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A Birth of Jazz

A YouTube History of Music

Modern Jazz 8

Musicians 1960 to 1970: United States

Group & Last Name Index to Full History:


Tracks are listed in chronological order by year, then alphabetically.

Listings do not reflect proper order by month or day: later oft precedes earlier.

Not on this page? See history tree below.



John Abercrombie    Rashied Ali    Albert Ayler    Art Ensemble of Chicago
Thurman Barker    Kenny Barron    Gary Bartz    Ran Blake    Carla Bley    Arthur Blythe    Lester Bowie    Anthony Braxton    Michael Brecker    Randy Brecker    Marion Brown    Gary Burton
Ron Carter    Buddy Catlett    Stanley Clarke    Billy Cobham    Alice Coltrane    Chick Corea   Larry Coryell    Stanley Cowell    Ronnie Cuber
Eddie Daniels    Nathan Davis    Jack DeJohnette    Bill Dixon    George Duke    Ted Dunbar
Peter Erskine
Jon Faddis    Joe Farrell   Bobby Few   Al Foster
Eric Gale   Grant Green    Burton Greene    Henry Grimes    Steve Grossman    Dave Grusin
Herbie Hancock    Billy Harper    Beaver Harris    Eddie Harris    Billy Hart    Eddie Henderson    Joe Henderson    Noah Howard    Bobbi Humphrey    Bobby Hutcherson
Joseph Jarman    Keith Jarrett    Howard Johnson    Carmell Jones
Eric Kloss    Steve Kuhn
Byard Lancaster    Prince Lasha    Hubert Laws    Gypsy Rose Lee    Jeanne Lee    David Liebman    Charles Lloyd    Wilbert Longmire
Chuck Mangione    Steve Marcus    Pat Martino    Hugh Masekela    Keshavan Maslak    Ronnie Mathews   Bennie Maupin   Cecil McBee    Steve McCall   Paul McCandless   Jimmy McGriff    Makanda Ken McIntyre    Charles McPherson    Don Menza    Kenny Millions    Roscoe Mitchell    Grachan Moncur III    Glen Moore    Bob Moses    Alphonse Mouzon    Sunny Murray
Eddie Palmieri    Joe Pass    Don Patterson    Jim Pepper    Houston Person    Barre Phillips
Dewey Redman    Ben Riley    Sam Rivers
David Sanborn    Pharoah Sanders    Woody Shaw    Archie Shepp   Sonny Simmons    Wadada Leo Smith    Lonnie Smith    Lonnie Liston Smith    Melvin Sparks    Leon Spencer    Jeremy Steig    Steve Swallow
Horace Tapscott     Clifford Thornton    Charles Tolliver    Ralph Towner    Stanley Turrentine    McCoy Tyner
James Blood Ulmer
Harold Vick
Collin Walcott    Grover Washington Jr    Weather Report    Lenny White    Buster Williams    Tony Williams    Larry Willis    Reuben Wilson    Paul Winter    Frank Wright    Leo Wright
Larry Young
Denny Zeitlin 



Featured on this page loosely in order of first recording if not record release (as possible).

Names are alphabetical, not chronological, per year:


1960 Kenny Barron    Gary Burton    Ron Carter    Buddy Catlett    Joe Farrell    Grant Green    Steve Kuhn    Gypsy Rose Lee    Chuck Mangione     Pat Martino     Makanda Ken McIntyre    Ben Riley    Archie Shepp    Stanley Turrentine   McCoy Tyner    Leo Wright   Larry Young
1961 Eric Gale    Herbie Hancock    Eddie Harris    Bobby Hutcherson    Carmell Jones   Charles Lloyd    Ronnie Mathews   Charles McPherson    Don Menza    Joe Pass    Steve Swallow    Harold Vick    Buster Williams
1962 Ran Blake    Lester Bowie    Chick Corea    Bill Dixon    Dave Grusin    Keith Jarrett    Jeanne Lee    Jimmy McGriff    Sunny Murray    Eddie Palmieri    Don Patterson    Paul Winter
1963 Albert Ayler    Alice Coltrane    Ronnie Cuber    Billy Hart   Joe Henderson    Prince Lasha    Hubert Laws   Grachan Moncur II    Houston Person    Woody Shaw    Sonny Simmons    Jeremy Steig    Horace Tapscott    Tony Williams    Denny Zeitlin
1964 Al Foster    Wilbert Longmire    Keshavan Maslak    Cecil McBee    Kenny Millions    Sam Rivers    Pharoah Sanders    Charles Tolliver
1965 Gary Bartz    Carla Bley    Marion Brown    Nathan Davis    Beaver Harris    Howard Johnson    Eric Kloss    Roscoe Mitchell    Barre Phillips     Lonnie Liston Smith    Clifford Thornton
1966 Rashied Ali    Larry Coryell    Stanley Cowell    Jack DeJohnette    George Duke    Burton Greene    Billy Harper    Noah Howard    Byard Lancaster    Steve Marcus    Bennie Maupin    Dewey Redman    Lonnie Smith    Larry Willis    Frank Wright
1967 Thurman Barker    Eddie Daniels    Ted Dunbar    Joseph Jarman    David Liebman    Steve McCall    Glen Moore    Bob Moses    Jim Pepper    Melvin Sparks    James Blood Ulmer    Collin Walcott    Reuben Wilson
1968 John Abercrombie    Anthony Braxton    Randy Brecker    Billy Cobham    Bobby Few    David Sanborn    Wadada Leo Smith
1969 Art Ensemble of Chicago    Arthur Blythe    Michael Brecker    Paul McCandless    Leon Spencer
1970 Steve Grossman    Alphonse Mouzon    Ralph Towner    Grover Washington Jr    Lenny White
1971 Stanley Clarke    Eddie Henderson    Bobbi Humphrey    Weather Report
1972 Peter Erskine    Jon Faddis    Oregon


