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A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 3


Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



Muhal Richard Abrams    Toshiko Akiyoshi    Mose Allison

Walter Bishop Jr    Paul Bley    Hadda Brooks    Dave Brubeck    Ray Bryant    Milt Buckner    Ralph Burns    Jaki Byard
Sonny Clark    Nat King Cole    Eddie Costa
Tadd Dameron    Wild Bill Davis    Blossom Dearie    Martin Denny    Kenny Drew
Charles Earland    Bill Evans    Gil Evans
Dick Farney    Victor Feldman    Clare Fischer    Tommy Flanagan    Don Friedman
Red Garland    Erroll Garner    George Gruntz    Vince Guaraldi
Al Haig    Sir Roland Hanna    Barry Harris    Gene Harris    Hampton Hawes    Skitch Henderson    Eddie Higgins    Andrew Hill   Jutta Hipp    Elmo Hope    Shirley Horn    Dick Hyman
Ahmad Jamal    Hank Jones    Duke Jordan
Wynton Kelly    Stan Kenton    Krzysztof Komeda
Michel Legrand    John Lewis    Ramsey Lewis    Nils Lindberg
Junior Mance    Dodo Marmarosa    Hank Marr    Les McCann    Brother Jack McDuff    Marian McPartland    Dave McKenna    Barry Miles    Thelonious Monk
Phineas Newborn    Charlie Norman
Big John Patton    Duke Pearson    Oscar Peterson    Terry Pollard    Bud Powell    Mel Powell    André Previn
Sun Ra    Freddie Redd    Wally Rose    Jimmy Rowles    George Russell
Shirley Scott    George Shearing    Lalo Schifrin    Horace Silver    Nina Simone    Jimmy Smith    Johnny Hammond Smith    Martial Solal    Lou Stein    Ralph Sutton
Billy Taylor    Cecil Taylor    Sir Charles Thompson    Bobby Timmons    Stan Tracey    Lennie Tristano    Bobby Troup
Mal Waldron    George Wallington    Cedar Walton    Randy Weston    Mary Lou Williams    Claude Williamson
Joe Zawinul



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:



Mary Lou Williams

1936 Nat King Cole
1937 George Shearing
1939 Gil Evans
1940 Sir Charles Thompson
1941 Thelonious Monk    Charlie Norman    Mel Powell    Wally Rose
1942 Stan Kenton    Jimmy Rowles
1943 Dodo Marmarosa
1944 Milt Buckner    Ralph Burns    Tadd Dameron    Dick Farney    Victor Feldman    Erroll Garner    Bud Powell    Billy Taylor
1945 Hadda Brooks    Wild Bill Davis    Al Haig    Duke Jordan     Oscar Peterson    André Previn    Lennie Tristano
1946 Skitch Henderson    Hank Jones    Sun Ra     John Lewis    Lou Stein
1947 Red Garland    Hampton Hawes    Junior Mance    Ralph Sutton    George Wallington
1948 Walter Bishop Jr    Elmo Hope    Wynton Kelly    Marian McPartland    Terry Pollard
1949 Dave Brubeck    Ray Bryant    Phineas Newborn    Shirley Scott    Claude Williamson
1950 Paul Bley    Jaki Byard    Kenny Drew    Tommy Flanagan   Barry Harris    Dick Hyman    Dave McKenna    Horace Silver
1951 Ahmad Jamal    Wynton Kelly
1952 Blossom Dearie    Jutta Hipp    Stan Tracey    Mal Waldron
1953 Toshiko Akiyoshi    Sonny Clark    Vince Guaraldi    Michel Legrand    Lalo Schifrin    Martial Solal    Bobby Troup
1954 Eddie Costa    Bill Evans    Hank Marr    Jimmy Smith    Randy Weston    Joe Zawinul
1955 Don Friedman   Gene Harris    Andrew Hill    Freddie Redd
1956 Krzysztof Komeda    Les McCann    Barry Miles    Big John Patton    George Russell   Cecil Taylor    Bobby Timmons
1957 Mose Allison    Martin Denny    Clare Fischer    Don Friedman   Eddie Higgins    Ramsey Lewis    Nina Simone
1958 Muhal Richard Abrams    George Gruntz    Sir Roland Hanna    Nils Lindberg    Johnny Hammond Smith    Cedar Walton
1959 Charles Earland    Shirley Horn    Brother Jack McDuff    Duke Pearson


  Together with saxophone, piano is the main instrument of modern and progressive jazz. This page is intended to list pianists releasing their first recordings before 1960. Other early jazz pianists can be found under Early Jazz and Swing Jazz. Pianists who played vibraphone are found in Jazz Percussion.



Birth of Modern Jazz: Mary Lou Williams

Mary Lou Williams

Source: All About Jazz


Born Mary Elfrieda Scruggs in 1910 in Atlanta, Mary Lou Williams (aka First Lady of Jazz) married saxophonist John Williams in 1927. But she first made her debut recordings in January that year with the band in which John played, Jeanette James and the Synco Jazzers (Jeanette James was a vocalist.) Those tracks made for Paramount in Chicago were: 'Downhearted Mama', 'Midnight Stomp', 'The Bumps' and 'What's That Thing?'. Williams first recorded with Andy Kirk's Twelve Clouds of Joy in 1929. Her last recording, 'Solo Recital', appeared in 1978, three years before her death in 1981. The two tracks below for year 1945 are from her album, 'Zodiac Suite'. The three tracks for 1963 are from the album, 'Black Christ of the Andes'.

Mary Lou Williams   1927

   The Bumps

   What's That Thing?

Mary Lou Williams   1930


Mary Lou Williams   1936

   Mary's Special

   Overhand (New Froggy Bottom)

Mary Lou Williams   1944

   Russian Lullaby

Mary Lou Williams   1945



Mary Lou Williams   1963

   Dirge Blues

   A Grand Night For Swinging

   Miss D.D.

Mary Lou Williams   1974


Mary Lou Williams   1976

   Ode To Saint Cecile

   Album: 'Free Spirits' 



Nat King Cole was born in 1919 in Montgomery, Alabama. He made his first recordings in 1936 with his brother, bassist Eddie Cole. The next year he formed the King Cole Trio with bassist Wesley Prince and guitarist Oscar Moore. His 'Nat King Cole Show' debuted in November of 1956. Cole pulled it thirteen months later, unable to acquire sufficient sponsorship (he being black). He recorded his last album, 'L-O-V-E', in December 1964. It was released the next year prior to Cole's death in February. Vocals by Nat King Cole can be found at Modern Jazz Song. Yet more Nat King Cole in a Birth of Rock & Roll 2 and under guitarist Oscar Moore in Modern Jazz Guitar. Per 1936 below, tracks are by Eddie Cole and the Solid Swingers, Eddie the vocalist. Unfortunately, Cole's piano recordings from 1938 through 1941 at YouTube's Overjazz channel have been made unavailable, making more a footnote of Cole on this page. Such is unfortunate because Cole was as fine a pianist as he was a singer.

Nat King Cole   1936


  Honey Hush

  Stompin' At The Panama


Nat King Cole   1944

   B-Flat Blues

    Jazz at the Philharmonic 

  What Is This Thing Called Love

Nat King Cole   1947

   How High the Moon

Nat King Cole   1957

   Tea For Two


Birth of Modern Jazz: Nat King Cole

Nat King Cole

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

Source: Circulo de Estudios


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Shearing

George Shearing

Photo: Bettmann/Corbis

Source: France Musique


Born in London in 1919, blind pianist, George Shearing, first recorded in 1937, a radio broadcast for the BBC. He began recording en force in 1938 with Vic Lewis and Carlo Krahmer, laying tracks with their ensemble into 1940. Shearing arrived to the U.S. in 1947. Two years later he formed his own quintet, among his first releases with that group being 'Lullaby Of Birdland' and 'September In the Rain'. He became a citizen of the U.S. in 1955. The majority of Shearing's latter twenty years were spent working intermittently between the U.K. and the U.S.. Shearing died in February of 2011.

George Shearing   1940

   Blue Moon

George Shearing   1941

   Jump For Joy Blue

George Shearing   1945

   Autumn Leaves

George Shearing   1948


George Shearing   1949

   Cotton Top


  Lady Byrd

  I'll Be Around


   September In the Rain

   Swedish Pastry

George Shearing   1952

   Lullaby of Birdland

George Shearing   1954

   I'll Remember April

   Jumping with the Symphony

   Little White Lies

   Roses of Picardy

George Shearing   1956

   Latin Escapade


George Shearing   1958

   Joy Spring

   The Nearness of You

   Some Other Spring

George Shearing   1960


George Shearing   1961

   Let There Be Love

      Vocal: Nat King Cole

   The Nearness Of You

      Vocal: Nancy Wilson

George Shearing   1974


George Shearing   1989

   Newport Jazz Festival


George Shearing   1997

   My Favorite Things




Birth of Modern Jazz: Gi Evans

Gil Evans

Source: Jazz Labels


Canadian pianist, Gil Evans, born in Toronto, Ontario in 1912, was an arranger, composer and bandleader whose first recorded arrangement, 'Strange Enchantment', was for Skinnay Ennis, released in 1939 (unfound). Albeit Evans was a fine pianist, he was even more highly regarded as an arranger and composer, thus on this page concerning orchestration. Evans was particularly noted for "third stream" jazz or, fusion of classical with jazz improvisation. Evans' family had moved to Berkeley, then Stockton, California, where Evans began plunking the keys in hotels while in high school. He formed his first band, a dectet, with Ned Briggs in junior college, which became the house band at the Rendezvous Ballroom in Balboa Beach for two years. Retaining Evans at piano, vocalist Skinnay Ennis took over leadership of that band in 1937, moving it to Hollywood to play on the Bob Hope radio show. It was 1941 when Claude Thornhill hired Evans as an arranger for his orchestra. In 1947 Evans met Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan and pianist John Lewis at salons he held at his apartment in New York City. Thus arose the Miles Davis nonet which recorded 'The Birth of the Cool' between '49 and '50 on which Evans arranged 'Moon Dreams' and 'Boplicity'. ('The Birth of the Cool' wasn't released, however, until 1957.) Evans did freelance arranging in the fifties for such as Helen Merrill, Tony Bennett, Johnny Mathis, Billy Butterfield and Gerry Mulligan. Working again with Davis in 1957, the result was the 1957 issue of 'Miles Ahead'. The pair then collaborated on the release of "Milestones' and 'Porgy and Bess' in 1958, followed by 'Sketches of Spain' in 1960 and 'Quiet Nights' in 1962. (Per above, 'Miles Ahead', 'Milestones' and 'Sketches of Spain' are good examples of "third stream" jazz.) Evans' first issue as a bandleader was 'Gil Evans & Ten' in 1957, featuring soprano saxophonist, Steve Lacy. In like Flint, due largely to his work with Davis, Evans began collaborating with the crème de la crème of jazz: sax men Cannonball Adderley and Lee Konitz, guitarist Kenny Burrell, bassists Ron Carter and Paul Chambers, and vibraphonist Milt Jackson to cite only a few. In 1966 he arranged for gentle Brazilian vocalist, Astrud Gilberto, on her album, 'Look to the Rainbow'. In 1974 he released 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix' with electric guitarists, John Abercrombie and Ryo Kawasaki. In 1983 Evans began a five-year residency on Monday nights at the Sweet Basil jazz club in Greenwich Village. Evans arranged the soundtracks for the films, 'Absolute Beginners' and 'The Color of Money', each released in 1986. In 1987 he recorded with Sting. He died in March the following year of pneumonia in Cuernavaca, Mexico. Evans plays keyboards on most of the recordings below not otherwise indicated.

Gil Evans   1941

   Somebody Nobody Loves

      Piano: Claude Thornhill   Vocal: Lillian Lane

Gil Evans   1942

   Buster's Last Stand

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

   Moonlight Bay

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

Gil Evans   1946

   Portrait of a Guinea Farm

      Piano: Claude Thornhill

Gil Evans   1947

   A Beautiful Man

      Piano: Claude Thornhill


      Piano: Claude Thornhill

Gil Evans   1956

   'Round Midnight

      Album: 'Around About Midnight'

      Piano: Red Garland   Trumpet: Miles Davis

Gil Evans   1957

   Miles Ahead

      Album Side A

      Piano: Wynton Kelly   Trumpet: Miles Davis

   Miles Ahead

      Album Side B

      Piano: Wynton Kelly   Trumpet: Miles Davis


   Just One of Those Things

   Nobody's Heart


Gil Evans   1960

   La Nevada

      Album: 'Out of the Cool'

Gil Evans   1962

   Bulbs/Into the Hot

      Album: 'Into the Hot'   Piano: Cedar Walton

Gil Evans   1964

   The Time of the Barracudas

      Album: 'The Individualism of Gil Evans'

Gil Evans   1966

   Once Upon a Summertime

      Album: 'Look to the Rainbow'

      Vocal: Astrud Gilberto

Gil Evans   1972

   Day By Day

      Album: 'Satin Doll'   Vocal: Kimiko Kasai

Gil Evans   1974


      Original composition: Jimi Hendrix

   Crosstown Traffic

      Original composition: Jimi Hendrix


      Live in Perugia

Gil Evans   1976

   Barcelona Jazz Festival



      Live In Warsaw

Gil Evans   1981

   Love Your Love

      Album: 'Where Flamingos Fly'   Recorded: 1971

Gil Evans   1983

   Friday the 13th

      Live performance

   Stone Free

      Live performance

Gil Evans   1984

   Soul Intro/The Chicken

      Live   Bass: Jaco Pastrious

Gil Evans   1986

   Bud and Bird

      Album: 'Bud and Bird'


      Live in Milano

   Little Wing

   Voodoo Chile

      Live in Milano

Gil Evans   1987

   Little Wing

      Live with Sting



Sir Charles Thompson was born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1918 and played piano professionally since age ten. He first recorded piano in 1940 with Lionel Hampton, two among those several tracks below. As of this writing Thompson yet lives in California.

Sir Charles Thompson   1940


      With Lionel Hampton

   Open House

      With Lionel Hampton

Sir Charles Thompson   1945

   If I Had You

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   The Street Beat

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   Takin' Off

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

   20th Century Blues

      Alto sax: Charlie Parker   Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

      Trumpet: Buck Clayton

Sir Charles Thompson   1947

   Tunis In

Sir Charles Thompson   1954

   These Foolish Things

Sir Charles Thompson   1956

   The Street Beat

Sir Charles Thompson   1984

   Happy Boogie


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sir Charles Thompson

Sir Charles Thompson

Source: Notes on Jazz


Birth of Modern Jazz: Thelonious Monk

Thelonious Monk

Photo: Herb Snitzer

Source: World of Duke Ellington


Thelonious Monk, composer, began his piano career as a teenager touring with an evangelist. He first recordings are thought to be in 1941 with Charlie Christian. That was a big year for Monk at various recorded jam sessions, he also cutting vinyl with Joe Guy, Roy Eldridge, Hot Lips Page and Don Byas. Monk's first recordings wiith Coleman Hawkins were in 1944. His first recordings as a band leader were for Blue Note Records in 1947. 1954 found him performing concerts in Paris. Monk's last concert tour and studio recordings as a band leader were in 1971. He afterward dropped away from the music business, not playing piano at all during the last six years of his life. Increasing mental illness is the general consensus as to his disappearance from the industry. But there seems no consensus as to what his illness was. The 'New York Times' gives bipolar disorder. Howsoever, Monk died in 1982, buried in Hartsdale, New York. 

Thelonious Monk   1941


  I Can't Give You Anything But Love

  Stompin' at the Savoy

Thelonious Monk   1944

   Ask Me Now

Thelonious Monk   1947

   'Round Midnight

Thelonious Monk   1947

   'Round Midnight

      Composed 1944

Thelonious Monk   1951

   'Criss Cross

Thelonious Monk   1952


      With Max Roach

Thelonious Monk   1958

   At the Five Spot

  Live in New York City


Thelonious Monk   1963

   Live at Monterey Jazz Festival

  Monk's Dream

Thelonious Monk   1964

   Live in Zurich

   Well You Needn't

Thelonious Monk   1966

   Live in Oslo

      Featuring Charlie Rouse

Thelonious Monk   1967

   Live in Paris

Thelonious Monk   1969

   Live in Paris



Born Melvin Epstein in the Bronx in 1923, Mel Powell was not only a great jazz pianist, but a classical composer as well (a couple of his compositions for strings included below). Powell was working professionally by age 14 in New York City. At about age 16 (1939) he was playing with Bobby Hackett and arranging for Gene Krupa. The earliest recordings found of him are with Benny Goodman, all the tracks below for 1941, the same year he changed his last name to Powell. As a classical composer Powel's early work was in the neoclassical style, he eventually examining the atonal (or "non-tonal") and serial composing a la Arnold Schoenberg. Powel died of liver cancer in 1998 in Sherman Oaks, California.

Mel Powell   1941

   Caprice XXIV Paganini

   If I Had You

   Oomph Fah Fah

Mel Powell   1942

   Blue Skies

   When Did You Leave Heaven?

Mel Powell   1945

   I Got Rhythm

      Clarinet: Benny Goodman   Vibes: Red Norvo

Mel Powell   1948

   Let's Steal Some Apples

      Film: 'A Song Is Born'

      Clarinet: Benny Goodman   Vibes: Lionel Hampton

Mel Powell   1954

   After You've Gone

   Lighthouse Blues

Mel Powell   1959

   Settings for String Quartet

Mel Powell   1987

   I Can't Get Started

   Stomping at the Savoy


Birth of Modern Jazz: Mel Powell

Mel Powell

Source: Barry Schrader


  Although Wally (Waller) Rose cut more than a hundred records there is little to found of him at You Tube with the exception of when he played with Lu Water's Yerba Buena Jazz Band. Born in Oakland in 1913, upon graduation from high school Rose found employment as a pianist on cruise ships. In 1940 he joined Lu Water's band (who had played trumpet on cruise ships) with which he first recorded in 1941. Alike Ralph Sutton (lower on this page), Rose kept ragtime piano alive throughout the decades following its demise in general. The first four tracks below are with Lu Waters.

Wally Rose   1941

   Irish Black Bottom

   Maple Leaf Rag

Wally Rose   1942

   Black and White Rag

   Fidgity Feet

   Temptation Rag

Wally Rose   1953

   Ace In the Hole

       Vocal: Clancy Hayes   Trumpet: Bob Skobey

       Trombone: Buck Hayes

Wally Rose   1995

   Grizzly Bear Rag


Birth of Modern Jazz: Wally Rose

Wally Rose

Source: San Francisco Museum


Birth of Modern Jazz: Stan Kenton

Stan Kenton

Photo: Dave DeCaro

Source: Duduki


Born in Wichita, Kansas, in 1911, pianist and band leader Stan Kenton started his career playing with dance bands in the thirties. In 1941 he formed his own band and booked the Rendezvous Ballroom in Balboa, California. He began broadcasting from there in July of '49 for the Mutual Broadcasting System. Among his first studio recordings, also that year, is 'Gambler's Blues' released the next year. Kenton was to become something of a surveyor over American jazz, the go-to guy who knew everyone and all that was happening, the Man in Oz for musicians who needed something, like a job. Many a musician got started with Kenton and many a prominent name performed with him at one time or another. He passed away in 1979. Per below, 1941 is the recording rather than release year, those performances thought to take place between July and prior to when Howard Rumsey began to appear on Kenton's broadcasts in November that year. We haven't determined when, if ever, those broadcasts were released on other media except on much later compilations.

Stan Kenton   1941

  Balboa Bash


    Vocal: Red Dorris

  I Haven't Got the Heart

  A Little Jive Is Good for You

     Vocal: Earl Collier

  Love Turns Winter to Spring

     Vocal: Red Dorris

   Marvin's Mumble

   Old Black Joe

   Prelude to Nothing

   Tempo De Joe

   Trumpet Symphonette

Stan Kenton   1942

   Gambler Blues

   This Love of Mine

      Film: 1944    Vocalist: Cyd Charisse

Stan Kenton   1943

   Artistry In Rhythm

Stan Kenton   1945


      Film    Vocalist: June Christy

Stan Kenton   1952


Stan Kenton   1953

   Harlem Nocturne

   Over the Rainbow

Stan Kenton   1954


Stan Kenton   1956


   El Congo Valiente

   Malibu Moonlight

   Polka Dots and Moonbeams

   La Suertes De Los Tontos

Stan Kenton   1958


Stan Kenton   1972

   Live in London


Stan Kenton   1976

   Send In the Clowns



Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy Rowles

Jimmy Rowles

Source: All Music


Born in 1918 in Spokane, Jimmy Rowles studied at Gonzaga College (now University) before moving to Los Angeles in 1942, where he connected with sax man, Lester Young, and made his debut recordings with the same in June. Those were several tracks, known as 'Session #8', broadcasted from Billy Berg's Trouville Club, also joined by Billy Holiday on a couple of them. Rowles also worked as a studio musician, backing such as Benny Goodman, Woody Herman, Les Brown and Tommy Dorsey in those early days. Rowles' next recordings with Billy Holliday were also radio broadcasts, in June of 1949, for the Armed Forces Radio Services. Rowles issued tracks in 1953 with drummer, Louie Bellson, also privately recording with saxophonist, Charlie Parker and trumpet player, Chet Baker, at the University of Oregon. In 1955 he began recording steadily with Billy Holiday for a few years. In 1957 he laid grooves with Benny Carter. Among other vocalists whom Rowles backed on piano were Tony Bennett, Peggy Lee, Sarah Vaughan and Ella Fitzgerald. Rowles traded the West Coast for NYC in 1973, where he worked with Zoot Sims and Stan Getz. In 1983 he began collaborating with young pianist, Diana Krall, she said to have begun singing with his encouragement. Among Rowles' compositions are 'The Peacocks" and those appearing on the album, 'A Timeless Place', released by vocalist, Jeri Brown, in 1994. He died of cardiovascular disease in 1996 in Burbank, California. All tracks for year 1955 below are with Billy Holiday.

