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A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 8

Musicians 1960 to 1970: United States

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



John Abercrombie    Rashied Ali    Albert Ayler    Art Ensemble of Chicago
Thurman Barker    Kenny Barron    Gary Bartz    Ran Blake    Carla Bley    Arthur Blythe    Lester Bowie    Anthony Braxton    Michael Brecker    Randy Brecker    Marion Brown    Gary Burton
Ron Carter    Buddy Catlett    Stanley Clarke    Billy Cobham    Alice Coltrane    Chick Corea   Larry Coryell    Stanley Cowell
Eddie Daniels    Nathan Davis    Jack DeJohnette    Bill Dixon    George Duke    Ted Dunbar
Peter Erskine
Jon Faddis    Joe Farrell   Bobby Few   Al Foster
Eric Gale   Grant Green    Burton Greene    Steve Grossman    Dave Grusin
Herbie Hancock    Billy Harper    Beaver Harris    Eddie Harris    Billy Hart    Eddie Henderson    Joe Henderson    Noah Howard    Bobbi Humphrey    Bobby Hutcherson
Joseph Jarman    Keith Jarrett    Howard Johnson    Carmell Jones
Eric Kloss    Earl Klugh    Steve Kuhn
Byard Lancaster    Prince Lasha    Hubert Laws    Gypsy Rose Lee    Jeanne Lee    Liberation Music Orchestra    David Liebman    Charles Lloyd    Wilbert Longmire
Chuck Mangione    Steve Marcus    Stu Martin    Pat Martino    Keshavan Maslak    Ronnie Mathews   Bennie Maupin   Cecil McBee    Steve McCall   Paul McCandless   Jimmy McGriff    Makanda Ken McIntyre    Charles McPherson    Don Menza    Kenny Millions    Roscoe Mitchell    Grachan Moncur III    Glen Moore    Bob Moses    Alphonse Mouzon    Sunny Murray
Eddie Palmieri    Don Patterson    Jim Pepper    Houston Person    Barre Phillips
Dewey Redman    Sam Rivers
David Sanborn    Pharoah Sanders    Tom Scott    Woody Shaw    Archie Shepp   Sonny Simmons    Wadada Leo Smith    Lonnie Smith    Lonnie Liston Smith    Melvin Sparks    Leon Spencer    Jeremy Steig    Steve Swallow
Clifford Thornton    Charles Tolliver    Ralph Towner    McCoy Tyner
James Blood Ulmer
Harold Vick
Collin Walcott    Grover Washington Jr    Weather Report    Lenny White    Buster Williams    Tony Williams    Larry Willis    Reuben Wilson    Paul Winter    Frank Wright
Larry Young
Denny Zeitlin 



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:


1960 Kenny Barron    Gary Burton    Ron Carter    Buddy Catlett    Joe Farrell   Eric Gale     Grant Green    Steve Kuhn    Gypsy Rose Lee    Chuck Mangione    Stu Martin     Pat Martino     Makanda Ken McIntyre    Charles McPherson    Sunny Murray    Archie Shepp    McCoy Tyner   Larry Young
1961 Herbie Hancock    Eddie Harris    Bobby Hutcherson    Carmell Jones   Charles Lloyd    Steve Marcus    Ronnie Mathews   Don Menza    Steve Swallow    Harold Vick    Buster Williams    Paul Winter
1962 Ran Blake    Lester Bowie    Chick Corea    Bill Dixon    Dave Grusin    Keith Jarrett    Jeanne Lee    Cecil McBee    Jimmy McGriff    Grachan Moncur III    Eddie Palmieri    Don Patterson    Tom Scott
1963 Albert Ayler    Alice Coltrane    Billy Hart   Joe Henderson    Prince Lasha    Hubert Laws   Wilbert Longmire    Houston Person    Sonny Simmons    Jeremy Steig    Tony Williams    Denny Zeitlin
1964 Keshavan Maslak    Kenny Millions    Bob Moses    Barre Phillips    Sam Rivers    Pharoah Sanders    Woody Shaw    Charles Tolliver
1965 Gary Bartz    Carla Bley    Marion Brown    Nathan Davis    Al Foster    Beaver Harris    Howard Johnson    Eric Kloss    Roscoe Mitchell    Lonnie Liston Smith    Clifford Thornton
1966 Rashied Ali    Larry Coryell    Jack DeJohnette    George Duke    Burton Greene    Billy Harper    Noah Howard    Byard Lancaster    Bennie Maupin    Dewey Redman    Lonnie Smith    Larry Willis    Frank Wright
1967 Thurman Barker    Stanley Cowell    Eddie Daniels    Ted Dunbar    Joseph Jarman    David Liebman    Steve McCall    Glen Moore    Jim Pepper    Melvin Sparks    James Blood Ulmer    Collin Walcott    Reuben Wilson
1968 John Abercrombie    Anthony Braxton    Randy Brecker    Billy Cobham    Bobby Few    David Sanborn    Wadada Leo Smith
1969 Art Ensemble of Chicago    Arthur Blythe    Michael Brecker    Liberation Music Orchestra    Paul McCandless    Leon Spencer
1970 Steve Grossman    Earl Klugh    Alphonse Mouzon    Ralph Towner    Lenny White
1971 Stanley Clarke    Eddie Henderson    Bobbi Humphrey    Grover Washington Jr    Weather Report
1972 Peter Erskine    Jon Faddis    Oregon


  This page concerns musicians who invaded jazz during the decade that the Beatles landed in America to change the thrust of rock n roll to its very substance (their Merseybeat, the Rolling Stones meanwhile addressing raw R&B). But jazz and rock were two very different realms. Jazz was very alike classical in its elite exclusivity, something of a rarified underground to those in the know. Who couldn't love the Beatle's best-selling single, 'She Loves You' ('63), and countless else by that group and others? But the classical and jazz genres held the high cards, and yet do, in composition and instrumental command. All those hysterical screaming girls in the sixties couldn't hear what they were missing when, only just prior, jazz left the Milky Way like, way out, then began to implode via free form. This page is thus populated with numerous black holes containing information, dependent, be as may, upon interpreter. As for jazz and rock, they would begin to merge in the latter sixties, bringing about the jazz fusion that exploded in the seventies and has remained a major mix ever since. This page is extended a bit to include but a touch of early jazz fusion in its emergence. As for other jazz on this page in this sixties, the field of jazz became highly sophisticated by that time. It was a little like chemistry: you had to be pretty hot in the first place only to consider it for a career. The bar had gotten set pretty high as of musical giants in the fifties. Amidst those more experienced luminaries on sax, horn, strings, piano and drums, who began to populate the field of jazz in the sixties had to be capable of the real stuff, having required several years of intent study. Howsoever, this page is arranged differently than the others in this history. On other pages, jazz musicians recording prior to 1960 are arranged by the instrument they played. But on this page we've put together a giant orchestra of some of the more prominent jazz musicians who first appeared on vinyl in the sixties regardless of the instrument they played. Though most on this page are instrumentalists, we've included a couple of vocalists as well. A good number of jazz musicians well-known in the United States, but born elsewhere, may be found at Sixties Jazz International. It also occurs that some musicians might have recorded earlier than one might think, thus to be found in an earlier period according to their instrument.


  Born in Philadelphia, PA, in 1943, pianist, Kenny Barron, was younger brother to saxophonist, Bill Barron. He gigged with Philly Joe Jones while in high school student (much later to record with him on Marion Brown's 'Soul Eyes' in 1978). After graduation Barron headed for NYC where he quickly acquired spots with Roy Haynes (on whose 'Togyu' he appeared in 1973) and Lee Morgan. Lord's disco finds him contributing to Yusef Lateef's 'The Centaur and the Phoenix' in October of 1960. Lateef would become a major figure in Barron's career in the early seventies, participating in five more of Lateef's LPs to 'The Doctor Is In ... And Out' in 1976. February 21 of 1961 found Barron contributing to his brother's 'The Tenor Stylings of Bill Barron'. Bill would be a major associate for decades, Kenny supporting Bill on eleven more albums to 'Higher Ground' in 1989. Along the way Bill supported Kenny's 'Lucifer' on April 28, 1975. Another of the major characters in Barron's career was tenor saxophonist, James Moody, contributing to the latter's 'Another Bag' on January 30, 1962. Barron and Moody would interweave often into the new millennium, Barron to surface on ten more of Moody's albums to 'Moody 4A' and 'Moody 4B' in 2008. Moody early recommended Barron to bebop trumpeter, Dizzy Gillespie, his initial session with whom is thought to have been on an unknown date in 1962 for titles that would get issued in 1981 on an album by various called 'Europa Jazz'. Barron next joined Gillespie for 'Something Old Something New' on April 25 of 1963, sticking with Gillespie through five more LPs to 'The Melody Lingers On' in October of 1966. Among the more important bassists with whom Barron worked through the years was Ron Carter, they members of Bill Barron's Brasilieros in 1962 or '63 for 'Bossa Nova: The New Sound in Jazz from South America'. They visited again on February 17, 1967 for Stanley Turrentine on such as 'She's a Carioca', 'What Now My Love', et al. Carter and Barron would record together regularly to as late as Jamey Aebersold's 'Wayne Shorter' 1985. They supported each other's projects along the way as well. From 'Yellow and Green' in May of 1976 to 'Super Strings' in 1981 Barron contributed to nine Carter LPs. Carter backed Barron on the latter's '1+1+1' in April of 1984, those duos on which album bassist, Michael Moore, performs duos with Barron as well. Lord's disco shows a gap of five years with no mutual sessions between Barron and Carter until Mark Morganelli's 'Speak Low' recorded at the Birdland in NYC on June 13, 1990. Thence began another long stretch of mutual sessions at fairly regular intervals into the new millennium to as late as Steve Turre's 'Colors for the Masters' issued in 2016. Along the way Barron supported Carter's 'Friends' ('93) and 'Jazz: My Romance'. Barron had begun working on his first LP as a leader in January of 1967, issuing 'You Had Better Listen' in February of '68, co-led with trumpeter, Jimmy Owens. Wikipedia has him leading or co-leading 51 albums to as late as 'Book of Intuition' issued in 2016, that a trio with Kiyoshi Kitagawa (bass) and Johnathan Blake (drums). We slip back to April 23, 1967, for trumpeter, Freddie Hubbard's, 'Fastball - Live at The Left Bank' in Baltimore, Maryland. Wikipedia has Barron at piano on seven of Hubbard's LPs from 'High Blues Pressure' ('68) to 'The Rose Tattoo' ('83). Barron had begun teaching at Rutgers University in New Jersey ('73/'74) where he built tenure until 2000. He there recorded a duo with guitarist, Ted Dunbar, in 1975 issued as 'In Tandem'. Barron would release about twelve more duo albums with a variety of musicians from pianist, Tommy Flanagan ('Together' '78), to double bassist, Dave Holland ('The Art of Conversation' '14). Barron received his BA from Empire State College in NYC in 1978. His first album of solo piano pieces was issued in 1981: 'Kenny Barron at the Piano'. Two more albums of solos followed in 1982 ('Spiral') and 1991 ('Live at Maybeck Recital Hall Volume Ten'). In 1982 Barron formed the quartet, Sphere, with Charlie Rouse (tenor sax), Buster Williams (bass) and Ben Riley (drums) to record 'Four In One' on February 17. That configuration remained the same through five more albums to 1988. Gary Bartz replaced Rouse for 'Sphere' on October 4, 1997. Come March 9, 1986, for Barron's initial session with saxophonist, Stan Getz, that coming to 'Voyage'. Barron kept with Getz through several more albums to 1991, their last session thought to have been in March that year in Denmark for live titles toward 'People Time' ('92). His duo with Getz on 'People Time' gained Barron his first Grammy nomination. Eight more nominations would occur in the 21st century, though none obtained. The new millennium also brought the Classical Jazz Quartet with Stefon Harris (vibes/marimba), Ron Carter (bass) and Lewis Nash (drums). From 2001 to 2006 that combo issued albums addressing Tchaikovsky, Bach and Rachmaninov. Barron was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2010, considered the most prestigious award in the field. Yet active, Barron currently teaches at Juilliard. Approaching 600 sessions to his credit, among his most recent was for Bill Mobley's 'Hittin' Home' in spring of 2016. Amidst the numerous others on whose recordings Barron appeared over the years were Buddy Rich, Sonny Fortune, Chet Baker, Chico Freeman, Joshua Breakstone, Sheila Jordan, Red Mitchell, Nick Brignola, Helen Merrill and Dianne Reeves. Per 1963 below, both tracks are from Dizzy Gillespie's LP, 'Something Old Something New'. Per 2014, all edits were filmed live in Paris with Holland.

Kenny Barron   1962

   Cup Bearers

      James Moody LP: 'Another Bag'

   Minuet in G

      James Moody LP: 'Another Bag'

Kenny Barron   1963

   I Can't Get Started/'Round Midnight

   This Lovely Feeling

Kenny Barron   1968

   You Had Better Listen

      LP: 'You Had Better Listen'

Kenny Barron   1975

   Ethereally Yours

      LP: 'Lucifer'


      LP: 'Lucifer'


      LP: 'Lucifer'

Kenny Barron   1978


      LP: 'Innocence'

Kenny Barron   1985

   Jacob's Ladder

      LP: 'Scratch'

Kenny Barron   1989

   Jazz Gipfel

      Filmed with Stan Getz

Kenny Barron   1990


      Filmed with Stan Getz

Kenny Barron   1994

   Jazz de Vitoria-Gaztiez

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

Kenny Barron   1997

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

      Sax: Gary Bartz

Kenny Barron   1998

   Live in Japan

      Filmed live

      Tour: '100 Golden Fingers'

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

Kenny Barron   1999

   Black Orpheus

      Filmed live

      Duet with Brad Mehldau

Kenny Barron   2000

   Live in Donostia

      Filmed live

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

Kenny Barron   2009

   Jazz in Marciac

      Filmed live

      Bass: Dave Holland

      Drums: Lewis Nash

      Guitar: Joe Pass

Kenny Barron   2010

   Jazz in Marciac

      Filmed solo

Kenny Barron   2012

   Day Dream

      Filmed live   Jazz à Vienne

      Duet with Mulgrew Miller

Kenny Barron   2013

   Live at Village Vanguard

      Filmed concert

Kenny Barron   2014

   Billie's Bounce

  In Walked Bud



  Waltz for Wheeler


Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Barron

Kenny Barron


Source: Tom Meek
Birth of Modern Jazz: Gary Burton

Gary Burton

Source: Jazz Wax
Born in 1943 in Anderson, Indiana, vibraphonist, Gary Burton, began to play music at six, he self-taught on marimba and vibraphone. He first played professionally at a restaurant in Evansville while a senior in high school. He was seventeen when he met pianist, Hank Garland, via saxophonist, Boots Randolph, who lived in Evansville. Moving to Boston to attend the Berklee School of Music in 1960, sometime that year before or during Berklee he held a private session with Garland for what would get issued in 1979 as 'Jazz in New York'. The same year saw him participating in the Berklee School of Music's tribute to Benny Golson, 'Jazz in the Classroom Vol V', issued in 1961. July 4th of 1960 resulted in 'After the Riot at Newport' in Newport, Rhode Island, with the Nashville All Stars including Garland, Randolph and Chet Atkins among others. Garland then invited Burton to record in Nashville, August of 1960 to yield 'Jazz Winds from a New Direction' and 'Subtle Swing'. Burton also contributed to Floyd Cramer's 'Last Date' in 1960. It was the Berklee School of Music's tribute to Quincy Jones, 'Jazz in the Classroom Vol VI', in 1961 before drummer, Joe Morello's, 'It's About Time' in June with alto saxophonist, Phil Woods, trumpeter, Clark Terry and valve trombonist, Bob Brookmeyer. Burton recorded his initial album as a leader, 'New Vibe Man in Town', in two sessions on the 6th and 7th of July, 1961, with his trio consisting of Morello and Gene Cherico (bass). His next LP, 'Who is Gary Burton?', was recorded in September of '62 and released in '63. That septet included Terry, Woods, Brookmeyer, Tommy Flanagan (piano), John Neves (bass) and Morello sharing drums with Chris Swansen, the latter with whom he had attended Berklee. Morello had been with Burton and bassist, Joe Benjamin, for Garland's 'Jazz Winds' above in in 1960. They would reunite in 1970 for Dick Schory's 'Carnegie Hall'. Burton later surfaced on Morello's 'Percussive Jazz' in 1976. He would see Terry again to back Michel Legrand ('62) and Quincy Jones ('64), then record 'Blue 'n' Boogie' at Radio City Music Hall for Newport in New York on July 6 of '72. 1977 saw them with Peter Herbolzheimer for 'Jazz Gala 77 All Star Big Band' in Dusseldorf, Germany. Burton would see Woods again to back Legrand and Jones per above before Burton's 'The Groovy Sound of Music' on December 21, 1964. Burton backed 'Bob Brookmeyer and Friends' in May of 1964 before Brookmeyer's participation in Burton's 'The Groovy Sound of Music' in December. 1963 saw the recording of several albums with pianist, George Shearing, with whom Burton toured the US and Japan: 'Latin Rendezvous', 'Jazz Concert', 'Rare Form!' and 'Out of the Woods'. 'Deep Velvet' went down in June of '64, 'That Fresh Feeling' in '65. We return to March 4, 1964, for Burton's first session with saxophonist, Stan Getz, that resulting in 'Nobody Else But Me'. Burton stayed with Getz through several albums to 'Paris Concert' on November 13, 1966. They would reunite on July 2, 1975, for 'Stan Getz and Friends - Avery Fisher Hall'. Burton became a professor at Berklee in 1971. He would remain there until 2004, retiring as Executive Vice President. Shortly after joining Berklee one the more important figures in Burton's career arrived, that pianist, Chick Corea. They are thought to have held their first mutual session in the band of Hubert Laws on January 27, 1972, for 'Yoruba' with a couple more unissued. They would record together numerously, backing each other when not co-leading projects, well into the new millennium beginning with their duo 'Crystal Silence' in Oslo, Norway, on November 6, 1972. March of 1973 saw Burton with a Grammy for his solo LP, 'Alone at Last', the first of seven. The six to follow would be with Corea, their eighth and last in 2013 for 'Hot House'. They had toured internationally for a year and a half beginning in latter 2006. Burton hosted weekly shows for Sirius Satellite Radio between 2004 and '08. He released his autobiography, 'Learning To Listen', in 2013, published by Berklee Press. Issuing well above sixty albums as a leader or co-leader, Burton's latest was 'Guided Tour' in 2013. His most recent recordings as of this writing were in September of 2015 with the Mack Avenue Super Band for 'Live from The Detroit Jazz Festival 2015'.

Gary Burton   1960

   After the Riot at Newport

      Album by Hank Garland


      Album by Hank Garland:

      'Jazz Winds from a New Direction'

Gary Burton   1967

   Live in Berlin

      Filmed with Larry Coryell

Gary Burton   1974

   In the Public Interest

      Album with Michael Gibbs

Gary Burton   1981


      Album: 'Live At Midem'

      Piano: Ahmad Jamal

   Live in Tokyo

      Filmed live with Chick Corea

Gary Burton   1989


      Album with Pat Metheny

Gary Burton   1991

   Cool Nights


Gary Burton   2008

   Live in Saint Petersburg

      Filmed live

Gary Burton   2011

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live with Chick Corea

Gary Burton   2013

   Jazz Sous les Pommiers

      Filmed concert


  Cellist, Ron Carter, was born in Ferndale, Michigan, in 1937. Carter received his bachelor's from the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, in 1959. Discographies have him during that period in Los Angeles for unknown titles with the Chico Hamilton Quintet in October of 1959. Those tracks for Warner Bros were unissued. Carter acquired his master's in double bass performance in 1961 per the Manhattan School of Music in New York City. In the meantime he had recorded with Don Ellis in New York City in February 1960 for 'Roland Rock, 'Up Stream, 'Debi', et al. Such were intended for release as Enrica LP2003 before Enrica folded, leaving them unissued. Come Ernie Wilkins in March and April of 1960 for 'The Big New Band of the 60's', thought to be Carter's first grooves to see record shops. Included on that was guitarist, Kenny Burrell, who would be one of Carter's more constant comrades into the seventies. While backing other operations together Carter supported five of Burrell's LPs from 'Guitar Forms' on December 4, 1964, to 'God Bless the Child' in 1971. They would reunite in 1979 for Red Garland's 'Stepping Out', again in 1984 for Burrell's 'Togethering' co-led by Grover Washington Jr, and finally for 'Primal Blue' in April of 1995. We slip back April 2, 1960, for Charlie Persip's 'Charles Persip and The Jazz Statesmen' to which Freddie Hubbard contributed trumpet. Carter and Hubbard would mix numerously into the nineties in the support of various operations such as Herbie Hancock's or Milt Jackson's. Along the way Carter made contributions to nine of Hubbard's LPs from December of 1969 in London toward 'Without a Song: Live in Europe 1969' to 'Super Blue' in NYC in March and April of 1978. Mutual sessions occurred through the eighties to as late as Stanley Turrentine's 'More Than a Mood' gone down on February 13, 1992. We return to August of 1960 when Carter participated in a session with Eric Dolphy for the New Jazz label, tracks thereof released on Dolphy's album, 'Out There'. December 21 of 1960 witnessed Dolphy's 'Far Cry'. Six months later Dolphy supported Carter's debut LP, 'Where?', on June 20, 1961. Carter would issue about fifty more albums well into the new millennium. Carter's 17th and last session in 1960 was on December 27 for Coleman Hawkins' 'Night Hawk' with Eddie Lockjaw Davis. As a studio musician and otherwise Carter is credited with 1166 sessions. (Among the few jazz musicians to exceed a thousand sessions, older rival upright bassist, Ray Brown, came short of that with a yet unusually prolific 909 sessions. Carter's much older rival bassist, Milt Hinton, squeezed in even more than he at 1233.) As we're well-submerged already, whirling to the bottom, in dread of cracking a window at 30,000 feet like the Trieste in 1960, we skip ahead a touch to one of the more important pianists in Carter's career, that Hank Jones with whom he first recorded for Wes Montgomery's 'So Much Guitar!' on August 4 of 1961. When not supporting other operations together Carter and Jones backed each other's projects. From Jones' 'Happenings' in 1966 to 'Milestones' in April of 1978 as the Great Jazz Trio with Tony Williams on drums Carter supported some nine of Jones' albums. Jones contributed to Carter's '1 + 3' with Williams and pianist, Herbie Hancock, in Tokyo on July 29, 1978. Partnering variously in the latter seventies, Lord's disco has Carter and Jones reuniting in 1984 for Yasuaki Shimizu's 'New Yorker Scene Sketches', again in 1996 for Jesse Davis' 'From Within', finally in 2004 for Harvey Mason's 'With All My Heart'. We slip back to an unknown date in April of 1962, for another important presence in Carter's career, that trumpeter, Wayne Shorter, with whom on that date he supported Benny Golson's 'Pop + Jazz = Swing'. Carter and Shorter were continual partners during the sixties, particularly with Miles Davis, the meanwhile Carter backing six of Shorter's albums from 'Speak No Evil' on December 24, 1964, to 'Odyssey of Iska' on August 26, 1970. They reunited at the Newport Jazz Festival on June 29, 1976 for Herbie Hancock's 'V.S.O.P.' with Tony Williams at drums. July of 1977 witnessed them in the same configuration for Hancock's 'V.S.O.P.: The Quintet'. That quintet recorded 'Live Under the Sky' and 'Five Stars' in Tokyo in July of 1979. 1985 found Carter and Shorter in multiple sessions together in Paris, notably for 'The Other Side of 'Round Midnight featuring Dexter Gordon'. Seven years later they joined Hancock again for 'A Tribute to Miles' in 1992. Lord's disco finds them recording 'Crepescule with Nellie' in February of '97 for T.S. Monk's 'Monk on Monk'. We back up to June 19, 1962, for vibraphonist, Milt Jackson's 'Big Bags'. Jackson's was a notable presence in Carter's career, six more of his LPs to ensue to 'Olinga' in January 1974. They reunited as late as 1994 to back Little Jimmy Scott's' 'Dream'. It was April 16, 1963, when Carter joined the Miles Davis Quintet for 'Seven Steps to Heaven'. For the next seven years Carter traveled through sessions with Davis that would amount to a minimum of twenty albums issued timely or later to 'Live-Evil' on June 3, 1970. It had been May 14, 1963, when Herbie Hancock joined Davis' outfit for 'Seven Steps to Heaven'. Continuing with Davis, Carter and Hancock partnered in various other operations as well, nigh constant companions with a few brief gaps into the latter eighties. Along the way they supported each other's projects. From 'Empyrean Isles' in June of 1964 to 'A Tribute to Miles' in 1992 Carter participated in about thirteen of Hancock's albums. Hancock contributed to Carter's 'Uptown Conversation' in October of 1969 and 'Third Plane' on July 13 of '77, the latter a trio with drummer, Tony Williams. '1 + 3' followed on July 29 of '78 in Tokyo with Williams and pianist, Hank Jones. 1993 found them recording with Tom Jobim, '94 with Milton Nascimento ('Angelus'). 1997 had them participating in 'Two Timer' for T.S. Monk's 'Monk on Monk'. Their appearance on Harvey Mason's 'With All My Heart' in 2004 was on separate tracks. Another highly notable presence along Carter's path was Stanley Turrentine who joined him on December 16, 1964, for Donald Byrd's 'Bossa', 'Canteloupe island', et al. From April 6, 1966, for Turrentine's 'Let It Go' to 'If I Could' in May of 1993 Carter provided rhythm on about 13 of Turrentine's albums. Lord's disco has them together a last time in June of 1996 for pianist, Benny Green's, 'Kaleidoscope'. It was March 4, 1965, when pianist, McCoy Tyner, joined Carter on Wayne Shorter's 'The Soothsayer'. January 20 of '67 found them backing Lou Donaldson's 'Sweet Slumber'. From Tyner's 'The Real McCoy' on April 21, 1967, to 'Guitars' in September of 2006 Carter contributed to about 14 of Tyner's albums. It was December of 1965 when tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson, joined Carter on Woody Shaw's '... In the Beginning'. From Henderson's 'Mode for Joe' on January 27, 1966, to both volumes of 'The State of the Tenor' in November of 1985 (a trio with Al Foster at drums) Carter supported or co-led nine of Henderson's LPs. Henderson contributed to Carter's 'All Blues' on October 24, 1973, and 'Parade' in March of '79. They partnered on occasion to as late as titles with Tom Jobim in September of 1993 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Another large presence in Carter's career was guitarist, George Benson. From 'Giblet Gravy' in February of 1967 to 'Tenderly' in 1989 Carter supported 8 of Benson's albums. Flautist, Hubert Laws, was also a major associate, they working numerously together for a quarter of a century both supporting a variety of other musicians and backing each other's projects. From August of 1966 toward 'Laws' Cause' to 'The Chicago Theme' in 1975 Carter contributed to some nine of Laws' albums. Laws supported Carter on eight albums from 'Uptown Conversation' in October of 1969 to 'Friends' in December of 1992. Lord's disco lists their last mutual session in May of 1993 for Stanley Turrentine's 'If I Could'. Of note in the seventies was the York Jazz Quartet (Frank Wess, Sir Roland Hanna and Ben Riley) in Tokyo on April 2, 1975, to deliver 'In Concert in Japan'. 'Roland Hanna Trio' ensued two days later with Wess out. Carter performed in countless various trios from the Bobby Timmons Trio in 1961 to the Gerry Gibbs Thrasher Dream Trio in the new millennium. Carter also contributed to a number of soundtracks: 'L'Homme aux Yeux d'Argent' in 1985, 'Round Midnight' in 1985, 'Daddy Nostalgie' in 1990, 'Kansas City' in 1995 and 'Un Frere' in 1997. Carter has taught at the City College of New York for a couple decades. He received an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in Boston in 2005. He became a member of the faculty at Juilliard, teaching bass, in 2008, the year his autobiography, 'Finding the Right Notes', was published. As of this writing Carter is yet active touring internationally. His latest release was 'My Personal Songbook' in 2015. His latest recordings were July 27, 2016, for cellist, Akua Dixon's, 'Akua's Dance' issued in 2017. Amidst the infinity of others Carter has supported on bass were Kai Winding, Jaki Byard, Junior Mance, Oliver Nelson, Sonny Rollins, Eddie Harris, Les McCann, Herbie Mann, Paul Desmond, Airto, Friedrich Gulda, Michel Legrand, Gato Barbieri, Hank Crawford, Gene Ammons, Roberta Flack, Chet Baker,, David Fathead Newman, Mel Lewis, Jim Hall, Lou Rawls, Branford Marsalis, Barry Harris, Horace Silver, Diana Ross, George Kawaguchi and Frank Jackson, Steve Turre and Ethan Iverson.

Ron Carter   1960

   Out There

      Album with Eric Dolphy

Ron Carter   1960



Ron Carter   1969

   Little Waltz

Ron Carter   1975

   Well You Needn't

      New York Jazz Quartet

Ron Carter   1986

   Double Bass

      Filmed concert   Piano: Roland Hanna

Ron Carter   1996

   Great Jazz In Kobe

      Album Piano: Hank Jones

Ron Carter   2006

   Jazzwoche Burghausen 2006

      Filmed concert

Ron Carter   2008

   Europa Jazz Festival 2008

      Filmed concert

Ron Carter   2009

   Jazz San Javier 2009

      Filmed concert

Ron Carter   2009

   The Eternal Triangle

      Album: 'Ron Carter's Great Big Band'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ron Carter

Ron Carter

Source: Birdland Jazz
  Born in Long Beach, CA, in 1933 double bassist, Buddy Catlett, was raised in Seattle. He was a childhood friend of bandleader, Quincy Jones, and performed with him professionally in the earliest days of his career in the band of Bumps Blackwell. In 1956 Catlett made wind to Denver with the band of Horace Henderson (brother to Fletcher Henderson). He joined guitarist, Johnny Smith in 1958, vibraphonist, Cal Tjader, in 1959. Catlett's debut vinyl is moot. The Mercury catalogue has either Catlett or Buddy Jones (Burgher Jones) recording with Quincy Jones for Mercury MG 20561 in NYC in November of 1959. Sources vary between absenting Jones altogether, absenting Catlett altogether, including both on unspecified tracks or simply listing either/or. Year of issue varies as well, though release in 1959 of 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones' wouldn't have been impossible and owns general consensus. Since Catlett's' appearance on that is unverified he is on this page rather than earlier decades through the fifties. His first recordings with relative certainty were for Bill Coleman's 'From Boogie to Funk' in January of 1960 in Paris, issued that year, followed by Jones' 'Live at The Alhambra '60' (issued '90) in February in Paris. That same month saw the recording of Jones' 'Free and Easy' in Sweden. If to go by Lord's disco that was an extended period in Europe, the earlier part of which Catlett performed in Jones' musical, 'Free and Easy', to its last performance in March of 1960. Lord's has Catlett backing nine albums out of some seventeen sessions for Jones and others during that period in Europe to June 27 for what would get released as Jones' 'Lausanne 1960' in 1994. They were back in the States for an October session bearing the tunes, 'G'wan Train', 'Tone Poem', etc.. March of 1961 saw them back in Europe for Jones' 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones Live', recorded in Zurich. November of '61 witnessed 'The Quintessence'. In 1963-64 Jones arranged for Count Basie whom Catlett had joined in 1962 in time for Frank Sinatra's 'An Historic Musical First' on October 2, 1962. Basie's 'On My Way & Shoutin' Again!' ensued in November. Catlett strode with Basie to as late as 'Live in Concert with the Count Basie Band' for Bill Henderson issued in early '65. Along the way he had opportunity to back vocalist, Ella Fitzgerald, in July of '63 on 'Ella and Basie'. It was Basie with Sinatra for 'It Might As Well Be Swing' in June of 1964. Catlett had not only opportunity to perform with the great Louis Armstrong, but was among his retinue for three years beginning with both volumes of 'The Best Live Concert' put down in June of '65. Numerous sessions with Armstrong included another tour to Europe in July of 1967 and London in July of '68. His last session with Armstrong was in Las Vegas on July 4 of 1968 for 'Hello Brother', 'The Home Fire' and 'Fantastic, That's You'. With a career that had attained to no small success Catlett then suddenly headed back to Seattle, dropping away from the music business. The greater situation and reasons why remain unknown, though alcohol has been suggested. Catlett gradually resurfaced, performing in local nightclubs until thirty-three years later he emerged on Lee Harper's 'Puget Sound'. He supported this and that project on occasion into the new millennium including titles by the Seattle Repertory Jazz Orchestra (SRJO) starting with 'Jumpin' at the Woodside' on March 29 of '97. Catlett released his sole album as a leader in 2004 with a trio consisting of Greg Williamson on drums and Jay Thomas on saxophone: 'Here Comes Buddy Catlett'. Lord's disco gives him up after Brian Nova's 'The Shadow of Your Smile' in 2005. He died on November 12, 2014. Per 'Free/Straight No Chaser' below in 1959/60, the drummer is Joe Harris, not Joe Morris.

Buddy Catlett   1959/60

   Chant of the Weed

      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones'

      Bass: Burgher Jones   Possibly Catlett


      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones'

      Bass: Burgher Jones   Possibly Catlett

   Fancy Free/Straight No Chaser

      Filmed live

      Alto sax: Phil Woods

      Drums: Joe Harris

      Either 1959 or 1960

Buddy Catlett   1960

   Live at the Blue Note

      Filmed in Paris with Lucky Thompson

      Drums: Kenny Clarke

   Pleasingly Plump

      Quincy Jones LP: 'I Dig Dancers'

   A Sunday Kind of Love

      Quincy Jones LP: 'I Dig Dancers'

   Tickle Toe

      Recorded 1960   Issued 1994

Buddy Catlett   1961

   Air Mail Special

      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones Live'

      Recorded 1961 Zurich

      Release unkown until 1984

   In My Solitude

      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones Live'

      Recorded 1961 Zurich

      Release unkown until 1984

   Part V (Presto)

      With Phil Woods

Buddy Catlett   1963

   Cold Miner

      Frank Wess Quintet

   Lullaby for Jolie

      With Count Basie

   Nasty Mingus

      With Count Basie

Buddy Catlett   1967



      Drums: Danny Barcelona

      Trumpet/Vocal: Louis Armstrong

   Hello Dolly

      Filmed live

      Drums: Danny Barcelona

      Trumpet/Vocal: Louis Armstrong


Birth of Modern Jazz: Buddy Catlett

Buddy Catlett

Source: JazzMa
Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Farrell

Joe Farrell

Source: Steve Kahn
Born Joseph Carl Firrantello in 1937 in Chicago, saxophonist, Joe Farrell is thought to have published his first composition, 'Tomboy' in 1959, co-written with Jim Conway and released by Perry Como. His first determinable appearance on vinyl was with Maynard Ferguson in 1960 on the album, 'Newport Suite'. Farrell would join Ferguson on seven more albums including a couple featuring vocalist, Chris Connor, to 'Conquistador' issued in 1977. Well to comment that after Farrell's fisrt session with Ferguson he joined bassist, Charles Mingus, for 'Pre Bird' in May of 1960. He and Mingus would visit again at Radio City Music Hall in NYC on July 7, 1974, for 'All the Things You Are' and a medley including 'I Can't Get Started, 'Smoke Get's In Your Eyes', et al. Much more consequential to Farrell's career was bassist, Ron Carter, with whom he'd joined trumpeter, Dizzy Reece, for the latter's 'Asia Minor' on March 13, 1962. Included were Cecil Payne (baritone sax), Hank Jones (piano) and Charlie Persip (drums). Come February 17, 1967, for titles with Stanley Turrentine that would see issue in 2007 on 'A Bluish Bag'. Carter and Farrell fairly reined the same wagon in support of other bands through countless sessions to as late as Hank Crawford's 'Don't Worry 'Bout a Thing' in June of 1974. Of yet greater significance was keyboardist, Chick Corea, with whom his first mutual session had been in October of 1962 for Willie Bobo's 'Bobo's Beat'. While also supporting other bands on occasion for the next thirty years Farrell also participated in nine Corea albums from 'Tones for Joan's Bones' in 1966 to 'Secret Agent' in 1978. Half of the latter eight were with Corea's ensemble, Return to Forever, its last studio LP, 'Musicmagic', issued in 1977, 'Live' in 1978. Corea contributed to Farrell's first name issues on October 1, 1967, for his composition, '13 Avenue B', and a cover of 'Stella by Starlight'. Those got released on 'Jazz for a Sunday Afternoon Vol 4' in 1969. Corea also supported Farrell's debut LP, 'Joe Farrell Quartet', in July of 1970, 'Outback' in November of '71 and 'Skateboard Park' on January 29, 1979. Other large figures along Farrell's path were trumpeter, Thad Jones, and drummer, Mel Lewis. Farrell and Jones first got mixed together in Europe in July of 1964 to record a cover of Thelonious Monk's ''Round Midnight' for pianist, George Russell. That got included on the Russell CD, 'Things New: Unissued Concerts 1960 & 1964', in 2007. Come September of 1964 in Germany for Russell's 'Live in Breman and Paris 1964'. Farrell first recorded with the famous Thad Jones/Mel Lewis partnership on February 7, 1966, per their Big Band at the Village Vanguard in NYC for titles like 'Big Dipper', 'Mornin' Reverend', et al. Farrell was also a member of the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra, last recording with that operation on June 17, 1969, for 'Central Park North'. Jones and Farrell would hook up again in NYC in 1971 with the Hermeto Pascoal Orchestra for 'Hermeto'. That occasion with the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Big Band in February of 1966 meant a strong acquaintance with bassist, Richard Davis, also a a member of the Jazz Orchestra. After their mutual period with that affair they joined Lou Donaldson in December of 1972 for 'Sophisticated Lou'. Backing up to Russell and Jones in July of 1964 per above, that included trombonist, Garnett Brown, Farrell and Brown to mix numerously in support of various bands, like the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis outfit, into the seventies. Brown supported Farrell on 'Night Dancing' in 1978. Trumpeter, Marvin Stamm, was another close associate, joining the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra on January 24, 1967, for 'Sophisticated Lady', 'Willow Tree' and 'Hawaii'. That would lead to oft interweaving paths in the support of numerous, such as T-Bone Walker, to as late as Maynard Ferguson's 'Conquistador' in 1978 in San Francisco. We trip back but break no bones to October 1, 1967, for Farrell's initial session with drummer, Elvin Jones, that with Chick Corea for Farrell's first name issues, his composition, '13 Avenue B', and a cover of 'Stella by  Starlight'. Per above, those got issued on 'Jazz for a Sunday Afternoon Vol 4' in 1969. Also in on that had been Richard Davis, Brown and Stamm. Farrell would emerge on nine of Jones' albums from 'Puttin' It Together' on April 8 of 1968 to 'New Agenda' in 1975. Along the way Jones had provided rhythm to Farrell's 'Outback' in November of 1971. The early seventies witnessed Farrell's involvement with Brazilian musicians arriving to the States, Antônio Carlos Jobim leading on March 16 of 1970 for 'Ampora' with Eumir Deodato arranging, that with future sessions to find release on 'Stone Flower'. Airto Moreira contributed percussion to that, commencing an association that witnessed numerous sessions together in the support of various, such as Chick Corea, into the seventies. November 1971 saw Moreira siding Farrell's 'Outback' with Corea (piano), Buster Williams (bass) and Elvin Jones (drums). It was Moreira's 'Free' in early 1972. 1978 found Moreira participating in Farrell's 'Night Dancing'. Farrell contributed to Moreira's 'Latino: Aqui Se Puede' issued in 1984 (issued in Germany as 'Jump' in 1993'). May 5 of 1985 saw them recording 'Three-Way Mirror' with Brazilian vocalist, Flora Purim. Farrell had first backed Purim in the Hermeto Pascoal Orchestra in NYC for 'Hermeto' in 1971. Among multiple recordings together was 'Light as a Feather' on tour to London in October of 1972. Included on that were Corea (keyboards), Moreira (percussion) and Stanley Clarke (bass). Sometime in 1985 Farrell and Moreira backed Purim's 'Humble People'. Clarke himself played a major role in Farrell's career. They had held their first mutual sessions on February 2 and 3 of 1972 for Corea's 'Return to Forever' with Moreira and Purim. Clarke and Ferrell would visit on multiple occasions throughout the seventies backing various enterprises such as Corea's. Along the way Clarke added bass to Farrell's 'Moongerms' on November 21, 1972 and 'La Catedral y El Toro' in 1977. Come April 1980 Farrell would support Clarke's 'Fuse One'. Farrell averaged about one album per year until his premature death in Los Angeles in January 1986 of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), age only 48. Having issued sixteen albums as a leader or co-leader, one of those had been 'Benson & Farrell' in 1976 with guitarist, George Benson, another of his more important comrades, having participated in Benson's 'Tell It Like It Is' in 1969, 'Pacific Fire' ('83) in 1975 and 'Good King Bad' in December 1975. Lord's disco has Farrell approaching 270 sessions, we bowing out of this account of such by dropping a few names from out of the host with whom he'd recorded: CTI All Stars ('72), Brother Jack McDuff, Clark Woodard and Brian Bromberg. Per 1960 below, Farrell shares sax with three others in Ferguson's big band.

Joe Farrell   1960

   Newport Suite

      Maynard Ferguson album: Newport Suite'

Joe Farrell   1970

   Follow Your Heart

      Album: 'Joe Farrell Quartet'

Joe Farrell   1971


      Album: 'Outback'

Joe Farrell   1973

   Hurricane Jane

      Album: 'Penny Arcade'

   Moon Germs

      Album: 'Moon Germs'

   Too High

      Album: 'Penny Arcade'

Joe Farrell   1974

   Upon This Rock

      Album: 'Upon This Rock'


      Album: 'Upon This Rock'

Joe Farrell   1975

   Canned Funk

      Album: 'Canned Funk'

Joe Farrell   1978

   Night Dancing


Joe Farrell   1979

   Speak Low

      Album: 'Skate Board Park'

Joe Farrell   1980

   Better Get It In Your Soul

      Filmed live


  Eric Gale was born in Brooklyn in 1938 (not to be confused with later guitarist, Eric Gales). After a go with various other instruments at age twelve he settled with guitar. Gale studied chemistry at Niagara University. It was about 1960 that he began his career, gigging with doo wop and R&B musicians, Maxine Brown and Jackie Wilson. Such may or may not have preceded his initial recordings (qualified per Paul Griffin below) thought to have been in September of 1960 for a performance of Jon Hendricks' musical, 'Evolution of a Blues Song', in Los Angeles. He next surfaced on King Curtis' 'Old Gold' in 1961, that for Tru-Sound (Prestige imprint) in Hackensack, NJ. By 1963 he was working as a studio musician in New York City, his first session per Lord's disco that year on July 29 for vocalist, Doris Troy, on such as 'Tomorrow's Another Day' bw 'Watcha Gonna Do About It' (Atlantic 2206 '64), et al. August 22 has Gale contributing to Troy's 'But I Love Him' before Red Holloway's 'The Burner' on October 10. Come August 4 of 1964 for Troy's 'Hurry' bw 'He Don't Belong to Me' issued in January of 1965. One of Gale's more important associates was pianist, Paul Griffin. Their first session together is listed in Lord's disco per Seldon Powell's 'At the Hop' with neither session nor issue dates known. Thought anywhere from 1960 onward, that might conceivably have preceded 'Evolution of a Blues Song' above. Gale next backed Griffin's 'The Swingin' Sound of Soul' with unknown dates excepting its advertisement in 'Billboard' magazine on January 23, 1965. Griffin's 'Hammond Swing mit Paul Griffin' was issued in Germany in 1965 as well. Gale and Griffin would back numerous operations together, like Solomon Burke's or Stanley Turrentine's, into the eighties. Along the way Griffin backed Gale's first session as a leader on February 1, 1971, those titles never issued: 'I've Been Too Blind to See', 'It Must Be Cabbage', 'Somewhere' and 'I Gotta Have a Song'. Lord's has Gale and Griffin together to as late as March of 1983 for Sadao Watanabe's 'Fill Up the Night'. We return to Bill Doggett's 'Honky Tonk A-La Mod!' in 1965, Chuck Rainey adding electric bass to that. Gale and Rainey toured much the same itinerary through numerous bands, such as Yusef Lateef's, into the latter seventies. Along the way Gale supported Rainey's debut album, 'The Chuck Rainey Coalition', issued in 1972. Lord's disco has them in mutual sessions to as late as Richard Tee's 'Strokin'' in 1978. Another of Gale's frequent longtime associates was drummer, Grady Tate. On an unknown date that year they backed Clark Terry's 'Mumbles'. Tate and Gale supported numerous bands together, such as Quincy Jones', into the eighties. Along the way they recorded titles in Baltimore in 1967 in a trio with organist, Greg Hatza: 'The Wizardry of Greg Hatza' and 'Organized Jazz'. (Perhaps of note is Dave Thompson's listing of the former per 1962 in the 3rd edition of 'Goldmine Jazz Album Price Guide'.) Gale supported Tate's 'Windmills of My Mind' in June of 1968 and 'Master Grady Tate' in 1977. Tate provided rhythm on Gale's 'In a Jazz Tradition' in November of 1987. Lord's disco puts them together as late as Ron Carter and Harumi Kaneko's 'I'm Walkin'' in May of 1988. We return to July 19, 1966, for Herbie Hancock's 'Don't Even Go There', other titles in that session for Blue Note unissued. Tenor saxophonist, Stanley Turrentine, was in on that. When not working on Turrentine's projects, they supported other operations, such as Freddie Hubbard's, into the eighties. Along the way Gale participated in five of Turrentine albums from 'Salt Song' in 1971 to 'Nightwings' and 'West Side Highway' in 1977. Lord's disco shows them together to as late as Stanley Clarke's 'Silk' in September of 1981. Well to step back to November 3, 1966, for titles that would get issued on side B of 'Leonard Feather's Encyclopedia of Jazz' in 1967. Ron Carter contributed bass to that, to become one Gale's more important comrades into the eighties. When not supporting each other's projects Carter and Gale backed numerous bands together, such as Turrentine's. Along the way Gale contributed guitar to Carter's 'Anything Goes' in the summer of 1975 and 'Very Well' in 1987. Carter backed Gale's 'In a Jazz Tradition' in November of 1987. Lord's disco has them together as late as May of 1988, per above with Tate: 'I'm Walkin'' with vocalist, Harumi Kaneko. We slip back to sometime in 1967 for shouter, Bernard Pretty Purdie's, 'Soul Drums', that with pianist and organist, Richard Tee. Gale and Tee were like a left and right shoelace into the nineties in support of numerous enterprises such as saxophonists, Tom Scott's or Grover Washington Jr's. Along the way Tee directed Gale's debut session as a leader (unissued) per above with Paul Griffin in 1971. Tee performed with Gale on the latter's 'Ginseng Woman' in '76, 'Multiplication' in '77 and 'Part of You' in '79. In 1976, they backed Joe Cocker on 'Stingray' in a preconfiguration of their group to come, Stuff, with Cornell Dupree (guitar), Gordon Edwards (bass) and Steve Gadd (drums/percussion). They formally became Stuff upon the addition of Chris Parker (drums/percussion) for the album, 'Stuff', in 1976. That band often performed at the now defunct jazz club, Mikell’s (1969-91), in Manhattan. Stuff held sessions that would see eight issues to 'Live East' in 1981. One of those saw release on DVD in 2008: 'Live at Montreux 1976'. Three other LPs with Stuff were in support of Carla Bley ('Dinner Music' '77, Carly Simon ('Boys in the Trees' '78 and Salena Jones ('My Love' '81). On July 21, 1993, Tee died of prostate cancer. Stuff was resurrected with all its original members, and others, to record 'Made in America: A Remembrance of Richard Tee' in November that year. Gale had participated in Tee's 'Strokin'' in September of '78, 'Natural Ingredients' in 1980 and 'Real Time' in 1992. March of 1979 had seen them recording at the Karl Marx Theatre in Havana, Cuba, with the CBS Jazz All Stars. We step back to August of 1967 for another of Gale's longtime frequent partners, that conga player and percussionist, Ralph MacDonald, with whom he participated in 'Ballad of Birmingham' on that date in the Jerry Moore Quintet. Gale and McDonald were nigh continual partners into the nineties backing numerous bands, such as the CBS Jazz All Stars for two volumes of 'Montreux Summit' in July of 1977. McDonald had participated in Gale's debut session session (unissued) as a leader in 1971 per above with Paul Griffin and Richard Tee. McDonald would contribute to five of Gale's albums from 'Forecast' in January of 1973 to 'Island Breeze' in 1982. Gale participated in McDonald's 'Sound of a Drum' in '76, 'The Path' in '78, 'Counterpoint' in '79 and 'Universal Rhythm' in '84. Their last mutual session is thought to have been for Tee's 'Real Time' in 1992 per above. We're back to September 19, 1967, for flautist, Herbie Mann's, 'Upa, Negrinho', with flautist, Hubert Laws. Gale and Laws would support both each other and other bands, such as the CBS All Stars (Montreux '77, Havana '79), into the nineties. Gale supported Laws' 'Laws' Cause' in 1966, 'The Chicago Theme' in '75 and 'Romeo & Juliet' in '76. Laws had backed Gale on 'Forecast' in 1973. They performed 'Fusion Super Jam' at the Aurex Jazz Festival in Japan in 1981, Larry Coryell at guitar as well. We return to November 20, 1967, for Bobby Timmons' 'Got to Get It' with flautist and saxophonist, Joe Farrell. Gale and Farrell interweaved often in the support of other bands such as guitarist, George Benson's, into the seventies. Along the way Farrell contributed to Gale's 'Forecast' in 1973. It was Farrell's 'La Catedral y El Toro' in 1977. Their last mutual session may have been for Maynard Ferguson's 'Conquistador' in 1978. We need back up to February 12, 1969, for saxophonist, Hank Crawford's, 'Mr. Blues Plays Lady Soul'. Gale backed Crawford on five more LPs to 'Tico Rico' in November of 1976. Crawford had participated in Gale's 'Multiplication' in 1977. We fall back to June of 1969 for Quincy Jones' 'Walking in Space', Bob James contributing keyboards to that. Gale and James traveled through numerous sessions for the next couple decades supporting other bands together, such as the CBS All Stars per above in Montreax, Switzerland, in 1977. Gale contributed to twelve of James' albums from 'One' in April of '74 to 'Grand Piano Canyon' issued in 1990. James participated in Gale's debut album, 'Forecast', in '73, 'Ginseng Woman' in '76, 'Multiplication' in '77 and 'Island Breeze' in '82. We return to March of 1970 for Junior Mance' 'With a Lotta Help From My Friends', that with Chuck Rainey (electric bass) and Billy Cobham (drums). Cobham and Gale supported numerous enterprises together into the eighties, such as the CBS All Stars in Montreux, Switzerland, per above in 1977. It's in Montreux on June 21, 1982, that Lord's disco lists them last together, that for Mose Allison's 'Lesson in Living'. Another important figure had come along in June of 1971 for Johnny Hammond Smith's 'Break Out', that with tenor saxophonist, Grover Washington Jr. Gale and Washington supported numerous operations together, such as Ralph McDonald's, into the eighties. Gale participated in twelve of Washington's albums from 'Inner City Blues' in September of 1971 to 'Inside Moves' in 1984. Washington supported four of Gale's LPs from 'Ginseng Woman' in '76 to 'Touch of Silk' in New Orleans in 1980. The next month after Gales' initial session with Washington he contributed to titles in July of '71 that went toward saxophonist, Tom Scott's, 'Blow It Out' in 1977. 'Reed My Lips' was Gales' ninth album supporting Scott in 1994. Among the host of others for whom Gale had recorded guitar were Shirley Scott, Marion Williams, Gary Burton, Les McCann, Mongo Santamaria, Yoshiaki Masuo ('Sailing Wonder' '77), Tys van Leer ('Nice to Have Met You '78) and Sherry Winston. He often backed bands on television in his latter days as well. Gale himself issued twelve or so name LPs from 'Forecast' gone down in January of 1973 to 'Utopia' sessioned in 1991 toward issue in 1998. Gale died of lung cancer on May 25, 1994, in Baja, California. Other than Scott's 'Reed my Lips' per above, his death had been preceded that year by titles toward Michael White's 'So Far Away', and 'Eric' on Marcus Miller's 'Tales'. Per 1973 below, each track is from Gale's debut LP, 'Forecast'.

Eric Gale   1963

  The Burner

      Red Holloway LP: 'The Burner'

Eric Gale   1971

  Salt Song

      Stanley Turrentine LP: 'Salt Song'

Eric Gale   1973



Eric Gale   1977


      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

  Ginseng Woman

      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

  Live in Japan

      With Stuff

  More Stuff

      Album with Stuff

  Sara Smile

      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

  She Is My Lady

      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

Eric Gale   1978

  Live in Japan

  Morning Glory

      LP: 'Multiplication'

  Oh Mary Don't You Weep

      LP: 'Multiplication'

Eric Gale   1981

  Stuff in Japan


Eric Gale   1982

  Blue Horizon

      Filmed in Montreux


      Filmed in Montreux


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eric Gale

Eric Gale

Source: Hendrix Guitars

Guitarist, Grant Green, was born in 1935 in St. Louis, Missouri, beginning his career in bars. He apparently made a trip to Chicago at age 21 to record unissued titles with organist, Tommy Dean, and vocalist, Jim Buckner, on October 23 of 1956 for Vee-Jay: 'Boogie Googie' (1 & 2), 'Ain't No Justice', 'Let Me Alone' and 'Come On'. His next session is moot, either in St. Louis in 1959 on an unknown date for Sam Lazar's 'Space Flight' (Parts 1 and 2) issued by Cawthron (507) in 1960, or in Chicago again on December 10 of 1959 for titles toward Jimmy Forrest's 'Black Forrest' issued in 1972 with Elvin Jones on drums. Also recorded on December 10 were titles toward Forrest's 'All the Gin Is Gone' issued in '97. Green was back in St. Louis for sessions on December 25 and February 20 at the Holy Barbarian Coffee House resulting in 'The Holy Barbarian' issued in 2012. Joining him on that were Bob Graf (tenor sax), Sam Lazar (organ) and Chauncey Williams (drums). Another trip to Chicago found Green with Lazar, on June 1 of 1960 recording 'Space Flight' issued that year. Joining them on that were Willie Dixon (bass) and Chauncey Williams (drums). Per 1959 below, that wasn't the same 'Space Flight' as 'Space Flight' (Parts 1 and 2) for Cawthron 507 (moot above). About that time he began touring with Lou Donaldson, getting Green deposited in New York City. He there (Englewood Cliffs, NJ) held his initial session as a leader on November 26, 1960, for Blue Note with Wynton Kelly (piano), Paul Chambers (bass) and Philly Joe Jones (drums). Those wouldn't see issue until 2001 on 'First Session'. Come Lou Donaldson's 'Here 'Tis' on January 23 of 1961. Five days later he put down 'Grant's First Stand' for issue that year with Baby Face Willette (organ) and Ben Dixon (drums). By that time he was in position for a career consisting of 125 sessions, amidst the numerous he supported along the way being Sonny Red, Don Wilkerson, Jimmy Smith, George Braith, Johnny Hodges, Don Patterson and Houston Person. Among the drummers with whom he had worked most frequently were Ben Dixon and Elvin Jones, both appearing on several of Green's LPs. Among Green's own titles on which he performed in trios were 'Green Street' in '61, 'Blues for Lou' in '63 (issued '99), 'Talkin' About' in '64 and 'Iron City' in '67 (issued '72). Green released his final of above thirty albums as a leader in 1978: 'Easy', that preceded by 'The Main Attraction' in 1976. He collapsed of heart attack on January 31 of 1979 during a performance with George Benson at the Breezin' Lounge in NYC. Per 1997 below, 'Caravan' was recorded in 1959, issued in '97 on 'All the Gin Is Gone'. Per 2012 below, 'The Holy Barbarian' consists of live recordings by Green in 1959, not released until 2012 on CD.

Grant Green   1960

   Space Flight Part 1

      Organ: Sam Lazar    Recorded 1959

   Space Flight

      Organ: Sam Lazar

     Album   Recorded 1960

Grant Green   1964

    Idle Moments

    My Favorite Things

Grant Green   1994

    The Windjammer

Grant Green   1997


      Recorded 1959

      Saxophone: Jimmy Forrest

      Album: 'All the Gin Is Gone'

Grant Green   2012

   The Holy Barbarian Blues

      Recorded live 1959

   Out Of Nowhere

      Recorded live 1959

   There Will Never Be Another You

      Recorded live 1959


Birth of Modern Jazz: Grant Green

Grant Green

Source: Record Collector News

Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Kuhn

Steve Kuhn

Photo: Mike Colyer

Source: New England Public Radio
Born in 1938 in Brooklyn, pianist, Steve Kuhn, began training at age five. His piano teacher was Serge Chaloff's mother. Kuhn attended both Harvard and the Lenox School of Music in Connecticut, the latter where Bill Evans was on the faculty. It was at the Lenox School of Jazz that Kuhn made his initial recordings on August 29, 1959, with Don Cherry and Ornette Coleman. 'The Sphinx' and 'Inn Tune' weren't issued, however, until 1980, they private recordings in Lenox, Massachusetts. Gravitating to NYC, Kuhn first emerged on vinyl with Kenny Dorham in 1960 on the album, 'Jazz Contemporary'. His debut session as a leader was in 1960 as well, with his trio consisting of Scott LaFaro on bass and Pete La Roca on drums. Those tracks, not issued until 2007 on '1964', were 'Little Old Lady', 'Bohemia After Dark', 'What's New', 'So What' and 'So What' (alt take). December of 1960 saw Kuhn supporting vibraphonist, Johnny Rae's 'Opus de Jazz Vol 2'. Come February 21, 1961, for Stan Getz' 'Airegin', other titles unissued by Verve. 'Airegin' went down again with other titles at the Newport Jazz Festival on July 3. Kuhn kept with Getz to 'Stan Getz with Guest Artist Laurindo Almeida' in March of '63. Kuhn's first release as a leader was in 1963 with pianist, Toshiko Akiyoshi, per 'The Country and Western Sound of Jazz Pianos'. Among his more important partners through the years arrived in March of 1965 for Art Farmer's 'Sing Me Softly of The Blues', that bassist, Steve Swallow. Kuhn and Swallow held a musical dialogue through countless sessions together into the new millennium. The Farmer session in '65 included drummer, Pete La Roca, with whom Kuhn and Swallow oft performed. Another drummer with whom they frequently collaborated was Bob Moses. After Farmer they supported La Roca's 'Basra' on May 19 of '65 with tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson. Their first together for Moses was for 'Family' in August of 1979. In the meantime they had been backing other ensembles as well as each other. Their first trio had been in Paris on October 29, 1969, with Aldo Romano on drums for 'Childhood Is Forever'. Their next, after numerous projects together, was 'Wisteria' in 2012 with drummer, Joey Baron. 'At This Time' arrived on August 7, 2015, with Baron again, that Kuhn's last, per this writing, of about 35 albums. 'Two by Two' on March 11, 1995, had been a duo. A couple years after Kuhn's first session with Swallow he had moved to Stockholm in 1967 and toured Europe until his return to New York in 1971. While across the sea he supported 'Alto Summit' in June of '68 featuring Lee Konitz, Pony Poindexter, Phil Woods and Leo Wright. Kuhn's LPs, 'Watch What Happens' and 'Childhood Is Forever', two of numerous trios, were also spread during that period. He was present as well on November 28, 1969, for NDR Workshop #64, 'Catching the New Onces'. (See organissimo and Way Back Machine for NDR Workshops.) Among numerous others on whose recordings Kuhn can be found are Karin Krog, Carol Fredette, Bob Mintzer and pianist, Tisziji Munoz ('Incomprehensibly Gone' '13). Kuhn is yet active, recently gigging at the Birdland in NYC perhaps an hour from his home in rural New York.

