4 of 'Deep Dark Blue Centre'. It's Kenny Wheeler on tracks A2, B1 and B2.

Harry Beckett   1967

  Deep Dark Blue Centre

      LP by Graham Collier

Harry Beckett   1970

  Rolly's Tune

      LP: 'Flare Up'

Harry Beckett   1971

  Warm Smiles

      LP: 'Warm Smiles'

Harry Beckett   1975

  Bracelets of Sound

      LP: 'Joy Unlimited'

  No Time for Hello

      LP: 'Joy Unlimited'

  Rings Within Rings

      LP: 'Joy Unlimited'

Harry Beckett   1988

  Grandmothers Teaching


Harry Beckett   1991

  Live in Avellino

      Filmed live

Harry Beckett   2008

  Out of the Blue

      LP: 'The Modern Sound Of Harry Beckett'

  Something Special

      LP: 'The Modern Sound Of Harry Beckett'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Harry Beckett

Harry Beckett

Photograph: David Redfern/Redferns

Source: Organized Rage
  Born in 1941 in Remscheid, North Rhine-Westphalia, Peter Brötzmann studied painting in Wuppertal, Germany, becoming involved with Fluxus, an international network of artists with its origins in Neo-Dada. It was conceived in 1962 by George Maciunas but died out upon Maciunas' death in 1978. Brotzmann began with clarinet, self-taught, before taking up the saxophone. Tracks exist of him recording as early as 1963, a performance at the Hypokriterion Theater. That and other early recordings into 1965 can be found on a set of three CDs titled, 'The Inexplicable Flyswatter: Works On Paper 1959-1964', issued in 2003. A couple of his 1966 recordings can be found on the CD, 'Mayday', released in 2010. His first LP, 'For Adolphe Sax' (1967), is thought to be his debut vinyl as well. He released it on his own Brö label. Brotzmann has since issued some fifteen as a leader, also recording a strong number of sessions as a sideman. Yeah? So what? Well, he collaborated on nearly ninety more. Great. See you later. Wait. He also made a lot of records as a member of a lot of bands. Those with whom he issued three LPs or more began with Globe Unity, 'Live in Wuppertal' released in 1973. Brotzmann is probably best known in the latter century as a member of that orchestra, some fourteen albums published into the new millennium. In 1986 Brotzmann appeared on the first of six albums with Last Exit: 'Last Exit'. From there he went to the Die Like a Dog Quartet, the first of several albums with that ensemble released in 1994: 'Die like a Dog: Fragments of Music, Life and Death of Albert Ayler'. 1997 saw the initial release of eleven albums with the Chicago Octet, Tentet or Tentet Plus Two: 'The Chicago Octet/Tentet'. Brotzmann also surfaced on the first of four with The Wild Mans Band in '97: 'The Wild Mans Band'. 'No One Ever Works Alone' was the first of four with Sonore in 2004. In 2006 he appeared on the first of three with Full Blast: 'Full Blast'. He yet performs with Full Blast as of this writing.

Peter Brötzmann   1964


      Not released until 2003

      CD: 'The Inexplicable Flyswatter'

Peter Brötzmann   1967

  For Adolphe Sax


Peter Brötzmann   1968

  Machine Gun


Peter Brötzmann   1969



Peter Brötzmann   1970

  Fuck de Boere

      Frankfurt Jazz Festival

      Album   Not released until 2001

Peter Brötzmann   1995

  Jazzfest Berlin

      Filmed live

      Bass: Willliam Parker

      Drums: Hamid Drake

      Trumpet: Toshinori Kondo

Peter Brötzmann   2004

  Europa Jazz du Mans

      Filmed live

Peter Brötzmann   2013

  Mouth On Moth

      Album: 'I Am Here Where Are You'

      Drums: Steve Noble

Peter Brötzmann   2015

  Live in Dublin

      Filmed live   Piano: Paul Smyth

  Live in France

      Filmed live   Drums: Steve Noble


Birth of Modern Jazz: Peter Brotzmann

Peter Brotzmann

Source: The Chapel
Birth of Modern Jazz: Graham Collier

Graham Collier

Source: Cuneiform Records
Born in 1937 in Tynemouth, Northumberland, bassist, Graham Collier, joined the British Army after graduating from school. He played in army bands, including three years in Hong Kong. In 1961 he won a 'Down Beat' magazine scholarship to the Berklee College of Music in Boston. While in the States he toured with Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra (ghost version). Upon his return to the UK in '63/64 he formed his own ensemble, issuing his first album, 'Deep Dark Blue Centre', in 1967. Collier was also an author, publishing his first of seven books concerning jazz in 1973: 'Inside Jazz'. He began instructing at the Royal Academy of Music in London in 1987 and would become its artistic director until 1999. He lived the latter years of his life in Greece where he died in September 2011 of heart failure. He had released some eighteen albums as a leader, his last, 'directing 14 Jackson Pollocks', in 2009.

Graham Collier   1967

   Deep Dark Blue Centre


Graham Collier   1969

   Danish Blue

      LP: 'Down Another Road'

   Lullaby for a Lonely Child

      LP: 'Down Another Road'


      LP: 'Down Another Road'

Graham Collier   1970

   Song One (Seven-Four)

      LP: 'Songs for My Father'

   Song Three (Nine-Eight Blues)

      LP: 'Songs for My Father'

Graham Collier   1978

   The Day of the Dead

      Parts I & II

Graham Collier   1983

   Hoarded Dreams

      Part 6

      Not issued until 2007

Graham Collier   2002

   Lullaby for a Lonely Child

      Gilles Peterson LP: 'Impressed'

Graham Collier   2003

   The Hackney Five

      LP: 'Charles River Fragments'

Graham Collier   2009

   An Alternate Aberdeen Angus

      LP: 'directing 14 Jackson Pollocks'

   Between a Donkey and a Rolls Royce

      LP: 'directing 14 Jackson Pollocks'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jan Garbarek

Jan Garbarek

Source: tekstowo
Born in 1947 in Mysen, Norway, saxophonist, Jan Garbarek, was raised in Oslo. He presumably remains the father of singer, Anja Garbarek. It was at the Molde Jazz Festival (first held 1961) in 1965 that Garbarek met Kenny Drew and George Russell. His performance there was broadcast over Norwegian radio. Russell became significant to Garbarek's early career. Garbarek and Russell would make numerous recordings from '69 to '71 that would surface on a few Russell albums in the eighties. Garbarek is documented to have performed on the 1966 release of 'Jazz Moments', backing vocalist and Buddyprisen winner ('65), Karin Krog. But if Garbarek blows sax on that LP with Jon Christensen (drums), Niels Henning Ørsted Pedersen (bass) and Kenny Drew (piano) I'm clueless where. He did record an alternate take of 'Dearly Beloved' with that group which wasn't on the '66 issue of 'Jazz Moments'. When that track was first later released isn't known. Be as may, Garbarek is found on the LP, 'Jazz Jamboree 66', performing 'Walking' in a duo with bassist, Kurt Lindgren. Garbarek released his debut album, 'Til Vigdis', the next year ('67). Arild Andersen (bass), Jon Christensen (drums) and Frank Phipps (valve trombone) joined him on that LP. As important as Russell in Garbarek's early days was guitarist, Terje Rypdal, with whom he issued Rypdal's 'Bleak House' in 1968. Garbarek issued 'Esoteric Circle' in 1969. That would lead to his becoming one of the major names in jazz in the seventies. In 1974 Garbarek appeared on Keith Jarrett's 'Belonging', the first of several LPs with Jarrett. In the latter seventies Garbarek would begin appearing on albums by both Gary Peacock and Charlie Haden. He appeared on Eberhard Weber's 'Chorus' in 1984. In addition to collaborations with other musicians Garbarek's career has yielded over thirty albums as a leader, his last studio LP as of this writing, 'Officium Novum', released in 2010. Garbarek is yet quite active touring. Per 1979 below, the complete title of the album is 'Photo with Blue Sky, White Cloud, Wires, Windows and a Red Roof'.