Jimmy Rowles   1942

   Benny's Bugle

      With Lee & Lester Young

Jimmy Rowles   1953

   Black Coffee

      Vocal: Peggy Lee

   For Europeans Only

      With Louie Bellson

Jimmy Rowles   1954

   Lady Be Good/Serenade In Blue/So Far So Good


Jimmy Rowles   1955

   Come Rain Or Shine

   A Fine Romance

   Everything Happens To Me

   Gone With The Wind

   I Don't Stand A Ghost Of A Chance With You

   I Don't Want To Cry Anymore

   I Get a Kick Out of You

   I Gotta Right To Sing The Blues

   It Had To Be You

   Nice Work If You Can Get It

   Prelude To A Kiss

   What's New

   When Your Lover Has Gone

Jimmy Rowles   1956

   Sonny Speaks

Jimmy Rowles   1957

   Comes Love

      Vocal: Billy Holiday

   Just One of Those Things

      Vocal: Billy Holiday

   I'm Coming Virginia

      Trumpet: Benny Carter

Jimmy Rowles   1958

   The Blues

Jimmy Rowles   1974

   A House Is Not A Home

      Vocal: Sarah Vaughan

   Sunday Monday Or Always

Jimmy Rowles   1975

   I'll Never Be the Same

      Sax: Stan Getz

Jimmy Rowles   1976

   While We're Young

Jimmy Rowles   1978


      Bass: Ray Brown

   My Ideal/Close Your Eyes

      Bass: Ray Brown

   That's All/Looking Back

      Bass: Ray Brown

Jimmy Rowles   1981

   Live at Montreux

      Concert   Vocal: Ella Fitzgerald


      Guitar: Joe Pass

   'Tis Autumn

      Guitar: Joe Pass

Jimmy Rowles   1997

   These Foolish Things

      Recorded 1990?   Vocal: Jane Birkin



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dodo Marmarosa

Dodo Marmarosa

Source: Organissimo


Born in 1925 in Pittsburg, PA, bebob pianist Dodo Marmarosa began his professional career in 1941 by joining the Johnny Scat Davis Orchestra at age 15, then got hired by Gene Krupa to play in his orchestra in 1942. When Krupa dissolved that band in 1943 Marmarosa began touring with Charlie Barnet, with whom he made his debut recordings that same year ('The Moose' and 'Strollin''). Drafted into the military in 1954, Marmarosa began experiencing conditions leading to electroshock therapy and release from the military. His only recordings since 1950 were in 1961 and 1962: 'Dodo's Back!' and 'Jug and Dodo,', the latter with Gene Ammons. It's thought that diabetes forced Marmarosa's retirement thereafter, he dying forty years later in 2002 at the VA Medical Center in Pittsburgh.

Dodo Marmarosa   1943

   The Moose

      With Charlie Barnet

Dodo Marmarosa   1944


      With Charlie Barnet

Dodo Marmarosa   1945

   D.B. Blues

      With Lester Young

  These Foolish Things

      With Lester Young

  Lester Blows Again

      With Lester Young

  These Foolish Things

      With Lester Young

Dodo Marmarosa   1946

   How High The Moon

      Tenor sax: Lucky Thompson

   Moose the Mooche

       Alto sax: Charlie Parker


       Alto sax: Charlie Parker

Dodo Marmarosa   1947

   Cosmo Street

   Relaxin' At Camarillo

       Alto sax: Charlie Parker

Dodo Marmarosa   1950

   My Foolish Heart

Dodo Marmarosa   1958

   Moose The Mooche


Dodo Marmarosa   1961

   Everything Happens To Me

   Mellow Mood

   On Green Dolphin Street



Milt Buckner was born in 1915 in St. Louis, Missouri. He began his career with the Cotton Pickers before joining Cab Calloway's orchestra. In 1941 he began to accompany Lionel Hampton for which he is best known. Buckner recorded his fist acetate demos in 1941. He first recordings to appear on vinyl were in December of 1943, backing Dinah Washington: on piano in NYC for Keynote Records: 'Evil Gal Blues', 'I Know How to Do It', 'Salty Papa Blues' and 'Homeward Bound'. (Thanks to JAZZdocumentation.) Buckner's last studio session took place in Paris in July 1974, the same month of his death. Below, Buckner plays piano on 'Milt's Boogie', vibraphone on 'Where Or When' and organ on 'Limehouse Blues'.

Milt Buckner   1944

   Evil Gal Blues

      Backing Dinah Washington

Milt Buckner   1948

   Baby Don't Be Mad At Me

      With the Beale Street Boys

   Fat Stuff Boogie

      With the Beale Street Boys

Milt Buckner   1949

   Milt's Boogie

Milt Buckner   1976

   Where Or When

Milt Buckner   1977

   Limehouse Blues

      Vibraphone: Lionel Hampton


Birth of Modern Jazz: Milt Buckner

Milt Buckner

Source: All Music


Born in 1922 in Newport, Massachusetts, arranger, composer, band leader and pianist Ralph Burns took his major break from Woody Herman by joining Herman's First Herd in 1944, with which he first recorded and began contributing arrangements and compositions. Burns later released his first collection, 'The Free Forms', in 1951 for Verve Records. (Various sources give between 1946 and 1952, 1951 cited by jazzdisco. 1946 would have been impossible, as Columbia Records didn't introduce the first long-playing record [LP] until 1948.) Burns released several albums in 1955, 'Bijou' among them. In 1957 he released 'Jazz Recital' with Billie Holiday. During the sixties Burns arranged and orchestrated for Broadway musicals. His first work on a soundtrack appeared in 1971 for the Woody Allen production, 'Bananas'. Burns died in 2001 in Los Angeles of pneumonia and complications following a stroke. Tracks below for 1951 are from Burns' album, 'The Free Forms'.

Ralph Burns   1946


Ralph Burns   1949

   Summer Sequence

      Recorded 1946-47

Ralph Burns   1951



   Vignette at Verney's

Ralph Burns   1955


      Album: 'Bijou'

Ralph Burns   1960

   Love For Sale


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Burns

Ralph Burns

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

Source: Wikiwand



Composer, arranger and pianist Tadd Dameron is thought to have first recorded with Billy Eckstine in December 1944 (Deluxe label), those followed with further recordings with Eckstine the next year, as well as a session with Sarah Vaughan for Continental. His first album as a featured band leader was released in 1948 ('The Dameron Band'). During the fifties he worked with Clifford Brown. Born in Cleveland in 1917, Dameron died relatively young, age 48, of cancer in 1965.

Tadd Dameron   1947

   The Chase

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Lady Bird

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

   Our Delight

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

Tadd Dameron   1948

   Good Bait

      Composer: Count Basie

      Trumpet: Fats Navarro

Tadd Dameron   1955

   A Study in Dameronia

      Featuring Clifford Brown

Tadd Dameron   1956

   On A Misty Night

      Tenor Sax: John Coltrane

   Super Jet

      Tenor Sax: John Coltrane

Tadd Dameron   1962

   You're a Joy

      Vocalist: Barbara Winfield


Birth of Modern Jazz: Tadd Dameron

Tadd Dameron

Photo: William P. Gottlieb

Source: Keep Swinging


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dick Farney

Dick Farney

Source: Last FM


Born in 1921 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazilian vocalist Dick Farney was also a fine piano player, making his debut as a singer on a Rio De Janeiro radio station in 1937. His first recording was 'The Music Stopped' in 1944. Because that and other examples of his music are featured in Modern Jazz Song we index only two examples of his piano playing below. Farney died in 1987.

Dick Farney   1962

   Swanee River




Birth of Modern Jazz: Victor Feldman

Victor Feldman

Source: Jazz Wax


Born in London in 1934, drummer, vibraphonist and pianist Victor Feldman was a prodigy whose father owned a swing club. Feldman gave his first professional performance at age seven at the No. 1 Rhythm Club in a trio with his brothers Monty (accordion) and Robert (clarinet). He issued his first recordings at age ten (1944) for Parlophone, with his brothers, adding Bert Howard on bass and Vic Lewis on guitar. In catalogue order: 'Drumming Man', 'Sweet Georgia Brown', 'Coolin' Off' and 'Zanzibar' (none found). He next recorded as a leader in 1948, grooving five tracks for the Esquire label: 'Mop-Mop', 'Lady Bird', 'Quaternity', 'Moonlight In Vermont' and 'Gone With The Wind' (none found). His first recordings on vibraphone were in 1951, also for Esquire: 'Ego' and 'Jolly Squire'. Feldman's first name recordings as a pianist occurred in 1955, also for Esquire: 'Stella By Starlight', 'Sue Side Jump', 'Lullaby' and 'Groove For Two'. Unfortunately none of Feldman's recordings in the early fifties are found at YouTube. Feldman first left the United Kingdom for the United States in 1955, emigrating in 1957 to join the Woody Herman's band, then Buddy DeFranco's. He was also a session player for various prominent jazz artists, as well as the film industry upon moving to Los Angeles later that year. Notable collaborations in the early sixties were with Cannonball Adderley and Miles Davis. In the seventies Feldman ventured a bit beyond the jazz genre with such as Frank Zappa, Steely Dan and Joni Mitchell. In the eighties he worked with Tom Waits and Joe Walsh. Feldman died of heart attack at his home in Woodland Hills, California, in 1987. The tracks below feature Feldman at piano. See Feldman in Early Modern Jazz Percussion for examples of his work on vibes.

Victor Feldman   1958

   Minor Lament

      Bass: Scott LaFaro   Drums: Stan Levey


      Bass: Scott LaFaro   Drums: Stan Levey

Victor Feldman   1959

   Wonder Why

      With Shelly Manne

Victor Feldman   1961


      With Cannonbal Adderley

Victor Feldman   1965

   Summer Love

      Filmed live

   Swinging On A Star

      Filmed live

Victor Feldman   1977

   Haunted Ballroom

      Album: 'Artful Dodger'   Vocal: Jack Sheldon

Victor Feldman   1984

   With Your Love



Birth of Modern Jazz: Erroll Garner

Erroll Garner

Source: New York Times


Born in 1923 in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, Erroll Garner was something of a prodigy, playing piano at three, though he never learned to read music. He began appearing on radio (KDKA) at age seven with a group called the Candy Kids. At age eleven he was playing riverboats along the Alleghany. In 1944 he went to New York, where he made his debut recordings that year. Garner was denied membership in the musician's union because he couldn't read music, which union relented, however, in 1956. Standing only 5'2", Garner preferred to play while sitting atop telephone directories placed on the piano bench. Garner's best known song was 'Misty', which he composed in 1954. Garner died in 1977 of cardiac arrest and was buried in Pittsburgh.

Erroll Garner   1944

   Erroll's Bounce

   I Get a Kick Out of You

   I Hear a Rhapsody

   Take the 'A' Train

      Radio broadcast

   Sweet Lorraine

Erroll Garner   1945


Erroll Garner   1949

   All the Things You Are

Erroll Garner   1951

   I'm In The Mood For Love


Erroll Garner   1954


Erroll Garner   1955

   I'll Remember April

      Album: 'Concert by the Sea'

Erroll Garner   1962

   Where or When

      Live performance

   Sweet And Lovely/Mack The Knife

Erroll Garner   1964

   My Fair Lady Medley



Erroll Garner   1972

   Earl's Dream

      Live performance




Born in 1924 in Harlem, Bud Powell, first recorded with Cootie Williams in January 1944. That first of several sessions with Williams that year produced 'You Talk A Little Trash', 'Floogie Boo (Sweet Lorraine)', 'I Don't Know (Now I Know)' and 'Gotta Do Some War Work'. His appearance on Thelonious Monk's ''Round Midnight', below, is the first recording of that tune. Regrettably, Powell had emotional conditions, likely increased by alcohol and anger from racial persecution, that saw his first electroshock treatment in 1948. He nevertheless continued as a remarkable composer and pianist throughout most his career. Powell died in 1966, age 42, of tuberculosis exaggerated by alcoholism and malnutrition. His funeral was in Harlem. Per below, all tracks per 1944 are with Cootie Williams.

Bud Powell   1944

  Cherry Red Blues

   Echoes Of Harlem

   Floogie Boo

   'Round Midnight

   Somebody's Gotta Go

     Vocal: Eddie Cleanhead Vinson

   Tess's Torch Song

     Vocal: Pearl Bailey

   You Talk A Little Trash

Bud Powell   1949

   Bouncing With Bud



Bud Powell   1950

   Tea For Two

Bud Powell   1951

   The Last Time I Saw Paris

   A Night In Tunisia



   Over the Rainbow

Bud Powell   1954

   Autumn In New York

Bud Powell   1957



      Bass: George Duvivier   Drums: Art Taylor

   Yardbird Suite

Bud Powell   1958

   Comin' Up

   When I Fall In Love

Bud Powell   1959

   Blues in the Closet


   Get Happy

      Live performance

Bud Powell   1960

   Tea For Two

Bud Powell   1961

   Ruby, My Dear

Bud Powell   1962


      Live performance

   Blues In The Closet

   I Remember Clifford

      Live performance

Bud Powell   1963

   B Flat Blues

   Satin Doll

   Stairway To The Stars

     Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bud Powell

Bud Powell

Source: Musical Value




Born in 1921 in Greenville, North Carolina, Billy Taylor, began his jazz career in New York City with the Ben Webster Quartet in 1944. He first recorded a few unissued tracks with Hot Lips Page in 1944. In 1945 he recorded with Don Byas and Cozy Cole, the same year he released his debut album, 'Billy Taylor Piano' (not found). Taylor became musical director of the NBC television series, 'The Subject Is Jazz', in 1958. He became musical director of the 'David Frost Show' in 1969. Performing nigh until his death, Taylor passed of heart attack in 2010.

Billy Taylor   1945

   Alexander’s Ragtime Band

      Bass: All Hall   Drums: Jimmy Crawford

Billy Taylor   1952

   I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

Billy Taylor   1958

   52nd Street Theme/Confirmation

      Live with Cannonball & Nat Adderly

   Night In Tunisia/Round About Midnight

      Live with Cannonball & Nat Adderly

Billy Taylor   1964


      With Earl Coleman

Billy Taylor   1996

   My Heart Stood Still

   Tea For Two

Billy Taylor   2001


Billy Taylor   2006

   All Alone

   Live performance 


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Taylor

Billy Taylor

Photo: Tom Marcello

Source: Wikipedia



Birth of Modern Jazz: Hadda Brooks

Hadda Brooks

Source: Lileks

Born in 1916 and raised in Los Angeles, versatile pianist Hadda Brooks made a reputation for herself as the Queen of Boogie Woogie. Boogie woogie was the southern equivalent of ragtime, likely developing out of eastern Texas. Brooks' first single, 'Swingin' the Boogie', was in 1945. She died in Los Angeles in 2002. More boogie woogie by Hadda Brooks.

Hadda Brooks   1945

   Blues In B Flat

   The Man I Love

   Society Boogie

   Swingin' the Boogie

Hadda Brooks   1948

   Out Of the Blue

Hadda Brooks   1950

   I Hadn't Anyone 'Til You

      From the film 'In a Lonely Place'

Hadda Brooks   1953

   When I Leave the World

Hadda Brooks   1957

   The Thrill Is Gone



Born in 1995 in Glasgow, Missouri, Wild Bill Davis began his career with the Milton Larkin Orchestra in 1939 as a guitar player. He then switched to piano to play for Louis Jordan as a member of the Tympany Five, first recording with Jordan in 1945. Soon thereafter Davis changed to the electric organ. (Unable to find any samples of Davis at piano, all the tracks below are Davis at the instrument for which he is best known.) Davis recorded his first album, 'Sweet and Hot', in 1947. Another, 'On the Loose', followed in 1953. However, the earliest recording by Davis that could be found for this history is not until 1954. Davis died in 1995.

Wild Bill Davis   1950

   I Know What I've Got

  Tamburitza Boogie

Wild Bill Davis   1954

   Things Ain't What They Used to Be

Wild Bill Davis   1969

   April In Paris

   Satin Doll

Wild Bill Davis   1973

   Snake Rhythm

      With Boogaloo Jones

Wild Bill Davis   1989

   Johnny Comes Lately


Birth of Modern Jazz: Wild Bill Davis

Wild Bill Davis

Source: Discogs



Born in 1922 in Newark, New Jersey, bebop pianist Al Haig got his start as a professional musician in 1944 upon meeting Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, both of which with whom he first recorded a number of sessions in 1945. In 1949 Haig participated in the first session of Miles Davis' 'Birth of the Cool', released in 1957. Haig put together his first group, the Al Haig Trio, to release his first album in 1954. He died of heart attack in 1982. Per 1945 and 1946 below, all tracks are with Dizzy Gillespie.

Al Haig   1945

  Dizzy Atmosphere

  Hot House

  A Night In Tunisia (Interlude)

  Salt Peanuts

  That's Earl's Brother

  Lover Man

Al Haig   1946

   Lover Man

     Vocal: Sarah Vaughan

   Ol' Man Rebop

     Vibes: Milt Jackson

Al Haig   1954

   Autumn in New York

      Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Royal Garden Blues

      Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   'S Wonderful/The Moon Was Yellow

       Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

   Yardbird Suite

      Bass: Bill Crow   Drums: Lee Abrams

Al Haig   1972

   Body and Soul

      Bass: Jamil Nasser   Drums: Frank Gant


Birth of Modern Jazz: Al Haig

Al Haig

Source: Jazz Wax


Born in Brooklyn in 1922, Duke Jordan's first recordings are thought to have been in 1945 with the Floyd Horsecollar Williams Septet (to result unknown). He recorded with Roy Eldridge the next year though wasn't much featured. It was with Charlie Parker whom Jordan joined in 1947 that he began to shine as a great pianist. Jordan became a resident of Copenhagen in 1978, dying there in 2006.

Duke Jordan   1947

   The Bird Gets the Worm

         Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Bird of Paradise

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Bongo Pop

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

   Dewey Square

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

  Embraceable You

      Saxophone: Charlie Parker


      Saxophone: Charlie Parker

Duke Jordan   1954

   Golden Touch

     Bass: Oscar Pettiford

  Wait and See

Duke Jordan   1956

   More Of The Same

      Bass: Doug Watkins   Guitar: Kenny Burrell

Duke Jordan   1960

   Split Quick

      Album: 'Flight to Jordan'

Duke Jordan   1962

   The Feeling Of Love

   Yes, He's Gone

      Baritone sax: Cecil Payne

Duke Jordan   1973

   Everything Happens to Me

   Here's That Rainy Day


      Saxophone: Cecil Payne

  No Problem

  On Green Dolphin Street

  Two Loves

Duke Jordan   1979

   No Problem

     Trumpet: Chet Baker


Birth of Modern Jazz: Duke Jordan

Duke Jordan

Source: Verve Music Group


Birth of Modern Jazz: Oscar Peterson

Oscar Peterson

Photo: Associated Press

Source: Circle Music

Born in 1925 in Montreal, Quebec, Canadian piano virtuoso Oscar Peterson first recorded in 1945 with the Oscar Peterson Trio. Among the highlights of his career was his meeting with Norman Granz that found Peterson playing with Jazz at the Philharmonic at Carnegie Hall in 1949. Granz would remain Peterson's manager most of his career. During the fifties Peterson made a number of notable recordings with bassist, Ray Brown. Drummer Ed Thigpen, often associated with Peterson, joined his Trio in 1959. Peterson also played with guitarist, Herb Ellis. Peterson was yet performing when he died in 2007.

Oscar Peterson   1945

   Claire de Lune

  Oscar's Boogie

Oscar Peterson   1951

   I Got Rhythm

Oscar Peterson   1957

   You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To

      With Ben Webster & Coleman Hawkins

Oscar Peterson   1958

   A Gal in Gallico

      Live performance with Herb Ellis & Ray Brown

Oscar Peterson   1961


      Live performance   Trumpet: Lee Morgan

Oscar Peterson   1962

   Night Train


Oscar Peterson   1964

   C Jam Blues

      Live performance   Bass: Ray Brown

Oscar Peterson   1972

   Live in Hannover


Oscar Peterson   1974

   Boogie Blues Etude

      Live   Guitar: Barney Kessel

Oscar Peterson   1987

   Live in Tokyo


Oscar Peterson   2004

   Reunion Blues

      Live performance




An extraordinary thing occurred in 1945: the first recordings of composer, conductor and pianist André Previn at age sixteen. (There is a CD, titled 'Previn at Sunset', on which some of those recordings can heard.) Born in Berlin in 1929, one of Previn's first loves was jazz, though in 1948 he began composing for Hollywood ('The Secret Garden', for instance). His first recording as a conductor was in 1962 with the St. Louis Orchestra. He was appointed principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra in 1968. Previn became director of the Pittsburg Symphony Orchestra in 1976, then conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in 1985, the same year he began directing the Los Angeles Philharmonic. Among Previn's classical compositions are a strong number of pieces for chamber, orchestra, piano and song. Previn is yet active giving concerts as of this writing.

André Previn   1945

   I Surrender Dear

André Previn   1950

   I Only Have Eyes For You

   Love Is Just Around The Corner

   September In The Rain

   This Heart Of Mine

André Previn   1953

   Squeeze Me

      Original composition: Fats Waller

   Stealin' Apples

      Original composition: Fats Waller

   That's Where The South Begins

      Original composition: Fats Waller

André Previn   1959

   Like Young

André Previn   1961

   I Let A Song Go Out Of My Heart

      Original composition: Duke Ellington

André Previn   1962

   Close Your Eyes

     With Doris Day

  The Faraway Part Of Town

   Nobody's Heart

      With Doris Day

   Over the Rainbow

      Original composition: Harold Arlen

   Two For The Seesaw

      Film theme

André Previn   1963

   But Beautiful


André Previn   1964

   The Rain In Spain

   There Will Never Be Another You

André Previn   1985

   Rhapsody In Blue

      Original composition: George Gershwin


Birth of Modern Jazz: André Previn

André Previn

Source: 1001 in 1000 Days


Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Scott

Shirley Scott

Source: Second Hand Songs

Shirley Scott played piano on occasion but her preferred instrument was organ. Born in Philadelphia in 1934, she first recorded piano in 1949 in Sheffield, England, with the Leicester Jazz Band. Of those issued were 'Kansas City Stomps'/'Savoy Blues' and 'Buddy Bolden's Blues'/'Courtin' Man Blues'. Scott Scott created nine record albums from 1958 to 1960, her first, 'Great Scott!'. 'Satin Doll', below, is from her tenth album, 'Satin Doll'. Scott was married to tenor sax player, Stanley Turrentine, with whom she performed from 1960 to 1969. She died of heart failure in 2002.

Shirley Scott   1958

  In the Kitchen

      Saxophone: Eddie Lockjaw Davis

  Satin Doll

Shirley Scott   1960

  Muy Azul (Very Blue)

      With the Latin Jazz Quintet


      With the Latin Jazz Quintet

Shirley Scott   1964


      Saxophone: Stanley Turrentine

Shirley Scott   1972

  By the Time I Get to Phoenix

Shirley Scott   1976

  Live in San Francisco



Birth of Modern Jazz: Lennie Tristano

Lennie Tristano

Source: BrOtz


Born in 1919 in Chicago, blind pianist Lennie Tristano played his first professional gigs as a clarinetist at a brothel at age eleven. He was working on his master's degree in music in Chicago before traveling to New York City in '45 or '46. During his early career he also played saxophone. His first recordings are thought to have been in 1945 in Chicago, a number of piano solos, followed that year if not the next by a session with the Emmett Carls Sextet in NYC known as 'The Lost Session'. Tristano continued recording in his own name thereafter. In 1947 he met among his most important musical associates, saxman Charlie Parker, with whom he made some recordings that year. In 1948 he met another important associate, saxman, Warne Marsh. Tristano had more exploration and teacher in him than business enterprise. He is known to have played at only one festival (Newport in 1954) because he didn't like their marketing. Another notable saxophonist with whom Tristano would record was Lee Konitz. Tristano tired of concerts, delivering his last in the United States in 1968, thereafter teaching. He died of heart attack in 1978 at his home in Jamaica, New York.