  This page concerns musicians who invaded jazz during the decade that the Beatles landed in America to change the thrust of rock n roll to its very substance (their Merseybeat, the Rolling Stones meanwhile addressing raw R&B). But jazz and rock were two very different realms. Jazz was very alike classical in its elite exclusivity, something of a rarified underground to those in the know. Who couldn't love the Beatle's best-selling single, 'She Loves You' ('63), and countless else by that group and others? But the classical and jazz genres held the high cards, and yet do, in composition and instrumental command. All those hysterical screaming girls in the sixties couldn't hear what they were missing when, only just prior, jazz left the Milky Way like, way out, then began to implode via free form. This page is thus populated with numerous black holes containing information, dependent, be as may, upon interpreter. As for jazz and rock, they would begin to merge in the latter sixties, bringing about the jazz fusion that exploded in the seventies and has remained a major mix ever since. This page is extended a bit to include but a touch of early jazz fusion in its emergence. As for other jazz on this page in this sixties, the field of jazz became highly sophisticated by that time. It was a little like chemistry: you had to be pretty hot in the first place only to consider it for a career. The bar had gotten set pretty high as of musical giants in the fifties. Amidst those more experienced luminaries on sax, horn, strings, piano and drums, who began to populate the field of jazz in the sixties had to be capable of the real stuff, having required several years of intent study. Howsoever, this page is arranged differently than the others in this history. On other pages, jazz musicians recording prior to 1960 are arranged by the instrument they played. But on this page we've put together a giant orchestra of some of the more prominent jazz musicians who first appeared on vinyl in the sixties regardless of the instrument they played. Though most on this page are instrumentalists, we've included a couple of vocalists as well. A good number of jazz musicians well-known in the United States, but born elsewhere, may be found at Sixties Jazz International. It also occurs that some musicians might have recorded earlier than one might think, thus to be found in an earlier period according to their instrument.