Steve Kuhn   1959

   Inn Tune

     Recorded at Lenox School of Jazz

     Not released until 1980

     Bad edit: song duration is 3 minutes

   The Sphinx

     Recorded at Lenox School of Jazz

     Not released until 1980

Steve Kuhn   1960

   Bohemia After Dark

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Drums: Pete La Roca

   Little Old Lady

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Drums: Pete La Roca

   What's New

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Drums: Pete La Roca

Steve Kuhn   1969

   All That's Left

     Bass: Steve Swallow

     Drums: Aldo Romano

Steve Kuhn   1972

   The Saga of Harrison Crabfeathers

Steve Kuhn   1986

   Yesterday's Gardenias

     Bass: Ron Carter

     Drums: Al Foster

Steve Kuhn   1998

   Speak Low

     Bass: David Finck

     Drums: Billy Drummond

Steve Kuhn   2004

   Dear Old Stockholm

     Album: 'Easy to Love'

     Bass: David Finck

     Drums: Billy Drummond

Steve Kuhn   2005

   Pavane for a Dead Princess

     Bass: Davod Finck

     Drums: Billy Drummond

Steve Kuhn   2012

   Jazz à Foix

     Filmed live

     Bass: Steve Swallow

     Drums: Billy Drummond



Though the career of Gypsy Rose Lee coincides with the swing era (she began to acquire reputation as a burlesque act about 1931), if what she made famous, the striptease, doesn't place her in modern jazz then her solitary album, 'That's Me All Over', does. What made Lee famous in her heydays was ancient by the time she made that recording. But such remarks upon a culture in which 'Playboy' magazine hosted its first jazz festival in 1959 at Chicago Stadiium. Implosive free form jazz came late to pushing boundaries, and was neither so brave nor popular as am I black or white to the right. Ellen June Hovick's name was switched to Rose Louise upon the birth of her younger sister, for whom her mother preferred the name, Ellen June. Rose Louise performed in the shadow of her sister, Ellen June, (tap) dancing the vaudeville circuit to support the family (minus a father due to divorce). But vaudeville was on the wane at the time, so the sisters went into marathon dancing. But marathon dancing was a grueling way to make a living, so Ellen June eloped with another dancer and Rose Louise found herself at Minsky's burlesque house. During one of her acts a strap on her costume broke, to a highly approving audience when her garment fell to the stage. Whence upon Rose Louise became Gypsy Rose Lee and brought striptease, more a comedy than sex act at the time, to the American stage. Several years later (1937) Lee appeared in her first films as Louise Havock ('You Can't Have Everything' and 'Ali Baba Goes To Town'). But they were minor roles going nowhere so Lee returned to New York and wrote a mystery novel ('The G-String Murders') that was made into film ('Lady of Burlesque') in 1943. Despite Lee's enormous fame there was very little documented or recorded during her career. She died of lung cancer in 1970 in Los Angeles.

Gypsy Rose Lee   1943

   The Psychology of a Stripteaser

      Film: 'Stage Door Canteen'

Gypsy Rose Lee   1958

   Put the Blame On Mame

      Film: 'Screaming Mimi'   With Red Norvo  

Gypsy Rose Lee   1960

   That's Good Enough For Me

      From the album 'That's Me All Over'  


Birth of Modern Jazz: Gypsy Rose Lee

Gypsy Rose Lee

Source: Jewish Currents

  Born in 1940 in Rochester, NY, composer, flugelhorn and trumpet player, Chuck Mangione, put together his first band in 1957 with his brother, pianist, Gap Mangione. Called the Jazz Brothers, they released the first of three albums in 1960: 'The Jazz Brothers'. He issued his own 'Recuerdo' in 1962 with the backing of Louis Hayes (drums), Wynton Kelly (piano), Sam Jones (bass) and Joe Romano on horns. Things began busting loose in 1965 when he began working in the bands of Woody Herman, Maynard Ferguson and Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers. He remained with the Messengers for a couple of years, participating in 'Buttercorn Lady' in January of '66 at the Lighthouse in Hermosa Beach, CA. In May of '66 he supported Blakey's 'Hold on I'm Coming'. Mangione's first Grammy was won for his composition, 'Bellavia', released in 1975. His soundtrack for the 1978 film starring Anthony Quinn, 'The Children of Sanchez', gained him another Grammy. Another of Mangione's soundtracks was 'The Cannonball Run' starring Burt Reynolds in 1981. 'Tarantella' was also issued that year, containing edits of his 1980 nine-hour concert at the American Hotel Ballroom in Rochester to benefit Italian earthquake victims. Another benefit was held on his birthday in 2000 for St. John's Nursing Home in Rochester, netting $50,000. Beyond music, Mangione did some voice acting and was a Yankee fan. (He had played the national anthem at Yankee Stadium in New York in 1983, the year the Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 4 to 0.) Mangione has issued more than thirty albums, having also supporting such as Esther Satterfield, Victor Feldman, Sarah Vaughan and Cheryl Bentyne. He is yet active with his base of operations in his hometown of Rochester. Among his latest studio releases was 'Everything for Love' in 2000

The Jazz Brothers   1961

   Spring Fever

     Album: 'Spring Fever'

Chuck Mangione   1962


     Album: 'Recuerdo'

Chuck Mangione   1970

   Hill Where the Lord Hides

     Filmed 'Friends and Love Concert'

     Conducting: Chuck Mangione

Chuck Mangione   1973

   Land of Make Believe

     Album: 'Land of Make Believe'

Chuck Mangione   1975

   Monterey Jazz Festival

     Filmed live

Chuck Mangione   1977

   Feels So Good

     Album: 'Feels So Good'

Chuck Mangione   1978

   Children of Sanchez

     Album: 'Children of Sanchez'

   Land of Make Believe

     Live at the Hollywood Bowl

     Album: 'An Evening of Magic'

Chuck Mangione   1981



Chuck Mangione   1986

   Sweet Cheryl Lynn

     Album: 'Save Tonight for Me'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Chuck Mangione

Chuck Mangione

Source: Wheat's Beat
Birth of Modern Jazz: Pat Martino

Pat Martino

Source: Mas i Mas/Jamboree Jazz
Born in 1944 in Philadelphia, PA, guitarist, Pat Martino, recorded under his birth name, Pat Azzara, until the release of his debut album, 'El Hombre', in 1967. He was playing professionally at age fifteen in NYC where he would share quarters with Les Paul for a time. He is thought to have issued 'Sometimes'/'Latino Twist' with Ricky Tino in 1960. His career began to locomote in 1963 upon releasing three albums with Willis Jackson that year: 'Grease and Gravy', 'More Gravy', and 'The Good Life'. Martino recorded five albums with Jackson in 1964, four more thereafter to 'Nothing Butt...' in 1980. Martino recorded his first of nine LPs with Don Patterson in November of '64: 'Holiday Soul'. Going by Lord's disco, the last was 'Why Not' on January 26, 1978. The first of several LPs with Eric Kloss, 'Introducing Eric Kloss', went down on September 1 of 1965. Four more ensued to 'One, Two, Free' on August 28, 1972. Martino supported organist, Jack McDuff, in February of 1966 toward 'Walk On By'. Titles from that session would get included on several later McDuff issues. McDuff and Martino reunited in March of 2000 for the former's 'Brotherly Love'. On May 1 of 1967 Martino recorded his first name album, 'El Hombre'. During the seventies Martino made a favorite of himself at jazz guitar with, if not a huge fan base compared rock guitarists, at least a very dedicated one, largely aficionados recognizing Martino for one of the finest guitarists in the realm. In 1980, however, Martino endured a brain aneurysm, leaving him after surgery with amnesia not only as to his past, but as to playing guitar. So he trained himself again from his older recordings. Having rather much to relearn, he finally released 'The Return' in 1987. Unlike other musicians whose popularity begins to fade after a decade or two, Martino's has only kept growing. He doesn't fill stadiums but his fans think he should with good reason. One must be careful with Martino: once a fan you could get stuck and remain one indefinitely. Martino has issued perhaps twenty name albums. His last couple releases were recorded years earlier: 'Young Guns' with keyboard player, Gene Ludwig, in 1969, issued in 2014, and 'Nexus' with keyboardist, Jim Ridl, in 1994, released in 2016. Lord's disco has him as recently as three titles on 'The Real Thing' for tenor saxophonist, Eric Alexander, on April 2, 2015.

Pat Martino   1963

   Doot Dat

     Willis Jackson album: 'Grease n Gravy'

Pat Martino   1967

   El Hombre




Pat Martino   1972



Pat Martino   1974



Pat Martino   1976



Pat Martino   1987

   Live at Ethel's Place

     Filmed live

Pat Martino   2002



   Umbria Jazz

      Filmed concert

Pat Martino   2006

   Lazy Bird

     Album: 'East!'

Pat Martino   2013

   Live in Moscow

     Filmed live

Pat Martino   2014

   Lotos Jazz Festival

     Filmed concert


  Born in 1931 in Boston, Makanda Ken McIntyre played double bass, drums, piano, and a lot of horns, especially alto sax. After serving a couple years in the US Army McIntyre received his bachelor's in music from the Boston Conservatory in 1958. He continued studies in composition and flute to acquire his master's the next year. He recorded his first album, playing flute and alto sax, on May 31 of 1960, his second in June 28: 'Stone Blues' and 'Looking Ahead'. McIntyre released only eight more albums during his career: 'Year of the Iron Sheep' (1962), 'Way, Way Out' (1963), 'Hindsight' (1974), 'Home' (1975), 'Open Horizon' (1975), 'Introducing the Vibrations' (1976), 'Chasing the Sun' (1978) and 'In the Wind' (1996). His last was issued posthumously in 2000: 'A New Beginning'. He had also led 'Honi Gordon Sings' in March of '62. The reason McIntyre is credited with only 33 sessions was his emphasis on education. He began teaching in public schools in 1961. Ten years later he founded the African American Music program at State University of New York College (SUNY), teaching there for 24 years. He'd meanwhile earned his doctorate in curriculum design from the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1975. As the eighties rolled into the nineties he worked with Charlie Haden and his Liberation Music Orchestra ('The Montreal Tapes' and 'DreamKeeper'). Among others on whose recordings he can be found were Cecil Taylor, Nat Adderley, Beaver Harris, Craig Harris and Tom Harrell. Though McIntyre's was a limited recording career he was good for above 350 compositions and 200 arrangements. He died on June 13 of 2001 at age 79 in Harlem.

Makanda Ken McIntyre   1960

  Looking Ahead


  Stone Blues

     LP: 'Stone Blues'

Makanda Ken McIntyre   1974



Makanda Ken McIntyre   1977

 Clear Eyes

     LP: 'Introducing the Vibrations'

 Miss Priss

     LP: 'Introducing the Vibrations'

 Now Is the Time

     LP: 'Introducing the Vibrations'

Makanda Ken McIntyre   1978

 Coconut Bread

     LP: 'Chasing the Sun'

Makanda Ken McIntyre   2000


     Solo filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Makanda Ken McIntyre

Makanda Ken McIntyre

Source: Roberto's Winds
  Charles McPherson was born in 1939 in Joplin, Missouri, but raised in Detroit. He there played regularly in clubs before moving to NYC in 1959, finding a spot in a very brief time with Charles Mingus, the major figure in his career into the seventies. McPherson's initial recordings with Mingus were on October 20, 1960. One of those tracks, 'Vassarlean', got issued in 1960 on the various artists album, 'The Jazz Life!'. 'M.D.M.' and 'Lock 'Em Up' from that session were released the next year on the LP, 'Mingus'. 'Bugs' and 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird No 2' aren't thought to have been issued until 1988 on the Mingus collection, 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird'. Mingus' 1995 album, 'In a Soulful Mood', contained 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird No 1', 'Vassarlean' and 'Bugs', which we are by now. McPherson contributed to a minimum of twenty Mingus LPs, issued sooner or later, to his last sessions with him in France in August of 1972 resulting in 'Live in Chateauvallon, 1972' released in 1989. A reunion on January 19 of 1974 witnessed 'Mingus at Carnegie Hall'. January 18 of 1978 found him participating in Mingus' 'Something Like a Bird'. In 1961 McPherson recorded 'Newer Than New' with Barry Harris, issued that year. Harris was another important figure, he also contributing to Harris' 'Bull's Eye' on June 4, 1968, and touring to Japan in April of 1976 for 'Live in Tokyo', the latter in a trio with Sam Jones on bass. They had backed Jones' 'Cello Again' on January 5 that year. Harris participated in seven of McPherson's LPs from his debut 'Bebop Revisited!' on November 20, 1964, to 'Today's Man' in 1973. In 1978 McPherson moved to San Diego. He has toured internationally on a number of occasions, held numerous teaching posts and appeared on more than fifty recordings by other musicians such as Don Patterson and Rob Schneiderman through above 100 sessions. He is yet active as ever from his base of operations in the fairest climate in the States, sailor city, San Diego. His next to last album, 'The Journey', was issued January 2015. His 24th and latest per this writing was 'Love Walked In' released in 2016. Per 1966 below, each track is from McPherson's album, 'The Quintet/Live!'. Per 1976, each is from the album, 'Live in Tokyo' with Barry Harris.

Charles McPherson   1960


      Released 1988

      Album: 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird'

Charles McPherson   1961

  Make Haste

      With the Barry Harris Quintet

      Album: 'Newer Than New'


      Participation unconconfirmed

Charles McPherson   1964


      Album: 'Bebop Revisited!'

Charles McPherson   1965

  Feelin' Good

      With Pat Bowie

  In a Sentimental Mood


Charles McPherson   1965

  Feelin' Good

      With Pat Bowie

  In a Sentimental Mood

Charles McPherson   1966

   Here's That Rainy Day

   I Believe in You

   Never Let Me Go

Charles McPherson   1972

   For Heaven's Sake

      Album: 'Siku Ya Bibi'

Charles McPherson   1976

   Bouncing with Bud

   East of the Sun

   These Foolish Things

Charles McPherson   1990


      Filmed live

Charles McPherson   1994


      Album: 'First Flight Out'

Charles McPherson   2002

  Spring Is Here

      Album: 'Live at the Cellar'

Charles McPherson   2004

   Gone with the Wind

      Album: 'But Beautiful'

   I'll Never Stop Loving You

      Album: 'But Beautiful'

Charles McPherson   2005

   Tenor Madness

      With the Bernie Senensky Trio

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Charles McPherson

Charles McPherson

Source: Roberto's Winds
  Born in Idabel, OK, in 1936, free jazz drummer, Sunny Murray, was raised in Philadelphia, PA. In 1956 he went to NYC, early gigging with Cecil Taylor and studying with classical composer, Varès. His initial recording session is thought to have been with Taylor on October 20, 1960 for 'The World of Cecil Taylor'. Free Jazz Research has him with Taylor in January of 1961 for 'Section C' on Taylor's later album, 'Cell Walk for Celeste', issued in 1988. Come Taylor's 'Into the Hot' on October 10 of 1961. Four more albums with Taylor would follow to 'It Is in the Brewing Luminous' in 1980. Murray had toured with the Cecil Taylor Trio including Jimmy Lyons (alto sax) to Denmark in November of '62 for 'At The Cafe Montmartre'. That prior week in Copenhagen that trio supported Albert Ayler on 'Four', that issued years later by Revenant in 2004 on Ayler's CD box set, 'Holy Ghost'. Murray participated in ten of Ayler's projects from 'Swing Low, Sweet Spiritual' and 'Spirits' in February of 1964 to 'Spirits Rejoice' on September 23, 1965. In November that year Ayler participated in Murray's debut LP, 'Sunny's Time Now', that including Don Cherry on cornet. It had been February of 1964 when Murray joined Archie Shepp's New York Contemporary Five for titles toward 'New York Contemporary Five' and 'Bill Dixon 7-tette/Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5'. Murray and Shepp went back to 'The World of Cecil Taylor' in 1960 above. Come a tour to Algiers in July of 1969 for 'Live at The Pan-African Festival'. Also gone down that year for Shepp were tracks toward 'Yasmina, a Black Woman', 'Black Gipsy' and 'Pitchin Can'. Shepp supported Murray's 'Homage to Africa' and 'Sunshine' in August of '69 in Paris. Making Philadelphia his home, Murray later formed the group, the Untouchable Factor, with which he recorded tracks in May of '76 to be found on the albums by various, 'Wildflowers' 1 and 5. That band put down 'Charred Earth' and 'Apple Cores' in 1977. Among the numerous on whose recordings Murray can be found are Keshavan Maslak (Kenny Millions), Khan Jamal and the Sonic Liberation Front. Among Murray's latest studio recordings was 'I Stepped Onto a Bee', recorded in 2010 and released the next year with a trio consisting of John Edwards (bass) and Tony Bevan (tenor sax). He is also found on 'Tiresias' per 2011 with the Louie Belogenis Trio and Michael Bisio. Per below, a few in the list are recording rather than release dates. Per 1964, the full title of the 2001 release is 'Bill Dixon 7-Tette / Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5'. Per 1968 below, Murray joins drummers, Art Blakey, Max Roach and Elvin Jones.

Sunny Murray   1961

   Section C

      Not issued until 1988

      Cecil Taylor LP: 'Cell Walk for Celeste'

Sunny Murray   1962


      Gil Evans LP: 'Into the Hot'


      Not issued until 2003

      Albert Ayler box set CD: 'Holy Ghost'

Sunny Murray   1964

   Like a Blessed Baby Lamb

      Not issued until 2001

      LP: 'Bill Dixon . . . Contemporary 5'

Sunny Murray   1965

   Black Art

      LP: 'Sonny's Time Now'

   Holy Spirit

      Albert Ayler album: 'Ghosts'

   Justice 1 & 2

      LP: 'Sonny's Time Now'

   Number One

      Piano: Cecil Taylor

      Live at the Village Gate


      LP: 'Sonny's Time Now'

Sunny Murray   1968

   Drum Solo

      Filmed live

   Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed live

   Swing Unit


Sunny Murray   1969

   Red Cross

      LP: 'Sunshine'

Sunny Murray   1970

   Complete Affection

      LP: 'Never Give a Sucker'

   An Even Break

      LP: 'Never Give a Sucker'

   Giblets Part 12

      LP: 'Never Give a Sucker'

Sunny Murray   1976

   Seven Steps to Heaven

      With the Untouchable Factor

Sunny Murray   1977

   Something's Cookin'

      LP: 'Wildflowers 5'

Sunny Murray   1979

   African Magic


      Bass: Malachi Favors

      Percussion: Cheikh Tidiane Fall

Sunny Murray   2000

   Dawn of a New Vibration

      Album with Arthur Doyle

   Live at the Tunnel 1

      Fringes Festival with Arthur Doyle

   Live at the Tunnel 2

      Fringes Festival with Arthur Doyle

   Live at the Tunnel 3

      Fringes Festival with Arthur Doyle


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sunny Murray

Sunny Murray

Source: Dark Forces
Birth of Modern Jazz: Archie Shepp

Archie Shepp

Photo: Associated Press

Source: Ooyuz
Born in 1937 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, tenor saxophonist, Archie Shepp, was raised in Philadelphia, PA. He was a drama major for four years at Goddard College in Vermont before turning to a career in music. 1960 found Shepp working at the Five Spot in NYC in 1960 with avant-garde pianist, Cecil Taylor, Dennis Charles (drums) and Buell Neidlinger (bass). Shepp's debut recording session may have been (a duo) with Neidlinger some time in 1960 for 'Davis', issued on 'Marty's Garage' (2269) in 1983 on tenor saxophonist, Marty Krystall's label, K2B2. However, per Lord's disco that might also have been pulled from a later session on January 9, 1961. The Jazz Discography Project ( omits that from its Taylor discography, leading off with sessions on October 12 and 13 with several takes of 'Air' and one of 'Lazy Afternoon'. 'Lazy Afternoon' and 'Air' (take 28) saw release in 1960 on Taylor's 'The World of Cecil Taylor'. 'Air' (takes 9, 21 and 24) saw issue on 'Air' in 1988. Titles gone down on January 9 and 10 of 1961 would find issue on Taylor's 'Cell Walk for Celeste' in 1988. (Per 'Davis' above, Lord's disco gives no take number. lists takes 1 and 3 on the 9th, but no take 2. Perhaps 'Davis' above is somehow take 2 with others out?) October 10 saw Shepp in Taylor's ensemble for tracks 2, 4 and 6 of Gil Evans's 'Into the Hot' released in 1962. Shepp's debut album, 'Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet', was released in 1962, recorded in October that year. Shepp joined the New York Contemporary Five with Don Cherry at trumpet and John Tchicai on alto sax for 'Consequences' on October 23 of '63. That was with Don Moore (bass) and JC Moses (drums). It was the same personnel with Cherry out for a second session on that date to result in Tchicai and Shepp's 'Rufus'. Shepp's threat was clear by the time he appeared on three albums by John Coltrane in 1965: 'Ascension', 'The Major Works of John Coltrane' and 'A Love Supreme'. He first visited Africa in July 1969, recording at the Pan African Festival in Algiers, Algeria. In 1971 Shepp began teaching black music at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. He has also taught African American studies at SUNY in Buffalo, New York. Shepp turned his interests to Europe in the early eighties. He and Dutch pianist, Jasper van 't Hof, released 'Mama Rose' in 1982 and 'The Fifth of May' in 1987. In the early nineties Shepp collaborated with Belgian pianist, Michel Herr, on the film score to 'Just Friends' released in 1993. In June of '96 he performed with French trumpeter, Eric Le Lann, in France, they recording 'Live in Paris'. In 2002 Shepp and Hungarian saxophonist, Mihály Dresch, collaborated on 'Hungarian Bebop' in Budapest. In 2004, together with Monette Berthomier, Shepp founded the Archieball record label in Paris. Shepp released a regular library of albums during his career, appearing on above 100 of them as a leader or co-leader. Amidst others with whom he'd collaborated were Sunny Murray, Sun Ra and the Sax Legends ('92). Among Shepp's latest sessions were with German pianist, Joachim Kuhn, the latter featured on Shepp's 'Wo!man' in 2011, Shepp featured on Kuhn's 'Voodoo Sense' in 2012. His latest issue per this writing was in 2013 with the Attica Blues Orchestra for 'I Hear the Sound'.

Archie Shepp   1960

   Air   Take 9

     Cecil Taylor album: 'Air'   Issued 1988

   Air   Take 24

     Cecil Taylor album: 'Air'   Issued 1988

   The World Of Cecil Taylor

     Album   Shepp on tracks 1 ('Air' Take 28) and 5

Archie Shepp   1963

   New York Contemporary Five


Archie Shepp   1964

   Like a Blessed Baby Lamb

     With the New York Contemporary Five

Archie Shepp   1967

   The Magic of Ju-Ju


Archie Shepp   1969


Archie Shepp   1972

   Attica Blues


Archie Shepp   1973

   Dr.King - The Peaceful Warrior

     Live in Ljubljana, Slovenia

Archie Shepp   1975


     Album: 'A Sea of Faces'

   Lush Life

     Album: 'Montreux One

Archie Shepp   1976


     Album with Max Roach

Archie Shepp   1994

   Live in Geneva

     Filmed concert

Archie Shepp   2001

   God Bless the Child

     Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival


     Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival

     Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival

Archie Shepp   2004

   Hungarian Bebop

     Album with Mihály Dresch Quartet

Archie Shepp   2011

   Jazz a Porquerolles

     Filmed concert   Piano: Chucho Valdes

Archie Shepp   2015

   Jazz in Marciac

     Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: McCoy Tyner

McCoy Tyner

Source: All Music
McCoy Tyner, pianist, was born in 1938 in Philadelphia, PA. As a youth he knew Bud Powell, also a resident of Philadelphia. He began tapping keys at age thirteen. He changed his name to Sulieman Saud upon becoming a Muslim four years later. He is known to have gigged in Philadelphia with John Coltrane in the summer of '57 at the Red Rooster and the House of Jazz (both now defunct). Tyner made his debut recordings in the Sextet of trombonist, Curtis Fuller, on December 17 of '59 for the LP, 'Imagination', issued in 1960. Present on that was bassist, Jimmy Garrison, who would play a major role in Tyner's career, they both members of John Coltrane's operation for the next five years. Garrison also contributed to titles by Tyner like 'Today and Tomorrow' ('64) and 'McCoy Tyner Plays Duke Ellington' ('65). We return to February of 1960 for Art Farmer's 'Meet the Jazztet' issued that year. More recordings with Fuller and Garrison followed until Tyner joined Coltrane's quartet on June 10 of '60 for the private recording of 'Live at the Jazz Gallery 1960' issued in 2011. Coltrane's projects were Tyner's main locomotion for the next five years. Wikipedia lists 28 more issues worth of material gone down with Coltrane to 'Meditations' on November 23, 1965. Nine days after Tyner's first session with Coltrane he joined trumpeter, Freddie Hubbard, on June 19, 1960, for 'Open Sesame'. Hubbard and Tyner partnered numerously throughout the years in the support of various, such as Coltrane, also putting down three more albums for Hubbard: 'Goin' Up' ('61), 'Ready for Freddie' ('62) and 'Blue Spirits' ('67). Hubbard contributed to Tyner's 'Together' in the summer of 1978 and '4 X 4' in 1980. Lord's disco lists a last session together per the Great Quartet at the Hollywood Bowl in June of 1982 with Ron Carter (bass) and Elvin Jones (drums). Those three titles saw issue on the album by various, 'In Performance at the Playboy Jazz Festival', in 1984. We back up to October 21, 1960, for Coltrane's 'My Favorite Things' with Elvin Jones at drums. Jones and McCoy traveled through Coltrane together, also backing each other's projects. Jones contributed to Tyner's first session as a leader on October 24, 1960, for 'Lazy Bird' and 'In Your Own Sweet Way', those issued in 1976 on the album by various, 'Chick Corea Herbie Hancock Keith Jarrett McCoy Tyner'. Jones participated in five of Tyner's LPs from his debut, 'Inception', in January of '62 to 'Trident' in a trio with Ron Carter in Berkeley, CA, in February of 1975. It was Jones' 'Illumination!' co-led by Jimmy Garrison on August 8 of 1963. They co-led 'Love & Peace' in April of '82. Lord's disco has Carter and Tyner in a last session for tenor saxophonist, David Murray's, 'Special Quartet' in March of 1990. A tenor who played a greater role in McCoy's career was Joe Henderson, for whom we return to June 3 of 1963 for the latter's debut LP, 'Page One'. Together supporting various projects on occasion through the years, such as Flora Purim's 'Encounter' ('77), McCoy backed three more of Henderson's LPs: 'Our Thing in September of '83, 'In 'n Out' in April of '64 and 'Inner Urge' in November. Henderson participated in Tyner's 'The Real McCoy' in April of '67 and 'New York Reunion' in April of 1991. We slip back to April 29, 1964, for another important tenor, that Wayne Shorter with whom Tyner joined Freddie Hubbard on that date for latter's 'Ready for Freddie'. Together with backing other ensembles, such as Lee Morgan's, they worked on each other's projects beginning with Shorter's 'Night Dreamer' on April 29 of 1964. Come 'Juju' on August 1 and 'The Soothsayer' on March 4, 1965. Shorter contributed to McCoy's 'Expansions' on August 23 of '68 and 'Extensions' on February 9 of 1970. Lord's disco shows their last session in NYC for titles unissued by Blue Note on October 13, 1970: 'The Creation', 'Because', 'Cee', 'Dee', and 'Effe'. We return to September 4 of 1964 for tenor saxophonist, Stanley Turrentine's, 'Mr. Natural' ('80). 'Rough 'n' Tumble' ('66) was their first to see issue. In the next five years sessions with Turrentine would supply about five more of the latter's issues, sooner or later, to 'Ain't No Way' on June 23 of '69. Shorter's 'The Soothsayer' above in 1965 included bassist, Ron Carter, another of McCoy's major confederates. Along with backing the projects of others, such as George Benson, Carter contributed to 14 of McCoy's albums from 'The Real McCoy' on April 21 of '67 to 'Guitars' in September of 2006. Come another important bassist on an unknown date in 1981, that Avery Sharpe for Tyner's 'La Leyenda de La Hora' ('The Legend of the Hour'). Avery hung with Tyner through numerous albums to 'Infinity' featuring Michael Brecker in April 1995. Along the way Tyner contributed to Sharpe's 'Unspoken Words' in January of 1988. Lord's disco has their last mutual session in July of 1998 for 'McCoy Tyner and The Latin All-Stars'. Among others on whose recordings Tyner can be found along his path of about 270 sessions are Julian Priester, Hank Mobley, Art Blakey ('A Jazz Message' '64), EFX and Michael Brecker ('Tales from the Hudson' '96). Favoring smaller ensembles such as trios, Tyner is down for 76 albums at Wikipedia from 'Inception', above, with Elvin Jones in '62 to 'Solo' gone down on May 6 of 2007 in San Francisco. That had been preceded by 'Quartet' in December of 2006 with Joe Lovano (tenor sax), Christian McBride (bass) and Jeff Tain Watts (drums). Amidst peripheral tasks as a musician, Turrentine has served on the panel of judges for the Independent Music Awards on three occasions since 2007. Among the heavyweights of jazz piano in the 20th century, Tyner is yet active recording and touring internationally.

McCoy Tyner   1960

   Bang Bang

      Curtis Fuller LP: 'Imagination'


      LP: 'Images of Curtis Fuller'

   Meet the Jazztet

      LP by Farmer/Golson

   Open Sesame

      Freddie Hubbard LP: 'Open Sesame'

McCoy Tyner   1962



   Reaching Fourth


McCoy Tyner   1963

   My Funny Valentine

      Newport Jazz Festival

McCoy Tyner   1965

   Live at the Half Note

      Radio broadcast with John Coltrane

McCoy Tyner   1972

   My Favorite Things

      LP: 'Echoes of a Friend'

McCoy Tyner   1974


      LP: 'Asante'   Recorded 1970

   Goin' Home

     LP: 'Asante'   Recorded 1970

McCoy Tyner   1976

   Fly with the Wind

      LP: 'Fly With the Wind'

McCoy Tyner   1977



McCoy Tyner   1981

   Live at Montreux

      Filmed concert

McCoy Tyner   1986

   Jazz Ost-West

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Avery Sharpe

      Drums: Louis Hayes

      Tenor sax: Hoe Henderson

      Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

McCoy Tyner   1989

   Live in Munich

      Filmed with George Benson

McCoy Tyner   1998

   Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

McCoy Tyner   2004


      LP: 'Illuminations'

McCoy Tyner   2009

   Live at Jazz Open

     Filmed in Germany

McCoy Tyner   2010

   Jazz in Marciac

     Filmed live

     Bass: Gerald Cannon

     Drums: Eric Kamau Gravatt

McCoy Tyner   2013

   Live at SFJAZZ

     Filmed by NPR


Larry Young, organist, was born in 1940 in Newark, New Jersey. He began his career performing with R&B bands in his hometown. He is thought to have first recorded on August 2, 1960, for the Prestige label, resulting in the release of 'Testifying' that year. Seven days later he recorded 'Forrest Fire' with tenor saxophonist, Jimmy Forrest. Titles toward 'Young Blues' went down in November 1960, 'Groove Street' in February 1962, 'Gumbo' in February 1963. That was followed in 1964 by the first two of four albums with guitarist, Grant Green: 'Talkin' About!' released in '65 and 'Street of Dreams' on shop shelves in 1966. Young's 'Into Somethin'' was recorded in November. 'Emergency!' was the first of three albums Young put down with Tony Williams, issued in 1969. He strayed beyond the jazz realm a bit per 'Drone Blues' on Jimi Hendrix' 'Nine to the Universe' issued in 1980. Of 14 albums issued sooner or later with a somewhat anchored recording date Young's last was 'Spaceball' sometime in 1976. 'The Magician' issued in '77 is of unknown date perhaps around that time. Lord's disco follows him as far as November 16, 1977, for duets on Joe Chambers' 'Double Exposure'. Young died at a young age when he ought yet have had plenty of drive left in him, on March 30 of 1978 of unclear causes, though said to be pneumonia. Others on whose recordings Young can be found include Etta Jones, Miles Davis, John McLaughlin and Buddy Terry.

Larry Young   1960


      Album: 'Testifying'

Larry Young   1966

   Softly As In a Morning Sunrise

      Recorded 1965


      Recorded 1965

Larry Young   1967

   Street of Dreams

      Grant Green album: 'Street of Dreams'

     Recorded 1964

Larry Young   1968


      Album: 'Contrasts'   Recorded 1967

Larry Young   1969


     Album by Tony Williams

   Love Drops

   Street Scene

Larry Young   1975




Birth of Modern Jazz: Larry Young

Larry Young

Source: Concert Vault
Birth of Modern Jazz: Herbie Hancock

Herbie Hancock

Source: Prog Archives
Keyboardist, Herbie Hancock, made his name before jazz-rock fusion and funk jazz, but his pioneering combination of those made him a hugely popular musician twice over who bloats concert halls to busting with faithful fans to this day. Hancock was born in 1940 in Chicago. He was the son of a meat inspector and secretary. Beginning classical training at age seven, four years later Hancock performed Mozart's 'Piano Concerto No 2 in D Major' with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He began attending Grinnell College in 1958 as a music and electrical engineering major. He studied with Chris Anderson in 1960, also gigging with saxophonist, Coleman Hawkins around the time that he began studies with (opera) composer, Vittorio Giannini. It was about that time that he made his debut vinyl with trumpeter, Donald Byrd, in the latter's Quintet with Pepper Adams on March 2, 1961, that 'Out of This World (Vol 1)'. Vol 2 of 'Out of This World' from that session got issued in 1988. Also going down in '61 were 'Chant', 'Hip Entertainment Vol 1', 'Royal Flush' and 'Free Form' with Adams out on the last. 'A New Perspective' was taped in January of '63. 1964 saw 'Up!' and 'I'm Trying to Get Home'. Also present in that December session for 'Free Form' in 1961 was tenor saxophonist, Wayne Shorter, replacing Adams. Hancock and Shorter would be close associates into the new millennium backing numerous enterprises together, such Miles Davis', when not supporting each other. Hancock first backed Shorter for unissued Blue Note titles on November 2, 1964: 'Witch Hunt', 'Dance Cadaverous' and 'Speak No Evil'. He contributed to eight of Shorter's albums from 'Speak No Evil' on December 24 of '64 to 'Joy Rider' in 1987. Shorter has participated in at least thirteen of Hancock's albums from ' Man Child' in 1975 to 'The Imagine Project' in 2009. Hancock had released his first album in 1962, aptly titled, 'Takin' Off'. He recorded his initial film score, 'Blow Up', in 1966. Another important figure had come along on March 13 of 1963 for titles toward 'Seven Steps to Heaven', that Miles Davis. Like his contemporary, Chick Corea, it was with Davis that Hancock moved from acoustic to electric keyboards. His first instance of electric piano was with a Wurlitzer for 'Water On the Pond' gone down on December 28, 1967, to get issued in 1981 on 'Directions'. His initial recording with the Fender Rhodes piano was 'Stuff' on May 17, 1968, for issue on 'Miles in the Sky' that year. Hancock would appear on above twenty Davis LPs, the last recorded (not issued) being 'Big Fun' in 1972. They would reunite in Paris in 1991 for 'At La Villette' released in 2001 on DVD. Having earlier earned his degree from Grinnell, Hancock was there awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts in 1972. He formed the Headhunters in 1973 toward the issue of 'Head Hunters' that year. Another session was held at the Newport Jazz Festival on July 2 of '74. Hancock has also acted a bit in television and film, beginning with the role of Gideon in 'The Wind Bags' for the television series, 'Concrete Cowboys', with Tom Sellick in 1981. He has appeared in film as recently as 2017 per 'Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets'. Hancock is one of the very few jazz artists in these histories who became involved with hip-hop, releasing 'Future Shock' in 1983 complete with scratching on 'Rockit'. Hancock has recorded prolifically, way up there with nigh 580 sessions per Lord's disco. Among the host of others with whom he has laid tracks were Sonny Rollins, Lee Morgan, George Benson, Wes Montgomery, Burt Collins, Joe Henderson, Jaco Pastorius, Flora Purim, Alphonse Mouzon, Dexter Gordon, Milton Nascimento, Sarah Vaughan, Urbanator, Antônio Carlos Jobim, the Carnegie Hall Jazz Band and T.S. Monk. Hancock himself has released at least 41 studio albums, 12 live albums and five soundtracks. Among Hancock's latest issues were 'The Imagine Project', 'Under Tokyo Skies' and 'The Latin Side of Herbie Hancock', each in 2010. Hancock had won his first Grammy in 1984 for 'Rockit', then built a nest with thirteen more. The most significant of those was in 2008 for his tribute to Joni Mitchell in 2007, 'River: the Joni Letters', that garnering Album of the Year. Hancock has also won four 'Keyboard Magazine' Readers Polls in addition to six 'Playboy' Music Polls. 1986 saw an Academy Award for his soundtrack, 'Round Midnight'. Other honors require a tall building and box of spray paints, we listing only his NEA Jazz Masters Award in 2004, the 'Downbeat Magazine' Readers Poll Hall of Fame in 2005 and Kennedy Center Honors in 2013. Hancock is as active as ever, touring internationally as of this writing.

Herbie Hancock   1961

  Royal Flush

      Album by Donald Byrd

Herbie Hancock   1962

  Takin' Off


Herbie Hancock   1963

  My Point of View


Herbie Hancock   1965

  Maiden Voyage


Herbie Hancock   1973

  Head Hunters




Herbie Hancock   1974

  Headhunters Live

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   1976

  Man Child


Herbie Hancock   1978

  An Evening with ... Chick Corea


Herbie Hancock   1988

  Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   1994

  Dis Is Da Drum


Herbie Hancock   1995

  Cantaloupe Island


Herbie Hancock   1996

  Live in Japan

      Filmed with the New Standard Allstars

Herbie Hancock   1998

  Mr Funk


Herbie Hancock   2005

  Headhunters Live

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   2008

  Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   2015

  What Would You Say

      With Dave Matthews


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Harris

Eddie Harris

Source: Concert Database
Tenor saxophonist, Eddie Harris, was born in 1934 in Chicago. He was a student of Walter Dyett, famous for the numerous musicians who passed through his music classes at the Phillips and DuSable public high schools. Harris played piano and vibes in addition to sax when he entered Roosevelt University, during which period he gigged with Gene Ammons. Drafted into the US Army after college, he served in a military band in Europe that included Cedar Walton. Walton would later support eight of Harris' albums from 'Cool Sax from Hollywood to Broadway' in 1964 to 'How Can You Live Like That?' in 1976. After his military tour was up, Harris worked a bit in NYC before returning to Chicago where he recorded his first album, 'Exodus to Jazz', in 1961 for issue that year. The short version of 'Exodus', Harris' cover of the movie theme, is said to be the first jazz title to reach gold, charting at #16 on Billboard's R&B. He began performing on electric piano and the amplified Varitone sax in the latter sixties. Notable in 1969 was his live recording with pianist, Les McCann, at the Montreuz Jazz Festival in Switzerland in 1969, issued on 'Swiss Movement' that year. 'Second Movement' would arrive in 1971. During the early seventies he began experimenting with instruments, fitting sax with a trumpet mouthpiece and trumpet with a reed mouthpiece. He also experimented with the Guitorgan, first introduced by its inventor, Bob Murrell, in 1967 in Chicago. Vox would soon release its own models. Albums on which he used that instrument were 'Is It In' in December of 1973, 'I Need Some Money' in July of 1974 and 'The Reason Why I'm Talking S--t' in 1975. During the eighties Harris performed with the Horace Silver Quintet, supporting Silver on five albums from 'Guides to Growing Up' in 1981 to 'Pencil Packin' Papa' in 1994. Notable in the nineties was 'The Regulator' with Bazillus in 1991 in Zurich, issued in '92. Unfortunately, Harris also competes with Elvis Presley for the worst album ever released. We know not what the worst albums ever issued actually are. Names like Lou Reed, Kiss, Metallica and Duran Duran get iterated on a quick search for such, but mentioned at Wikipedia and Allmusic are Presley's 'Having Fun with Elvis on Stage' per 1974 (banter rather than music) and Harris' comical release of 'The Reason Why I'm Talking S--t' in '75 (banter rather than music). Having toured the States and Europe extensively while releasing above seventy albums, Harris died in Los Angeles in November 1996 of bone cancer and kidney disease. His 'The Last Concert', recorded in Cologne, Germany, was issued posthumously in 1997.

Eddie Harris   1961


      Long version

      Album: 'Exodus to Jazz'


      Short version

Eddie Harris   1962


      Album: 'Bossa Nova'

      Piano: Lalo Schiffrin

Eddie Harris   1966

  Freedom Jazz Dance

      Album: 'The In Sound'

  The Shadow of Your Smile

      Album: 'The In Sound'

Eddie Harris   1968

  Listen Here

      Long version

      Album: 'The Electrifying Eddie Harris'

  Listen Here

      Short version

Eddie Harris   1969

  Ballad (For My Love)

      Album: 'High Voltage'

  Cold Duck Time

      Album: 'Swiss Movement'

  Compared to What

      Filmed with Les McCann

  Listen Here

      Filmed with Les McCann

  Movin' On Out

      Album: 'High Voltage'

Eddie Harris   1975

  I Don't Want Nobody

      Album: 'I Need Some Money'

  I Need Some Money

      Album: 'I Need Some Money'

  That Is Why You're Overweight


Eddie Harris   1979

  Playing with Myself


Eddie Harris   1983



Eddie Harris   1989

  Live at Moonwalker



  Bobby Hutcherson was born in 1941 in Los Angeles. He took up the vibraphone at age twelve, later moving on to the marimba (a deep-toned xylophone). Yet a teenager, Hutcherson's first professional gigs were with such as Curtis Amy and Carmell Jones, as well as Eric Dolphy and Charles Lloyd at Pandora's Box on Sunset Strip. His initial session is thought to been with pianist, Les McCann and tenor saxophonist, Curtis Amy, on August 3rd, 1960, toward the release of 'Oat Meal' and 'One More Hamhock Please' in 1961. On October 10 (Lord's disco) or December 10 (Wikipedia) of '60 and January 10 of '61 Hutcherson entered the studio with Amy and drummer, Frank Butler, to record 'Groovin' Blue'. Come Ron Jefferson's 'Love Lifted Me' in latter '61. Hutcherson is thought to have contributed to the first of three albums by Al Grey on January 31 of '62: 'Snap Your Fingers'. He would tour with Grey and Billy Mitchell, recording such as 'This Is Billy Mitchell' in Chicago in October of '62, before getting deposited in New York City in 1963, come to live in Bronx. Hutcherson's initial recordings with Blue Note Records, his major label, were in 1963 with Jackie McLean toward the issue of 'One Step Beyond' in 1964. Two more albums with McLean would be released in '64. The first of three albums with Andrew Hill appeared in 1963, 'Judgment!'. Hutcherson recorded his debut album as a leader, 'The Kicker', in December of '63, not released until latter 1999. In 1964 Hutcherson issued the first of three LPs with Dexter Gordon, 'Gettin' Around'. Hutcherson's first LP to see issue was 'Dialogue' in September 1965. Things in NYC were looking bleak in 1967 when Hutcherson was arrested for drugs in Central Park, that around the rime he recorded 'Oblique' in July. Both his cabaret card and taxi driving license expired, he traveled back to the West Coast to begin an important relationship with Harold Land. His first sessions in Los Angeles were for Prince Lasha's 'Firebirds' in September of '67 and Gerald Wilson's 'Everywhere' on December 4 to which Land contributed tenor sax. Recordings for Land's 'The Peace-Maker' began on December 11. Three more albums with Land would be issued into 1981 ('Xocia's Dance'). Land supported what would amount to ten of Hutcherson's albums from 'Total Eclipse' on July 12, 1968 to 'Farewell Keystone' in July of 1982. Land and Hutcherson had recorded the first of four albums as the Timeless All Stars in April of 1982: 'It's Timeless'. That group's fourth was 'Time for the Timeless All Stars' on November 4 of 1990 which Lord's disco would indicate to be Land and Hutcherson's final recordings together. Another important partnership had begun with McCoy Tyner in 1968, Hutcherson recording four tracks that May to appear on the 1969 release of Tyner's 'Time For Tyner'. Six more albums with Tyner would follow, their last, 'Land of Giants', in 2004. 2004 saw the first release of six live LPs to 2007 with the SFJAZZ Collective. Hutcherson filled out a bursting career with 222 sessions. Among the host of others on whose recordings he can be found are Donald Byrd, Grant Green, Woody Shaw, Bruce Forman, John Hicks and Kenny Garrett. He himself issued about 43 albums as a leader, his last, 'Enjoy the View', in 2014. Hutcherson died of emphysema on August 15, 2016.

Bobby Hutcherson   1961

  Beautiful You

      Album: 'Groovin' Blue'

  Groovin' Blue

      Album: 'Groovin' Blue'

  One More Ham Hock, Please


Bobby Hutcherson   1965



Bobby Hutcherson   1966


      Album: 'Happenings'

  Head Start

      Album: 'Happenings'

Bobby Hutcherson   1968

  Total Eclipse


Bobby Hutcherson   1970


      Album: 'San Francisco'

      Tenor sax: Harold Land

Bobby Hutcherson   1971

  Hey Harold

      Album: 'Head On'

Bobby Hutcherson   1974


      Album: 'Cirrus'

Bobby Hutcherson   1977

  Live in Bologna

      Italian television broadcast

Bobby Hutcherson   1980


      Recorded in 1968

Bobby Hutcherson   2002

  Moment's Notice

      Jazzbaltica 2002

      Piano: McCoy Tyner

Bobby Hutcherson   2007

  JazzBaltica 2007

      Filmed live

Bobby Hutcherson   2014


      Album: 'Enjoy the View'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Hutcherson

Bobby Hutcherson   1963

Photo: Francis Wolff

Source: Rate Your Music
  Carmell Jones was a trumpeter born in 1936 in Kansas City, Kansas. In 1960 he headed to California, becoming a studio musician. He is thought to have entered his first session in August of 1960 to record ten tracks with Forrest Westbrook et al at Westbrook's apartment studio. Those weren't released, however, until 2015 on a CD titled 'Carmell Jones Quartet with Forrest Westbrook'. Jones next sessions were on October 10, 1960, (Lord's disco and Marc Myers' jazzwax; December 10 Wikipedia) and January 10 of '61 for 'Groovin' Blue' with a sextet led by tenor saxophonist, Curtis Amy, and drummer, Frank Butler. Tracks on that were 'Gone Into It', 'Annsome', 'Bobblin'', 'Beautiful You' and 'Very Frank'. That February found Jones at Pacific Jazz Studios again with a quintet led by Amy and organist, Paul Bryant, recording 'Meetin' Here'. Included on that were 'Meetin' Here', 'Early in the Morning', 'If I Were a Bell', 'One More Hamhock, Please', 'Angel Eyes' and 'Just Friends'. Come May for Bud Shank's 'New Groove'. The next month found Jones laying tracks for his debut album released that year: 'The Remarkable Carmell Jones'. 'Business Meetin'' was issued in 1962 featuring arrangements by Gerald Wilson. 'Jay Hawk Talk' saw issue in '65, 'Carmell Jones in Europe' in '69, 'Carmell Jones Returns', his last LP, in 1983, that recorded in Gainesville, Florida. Jones' first session with pianist, Horace Silver, is thought have been in 1964, for 'Horace Silver ‎– Live 1964', released in 1984. His fourth album with Silver was 'The Natives Are Restless Tonight' in April of '65. Jones made his base of operations in Germany in 1965 for the next fifteen years. His last session in the States had been for Herbie Mann's 'Latin Mann (Afro to Bossa to Blues)' in June of '65. His initial titles upon moving to Europe were for Nathan Davis' 'The Hip Walk' on September 1 of '65 in Villingen, Germany. He returned to the States in 1980 to his birthplace, Kansas City, Kansas, after supporting Mombasa's 'Tathagata' in January in Cologne, Germany. He is thought to have returned to Europe on tour in 1982 with Ray Charles. 1983 found him backing pianist, Steve Miller's, 'The Swinging Kansas City Sound'. 1989 witnessed him in France for Jay McShann's 'Paris All-Star Blues'. Lord's disco has his last session for saxophonist, Jim Mair's '8Th & Central' in Kansas City, Missouri, in September of 1991. Jones taught and performed locally until his death on November 7, 1996. Among others with whom he'd recorded were Sarah Vaughan, Charles McPherson and Torolf Molgaard.

Carmell Jones   1960

  If I Love Again

      Not released until 2015

Carmell Jones   1961

  Come Rain Or Come Shine

      Album: 'The Remarkable Carmell Jones'

  Full Moon and Empty Arms

      Album: 'The Remarkable Carmell Jones'

  Groovin' Blue

      Tenor sax: Curtis Amy

  New Groove

      Bud Shank Quintet

  If I Love Again

      Bud Shank Quintet

Carmell Jones   1962

  Angel Eyes

      With Tricky Lofton

  Beautiful Love

  Canadian Sunset

      With Tricky Lofton

Carmell Jones   1965


Carmell Jones   1967

  Carmell Jones In Europe

      Album recorded in 1965

Carmell Jones   1979

  Let´s Swing

      WDR television broadcast


Birth of Modern Jazz: Carmell Jones

Carmell Jones

Photo: Mosaic Images

Source: Jazz Wax
  Flautist and tenor saxophonist, Charles Lloyd, was born in 1938 in Memphis, Tennessee. He began sax at age nine, his best friend as a child the trumpeter, Booker Little. He received musical training from pianist, Phineas Newborn. Lloyd left for Los Angeles in 1956 to study classical music at the University of Southern California by day, to gig in nightclubs by night with some commanding names, eventually to join the orchestra of Gerald Wilson. In November of 1960 he recorded tracks with drummer, Chico Hamilton, for 'Bye Bye Birdie-Irma La Douce'. 'Chico Hamilton Special', went down the same month. He joined Hamilton again for 'Drumfusion' on February 19, 1952, one track from which would see issue on 'Nirvana' in 1968. Wikipedia shows Lloyd supporting Hamilton on five more LPs to 'Chic Chic Chico' in early 1965. Lloyd surfaced on Cannonball Adderley's 'Fiddler on the Roof' and 'Live!' in 1964. A much later reunion saw 'Radio Nights' in 1991. Lloyd recorded his first album as a leader, 'Discover', in May of 1964. That was with a crew of Don Friedman (piano), Richard Davis (bass) and JC Moses (drums). In 1967 Lloyd was uniquely invited to the Soviet Union by Soviet festival officials. He there recorded 'Charles Lloyd in the Soviet Union', released in 1970. Lloyd belonged to Celebration, a band fronted by Mike Love of the Beach Boys, in 1978-79, meaning his participation in 'Almost Summer', 'Celebration' and 'Disco Celbration'. The early eighties saw Lloyd touring in Europe with genetically disabled pianist, Michel Petrucciani, that to result in 'Mpntreux '82' in Switzerland in July of '82 and 'A Night in Copenhagen' in Denmark in July of '83. Lloyd left behind six of his above forty albums in the nineties, one of them 'The Call' in 1993 with pianist, Bobo Stenson. Another notable concert in Europe was 'Athens Concert' in June of 2010 at the the Herodion Theater with vocalist, Maria Farantouri. Lloyd was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2015, the same year he issued 'Wild Man Dance' and accepted an honorary doctorate in music from the Berklee College of Music. In 2016 'I Long to See You' saw issue with the Marvels. He yet actively tours to this date. Indeed, he remains so relevant at YouTube that one could think he began his career sometime in the 21st century.

Charles Lloyd   1961

   Chico Hamilton Special   Side A

   Chico Hamilton Special   Side B

Charles Lloyd   1962


      Chico Hamilton LP: 'Drumfusion'

   A Rose for Booker

      Chico Hamilton LP: 'Drumfusion'

Charles Lloyd   1963

   Lonesome Child

      Chico Hamilton LP: 'Passin' Thru'

Charles Lloyd   1964

   Days of Wine and Roses

      Album: 'Discovery!'

   Fiddler On the Roof

      LP by Cannonball Adderley

Charles Lloyd   1966

   Forest Flower

      'Sunrise' & 'Sunset'

      Album: 'Forest Flower'

   Sombrero Sam

Charles Lloyd   1967

   Live in Prague

      Filmed live

Charles Lloyd   1968


      Filmed live

Charles Lloyd   1972



Charles Lloyd   2001

   Live in Montreal

      Bass: Marc Johnson

      Drums: Billy Hart

      Guitar: John Abercrombie

      Piano: Geri Allen

Charles Lloyd   2001

   Live in Montreal


Charles Lloyd   2008

   Hyeres Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

Charles Lloyd   2010

   Jazz Baltica

      Filmed concert

   Jazz a Porquerolles

      Filmed concert


      Album: 'Mirror'

Charles Lloyd   2013

   Jazz Sous les Pommiers

      Filmed live

Charles Lloyd   2014

   Wild Man Dance Suite

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Charles Lloyd

Charles Lloyd

Source: PBS
  Born in 1939 in Bronx, Steve Marcus, began with clarinet as a youth, picking up saxophone at age fifteen. He was a student at Berklee College of Music where he participated in his initial three issued recordings in '60, '61 and '62 for volumes V, VI and VII of 'Jazz in the Classroom', the first released in 1961. Graduating from Berklee in 1962, he was hired by Stan Kenton. who took him across the States to Hollywood where 'Artistry in Bossa Nova' went down in April of 1963. June of '63 found Marcus and Kenton recording 'The Best of Brant Inn' in Burlington, Ontario, on June 12, 1963. It was the Newport Jazz Festival on July 4. Come 'Jean Turner' back in Hollywood in September of '63. It was 'Kenton in England' at Free Trade Hall in Manchester on November 23. Kenton is thought to have dissolved that band that year, after which Marcus is a mystery until September of 1966, supporting Gary Burton and Friends on 'Tennessee Fire'. Moving onward to Woody Herman, he is thought to have laid his first tracks with the latter on March 23 of 1967 for 'The Duck', 'Boopsie' and 'Hallelujah Time'. It was Herman's 'East and West' in March of '67. Marcus recorded his debut LP, 'Tomorrow Never Knows' on October 31, 1967. That was with a crew of Mike Nock (piano), Larry Coryell (guitar), Chris Hills (bass) and Bob Moses (drums). 'Count's Rock Band' followed in May of 1968 with the same personnel, adding Chris Swanson as an arranger and percussionist. Marcus joined Coryell in latter '68 for 'Basics' ('76). Several albums later, including 'Barefoot Boy', his last titles with Coryell are thought to have been with the Foreplay Quartet at Central Park, NYC, on June 30 of '73 for 'Foreplay', 'Joyride', et al. They reunited in Cotati, CA, in December of 2000 for 'Reunion'. In 1975 Marcus moved beyond jazz fusion with a step into the past via the great drummer and bandleader, Buddy Rich, remaining with Rich's orchestra through about twenty albums until the latter's death in 1987 when Marcus assumed leadership and renamed the orchestra Buddy's Buddies. His initial sessions with Rich had been in April and May of '75 for 'Big Band Machine'. His last was at Grendals Lair in Philadelphia, PA, on December 8, 1986, for what would get issued as 'Buddy Rich Big Band: Live' in 1997. In 1994 Marcus participated in both volumes of drummer, Neil Peart's, 'Burning for Buddy', those featuring various jazz and rock drummers. Together with touring with Buddy's Buddies and other side work, Marcus issued eleven albums as a leader. He had begun working on his last, 'Project', in 2003, that issued posthumously in 2007. Marcus died in his sleep on September 25, 2005, at his home in New Hope, PA. Among others with whom he had recorded were Mel Tormé, Teresa Brewer, Paolo Nonnis, Bob Thiele, Brian Trainor and Rick Stepton.

Steve Marcus   1966

  Just Like a Woman

      Original omposition: Bob Dylan

      Gary Burton LP: 'Tennessee Firebird'

Steve Marcus   1968

  Mellow Yellow

      Original composition: Donovan Leitch

      LP: 'Tomorrow Never Knows'

  Tomorrow Never Knows/Half a Heart

      LP: 'Tomorrow Never Knows'

Steve Marcus   1970

  Green Line


Steve Marcus   1971

  The Great Escape

      Larry Coryell LP: 'Barefoot Boy'

Steve Marcus   1985

   Channel One Suite

      Filmed in San Francisco

      Buddy Rich Big Band

Steve Marcus   1993


      Album: 'Smile'

   My One and Only Love

      Album: 'Smile'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Marcus

Steve Marcus

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Ronnie Mathews

Ronnie Mathews

Source: Jazz Lead Sheets
Pianist, Ronnie Mathews, was born in 1935 in NYC, which automatically put him in a prime spot to begin his career as a sideman. He is said to have backed Art Blakey in the latter fifties, later to record a couple albums with Blakey's Jazz Messengers in '68. On April 2 of 1960 he participated in 'Charles Persip and The Jazz Statesmen', that issued in '61. On February 14 of 1961 he recorded 'A Story Tale' with Clifford Jordan and Sonny Red. He recorded unissued tracks for Savoy that June: ''Tis Autumn', '1239-A', et al. That October he laid tracks with the Bill Hardman Quintet to be released that year on 'Saying Something'. His initial name album was 'Doin' the Thang!', recorded with Freddie Hubbard in 1963, issued the next year. Hubbard's name on Mathews' album ignited the engine, turbo added in '63 upon joining Max Roach's outfit. Mathews issued relatively few albums as a leader, his reputation made largely via the bands in which he played, such as Woody Shaw's in 1976 and the Johnny Griffin Quartet from '78 to '82. It was with Griffin that Mathews first got mixed with young bassist, Ray Drummond, among the more important of his partners into the nineties. They had participated in 'Return of The Griffin' with drummer, Keith Copeland, on October 17, 1978, in Berkeley, CA. Continuing with Griffin, they would record numerously with other bands as well, such as Thomas Chapin's. Lord's disco has Drummond backing four of Mathews' albums from 'Roots, Branches & Dances' in 1978 to 'Dark Before the Dawn' in 1990. They've visited to as late as 'Tough Guys' in the Generations Band in 2008. During the eighties Mathews had toured with the United Nations Orchestra run by Dizzy Gillespie and Freddie Hubbard. He wrapped up that decade in 1989 with Ed Thigpen, Claude Williams and Frank Morgan. The early nineties found him with Clifford Jordan again before drummer, TS Monk (Thelonious Sphere Monk, son of Thelonious Monk). Among numerous others with whom Mathews had collaborated were Clark Terry, Benny Powell and Jimmy Cobb. Mathews himself issued fourteen albums per Wikipedia, the last put down in November of 2007: 'Fortuna', thought released in October of 2009. Mathews died of pancreatic cancer in Brooklyn on June 28, 2008. Per 1963 below, tracks are from Mathews' debut album with Freddie Hubbard: 'Doin the Thang!'.