Lennie Tristano   1946

  I Can't Get Started

Lennie Tristano   1949


      Saxophone: Wayne Marsh


      Bass: Arnold Fishkin   Drums: Shelly Manne

      Guitar: Billy Bauer   Alto Sax: Lee Konitz

Lennie Tristano   1955

  Don't Squawk

     With Lee Konitz & Warne Marsh


 Lenny Tristano


Warne Marsh   1958

  Live at the Half Note

      Film   With Lee Konitz & Warne Marsh

Lennie Tristano   1965


  You Don't Know What Love Is



Birth of Modern Jazz: Skitch Henderson

Skitch Henderson

Source: From the Vaults


The earliest recordings found for pianist Skitch Henderson were released in 1946. Born on a farm in 1918 near Holstad, Minnesota. If ask me, the winters there would have been reason enough to commence a music career as a traveling roadhouse performer in the Midwest, his major break occurring in 1937 upon being asked to accompany Judy Garland and Mickey Rooney on an MGM promotional tour that brought him to Hollywood. Among the highlights of Henderson's career was becoming music director for NBC television in 1951 and founding The New York Pops orchestra in 1983 based at Carnegie Hall. Henderson, however, may likely be best known as bandleader for 'The Tonight Show' from its inception in 1954 as 'Tonight' hosted by Steve Allen. (Other notable members of that orchestra have been guitarist Bucky Pizzarelli, drummer Ed Shaughnessy and trumpeter Doc Severinsen who acquired Henderson's position as bandleader in 1966.) Henderson served several miserable months for tax evasion in 1975. He died in 2005.

Skitch Henderson   1946

   Dreamland Rendezvous

   Five Minutes More

      With Ray Kellogg

   Save Me a Dream

      With Ray Kellogg

   Swan Lake

Skitch Henderson   1947

   Army Air Corp

   But None Like You

      With Andy Reed


      With Mancy Reed & Andy Roberts

   A Garden In the Rain

      With Eileen Wilson

   Dream on a Summer Night

   Would You Believe

     With Eileen Wilson

Skitch Henderson   1965


      Album: 'Skitch...Tonight!'

   Night Life

   So What Else Is New



Birth of Modern Jazz: Hank Jones

Hank Jones

Source: Jazz Wax

Pianist Hank Jones (brother of trumpeter Thad Jones, was playing professionally by age 13 in Michigan. Born in 1918 in Vicksburg, Mississippi, it was 1944 when he and saxophone player Lucky Thompson took off together for New York City. His first recordings may have been with bop saxophone player Coleman Hawkins, one example below. Four years later Jones put together his first album in 1950. Bassist Ray Brown also features on one of its tracks, 'Ad Lib' below. Jones is also the pianist on 'Opus de Funk' under Milt Jackson in Jazz Percussion. Jones died in the Bronx in 2010.

Hank Jones   1946

  Bean and the Boys

      Saxophone: Coleman Hawkins

Hank Jones   1950

  Ad Lib

      Bass: Ray Brown   Drums: Buddy Rich

Hank Jones   1958

  My One And Only Love

      Drums: Osie Johnson

Hank Jones   1990


Hank Jones   1994

  Steal Away

Hank Jones   2009

  Live in Vienna



Birth of Modern Jazz: Sun Ra

Sun Ra

Source: Transparent Radiation


Born Herman Poole Blount in 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama, pianist Sun Ra first recorded in 1946 with Wynonie Harris: 'Dig This Boogie'/'Lightning Struck the Poorhouse' and 'My Baby's Barrelhouse'/'Drinking By Myself'. Among the more colorful figures in jazz, Sun Ra was a child prodigy composing and sight reading music before he was a teenager. He first played professionally in 1934 when his high school biology teacher, Ethel Harper, formed a band and went on tour. Harper left the tour midway, bequeathing leadership of the band to Ra, who renamed it the Sonny Blount Orchestra. In 1936 he won a music scholarship, but dropped out after his first year in college. In 1942 he was arrested for not complying with the draft, but won deferment in 1943 for a hernia. His recordings in 1946 won him a place in Fletcher Henderson's band the same year. In 1948 he formed a trio with Coleman Hawkins and Stuff Smith. He then formed another group called the Space Trio, the year he changed his name from Blount to Sun Ra, considering Blount a slave name. A while later he began calling his orchestra the Arkestra. The Arkestra toured the West Coast in 1968, Europe in 1970 and Egypt in 1971. Ra was mayhaps most admired for his work with electric keyboards, and perhaps best known for his exotic concerts blending Egyptian and space age themes. Ra died of pneumonia in Birmingham in 1993, but later versions of the Arkestra yet make highly popular concert tours.

Sun Ra   1946

   Dig This Boogie

      With Wynonie Harris

   Drinkin' By Myself

      With Wynonie Harris

   Lightning Struck the Poorhouse

      With Wynonie Harris

Sun Ra   1956

   Supersonic Jazz


Sun Ra   1959

   Ancient Aiethopia

   Jazz In Silhouette



Sun Ra   1961


Sun Ra   1976

   Jazz From an Unknown Planet

Sun Ra   1987

   Jazz Jamboree in Warsaw


Sun Ra   1988

   Sound Of Joy

      Aurex Jazz Festival

The Arkestra   2009

   Nancy Jazz Pulsations

      Without Sun Ra   Concert

The Arkestra   2014

   Live at the Jazzhouse in Copenhagen

      Without Sun Ra   Concert

   Love In Outer Space

      Without Sun Ra   Live



Birth of Modern Jazz: John Lewis

John Lewis

Source: Bio

John Lewis met drummer Kenny Clarke while serving in the Army. Born in 1920 in La Grange, Illinois, Lewis began his professional career as a composer and pianist with Dizzy Gillespie. The piano for his first composition for Gillespie, 'Two Bass Hit', was played by Red Garland. His first recordings with Gillespie were in July of 1946 for the Savoy label. In 1949 he worked with the Miles Davis Nonet. Prior to that he had formed a quartet with Milt Jackson that became the Milt Jackson Quartet in 1951, that group's name changed to the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) the next year. Lewis remained with the MJQ throughout its existence to 1974, and its regrouping from 1981 until 1993. He began giving concerts in Japan in 1966, Japan among his favorite venues. Lewis passed away of prostate cancer in March 2001.

John Lewis   1946


      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

  Jivin' in Be-Bop

       Film with Dizzy Gillespie

John Lewis   1947


     Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

John Lewis   1956

  Willow Weep for Me

       Guitar: Sacha Distel

John Lewis   1957

  Two Lyric Pieces

       Guitar: Jim Hall

John Lewis   1959

  Delaunay's Dilemma



Born in 1922 in Philadelphia, PA, composer Lou Stein is said to have worked with Buddy DeFranco as a teenager. At age 20 (1942) he began working on the road, notably with Ray McKinley. Stein later played with Glenn Miller and Charlie Ventura before work as a freelance session pianist, most notably backing Sarah Vaughan (year 1953 in particular). He died in 2002.

Lou Stein   1946


     With Ray McKinley

Lou Stein   1952


      With Charlie Parker

   Stella By Starlight

      With Charlie Parker

Lou Stein   1954


Lou Stein   1955

   There'll Be Some Changes Made

Lou Stein   1958

   Got a Match


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lou Stein

Lou Stein

Source: Discogs


Birth of Modern Jazz: Red Garland

Red Garland

Source: Belle Epoque


Born in 1923 in Dallas, Red Garland had studied piano five years before his first big job in 1945 with Hot Lips Page. His earliest determinable recording session was with Eddie Lockjaw Davis in 1947: 'Ravin' at the Heaven'. It was upon joining the Miles Davis Quintet in 1955 that Garland began making a name for himself. Garland produced his first album as a group leader in 1956, 'A Garland of Red'. His initial of a number of recordings with John Coltrane appeared in 1958 on Coltrane's third studio LP release, 'John Coltrane with the Red Garland Trio'. Garland died of heart attack in 1984. Per 1955 below, all tracks were recorded in 1955 with Miles Davis.

Red Garland   1947

   Ravin' At The Haven

       With Eddie Lockjaw Davis

Red Garland   1956

  A Foggy Day

   A Gal in Calico

  How Am I to Know?

  I Didn't



  There Is No Greater Love

  Will You Still Be Mine?

Red Garland   1957


      Red Garland Trio   Album

Red Garland   1958

   Billie's Bounce

     With John Coltrane

  Blues In Mambo



   A Tisket, A Tasket



Birth of Modern Jazz: Hampton Hawes

Hampton Hawes

Source: Discogs


Hampton Hawes was born in Los Angeles in 1928. He found himself playing jazz with names like Dexter Gordon and Wardell Gray, to name but a couple, while yet a teenager. Largely associated with bebop and West Coast jazz, Hawes was also yet a teenager when he first recorded with Howard McGhee in March 1947, 'Dee Dee's Dance I' and 'Dee Dee's Dance II' among several live recording sessions at the Hi-De-Ho Club in Los Angeles. His first album release, 'Piano East West', was shared with pianist Freddie Redd in 1952 (also Redd's first release). Dameron published his autobiography, 'Raise Up Off Me', in 1974, three years before his death in 1977.

Hampton Hawes   1947

  Bopera (Disorder at the Border)

       Tenor sax: Dexter Gordon

  Jeronimo (Cherokee)

       Trumpet: Howard McGhee

  The Man I Love

       Trumpet: Howard McGhee


      Trumpet: Howard McGhee

Hampton Hawes   1952

  Brown Gold

       Alto sax: Art Pepper

  Don't Get Around Much Any More

       Bass: Joe Mondragon

      Drums: Shelly Manne

  Jumpin' Jacque

       Bass: Joe Mondragon

        Drums: Shelly Manne

Hampton Hawes   1955

  All the Things You Are

  Blues the Most


  I Hear Music

  I'll Remember April

  So in Love


Hampton Hawes   1956

  Polka Dots and Moonbeams

  Somebody Loves Me

  Stella By Starlight

  Will You Still Be Mine

Hampton Hawes   1958

  April in Paris


  Someone Like in Love

  Up Blues

   Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams

Hampton Hawes   1964

  The Green Leaves of Summer

Hampton Hawes   1967

  Hamp's Blues

Hampton Hawes   1970

  Blues for J L

  Jazz On Stage


Hampton Hawes   1972

  Drums for Peace/Love Is Better

Hampton Hawes   1974

  C & H Sugar

  Live in France

     Concert film

Hampton Hawes   1976

  Killing Me Softly




Birth of Modern Jazz: Junior Mance

Junior Mance

It was 1947 when Junior Mance first recorded with Gene Ammons. The next year he laid tracks with Lester Young. Born in 1928 in Evanston, Illinois, Mance played professionally as a teenager and was a music major in college, until the opportunity arrived to play with Ammons, which he estimated to be a more enlightened kind of university. Notable during the fifties was Mance's work with Dinah Washington and Cannonball Adderley. From 1990 to 2009 Mance toured Japan every other year with the group, 100 Gold Fingers. Mance and his wife, Gloria, founded the JunGlo record label in 2007, 'Live At Café Loup' its first release. As of this writing Mance is active. Many of the tracks below are live performances.

Junior Mance   1947

  El Sino

      Sax: Gene Ammons


      Sax: Gene Ammons

Junior Mance   1949

  Blues n' Bells

       With Lester Young

  D.B. Blues

       With Lester Young

Junior Mance   1950

  When I Dream Of You

      Sax: Gene Ammons

Junior Mance   1957

  Stella By Starlight

Junior Mance   1961

  Among My Souvenirs

     Trumpet: Clark Terry


     Tenor sax: Sonny Stitt


  This Is Always

  You Are Too Beautiful

Junior Mance   1964

  In Mellow Tone

Junior Mance   1966

  St. James Infirmary

Junior Mance   1968

  Before This Time Another Year

  I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

  That's All

Junior Mance   1970

  Blue Monk

       With Dexter Gordon

  Don't Cha Hear Me Callin' Ya

       Album 'With a Little Help From My Friends'

  Never Say Naw

       Album 'With a Little Help From My Friends'

Junior Mance   1973

  Tin Tin Deo


Junior Mance   2011

  I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free

     Bass: Hide Tanaka   Drums: Kim Garey 



Ralph Sutton began his professional career in 1941 with Jack Teagarden. Born in Hamburg, Missouri in 1922, Sutton may have made his first recordings in February of 1947 for the WOR Studios 'This Is Jazz' radio broadcast. Those recordings with cornetist Wild Bill Davison would continue such that he would make them as a member of the All Star Stompers. Sutton largely continued the ragtime sound into the modern era of jazz, dying in Evergreen, Colorado, in 2001.

Ralph Sutton   1949

   Baby Baby

      With Henry Red Allen

   Black Bottom Stomp

   Dill Pickles/Whitewash Man

   I Dance At Your Wedding/I Got Rhythm

   Muskrat Ramble

      With Max Kaminsky

Ralph Sutton   1953


   Tain't Nobody's Biz-Ness If I Do

Ralph Sutton   1960

   The Cascades

Ralph Sutton   1963

   Yellow Dog Blues

      With Henry Red Allen

Ralph Sutton   1988


      With Ruby Braff

Ralph Sutton   1998

   Eye Opener/Echoes Of Spring


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Sutton

Ralph Sutton

Source: Riverwalk Jazz


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Wallington

George Wallington

Source: Sheet Music Direct

George Wallington was born in Sicily in 1924, but was raised in New York City since age one. He gained big momentum right off the bat at age 19 when he began playing bop with Dizzy Gillespie at a nightclub in New York City in 1943, after which he played with a number of major names both in and out the bebop realm. It isn't known if Wallington recorded earlier than 1947. He began recording as a leader, of a trio, in 1949, releasing a collection in 1951. Yet in 1960 the oddest thing occurred, especially for a musician with so much going for him. Wallington suddenly quit the field of music and joined his family's air conditioning business. Well, the music profession isn't easy even at the top. Though one could think the air conditioning business considerably worse, circumstances are unknown. Nevertheless, Wallington later released three more albums, beginning in 1984. He died in Miami in 1993.

George Wallington   1947


      Allen Eager Quintet

George Wallington   1951

  Fine and Dandy

      Drums: Max Roach

  High Score

  Joy Bell

  Polka Dot

George Wallington   1952

   Summer Rain

George Wallington   1953

  I Married an Angel/Tenderly

  Squeezer's Breezer

George Wallington   1954

   Without Reservation

George Wallington   1956

   Billie's Tune

   One Night of Love

   What's New?

George Wallington   1957

   All of You

      Tenor sax: Bobby Jaspar

   Dis Mornin'



George Wallington   1960


   It's All Right With Me


  Walter Bishop Jr was a bop pianist born in New York City in 1927 to Jamaican composer, Walter Bishop Sr. Raised in Harlem, he was in the US Army from '45 to '47, stationed near St. Louis where he involved himself in its jazz scene. He returned to NYC upon the end of his military tour and hooked up Art Blakey, first recording with either Blakey (December) or Ida James and the John Hunt Orchestra (no dates) in 1947. Released in 1948 were thus 'Try a Little Tenderness'/'Yesterdays' and 'You're a Fool If You Don't'/'Let's Do It' with James for the Manor label, and 'The Thin Man'/'Musa's Vision' and 'Groove Street'/'The Bop Alley' with Blakey's Jazz Messengers for Blue Note. In 1949 Bishop surfaced on Zoot Sims's 'The Brothers'. Also in '49 Bishop recorded a few tracks with Milt Jackson that would be found on the latter's 'Meet Milt Jackson' in 1956. Bishop also backed such as Miles Davis, Curtis Fuller and Jackie McLean during his early career. An example of his work with Kenny Dorham is 'Kenny Dorham Quintet', recorded in December of '53. They also recorded 'Inta Somethin'' ('62) together in latter 1961. Bishop also recorded tracks in 1961 that would be found on a couple later albums: 'Speak Low' ('75) and 'Milestones' ('89). From '64 to '68 Bishop taped tracks that would eventually emerge on 'Bish Bash' in 1975. In 1965 he recorded 'The Walter Bishop Jr. Trio/1965', not issued until 1970. The early seventies found Bishop working with Blue Mitchell. His first album to be recorded with intent upon timely release was 'Coral Keys' in 1971. Having attended Juilliard in the latter sixties, Bishop began teaching music theory at colleges in Los Angeles in the seventies, also publishing 'A Study in Fourths', concerning improvisation, in 1976. Bishop instructed at the University of Hartford in the eighties. He died of heart attack in January of 1998. He had issued nearly twenty albums as a leader or co-leader albums. Per 1948 below, Bishop backs Art Blakey & his Messengers.

Walter Bishop   1948

  Bop Alley

  Groove Street

  Musa's Vision

  The Thin Man

Walter Bishop   1954

  Darn That Dream

     LP: 'Kenny Dorham Quintet'

Walter Bishop   1956


     Mies Davis LP: 'Dig'

  It's Only a Paper Moon

     Mies Davis LP: 'Dig'

Walter Bishop   1960

  Blue Streak

     Dizzy Reece LP: 'Soundin' Off'

  A Ghost of a Chance

     Dizzy Reece LP: 'Soundin' Off'


     Album by Ken McIntyre

Walter Bishop   1961

  Ease It

     Rocky Boyd LP: 'Ease It'

Walter Bishop   1971

  Coral Keys

     LP: 'Coral Keys'


     LP: 'Coral Keys'

Walter Bishop   1975

  Speak Low

     LP: 'Speak Low'   Recorded 1961

Walter Bishop   1977

  Soul Village

     LP: 'Soul Village'


     LP: 'Soul Village'

Walter Bishop   1994

  Una Mas

     LP: What's New'

Walter Bishop   2013

  Those Who Chant

     Theo Parrish LP: 'Black Jazz Signature'

     Recorded sometime between 1971 & 75


Birth of Modern Jazz: Walter Bishop

Walter Bishop Jr

Source: Walter Bishop Jr


Elmo Hope was born in 1923 in NYC. He began his career with the Joe Morris band. 'The Applejack', below, from 1948, is among the first recordings of him. His first album as a leader was 'Introducing the Elmo Hope Trio', released in 1953. Hope's final recordings took place in 1966, the same year as his last concert. He died of pneumonia and heart failure the next year, only 44 years old.

Elmo Hope   1948

   The Applejack

      Trumpet: Joe Morris

Elmo Hope   1953

   Happy Hour

   I Remember You

Elmo Hope   1954

   Later For You

Elmo Hope   1955

   It's a Lovely Day Today

Elmo Hope   1956

   On It

      Tenor sax: John Coltrane & Hank Mobley

Elmo Hope   1957

   So Nice

   Vaun Ex

Elmo Hope   1963

   It Shouldn't Happen to a Dream


Birth of Modern Jazz: Elmo Hope

Elmo Hope

Source: All About Jazz


Birth of Modern Jazz: Wynton Kelly

Wynton Kelly

Source: Discogs


Born in 1931 in Brooklyn to Jamaican immigrants, pianist Wynton Kelly's is thought to have recorded as early as 1948, circa June, in NYC for Savoy: 'Swanee River', 'Jumpin' in Jack's House' (unissued), 'A Plug for Cliff' and 'Corn Bread'. His first solo recordings followed the next year along with tracks with Babs Gonzales. He released his debut album, 'Piano Interpretations', in 1951, also recording with DDinah Washington that year. Kelly was drafted into the military in 1952. He ended his service as director of the First Army traveling show, giving a performance before an audience of 10,000 at Chastain Memorial Park in Atlanta. After his two-year duty was completed he began working with Dizzy Gillespie again, as well as Charles Mingus. He released his second album, 'Piano', in 1958. He thereafter collaborated with all number of notable jazz musicians, meeting Wes Montgomery, for example in 1961. Fatefully, Kelly had been plagued with epilepsy. He died in Toronto, Ontario, at only age forty upon an epileptic seizure in 1971. More Kelly under Donald Byrd, Johnny Griffin and Hank Mobley.

Wynton Kelly   1951


  I'll Never Be Free/I Wanna Be Loved

      With Dinah Washington at Birdland

      Bass: Percy Heath   Drums: Art Blakey


      Piano solo

Wynton Kelly   1959

  On Green Dolphin Street

  Softly, As In A Morning's Sunrise

      Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

Wynton Kelly   1961

  Autumn Leaves

      Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Jimmy Cobb

Wynton Kelly   1965

  Smokin' at the Half Note

      Album   Guitar: Wes Montgomery

Wynton Kelly   1966

  Autumn Leaves

      Bass: Ron McClure   Drums: Jimmy Cobb




Marian McPartland first recorded piano in London on January 6, 1946, with her husband, celebrated early jazz cornetist, Jimmy McPartland. Born in England in 1918, McPartland began her career in 1938 as a vaudeville pianist by the stage name of Marian Page. Born in Great Britain, McPartland met her husband, Jimmy, in Europe during World War II upon his being drafted into the army. They married in 1944, after which Jimmy returned to the States with his bride to resume his musical career. Marian's first recordings were with Jimmy in London on January 6, 1946, with Harlequin. Featuring guitarist, Vic Lewis, with vocals by Grace Scott, those tracks were 'I've Found a New Baby', 'The World Is Waiting for the Sunrise', 'Sweet Lorraine' and, possibly, 'Rose Room' and 'Blues'. Marian's initial session as a leader in December 1949 in Chicago went unissued. Her next, however, on March 15, 1951, were issued by Federal and King, among others. Those titles were 'Flamingo', 'It's Delovely', 'Liebestraum No 3' and 'Four Brothers'. Some time later, 1952, Marian formed a trio to play at the Hickory House in New York City for the next eight years. In 1969 Marian founded her own record label, Halcyon Records, her last release with that label in 1979. McPartland recorded prolifically into the new millennium, contributing as late as 2008 to 'Twilight World' on Daryl Sherman's album, 'Johnny Mercer: A Centennial Tribute'. She died in August 2013. Bill Crow plays bass on all selections below for year 1955. Jimmy and Marian play together on a couple of later dates.