  Born in Philadelphia, PA, in 1943, pianist, Kenny Barron, was younger brother to saxophonist, Bill Barron. He gigged with Philly Joe Jones while in high school student (much later to record with him on Marion Brown's 'Soul Eyes' in 1978). After graduation Barron headed for NYC where he quickly acquired spots with Roy Haynes (on whose 'Togyu' he appeared in 1973) and Lee Morgan. Lord's disco finds him contributing to Yusef Lateef's 'The Centaur and the Phoenix' in October of 1960. Lateef would become a major figure in Barron's career in the early seventies, participating in five more of Lateef's LPs to 'The Doctor Is In ... And Out' in 1976. February 21 of 1961 found Barron contributing to his brother's 'The Tenor Stylings of Bill Barron'. Bill would be a major associate for decades, Kenny supporting Bill on eleven more albums to 'Higher Ground' in 1989. Along the way Bill supported Kenny's 'Lucifer' on April 28, 1975. Another of the major characters in Barron's career was tenor saxophonist, James Moody, contributing to the latter's 'Another Bag' on January 30, 1962. Barron and Moody would interweave often into the new millennium, Barron to surface on ten more of Moody's albums to 'Moody 4A' and 'Moody 4B' in 2008. Moody early recommended Barron to bebop trumpeter, Dizzy Gillespie, his initial session with whom is thought to have been on an unknown date in 1962 for titles that would get issued in 1981 on an album by various called 'Europa Jazz'. Barron next joined Gillespie for 'Something Old Something New' on April 25 of 1963, sticking with Gillespie through five more LPs to 'The Melody Lingers On' in October of 1966. Among the more important bassists with whom Barron worked through the years was Ron Carter, they members of Bill Barron's Brasilieros in 1962 or '63 for 'Bossa Nova: The New Sound in Jazz from South America'. They visited again on February 17, 1967 for Stanley Turrentine on such as 'She's a Carioca', 'What Now My Love', et al. Carter and Barron would record together regularly to as late as Jamey Aebersold's 'Wayne Shorter' 1985. They supported each other's projects along the way as well. From 'Yellow and Green' in May of 1976 to 'Super Strings' in 1981 Barron contributed to nine Carter LPs. Carter backed Barron on the latter's '1+1+1' in April of 1984, those duos on which album bassist, Michael Moore, performs duos with Barron as well. Lord's disco shows a gap of five years with no mutual sessions between Barron and Carter until Mark Morganelli's 'Speak Low' recorded at the Birdland in NYC on June 13, 1990. Thence began another long stretch of mutual sessions at fairly regular intervals into the new millennium to as late as Steve Turre's 'Colors for the Masters' issued in 2016. Along the way Barron supported Carter's 'Friends' ('93) and 'Jazz: My Romance'. Barron had begun working on his first LP as a leader in January of 1967, issuing 'You Had Better Listen' in February of '68, co-led with trumpeter, Jimmy Owens. Wikipedia has him leading or co-leading 51 albums to as late as 'Book of Intuition' issued in 2016, that a trio with Kiyoshi Kitagawa (bass) and Johnathan Blake (drums). We slip back to April 23, 1967, for trumpeter, Freddie Hubbard's, 'Fastball - Live at The Left Bank' in Baltimore, Maryland. Wikipedia has Barron at piano on seven of Hubbard's LPs from 'High Blues Pressure' ('68) to 'The Rose Tattoo' ('83). Barron had begun teaching at Rutgers University in New Jersey ('73/'74) where he built tenure until 2000. He there recorded a duo with guitarist, Ted Dunbar, in 1975 issued as 'In Tandem'. Barron would release about twelve more duo albums with a variety of musicians from pianist, Tommy Flanagan ('Together' '78), to double bassist, Dave Holland ('The Art of Conversation' '14). Barron received his BA from Empire State College in NYC in 1978. His first album of solo piano pieces was issued in 1981: 'Kenny Barron at the Piano'. Two more albums of solos followed in 1982 ('Spiral') and 1991 ('Live at Maybeck Recital Hall Volume Ten'). In 1982 Barron formed the quartet, Sphere, with Charlie Rouse (tenor sax), Buster Williams (bass) and Ben Riley (drums) to record 'Four In One' on February 17. That configuration remained the same through five more albums to 1988. Gary Bartz replaced Rouse for 'Sphere' on October 4, 1997. Come March 9, 1986, for Barron's initial session with saxophonist, Stan Getz, that coming to 'Voyage'. Barron kept with Getz through several more albums to 1991, their last session thought to have been in March that year in Denmark for live titles toward 'People Time' ('92). His duo with Getz on 'People Time' gained Barron his first Grammy nomination. Eight more nominations would occur in the 21st century, though none obtained. The new millennium also brought the Classical Jazz Quartet with Stefon Harris (vibes/marimba), Ron Carter (bass) and Lewis Nash (drums). From 2001 to 2006 that combo issued albums addressing Tchaikovsky, Bach and Rachmaninov. Barron was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2010, considered the most prestigious award in the field. Yet active, Barron currently teaches at Juilliard. Approaching 600 sessions to his credit, among his most recent was for Bill Mobley's 'Hittin' Home' in spring of 2016. Amidst the numerous others on whose recordings Barron appeared over the years were Buddy Rich, Sonny Fortune, Chet Baker, Chico Freeman, Joshua Breakstone, Sheila Jordan, Red Mitchell, Nick Brignola, Helen Merrill and Dianne Reeves. Per 1963 below, both tracks are from Dizzy Gillespie's LP, 'Something Old Something New'. Per 2014, all edits were filmed live in Paris with Holland.

Kenny Barron   1962

   Cup Bearers

      James Moody LP: 'Another Bag'

   Minuet in G

      James Moody LP: 'Another Bag'

Kenny Barron   1963

   I Can't Get Started/'Round Midnight

   This Lovely Feeling

Kenny Barron   1968

   You Had Better Listen

      LP: 'You Had Better Listen'

Kenny Barron   1975

   Ethereally Yours

      LP: 'Lucifer'


      LP: 'Lucifer'


      LP: 'Lucifer'

Kenny Barron   1978


      LP: 'Innocence'

Kenny Barron   1985

   Jacob's Ladder

      LP: 'Scratch'

Kenny Barron   1989

   Jazz Gipfel

      Filmed with Stan Getz

Kenny Barron   1990


      Filmed with Stan Getz

Kenny Barron   1994

   Jazz de Vitoria-Gaztiez

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

Kenny Barron   1997

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

      Sax: Gary Bartz

Kenny Barron   1998

   Live in Japan

      Filmed live

      Tour: '100 Golden Fingers'