Jan Garbarek   1966

   Dearly Beloved

      With Karin Krog

      Alt take   First release unknown

Jan Garbarek   1967

   Freedom Jazz Dance

      Album: 'Til Vigdis'

   Mr. J.C.

      Album: 'Til Vigdis'

   Til Vigdis

      Album: 'Til Vigdis'

Jan Garbarek   1970

   Afric Pepperbird

      Album: 'Afric Pepperbird'

Jan Garbarek   1971

   Song of Space

      Album: 'Sart'

Jan Garbarek   1973


      Album: 'Witchi-Tai-To'

Jan Garbarek   1977


      Album: 'Dis'

Jan Garbarek   1979

   Kiel 1979

      Ball Pompoes in Kiel, Germany

      NDR Jazz Workshop

      Released 2011?


      Album: 'Photo . . . Red Roof'

Jan Garbarek   1980


      Album by Charlie Haden

Jan Garbarek   1991

   Live in Hamburg

      Filmed concert

Jan Garbarek   1992

   Ragas and Sagas

      Album with Ustad Fateh Ali Khan

Jan Garbarek   1994



Jan Garbarek   1996

   Evening Land

      Album: 'Visible World'

      Vocal: Mari Boine

Jan Garbarek   2004


      Album: 'In Praise of Dreams'

   In Praise of Dreams

      Album: 'In Praise of Dreams'


  Born in 1946 in Helsinki, Finland, Eero Koivistoinen was removed even more remotely, by distance and circumstance, from Europe's jazz hubs, much less NYC in the States, than Sweden or Communist Poland. But just as the sixties witnessed major talent hailing from Scandinavia and emerging from Poland, so would Finland quickly be at the heels of of its less Russian Scandinavian partners to the west. As a child Koivistoinen studied classical violin. He also took up saxophone and studied at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki. He would also study at the Berklee College of Music in Boston in the early seventies. Before that, however, he had played with with his first group in the sixties, a trio with Pekka Sarmanto (bass) and Edward Vesala (drums). That trio recorded 'Jappa' in January of '67, a 7" EP (JATP 1) containing 'Jappa', 'OK Song' and 'Spanish Lady & Lovable Miss P'. Koivistoinen then joined Blues Section, appearing on that group's first album in 1967, 'Blues Section'. As Koivistoinen kept with that ensemble until 1968 he likely appeared on other recordings by that group during that period with Love Records. In 1968 Koivistoinen surfaced on Eero Koivistoinen's 'Valtakunta'. The next year he released his first name album, 'Odysseus'. Koivistoinen began working with the UMO Jazz Orchestra in 1975 and would become Artistic Director from '96 to '98. His latter career brought an interest in African rhythms, those of Senegal in particular ('Eero Koivistoinen & Senegalese Drums' 2000) into the 21st century, also touring in Mozambique and South Africa. Koivistoinen has also arranged and composed in classical and orchestral settings, as well as written film scores. Among the latest of above thirty LP releases was 'X-Ray' in 2006.

Eero Koivistoinen   1967



  Once More for the Road

      LP: 'Blues Section'

Eero Koivistoinen   1968

  Kerran Ei Ollut Valtakuntaa

      Eero Koivistoinen LP: 'Valtakunta'

Eero Koivistoinen   1969

  A Girl I Knew

      Music video with Wigwam


      LP: 'Odysseus'

  So Nice

      LP: 'Odysseus'

Eero Koivistoinen   1970

  Five Blue Tones

      LP: 'For Children'

  For Children II

      LP: 'For Children'

Eero Koivistoinen   1971

  The Original Sin

      LP: 'The Original Sin'

Eero Koivistoinen   1973

  3rd Version

      LP: '3rd Version'

   6 Down

      LP: 'Wahoo!'


      LP: 'Wahoo!'

  Hot C

      LP: 'Wahoo!'

  Suite 19

      LP: 'Wahoo!'

Eero Koivistoinen   1976

  The Front Is Breaking

      LP: 'The Front Is Breaking'

Eero Koivistoinen   1978


      Album: 'Jazz Jamboree '78'

Eero Koivistoinen   2013

  Hati Hati

      Filmed at Finnish Embassy Washington DC

  Net Island

      Filmed at Finnish Embassy Washington DC

Eero Koivistoinen   2015

  Live with Fusiotherapy

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eero Koivistoinen

Eero Koivistoinen

Source: jazzrytmit
Birth of Modern Jazz: Peter Kowald

Peter Kowald   2001

Photo: Vanita & Joe Monk

Source: Monastery
Born in 1944 in Germany, Peter Kowald began playing the double bass in 1960. His first recordings were five years later (November 1965) in a quartet with free form composer, Peter Brötzmann (alto sax), Horst Prehn (alto sax) and Gerd Panzer (drums). Those tracks were 'Lila Eule No 1' and 'Lila Eule No 4', not released until 2003 with the book, 'Peter Brötzmann: The Inexplicable Flyswatter: Works on Paper 1959-1964', concerning Brötzmann's visual art. Kowald was recorded with Brötzmann again at the Frankfurt Jazz Festival in May of '66: 'Intensity' and 'Variability', those tracks made available in 2010 on an album titled 'Mayday'. In December of '66 Kowald participated in Alexander von Schlippenbach's 'Globe Unity' for issue the next year. He would back Schlippenbach's Glove Unity on several albums, the last being 'Pearls' in 1977. Kowald was a bass player in high demand throughout his career by a host of musicians. In 1980 he joined the London Jazz Composers' Orchestra and stayed five years. Visiting the United States and Japan on numerous occasions, he also lived in Greece for a time. Kowald recorded his last solo album, 'Was Da Ist', in the summer of 1994. He died of a heart attack in New York City in 2002.