Marian McPartland   1955

  Chelsea Bridge

  I Could Write A Book

  Poor Little Rich Girl

  Sand In My Shoes

  Struttin' With Some Barbecue

Marian McPartland   1956

  Dark Eyes

      Saxophone: Stan Getz

      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

Marian McPartland   1960

  Peter Gunn Theme

      Cornet: Jimmy McPartland

Marian McPartland   1964

  Things Ain't What They Used To Be

      Filmed live

Marian McPartland   1974

  In a Mist

Marian McPartland   1975


 At the Top

     Film   Cornet: Jimmy McPartland


Birth of Modern Jazz: Marian PcPartland

Marian McPartland

Source: Marian McPartland



Birth of Modern Jazz: Terry Gibbs

Terry Gibbs & Terry Pollard

Source: Women in Jazz


Born in 1923, pianist Terry Pollard is thought to have first recorded with Billy Mitchell in 1948. Best known in association with Terry Gibbs, with whom she toured in the fifties, Pollard's first and only album, 'Terry Pollard', appeared in 1955. Considering her enormous talent her early retirement as a professional musician remains unfortunate to jazz, though she continued to play locally in Detroit where her career had been centered. Pollard died in December 2009.

Terry Pollard   1955

   Autumn Serenade

   The Coninental

      Vibes: Terry Gibbs

Terry Pollard   1956

   Gibberish/Now's the Time

      Live performance   Vibes: Terry Gibbs



Born in 1920 in Concord, California, pianist Dave Brubeck is thought to have made his first recording in 1942: 'I've Found A New Baby' (available on CD, 'Jazz at the College of the Pacific, Vol. 2', first released in 1953). He met his future partner, Paul Desmond, in the army in 1944. Upon release from the service the pair met again in California in 1948 and produced their first recordings together with Brubeck's octet, an audition for NBC on the Fantasy label, tracks from which would be found on the 1950 release of the album, 'Dave Brubeck Octet'. While Desmond left for NYC to play with Jack Fina, Brubeck put together a trio with Ron Crotty on bass and Cal Tjader on drums, which first four recordings, made in September 1949, were 'Blue Moon', 'Tea For Two', 'Indiana' and 'Laura', those released that year. Upon Desmond's return to California in 1950 the pair formed a quartet. That quartet's first recordings were scheduled in August 1951: 'A Foggy Day', 'Lyons Busy', 'Somebody Loves Me' and 'Crazy Chris (Crazy Time)'. Brubeck's portrait appeared on 'Time' magazine's cover in 1954. Their album, 'Time Out', in 1959 was the first jazz album to sell platinum (one million copies). Brubeck and Desmond played together in their quartet until 1967, after which Brubeck began composing orchestral and choral pieces with Christian themes. (He would become a Catholic in 1980.) A recipient of several prestigious awards, Brubeck died of heart failure in Norwalk, Connecticut, in December 2012. Dave Brubeck is also found under Paul Desmond in Modern Jazz Saxophone. Per 1949 below, all tracks are with the Dave Brubeck Trio.

Dave Brubeck   1949

   Blue Moon/Tea For Two



Dave Brubeck   1950

   Fugue on Bop Themes

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Let's Fall In Love

     Dave Brubeck Trio

Dave Brubeck   1951


      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Lyons Busy

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1953

   How High the Moon

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond


   Over the Rainbow

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Tea For Two

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   The Way You Look Tonight

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1954


      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1958

   Newport 1958

      Album   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1959

   Blue Rondo à la Turk

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1961

   Jazz Casual

      Live on 'Jazz Casual'   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

   Unsquare Dance

Dave Brubeck   1962

   Countdown: Time in Outer Space

      Album  Saxophone: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1963

   Blue Rondo à la Turk

      Live at Carnegie Hall   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1964

   Jazz 625

      Live on 'Jazz 625'   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Jazz at Storyville

     Album    Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Theme From 'Mr. Broadway'

      Alto sax: Paul Desmond

   Time Changes

      Album   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1965


Dave Brubeck   1966

   Time In

Dave Brubeck   1971

   All the Things You Are

      Live with Paul Desmond & Gerry Mulligan

Dave Brubeck   1972

   Take Five

      Live performance   Saxophone: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   1975

   The Duets

      Album   Alto sax: Paul Desmond

Dave Brubeck   2001

   Jazzwoche Burghausen


Dave Brubeck   2004

   Take Five im Quartet



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Brubeck

Dave Brubeck

Source: ED2000

Birth of Modern Jazz: Ray Bryant

Ray Bryant

Source: Stomp Off


Ray Bryant started playing piano at age six. He first recorded in 1945 with the Jimmy Johnson Big Band but those unknown titles weren't released. Bryant began touring with Tiny Grimes in 1948, he first recording with Grimes in 1949 for the Gotham label: 'Hey Now', 'Drinkin' Beer', 'My Baby Left Me' and 'Hey Mr. J.B.'. After sessions in 1955 with mouth harp player, Toots Thielemans, Bryant recorded his first name releases with Betty Carter and the Ray Bryant Trio, Epic issuing 'Meet Betty Carter and Ray Bryant' that year. From that point onward Bryant played with a number of top names in jazz, beginning with a session for Prestige in August 1955 with the Miles Davis Sextet. Bryant thereafter released at least one album nigh every year through 1997 in addition to albums on which he backed other musicians. He issued 'In the Back Room' in 2008, three years before his death in June of 2011. Bryant will also be found under Toots Thielemans in Jazz Guitar.

Ray Bryant   1949

 Hey Now

     With Tiny Grimes

  Drinking Beer

     With Tiny Grimes

Ray Bryant   1955

 Get Happy

  I Could Write a Book

     Vocalist: Betty Carter

Ray Bryant   1957

 Blue Changes

     Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

 Golden Earrings

     Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright


     Bass: Ike Isaacs   Drums: Charles Wright

Ray Bryant   1958

 Until The Real Thing Comes Along

     Saxophone: Coleman Hawkins

Ray Bryant   1967

 Fox Stalker

 Paper Cup

 Slow Freight

Ray Bryant   1968

 Above the Rock

Ray Bryant   1973

 Jazz Session

   Filmed live 

Ray Bryant   1976

 Good Morning Heartache

Ray Bryant   1989


Ray Bryant   1995

 In the Back Room



Pianist Phineas Newborn Jr. first recorded with his brother, guitarist Calvin Newborn, in 1949, backing what were BB King's first recordings as well (Sun Records). He and Calvin also early played with Big Walter Horton. Born in 1931, his first name recordings are thought to have been as the Phineas Newborn Quartet in 1953 in Houston: 'How High The Moon' and ''Round Midnight', his brother on guitar (Peacock's Progressive Jazz 500). Newborn's initial album release as a leader was in 1956 for Atlantic. He died in 1989 of lung issues.

Phineas Newborn   1949

  She's Dynamite

      Backing BB King

Phineas Newborn   1951

  Hard Hearted Woman

      Mouth harp: Big Walter Horton

Phineas Newborn   1959

  Give Me the Simple Life

 Golden Earrings

Phineas Newborn   1961

  For Carl

 Juicy Lucy


Phineas Newborn   1962

  Jazz Scene USA

     Television show

Phineas Newborn   1964

  Be Deedle Dee Do

 Good Lil' Man



Birth of Modern Jazz: Phineas Newborn

Phineas Newborn

Source: Phineas Newborn Jr


  Upon graduating from the New England Conservatory in Boston, Claude Williamson began his professional career in 1947 playing with Teddy Edwards, then Red Norvo, in San Francisco. He first recorded in 1949 with Charlie Barnet (none found, among them, 'Claude Reigns'), after which he worked with vocalist June Christy for a couple of years. Williamson cut vinyl in 1953 for Bethlehem records with Charlie Mariano, then Oscar Pettiford the next year, also appearing on Pacific Jazz Records' Jazz West Coast series in '54. He worked with Bud Shank during the fifties. During the sixties he was pianist for the 'Andy Williams Show' and the 'Sonny and Cher' television series. In the latter seventies and eighties Williamson toured and recorded in Japan. Born in 1922 in Brattleboro, Vermont, Williamson is yet active in Los Angeles as of this writing.

Claude Williamson   1949

 Claude Reigns

Claude Williamson   1950

 A Mile Down the Highway

     Vocal: June Christy 

Claude Williamson   1953


Claude Williamson   1954


     With the Lighthouse All-Stars 

Claude Williamson   1955

 Don't Get Around Much Anymore

Claude Williamson   1977

 All The Things You Are

 I Love You

 My Romance

Claude Williamson   1992

 As Time Goes By

 Embraceable You


 Robbin's Nest

 Star Crossed Lovers

Claude Williamson   1993

 There Will Never Be Another You

 Work Song

Claude Williamson   1995



Birth of Modern Jazz: Claude Williamson

Claude Williamson

Source: Jazz Wax


  Born in 1932 in Montreal, it was 1950 when composer and pianist Paul Bley was first recorded on a Canadian television broadcast with tenor saxophonist Brew Moore (unfound). He also recorded with Charlie Parker a short time later but such is also unfound. The first Paul Bley Trio, (Charles Mingus on bass, Art Blakey on drums) was recorded in November of 1953 for the album, 'Introducing Paul Bley'. Bley was married for a brief time early in his career to composer and pianist Carla Bley. During the sixties Bley worked with Jimmy Giuffre and Sonny Rollins. He helped form the Jazz Composers Guild in 1964 to promote free form jazz in New York City. Bley addressed his music in the documentary, 'Imagine the Sound', released in 1981. He began instructing at the New England Music Conservatory in the nineties. As of this writing Bley is yet active.

Paul Bley   1953

 Embraceable You

      Album: 'Montreal 1953'

 Montreal 1953

      Album suite   Alto sax: Charlie Parker

  Split Kick

      Bass: Charles Mingus   Drums: Art Blakey

Paul Bley   1958

 Live in Los Angeles

      Ornette Coleman Quintet

Paul Bley   1961

 Stretching Out

      Bass: Steve Swallow   Clarinet: Jimmy Giuffre

Paul Bley   1962


 When Will the Blues Leave?

Paul Bley   1963



Paul Bley   1964



Paul Bley   1965



Paul Bley   1966


 Ida Lupino

 Only Sweetly


Paul Bley   1967



Paul Bley   1968

 El Cordobes

Kid Dynamite

  Mr. Joy

 Nothing Ever Was Anyway


Paul Bley   1972

 El Cordobes/King Korn


    Album: 'Dual Unity'   Vocal: Annette Peacock

Paul Bley   1973


   Filmed live

 Ida Lupino

Paul Bley   1976

 Japan Suite


Paul Bley   1977

 Pyramid 2

      Alto sax: Lee Konitz   Guitar: Bill Connors

Paul Bley   1985



Paul Bley   1985

 You Go to My Head

      With Chet Baker

Paul Bley   1988

 If I Loved You

Paul Bley   1992

 Ojos de Gato

Paul Bley   1993



Paul Bley   1994


Paul Bley   1996

 Time Will Tell

Paul Bley   2008

 Live in Oslo

   Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Bley

Paul Bley

Source: Stomp Beast


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jaki Byard

Jaki Byard
Born in 1922 in Worcester, Massachusetts, multi-instrumentalist Jaki Byard first played piano in bands professionally at age sixteen. He served in the military from 1941 to 1946. Upon discharge he went to Boston where he joined the band of Earl Bostic to tour in 1947. A couple years later he formed his own ensemble in Lynn, near Boston, to include Joe Gordon and Sam Rivers. A year later he returned to Boston to join the band of Charlie Mariano. Byard is thought to have made his debut recordings with Mariano in 1950, appearing on the first release of the Mariano album, 'Charlie Mariano With His Jazz Group'. 'Boston Days', again with Mariano, followed in 1953. 'Modern Saxophone Stylings of Charlie Mariano' arrived in 1955. 1957 found Byard on Herb Pomeroy's album, 'Life is a Many Splendored Gig'. Byard first recorded with Charles Mingus in July 1959 at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island. A session with Maynard Ferguson that October yielded several tracks with vocalist, Ann Marie Moss. Those issued were 'Let's Fall In Love', 'Where's Teddy' and 'Hey There'. A couple of studio sessions with Mingus followed in November that year in NYC. Byard recorded his debut album in 1960, 'Blues for Smoke', but it wasn't released until 1988. So the album, 'Here's Jaki', was Byard's initial LP release in 1961. Between 1962 and 1970 Byard appeared on above ten Mingus LPs. 1969 found Byard recording three albums with Eric Kloss, the year he began teaching at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston for the next fifteen years. He spent the next two decades teaching while performing in New York City. He was on the faculty of the Manhattan School of Music from '89 to '99. Byard issued his last of above 35 albums as a leader, 'My Mother's Eyes', in 1998. On February 11, 1999, Byard was found dead of a gunshot to his face through his nose in his home in Queens. Such remains one of the greater mysteries in jazz. It was clearly a homicide, no weapon found, but neither motive, such as robbery, nor any suspects either.

Jaki Bryard   1950


      Album: 'Charlie Mariano With His Jazz Group'

Jaki Bryard   1953


      Album: 'Modern Saxophone Stylings of Charlie Mariano'

Jaki Bryard   1960

   Blues for Smoke

      Album    Not released until 1988

Jaki Bryard   1961

   Giant Steps

      Album: 'Here's Jaki'

Jaki Bryard   1964

   European Episodes

      Album: 'Out Front!'

   Meditations On Integration

      Filmed live with Eric Dolphy & Charles Mingus

   So Long Eric

      Filmed live with Eric Dolphy & Charles Mingus

Jaki Bryard   1965

   Jazz Piano Workshop

      Filmed live

Jaki Bryard   1967


      Album: 'Sunshine Of My Soul'

   St. Louis Blues

      Album: 'Sunshine Of My Soul'


      Album: 'Sunshine Of My Soul'

Jaki Bryard   1968

   Memories Of You

      Album: 'The Jaki Byard Experience'

Jaki Bryard   1971

   Besame Mucho

      Album: 'Parisian Solos'

Jaki Bryard   1979

   Day Dream/Caravan

Jaki Bryard   1981

   To Them - To Us


Jaki Bryard   1998

   As Time Goes By/Misty

      Album: 'My Mothers Eyes'

    With the Apollo Stompers



Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Drew

Kenny Drew

Source: Jazz Wax

Kenny Drew first recorded with Howard McGhee in January 1950, also laying tracks with Sonny Stitt, Charlie Parker and Leo Parker that year. Drew played piano with several big names before releasing his first album in 1953. Drew moved to Paris in 1961, then Copenhagen three years later. In 1971 Drew collaborated with Dexter Gordon on the soundtrack for the film, 'Pornografi: En Musical'. He died in 1993. Per below, tenor sax by Lester Young is featured on all tracks for 1950.

Kenny Drew   1950

 Four Flats Unfurnished

 How High The Moon


 Mean to Me

Kenny Drew   1953

 Lo Flame

      Album: 'Introducing the Kenny Drew Trio'


      Album: 'New Faces, New Sounds'

Kenny Drew   1955

 Blues in a Cardboard Box


Kenny Drew   1956

 The Kenny Drew Trio


      Bass: Paul Chambers   Drums: Philly Jo Jones

Kenny Drew   1960


      Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

      Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

 Groovin' the Blues

      Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

      Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard


      Bass: Sam Jones   Drums: Louis Hayes

      Sax: Hank Mobley   Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

Kenny Drew   1961

 A Stranger in Paradise

      Tenor sax: Tina Brooks

Kenny Drew   1971

 Springtime in Tivoli

   Film: 'Pornografi: En Musical'   With Dexter Gordon

Kenny Drew   1974

  In Your Own Sweet Way

    Album: 'If You Could See Me Now'

     Bass: Niels-Henning Pedersen   Drums: Albert Heath

  A Stranger in Paradise

     Album: 'Dark Beauty'

Kenny Drew   1980


     Tenor Sax: Warne Marsh

     Bass: Bo Stief   Drums: Aage Tanggaaard



Birth of Modern Jazz: Tommy Flanagan

Tommy Flanagan

Source: Sheet Music Direct

Be-bop pianist Tommy Flanagan was born in Detroit in 1930. His father was a postman. His mother worked in the garment industry. He was yet in his teens when he was playing with Frank Rosolino, Lucky Thompson, Pepper Adams and Kenny Burrell. His first residency was at the Blue Bird Inn in Detroit at age nineteen. He is thought to have recorded as early as 1950 with Kenny Burrell and the Four Sharps, Yusef Lateef also in that band. He also played with saxophonist (not the guitarist) George Benson in Toledo before getting drafted into the Army. Flanagan left the military for New York City in 1956 where he worked in clubs and recorded with the Kenny Burrell Quintet , the Thad Jones Sextet, the Miles Davis Quintet, the Kenny Clarke Quintet, the Sahib Shihab Sextet, the Oscar Pettiford Orchestra, the Phil Woods Septet, the Sonny Rollins Quartet, the JJ Johnson Quintet and the Bobby Jaspar Quartet, all that year. He also accompanied Ella Fitzgerald for the first time in 1956. Flanagan released his first album in his own name, 'Overseas', in 1957 as the Tommy Flanagan Trio with bassist Wilbur Little and drummer Elvin Jones. His second album, 'The Cats', followed that year with a sextet. During the sixties Flanagan accompanied Ella Fitzgerald, Art Farmer and Tony Bennett. From 1968 to '78 he worked with Fitzgerald. In 1980 he played in a trio with Red Mitchell and Tal Farlow, filling out the eighties with his own trio including bassist, George Mraz. Flanagan toured Japan with 100 Golden Fingers in '90, '93 and '97. He died in 2001 in Manhattan. More Flanagan with Kenny Burrell.

Tommy Flanagan   1956

  Afternoon In Paris

      Kenny Clarke Quintet


      Sahib Shihab Sextet

  In Your Own Sweet Way

      Miles Davis Quintet

  No Line

      Kenny Burrell Quartet

  Saxophone Colossus

      Album with Sonny Rollins


      Thad Jones Sextett

  Tom's Thumb

      Kenny Clark Quintet

  Vierd Blues

      Miles Davis Quintet

  Your Host

      Kenny Clarke Quintet


      Thad Jones Sextet

Tommy Flanagan   1957


      Kenny Burrell Quartet


      Album: 'Overseas'


      Album: 'The Cats'

  Relaxin' at Camarillo

      Bass: Wilbur Little   Drums: Elvin Jones


      Bass: Wilbur Little Drums: Elvin Jones

Tommy Flanagan   1960

  At Dawning

      Sax: Coleman Hawkins

  Then I'll Be Tired Of You

      Sax: Coleman Hawkins



Birth of Modern Jazz: Barry Harris

Barry Harris

Source: Wikipedia


Barry Harris was born in Detroit in 1929. He may have first recorded in 1950 with Christine Harris and Frank Foster (specifically, 'Hopper Topper' and 'Sante Fe Shuffle', neither found). Harris released his first album as a leader in 1958, 'Breakin' It Up'. In 1982 he became a founding partner of the Jazz Cultural Theater in NYC, that venue remaining open until 1987. As of this writing Harris is yet active conducting workshops in New York City.

Barry Harris   1958

  Allen's Alley



Barry Harris   1959

  All the Things You Are

 Stranger In Paradise

Barry Harris   1965

  Shiny Stockings

      With Dexter Gordon

Barry Harris   1967

  Even Steven

Barry Harris   1972


      With Sonny Stitt

Barry Harris   1976

  I'll Remember April

      Live in Tokyo

  I'll Remember April

      With Dexter Gordon


  Dick Hyman was a classically trained pianist born in NYC in 1927. He is thought to have first recorded in 1949 with vocalist, Jackie Paris. That was ''Round Midnight' (composed by Thelonious Monk) but not released by Paris until 1955. In 1950 the Dick Hyman Quartet was recorded at the Birdland in NYC. Those four tracks were issued that year on a Miles Davis' album titled 'A Very Special Concert'. In 1952 Hyman found himself on television with Charlie Parker in the latter's only television appearance. He recorded the LP, 'New Orleans Rag', in 1955 but it is thought to have gone unpublished. 1956 found Hyman on tracks with Morgana King, the same year he released his debut album, 'The Unforgettable Sound Of the Dick Hyman Trio'. If anyone knew ragtime it was Hyman, releasing 'Knuckles O'Toole Plays the Greatest All Time Ragtime Hits' in 1958. During the sixties he oft performed on the 'Sing Along With Mitch' television show. Also during the sixties he issued a couple of LPs on which he featured the Moog synthesizer. From 1969 to 1974 Hyman was organist on the television game show, 'Beat the Clock'. Amidst other album releases and demand as a studio musician Hyman continued his examination of ragtime with his 1976 release of 'Scott Joplin: 16 Classic Rags'. He explored Duke Ellington on the 1990 issue of 'Dick Hyman Plays Duke Ellington'. Hyman was inducted into the Jazz Hall of Fame in 1995.

Dick Hyman   1952

  Hot House

        Television program with Charlie Parker

Dick Hyman   1956

   Moritat (Theme From Threepenny Opera)

Dick Hyman   1958

   Ragtime Razz Matazz

     Album: 'Knuckles O'Toole Plays the Greatest All Time Ragtime Hits'

Dick Hyman   1965

   The Man From U.N.C.L.E.

Dick Hyman   1969


     Album: 'The Age of Electronicus''

   The Electric Eclectics of Dick Hyman


Dick Hyman   1971

   Rainy Days and Mondays

     Album: 'fantomfingers'

Dick Hyman   1985


     Filmed live

Dick Hyman   1992

   Body and Soul

     Filmed live

Dick Hyman   2013

   I'll See You in My Dreams

     Duet with Stephanie Trick   Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dick Hyman

Dick Hyman

Source: All About Jazz

Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave McKenna

Dave McKenna

Photo: Brian O'Connor

Source: All About Jazz


Dave McKenna played professionally as a teenager with the Boots Mussulli band. At 19 he left home to join the Charlie Ventura Orchestra. His first known recordings were shortly thereafter with Woody Herman's Second Herd, in 1950, before being drafted into the army. (One of those below, though McKenna isn't at all featured.) A humble man, McKenna, who once remarked he wasn't a "bona fide jazz guy", but "just a saloon piano player." McKenna began his solo recording career in 1955. His last recording was 'An Intimate Evening With Dave McKenna', released on Arbors Records in 2002. He died in 2008 in Woonsocket, Rhode Island.

Dave McKenna   1950

   Starlight Souvenirs

      With Woody Herman

Dave McKenna   1957

   Sweet Sue, Just You

      Tenor sax: Charlie Ventura

Dave McKenna   1962

   Bill Bailey

     With Bobby Hackett

Dave McKenna   1979

   Have You Met Miss Jones

Dave McKenna   1982

   Live in Boston

     Vocal: Tony Bennett

Dave McKenna   1983

   Lazy River

Dave McKenna   1989

   Dream Dancing

Dave McKenna   1993

   42nd Street



Pianist Horace Silver was discovered by Stan Getz in Connecticut in 1950. It's with Getz that Silver is thought to have made his initial recordings, also in 1950, in New York City for the Roost label. He would also record with the Lou Donaldson Quintet and the Terry Gibbs Sextet before grooving his first name tracks for Blue Note in October 1952, those recorded at WOR Studios in NYC with drummer, Art Blakey, and bassist, Gene Ramey. Albeit Blakey had already recorded with a group he'd called the Jazz Messengers in 1947 that was a brief affair. Under Silver's leadership the Messenger's name was resurrected, leading to its first name release in 1955 as 'Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers'. Silver and Blakey separated in 1956, leaving leadership of the Messengers to Blakey. Silver thereafter collaborated with all number of the bigger names in jazz, becoming among the most notable names in jazz piano during the latter half of the 20th century. He died in June of 2014, leaving a prolific trail of recordings behind him: 36 studio albums, three live albums and seven compilations.