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

Kenny Barron   1999

   Black Orpheus

      Filmed live

      Duet with Brad Mehldau

Kenny Barron   2000

   Live in Donostia

      Filmed live

      Bass: Ray Drummond

      Drums: Ben Riley

Kenny Barron   2009

   Jazz in Marciac

      Filmed live

      Bass: Dave Holland

      Drums: Lewis Nash

      Guitar: Joe Pass

Kenny Barron   2010

   Jazz in Marciac

      Filmed solo

Kenny Barron   2012

   Day Dream

      Filmed live   Jazz à Vienne

      Duet with Mulgrew Miller

Kenny Barron   2013

   Live at Village Vanguard

      Filmed concert

Kenny Barron   2014

   Billie's Bounce

  In Walked Bud



  Waltz for Wheeler


Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Barron

Kenny Barron


Source: Tom Meek
Birth of Modern Jazz: Gary Burton

Gary Burton

Source: Jazz Wax
Born in 1943 in Anderson, Indiana, vibraphonist, Gary Burton, began to play music at six, he self-taught on marimba and vibraphone. He first played professionally at a restaurant in Evansville while a senior in high school. He was seventeen when he met pianist, Hank Garland, via saxophonist, Boots Randolph, who lived in Evansville. Moving to Boston to attend the Berklee School of Music in 1960, sometime that year before or during Berklee he held a private session with Garland for what would get issued in 1979 as 'Jazz in New York'. The same year saw him participating in the Berklee School of Music's tribute to Benny Golson, 'Jazz in the Classroom Vol V', issued in 1961. July 4th of 1960 resulted in 'After the Riot at Newport' in Newport, Rhode Island, with the Nashville All Stars including Garland, Randolph and Chet Atkins among others. Garland then invited Burton to record in Nashville, August of 1960 to yield 'Jazz Winds from a New Direction' and 'Subtle Swing'. Burton also contributed to Floyd Cramer's 'Last Date' in 1960. It was the Berklee School of Music's tribute to Quincy Jones, 'Jazz in the Classroom Vol VI', in 1961 before drummer, Joe Morello's, 'It's About Time' in June with alto saxophonist, Phil Woods, trumpeter, Clark Terry and valve trombonist, Bob Brookmeyer. Burton recorded his initial album as a leader, 'New Vibe Man in Town', in two sessions on the 6th and 7th of July, 1961, with his trio consisting of Morello and Gene Cherico (bass). His next LP, 'Who is Gary Burton?', was recorded in September of '62 and released in '63. That septet included Terry, Woods, Brookmeyer, Tommy Flanagan (piano), John Neves (bass) and Morello sharing drums with Chris Swansen, the latter with whom he had attended Berklee. Morello had been with Burton and bassist, Joe Benjamin, for Garland's 'Jazz Winds' above in in 1960. They would reunite in 1970 for Dick Schory's 'Carnegie Hall'. Burton later surfaced on Morello's 'Percussive Jazz' in 1976. He would see Terry again to back Michel Legrand ('62) and Quincy Jones ('64), then record 'Blue 'n' Boogie' at Radio City Music Hall for Newport in New York on July 6 of '72. 1977 saw them with Peter Herbolzheimer for 'Jazz Gala 77 All Star Big Band' in Dusseldorf, Germany. Burton would see Woods again to back Legrand and Jones per above before Burton's 'The Groovy Sound of Music' on December 21, 1964. Burton backed 'Bob Brookmeyer and Friends' in May of 1964 before Brookmeyer's participation in Burton's 'The Groovy Sound of Music' in December. 1963 saw the recording of several albums with pianist, George Shearing, with whom Burton toured the US and Japan: 'Latin Rendezvous', 'Jazz Concert', 'Rare Form!' and 'Out of the Woods'. 'Deep Velvet' went down in June of '64, 'That Fresh Feeling' in '65. We return to March 4, 1964, for Burton's first session with saxophonist, Stan Getz, that resulting in 'Nobody Else But Me'. Burton stayed with Getz through several albums to 'Paris Concert' on November 13, 1966. They would reunite on July 2, 1975, for 'Stan Getz and Friends - Avery Fisher Hall'. Burton became a professor at Berklee in 1971. He would remain there until 2004, retiring as Executive Vice President. Shortly after joining Berklee one the more important figures in Burton's career arrived, that pianist, Chick Corea. They are thought to have held their first mutual session in the band of Hubert Laws on January 27, 1972, for 'Yoruba' with a couple more unissued. They would record together numerously, backing each other when not co-leading projects, well into the new millennium beginning with their duo 'Crystal Silence' in Oslo, Norway, on November 6, 1972. March of 1973 saw Burton with a Grammy for his solo LP, 'Alone at Last', the first of seven. The six to follow would be with Corea, their eighth and last in 2013 for 'Hot House'. They had toured internationally for a year and a half beginning in latter 2006. Burton hosted weekly shows for Sirius Satellite Radio between 2004 and '08. He released his autobiography, 'Learning To Listen', in 2013, published by Berklee Press. Issuing well above sixty albums as a leader or co-leader, Burton's latest was 'Guided Tour' in 2013. His most recent recordings as of this writing were in September of 2015 with the Mack Avenue Super Band for 'Live from The Detroit Jazz Festival 2015'.

Gary Burton   1960

   After the Riot at Newport

      Album by Hank Garland


      Album by Hank Garland:

      'Jazz Winds from a New Direction'

Gary Burton   1967

   Live in Berlin

      Filmed with Larry Coryell

Gary Burton   1974

   In the Public Interest

      Album with Michael Gibbs

Gary Burton   1981


      Album: 'Live At Midem'