Ronnie Mathews   1961


      Bill Hardman LP: 'Saying Something'

  If I Didn't Care

      Album: 'A Story Tale'

      Clifford Jordan/Sonny Red

  With Malice Toward None

      Bill Hardman LP: 'Saying Something'

Ronnie Mathews   1963


  The Orient

  The Thang

Ronnie Mathews   1966

  Desert Moonlight

      Lee Morgan LP: 'The Rumproller'

Ronnie Mathews   1975

  Manha de Carnabal

      Album: 'Trip to the Orient'

Ronnie Mathews   1978

  Jean Marie

      Woody Shaw LP: 'Little Red's Fantasy'

Ronnie Mathews   1980

  I Should Care

      Album: 'Song For Leslie'

  Once I Loved

      Album: 'Song For Leslie'


      Album: 'Song For Leslie'

Ronnie Mathews   1988

   In a Sentimental Mood

      Album: 'Selena's Dance'

      Bass: Stafford James

      Drums: Tony Reedus

Ronnie Mathews   1992

   Tin Tin Deo

      Album: 'Lament for Love'

      Bass: David Williams

      Drums: Frank Gant


  Born in 1936 in frosty Buffalo, New York, big band saxophonist, Don Menza, is the father of Megadeth drummer, Nick Menza. He began training on tenor at age thirteen. The hep days of the big band were in the forties. About the time rock n roll arrived jazz orchestras began their decline in popularity. The big band, however, has never been in danger of disappearing, Menza one of the various figures to give reason why. We pick up Menza when he was in the band of 7th Army with such as Don Ellis while they were stationed in Germany. Lord's disco has him recording an obscure title fn saxophonist, Hans Koller's, Septett in Frankfurt on June 7 of 1957: 'Minor Conversation'. That is found on an album by various, 'Now's the Time Vol 2', as of 2012. Released from the military in 1958, he put away his sax to explore a normal life, but ended up joining the Al Belletto Sextet in 1960. That July that band recorded a string of titles in Cincinnati, Ohio, for King (LP 716) like 'Basically Blues', 'Li'l Darlin', 'When I Fall in Love', et al. Those saw issue that year on 'The Big Sound'. Menza joined Maynard Ferguson's orchestra in 1960, his first sessions in June of 1961 for 'Straightaway Jazz Themes'. Menza worked with Ferguson, also arranging, through several sessions' worth of albums into 1962. He then joined Stan Kenton's outfit in time for 'Adventures In Time' in September of 1962. Menza's first session as a leader was in Buffalo, New York, in 1963 for Agena (S 7966), the obscure Parts 1 and 2 of 'Spanish Boots'. Menza lived in Germany from '64 to '68, his first session there in Munich in July of '65 in the Max Greger Orchester for 'Maximum'. He recorded his debut LP as a leader in Munich on December 22 of 1965 for the Saba label: 'Morning Song'. His last sessions in Europe before returning to the States were for Benny Bailey's 'The Balkan in My Soul' and 'Eugen Cicero Quintett' in 1968. Menza arrived back in the States to join drummer, Buddy Rich, his next sessions on July 7, 1968, at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas for 'Mercy, Mercy, Mercy'. Living in California, he did the steep trip over the Clark Mountain Range between Los Angeles and Las Vegas on multiple occasions for the next two or three years. Among the more important figures in Menza's career was drummer, Louie Bellson, whose Big Band he joined in time for 'Louie Rides Again!' in 1974. Some fifteen albums later it was 'Airmail Special' in February of 1990. Along a career of heavy touring Menza has issued no less than twenty albums as a leader or co-leader. His second issue was 'First Flight' in 1977 with Frank Rosolino. '78 saw 'Bones Blues', '79 'Horn of Plenty', '81 'Burnin', '82 'Hip Pocket'. On February 14 of 1983 he recorded tracks at a restaurant in Finland which would end up on the 2008 release of 'Very Live at Groovy'. Four albums later his first in the new millennium was back in Las Vegas in April of 2001 for 'Live at Capozzoli's'. Menza had intended to retire a few albums later upon putting down 'Jack Rabbitt' and 'My Heart Sings' in the summer of 2003. Menza had been becoming disappointed with the music industry, particularly the commercialism of the pop-rock sector in which music played second hand to the show, be it stage, video, etc.. Still, came 'Menza Lines' on October 1 of 2004 at the Los Angeles Sheridan Hotel for release in 2005. That was followed by 'Voyage' in 2007. Three albums later arrived his most recent, 'Sonny Daze', in 2017. With homes in both Los Angeles and Las Vegas, the latter has served as one of Menza's venues for several decades. Among the host of others Menza had supported along his path of 133 sessions were Jeff Sturges, John Klemmer, Moacir Santos, Della Reese, Jimmy Witherspoon, Cannonball Adderley, the Manhattan Transfer, Gabe Baltazar, Tito Puente and Alphonse Mouzon. Per 1961 below, Menza is lead tenor though indistinguishable. The featured sax player is thought to be Lenny Morgan on alto. Per 2007 below, each track is from the LP: 'Voyage'.

Don Menza   1961


      Maynard Ferguson LP: 'Straightaway'

Don Menza   1966

  Cinderella's Waltz

      Album: 'Morning Song'

  Morning Song

      Album: 'Morning Song'

Don Menza   1970

  Groovin' Hard

      With Buddy Rich

Don Menza   1977

  Groove Blues

      Album: 'First Flight'

  Samba de Rollins

      Album: 'First Flight'

Don Menza   1981


      Album: 'Burnin''


      Album: 'Burnin''

Don Menza   1987

  Live in Hamburg

      Filmed live

Don Menza   1991

  The Red Men's Revenge

      Filmed live

Don Menza   1992


      Filmed in Burghausen

Don Menza   2007

   Another Who?

  If I Only Had a Brain

  Rebel Rousers


Don Menza   2008

   Live at Jazzland

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Roscoe Mitchell

Don Menza

Source: Jake Feinberg Show
  Born in Fairlawn, New Jersey, in 1940, both double and electric bassist, Steve Swallow, trained on piano and trumpet before picking up the double bass at age fourteen. Swallow would become known for his expertise with electric bass guitar to which he switched in the early seventies. After studying composition at Yale Swallow headed for New York City where he quickly fell in with horn player, Jimmy Giuffre and pianist, Paul Bley. In March of 1961 Swallow recorded 'Fusion' in a trio with Giuffre and Bley, beginning his career with upright bass. Another trio followed in April with Bley and trumpeter, Don Ellis, for the latter's 'Out of Nowhere'. Come May for pianist, George Russell's, 'Ezz-thetics'. It was the Jimmy Giuffre Trio and Jimmy Giuffre 3 with Bley in 1961, five sessions toward 5 albums going down in NYC and Europe from 'Thesis' to 'Flight, Bremen 1961'. Back in New York City, January 31 of '62 saw Swallow backing Russell's 'The Status Seekers' before joining the Paul Bley Trio with Pete La Roca at drums for the first session of 'Footloose' on August 17. On August 27 it was Russell''s 'The Outer View'. Two sessions with Sheila Jordan that year would result in 'Portrait of Sheila Jordan'. In October it was the Benny Goodman Sextet for the tune, 'I've Found a New Baby', before sessions with the Jimmy Giuffre Trio with Bley again resulting in 'Free Fall', that also containing duets between Giuffre and Swallow. That trio would reunite in 1989 for 'The Life of a Trio', '92 for 'Fly Away Little Bird' and '93 in Milan, Italy, for 'Conversations with a Goose.' Swallow had begun 1963 in February with a couple sessions in the Benny Goodman Sextet before Art Farmer's 'Interaction' in July. Four more Farmer LPs would follow to March of 1965 for 'Sing Me Softly of the Blues'. Gary McFarland's 'Point of Departure' went down in September of 1963 before another trio with Bley and La Roca for the second session of 'Footloose'. The next Paul Bley Trio was with Barry Altschul on drums at the Newport Jazz Festival on July 2 of 1965. That trio recorded compositions by Carla Bley on December 12 for 'Closer'. Twenty years later Paul Bley, Altschul and Swallow reunited on March 10 of 1985 in the Paul Bley Group with guitarist, John Scofield, for 'Hot'. It was the Paul Bley Trio with Paul Motian at drums on March 1 of 1993 for 'Zen Palace'. Bley and Swallow had found other occasions to work together during their careers, such as the Jazz Composer's Orchestra in 1965 ('Communication'). For another major figure we return to December of 1964 for vibraphonist, Gary Burton's, 'The Groovy Sound of Music' issued the next year. They joined Stan Getz in '65 at the Newport Fest followed by a tour to Japan the same month. Wikipedia shows Swallow contributing to 19 of Burton's albums to 'Quartet' in June of 2007 at Yoshi's in Berkeley, CA. One of those was Swallow's first titles with electric bass per 'Paris Encounter' in Paris on November 4, 1969, with Stephane Grappelli (violin) and Bill Goodwin (drums). Another was the duo, 'Hotel Hello', in 1974, Swallow's first as a co-leader. Burton supported Swallow's 'Swallow' in Willow, NY, in latter '91. They had also recorded with  Dick Schory in 1970 and Mike Gibbs in 1973 ('In the Public Interest'). Pianist, Steve Kuhn, also played a major role in Swallow's career, for whom we return to Art Farmer's 'Sing Me Softly of the Blues' in March of 1965. Together with supporting other ensembles, such as Bob Moses', Swallow contributed to six of Kuhn's albums from 'Three Waves', a trio with Pete La Roca in 1966, to 'At This Time' on August 7, 1015, a trio with drummer, Joey Barron. Kuhn participated in Swallow's second name LP, 'Home', in September of '79, 'Swallow' in '91 and 'So There' with poet, Robert Creeley (d 2015), issued in 2006. We slip back to April 10, 1965, and the Jazz Composer's Orchestra with Paul Bley above for trumpeter, Michael Mantler. Swallow and Mantler would record with that organization again in 1968 for titles toward 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra'. Mantler and Swallow backed numerous projects together into the nineties, especially Carla Bley's. Swallow contributed to four of Mantler's LPs from 'The Hapless Child and Other Inscrutable Stories' ('76) to 'Something There' ('83). 'Movies' ('78) and 'More Movies' ('80) had gone down between. Lord's disco has them together to as late as 'Karen Mantler and Her Cat Arnold Get the Flu' in the summer of 1990. Among the more important drummers with whom Swallow worked was Bob Moses, for whom we return to unknown dates in 1967/68, for the latter's debut session as a leader, 'Love Animal', that not issued, however, until 2003. Swallow also supported Moses' 'Family' in August 1979 and 'When Elephants Dream of Music' in April of '82. Also supporting other ensembles together, such as Gary Burton's, Moses later backed Swallow's second name LP, 'Home', in September 1979. Come Moses' 'Visit with the Great Spirit' in 1983, they to reunite in the summer of 1993 for Mike Gibbs' 'By the Way'. Lord's disco has them together another decade later in 2003 per the Greg Burk Trio for 'Nothing, Knowing'. We back up to November of 1967 for composer and pianist, Carla Bley, they supporting Burton's 'A Genuine Tong Funeral' that month. Swallow and Carla's relationship would become romantic in the eighties. Along the way Swallow supported no less than 18 of Carla's albums from 'Musique Mecanique' in November of 1970 to 'Andando el Tiempo' in November 2015, that a trio with saxophonist, Andy Sheppard. Sheppard had also participated in 'Trios' in Lugano, Switzerland, in April 2012. Carla contributed to Swallow's 'Carla' ('87), 'Swallow' ('92) and 'Into the Woodwork' ('13). Another important drummer was Paul Motian for whom we return to May 30, 1978, for the Kenny Davern Quartet including Steve Lacy on soprano sax for 'Unexpected'. Swallow's association with Motian would extend through multiple session dates off and on into the new millennium, they supporting various projects together, such as Dino Betti van der Noot's 'Space Blossoms' in Milan ('89), when not recording five albums for Motian from 'Reincarnation of a Love Bird' in June of 1994 to 'Monk and Powell' in November of 1998. The next year it was saxophonist, Pietro Tonolo's, 'Portrait of Duke' in Vicenza on May 22 in a quartet with Gil Goldstein (piano). That same quartet put down 'Your Songs: The Music of Elton John' on October 2, 2006. We need step back to March 10, 1979, for what is thought Swallow's first session with guitarist, John Scofield, that for Bill Goodwin's 'Solar Energy'. Scofield is too late to enter into these histories, not having first appeared on vinyl until 1974, though he and Swallow would visit on multiple occasions into the new millennium in the support of various, such as Kip Hanrahan's 'Desire Develops an Edge' ('83). Also backing each other, in 1980 they got together in a trio with Adam Nussbaum at drums for 'Bar Talk'. It was the same trio for 'Shinola' and 'Out Like a Light' in Munich in December 1981. It was another trio with Bill Stewart at drums for 'En Route' at the Blue Note in NYC in December 2003. Lord's disco indicates four more albums for Scofield with larger ensembles to 'Country for Old Men' in Stamford, CT, in April of 2016 with Stewart and Larry Goldings (keyboards). Scofield had supported Swallow's 'Swallow' in Willow, NY, in latter 1991. Credited with well above 300 sessions, among others on whose recordings Swallow can be found are Conjure, Henri Texier, Orchestra Jazz Siciliana, Claire Ritter, Dave Douglas and Jamie Saft ('The New Standard' '14). Swallow's latest of around 17 albums as a leader or co-leader were 'Into the Woodwork' in France in November 2011 and 'Singular Curves' in New Paltz, NY, on June 17, 2012. Swallow had complemented his career as an instructor, teaching at the Berklee College of Music for a couple years as of 1974. He is yet active, living with Carla Bley in New York as of this writing.         

Steve Swallow   1961


      Album: 'Fusion'

      Trio with Paul Bley & Jimmy Giuffre


      Album by George Russell

   I'll Remember April

      Album: 'Out of Nowhere'

      Trio with Paul Bley & Jimmy Giuffre

Steve Swallow   1965


      Pete La Roca album: 'Basra'

Steve Swallow   1966

   Falling Grace

      Gary Burton album: 'The Time Machine'

Steve Swallow   1968

   Walter L.

      Gary Burton album: 'Quartet In Concert'

      Live at Carnegie Hall

Steve Swallow   1996

   Bug in a Rug

      Album: 'Deconstructed'

Steve Swallow   2010

   Trio Blues

      Filmed live

      Drums: Bill Stewart

      Guitar: John Scofield

Steve Swallow   2012

   Cully Jazz Festival

      Filmed live in Switzerland

      Piano: Carla Bley

      Sax: Andy Sheppard

Steve Swallow   2015

   Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed concert

      The New Standard Trio

      Drums: Bobby Previte

      Keyboards: Jamie Saft


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Swallow

Steve Swallow

Source: Luca de Pasquale

Birth of Modern Jazz: Harold Vick

Harold Vick

Source: Wikipedia
Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, in 1936, saxophonist/flautist, Harold Vick, began training on clarinet at age thirteen. Three years later he took up tenor sax. His first professional employment of note was with Brother Jack McDuff in 1960, he found on McDuff's 'Goodnight, It's Time to Go' in 1961. McDuff's band was   the main activity of Vick's early career with ten more albums ensuing to as late as 'The Fourth Dimension' issued in 1974. Lord's disco has McDuff and Vick reuniting as late as 1979/80 for Charles Earland's 'Coming to You Live'. Vick issued his first LP, 'Steppin' Out!', in 1963 with a crew of Blue Mitchell (trumpet), Big John Patton (organ), Grant Green (guitar) and Ben Dixon (drums). The early seventies saw Vick in Compost, that ensemble issuing 'Take Off Your Body' in 1972 and 'Life Is Round' in 1973. Vick's eighth and last recorded album as a leader was in 1977: 'After the Dance'. He died a decade later in his home in Manhattan on November 13, 1987, of heart attack, only 51 years of age. Lord's disco estimates he recorded 'Where You Lay Your Head' ('93)that year with Bill Cosby (the comedian) at percussion. His final titles were for vocalist, Abbey Lincoln, on November 6 and 7 only a week before his death: Volumes 1 and 2 of 'Abbey Sings Billie'. Among the numerous on whose recordings vick can be found are Johnny Hammond, Walter Bishop Jr, Les McCann, Horace Silver, Ralph MacDonald, Terumasa Hino and Eric Gale. Per 1963 below, tracks are from 'Steppin' Out'.

Harold Vick   1961

   Goodnight, It's Time to Go

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Goodnight, It's Time to Go'

   Sanctified Waltz

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Goodnight, It's Time to Go'

Harold Vick   1963

  Dotty's Dream


  Our Miss Brooks

  Steppin' Out

  Trimmed In Blue


Harold Vick   1967

  Tiempo Medio Lento

      LP: 'The Caribbean Suite'

Harold Vick   1968

  Where Butterflies Play

      LP: ' Watch What Happens'

Harold Vick   1974

  Don't Look Back



      LP: 'Commitment' Recorded 1967

  A Time and a Place

      LP: 'Commitment' Recorded 1967

Harold Vick   1976

  Don't Look Back

      Filmed with Shirley Scott

Harold Vick   1977

  After the Dance

      LP: 'After the Dance'

  Blue In the Face

      LP: 'After the Dance'


  Born Charles Anthony Williams in Camden, New Jersey, in 1942, double bassist, Buster Williams, played his initial professional gig while yet in junior high school. He formed his first band in 1959, a matter of emergency for one Monday night when a band was needed to do a gig at Rip’s nightclub in Philadelphia. Williams yet in high school, that got him hired by Jimmy Heath with whom he would later record on a couple occasions. After graduating from school Williams laid his first tracks on a couple albums led by Gene Ammons and Sonny Stitt in Chicago in August of 1961: 'Dig Him!' and 'Boss Tenors'. Williams' next sessions were further from home in Europe with Sarah Vaughan in 1963, putting down 'Sassy Swings the Tivoli' and 'I've Got It Good' in Copenhagen, Denmark. A cover of 'Body and Soul' got taped in Paris for eventual inclusion on the Vaughan compilation, 'I've Got It Good'. In latter 1963 Williams joined Nancy Wilson's organization in Los Angeles for 'Hollywood - My Way'. Come 'The Nancy Wilson Show!' in '64, 'Tender Loving Care' and 'Naturally' in 1966. Four more LPs with Wilson followed to May of 1968 for 'The Sound of Nancy Wilson'. In the meantime Williams had laid his first tracks with tenor saxophonist, Harold Land, on January 18, 1967, toward Roy Ayers' 'Virgo Vibes'. Land was to assume a major role in Williams' career, Williams providing rhythm on three of Land's albums: 'The Peacemaker' ('68), 'A New Shade of Blue' ('71) and 'Damisi' ('72). The 1991 issue of 'Damisi' would include 'Dark Mood' recorded with Williams in '72. Land and Williams were also constant members of the sextet, the Timeless All Stars (per Billy Higgins below), recording five albums from 'It's Timeless' in '82 to 'Time for The Timeless All Stars' in 1990. Another of Williams' major associates was pianist, Herbie Hancock, for whom we return to May 9 of 1967, that for 'Limbo' (Wayne Shorter) found on the Miles Davis LP, 'Sorcerer'. Hancock and Williams recorded numerously together through the years, both backing each other and other groups, such as Eddie Henderson's in '73. Williams provided rhythm on no less than six albums by Hancock from 'The Prisoner' in April of 1969 to 'V.S.O.P' in June of '76. They reunited in the latter eighties to tour to Eastern Europe per the Herbie Hancock Quartet with Al Foster (drums) and Greg Osby (alto sax). A reunion in 1992 brought the instrumentals, 'Just One of Those Things' and 'Air Dancing' along with 'Jammin'' with vocalist, Bobby McFerrin. Hancock had also contributed to Williams' 'Something More' in March 1989. We skip back to March 3, 1969, for another important pianist, Cedar Walton, with whom Williams backed Stanley Turrentine's 'Another Story' on that date. Walton and Williams crossed paths numerously through the years in the support of various enterprises, such as Houston Person's, when not backing Walton's 'Among Friends' in July of '82, 'Voices Deep Within' in May of 2009 and 'Song of Delilah' in 2010, the latter in Walton's Trio with Willie Jones III at drums. Walton and Williams were also continuous partners in the Timeless All Stars, per Billy Higgins below, recording six albums with that sextet from 1982 ('It's Timeless') to 1990 ('Time for The Timeless All Stars'). It was for Hancock's 'Mwandishi' in December of 1970 that Williams is thought to have first recorded with drummer, Billy Hart. Williams and Hart nigh laced the same boot into the new millennium providing rhythm to numerous operations, such as Eddie Henderson's or Larry Coryell's, when not backing each other's projects. Hart contributed to Williams' debut LP, 'Pinnacle', in August of 1975. Three albums later it was 'Dreams Come True' in latter 1978. In the meantime it had been the Jimmy Rowles Trio in March of 1976 for 'Granpaws' and 'Paws That Refresh'. Williams supported Hart's debut LP, 'Enchance', in early 1977 and 'Rah' in September of '87 ten years later. After Coryell in the latter eighties they joined Shirley Horn in 1990 on 'Come Back to Me' and 'Foolin' Myself', the latter with Buck Hill on tenor sax. Williams and Hart reunited on multiple occasions from Sonny Fortune's 'Four in One' in January of '94 to Sally Night's 'Night Time' in January 2015. William's first session with tenor saxophonist, Eddie Henderson, had also been per Herbie Hancock's 'Mwandishi' in 1970. Hancock's 'Crossings' and 'Sextant' followed in latter '71 and '72. Henderson and Williams supported multiple projects together from Hart's to Meeco's later in the new millennium. Along the way came Henderson's debut LP, 'Realization', in February of 1973. Come 'Inside Out' in October and 'Sunburst' in early 1975. Henderson contributed to Williams' 'Dreams Come True' in October of '78. Their last mutual session was August 5 of 2014 for drummer, Willie Jones III's, 'Groundwork'. We slip back to some time in 1972 for Buddy Terry's 'Pure Dynamite', that with pianist, Kenny Barron. Williams and Barron supported numerous enterprises together from Buck Hill's to Rebecca Coupe Franks' in 1991. Along the way Barron contributed to William's second LP, 'Crystal Reflections'. Three more followed to as late as William's '65 Roses' in 2006, that a trio with Lenny White at drums. It was Barron's 'Innocence' in 1978. Three more followed to 'Green Chimneys' in Monster, Holland, on July 9 of 1983. Among those had been Barron's Trio with Ben Riley (drums) for 'Imo Live' in Tokyo on July 9 of 1982. Barron and Williams had earlier formed the quartet, Sphere, recording 'Four in One' in February of '82 with Riley and Charlie Rouse on tenor sax. That configuration remained constant for five more albums to 'Bird Songs' gone down in March of 1988. As Rouse died in November that year Gary Bartz replaced him for 'Sphere' on October 4 of 1997 in Brooklyn. Barron and Williams' last sessions together were for Meeco's 'Perfume e Caricias' ('10) and 'Beauty of the Night' ('12). We slide back to June 22, 1972, for drummer, Billy Higgins, that per Dexter Gordon's 'Generation'. Higgins and Williams visited numerously through the years in the support of various, such as alto saxophonist, Frank Morgan. Along the way Williams contributed to Higgins' 'Brdgework' in 1986. In 1982 Higgins and Williams had formed the sextet, Timeless All Stars, with Curtis Fuller (trombone), Harold Land (tenor sax), Bobby Hutcherson (vibes) and Cedar Walton (piano). That configuration held through four more LPs to 'Timeless Heart' on April 8 of '83. Steve Turre replaced Fuller for 'Time for The Timeless All Stars' on November 4 of 1990. Lord's disco shows Higgins and Williams' last mutual session on July 29, 1994, for trumpeter, Claudio Roditi's, 'Free Wheelin'. We reverse to 1977 for bassist, Ron Carter's, 'Piccolo' and drummer, Ben Riley. Williams and Riley provided rhythm to numerous recordings through the years, such as trios with pianist, Michel Sardaby, in October 1996. Along their path Riley backed Williams' 'Tokudo' in Tokyo on January 7 of 1978 in a trio with Kenny Barron. Riley also supported Williams' 'Heartbeat' and 'Dreams Come True' in '78. As well, Riley was a continual member of Sphere, per Kenny Barron above, seven albums going down from 'Four in One' in 1982 to 'Sphere' in 1997. Williams also supported Riley's 'Weaver of Dreams' in Brooklyn in 1993. Lord's disco has them in a last mutual session on June 1 of 2000 for pianist, Osamu Ichikawa's, 'In New York'. Another major presence along Williams' path was trombonist, Curtis Fuller, for whom we return to Williams' 'Dreams Come True' in 1978. Fuller and Williams found multiple occasions to back various operations, such as Woody Shaw's 'Woody III' in 1979 or Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers. Fuller was also a continual member of the Timeless All Stars, per above with Billy Higgins, that group good for five albums from '82 to 1990. Their last mutual session is thought to have been for eleven compositions by Robert Clay in 1999 per 'An All-Star Tribute to Pablo Picasso & Miles Davis'. In 1989 Williams had issued 'Something More', he touring internationally with his group by that name since then. Leaving behind no less than sixteen albums through the years, Williams' latest was 'Live Volume 1' issued in 2008. With no less than 354 sessions to his credit, amidst the host not mentioned above (a few underrepresented en passant) on whose recordings Williams can be found are the Jazz Crusaders, Betty Carter, Benny Golson, John Kaizan Neptune, Steve Kuhn and Hilton Ruiz.

Buster Williams   1961

   Autumn Leaves

      Album: 'Boss Tenors'

      With Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

   Counter Clockwise

      Album: 'Boss Tenors'

      With Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

   Dig Him!

      Album by Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

Buster Williams   1975


      Album: 'Pinnacle'

  The Hump

      Album: 'Pinnacle'

   Noble Ego

      Album: 'Pinnacle'

Buster Williams   1985

   Dual Force

      Sphere album 'On Tour'

Buster Williams   1987

   Air Dancing

      Filmed live

      Drums: Al Foster

     Piano: Herbie Hancock

Buster Williams   1989


     Album: 'Something More'

      Drums: Al Foster

     Piano: Herbie Hancock

      Soprano sax: Wayne Shorter

Buster Williams   2004


      Album: 'Griot Libertè'

Buster Williams   2012

   Live at the Blue Note Milano

      Filmed concert

      Piano: Patrice Rushen


Birth of Modern Jazz: Buster Williams

Buster Williams

Source: Criss Cross Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Winter

Paul Winter

Source: Paul Winter
Born in Altoona, PA, in 1939, saxophonist, Paul Winter, graduated from high school in 1957, having studied sax, clarinet and piano by that time. He had formed his first band in 1953, the Silver Liners, their first gigs at the Altoona YMCA in '55. Upon graduation Winter spent the summer with the Ringling Brothers Circus Band. Winter is confused in few sources with the author by the same name per the obscure 'A Winter's Tale: Songs to Make You Thimk' with Charlie Byrd in 1957. (This article by the 'Detroit Free Press' indicates that this Winter bears no relevance. Winter has also been confused with the violinist of the same name per Big Maybelle in 1959.) Winter played with a few more bands until forming a sextet in 1961 that won the Intercollegiate Jazz Festival that year, judges being trumpeter, Dizzy Gillespie, and producer, John Hammond. That gained him a contract with Columbia Records, he to release his first vinyl, 'The Paul Winter Sextet', that year ('61) in December (Columbia 37228) [rateyourmusic]. That was a set of bebop titles like 'Blue Evil', 'The Hustling Song', et al. December of 1961 saw Winter recording 'Jazz Premiere: Washington' in Washington DC and Chicago. In 1962 Winter was sent by the State Department on a  six-month tour to Latin America as a cultural ambassador, delivering 160 concerts in 23 countries. 'Jazz Meets the Bossa Nova' resulted, recorded in Rio de Janeiro and New York in 1962. That initiated an exploration of various musical cultures that would figure large in Winter's work. Upon Winter's return he played for Jackie Kennedy at the White House in November of '62, said to be the first jazz performance at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. That would get combined with 'Jazz Premiere: Washington' and later titles in 1963 on a CD set of two called 'Count Me In' in 2012. Winter put together the Winter Consort in 1967, which first recording was with Peter, Paul and Mary that year on 'The House Song'. The Consort's initial LP was 'The Winter Consort' issued the next year by A&M. Winter's return to Brazil in the mid sixties yielded the LP, 'Rio' in 1965. His experimentation with the sounds of wildlife began in 1975 with a Greenpeace anti-whaling expedition off the coast of Vancouver Island, studying the effects of saxophone and other instruments, such as a Serge synthesizer, on whales. In 1977 Winter's Consort performed at the inauguration of President Jimmy Carter. 'Common Ground' was issued the next year, featuring whale, wolf and eagle. 'Callings', featuring sea creatures, was issued in 1980 on Winter's newly founded label, Living Music Records. His 'Missa Gaia' ('Earth Mass') premiered in 1981 at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in NYC. 1984 saw the first of thirteen tours to Russia. Whales were featured again on the 1987 release of 'Whales Alive'. 'Earth: Voices of a Planet' was released in 1990. Four years later 'Spanish Angel', recorded in Spain, won a Grammy. A second Grammy in '95 was won for 'Prayer for the Wild Things'. 'Celtic Solstice' earned a Grammy in 2000, 'Silver Solstice' in 2006, 'Crestone' in 2008, 'Miho: Journey to the Mountain' in 2011. Having released above fifty albums, Winter's latest was 'Earth Music' in 2011, followed by 'Count Me In', a collection of recordings made by his early sextet in '62 and '63. Others on whose recordings Winter can be found are saxophonist, Lou Donaldson (Sophisticated Lou' '72), and Brazilian guitarist, Oscar Castro-Neves ('Oscar!). Per 1962 below, tracks are from Winter's second record release and debut 12" album (assumed), 'Jazz Meets the Bossa Nova'.

Paul Winter   1957

   Sing a Song of Shopenhauer

      Recital   Album: 'A Winter's Tale'

Paul Winter   1962

   Little Boat

   Maria Nobody

   Song of the Sad Eyes

Paul Winter   1963

   Blue Mountain

      Album: 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song'

   Jazz Casual

      Television broadcast

   Lass from the Low Countrie

      Album: 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song'

Paul Winter   1972



Paul Winter   1978

   Wolf Eyes

      Album: 'Common Ground'

Paul Winter   1985

   Grand Canyon Sunrise

      Album: 'Canyon'

Paul Winter   1987

   Lullaby from the Great Mother

      Album: 'Whales Alive'

   Whales Weep Not!

      Album: 'Whales Alive'

Paul Winter   1993

   A Winter's Solstice IV


Paul Winter   1999


      Album: 'Celtic Solstice'


      Album: 'Celtic Solstice'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ran Blake

Ran Blake

Source: Jazz Times
Born in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1935, pianist, Ran Blake, was influenced as a youth by film noir, gospel, Béla Bartók and Claude Debussy. He graduated from Bard College in Red Hook, New York in 1960. Majoring in jazz, Blake had had his first encounter with Third Stream originator, Gunther Schuller, the year before. Summer studies ensued in '59 and '60 at the School of Jazz in Lenox, Massachusetts. During that time he participated in Kenny Dorham's 'D.C. Special' on August 29, 1959, that to get issued in 1990 in Denmark on 'Lenox School of Jazz Concert 1959'. Schuller would be among the most important figures in Blake's life, both as a friend and in musical and professional capacities. With Schuller's assistance Blake first surfaced on vinyl in 1962 with vocalist, Jeanne Lee, on the album, 'The Newest Sound Around' with George Duvivier contributing to a couple titles. 1963 witnessed him and Lee touring to Stockholm, Sweden. Blake issued his debut album, a suite of solos, in 1966: 'Ran Blake Plays Solo Piano'. Another tour to Stockholm with Lee in latter 1966 resulted in the duets that got issued in 1995 as 'Free Standards 1966 Stockholm'. Blake became Community Services Director at the New England Conservatory in 1967, Schuller NEC's President at that time. Blake held that position, staging concerts at prisons and retirement homes, until 1973. During that period he recorded another string of solos in April of 1969 called 'The Blue Potato and Other Outrages'. In 1973 Blake assumed the chair of NEC's Department of Third Stream. Titles recorded during that period in '73 and '75 at Jordan Hall saw issue in 1979 on 'Third Stream Today'. In 1981 Blake published 'Third Stream and the Importance of the Ear'. Blake was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for composition in 1982. He became a MacArthur Foundation Fellow six years later. In 2011 Blake published 'The Primacy of the Ear' with Jason Rogers. Blake is yet active with some fifty albums to his catalogue, his most recent issued in 2016 with Dominique Eade at vocals and Ricky Ford (partnering since the early seventies) at tenor sax: 'Chabrol Noir'. He yet teaches composition at NEC as of this writing. Per 1962 below, each track is from Blake's first album with Jeanne Lee, 'The Newest Sound Around'. More Blake under Jeanne Lee.

Ran Blake   1962

   Love Isn't Everything


   Where Flamingos Fly

Ran Blake   1976



Ran Blake   1986

   Short Life of Barbara Monk

      Album: 'Short Life of Barbara Monk'

Ran Blake   1991

   The Man I Love

      Soprano sax: Steve Lacy

Ran Blake   1994

   The Girl From Ipanema

      Album: 'Unmarked Van'

Ran Blake   2010

   Somewhere Over the Rainbow

      Filmed live in Lisbon


  Born in 1941 in Bartonsville, Maryland, trumpeter, Lester Bowie, grew up in Saint Louis, Missouri. He picked up trumpet at the young age of five, his father a professional musician. While yet in St. Louis he had opportunities to play with such as Little Milton, Albert King and Solomon Burke. Of greater significance to come was vocalist, Fontella Bass, with whom Lord's disco estimates recordings as early as 1960. Those were released in 1962: 'I Don't Hurt Anymore'/'Brand New Love' and 'Honey Bee'/'Bad Boy'. Sources differ as to when Bowie married Bass, '65 or '69, until 1978. He nevertheless became her musical director in 1965, they both in Chicago by November that year to record Bass' album, 'The New Look', issued in 1966. That had been preceded in Chicago by the 1965 limited issue per Out of Sight Records of Nick Gravenites' 'Whole Lotta Soul'/'Drunken Boat' with Roscoe Mitchell (Beanbenders). While in Chicago Bowie would maintain ties to St. Louis via Oliver Lake and Muhal Richard Abrams who there formed the Black Artists Group (BAG 1968-72). Bowie appeared on Mitchell's LP, 'Sound', in latter 1966. He joined Abrams' Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM founded in 1965) in '67, to succeed Abrams as its president in 1968. Bowie formed the Art Ensemble of Chicago (AEC) in 1967 with Mitchell and Malachi Favors (bass). The AEC was Bowie's main engine, releasing about forty albums with that group throughout his career. His first recordings with what would become the AEC occurred in May of 1967, which would appear on the later Mitchell album of 1975: 'Old/Quartet', and 'The Art Ensemble ‎– 1967/68' in 1993. The first issue of what would become the EAC was Bowie's 'Numbers 1 & 2' in 1967. The initial recordings by the Art Ensemble in September and November of 1967 weren't released until 2012: 'Early Combinations'. The EAC's first album was 'Congliptious' in 1968 as Roscoe Mitchell's Art Ensemble. Upon the Art Ensemble becoming the AEC it released seven albums in 1969 alone. That organization issued its last album in 1997 per 'Urban Magic', yet with original members, Mitchell and Favors. Its most longstanding members were multi-instrumentalist, Joseph Jarman, and drummer, Don Moye. Bowie and Jarman went back to 'Numbers 1 & 2' in 1967. An original member of the AEC, Jarman remained through 'Salutes the Chicago Blues Tradition' put down in Geneva, Switzerland on July 7, 1993. Moye's first session with the AEC was in 1970 in France affecting 'Chi Congo', he keeping with the group through its last album in '97, 'Urban Magic'. Muhal Richard Abrams was part of the configuration for 'Fanfare for the Warriors' in September 6, 1973, and 'Kabalaba' at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland on July 4, 1974.   As indicated, Bowie did a strong amount of collaborating with other musicians. Fontella Bass, per above, toured to France for sessions with the AEC in 1970. She joined Bowie for sessions in Germany in '81 and '82. They recorded together as late as the nineties per a rendition of 'What the World Needs Now' on Bass' 'No Ways Tired' issued in 1996. Bowie emerged on the first two of four LPs with Archie Shepp in '69, 'Yasmina, a Black Woman' and 'Blasé', followed in 1970 by 'Pitchin' Can' and 'Coral Rock'. In 1978 Bowie appeared on Jack DeJohnette's 'New Directions', followed by 'New Directions in Europe' in '79 and 'Zebra' in '89. He joined pianist, Sun Ra, for sessions in Europe in 1983, titles to end up on 'Hiroshima' ('85) and 'Milan, Zurich, West Berlin, Paris' ('08). In 1985 he released the first of eight LPs during his lifetime with his group, Brass Fantasy: 'I Only Have Eyes for You'. Ninth and last was 'When the Spirit Returns', recorded in latter '97, issued in 2003. In 1986 Bowie recorded the first of a few albums with the Leaders: 'Mudfoot'. 'Out Here Like This' ensued in '87 and 'Unforeseen Blessings' in '89. Bowie was also a member of the New York Organ Ensemble, releasing 'The Organizer' in '91 and 'Funky T. Cool T.' in '92 with organist, Amina Claudine Myers. Lord's disco has Bowie recording to as late as early 1999, being featured on Mac Gollehon's 'Smokin' Live'. He died of liver cancer on November 8 of 1999 at his home in Brooklyn.

Lester Bowie   1966


      Album by Roscoe Mitchell

Lester Bowie   1974

   Fast Last!


Lester Bowie   1976


      Album: 'Rope-A-Dope'

Lester Bowie   1981

   The Great Pretender

      Album: 'The Great Pretender'

   Rios Negroes

      Album: 'The Great Pretender'

Lester Bowie   1982

   For Louie

      Album: 'All the Magic'

Lester Bowie   1983

   From the Roots to the Source

      Filmed live

      With Fontanella Bass & Martha Bass

Lester Bowie   1985

   I Only Have Eyes for You

      Album: 'I Only Have Eyes for You'

      With Brass Fantasy

Lester Bowie   1986

   Saving All My Love For You

      Filmed live with Brass Fantasy

Lester Bowie   1991

   Live at Jazz Jamboree

      With EAC

   Live at North Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Lester Bowie   1993

   Live at JazzBaltica

      Filmed live with the Brazz Brothers

Lester Bowie   1995

   Here's the Olden Meesaur

      Milosc album: 'Not Two'

   Smrt Maharishia

      Milosc album: 'Not Two'

Lester Bowie   1999


      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lester Bowie

Lester Bowie

Source: DownBeat
Birth of Modern Jazz: Chick Corea

Chick Corea

Source: Jazz & Chips
Born in Chelsea, Massachusetts, in 1940, keyboardist, Chick Corea, had a father who ran a Dixieland band in Boston and had him training at piano at four. He began training on drums at age eight and was performing professionally, in a tuxedo purchased for him by his father, while yet in high school. Moving to NYC, Corea matriculated into both Columbia University and Juilliard, both fleeting experiences in that Corea far preferred playing nightclubs. One reason was hooking up to play gigs with Cab Calloway, managing to destroy any further notions of formal education. Corea is first discovered on vinyl in 1962, performing on the album, 'Go, Mongo!', with Mongo Santamaria and His Afro-Latin Group. That had gone down in July, followed by Willie Bobo's 'Bobo's Beat' on October 11. Wikipedia wants that issued in '63, Discogs '64. Howsoever, Joe Farrell contributed tenor sax on that, he to play a fairly important role in Corea's career, participating in Corea's debut album, 'Tones for Joan's Bones' in latter 1966, through eight more to Tap Set' in 1979/1980. Corea performed on Farrell's 'Courage' in 1970, 'Outback' in 1971 and 'Skate Board Park' in 1979. We return to Sonny Stitt in November of 1963 for 'Stitt Goes Latin'. Come Dave Pike's 'Manhattan Latin' in early '64, Hubert Laws contributing to the second of its two sessions in February and March. Corea next joined Laws' Quartet in April for 'The Laws of Jazz'. That was with Richard Davis (bass) and Bobby Thomas (drums). Laws and Corea maintained a close musical relationship into the seventies, a reunion in 1980 to result in Laws' fifth LP with Corea contributing keyboards: 'Family'. Laws participated in Corea's 'Is' in May of '69, 'Tap Step' in 1979/1980 and 'The Ultimate Adventure' in 2006. It was in a quartet for Laws with Grady Tate on drums for 'Laws' Cause' on August 10 of '66 that Corea first recorded with bassist, Ron Carter. Carter and Corea would partner on multiple occasions in the support of various, such as Miles Davis, into the seventies. Corea backed Carter's 'Parade' in March of 1979. In January of 1980 they joined a quartet with Joe Henderson at tenor sax and Billy Higgins on drums resulting in 'Mirror Mirror'. They would reunite in the new millennium for 'So What' included on the album by various, 'Miles from India', issued in 2008. We back up to November 30, 1966, for Corea's debut LP per above with Joe Farrell, 'Tones For Joan's Bones'. Also contributing to that were Woody Shaw (trumpet), Steve Swallow (bass) and Joe Chambers (drums). 'Now He Sings, Now He Sobs' went down in March of 1968 in a trio with Miroslav Vitouš (bass) and Roy Haynes (drums). Corea's third album, 'Is', ensued in May of 1969. Come 1973 Corea issued 'Bliss', for which drummer, Pete La Roca, successfully sued Muse Records since it was La Roca who had led that session in May of 1967 to bear 'Turkish Women at the Bath' that year. Wikipedia has Corea on the verge of 100 albums led or co-led to 'Solo Piano - Portraits' in 2014 and 'Two' in 2015, a compilation of earlier live recordings with banjo virtuoso, Bela Fleck. We slip back to August 31, 1967, for Stan Getz' 'What the World Needs Now', that thought his first session with drummer, Roy Haynes. Come 'Windows' in March of 1968 with Getz and Steve Swallow on bass, that included on the Corea collection called 'Music Forever & Beyond' released in 1995. Come a trio the same month of '68 with bassist, Miroslav Vitouš, for Corea's 'Now He Sings, Now He Sobs' with another version of 'Windows'. Future sessions with Haynes in the eighties included additional trios with Vitouš: 'Trio Music' in November of '81, 'The Trio Live from the Country Club' in '82 and 'Trio Music Live in Europe' in Switzerland in 1984. That trio would reunite in 2001 for 'Matrix' on Corea's 'Rendezvous in New York'. As indicated, Vitouš was among the more important bassists along Corea's path, their first mutual session thought to have been on September 29, 1967, for Donald Byrd's 'The Creeper' and 'Chico San'. October 5 of '67 saw those rendered again on Byrd's album, 'The Creeper'. Corea and Vitouš bumped shoulders on multiple occasions into the seventies backing other ensembles, such as Wayne Shorter's, to reunite in 1981 for both volumes of Creative Music Studio's 'Woodstock Jazz Festival'. 1983 found them in Tokyo with Roy Haynes to support Toshiyuki Honda's 'Dream'. Reunion twenty years later in 2003 in Italy and Norway resulted in Vitouš' 'Universal Syncopations'. We return to June of 1968 for another important figure in Corea's career, that trumpeter, Miles Davis, who that month began the recording of 'Filles de Kilimanjaro', completed in September. Corea would contribute to 14 of Davis' albums to 'On the Corner' gone down on June 1, 1972. Reunion in Paris in 1991 saw the recording of the DVD, 'At La Villette', issued in 2001. We back up to September 24, 1968, for another important bassist, Dave Holland, with whom Corea recorded 'Mademoiselle Mabry' and 'Frelon Brun' for Davis' 'Filles de Kilimanjaro' on that date. Corea and Holland worked together with Davis into the seventies. In the meantime Holland supported Corea's third album, 'Is', in May of 1969. Holland would back nine more of Corea's albums to 'Gathering' in May in 1971. Reunion twenty years later in '91 saw Davis' 'At La Villette' per above. Lord's disco has Holland and Corea together a last time for Gary Burton's 'Like Minds' in December of 1997. Another important drummer in Corea's career was Jack DeJohnette, we returning to their initial mutual session for Davis on November 27, 1968, for 'Ascent' and two takes of 'Directions' with Wayne Shorter on sax and bassist, Holland. Corea and DeJohnette maintained a tight musical relationship into the seventies, particularly with Davis. Along the way DeJohnette provided rhythm on Corea's 'Is' in May of '69 with Woody Shaw at trumpet and bassist, Holland. Corea's 'The Sun' ensued on September 14 of 1970. January of 1978 found them recording John McLaughlin's 'Do You Hear the Voices You Left Behind?' with Stanley Clarke at bass on 'Electric Guitarist'. DeJohnette and Corea would visit again in 1981 for both volumes of Creative Music Studio's 'Woodstock Jazz Festival'. Corea's first session with his group, Circle, had been on April 7 of 1970, that with prior sessions in March of '68 and later sessions in August of 1970 going toward 'Circlng In' in 1975. Circle's first album, 'Circulus', was laid out in August of 1970. A live LP ensued in Germany before Circle 2, that group recording live in Paris before 'Gathering' went down on March 17 of 1971. The avant-garde Circle and Circle 2 were composed of Barry Altschul (drums), Anthony Braxton (sax) and Dave Holland (bass). Return to Forever was a jazz fusion group that Corea formed upon becoming a Scientologist. Its first of eight issues was 'Return to Forever' in 1972. Seven LPs followed to 'Live' in May of 1977. Corea would resurrect Return to Forever for a few albums in the new millennium: 'Return to Forever Returns' ('09), 'Live at Montreux' ('09) and 'The Mothership Returns' ('12). Along with Joe Farrell on sax Stanley Clarke had also been an original member of Return to Forever. Clarke would be another important figure in Corea's career into the eighties, both backing each other's projects and supporting other groups. Corea participated in Clarke's 'Children of Forever' in '72 and 'Journey to Love' in '75. 2009 found Clarke collaborating with Corea and drummer, Lenny White, on 'Forever'. Clarke contributed to Corea's 'Pledge for Peace' in 2013 on the album, 'The Vigil', with Ravi Coltrane (son of John) at tenor sax. It was Clarke's 'Up' in 2014. We return to March of 1979 for what may have been Corea's first session with tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson, that for Ron Carter's 'Gypsy' toward his album, 'Parade'. Corea would surface on three of Henderson's LPs: 'Mirror Mirror' (1980), 'Relaxin' at Camarillo' (1981) and 'Big Band (1997). Henderson contributed 'Flamenco' to Corea's 'Tap Step' issued in 1980. Live in Montreux' and 'Trinkle Tinkle' went down in the summer of 1981 in Switzerland. 'The Chick Corea Elektric Band' followed in 1986. Corea's recording career was among the more productive among jazz musicians, well exceeding four hundred sessions. Among the host for whom Corea provided keys were Blue Mitchell, Herbie Mann, Gayle Moran, Eddie Gómez, Eric Marienthal, Arturo Sandoval, Bobby McFerrin and Lee Ritenour. He's won too many awards to list, this the Mariana Trench, not a scroll. Corea's career is yet in full swing as of this writing.

Chick Corea   1962

   Happy Now

      Album: 'Go, Mongo!'

      Mongo Santamaria and his Afro-Latin Group

Chick Corea   1968

   Frelon Brun

      Miles Davis album 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

      Release 1968 UK 1969 US

   Mademoiselle Mabry (Miss Mabry)

      Miles Davis album 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

      Release 1968 UK 1969 US

   Tones for Joan's Bones

      Album: 'Tones for Joan's Bones'

      Recorded 1966

Chick Corea   1970

   The Sun


Chick Corea   1972

   Return To Forever


Chick Corea   1986

   Bern Jazz Festival

      Filmed live with the Elektric Band

   Elektric City

      With the Elektric Band

Chick Corea   2003

   Live at the Blue Note

      Filmed live

      Bass: Eddie Gomez

      Drums: Steve Gadd

      Saxophone: Michael Brecker

Chick Corea   2007

   Dr. Joe

      '5 Trios' Box Set Disc 1

   Live in Barcelona

      Filmed concert

Chick Corea   2013

   Festival de Jazz de Vitoria

      Filmed concert

Chick Corea   2014

   The Enchantment

      Filmed live with Bela Fleck

   Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed concert


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bill Dixon

Bill Dixon

Source: The Guardian
Though born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, in 1925, trumpeter, Bill Dixon, was raised in Harlem. He also performed on flugelhorn and piano. From '46 to '51 Dixon studied at the Hartnett Conservatory of Music in Manahattan. He also studied painting at three different colleges. During the early fifties Dixon was employed at the United Nations, he forming the UN Jazz Society. In 1962 Dixon joined Archie Shepp in the recording of the album, 'Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet'. Thought to be Dixon's initial recordings, that was also Shepp's debut album. Some twenty albums as a leader later, Dixon's last, 'Envoi', was released posthumously in 2011. In 1964 he organized a series of concerts called the 'October Revolution in Jazz' which wrought his founding of the Jazz Composers Guild which agenda was the encouragement of avant-garde jazz. That guild was replaced in 1966 with the Jazz Composers Orchestra Association Inc. (JCOA) in 1966. Dixon appeared on Cecil Taylor's album, 'Conquistador!' in 1966. He began teaching at Bennington College in Vermont in 1968, remaining there until 1995. During the seventies he recorded a number of noncommercial solo pieces later issued by Cadence Jazz Records. In 1981 he appeared in the documentary, 'Imagine the Sound', with Paul Bley, Archie Shepp and Cecil Taylor. Another album with Taylor, 'Taylor/Dixon/Oxley', was issued in 2002. Dixon died in his sleep at his home in June of 2010.

Bill Dixon   1962

   Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet


Bill Dixon   1966

   Conquistador Part 1

      Cecil Taylor album: 'Conquistador!'

   Conquistador Part 2

      Cecil Taylor album: 'Conquistador!'

Bill Dixon   1967


      Album: 'Intents and Purposes'

   Nightfall Pieces I & II

      Album: 'Intents and Purposes'


      Album: 'Intents and Purposes'

Bill Dixon   1988

   Son of Sisyphus


Bill Dixon   1994

   Vade Mecum


Bill Dixon   2008

   Constellations for Innerlight Projections

      Album: 'Bill Dixon with Exlploding Star Orchestra'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Keith Jarret

Keith Jarrett

Source: FMA
Born in 1945 in Allentown, Pennsylvania, Keith Jarrett gave his first classical recital at age seven, including two of his own compositions. His interest in jazz began in high school before traveling to Boston to attend the Berklee College of Music. While there he participated in his first emergence on vinyl, 'Swinging Big Sound', issued in 1962 by Don Jacoby and the College All Stars. By night Jarrett played in piano lounges before moving to NYC to find employment at the Village Vanguard. Art Blakey shook things up when he hired Jarrett to join the Jazz Messengers. In January of 1966 Jarrett recorded 'Buttercorn Lady' with Blakey at the Lighthouse in Hermosa Beach, CA, an elite jazz hub near Los Angeles where John Levine had run the show until his death in 1970 and the club was sold to Rudy Onderwyzer. The Lighthouse was home to bassist, Howard Rumsey's Lighthouse All-Stars since 1949 and into the seventies. Be as may, drummer, Jack DeJohnette, got Jarrett hired into Charles Lloyd's band in 1966. DeJohnette would play a major role throughout Jarrett's career while Lloyd's would be his first major employment in band. His debut session with Lloyd that year was on March 29 for 'Dream Weaver'. Jarrett and Lloyd made a dynamite combination, releasing several albums together to 'Soundtrack', their last, on November 15 of 1968. As for DeJohnette, he traveled with Jarrett through Miles Davis after Lloyd, they in the meanwhile recording their duo album, 'Ruta and Daitya' in May of 1971. DeJohnette would be the third member of Jarrett's trio with Gary Peacock, below, from '77 to '09. During Jarrett's period with Lloyd he laid out his debut album, 'Life Between the Exit Signs', on May 4 of 1967 in a trio with Charlie Haden (bass) and Paul Paul Motian (drums). Both Haden and Motian would assume major roles in Jarrett's career. Motian backed Jarrett on sixteen more albums to September 16, 1992, for 'At the Deer Head Inn' in a trio with Gary Peacock at bass. Jarrett participated in Motian's 'Conception Vessel' in November of 1972. Haden backed Jarrett on sixteen more albums as well to their duo in March of 2007, 'Jasmine'. Jarrett backed Haden's 'Closeness' in 1976. Jarrett followed 'Life Between the Exit Signs' with 'Restoration Ruin' on March 12, 1968, on which he sings vocals and plays guitar, harmonica, soprano saxophone, recorder, piano, organ, electric bass, drums, tambourine and sistra. He constrained himself to acoustic piano in 1972 on 'Facing You', his next of several solo LPs. 1978 saw the release of 'Sun Bear Concerts', a huge issue of solo recordings made in Japan in 1976. In 1995 'At the Blue Note' was issued, a giant volume of standards recorded live with Gary Peacock (bass) and Jack DeJohnette (drums). Another series of standards were issued between 1999 and 2002, recorded variously in France, England, Japan, Switzerland and Germany. Jarrett has released above eighty albums, not counting his classical recordings, beginning with composer, Arvo Part, in 1984 on the issue of 'Tabula Rasa'. Jarrett released numerous classical recordings into the nineties. His latest issue was the live album, 'Creation', in 2015. We return to the dissolution of Lloyd's quartet after 'Soundtrack' above in November of 1968, upon which Jarrett hooked up with Miles Davis. Jarrett's first tracks with Davis are thought to have been toward 'Get Up With It' on May 19 of 1970, that completed in stages to '74 minus Jarrett. He participated in Davis' 'Live-Evil' in NYC in 1970 before 'Miles Davis at Fillmore' (East in NYC) in June. Several later Davis albums would be released from Jarrett's relatively brief period with him. Lord's disco has their last session on November 26, 1971, at Philharmonic Hall for 'Bwongo' and 'Ananka', those to get issued on an unknown date on 'Hooray for Miles Davis Vol 3'. As indicated, another of Jarrett's more important compatriots was Gary Peacock. Their first of 21 albums of trios was 'Tales of Another' in February of 1977. Their last was 'Somewhere' on July 11, 2009, in Lucerne, Switzerland. Their third limb on all but one of those was Jack DeJohnette. Jarrett is yet active touring as of this writing. More of him found under Gary Peacock. Per 1966 below, the order given at agir3's channel is chronologically in reverse. K 271, 453 and 466 are from the album, 'Mozart', released in 1999. K 467, 488 and 595 are from the album, 'Mozart', released in 1966.

Keith Jarrett   1962

   Groovin' High

      With Don Jacoby

   Sing! It's Good for You!

      With Don Jacoby

Keith Jarrett   1965


      Bass: Kent Carter

      Drums: Dannee Fullerton

Keith Jarrett   1975

   Arbour Zena


   The Köln Concert


Keith Jarrett   1978


Keith Jarrett   1984

   Somewhere Over the Rainbow

      Filmed live in Japan

Keith Jarrett   1987

   Live in Japan

      Filmed concert

Keith Jarrett   1989

   Standards in Norway


Keith Jarrett   1993


      Keith Jarrett Trio filmed live

Keith Jarrett   1995

   Live in Milano

      Live at Teatro alla Scala

Keith Jarrett   1999/96

   6 Piano Concertos

      K 271, 453 &.466 released 1999

      K 467, 488 & 595 released 1996


  Born in 1939 in New York City, Jeanne Lee attended Bard College in Red Hook, New York, where she studied child psychology, literature and dance. The year she graduated with a bachelor's in the arts, 1961, she also first performed with pianist, Ran Blake. They won the Amateur Night Contest at the Apollo Theater together. Each their debut recordings were together as well, 'The Newest Sound Around' released in 1962. Lee then expanded her horizons as she explored sound poetry, happenings and Fluxus. During the seventies Gunter Hampel was prominent among the musicians with whom she recorded, their first together, 'Gunter Hampel Group + Jeanne Lee', gone down in April 1968 for issue in 1969. Hampel and Lee collaborated to as late as 1985, reuniting in the early nineties, their last title together thought to have been 'Journey to Edaneres' for Lee's 'Natural Affinities' issued in 1992. Lee had acquired her master's in the arts in 1972 from New York University. She taught at institutions in Europe and the United States. During the nineties she and pianist, Mal Waldron, collaborated numerously, among such their 1994 release of 'After Hours'. Lee died of cancer in Tijuana, Mexico, ion October 25, 2000. She had recorded as recently as January that year with the Orchestre National de Jazz: 'Duke Ellington's Sound of Love' and 'A Part of Me' on 'Deep Feelings'. Among other bands with which she had recorded along a path of 93 sessions were Marion Brown's, Reggie Workman's, Archie Shepp's and Bob Moses'. Per 1962 below, each track is from Lee's first LP with Ran Blake: 'The Newest Sound Around'. More Jeanne Lee under Ran Blake and Gunter Hampel.

Jeanne Lee   1962

   Evil Blues


   Lonely Woman

Jeanne Lee   1963

   All About Ronnie

      Filmed live with Ran Blake

Jeanne Lee   1966

   Night and Day

      Album: 'Free Standards - Stockholm 1966'

      Piano: Ran Blake

Jeanne Lee   1974

   Yeh Come T'beh

      Album: 'Conspiracy'

   Your Ballad

      Album: 'Conspiracy'

Jeanne Lee   1990

   Subway Couple

      Bass: Peter Kowald


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jeanne Lee

Jeanne Lee

Source: Modo de Usar
Birth of Modern Jazz: Grachan Moncur III

Grachan Moncur III

Source: WNCU
Though born in New York City in 1937, trombonist, Grachan Moncur III, was raised in Newark, New Jersey. Moncur began performing while in high school, sitting in with Art Blakey and Jackie McLean as occurred. Upon graduating from high school he toured with Ray Charles. He was picked up by Art Farmer and Benny Golson to participate in the recording of 'Here and Now' in 1962. He then participated in four tracks on Golson's 'Pop + Jazz = Swing' in April that year. It was 'Another Git Together' in May and June with the same Jazztet as 'Here and Now'. We skip ahead a bit through Herbie Hancock and Horace Silver in early '63 to April of that year for Jackie McLean's 'One Step Beyond'. 'Destination... Out!' followed on September 20. On November 21 that year McLean supported Moncur's debut LP, 'Evolution'. Come 1967 for McLean's 'Hipnosis' and ''Bout Soul'. Among the more important figures in Moncur's career was drummer, Beaver Harris, who first joined Moncur on March 28, 1965, at the Village Gate in NYC in March of 1965 for 'The New Wave in Jazz' with Bobby Hutcherson (vibes) and Cecil McBee (bass). Come April of 1966 for Marion Brown's 'Juba-Lee'. While with Brown, Harris and Moncur joined Archie Shepp, holding mutual sessions to the latter's 'Things Have Got to Change' in 1971. On April 11 of 1974 Moncur employed Harris for 'Echoes of Prayer' commissioned by the Jazz Composer's Orchestra. In 1979 Moncur supported Harris' 'Live at Nyon' ('81) in Switzerland, 'Safe' ('79) in Switzerland and 'Beautiful Africa' ('79) in Milan, Italy. Another of Moncur's more important associates was tenor saxophonist, Archie Shepp, who Moncur joined with Harris in August of '66 for 'Mama Too Tight'. Moncur contributed to nine more Shepp albums to 'Live in New York' on September 23 and 24 of 2000. Shepp had supported Moncur on 'New Africa' on August 11 of 1969 in Paris. Moncur became composer in residence at the Newark Community School of the Arts in the latter nineties. Among others on whose recordings he can be found are Dave Burrell, Lee Morgan, Chris White, William Parker, Khan Jamal and Cassandra Wilson. Moncur recorded his ninth and latest album, 'Inner Cry Blues', in February of 2007.

Grachan Moncur III   1962

   Richie's Dilemma

      Farmer/Golson album: 'Here and Now'


      Farmer/Golson album: 'Here and Now'

      Original composition: Ray Bryant

Grachan Moncur III   1964


      Album: 'Evolution'


      Jackie McLean album: 'One Step Beyond'

   Monk in Wonderland

      Album: 'Evolution'

   Saturday and Sunday

      Jackie McLean album: 'One Step Beyond'

Grachan Moncur III   1965


      Album: 'Some Other Stuff'

      Recorded 1964


      Album: 'Some Other Stuff'

      Recorded 1964

Grachan Moncur III   1967


      With Jackie McClean

Grachan Moncur III   1969


      Album: 'New Africa'


      Album: 'New Africa'

Grachan Moncur III   1974

   Right On Part 1

      Album: 'Echoes of Prayer'

   Right On Part 2

      Album: 'Echoes of Prayer'


  Born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1936, Don Patterson, had trained on piano as a child, but would begin his professional career in 1959 as an organist. His first major musical associate was Sonny Stitt in New York City. He contributed to the joint Gene Ammons/Sonny Stitt LP in on February 18, 1962: 'Boss Tenors in Orbit!'. Stitt's 'Feelins' and 'Low Flame' were completed in April. Patterson and Stitt would work closely together into the early seventies, Patterson contributing to upwards of 17 Stitt albums to 'Black Vibrations' in July of '71. He recorded his first album as a leader in Chicago on January 22 of 1963, 'Goin' Down Home'. That was a trio with Paul Weeden (guitar) and Billy James (drums), not released until 1966. Patterson put down four more albums that year: 'The Exciting New Organ of Don Patterson', 'Hip Cake Walk', 'Patterson's People' and 'Holiday Soul'. Discogs credits him with 28 albums as a leader or co-leader to 'Why Not?' gone down on January 26, 1978. Patterson lived in scenic Gary, Indiana, per the seventies, later in Philadelphia where he died in 1988, having been on dialysis for kidney woes. Lord's disco tracks him to as late as tenor saxophonist, John Simon's, 'Legacy' on May 20, 1986, that a trio with Greg McDonald (drums) laid out in Philadelphia. Per 1962 below, tracks are from the Gene Ammons/Sonny Stitt LP, 'Boss Tenors In Orbit!'.