Horace Silver   1952

 Strike Up the Band

      Tenor sax: Stan Getz

  Tootsie Roll

     Tenor sax: Stan Getz

Horace Silver   1952

 Potter's Luck

      Saxophone: Stan Getz

Art Blakey   1955


    Album: 'Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers'

   Prelude To a Kiss

     Drums: Art Blakey   Recorded 1952

Horace Silver   1956

  Señor Blues

Horace Silver   1959

  Blowin' The Blues Away

  Señor Blues

      Live performance

Horace Silver   1962

  The Tokyo Blues


     Tenor sax: Stan Getz

Horace Silver   1963

  Silver's Serenade

Horace Silver   1964

  Lonely Woman

      Album: 'Song For My Father'

Horace Silver   1965

  The African Queen

Horace Silver   1968

  Serenade To a Soul Sister

  Song For My Father

      Live version

Horace Silver   1970

  Acid, Pot or Pills

Horace Silver   1972

  In Pursuit of the 27th Man

  Summer In Central Park

Horace Silver   1974

  Liberated Brother

      Umbria Jazz Festival

Horace Silver   1976

  Live at the Umbria Jazz Festival


Horace Silver   1978

  The Gods Of The Yoruba


Birth of Modern Jazz: Horace Silver

Horace Silver

Photo: Dimitri Savitski

Source: Wikiwand




Born Frederick (Fritz) Russell Jones in 1930 in Pittsburg, pianist Ahmad Jamal ('highly praised beauty" in Arabic) began his career with the George Hudson Orchestra in 1948. Conceived to Baptist parents, Jamal converted to Islam in 1950. His first recordings (including 'Ahmad's Blues'), were recorded in 1951 for the Okeh label with a group called the Three Strings. Wikipedia also dates the founding of Epic Records as 1953 (by Columbia, which also owned the Okeh label among others). Nevertheless, another source (the Ahmad Jamal website) catalogues Jamal with the Three Strings with Epic for 1951 releases of 'The Surrey with the Fringe on Top', 'Will You Still Be Mine', 'Rica Pulpa' and 'Perfidia'. 1952 releases, including 'Ahmad's Blues', are also catalogued as Epic. Jamal also recorded for the Chicago label, Parrot, between '53 and '55. The Three Strings, with personnel changes, released the album, 'Live at Pershing: But Not For Me', in 1958. Jamal's 'Poinciana' was first released on that album. After a tour of Africa Jamal disbanded the Three Strings and opened a club and restaurant in Chicago called The Alhambra. Jamal then put together a new ensemble in '64 to tour and record the album, 'Extensions', released in 1965. In 1986 Jamal sued Jewish critic, composer and musician, Leonard Feather, for using Jamal's non-Muslim name in a publication, greater circumstance, if any, unknown. (It seems Feather, now deceased, had written at least one dismissive review of Jamal, perhaps at that period. To this day another Jewish critic Jamal bans from mention, along with religion, during interviews is Ira Gitler. Knowing nothing about such, we leave it at coincidence. Knowing not what relevance, but relatively, Jamal produced 'The Fundamental Question' for Channel 4 in England in 1996, a documentary film concerning the rise of fundamentalist versus secularist Islam.) As of this writing Jamal is yet active. His last album release was 'Saturday Morning' as of 2013.

Ahmad Jamal   1952

   Ahmad's Blues

   A Gal in Calico

  Aki & Ukthay (Brother & Sister)

Ahmad Jamal   1956

   Jim Love Sue


   They Can't Take That Away From Me

Ahmad Jamal   1958

   Billy Boy

  I'll Remember April


  Surrey with Fringe On Top

  Woody'n You

Ahmad Jamal   1959

  Darn That Dream


Ahmad Jamal   1961

   Isn't It Romantic

Ahmad Jamal   1970

   The Awakening


Ahmad Jamal   1971



Ahmad Jamal   1992


      Bass: James Cammack   Drums: David Bowler

Ahmad Jamal   2008


      Bass: James Cammack

      Drums: Idris Muhammad

Ahmad Jamal   2012

   Live in Paris

      Concert film with Yusef Lateef



Birth of Modern Jazz: Ahmad Jamal

Ahmad Jamal

Photo: Chuck Stewart

Source: Village Voice



Born in 1924 in East Durham, New York, singer Blossom Dearie switched from classical piano to jazz as a teenager. In 1952, age 28, she took off for France where she formed the group, The Blue Stars of France. Returning to America in 1956, she recorded her first record album the following year. During the sixties she recorded four albums in the United Kingdom. Her career venues were largely shared between London and New York City. Dearie died in 2009 in her flat in Greenwich Village, NYC. More of Dearie, including a few of her earlier recordings in France.

Blossom Dearie   1955

   April In Paris


Birth of Modern Jazz: Blossom Dearie

Blossom Dearie

Source: Soulful Planet


  Born in 1925 in Leipzig, Germany, Jutta Hipp studied painting before moving to West Germany upon Soviet occupation and the establishment of East Germany (German Democratic Republic) in 1949. Among the names with whom she first played piano was tenor saxophonist, Hans Koller, Hipp also forming her first ensemble at that time. Hipp is thought to have grooved her debut recordings in 1952, the same year she began working with guitarist, Attila Zoller. Hipp recorded in Germany into 1955, releasing the album, 'Jutta (New Faces - New Sounds From Germany)' that year, then emigrated to the United States, there releasing the album, 'At the Hickory House Vol. 1', the same year. In 1956 she issued 'At the Hickory House Vol. 2', also featuring at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island that year. Also in 1956 she recorded the album, 'Jutta Hipp with Zoot Sims', released the following year. Hipp left the music industry in 1958 to paint, supporting herself in a garment factory. One source explains that she dropped away from the jazz scene due that she didn't possess a business drive, especially as rock music was by that time stealing away jazz audiences: she played piano well enough, but owned small ambition and was socially withdrawn. Another source cites that she suffered PTSD (post-traumatic stress syndrome) due largely to living in Germany during the war years. Though she played weekends until 1960 she gradually fully settled into employment at Wallach’s Clothiers, where she remained until retirement in the nineties. Among the few musicians with whom she remained in contact throughout her life was alto saxophonist, Lee Konitz. Hipp died in 2003 of pancreatic cancer in Queens. Saxophonist, Zoot Sims, performs with Hipp on all tracks for 1956 below.

Jutta Hipp   1952

   Indian Summer

Jutta Hipp   1954

   Ack Varmeland Du Skona

      Tenor Sax: Joki Freund & Hans Koller


      Bass: Hans Kresse   Drums: Karl Sanner

   Frankfurt Special

      Tenor Sax: Joki Freund & Hans Koller


      Tenor Sax: Joki Freund

   Simon/Cool Dogs/Yogi

      Album: 'Cool Europe'   Tenor Sax: Joki Freund

Jutta Hipp   1956

   Almost Like Being In Love

   Down Home

   Just Blues

  S' Wonderful

   Too Close For Comfort

   These Foolish Things

  Violets For Your Furs

  Wee Dot


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jutta Hipp

Jutta Hipp

Source: Discogs

  Composer/pianist, Stan Tracey, was born in 1926 in Denmark Hill, South London. With World War II interrupting his education, he became a professional accordionist at age sixteen, performing with ENSA (Entertainments National Service Association), providing music to British armed forces. He himself was in the Royal Air Force before taking gigs on ocean liners, the Queen Mary and Coronia. He toured the UK in 1951 with Cab Calloway before his initial recording sessions in 1952 with the Kenny Baker Swing Group: 'Lullaby of Birdland'/'Exploitation' and 'Round About Midnight'/'Afternoon in Paris'. Tracey recorded numerously with Baker into 1954. He had also recorded with the Victor Feldman All Stars in 1952 ('Lullaby In Rhythm', 'Serenity', 'Just Friends' and 'Euphony'). In January of 1955 he taped 'Monument' and 'Euphony' with the Harry Klein Quintet. 1956 found him playing vibes on 'Lullaby' and 'Tropical Sun' by Kenny Graham and his Satellites. Tracey was performing with the Ted Heath Orchestra when he issued his first album in 1958: 'Showcase'. From 1960 to 1967/68 he was house pianist at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club in London. He founded his own label, Steam, in the seventies, which ran out of steam in the nineties. Some of his partners through the years were Prince Lasha, Evan Parker, Mike Osborne, Keith Tippett and John Surman. Tracey was prolific in the studio, releasing nigh fifty albums as a leader. His latest is thought to have been 'A Child's Christmas' in 2011, he dying of cancer in December 2013. Per 1956 below, Tracey is listed in discographies on tracks by the Ronnie Scott/Tony Crombie Orchestra, but you wouldn't know it by the recordings. Per 'Lullaby', Tracey records on vibes for the first time, an instrument he wouldn't long pursue. Per 1986, edits were filmed at a tribute to Duke Ellington at the Bath International Jazz Festival.

Stan Tracey   1956

  Drop Me Off In Harlem

     Ronnie Scott/Tony Crombie Orchestra


     Kenny Graham & His Satellites


     Ronnie Scott/Tony Crombie Orchestra

Stan Tracey   1964

  Afro Charlie

     LP: 'The New Departures Quartet'


     LP: 'The New Departures Quartet'

Stan Tracey   1965


     LP: 'Jazz Suite Inspired by Dylan Thomas'

  Starless and Bible Black

     LP: 'Jazz Suite Inspired by Dylan Thomas'

  Under Milk Wood

     LP: 'Jazz Suite Inspired by Dylan Thomas'

Stan Tracey   1966

  Alice in Jazz Land

     LP: 'Alice In Jazz Land'

Stan Tracey   1967

  Everywhere Derriere

     LP: 'With Love From Jazz'

  Let Them Crevulate

     LP: 'In Person'

Stan Tracey   1968


     LP: 'Latin American Caper'

Stan Tracey   1969

  I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart

     Filmed live with Ian Carr

  I'm Beginning to See the Light

     Filmed live with Ian Carr

Stan Tracey   1970

  Still Looking

     LP: 'Perspectives'

Stan Tracey   1975

  Panama Red


Stan Tracey   1986

  Festival Junction

  I'm Beginning to See the Light

  In a Sentimental Mood


Stan Tracey   2008

  Live at Soho Pizza Express

     Filmed in London


Birth of Modern Jazz: Stan Tracey

Stan Tracey   1986

Source: Getty Images

  Malcolm Earl "Mal" Waldron was born in 1925 in New York City. He took his bachelor degree in music in 1949. He also made his first recordings in 1949. But those were unissued, Waldron not appearing on released tracks until a session in 1952 with Ike Quebec for the Hi-Lo label: 'Whispering Winds' and 'Kiss Of Fire'. He recorded with Emmett Davis on the same day (April 18) for the same label: 'Rippin' and Runnin'/'Look What'cha Done'. From 1954 to 1956 Waldron played with Charles Mingus, Lucky Millinder and Lucky Thompson. It was 1956 that Waldron put together his own band and created his debut album, 'Mal-1'. He backed Billie Holiday from 1957 until her death in 1959. Waldron's career came to serious threat in 1963 due to heroin overdose. Upon recovering, a change of scenery to Europe was of assistance, he eventually moving to Munich in 1967. Waldron's first visit to Japan was in 1970. He recorded several albums with jazz vocalist, Jeanne Lee, during the nineties. Waldron performed his last concert in December 2002, dying two weeks later of complications arising from cancer. Per below, all tracks for 1987 are from the album, 'Breaking New Ground'.

Mal Waldron   1956


     Alto sax: Jackie McLean

  Dee's Dilemma

      Alto sax: Jackie McLean


      Album: 'Mal-1'

Mal Waldron   1959

 Cat Walk

 Left Alone

Mal Waldron   1971

 Warm Canto

 First Encounter

     Album   Bass: Gary Peacock

     Drums: Hiroshi Murakami

Mal Waldron   1973

 Snake Out

     Album: 'Up Popped the Devil'

Mal Waldron   1983

 Desespoir Agreable

 'Round Midnight

 Waltz for My Mother

 You and the Night and the Music

Mal Waldron   1986

 Left Alone

    Filmed live   Alto sax: Jackie McLean

Mal Waldron   1987

 Everything Must Change

 Gemnopedie #2

 Suicide Is Painless

 Thy Freedom Come

Mal Waldron   1994

 Goodbye Pork Pie Hat

      Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Mal Waldron   1995

 Free Improvisations

      Live performance

Mal Waldron   1997

 Peggy's Blue Skylight

      With Steve Lacy


      With Steve Lacy

 Soul Eyes

      Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Mal Waldron   2000

 I Thought About You

     Vocal: Jeanne Lee

Mal Waldron   2002

 The Seagulls of Kristiansund

 Soul Eyes


Birth of Modern Jazz: Mal Waldron

Mal Waldron

Source: Discogs

Birth of Modern Jazz: Toshiko Akiyoshi

Toshiko Akiyoshi

Source: Jazz Talk

Classical fans of Mitsuko Uchida, meet the Uchida of jazz, Toshiko Akiyoshi, whose recording career began much earlier in 1953 upon discovery by pianist Oscar Peterson. Born in Japan in 1929, Akiyoshi's first recorded with Peterson that year, also releasing the album, 'Toshiko's Piano' in 1953, performed with guitarist Herb Ellis, bassist Ray Brown and drummer J.C. Heard. She became the first Japanese student at the Berklee Shool of Music in Boston in 1956, attending on scholarship. She married saxophonist, Charlie Mariano, in 1959. In 1969 she married saxophonist, Lew Tabackin, with whom she formed a 16-piece big band band in 1973 to release the album, 'Kogun', the next year. In 1982 she and Tabackin formed the Toshiko Akiyoshi Jazz Orchestra. Akiyoshi's proclivity to work with big bands meant that a number of her recordings were released only in Japan, as by the time she entered the music business big bands were becoming passé in the States, the more so over the decades. Akiyoshi published her autobiography, 'Life with Jazz', in 1997. She dissolved her orchestra in 2003, 'Last Live in Blue Note Tokyo', released in 2004, its last recording. Having difficulty acquiring recording contracts for orchestral jazz, she then concentrated on piano. She became an NEA Jazz Master in 2007. As of this writing Akiyoshi yet lives with her husband in Manhattan.

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1957

   Blues For Toshiko

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1958

   The Third Movement

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1975

   Long Yellow Road

      With the Lew Tabackin Big Band

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1976

   Road Time Shuffle

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1996

   Dance of the Gremlins

   Feast In Milano

   Strive For Jive

Toshiko Akiyoshi   1997

   Count Your Blessings

     Live at the Blue Note Tokyo

   Sophisticated Lady

     Live at the Blue Note Tokyo

Toshiko Akiyoshi   2000

   Harvest Shuffle



Sonny Clark, organ and piano, left Pennsylvania for California at age 20 to pursue a career in jazz. He soon met Wardell Gray and Oscar Pettiford. Clark's first recording sessions are thought to have been in 1953 with the Teddy Charles West Coasters, Charles on vibes, Frank Morgan on alto sax and Wardell Gray on tenor sax. He began touring Europe and the United States with Buddy DeFranco in 1953, after which he settled in New York to play with singer, Dinah Washington. Clark's first album, 'Oakland', was released in 1955. He released his second album, 'Dial "S" For Sonny', in 1957. Having been born in Herminie, PA, in 1931, Clark died young at age 31 of heart attack.

Sonny Clark   1953


      Teddy Charles' West Coasters

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

      Tenor sax: Wardell Gray

  The Man I Love

      Teddy Charles' West Coasters

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

      Tenor sax: Wardell Gray

  Paul's Cause

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

      Tenor sax: Wardell Gray

   So Long Broadway

      Alto sax: Frank Morgan

Sonny Clark   1954

   Blues In the Closet

      With Buddy DeFranco

   A Foggy Day

      With Buddy DeFranco

   Once In A While

      Jimmy Raney Quartet

Sonny Clark   1957

   Bootin' It

      With Art Farmer

   Love Walked In

   Sonny's Mood

      With Art Farmer

Sonny Clark   1958

   All Of You

Sonny Clark   1961

   Eric Walks

   Melody For C



Birth of Modern Jazz: Sonny Clark

Sonny Clark

Source: Jazz Wax

  Vince Guaraldi began performing on piano during college, that early inclination interrupted by service as an army cook during the Korean War. Upon discharge he found employment as an intermission pianist at the Black Hawk in San Francisco, a rather intimidating job due that it was Art Tatum for whom he filled in the breaks. In 1953 Guaraldi joined the Cal Tjader Trio with which he is thought to have first recorded on the album, 'The Cal Tjader Trio'. Three years later he formed his own trio and cut his first album, 'Vince Guaraldi Trio'. Tjader plays both drums and vibes in tracks below. Born in 1928 in San Francisco, Guaraldi's last recording, the soundtrack for 'It's Arbor Day, Charlie Brown', took place on February 6, 1976, he dropping dead later that day, possibly of heart attack.

Vince Guaraldi   1953


      With Cal Tjader

   Lullaby of the Leaves

       With Cal Tjader

   Three Little Words

       With Cal Tjader


       With Cal Tjader

Vince Guaraldi   1956


      Album: 'Vince Guaraldi Trio'

Vince Guaraldi   1957

   A Flower is a Lovesome Thing


Vince Guaraldi   1962

   Cast Your Fate to the Wind


Birth of Modern Jazz: Vince Guaraldi

Vince Guaraldi

Source: Jazz Times


Michel Legrand was born in 1932 in Paris. He entered the Paris Conservatory of Music at age ten, where he studied until age eighteen. Upon leaving school he accompanied a number of French popular singers and also toured with Maurice Chevelier. Legrand recorded his first album, 'I Love Paris', at age 22 (1954). Legrand first recorded jazz in 1958 upon visiting the United States. In addition to jazz piano, Legrand conducted orchestras and wrote above 200 film and television scores (: 'Cléo from 5 to 7' in 1961, 'The Thomas Crown Affair' in 1968, 'F for Fake' in 1974). Legrand is yet active as of this writing, having released more than 100 albums.

Michel Legrand   1953

  Le pianiste du bal Loulou

      André Claveau

Michel Legrand   1954

  I Love Paris

  Moulin Rouge

Michel Legrand   1958

  Jitterbug Waltz

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

  Night In Tunisia

      Trumpets: Donald Byrd and Art Farmer


      Sax: Ben Webster

  'Round Midnight

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

Michel Legrand   1959

  Paris In the Spring

      Album: 'Jazz In Paris'

Michel Legrand   1970

  I Was Born in Love With You

      From the film 'Wuthering Heights'

Michel Legrand   1971

  Oum le dauphin

Michel Legrand   1972

  Pieces of Dreams

      With Sarah Vaughan

Michel Legrand   2001

  The Summer Knows

      Sax: Phil Woods

  Watch What Happens

      Sax: Phil Woods

  You Must Believe In Spring

      Sax: Phil Woods


Birth of Modern Jazz: Michel Legrand

Michel Legrand

Source: Armenpress

  Born in 1922 to Jewish parents in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Lalo Schifrin was largely an arranger and composer for film and television scores as well as a conductor and pianist. His most famous work is likely the theme to the television series, 'Mission Impossible', premiering in 1966. Schifrin didn't begin to study piano until age sixteen, then pursued sociology and law at the University of Buenos Aires. He quickly changed his major to music and enrolled at the Paris Conservatoire at age twenty. Schifrin played piano in Paris clubs before returning to Argentina to form an orchestra. His first arrangement to see vinyl was in 1951 per 'The Continental', performed by the All Stars Argentinos. His first piano recordings are thought to have been released in 1953 from a December 1952 session of 'Nunca Supe'/'Enigma Para Boppers', the latter 'Enigma Para Boppers' also his first recorded composition. His first performance on an album was as a pianist in 1955 on 'Piazzolla et Son Orchestre' released by Festival Records. (Thanks to Douglas Payne for recording information above.) Among Schiflin's more important musical associates was Dizzy Gillespie, with whom he worked in the latter fifties and early sixties. His initial film score was for 'Rhino!' released in 1963, followed by his first score for television in 1964, a movie titled 'See How They Run'. Themes for television shows rapidly followed, such as 'The Man From U.N.C.L.E.' and 'The Big Valley'. From that point onward Schifrin's career largely consisted of a prolific number of film scores and album releases. Schifrin is yet active as of this writing, touring internationally. Per below, arrangements and compositions are represented in addition to piano performances.

Lalo Schifrin   1958

   El Jefe

       Film theme

Lalo Schifrin   1959


       Conductor: Xavier Cugat


       'Voice of Firestone' television program

Lalo Schifrin   1960

   All the Things You Are

       With Jazz at the Philharmonic

       Live in Paris 


       With Jazz at the Philharmonic

     Filmed live in Paris

   Take the 'A' Train

       With Jazz at the Philharmonic

      Filmed live in Paris

Lalo Schifrin   1961


       Filmed live with Dizzy Gillespie

   Salt Peanuts

       Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

Lalo Schifrin   1962

   Bossa Nova


   An Evening in Sao Paulo


Lalo Schifrin   1966

   Bossa Nova

       Television theme

Lalo Schifrin   1967

   The Fox

       Film theme

Lalo Schifrin   1968


       Soundtrack suite

Lalo Schifrin   1970

   THX 1138

       Soundtrack suite

Lalo Schifrin   1974

   The Four Musketeers

       Film theme

Lalo Schifrin   2004

   Most Wanted

      Compilation album

         Arrangements 1968-79

Lalo Schifrin   2006

   Jazzwoche Burghausen 2006

       Filmed concert


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lalo Schifrin

Lalo Schifrin

Source: Hollywood Bowl

  Born in French Algeria in 1927, Martial Solal first recorded with Django Reinhardt in 1953 (two samples below). He also recorded with Don Byas in Paris later that year. He formed the Martial Solal Trio in 1953 as well, releasing his first album, 'French Modern Sounds' in 1954, followed by 'Martial Solal Trio', also recorded in 1953. Solal is yet active as of this writing. All cuts below from 1990 onward are live performances.