      Piano: Ahmad Jamal

   Live in Tokyo

      Filmed live with Chick Corea

Gary Burton   1989


      Album with Pat Metheny

Gary Burton   1991

   Cool Nights


Gary Burton   2008

   Live in Saint Petersburg

      Filmed live

Gary Burton   2011

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live with Chick Corea

Gary Burton   2013

   Jazz Sous les Pommiers

      Filmed concert


  Cellist, Ron Carter, was born in Ferndale, Michigan, in 1937. Carter received his bachelor's from the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, in 1959. Discographies have him during that period in Los Angeles for unknown titles with the Chico Hamilton Quintet in October of 1959. Those tracks for Warner Bros were unissued. Carter acquired his master's in double bass performance in 1961 per the Manhattan School of Music in New York City. In the meantime he had recorded with Don Ellis in New York City in February 1960 for 'Roland Rock, 'Up Stream, 'Debi', et al. Such were intended for release as Enrica LP2003 before Enrica folded, leaving them unissued.      Come Ernie Wilkins in March and April of 1960 for 'The Big New Band of the 60's', thought to be Carter's first grooves to see record shops. Included on that was guitarist, Kenny Burrell, who would be one of Carter's more constant comrades into the seventies. While backing other operations together Carter supported five of Burrell's LPs from 'Guitar Forms' on December 4, 1964, to 'God Bless the Child' in 1971. They would reunite in 1979 for Red Garland's 'Stepping Out', again in 1984 for Burrell's 'Togethering' co-led by Grover Washington Jr, and finally for 'Primal Blue' in April of 1995. We slip back April 2, 1960, for Charlie Persip's 'Charles Persip and The Jazz Statesmen' to which Freddie Hubbard contributed trumpet. Carter and Hubbard would mix numerously into the nineties in the support of various operations such as Herbie Hancock's or Milt Jackson's. Along the way Carter made contributions to nine of Hubbard's LPs from  December of 1969 in London toward 'Without a Song: Live in Europe 1969' to 'Super Blue' in NYC in March and April of 1978. Mutual sessions occurred through the eighties to as late as Stanley Turrentine's 'More Than a Mood' gone down on February 13, 1992. We return to August of 1960 when Carter participated in a session with Eric Dolphy for the New Jazz label, tracks thereof released on Dolphy's album, 'Out There'. December 21 of 1960 witnessed Dolphy's 'Far Cry'. Six months later Dolphy supported Carter's debut LP, 'Where?', on June 20, 1961. Carter would issue about fifty more albums well into the new millennium. Carter's 17th and last session in 1960 was on December 27 for Coleman Hawkins' 'Night Hawk' with Eddie Lockjaw Davis. As a studio musician and otherwise Carter is credited with 1166 sessions. (Among the few jazz musicians to exceed a thousand sessions, older rival upright bassist, Ray Brown, came short of that with a yet unusually prolific 909 sessions. Carter's much older rival bassist, Milt Hinton, squeezed in even more than he at 1233.) As we're well-submerged already, whirling to the bottom, in dread of cracking a window at 30,000 feet like the Trieste in 1960, we skip ahead a touch to one of the more important pianists in Carter's career, that Hank Jones with whom he first recorded for Wes Montgomery's 'So Much Guitar!' on August 4 of 1961. When not supporting other operations together Carter and Jones backed each other's projects. From Jones' 'Happenings' in 1966 to 'Milestones' in April of 1978 as the Great Jazz Trio with Tony Williams on drums Carter supported some nine of Jones' albums. Jones contributed to Carter's '1 + 3' with Williams and pianist, Herbie Hancock, in Tokyo on July 29, 1978. Partnering variously in the latter seventies, Lord's disco has Carter and Jones reuniting in 1984 for Yasuaki Shimizu's 'New Yorker Scene Sketches', again in 1996 for Jesse Davis' 'From Within', finally in 2004 for Harvey Mason's 'With All My Heart'. We slip back to an unknown date in April of 1962, for another important presence in Carter's career, that trumpeter, Wayne Shorter, with whom on that date he supported Benny Golson's 'Pop + Jazz = Swing'. Carter and Shorter were continual partners during the sixties, particularly with Miles Davis, the meanwhile Carter backing six of Shorter's albums from 'Speak No Evil' on December 24, 1964, to 'Odyssey of Iska' on August 26, 1970. They reunited at the Newport Jazz Festival on June 29, 1976 for Herbie Hancock's 'V.S.O.P.' with Tony Williams at drums. July of 1977 witnessed them in the same configuration for Hancock's 'V.S.O.P.: The Quintet'. That quintet recorded 'Live Under the Sky' and 'Five Stars' in Tokyo in July of 1979. 