Don Patterson   1962

   Bye Bye Blackbird


   Why Was I Born

Don Patterson   1964

   Hip Cake Walk

      LP: 'Hip Cake Walk'


      LP: 'Hip Cake Walk'

   S'bout Time

      LP: 'The Exciting New Organ of Don Patterson'

   Under the Boardwalk

      LP: 'Hip Cake Walk'

Don Patterson   1965

   Sentimental Journey

      LP: 'Patterson's Perople'

      Recorded 1964

Don Patterson   1967

   Hump Snapa Blues

      LP: 'Mellow Soul'

Don Patterson   1968

   Donna Lee

      LP: 'Boppin' and Burnin''

   Embraceable You

      LP: 'Four Dimensions'


      LP: 'Four Dimensions'

Don Patterson   1969


      LP: 'Funk You!'

Don Patterson   1974

   The Return of Don Patterson

      Album recorded in 1972


Birth of Modern Jazz: Don Patterson

Don Patterson

Source: All About Jazz
  Born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1936, avant-garde saxophonist, Albert Ayler, was elder brother to trumpeter, Donald Ayler. He played sax and oboe as a child with his father who played sax and violin. He began performing with Little Walter in 1952. After high school Ayler joined the US Army in 1958, switching from alto to tenor sax. What is possibly his first recording session took place for the Revenant label (RVN 213) in 1960 in Orleans, France, while in the service, 'Tenderly' and 'Leap Frog' credited to the US Army 76th AG Band. Like many of Ayler's early recordings, those went unissued, not appearing until 2004 as the bonus and 10th disc to a box set of CDs titled 'Holy Ghost: Rare & Unissued Recordings (1962–70)'. Upon release from military service Ayler visited Los Angeles and Cleveland briefly before traveling to Sweden in 1962. He there performed in groups in radio and made recordings with Cecil Taylor that year. Those weren't released but were compiled on the above-mentioned 'Holy Ghost' in 2004. In October of '62 Ayler recorded some tracks with his trio of Torbjorn Hultcrantz (bass) and Sune Spangberg (drums), the first issue of which was 'Something Different!!!!!!' in 1963. That got reissued as 'The First Recordings Vol 1' in 1969. The earliest date found for 'The First Recordings Vol 2' is 1990, with a prior test pressing of perhaps a total of ten on which 'Moanin'' wasn't included. In January of 1963 Ayler recorded tracks in Copenhagen that would end up on his first album release in 1964: 'My Name Is Albert Ayler'. He was back in the States in NYC by 1964, his recordings that year to surface on eight future albums. The first to be recorded was 'Witches & Devils' in February if not March. The first to be released was 'New York Eye and Ear Control' in 1965. For as brief a career as Ayler's was it was highly productive. Considering recordings alone, he released well above twenty albums between 1962 and 1971. The problem was that the two in '71, 'Nuits de la Fondation Maeght' and 'The Last Album', were posthumous. 'The Last Album' consisted of tracks from his last studio sessions in August of 1969, tracks from which had already been released in '69 on 'Music Is the Healing Force of the Universe'. Ayler's final recorded performance was in July 1970 at the Festival de la Fondation Maeght in St. Paul de Vence, France. Tracks from that were issued in 1971 on 'Nuits de la Fondation Maeght', that to include two volumes of four tracks each. Ayler's was a miserable death of psychological desperation in November 1970 during the course of which he smashed his saxophone over his television set, Mary Maria Parks, his intimate and musical associate, present. He then boarded a ferry for Liberty Island (Statue of Liberty), from which he is presumed to have jumped overboard in transit. His body was discovered twenty days later in the East River. On that positive note, per below, recording dates are mixed with release dates to keep the list to his time period.

Albert Ayler   1964

   Billie's Bounce

      Album: ''My Name Is Albert Ayler'

   The Copenhagen Tapes

      Recorded September 1964

      Not released until 2002


      Album: ''My Name Is Albert Ayler'


      Recorded September 1964

      Not released until 1975

Albert Ayler   1965

   Spirits Rejoice

      Album: 'Spirits Rejoice'

   Spiritual Unity


Albert Ayler   1966

   Truth Is Marching In

      Recorded May 1966

      Not released until 2004

      CD: 'Complete Live at Slug's Saloon Recordings'

Albert Ayler   1967

   Love Cry/Truth Is Marching In/Our Prayer

      Recorded July 1967

      Not released until 2004

      CD box set: 'Holy Ghost'   Disc 6

Albert Ayler   1968


      Recorded August 1968

      Not released until 2004

      CD box set: 'Holy Ghost'   Disc 6

Albert Ayler   1969

   Music is the Healing Force

      Album: 'Music is the Healing Force'

      Vocal: Mary Maria Parks

Albert Ayler   1971

   Untitled Duet

      Album: 'The Last Album'

      Recorded August 1969

     Posthumous release

      Guitar: Henry Vestine


Birth of Modern Jazz: Albert Ayler

Albert Ayler

Source: Jazz da Gama
Birth of Modern Jazz: Alice Coltrane

Alice Coltrane

Source: Delo
Born Alice McLeod in 1937 in Detroit, composer, Alice Coltrane, played harp, piano and organ. Classically trained, she began playing piano at age nine at her Baptist church. In 1959 she traveled to Paris to study jazz with pianist, Bud Powell. Back in the States, she made her recording debut on several tracks with the Terry Gibbs Octet in January and March of 1963 in NYC, released on 'Terry Gibbs Plays Jewish Melodies in Jazztime' that year. Coltrane shared piano with pianist, Alan Logan, on that. In February of 1963, between the above two sessions, she joined Gibbs' quartet for 'The Family Album'. Tracks recorded with Gibbs that April would end up on Gibbs' 'El Nutto' the next year. Gibbs' 'Hootenanny My Way' went down in 1963 as well on an unknown date. It was via Gibbs that Alice met John Coltrane whom she married in 1964. She laid tracks with John and tenor saxman, Pharoah Sanders, in February of '66 which would surface on 'Cosmic Music' in 1968 (John passed). In May of '66 she was recorded with John and Sanders again at the Village Vanguard in NYC, that released in December on 'Live at the Village Vanguard Again!'. Alice would appear on about eight albums with John, some issued after John's death (July 1967), such as 'Live in Japan' gone down in 1966, released in 1973. Her participation in 'Infinity' was dubbed in April of 1972 over tracks recorded by John in '65 and '66. Alice released her first LP with Sanders, 'A Monastic Trio', in 1968. John was yet alive when she recorded her piano solo, 'Altruvista', on March 7 of 1967, later included on 'A Monastic Trio' as a bonus track. Coltrane's next album was 'Huntington Ashram Monastery' in 1969, reflecting the life she would devote to Eastern philosophy and transcendental meditation. In 1975 she founded the Vedantic Center in the Santa Monica Mountains just north of Malibu, CA. Her spirituality would be thematic in the seventeen albums she released into the nineties. Coltrane had four children, all with whom she had recorded at one time or another. Her daughter, Michelle (Miki), had been born in 1960 via singer, Kenny Hagwood, John to become her stepfather. Alice's sons with John followed per Arjuna John Coltrane Jr in '64, Ravi in '65 and Oran in '67. Lord's disco has Arjuna contributing drums to 'Om Namah Sivaya' on Alice's 'Radha Krisna Nama Sankirtana' in August of 1976. Michelle contributed violin on April 16, 1978, to Alice's 'Transfigurations'. Coltrane would began working with Ravi and Oran in the eighties. In 2004 she issued her eighteenth album, 'Translinear Light', on which Ravi blew both tenor or soprano sax on five tracks starting in April of 2000. Oran performed alto sax in a duet with Alice on that album on June 12, 2004: 'The Hymn'. Lord's disco shows that to be her last session. Coltrane died of respiratory failure in January of 2007. Per 1963 below, Coltrane shared piano with Alan Logan on 'Terry Gibbs Plays Jewish Melodies in Jazztime'. We can't vouch that it is Coltrane on piano on either track though it's likely, she listed as first piano. Per 2004 below, each track is from Coltrane's LP, 'Translinear Light'.

Alice Coltrane   1963

   My Yiddishe Momme

      Vibes: Terry Gibbs

   Vuloch (A Folk Dance)

      Vibes: Terry Gibbs

Alice Coltrane   1966

   Live at the Village Vanguard Again!

      LP by John Coltrane

Alice Coltrane   1968

   Lord, Help Me to Be

      Album: 'A Monastic Trio'


      Album: 'Cosmic Music"

      Recorded 1966

   The Sun

      Album: 'A Monastic Trio'

Alice Coltrane   1969

   Huntington Ashram Monastery


Alice Coltrane   1970

   Ptah, the El Daoud


Alice Coltrane   1971

   Journey in Satchidananda


Alice Coltrane   1972

   World Galaxy


Alice Coltrane   1974



Alice Coltrane   1977



Alice Coltrane   1978



Alice Coltrane   1987

   Divine Songs


Alice Coltrane   2004

   Translinear Light


  Walk with Me


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Hart

Billy Hart

Photo: Lothar Jung

Source: Drummer World
Billy Hart was a drummer born in 1940 in Washington DC. His first professional gigs were with Buck Hill in 1960 (on whose much later debut album, 'This Is Buck Hill', Hart would appear in 1978). Hart then toured with the Montgomery Brothers (Buddy, Monk and Wes), his first recordings with the Montgomery Brothers in 1961 in St. Louis, Missouri. Rateyourmusic has 'Recorded Live at Jorgies Jazz Club' (VGM 0001) issued in September of 1980. The Wes Montgomery Fan Club has 'Live at Jorgies and More' (VGM 0008) issued in April of 1983. November of 1961 found Hart participating in 'The Buck Clarke Sound' at the Jewish Community Center in Washington D.C. for issue in 1963. He joined Jimmy Smith on May 31, 1963, for 'Live at the Village Gate'. Four albums later it was 'In Hamburg Live' performed in November of 1965. That same month on the 26th he was in London at Ronnie Scott's jazz club for Benny Golson's 'Three Little Words'. Hart worked more with the Montgomery Brothers until Wes' death in 1968, then began doing session work in New York City. He has since recorded prolifically, credited with well above 600 sessions. We thus skip ahead a bit to one of Hart's more important sessions in December 1970, that for Herbie Hancock's 'Mwandishi'. Hancock would be among the more important figures in Hart's career in the seventies. When not working on Hancock's projects they supported other ensembles together including Joe Zawinul's and Miles Davis'. Hart participated in Hancock's 'Crossings' in December of '71, 'Sextant' in '72 and 'V.S.O.P' on June 29 of '76 at the Newport Jazz Festival with trumpeter, Freddie Hubbard. Also present at that session in 1970 above were trumpeter, Eddie Henderson, and bassist, Buster Williams. Continuing with Hancock together, Hart and Henderson would partner numerously in various groups over the decades well into the new millennium. Along the way Hart contributed to eight of Henderson's albums from 'Realization' in February of 1973 to 'Precious Moment' in 2005. Henderson backed Hart's debut LP in the winter of '77 for 'Enchance'. A decade later it was Hart's 'Rah' in September of 1987. Come 2010 Hart and Henderson formed the Cookers with Billy Harper (tenor sax), David Weiss (trumpet), Craig Handy (alto/flute), George Cables (piano) and Cecil McBee. Four albums later in 2016 it was 'The Call of the Wild and Peaceful Heart' with the same configuration excepting that Donald Harrison had replaced Handy on alto. As for Buster Williams, he and Hart provided rhythm on countless mutual sessions, including such as Harold Land's or Larry Coryell's, into the new millennium. Along the way Hart backed Williams' debut LP, 'Pinnacle' in August of 1975, 'Crystal Reflections' in August of 1976, 'Heartbeat' in 1978 and 'Dreams Come True' in 1978. Williams's supported Hart's 'Enchance' in '77 and 'Rah' in September of 1987. Lord's disco shows them partnering as late as January 5 of 2015 for Sally Night's 'Night Time'. We slip back to November 11, 1973, for among Hart's more important associates in the seventies, that saxophonist, Stan Getz, with whom 'Live at Sir Morgan's Cove 1973' went down on that date for issue in 2011. Sessions that would go toward about sixteen more Getz albums were held to 'Poetry in Jazz' at the Montreux Jazz Festival on July 20, 1978. They would reunite in early 1982 for 'Blue Skies' and 'Pure Getz'. 1979 saw the first of Hart's recordings on albums by both Chico Freeman and Duke Jordan. Saxophonist, Freeman, son of saxophonist, Von Freeman, is a bit late for these histories, thought to have first appeared on vinyl in 1975 per the musical drama, 'Black Fairy'. Be as may, in 1980 Hart backed Freeman's 'Peaceful Heart, Gentle Spirit' with flautist, James Newton. Hart later contributed to Newton's 'James Newton' in '82, 'Luella' in '83, 'The African Flower' in '85, 'If Love' in '89 and 'David Murray/James Newton Quintet' in '91. Hart joined the group, Quest, in time for its second album, 'Quest II' in Copenhagen, Denmark, on April 17, 1986. The original Quest releasing 'Quest' in 1981 had consisted of George Mraz (bass), Al Foster (drums), Richie Beirach (piano) and Dave Liebman (alto/flute). On ten albums from 'Quest II' in '86 to 'Circular Dreaming' in 2013 the band's consistent members were Hart, Beirach, Liebman and Ron McLure at bass. During the nineties Hart backed the first of several albums by Charles Lloyd, that 'The Call' in '93. 'All My Relations' followed in '94, 'Canto' in '96 and 'Lift Every Voice' in '02. Among the host of others on whose recordings Hart can be found were Eddie Harris, Pharoah Sanders, Kenny Barron, Joanne Brackeen, Jimmy Knepper, Doug Raney and Yelena Eckemoff. As mentioned, Hart issued his debut LP in 1977: 'Enchance'. At least ten more followed to 'One Is the Other' in April and May of 2013. Residing in Montclair, New Jersey, Hart has taught in various distinguished capacities since the nineties and is yet active with the Billy Hart Quartet. His most recent collaborations per this writing were in early 2016 for Luis Perdomo's 'Spirits and Warriors' and Massimo Farao's 'Swingin''.

Billy Hart   1961

   All of You

      LP: 'Recorded Live at Jorgies Jazz Club'

      Release unknown

Billy Hart   1963

   There Will Never Be Another You

      LP: 'Complete Live at Jorgies'

      Release unknown

Billy Hart   1969

   Movin' On Out

      Eddie Harris LP: 'High Voltage'

Billy Hart   1971

   Live in Molde

      Filmed live in Norway

      With Herbie Hancock & Mwandishi

Billy Hart   1977



Billy Hart   1997

   One for Carter

      LP: 'Oceans of Time'

Billy Hart   2000

   Jazz Baltica 2000

      Filmed concert

Billy Hart   2006

   Lullaby for Imke

      LP: 'Quartet'

Billy Hart   2013

   Dolphin Dance

      Filmed live

      Bass: Daryl Johns

      Piano: Roberta Piket


      Filmed live

   Live in Paris 2010

      With Quest   Sax: Dave Liebman

   Tribal Ghost

      LP: 'Tribal Ghost'

      Recorded 2007

Billy Hart   2014

   One Is the Other



  Born in Lima, Ohio, in 1937, tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson, attended Wayne State University upon graduation from high school where he had begun playing sax and composing. He began gigging at clubs in Detroit, yet a teenager. He recorded variously at such clubs between '58 and '60 but none were issued and very little is known about most. He spent '60 to '62 in the Army, touring internationally in a military band. Henderson's debut recording session with trumpeter, Kenny Dorham, on January 15 of '63 wasn't issued until 2009 as 'The Flamboyan, Queens, NY, 1963'. His first tracks to see sunshine were recorded in April of 1963: 'Sao Paolo', 'Straight Ahead', 'Una Mas' and 'If Ever I Would Leave You', those on Dorham's LP, 'Una Mas'. Those were followed the next month by several tracks with guitarist, Grant Green. Five of six were issued: 'Am I Blue', 'Take These Chains From My Heart', 'Sweet Slumber', 'I Wanna Be Loved' and 'For All We Know'. Like those with Dorham and Green, his debut LP was also with Blue Note on June 3 of 1963 for 'Page One'. Joining him on that were Kenny Dorham (trumpet), McCoy Tyner (piano), Butch Warren (bass) and Pete La Roca (drums). Henderson would issue 31 albums to 'Porgy and Bess' gone down in May of '97. An account of Henderson's career requires mention of  Freddie Hubbard if no one else. They are thought to have held their first mutual session for Andrew Hill's 'One for One' on February 10 of 1965. Following on the 19th was Hubbard's 'Blue Spirits'. Eight Hubbardd albums followed to 'A Little Night Music' in November of 1981 at the Keystone Korner in San Francisco. Hubbard participated in Henderson's 'Live at the Keystone Korner' in 1978, issued in 2015. He also contributed to Henderson's 'Big Band' in 1992, that issued in '97. They had also backed other operations like Duke Pearson's 'Sweet Honey Bee' in December of '66, Charles Earland's 'Leaving This Planet' in December of '73, Chaka Khan's 'Echoes of an Era' issued in 1982, 'Jazz Session' on Van Morrison's 'I Can't Go On... But I'll Go On' in 1984 and 'One Night with Blue Note' issued in 1985. Henderson died of heart failure upon emphysema on June 30, 2001. He had recorded prolifically at 269 sessions, among the numerous others with whom he laid tracks being Luis Gasca, Nat Adderley and the Carnegie Hall Jazz Band. Among Henderson's last collaborations were in 1998 for Keiko Lee's 'If It's Love' and Terence Blanchard's 'Jazz in Film'. Per 1958 below, 'Sweet Georgia Brown' is from a set of four privately recorded in the home of alto saxophonist, Joe Brazil, in September with John Coltrane. The other tracks were: 'Now's the Time', 'Woody 'n You' and 'Paul's Pal'.

Joe Henderson   1958

   Sweet Georgia Brown

      Private recording

Joe Henderson   1963

   Page One


Joe Henderson   1964

   Inner Urge


   In 'n Out


Joe Henderson   1968



Joe Henderson   1971

   In Japan


Joe Henderson   1972

   Black Is the Color

      Album: 'Black Is The Color'

Joe Henderson   1973

   The Elements


Joe Henderson   1976

   Black Miracle


Joe Henderson   1982

   A Very Special Concert

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Stanley Clarke

      Drums: Lenny White

      Piano: Chick Corea

Joe Henderson   1993

   Stella By Starlight

      Filmed live

      Bass: Dave Holland

      Drums: Al Foster

Joe Henderson   1994

   Vitoria Jazz

      Filmed concert

      Bass: George März

      Drums: Al Foster

      Piano: Bheki Mseleku

Joe Henderson   1995

   Double Rainbow



Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Henderson

Joe Henderson

Source: Ticket Fly/Dazzle Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Prince Lasha

Prince Lasha

Source: Undercover Black Man
Born in Fort Worth, TX, in 1929, clarinetist/alto saxophonist/flautist, Prince Lasha (pronounced lashay), was playing horn in high school. He performed in Texas until thinking Los Angeles the place to be in 1954. He there involved himself with the newly developing free jazz movement. His first appearance on vinyl is thought to have been his own album recorded on November 21 of 1962: 'The Cry!' ('63). He recorded that with Sonny Simmons, among the more important of Lasha's musical associates into the eighties. 'The Cry!' was followed by 'It Is Revealed' in May of 1963. October of '65 found him recording 'Floater' with the The Jazz Composer's Orchestra in Hamburg, Germany, for NDR (Norddeutscher Rundfunk) Workshop #41. He recorded 'Insight' in January of 1966 while living in London. Returning to the States in 1967, he and Simmons formed the Firebirds that year, releasing 'Firebirds' the next year. Lasha issued about eleven albums including the Firebirds before he up and disappeared into the real estate business after the Firebirds album, 'And Now Music', in 1983. He suddenly bobbed up from out of the deep twenty years later with 'The Mystery of Prince Lasha' on May 5 of 2005 before dying in Oakland, CA, on December 12 of 2008. Others on whose recordings Lasha can be found are Eric Dolphy, the Elvin Jones/Jimmy Garrison Sextet ('Illumination' '67), the Bossa Tres, Michael White, Gene Ammons and Dawan Muhammad. Per 1975 below, the full title of the album is 'Firebirds Live at Berkeley Jazz Festival Vol II'.

Prince Lasha   1963

   Congo Call

      LP: 'The Cry!'

   Music Matador

      Eric Dolphy LP: 'Conversations'

Prince Lasha   1966

   Nuttin' Out Jones

      LP: 'Insight'

Prince Lasha   1967

   The Loved Ones

      LP: 'Firebirds'

   Prelude to Bird

      LP: 'Firebirds'

Prince Lasha   1975

   Tracking Train

      LP: 'Firebirds Live . . . Vol II'

Prince Lasha   1981

   Kwadwo Safari

      LP: 'Inside Story'

Prince Lasha   1987

   Live in Novi Sad

      Filmed with the Woody Shaw Quintet


  Born in Houston in 1939, flautist, Hubert Laws, won a scholarship to Juilliard in 1960. He there studied by day while gigging by night in NYC, his first professional job at Sugar Ray's Lounge in Harlem. Among those with whom Laws played in those early days was Mongo Santamaria. Laws is thought to have first surfaced on vinyl in 1963 with Solomon Ilori on the album, 'African High Life', performing on flute and sax on April 25 on tracks 7-9. Come June that year he supported James Moody's 'Great Day' by flute. In February of 1964 Laws laid tracks with Dave Pike toward 'Manhattan Latin'. Santamaria's 'Mongo Explodes' went down sometime in spring of '64 at the Village Gate in Greenwich Village, NYC. Seven more with Santamaria resulted to 'Mambo Mongo' in March of 1992. On April 2 of '64 Laws strung his debut album, 'The Laws of Jazz' with Chick Corea (piano), Richard Davis (bass) and Bobby Thomas (drums). It was August 10, 1966, when bassist, Ron Carter, joined him on 'Laws' Cause' with Corea and Grady Tate (drums). Both Carter and Tate would play major roles in Laws' career. Carter and Laws carved a direct path together into the eighties, both supporting other ensembles such as Antônio Carlos Jobim in 1970, and each other. Carter supported Laws on seven more albums to 'The Chicago Theme' in 1975. Laws contributed to eight of Carter's albums from 'Uptown Conversation' in '69 to 'Friends' in December of '92. Lord's disco has their last mutual session for Stanley Turrentine on 'If I Could' in May of '93. As for Tate, he and Laws would interweave often into the latter seventies, both supporting other ensembles, such as Kai Winding's in 1967, and each other. Tate participated in Laws' 'Crying Song' in 1969. Laws contributed to Tate's 'She's My Lady' in 1972. Lord's disco has their last mutual session for Turrentine's 'West Side Highway' in 1977. Lord's disco has them reuniting for Turrentine on 'If I Could' in May of '93. Another major figure in Laws' career was keyboardist, Eumir Deodato, with whom his first mutual project was Astrud Gilberto's 'Beach Samba' on May 25, 1967, Deodato arranging and conducting that. Deodato and Laws worked together on multiple occasions on such as Jobim's 'Stone Flower' in 1970 and 'Gilberto with Turrentine' in 1971. Laws participated in Deodato's 'Prelude' in '72 and 'Very Together' in '76. Laws initial sessions with pianist, Herbie Hancock, were for Wes Montgomery's 'Down Here on the Ground' in December '67/January '68. Laws and Hancock worked together often into the eighties supporting other bands, Quincy Jones' and Eddie Henderson's one among them. Laws supported Hancock's 'The Prisoner' in April of '69 and 'Dis Is Da Drum' in '94. They reunited as late as 2000 for Marcus Miller's 'M2'. Laws capped the sixties in '69 with the first of several albums for both George Benson ('Tell It Like It Is' in April) and Quincy Jones ('Walking in Space' in June) in 1969. Five more albums with Benson ensued to 'Love Remembers' in '93. Six more with Jones went down to 'Basie & Beyond' in 2000. Freddie Hubbard had added trumpet to Jones' 'Walking in Space'. Hubbard and Laws found themselves partners on numerous occasions into the latter seventies backing other operations, such as Carmen McRae's. Along the way Laws contributed to five of Hubbard's LPs from 'First Light' in September of '71 to 'Super Blue' in March and April of '78. During the latter seventies Laws was a member on a couple notable tours. The one in July of '77 to Switzerland wrought both volumes 'Montreux Summit'. The other was a trip to Havana, Cuba, in March of '79 for performances at the Karl Marx Theatre with the CBS All Stars resulting in 'Havana Jam'. Among the host of others contributing to Laws' 367 accredited sessions were Milt Jackson, Charles Mingus, Charles Earland, McCoy Tyner, Chet Baker, Jim Hall and Bobby Hutcherson and Ed Motta. Laws has been the recipient of several 'Downbeat' awards in the new millennium in addition to the NEA lifetime achievement award in 2010 and the NEA Jazz Master award in 2011. Laws yet pursues his career full swing, his latest release being 'Flute Adaptations of Rachmaninov & Barber' in 2009. He has contributed as recently February 2015 to 'I Saw a Sparrow' on Ann Hampton Callaway's 'The Hope of Christmas'.

Hubert Laws   1963

   Agbamurero (Rhino)

      Solomon Ilori album 'African High Life'

   Gbogbo Omo Ibile (Going Home)

      Solomon Ilori album 'African High Life'

   Igbesi Aiye (Song of Praise to God)

      Solomon Ilori album 'African High Life'

Hubert Laws   1966

   Bessie's Blues

      Album: 'Flute By-Laws'


      Album: 'Flute By-Laws'

   Mean Lene

      Album: 'Flute By-Laws'

Hubert Laws   1970



Hubert Laws   1971

   Brandenburg Concerto No 3

      Album: 'The Rite of Spring'


      Album: 'The Rite of Spring'

Hubert Laws   1976

   Romeo & Juliet


Hubert Laws   1977

   Feel Like Makin' Love

      Album: 'The San Francisco Concert'

Hubert Laws   1979

   The Key

      Album: 'Land of Passion'

      Vocal: Debra Laws

Hubert Laws   1980

   Bolero de Ravel

      Album: 'Family'

      Keyboards: Chick Corea

   Piccolo Boogie

      Album: 'How To Beat The High Cost Of Living'

      Guitar: Earl Klugh

Hubert Laws   2013


      Filmed live in Los Angeles

      Kim Richmond Concert Jazz Orchestra


Birth of Modern Jazz: Hubert Laws

Hubert Laws

Photo: Todd Gray

Source: All Music
Birth of Modern Jazz: Wilbert Longmire

Wilbert Longmire

Source: Cover Source
Though born in Mobile, Alabama, in December of 1943, soul jazz organist, guitarist and vocalist, Wilbert Longmire, grew up in Cincinnati. Though Longmire wouldn't enjoy worldwide repute with contemporaries such as George Benson, he was one of the finer jazz musicians to arise out of that town. Beginning with violin, Longmire moved onward to guitar, played in a band called the Students as a youth, then joined the Hank Marr Band in 1963 with which he made his first recordings: 'For All We Know' (unissued) and 'The Greasy Spoon', the latter released in '63 by the Federal label according to 45cat. 1964 found him on Marr's 'Live at the Club 502'. It was Trudy Pitts' trio with Bill Carney on drums for 'Bucketful of Soul' on December 20 of '67. Lord's disco has Longmire's debut album, 'Revolution', possibly recorded in 1968. Now considered something of an acid jazz classic, it less than took the world by storm upon issue in 1969. Come 'The Excitement of Trudy Pitts' in May of 1968 preceding Jean-Luc Ponty’s 'Electric Connection' in March of 1969. Longmire issued 'The Way We Were' in '75, 'This Side of Heaven' in '76. His career picked up speed upon being recommended by Benson to the newly founding Tappan Zee label. Longmire recorded three albums with that company before settling into gigging in Cincinnati: 'Sunny Side Up' ('78), 'Champagne' ('79) and 'With All My Love' ('80). He has since preferred to keep his activities to Ohio. Longmire partnered with Marr again at the Kentucky Center for the Arts in Louisville on May 22, 1996, for 'Groovin' It'. 2001 witnessed him on Marr's 'Blues'n and Cruisin''. Lord's disco shows him recording as recently as Gene Walker's 'Friends' issued in December of 2005. Among others with whom Longmire has laid tracks were such as Rusty Bryant, Bill Mason and Bob James.

Wilbert Longmire   1963

   The Greasy Spoon

      With Hank Marr

Wilbert Longmire   1964

   One O'Clock Jump

      Hank Marr LP: 'Live at the Club 502'

Wilbert Longmire   1969



  Scarborough Fair/Canticle


Wilbert Longmire   1975

   I Won't Last Day Without You

      LP: 'The Way We Were'

Wilbert Longmire   1976

   This Side of Heaven

      LP: 'This Side of Heaven'

Wilbert Longmire   1978

   Black Is the Color

      LP: 'Sunny Side Up'

   Good Morning!

      LP: 'Sunny Side Up'

Wilbert Longmire   1979

   Love's Holiday

      LP: 'Champagne'

Wilbert Longmire   1980

   Crystal Clear

      LP: 'Crystal Clear'

   Just as Long as We Have Love

      LP: 'With All My Love'


  Born in 1934 in Florence, South Carolina, Houston Person, played piano until switching to sax at age seventeen. He studied at South Carolina State College before joining the Air Force, serving wth Don Ellis, Eddie Harris, Cedar Walton and Leo Wright. Walton would later support several of Person's albums beginning with 'Chocomotive' in 1967. After his military tour Person continued his studies at the Hartt College of Music in Hartford, Connecticut. Person's initial vinyl is thought to have been with Johnny Hammond Smith in NYC on the latter's 'Mr. Wonderful' in 1963, also recording Smith's 'A Little Taste' on an unknown date that year. Person supported eight more of Smith's LPs to 'Night Life' on December 21, 1970. His first of more than 75 albums as a leader was 'Underground Soul' in 1966 with a crew of Mark Levine (trombone), Charles Boston (organ) and Frankie Jones (drums). That was followed by 'Chocomotive' and 'Trust in Me' the next year. In between those sessions had come organist, Don Patterson, they co-leading 'Four Dimensions' on August 25, 1967, with Pat Martino (guitar) and Billy James (drums). Person also supported Patterson's 'Oh Happy Day!' on June 2 of 1969. Between those occasions Person had participated in guitarist, Billy Butler's, 'This Is Billy Butler!' on December 16, 1968. Butler's 'Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow' and 'Night Life' went down in 1970. Butler contributed to Person's 'Goodness!' in August 1969, 'The Truth!' in February 1970 and 'Houston Express' in April 1971. Another important figure arrived in March of 1973 at the Mozambique in Detroit, that vocalist, Etta Jones, she contributing a couple titles to Person's 'The Real Thing'. Between the two of them they recorded about 25 albums together until her death in October of 2001. Their last session had been for Jones's 'Sings Lady Day' in June 21 that year. Houston's tribute, 'To Etta with Love', was laid out on January 21, 2004. Person had won the Eubie Blake Jazz Award in 1982. Among the numerous on whose recordings he ca be found are Ernestine Anderson, Richard Groove Holmes and Peter Hands. Person's latest name sessions per this writing were for 'Something Personal' in June of 2015 and 'Chemistry' in December that year, the latter a string of duets with bassist, Ron Carter. Between those two he had backed Freddy Cole's 'He Was the King' in October of 2015. Per 1963 below, both tracks are from Hammond Smith's 'Mr. Wonderful'. Per 1966, tracks are from Person's debut LP, 'Underground Soul'. Per 2012, edits were filmed at the Iridium in NYC with bassist, James Cammack, drummer, Lewis Nash and pianist, Joe Alterman.

Houston Person   1963

  Blues On Sunday


Houston Person   1966



  Underground Soul

Houston Person   1969


      LP: 'Goodness!'

Houston Person   1971

  The Houston Express

      LP: 'Houston Express'

Houston Person   1993

  Moonlight in Vermont

      Joey DeFrancesco LP:

      'Live at the Five Spot'

Houston Person   1994

   Grilled Cheese and Bacon

      Joey DeFrancesco LP:

      'All About My Girl'

Houston Person   1998

   My Romance


Houston Person   2004

   Don't Misunderstand

      LP: 'To Etta with Love'

   Since I Fell for You

      LP: 'To Etta with Love'

Houston Person   2009



Houston Person   2012

   Blue Moon


   Georgia On My Mind

Houston Person   2015

   The Second Time Around

      LP: 'Something Personal'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Houston Person

Houston Person

Source: Noticias de Jazz
  Born Huey Simmons in 1933 in Sicily Island, Louisiana, Sonny Simmons was raised in Oakland, CA. He began with English horn before taking up alto sax at age sixteen. Gigs during his formative years included such as Amos Milburn, Lowell Fulson and Charles Mingus. He first emerged on vinyl in 1963 on Prince Lasha's 'The Cry!', gone down in Los Angeles on November 21 of '62. In 1965 he and Lasha featured on 'Jazz Tempo, Latin Accents!'. Simmons' debut album, 'Staying on the Watch', arrived in 1966 for ESP-Disk, recorded on August 30. The next year he formed Firebirds with Lasha, recording 'Firebirds' in September. Lord's disco has him with Lasha's Firbirds once again in September of '77 in California toward 'Firebirds Live at Monterey Jazz Festival Vol III'. Simmons issued 'Burning Sprits' in '79 and 'Backwood Suite' in '82, his fifth and sixth. About that time he fell into a period of struggle involving divorce, and would at one point become homeless, busking in San Francisco. Lord's disco picks him up again after eight years of absence sometime in 1990, putting away 'Global Jungle'. Highly active since then, he's released an average of more than one album per year. He helped form the Cosmosamatics in 2000, issuing the album by the same name the next year. Lord's disco has Simmons participating in nine of that group's albums to 'Jazz Maalika' in May of 2013. Among others on whose recordings Simmons can be found are Eric Dolphy, Smiley Winters and Anthony Braxton. Of his own 21 albums [Wikipedia], his latest release per this writing was in 2014: 'Leaving Knowledge, Wisdom & Brilliance'.

Sonny Simmons   1963

   Congo Call

      Prince Lasha LP: 'The Cry!'

Sonny Simmons   1966

   Staying on the Watch


Sonny Simmons   1968

   Dolphy's Days

      LP: 'Music From the Spheres'

Sonny Simmons   1971

   Burning Spirits

      Disc 1

   Burning Spirits

      Disc 2

Sonny Simmons   1997

   American Jungle Theme

      LP: 'American Jungle'

   My Favorite Things

      LP: 'American Jungle'

Sonny Simmons   2005

   'Round About Midnight

      Cosmosamatics LP: 'Magnitudes'


      Cosmosamatics LP: 'Magnitudes'

Sonny Simmons   2006

   Rev. Church

      LP: 'Live at Knitting Factory'

Sonny Simmons   2008

   Live at ZDB

      Filmed live

      Bass: Masa Kamaguchi

      Piano: Bobby Few

Sonny Simmons   2014

   Help Them Through This World

      LP: 'Nomadic'

      With Moksha Samnyasin

   I Put It In a Dark Area

      LP: 'Nomadic'

      With Moksha Samnyasin


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sonny Simmons

Sonny Simmons

Photo: Matt Brown

Source: Wikipedia
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jeremy Steig

Jeremy Steig

Source: Grognards
Born in 1942 in Greenwich Village, NYC, flautist, Jeremy Steig, was born to 'New Yorker' cartoonist, William Steig, his mother an educator at Lesley College in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was an adolescent friend of double bassist, Eddie Gómez, the two to maintain a close relationship throughout their careers. That, however, might not have occurred due to a motorcycle accident in 1961 that wrought the left side of Steig's face paralyzed. He continued with a mouthpiece fashioned with cardboard and tape until the late sixties, that is, through his initial two albums. Steig's first was also pianist, Denny Zeitlin's, debut appearance on vinyl, 'Flute Fever' in 1963. Steig supported Paul Winter's 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song' in December that year. In 1967 he and Gómez formed the Satyrs with Warren Bernhardt, Adrian Guillary and Donald McDonald to put down his second album, 'Jeremy & the Satyrs' that year. That group was among the earliest "fusion" bands. Until the latter sixties and early seventies jazz had largely occupied a fairly highbrow status relative to rock, as had classical and country western. (Once the bad boys of country western began to stray from the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville country western was on route to becoming a sibling of rock, rock with twang, though its style, fashion and audience largely distinct to itself.) The exception was swing jazz developing into R&B with some assistancce from blues, here most simply shown. But then came such as Frank Zappa, Miles Davis and Weather Report, each to toss ingredients of jazz and rock into their own kettles of fusion, helping to affect what has been a major genre ever since. As for the Satyrs, their brief existence had included a tour from NYC to California for billing with the rock band, Cream, at the Fillmore (West) and Winterland. Together with supporting other bands on occasion Gómez and Steig participated in each other's projects, the next of which was Steig's 'Legwork' in 1967 with Sam Brown (guitar)and Don Alias (drums). Gómez provided rhythm on nine more of Steig's albums to 'Rain Forest' in March 1980. Steig contributed to Gómez' 'Power Play' in 1987, 'Next Future' in '93 and 'Dedication' in June of '97. Their last mutual session is thought to have followed on March of 2003 for pianist, Carl Munoz', 'Both Sides Now' with Joe Chambers at drums. Most of Steig's work through the years had been in jazz, supporting such as Jazz Wave Ltd, Pierre Courbois and Mike Mainieri, though he's recorded as variously as Tommy Bolin and Johnny Winter in the early seventies. Steig's catalogue is worth thirty albums as a leader or co-leader, his last 'Pterodactyl' per 2007. Having been residing in Japan with his wife, Asako, he died in Yokohama on April 13, 2016.

Jeremy Steig   1963

   Blue Seven

      LP: 'Flute Fever'


      LP: 'Flute Fever'

   So What

      LP: 'Flute Fever'

   What Is This Thing Called Love

      LP: 'Flute Fever'

Jeremy Steig   1969

   Autumn Leaves

      Piano: Bill Evans

      LP: 'What's New'

   Spartacus Love Theme

      Piano: Bill Evans

      LP: 'What's New'

Jeremy Steig   1970


      LP: 'Energy'

   Howlin' for Judy

      LP: 'Legwork'

Jeremy Steig   1971

   In the Beginning

      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'

   Mint Tea

      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'


      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'

   Wayfaring Stranger

      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'

Jeremy Steig   1972

   Something Else

      LP: 'Fusion'

Jeremy Steig   1973

   Association P.C. + Jeremy Steig


Jeremy Steig   1974

   Dream Passage

      LP: 'Monium'


      LP: 'Monium'

Jeremy Steig   1975

   King Tut Strut

      LP: 'Temple of Birth'

Jeremy Steig   1977


      LP: 'Firefly'

      Vocal: Googie Coppolla

   Hop Scotch

      LP: 'Firefly'


  Born in 1945 in Chicago, drummer, Tony Williams, was raised in Boston. He began to play professionally at age thirteen with Sam Rivers, with whom he would later record on multiple occasions. Jackie McLean picked up Williams when he was sixteen, his first studio session to follow on February 11 of 1963 for titles toward 'Vertigo', that not issued until 1980. Come March 19 for Herbie Hancock's 'My Point of View' issued in September, Hancock having been part of McLean's crew on 'Vertigo' with Donald Byrd (trumpet) and Butch Warren (bass). Hancock was to assume a major role in Williams' career into the new millennium. Along with backing other bands, such as traveling through Miles Davis together, they supported each other. Williams contributed drums to no less than fourteen of Hancock's albums to 'Future 2 Future' in 2001. Hancock had also participated on a couple titles on Williams' debut LP, 'Lifetime', in August of '64. We return to 1963 and Williams' third session, that with Kenny Dorham for 'Una Mas' on April 1st. Come McLean's 'One Step Beyond' on April 30 prior to Williams' initial sessions with Miles Davis on May 14 for 'Seven Steps to Heaven'. Davis' operation was Williams' main vehicle for the next five years, his drumming a key element in Davis' focus on the next seventeen LPs to come. Their final was 'In a Silent Way' on February 18, 1969. Material from that period also saw issue in 2011 on 'Miles Davis Quintet - Live in Europe 1967' and 'Miles Davis at Newport 1955-1975' in 2015'. It was with Davis that Williams first recorded with bassist, Ron Carter, that at the Jazz Villa in Missouri on May 29, 1963, for 'Miles in St. Louis'. Carter and Williams provided rhythm to numerous enterprises into the nineties together, such as Chet Baker's, Herbie Hancock's and McCoy Tyners after traveling through Davis together. Carter contributed to Williams' debut LP, 'Lifetime', in 1964. Williams' 'Ego' followed in 1971, 'Foreign Intrigue' in June of 1985. Williams had been in Carter's trio with Herbie Hancock in San Francisco on July 13, 1977, for 'Third Plane'. It was Carter's '1 + 3' in Tokyo in 1978, that also with Hank Jones. It was Carter's 'Parade' in 1979, 'Etudes' in 1982. Lord's disco puts them together a last time in the Geri Allen Trio for 'Twenty-One' in March of 1994. Returning to '63, while with Davis, Williams found time to round out that year on November 21 with Grachan Moncur III's 'Evolution', that issued in April the next year as Williams continued with Davis. With over 230 sessions credited to Williams, we fast forward to another of William's principle associates, that pianist, Hank Jones, their first mutual session thought to have been on May 21, 1976, for Sadao Watanabe's 'I'm Old Fashioned'. That was Jones' Great Jazz Trio with Ron Carter at bass. That personnel remained consistent through nine more Great Jazz Trio albums to 'The Great Tokyo Meeting' on July 31 of 1978, one exception being 'Love for Sale in '76 with Cecil McBee replacing Carter. Per above, William's debut LP was 'Life Time' in 1964. About twenty more ensued to his final in Tokyo in 1996: 'Young at Heart'. Along the way he issued 'One Word/Two Worlds' in 1970 on a 7" 45 for Polydor (2066-050) with his trio, Lifetime, consisting of Larry Young (organ) and John McLaughlin (guitar). It was about 1977 that Williams had moved from NYC, making San Francisco his base of operations. He there died of heart attack twenty years later on February 23, 1997. Among the host of others on whose recordings he can be found are Charles Lloyd, Sonny Rollins, Didier Lockwood, CBS Jazz All Stars ('Havana Jam' '79 Cuba), Tommy Flanagan, Arcana and Michael Wolff. Edits below are chronological by year only. Per 1980 below, tracks are with Jackie McLean recorded February 11, 1963 (Williams first sessions).

Tony Williams   1963

   My Point of View

      Album by Herbie Hancock

   Seven Steps to Heaven

      Miles Davis album:

     'Seven Steps to Heaven'

Tony Williams   1964


      Grachan Moncur III album: 'Evolution'


      Jackie McClean album:

     'One Step Beyond'

   Saturday And Sunday

      Jackie McClean album:

     'One Step Beyond'

   Una Mas

      Kenny Dorham album: 'Una Mas'

Tony Williams   1965


      Album: 'Spring'

   Love Song

      Album: 'Spring'

Tony Williams   1969



Tony Williams   1970

   Turn It Over


Tony Williams   1971

   Montreaux Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

   There Comes a Time

      Filmed in Paris

Tony Williams   1972

   Jazz Now Festival with Art Blakey

Tony Williams   1975


      Album: 'Believe It'

   Mr Spock

      Album: 'Believe It'


      Album: 'Believe It'

Tony Williams   1976

   Live in Iowa City

Tony Williams   1977

   Easy Living

      Album by Sonny Rollins


      Live at Village Vanguard

      Bass: Ron Carter   Piano: Hank Jones

Tony Williams   1979

   There Comes a Time

      Filmed drum solo

Tony Williams   1980



Tony Williams   1989

   Internationale Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live

Tony Williams   1991

   Montreaux Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

   Sister Cheryl

      Filmed live

Tony Williams   1996

   On Green Dolphin Street

      Album: 'Young at Heart'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Anthony Williams

Anthony Williams

Source: All Music
  Born in 1938 in Chicago, Illinois, composer, Denny Zeitlin, trained at classical piano as a child and was performing professionally as a high school student. He acquired his bachelor's from the University of Illinois in 1960, his master's in medicine from Johns Hopkins in 1964. Prior to that he appeared on flautist, Jeremy Steig's, 'Flute Fever' in 1963 with Ben Tucker (bass) and Ben Riley (drums). He was yet at Johns Hopkins when he recorded 'Cathexis' for issue in 1964 in a trio with Cecil McBee (bass) and Freddie Waits (drums). 'Carnival' appeared the same year in a trio with Charlie Haden (bass) and Jerry Granelli (drums). Zeitlin's third LP, 'Shining Hour', went down with the same trio at the Trident in Sausalito, CA, in March of 1965. His last with that configuration was 'Zeitgeist' in April of 1966. Zeitlin's was a tridential career, he not only a pianist, but a clinical psychiatrist (having continued studies at the University of California San Francisco) and educator (teaching at the University of California San Francisco since 1968). He has also integrated psychiatry with psychoanalysis, per Joseph Weiss and Control Master Theory, for a few decades now. Zeitlin has issued above thirty albums. Of particular note in the nineties were collaborations with bassist, David Friesen. Zeitlin had participated in Friesen's 'Other Times, Other Places' in 1989. Their duo, 'In Concert', went down in Portland in 1992. Come their duo, 'Denny Zeitlin - David Friesen' (also known as Concord Duo Series Vol 8), in '94 at the Maybeck Recital Hall in Berkeley, CA. Their duo 'Live at the Jazz Bakery' ('99) was performed in Los Angeles in May of 1996. The Jazz Bakery would host Zeitlin again in 2001 and 2006 in his Trio with Buster Williams (bass) and Matt Wilson (drums). Duos, trios and smaller ensembles make up Zeitlin's armada as a leader or co-leader. Solos among them were 'Solo Voyage' ('05), 'Precipice' ('10), 'Labyrinth' ('11), 'Wherever You Are: Midnight Moods for Solo Piano' ('12) and 'Both/And' ('13). Zeitlin's latest albums were 'Riding the Moment' in 2015 with George Marsh and a suite of Wayne Shorter compositions titled 'Early Wayne' in 2016. Beyond music and the vast realms of psychoses Zeitlin is also highly knowledgeable in mountain biking, fly fishing and wine. Currently residing in Kentfield north of San Francisco, Zeitlin is married to actress, Josephine Zeitlin.

Denny Zeitlin   1963

   So What

      Original composition: Miles Davis

      Jeremy Steig LP: 'Flute Fever'

Denny Zeitlin   1964



Denny Zeitlin   1965


      LP: 'Live at the Trident'

   St. Thomas

      LP: 'Live at the Trident'

Denny Zeitlin   1975

   Wind Born

      LP: 'Expansion'

Denny Zeitlin   1983

   Free Improv/What Is...Love

      Filmed at the Berlin Jazz Festival

   Quiet Now

      Filmed at the Berlin Jazz Festival

Denny Zeitlin   1998

   Cousin Mary

      'As Long As There’s Music'

   For Heaven's Sake

      'As Long As There’s Music'


      'As Long As There’s Music'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Denny Zeitlin

Denny Zeitlin

Source: Jazz Wax
  Born in 1935 in Cleveland, Ohio,, pianist, Bobby Few, grew up with saxophonist, Albert Ayler, with whom he listened to Charlie Parker and Lester Young records and would later record a couple albums in 1969. First, however, he gigged in the Cleveland area with such as Bob Cunningham, Bill Hardman and Frank Wright. Restless to New York City, he there formed a trio with which he performed from '58 to '64. He also gigged there with friend, Ayler, Brook Benton, Rahsaan Roland Kirk, Jackie McLean and Joe Henderson. He is thought to have first recorded on January 12, 1968, with Booker Ervin, appearing on the latter's 'The In Between'. Followed in 1969 by sessions with Ayler ('Music Is the Healing Force of the Universe' and 'The Last Album'), then Marzette Watts, those were his last in the United States before moving to France that year, to later return on tour on multilpe occasions. Few's recording debut with alto saxophonist, Noah Howard, and tenor saxophonist, Frank Wright, was the latter's 'One for John' in December of '69 in Paris with Muhammad Ali on drums. Few had first recorded with Ali on Ayler's 'Music Is the Healing Force of the Universe'. They would see a lot of each other, particularly with Wright, into the eighties. (Howard had moved to Europe in 1968. Wright, Ali and his brother, drummer, Rashied Ali, followed in 1969.) Both Howard and Wright would be important figures in Few's career. His next sessions for Wright in Paris in 1970 resulted in 'Church Number Nine' and 'Uhura Na Umoja', those including Howard. Four albums ensued to 'Unity' in 1974. Between January and November of 1975 Few recorded 'Solos Duets' with Wright and bassist, Alan Silva. March of 1975 had wrought 'Chapter Ten' with Ali and Silva, that issued on the album by various, 'For Example: Workshop Freie Musik 1969-1978', in 1979. Among other titles with Wright to follow was 'Cowboys and Indians' on March 14, 1981, that getting issued in 1997 on 'Jazzgalerie Nickelsdorf ‎– The 20th Anniversary Album'. As for Noah Howard, 'Space Dimension' had gone down in Paris in 1970. Five albums followed to as late as 'Desert Harmony' in 2006 recorded in Amman, Jordan. We slip back to December 29, 1970, in Paris for Few's first session with soprano saxophonist, Steve Lacy with Silva, that for Parts 1-6 of the latter's 'Seasons'. (Silva, originally born in Bermuda, had moved to Europe in 1969, Lacy following in 1970.) Ten years later Few participated in Lacy's 'Ballets' on December 18 of 1980 (including Silva), commencing a relationship that would witness seventeen albums to 'Findings' gone down in April and July of 1994. Few and Silva would visit on multiple occasions throughout their careers, backing other ensembles like Wright's. Few's debut album, 'More or Less Few', in 1973 had been a trio with Silva and Muhammad Ali on drums. 'Solos Duets' followed per above in 1975. They joined drummer, Sunny Murray, for the latter's 'Aidu-Grave' in 1979 with Richard Raux (tenor sax) and Pablo Sauvage (percussion). 'Rhapsody in Few' went down in June of 1983 in a trio with Ali. 2001 saw Few in Silva's Celestrial Communication Orchestra for 'Treasure Box'. 2007 saw them both back in New Jersey contributing to Act I of 'The Removal' on trumpeter, Jacques Coursil's, 'Trails of Tears', issued in 2010. Having toured Europe and regions thereabout heavily during his career, Few had also held sessions in Turkey with both Lacy and Zusaan Kali Fasteau. Having revisited the United States numerously since 1986, Few there backed sessions for Lacy ('86, '91), Fasteau ('95, '97, '04), Howard ('97), Chris Chalfant ('05), Jacques Coursil ('07) and Eve Packer ('08). Of Few's 17 albums, among those recorded in the States was 'Continental Jazz Express' in 2000, a suite of piano solos performed at the Vision Festival in New York. 'Few and Far Between' followed a week later in a trio with Avram Fefer (tenor sax) and Wilber Morris (bass). Come 'Sanctuary' on May 7 of 2005 in New Jersey with Fefer et al. Few has issued as recently as 'True Wind', a string of duets with alto saxophonist, Sonny Simmons, gone down on November 10, 2007.

Bobby Few   1968

   The In Between

      Booker Ervin LP: 'The In Between'

Bobby Few   1970


      Frank Wright LP: 'One for John'

   Space Dimension

      Noah Howard LP: 'Space Dimension'

Bobby Few   1973

   More Or Less Few

      LP: 'More Or Less Few'

Bobby Few   1979

   Diom Futa


Bobby Few   1982

   The Flame

      Steve Lacy LP: 'The Flame'

Bobby Few   2013

   Sophisticated Lady

      Soundtrack: 'Mood Indigo'

  Live at the Czech Centre Paris

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Few

Bobby Few

Source: Discogs
  Keshavan Maslak, also known as Kenny Millions later in his career, was born to Ukrainian parents in 1930 in Detroit. They worked at the Ford Motor Company. Maslak took up mandolin at age five, clarinet and sax at six. His first recording came early compared to most on this page, 'Cass Tech Symphony Band' in 1964 for his high school. His next record was also for a school, this time the University of North Texas College in 1969 on 'One O'clock Lab Band'. Working briefly with R&B bands, about 1970 he headed to San Francisco where he performed before moving to NYC in 1972. 'Lower East Side Insane Shit' was recorded and/or issued in 1974 for Hum Ha Records, an obscure title concerning which information has all but vanished. 'Multiplexity' went down in October of 1977, no earlier issue date known than 2000 (MusicStack). That included the track, 'Multiplexmulti', in reference to his concept of style diversity that he called multiplexmulti. Mazlak's first professional recordings with a confirmable timely issue date had been on September 28, 1977, for his duo with Burton Greene on 'Variations On a Coffee Machine' released the next year. Moving to Amsterdam in 1978, Mazlak there led 'Buddha's Hand' on September 15, 1978. 'Maslak 1000' ensued the next day in Utrecht. In 1981 Maslak assumed the stage name, Kenny Millions, upon the formation of the group, Loved by Millions, releasing 'Loved By Millions' that year. He would henceforth use both names interchangeably. Having lived in Amsterdam for three years, Maslak returned to the States in 1981, working in NYC until moving to Miami in '89 to open the Sushi Blues Cafe, later the Cafe Jamm as well. Maslak has recorded prolifically during his career, both classical and jazz. Among the 79 titles credited to him by Wikipedia not a few were recorded on tours that took him about the globe. Other than Europe, he has traveled as widely as Russia, Japan, Lithuania and Ukraine. Among Maslak's latest CD albums were 'Bim Huis Live 1st Set' in 2008 and 'Eat Shit @ Churchill's' the ensuing year. Among his latest digital albums (download only) were 'Weapon' and 'Yo Honkies!' in 2013. Wikipedia has him on titles as recently as 2016, those no easier to find than his first: 'The Art of Fuck You' and 'Circus of the Absurd'. Maslak is yet active performing for digital media and has a couple Facebook pages.

Keshavan Maslak   1978

   Fuck Door Gigs

      LP: 'New York Bust Out'

      Issued 2000

Keshavan Maslak   1984

   Blaster Master

      LP: 'Blaster Master'

      With Charles Moffett

Keshavan Maslak   1992

   Trying Hard to Be

      LP: 'Not to Be a Star'

      With Paul Bley

Keshavan Maslak   2003

   Those Were the Days

      Recorded 1996

      LP: 'Friends Afar'

      With Sergey Kuryokhin

Kenny Millions   2012

   Live at Squelch TV

Kenny Millions   2013

   Live at Squelch TV


      Filmed live

Kenny Millions   2014

   The Art of Fuck You

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Millions

Kenny Millions

Photo: Ronnie Rivera
Birth of Modern Jazz: Bob Moses

Bob Moses

Source: Te Koki
Born in 1948 in New York City, Ra-Kalam Bob Moses was in the right place to get hired into his first important band in 1964, drumming for Roland Kirk. The latter's 'I Talk with the Spirits' went down in September that year. In 1966 Moses formed the Free Spirits with Larry Coryell (guitar), Jim Pepper (tenor sax/flute), Columbus Chip Baker (guitar) and Chris Hills (electric bass). The Free Spirits recorded 'Out of Sight and Sound' in late '66. Issued in 1967, it often cited as the first jazz fusion album. With some altering of personnel the Free Spirits put down 'Live at The Scene' in NYC on February 22, 1967. The Free Spirits were disbanded that year upon Coryell and Moses leaving to join Gary Burton's outfit with Steve Swallow on bass. (The remaining members of the Free Spirits went on to form Everything Is Everything.) Moses backed Burton on several albums through December of 1975: 'A Genuine Tong Funeral', 'Lofty Fake Anagram', 'Gary Burton Quartet in Concert', 'Ring' and 'Dreams So Real'. They reunited for a couple recorded shows at the Bottom Line in NYC on September 8 of 1978. The next year found Moses with Burton at the Jazz Festival Ljubljana in Slovenia on June 17, 1979, to lay out 'Como en Vietnam', that found on the album by various called 'Jazz Na Koncertnom Podiju Vol 4' issued in Yugoslavia in 1980. Returning to 1967, Moses began recording 'Love Animal' that year with Coryell, Pepper, Swallow and Keith Jarrett, that not to see issue until 2003. Moses provided rhythm on Coryell's 'Lady Coryell' in 1968. Swallow and Moses would partner on multiple occasions over the decades, supporting other bands if not each other. Swallow contributed to Moses' 'Family' in August of '79, 'When Elephants Dream of Music' in April of '82 and 'Visit with the Great Spirit' in '83. Moses had backed Swallow on 'Home' in September of '79. 1993 found them in London in the Mike Gibbs Orchestra for 'By the Way'. They were together again in August of 2003 in a trio with pianist, Greg Burk, for the latter's 'Nothing, Knowing'. Moses had issued his first album in 1975: 'Bittersuite in the Ozone', that with David Liebman (tenor sax) as part of his band who would back Moses severally to as late as 'Wheels of Colored Light' in Germany in 1992. Four years after 'Bittersuite' Moses led 'Family' per above with Swallow in August of '79, that including Liebman, Terumasa Hino (cornet/percussion) and Steve Kuhn at piano. Moses had backed Hino's 'Journey to Air' several years earlier in March of 1970. Hino would also support Moses' 'When Elephants Dream of Music' in '82 and 'Wheels of Colored Light' in '92. As for Kuhn, Moses had participated in 'Motility' in January of 1977, 'Non-Fiction' in April of '78 and 'Playground' in July of '79. He would back Kuhn's 'Last Year's Waltz' in April of '81. Kuhn would be in Moses' orchestra for 'Visit with the Great Spirit' in '83, also joining him for 'Nishoma' in July of 1998. Among Moses' most important associates was/is guitarist, Tisziji Munoz, with whom his first certain recording date was September 13, 1987, for their co-led 'Love Everlasting'. Some 44 albums with Munoz have followed to as recently as 'Atoms of Supersoul' gone down on December 9 of 2016. (See Native Pulse for their their most recent titles per this writing.) Moses has otherwise released well above twenty albums as a leader or co-leader, among his latest being 'We Are One' with Greg Burk released in 2014. Among numerous others on whose recordings he can be found are Hal Galper ('78), Gil Goldstein, David Lahm, Jerry Tilitz, Javier Vercher, the Copperhead Trio, Brian Landrus, Stanley Sagov and Jon Hemmersam.