Martial Solal   1953

   I Cover the Waterfront

      With Django Reinhardt

   Le Soir

      With Django Reinhardt

Martial Solal   1954


Martial Solal   1960


      Album: 'À Bout de Souffle'

   New York Herald Tribune

      Album: 'À Bout de Souffle'

Martial Solal   1965

   On Green Dolphin Street

      Live performance

Martial Solal   1974


Martial Solal   1990


Martial Solal   2007

   Coming Yesterday

   The Last Time I Saw Paris

   Body & Soul/Begin the Beguine

   Tea For Two

  Vierson Jazz Festival 2007

    Filmed concert 

Martial Solal   2008

   Piano Solo

Martial Solal   2010

   My Funny Valentine

Martial Solal   2012



Birth of Modern Jazz: Martial Solal

Martial Solal

Photo: Jos L. Knaepen

Source: Musique a la Campagne

  Born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 1918, it isn't known when pianist Bobby Troup first recorded. It is known he had sold a couple compositions in 1941 ('Daddy', recorded by Sammy Kaye and the Andrew Sisters, and 'Snootie Little Cutie', recorded by Tommy Dorsey and Frank Sinatra). It was 1946 when he composed 'Route 66' (Nat King Cole in Rock 2) on his way to Los Angeles. But his first name recordings didn't occur until his release of the album, 'Bobby Troup!', in 1953. Troup had graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a degree in economics before joining the Marines, promoted to Captain in 1944. Troup was first married to Cynthia Hare (who contributed to lyrics on 'Route 66') in 1942. He later married vocalist Julie London in 1959. Troup also made appearances on film and television. He died in 1999 in Los Angeles.

Bobby Troup   1953


  I Can't Get Started

  Lemon Twist

  My Blue Heaven

  You're Lookin at Me

Bobby Troup   1955

   Little Girl Blue

   Love's Got Me In a Lazy Mood

Bobby Troup   1958

   Their Hearts Were Full of Spring

Bobby Troup   1964

   Route 66


   You'd Be So Nice To Come Home To

      Filmed live in Japan   Vocal: Julie London


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Troup

Bobby Troup

Source: Songbook

Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Costa

Eddie Costa

Source: Last FM

Eddie Costa's first recordings were made in 1954 with guitarist Sal Salvador ('Round Trip' one of those tracks). He recorded a number of duets with pianist, John Mehegan, the next year. Costa released his first recordings as a band leader in 1957, 'I Didn't Know What Time It Was' among them. Costa collaborated with a number of great jazz musicians during his very brief career. Born in Atlas, Pennsylvania, in 1930, he was killed in a late-night auto crash in 1962 on a highway in New York. During his eight years of professional activity he appeared on more than 100 albums.

Eddie Costa   1956

   Pile Driver

      Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

   Sweet and Lovely

      Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas


     Bass: Vinnie Burke   Drums: Nick Stabulas

Eddie Costa   1957

   I Didn't Know What Time It Was

   Let's Take a Chance On Love

Eddie Costa   1958


   I'll Know

   I've Never Been In Love Before

Eddie Costa   1959



   The House Of Blue Lights

   My Funny Valentine

   What's To Ya

   When I Fall In Love



Birth of Modern Jazz: Bill Evans

Bill Evans

Source: Notes on the Road

Bill Evans was born in 1929 in Plainfield, New Jersey. He began to play piano in his brother's band at age twelve. Though good at classical, but not improvisation, at that time, nine years later in 1950 he got his first job with Herbie Fields. Drafted into the Army in 1951, upon discharge Evans cut his first grooves with the Jerry Wald Orchestra in 1953 and 1955. Those albums were 'Jerry Wald And His Orchestra' and 'Listen To The Music Of Jerry Wald'. Evans also recorded with Lucy Reed in '55, tracks from that session appearing on her 1957 album, 'The Singing Reed'. Evans released his first name album, 'New Jazz Conceptions' in 1956. Also important during the fifties was his work with pianist, George Russell, trumpeter, Miles Davis and saxman, Cannonball Adderley. Evans stepped onto the heroin carpet in the latter fifties as well, which he rode until the early seventies. He first switched from acoustic to electric piano for the release of 'From Left to Right' in 1970. During the latter seventies Evans found cocaine to be choice. He recorded his last studio LP in 1979, 'We Will Meet Again', dying the next year of multiple causes: ulcer, cirrhosis, pneumonia and hepatitis. Among Evans' favorite nonmusical interests had been horseracing, frequently gambling sizable sums and winning. He also owned the horse, Annie Hall, with film producer, Jack Rollins. Evans will also be found under Toots Thielemans in Jazz 10.

Bill Evans   1956

   Kimona My House

      Guitar: Dick Garcia

  New Jazz Conceptions


Bill Evans   1958

   Play Fiddle Play

      Bass clarinet: Hal McKusick

     Drums: Paul Motian

     Guitar: Barry Galbrath

     Trumpet: Don Elliott

Bill Evans   1961

   Know What I Mean?

      Album   Sax: Cannonball Adderley

Bill Evans   1965

   Jazz 625

      Live concert


      Filmed live

Bill Evans   1970


      Album: 'Left to Right'

Bill Evans   1979

   We Will Meet Again


Birth of Modern Jazz: Hank Marr

Hank Mar

Source: Second Hand Songs

Born in 1927 in Columbus, Ohio, Hammond B3 organist, Hank Marr, lived in the same neighborhood with saxophonist, Roland Kirk. After a period in the military he gigged clubs in Tampa for a couple years before attending Ohio State University. In 1954 he joined Julian Dash in Chicago in the recording of a couple R&B tunes, 'So Let It Be' and 'Zig Zag' for Vee Jay Records. He began working with Rusty Bryant in 1958. Marr began issuing as a leader for the Federal label in 1961: 'Tonk Game'/'Hob Nobbin'', 'Ram-Bunk-Shush'/'The Push' and 'Travelin' Heavy'/'Mexican Vodka'. Marr issued his debut LP, 'Teentime Latest Dance Steps', in 1963, a collection of already issued recordings. The single, 'Greasy Spoon', released in '63, would show up on another collection in 1969 titled, 'The Greasy Spoon'. Marr had emphasized R&B during his brief recording career during the sixties. He is better favored, however, for his jazz recordings, such as those with guitarists, Wilbert Longmire and James Ulmer. Marr's career has emphasized other musical industry than the recording of record albums, such as television and education, beginning to teach at Ohio State in 1983. He died in March of 2004. Per 1954 below, not to confuse, but to note the anomaly, the back to back labels for Julian Dash would appear to gotten reversed on those particular records.

Hank Marr   1954

   So Let It Be

      Reverse titled as 'Zig Zag'

     With Julian Dash

   Zig Zag

      Reverse titled as 'So Let It Be'

     With Julian Dash

Hank Marr   1961

   Tonk Game

Hank Marr   1962

   Sweet Nancy

   Watusi Roll

Hank Marr   1963

   I Can't Go On/The Greasy Spoon


Hank Marr   1964

   One O'Clock Jump

      LP: 'Live at Club 502'

     Guitar: Wilbert Longmire

Hank Marr   1967

   Sounds From The Marr-Ket Place

      Album with James Ulmer

     Recorded 1964

Hank Marr   1968

   Down In the Bottom

Hank Marr   2001

   City Lights

     Filmed at the 501

     With Organic Chemistry



Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy Smith

Jimmy Smith

Source: Naver

While James Brown was delivering funk to rock n' roll fans organist Jimmy Smith brought funk to jazz listeners. Born in 1925 in Norristown, Pennsylvania, Smith began playing piano as a child. After service in the Navy he studied music at a couple colleges for a couple years before his big break arrived upon joining Don Gardner's outfit in 1951, the same year he began experimenting with the Hammond organ. Smith originally played piano with Gardner, but his first recordings with Gardner's band were on organ in 1954: 'New Kind of Love', 'When You're Gone', 'How Do You Speak To an Angel', 'Sonotone Bounce', 'I'll Walk Alone', 'Going Down Mary', 'It's a Sin To Tell a Lie' and 'I Hear a Rhapsody', all on the Bruce label. Smith began recording as a bandleader for Bluenote in 1956, releasing his first album, 'A New Sound... A New Star...', for that label the same year. He issued his first album for Verve, 'Bashin'', in 1962. Among the major names with whom Smith collaborated in the fifties and sixties were Wes Montgomery, Kenny Burrell and George Benson. In the seventies he played at his own Jimmy Smith Supper Club in Los Angeles. In 1978 he toured and recorded in South Africa. The eighties and nineties found Smith emphasizing recording again, also collaborating with various other prominent musicians. Smith moved to Flagstaff, Arizona, in 2004. His wife, Lola, died a few months later, and he himself, of natural causes, in February 2005. He began recording the LP, 'Legacy', in 2004 with Joey DeFrancesco, that platter released posthumously the next year.

Jimmy Smith   1954

   How Do You Speak To An Angel

      With Don Gardner

   Sonotone Bounce

      With Don Gardner

Jimmy Smith   1958


Jimmy Smith   1962

   Live on Jazz Scene USA

Jimmy Smith   1965

   Live for the BBC


Jimmy Smith   1971

   Dirty Roosta Booga

   First Class


Jimmy Smith   1972

   Root Down (and Get It)

Jimmy Smith   1974

   I Can't Get Enough

      Album: 'Paid in Full'

Jimmy Smith   1977

   Born to Groove

   Give Up The Booty

Jimmy Smith   1988

   Live at the ZDF Jazz Club

      Concert filmed live

Jimmy Smith   1995

   The Sermon

      Filmed live

Jimmy Smith   1996

   Funky Broadway

Jimmy Smith   2005

   I've Got My Mojo Workin'

     With Joey DeFrancesco



Birth of Modern Jazz: Randy Weston

Randy Weston

Source: Washington City Paper

Born in Brooklyn in 1926, pianist Randy Weston ran a restaurant in the latter forties frequented by name jazz musicians, whence he began playing gigs with Bull Moose Jackson and Eddie Cleanhead Vinson. In 1953 he began playing with Kenny Dorham, then with Cecil Payne, beginning in 1954. His first certain recording sessions were in April 1954, with bassist Sam Gill, for the Riverside and Milestone labels. Those eight tracks made their way onto the 10-inch album, 'Randy Weston Plays Cole Porter in a Modern Mood', released the same year. In 1955 he added drummer Art Blakey to his duo with Gill, releasing those six tracks on albums by various titles, again for Riverside and Milestone. That same year he exchanged Blakey for drummer Wilbert Hogan, recording ten tracks, again for Riverside. Unfortunately the earliest recordings by Weston to be found at YouTube aren't until his next recording project in 1956 with Cecil Payne, his first album that year, 'With These Hands', emerging. Among Weston's most significant collaborators during his career was trombonist Melba Liston. In the early sixties Weston began experimenting with African elements in jazz, releasing the album, 'Uhuru Afrika' ('Freedom Africa'), in 1960 (banned in South Africa in 1964). Weston moved to Morocco in 1968 where he worked with Gnawa musicians for the next five years, perhaps the most musically significant period of his life. In 2010 Weston published his autobiography, 'African Rhythms'. Weston issued a prolific number of albums during his career which is yet active as of this writing (9/2014), touring internationally. Weston plays with saxophonist Cecil Payne on all tracks below for year 1956.

Randy Weston   1956

   Don't Blame Me

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

   How High the Moon

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

   I Can't Get Started

      Album: 'With These Hands'


      Album: 'With These Hands'

   Little Niles

      Album: 'With These Hands'

   It's All Right With Me

      Album: 'Jazz A La Bohemia'

   The Man I Love

      Album: 'With These Hands'

   Once In a While

      Album: 'Jazz a la Bohemia'

   Run Joe

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

   Well, You Needn't

      Album: 'Modern Art Of Jazz'

Randy Weston   1958


      Newport Jazz Festival

Randy Weston   1959


      Live at the Five Spot in NYC

Randy Weston   1972

   African Cookbook

      Album: 'African Cookbook'

  Niger Mambo

      Album: 'Highlife'

   Night In Medina

      Album: 'Blue Moses'

Randy Weston   1973


Randy Weston   1974

   Uhuru Kwanza

      Album: 'Blues to Africa'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Zawinul

Joe Zawinul

Source: Secret Society

Born in Vienna, Austria, in 1932, Joe Zawinul was part Hungarian, part Czech. Zawinal was studying classical piano, clarinet and violin at the Konservatorium Wien when Venna came under siege by Allied forces during World War II. He and 28 other students were evacuated by the German military to Czechoslovakia where Zawinul's education continued under SS directorship. Upon the end of the war Zawinul returned to Vienna to further his studies in piano while playing accordion professionally. His first recordings with Hans Koller were on the 15th ('Laura', documentation unkown) and 16th of September, 1954. The latter were for the Elite Special label, assumed to be have been issued that year: 'Zero', 'These', 'M.S.K.' and 'Koller’s idea'. Zawinal recorded between 1955 (Hans Koller: 'Some Winds') and 1958 with the Fatty George Jazzband ('65 to '58) and Bud Shank ('European Tour ’57', release date unkown). 'Some Winds' with Koller was taped privately, not issued until 'Hans Across The Sea 1952-55' on an unknown date. Nor were Zawinul's numerous recordings with Fatty George released to the public until later in collections on unknown dates: 'On the Air', 'Dixie aus dem Wienerwald' ('Dixie from the Vienna Woods'), 'Fatty’s Saloon 1958' (1969 by Preiser Records) and 'A Tribute to Vienna'. He was becoming of note in Vienna, and must have been making good money and saving frugally while performing at American military bases and on American Armed Forces Radio, for he had $800 in his pocket (per Zawinul's official website) when in 1959 he spent five days to cross the Atlantic to the U.S. to attend the Berklee College of Music on scholarship. He that year issued his initial album as a leader: 'To You with Love'. The next year he would appear on a couple albums with Dinah Washington, but it was Cannonball Adderley with whom he spent an intense sixties, they issuing more well above twenty albums together in nine years from '61 to 1970. Miles Davis liked Zawinul on five LPs from 1969 to to '79. The meanwhile Zawinul had formed the early jazz fusion band, Weather Report, with Wayne Shorter (saxophone) and Miroslav Vitouš (double bass). Weather Report released its first eponymous album in 1971. That group issued some fifteen more until 1986. During the nineties Zawinal composed 'Stories of the Danube'. First performed at the Bruckner Festival in Linz, Austria, in 1993. It was recorded in 1995 by the Czech State Philharmonic Orchestra with Caspar Richter. Zawinul issued about fifteen albums as a leader, his last studio effort released posthumously in 2009: 'Absolute Zawinul'. He had died of skin cancer in Vienna in August of 2007. Per 1959 below, each track is from Zawinul's debut LP: 'To You with Love'. All entries from 1985 onward are filmed concerts unless otherwise noted. More Zawinul naturally under Weather Report.

Joe Zawinul   1954

  Koller's Idea

     With Hans Koller

Joe Zawinul   1959

  It Might as Well Be Spring

  I Should Care

  My One and Only Love

  Please Send Me Someone to Love

Joe Zawinul   1961

  Jazz Casual

     Television program

     Cannonball Adderley Quintet

Joe Zawinul   1985

  Munich Piano Summer

Joe Zawinul   1986

  Weather Update

Joe Zawinul   1994

  Deutsches Jazz Festival

Joe Zawinul   1996


     LP: 'Stories of the Danube'

  Many Churches

     LP: "My People'

Joe Zawinul   1997

  Jazzopen Stuttgart

  Newport Jazz Festival

  North Sea Jazz Festival

Joe Zawinul   2004

  Live at le New Morning

     Filmed concert Paris


  Pianist, Don Friedman, was born in 1935 in San Francisco. He is thought to have first recorded in Los Angeles in May of 1955 with Jack Millman: 'When You're Near', 'So Goes My Love', 'Too Much' and 'Tom And Jerry'. He stepped into the studio again with Millman in March the next year to record 'Woody 'n You', 'Darn That Dream' and 'Stitt's It'. Friedman first recorded as a leader in 1961 in NYC in a trio with Scott LaFaro at double bass and Pete LaRoca Sims  on drums. Those tracks were 'I Hear A Rhapsody', two takes of 'Sacre Bleu' (Friedman's composition), 'Woody 'n You' (Dizzy Gillespie's composition) and 'On Green Dolphin Street'. That trio released three LPs. His first recordings with guitarist, Attila Zoller, were at the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island in July 1963. Friedman and Zoller would record numerous albums together into the new millennium, their last in 2007 for Friedman's release of 'Straight Ahead' in 2008. Friedman would also record frequently with trumpeter, Clark Terry. Their first such occasion was as members of Herbie Mann's outfit in May of '64 in NYC, recording 'And This Is My Beloved', 'Saudade De Bahia', 'Vikki' and 'I Have Dreamed'. Friedman's last album session with Terry was in 2004 for Terry's release of 'Chilled & Remixed' in 2006. His base of operations in NYC, as well as teaching at New York University, Friedman filled out his career performing local venues in New York City and touring internationally. He is yet active as of this writing.

Don Friedman   1961

   I Hear a Rhapsody

Don Friedman   1962

   Circle Waltz

      Album: 'Circle Waltz'

   Sea's Breeze

      Album: 'Circle Waltz'

Don Friedman   1963

   Ballade in C-Sharp Minor

Don Friedman   1966

   Wakin' Up

Don Friedman   1995

   Have You Met Miss Jones?

   It Could Happen to You

   The Days Of Wine and Roses

      Original composition: Henri Mancini

Don Friedman   2005

   JazzBaltica 2005

      Concert filmed live with Jim Hall

Don Friedman   2011

   JazzBaltica 2011

      Concert filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Don Friedman

Don Friedman

Source: All Music

  Born in Benton Harbor, Michigan in 1933, Gene Harris toured with various bands upon discharge from the Army in 1954. His first name recording was possibly his first recording session as well, in 1955 in NYC, releasing the Jubilee LP, 'Our Love Is Here To Stay' as the Gene Harris Trio the same year. In 1956 he formed the Four Sounds which quickly became the Three Sounds upon the loss of a member. Harris played with that band until 1970, they releasing their last LP in 1971. During and after that period Harris collaborated with others as well, to name but a few: Stanley Turrentine, James Clay, Milt Jackson, Benny Carter. Harris moved to Boise, Idaho, to play locally there in the latter seventies with howling coyotes and crows picking in trash bins during blizzards across a tundra that more potatoes than humans can endure. (We reserve the right to joke about any place we've been. Which is everywhere.) Harris reassumed his national status with bassist, Ray Brown, in the eighties. Definitely among my own favorite pianists, Harris died of kidney failure in 2000.

Gene Harris   1955

  Almost Like Being In Love

     Album: 'Our Love Is Here To Stay'

  Our Love Is Here To Stay

     Album: 'Our Love Is Here To Stay'

  There'll Never Be Another You

     Album: 'Our Love Is Here To Stay'

Gene Harris   1968

  Book of Slim

     Album: 'Elegant Soul'

Gene Harris   1973

  Lil' Darling

Gene Harris   1976

  Theme For Relana

Gene Harris   1977


    Album: 'Tone Tantrum'

Gene Harris   1986

  Uptown Sop

Gene Harris   1987

  The Masquerade Is Over

    Album: 'Tribute to Count Basie'

Gene Harris   1991

  Black And Blue

    Album: 'Black And Blue'

Gene Harris   1992

  When You Wish Upon A Star

Gene Harris   1998


   Filmed Live

Gene Harris   2010

  This Masquerade

   Recorded 1996   Released posthumously


Birth of Modern Jazz: Gene Harris

Gene Harris

Photo: Pam Bentham

Source: VK

  Born in 1931 in Chicago, underrated composer and pianist Andrew Hill began dancing, singing and performing on accordion at age twelve. He took up piano the next year and was touring with such as Charlie Parker and Miles Davis as a teenager. Hill is thought to have first recorded in November of 1954 in the band of David Shipp. Two of those four tracks were released the next year: 'Romping/Let's Live' (unfound). Hill's first vinyl as a leader was recorded in October of 1956 with his band, the De'bonairs. Released on 78 that year were 'Lanky Linda', 'Mother's Son', 'Say a Prayer For Me', 'Cracker-Jack Daddy', 'Dot', 'Mal's Blues', 'After Dark' and 'Down Pat'. Hill recorded his debit album in 1956, 'So in Love', released in 1960. Hill recorded the album, 'Black Fire', in 1963 for 1964 release. He also recorded 'Smokestack' in 1963, to be issued in 1966. Since that time Hill released well above thirty albums into the new millennium, his last the live album, 'The Day the World Stood Still', released in 2003. In the meantime he taught at Portland State University and held residencies at several others. Hill gave his last performance at Trinity Church in NYC in March 2007, dying the next month of lung cancer in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Andrew Hill   1956

   After Dark

   Down Pat

Andrew Hill   1960

   So in Love


Andrew Hill   1964


     Album: 'Judgment'

   Black Fire


Andrew Hill   1965

   Flight 19

     Album: 'Point of Departure'

   New Monastery

     Album: 'Point of Departure'

Andrew Hill   1966





Andrew Hill   1968

   The Griots

     Album: 'Andrew!!!'   Recorded 1964

   Soul Special

     Album: 'Grass Roots'

Andrew Hill   1975

   Blue Black



     Album: 'One For One'

Andrew Hill   2000


     Album: 'Dusk'

Andrew Hill   2002

   A Beautiful Day


Andrew Hill   2003

   Passing Ships

     Album: 'Passing Ships'   Recorded 1969

Andrew Hill   2010


     DVD: 'Andrew Hill - Solos: The Jazz Sessions'

    Recorded 2004


Birth of Modern Jazz: Andrew Hill

Andrew Hill

Photo: Jimmy Katz

Source: Andrew Hill

Birth of Modern Jazz: Freddie Redd

Freddie Redd

Source: Washington DC Jazz Network

Born in 1928 in Harlem, hard bop pianist Freddie Redd was released from active duty in the military in 1949, whence upon he took his first professional gigs in Syracuse, New York. He next headed for NYC where he played with a number of prominent names before making what are thought his first recordings in 1954 with Art Farmer and Gigi Gryce. Redd also issued his first name recordings that year ('Piano - East/West', sharing half the album with recordings made by Hampton Hawes in 1952). In 1956 he toured Sweden with Rolf Ericson and Ernestine Anderson. Redd wrote the score to the 1961 film, 'The Connection', in which he also appeared both as an actor and musician. Briefly afterward he moved to Denmark, then France, returning to the States in 1974 to pursue his occupation in San Francisco. Upon a career of collaborations with not a few top names in jazz, Redd moved to Baltimore in 2011 where, as of this writing, he yet resides.

Freddie Redd   1955

  Blue Lights

     With Art Farmer & Gigi Gryce

  Ready Freddie

     Album: "Introducing Freddie Redd'

Freddie Redd   1956

  People's Park

Freddie Redd   1960

  Blues, Blues, Blues

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

   ust a Ballad For My Baby

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

  The Thespian

     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

  O.D. (Overdoes)

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'


     Album: 'Shades of Redd'

  (Theme For) Sister Salvation

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

  Time to Smile

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

  Who Killed Cock Robin?