1985 found Carter and Shorter in multiple sessions together in Paris, notably for 'The Other Side of 'Round Midnight featuring Dexter Gordon'. Seven years later they joined Hancock again for 'A Tribute to Miles' in 1992. Lord's disco finds them recording 'Crepescule with Nellie' in February of '97 for T.S. Monk's 'Monk on Monk'. We back up to June 19, 1962, for vibraphonist, Milt Jackson's 'Big Bags'. Jackson's was a notable presence in Carter's career, six more of his LPs to ensue to 'Olinga' in January 1974. They reunited as late as 1994 to back Little Jimmy Scott's' 'Dream'. It was April 16, 1963, when Carter joined the Miles Davis Quintet for 'Seven Steps to Heaven'. For the next seven years Carter traveled through sessions with Davis that would amount to a minimum of twenty albums issued timely or later to 'Live-Evil' on June 3, 1970. It had been May 14, 1963, when Herbie Hancock joined Davis' outfit for 'Seven Steps to Heaven'. Continuing with Davis, Carter and Hancock partnered in various other operations as well, nigh constant companions with a few brief gaps into the latter eighties. Along the way they supported each other's projects. From 'Empyrean Isles' in June of 1964 to 'A Tribute to Miles' in 1992 Carter participated in about thirteen of Hancock's albums. Hancock contributed to Carter's 'Uptown Conversation' in October of 1969 and 'Third Plane' on July 13 of '77, the latter a trio with drummer, Tony Williams. '1 + 3' followed on July 29 of '78 in Tokyo with Williams and pianist, Hank Jones. 1993 found them recording with Tom Jobim, '94 with Milton Nascimento ('Angelus'). 1997 had them participating in 'Two Timer' for T.S. Monk's 'Monk on Monk'. Their appearance on Harvey Mason's 'With All My Heart' in 2004 was on separate tracks. Another highly notable presence along Carter's path was Stanley Turrentine who joined him on December 16, 1964, for Donald Byrd's 'Bossa', 'Canteloupe island', et al. From April 6, 1966, for Turrentine's 'Let It Go' to 'If I Could' in May of 1993 Carter provided rhythm on about 13 of Turrentine's albums. Lord's disco has them together a last time in June of 1996 for pianist, Benny Green's, 'Kaleidoscope'. It was March 4, 1965, when pianist, McCoy Tyner, joined Carter on Wayne Shorter's 'The Soothsayer'. January 20 of '67 found them backing Lou Donaldson's 'Sweet Slumber'. From Tyner's 'The Real McCoy' on April 21, 1967, to 'Guitars' in September of 2006 Carter contributed to about 14 of Tyner's albums. It was December of 1965 when tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson, joined Carter on Woody Shaw's '... In the Beginning'. From Henderson's 'Mode for Joe' on January 27, 1966, to both volumes of 'The State of the Tenor' in November of 1985 (a trio with Al Foster at drums) Carter supported or co-led nine of Henderson's LPs. Henderson contributed to Carter's 'All Blues' on October 24, 1973, and 'Parade' in March of '79. They partnered on occasion to as late as titles with Tom Jobim in September of 1993 in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Another large presence in Carter's career was guitarist, George Benson. From 'Giblet Gravy' in February of 1967 to 'Tenderly' in 1989 Carter supported 8 of Benson's albums. Flautist, Hubert Laws, was also a major associate, they working numerously together for a quarter of a century both supporting a variety of other musicians and backing each other's projects. From August of 1966 toward 'Laws' Cause' to 'The Chicago Theme' in 1975 Carter contributed to some nine of Laws' albums. Laws supported Carter on eight albums from 'Uptown Conversation' in October of 1969 to 'Friends' in December of 1992. Lord's disco lists their last mutual session in May of 1993 for Stanley Turrentine's 'If I Could'. Of note in the seventies was the York Jazz Quartet (Frank Wess, Sir Roland Hanna and Ben Riley) in Tokyo on April 2, 1975, to deliver 'In Concert in Japan'. 'Roland Hanna Trio' ensued two days later with Wess out. Carter performed in countless various trios from the Bobby Timmons Trio in 1961 to the Gerry Gibbs Thrasher Dream Trio in the new millennium. Carter also contributed to a number of soundtracks: 'L'Homme aux Yeux d'Argent' in 1985, 'Round Midnight' in 1985, 'Daddy Nostalgie' in 1990, 'Kansas City' in 1995 and 'Un Frere' in 1997. Carter has taught at the City College of New York for a couple decades. He received an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in Boston in 2005. He became a member of the faculty at Juilliard, teaching bass, in 2008, the year his autobiography, 'Finding the Right Notes', was published. As of this writing Carter is yet active touring internationally. His latest release was 'My Personal Songbook' in 2015. His latest recordings were July 27, 2016, for cellist, Akua Dixon's, 'Akua's Dance' issued in 2017. Amidst the infinity of others Carter has supported on bass were Kai Winding, Jaki Byard, Junior Mance, Oliver Nelson, Sonny Rollins, Eddie Harris, Les McCann, Herbie Mann, Paul Desmond, Airto, Friedrich Gulda, Michel Legrand, Gato Barbieri, Hank Crawford, Gene Ammons, Roberta Flack, Chet Baker,, David Fathead Newman, Mel Lewis, Jim Hall, Lou Rawls, Branford Marsalis, Barry Harris, Horace Silver, Diana Ross, George Kawaguchi and Frank Jackson, Steve Turre and Ethan Iverson.