Peter Kowald   1967

  Globe Unity

      Album by Schlippenbach

Peter Kowald   1973


      Brotzmann album: 'Hot Lotta'

      Not released until 2011

Peter Kowald   1990

  Subway Couple

      Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Peter Kowald   1991


      Album   4 movements

      Clarinet/flute: Floros Floridis

Peter Kowald   1992

  Live in Moscow

      Filmed live

Peter Kowald   1993


      Film by Salvo Cuccia

Peter Kowald   2000

  Bass Solo   Side A

      Not released until 2009

  Bass Solo   Side B

      Not released until 2009

  Chicago Improvisations

      Not released until 2007

  Live Solo with Transmission

      Filmed at the Eyedrum in Atlanta


Birth of Modern Jazz: Airto Moreira

Airto Moreira

Source: Jake Feinberg Show
Born in 1941 in Itaiópolis, Brazil, percussionist, Airto Moreira, met Flora Purim in 1965, whom he married two years later. In the meantime he had recorded 'Quarteto Novo' in Sao Paulo in 1966 with the samba group by the same name. Like many Brazilian musicians who found the military regime in Brazil oppressive, Moreira and Purim left for NYC in 1967, not to return but on concert tours. Though Moreira and Purim worked together closely their entire careers, to say the one to say the other, they each pursued independent projects as well. Among the first recordings Moreira made in the US was with Paul Desmond on 'Summertime' in 1968. Johnny Hammond Smith and Hubert Laws would also figure big in the early seventies, but it was Miles Davis with whom his career ignited. He began recording 'Bitches' Brew' with Davis in 1969 and would appear on several more Davis LPs up to 'Get Up with It' in 1975. Another important figure in Moreira's career was Grateful Dead drummer, Micky Hart, with whom he issued several albums from 'The Apocalypse Now Sessions' in 1980 (a Rhythm Devils release containing tracks to the film, 'Apocalypse Now') to 'Supralingua' in 1998. Having meanwhile been releasing numerous LPs with Purim, they formed the Latin group, Fourth World, to release 'Live at Ronnie Scott's' in 1992. Several more albums by Fourth World followed through the nineties until 'Last Journey' ('Return Journey' completely the same but for track order) in 2000. Together with touring internationally with Purim, Moreira has composed or contributed to television and film scores ('Last Tango in Paris' 1972), as well as taught at UCLA. Moreira has backed a host of other musicians during his highly productive career during which he also released albums apart from Purim. One of those was in 2003 with daughter, Diana Booker: 'Life After That'. Moreira put 'Down Beat' magazine's Critics Poll in his bag seven years consecutively between '75 and '82, again in '93. He hung it on a stick in 2002 with Brazil's Order of Rio Branco per President Cardoso. Moreira is yet active as ever, his base of operations long since in Los Angeles. Per below, Flora Purim appears on albums 1970 through 1974. She may or may not contribute vocal backing on 'The Happy People' per 1977. More Moreira under Purim.

Airto Moreira   1967

  Quarteto Novo

      Album by Quarteto Novo

Airto Moreira   1970

  Natural Feelings


Airto Moreira   1971

  Seeds On the Ground


Airto Moreira   1973



Airto Moreira   1974

  Virgin Land


Airto Moreira   1977

  The Happy People

      LP: 'I'm Fine, How Are You'

Airto Moreira   1979

  Partido Alto

      LP: 'Touching You...Touching Me'

Airto Moreira   1984

  Misa Espiritual

      Filmed live

Airto Moreira   1996

  Magic of Drums

      Filmed live

Airto Moreira   2003

  Modern Drummer Festival

      Filmed live

Airto Moreira   2009

  Black Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Airto Moreira   2014


      Filmed with Eyedentity & Diane Moreira


Birth of Modern Jazz: Mike Osborne

Mike Osborne

Source: All Music
Born in 1941 in Hereford, England, Mike Osborne attended Wycliffe College in Gloucestershire and the Guildhall School of Music before hooking up with the Mike Westbrook Concert Band to play alto sax, emerging on Westbrook's 'Celebration' in 1967, as well as 'Release' the same or next year. He was still working with Westbrook when he issued his debut LP in 1970: 'Outback'. He also began recording with Mike Cooper in 1970. From 1973 to '76 he was a third of the trio, S.O.S., with John Surman and Alan Skidmore. Perhaps that ensemble was appropriately named, for after touring Europe with Surman and Skidmore he found himself in a mental hospital due to adventures in paranoid schizophrenia. Retiring with his wife to Norfolk, he nevertheless released 'Marcel's Muse' in 1977. In 1979 he was recorded with Australian vocalist, Jon Stevens, 'Live at the Plough', not issued until 2003. His last known recordings were in 1981, found on 'Force of Nature' released in 2008. Osborne had by that time succumbed to cancer, dying in September 2007. Per 1967 below, Osborne shares alto sax with Bernie Living on 'Dirge', the latter also on flute.

Mike Osborne   1966

  An Idea

      Recorded June 1966

      Not released until 2015

      Album: 'Dawn'

Mike Osborne   1967


      Mike Westbrook LP: 'Celebration'

Mike Osborne   1974

  Border Crossing


Mike Osborne   2008

  All Night Long


      Recorded 1975/76

Mike Osborne   2013

  Country Dance

      S.O.S. LP: 'Looking For the Next One'

      Recorded 1974/75


  Edward Vesala was born in 1945 in Mäntyharju, Finland. He began playing drums in dance bands and attended the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki to study classical percussion from 1965 to '67. In 1967 Vesala was a member of a trio with Pekka Sarmanto (bass) and Eero Koivistoinen (alto sax), recording the album, 'Jappa' (JATP 1). That contained the tracks: 'Jappa', 'OK Song' and 'Spanish Lady & Lovable Miss P'. He then performed with the bands, Blues Section and Apollo, in the sixties. Blues Section was a recording band about that period but it isn't known if Vesala layed tracks with them. For causes unknown Vesala surfaced on a couple of private pressings in 1969, two titles which might have contained identical tracks of Vesala delivering dance instructions on the first side, a group called Soulset on the other of which he was a member. Those were '1-2-3-4 Soul Jumppa' and 'Yksi, Kaksi, Kolme, Neljä Soul Jumppaa'. The first was pressed by an unknown label, the latter by Gross as GRLP-27 (with a current collectors' price tag of $585.00). Vesala's first commercial pressing was also a platter with Soulset in 1969, that group on Side A of 'Nykysuomalaista - Contemporary Finnish' with four tracks by the Edward Vesala Jazz Band on side B: 'Very Sorry', 'Spring', 'Draw!' and 'The Joke'. In 1970 Vesala released 'Nana' with a trio consisting of Juhani Aaltonen (sax) and Arild Andersen (bass). Vesala founded his own label, Leo, in 1978, issuing several titles into the eighties. Vesala formed the group, Sound & Fury, in 1984, consisting of students from his workshop by the same name. 1987 saw his first title for ECM Records released: 'Lumi'. 'Nordic Gallery' would appear to have been Vesala's last of above twenty albums, release per 1994. In December of '99 he died yet fairly young at age 54 of congestive heart failure. Per 1969 below, tracks are with the band, Soulset. 'Track B4' is one of an entirety of untitled tracks on the album: 'Yksi, Kaksi, Kolme, Neljä Soul Jumppaa'.