     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'


     Album: 'The Music From The Connection'

Freddie Redd   1961

  Old Spice

Freddie Redd   1977

  Waltzing In

     Album: 'Straight Ahead'

Freddie Redd   2013

  Buckeye Blues

     Filmed live with the Colours Quartet


  Pianist, Krzysztof Komeda, was born Krzysztof Trzciński in 1931 in Poznań, Poland. His was a brief career in jazz and composing for film, but a highly productive well-regarded one. Raised in Częstochowa, Komeda took up piano at age seven but became a physician in 1956 upon receiving his doctorate from the Poznań Medical Academy. He that year formed his first group as well, the Komeda Sextet, which made its debut performance on Polish television in Poznań in 1956. "Komeda" was a stage name he began using at that time, Trzciński the otolaryngologist, Komeda the jazz musician. They then performed at the 1st Sopot Jazz Festival. Recordings from that were released on a 10" album. The group performed in Moscow in 1957, the same year he began working with his most important associate in film, Roman Polanski. Komeda's first film score for Polanaki was for the silent film, 'Dwaj ludzie z szafą' ('Two Men and a Wardrobe') in 1958. Unfortunately, since it was for a silent film it couldn't be heard and his sanity was questioned ever after. Just kidding. But it was composed for a silent film (per below). Komeda thereafter led a double railed career as a composer and jazz musician. He was a member of the Jazz Believers in 1958, after which he appeared on a number of 'Jazz Jamboree' recordings for Muza before releasing 'Crazy Girl', in 1962. He toured Europe from Scandinavia in the north to Yugoslavia to the south. It was a fateful decision when he traveled to the United States in January of 1968 to compose scores for 'Rosemary's Baby' and 'The Riot'. Accounts of his death vary but it was the result of an accident causing cerebral hemorrhage. He was taken back to Warsaw where he died in the prime of his life at age 38 in April of '69.

Krzysztof Komeda   1956

   Love Me or Leave Me

      1st Sopot Jazz Festival'

   Memory of Bach

      Filmed at 1st Sopot Jazz Festival

Krzysztof Komeda   1958

   Two Men and a Wardrobe

      Film by Roman Polanski

Krzysztof Komeda   1961

   Crazy Girl


Krzysztof Komeda   1965

   Breakfast at Tiffany's

      Not issued until 1998

Krzysztof Komeda   1966



   Cul de Sac


Krzysztof Komeda   1967

   Bossa Nova

      Soundtrack: 'People Meet'

   Requiem for John Coltrane


   Muzyka Krzysztofa Komedy 3


      Not issued until 1974

Krzysztof Komeda   1968

   Rosemary's Baby


Krzysztof Komeda   1969

   100 Miles

      Vocal: Bill Medley

      Soundtrack: 'Riot'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Krzysztof Komeda

Krzysztof Komeda

Source: Alchetron

  Pianist, Les McCann, was born in 1935 in Lexington, Kentucky. His first recording was on television rather than vinyl, appearing on 'Ed Sullivan' in August of '56 ('U.S. Navy Talent Show', season 8 with Kirk Douglas substituting for Sullivan). In 1959 he appeared on the LP by the Lewis Sisters, 'Way Out Far'. He also recorded 'It's About Time' with Teddy Edwards in '59 for release the next year. His first two of several albums with Les McCann Ltd. were released in 1960: 'Les McCann Ltd. Plays the Truth' and 'Les McCann Ltd. Plays the Shout'. Ltd. was a trio with Leroy Vinnegar on double bass and Ron Jefferson on drums. Herbie Lewis would replace Vinnegar on Ltd. albums to follow. In 1969 McCann discovered Roberta Flack, gaining Flack an audition with Atlantic that would find her releasing 'Take Five' that year. In 1971 McCann toured to Ghana with Santana. McCann has issued well above sixty albums through the years. Yet active, McCann's last two LPs in the new millennium were 'Pump It Up' ('02) and 'Lazz Legend Project' ('04). Per 1960 below, 'The Truth' is from the McCann album: 'Les McCann Ltd. plays the Truth'.

Les McCann   1959

   Way Out Far

      LP by the Lewis Sisters

Les McCann   1960

   The Truth


Les McCann   1961

   Go On/Get That Church

      Filmed live

      Bass: Herbie Lewis

      Drums: Ron Jefferson

  Yours Is My Heart Alone

      LP: 'On Time'   Guitar: Joe Pass

Les McCann   1963


      Tenor sax: Clifford Scott

Les McCann   1965

   Jack V Schwartz

      Album: 'But Not Really'

Les McCann   1969

   Burnin' Coal

      Album: 'Much Les'

   Compared to What

      Album: 'Swiss Movement'

   Compared to What

      Filmed live in France

      Date estimated

Les McCann   1972

   Get Yourself Together

      Live in Montreux

   Invitation to Openness


   Talk to the People


Les McCann   1974

   Music Box


Les McCann   1985

   Morning Song

      Filmed live

      Bass: Curtis Robertson

      Drums: Alan Sharrod


Birth of Modern Jazz: Les McCann

Les McCann

Source: Martini & Jopparelli

Birth of Modern Jazz: Big John Patton

Barry Miles

Source: Atlantic City Press

Born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1947, multi-faceted jazz fusion pianist, Barry Miles, was a highly focused prodigy who began playing drums professionally at age eight. Not to be mistaken with the rock n roll biographer, Barry Miles, Miles' was yet a child when he was performing with heavyweights such as Woody Herman, Roy Eldridge and Chet Baker. His first recordings were on television rather than vinyl, appearing on 'To Tell the Truth' as early as 1956 during that program's 6th season. His abilities were featured on other television shows as well at an early age, such as the 'Art Ford Jazz Party' in 1958 (below). He waited all the way to his first album release in 1962 at age fourteen with Duke Jordan at piano: 'Miles of Genius'. During the sixties Miles composed and ran his own band while attending Princeton University from which he graduated in 1969. During that period he had released his initial piano LP, 'Barry Miles Presents His Syncretic Compositions', in '66. Electric piano ensued in 1969 on 'Barry Miles'. During the early seventies a couple of highly successful albums with R&B group, Gladys Knight & the Pips, were issued: 'Imagination' ('73) and 'I Feel a Song' ('74). Guitarist, Al Di Meola, began to figure big in Miles' career in the mid seventies, they releasing several albums together between 'Land of the Midnight Sun' in '76 and 'Consequence of Chaos' in 2006. Miles was musical director for R&B singer, Roberta Flack, from 1980 to 1995, appearing on 'Oasis' in 1988. Working much as a studio musician, it was nearly thirty years between Miles' 'Zoot Suit Stomp' per '86 and 'Home and Away Vol One' in 2013.

Barry Miles   1958

   Mop Mop

      'Art Ford Jazz Party'

      Drum battle vs John Parelli

Barry Miles   1962


      LP: 'Miles of Genius'

Barry Miles   1970


      LP: 'Barry Miles'

Barry Miles   1971


      LP: 'White Heat'

Barry Miles   1972


      LP: 'Scatbird'

   Skeleton Dance

      LP: 'Scatbird'

Barry Miles   1974

   Silver Lightning

      LP: 'Barry Miles and Silverlight'

Barry Miles   1976

   Sky Train


Barry Miles   1978

   Country Miles

      LP: 'Fusion Is...Barry Miles'


      LP: 'Fusion Is...Barry Miles'

Barry Miles   1986



Barry Miles   2013

   Fantasy #1

      LP: 'Home and Away Vol One'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Big John Patton

Big John Patton

Source: Flea Market Funk

Big John Patton was a self-taught pianist born in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1935. It was 1954 that he met Lloyd Price at the Howard Theater in Washington D.C. Price had just fired his pianist and was in need of another. Patton's first vinyl release was with Price in 1956, 'Rock 'n' Roll Dance', that session held in April. Patton left Price's crew in 1959 to put together a Hammond organ trio in NYC, also working as a studio musician for the Blue Note label. A few of Patton's more important musical associations were Ike Quebec (his mentor at Blue Note), Lou Donaldson and guitarist, Grant Green. Patton first recorded with Green in September 1961 when they were members of Donaldson's outfit, resulting in Donaldson's LP, 'A Man with a Horn'. Patton and Green would appear on a couple more Donaldson albums into 1963. He released his debut album, 'Along Came John', in 1963. Patton's last album collaboration with Green was in 1967 in a trio with Ben Dixon on drums: 'Iron City!'. He later became involved in acid jazz in London, another name for pub jazz that combined jazz with funk, soul and disco. Patton issued his last album in 2001 with saxophonist, George Braith: 'Eagle Eye Blues'. He passed away of diabetes in March 2002 in Montclair, New Jersey.

Big John Patton   1956

   Rock 'n' Roll Dance

      With Lloyd Price

Big John Patton   1963

   Hot Sauce

      Album: 'Blue John' Guitar: Grant Green

   The Silver Meter

      Album: 'Along Came John'

Big John Patton   1964


      Album: 'The Way I Feel'

   The Rock

      Album: 'The Way I Feel'

Big John Patton   1965

   Let 'em Roll

      Album: 'Let 'em Roll'

Big John Patton   1966

   The Yodel

      Album: 'Got A Good Thing Goin'

Big John Patton   1968

   Boogaloo Boogie

Big John Patton   2001

   Funky Mama



Arranger, composer and pianist George Russell got his first taste of big-time jazz at age seven, singing for Fats Waller. He began his professional career as a drummer for Benny Carter before switching to piano, after which he wrote his first composition for Dizzy Gillespie in 1947 ('Cubano Be, Cubano Bop'). Despite being plagued with health problems (tuberculosis) which intermittently interfered with his career, Russell published a book concerning music theory in 1953, 'Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization'. His first recordings were issued in 1956. Russell's first tour to Europe in 1964 resulted in him living in Scandinavia for five years. During the seventies most of his work would be in Norway and Sweden. Born in 1923 in Cincinnati, Russell passed away in 2009.

George Russell   1956


  Jack's Blues

  Livingstone I PresumeYe Hypocrite, Ye Beelzebub

George Russell   1958

  East Side Medley

George Russell   1959

  A Helluva Town

George Russell   1960

  Bent Eagle


George Russell   1961


George Russell   1962

  You Are My Sunshine

George Russell   1967

  Live in Stockholm

George Russell   1970

  Trip To Prillarguri

George Russell   1971

  The Essence of George Russell

George Russell   1978

  Cubano Be, Cubano Bop



Birth of Modern Jazz: George Russell

George Russell

Source: George Russell

Birth of Modern Jazz: Cecil Taylor

Cecil Taylor

Source: Puro Jazz

It's possible that Cecil Percival Taylor could have first been recorded in 1948 by WHN Radio in New York City. Nothing else is known about that recording but that it would have to have occurred before WHN became WMGM in September that year. Howsoever, it may not have survived. Born in 1929 in NYC, Taylor formed his first band in 1955 with saxophonist Steve Lacy, releasing his first album the next year, 'Jazz Advance'. During the nineties Taylor headed the Feel Trio. Taylor was a major figure in the launching of the "free jazz" genre (see Ornette Coleman as well). Having received both MacArthur and Guggenheim fellowships, he accepted the Kyoto Prize in 2014, only to be swindled of the $500,000 award by one Noel Muir. Muir may be in prison as of this writing. The account into which he fraudulently deposited Taylor's prize was depleted by the time he was caught. The result of asset forfeiture to compensate Taylor isn't known as of this writing. Taylor is yet active. Per 1956 below, all tracks are from the album, 'Jazz Advance', with bassist, Buell Heidlinger, and drummer, Dennis Charles.

Cecil Taylor   1956

   Bemsha Swing

   Charge 'Em Blues


   You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To

Cecil Taylor   1958

   Excursion On a Wobbly Rail

Cecil Taylor   1959

   Get Out of Town

      Album: 'Love for Sale'

Cecil Taylor   1965

   Number One

     'Octagonal Skirt and Fancy Pants'

      Alto Sax: Jimmy Lyons

      Bass: Henry Grimes

     Drums: Sunny Murray



Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Timmons

Bobby Timmons

Source: All About Jazz

Born in 1935 in Philadelphia, pianist Bobby Timmons studied on scholarship at the Philadelphia Musical Academy. Moving to New York in 1954, Timmons first recorded with trumpeter Kenny Dorham and the Jazz Prophets in May of 1956. He recorded with a number of musicians in '56, especially trumpeter, Chet Baker. From that year onward Timmons was in big demand as a sideman, working with all number of prominent jazz musicians, such as Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in 1958 with which he toured Europe. He released his first album, 'This Here Is Bobby Timmons', in 1960. More than Timmons' career was daunted by alcoholism during the sixties, Timmons drinking so heavily as to die of cirrhosis in 1974. He had fallen in a Swedish bar while beginning a tour in Europe with Clark Terry and been flown back to the States to be hospitalized to no avail, he dying a month later.

Bobby Timmons   1956

  Autumn In New York

      With the Jazz Prophets

  K.D.'s Blues

      With the Jazz Prophets


      With the Jazz Prophets

Bobby Timmons   1958


      Album with the Jazz Messengers

Bobby Timmons   1960

  Dat Dere

     Album: 'This Is Bobby Timmons'

  Dat Dere

      With the Jazz Messengers

  This Here

      Album: 'This Is Bobby Timmons'

  My Funny Valentine

      With the Jazz Messengers



Pianist and vocalist Mose Allison was born in 1927 in Tippo, Mississippi. He attended the University of Mississippi, joined the Army for two years, then graduated from Louisiana with bachelor's in English. Moving to New York City in 1956, Allison quickly found work with such as Stan Getz, Gerry Mulligan, Al Cohn, Zoot Sims and Phil Woods. Allison released his first two albums, 'Back Country Suite' and 'Local Color', in 1957. Allison is living as of this writing but is retired from the music profession. More piano by Mose Allison.

Mose Allison   1957

  In Salah

     From the album 'Back Country Suite'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Mose Allison

Mose Allison

Source: ABC Jazz


  Born in NYC in 1911, Martin Denny played piano as a child. During the thirties he toured South America some four years with the Don Dean Orchestra. After service in the USAAF (Army Air Forces) Denny studied at the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music and the University of Southern California. In 1954 he moved to Honolulu to play at the Shell Bar on Oahu. While there he noticed bull frogs croaking when his band played, and stopping when his band stopped. Group members began joking around making tropical bird calls and the subgenre of jazz known as exotica was born. Conceived in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, such would come to be referred to as Polynesian. First recording in 1956, Denny's first releases were the next year, the single, 'Hong Kong Blues'/'Ah Me Furi', and the album, 'Exotica', released in May. Denny recorded and toured until the latter eighties when he retired. He died in Honolulu in March 2005. other associated with exotica are Les Baxter and Arthur Lyman.

Martin Denny   1957



Martin Denny   1958

  Forbidden Island

Martin Denny   1959


Martin Denny   1962

  A Taste of Honey


Martin Denny   1968

  Exotic Love


Martin Denny   1980

  From Maui With Love



Birth of Modern Jazz: Martin Denny

Martin Denny

Source: Fyrtarnet

Birth of Modern Jazz: Clare Fischer

Clare Fischer

Source: Jazz Wax

Keyboardist (piano, synthesizer), arranger and composer Douglas Clare Fischer was born in 1928 in Durand, Michigan. He put together his first band at age fifteen. Graduating from high school in 1946, Fischer began studying composition in 1947. But he didn't receive his Master in Music until 1955 due to having been drafted into the Army. He began his professional career in Los Angeles as an arranger and accompanist (piano) for the Hi-Lo's. 'Tenderly', below, is among Fisher's first arrangements with that group, on which he also conducts the orchestra. 'Agogically So' is another of his arrangements, on which he may also be the accompanist on piano. Fischer began writing for commercials in the early sixties. He first recorded with vibes player, Cal Tjader, among the more significant figures in his career, in 1960. Fischer's released his first album in his own name in 1962, 'First Time Out' for Pacific Jazz Records. Among the genres into which Fischer crossed as a jazz musician were Latin and pop. As to the former, he formed the group, Salsa Picante, in the seventies. As to the latter, among the more significant during his later career were Michael Jackson and Prince. Fischer died in January 2012 of cardiac arrest. A number of the later tracks below are with the group, Salsa Picante.

Clare Fischer   1957


       Arrangement for the Hi-Lo's

Clare Fischer   1958

  Agogically So

       Arrangement for the Hi-Lo's

Clare Fischer   1960

  Over the Rainbow

       Vibes: Cal Tjader

Clare Fischer   1962

  I Love You

       Album: 'First Time Out'

  Nigerian Walk

       Album: 'First Time Out'


       Saxophone: Bud Shank

Clare Fischer   1963


  There Will Never Be Another You

       Guitarist: Joe Pass

Clare Fischer   1965


     Album: 'Manteca' 

Clare Fischer   1976

  Someday My Prince Will Come

Clare Fischer   1979


Clare Fischer   1980


     Album: 'Muchaca'

Clare Fischer   1981


     With 2 + 2

Clare Fischer   1987

  Cuban Fantasy

  San Francisco PM


  Pianist, composer and orchestrator, Eddie Higgins, was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1932. He began his professional career performing at jazz clubs in Chicago as a student at the Northwestern University School of Music. His initial recording session was in late 1956 or early 1957 with Paul Severson for Replica Records in Des Plains, Illinois. His next session is listed as of the 15th of January 1957 with vocalist, Lucy Reed. During his Chicago period Higgins performed and recorded with any number of prominent musicians as they passed through Chicago, from Cannonball Adderley to Dizzy Gillespie. In 1970 he relocated to Fort Lauderdale, Florida, spending his winters there and his summers in Cape Cod, Rhode Island. He participated in some of Sonny Stitt's last recordings in 1981, held at Bubba's Jazz Restaurant in Fort Lauderdale. (Stitt's last recordings were the next year in Japan.) Higgins began touring internationally during the eighties, both Europe and Asia, most notably Japan. He died in 2009 in Fort Lauderdale. Per 2000 below, tracks are with Eddie Lockjaw Davis, Sweets Edison and Sonny Stitt, recorded live at Bubba's Restaurant, Fort Lauderdale, in 1981, not issued until 2000.

Eddie Higgins   1957

  I'll be Seeing You

    With Paul Severson

Eddie Higgins   1960

  You Leave Me Breathless

Eddie Higgins   1996

  A Portrait In Black And White


Eddie Higgins   2000

  The Chef

    Recorded 1981

  Lester Leaps In

     Recorded 1981

  Oh, Lady Be Good

     Recorded 1981

Eddie Higgins   2002

  Dear Old Stockholm

Eddie Higgins   2003

  Yellow Days

Eddie Higgins   2005

  Minor Swing

  On A Slow Boat To China

  Shinjuku Twilight

Eddie Higgins   2007

  A Fine Romance


Eddie Higgins   2008

  Christmas Songs



Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Higgins

Eddie Higgins

Source: Heidi's Jazz Club


Pianist Ramsey Lewis was born in Chicago in 1935. He began piano lessons at age four and played in his first band at age fifteen (The Cleffs). With the drummer from that band, Isaac Holt, and bassist, Eldee Young, Lewis then formed the Ramsey Lewis Trio which released its first album, 'Ramsey Lewis and The Gentlemen of Swing' in 1957. (Release dates vary at several sources from 1956 to '58 for Argot LP 611. '57 looks most probable.) Lewis released his second LP in 1958, 'The Gentlemen of Jazz', also for Argot (LP 627). In 1966 Lewis released three singles which each sold over a million copies: 'The In Crowd', 'Hang On Sloopy' and 'Wade in the Water'. Lewis released over eighty albums over the years, produced seven gold records (500,000 copies) and received three Grammy Awards. His last LP was 'Taking Another Look' in 2011. As of this writing Lewis is yet active giving concerts.

Ramsey Lewis   1957


   Album: 'The Gentlemen of Swing'

Ramsey Lewis   1958

  I Get A Kick Out Of You

   Album: 'The Gentlemen of Jazz'

Ramsey Lewis   1968

   Les Fleurs

   Album: 'Maiden Voyage'

Ramsey Lewis   1974

   Sun Goddess

    With Earth, Wind & Fire

Ramsey Lewis   1977

   Tequila Mockingbird

Ramsey Lewis   1983

   Essence of Love

    Album: 'Les Fleurs'

  Super Woman

    Album: 'Les Fleurs'

Ramsey Lewis   1984

   Closer Than Close

Ramsey Lewis   2011

   Love Song

   Album: 'Taking Another Look'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ramsey Lewis

Ramsey Lewis

Source: R2 Records

  Born Eunice Kathleen Waymon in 1933 in Tryon, North Carolina, composer, pianist and vocalist, Nina Simone began playing piano at age three. Her early influences were classical and gospel. One incident as a child illustrates her later involvement in civil rights: At one recital her parents, who had sat in the front row, were moved to the rear of the hall to make room for white folk. Simone refused to play until her parents were moved back up front. Simone later studied at Julliard. Among her first jobs was at the Midtown Bar & Grill in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where, upon the owner's request, she added singing to piano performances. About that time she changed her name from Eunice Waymon to Nina Simone. ("Niña" is Spanish for little girl. "Simone" was in honor of the French actress, Simone Signoret.) It was 1957 that Simone came out the gate with a group of powerful recordings that made her abilities conspicuous, compiled on an album titled, 'Little Girl Blue' (preceded by the single, 'I Loves You, Porgy'). The problem with poverty is that the condition itself keeps you poor. Not having the wherewithal to wait for royalties, Simone sold her rights for $3000, after which she lost an estimated one million dollars over the years from that record's sales. Simone began addressing racial inequality with song in 1964, upon the release of the live album, 'Nina Simone In Concert'. During that period she advocated violent revolution, Martin Luther King's strategy of protest too slow. Among such songs was her 1965 cover of Billy Holiday's 1939 recording of 'Strange Fruit', concerning the lynching of blacks. Simone moved to Barbados in 1970. She intended to quit the music industry in 1974 with the release of the album, 'It Is Finished', but started to record again in 1978, issuing the album, 'Baltimore'. During the eighties she worked at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club in London. She lived in Switzerland and the Netherlands before calling France home in 1992, the year Simone published her memoirs, 'I Put a Spell On You'. She released her last album, 'A Single Woman', in 1993. Simone died in her sleep in Carry-le-Rouet, France, on the Mediterranean coast, in 2003. Among her longest musical associations through the decades were with guitarist and musical director, Al Schackman, and percussionist, Leopoldo Fleming. Among her awards were the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2000 and honorary degrees from three schools. A statue was erected in her honor in 2010 in her birthplace, Tryon, North Carolina. We list only one performance by Simone below, a concert filmed live in Montreux. More piano by Simone will be found in Early Modern Jazz Song.

Nina Simone   1958

 Little Girl Blue   [Selection]

Nina Simone   1959-62

 Piano Suite

Nina Simone   1969

  Nina Simone and Piano!