Ron Carter   1960

   Out There

      Album with Eric Dolphy

Ron Carter   1960



Ron Carter   1969

   Little Waltz

Ron Carter   1975

   Well You Needn't

      New York Jazz Quartet

Ron Carter   1986

   Double Bass

      Filmed concert   Piano: Roland Hanna

Ron Carter   1996

   Great Jazz In Kobe

      Album Piano: Hank Jones

Ron Carter   2006

   Jazzwoche Burghausen 2006

      Filmed concert

Ron Carter   2008

   Europa Jazz Festival 2008

      Filmed concert

Ron Carter   2009

   Jazz San Javier 2009

      Filmed concert

Ron Carter   2009

   The Eternal Triangle

      Album: 'Ron Carter's Great Big Band'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ron Carter

Ron Carter

Source: Birdland Jazz
  Born in Long Beach, CA, in 1933 double bassist, Buddy Catlett, was raised in Seattle. He was a childhood friend of bandleader, Quincy Jones, and performed with him professionally in the earliest days of his career in the band of Bumps Blackwell. In 1956 Catlett made wind to Denver with the band of Horace Henderson (brother to Fletcher Henderson). He joined guitarist, Johnny Smith in 1958, vibraphonist, Cal Tjader, in 1959. Catlett's debut vinyl is moot. The Mercury catalogue has either Catlett or Buddy Jones (Burgher Jones) recording with Quincy Jones for Mercury MG 20561 in NYC in November of 1959. Sources vary between absenting Jones altogether, absenting Catlett altogether, including both on unspecified tracks or simply listing either/or. Year of issue varies as well, though release in 1959 of 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones' wouldn't have been impossible and owns general consensus. Since Catlett's' appearance on that is unverified he is on this page rather than earlier decades through the fifties. His first recordings with relative certainty were for Bill Coleman's 'From Boogie to Funk' in January of 1960 in Paris, issued that year, followed by Jones' 'Live at The Alhambra '60' (issued '90) in February in Paris. That same month saw the recording of Jones' 'Free and Easy' in Sweden. If to go by Lord's disco that was an extended period in Europe, the earlier part of which Catlett performed in Jones' musical, 'Free and Easy', to its last performance in March of 1960. Lord's has Catlett backing nine albums out of some seventeen sessions for Jones and others during that period in Europe to June 27 for what would get released as Jones' 'Lausanne 1960' in 1994. They were back in the States for an October session bearing the tunes, 'G'wan Train', 'Tone Poem', etc.. March of 1961 saw them back in Europe for Jones' 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones Live', recorded in Zurich. November of '61 witnessed 'The Quintessence'. In 1963-64 Jones arranged for Count Basie whom Catlett had joined in 1962 in time for Frank Sinatra's 'An Historic Musical First' on October 2, 1962. Basie's 'On My Way & Shoutin' Again!' ensued in November. Catlett strode with Basie to as late as 'Live in Concert with the Count Basie Band' for Bill Henderson issued in early '65. Along the way he had opportunity to back vocalist, Ella Fitzgerald, in July of '63 on 'Ella and Basie'. It was Basie with Sinatra for 'It Might As Well Be Swing' in June of 1964. Catlett had not only opportunity to perform with the great Louis Armstrong, but was among his retinue for three years beginning with both volumes of 'The Best Live Concert' put down in June of '65. Numerous sessions with Armstrong included another tour to Europe in July of 1967 and London in July of '68. His last session with Armstrong was in Las Vegas on July 4 of 1968 for 'Hello Brother', 'The Home Fire' and 'Fantastic, That's You'. With a career that had attained to no small success Catlett then suddenly headed back to Seattle, dropping away from the music business. The greater situation and reasons why remain unknown, though alcohol has been suggested. Catlett gradually resurfaced, performing in local nightclubs until thirty-three years later he emerged on Lee Harper's 'Puget Sound'. He supported this and that project on occasion into the new millennium including titles by the Seattle Repertory Jazz Orchestra (SRJO) starting with 'Jumpin' at the Woodside' on March 29 of '97. Catlett released his sole album as a leader in 2004 with a trio consisting of Greg Williamson on drums and Jay Thomas on saxophone: 'Here Comes Buddy Catlett'. Lord's disco gives him up after Brian Nova's 'The Shadow of Your Smile' in 2005. He died on November 12, 2014. Per 'Free/Straight No Chaser' below in 1959/60, the drummer is Joe Harris, not Joe Morris.

Buddy Catlett   1959/60

   Chant of the Weed

      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones'

      Bass: Burgher Jones   Possibly Catlett


      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones'

      Bass: Burgher Jones   Possibly Catlett

   Fancy Free/Straight No Chaser

      Filmed live

      Alto sax: Phil Woods

      Drums: Joe Harris

      Either 1959 or 1960

Buddy Catlett   1960

   Live at the Blue Note

      Filmed in Paris with Lucky Thompson

      Drums: Kenny Clarke

   Pleasingly Plump

      Quincy Jones LP: 'I Dig Dancers'

   A Sunday Kind of Love

      Quincy Jones LP: 'I Dig Dancers'

   Tickle Toe

      Recorded 1960   Issued 1994

Buddy Catlett   1961

   Air Mail Special

      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones Live'

      Recorded 1961 Zurich

      Release unkown until 1984

   In My Solitude

      LP: 'The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones Live'

      Recorded 1961 Zurich

      Release unkown until 1984

   Part V (Presto)

      With Phil Woods

Buddy Catlett   1963

   Cold Miner

      Frank Wess Quintet

   Lullaby for Jolie

      With Count Basie

   Nasty Mingus

      With Count Basie

Buddy Catlett   1967



      Drums: Danny Barcelona

      Trumpet/Vocal: Louis Armstrong

   Hello Dolly

      Filmed live

      Drums: Danny Barcelona

      Trumpet/Vocal: Louis Armstrong


Birth of Modern Jazz: Buddy Catlett

Buddy Catlett

Source: JazzMa
Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Farrell

Joe Farrell

Source: Steve Kahn
Born Joseph Carl Firrantello in 1937 in Chicago, saxophonist, Joe Farrell is thought to have published his first composition, 'Tomboy' in 1959, co-written with Jim Conway and released by Perry Como. His first determinable appearance on vinyl was with Maynard Ferguson in 1960 on the album, 'Newport Suite'. Farrell would join Ferguson on several more albums into the seventies. Another major figure in Farrell's career was Chick Corea, with whom he issued the first of nine albums in 1966: 'Tones for Joan's Bones'. 1968 saw the first of several releases with drummer, Elvin Jones: 'Puttin' It Together'. Farrell's debut album issue was 'Joe Farrell Quartet' in 1970. Farrell averaged about one album per year until his premature death in Los Angeles in January 1986 of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), age only 48. Having backed numerous musicians, his last LP issues were recorded in 1985: 'Clark Woodard and Joe Farrell' and 'Three-Way Mirror' with vocalist, Flora Purim. Per 1960 below, Farrell shares sax with three others in Ferguson's big band. Featured players are unknown.