The Free Spirits   1967

  Out of Sight and Sound

      Guitar: Larry Coryell

Bob Moses   1975


      LP: 'Bittersuite in the Ozone'

Bob Moses   1983

  Happy to Be Here Today

      Vocal: Sheila Jordan

      LP: 'When Elephants Dream of Music'

Bob Moses   1994

  Spiritual Reunion

      Guitar: Tisziji Munoz

      Sax: Dave Liebman

Bob Moses   2003

  The Worms Crawl in Blues

      LP: 'Love Animal'

      Recorded 1967-68

Bob Moses   2008

  Drum Solo

      Filmed live

Bob Moses   2012

  Home in Motion

      LP: 'Home in Motion'

Bob Moses   2013


      Filmed live

  Drum Solo

      Filmed live

Bob Moses   2014

  Live at ShapeShifter Lab

      Filmed with Kari Ikonen

Bob Moses   2015

  Tearing Me Up

      LP: 'Days Gone By'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Barre Phillips 

Barre Phillips

Source: The Wire
Born in 1934 in San Francisco, Barre Phillips studied double bass with assistant principal bassist for the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, S. Charles Siani, in 1959. It was also about that time (age 25) that he switched from classical to jazz. He left the West Coast for New York City in 1962. The earliest recordings we know of by Phillips were in 1963 for Eric Dolphy at Carnegie Hall on March 14 and April 16: 'Densities', 'Abstraction' and 'Donna Lee'. Those eventually got released with other Dolphy titles in 1987 as 'Vintage Dolphy'. Some time in 1964 he joined Don Ellis (trumpet) and Joe Cocuzzo (drums) with the New York Philharmonic conducted by Leonard Bernstein to record Larry Austin's 'Improvisations for Orchestra and Jazz Soloists', that released in 1965. Lord's disco puts Barre in Europe with pianist, George Russell, in latter '64 to record 'Live in Bremen and Paris 1964' issued that year per Wikipedia. February 27 of 1967 found Barre in Paris with Jimmy Giuffre for titles toward 'Live: Olympia 23 Fevrier 1960 - 27 Fevrier 1965' issued in 1999. Come March 15 of 1965 in Germany for guitarist, Attila Zoller's, 'The Horizon Beyond' with Don Friedman (piano) and Daniel Humair (drums). There would be multiple dates with Zoller into 1968. A session followed on May 19 of '65 with Giuffre at Columbia University, titles to be found on a double CD released in 2014: 'The New York Concerts'. The next July he was at the Newport Jazz Festival with Archie Shepp for an album shared with John Coltrane on side A: 'New Thing at Newport'. February of 1966 saw Phillips touring Arizona and Colorado in a trio with pianist, Peter Nero and drummer, Joseph Cusatis, to result in 'Peter Nero on Tour'. He had been recording with Zoller and drummer, Stu Martin, in Germany, and was working with Chris McGregor and John Surman in London in the summer of 1968 when he decided to live in Europe permanently, to make his base of operations in southern France. He joined Marion Brown with Steve McCall at drums for the soundtrack, 'Le Temps Fou', that September. As explained in an interview in the 'The Jerusalem Post', Philips thought there to be greater opportunities in Europe than NYC both creatively and financially. Philips had recorded unissued titles per above in 1968 in London with pianist, McGregor and saxophonist, John Surman. Come McGregor's 'Up to Earth' in London in 1969. Surman would be one of the more important figures in Philips' career into the eighties, both backing each and other ensembles. Philips' first sessions for Surman are thought to have been in March for 'Event' and 'Premonition', those to surface in the UK in 1970 on Surman's 'How Many Clouds Can You See?'. Their first session as a trio with Stu Martin was in Germany for 'Live in Altena' on January 10,1970. Two or so followed to 'By Contact' in London in April of '71. Lord's disco shows that trio's last session in Austria in the summer of 1971 for 'Oh Dear', that issued on the album by various, 'Ossiach Live', that year. Martin had backed Philips' second LP, 'For All It Is', in March of 1971. Philips' first had been Part 1 & 2 of 'Journal Violone' laid out in London on November 30, 1968. Both Martin and Surman supported Philips' third LP, 'Mountainscapes', in March of 1976 in Ludwigsburg, Germany. Surman would also participate in Philips' 'Journal Violone II' in Ludwigsburg in June of 1979. March of 1980 found them in a trio with vocalist, Aina Kemanis, for Parts 1-4 of 'Journal Violone', those issued [per discogs] in 2013 on 'Jazzwerkstatt Peitz 50'. Lord's disco has Philips and Surman together around twenty years later on Tim Brady's 'Invention I' per 'Inventions' issued in 1991. As for Martin, after their last trio session with Surman in '71 above they backed multiple operations together, such as Cedar Walton's, to as late as March of '77 for 'A Matter of Taste' with the Mumps, a group with a brief duration of a few months formed with Surman and Albert Mangelsdorff on trombone and guitar. Phillips first session with Barry Guy's London Jazz Composers Orchestra was on November 11, 1979, for 'Polyhymnia' found on 'Zurich Concerts' in 1988. Numerous followed to as late as December 19, 1995, in Switzerland for 'Double Trouble Two'. Among the host of others for whom Philips has provided upright bass through some 179 sessions were Herve Bourde, Claude Jordan and Oriental Fusion. Trios have included: 'Open Spaces' in 1988 w Arrigo Cappelletti and Massimo Pintori, 'Mbat' in 1993 w Biggi Vinkeloe and Peeter Uuskyla, and 'Time Will Tell' in 1994 w Paul Bley and Evan Parker. Soundtracks on which Philips has worked include 'Merry-Go-Round' ('81), 'Naked Lunch' ('91) and 'Alles was baumelt, bringt Glück!' ('13). He has released more than thirty albums as a leader or co-leader. Trios include 'No Pieces' in 1992 in with Michel Doneda (sax) and Alain Joule (percussion). Philips' latest release per this writing was 'Albeit - Montreuil - 1-3-2:-1' in 2015. Per below for 2015 each track is from that album with pianist, Jacques Demierre.

Barre Phillips   1965

  Le Matin des Noire

      Album: 'New Thing at Newport'

      Tenor sax: Archie Shepp

  The New York Concerts

      With Jimmy Giuffre

      CD   Not released until 2014


      Album: 'New Thing at Newport'

      Tenor sax: Archie Shepp

Barre Phillips   1970

  Green Walnut

      Album: 'The Trio'

Barre Phillips   1971

  Improvised Piece I/Beans

      Album: 'Music From Two Basses'

      Duets with David Holland

  Song for Clare

      Album: 'Music From Two Basses'

      Duet with David Holland

Barre Phillips   1973


      Album: 'Trio Comes Bremen'

  For All It Is


Barre Phillips   1976

  Mountainscapes I

      Album: 'Mountainscapes'

Barre Phillips   1979

  Miss P

      Album: 'Three Day Moon'

Barre Phillips   1994

  Grant's Pass

      Album: 'Call Me When You Get There'

  Poetic Justice

      Album: 'Time Will Tell'

Barre Phillips   2009

  Live at the Jazzdor

      Filmed live

      Drums: Roger Turner

    Piano: Matthew Bourne

Barre Phillips   2015





  Born in 1923 in El Reno, OK, tenor saxophonist, Sam Rivers, also played flute, clarinet, harmonica and piano. His father had sang with the Fisk Jubilee Singers. Rivers did his time in the US Navy in the forties. Stationed in California where he played with Jimmy Witherspoon, upon discharge he headed for Massachusetts to enter the Boston Conservatory in 1947. While there he performed with such as Quincy Jones and Herb Pomeroy. He possibly recorded jam sessions as early as 1950 at the Hi-Hat in Boston with Serge Chaloff but no confirming discography of such is found. He did record a number of unissued titlea with Tadd Dameron on December 14, 1961: 'The Elder Speaks', 'Bevan Beeps', 'Lament for the Living' and 'Aloof Spoof'. Those eventually got released by Blue Note in 1999 on 'The Lost Sessions'. Come three sessions in Japan with Miles Davis in July of 1964. The first and third went unissued at the time, eventually witnessing release in Japan in 2004 on 'Moment' and in Europe in 2011 on 'The Unissued Japanese Concerts'. The second session got issued in 1969 as 'Miles in Tokyo'. Soon back in New York City, he began working sessions for Blue Note at its studio in Englewood Cliffs, NJ, joining drummer, Tony Williams', for the latter's debut album, 'Life Time', on August 21, getting released that year in 1964. On November 12 he laid tracks with Larry Young that saw the release in March of 1965 of latter's 'Into Somethin''. On December 11 of '64 Rivers recorded his debut LP, 'Fuchsia Swing Song', for release in April of '65. Supporting him were Jaki Byard (piano), Ron Carter (bass) and Tony Williams (drums). Rivers released some forty albums as a leader or co-leader, of 110 sessions 55 his own. Among trios were 'Streams' with Cecil McBee (bass) and Norman Connors (drums), and 'Hues' at the Molde Jazz Festival in Norway with Arild Andersen (bass) and Barry Altschul (drums/percussion), both in the summer of 1973. The first of River's big band releases was 'Crystals' in 1974. He would later form the Rivbea Orchestra, recording titles on June 13 of 1982 toward 'Jazzbühne Berlin '82' issued in Germany in 1990. 1982 also saw the recording of 'Colours' on September 13 in Milan, Italy, with his woodwind orchestra, Winds of Manhattan. Rivers' last three sessions in 2008 and 2009 were with the Rivbea Orchestra, issued in 2011 in a box set of 3 CDs called 'Trilogy'. Rivers died of pneumonia on December 26 of 2011 in Orlando, Florida. Among numerous others on whose recordings he can be found are Andrew Hill, Roots and Reggie Workman.

Sam Rivers   1964

   If I Were a Bell

      Miles Davis album: 'Miles In Tokyo'

      Not issued until 1969

  Tomorrow Afternoon

      Tony Williams album: 'Life Time'

Sam Rivers   1965


      Album: 'Fuchsia Swing Song'

  Fuchsia Swing Song

      Album: 'Fuchsia Swing Song''

   Paris Eyes

      Larry Young album: 'Into Somethin'

Sam Rivers   1973



Sam Rivers   1976


      Album: 'The Quest'

Sam Rivers   1984

   Live in Hamburg

      Duet with Max Roach'

Sam Rivers   1989


      Filmed live


      Filmed live

Sam Rivers   2004


      London Jazz Festival


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sam Rivers

Sam Rivers

Source: bb10k
  Born Ferrell Sanders in 1940 in Little Rock, Arkansas, free jazz tenor saxophonist, Pharoah Sanders, started with clarinet as a youth, moving onward to sax in high school. He began his career in Oakland, CA, before moving to NYC in 1961. He there lived the bare bones existence, sleeping in the subway on occasion, as he began gigging with such as Sun Ra, Don Cherry and Billy Higgins. He picked up the name "Pharaoh" from Sun Ra about that time. All five of Sander's first sessions from January 3 of 1963 for Cherry to Paul Bley in May of '64 to his own Quintet in September of '64 to a couple with Sun Ra's Arkestra in December of '64 were issued in 2012 on a CD box set of 4 called 'In the Beginning 1963 - 1964'. Sanders' session in September was issued in '65 [discogs] on an ESP Disc (1003) called 'Pharaoh' containing 'Seven by Seven' and 'Bethera'. His last session on December 11 [Lord's disco; Wikipedia June 15] with Sun Ra ended up on the latter's 1976 LP, 'Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold'. Sanders began 1965 with 'Chappaqua Suite' for Ornette Coleman in June of 1965 before jumping in a rushing river with tenor saxophonist, John Coltrane, later that month to record 'Ascension'. Coltrane was the major figure in Sanders' young career in the mid sixties, they to unload about ten albums worth of material, issued sooner or later, within the next couple years. Sanders was with Coltrane on his last live recording in April of 1967: 'The Olatunji Concert'. That was followed by unissued tracks for Impulse on May 17 of 1967: 'None Other' and 'Kaleidoscope'. Coltrane assumed speaking roles on a few recordings by pianist, Alice Coltrane (John's second wife), before his early death on July 17, 1967. Free jazz had had about a decade to go haywire before inherently losing its audience, Sanders then beginning to explore African rhythms and otherwise in the seventies. Having toured and recorded internationally, 'Rejoice' was created in 1981 in Germany, 'Africa' in 1988 in Japan, 'The Trance of Seven Colors' in 1994 in Morocco. Another of Sanders' more important associates was guitarist, Tisziji Munoz, from the eighties into the 21st century. Lord's disco has Sanders contributing to one track, 'To Be', on Munoz' 'Visiting This Planet' issued in 1988. Wikipedia has them putting away six more to 'Mountain Peak' in 2014. Sanders also saw issue in 2014 on 'Spiral Mercury' by the Chicago/São Paulo Underground. Among numerous others on whose recordings he emerges are Idris Muhammad, McCoy Tyner, Kahil El'Zabar and Kenny Garrett. His own last issue of over thirty albums was 'The Creator Has a Master Plan', recorded in Tokyo on April 23 of 2003 with William Henderson (piano), Ira Coleman (bass) and Joe Farnsworth (drums). Per 2016 Sanders became an NEA Master (ceremony in Washington DC in April). Per 1964 below, the full title of Sun Ra's LP is 'Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold'.

Pharoah Sanders   1964


      Album: 'Pharaoh's First'

   Featuring ... Black Harold

      Album by Sun Ra

      Not issued until 1976

   Seven by Seven

      Album: 'Pharaoh's First'

Pharoah Sanders   1967

   Kulu Sé Mama

      John Coltrane LP: 'Kulu Sé Mama'

      Piano: McCoy Tyner

Pharoah Sanders   1969



Pharoah Sanders   1971


      Album: 'Thembi'

Pharoah Sanders   1973

   Village of the Pharoahs


Pharoah Sanders   1977

   Harvest Time


   Love Will Find a Way

      Album: 'Love Will Find a Way'

Pharoah Sanders   1978

   As You Are

      Vocal: Phyllis Hyman

Pharoah Sanders   1979

   Journey to the One


Pharoah Sanders   1981

   You've Got to Have Freedom

      Live at the Maiden Voyage Los Angeles

Pharoah Sanders   1983

   Heart Is a Melody


Pharoah Sanders   1987


      Album: 'Oh Lord'

Pharoah Sanders   1994

   Lonnie's Lament

      Album: 'Crescent with Love'

   Wise One

      Album: 'Crescent with Love'

Pharoah Sanders   1999

   Live in Warsaw

      Filmed live

Pharoah Sanders   2001

   The Creator Has a Master Plan

      Live in Santa Cruz

Pharoah Sanders   2011

   Live at the Jazz Cafe

      Filmed live in London


Birth of Modern Jazz: Pharoah Sanders

Pharoah Sanders

Source: All Music
  Born in 1944 in Laurinburg, North Carolina, Woody Shaw, began playing bugle at age nine in various Bugle Corps in Newark, New Jersey, where his family had moved. He began trumpet a couple years later because positions for violin and saxophone in his junior high school band were already taken. He was playing professionally as a teenager at such as weddings, eventually moving to nightclubs, then New York City. He was working with Eric Dolphy when he held his first session with the latter on July 3, 1963, for 'Burning Spear', that eventually issued on Dolphy's posthumous 'Iron Man' in 1968. Lord's disco indicates a second session on that date for titles that would get issued on 'The Eric Dolphy Memorial Album' in latter 1964. Upon Dolphy's death in Berlin in June of '64 Shaw was invited to Paris to join Dolphy's comrades, tenor saxophonist, Nathan Davis, and organist, Larry Young. Shaw's next three sessions with Davis and Young in December '64 and January '65 would see issue in 2016 on 'Larry Young in Paris: The ORTF Recordings'. That last session on January 22 was a quartet with drummer, Billy Brooks. That quartet held another session on February 9, also included on 'Larry Young in Paris: The ORTF Recordings'. Between those two was a session on January 31 to result in Davis' 'Happy Girl' issued in 1965. Come a couple unissued sessions in the Jef Gilson Orchestre in July before Davis' 'Peace Treaty' on May 6. On May 15 it was Jef Gilson's 'Jef Gilson a Gaveau', Shaw's final before returning to the States. Upon treading American turf again Shaw joined pianist, Horace Silver, in October of '65 for 'The Cape Verdean Blues' issued in '66. On November 10 of '65 it was Young's 'Unity'. In December Shaw put down his debut tracks as a leader, though not issued until 'In the Beginning' in 1983 (also issued as 'Cassandranite' in '89). His first to see release was 'Blackstone Legacy' in 1971. Wikipedia has Shaw down for 27 albums to the last he recorded, 'Imagination', on June 4 of 1987. Volumes 1-4 of 'Woody Shaw Live' surfacing from 2000 to 2005 were recorded earlier between 1977 and 1981. 'Stepping Stones: Live at the Village Vanguard' in 2005 had gone down in August of 1978. 'Trumpet Legacy Revisited' features tracks recorded in 1980 in San Francisco and 1981 in NYC (See Ball State University Libraries). Returning to the sixties, Shaw's first session with Art Blakey and his Jazz Messengers was toward 'Mellow Blues' at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ, on April 15, 1969. It was the Newport Jazz Festival on July 5. Shaw contributed to 'I Can't Get Started' on Blakey's 'Child's Dance' in July of '72. Come March of 1973 for 'Buhaina' and 'Anthenagin' in Berkeley, CA. Shaw's last tracks for Blakey are thought to have gone down at the Chicago Jazz Festival on September 5, 1987: 'Politely', 'Along Came Betty', et al. Back to the sixties, Shaw is thought to have toured to Iran with vocalist, Abbey Lincoln, and drummer, Max Roach sometime in 1969. The Library of Congress houses a recording by Lincoln with Roach during that tour, Shaw's collaboration unknown. During the seventies Shaw put in some solid time with tenor saxophonist, Dexter Gordon, their first mutual session thought to have been in Baden, Switzerland, on April 8, 1972, for The Band's (not the American folk band) 'The Alpine Power Plant'. Shaw's first titles for Gordon were 'Fried bananas', 'Strollin'' and 'You've Changed' on October 25 of 1976. Those would be found on 'At the Village Gate' in 2011. His last session for Gordon was on June 20, 1982, for 'Bag's Groove', that also found on 'At the Village Gate'. In addition to sessions good for about six more Gordon albums in between, they both participated in Volumes 1 & 2 of 'Montreux Summit' in July of 1977. They also joined the CBS All Stars for a tour to Cuba in March of 1979 resulting in 'Havana Jam'. Another important figure in the latter seventies was drummer, Louis Hayes. Along with backing Gordon in 1976 they collaborated on mutual projects in 1976-77. They began with their co-led 'The Tour Volume One' at the Liederhalle Mozartsaal in Stuttgart, Germany, on March 22, 1976, that issued in 2016. It was 'The Woody Shaw Concert Ensemble at The Berliner Jazztage' on November 6 of 1976. Shaw had supported Hayes and Junior Cook's 'Ichi-Ban' in May of '76. It was the Hayes/Shaw Quintet for 'Lausanne 1977' in Switzerland on February 4 that year, released in 1997. Come Hayes' 'The Real Thing' on May 20 and 21 of '77. Shaw won Downbeat magazine's Critics or Readers Polls in '77, '78 (2) and '80, and was posthumously elected into Downbeat's Hall of Fame in '89. During the eighties Shaw toured the Middle East for the United States Information Agency (which handled public diplomacy). Like many jazz masters, Shaw also taught variously. Beyond music, he is said to have had a photographic memory and was a practitioner of tai chi. He was only 44 years of age when he tripped (perhaps pushed, not known) from a subway platform in NYC and lost his left arm to a train. Complications in the hospital a few months later saw him die on May 10 of 1989 of kidney failure. Shaw remains among the more highly estimated trumpet players of the last century. His last two sessions had been in 1988 for the Paris Reunion Band's 'Jazz Bühne Berlin '88' on June 4 and Carlos Ward's 'Lito' on July 9. Among the host of others he had supported through 175 sessions were Andrew Hill, Joe Henderson, Bobby Hutcherson and Freddie Hubbard.

Woody Shaw   1963

   Iron Man

      Album by Eric Dolphy

Woody Shaw   1970


      Live at The Lighthouse

Woody Shaw   1971

   Blackstone Legacy

      Album: 'Blackstone Legacy'

Woody Shaw   1975


      Buster Williams album: 'Pinnacle'

Woody Shaw   1977



Woody Shaw   1979

   Live In France

      Filmed concert

   Stepping Stones

      Filmed live

Woody Shaw   1981

   Blues for Wood

      Album: 'United'

Woody Shaw   1983

   Live in Rome

      Filmed concert

Woody Shaw   1985


Woody Shaw   1986

   Live In France

      Filmed with Freddy Hubbard

Woody Shaw   1987

   The Moontrane

      With Freddy Hubbard


      Filmed live with Prince Lasha

Woody Shaw   1988

   Dat Dere

      Album: 'Imagination'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Horace Tapscott

Woody Shaw

Source: Jazz Trumpet Solos
  Born in 1942 in Jacksonville, FL, big band musician, Charles Tolliver's first trumpet was given him by his grandmother. He was a pharmacy student at Howard University before heading to NYC in 1964 where he would record with Jackie McLean that year, appearing on the latter's 'It's Time!' and 'Action Action Action'. He participated in titles in September of '65 toward McLean's 'Jacknife' issued in '75. Tolliver had held his first session as a leader at the Village Vanguard in NYC on March 28, 1965, for 'Brilliant Corners' and 'Plight'. The former got issued in 1966 on the album by various, 'New Wave In Jazz'. Both saw release on the same-titled CD in 1994. Among the more important of Tolliver's comrades was pianist, Stanley Cowell, with whom he is thought to have first held session for drummer, Max Roach, at the Newport Jazz Festival on July 2, 1967. Cowell supported Tolliver's second album, 'The Ringer', in London in June of 1969. He can be found on six more to as late as 'Impact' gone down on January 17, 1975. In the meantime Cowell and Tolliver had founded Strata East Records in 1970, that operation commencing with Volumes 1 & 2 of 'Live at Slugs'' on May 1 of 1970. Among other titles recorded for that outfit was 'Colors' by the Brass Company in 1974 (Cowell out). Cowell and Tolliver reunited thirty years later for the latter's Big Band on 'With Love' in June of 2006 and 'Emperor March' in July of 2008. Tolliver had recorded his first album, 'Charles Tolliver and His All Stars', in 1968, variously reissued ('Paper Man' '75, 'Earl's World' '77). His latest of twelve was 'Emperor March' per above in 2008. Tolliver had appeared on multiple albums by both Andrew Hill and Louis Hayes. Others on whose recordings he can be found include Archie Shepp, Booker Ervin, Roy Ayers, Oliver Nelson, Doug Carn, Vi Redd, Horace Silver, McCoy Tyner, Gerald Wilson, John Gordon, the Reunion Legacy Band, Donald Bailey, Wendell Harrison and Keyon Harrold. Per 1968 below, the album is 'Charles Tolliver and His All Stars', variously reissued ('Paper Man' '75, 'Earl's World' '77). Per 1969 each track is from 'The Ringer'.

Charles Tolliver   1964


      Jackie McLean LP: 'It's Time!'

   Das' Dat

      Jackie McLean LP: 'It's Time!'

Charles Tolliver   1968

  Earl's World

   Household Of Saud

   Right Now

Charles Tolliver   1969

   On the Nile


   The Ringer

Charles Tolliver   1970


      LP: 'Live at Slugs' Saloon'


      LP: 'Live at Slugs' Saloon'

Charles Tolliver   1971

   Jazz Session

      Filmed live

Charles Tolliver   1972

   Brilliant Circles

      LP: 'Impact'

Charles Tolliver   1974


      Live at Yubinchokin Hall Tokyo

Charles Tolliver   2014

   Music Inc.

      Filmed at Banlieues Bleues


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eberhard Weber

Charles Tolliver

Source: Discogs
  Born in 1940 in Baltimore, Maryland, alto and soprano saxophonist, Gary Bartz, also played clarinet. Attending Juilliard after high school, he was later performing at his father's club, the North End Lounge, in Baltimore when Art Blakey came along in 1965. Bartz joined the Jazz Messengers and made his first record release on the Blakey's 'Soul Finger' of 1965. That album saw no proofreading before release: Bartz performs on alto sax on all tracks of that LP except 'Spot Session' which is the only track on which Lucky Thompson participates. Bartz issued his debut album as a leader in 1968: 'Libra'. He also emerged on 'Expansions' in '68, the first of seven more by McCoy Tyner until 'Dimensions' in 1984. A major figure in Bartz' career, Tyner and Bartz partnered again in 1999 on 'McCoy Tyner and the Latin All-Stars' and 2004 on 'Illuminations', the latter winning a Grammy in 2005 for Best Instrumental Jazz Album. Bartz worked with Miles Davis in 1970-71, his initial session in August of '70 for 'On the Crest of the Waves'. What would amount to about nine albums later, Bartz' last session with Davis is thought to have been at Philharmonic Hall in NYC on November 26, 1971, for 'Bwongo' and 'Ananka', those issued on an unknown date as 'Hooray for Miles Davis Vol 3 (Session Disc 123)'. Bartz began working with R&B artist, Norman Connors in 1972, titles to 'Dance of Magic' gone down in June of 1972. Seven more albums with Connors ensued to 'Invitation' in 1979. With at least 217 sessions to his credit, among the host with whom Bartz had worked were vocalist, Phyllis Hyman, Gene Ammons, Donald Byrd ('Caricatures' '76), Kenny Burrell, Woody Shaw ('Home!' '69 and 'For Sure!' '79), Harvie Swartz ('Return to Zero' '94), Roseanna Vitro, Dave Holland ('Red & Orange Poems' '94) and Keith Ailer (Spaces & Places '98). Of note in the new millennium was the issue of 'The Montréal Concert' in 2000, a string of duets with guitarist, Peter Leitch. Also of note was Bartz' participation in the album by various, 'Miles from India', issued in 2008. In 2012 Bartz released the first volume of 'Coltrane Rules: Tao of a Music Warrior'. The second volume was released in December 2014, coming to about 31 albums by Bartz. Among his more recent recordings was 'Search for Peace' in 2015 with Heads of State and 'Harlem Hieroglyphs' in 2016 for Jay Hoggard. As of this writing Bartz divides his musical career between touring and teaching at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio. Per 1965 below, it is Bartz on alto sax, not Lucky Thompson on tenor. Per above, that was a confusion at Verve Records.

Gary Bartz   1965

   Soul Finger

      Art Blakey LP: 'Soul Finger'

Gary Bartz   1968


      LP: 'Libra'

Gary Bartz   1970


      Cellar Door Sessions


      Cellar Door Sessions

Gary Bartz   1973

   I've Known Rivers and Other Bodies


Gary Bartz   1975

   I Concentrate On You

      Filmed in Lisbon

   Live at Lincoln Center

      Filmed live

   The Shadow Do


Gary Bartz   1976

   Ju Ju Man

      LP: 'Ju Ju Man'

Gary Bartz   1976

   Ju Ju Man


Gary Bartz   1977

   Music Is My Sanctuary

Gary Bartz   1991

   On a Misty Night

      LP: 'There Goes The Neighborhood!'

      Recorded live 1990

Gary Bartz   1997

   Celestial Blues

      LP: 'Harlem Bush Music'

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live

Gary Bartz   2007

   Ballad for Aisha/Blues on the Corner

      Filmed in Germany

Gary Bartz   2014

   Jazz a Foix

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Tibo Soulas

      Drums: Samgoma Everett

      Piano: Kirk Lightsey

   Si Tu Vois Ma Mère

      Filmed at Lincoln Center

Gary Bartz   2015

   Transitions/Minor Blues

      Filmed in Greece


Birth of Modern Jazz: Gary Bartz

Gary Bartz

Source: En Esencia Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Carla Bley

Carla Bley

Source: Music Me
Born Carla Borg in 1936 in Oakland, CA, composer/pianist (some might say punk jazz composer/pianist), Carla Bley, had a father for a piano teacher, so it's natural that a restless girl be attracted to influences otherwise, she moving from a church environment at home to NYC circa 1954 to get a job selling cigarettes at the Birdland jazz club. She there played piano as well, also meeting pianist, Paul Bley, whom she married in 1957. She began composing with Paul, other musicians beginning to record her work as well. In 1964 she assisted in the formation of the Jazz Composer's Guild with Bill Dixon to promote avant-garde jazz. In 1965 she, Michael Mantler and Steve Lacy formed the Jazz Musicians Orchestra, which would spawn the Jazz Musicians Orchestra Association to replace the Guild. That orchestra recorded 'Communication' in December of 1964 for issue in 1965 with 'Roast' composed and arranged by Carla. The other two tracks on that were composed by Mantler with Carla out: 'Day (Communications No. 4)' and 'Day (Communications No. 5)'. The Jazz Musicians Orchestra would issue several albums into the seventies with contributions by Carla. Paul's 1965 album, 'Barrage', consisted entirely of Carla's compositions. She appeared with Lacy on Mantler's 'Jazz Realities' in 1966, her first piano performance on disc, and the first of several LPs she would release with Mantler into the eighties. Their last session together is thought to have been in the summer of 1990 for 'Karen Mantler and Her Cat Arnold Get the Flu'. (In 1967 Carla and Paul were divorced, Carla retaining his last name professionally though she married Mantler that year to 1992. Karen was the daughter of Carla and Mantler, born in 1966.) 1968 saw the release of 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra', a double album taking six months to make with contributions from every avant-garde jazz artist in NYC that could be gathered (and others too, young Linda Ronstadt contributing vocals). Carla plays piano on that album but Cecil Taylor is the main feature. Charlie Haden would begin to figure big in Carla's career in the latter sixties with Jazz Composer's Orchestra, she contributing to his 1970 album, 'Liberation Music Orchestra'. She and Haden would cross paths well into the new millennium. In 1971 Carla released the huge project on which she'd been working the last three years, 'Escalator Over the Hill', a jazz opera with six sides that made her name alongside lyricist, Paul Haines. Mantler produced and coordinated the project on which she performed keyboards and voice with the several bands she had formed for its making. Among the members of the orchestra was tenor saxophonist, Gato Barbieri (also appearing on 'The Jazz Composers Orchestra' in '68). Bley received a Guggenheim Fellowship for composition in 1972. She released 'Tropic Appetites' in 1974 in a number of capacities, including keyboards and voice. She was again joined by Gato Barbieri. Well above twenty more albums as a leader would follow into the new millennium, including 'Boo to You Too' in 1979. Another important figure in Bley's life was bassist, Steve Swallow, with whom she'd been working since 'Communication' in '65 and would continue throughout her career. They issued 'Night-Glo' together in 1985, the first of several into the new millennium. Bley was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2014. She has led or co-led nearly thirty albums to as late as 'Andando el Tiempo' in 2015 with Andy Sheppard at sax and Swallow at bass guitar. With perhaps 100 sessions to her credit among the numerous with whom she had worked were Gary Burton, Don Cherry, Grachan Moncur III, Orchestra Jazz Siciliana and Rudiger Krause. Residing in Woodstock, New York, she is yet active and highly popular in Germany. Per 1971 below, all tracks are from 'Escalator Over the Hill' with compositions by Bley.

Carla Bley   1966

   Jazz Realities

      Album by Michael Mantler

Carla Bley   1971

   Escalator Over the Hill

   Hotel Overture

   Rawalpindi Blues

   Song to Anything that Moves


Carla Bley   1972

   Naked Hamlet


Carla Bley   1980

   Boo to You Too

      Filmed live

      Kansas City Womens Jazz Festival

Carla Bley   1981

   Boo to You Too

      Nick Mason album: 'Fictitious Sports'

Carla Bley   1989

   Fleur Carnivoreo


Carla Bley   1994

   Crazy With You

      Album: 'Songs with Legs'

Carla Bley   2002

   Live in Munich

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Steve Swallow

      Sax: Andy Sheppard

Carla Bley   2004

   Live in Marciac

      Filmed concert

      The New Liberation Orchestra

   Live in Umbria

      Filmed concert

      The New Liberation Orchestra

Carla Bley   2006

   Jazz à Vienne

      Filmed concert

Carla Bley   2009

   Carla's Christmas Carols


Carla Bley   2012

   Cully Jazz Festival

      Filmed live in Switzerland

      Bass: Steve Swallow

      Sax: Andy Sheppard


Birth of Modern Jazz: Marion Brown

Marion Brown

Source: Brian Olewnick
Born in 1931 in Atlanta, Georgia, alto saxophonist, Marion Brown, was about 22 when he joined the US Army, was released in 1957 to study music at now Clark Atlanta University. In 1960 he decided to examine pre-law at Howard University in Washington DC. He got an itch for New York City in 1962. Discographies want him with Archie Shepp in October that year at Judson Hall in NYC for unissued titles like 'The Funeral', 'Rufus Swung His Face at Last', et al. In 1965 he was present at a session on February 16 with Archie Shepp to yield the album, 'Fire Music'. June 26 with John Coltrane wrought 'Ascension'. August 28 saw the Woodstock Playhouse in NY with pianist, Burton Greene, 'Live at The Woodstock Playhouse 1965' issued in 2010. In November Brown laid his first name tracks as the Marion Brown Quartet for the ESP label: 'Capricorn Moon', '27 Cooper Square', 'Exhibition' and 'Mephistopheles'. December 18 witnessed Greene's 'You Never Heard Such Sounds In Your Life!'. 'Three For Shepp' was Brown's debut album release in 1966. Brown engaged himself in a variety of projects in Paris from 1967 to 1970, including the recording of his soundtrack, 'Le Temps Fou', in September 1968 for issue the next year. His return to the States in 1970 saw him teaching, acquiring a bachelor's degree, then continuing to teach at universities in Maine, Massachusetts and Connecticut. Brown continued to compose and record through the eighties, his final album of well above twenty is thought to have been 'Echoes of Blue' recorded in Göttingen, Germany, in January 1992, issued in 2000. Beyond music, Brown had long entertained an interest in art, he himself a painter. Come the 21st century, Brown was facing severe health issues and surgeries, his condition requiring a nursing home in New York. Moving to Hollywood, Florida, in 2005, he there died in a hospice on October 18, 2010.

Marion Brown   1965


      Archie Shepp album: 'Fire Music'

Marion Brown   1966


      Album with John Coltrane   Edition I

      Brown solos on track 14 of both I & II

  Capricorn Moon


Marion Brown   1967


      Album: 'Three For Shepp'

   Live on Dim Dam Dom

      French television broadcast


      Filmed live

   Porto Novo

      Album: 'Porto Novo'


      Album: 'Three For Shepp'

Marion Brown   1969

   Live in Bremen

   Le Temps Fou Side A


   Le Temps Fou Side B


Marion Brown   1970

   Afternoon of a Georgia Faun

      Album: 'Afternoon of a Georgia Faun'

   Creative Improvisation Ensemble

      Album with Wadada Leo Smith

   Djinji's Corner

      Album: 'Afternoon of a Georgia Faun'

Marion Brown   1975


      Album: 'Vista'

Marion Brown   1979

   November Cotton Flower

      Album: 'November Cotton Flower'

   Sweet Earth Flying

      Album: 'November Cotton Flower'

Marion Brown   1983


      Vibes: Gunter Hampel

Marion Brown   1985


      Piano: Mal Waldron


Birth of Modern Jazz: Watercolor by Marion Brown

Watercolor by Marion Brown   1985

Source: Live Auctioneers
Birth of Modern Jazz: Nathan Davis

Nathan Davis

Source: Old Mon Music
Nathan Davis was a composer/pianist born in 1937 in Kansas City, Kansas. He had completed his degree in music education at the University of Kansas before being drafted into military service. Sent to Germany, he there played in a military band, then decided to stay in Berlin when his tour in the service was up in 1962. He there gigged a bit with Benny Bailey and Joe Harris before moving to Paris to become a house performer at the St. Germain des Pres nightclub, one of not a few hubs in Paris for American jazz artists touring Europe. One reason Davis stayed in Europe was the opportunity to play with musicians of a caliber that attempting to start his career in the States would have made more difficult to reach. All number of American name musicians passed through the St. Germain des Pres, such as Kenny Clarke or Dexter Gordon. Davis recorded with two others in June of 1964, Donald Byrd and Eric Dolphy: 'Springtime', '245', 'GW', 'Serene', 'Ode to Charlie Parker' and 'Naima'. Those tracks weren't released until years later, variously on the Dolphy collections: 'Naima' ('87), 'Unrealized Tapes' ('88) and 'Naima' ('95). Trumpeter, Woody Shaw, arrived in Paris shortly after Dolphy's death in June of '64, Davis recording his first two albums as a leader with him in Germany and Paris in '65: 'Happy Girl' (January) and 'Peace Treaty' (May). His first session with the Jeff Gilson Big Band had been in April of '65 for tracks like 'Made for Mad' and 'Modalite' to get issued on 'Jef Gilson a Gaveau'. 'The Hip Walk' was recorded that September in Germany with Carmell Jones on trumpet. Davis toured Europe a bit with Art Blakey in 1965 but didn't wish to leave his family to return to the States with him, a major career decision. He did decide to head back to the States in 1969, however, for a position at the University of Pittsburgh as Director of Jazz Studies, a tenure he held until 2013, Professor Emeritus since then. He received his PHD in Ethnomusicology from Wesleyan University in Connecticut in 1974. In 1985 he formed the Paris Reunion Band with trumpeter, Woody Shaw. Albums gone down were 'French Cooking' in '85 in Stockholm, 'For Klook' in '86 in Stockholm (Klook was drummer, Kenny Clarke, who had died in January of 1986), 'Hot Licks' in '87 in London' and 'Jazzbuhne Berlin '88'. 'We Remember Klook' went down in Switzerland several days after the death of Shaw on May 10, 1989. Members present on all of the Paris Reunion Band's recordings were Nat Adderley on cornet and Curtis Fuller at trombone. Davis was a founding member of Roots in the nineties. Roots recorded two volumes of 'Salutes the Saxophone' in '91, 'Stablemates' in '92 and 'Saying Something' in '95. Contributing saxophone to all of those recorded in Germany were Arthur Blythe and Chico Freeman with Benny Golson replacing Sam Rivers on the last. Davis has been a familiar figure at the Blue Note in NYC through the years, also founder and editor of the 'International Jazz Archives Journal'. He has issued about fifteen albums to 'I'm a Fool to Want You' in 1995. Per 1970 below, 'Song for Agnes' if from the album: 'Jazz Concert in a Benedictine Monastery'.

Nathan Davis   1964

   Eric Dolphy: Last Recordings

      Unissued   Album not known

Nathan Davis   1965

   B´s Blues

      Album: 'The HipWalk'

   Carmell´s Black Forest Waltz

      Album: 'The HipWalk'

   The Flute in the Blues

      Album: 'Happy Girl'

   Happy Girl

      Album: 'Happy Girl'

   Klook's Theme

      Album: 'Peace Treaty'

   Modalite pour Mimi

      Jef Gilson album: 'A Gaveau'

   Now Let M' Tell Ya

      Album: 'Peace Treaty'

   Ruby My Dear

      Album: 'Peace Treaty'


      Album: 'Peace Treaty'

   That Kaycee Thing

      Album: 'The HipWalk'

   Theme From Zoltan

      Album: 'Happy Girl'

Nathan Davis   1967

   Rules of Freedom

      Album: 'The Rules of Freedom'

Nathan Davis   1970

   Song for Agnes

Nathan Davis   1971




Birth of Modern Jazz: Al Foster

Al Foster

Source: Blue Note
Born in 1943 in Richmond, Virginia, composer and drummer, Al Foster, grew up in Harlem, taking up drums at age thirteen upon his father, an amateur bassist, purchasing him a drum set. Harlem hadn't Virginia's beautiful landscape, but it did have the Apollo Theatre and close proximity to other New York City venues. Foster had been playing about eight years when he recorded 'The Thing to Do' with Blue Mitchell in July of 1964, issued in June a year later. Another album with Mitchell was released in 1965 as well: 'Down With It!'. It was Mitchell's 'Heads Up!' on November 17 of 1967. That included McCoy Tyner on piano. Eleven years later in 1978 Foster and Tyner would partner on 'Milestone Jazz Stars in Concert' with Sonny Rollins (sax) and Ron Carter (bass). Come Tyner's 'Horizon' going down in April of 1979. Five albums later it was 'McCoy Tyner with Stanley Clarke and Al Foster' in April of 1999, released in 2000. We return to August 12, 1964, for the obscure Parts 1 & 2 of 'Sister Meyme' for Walter Davis Jr with John Ore on bass. The Library of Congress has that copyrighted on November 16, 1964, by Anita Music (EU853476), though it wouldn't appear to have been issued until 1974 by Akbar Records on a 7" 45 (per discogs, et al). With Foster's sessions hovering up around 350 of them, we breeze through the sixties to trumpeter, Miles Davis, in 1972, Davis to play one of the largest roles in Foster's career. Foster's first session with Davis may have been on March 9, 1972, for the title, 'Red China Blues'. (June dates per Columbia are thought erroneous.) Foster participated in twelve Davis albums from 'Big Fun' in the summer of '72 to 'Amandia' issued in 1989. They were in Paris on July 10, 1991, for the recording of 'At La Villette' issued in 2007 on DVD. Foster also appears with Davis on 'Miles Davis at Newport 1955-1975' released in 2015. Among the more important bassists often at Foster's side was Ron Carter, for whom we return to pianist, Horace Silver's 'Silver 'N Brass' on January 10, 1975. Carter and Foster supported other bands together, such as Silver's or McCoy Tyner's, fairly continuously into the nineties with reunions in the new millennium. Lord's disco finds their latest of countless sessions together for Israeli saxophonist, Eli Degibri's, 'Israel Song' with Brad Mehldau (piano) on December 22, 2009. We return to latter 1978 for 'Milestone Jazz Stars in Concert' per above with Sonny Rollins. Foster contributed to four of Rollins' LPs from 'Don't Ask' in May of 1979 to 'Sonny Rollins + 3' in latter 1995. He is also thought to appear on all four volumes of Rollins' 'Road Shows' issued between 2008 and 2016. We back up to November, 1985, for another major tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson, with whom Foster recorded both volumes of 'The State of the Tenor' that month in a trio with Ron Carter. Foster and Henderson would hold multiple sessions with smaller ensembles. It was a trio in Genoa, Italy, on July 9 of 1987 with bassist, Charlie Haden, for 'An Evening with Joe Henderson'. It was a trio with Rufus Reid (bass) in NYC on March 26, 1991, for 'The Standard Joe'. Lord's disco has them together a last time in June of 1996 for Henderson's 'Big Band' issued the next year. As for Foster's own albums, his first was 'Mixed Roots' in 1978. 'Brandyn' was recorded in Monster, Netherlands, on October 14, 1996. ''Oh!' didn't come about until quite a bit later in July of 2002. 'Love, Peace and Jazz!' was performed at the Village Vanguard in NYC on April 27 and 28 of 2007. 'The Paris Concert' was performed in July of 2007 for release on DVD. Among the numerous others along Foster's path had been Monty Alexander (trio w Bob Cranshaw '67), Illinois Jacquet ('Soul Explosion' '69), Cedar Walton (three albums), Hank Jones, Tommy Flanagan (three albums), Steve Kuhn (4 albums), Kent Jordan ('Essence' '88) and Paul Mousavi ('Sound Mind' '94). Foster yet actively tours as of this writing. He has recorded as recently as 'Search for Peace' with Heads of State (Gary Bartz, Larry Willis and Buster Williams) for issue in 2015 and Jorge Rossy's 'Stay There' released in 2016. Per 1965 below, both albums are by Blue Mitchell.

Al Foster   1965

   Alone, Alone and Alone

      Album: 'Down With It!'

   Chick's Tune

      Album: 'The Thing to Do'


      Album: 'Down With It!'

   The Thing to Do

      Album: 'The Thing to Do'

Al Foster   1978

   Dr.Jekyll and Mr.Hyde

      Album: 'Mixed Roots'

   Ya' Damn Right

      Album: 'Mixed Roots'

Al Foster   1979

   Love Eyes

      Album: 'Mr Foster'

Al Foster   1982

   Live in London

      Filmed live with Miles Davis

Al Foster   1987

   Air Dancing

      Filmed live

      Bass: Buster Williams

      Piano: Herbie Hancock

Al Foster   1989

   I've Got You Under My Skin

      Album: 'Presage'

      Bass: Eddie Gomez

      Piano: David Kikoski

Al Foster   1997

   Racorda Me

      Filmed live at the Théâtre Antique de Vienne

Al Foster   2000

   Drum Solo

      Filmed live at Jazzfestival Vienna

Al Foster   2002


      Filmed concert

Al Foster   2006

   I Have a Dream

      Bass: Buster Williams

      Bass: Buster Williams


Birth of Modern Jazz: Beaver Harris

Beaver Harris

Source: Ni Kantu
Born in 1936 in Pittsburgh, PA, drummer, Beaver Harris, may well have gotten into the pots and pans as a toddler. Beyond that he had no experience in percussion until the US Army. Upon discharge he went to New York City where he honed his skills before his first recording in 1965 with Grachan Moncur III at the Village Gate nightclub in Greenwich Village. Those numbers were 'Blue Free' and 'The Intellect'. He was yet going by Bill Harris at that time (William his birth name). His first appearance on an album by free jazz saxophonist, Archie Shepp, was recorded in February of 1966, resulting in 'Archie Shepp Live in San Francisco' that year. Harris would back Shepp on twelve more albums into latter 1975. In July of 1966 he laid several tracks with Rosewell Rudd for the release that year of 'Everywhere'. Sessions with Albert Ayler occurred in November and December, also contributing to a couple tracks that December to Marion Brown's debut album, 'Three for Shepp'. Harris released his first album, 'From Ragtime to No Time', in 1975. Seven more would ensue to 'Beaver Is My Name' in 1983. Harris died of prostate cancer, age only 55, in December of 1991. Among his last recordings were Larry Coryell's 'Toku-Do' in September of '87 and 'Incandescence' on June 23 of 1988, a trio with Jim Sauter at tenor sax and Rudolph Gray at guitar.

Beaver Harris   1965

   Blue Free

      With Grachan Moncur III

Beaver Harris   1966

   In a Sentimental Mood

      Archie Shepp album:

     'Live in San Francisco'

   A Portrait of Robert Thompson

      Archie Shepp album: 'Mama Too Tight'

Beaver Harris   1974

   Donna Lee

      Trumpet: Chet Baker

   Right On Part 1

      With Grachan Moncur III

   Right On Part 2

      With Grachan Moncur III

Beaver Harris   1975

   It's Hard To But We Do Transition

      Album: 'From Rag Time to No Time'

Beaver Harris   1976

   A Message from Trane

      Tenor saxophone: Cameron Brown

Beaver Harris   1983

   Well Kept Secret

      Saalfelden Jazz Festival

      Sax: Sam Rivers

      Steel drums: Francis Haynes


Birth of Modern Jazz: Howard Johnson

Howard Lewis Johnson

Photo: Roger Humbert

Source: All About Jazz

Born blind in 1941 in Montgomery, Alabama, himself Howard Lewis Johnson (not to be confused with the earlier saxophonist or later soul singer), performed on all manner of horn, but distinguished himself the most with baritone sax and tuba. He'd begun playing baritone at age 13, adding tuba the next year. From '58 to '62 he served in the US Navy, after which he headed to Boston where he met Eric Dolphy, then moved to New York City in 1963 where he joined trumpeter, Bill Dixon's, 7-Tette on both baritone and tuba on March 4 of 1964 for 'Winter Song, 1964' and 'The 12th December', those first issued that year on an LP shared with Archie Shepp's Contemporary 5. In April of 1964 he began recording 'Dig These Blues' with Hank Crawford, performing on baritone. After another session that December and one in February of '65 the album was issued that year. Crawford would be a large figure in Johnson's career, he supporting Crawford on nine albums from 'Centerpiece' in 1978 to 'Tight' in 1996. Their last mutual session per Lord's disco was Bernard Pretty Purdie's 'Soul to Jazz II' in January of 1997. We return to September of '65 when Johnson held three sessions on tuba with bassist, Charles Mingus, the first in NYC at the Village Gate on the 10th, the second at the Monterey Jazz Festival on the 18th, the third at Royce Hall, UCLA, in Los Angeles on the 25th for 'Music Written for Monterey 1965'. Johnson performed baritone during three more sessions with Crawford in January of '66 before Hank Mobley's 'A Slice of the Top' on March 18. In August it was tuba for Archie Shepp's 'Mama Too Tight', playing tuba. Another of the more important figures in Johnson's career was Gil Evans, joining the latter's orchestra for the first time on February 16, 1968, to back Miles Davis' 'Falling Water'. Johnson participated in a minimum of thirteen albums by Evans from 'Blues in Orbit' at the Village Vanguard in 1969 to 'Live 1986 Unissued' in Switzerland and Italy. One of those along the way was 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix', in June of 1974 on which Johnson played tuba and clarinet. It was with Evans that Johnson first recorded with multi-instrumentalist (keyboards/synthesizer), Pete Levin, on April 4,1973, on unknown titles. Johnson and Levin traveled through Evans together until 1986. Johnson later backed Levin on the latter's 'Party in the Basement' in 1990. The recording of Toshihiko Kankawa's 'B III' began in December of '95. They reunited once again in October of '96 for John Clark's 'I Will'. Another important keyboardist was George Gruntz with whom Johnson is thought to have first recorded on March 14, 1976, in Zurich, Switzerland, he directing The Band's 'Live at the Schauspielhaus'. Johnson appeared on sixteen of Gruntz' albums from 'GG-CJB' in Europe in 1978 to 'News Reel Matters' in NYC in November of 2012. Johnson didn't record as a leader until 'Arrival' on October 20, 1994, in either Berlin or Hamburg. That was a tribute to Pharoah Sanders with Johnson's band, Nubia. Johnson's 'Right Now' went down in December of 1996 featuring Taj Mahal. In 1968 he had formed the tuba ensemble, Substructure, changing its name to Gravity in 1972. Though leading Gravity ever since, the group issued only two albums: 'Gravity!!!' laid out in September of '95 and 'Testimony' in 2016. Johnson is thought to have joined the original 'Saturday Night' band in '75, leading it in '77. NBC television's 'Saturday Night' became 'Saturday Night Live' in 1977. Johnson can also be found on several film scores. With well beyond 300 sessions to his credit, among the host of others on whose recordings Johnson can be found are George Benson, Bill Evans, Rickie Boger, Cathy Chamberlain, Roland Kirk, Carla Bley, Chet Baker, Terence Blanchard and T.S. Monk. Johnson is yet active performing, also holding clinics and master classes. Per 1965 below, the recording date was September 10, 1965, for both 'Don't Let It Happen Here' and 'Majonet' per a telecast at the Village Gate in NYC. The bootleg, 'The Arts of Tatum and Freddie Webster', was issued, presumably that year, by Ozone (12" LP 19). Per 1974 below, the full title of the album is 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix'.

Howard Johnson   1965

  Don't Let It Happen Here

      With Charles Mingus


      With Charles Mingus

  Music Written for Monterey

      Album by Charles Mingus

Howard Johnson   1966

  Bluff City Blues

      Hank Crawford LP: 'Dig These Blues'

  Don't Get Around Much Anymore

      Hank Crawford LP: 'Dig These Blues'

  Mama Too Tight

      Album by Archie Shepp

Howard Johnson   1974

  Crosstown Traffic

      LP: 'The Gil Evans . . . Jimi Hendrix'

Howard Johnson   1985

  Baritone Sax Quartet in Berlin

      Filmed live

Howard Johnson   1995


      LP: 'Arrival'

  Think About The One

      LP: 'Arrival'

Howard Johnson   1996

  Big Alice

      LP: 'Gravity!!!'

  Stolen Moments

      LP: 'Gravity!!!'

Howard Johnson   1998

  O Raggedy Man

      LP: 'Right Now'

  Right Now

      LP: 'Right Now'

Howard Johnson   2015

  Evolution/Natural Woman

      Filmed at the Bitter End Greenwich Village


  Born blind in 1949 in Greenville, PA, Eric Kloss, trained in piano before switching to saxophone at age ten. His debut vinyl was his own LP six years later with guitarist, Pat Martino: 'Introducing Eric Kloss'. Recorded on September 1, 1965, that included Don Patterson (organ) and Billy James (drums). Kloss recorded an album or two per year, amounting to nineteen LPs released by 1982. 'Sweet Connections', recorded in '79, wasn't released until 1998. Kloss married in 1983, pulling away from the national spotlight about that time. Reputation as a musician aside, he yet needed to hold day jobs to get along, living in New Jersey and Pittsburgh. Having taught briefly at Rutgers, the nineties saw him at Duquesne University and Carnegie Mellon. In 2002 'About Time' was released, a reissue of Kloss' first two albums, 'Introducing' and 'Love and All That Jazz'. Among others on whose albums Kloss can be found are alto saxophonist, Richie Cole, Pat Martino ('Desperado' in '70), Eddie Jefferson ('The Live-liest' in '76), Barry Miles ('Sky Train' in '76) and Vic Juris ('Bleeker Street' in '81).

Eric Kloss   1965

  Embraceable You

      LP: "Introducing Eric Kloss'

Eric Kloss   1966

  The Shadow of Your Smile

      LP: 'Love and All That Jazz'

  Softly, As In a Morning Sunrise

      LP: 'Grits & Gravy'

Eric Kloss   1968



  I'll Give You Everything

      LP: 'Sky Shadows'

  Sky Shadows

      LP: 'Sky Shadows'

Eric Kloss   1969


      LP: 'In the Land of the Giants'

  Sunshine Superman

      Original composition: Donovan

      LP: 'To Hear Is to See'

Eric Kloss   1970


      LP: 'Consciousness!'

  Outward Wisdom

      LP: 'Consciousness!'

Eric Kloss   1974

  Love Will Take You There

      LP: 'Essence'

Eric Kloss   1975

  Bodies' Warmth

      LP: 'Bodies' Warmth'

Eric Kloss   1980

  The Samba Express

      LP: 'Celebration'

Eric Kloss   2008

  Live in Pittsburgh

      Solo filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eric Kloss

Eric Kloss

Photo: Sam Yahres

Source: All About Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Roscoe Mitchell

Roscoe Mitchell

Photo: Joseph Blough

Source: Sound Projections
Born in 1940 in Chicago, saxophonist, Roscoe Mitchell, began training as a child on clarinet, an instrument with which many sax players begin. He did his time in the US Army in the fifties in Germany, also studying clarinet under the first clarinetist for the Heidelberg Symphony. Returning to the Chicago in the early sixties, Mitchell began playing with the Experimental Band of Muhal Richard Abrams in 1961. Abrams would later become among the more important of Mitchell's comrades. Mitchell joined the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965, via which he recorded the album, 'Before There Was Sound', which wasn't released, aptly, until 2011. He did, though, contribute to a couple tracks for Nick Grevenites for issue in 1965: ' Whole Lotta Soul' and 'Drunken Boat' (which title would imply reference to Arthur Rimbaud). Of the thousand copies pressed five hundred got lost, four hundred were given away and a hundred sold. I'm guessing any copy of that disc in existence would be a pricy item. Mitchell's debut album issue was 'Sound' in 1966. In 1967 Mitchell formed the Roscoe Mitchell Art Ensemble which would become the Art Ensemble of Chicago (AEC). Its first tracks went down on May 18 of '67: 'Theme Statements', 'Tatas-Matoes' and 'Quartet No. 1'. Those wouldn't get issued until 1993 in a box set of 5 CDs called 'The Art Ensemble 1967/68'. The AEC made its first tour to Europe in 1969, recording four albums that June in Paris: 'A Jackson in Your House', 'The Spritual', 'Tutankhamun' and 'The Paris Session'. The most constant members of the AEC were Lester Bowie (trumpet), Malachi Favors (bass) and Joseph Jarman (horns) who would largely stay with the AEC through the coming decades. Mitchell had gigged with Favors since arriving back in Chicago after military service. Favors had backed Mitchell on 'Before There Was Sound' in 1965 with Fred Berry (trumpet/flugelhorn) and Alvin Fielder (drums). Favors would be found on scores of albums by the AEC or Mitchell to 'Sirius Calling' in 2003, he dying in January of 2004. Bowie had performed on Mitchell's 'Sound' gone down in August and September of 1966. He likewise appeared on scores of albums with the AEC and Mitchell to 'Urban Magic' in France on June 4 of 1997. Bowie died in November of '99, after which the AEC recorded 'Tribute to Lester' in September of 2001. Jarman had joined Favors and Mitchell to back Bowie's 'Numbers 1 & 2' in August of 1967. He would likewise perform on numerous Mitchell and AEC albums to its most recent, 'Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City', gone down at the Iridium in NYC in April 2004. It was September of 1973 when Muhal Richard Abrams joined the AEC for 'Fanfare for the Warriors'. Appearing on numerous albums by the AEC or Mitchell, they also partnered in the support of other bands, Anthony Braxton's in particular. Mitchell participated in Abrams' 'Spihumonesty' in July of 1979, 'Streaming' in January of 2005 and 'Spectrum' in the Czech Republic in 2009. In 1974 Mitchell formed the Creative Arts Collective that would bring about the Sound Ensemble. It was February of '76 when Mitchell supported Anthony Braxton's 'Creative Orchestra Music 1976'. He contributed to Braxton's 'For Trio' in '77. Lord's disco shows their last mutual session in Douglas Ewart's Inventions Clarinet Choir for 'Angles of Entrance' in July of 1990 in Atlanta, Georgia. In June of '83 Mitchell taped 'Roscoe Mitchell and The Sound and Space Ensemble' in Milan, Italy. In 1984 he recorded 'Improvisations' with his group, Space, in San Francisco. During the nineties Mitchell belonged to the classical-leaning trio, Trio Space, then formed the Note Factory. The Note Factory recorded 'This Dance Is for Steve McCall' in May of '92, 'Nine to Get Ready' in May of '97, 'Song for My Sister' in 2002 and 'Far Side' on March 17, 2007, in Germany. In 2007 Mitchell assumed the Chair of Composition at Mills College in Oakland, California, where he yet resides as of this writing. Among others Mitchell supported during his career were George Lewis, Matthew Shipp and Evan Parker. Between the AEC and other of his projects Mitchell has appeared on no less than 97 albums. Solos among those were 'Solo Saxophone Concerts' ('74), 'Duets & Solos' ('93) and 'Solo 3' ('03). Among his most recent collaborations was for Jack DeJohnette's 'Made in Chicago' with Abrams, Henry Threadgill on alto sax and Larry Gray on bass in 2013. Mitchell laid out 'Conversations 1 & 2' in September that year. Come 2015 it was 'Celebrating Fred Anderson'. It was 'Four Ways' with Yuganaut in 2017. Extensive discographies of the AEC. Per below, there's more of Mitchell than the AEC. See Malachi Favors for a more representative list.

Roscoe Mitchell   1966



Roscoe Mitchell   1975


Roscoe Mitchell   1977


      Album: 'Nonaah'

Roscoe Mitchell   1978

  Duets   Side 1

      Album with Anthony Braxton

      All compositions by Mitchell

Roscoe Mitchell   1981


      Album: 'Snurdy McGurdy and Her Dancin' Shoes'

Roscoe Mitchell   1984

  You Wastin' My Tyme

Roscoe Mitchell   1999


      Album: 'Nine to Get Ready'

Roscoe Mitchell   2013

  Live at Canker Hall

      Solo filmed live in Ljubljana, Slovenia


Birth of Modern Jazz: Clifford Thornton

Clifford Thornton

Source: Jazz Vinyl
Born in 1936 in Philadelphia, PA, Clifford Thornton, played piano as a child before switching to trumpet. Thornton also played the valve trombone. He studied at at least two universities, is said to have learned some tricks with Donald Byrd in 1957, and played in Army bands. Upon discharge from military service Thornton headed for Brooklyn where he shared an apartment with Rashied Ali, Don Cherry and Marion Brown. His first recording session was with Sun Ra in 1962, performing on 'Infinity of the Universe' contained on Ra's 1965 album, 'Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow'. In 1966 he laid three tracks with the Marzette Watts Ensemble that saw release in 1971 on the album, 'Marzette And Company'. 1967 saw the release of Thornton's first of several albums as a leader, 'Freedom & Unity', recorded in July. Thornton began recording with Archie Shepp in 1969, the first two of ten albums with Shepp released that year: 'Live at the Pan-African Festival' and 'Yasmina, a Black Woman'. His last LP with Shepp was 'Attica Blues' going down in January of 1972. Shepp had joined Thornton in Paris in August of 1969 for the latter's second LP, 'Ketchaoua'. Also in 1969 Thornton began teaching at Wesleyan University in Connecticut, remaining there until 1975. The next year he was employed by UNESO as a counselor on African-American education, he then moving to Geneva, Switzerland. Thornton's recordings were much aligned with his second career as an educator, he a highly regarded composer. Thornton's lthird of only five albums went down in Paris in 1970 per 'The Panther & The Lash', its title referencing Langston Hughes and containing Thornton's 'Huey Is Free', remarking the release from incarceration of Black Panther Party founder, Huey Newton. Thornton's fourth and last albums were recorded in Paris in 1972 per 'Communications Network' and NYC in 1974 per 'The Gardens of Harlem'. Multiple discographies list his last session in Lindau, Switzerland, on February 5 and 6, 1980, for Joe Malinga's 'Tears for the Children of Soweto'. Among others on whose recordings he can be found are Sunny Murray, Anthony Braxton and the Reform Art Unit. Thornton died in Geneva in 1989 ['83 per 'New Grove Dictionary of Jazz'].