Edward Vesala   1967



Edward Vesala   1969

   Five Days Later

      Album: 'Nykysuomalaista'

   Track B4

      Album: 'Yksi . . . Jumppaa'

Edward Vesala   1970

   Alhambra Mood

      Album: 'Nana'


      Album: 'Nana'

Edward Vesala   1971


      Filmed live

Edward Vesala   1973


      With Peter Brötzmann

   Live at Parc Floral de Vincennes

      Filmed live

      Bass: Arild Andersen

      Sax: Jan Garbarek

Edward Vesala   1974

   Areous Vlor Ta

      LP: 'Nan Madol'

   The Way Of ...

      LP: 'Nan Madol'

Edward Vesala   1976

   First Song

      Filmed live

      Bass: Pekka Sarmanto

      Sax: Tomasz Szukalski

      Trumpet: Tomasz Stanko

Edward Vesala   1977


      Vocal: Irina Milan

      LP: 'Rodina'

Edward Vesala   1978


      With Tomasz Stanko

   Little, Beautiful, Dancing Girl

      With Tomasz Stanko

Edward Vesala   1982

   Live at Groovy

      Album by Juhani Aaltonen

Edward Vesala   1990

   Infinite Express

      LP: 'Ode to the Death of Jazz'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Edward Vesala

Edward Vesala

Photo: Paul Deker

Source: Jazz Pages
Birth of Modern Jazz: Kate Westbrook

Kate Westbrook

Source: Westbrook Jazz
Born in 1936 in High Wycombe, England, pianist, Mike Westbrook, was raised in Torquay. Westbrook was an artist studying painting in Plymouth when he began forming bands. In 1962 he moved to London where he oft performed at the Old Place, the Little Theatre Club and Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club. Westbrook began his recording career in 1965 and '66 with several unissued performances on television, in concert and BBC Radio. He also recorded unissued tracks with John Surman in those years. Westbrook first saw vinyl on his own LP, 'Celebration', in 1967, recorded in August that year. 'Release' followed the next year, recorded in August of '68. 1971 saw the premier of 'Tyger', at the Royal National Theatre, a musical addressing William Blake on which he collaborated with Adrian Mitchell. In 1972 Westbrook formed the group, Solid Gold Cadillac. In 1974 future wife and librettist, Katie Westbrook, joined the Mike Westbrook Brass Band. She played tenor horn and piccolo (and would release three of her own albums much later in the new millennium). The first of three albums by the Mike Westbrook Brass Band was 'Plays 'For The Record'', issued in 1976. That band became an orchestra upon merging with the group, Henry Cow, in 1977 with vocalist, Frankie Armstrong. Westbrook was awarded a OBE (Order of the British Empire) in 1988. 1994 saw the premier of Westbrook's, 'Coming Through Slaughter' in London, an opera addressing Buddy Bolden. Since that time the Westbrooks pursued an assortment of projects, composing for jazz cabaret, jazz theatre and orchestras. The new millennium brought works honoring Duke Ellington, the painter, Caspar Wolf and, Margery and John Styles. Westbrook was awarded an honorary doctorate in music by the University of Plymouth in 2014. He has released above thirty albums and is yet active with wife, Katie, as of this writing.

Mike Westbrook   1967


      Album: 'Celebration'

Mike Westbrook   1969


      Album: 'Marching Song Vol 2'

  Waltz (For Joanna)

      Album: 'Marching Song Vol 1'

Mike Westbrook   1970

  Love Song No 1

      Album: 'Love Songs'

Mike Westbrook   1971



Mike Westbrook   1975

  Love and Understanding

      LP: 'Citadel / Room 315'

  Outgoing Song

      LP: 'Citadel / Room 315'

  Sleepwalker Awakening in Sunlight

      LP: 'Citadel / Room 315'

Mike Westbrook   2010

  Mama Chicago

      DVD: 'Mama Chicago'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Mike Westbrook

Mike Westbrook

Source: Westbrook Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jon Christensen

Jon Christensen

Photo: Terje Mosnes

Source: Dagbladet
Born in 1943 in Oslo, Norway, drummer, Jon Christensen may have begun his recording career in 1966 with George Russell, recording tracks in Stockholm that and the next year for what would be released in 1971 as 'The Essence of George Russell'. He was becoming a significant musician in Norway by the latter sixties. I wouldn't bet my neck on it but his debut appearance on vinyl may have been in 1968 with pianist, Steve Kuhn, on the album, 'Watch What Happens!', that recorded in Germany. Christensen was in the recording studio with Russell again in 1969 to lay tracks for 'Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature', though that wasn't released until 1980. ('Electronic Sonata' isn't to be confused with 'Electric Sonata Parts I-III' on 'The Essence of George Russell'.) Christensen's next emergence on vinyl was in 1969 with Jan Garbarek on the album, 'Esoteric Circle'. Christensen played side to numerous musicians. We list only those with whom he issued five albums or more: His first with Terje Rypdal was 'Terje Rypdal' in 1971. His initial collaboration with Ketil Bjørnstad was 'Åpning', issued in 1973. The next year he released the first of several with Keith Jarrett: 'Belonging'. 1977 saw the issue of Christensen's album, 'No Time for Time'. During the eighties he and Arild Andersen ran the quintet, Masqualero. Among Christensen's latest releases was 'Space Is the Place' in 2012 with Arild Andersen and pianist, Carsten Dahl.

Jon Christensen   1968

   Lament/Once We Loved

      Album: 'Watch What Happens!'

      Bass: Palle Danielsson

      Piano: Steve Kuhn


      Album: 'Watch What Happens!'

      Bass: Palle Danielsson

      Piano: Steve Kuhn

Jon Christensen   1971

   Electric Sonata Parts I-III

      Album: 'The Essence of George Russell'

      Recorded 1966-67

   Live in Norway

      Filmed live

      Bass: Arild Andersen

      Piano: Bobo Stenson

      Sax: Sonny Rollins

   Now and Then

      Album: 'The Essence of George Russell'