Birth of Modern Jazz: Nina Simone

Nina Simone

Source: Sound Projections

  Pianist and multi-instrumentalist, Muhal Richard Abrams, was born in 1930 in Chicago. He there briefly attended Roosevelt University, dropping out due that academics weren't what was being played in the nightclubs where he initially performed blues, R&B and bop. He began arranging in 1950 for the King Fleming Band. In 1955 he was a member of the bop group, Modern Jazz Two + Three. In 1957 Abrams participated in what is thought to be his debut recording session with Walter Perkins for the release of 'Daddy-O Presents MJT + 3' in July of the next year. Abrams began to move beyond bop upon the formation of the Experimental Band in 1962. In May of 1965 the AACM (Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians) was founded in Chicago with Abrams as its president. Part of that organizations' agenda was to move jazz out of nightclubs into theatres and lofts, thus affecting the emergence of the "loft" period in jazz in NYC in the seventies. In 1968 Abrams appeared on the first of three albums with Anthony Braxton: '3 Compositions of New Jazz'. Abrams has appeared on three more LPs with Braxton. In 1971 he recorded 'Instant Death' with Eddie Harris for its release the next year. In 1975 Abrams recorded 'Roscoe Mitchell Quartet' for its issue in 1976. He would appear on two more albums with Mitchell. Also in '75 Abrams moved to New York City where he established the New York chapter of the AACM. In '76 he recorded 'Morning Prayer' with Chico Freeman, that released in '78. In '77 he appeared on Freeman's album, 'Chico'. As to his own material, the seventies saw Abrams composing for symphony orchestras, big bands, string quartets, solo piano and voice. Abrams was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2010. Abrams has toured the States, Canada and Europe, having released more than 25 albums as a leader.

Muhal Richard Abrams   1957

   Temporarily Out of Order

      Album with Walter Perkins:

     'Daddy-O Presents MJT + 3'

Muhal Richard Abrams   1968

   3 Compositions of New Jazz

      Album by Anthony Braxton

Muhal Richard Abrams   1972

   Instant Death

      Eddie Harris album: 'Instant Death'

Muhal Richard Abrams   1974

   Young at Heart

      Recorded 1969

Muhal Richard Abrams   1976



Muhal Richard Abrams   1979



Muhal Richard Abrams   1983

   Rejoicing with the Light


Muhal Richard Abrams   1991

   Blu Blu Blu

      Album: 'Blu Blu Blu'

Muhal Richard Abrams   1995

   The Prism 3

      Album: 'One Line, Two Views'

Muhal Richard Abrams   2012

   Saalfelden JazzFestival

      Filmed live with the Experimental Band


Birth of Modern Jazz: Muhal Richard Abrams

Muhal Richard Abrams

Source: Harlem Jazz Museum

  Born in 1932 in Basel, Switzerland, pianist, George Gruntz, performed locally in Switzerland until he was invited into the International Youth Band to tour to the Newport Jazz Festival in Rhode Island in 1958. Their concert was taped and released that year by Columbia: 'Newport 1958'. In 1960 Gruntz recorded tracks which wouldn't be found on 'Mental Cruelty' until 2003. In 1964 he was a member of the Swiss All Stars, issuing 'Swiss All Stars' that year. His first name issues were also in 1964: 'Bach Humbug! Or Jazz Goes Baroque' and 'Jazz Goes Baroque'. Gruntz became artistic director for JazzFest Berlin in 1972, which role he served until 1994. He had also formed his Concert Jazz Band in 1972 at which he stood at helm through the coming decades. Gruntz toured globally, including China, during his career. He issued at least forty albums as a leader or co-leader. Gruntz is thought to have made his last recordings in 2011 with the NDR Bigband, 'Dig My Trane', issued the following year. He had issued 'Matterhorn Matters' in 2010. Gruntz died in his home in Basil in January 2013. Per 1960 below, 'East of the Sun' is from the LP, 'Franco Cerri and his European Jazz Stars''.

George Gruntz   1959

   Lover Man

      Filmed live with Roland Kirk

George Gruntz   1960

   East of the Sun

George Gruntz   1964

   Ciacona F Minor

      LP: ' Jazz Goes Baroque'

   Symphonie Les Echanges Jazzversion

      LP: 'Les Echanges'

George Gruntz   1967


      LP: 'Noon In Tunisia'


      LP: 'Noon In Tunisia'

George Gruntz   1969

   Freedom Jazz Dance/Ballad

      Filmed in Paris with Phil Woods

   Live with Art Farmer

      Filmed live

George Gruntz   1987

   Emergency Call

      Filmed live

George Gruntz   1994

   Napoleon Blown Apart

      Filmed live

George Gruntz   1998

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed concert

George Gruntz   2007

   Well You Needn't

     Filmed live

     Bass: Herbie Kopf

     Drums: Rafi Woll

George Gruntz   2010

   Body and Soul

      Filmed live with Tobias Preisig


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Gruntz

George Gruntz

Source: PrimeTime Orchestra

  Born in 1932 in Detroit, Sir Roland Hanna began studying classical piano at age eleven. Pianist, Tommy Flannigan, was a childhood friend of his. Hanna began playing professionally while yet in high school. Upon graduation he enlisted in the Army for a couple of years, during which time he played in an Army band. Upon release from duty in 1951 Hanna connected with Thad Jones in Detroit. Moving to NYC in 1955, he played with Benny Goodman, then Coleman Hawkins, then Charles Mingus, the latter with whom he recorded in 1959. Hanna isn't known to have entered a session before 1959, though he is recorded on an earlier 1958 television broadcast (below). His first album releases were in 1959: 'Roland Hanna Plays Harold Rome's Destry Rides Again' and 'Easy to Love'. In 1960 Hanna took his bachelor's degree from Julliard, upon which he began backing Sarah Vaughan and Al Hibbler. Significant in the sixties were Hanna's collaborations with Thad Jones, with whom he would work until 1974. In 1968 Hanna began a series of charity concerts in Liberia, resulting in being knighted by Liberian President, William Tubman, in 1970. In 1971 he formed the New York Jazz Quartet with saxophonist, Frank West, then toured the Soviet Union in 1972. In 1988 Hanna composed the soundtrack for the Clint Eastwood film, 'Bird'. During his latter career Hanna taught music, particularly at the Aaron Copland School of Music at Queens College in Flushing, New York, where he was a tenured professor. In association with that he founded the RMI record label in 1997. Hanna died of a heart infection in 2002. All tracks below for year 1959 are from the album, 'Roland Hanna Plays Harold Rome's Destry Rides Again', unless otherwise noted.

Sir Roland Hanna   1958

   Lover Come Back

      'Art Ford's Jazz Party'

Sir Roland Hanna   1959

   Anyone Would Love You

      Guitar: Kenny Burrell


      Albums: 'Mingus Dynasty'

                  'Mingus - Alternate Takes'

   Easy to Love

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

   Fair Warning

      Guitar: Kenny Burrell

   From This Day On

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

   I Know Your Kind

   I Know Your Love

   I Say Hello

   Like Someone to Love

      Album: 'Easy to Love'

   Rose Lovejoy Of Paradise Alley


      Album: 'Easy to Love'

Sir Roland Hanna   1974

   A Child Is Born


   Take the 'A' Train

Sir Roland Hanna   1976


      Bass: George Mraz

Sir Roland Hanna   1977

   Time For the Dancers

Sir Roland Hanna   1981

   Time For the Dancers

      Filmed live

Sir Roland Hanna   2002

   All Blues

   Portrait Of John Lewis

Sir Roland Hanna   2003

   Body and Soul

      Posthumous release

   Prelude Op.28, No.20

      Posthumous release


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sir Roland Hanna

Sir Roland Hanna

Source: IPO Recordings

  Born in 1933 in Uppsala, Sweden, composer and pianist, Nils Lindberg, studied at Uppsala University and the Royal Swedish Academy in Stockholm while performing with such as Benny Bailey, Ove Lind and Putte Wickman. Lindberg first emerged on vinyl with Bailey in 1958 on a 7" EP: 'Benny's Blues'/'It's You or No One' (unfound at YouTube). In 1960 Lindberg released his first two albums, 'Jazz in TV Time' (45 rpm 7" EP) and 'Sax Appeal' (33 rpm LP). Tracks on the 7" were 'Cotton Tail', 'Taboo', 'Blues For Bill' and 'Moonlight in Vermont'. Lindberg's jazz was often in an orchestral context, though during the seventies and eighties he focused on jazz compositions for horn, especially saxophone. His 33rd album (32nd LP) was 'Stockholm Big Band' in 1986. During the nineties he concentrated on jazz blended with orchestral and choral compositions. Per below, Lindberg composed what titles on which he may not appear at piano. Lindberg remains active per this writing. Per 1960 below (date unconfirmed), Lindberg first recorded Symphony 1 in August of 1963 at Studio H for the Swedish Broadcasting Corporation. No earlier release is determined than 1998 on 'Symphony No 1 & Jazz from Studio A'..

Nils Lindberg   1960

  Symfoni No 1

     Filmed live   Date unconfirmed


     Album: 'Jazz in TV Time'

Nils Lindberg   1963

  Ars Gratia Artis

     Album: 'Trisection'

  Trisection I

     Album: 'Trisection'

Nils Lindberg   1975

  Fäbodlåt Från Högbo

     Album: 'Reflections'

  Vals Från Enviken

     Album: 'Reflections'

Nils Lindberg   1994


     Album: 'Requiem'

Nils Lindberg   2001

  As You Are

     Vocal: Alice Babs

Nils Lindberg   2013

  Counsel to Girls

     Bass: Olle Lindberg

     Vocal: Agnes Lindberg

  Shall I Compare Thee

     Filmed live

     Bass: Olle Lindberg

     Vocal: Agnes Lindberg

Nils Lindberg   2014

  As You Are

     Bass: Olle Lindberg

     Vocal: Agnes Lindberg


Birth of Modern Jazz: Nils Lindberg

Nils Lindberg

Source: Discogs

Birth of Modern Jazz: Johnny Hammond Smith

Johnny Hammond Smith

Source: All Music

Johnny Hammond Smith was born John Robert Smith in 1933 in Louisville, Kentucky. First recording as Johnny Smith, he picked up "Hammond" in the seventies because he played the Hammond B-3 organ. He was working with Nancy Wilson when the Arrow label offered both of them a contract. Wilson turned it down, waiting for a bigger label. (Having recorded for Dot Records, she had experience with smaller labels, and would soon be with Capitol which had the wherewithal to globally distribute and promote as please.) Smith, however, went with Arrow. Before releasing his debut album, 'Have You Heard Johnny Smith', in 1959 he issued the 7" 45rpm 'Imagination Part 1 & 2', in 1958. 'Over the Rainbow' and 'Deep Purple' were also released on 7" by Arrow, issue date unknown but likely '58 or '59. Smith issued three more albums in 1959: 'Imagination' (Warwidk), 'That Good Feelin'' (New Jazz) and 'All Soul' (New Jazz). Smith issued nearly forty albums during his relatively brief career. His last was in 1978, 'Don't Let the System Get You', when he retired from recording and started buying real estate (he would own at least one motel). Smith performed regional gigs in SoCal (southern California), began teaching at Cal Poly Pomona in 1987, appeared as a sideman on a few recordings in the early nineties, then died of cancer at his home in either Victorville or Hesperia ("top of the hill" in trucking lingo before descending into LA) in 1997.

Johnny Hammond Smith   1959

  Autumn Leaves

     Album: 'That Good Feelin''

  My Funny Valentine

     Album: 'That Good Feelin''

Johnny Hammond Smith   1963

  Black Coffee

     Album: 'Black Coffee'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1967

  Gettin' Up



     LP issue 1968: 'Soul Flowers'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1969

  Soul Talk

     Album: 'Soul Talk'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1970

  Here It 'Tis

     Album: 'Here It 'Tis'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1971

  I'll Be There

     Album: 'What's Going On'

  It's Too Late

     Album: 'Breakout'

  Rock Steady

     Album: 'Wild Horses Rock Steady'

  What's Going On

     Album: 'What's Going On'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1973

  Summertime/The Ghetto

     Album: 'Higher Ground'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1974

  Star Borne

     Album: 'Gambler's Life'

Johnny Hammond Smith   1975



Johnny Hammond Smith   1991


     Filmed live



Birth of Modern Jazz: Cedar Walton

Cedar Walton

Cedar Walton was born in 1934 in Dallas. He is thought to have first recorded in July and August sessions in 1958 with Kenny Dorham, those for the Riverside label. It was as a member of Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers in the early sixties that Walton began to secure recognition of his considerable talents. He worked with Lee Morgan in the latter sixties, later heading the funk group, Mobius, in the seventies. Walton worked with Etta James in the nineties. He was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2010. Walton died in August 2013 at his home in Brooklyn. Per below, all undescribed tracks for 1958 and 1959 are with Kenny Dorham on trumpet. Dorham also performs vocals on all tracks for '58.

Cedar Walton   1958

 Angel Eyes

 Autumn Leaves

 Golden Earrings

 I Remember Clifford

Cedar Walton   1959

  Giant Steps

     Tenor sax: John Coltrane

 It Might as Well Be Spring

 Passion Spring

 Poetic Spring

 Spring Cannon

Cedar Walton   1960

  Blues On Down

      Tenor sax: Benny Golson

      Trumpet: Art Farmer

Cedar Walton   1961


      Trombone: JJ Johnson

Cedar Walton   1962


     Trumpet: Blue Mitchell


     With the Jazz Messengers

Cedar Walton   1967

  Turqoise Twice

Cedar Walton   1975

  Blue Trane

Cedar Walton   1976

  Blue Monk

      Live performance

 The Girl With Discotheque Eyes

  Low Rider

     Original composition: War

Cedar Walton   1982

  God Bless the Child

      Live performance

      Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

  Midnight Waltz

Cedar Walton   1986


      Live performance

      Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard


Birth of Modern Jazz: Charles Earland

Charles Earland

Source: Last FM

Charles Earland, was born in 1941 in Philadelphia. He began began playing sax in high school and it's tenor with which he began his recording career in 1959, appearing on 'Gold Coast Saturday Night' (Elektra 167), an album by Saka Acquaye and His African Ensemble. In 1960 Earland popped up on Jimmy McGriff's 'Foxy Do 1 & 2'. Taped for the White Rock label, those were never issued. Though Earland played tenor sax on those, it was with McGriff, who played the Hammond B3, that Earland switched from saxophone to organ, the Hammond B3. It was with that instrument that he issued 'Daily Double 1 & 2' in 1964 (per 45cat). 'Walking with Feets 1 & 2' may have been recorded at the same session for Quaker Town, but no issue is discovered. 45cat has 'Rescue Me and 'The Midnight Hour' issued in 1965 by the Greezie label. Earland produced a couple tracks by Jean Wells in '65: 'Song of the Bells' and 'Sharing Your Love', but isn't known to have performed on them. He did appear on organ with Wells in 1966 on 'I Know That She Loves Me' and 'All This Madness'. Those were recorded with the vocal group, the Butlers. Titles with Wells were for the Quaker Town label. Earland finally got attached to a big name in 1968 when he joined Lou Donaldson on the latter's 'Say It Loud', issued in 1969. He is thought to have released his own albums in 1969 for the Choice label as well: 'Boss Organ' and 'Soul Crib' (both per Jazzlists). He may have issued 'Black Power' for Rare Bird as early as 1969, but Billboard puts it at 1971. Also in '69 Earland issued 'Cherie Amour' b/w 'Yes Suh'' (Charlie Earland's Erector Set on Eldorado) and 'My Cherie Amour' b/w 'One For Lee' (Rare Bird label). Earland may have issued a live recording for Trip Records eponymously titled, 'Charles Earland' in 1969. However, the 'Goldmine Record Album Price Guide' has that obscurity recorded in 1969 but not issued until 1974. Earland broached the seventies with the Prestige label and two albums released in 1970: 'Black Talk!' and 'Black Drops'. He began using the synthesizer per 'The Dynamite Brothers', issued in 1974. By the eighties Earland had achieved the national spotlight and would tour heavily into the nineties until his premature death of heart failure in December of 1999. His last issue of some forty LPs had been 'Cookin' with the Mighty Burner' that year. Posthumous releases in 2000 were 'The Almighty Burner' and 'Stomp!'. Per 1971, below, 'Living Black!' contains the track, 'Killer Joe'.

Charles Earland   1965

  The Midnight Hour

   Rescue Me

Charles Earland   1969


      Lou Donaldson LP: 'Say It Loud'

  Cherie Amour

      With Erector Set

  My Cherie Amour

  One For Lee

  Six Twice

      LP: 'Boss Organ'

  Soul Crib


  Yes Suh'

      With Erector Set

Charles Earland   1970

  More Today Than Yesterday

      LP: 'Black Talk'

Charles Earland   1971

  Living Black!


Charles Earland   1972

  Black Gun

      LP: 'Live at the Lighthouse'

  'Cause I Love Her

      LP: 'Intensity'

  Happy 'Cause I'm Goin' Home

      LP: 'Intensity'

  Soul Story


Charles Earland   1974

  The Dynamite Brothers


  Leaving This Planet

      LP: 'Leaving This Planet'

Charles Earland   1976


      LP: 'The Great Pyramid'

  In the Land of Mu

      LP: 'The Great Pyramid'



Charles Earland   1980

  Coming To You Live

      LP: 'Coming To You Live'

Charles Earland   1998

   Let the Music Play

      LP: 'Slammin' & Jammin'



Shirley Horn, a vocalist as well as pianist, formed her first band, a trio, in 1954. Born in Washington D.C. in 1934, Horn's first known recordings are thought to be with violinist Stuff Smith in 1959 (unfound). She released her first album, 'Embers and Ashes', the next year. Among her most important associates in the music business were Miles Davis and Quincy Jones. Horn lost a foot to diabetes in 2000, dying of the same in 2005. More Shirley Horn in Modern Jazz Song.

Shirley Horn   1960

   I Thought About You

Shirley Horn   1992

   Here's to Life


Birth of Modern Jazz: Shirley Horn

Shirley Horn

Photo: John O'Hara

Source: SF Gate


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jack McDuff

Jack McDuff

Source: Wax MP3

Born in 1926 in Champaign, Illinois, organist, Jack McDuff, originally played bass in the bands of Joe Farrell and Willis Jackson. He switched to organ before making his first recordings with Jackson in 1959 for release of the album, 'Please Mr. Jackson'', that year. Multiple recordings with Jackson in 1959 affected the release of several albums from 1960 to 1966. McDuff released his debut album, 'Brother Jack', in 1960, recorded with Prestige Records in January. Engraving more tracks that July wrought the album, 'Tough 'Duff', in 1960 as well. The second major contributor to McDuff's early career was Gene Ammons, with whom he recorded three albums in 1961. McDuff would, of course, perform and record with other jazz musicians, but his major concentration was as a bandleader, releasing above fifty albums, his last posthumously in June 2001: 'Brotherly Love'. McDuff had toured Japan in 2000, then died of heart failure in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in January 2001

Jack McDuff   1959

   Come Back To Sorrento

      Album: 'Profile'

   Memories Of You

      Album: 'Profile'

   Please Mr. Jackson

      Album: 'Profile'

Jack McDuff   1960

   Brother Jack


Jack McDuff   1962


      With Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

Jack McDuff   1963

   Jive Samba

      Guitar: George Benson

Jack McDuff   1964

   Live in Antibes 1

      Filmed live

      Drums: Joe Dukes

      Guitar: George Benson

      Tenor sax: Red Holloway

   Live in Antibes 2

      Filmed live

      Drums: Joe Dukes

      Guitar: George Benson

      Tenor sax: Red Holloway

Jack McDuff   1966

   A Change Is Gonna Come


   Do It Now

   The Shadow Of Your Smile

      Album: 'Tobacco Road'

Jack McDuff   1969

   Chicken Feet

      Album: 'Steppin' Out'

      Album recorded 1961-66

      'Chicken Feet' recorded February 1966

   Moon Rappin'


Jack McDuff   1970

   Classic Funke

      Album: 'Who Knows What Tomorrow's Gonna Bring?'

Jack McDuff   1972

   Soul Yodel

      Album: 'Check This Out'

Jack McDuff   1994

   Our Miss Brooks

      CD: 'Crash!'   Guitar: Kenny Burrell



It is thought Duke Pearson first recorded in October 1959 with the Donald Byrd Quintet for Blue Note, Jackie McLean on that session. He made his first name recordings for Blue Note later the same month as the Duke Pearson Trio, releasing the album, 'Profile', that year. His second album, 'Tender Feelin's', was recorded in '59 and released in 1960. Among his more important musical associates in the sixties was Donald Byrd. In 1963 Pearson headed the A&R division at Blue Note, switching to teach at Clark College in '71. He toured with Carmen McRae and Joe Williams in the early seventies. Born in 1932 in Atlanta, Pearson died relatively young at age 48 of multiple sclerosis at the Atlanta Veterans Hospital. Per 1960 below, all undescribed tracks were recorded in October 1959 with the Donald Byrd Trio and released in 1960 on the album, 'Fuego'.

Duke Pearson   1959

  Black Coffee

     Album: 'Profile'

 I'm Glad There is You

     Album: 'Profile'


     Album: 'Profile'

Duke Pearson   1960



  I Love You

     Album: 'Tender Feelin's'

 Funky Mama

  I'm a Fool to Want You

     Album: 'Tender Feelin's'


 Low Life

Duke Pearson   1961


     Album: 'Dedication!'

  Number Five

     Album: 'Dedication!'


     Album: 'Bag's Groove'

  Say You're Mine

     Album: 'Angel Eyes'

Duke Pearson   1968

  The Moana Surf

 Say You're Mine

 Tones for Joan's Bones


Birth of Modern Jazz: Duke Pearson

Duke Pearson

Source: Jazz WCLK



We pause this Birth of Modern Jazz Piano with Duke Pearson. By the time Pearson arrives jazz is well developed beyond big swing orchestra, largely via the introduction of sounds from without the United States in the thirties, then bebop and individualists such as Nat King Cole in the forties. The fifties will have commenced with "cool" jazz ('Birth of the Cool' by Miles Davis representative of such, recorded in 1949-50 though not released until 1957) and be a decade of experiment giving passage to prominent compositions in the sixties announcing that modern jazz had arrived (such as 'Take Five' by Brubeck above). Keyboardists who began their careers in the sixties are found at Modern Jazz 8.




Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments


Medieval - Renaissance


Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

Expressionist - Modern

Modern: Composers born 1900 to 1950




Country Western


Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Song

Modern 6: Latin Jazz - Latin Recording

Modern 7: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Modern 8: United States 1960 - 1970

Modern 9: International 1960 - 1970

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul

Other Musical Genres

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

UK Beat

British Invasion

Total War - Sixties American Rock

Musician Indexes

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

Jazz Modern - Horn

Jazz Modern - Piano - String

Jazz Modern - Latin - Percussion - Song - Other

Jazz Modern - 1960 to 1970

Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul

UK Beat - British Invasion

Sixties American Rock - Popular


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