Clifford Thornton   1965

  Infinity of the Universe

      Sun Ra album:

     'Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow'

Clifford Thornton   1966

  Backdrop for Urban Revolution

      Album: 'Marzette And Company'

Clifford Thornton   1967

  15th Floor

      Album: 'Freedom And Unity'


      Album: 'Freedom And Unity'

Clifford Thornton   1969


      Album: 'Ketchaoua'

  Yasmina, a Black Woman

      Archie Shepp album:

     'Yasmina, a Black Woman'

Clifford Thornton   1970

  Huey Is Free

      Album: 'The Panther and the Lash'

Clifford Thornton   1975

  The Gardens of Harlem



  Born in 1933 in Philadelphia, PA, Rashied Ali played drums in military bands in the US Army during the Korean War. Upon release from duty he headed for New York City where he was picked up by such as Bill Dixon and Paul Bley. Lord's disco seems to want his first sessions with Bobby Hutcherson on vibes on August 12 of 1965 for Archie Shepp's 'On This Night'. August 28 found him at the Woodstock Playhouse in Woodstock, New York, for what would get issued in 2010 as Burton Greene's 'Live at The Woodstock Playhouse 1965'. Come 'Marion Brown Quartet' in November containing 'Capricorn Moon', '27 Cooper Square', 'Exhibition' and 'Mephistopheles'. Ali's next session on November 23 of '65 would be an important one alongside drummer, Elvin Jones, that his first with John Coltrane to record 'Meditations' with Pharoah Sanders (tenor sax), McCoy Tyner (piano) and Jimmy Garrison (bass). Ali would record seven more albums with Coltrane until the latter's death in July of '67, including Coltrane's posthumous 1968 issue of 'Cosmic Music'. The session for that had been held February 2 of 1966 in San Francisco, thought his first with pianist, Alice Coltrane (John's widow). After Coltrane's death Ali continued with Alice for several years, he also running a bar called Ali's Alley in NYC. Their last session together is thought to have been toward Alice's 'Universal Consciousness' on June 19, 1971. Ali's debut album, 'New Directions in Modern Music', appeared in 1971 as well. He issued some twenty more LPs until 'Spirits Aloft', released posthumously, in 2010. Filling out the seventies with Sangeeta Michael Berardi's 'Divine Song' 1979, he began the eighties with the Lee Rozie Trio with Rick Rozie at bass in Kirchhellen, Germany, in May of 1980 for 'Afro Algonquin'. The mid eighties found Ali participating in Zusaan Kali Fasteau's 'Beyond Words', 'Affinity' and 'Worlds Beyond Words'. The eighties also found Ali joining George Adams' quartet, Phalanx, with James Blood Ulmer (guitar) and Sirone (bass) for 'Original Phalanx' in February of 1987. The next year the same configuration recorded 'In Touch'. In 1997 Ali surfaced on the first of fourteen albums with guitarist, Tisziji Munoz: 'The River of Blood'. Wikipedia lists their last per 'Sky Worlds' in 2014. Also notable in the new millennium were Ali's performances as a duo with double bassist, Henry Grimes. 'Going to the Ritual' went down on March 20 of 2007. 'Spirits Aloft' followed at Rutgers University in New Jersey on February 7, 2009. Four months before his death Ali recorded 'Mystic Journey' with saxophonist, Azar Lawrence, released in 2010. He died on August 12 of 2009 of heart attack, some 263 sessions to his credit, this a highly limited account of such.

Rashied Ali   1966

  Capricorn Moon

      With the Marion Brown Quartet


      With the Marion Brown Quartet

Rashied Ali   1967


      Tenor sax: John Coltrane

Rashied Ali   1971

  New Directions in Modern Music

      Album: 'New Directions in Modern Music'

Rashied Ali   1972


      Filmed live

Rashied Ali   1981

  A Love Supreme

      Piano and tenor sax: Arthur Rhames

  Mr. PC

      Piano and tenor sax: Arthur Rhames

Rashied Ali   1994


      Album: 'Peace on Earth'

  No Messages

      Album: 'Songlines'

Rashied Ali   1995

  Live in Burghausen

      Filmed live

Rashied Ali   1999

  Theme for Captain Black

      Guitar: James Blood Ulmer

Rashied Ali   2008

  Viersen JazzFestival

      Filmed concert


Birth of Modern Jazz: Rashied Ali

Rashied Ali

Source: Drummer World
Birth of Modern Jazz: Larry Coryell

Larry Coryell

Source: Music Guy 247

Born in 1943 in Galveston, TX, jazz-rock fusion guitarist, Larry Coryell, graduated from high school in Richland, Washington. He'd played with a number of R&B bands before heading to the coast to attend the University of Washington in Seattle. He played in various bands while a student there as well before moving to NYC to take classical training. He there joined Chico Hamilton's outfit, replacing Gabor Szabo to emerge on Hamilton's, 'The Dealer', in latter 1966. Nigh forty years later he would surface on Hamilton's 'Thoughts Of ...' in 2003. He recorded several albums with Gary Burton from April of 1967 for 'Duster' to 'Gary Burton Quartet in Concert' in February of 1968. Also in 1967 Coryell formed the Free Spirits, releasing 'Out of Sight and Sound' that year. He issued his first name albums as a leader in 1969: 'Lady Coryell' and 'Coryell'. Also important in the latter sixties was his appearance on a few albums by saxophonist, Steve Marcus: 'Tomorrow Never Knows', 'Count's Rock Band' and 'The Lord's Prayer'. 1974 saw the first LP by Coryell's group, the Eleventh House: 'Introducing Eleventh House with Larry Coryell'. The last of seven albums recorded by Eleventh House was 'Aspects', laid out sometime in 1976. During the latter seventies Coryell participated in albums by double bassist, Charles Mingus. Of piquant note was his flamenco partnership in 1979 with guitarists, John McLaughlin (also on Coryell's 'Spaces' per 1970), and Paco de Lucía. The DVD of their performance at Royal Albert Hall in London in 1979 was made available the next year: 'Meeting of the Spirits'. Coryell favored smaller ensembles including duos and trios. Among such was 'Solos-Duos-Trios' put down in March of 1978 in Germany with Stu Goldberg (keyboards) and Lakshminarayana Subramaniam (violin). Paco de Lucía's 'Castro Marin' was recorded in Tokyo with McLaughlin in December of 1980. Among duets were 'Twin House' in '76 in London and 'Splendid' in '78 in Germany with Belgian guitarist, Philip Catherine. 'Standing Ovation' was recorded in March of '78 with Subramaniam. 'The Larry Coryell/Michal Urbaniak Duo' was spread out in February of 1982. 'American Odyssey' was a duo with saxophonist, Wayne Shorter, recorded in Japan in 1989. Among later trios came 'The Power Trio Live In Chicago' in 2003 with Larry Gray (bass) Paul Wertico (drums). 'Electric' ('05) and 'Traffic' ('06) were trios with Victor Bailey (electric bass) and Lenny White (drums). Among Coryell's own solo titles were 'Guitar Player' in '76, 'European Impressions' in '78, 'Visions in Blue: Coryell Plays Ravel & Gershwin' recorded in Japan for issue in '89, and 'Private Concert' in '98. Coryell published his autobiography, 'Improvising: My Life in Music', in 2007. Having led or co-led some eighty albums, Coryell is yet active as of this writing, releasing 'Barefoot Man: Sanpaku' as recently as 2016. Per 1967 below, Coryell plays sitar on 'Out of Sight and Sound' with the group, Free Spirits. Per 1980 below, 'Meeting of the Spirits' is performed with guitarists, John McLaughlin and Paco de Lucía. Per 1990, the Super Guitar Trio consists of Coryell with Al Di Meola and Bireli Lagrene.

Larry Coryell   1966

  The Dealer

      Chico Hamilton LP: 'The Dealer'

Larry Coryell   1967


      Gary Burton LP: 'Duster'

   I'm Gonna Be Free

      Album: 'Out of Sight and Sound'

  General Mojo's Well-Laid Plan

      Filmed with Gary Burton

Larry Coryell   1968

  Mellow Yellow

      Steve Marcus LP: 'Tomorrow Never Knows'

      Piano: Mike Nock

      Tenor sax: Steve Marcus

Eleventh House   1973


      Filmed live

Eleventh House   1974


      LP: 'Introducing Eleventh House'

Eleventh House   1975

  Level One

      LP: 'Level One'

  Thats the Joint

      LP: 'Level One'

Eleventh House   1976


      LP: 'Aspects'

Larry Coryell   1978


      Filmed in Montreux

Larry Coryell   1980

  Meeting of the Spirits

      Excerpt   DVD

Larry Coryell   1990

  Super Guitar Trio

      Filmed live

Larry Coryell   1992


      Filmed live

      Original composition: Maurice Ravel

Larry Coryell   1995

   Moment's Notice

      Filmed in Czech Republic

      Piano: Mark Sherman

Larry Coryell   2006

   Jazz Triumph Festival

      Bass: Victor Bailey

      Drums: Lenny White

Larry Coryell   2011

   Blue Monk/Jam 292

      Filmed live

Larry Coryell   2013

   Java Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

  Kowloon Jag

      Filmed at Yoshi's   Oakland CA

Larry Coryell   2014

   Solo Suite

      Filmed live

Larry Coryell   2015

   Solo at the Blue Note

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jack DeJohnette

Jack DeJohnette

Source: Jazz Festival
Born in 1942 in Chicago, Jack DeJohnette began piano studies at age four and played professionally on that instrument before switching to drums. He performed with R&B and bop bands in Chicago prior to twisting toward avant-garde jazz. Gigs in those early days were often loft concerts with such as Richard Abrams and Roscoe Mitchell. He sat in with with Sun Ra's Arkestra now and then as well. He is mentioned to have recorded a few tracks with John Coltrane in the early sixties but no documentation of such is found. He entered the studio on July 30 of '65 with Jackie McLean to record a couple of rejected tunes: 'Climax' and 'On the Nile'. His next session with McLean that September, yielded 'Jacknife', that LP not released until 1975. It was 1966 that DeJohnette broke out the gate so far as recording is concerned, he contributing to four albums by Charles Lloyd that year beginning with 'Dream Weaver' in March, four to follow to January of 1969 ('Soundtrack'). Present in Lloyd's ensemble for 'Dream Weaver' had been pianist, Keith Jarrett, among the more important of DeJohnette's comrades into the new millennium. They toured through Lloyd together, then Miles Davis into the early seventies. May of 1971 saw them recording their duo, 'Ruta and Daitya'. Starting with Volumes 1 and 2 of Jarrett's 'Standards' issued in 1983 DeJohnette collaborated on twenty of Jarrett's albums to 'Somewhere' performed live in Lucerne, Switzerland, on July 11, 2009. We fall back to November of 1966 when DeJohnette joined Herbie Hancock in the studio to record the soundtrack to 'Blow-Up', released the next year. Hancock was to become another of the larger figures in DeJohnette's career, they interweaving fairly often in the support of various ensembles, such as those of Miles Davis, into the seventies. August of 1980 found them backing a couple of titles on Jaco Pastorius' 'Word of Mouth'. 1988 found them participating in Michael Brecker's 'Don't Try This at Home'. Some time in 1990 found them in a trio with Pat Metheny for 'Parallel Realities'. Bassist, Dave Holland, was added for 'Parallel Realities Live' at the Mellon Jazz Festival on June 23, 1990, in Philadelphia, PA. Multiple mutual sessions occurred in the nineties, including Hancock's 'The New Standard' gone down in 1996. December of 2000 saw them backing Brecker's 'Nearness of You: The Ballad Book'. 2001 found DeJohnette siding Brecker's 'Future 2 Future'. Lord's disco has them together a last time in August of 2006 for Brecker's 'Pilgrimage'. We return to 'Blow-Up' in 1966 for another large presence in DeJohnette's career, that tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson. From the latter's second album, 'Tetragon', in 1968 to 'Black Narcissus' in '74 DeJohnette supported five of Henderson's LPs. In 1978 they joined Freddie Hubbard for 'Super Blue'. May of 1980 found them supporting Joanne Brackeen's 'Ancient Dynasty'. Fourteen years later DeJohnette joined Hancock and Christian McBride on bass for Henderson's 'Double Rainbow' in May of 1996. Come May the next year for Henderson's version of 'Porgy and Bess'. Two years after his first sessions with Henderson DeJohnette found himself in the studio for the first time on November 27, 1968, with Miles Davis, recording tracks that would appear on Davis' 1981 release of 'Directions'. That would be an important affair insofar as it was also his first session with keyboardist, Chick Corea, bassist, Dave Holland, and tenor saxophonist, Wayne Shorter, all to play major roles in DeJohnette's career. In 1969 DeJohnette participated in the recording of Davis' 'Bitches Brew', issued the next year. Ten more albums with Davis would ensue to 'On the Corner' in 1972. Live recordings with Davis at the Newport Jazz Festival in '69 and Fillmore East in 1970 would see issue in the new millennium by Columbia Legacy. As for Corea, he and DeJohnette partnered numerously, especially with Davis, into the seventies. During that period DeJonette participated in Corea's 'Is' in '69, 'Sundance' in '69 and 'The Sun' on September 14 of 1970. 1978 found them contributing to 'Do You Hear the Voices that You Left Behind?' on John McLaughlin's 'Electric Guitarist' with bassist, Stanley Clarke. 1981 saw DeJohnette and Corea with bassist, Miroslav Vitouš, and alto saxophonist, Anthony Braxton, for two volumes of 'Woodstock Jazz Festival' by Creative Music Studio. They reunited in November of 1995 for Christian McBride's 'Number Two Express', 2003 for Vitouš' 'Universal Syncopations' and January of 2006 for Igor Butman's 'Magic Land'. As for Dave Holland, he and DeJohnette backed others such as Davis and Henderson into the seventies. Holland contributed to DeJohnette's 'Time & Space' in June of '73, 'Sorcery' in March of '74 and 'Parallel Realities Live' per above in June of 1990. They had formed the trio, Gateway, in 1975 with guitarist, John Abercrombie, that combo to issue four albums: 'Gateway' ('76), 'Gateway 2' ('78), 'Homecoming' ('95) and 'In the Moment' ('96). DeJohnette had also supported Holland's 'Triplicate' in March of 1988 with Steve Coleman on alto sax. 1997 found them with Henderson again for the latter's rendering of 'Porgy and Bess'. The Kenny Werner Trio followed the next month in June for 'A Delicate Balance'. Lord's disco has them together a last time in 2004 for pianist, Geri Allen's, 'The Life of a Song'. As for Wayne Shorter, they were continual partners with Davis into the early seventies. During that period DeJohnette sided Shorter's 'Supernova in 1969. They would reunite in 1980 for Jaco Pastorius' 'Word of Mouth' per above with Herbie Hancock. 1987 found them in Tokyo for alto saxophonist, David Liebman's, tribute to John Coltrane, 'Live Under the Sky'. Come Milton Nascimento's 'Angelus' in 1994. Lord's disco has them together a last time in 2001 for Herbie Hancock's 'Future 2 Future'. Another major tenor saxophonist along DeJohnette's path was Bennie Maupin for whom we return to DeJohnette's debut LP as a leader gone down in December of 1968: 'The DeJohnette Complex'. That included Stanley Cowell (piano), Miroslav Vitouš (bass) and Roy Haynes (drums). Partnering numerously with Davis into the early seventies, Maupin also supported DeJohnette's 'Have You Heard?' in April of 1970 and 'Sorcery' in March of 1974. Four years later in latter '78 they backed McCoy Tyner's 'Together' with Freddie Hubbard and Hubert Laws. As mentioned, Dejohnette's 'The DeJohnette Complex' in latter 1968 Miroslav Vitouš, another major player in DeJohnette's career. They would record with Stan Getz and Wayne Shorter in 1969 before DeJohnette joined Vitouš' quintet in NYC in October of 1969 for 'Infinite Search'. Vitouš' 'Magical Shepard' went down in 1976, 'Universal Syncopations' in 2003. We slip back to May of 1969 for Chick Corea's 'Is' with flautist, Hubert Laws. DeJohnette and Laws held a nigh parallel path throughout the seventies numerously supporting a variety of operations such as Joe Zawinul's, Freddie Hubbard's and the CTI All Stars. Along the way DeJohnette had backed Laws' 'The Rite of Spring' in June of 1971. Their last mutual session may have been for McCoy Tyner's '13th House' in October of 1980. The first two of six albums with Freddie Hubbard appeared in 1971: 'Straight Life' and 'First Light'. 1972 saw the release of the first of seven LPs with Sonny Rollins, 'Next Album', to 'This Is What I Do' in 2000. Come December, 1973, for DeJohnette's initial sessions with guitarist, John Abercrombie, backing titles for Enrico Rava's 'Pupa O Crisalide' and 'Quotation Marks'. Abercrombie would contribute to eight of DeJohnette's albums from 'Sorcery' in March of 1974 to 'New Directions in Europe' in Switzerland in June of 1979. DeJohnette backed Abercrombie's 'Timeless' in June of 1974 and 'Night' in April of 1984. Along their way Abercrombie and DeJohnette formed Gateway in 1975, a trio with Dave Holland per above, issuing four albums to 1996. In 1979 DeJohnette formed the group, Special Edition, its first album going down by that name in March of that year. Nine albums later it was 'Extra Special Edition' in 1994. In 1987 DeJohnette appeared on 'Michael Brecker' and would join Brecker on four more LPs to 'Pilgrimage' in 2007. DeJohnette began the new millennium with Wadada Leo Smith, appearing on the first of three albums with Smith in 2000, 'Golden Quartet', to 'America' issued in 2009. DeJohnette founded the Golden Beams Productions record label in 2005. He was appointed a Jazz Master in 2012 by the National Endowment for the Arts. In addition to Gateway's four and Special Edition's nine, DeJohnette has led or co-led nigh thirty other other albums. Solos among those were 'Zebra' gone down in May of 1985 with Lester Bowie on three tracks, 'Music in the Key of Om' in 2003, 'Peace Time' recorded in 2006 and 'Return' in 2016. Among the host with whom DeJohnette has recorded along a prolific path of nearly 500 sessions were Sonny Fortune, Eric Kloss, Chico Freeman, John Surman, Kenny Wheeler, Ulf Wakenius, Harold Mabern, Eliane Elias, Lars Danielsson, Esperanza Spalding and Leo Genovese. Per 1965 below, 'Jacknife' was recorded in '65 but not released until 1975.

Jack DeJohnette   1965

  Blue Fable

      Jackie McLean album: 'Jacknife'


      Jackie McLean album: 'Jacknife'

  Jossa Bossa

      Jackie McLean album: 'Jacknife'

Jack DeJohnette   1966

  My Lady Sings

      Filmed live with Keith Jarrett

  Sombrero Sam

      With Charles LLoyd

Jack DeJohnette   1967

  Forest Flower/Sunrise Sunset

      Charles LLoyd album: 'Forest Flower'

Jack DeJohnette   1968


      Joe Henderson album: 'Tetragon'

Jack DeJohnette   1969


      Album: 'The DeJohnette Complex'

  Live in Antibes

      Filmed live with Miles Davis

  The Major General

      Album: 'The DeJohnette Complex'

  Mirror Image

      Album: 'The DeJohnette Complex'

Jack DeJohnette   1970

  Straight Life

      Album by Freddie Hubbard'

Jack DeJohnette   1974


      Album: 'Sorcery'

Jack DeJohnette   1984

  Album Album


Jack DeJohnette   1989

  Tennessee Waltz

      Sonny Rollins album:

      'Falling in Love with Jazz'

Jack DeJohnette   2003

  Music in the Key of Om


Jack DeJohnette   2005

  JazzBaltica 2005

      Filmed live

Jack DeJohnette   2006

  Jazz à Vienne

      Filmed live

Jack DeJohnette   2008

  Peace Time


Jack DeJohnette   2013


      Album with Keith Jarrett: 'Somewhere'

Jack DeJohnette   2014

  Wise One

      Filmed live at the Blue Note Milano


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Duke

George Duke

Photo: Echoes/Redferns

Source: Julian Mihdi
Born in 1946 in San Rafael, CA, jazz fusion keyboardist, George Duke, began training at piano at age seven at his Baptist church. He graduated from San Francisco Conservatory in 1967 with a degree in composition and trombone, minoring in contrabass (double bass). While there he issued his debut vinyl on the LP: 'George Duke Quartet Presented by the Jazz Workshop', in 1966. Doing session work after the conservatory, he wrote a letter to Jean-Luc Ponty upon hearing Ponty was to visit Los Angeles that resulted in 'Electric Connection' with Gerald Wilson's Big Band in March of 1969. Titles toward 'Live at Donte's' were held the same month before Ponty's 'King Kong' composed and arranged by Frank Zappa. Sessions with Wilson resumed a few months later in June ('Eternal Equinox'), followed in September by 'The Jean-Luc Ponty Experience' with the George Duke Trio consisting of John Heard (bass) and Dick Berk (drums). Prior to that in July and August of '69 Duke had contributed to Zappa's 'Chunga's Revenge'. Eleven more albums with Zappa went down into the early eighties to 'Them Or Us' issued in '84. He surfaced as well on six future issues by Zappa from that period to as late as 'Roxy by Proxy' in 2014, recorded in 1973. Two other major figures arrived in August of 1971 in Cannonball and Nat Adderley for 'The Black Messiah'. The next several years found Duke contributing to ten more albums by Cannonball and/or Nat to 'Lovers' in June of 1975. From Flora Purim's debut LP, 'Butterfly Dreams', gone down in December of 1973 to 'Midnight Sun' in 1988 Duke contributed to nine of her LPs. Among the more important drummers to come Duke's way was Billy Cobham, first supporting the latter's 'Crosswinds' in January of 1974. 'Live on Tour in Europe' and 'Inner Conflicts' followed in 1976. They appeared on both volumes of 'Montreux Summit' in 1977. Cobham's 'Picture This' went down ten years later in '87 in Italy. Come Sonny Rollins in the latter seventies for 'Nucleus' (September '75), 'Easy Living' (August '77) and 'Love at First Sight' (May '80). From vocalist, Dianne Reeves', third album, 'Dianne Reeves', in 1987 to 'Beautiful Life' issued in 2014 Duke contributed to six of her albums. Duke's first session with saxophonist, Kirk Whalum, is thought to have been 'Killer Love' on Al Jarreau's 'Heart's Horizon' in 1988. He would later be involved with the first three of four chapters of Whalum's 'The Gospel According to Jazz' in '98, '02 and '10 (the fourth issued in 2015 without Duke). Chanté Moore's 'Precious' arrived in '92, 'A Love Supreme' in '94 and 'Love the Woman' in '08. Among numerous others to employ Duke amidst well above 300 sessions were Quincy Jones, Stanley Clarke, Third World, Deniece Williams, Miles Davis, Larisa Dolina and Lee Ritenour. Duke died of leukemia on August 5 of 2013 and was buried at Forest Lawn in Hollywood Hills. Wikipedia has Duke leading or co-leading 41 albums through 'Deja Vu' in 2010 and 'Dreamweaver' per 2013. Per 1966 below, tracks are from Duke's first LP: 'The George Duke Quartet Presented by the Jazz Workshop'.

George Duke   1966

  Days of Wine and Roses

  Secret Love

George Duke   1969

  The Jean-Luc Ponty Experience


George Duke   1975

  For Love (I Come Your Friend)

      LP: 'The Aura Will Prevail'

George Duke   1976

  Billy Cobham & George Duke


      Live at the Hofstra Playhouse

      Drums: Billy Cobham

  Montreux Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

      Bass: Chapman Stick

      Drums: Billy Cobham

      Guitar: John Scofield

George Duke   1979

  Live in Paris

      Filmed live

George Duke   1981

  Sweet Baby

      LP: 'The Clarke/Duke Project'

      Guitar: Stanley Clarke

George Duke   1983

  Sweet Baby

      Filmed in Japan

      Bass: Louis Johnson

      Drums: Steve Ferrone

      Guitar: Paul Jackson

George Duke   1995



George Duke   1995



George Duke   2008

  Live at NAMM

      Filmed live

George Duke   2010

   Old Skool Boogie Oogie

      Filmed live

      Duet with Greg Phillinganes

George Duke   2011

   Brazilian Love Affair

      Filmed with Dira Sugandhi


  Born in 1937 in Chicago, pianist, Narada Burton Greene, arrived in NYC in 1962 to form the Free Form Improvisation Ensemble (FFIE) with bassist, Alan Silva, the next year. He joined the Jazz Composers Guild in 1964 but wouldn't appear on that organization's album, 'Communication' in '65 (The Jazz Composer's Orchestra for the Fontana label). In April of 1964 the FFIE recorded 'Eat Eat'. In December it recorded parts 1 through 3 of 'Free Form Composition'. Those were combined on an album with no confirmable release date before '98/'99 by Cadence Historical Series (CJR 1094). Nigh an hour's worth of other recordings were made by FFIE but those tapes are since buried somewhere if not lost. In 1965 Greene was recorded on tracks that would be released in 2010 titled 'Live at the Woodstock Playhouse'. Performing with him on that were Marion Brown (alto sax), Reggie Johnson (bass) and Rashied Ali (drums). In December of 1965 Greene recorded ESP 1024, 'Burton Greene Quartet' (also titled 'Bloom In the Commune'). Those tracks were 'Cluster Quartet', 'Ballade II', 'Bloom In the Commune' and 'Taking It Out of the Ground', released the next year. Henry Grimes played bass on that. Other crew members were Marion Brown (alto sax), Frank Smith (tenor sax), Dave Grant (percussion) and Tom Price (percussion). Also in 1966 Greene released 'Concert Tour'. As well, he contributed that year to one untitled track (11 of disc 2) of Albert Ayler's 'Holy Ghost' (released 2004). 1966 also found Greene on a couple of albums by vocalist, Patty Waters: 'Sings' and 'College Tour' (that tour funded by the New York State Council on the Arts). In 1969 Greene moved to Paris, recording 'Aquariana' in France that year. He would eventually settle in Amsterdam, revisiting the U.S. in 1998 to return six more times to 2010 per Lord's disco. In the latter eighties Greene began exploring Klezmer (Jewish folk music of Eastern Europe). Groups he formed along that vein were Klezmokum, the Klez-thetics and Klez-Edge. Klezmokum issued five albums from 'Klezmokum' in '92 to 'Le Dor Va Dor' in 2000. Klez-Edge released 'Ancestors, Mindreles, Nagila Monsters' in 2008. (Another ensemble to engage Klezmer was the Klezmorim out of Berkeley, CA, not associated with Greene.) Greene has issued above sixty albums. Solo works include 'European Heritage' in '78, 'Solo Orchestra in Real Time' in '89, 'Shades of Greene' in '92, 'Retrospective 1961-2005: Solo Piano (August 18, 2005)' and 'Live at Kerrytown House' in 2010. Duos include 'Mountains' with Tom Moore on flute and cello in 1969 and 'The Ongoing Strings' with bassist, Alan Silva, in 1981. Among trios were 'On Tour' in 1966 in New York, 'Structures - The N.B.G. Trio Live' in 1978 in Netherlands, 'East-West Trio' in 1980 in Belgium, 'Throptics' in 1998 in New York and 'Ins and Outs' in 2005 in New York. Green's latest were recorded in 2013, 'Space Is Still the Place' and 'Free Form Improvisation Ensemble 2013', issued in 2015. Per 2012 below, tracks are from Greene's album, 'Parallel Worlds'.

Burton Greene   1964

  Free Form Composition 1

      LP: 'The Free Form Improvisation Ensemble'

      Not issued until 1998

  Free Form Composition 2

      LP: 'The Free Form Improvisation Ensemble'

      Not issued until 1998

  Free Form Composition 3

      LP: 'The Free Form Improvisation Ensemble'

      Not issued until 1998

Burton Greene   1966

  Cluster Quartet

      LP: 'Burton Greene Quartet'

Burton Greene   1969

  From 'Out of Bartok'

      LP: 'Aquariana'

Burton Greene   1973



Burton Greene   1984

  One World Music


Burton Greene   2004

  Live at the Eyedrum

      Piano solo filmed live

Burton Greene   2007

  Mark IV

      Piano solo filmed live

Burton Greene   2009

  Live at the Kraak Festival

      Film with Alan Silva

Burton Greene   2009

  Live at the Kraak Festival


Burton Greene   2010

  Live at the Bean Runner Cafe

      Filmed live

Burton Greene   2012

   Fate of the Aztecs and Incas

   Great Scott

   The Indian In All of Us

   North American Indian Reflections

   String Beings

   The Unknown Passage

Burton Greene   2013

  Berkeley Arts Now 1

      Piano solo filmed live

  Don't Forget the Poet

      Piano solo filmed live

  Lotus Bud Variations

      Piano solo filmed live

Burton Greene   2014

  Space Is Still the Place

      Filmed live with Silke Röllig


Birth of Modern Jazz: Burton Greene

Burton Greene

Source: All Music
  Born in 1943 in Houston, saxophonist, Billy Harper graduated from the University of North Texas in 1965 after recording Stan Kenton's 'Horns Of Plenty Vol 2' on April 27 in Denton with the University of North Texas Neophonic Orchestra. That didn't see issue until 2003. He traveled to NYC in 1966 where he appeared with his ensemble on 'The Big Apple' television special that year. (We're cheating a bit call that his first recording date, issued by broadcast rather than record company.) Harper treaded water getting his bearings for about a year until hooking up with Gil Evans in '67, with whom he would work for the next several years. His first session with Evans is thought to have been at the Village Vanguard in NYC in 1969 toward Evans' 'Blues in Orbit' in 1971. Harper would participate in about eight of Evans LPs to 'There Comes a Time' gone down in the spring of 1975. Prior to Harper's first session with Evans had come drummer, Art Blakey, in August 1968 at Slug's Saloon in NYC toward the 1974 release of 'Live! Vol 1'. He also recorded in Berlin with Blakey in '68, that to become available on a CD called 'Moanin' on an unknown date (not to be confused with Blakey's 1958 issue of 'Moanin' before Harper's time). Also important in the formation of Harper's early career was the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra which he joined in time to participate in 'Consummation' in January of 1970. Four albums later it was 'Potpourri' in Philadelphia in June of '74. Lord's disco has Harper with the Jones/Lewis operation to as late as February 8, 1975, at the Great American Music Hall in San Francisco, CA, for titles like 'Blues in a Minute' and 'Living for the City', et al. Other figures arriving in the early seventies to have a pronounced presence in Harper's career were drummer, Max Roach and pianist, Randy Weston, he to support several albums by each of them. In latter 1971 Harper had assisted Bobbi Humphrey's debut album, 'Flute-In'. Harper's initial LP as a leader was 'Capra Black' in 1973. Having issued about twenty LPs as a leader or co-leader, among his most recent was 'The Roots of the Blues' in 2013, a set of duets with Weston. Harper also worked as an educator. He began teaching improvisation in New Jersey high schools in 1972. He taught sax and flute at Rutgers in 1975 and has been a visiting instructor at various schools about the globe since the nineties. Come 2010 he formed the Cookers with Eddie Henderson (trumpet), David Weiss (trumpet), Craig Handy (alto/flute), George Cables (piano), Cecil McBee (bass) and Billy Hart (drums). Four albums later in 2016 it was 'The Call of the Wild and Peaceful Heart' with the same configuration excepting that Donald Harrison had replaced Handy on alto. Among others on whose recordings Harper can be found are Lee Morgan, Klaus Weiss and Charles Tolliver. Harper has won numerous awards, including by 'Jazz Magazine' (Japan), the NEA, 'Swing Journal International' and 'Down Beat'. Harper is active delivering jazz with smaller ensembles per this writing.

Billy Harper   1968

  Angels Eyes

      Recorded live at Slug's Saloon

      Various later releases

Billy Harper   1970


      Thad Jones/Mel Lewis

Billy Harper   1972


      LP: 'Masabumi Kikuchi & Gil Evans'

Billy Harper   1973

  Capra Black


Billy Harper   1975

  Black Saint


Billy Harper   1979


      LP: "In Europe'

Billy Harper   1990

  Soran Bushi BH


Billy Harper   1993


      LP: 'On Tour in the Far East Vol 2'

      Recorded 1991

Billy Harper   1995

  I Do Believe

      Filmed live


      LP: 'Somalia'

Billy Harper   2009

  Capra Black

      Filmed live

Billy Harper   2011

  Live at Jazz a Foix

      Filmed live

Billy Harper   2011

  Live at the Stone

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Harper

Billy Harper

Source: Billy Harper
Birth of Modern Jazz: Noah Howard 

Noah Howard

Source: Noah Howard
Born in 1943 in New Orleans, Noah Howard began training in music with trumpet before switching to saxophone (alto, tenor, soprano). He took the long route to New York City, spending time in Los Angeles and San Francisco, before arriving to record his first album in January of 1966 for ESP-Disk: 'Noah Howard Quartet' (ESP 1031). That contained the tracks 'Henry's Street', 'Apotheosis', 'Apotheosis Extension I' and 'And About Love'. He moved to Paris in 1968 where he founded his own label, Altsax, in 1971. Howard's was an extensive catalogue, recording 44 albums issued in his lifetime. His last such studio recording was 'Voyage' released on February 10 of 2010. He was relaxing in southern France when he died in September that year. Among various others he supported were Frank Wright, Zusaan Kali Fasteau and Eve Packer. Per 1972 below, tracks are from 'The Black Ark'.

Noah Howard   1966

  Noah Howard Quartet


Noah Howard   1968

  Homage to Coltrane

      LP: 'At Judson Hall'

  This Place Called Earth

      LP: 'At Judson Hall'

Noah Howard   1970

  Space Dimension

      LP: 'Space Dimension'

Noah Howard   1972


   Mount Fuji

   Ole Negro

   Queen Anne

Noah Howard   1973

  Living Space

      Release unknown

Noah Howard   1974

  Mardi Gras

      LP: 'Live at the Swing Club Torino Italy'

Noah Howard   1975


      LP: 'Live In Europe Vol 1'

  New Arrival

      LP: 'Live In Europe Vol 1'


      LP: 'Live In Europe Vol 1'

Noah Howard   1979

   Message to South Africa Part I

      Released 1999

      LP: 'Patterns/Message To South Africa'

   Message to South Africa Part II

      Released 1999

      LP: 'Patterns/Message To South Africa'

Noah Howard   2000

   Live at the Glenn Miller Café

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Byard Lancaster

Byard Lancaster

Source: All Music
Born in 1942 in Philadelphia, PA, saxophonist/flautist, Byard Lancaster, studied at Shaw University in North Carolina and the Berklee College of Music in Boston before heading to New York City. That would have been in time to record 'Sunny Murray' on July 23, 1966. Sunny Murray was to play a large role in Lancaster's career into the eighties. His sixth album with Murray was 'Change of the Century Orchestra' in Berlin on November 6 of 1987, issued in 1999. Lord's disco has Lancaster's second session on October 4 of '66 with Ric Colbeck for unknown titles per Pixie. He supported Bill Dixon's 'Intents and Purposes' six days later on the 10th. Come Marzette Watts on December 8 toward 'Marzette and Company' ('68). Ten days later on the 18th Lancaster recorded his first LP, 'It's Not Up To Us'. Lancaster's first tour to Europe was with Murray in 1969, recording 'An Even Break (Never Give a Sucker)' in Paris on November 22. He worked with pianist, Sun Ra from '68 to '71, pianist, McCoy Tyner, in the seventies. During the eighties Lancaster issued a couple albums with cellist, David Eyges. 2005 saw the issue of 'Pam Africa' for CIMP (Creative Improvised Music Projects). Lord's disco shows Lancaster leading or co-leading eighteen albums to 'Ancestral Link Hotel' gone down in Rossie, NY, on April 12, 2005. He died of pancreatic cancer in August of 2012. He had been featured on 'It's OK to Love' included on the album by various, 'Useless Education', in 2008. Per 1966 below, Lancaster shares alto sax with Jack Graham. Per 1974 below, tracks are from the album, 'Funny Funky Rib Crib', unless otherwise noted. Those were recorded in 1974 in Netherlands but not issued until 2008. Lancaster recorded a similarly titled 'Just-Test' in France in '74 as well, that found on the album, 'Us', that year.

Byard Lancaster   1966


      LP: 'Sunny Murray'

Byard Lancaster   1968


      Recorded 1966

      LP: 'Marzette and Company'

  It's Not Up to Us


Byard Lancaster   1974


  Just Test

  Loving Kindness

  Mc Call All

      LP: 'Us'

  'Sweet Evil Miss' Kisianga

      LP: 'Exactement'


      LP: 'Exactement'


  Work and Pray

Byard Lancaster   2005

  Live at the Olympic Cafe

Byard Lancaster   2008

  Blue Train


  Born in 1935 in Tulsa, OK, Cecil McBee had played clarinet until exchanging that for double bass at age seventeen. He attended Ohio Central State University before doing time in the Army, conducting a band at Fort Knox. After the service McBee quickly hooked up big time with Dinah Washington in 1959. He thought Detroit the place to go in '62, there to join trombonist, George Bohanon, for the latter's 'Boss:Bossa Nova' released that year. McBee left Detroit with Paul Winter for NYC where they recorded 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song' on December 5, 1963. Come February 19 of 1964 for 'Cathexis' in the Denny Zeitlin (piano) Trio with Freddie Waits (drums). McBee's was a prolific career of around 320 sessions, so we fast forward about five years through such as Charles Lloyd, Yusef Lateef and Sam Rivers to a couple of his most important associates to come, those drummer, Billy Hart, and saxophonist/flautist, Pharoah Sanders. It was January 14, 1969, when they laid out Sanders' 'Izipho Zam (My Gifts)'. Hart and McBee would back many a band together into the eighties. Along the way Hart participated in McBee's debut LP, 'Mutima', on May 8 of 1974. He also backed McBee's fifth album, 'Flying Out', in 1982. Lord's disco shows their last of nigh continuous mutual sessions over sixteen years in April, 1985, for Didier Lockwood's 'Out of the Blue'. They reunited for Ed Sarath's 'Voice of the Wind' in 1990 and George Cables' 'Night and Day' on May 5, 1991. They would yet find multiple occasions to partner well into the new millennium, such as 'Seraphic Light' for Saxophone Summit in 2007. Come 2010 Hart and McBee formed the Cookers with Billy Harper (tenor sax), David Weiss (trumpet), Craig Handy (alto/flute), George Cables (piano) and Eddie Henderson (trumpet). Four albums later in 2016 it was 'The Call of the Wild and Peaceful Heart' with the same configuration excepting that Donald Harrison had replaced Handy on alto. As for Sanders, McBee spent a highly productive three years with him, both supporting other operations and recording six more albums to those in 1972: 'Village of the Pharoahs' and 'Love Is In Us All'. Their reunion in 1987 for McCoy Tyner's 'Blues for Coltrane' affected a Grammy in 1988. They reunited again in 2001 for Tisziji Munoz' 'Divine Radiance'. The seventies had also seen McBee contributing to albums by such as Charles Tolliver, Lester Bowie, Woody Shaw and Joanne Brackeen. Another of the more important figures in his career was Chico Freeman, they spreading the latter's 'Morning Prayer' in Chicago on September 8, 1976. Thirteen Freeman albums followed to 'Still Sensitive' in 1995. Freeman had participated in McBee's first volume of 'Music from the Source' on August 2 of '77. The second volume, titled 'Compassion', ensued the next day. Freeman also contributed to McBee's 'Alternate Spaces' issued in 1979. McBee was also an original member of Freeman's Leaders, that group recording five albums from 'Mudfoot' in June of '86 to 'Spirits Alike' in 2006. Inducted into the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame in 1991, the nineties found McBee contributing to several albums by both drummer, Elvin Jones, and pianist, Yosuke Yamashita. Titles in the new millennium included such as 'Tribal Ghost' with Billy Hart in February of 2007, issued in 2013, and Ed Motta's 'Perpetual Gateways' released in 2016. McBee had recorded his sixth album as a leader on January 7, 1986, that a dual excursion co-led with pianist, Muhal Richard Abrams. McBee's seventh and latest album as a leader, 'Unspoken', went down on October 20, 1996. In 2006 he lost his lawsuit against the Japanese fashion chain with the same name, Cecil McBee. He was an artist in Residence at Harvard in 2010-11. As of this writing in 2017 he is touring with the Cookers, including Mexico and Brazil.

Cecil McBee   1964

   Lass from the Low Countrie

      Paul Winter LP: 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song'

Cecil McBee   1966

   The Song My Lady Sings

      Filmed in Molde, Norway

      Drums: Jack DeJohnette

      Piano: Keith Jarrett

      Tenor sax: Charles Lloyd

Cecil McBee   1974



Cecil McBee   1978


      LP: 'Music from the Source'

Cecil McBee   1979

   Alternate Spaces

      LP: 'Alternate Spaces'

   Pepi's Samba

      LP: 'Compassion'

Cecil McBee   1982

   Into a Fantasy

      LP: 'Flying Out'

Cecil McBee   1995


      Filmed live

Cecil McBee   2009


      Filmed live

      Drums: Al Foster-Drums

      Piano: Joanne Brackeen

      Soprano sax: Tony Lakatos


Birth of Modern Jazz: Cecil McBee

Cecil McBee

Source: Mezzrow
  Born in 1936 in Germantown, PA, Hammond B-3 organist, Jimmy McGriff had learned to play vibes, drums, sax and double bass by the time he was teenager. He knew organist, Jimmy Smith, as a youth and served as an MP (military police) in the Army in Korea. It was 1956 when he purchased his first Hammond B-3 (no small investment), studied half a year, then enrolled at Juilliard in NYC. He later moved to Philadelphia where he played in clubs with his own combos. Sometime between 1958 and 1960 he recorded two parts of 'Foxy Due', never issued, in Trenton, New Jersey, for the White Rock label. That was with a crew of Charles Earland (tenor sax), Walter Miller (guitar) and Richard Easley (drums). Nigh forty years later McGriff would appear on Earland's 'Jazz Organ Summit' in 1997. It was 1960/61 that Jell Records offered him an opportunity to record 'I've Got a Woman' (Ray Charles) Parts 1 & 2. Accompanied by Morris Dow (guitar) and Jackie Mills (drums), that was released by the Sue label as well in '62. The album, 'I've Got a Woman', ensued the same year, the first of more than sixty to come. McGriff spent much of his early career on tour, eventually settling in Newark, New Jersey, where he opened the Golden Slipper supper club, there recording 'Black Pearl' in 1971. He led configurations from trios to big bands, 'Tribute to Count Basie' ('91), an example of the latter. During the nineties McGriff experimented with the Hammond XB-3, an organ synthesizer with a MIDI interface for digital enhancements. During the new millennium he issued several albums with David Fathead Newman in his group. The high majority of McGriff's 73 sessions (Lord's) were his own projects, though he supported others such as Hank Crawford, Marie Bergman, Benny Golson and Ronnie Earl. His last album is thought to have been 'McGriff Avenue' gone down in October of 2001. He died on May 24 of 2008 in New Jersey of multiple sclerosis.

Jimmy McGriff   1961

  I've Got a Woman 1 & 2


Jimmy McGriff   1962

  After Hours

      Album: 'I've Got a Woman'

  The Sermon

      Album: 'I've Got a Woman'

Jimmy McGriff   1966


      Album: 'Cherry'

  I Cover the Waterfront

  See See Rider

  Watermelon Man

      Album: 'Cherry'

Jimmy McGriff   1968



      LP: 'I've Got a New Woman'

  I've Got a Woman

      LP: 'I've Got a New Woman'

  The Worm


Jimmy McGriff   1969

  Electric Funk


Jimmy McGriff   1970

  A Thing to Come By


Jimmy McGriff   1971

  Fat Cakes

      LP: 'Soul Sugar'

  Groove Grease


Jimmy McGriff   1972

  Healin' Feeling

      Album: 'Fly Dude'

Jimmy McGriff   1989

  Everyday I Have the Blues

      Filmed live

     Hank Crawford Quartet


      Filmed live

     Hank Crawford Quartet


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy McGriff

Jimmy McGriff

Source: Soul Sides
  Born in 1940 in Detroit, Bennie Maupin performed on sax, flute and bass clarinet. He began his recording career in 1965 with Andrew Hill. 'One for One' wasn't released, however, for another ten years in 1975, Maupin on tracks one through four. His first title to see record shops was with Marion Brown, recording 'Exhibition' for the latter's 'Marion Brown Quartet' in November of 1965. That was followed in April of '66 with Brown's 'Juba-Lee'. He would later appear on Brown's 'Afternoon of a Georgia Faun' in 1970. It was December 1, 1967, when Maupin joined Lee Morgan on McCoy Tyner's 'Tender Moments.' Maupin also contributed to Morgan's 'Taru' in February of '68 and 'Caramba!' in May. 'All That Jazz' and 'Live at the Lighthouse' followed in July of 1970. Maupin would see Tyner again in 1978 for the latter's 'Together'. On December 26, 1968, Maupin joined Jack DeJohnette on the latter's 'The DeJohnette Complex'. DeJohnette and Maupin worked together with other bands, such as Chick Corea's ('Is' '69) and Miles Davis' ('Bitches Brew' '69). Maupin contributed to DeJohnette's 'Have You Heard?' in April of 1970 and 'Sorcery' in 1974. They would join one another again on Tyners 'Together' in 1978. Among the more important of Maupin's comrades was pianist, Herbie Hancock, with whom he first recorded on Davis' 'Big Fun' in November of '69. Maupin participated in Hancock's 'Mwandishi' in 1970 and appeared on seven more to 'Dis Is Da Drum', issued in 1994. Hancock supported Maupin on his debut LP, 'The Jewel in the Lotus', in March of 1974. Maupin, bassist, Paul Jackson, and percussionist, Bill Summers, had been original members of Hancock's Headhunters with Harvey Mason on drums to record 'Head Hunters' in September of '73. Mike Clark replaced Mason on 'Thrust' in August of '74, making up the core membership of the band to which others would be variously added. 'Straight from the Gate' went down in San Francisco in May and June of '77 with Hancock out. The Headhunters were resurrected twenty years later in 1997, Hancock to feature as a guest on 'Return of the Headhunters', recorded in July and September. That was Hancock's last contribution to the band, he out on 'Evolution Revolution' in 2003. Come 'On Top - Live in Europe' in 2007 with TM Stevens replacing Jackson on bass. In spring of 2011 the Headhunters issued 'Platinum', now with Richie Goods at bass. Constant members of the Headhunters on all their recordings were Maupin, Summers and Clark (excepting 'Head Hunters'). The Headhunters had also filmed a concert at the Winterland in San Francisco on May 9 of 1975 (below), release unknown. It had been Hancock's 'Mwandishi' in 1970 above that  Maupin held his first mutual session with trumpeter, Eddie Henderson. Maupin contributed to Henderson's debut LP, 'Realization', in February of 1973. 'Inside Out' followed in October, 'Sunburst' in 1975 and 'Mahal' in '78. Henderson participated in Maupin's second LP, 'Slow Traffic to the Right', in January of '77. More than thirty years later they joined Hubert Laws (flute) and Benny Golson (tenor sax) for composer, Meeco's, 'Beauty of the Night' issued in 2012. Lord's disco shows Maupin recording as recently as vocalist, Mel Collins', 'A Little Jazz Now and Then' issued on July 22 of 2013. Among numerous others Maupin had supported along a path of around 150 sessions were drummer, Roy Haynes, Horace Silver, Sonny Rollins, Lenny White, Alan Kimara Dixon and Victor Bailey. He himself issued six albums. Unmentioned above were 'Moonscapes' in early '78, 'Driving While Black' in 1998 and 'Penumbra' in June of 2003. In September of 2007 Maupin recorded his latest issue in Warsaw, Poland, the highly acclaimed 'Early Reflections' with Polish trumpeter, Tomasz Stanko. Per 1977 below, tracks are from Maupin's LP, 'Slow Traffic to the Right'.

Bennie Maupin   1965


      Andrew Hill LP: 'One for One'

      Not issued until 1975

Bennie Maupin   1966


      LP: 'Marion Brown Quartet'

Bennie Maupin   1968


      Filmed with Horace Silver

Bennie Maupin   1974

   The Jewel In the Lotus


Bennie Maupin   1975

   Winterland Concert

      Filmed live with the Headhunters

Bennie Maupin   1977


  It Remains to Be Seen


Bennie Maupin   1978


      LP: 'Moonscapes'

Bennie Maupin   2006

   Equal Justice

      LP: 'Penumbra'


      LP: 'Penumbra'

Bennie Maupin   2008


      LP: 'Early Reflections'

   Live with Hanka Rybka

      Filmed live

Bennie Maupin   2013

   Amazonas Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Bennie Maupin   2015

   Roma Jazz Festival

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bennie Maupin 

Bennie Maupin

Photo: Mosaic Images

Source: Blue Note
  Born in 1940 in Richmond, Virginia, pianist/keyboardist, Lonnie Liston Smith, can easily be confused with Dr Lonnie Smith, the usually turbaned Hammond B3 organist who began his recording career at roughly the same time. Smith received his bachelor's in music education from Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland. While there a student he began performing with such as Gary Bartz, Micky Bass, Betty Carter and Grachan Moncur III. Bartz and Smith would later record together on a few occasions. Upon graduation Smith headed for NYC, gigging with such as Carter and Joe Williams until joining Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers for three gigs at the Village Vanguard, then filling a spot in the band of drummer, Max Roach. In March of '65 Smith recorded with the Roland Kirk Quartet for the issue of 'Here Comes the Whistleman' that year. Come Kirk's 'Now Please Don't You Cry, Beautiful Edith' on May 2 of 1967. Smith's first session for Pharoah Sanders was on January 14 of 1969 toward 'Izipho Zam (My Gifts)'. 'Karma' ensued on February 14, 'Jewels of Thought'' in October 20 of '69. 1970 brought 'Summun Bakmun Umyum' on July 11, 'Thembi' on November 25. In the meantime Smith had participated in  Gato Barbieri's 'Cancion' in November of '69. 'Fenix', 'Under Fire' and 'El Pampero' came about in 1971. 'Live In Buenos Ayres, 1971' was issued in Italy in 1976. 'Bolivia' went down in 1973. In the midst of sessions between Sanders and Barbieri had come titles for Leon Thomas, Stanley Turrentine, Sonny Simmons and Miles Davis. Smith formed the Cosmic Echoes to release 'Astral Treveling' in 1973, followed by 'Cosmic Funk' in the next year. Twelve LPs were recorded by Cosmic Echoes until its dissolution in 1985, wrapping it up with 'Rejuvenation' in February of 1985. In the meantime Smith had held a session in 1980 at the Montreux Jazz Festival with Marvin Gaye. Come October 27 of 1986 for a trio with Cecil McBee (bass) and Al Foster (drums) resulting in 'Make Someone Happy'. Smith's 'Love Goddess' followed in 1990, 'Magic Lady' in 1991, 'Transformation' in 1998. The latter is thought to have been recorded per the formation of his own label, Loveland, to be distributed by Ichiban International. In the meantime Smith had collaborated on 'The Other Page' in December of 1990 with guitarist, Nathan Page (b 1937). As well, Smith is one of the few musicians on this page who involved himself with hip hop, having supported Guru's 'Jazzmatazz' released in 1993. Donald Byrd also contributed to that. Into the new millennium compositions by Smith have found their way onto video games such as 'Grand Theft Auto'. In 2002 he emerged on Karl Denson's 'The Bridge'. Smith has kept busy in the 21st century touring internationally in Europe and Japan, as well as holding workshops. Per 1965 below, more 'Here Comes the Whistleman' under Rahsaan Roland Kirk.

Lonnie Liston Smith   1965

  Step Right Up

      With Roland Kirk

      LP: 'Here Comes the Whistleman'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1969

  Sun in Aquarius

      With Pharoah Sanders

      LP: 'Jewels of Thought'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1971

  Astral Traveling

      Pharoah Sanders LP: 'Thembi'

  El Arriero

      Gato Barbieri LP: 'Fenix'

  Falsa Bahiana

      Gato Barbieri LP: 'Fenix'

  Morning Prayer

      Pharoah Sanders LP: 'Thembi'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1973

  Astral Traveling


Lonnie Liston Smith   1974

  Peaceful Ones

      LP: 'Cosmic Funk'

  Sais (Egypt)

      LP: 'Cosmic Funk'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1975


      LP: 'Expansions'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1977



   Space Lady

      LP: 'Renaissance'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1978

  Floating Through Space

      LP: 'Loveland'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1984


      LP: 'Silhouettes'

  Once Again Love

      LP: 'Silhouettes'


      LP: 'Silhouettes'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1998

  Nubian Nights

      LP: 'Transformation'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lonnie Liston Smith

Lonnie Liston Smith

Source: All Music
  Born in 1931 in Fort Worth, TX, Dewey Redman was father to saxophonist, Joshua Redman. He went to the same high school as Ornette Coleman and the two played in a band together. He thought he might pursue electrical engineering after high school but that didn't work out, so he studied industrial arts at the Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical University, accepting his bachelor's in 1953. He'd meanwhile progressed from clarinet to alto sax to tenor. After a couple years in the Army he entered the University of North Texas to receive his master's in education in 1957, minoring in industrial arts. He'd meanwhile begun teaching public school. He took off for San Francisco in 1959 where he would freelance for the next several years, sessioning his first album, 'Look for the Black Star', on January 4, 1966, in his quartet with Jym Young (piano) Raphael Donald Garrett (bass) and Eddie Moore (drums). His professional association with Coleman began in 1968, contributing to Coleman's LP, 'New York Is Now!' that year on April 29. Redman's partnership with Coleman would result in eleven some albums, issued sooner or later, to 'J for Jazz Presents Ornette Coleman Broadcasts' on September 22, 1972. Redman's work with Coleman affected an important relationship with bassist, Charlie Haden, the latter joining Coleman in time for 'Ornette at 12'. Haden and Redman would partner into the nineties through Coleman, Keith Jarrett, Don Cherry and Roswell Rudd. Redman was a member of Haden's conglomerate for 'Liberation Music Orchestra' in April of 1969, 'The Ballad of the Fallen' in November of 1982 in Germany and 'Dream Keeper' in April of 1990. In 1976 they had formed a quartet in NYC named Old and New Dreams with Cherry (cornet) and Ed Blackwell (drums), recording 'Old and New Dreams' in October'. Another 'Old and New Dreams' was put down in August of '79 in Oslo, Norway. Come 'Playing' in Austria in June of 1980 and 'A Tribute to Blackwell' in Atlanta, Georgia, on November 7, 1987. Among the important drummers in Redman's career was Paul Motian. Their initial session together may or may not have been for Carla Bley and Paul Haines' 'Little Pony Soldier' on an unknown date, that issued on both a 7" 45 on an unknown date and 'Escalator Over the Hill' in 1971. That was followed or not by Hadens 'Liberation Music Orchestra' per above in April of 1969. The band with which Motian and Redman are most associated was Keith Jarrett's from 1971 to 1976. They later backed Haden's 'The Ballad of the Fallen' in Ludwigsburg, Germany, in November of 1982. Come Motian's 'Monk in Motian' in March of 1988, Haden's 'Dream Keeper' in 1990 and Motian's 'Trioism' in June of 1993 with Joe Lovano (tenor sax) and Bill Frisell (guitar). Others they had supported were cornetist, Don Cherry ('73), and bassist, Ed Schuller ('93). Redman's recording career with Cherry had begun with Ornette Coleman, their first mutual session at ‎New York University, NYC, on March 22, 1969, for 'Crisis'. They traveled through Coleman's operation together into 1972 before Redman supported Cherry's 'Relativity Suite' on Valentine's Day, 1973. Cherry was a member of Old and New Dreams per above with Blackwell and Haden, recording four albums with that quartet from October 1976 to November 1987. In the meantime Redman had toured to Italy with Cherry for 'Live in Nervi 1979', that with Blackwell and Haden. Three years later they had supported Haden's 'The Ballad of the Fallen' in Germany in 1982. Redman's first session with drummer, Ed Blackwell, is thought to have been for Coleman's 'Man on the Moon'/'Growing Up' in June of 1969. They toured through Coleman together before backing Cherry's 'Relativity Suite' in '73. Per above, they both participated in all four albums by the quartet, Old and New Dreams from 1976 ('Old and New Dreams') to 1987 ('A Tribute to Ed Blackwell'). Along the way Blackwell joined Redman and Malachi Favors (bass) in a trio in Paris for Redman's 'Tarik' on October 1, 1969. It was another trio, now with Fred Simmons (piano), on April 25, 1979, for 'QOW' and 'Dewey Square', those found on the album by various, 'For Taylor Storer', in 1988. It was their duo, 'Red and Black', on August 31, 1980, in Willisau, Switzerland. In 1981 Blackwell and Redman participated at the Woodstock Jazz Festival for the tenth anniversary of Creative Music Studio, a DVD of that released in 2001 by Pioneer Artists. It was Redman's 'The Struggle Continues' in January of 1982 in a quartet with Charles Eubanks (piano) and Mark Helias (bass). It was another duo on June 28, 1980, for 'Improvisation 1 & 2', found on the LP by various, 'Back on 52nd Street', in 1997. It was the Blackwell Trio with Cameron Brown (bass) at the University of Massachusetts on February 27, 1992, for 'Walls-Bridges' ('96). They had also partnered on Ed Schuller's 'Mu-Point' in January of '93. As indicated, keyboardist, Keith Jarrett, was Redman's main vehicle for five years. Strings of titles from four sessions during July 8-16, 1971, resulted in such as 'El Juicio' ('The Judgement') released in 1975. 'Birth' got issued in 1971. Redman participated in no less than than twelve some Jarrett LPs to 'Byablue' and 'Bop-Be' on October 14-16, 1976. Among the numerous others Redman had supported through 122 sessions were Billy Hart, Randy Weston and Tom Harrell. Redman himself had recorded about fifteen albums' worth from 'Look for the Black Star' above in 1966 to 'Momentum Space' in August of 1998. He died of liver failure in Brooklyn in September 2, 2006.

Dewey Redman   1966

  Look for the Black Star

      Album (1975 reissue)

Dewey Redman   1969


      Album: 'Tarik'

   Paris? Oui!