      Recorded 1966-67

Jon Christensen   1994

   The Lyrical Drum Solo

      Filmed live at JazzBaltica

   Straight No Chaser

      Filmed live at JazzBaltica

      Bass: Arild Anderson

      Guitar: Mike Stern

      Saxophone: Peter Weniger

Jon Christensen   2011


      Filmed live


  Born in 1943 in Straconka, Poland, vocalist, Urszula Dudziak, was among a field of Polish jazz artists emerging in the sixties who would put Poland on the map of jazz as a notable producer of fine talent. Dudziak played piano as a child, but records by Ella Fitzgerald persuaded her to take up singing in the latter fifties. She met her future husband, violinist, Michał Urbaniak, in 1965. They performed in Scandinavia in Urbaniak's electric jazz bands, Dudziak first appearing on 'Urbaniak's Orchestra' in 1968, contributing voice. Dudziak's first name album appeared in 1972 with Adam Makowicz: 'Newborn Light'. Dudziak recorded a few more albums with Urbaniak ('Paratyphus B', 'Super Constellation' and 'Inactin') before they left for the United States in 1973. She that year recorded three tracks found on Arif Mardin's 'Journey' the next year. Dudziak apparently contributed to YOB's 'Atma' that year (not issued until 2011). YOB was a metal rock band. And what has heavy metal to do with jazz? Imagine Fitzgerald's scat singing in combination with Yoko Ono, Manhattan Transfer and Laurie Anderson's later electronic experiments, add Dudziak, and one gets a jazz vocalist who could do all manner of strange things, including singing in metal rock bands. 'Urszula' was Dudziak's first solo endeavor, issued in 1975. 'Papaya', perhaps her best-known LP, was issued in '76. She and Urbaniak earlier divorcing (two daughters), Dudziak remarried a captain in '93. Dudziak and Urbaniak nevertheless released a couple of albums together in the new millennium: 'Życie Pisane Na Orkiestrę' ('01) and 'Smiles Ahead' ('12). Dudziak has done enormously well for herself over the years, success bringing ownership of apartment buildings in Manhattan, Sweden and Warsaw. 2009 saw Dudziak honored with Poland's Knight's Cross, Order of Polonia Restituta. Her latest of well above twenty albums was 'Wszystko Gra' in 2013.

Urszula Dudziak   1972


      LP: 'Newborn Light'

      With Adam Makowicz

Urszula Dudziak   1976


      LP: 'Papaya'

Urszula Dudziak   1977

   Night In Tunesia

      LP: 'Midnight Rain'

Urszula Dudziak   1978

   Heritage   Side 1

      Album by Fusion (Michal Urbaniak)

   Heritage   Side 2

      Album by Fusion (Michal Urbaniak)

Urszula Dudziak   1991

   Warsaw Jamboree Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Urszula Dudziak   1998

   Healer Joe

      Filmed live

Urszula Dudziak   2013

   Song for S

      LP: ' Wszystko Gra'

   Turkish Mazurka

      Filmed live

   Wookies Walk

      Music video

Urszula Dudziak   2014


      Filmed live

      With the Ula Dudziak Superband


Birth of Modern Jazz: Urszula Dudziak

Urszula Dudziak

Source: Kayax Music
Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Holland

Dave Holland

Photo: Jos L. Knaepen

Source: Jazz Verbatim
Born in 1946 in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Dave Holland began playing ukulele at age four, moving onward to guitar, bass guitar, then double bass at age fifteen. He first taught himself the instrument by ear, spinning Ray Brown and Leroy Vinnegar albums. He later moved to London where he learned to read music, training with classical bassist, James Edward Merrett. By age 20 he was attending the Guildhall School of Music and Drama on a scholarship. While a student he began performing at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club, a favorite haunt for touring American jazz musicians such as Coleman Hawkins, Joe Henderson and Ben Webster. In 1968 Holland contributed to the recording of the Spontaneous Music Ensemble's 'Karyobin', which wasn't released, however, until 1993. He did surface, though, on two tracks of Miles Davis' 'Filles de Kilimanjaro' that year. In 1969 he emerged on a couple more Miles Davis albums: 'In a Silent Way' and 'Bitches Brew'. He appeared on five more Davis albums into 1972. Holland's career was packed to bursting with performances and recordings with a host of important jazz musicians. We blow but a breath upon only a few most important to his career: In 1969 Holland appeared on 'Is', the first of eight albums with Chick Corea (as well as Corea's group, Circle). 'Where Fortune Smiles' is thought to be his first release as a co-leader, appearing on that album with Karl Berger, Stu Martin, John McLaughlin and John Surman. 1972 found him on 'Town Hall', the first of seven with Anthony Braxton. 'Conference of the Birds' was his first issue as a leader in 1973. In 1975 he recorded 'Gateway' (issued '76), the first of four with the trio by the same name consisting of John Abercrombie (guitar) and Jack DeJohnette (drums). Holland also recorded the first of eight albums into the new millennium with Kenny Wheeler in 1975 for release the next year: 'Gnu High'. Holland has backed a host of other musicians, from Eric Kloss in his earliest years, to Sam Rivers in the latter seventies, to Steve Coleman in the nineties. His preferred ensembles to lead were quartets and quintets, assembling a number of them through the 21st century into the new millennium. In 2005 he was recipient of the Miles Davis Reward at the Montreal Jazz Festival. In 2009 he formed the Overtone Quartet with which he toured Europe and the States. Holland is the recipient of three honorary doctorates and has taught at music schools and universities internationally. He has released some twenty LPs as a leader, that many again as a co-leader. Holland currently holds a residency at the New England Conservatory.

Dave Holland   1968

   Frelon Brun

      Miles Davis album: 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

  Karyobin   Part 1

      Spontaneous Music Ensemble

      Released 1993

  Karyobin   Part 5

      Spontaneous Music Ensemble

      Released 1993

   Mademoiselle Mabry   Part 1

      Miles Davis album 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

   Mademoiselle Mabry   Part 2

      Miles Davis album 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

Dave Holland   1973

   Conference of the Birds


Dave Holland   1976


      Album: 'Dave Holland/Sam Rivers'

      Soprano sax: Sam Rivers

Dave Holland   1990


      Album: 'Extensions'

Dave Holland   2002

   Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Dave Holland   2003


      Filmed live


      Album: 'Extended Play: Live at Birdland'

Dave Holland   2005

   Mental Images

      Album: 'Overtime'

Dave Holland   2010


      Album with guitarist Pepe Habichuela


      Filmed live with guitarist Pepe Habichuela

Dave Holland   2012

   Jazz à la Villette

      Piano: Kenny Barron


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Holland

Evan Parker

Source: All About Jazz
Born in 1944 in Bristol, England, Evan Parker picked saxophone at age fourteen, beginning with alto, later switching to tenor and soprano. He was at Birmingham University with intentions to become a botanist when a trip to New York wrought a change of mind upon hearing free jazz pianist, Cecil Taylor. Parker left Birmingham for London in '66. Frequenting the clubs led to joining the Spontaneous Music Ensemble with which he made his debut recordings in February 1968: 'Karyobin' Parts 1 and 2. The next May he entered the studio with Peter Brötzmann to lay tracks for 'Machine Gun'. In August of '68 Parker participated in the recording of 'Infraudibles', released the next October on a compilation album of various artists titled, 'Cybernetic Serendipity Music'. Also in '68 he recorded several untitled tracks with the Chris McGregor Septet. Those got lost on a back burner somewhere, not released until 2008 as 'Up to Earth' by the Fledg'ling label. In 1969 Parker appeared on drummer, Tony Oxley's, debut LP, "The Baptised Traveller'. 'The Topography of the Lungs' was released in July of 1970, an album with Derek Bailey (guitar) and Han Bennink (drums). 1973 saw the first release of several into the new millennium with pianist, Alexander von Schlippenbach: 'Pakistani Pomade'. His first appearance on an album with Schlippenbach's Globe Unity Orchestra was 'Hamburg' in 1974, numerous to follow into the 21st century. Parker's initial saxophone solos were recorded in 1974 as well, the album, 'Saxophone Solos', thought to have been released the next year. The first of several albums with Cecil Taylor was released in 1988: 'The Hearth'. That period was immediately followed by collaborations with Anthony Braxton in the early nineties. The new millennium saw Parker releasing the first of several LPs with Spring Heel Jack in 2001: 'Masses'. He founded his CD label, psi, that year as well. Other important associations with whom Parker recorded on multiple occasions during his career were Kenny Wheeler and Steve Lacy. Parker has recorded prolifically as a leader or co-leader, approaching sixty albums to his oeuvre. Parker is touring Europe as of this writing (2015). Per 2000 below, the full title is 'Which Shews That There Are More Ways to Kill a Dog Than Hanging'.