      Album: 'Tarik'


      Album: 'Tarik'

Dewey Redman   1973

  Berliner Jazztage

      Filmed with Keith Jarrett

Dewey Redman   1973

  Berliner Jazztage


Dewey Redman   1974

  Seeds and Deeds

      Album: 'Coincide'

Dewey Redman   1979

  Lonely Woman

      Album: 'Old and New Dreams'

      With Old and New Dreams

  Need to Be

      Album: 'Musics'

Dewey Redman   1981

  Live in Woodstock

      Filmed with Pat Matheney

Dewey Redman   1982

  Joie de Vivre

      Album: 'The Struggle Continues'

Dewey Redman   1985


      Album: 'Red and Black in Willisau'

Dewey Redman   2002

  The Very Thought of You

      Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dewey Redman

Dewey Redman

Source: Roberto's Winds
Birth of Modern Jazz: Dr Lonnie Smith

Dr Lonnie Smith

Source: Hammond Organ
Born in 1942 in Lackawanna, New York, Hammond B3 organist, Dr Lonnie Smith, is easy to confuse with Lonnie Liston Smith in print, they both keyboardists who began their careers about the same time in New York. The Doctor (vs Liston) played only Hammond B3 and began wearing a Sikh turban in '75 or '76. He began referring to himself as Doctor in the latter seventies, though didn't appear on albums as such until the nineties. Smith received his flair for music from his mother, she presenting him gospel, classical and jazz. During the fifties he sang in vocal groups, also receiving his first organ as a gift from one Art Kubera, the owner of a music store. Smith first played professionally in Buffalo at the Pine Grill. He there met guitarist, George Benson, whose quartet he joined, leaving for NYC. Lord's disco has Smith with Benson on an unknown date in 1962 for 'Godchild'. That would see issue on 'I Giganti Del Jazz 72' and 'Los Grandes Del Jazz 72' in 1981. Benson and Smith were present in Red Holloway's quintet for sessions in December of 1965 resulting in Holloway's 'Red Soul' released in 1966. Smith also participated in Benson's albums, 'It's Uptown' and 'Cookbook' in '66. Benson was a part of Smith's crew on the latter's debut album, 'Finger Lickin' Good', gone down in 1966. Trumpeter, Blue Mitchell, was in on that. Benson later supported Smith's 'Live at Club Mozambique' in 1970 and 'When the Night Is Right!' in 1979. Benson had been with Smith in April of '67 for Lou Donaldson's 'Alligator Boogaloo'. Three albums later it was Donaldson's 'Pretty Things'. Several unissued tracks went down in 1975 quite preceding 'Play the Right Thing' in December of 1990. Three albums later it was Donaldson's 'Relaxing at Sea - Live on the QE2' in November of 1999. Slipping back to the sixties, Smith recorded 'Think!' in July of '68. 'Turning Point' and 'Move Your Hand' followed in '69. The seventies commenced with sessions in January for 'Drives', a decade during which Smith focused on venues in the Northeast. Smith had emerged on four of Javon Jackson's albums from 'A Look Within' in 1996 to 'Now' in February of 2006. Amidst the host on whose recordings he can be found are Charles Earland, Jimmy Ponder, Jimmy McGriff, The Chartbusters, Ron Holloway, The Essence All Stars and Frode Kjekstad. Among numerous awards, Smith has been consecutively named Organist/Keyboardist of the Year by the Jazz Journalist Association from 2003 to 2014. Having released about thirty albums, his latest was 'Evolution' in 2016, recorded in March the year before. As for the Sikh turbans Smith wears, there's no religious significance: he simply likes turbans.

Lonnie Smith   1966

  Get It Together

      Red Holloway LP: 'Red Soul'

  It's Uptown

      George Benson LP: 'It's Uptown'

  Movin' On

      Red Holloway LP: 'Red Soul'

Lonnie Smith   1967

  Hola Muneca

      LP: 'Finger Lickin' Good'

Lonnie Smith   1970

  Spinning Wheel

      LP: 'Drives'

  Twenty-Five Miles

      LP: 'Drives'

Lonnie Smith   1971

  Mama Wailer

      LP: 'Mama Wailer'

Lonnie Smith   1975


      LP: 'Afro-Desia'

Lonnie Smith   1977

  Funk Reaction


Lonnie Smith   1978

  Sweet Honey Wine

      LP: 'Gotcha''

Lonnie Smith   1999

  What's New

      Live at the Smoke NYC

Lonnie Smith   2003

  Where It's At

      LP: 'Boogaloo to Beck: A Tribute'

Lonnie Smith   2004

  Live with Lou Donaldson

      Concert filmed in Paris

Lonnie Smith   2007

  Beehive/My Favourite Things

      Filmed live

Lonnie Smith   2008


      Drums: Herlin Riley

      Guitar: Greg Skaff

      Bridgestone Music Festival

      São Paulo

Lonnie Smith   2012

  Dapper Dan

      LP: 'The Healer'

Lonnie Smith   2013

  Iowa City Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

      Drums: Joe Dyson

      Guitar: Jonathan Kreisberg

  Live at the LantarenVenster

      With the Jazzinvaders

      Filmed in Rotterdam, Netherlands

Lonnie Smith   2015

  Charlie Parker Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

      Drums: Johnathan Blake

      Guitar: Jonathan Kreisberg


  Born in 1940 in New York City, Larry Willis studied at the Manhattan School of Music before signing up with saxophonist, Jackie McLean. It was McLean with whom Willis first emerged on vinyl in 1966 on the album, 'Right Now!', recorded in January of '65. Hugh Masekela's 'GRRR' went down in April and May for issue in '66. McClean's 'Jacknife' was sessioned in September toward issue in 1975. 'The Americanization of Ooga Booga' and 'The Lasting Impressions of Hugh Masakela' were recorded live at the Village Vanguard in NYC in November for release in '66. Willis wrapped up '65 with Lee Morgan's 'infinity' in November toward issue in '81. Willis' first of above 20 LPs as a leader was 'A New Kind Of Soul' in 1970. He was performing with Cannonball Adderley in the early seventies when he joined Blood Sweat & Tears for the next seven years. He was afterward a member of Jerry Gonzalez' Fort Apache. Willis had contributed to seven of that group's albums from 'Obatala' at the International Jazz Festival in Zurich, Switzerland, on November 6, 1988, to 'Rumba Buhaina' in 2005. Having appeared as a sideman on more than 300 albums, Willis' own latest release was in 2012: 'This Time the Dream's on Me'. Among his albums are the solo suites of '92: 'Solo Spirit' and 'Unforgettable'. Willis is yet active, most recently recording 'Search for Peace' by Heads of State in January of 2015. That quartet was comprised of Gary Bartz (sax), Buster Williams (bass) and Al Foster (drums), each with whom Willis had recorded on multiple occasions for above forty years. Bartz had been in Willis' trio with Cecil McBee in December 1991 for 'Steal Away'. Williams had been in Willis' trio with Foster in May 2005 for 'The Big Push'. Foster had backed Willis' debut LP, 'A New Kind of Soul' in 1970, 'Inner Crisis' in 1973 and 'My Funny Valentine' in 1988. Among the host of others on whose recordings Willis can be found are Nat Adderley, Herb Alpert, Woody Shaw, Steve Berrios, Ron Holloway and Little Jimmy Scott. He has been the recipient of the Don Redman Award in 2011 and the Benny Golson Jazz Master Award at Howard University in 2012.

Larry Willis   1966

   Christel's Time

      Jackie McLean album 'Right Now!'

   Right Now

      Jackie McLean album: 'Right Now!'

Larry Willis   1970

   Someday Soon

      Album: 'A New Kind of Soul'

Larry Willis   1974

   Inner Crisis


Larry Willis   1988

   My Funny Valentine

      Album: 'My Funny Valentine'

Larry Willis   1994

   King Cobra

Larry Willis   1998


      Filmed live at the North Sea Jazz Festival

      Trumpet: Roy Hargrove

Larry Willis   2011

   Catania Jazz

      Solo filmed live

Larry Willis   2013

   You Make Me Feel Brand New

      Filmed live with Hugh Masekela

Larry Willis   2014

   Live with Hugh Masekela

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Larry Willis

Larry Willis

Source: Latin Jazz Corner
Birth of Modern Jazz: Frank Wright 

Frank Wright

Photo: Lona Foote

Source: JJA Jazz House
Born in 1935 in Grenada, MS, free jazz tenor saxophonist, Frank Wright, was raised in Memphis, Tennessee. During his late teens he followed his family to Cleveland. Allmusic has Wright playing electric bass in R&B bands until meeting saxophonist, Albert Ayler, in Cleveland, where Ayler resided. Not until the early sixties did Wright take himself to NYC where he would gig with such as Larry Young, Sunny Murray, Noah Howard. John Coltrane and Cecil Taylor. His first recording date is thought to have been in 1965 with his own trio consisting of Henry Grimes (bass) and Tom Price (drums): 'Frank Wright Trio' (ESP 1023) containing 'The Earth', 'Jerry' and 'The Moon'. August 17 of '66 found him on titles later issued in 2004 on Albert Ayler's box set of 10 CDs titled 'Holy Ghost': 'Spirits Rejoice', 'Zion Hill', 'F# Tune', et al. Wrights' album, 'Your Prayer', followed in 1967 (ESP 1053). Alternating periods between the United States and France, among the numerous musicians Wright supported were Bobby Few, Hannibal Marvin Peterson, Louis Moholo-Moholo, Saheb Sarbib, Peter Brötzmann, TTT, Raphe Malik and AR Penck. He died young on May 17 of 1990 in Germany, having issued a minimum of 13 albums, 'Run With the Cowboys' among his latest in 1983.

Frank Wright   1967

   The Lady

      LP: 'Your Prayer'

Frank Wright   1969


      LP: 'One for John'

Frank Wright   1973

   Church Number Nine   Part 2

      LP: 'Church Number Nine'

Frank Wright   1974

   Adieu Little Man   Part I

      LP: 'Adieu Little Man'

Frank Wright   1979

   T and W

      LP: 'Stove Man, Love Is the Word'

Frank Wright   1981

   Live in Moers

   Live in Willisau

Frank Wright   1983

   Run With the Cowboys

Frank Wright   2004

   Oriental Mood

      LP: 'Uhuru Na Umoja'


  Born in 1948 in Chicago, drummer, Thurman Barker began his professional career as a teenager with blues guitarist, Mighty Joe Young. He received his degree from Empire State College in New York, also attending the American Conservatory of Music and Roosevelt University in Chicago. Barker first emerged on vinyl in 1967, backing Joseph Jarman on the album, 'Song For', in letter 1966. He'd joined the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) about that time, leading to sessions with the newly forming Art Ensemble of Chicago in 1967, titles issued in 1993 per 'Early Combinations'. 1967 also found Barker participating in Muhal Richard Abrams' 'Levels and Degrees of Light' with alto saxophonist, Anthony Braxton. That ensemble also included Jarman, Lester Bowie, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors and Charles Clark. Barker would contribute to several of Abrams' albums to as late as 'Blu Blu Blu' in 1990. He would later join Braxton in Europe in 1978 for what would get issued as 'Creative Orchestra (Koln) 1978' ('95) and 'Orchestra (Paris) 1978' ('11). The next year he joined Braxton in Europe for 'Performance 9/1/79' ('81) and 'Seven Compositions 1978' ('80), the last recorded in Paris in November of 1979. The latter seventies also saw Mitchell's 'L-R-G / The Maze / S II Examples' in 1978. Barker joined Sam Rivers for 'Waves' in August of 1978 in NYC and 'Contrasts' in December of 1979 in Ludwigsburg, Germany. During the eighties he contributed to several albums by Cecil Taylor. Barker didn't release a name album until 'Voyage' in 1987. He started teaching at Bard College in New York in 1993, thereafter focusing on composition, his 'Dialogue' premiering in New York City in 1994. 'The Way I Hear It' was released in 1998, followed by 'Time Factor' ('01), 'Strike Force' ('04) and 'Rediscovered', his latest in 2009. Barker currently yet serves on the faculty at Bard College.

Thurman Barker   1967

  Little Fox Run

      Joseph Jarman album: 'Song For'

      Take unissued until 1991

  Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City

      Joseph Jarman album: 'Song For'

Thurman Barker   1987


      Album: 'Voyage'

  Tenor Tantrum

      Album: 'Voyage'


      Album: 'Voyage'

Thurman Barker   1995

  Live in Frankfurt

      Filmed live with Cecil Taylor

Thurman Barker   1998

  Bird Behavior

      Album: 'The Way I Hear It'

  Kendra's Rising

      Album: 'The Way I Hear It'


      Album: 'The Way I Hear It'

Thurman Barker   2001

  Quality Time

      Album: 'Time Factor'

Thurman Barker   2013

  Live at Brecht Forum

      Solo filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Thurman Barker

Thurman Barker

Source: New Music USA
  Born in 1941 in Toledo, Ohio, pianist, Stanley Cowell, studied at Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio where he had opportunity to play with Roland Kirk. In 1965 he worked with the Detroit Artist's Workshop Jazz Ensemble until leaving for NYC in 1966. He there hooked up with Marion Brown, appearing on Brown's 'Three for Shepp' in 1967. He also surfaced on Brown's 'Why Not' in 1968. He joined the Max Roach Quintet at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1967. Included in that was trumpeter, Charles Tolliver, with whom he would record numerously into the seventies. Cowell supported six of Tolliver's albums from 'The Ringer' in '69 to 'Impact' in '75. Three decades later in June of 2006 he contributed to 'With Love' in the Charles Tolliver Big Band. He sat joined that orchestra again in 2008 for 'Emperor March: Live at the Blue Note'. Returning to Cowell's earlier career at the time of Roach, he supported vibraphonist, Bobby Hutcherson's, 'Patterns' on March 14 of '68. Gary Bartz' 'Another Earth' was laid out on June 25. That same date saw Roach's 'Members Don't Git Weary'. November 25 witnessed Hutcherson's 'Spiral. Cowell wrapped up 1968 with Jack DeJohnette's 'The DeJohnette Complex' in December. Titles in early 1969 followed with Stan Getz before 'The Ringer' per above with Tolliver in London on June 2, 1969. Cowell toured to Oslo, Norway, in October of 1975 with the Heath Brothers consisting of Percy (bass), Albert (drums) and Jimmy (sax) for 'Marchin' On'. Seven more albums with the Heath Brothers followed to as late as February of 1997 for 'As We Were Saying ...'. Among the numerous others with whom Cowell had recorded were Johnny Griffin, Art Pepper and Roy Haynes. Having released above thirty albums, among his more recent were 'Juneteenth' in 2015 and 'Reminiscent' the next year. Per 1973 below, tracks are from 'Illusion Suite' with Stanley Clarke on bass and Jimmy Hopps on drums.

Stanley Cowell   1966

   New Blue

      Marion Brown LP: 'Three for Shepp'


      Marion Brown LP: 'Three for Shepp'

Stanley Cowell   1969

   Blues for the Viet Cong

      LP: 'Blues for the Viet Cong'


      LP: 'Blues for the Viet Cong'

Stanley Cowell   1973

   Cal Massey

   Ibn Mukhtarr Mustapha


   Miss Viki

Stanley Cowell   1977

   Sienna: Welcome, My Darling

      LP: 'Waiting for the Moment'

   Talkin' 'Bout Love


Stanley Cowell   1978


      LP: 'Equipoise'

   New World


Stanley Cowell   1989

   Sylvia's Place

      LP: 'Back to the Beautiful'

Stanley Cowell   2014

   Live at the Zinc Bar

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jack DeJohnette

Stanley Cowell

Source: ABC Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Daniels

Eddie Daniels

Source: Berkeley Agency
Born in 1941 in New York City, Jewish clarinetist, Eddie Daniels, also performed on tenor sax. He was fifteen when he appeared on alto sax at the Newport Jazz Festival in a youth competition. He was also a member of Marshall Brown’s Youth Band as a teenager. Attending Brooklyn College, then Juilliard, Daniels' first recordings were also the first for the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra at the Village Vanguard on February 7, 1966. Those weren't made available until 2000 on 'Opening Night'. An even later edition titled 'All My Yesterdays' includes recordings from March 21 in '66. Recordings by that orchestra in May of '66 at the Vanguard were released as 'Presenting' in 1975. The first to see vinyl were recorded in April 1967 for release that year, titled 'Live at the Village Vanguard'. Howsoever, the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra has been a mainstay or, rather, an institution in jazz that has performed at the Vanguard ever since (also as the Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra, then the Vanguard Jazz Orchestra). Daniels released his first LP, 'First Prize!', in '67 as well. Also a classical musician, Daniels has been involved in third stream (jazz-classical fusion). Among his latest releases was 'Live at the Library of Congress', recorded in February 2010 with third stream pianist, Roger Kellaway. Daniels has issued well above twenty albums as a leader to as late as 'Street Wind' in 2016. Among the numerous others with whom he has recorded over the years through well above 200 sessions include Bucky Pizzarelli, Eric Gale, Bob James and Dave Grusin. He yet tours the United States as of this writing. Per 1966 and 1967 below, Daniels began his career on tenor sax before switching to clarinet nigh exclusively. He is unfeatured as one of five saxophone players ranging from baritone to soprano in the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra. 'Don't Git Sassy' had to be found on another collection than its original LP, 'Live at the Village Vanguard'.

Eddie Daniels   1966

   Once Around

      LP: 'Opening Night'

      Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra

      Not released until 2000

Eddie Daniels   1967

   Don't Git Sassy

      LP: 'Live at the Village Vanguard'

      Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra

Eddie Daniels   1968

   Giant Steps

      LP: 'This is New'

Eddie Daniels   1978


      LP: 'Streetwind'

   I Go to Rio

      LP: 'Streetwind'

Eddie Daniels   1980

   Morning Thunder


Eddie Daniels   1985


      LP: 'Breakhrough'

Eddie Daniels   1987

   East of the Sun

      LP: 'To Bird With Love'

Eddie Daniels   1988

   Concerto No 2 for Clarinet

      West Texas State University Symphonic Band

Eddie Daniels   1989


      LP: 'Blackwood'

Eddie Daniels   1997

   First Gymnopedie

      LP: 'Beatiful Love'

Eddie Daniels   2010

   Donna Lee

      Filmed with Damian Draghici

Eddie Daniels   2011

   This Is All I Have

      Filmed with the WDR Big Band

Eddie Daniels   2012

   Clarinet Concerto

      Filmed with Orchestra Sinfonica G

Eddie Daniels   2013


      Filmed live


  Born in 1937 in Port Arthur, Texas, guitarist, Ted Dunbar, was self-taught with the exception of studying to become a pharmacist at Texas Southern University. He is thought to have first recorded with Gloria Coleman in 1965, not released until 1971 as 'Gloria Coleman Sings and Swings Organ'. (Coleman had played professionally since 1952. Her debut album in 1963, 'Soul Sisters', featured Grant Green on guitar.) In 1967 Dunbar laid tracks with David Fathead Newman for 'House of David'. He also recorded private unknown titles with Gil Evans that year in New York City. Dunbar commenced the seventies with Lou Donaldson on 'Pretty Things' in 1970. On February 15 of 1975 he co-led 'In Tandem' with Kenny Barron on 'In Tandem' for issue in 1980. He released the first of only four albums as a leader in 1978: 'Opening Remarks'. 'Secundum Artem' followed in 1980, 'Jazz Guitarist' in '82 and 'Gentle Time Alone' in '92. Dunbar had a second career in education, having begun to teach at Livingston College Rutgers in 1972. He published the first of several volumes of guitar instruction in 1975: 'A System of Tonal Convergence'. Dunbar was only 61 when he died of stroke on May 29 of 1998 in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Lord's disco credits him with 80 sessions, his last listed per Zachary Breaux's 'Uptown Groove' in 1997. Among the numerous others with whom he had recorded during his career were Gil Evans, Charles Mingus and Frank Foster. Per 1967 below, 'House of David' is an album by David Fathead Newman. Per 1973, 'Bebop Spoken Here' features Joe Carroll, an early vocalese singer who first came into the spotlight with Dizzy Gillespie between 1949 and '53 ('Jump Did-Le Ba' thought to be his first, recorded in May of '49).

Ted Dunbar   1967

   House Of David

      LP: 'House Of David'

Ted Dunbar   1972


      Filmed with Richard Davis

Ted Dunbar   1973

   Bebop Spoken Here

      Filmed live with Joe Carroll

   Donna Lee

      Filmed live

   Jazz Tribute to Charlie Parker

      Filmed live

Ted Dunbar   1974


      Albert Heath LP: 'Kwanza (The First)'

      Recorded June 1973

Ted Dunbar   1978

   Grand Mal-Petie Mal/Exit

      LP: 'Opening Remarks'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ted Dunbar

Ted Dunbar

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Joseph Jarman

Joseph Jarman   Circa 1970

Photo: Tom Copi

Source: About Entertainment
Born in 1937 in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, Joseph Jarman began playing drums in high school, picking up clarinet and saxophone upon joining the US Army and playing in an Army band. Upon discharge in 1958 he enrolled at Woodrow Wilson Junior College where he met a number of important early musical associates also attending Wilson at that time: bassist, Malachi Favors, and saxophonists, Anthony Braxton, Roscoe Mitchell and Henry Threadgil. He would soon meet pianist, Muhal Richard Abrams, with whom he, Favors and Mitchell privately played as the Experimental Band. He became a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965. The AACM helped launch many a recording career, including Jarman's, he laying the tracks for 'Song For', in October and December of 1966. The next year he, Favors and trumpeter, Lester Bowie, joined Mitchell in the formation of the Art Ensemble, releasing 'Numbers 1 & 2' that year. The Art Ensemble would become the Art Ensemble of Chicago in 1969, issuing seven albums that year alone. That group established a commune in Paris in 1969 to which drummer, Steve McCall, belonged. He and Favors returned to Chicago in the seventies. Jarman remained with the Art Ensemble until 1993, the nineties not wholly inactive, but a drifting period, until his return to the Ensemble in 2003. That operation has recorded to as recently as April 2004 for 'Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City'. (A more representative list of tracks by the AEC than below.) Yet active as of this writing, Jarman has also composed for orchestra and multimedia. Apart from the AEC he has led or co-led at least twelve more albums to 'Bright Moments – Return of the Lost Tribe' in December of 1997. Beyond music, Jarman has been a Buddhist some years, having traveled to various monasteries in Eastern Asia. He's currently a Jodo Shinshu priest, holding a fifth degree black belt in Japanese aikido. Extensive discographies of the AEC.

Joseph Jarman   1967

  Adam's Rib

      Album: 'Love For'

  Little Fox Run

      Album: 'Love For'

   Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City

      Album: 'Love For'

Joseph Jarman   1973

  Barnyard Scuffle Shuffle

      Album: 'Fanfare For The Warriors'

      Art Ensemble of Chicago

  What's to Say

      Album: 'Fanfare For The Warriors'

      Art Ensemble of Chicago

Joseph Jarman   1977

  The Kitchen Set 2

      With Anthony Braxton & Roscoe Mitchell

Joseph Jarman   1980

  Black Paladins

      Album: 'Black Paladins'

  In Memory of My Seasons

      Album: 'Black Paladins'

Joseph Jarman   1996

  Dear Lord

      Piano: Marilyn Crispell

      Composition: John Coltrane


  Born in 1946 in Brooklyn, Jewish saxophonist, David Liebman, began training in classical piano at seven, moving onward to saxophone at age twelve. He is thought to have been a junior year at New York University when he made his debut recordings on February 22, 1967, with the Free Spirits for 'Live at the Scene' issued much later in 2011. Drummer, Bob Moses, was in on that, to become one of Liebman's more important associates into the eighties, both backing other ensembles, such as Steve Swallow's (Home' '79), and each other. Moses would contribute to Liebman's 'Drum Ode' in 1974, 'Spirit Renewed' in 1982 and 'Homage to John Coltrane' in 1987. Liebman would participate in Moses' 'Bittersuite in the Ozone' in 1975, 'Family in '79, 'Visit with the Great Spirit' in 1983, 'The Story of Moses' in 1986 and 'Wheels of Colored Light' in 1992. We return to the completion of Liebman's junior year at New York University when his parents thought it well to add to his education such as only travel to Europe could provide. Giving him a book titled 'Europe on $5 a Day' with a $1000 wad, they then flew him off to London. Twenty years old in a strange land, he did have some phone numbers which by this and that path landed him in Sweden to make his first recordings on Lars (Lasse) Werner's 'Och Hans Vanner' in July of 1967. Returning to America for his senior year at NYU, he graduated the next with a degree in American History, that accomplished with relief that he could now pursue the jazz that had long since been more his element. He recorded his debut album, 'Night Scapes', in February of 1970 with the Carvel Six, not issued until 1975. His next sessions as a leader would arrive in Tokyo in July of '73 for 'First Visit' issued that year. 'Lookout Farm' followed in October in NYC, issued that year. Returning to 1970, Liebman accompanied Ten Wheel Drive, Terumasa Hino and Chick Corea that year. Trumpeter, Hino, would become an important associate, they backing other ensembles and each other into the nineties on multiple occasions. Liebman participated in Hino's 'Journey to Air' in March of 1970 per above, 'City Connection' in July of 1979 and 'Daydream' in 1980. Hino accompanied Liebman on 'Doin' It Again' in August of '79 and 'If They Only Knew' in Holland in July of 1980. Another important drummer arrived on February 12, 1971, that Elvin Jones for the latter's 'Genesis'. Liebman contributed to five more of Jones' LPs to 'Earth Jones' in 1992. Liebman worked with Miles Davis from '72 through '74. Along the way he contributed to the latter's 'On the Corner', 'Dark Magus' and 'Get Up with It'. His performance with Davis at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1973 saw issue in 2015 on 'Miles Davis at Newport 1955-1975: The Bootleg Series Vol 4'. Liebman recorded his LP,'Sweet Hands', in '75. He also appeared on 'Father Time' and 'The Year of the Ear' that year. 1977 found him touring internationally with Chick Corea. Liebman was an original member of Quest, releasing 'Quest' in 1981. That ensemble consistied of George Mraz (bass), Al Foster (drums) and Richie Beirach (piano). With Mraz and Foster getting replaced by Ron McClure and Billy Hart, Liebman contributed to six more of that ensemble's LPs to 2005 in Switzerland for 'Redemption' issued in 2007. That was yet with Beirach, McClure and Hart. Liebman accompanied guitarist, Tisziji Munoz, from 'Visiting This Planet' ('88) to 'The Human Sprit' in 2001. Three albums with Saxophone Summit followed in 2002 ('Gathering of Spirits'), 2008 ('Seraphic Light') and 2014 ('Visitation'). On September 22, 2011, Liebman had featured with the Vein Swiss Trio in Paris on the live album, 'Lemuria'. 'Jazz Talks' followed in December of 2013 in Basel, Switzerland. Speaking of sheer heights, we've used the most dependable rappelling gear down this wall to jump past not a few of Liebman's sessions well above 400. I hope the bottom comes ups soon because I'm almost out of rope. Among the host of others with whom Liebman has laid tracks along the way were the Open Sky Trio, Tom Harrell, the Ronan Guilfoyle Trio and the Peter Wettre Trio. Among trios in his own catalogue of at least 79 albums was 'Monk's Mood' in 1999 with Eddie Gómez (bass) and Adam Nussbaum (drums). Liebman's latest releases per this writing were 'The Puzzle' in 2015 followed by 'Balladscapes' in April 2016. Since I'm out of rope now I'm going to have to drop the rest of the way. So I won't have so far to go as Wile E. Coyote I forego listing Liebman's numerous awards excepting his NEA Jazz Master's in 2011. He has also taught music in various distinguished capacities. Having published several books as well, in 2014 Liebman released his biography, 'What It Is', a conversation with Lewis Porter (whence we find some of the above information). Per 1967 below, 'Vår i Helsingfors' is from the Lars (Lasse) Werner LP: 'Och Hans Vanner'.

David Liebman   1967

  Vår i Helsingfors

David Liebman   1973

  First Visit

      LP: 'First Visit'

  Live with Miles Davis

      Filmed with Pete Cosey (guitar)

David Liebman   1974

  Sam's Float

      LP: 'Lookout Farm'

David Liebman   1975

  Live in Hamburg

      Filmed live

  Loft Dance

      LP: 'Drum Ode'

David Liebman   1980

  What It Is

      LP: 'What It Is'

      Guitar: John Scofield

David Liebman   1988

  All the Things That...

      LP: 'Trio + One'

David Liebman   2005

  Live in Ljubljana

      Concert filmed in Slovenia

David Liebman   2008

  Jazz Baltica 2008

      Filmed concert

David Liebman   2009

  MR. P.C.

      Filmed live

David Liebman   2013

  Live in Paris



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Liebman

David Liebman

Source: Bop Shop Records
Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve McCall

Steve McCall

Source: Sooze Blues & Jazz
Born in 1933 in Chicago, among the musicians with whom Steve McCall performed during his early career in the fifties was Lucky Carmichael. Yet in Chicago, he met composer and pianist, Muhal Richard Abrams, in 1961. He and Abrams would be among the founders of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965. The seventies would see them together on multiple occasions, including Abrams' 'Things to Come from Those Now Gone' in '72 and '1-OQA+19' in latter '77. Returning to McCall's early days in Chicago, his first session is thought to have been for pianist, Ramsey Lewis', 'More Sounds of Christmas' on October 15 of '64, issued in 1966. Still in Chicago, McCall participated in Joseph Jarman's 'Song For' in December of '66, augmenting drummer, Thurman Barker. When he finally decided to run away from home at age 35 he left no doubt he'd left town by up moving to Amsterdam where his first sessions are thought to have been with in March and April of 1968 for Anthony Braxton's '3 Compositions of New Jazz' with Anthony Braxton. He also held sessions for Marion Brown in 1968: 'Gesprach Fetzen' in Munich and 'Le Temps Fou' in Pairs. Additional sessions were held with Brown in 1969 before recording Gunter Hampel's 'The 8Th of July 1969', that with Anthony Braxton at sax and contrabass clarinet. McCall's last session in Europe before returning to the States was one of several with Braxton, that for 'This Time...' in Paris in January of 1970. His first titles upon returning to the States went down at the Washington Square Methodist Church (Peace Church) in NYC on May 19, 1970, for 'Creative Construction Company 1 & 2'. That was followed back in Chicago by Gene Ammons and Dexter Gordon's 'The Chase' on July 26 of 1970. In 1971 McCall formed the trio, Air, with alto sax player, Henry Threadgill, and bassist, Fred Hopkins. That trio put down nine albums from 'Air Song' on September 10, 1975, to '80° Below '82' in January of '82. (New Air, was formed upon percussionist, Pheeroan akLaff, replacing McCall. That trio released a couple albums in '84 and '86, the second with vocalist, Cassandra Wilson.) Threadgill and McCall had also partnered in other ensembles, such as David Murray's with whom they recorded three albums: 'Ming' in July of 1980, 'Home' in 1981 and 'Murray's Steps' in July of 82. McCall had already backed Murray in 1979 on 'Sweet Lovely' in a trio with Fred Hopkins. Among the numerous others for whom McCall had played drums through 73 sessions were Chico Freeman, Arthur Blythe and trumpeter, Ted Curson. Among the several albums that he co-led were 'Live at the 'Gill's Club'' in 1970 in a trio with Siegfried Kessler and Barre Phillips, and 'Vintage Duets' in November of 1980 with tenor saxophonist, Fred Anderson, that issued posthumously in 1996. McCall's last three sessions per Lord's disco were in 1986: Cecil Taylor's 'Olu Iwa' in April, Roscoe Mitchell's 'The Flow Of Things' in June and Carle Wooley's 'There Is No Greater Love' in December. McCall died of stoke on May 24, 1989, an early death at age 56. Per below, all tracks from 1976 onward are with McCall's group, Air, unless otherwise noted.

Steve McCall   1967

  Little Fox Run

      Joseph Jarman album: 'Song For'

      Percussion: Thurman Barker & McCall

Steve McCall   1968

  Marion Brown - Bremen

      Album   Live at the Lila Eule

Steve McCall   1976

   Midnight Sun

      Album: 'Air Raid'

Steve McCall   1977

   Live in Moers

Steve McCall   1978


      Cecil McBee album: 'Music From the Source'

   Card Two

      The Jick or Mandrill's Cosmic Ass

      Album: 'Open Air Suit'

Steve McCall   1979

   The Ragtime Dance

      Album: 'Air Lore'

Steve McCall   1980

   Keep Right On Playing

      Album: 'Live Air'

Steve McCall   1981


      Album: 'Air Mail'

Steve McCall   1982

   Class Struggle in Music I

      Amiri Baraka album: 'New Music - New Poetry'


  Born in 1941 in Portland, Oregon, double bassist, Glen Moore began performing as an adolescent in a group called the Young Oregonians. While with that band he performed with saxophonist, Jim Pepper. After studying history and literature at the University of Oregon he became an itinerant student, studying bass with instructors in Portland, Seattle, New York, Copenhagen, Vienna and Hawaii. In 1967 he emerged on saxophonist, Nick Brignola's 'This Is It'. 1969 saw him surface on Jeremy Steig's 'This Is Jeremy Steig', recorded sometime in '67. He next contributed to Paul Bley and Ann Peacock's 'Revenge' in April of 1969, that issued in 1971. Come 'Road' with the Paul Winter Consort in various locations in '69 and '70. He was in NYC in 1970 for Peter Warren's 'Bass Is', issued in '72. Others performing bass on that with Moore and Warren were Dave Holland and Jaime Faunt. They were joined by Chick Corea (piano), John Surman (sax) and percussionists Barry Altschul, Steve Hauss and Stu Martin. Present with the Paul Winter Consort above in 1969-70 were Paul McCandless (horns), Ralph Towner (guitar) and Collin Walcott (percussion/sitar). They would now form Oregon to record 'Our First Record 'in the summer of 1970, though not released until 1980. In latter November of 1972 Moore, McCandless and Walcott backed Towner's debut LP, 'Trios / Solos' for issue the next year. It was on an unknown date in '72 that Oregon laid out 'Music of Another Present Era', its debut issue that year. No less than 28 albums later it was 'Family Tree' recorded in Germany in 2012. That yet included McCandless and Towner, now with Mark Walker at percussion, he having been with Oregon since 'Northwest Passage' in October of 1996. Collin Walcott's last session with Oregon had been in October of '84 for 'Bratislava Jazz Days 1984' in Czechoslovakia. The next month on the 8th he was killed in an auto accident in East Germany. He was replaced by Trilok Gurtu for 'Ecotopia' in March of 1987 in Oslo, Norway. Oregon closed the 20th century with a tour to Russia, recording 'In Moscow' in June of '99. The new millennium commenced with 'Live at Yoshi's' in August of 2001 in Oakland, California. The next year Moore contributed to guitarist, Larry Coryell's 'Birdfingers'. Others whom Moore had supported through years include Rabih Abou-Khalil, Minimal Kidds and Richard Leo Johnson. As for his own issues as a leader or co-leader, he has appeared on at least ten albums as such from his duo with pianist, Larry Karush, 'May 1976', consisting of compositions by both, to 'Bactrian' with old acquaintance, David Friesen, in Germany, on March 25, 2015, they both playing bass and piano. Moore had begun working with the Mountain Writers Center in 1988, providing bass accompaniment for poets. He yet actively tours and teaches double bass at his studio in Portland.

Glen Moore   1970

  Bass Is

      Album by Peter Warren

Glen Moore   1973

  Raven's Wood

      LP: 'Trios / Solos'

      Guitar: Ralph Towner

  Song for a Friend

      Guitar: Ralph Towner

Glen Moore   1979

  Hawaiian Shuffle/Three Step Dance

      LP: 'Introducing Glen Moore'

Glen Moore   1991

  Useless Landscape/Poinciana

      Vocal: Nancy King

      LP: 'Impending Bloom'

Glen Moore   1993


      Vocal: Nancy King

      LP: 'Cliff Dance'

Glen Moore   1995


      LP: 'Dragonetti's Dream'

Glen Moore   1999


      LP: 'Nude Bass Ascending'

Glen Moore   2011

  Live with Peter Herbert

      Filmed live

Glen Moore   2012

  Bright Moments

      Filmed live   Sax: Rob Scheps


Birth of Modern Jazz: Glen Moore

Glen Moore

Source: Origin Records
  Born in 1941 in Salam, Oregon, Jim Pepper was a Kaw-Muskogee American Indian. He was playing sax at age twelve in the Young Oregonians with Glen Moore in Portland. In 1964 he ventured to NYC where he gigged until forming the Free Spirits with Larry Coryell. recording 'Out of Sight and Sound' in latter '66 for issue the next year. That is often cited as the first jazz fusion album. The Free Spirits' 'Live at The Scene' followed on February 22 of '67. In 1967-68 Pepper participated in Bob Moses' 'Love Animal', not issued until 2003. Pepper contributed to Coryell's 'Basics' in latter '68. He formed Everything Is Everything, recording the album by the same name, in 1969. That included 'Witchi Tai To', a Kaw tribe peyote song. Pepper would continue incorporating jazz with American Indian themes. Another version was issued on Pepper's LP, 'Pepper's Pow Wow', in 1971, that with Coryell at guitar. During the eighties Pepper worked closely with both drummer, Paul Motian, then pianist, Mal Waldron. He had briefly lived in Alaska where he recorded 'Polar Bear Stomp' in Juneau in October of 1984, that issued on the album by various, 'Alaska Hit Singles'. Pepper had crossed the Atlantic so many times on tour that he finally simplified by moving to Vienna, Austria, in 1989. He later returned to Portland where he died of lymphoma in February of 1992 at the young age of fifty. He had recorded eleven albums during his relatively short career, his last being 'Afro Indian Blues' in Raab, Austria, on May 19 of 1991. Pepper was the subject of Sandra Osawa's documentary, 'Pepper's Pow Wow' ('95). A nice Pepper discography at jimpepperlives with comments about 'Witchi Tai To'. Per 1991 below, Pepper is filmed live with pianist/vocalist, Amina Claudine Myers, at Jazz in Raab (Austria).

The Free Spirits   1967

  I'm Gonna Be Free/Early Mornin' Fear

      LP: 'Out of Sight and Sound'

      Guitar: Larry Coryell

Everything Is Everything   1969


      LP: 'Everything Is Everything'

  Witchi Tai To

      LP: 'Everything Is Everything'

Jim Pepper   1971

  Pepper's Pow Wow


Jim Pepper   1983

  Comin' and Goin'

      LP: 'Comin' and Goin''


      LP: 'Comin' and Goin''

Jim Pepper   1989

  Funny Glasses

      Piano: Mal Waldron

Jim Pepper   1991

  Coming and Going

  Straight to You

  Witchi Tai To


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jim Pepper

Jim Pepper

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Melvin Sparks

Melvin Sparks

Source: Discogs
Born in 1946 in Houston, Melvin Sparks took up guitar at age eleven before playing with the doo wop group, the Midnighters, led by Hank Ballard, as a high school student. He dropped out of school and left home to tour with the Upsetters in '63 or '64, a road band formed by Little Richard in '53. (Richard's band also backed R&B figures such as Jackie Wilson, Curtis Mayfield, Marvin Gaye and Sam Cooke over the years) Sparks ended up in NYC in 1966 where King Curtis, Grant Green and George Benson became early associates. Sparks' first session is thought to have been for 'The George Benson Cookbook' recorded between August and October of 1966, issued in 1967. He also participated in tracks in '66 that would see issue on 'Benson Burner' in 1976 (see Doug Payne's breakdown of 'Benson Burner'). December of '66 found Smith with organist, Brother Jack McDuff, toward 'Do It Now'. 'Double-Barrelled Soul' followed in August of '67. Come Lonnie Smith's 'Think!' in July of '68 and 'Turning Point' in January of '69. The latter is thought to have been Spark's first session with drummer, Idris Muhammad (Leo Morris) who would be an important personality in Sparks' career off and on to as late as the nineties. Supporting other ensembles, such as Rusty Bryant's or Sonny Stitt''s, they also backed each other's projects. The first such occasion was Sparks' debut LP, 'Sparks!', on September 14, 1970. Five more followed to 'I'm a Gittar Player' in 1997. Sparks had contributed to Muhammad's 'Black Rhythm Revolution' on November 2 of 1970 and 'Peace And Rhythm Suite' in September 1971. Muhammad and Sparks formed a quartet in 1981 with a couple other important characters in Sparks' career, organist, Charles Earland, and tenor saxophonist, Houston Person. That ensemble wrought Spark's 'Sparkling' on February 18, 1981. It was Earland's 'In the Poclet' in 1982. Blake Unangst contributed conga to 'ESPM: The Reunion- Live at Akbar Hall' on May 18 of 1996. Sparks' last recordings with Muhammad are thought to have been in 1997 for 'Ron Levy's Wild Kingdom - Greaze Is What's Good', allmusic showing release in '98. Backing up to the sixties, come Lou Donaldson's 'Hot Dog' and 'Everything I Play Is Funky' in April and August of '69. That was followed by Reuben Wilson's 'Blue Mode' in December before Sparks' initial LP for organist, Charles Earland on December 15: 'Black Talk!'. Earland had been part of the crew on both albums by Donaldson above. Sparks participated in seven additional albums by Earland to as late as 'If Only for One Night' on October 19 of 1999. Together with backing others, like Rusty Bryant, they had recorded three albums per above in a quartet with Muhammad and Person, one of those Earland's 'In the Pocket' in 1982. Earland's 'Back Talk!' above in December of 1969 is thought to have been Sparks' first session with Person. Their next was Spark's debut LP, 'Sparks!', per above in 1970 with Muhammad. Along with their quartet per above with Earland and Muhammad they supported other ensembles together numerously, such as organist, Joey DeFrancesco's, in the latter nineties. Spark's had backed Person's 'The Nearness of You' in November 1977. Four albums later it was 'Christmas with Houston Person and Friends' in July of 1994. Their last occasion to record together was in Paris at the Club Meridien on February 6, 2004, for organist, Rhoda Scott''s 'Very Saxy'. Well to mention organist, Jimmy McGriff, for whom we return to April of '83 for the latter's 'Countdown'. Sessions for McGriff would fill six albums to as late as 'McGriff Avenue' in October 2001. One of those was 'Crunch Time' which McGriff co-led with Hank Crawford in November 1998. Crawford played a major role in Spark's career, for whom we slip back to their first session in August of 1983 for Crawford's 'Indigo Blue'. Seven albums later it was 'The World of Hank Crawford' in February 2000. Sparks' final of twelve albums [Wikipedia] was issued in 2005: 'Groove On Up'. He died on March 15 of 2011 at his home in Mount Vernon, New York, only age 64. His most recent session is thought to have been for Kathryn Farmer's 'Moondance' issued in 2013. Among others on whose recordings he can be found along his path of 113 sessions are Leon Spencer Jr, Charles Kynard, Jimmy Witherspoon and Sonny Phillips.

Melvin Sparks   1967

  Do It Now

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Do It Now!'

  Snap Back Jack

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Do It Now!'

Melvin Sparks   1970

  Thank You

      LP: 'Sparks!'

Melvin Sparks   1971

  Spark Plug

      LP: 'Spark Plug'

Melvin Sparks   1973

  Gathering Together

      LP: 'Texas Twister'

  Whip! Whop!

      LP: 'Texas Twister'

Melvin Sparks   1975

  If You Want My Love

      LP: 'Melvin Sparks '75'

Melvin Sparks   2002

  Live at the Conduit

      Filmed in Trenton NJ

Melvin Sparks   2004

  Pick Up the Pieces

      LP: 'It Is What It Is'

Melvin Sparks   2005

  Live at the Jewish Mother

      Filmed in Virginia Beach VA

Melvin Sparks   2011

  Live at Theodore's BBQ

      Filmed in Springfield MA

      Drums: Bill Carbone

      Organ: Beau Sasser


Birth of Modern Jazz: James Blood Ulmer

James Blood Ulmer

Source: Colozine Magazin
Born in 1940 in St. Matthews, South Carolina, James Blood Ulmer began playing guitar in jazz groups in Pittsburgh in 1959. In '64 he changed his base of operations to Columbus, Ohio, where he made his first recordings in latter 1964 with organist, Hank Marr. Those weren't released until 1967 as 'Sounds from the Marr-Ket Place'. It was in 1969 that Ulmer appeared on Big John Patton's 'Accent on the Blues'. Titles went down in 1973 with Rashied Ali, Larry Young and Joe Henderson. Come Ornette Coleman in Italy, then Frank Wright in NYC, in 1974. Ulmer recorded tracks for an album in 1977, but they weren't released as 'Revealing' until 1990. In December of '78 he recorded 'Tales of Captain Black' for release the next year. In January of 1980 he recorded 'Are You Glad to Be in America?' for release that year. With the exception of a period in the latter nineties Ulmer averaged about one album per year as a leader. In June 1980 Ulmer put down his first album with the Music Revelation Ensemble, that in Dusseldorf, Germany: 'No Wave'. That ensemble's personnel would be completely changed by the time of its seventh album, 'Cross Fire', recorded in December of 1996. It had been 1983 when Ulmer issued 'Odyssey', the first with his trio, Odyssey the Band, populated with drummer, Warren Benbow, and violinist, Charles Burnham. It was the same trio in 1998 for 'Reunion' and 2005 for 'Back in Time'. For Ulmer's band, Phalanx, we need return to his album, 'Revealing', in 1977 and his initial session with tenor saxophonist, George Adams. Several years later on June 23, 1985, in Germany they co-led a quartet for titles that would get issued on 'Jazzbühne Berlin Vol 12' in 1990. Completing that crew were Amin Ali (bass) and Calwin Weston (drums). The same filled the quartet, Phalanx, to record 'Got Something for You' in September in Hamburg. It was a different quartet in February of 1987 with Sirone (bass) and Rashied Ali (drums) for 'Original Phalanx'. That same crew spread out 'In Touch' in February of '88. Others with whom Ulmer has recorded include Third Rail, Rodolphe Burger and the New Jazz Art Quartet. Ulmer's latest of twenty-two albums was his latest CD release, 'In and Out' in 2009 for In+Out Records. That same year Ulmer founded the American Revelation label, releasing via internet. He currently has websites at facebook and myspace.

James Blood Ulmer   1967

  Sounds From The Marr-Ket Place

      Album with Hank Marr

James Blood Ulmer   1969

  Don't Let Me Lose This Dream

      John Patton album:

     'Accent On The Blues'

  Rakin' and Scrapin'

      John Patton album:

     'Accent On The Blues'

James Blood Ulmer   1977

  Love Nest

      Album: 'Revealing' Released in 1990


      Album: 'Revealing' Released in 1990

James Blood Ulmer   1979

  Tales of Captain Black


James Blood Ulmer   1980

  Are You Glad To Be In America?

      Album: 'Are You Glad To Be In America?'

  Revelation March

      Album: 'Are You Glad To Be In America?'

James Blood Ulmer   1981

  Free Lancing


James Blood Ulmer   1982

  Black Rock

      Album: 'Black Rock'

  Love Has Two Faces

      Album: 'Black Rock'

James Blood Ulmer   1987

  Song Number One

      Album: 'Original Phalanx'

James Blood Ulmer   1993

  Live in Leverkusen

      Filmed live

  Street Bride

      Filmed live

James Blood Ulmer   1996

  The Elephant

      Album: 'Knights of Power'

James Blood Ulmer   2001

  O Gentle One

      Album: 'Blue Blood'

James Blood Ulmer   2003

  Internationale Jazzwoche

      Filmed live

James Blood Ulmer   2009

  Live in Burghausen

      Filmed live


  Born in 1945 in NYC, Collin Walcott, studied at the Yale School of music, majored in percussion at Indiana University and ethnomusicology at the University of California Los Angeles. He studied sitar under Ravi Shankar and tabla (similar to bongos) with Alla Rakha. He was doing session work in 1967, playing sitar and tabla on 'Lotus Palace' with the Alan Lorber Orchestra that year. In 1968 he performed on sitar on 'Homage To Lord Krishna', a track on Tony Scott's 'Tony Scott'. Walcott is best known as an original member of the group, Oregon, formed in 1970. In addition to fourteen albums with Oregon, Walcott issued his first of three albums as a leader or co-leader in 1976: 'Cloud Dance'. 'Grazing Dreams' followed the next year. 'Dawn Dance', with Steve Eliovson, arrived in 1981. He was also a founding member of the trio, Codona, with trumpeter, Don Cherry, and percussionist, Naná Vasconcelos. That group issued three albums between 1979 and '83. Unfortunately, Walcott died in an auto crash on Germany's Autobahn on November 8 of 1984 while on tour with Oregon. His last title with that ensemble was live in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, in October: 'The Silence of a Candle'. More recordings by Walcott under Oregon.

Collin Walcott   1967

  Within You, Without You

      LP: 'Lotus Palace'

      Alan Lorber Orchestra

Collin Walcott   1968

  Homage to Lord Krishna

      LP: 'Tony Scott'

Collin Walcott   1976

  Cloud Dance


Collin Walcott   1977

  Gold Sun

      LP: 'Grazing Dreams'

  Jewel Ornament

      LP: 'Grazing Dreams'

Collin Walcott   1979


      LP: 'Codona'

Collin Walcott   1981


      LP: 'Dawn Dance'


      LP: 'Dawn Dance'

  Woodstock Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Collin Walcott   1983


      LP: 'Codona 3'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Collin Walcott

Collin Walcott

Photo: Collin Walcott Family

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Reuben Wilson

Reuben Wilson

Photo: Mosaic Images

Source: Blue Note
Born in 1935 in Mounds, OK, Hammond B3 organist, Reuben Wilson, was raised in Pasadena, CA. He began to teach himself piano as a teenager, but was a macho sort as well, taking up boxing and even sparring with Floyd Patterson. He appeared in the film, 'Carmen Jones', about that time. At seventeen he moved not far away to Los Angeles where he began singing and playing organ in clubs. In December of '66 he headed to NYC and put together a band called the Wildare Express with drummer, Tommy Derrick, that group releasing its first tracks for Brunswick in 1967: 'Dead End Street'/'Why Do You Treat Me So Bad'. Wildare Express was brief existing, though an album was later released in 1970 titled 'Walk On By'. Wilson's first recordings for the Blue Note label in August of '68 went unissued. His next in October were released as 'On Broadway' that year. His last LP for Blue Note was 'Set Us Free' in 1971, moving onward to the Groove Merchant label. Wilson retired from the music industry during the eighties. He had last appeared on George Benson's 'Erotic Moods' in 1978, that with Benson's Harlem Underground Band. Wilson's own last album had been 'Got to Get Your Own' with his band, the Cost Of Living, issued in 1975. Resuming his career upon a revived interest in his music in the nineties, Lord's disco has his reentry titles with tenor saxophonist, Nat Dixon, for such as 'Nat's Blues', 'My Foolish Heart, et al. Lord's has those issued on an obscure CD on an unknown date per Sax-Rack SR1027. Wilson next recorded 'Love Bug' in '95 for issue on the album by various, 'Blue Note Now as Then' in '98. It was in 1995 that Wilson began touring with rap musician, Guru. Into the new millennium Wilson recorded four albums with Bernard Purdie and Grant Green Jr. (son of Grant Green) in the trios, the Masters of Groove and the Godfathers of Groove. Others on whose recordings Wilson can be found are the New York Funkies, the Essence All Stars, Melvin Sparks and Danny Draher. Having released some seventeen albums, among Wilson's latest were 'Azure Te' in 2009 and 'Revisited' in 2011. Currently residing in NYC, Wilson yet tours internationally.

The Wildare Express   1967

  Dead End Street

  Why Am I Treated So Bad

The Wildare Express   1968

  A River's Invitation

Reuben Wilson   1968


      LP: 'On Broadway'

  Ronnie's Bonnie

      LP: 'On Broadway'

Reuben Wilson   1969


      LP: 'Blue Mode'

  Blue Mode

      LP: 'Blue Mode'

  Bus Ride

      LP: 'Blue Mode'

Reuben Wilson   1972

   Inner City Blues

      LP: 'The Sweet Life'

Reuben Wilson   1974

   The Cisco Kid

      LP: 'The Cisco Kid'

Reuben Wilson   1975

   Tight Money

      LP: 'Got to Get Your Own'

   Got to Get Your Own

      LP: 'Got to Get Your Own'

Reuben Wilson   1998

   Orange Peel

      LP: 'Organ Donor'

Reuben Wilson   2005

   Loft Funk

      LP: 'Fun House'


Birth of Modern Jazz: John Abercrombie

John Abercrombie

Photo: Hans Speekenbrink

Source: Moments Musicales
Born in 1944 in Port Chester, New York, John Abercrombie, was raised in Greenwich, Connecticut. Abercrombie began playing guitar at age fourteen, teaching himself via recordings by Chuck Berry and Barney Kessel. He attended the Berklee College of Music in Boston from 1962 to 1966. While there he participated in 'Jazz in the Classroom Vol 10: A Tribute to Charlie Mariano', sheet music for which Berklee has copyrighted by Newport Music in 1966. When those titles got released isn't readily determinable. Abercrombie attended North Texas State University in 1967 before heading to New York City in 1968 to do session work. Lord's disco has him with Johnny Hammond Smith, on June 18, 1968, for 'Nasty', 1968 thus Abercrombie's earliest identifiable date of issue that isn't estimated. In 1969 he joined a band called Dreams run by Michael and Randy Brecker, appearing on their 1970 release of 'Dreams'. Abercrombie would record with Michael and/or Randy on occasion throughout his career, backing this or that combo. Michael joined Abercrombie on the latter's album, 'Night', in 1984 and 'Getting There' in 1987. His last session with Michael would appear to have been in 2002 for 'Marc Copland And ...'. Abercrombie's first album with Enrico Rava was in 1973: 'Katcharpari'. Several followed to as late as April of 2002 in Denmark for 'Happiness Is...'. In December of 1973 drummer, Jack DeJohnette, had joined Abercrombie in support of Rava's 'Pupa O Crisalide' and 'Quotation Marks'. DeJohnette would become one of the more important of Abercrombie's associates throughout the years. From 'Sorcery' gone down in March of 1974 to 'New Directions in Europe' recorded live in Switzerland in June of '79 Abercrombie backed multiple DeJohnette albums. DeJohnette supported Abercrombie's first LP release in 1974 per 'Timeless'. A decade later he backed Abercrombie's 'Night' in April of '84. Abercrombie and DeJohnette also formed a trio called Gateway with bassist, Dave Holland, resulting in 'Gateway' ('76), 'Gateway 2' ('78), 'Homecoming' ('95) and 'In the Moment' ('96). Lord's disco has Abercrombie and DeJohnette together a last time in NYC in September of 2010 for John Surman's 'Brewster's Rooster'. Holland was himself among Abercrombie's major comrades. Their first mutual session is thought to have been DeJohnette's 'Sorcery' per above in 1974. In February of 1976 they recorded their duo LP, 'Pictures'. They partnered in support of multiple ensembles throughout the years to as late as Charles Lloyd's 'Voice in the Night' in May of 1998. As commented, Abercrombie issued his debut album, 'Timeless', in 1974, that a trio with DeJohnette and Jan Hammer at keyboards. He would lead some thirty-six more LPs of small combos such as trios and quartets to his latest per above in 2017, 'Up and Coming'. Along the way his solo album, 'Characters', arrived in 1977. He issued duos with guitarist, Ralph Towner, bassist and pianist, Don Thompson and pianist, Richie Belrarch. Another important drummer was Peter Erskine, they first recording together in June of 1979 for Bobby Hutcherson's 'Un Poco Loco'. In 1985 they formed a trio with Marc Johnson on bass in Oslo, Norway, for 'Current Events'. October of 1986 saw Abercrombie supporting Erskine's 'Transition' in NYC. They collaborated on multiple projects to as late as 'The Hudson Project' in October of 1998 with Bob Mintzer (tenor sax) and John Patitucci (bass). They continued working together fairly regularly to Chuck Bergeron's 'Cause and Effect' in 2001. Ten years later found them together again in Germany for Vince Mendoza's 'Nights On Earth' in 2011. A third drummer with a strong presence in Abercrombie's career was Adam Nussbaum. Their initial mutual session is thought to have been for Jeff Palmer's 'Laser Wizard' on July 16, 1985, commencing a parallel rail that would last into the late nineties. They partnered in support of numerous ensembles when not fulfilling Abercrombie's projects from 'While We're Young' in 1992 to 'Open Land' in 1998. Occasional sessions in the new millennium were held to the Nuttree Quartet in New Paltz, NY, in September, 2007, for 'Something Sentimental'. Abercrombie had surfaced on his first LP with Kenny Wheeler in 1977: 'Deer Wan'. Several followed to as late as July 2005 for 'It Takes Two'. The seventies had also seen Abercrombie in sessions with such as Gato Barbieri and Gil Evans. Abercrombie began working with a guitar synthesizer in 1984, continuing so through the eighties, a decade which also found him contributing to titles by such as Andy LaVerne and Rudy Linka. He supported pianist, Marc Copland, numerously beginning in June of '88 with the latter's 'My Foolish Heart'. Come the new millennium they began co-leading projects together, such as their trio with Kenny Wheeler in Hilversum, Holland, in October 2000 to result in 'That's for Sure'. Abercrombie and Copland recorded 'Speak to Me' as a duo in Munich in March of 2011. Their most recent of partnerships was Abercrombie's quartet for 'Up and Coming' in 2016, released the next year. Returning to the nineties, Abercrombie kept a blistering schedule that has continued to the present day. Together with touring, he surfaced on LPs by such as Lonnie Smith. Abercrombie, genius of just the touch, just the clue and sometimes the just barely, with a light, often minimal, approach, Abercrombie used understatement toward the greater impression, there heavy stuff unseen behind the but agreeably apparent. A rarified figure in jazz guitar, his compositions are in a dimension with the writer, Jacque Derrida. Abercrombie released 'John Abercrombie Teaches Jazz Guitar Improvisation' on VHS in 1990, an obligatory kind of thing addressing basics for budding guitarists yet without callouses, paradoxical in that Abercrombie surely knew that Abercrombie can't be taught: you either have it, in which case you're unique, or you don't. Abercrombie is to jazz a bit like, say, Max Plank was to physics: not for everybody, yet just so. As the advanced of the advanced of the advanced, nigh defining sensibility the meanwhile, Abercrombie is a good deep read indefinitely at any paragraph, any book and, like the better authors, most is missed the first time through because even his empty spaces are loaded, that in itself curious in that he did so much with challengingly little, alike placing impossibility in his path to accomplish the impossible. Abercrombie is both heady composition and improvisation, the greater immediacy and encompassment of which goes unsuspected in simply good music. Not for the vacuous masses because he should be (an Abercrombie kind of self-wrestling phrase), the greater portion of Abercrombie's presence is invisible, there much more to which to listen than the already heard. Were I a youth with a guitar and ten humble years ahead of myself Abercrombie's are the first discs to which I'd be listening, in anticipation of being ready for that, with some exhausting work in between in not a few areas both in and out of music, a decade later. As of this writing Abercrombie is yet active recording, touring and making the difficult appear easy, having been at ECM Records for well over forty years. He hasn't brought ECM a lot of gold records, but they've otherwise got something not merely much skilled like any great guitarist would be, but enormous altogether. Per 1975 below, Abercrombie is accompanied on 'Timeless' by Jack DeJohnette (drums) and Jan Hammer (keys).

John Abercrombie   1968


      Johnny Hammond Smith LP: 'Nasty'

John Abercrombie   1975

  Red and Orange

      Album: 'Timeless'


      Album: 'Timeless'



John Abercrombie   1976

  Live with Ralph Towner 1/3

      Filmed concert 1976

  Live with Ralph Towner 2/3

      Filmed concert 1976

  Live with Ralph Towner 3/3

      Filmed concert 1976

John Abercrombie   1978


      Album: 'Arcade'

John Abercrombie   1985

  Live at Village Vanguard

      Filmed live

      Bass: Marc Johnson

      Drums: Peter Erskine

      Tenor sax: Michael Brecker

John Abercrombie   2000

  Cat 'n' Mouse


John Abercrombie   2006



      Bass: Eddie Gomez

      Drums: Gene Jackson

John Abercrombie   2011

  Live at the Teatro Comunale

      Filmed in Bologna, Italy

John Abercrombie   2012

  Round Midnight

      Filmed in Koln, Germany

John Abercrombie   2013

  Skopje Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

John Abercrombie   2014

  Pancevo Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

      Drums: Adam Nussbaum

      Organ: Gary Versace


Birth of Modern Jazz: Anthony Braxton

Anthony Braxton

Source: Akamu
Born in 1945 in Chicago, Anthony Braxton performed on a variety of horns such as sax, as well as piano. He studied at Roosevelt University in Chicago and became a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM). Braxtion is thought to have first recorded in 1967 with Muhal Richard Abrams, two sessions resulting in Abrams' 'Levels and Degrees of Light' the next year. In 1968 two sessions resulted in his first album, '3 Compositions of New Jazz', issued that year. In 1969 he recorded alto saxophone solos for the double-sleeve release of 'For Alto' in 1970. It was 1970 when he joined Chick Corea's group, Circle, recording for the '75 release of 'Circling In' and the '78 issue of 'Circulus'. In 1971 Braxton appeared on Circle's live album 'Paris Concert'. 1981 brought Braxton a Guggenheim Fellowship. 1994 brought him a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship. In 1995 Braxton began a decade of what he called Ghost Trance Music, a manner of composing fashioned after the the ghost dances of the American Plains Indian. In 2013 Braxton was recipient of the Doris Duke Performing Artist Award. The NEA (National Endowment for the Arts) appointed him a Jazz Master in 2014. Beyond music, Braxton's greatest passion was chess. (He'd been a professional hustler in New York City parks in the early seventies.) Having released some 170 albums as a leader, his latest as of this writing was the 2 CD set, 'Ao Vivo Jazz Na Fábrica', in 2016. Braxton is currently Artistic Director of the Tri-Centric Foundation, dedicated to his legacy.