Evan Parker   1968

  Karyobin Part 1

      Album: 'Karyobin'

      Spontaneous Music Ensemble

  Machine Gun

      Album: 'Machine Gun'

      Peter Brötzmann Octet

  Han Bennink I

      Album: 'Machine Gun'

      Peter Brötzmann Octet

Evan Parker   1970

  The Topography of the Lungs


Evan Parker   1975

  Aerobatic 4

      Album: 'Saxaphone Solos'

Evan Parker   1978

  Saxophone Special

      Jazz in der Kammer

      Duet with Willem Breuker

Evan Parker   1990


      Album: 'Atlanta'

Evan Parker   1993


      Album: 'Trio (London) 1993'

      Saxophones: Anthony Braxton

      Trombone: Paul Rutherford

Evan Parker   2000

  Dark Rags 1

      Album: 'Dark Rags'

  Perro Semihundido

      Album: 'Two Chapters and an Epilogue'

  Which Shews That ... Hanging

      Album: 'Two Chapters and an Epilogue'

Evan Parker   2005

  Shadow Play Part 1

      Album: 'The Eleventh Hour'

  Shadow Play Part 2

      Album: 'The Eleventh Hour'

Evan Parker   2011


      Filmed live

      Drums: Jim Schapperoew

      Piano: Charles Farrell


Birth of Modern Jazz: Michal Urbaniak

Michal Urbaniak

Source: All Music
Born in 1943 in Warsaw, Poland, violinist, Michal Urbaniak joins an array of Polish musicians who surfaced in the sixties to soon place Poland on the map of jazz despite its membership in the Communist Soviet Bloc from 1945 to 1989. One means of avoiding Soviet censorship was to move to the United States, which Urbaniak did in 1973, with his wife, vocalist, Urszula Dudziak. He first trained on both violin and saxophone, his first professional employment with a Dixieland band before joining Zbigniew Namyslowski's Jazz Rockers with whom he performed at the Jazz Jamboree in Warsaw in 1961. His first trip to the States was a 1962 tour with Andrzej Trzaskowski's Wreckers. Upon returning to Poland he hooked up with Krzysztof Komeda in 1962, with whom he toured Scandinavia until '64. He there met Dud in 1965, then issued what is thought his first album in 1968: 'Urbaniak's Orchestra'. Urbaniak released several more albums recorded in Europe before his first issues upon moving to the United Sates, those in 1974: 'Atma', 'Fusion' (then his group) and 'Journey' (alphabetical order, 'Journey' recorded 1973). It was a scholarship to the Berklee College of Music in Rhode Island that had found Urbaniak in the States. But instead of studying there he dove into a commercial career. Later in the seventies he would begin recording with Larry Coryell. Urbaniak would work with others in the who's who of jazz as he pursued his vocation via nightclubs and concert halls, the meanwhile not only producing some of the best funk jazz one could want to hear, but becoming one of the world's finest violinists of the 20th century. Yet holding that rank, among his most recent of well above forty albums as a leader or co-leader were 'Miles of Blue' (two CDs) in 2009 and 'SBB & Michał Urbaniak' in 2015.

Michał Urbaniak   1973

  In Concert

      Album by Constellation

Michał Urbaniak   1974





Michał Urbaniak   1975

  China Town

      LP: 'Fusion III'


      LP: 'Fusion III'

Michał Urbaniak   1977



Michał Urbaniak   1995

  Live with the UrbSymphony

      Filmed live

Michał Urbaniak   1997

  Y Note

      CD: 'Code Blue'

Michał Urbaniak   2004


      LP: 'Decadence'

Michał Urbaniak   2009

  All Blue

      CD: 'Miles of Blue'

  Just a Funky Feeling

      CD: 'Miles of Blue'

Michał Urbaniak   2011

  The Cats

      Filmed at the Grand Theatre Warsaw

      With Don Blackman & Urbanator

  Funkin' for Don Blackman

      Filmed at the Grand Theatre Warsaw

      With Don Blackman & Urbanator


      Filmed at the Grand Theatre Warsaw

      With Don Blackman & Urbanator

Michał Urbaniak   Unknown

  Live Set

      Filmed live

      Production by Boiler Room

  Live with UrbFusion

      Filmed live


  Born in 1936 in Bombay, India, Amancio D'Silva, began guitar as a teenager, emulating what jazz guitarists he could hear on the radio such as Charlie Christian and Wes Montgomery. Electric guitars were hard to come by in India, especially with little money. His first was a gift, an electric bass guitar that he modified to sound like a regular electric guitar, using that to play professionally in restaurants and hotels. His second guitar, years later in '65, was a regular acoustic Gibson, purchased for him by his new Irish wife, Joyce, but still not an electric guitar. D'Silva had been working in Bollywood films when in 1967 he and Joyce took their son, Stephano, to London for medical treatment. (They would have two daughters as well.) He had to sell his Gibson to help make expenses. Nevertheless, while working a day job as a cleaner he performed at clubs by night. In 1968 he met Guy Warren, appearing on the latter's 'Afro-Jazz' in 1969. In February and March of that year he recorded 'Hum Dono' with Joe Harriott. He also issued his first album, 'Integration: Introducing Amancio D’Silva', that year. He released a couple more LPs, 'Reflections' ('71) and 'Dream Sequence' ('72), when he up and ceased recording altogether. (He recorded 'Konkan Dance' in 1972, though that wasn't released until 2006.) The master continued to play in clubs as he began customizing pickups (transducers which convert vibrations into electrical signals) for guitarists and teaching at Jenako Arts, later at the Krishnamurti International School. A stoke in 1992 left him partially paralyzed, curtailing activities until the year of his death in 1996. Per 1969 below, 'Hum Dono' is a joint collaboration with Joe Harriott.