Anthony Braxton   1968

  3 Compositions of New Jazz


Anthony Braxton   1969

  For Alto


  The Light On the Dalta

      Album: 'Anthony Braxton'

Anthony Braxton   1971


      Circle album: 'Paris Concert'

Anthony Braxton   1975

  You Stepped Out Of a Dream

      Album: 'Five Pieces'

Anthony Braxton   1977

  For Trio


Anthony Braxton   1979

  Alto Saxophone Improvisations 1979


Anthony Braxton   1980

  One in Two - Two in One

      Album with Max Roach

Anthony Braxton   1993

  9 Standards (Quartet) 1993


Anthony Braxton   2004

  Three to Get Ready

      Album: '23 Standards (Quartet) 2003'

Anthony Braxton   2005

  Lonnie's Lament

      Album: '20 Standards (Quartet) 2003'

  Take Five

      Album: '20 Standards (Quartet) 2003'

Anthony Braxton   2012

   Live in Venice

      12+1 Tet   Filmed live

Anthony Braxton   2015

   Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed live

   Turin Jazz Festival

      Sonic Genome   Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Randy Brecker

Randy Brecker

Source: Jazz Trumpet Solos
Born in 1945 in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, trumpeter, Randy Brecker, was elder brother to tenor saxophonist, Michael Brecker. Brecker's father was a lawyer who played jazz piano. His mother was a portrait artist. Brecker matriculated into Indiana State University in '63. The IU Jazz Band won the 1965 Notre Dame Jazz Festival to be awarded a 3 month State Department tour of the Middle East and Asia before Brecker headed to NYC in 1966. On December 24th and 25th that year he was recorded live in two broadcast sessions with Clark Terry in Charlie Barnet's big band at Basin Street East. Another broadcast session was recorded on January 1 of '67. Those tapes weren't released until 2006 on 'Charlie Barnet Live at Basin Street East', including a couple tracks from the January show. On February 22, 1967, Brecker joined Larry Coryell in the Free Spirits in NYC for what would get issued in 2011 as 'Live at The Scene'. In latter 1967 Brecker was an original member of Blood Sweat & Tears, emerging on 'Child Is Father to the Man' in 1968. Brecker had also recorded with Duke Pearson in December of '67, 'Introducing Duke Pearson's Big Band' issued in 1968. Brecker had left Blood Sweat & Tears before appearing on the 'Jazz Casual' television program in April of 1968 with the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra. Brecker is thought to have released his first LP in 1969 (1970 per discogs), 'Score', featuring his brother, Michael. Larry Coryell also contributed to that LP. Brecker and Michael formed the band, Dreams, with drummer, Billy Cobham, to release 'Dreams' in 1970 and 'Imagine My Surprise' the next year. Important to Brecker's early career in the seventies were such as Horace Silver, Tod Rundgren and Idris Muhammad. In 1975 he formed the Brecker Brothers with Michael, they to perform together into the nineties with a brief respite in the eighties. In 2003 they toured Japan together. Brecker's last performance with Michael was in 2004 in Europe with the German WDR Big Band, as Michael would fall ill and die in January 2007 of leukemia (MDS). During the new millennium Brecker has toured Europe heavily, receiving his sixth Grammy in 2014 for his 2012 LP, 'Night in Calisia', recorded in Poland. Brecker is yet active as ever. Among the latest of his forty some albums as a leader or co-leader, not counting the Brecker Brothers, was 'Dearborn Station' in 2015 with the DePaul University Jazz Ensemble, recorded in 2014. Like brother Michael who was highly prolific at 515 sessions, Lord's disco credits Randy with 722 of them. Among the host on whose recordings he can be heard are Johnny Hodges, John Tropea, Joe Farrell, Eddie Daniels, Mingus Dynasty, Bob Mintzer, Vince Mendoza, Andy Sheppard, Al Kooper, Tom Scott, Herbie Mann and David Lahm. Per 1970 below, tracks are from the album, 'Dreams', by the joint Michael/Randy Brecker band, Dreams.

Randy Brecker   1969



Dreams   1970

   Holli Be Home

   New York

   Try Me

Randy Brecker   1977


      Album by Jack Wilkins

Randy Brecker   1986


      Album with Eliane Elias

The Brecker Brothers   1992

  Live in Barcelona

      Filmed concert

Randy Brecker   2012

   Blagoevgrad Jazz Panorama

      Filmed live with Ventzislav Blagoev

Randy Brecker   2014

   Live in Tokyo

      Filmed with Ozone Makoto & Mike Stern


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Cobham

Billy Cobham   2007

Source: paoenrico
Born in 1944 in Panama, jazz fusion drummer, Billy Cobham, was raised in New York City. Graduating from high school in 1962, he then enlisted in the Army and played in Army bands. Upon release from service Cobham wasted little time forging important important relationships in New York City. His earliest known recording session was in February of 1967 with George Benson, appearing on 'Giblet Gravy' the next year. He thereat formed strong relationships with bassist, Ron Carter, guitarist, Eric Gale, and pianist, Herbie Hancock. Hancock and, especially, Benson, would join Cobham on multiple occasions in the future in support of other bands. Along the way Cobham provided rhythm on Benson's 'White Rabbit' in November, 1971. Lord's disco has their last mutual session in 1974 for 'Naturally' (Nat Adderley), that included on Freddie Hubbard's 'Polar AC' issued in '76. As for Carter, he was to become a figure of major importance throughout Cobham's career. They worked nigh as left and right rail into the latter eighties in support numerous operations, partnering likewise on multiple occasions in the new millennium. Along the way Cobham sided for Carter on seven albums from 'Uptown Conversation' in October of '69 to 'Empire Jazz' in 1980. Carter contributed to Cobham's debut LP, 'Spectrum', in May of 1973. It was Cobham's 'Picture This' in Italy for issue in 1987. The trio, Art of Three, including pianist, Kenny Barron, recorded 'The Art of Three' in Norway and Denmark on January 12 and 13 of 2001. 'Art of Four' went down in Switzerland that year on an unidentified date. It was the Art of Three again for 'Live in Japan 2003'. Lord's disco has Carter and Cobham recording together as late as a trio with alto saxophonist, Donald Harrison, for 'This Is Jazz' in March of 2011. As for Eric Gale, he and Cobham would interweave often into the eighties in support of various groups such as Stanley Turrentine's. Along the way they would both participate in both volumes of 'Montreux Summit' in 1977 in Switzerland. Lord's disco shows their last mutual session in Montreux on July 21, 1982, for Mose Allison's 'Lesson In Living'. We turn back to March of 1968 for three tracks with Horace Silver on the latter's 'Serenade to a Soul Sister' for Blue Note that year. His period with Silver into 1969 included a tour to France for 'Live' in November of '68. With well above 250 sessions to his credit, we skip through '69 a bit to trumpeter, Miles Davis, for 'Big Fun' in November. From Cobham's participation in 'Bitches Brew' on January 20, 1970, to 'Circle in the Round' in November of '79 Cobham contributed to seven of Davis' albums. 'Big Fun' in November of 1968 included guitarist, John McLaughlin, who would also play a major role in Cobham's career. Continuing with Davis together, Cobham would support above ten of McLaughlin's albums with the latter's Mahavishnu Orchestra beginning with 'The Inner Mounting Flame' in August of 1971 to 'Mahavishnu' in Paris in 1984. Cobham and McLaughlin would reunite in 2010 at the 44th Montreux Jazz Festival. The early seventies had also seen recordings for Johnny Hammond Smith and Eumir Deodato before Cobham's first LP as a leader issued in 1973: 'Spectrum'. Joining him on that were Jan Hammer (keyboards) Tommy Bolin (guitar) and Lee Sklar (electric bass). The seventies also saw Cobham on titles for Larry Coryell and Stanley Clarke. During the early eighties Cobham drummed with the Grateful Dead, then formed his quartet, the Glass Menagerie. Cobham was elected into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1987. During the nineties he worked with Peter Gabriel, formed the quartet, Nordic ('Nordic' '96), then the trio, Paradox ('Paradox' '96), with Bill Bickford (guitar) and Wolfgang Schmid (bass). Cobham was a member of the group, Jazz Is Dead, a Dead-jazz fusion group performing Grateful Dead covers. He appeared on Jazz Is Dead's first two albums, 'Blue Light Rain' ('98) and 'Laughing Water' ('99). That group's original members were Alphonso Johnson (bass), Jimmy Herring (guitar) and T Levitz (keyboards). Among the numerous others Cobham had supported during his career were Kenny Burrell, Les McCann and Hubert Laws. With a prolific recording career behind him, Cobham has issued about forty albums as a leader. He released 'Tales from the Skeleton Coast' in 2014. The next year he released the live LP, 'Spectrum 40 Live' and the studio album, 'Reflected Journey'. Cobham has been teaching drums online since 2011 for the ArtistWorks Drum Academy. Per below, Mahavishnu Orchestra also means John McLaughlin. Per 1971 below, 'Jack Johnson' (the boxer) has been reissued a few times as 'A Tribute to Jack Johnson'.

Billy Cobham   1968

   Giblet Gravy

      George Benson LP: 'Giblet Gravy'

   Jungle Juice

      Horace Silver LP:

     'Serenade to a Soul Sister'

Billy Cobham   1970


      Ron Carter LP: 'Uptown Conversation'

Billy Cobham   1971

   Vital Transformation

      LP: 'The Inner Mounting Flame'

      Mahavishnu Orchestra


      Miles Davis LP: 'Jack Johnson'

Billy Cobham   1972

   Mahavishnu Orchestra Live

      Filmed live

Billy Cobham   1973



Billy Cobham   1974



   Live in London

      Filmed live at Rainbow Theatre

Billy Cobham   1976

   Live in Montreux

      Filmed concert

Billy Cobham   1977



Billy Cobham   1981

   Live in Riazzino

      Filmed with Glass Mangerie

Billy Cobham   1982


      LP with Glass Mangerie

Billy Cobham   1983

   Live in Lugano

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Ron Carter

      Piano: Herbie Hancock

Billy Cobham   1984

   Drum Solo: Zildjian Days

      Filmed live

Billy Cobham   2002

   Live in Paris

      Filmed concert

Billy Cobham   2011

   Live at Nancy Jazz Pulsation

      Filmed concert

Billy Cobham   2013

   Drum Solo: Evans Studio

      Filmed live

   Drum Solo: Spectrum 40

      Filmed live

Billy Cobham   2014

   Drum Solo: PASIC

      Filmed live

   Drum Solo

      Filmed at Teatro Gabriele D'Annunzio


  Born in 1945 in Tampa, Florida, smooth jazz master, David Sanborn, began playing alto sax as a youth with polio upon the advice of a doctor. It being 50/50 with doctors, he might have been lucky. As a teenager he jammed with such as Albert King and Little Milton. He attended both Northwestern University and the University of Iowa before heading to San Francisco to there join a friend. He there happened upon another earlier friend, Phillip Wilson, who was playing with Paul Butterfield, which is how he came to record 'The Resurrection of Pigboy Crabshaw' with Butterfield's blues band in December of 1967, released the next month in '68. Beginning to work as a studio musician, Sanborn is credited with above 230 of them, 70 his own. He later toured with Stevie Wonder, appearing on Wonder's 'Talking Book' in 1972. Sometime in 1973 he supported O'Donel Levy's 'Everything I Do Gonna Be Funky'. Among the more important figures in Sanborn's career was bandleader, Gil Evans, they recording unknown titles on April 4 of of '73 at the Whitney Museum in NYC. It was Evans' 'Svengali' in latter May. Come June for 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix'. 'There Comes a Time' went down in March of 1975, 'Priestess' in May of '77. A tour to London in February of '78 wrought 'At the Royal Festival Hall' and 'The Rest of Gil Evans Live at the Royal Festival Hall'. Sanborn's last sessions with Evans are thought to have been on June 5 of 1982 for parties unknown on unissued titles such as 'Well You Needn't (Thelonious Monk) and 'Blues in Orbit' (Billy Strayhorn). Sanborn is thought to have worked with the Rolling Stones before touring with David Bowie, appearing on Bowie's 'Young Americans' per 1975. He later backed the Stones' 'Undercover' released in 1983. Sanborn had issued his LP, 'Taking Off', in '75, the debut of more than thirty as a leader or co-leader. Sanborn began working in radio and television in the latter eighties. He hosted the 'Night Music' television program for a couple years, starting in '88. He also hosted 'The Jazz Show with David Sanborn' radio program into the nineties. Sanborn also regularly hosted the ABC television special, 'After New Year's Eve'. He's appeared on 'David Letterman' on numerous occasions, both in Paul Shaffer's band and with his own. Having won six Grammy Awards, Sanborn has also scored eight gold albums and one platinum ('Double Vision' 1986), which is how he can afford his favored alto sax, the very expensive Selmer Mark VI wanting $6000. He likes the Vandoren V16 reeds which, at Sanborn's pace, each lasts about a week. Having also composed for films, Sanborn resides in Manhattan and is yet quite active. His latest LP release was 'Time and the River' in 2015. Among the many on whose recordings he can be found are the Manhattan Transfer, John Tropea, Maynard Ferguson, Steve Khan, Bob James, John McLaughlin, Jun Fukamachi, Michael Kamenand and Al Jarreau. Per 1964 below, both tracks are from 'The Resurrection of Pigboy Crabshaw' by the Paul Butterfield Blues Band.

David Sanborn   1968

  Born Under a Bad Sign

  Pity the Fool

David Sanborn   1975

  Blue Night

      Album: 'Taking Off'


      Album: 'Taking Off'

  Duck Ankles

      Album: 'Taking Off'

David Sanborn   1979



David Sanborn   1986

  Double Vision


  Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed concert

  Love and Happiness

      Filmed at SIR Studios

David Sanborn   1988

  Slam/Rush Hour

      Filmed at Live Under the Sky

David Sanborn   1989

  Live on Night Music

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

David Sanborn   1990

  Chicago Song

      Filmed live at Under the Sky

David Sanborn   1991

  Festival Jazz de Vitoria-Gasteiz

      Filmed concert

      Piano: Kenny Kirkland

David Sanborn   1999

  The Super Session I

      Television broadcast:

      'After New Year's Eve'

  The Super Session II

      Television broadcast:

      'After New Year's Eve'

David Sanborn   2009

  Live at Estival Jazz Lugano

      Filmed concert

David Sanborn   2010

  Live in Burghausen

      Filmed concert

David Sanborn   2013

  Leverkusener Jazztage

      Filmed Concert

  Quartette Humaine


David Sanborn   2015

  A La Verticale

      Album: 'Time and the River'

  Run for Cover

      Filmed at Montreux


Birth of Modern Jazz: David Sanborn

David Sanborn

Source: EJazz News
Birth of Modern Jazz: Wadada Leo Smith

Wadada Leo Smith

Source: MS Writers & Musicians
Born in 1941 in Leland, Mississippi, Wadada Leo Smith began playing trumpet in R&B bands before becoming a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1967. Smith is thought to have first seen vinyl in 1968 on Anthony Braxton's '3 Compositions of New Jazz'. Eight albums followed to May 12 and 16 of 1978 per Braxton's 'Creative Orchestra (Köln) 1978' and 'Orchestra (Paris) 1978'. Smith had founded his own record label, 'Kabell', in 1971. His first issue as a leader was in 1972: 'Creative Music - 1'. During the seventies he studied at Wesleyan University in Connecticut. He also developed Ankhrasmation in the seventies, a system of graphic notation. Becoming a Rastafarian in the eighties, he began using the name, Wadada. He began teaching at the California Institute of the Arts (Calarts) in 1993, remaining there until 2014. Playing multiple instruments, he also taught instrument making. In 1998 Smith surfaced on the first of three albums with guitarist, Henry Kaiser: 'Yo, Miles!'. 2002 saw the release of Smith's first album with his Golden Quartet, 'The Year of the Elephant'. In 2013 he issued 'Ten Freedom Summers', a four-disc tribute to the Civil Rights movement three decades in the making. That album made him a candidate for the Pulitzer Prize that year. Smith yet performs as of this writing. Wikipedia has him on 50 albums as a leader to 'A Cosmic Rhythm with Each Stroke' in October of 2015 w keyboardist, Vijay Iyer, and 'America's National Parks' on May 5 of 2016 in New Haven, Connecticut. Among the numerous on whose recordings he can be found are Frank Lowe, Derek Bailey, Jeanne Lee, the Creative Construction Company, Tyrone Henderson, John Lindberg and Johnnie Valentino.

Wadada Leo Smith   1968

  3 Compositions of New Jazz

      Anthony Braxton album:

     '3 Compositions of New Jazz'

Wadada Leo Smith   1975

  Creative Improvisation Ensemble

      Album Recorded 1970

  Divine Love


Wadada Leo Smith   1976

  Until the Fire

      Album: 'Kabell Years 1971-1979'

      Released 2004

Wadada Leo Smith   2005

  Live at the Banlieues Bleues Festival

      DVD: 'Freedom Now'   Recorded 2004

Wadada Leo Smith   2009

  Angela Davis

      Album: 'Spiritual Dimensions'

Wadada Leo Smith   2012

  Martin Luther King Jr

      Album: 'Ten Freedom Summers'

Wadada Leo Smith   2013

  A Memorial

      Filmed live

Wadada Leo Smith   2014

  Janus Face

      Album: 'Red Hill'

  Lake Ontario

      Album 'The Great Lakes Suites'

  Rosa Parks

      Filmed live

Wadada Leo Smith   2015

  Live at the Stone

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Score by Smith

Score by Smith

Source: The Wire
Birth of Modern Jazz: Arthur Blythe

Arthur Blythe

Photo: Frank Schindelbeck

Source: Jazz Pages
Born in 1940 in Los Angeles, Arthur Blythe began alto sax at age nine, shifting from R&B to jazz as a teenager. Having lived in San Diego, he returned to Los Angeles at age nineteen where he met pianist, Horace Tapscott. The two became founding members of the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) in 1961, which became the Union of God's Musicians and Artist's Ascension (UGMAA) a few years later. Blythe had first surfaced on vinyl with Tapscott in 1969 on the album, 'The Giant Is Awakened'. Blythe worked with Tapscott until 1974 when he went to New York where he worked with Chico Hamilton from '75 to '77. Blythe contributed to Hamilton's 'Peregrinations' in '75, 'Chico Hamilton and The Players' in '76 and 'Catwalk' in '77. They would reunite in the new millennium for 'Firestorn' ('01). Blythe joined Synthesis sometime in 1976 for 'Sentiments', 'Six By Six' following on August 17 of 1977. The major figure in Bylthe's career in the latter seventies was pianist, arranger and conductor, Gil Evans, with whose orchestra Blythe recorded 'Synthetic Evans' in Warsaw, Poland, on October 23, 1976. Blythe toured with Evans to Europe for sessions in '77 and '78, recording 'Parabola' in Rome on July 29 of 1978. In February of 1980 he supported Evans' 'Live at The Public Theatre' in New York City. Blythe had recorded his debut album, 'The Grip', on February 26, 1977. Lord's disco has him leading 23 albums to 'Live at Yoshi's' in Oakland, CA, in December of 2003. It was also some time in 1977 that Blythe held his first mutual session with trumpeter, Lester Bowie, that for a couple titles recorded at the Environ Loft in NYC issued on 'Environ Days' in 1991 (discography for 'Environ Days'). The next year in April of '78 Blythe joined Bowie's quintet, the Leaders, for 'The Fifth Power'. Another session with the Leaders in 1986 witnessed 'Mudfoot'. 'Slipping and Sliding' was recorded in Brooklyn in '93 and '94. 1979 saw Blythe touring to Havana, Cuba, with the CBS Jazz All-Stars for both volumes of 'Havana Jam' on March 3 at the Karl Marx Theatre. In 1980 he showed up on McCoy Tyner's 'Quartets 4 X 4'. Eleven years later be joined Tyner on ''44th Street Suite' on May 11, 1991. The year after 'Quartets 4 X 4' Blythe found himself partnering with saxophonist, Chico Freeman, in the McCoy Tyner Quintet at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland in July of 1981 for 'Rotunda', that included on the 1982 album by various, 'The New York Montreux Connection '81'. Freeman and Blythe worked together numerously for the next fifteen years. They were both members of the Leaders and Roots, also backing each other's projects. On February 25, 1989, they co-led 'Luminous'. Blythe participated in Freeman's 'The Unspoken Word' in 1993 and 'Focus' on May 16 of 1994. Freeman assisted Blythe on 'Night Song' in August of '96. Another ensemble to which Blythe belonged was the World Saxophone Quartet, recording 'Metamorphosis' in April of 1990 and 'Breath of Life' in September of 1992. Other than Blythe that quartet consisted of Oliver Lake, David Murray and Hamiet Bluiett. Between those two albums Blythe joined Roots for live sessions in Leverkusen, Germany, in October of 1991 to result in both volumes of 'Salutes the Saxophone'. Joining Blythe on alto sax were tenors Nathan Davis, Chico Freeman and Sam Rivers. That square of saxophones was maintained on 'Stablemates' recorded in Heidelberg, Germany, on December 14 and 15, 1992. Benny Golson replaced Rivers on tenor for 'Saying Something' at Muddy's Club in Weinheim, Germany, on June 14, 1995. Another group to which Blythe got attached was the Music Revelation Ensemble, recording 'In the Name of ...' in December of of 1993 in NYC, that including Rivers. 'Knights of Power' arrived in April of 1995 with Rivers out. The other members of that band on both those sessions were Hamiet Bluiett (baritone sax), James Blood Ulmer (guitar), Amin Ali (electric bass) and Cornell Rochester (drums). Another group was the trio, Another Interface, with John Fischer (piano) and Wilber Morris (bass), recording 'Live at the BIM' at the Bimhuis in Amsterdam, Holland, on October 1, 1996. Blythe also contributed to a couple albums by drummer, Joey Baron, in the latter nineties: 'Down Home' in '97 and 'We'll Soon Find Out' in '99. Blythe's latest studio album release was 'Exhale' in 2003. That was followed per above by 'Live at Yoshi's' in December of 2003. Come a trio in February of 2004 with David Eyges (electric cello) and Abe Speller (drums) for 'Ace'. February 2, 2006, saw Blythe contributing to Gitta Kahle's 'Blue Tide Red'. Per 1979 below, all tracks are from Blythe's album, 'In the Tradition', unless otherwise noted.

Arthur Blythe   1969

  The Giant Is Awakened

      Album by Horace Tapscott

Arthur Blythe   1977

  As Of Yet

      Album: 'The Grip'

Arthur Blythe   1978

  Bush Baby

      Album   Recorded 1977

Arthur Blythe   1979


  Hip Dripper

  In a Sentimental Mood

  Jitterbug Waltz

  Lenox Avenue Breakdown

      Album   Recorded 1978

Arthur Blythe   1980


      Album: 'Illusions'

  Jazzfestival Berlin

      Filmed live

Arthur Blythe   1981

  Live in Montreux

      Filmed live

Arthur Blythe   1983

  Jana's Delight

      Album: 'Reflection'

Arthur Blythe   1989

  Heaven Dance

      Album: 'Unforeseen Blessings'


  Born in 1949 in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, Michael Brecker, was younger brother to trumpter, Randy Brecker. Like many saxophonists, Brecker began with clarinet, assumed alto as he matured, then found tenor to be his fit. He was yet a high school student when he was recorded at the Summer Big Band Camp on something titled 'Ramblerry School '66'. No notion what's become of that. Graduating from high school in 1967, Brecker attended Indiana State University for a year before popping up in New York City where he rapidly began earning good money as a session musician. In 1968 he backed Randy, and was also featured, on the latter's 1969 debut LP, 'Score', thereafter to became one of the more prolific recording artists in jazz, having appeared on more than 700 albums during his career (we've read 900 somewhere). Brecker formed the brief-lived band, Dreams, with Randy and drummer, Billy Cobham in '70. Cobham was an important figure early in Michael's career, as would be his brother, Randy, throughout. Michael and Randy formed the Brecker Brothers in 1975, a group that would be their main engine into the eighties, reuniting in the nineties and 21st century as well. Brecker would form Steps in 1979, becoming Steps Ahead in '82 upon discovery that another band already owned the Steps name. Brecker's debut LP, 'Cityscape', was issued in 1982. I dread to say that partial listings of Brecker's recordings are alone so intimidating that unusual courage is requisite to look upon them. Only I dare to give a meager account of the roster of musicians Brecker has backed with saxophone in the manner that I do here: Hal Gulper, James Brown, James Taylor, Art Garfunke, Paul Simon, Carly Simon, Jun Fukumachi, Bob James, Chaka Khan, Yoko Ono, John Patitucci, Frank Zappa, Al Foster, The Manhattan Transfer, John Tropea, Joe Farrell, Alphonse Mouzon, Members Only, Jim Beard, Jason Miles, McCoy Tyner, Sports Music Assemble People (SMAP), Kazumi Watanabe and Michael Franks, not to mention work on several soundtracks. Into the new millennium Brecker was struck with MDS, giving his final performance at Carnegie Hall in June of 2006. He died of leukemia in January the next year in New York City. His final of above ten albums, 'Pilgrimage', was issued the next May. Brecker had brought home 15 Grammy awards, was recipient of an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in 2004 and was posthumously inducted into 'Down Beat' magazine's Jazz Hall of Fame in 2007. His saxophone was the Selmer Mark VI.

Michael Brecker   1969


      Album by Randy Brecker

Dreams   1970

  Dream Suite

      LP: 'Dreams'

Dreams   1971

  Imagine My Surprise

      LP: 'Imagine My Surprise'

Michael Brecker   1977

  Live at Village Vanguard

      Filmed with the Hal Galper Quintet

Michael Brecker   1983

  Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed with Steps Ahead

Michael Brecker   1989

  Live in Lund

      Filmed concert

The Brecker Brothers   1992

  Live in Barcelona

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   1998

  Live in Leverkusen

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   2001

  AVO Session Basel

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   2003

  Live at the Blue Note

      Filmed with Chick Corea

Michael Brecker   2004

  Live at the Blue Note Tokyo

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   2007




Birth of Modern Jazz: Michael Brecker 

Michael Brecker

Photo: Enid Farber

Source: Michael Brecker Live Recordings
  Liberation Music Orchestra   See Liberation Music Orchestra.

Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul McCandless

Paul McCandless

Source: Joseph Noise
Born in 1947 in Indiana, PA, composer, Paul McCandless, played woodwinds from oboe and clarinet to sax and flute. He began his career performing on English horn with the Paul Winter Consort, emerging on Winter's 'Something In the Wind' in 1969. McCandless would be found on nine more albums in association with Winter and the Winter Consort, including 'Living Music Collection' in '86, to 'Spanish Angel' in 1993 which won a Grammy. McCandless became better known as a founding member of the group, Oregon, in 1970 which has remained largely intact to this day (but for the loss of Collin Walcott in 1984 by auto accident in Germany). Oregon laid its first tracks in 1970, 'Our First Record', not issued until 1980. Its first release was 'Music of Another Present Era' in 1972. The group's 28th and latest issue per Wikipedia was 'Family Tree' in 2012. In 1979 McCandless recorded his debut LP as a leader: 'All the Mornings Bring'. He put down 'Navigator' in February of '81, 'Heresay' in April of '88, 'Premonition' in latter '91, 'The Impressionists' in '92, 'Isole' in July of '99 in Italy and 'Shapeshifter' in 2003. In addition to Oregon, McCandless has backed a host of others along a path of no less than 134 sessions (Lord's). Most pronounced among those was banjo virtuoso, Bela Fleck, with whom he recorded 'Live Art' ('96), 'Greatest Hits of the 20th Century' ('99), 'Outbound' (2000) and 'Live at the Quick' ('02). McCandless has won three Grammy awards, one in association with Bela Fleck in 1996 ('Sinister Minister'), two more in 2007 and 2011 for work with Paul Winter ('Crestone' and 'Miho: Journey to the Mountain'). McCandless remains active with Oregon as of this writing. Among his latest contributions was 'Hommage a Eberhard Weber' in 2015 for bassist, Eberhard Weber.

Paul McCandless   1969

  Cantata 127

      Paul Winter LP: 'Something In the Wind'

Paul McCandless   1979


      LP: 'All the Mornings Bring'

Paul McCandless   1990

  Song Without Words

Paul McCandless   1992


      LP: 'Premonition'


      LP: 'Premonition'

  Two Moons

      LP: 'Premonition'

Paul McCandless   2007


      Filmed with Antonio Calogero

Paul McCandless   2008

  Virgil's Brown Box

      Filmed with Art Lande

Paul McCandless   2011

  Scala Nobile

      Filmed in Italy

Paul McCandless   2015


      Filmed in Revensburg, Germany

      Drums: Roberto Dani

      Guitar: Samo Salamon


      Filmed with the SWR Big Band


Birth of Modern Jazz: Leon Spencer

Leon Spencer

Source: Soul Unlimited
Born in 1945 in Houston, pianist/organist, Leon Spencer, pursued but a brief career of several years before becoming obscure. He's an apt illustration, however, of soul jazz and acid (funk) jazz in the early seventies. He is thought to have surfaced on vinyl for the first time in 1969 on Wilbert Longmire's 'Revolution', that recorded in Hollywood at Liberty Studios for World Pacific. They later joined saxophonist, Rusty Bryant, on February 22, 1971, for the latter's 'Fire Eater'. Though Spencer's was a short career he appeared on three albums each by Lou Donaldson, Melvin Sparks and Sonny Stitt. He himself issued a total of four albums as a leader: 'Sneak Preview!' ('71), 'Louisiana Slim' ('71), 'Bad Walking Woman' ('72) and 'Where I'm Coming From' ('73). His last recordings are thought to been released on Longmire's 'This Side of Heaven' in 1976 before disappearing into obscurity. He did bob up years later on several tracks (1, 4, 7-9) of Karl Denson's 'Dance Lesson #2' in 2001, only to undertow again until his death on March 11 of 2012.

Leon Spencer   1969

  Scarborough Fair/Canticle

      Wilbert Longmire LP: 'Revolution'

Leon Spencer   1971

  Louisiana Slim


  The Slide

      LP: 'Sneak Preview'

  Sneak Preview

      LP: 'Sneak Preview'

Leon Spencer   1972

  Bad Walking Woman


Leon Spencer   1973


      LP: 'Where I'm Coming From'

  Where I'm Coming From

      LP: 'Where I'm Coming From'

Leon Spencer   1976

  This Side of Heaven

      Wilbert Longmire LP: 'This Side of Heaven'

Leon Spencer   2001

  I Want the Funk

      Karl Denson LP: 'Dance Lesson #2'


  Steve Grossman was born in New York City, in 1951. Foregoing clarinet, he was big enough for alto at age eight, went soprano at fifteen, then tenor the next year. He was seventeen when he contributed tenor to pianist, Weldon Irvine's, cover of John Coltrane's 'Mr. P.C.' in 1968. That would get issued much later on ''Weldon & The Kats in 1989. Miles Davis picked him up in November of 1969 for titles toward 'Big Fun' ('74) and 'The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions' ('98 discogs discography). Needless to say, young Grossman did some serious honing with Davis, appearing on the latter's 'Live at Fillmore East' in 1970, recorded in June. He emerged on several other Davis albums in the early seventies, including a live engagement at Fillmore West in April 1970, issued in 1973 as 'Black Beauty'. Lord's disco shows their last recordings per the CBS Records Convention in Freeport, Grand Bahama Island on August 2 of 1970 for 'Directions', 'Bitches Brew', et al. They would reunite at Grande Halle de La Villette in Paris in 1991, Davis' 'At La Villette' issued in 2001 on DVD. Also playing a large role in Grossman's earlier career was drummer, Elvin Jones. His first two of several LPs with Jones were issued in 1972: 'Merry-Go-Round' and 'Mr. Jones'. The sixth and last was 'The Main Force' in 1976. They would reunite on February 12, 1993, for Grossman's 'Time to Smile'. It had been time for Grossman to focus on his own album in 1973, releasing 'Some Shapes to Come' the next year iper his Quartet with Jan Hammer, Gene Perla and Don Alias. He formed the trio, Stone Alliance, in the latter seventies with Perla and Alias. That configuration of the group would vary from 'Stone Alliance' in 1976 to 'Con Amigos' and 'Stone Alliance - Marcio Montarroyos' in 1977. Perla and Alias would later resurrect Stone Alliance without Grossman. Grossman has released about twenty-five albums as a leader or co-leader to 'Homecoming' gone down in October of 2010. Among other collaborations in the new millennium were 'Lagos Blues' in 2010 with pianist, Antonio Ciacca and 'Take the 'D' Train' with the Martin Sasse Trio in Cologne, Germany, on November 16, 2013.

Steve Grossman   1969

  The Big Green Serpent

      Not released until 1998

      Miles Davis: 'The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions'


      Not released until 1998

      Miles Davis: 'The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions'

  Great Expectations

      Not released until 1974

      Miles Davis LP: 'Big Fun'

Steve Grossman   1970

  Wednesday Miles

      Miles Davis: 'Live at Fillmore East'


      Miles Davis: 'Live at Fillmore East'

Steve Grossman   1973

  Bright Piece

      Filmed with Elvin Jones

  The Children/Merry-Go-Round

      Filmed with Elvin Jones


      Miles Davis LP: 'Black Beauty'

      Live at Fillmore West

  Willie Nelson

      Miles Davis LP: 'Black Beauty'

      Live at Fillmore West

Steve Grossman   1974

  Some Shapes to Come


Steve Grossman   1975

  Recorder Me

      Bass: Tsutomu Okada

      Drums: Motohiko Hino

      Guitar: Kazumi Watanabe

Steve Grossman   1976


      Filmed with Stone Alliance

      Bass: Gene Perla

      Congas: Don Alias


      LP: 'Terra Firma'

Steve Grossman   1988

  There Will Never Be Another You

      Live with Sal Nistico

Steve Grossman   1999

  Inner Circle

      LP: 'With Michael Petrucciani'

Steve Grossman   2012

  I Hear a Rhapsody

      Filmed with the Salvatore Tranchini Trio

Steve Grossman   2013

  Jam #204

      Filmed at the Hat Bar


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Grossman

Steve Grossman   2008

Source: All About Jazz
  Alphonse Mouzon is but barely beyond the range of this page, being jazz musicians who issued before 1970. But he was an important jazz fusion drummer and did record in the sixties. Born in 1948 in Charleston, South Carolina, Mouzon studied both drama at the City College of New York and medicine at the Manhattan Medical School. He also received instruction from Bobby Thomas, drummer for Billy Taylor. While yet a student he worked professionally on Broadway in 1968 as a percussionist in the musical, 'Promises, Promises'. He was working at a hospital when he was able to quit his day job and invest full focus on music. It was about that time on an unknown date in 1969 that he recorded 'Thoroughbred' and 'Blues In Orbit' with Gil Evans, at the Village Vanguard, those released in 1970 on Evans' eponymously titled 'Gil Evans'. That was reissued in 1971 as 'Blues In Orbit'. (Drummer on the remainder of the tracks on those was Elvin Jones.) After Evans, if not before, Mouzon joined Robin Kenyatta at Columbia University, New York, on April 6 of 1969 for 'Beggars and Stealers'. Sometime in 1970 Mouzon contributed to Roy Ayers' 'Ubiquity' issued in 1971. On August 6 of 1970 it was Wayne Shorter's 'Odyssey of Iska'. That would lead to 'Weather Report' in February of 1971, a jazz fusion ensemble led by Shorter, Joe Zawinul and Miroslav Vitouš. Between the above two sessions had come unissued titles for Blue Note by Shorter on October 13 of 1970 such as 'The Creation', 'Cee', 'Dee', et al, those with Vitouš and McCoy Tyner present. Mouzon would support four of Tyner's albums from 'Sahara' in January of 1972 to 'Enlightenment' on July 7 of 1973 at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland. Among the more important figures in Mouzon's career was guitarist, Larry Coryell, with whom he had first recorded 'Introducing the Eleventh House' in March of 1973. They were at Mouzon's next Montreux Jazz Festival on July 4, 1974, for 'The Eleventh House at Montreaux'. Seven more albums for Coryell followed to 'The Coryells' in August of 1999, including their jointly led 'The 11th House' in 1985. Along the way they had supported pianist, Roykey Wydh's, 'Secret Message' in 1984. It had been June of 1972 when Mouzon joined drummer, Norman Connors, with pianist, Herbie Hancock, for 'Dance of Magic'. Four years later they toured to Tokyo to support Kimiko Kasai's 'Butterfly' in October of 1978. Hancock's 'Direct Step' also went down in October in Tokyo. Three more LPs followed ('Monster' and 'Mr. Hands') to 'Magic Windows' in 1981. Latter '80 saw Hancock contributing to Mouzon's 'By All Means' followed by 'Morning Sun' in 1980-81. It had been December of 1972 that Mouzin recorded his debut album, 'The Essence of Mystery'. Twenty years later he founded Tenacious Records in 1992, on which he released 'The Survivor' and numerous since. Wikipedia gives him a catalogue of 25 albums to 'Angel Face' in 2011, the latter seventeen per Tenacious (which also reissued titles prior to 'The Survivor' by other labels). Among numerous others for whom Mouzon drummed along his path of above couple hundred sessions were Jeremy Steig, Albert Mangelsdorff, the Piano Conclave, Patrick Moraz, Joachim Kuhn, Torsten DeWinkel and El Chicano. Having resided in Los Angeles, he there died of cardiac arrest on Christmas, 2016.

Alphonse Mouzon   1971

  Blues In Orbit

      Recorded 1969

      Gil Evans LP: 'Blues In Orbit'

  Live in NYC

      Television broadcast

      Piano: McCoy Tyner


      Recorded 1969

      Gil Evans LP: 'Blues In Orbit'

Alphonse Mouzon   1974

  Fusion Jam

      Not released until 1999

      Guitar: Tommy Bolin

Alphonse Mouzon   1975

  Ascorbic Acid

      LP: 'Mind Transplant'

  Golden Rainbows

      LP: 'Mind Transplant'

Alphonse Mouzon   1976

  Drum Solo

      Filmed live

      Bass: Jaco Pastorius

      Trombone: Albert Mangelsdorff

  Master Funk

      Filmed live

      Jazz Zur Nacht


      Filmed live

      Jazz Zur Nacht

  Trio Song

      Filmed live

      Bass: Jaco Pastorius

      Trombone: Albert Mangelsdorff

Alphonse Mouzon   1979

  I Want To Hold Your Hand

      LP: 'Baby Come Back'

Alphonse Mouzon   2015

  Misty Mountain Hop

      Filmed at Bonzo Bash


Birth of Modern Jazz: Alphonse Mouzon

Alphonse Mouzon

Source: Valvulado
Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Towner

Ralph Towner

Source: Inner Views
Ralph Towner was born in Chehalis, Washington, in 1940. Though he played multiple instruments he is best known as an acoustic guitarist. Towner was tapping piano keys at three and blowing trumpet at five. He was a student at the University of Oregon with future partner, Glen Moore, in 1960. Like Moore, he studied abroad in Vienna, classical composition. With Moore he was recorded with the Paul Winter Consort at locations in California and New York for Winter's 1970 release of 'Road'. By that time Towner and Moore had put together the group, Oregon, with Paul McCandless and Collin Walcott. That group recorded tracks for its first LP in 1970, but before its pressing Increase Records went bankrupt. Those recordings didn't see light until 1980 on 'Our First Record'. Oregon's first LP to see record shelves was 'Music of Another Present Era' in 1972, the same year he and Moore released 'Trios / Solos'. Towner, Moore and McCandless have remained with Oregon well into the new millennium, recording 'Family Tree' as recently as April of 2012 in Ludwigsburg, Germany. (Walcott had died in an auto accident in 1984.) Towner's second session in the capacity of a leader was his 1974 album, 'Diary', on which he performed on all instruments himself (guitars, piano, gong). Having released above 30 LPs as a leader or co-leader (not counting Oregon), solos among those were 'Solo Concert' ('79), 'Blue Sun' ('83), Ana ('97), 'Anthem' ('01), 'Time Line' ('06) and, his most recent issue, 'My Foolish Heart' ('17). That had been preceded by 'Travel Guide', also in Lugano, Switzerland, in August of 2012 with Slava Grigoryan (guitar) and Wolfgang Muthspiel (electric guitar). Collaborations with others have included Weather Report ('I Sing the Body Electric' '72), John Abercrombie, Gary Burton and Gary Peacock. Towner is yet active, his base of operations in Rome, Italy.

Ralph Towner   1973

  Raven's Wood

      LP: 'Trios / Solos'

      Bass: Glen Moore

  Song for a Friend

      Bass: Glen Moore

Ralph Towner   1975


      LP: 'Solstice'

Ralph Towner   1979

  New Moon

      LP: 'Old Friends, New Friends'

Ralph Towner   1982


      Guitar: John Abercrombie

Ralph Towner   1996

   Green & Golden

      LP: 'Ana'

Ralph Towner   2001



Ralph Towner   2005


      Filmed live   Guitars:

      Wolfgang Muthspiel & Slava Grigoryan

Ralph Towner   2007?

   Catching Up

      Television broadcast

Ralph Towner   2011

   Live in Sardinia

      Filmed live

      Trumpet/Flugelhorn: Paolo Fresu

Ralph Towner   2012

   Stompin' at the Savoy

      Filmed in Banchette, Turin


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lenny White

Lenny White

Source: WCSU FM
Lenny White was a jazz fusion drummer born in 1949 in NYC. Self-taught, he is thought to have begun his career at age nineteen with, already, Jackie McLean. Lord's disco finds him with Miles Davis in August of '69 toward 'Bitches Brew' issued in 1970. That November he recorded 'Passing Ships' with Andrew Hill. That wasn't issued, however, until 2003. Well to mention Chick Corea's presence in those sessions for 'Bitches Brew'. Corea was to be one of White's more important associates into the decades to come. Together with backing other enterprises together, such as Wallace Roney in '96, they supported each other's projects. White joined Chick Corea's Return To Forever in time to record that group's third studio album, 'Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy', in August of 1973. Three more LPs w Return to Forever followed to 'Romantic Warrior' in February of 1976, with reunions as late as 2009 for 'Returns' and  'Forever'. Corea contributed to White's 'Present Tense' in 1995. We return to '69 for Andrew Hill's 'Passing Ships' with bassist, Ron Carter, in on that. Carter and White provided rhythm to numerous bands together into the new millennium, such as Freddie Hubbard's, also supporting each other. Carter contributed to White's 'Tribute to Earth, Wind & Fire' in February of 1998. Come 2001 it was Carter's 'Stardust' with Benny Golson at tenor sax. Lord's disco shows them together to as late as vocalist, Letizia Gambi's, 'Blue Monday' issued in March of 2016. We slip back to July of 1971 for another important bassist, and electric bassist, Stanley Clarke, that for trombonist, Curtis Fuller's, 'Crankin''. Also participating in other operations together, such as the Manhattan Project in 1989, Clarke and White supported each other's projects into the new millennium. White contributed to Clarke's 'Children of Forever' in December 1972, 'Journey to Love' ('75) and 'Jazz in the Garden' in December 2008 in a trio with Hiromi at piano. Clarke had been a constant member of Chick Corea's Return to Forever since that ensemble's inception in 1972. Clarke and White thus collaborated on the several albums to which White contributed. Clarke also participated in White's 'Present Tense' in '95 and 'Renderers of Spitit' in '96. They held their last mutual session as recently as 'Beka Gochiashvili' issued in 2012. White had put down his debut album in the summer of 1975: 'Venusian Summer'. 'Big City followed in 1976, 'Presents the Adventures of Astral Pirates' in '77. Among his latest of no less than fourteen was 'Anomaly' in 2010. Credited with no less than 267 sessions, amidst the host of others with whom White has recorded are Gato Barbieri, Joe Henderson, Azteca and Al Di Meola. White is yet active, touring the United States per this writing.

Lenny White   1969

  The Little Blue Frog (alt)

      LP: 'Complete Bitches Brew Sessions'

      Recorded 1969   Not released until 1998

  Passing Ships

      Andrew Hill LP: 'Passing Ships'

      Recorded 1969   Not released until 2003

Lenny White   1970

  Give It Up

      With James Spaulding

  'If You're Not Part of the Solution'

      'At The Lighthouse'

  Red Clay

      LP by Freddie Hubbard

  So What

      With Steve Grossman

Lenny White   1975

  Drum Solo

      Date unconfirmed   Filmed live

  Venusian Summer


Lenny White   1978

  The Adventures of Astral Pirates


Lenny White   1979

  Tropical Night

      LP with Twennynine: 'Best of Friends'

Lenny White   1995

  Who Do You Love

      With Chaka Khan

      LP: 'Present Tense'

Lenny White   2008

  Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed in San Sebastian, Spain

      Guitars: Stanley Clarke & Al Di Meola

      Keyboards: Chick Corea

  Montreal Drumfest

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Stanley Clarke

Stanley Clarke

Source: World Cafe Live
Unique bass guitarist, Stanley Clarke, is bit beyond the scope of this page concerning jazz musicians who surfaced on vinyl in the sixties. But he was a major bass guitarist whose virtuosity requires inclusion with other musicians of the period. Clarke was a composer who performed on acoustic and electric upright bass and bass guitar. He was born in Philadelphia in 1951. Graduating from the Philadelphia Musical Academy in 1971, he headed directly to the hotbed of jazz that was New York City and wasted little time making himself indispensable. He soon found himself on Curtis Fuller's 'Crankin' recorded in July of '71. Lenny White played drums on that, to become one of the more important percussionists in Clarke's career, both backing other enterprises, like Chick Corea's Return to Forever (RTF), and each other. White drummed on Clarke's debut album, 'Children of Forever', in December of 1972. Clarke contributed bass to 'Dark' on White's 'Present Tense' in 1995 and 'Ho - Cake' on 'Renderors of Spirit' in 1996. Among other collaborations over the years was 'Jazz in the Garden' in 2014 with the Stanley Clarke Trio including pianist, Hiromi Uehara. Lord's disco has Clark and White together as late as 'Beka Gochiashvili' in 2012. Returning to 1971, Gato Barbieri's 'Under Fire' also went down that year on an unknown date. That included Airto Moreira, another of the more important percussionists in Clarke's career, interweaving on multiple occasions into the latter seventies in support of other enterprises like Barbieri's or Chick Corea's. Along the way Clarke contributed to Moreira's 'Virgin Land' in February of 1974. Clarke's 'Stanley Clark' went down on an unknown date that year as well. October of 1977 found them supporting Dee Dee Bridgewater's 'Just Family'. Lord's disco has their next and last mutual sessions in 1987 for Billy Shields' 'Shieldstone' and Dianne Reeves' 'Dianne Reeves'. We slip back to 1971 for sessions with Joe Henderson in May, Luis Gasca in August and Pharoah Sanders in November for 'Black Unity'. He then hooked up with pianist, Chick Corea, joining the latter's group, Return to Forever (RTF), to record 'Return to Forever' in February of 1972. Clarke would remain with RTF through six more albums into 1977, but would reunite with Corea in the eighties and the new millennium. The RTF was resurrected in the new millennium as well: 'Returns' ('09), 'Forever' ('11) and 'The Mothership Returns' ('12). Corea had supported Clarke's debut album, 'Children of Forever', in December of 1972. Above forty years later Corea contributed piano to Clarke's 'Up' in 2014. Among the numerous others Clarke supported were saxophonist, Stan Getz, Indian violinist, Lakshminarayana Subramaniam, and saxophonist, Doug Webb. Clarke himself would issue more than forty albums, also responsible for more than sixty television and film scores, starting with 'Pee Wee’s Playhouse' in the mid eighties. Films would include such as 'Boyz ‘N the Hood' in 1991. Clarke had also worked much as a producer over the years introducing new talent to jazz audiences. Having won numerous honors, including four Grammy awards, among Clarke's latest issues was 'D-Stringz' in 2016, gone down in Brussels, Belgium, in August of 2014 with Bireli Lagrene at guitar and Jean-Luc Ponty on violin. As of this writing Lord's disco has him recording as late as pan flautist, Damian Draghici's, 'The American Dream' released in 2016. Clarke's preferred electric bass was the handmade Alembic.

Stanley Clarke   1971

  Black Unity

      LP by Pharoah Sanders


      Curtis Fuller LP: 'Crankin'

Stanley Clarke   1972

  Return to Forever

      LP by Chick Corea

Stanley Clarke   1973

  Children Of Forever


Stanley Clarke   1974

  Lopsy Lu

      LP: 'Stanley Clarke'

Stanley Clarke   1975

  Journey to Love


Stanley Clarke   1976

  School Days


Stanley Clarke   1977

  Quiet Afternoon

      Filmed at Montreux

Stanley Clarke   1979

  Live in San Francisco

      Filmed live

  I Wanna Play for You

      Live LP

Stanley Clarke   1993

  East River Drive


Stanley Clarke   1995

  The Rite of Strings

      LP with Al Di Meola & Jean-Luc Ponty

Stanley Clarke   2002

  Night School

      Filmed live

Stanley Clarke   2003

  Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Stanley Clarke   2006

  North Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed with Jeff Beck

Stanley Clarke   2009

  SMV Concert

      Filmed Marcus Miller & Victor Wooten

  SMV Concert

      Filmed Marcus Miller & Victor Wooten

Stanley Clarke   2010

  Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed live

Stanley Clarke   2015

  North Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed live


  Eddie Henderson is beyond the scope of this page concerning jazz musicians who issued before 1970. But he was a major trumpet talent just a hop across the fence. Born in 1940 in New York City. His mother was a dancer at the Cotton Club. His father died when he was nine, his mother to remarry a doctor who took them to San Francisco in 1954. Henderson had begun trumpet at age nine. His mother had known Louis Armstrong and Miles Davis, Henderson as well, the latter's influence apparent in tracks below. Henderson attended the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, after which he joined the San Francisco Conservatory Symphony Orchestra. After three years in the Air Force Henderson received his bachelor's in zoology from the University of California Berkeley. His doctorate in medicine followed in 1968 from Howard University in Washington DC, after which he spent a residency in psychiatry. He would practice medicine together with his musical career until the latter eighties. Henderson was serving an internship in San Francisco when he recorded 'Mwandishi' with Herbie Hancock in 1970, issued the next year. Hancock would play an important role in Henderson's career through the seventies, both supporting each other's projects and backing other operations such as Norman Connors'. Henderson contributed to Hancock's 'Crossings' in December of '71, 'Sextant' in '72 and 'V.S.O.P.' in '76.  Hancock participated in in Henderson's debut LP, 'Realization', in February of '73, 'Inside Out' in October of '73, 'Mahal' in '78 and 'Runnin' to Your Love' in '79. They would reunite in 1998 for Hancock's 'Gershwin's World'. Present on Hancock's 'Crossings' in 1971 was drummer, Billy Hart, with whom Henderson would interweave numerously throughout their careers, both backing each other's projects and other ensembles. Hart supported eight of Henderson's albums from his debut, 'Realization', in 1973 to 'Precious Moment' on March 22 of 2005. Henderson contributed to Hart's debut LP, 'Enchance', in March of 1977 and 'Rah' in 1987. Come 2010 Hart and Henderson formed the Cookers with Billy Harper (tenor sax), David Weiss (trumpet), Craig Handy (alto/flute), George Cables (piano) and Cecil McBee. Four albums later in 2016 it was 'The Call of the Wild and Peaceful Heart' with the same configuration excepting that Donald Harrison had replaced Handy on alto. Hart and Henderson have partnered as recently as pianist, Bob Gluck's, 'Infinite Spirit' in June of 2015. As for Norman Connors, Henderson would participate in five of his albums from 'Dance of Magic' in June of 1972 to 'Saturday Night Special' in May of 1975. They would reunite in Raleigh, NC, on October 27, 1996, for Elmer Gibson's 'Generation Dance'. Present on Connors' 'Dance of Magic' was Cecil McBee, later to become one of the Cookers per above. Henderson's first mutual session with George Cables per the Cookers above is thought to have been  in 1975 in Hollywood for Gary Bartz' 'Music Is My Sanctuary'. Cables put piano to Henderson's 'Comin' Through' in 1977. Henderson contributed tracks to Cables' 'Morning Song' in 1980. Henderson also supported saxman, Pharoah Sanders's, 'Journey to the One' in 1980. Toward the end of that decade another important figure arrived in tenor saxophonist, Billy Harper, Henderson joining Harper on the latter's 'Destiny Is Yours' in Copenhagen, Denmark, in December, 1989. 1991 would realize three volumes of 'Live on Tour in the Far East'. Come Harper's 'Somalia' in October of 1993 and 'If Our Hearts Could Only See' in February of '97. Per above Henderson and Harper were also members of the Cookers from 2010 to 2016. Approaching toward a couple hundred sessions, Henderson has recorded as widely as with Buddy Terry ('Pure Dynamite' '72), Pete Yellin, Stanley Cowell and Steve Davis. From 'Realization' in '73 to 'Collective Portrait' on May 12 of 2014 Henderson is down for 23 albums at Wikipedia. That last was with a crew of Gary Bartz, George Cables, Doug Weiss and Carl Allen. Henderson yet performs in clubs as of this writing.

Eddie Henderson   1971


      LP by Herbie Hancock

Eddie Henderson   1973


      LP: 'Realization'

  Scorpio Libra

      LP: 'Realization'

Eddie Henderson   1975


      LP: 'Sunburst'

  Scorpio Libra

      LP: 'Sunburst'

  Scorpio Libra

      LP: 'Sunburst'

Eddie Henderson   1977

  Beyond Forever

      LP: 'Comin' Through'

  Movin' On

      LP: 'Comin' Through'

Eddie Henderson   1978


      LP: 'Mahal'

  Prance On

      LP: 'Mahal'

Eddie Henderson   1994

  I Remember Clifford

      LP: 'Manhattan In Blue'

  On Green Dolphin Street

      LP: 'Manhattan In Blue'

Eddie Henderson   2013


      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Henderson

Eddie Henderson

Source: Songkick
  Bobbi Humphrey was born Barbara Ann Humphrey in Marlin, Texas, in 1950, raised in Dallas (a city to avoid as fundamental, like the West Coast, in a big truck). Humphrey was playing flute by high school and continued studies at a couple universities in Texas. She was noticed by Dizzy Gillespie who was passing through town and secured her an engagement at the Apollo Theatre in NYC. Her initial recordings there were for trumpeter, Lee Morgan's, last studio album in September of 1971, 'The Last Session', issued in '72. She recorded her first album in September and October of 1971: 'Flute-In', issued that year. Five years later she was elected Best Female Instrumentalist by Billboard. She participated in both volumes of 'Montreux Summit' in July of 1977. Humphrey founded Paradise Sounds Records in 1994, she releasing her twelfth and last album that year: 'Passion Flute'. Her base of operations was New York. Per 1971 below, Billy Harper is on sax.

Bobbi Humphrey   1971



Bobbi Humphrey   1973

   Blacks and Blues


Bobbi Humphrey   1974

   New York Times

      LP: 'Satin Doll'

Bobbi Humphrey   1975

   Mestizo Eyes

      LP: 'Fancy Dancer'

   Una Esta

      LP: 'Fancy Dancer'

Bobbi Humphrey   1977

   Lover To Lover

      LP: 'Tailor Made'

Bobbi Humphrey   1979

   The Good Life

      LP: 'The Good Life'

Bobbi Humphrey   2012

   Mr. Magic

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobbi Humphrey

Bobbi Humphrey

Source: Discogs
  Grover Washington Jr was born in 1943 in Buffalo, New York. His mother sang in a church choir. Though a touch beyond the range of these histories, not appearing on vinyl until 1971, Washington's stature as a 20th century jazz musician was and remains too luminous to ignore among peers on this page of his period. His father played sax and gave Washington his first at age eight. He began playing professionally with a couple bands in Ohio before getting drafted into the Army to serve aside drummer, Billy Cobham with whom he would soon be sharing sessions on multiple occasions. Upon termination of military duty Washington headed for NYC, then Philadelphia per 1967. Lord's disco picks him up in a sextet for organist, Charles Earland, at the Key Club in Newark, NJ, on September 17, 1970, for 'Living Black!' issued in 1971. That was by the Prestige label for which Washington became a studio musician. Come Boogaloo Joe Jones Quintet for 'No Way!' on November 23, 1970, issued the next year. Pianist, Leon Spencer's, 'Sneak Preview' got slated on December 7th. Come 1971 for sessions with Melvin Sparks ('Spark Plug'), Johnny Hammond Smith, Spencer, Lonnie Smith ('Mama Wailer'), Hank Crawford ('Ham') and Boogaloo Joe Jones. In addition to Prestige Washington became a session player with Kudu as well, a limb of CTI Records. Lord's disco had held his initial session with that label per Johnny Hammond's 'Break Out' in June of 1971. Washington released his first record as a leader in 1971 for Kudu, a 7" 45: 'Inner City Blues' bw 'Wholy Holy'. His initial of twenty-five albums as a leader were issued in 1972: 'Inner City Blues' and 'All the King's Horses'. 'Soul Box', his third, went down in March of 1973. Among the more important drummers along Washington's path was Idris Muhammad with whom Washington is thought to have held his first session for Spencer's 'Sneak Preview' above in 1970 followed by Sparks' 'Sparkplug'. Muhammad contributed to Washington's 'Inner City Blues' per above in '71. He also participated in Washington's ambitiously orchestrated 'Soul Box' in 1973. Come Washington's 'Skylarkin'' in 1979. Washington had backed Muhammad's 'Power of Soul' in 1974 and 'My Turn' in 1991. Lord's disco shows their last of multiple visits over the years in January of '96 for 'True Blue' and 'Old Wine New Bottles' in the Essence All Stars, those included on 'Organic Grooves' ('96). Another of Washington's more important associates was guitar player, Eric Gale, with whom he is thought to have held his first mutual session for Johnny Hammond's 'Break Out' above in '71. They next partnered on Hank Crawford's 'Ham' per above before Gale backed Washington's 'Inner City Blues' that year ('71). They remained tight into the eighties supporting both each other and other operations, such as percussionist, Ralph MacDonald's. Gale emerged on eleven more of Washington's albums to 'Inside Moves' in March of 1984. Washington participated in Gale's 'Ginseng Woman' ('77), 'Multiplication' ('77) and 'Part of You' ('79). Among the more important bassists to populate Washington's career had been Ron Carter, their first mutual session thought to have been for Lonnie Smith's 'Mama Wailer' per above in July of 1971. Carter and Washington supported numerous bands together from  Hank Crawford's ('Ham') to Kenny Burrell's and T.S. Monk's. Along the way Carter provided rhythm on Washington's debut 'Inner City Blues' per above in 1971, "All the King's Horses' in '72, 'Soul Box' in '73, 'Then and Now' in '88 and 'Aria' on August 17 of '99, that Washington's final album. That same