Amancio D'Silva   1969

  Hum Dono

      LP: 'Hum Dono'


      LP: 'Hum Dono'

  Joyce Country

      LP: 'Integration'


      LP: 'Integration'


      LP: 'Hum Dono'

  We Tell You This

      LP: 'Integration'

Amancio D'Silva   1971

  Raga Saga

      LP: 'Reflections'

Amancio D'Silva   1972

  Dream Sequence - Cosmic Eye


  A Street in Bombay

      LP: 'Konkan Dance'

      Not released until 2006


Birth of Modern Jazz: Amancio D'Silva

Amancio D'Silva   1972

Source: Amancio D'Silva
  President of the Republic is English for the Finnish band, Tasavallan Presidentti (TP). Though TP was a rock band it incorporated jazz elements. It would be amiss to not note the group as this page witnesses the emergence of Finland as a major producer of fine jazz talent upon the heels of Norway and Sweden. Finnish musicians may as well have been yeti so far as the United States was concerned. They were largely unknown, but in snowbound Finland TP joined an explosion of culture via various media that was distinctly different from conditions wrought by World War II. TP was formed in 1969 by Vesa Aaltonen (drums) and Jukka Tolonen (guitar). Other original personnel, which began shifting in '72, were Måns Groundstroem (bass), Juhani Aaltonen (flute and sax) and vocalist at organ, Frank Robson. TP issued 'President of the Republic I' ('Tasavallan Presidentti I') in 1969, followed by four more for a total of five LPs: 'Death Magnetic Man' ('Magneettimiehen Kuolema' '70), 'President of the Republic II' ('71), 'Lambert Land' ('72) and 'Milky Way Moses' ('74). TP disbanded after 'Milky Way Moses', though later configurations and reunions would occur into the new millennium. Per 1974 below, the full title is 'Oh Lord Have Mercy On Military Oath' ('Oi armahda herra sotilas valasta').

Tasavallan Presidentti   1969

  Obsolete Machine

  Tasavallan Presidentti I


Tasavallan Presidentti   1970

  For All (Saat Kaiken)



  Struggling for Freedom


Tasavallan Presidentti   1971

  Tasavallan Presidentti II


Tasavallan Presidentti   1972

  Lambert Land


  Lambert Land

      Radio broadcast

Tasavallan Presidentti   1973/74


      'Old Grey Whistle Test'

Tasavallan Presidentti   1974


      LP: 'Milky Way Moses'

  Live in Stockholm

      Filmed live

   Milky Way Moses

      LP: 'Milky Way Moses'

  Oh Lord Have Mercy



Birth of Modern Jazz: Tasavallan Presidentti

Tasavallan Presidentti

Source: Day After the Sabbath
  Born Norma Short in 1941 in London, Norma Winstone is one of the few vocalists on this page largely dominated by musicians who played instruments. She began her career in the early sixties, eventually working with Michael Garrick in 1968. She is thought to have first recorded on three tracks (A1, A3 and B3) of 'Hum-Dono' in 1969 with alto saxophonist, Joe Harriott. During the latter seventies she was a third of the trio, Azimuth, with trumpeter, Kenny Wheeler, and pianist, John Taylor (also her husband). She's since then appeared on some 31 albums. Winstone has been recipient of multiple awards, such as becoming an MBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours List in 2007, and appointment as an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music in 2013. The next year she made her latest releases: 'Dance Without Answer' and 'The Printmakers'. She has recently worked in a trio with Glauco Venier (piano) and Klaus Gesing (sax/clarinet). Per 1969 below she appears on 'Hum Dono' with guitarist, Amancio D'Silva, and saxophonist, Joe Harriott. Per 1977, she appears in the trio, Azimuth, with John Taylor (piano) and Kenny Wheeler (trumpet).

Norma Winstone   1969

  Ballad for Goa


  Stephano's Dance

Norma Winstone   1972

  Edge Of Time

      LP: 'Edge Of Time'

Norma Winstone   1977


      LP: 'Azimuth'

Norma Winstone   1987


      LP:'Somewhere Called Home'

Norma Winstone   2003

  Songs & Lullabies

      LP: 'Songs & Lullabies'

      Piano: Fred Hersch

Norma Winstone   2003

  Dance Without Answer




      London Vocal Project

      Trumpet: Kenny Wheeler


Birth of Modern Jazz: Norma Winston

Norma Winstone

Source: Norma Winstone
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jim Mullen

Jim Mullen

Source: CRBO
Jim Mullen was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1945. Beginning guitar at age eight, Mullen moved to London in 1969 where he hooked up with Pete Brown, joining Brown's rock band, Piblokto!. He thus surfaced on two of Brown's LPs in 1970: 'Things May Come and Things May Go but the Art School Dance Goes on Forever' and 'Thousands on a Raft'. He next joined Brian Auger's Oblivion Express, appearing on that group's first three LPs. He was an original member of Kokomo, formed in May of '73. It was via the Average White Band that Mullen met Dick Morrissey, with whom he formed the Morrissey–Mullen operation that would include the Average White Band. Morrissey-Mullen issued its first album, 'Up', in 1976, good for six more until 'Happy Hour' in 1988. After Morrissey-Mullen, Mullin backed such as Claire Martin, Mose Allison, Jimmy Smith and Terry Callier. He and Morrissey reunited in 2000, only several months before Morrissey's death in November that year. During the new millennium Mullen recorded several albums as the Jim Mullen Organ Trio and the Jim Mullen Quartet. His latest with his trio was 'Catch My Drift' in 2014.

Jim Mullen   1970

  Things May Come and Things May Go

      Album by Pete Brown & Piblokto!

Jim Mullen   1971

  Live at the Roundhouse London

      Filmed with Brian Auger's Oblivion Express

Morrissey-Mullen   1979

  Bristol Boogie

      LP: 'Cape Wrath'

Morrissey-Mullen   1982

  Life On the Wire

      LP: 'Life On the Wire'

Morrissey-Mullen   1983

  Ounce of Bounce

      LP: 'It's About Time'

Morrissey-Mullen   1985

  Live at Waterman's Arts Centre

      Filmed live

  With You

      Vocal: Noel McCalla

      LP: 'This Must Be the Place'

Morrissey-Mullen   1998

  Gettin' High

      Filmed live with Claire Martin

Morrissey-Mullen   2008


      Filmed live

Morrissey-Mullen   2009

  Midnite Mile

      Filmed with Terry Callier


Birth of Modern Jazz: Zbigniew Seifert

Zbigniew Seifert

Source: Bibliotece Polskiej Piosenki
Zbigniew Seifert was among the field of important Polish musicians who began to emerge in the sixties to put Poland on the map of jazz in the seventies despite its membership in the Communist Soviet Bloc from 1945 to 1989. Born in 1946 in Kraków, Seifert began training on violin at age seven. He took up alto sax as a teenager, studied violin at the University of Krakow, began his professional career with sax, then finished it with violin. Seifert formed his own quartet in '64 and toured about places such as Hungary, performing at festivals. Seifert began recording tracks for what would be released as 'Nora' in 2010 in 1969. What put his career into gear was joining the Tomasz Stanko Quintet that year, with which he remained until '73. His first release with that quintet was 'Music For K' in 1970. 'Jazzmessage From Poland' followed in 1972. Tracks for 'Purple Sun' were scratched in Munchen in March of '73, though not released until 1999. Seifert traded Poland for Germany in 1973. Seifert recorded 'Solo Violin' in 1976 for release in 1978 in Germany. '76 was also the year he learned he had a tumor. He continued as usual, delivering concerts and recording several albums as a leader until his final, 'Passions' '(79), after which he entered the Cancer Hospital in Buffalo, New York. It wasn't his tumor, though, that killed him at age 32; it was a heart attack after two operations Per 1978 below, tracks not otherwise noted are from Seifert's album, 'Solo Violin'.

Zbigniew Seifert   1969

  East of the Sun

      LP: 'Nora'

Zbigniew Seifert   1970

   Czatownik (The Ambusher)

     Tomasz Stanko LP: 'Music For K'

   Nieskonczenie Maly (Infinitely Small)

      Tomasz Stanko LP: 'Music For K'

Zbigniew Seifert   1974

   Live at Berliner Jazztage

     Filmed wth Hans Koller

Zbigniew Seifert   1977

   Man of the Light



     LP: 'Zbigniew Seifert'

Zbigniew Seifert   1978



  Evening Psalm

  Kind of Time

  Live at the Jaszczury Club Kracow

      Live in Kracow

Zbigniew Seifert   1979

  Kilimanjaro I


  Kilimanjaro II



      LP: 'Passion'

  Where Are You From

      LP: 'Passion'


Birth of Modern Jazz: John Taylor

John Taylor

Source: Jazz FM
John Taylor was born in Manchester, England, in 1942. He played piano in a dance band before moving to London in 1964. No earlier discography for Taylor is found than Wikipedia's, he recording in latter '69 with Alan Skidmore, appearing on the latter's 'Once Upon a Time' the next year. A few weeks after those September recordings he was taped with John Surman, those unissued until 2005 on 'Way Back When'. 1970 was the year Taylor began to glow in a big way, he found on four more albums that year: Skidmore's 'TCB', Surman's 'How Many Clouds Can You See?, Harry Beckett's 'Flare Up' and Graham Collier's 'Songs 'For My Father'. Beckett played a major role in Taylor's career in the early seventies, but Taylor married Norma Winstone in 1972, the same year he backed her on 'Edge of Time'. Surman was of considerable importance to Taylor's early years as well. Taylor issued his debut LP as a leader in 1971: 'Pause, and Think Again'. Kenny Wheeler became a strong associate in the early seventies well. Indeed, they would form the trio, Azimuth, with Winstone in 1977, recording several albums over the years. During the nineties he performed in a trio with Peter Erskine and Palle Danielsson. Taylor has issued some 13 albums as a leader, and collaborated on well above thirty others. Among his latest releases was '2081', in 2015. Taylor is yet active, keeping busy performing at jazz festivals. Per 1996 below, Taylor performs in a trio with Palle Danielsson (bass) and Peter Erskine (drums) on the LP, 'As It Is'.

John Taylor   1969

  Part 1

      John Surman LP: 'Way Back When'

      Not issued until 2005

John Taylor   1970

  Once Upon a Time

      Album by Alan Skidmore

  Rolly's Tune

      Harry Beckett LP: 'Flare Up'

  Song One (Seven-Four)

      Graham Collier LP: 'Songs For My Father'

John Taylor   1971

  Pause, and Think Again


John Taylor   1973

  Cipher/Wait For Me

      LP: 'Decipher'

  White Magic

      LP: 'Decipher'

John Taylor   1996


  The Lady in the Lake

John Taylor   2003

  Between Moons

      LP: 'Rosslyn'

  Ma Bel

      LP: 'Rosslyn'

John Taylor   2015

  3 Pieces from Ambleside Days

      Piano solo filmed live

  Between Moons

     Piano solo filmed live


  Keith Tippett (Keith Graham Tippetts) was born in Bristol, England, in 1947, the son of a cop. He formed his first band while yet in school, the KT7. Allmusic has Tippett composing 'Come On In' in 1965 with Jo Mapes for folk singer, Carolyn Hester. That would have been before he arrived in London in 1967. Being a piano player can be a problem without a piano. I recall some twenty years ago watching one young player with a group of people lifting a spinet to the third storey of an apartment building, floor by floor with ropes. It wasn't easy but they succeeded, what could well have been that musician's total worth meanwhile suspended in the air. Tippett solved his own problem of needing to practice by making notches in a table. Howsoever, Tippett formed a band in latter 1967 in London. He may have recorded 'Album' ('70) with folk singer, Shelagh McDonald, as early as 1969. (McDonald recorded a couple albums, then up and disappeared.) 1970 was a big year for Tippett. He issued his first album early that year, 'You Are Here...I Am There', possibly recorded in '69. He also joined the rock band, King Crimson, his first issue with that group 'In the Wake of Poseidon' in 1970. 'Lizard' followed with release in December. Tippett had also married Julie Driscoll that year. Once Tippett moved from granny gear onto the road he shifted fast onto the Interstate and hasn't let up since. Among his early notable LPs was 'Septober Energy' in 1971, performed with his big band, Centipede. Tippett was a musician that a condensed history can't even dot, the significance of his output as great as it was prolific. Among the major figures in his career was saxophonist, Elton Dean, with whom he worked from the late sixties into the nineties. During the latter decade he was a member of the Dedication Orchestra which issued 'Spirits Rejoice!' in '92 and 'Ixesha (Time)' in 94. (Years earlier Tippett had appeared on another album titled 'Spirits Rejoice!', that with the Louis Moholo Octet in 1978.) In addition to releasing above twenty albums as a leader Tippett collaborated on a host of others. Among his latest releases was 'Mujician Solo IV (Live In Piacenza)', recorded in 2012, issued 2015. 'Mujician I', another LP of piano solos, had appeared in 1981.). Having toured the globe, Tippett has visited the United States only once, that in 1991 for two sets on one night at the Knitting Factory in NYC. Tippett has also taught at the University of Bristol. Among his more recent configurations has been the quartet, Software.

Keith Tippett   1970

  Cadence and Cascade

      King Crimson LP: 'In the Wake of Poseidon'

  I Wish There Was a Nowhere

      LP: 'You Are Here...I Am There'


      LP: 'You Are Here...I Am There'

  Waiting For the Wind to Rise

      Shelagh McDonald LP: 'Album'

Keith Tippett   1971

  Septober Energy

      Album with Centipede

  Black Horse

      LP: 'Dedicated To You But . . . Listening'

  This Is What Happens

      LP: 'Dedicated To You But . . . Listening'

Keith Tippett   1972


      LP: 'Blueprint'

Keith Tippett   1978

  Frames (Music for an Imaginary Film)

      Side One

Keith Tippett   1986

  Jazz Cafe

      Filmed live

Keith Tippett   2008

  Septober Energy

      Filmed live

Keith Tippett   2011

  Live in Castel San Pietro Terme

      Part 4

      Filmed in Bologna with Louis Moholo

Keith Tippett   2013

  Live at Cafe OTO

      Filmed in London

  Live in Monopoli

      Filmed at the Conservatory Nino Rota


Birth of Modern Jazz: Keith Tippett

Keith Tippett

Photo: Pierangelo Sacchi

Source: Flickriver


We end this history of international modern jazz from 1960 to 1970 with British pianist, Keith Tippett.




Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments


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Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

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Modern 3: Piano

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