Joe Farrell   1960

   Newport Suite

      Maynard Ferguson album: Newport Suite'

Joe Farrell   1970

   Follow Your Heart

      Album: 'Joe Farrell Quartet'

Joe Farrell   1971


      Album: 'Outback'

Joe Farrell   1973

   Hurricane Jane

      Album: 'Penny Arcade'

   Moon Germs

      Album: 'Moon Germs'

   Too High

      Album: 'Penny Arcade'

Joe Farrell   1974

   Upon This Rock

      Album: 'Upon This Rock'


      Album: 'Upon This Rock'

Joe Farrell   1975

   Canned Funk

      Album: 'Canned Funk'

Joe Farrell   1978

   Night Dancing


Joe Farrell   1979

   Speak Low

      Album: 'Skate Board Park'

Joe Farrell   1980

   Better Get It In Your Soul

      Filmed live



Guitarist Grant Green was born in 1935 in St. Louis, Misery (one of my favorite states to truck in bygone days), Green may have first recorded with organist, Sam Lazar, in 1959. That was for the Cawthron label in St. Louis, MO: "Space Flight' (Parts 1 and 2). But the recording date is unknown. (Those are not the tracks he recorded for the album below. Those didn't see session until June of '60.) Green did lay tracks with Jimmy Forrest and Elvin Jones in December of 1959 in Chicago. In either case he first appeared on vinyl in 1960, 'Space Flight' released by Argo that year, as well as tracks with Forrest. Green released his first album, 'First Session', in 1961. He released his final album, 'Easy', in 1978. He collapsed of heart attack in January of 1979 during a performance with George Benson at the Breezin' Lounge in NYC. His brief career of but a score of years had resulted in above thirty albums as a leader and no small number more as a sideman. Per below, the earliest to hear of Green is listed last, 'The Holy Barbarian', being live recordings of Green in 1959, but not released until 2012 on CD.

Grant Green   1960


      Saxophone: Jimmy Forrest

   Space Flight Part 1

      Organ: Sam Lazar    Recorded 1959

   Space Flight

      Organ: Sam Lazar

     Album   Recorded 1960

Grant Green   1964

    Idle Moments

    My Favorite Things

Grant Green   1994

    The Windjammer

Grant Green   2012

   The Holy Barbarian Blues

      Recorded live 1959

   Out Of Nowhere

      Recorded live 1959

   There Will Never Be Another You

      Recorded live 1959


Birth of Modern Jazz: Grant Green

Grant Green

Source: Record Collector News

Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Kuhn

Steve Kuhn

Photo: Mike Colyer

Source: New England Public Radio
Born in 1938 in Brooklyn, pianist, Steve Kuhn, began training at age five. His piano teacher was Serge Chaloff's mother. Kuhn attended both Harvard and the Lenox School of Music in Connecticut, the latter where Bill Evans was on the faculty. It was at the Lenox School of Jazz that Kuhn made his initial recordings in 1959 with Don Cherry and Ornette Coleman. 'The Sphinx' and 'Inn Tune' weren't issued, however, until 1980. Gravitating to NYC enabled Kuhn to begin performing with a long string of big names such as Stan Getz. Kun first emerged on vinyl with KKenny Dorham in 1960 on the album, 'Jazz Contemporary'. His debut name recordings were in 1960 as well, with his trio consisting of Scott LaFaro on bass and Pete La Roca on drums. Those tracks were 'Little Old Lady', 'Bohemia After Dark', 'What's New', 'So What' and 'So What' (alt take). Kuhn moved to Stockholm in 1967 and toured Europe until his return to New York in 1971. Kuhn's last studio release was 'Wisteria' in 2012. The next year he appeared on 'Incomprehensibly Gone' by pianist, Tisziji Munoz. Having issued above 35 albums as a leader, Kuhn is yet active in NYC perhaps an hour from his home in rural New York.

Steve Kuhn   1959

   Inn Tune

     Recorded at Lenox School of Jazz

     Not released until 1980

     Bad edit: song duration is 3 minutes

   The Sphinx

     Recorded at Lenox School of Jazz

     Not released until 1980

Steve Kuhn   1960

   Bohemia After Dark

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Drums: Pete La Roca

   Little Old Lady

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Drums: Pete La Roca

   What's New

     Bass: Scott LaFaro

     Drums: Pete La Roca

Steve Kuhn   1969

   All That's Left

     Bass: Steve Swallow

     Drums: Aldo Romano

Steve Kuhn   1972

   The Saga of Harrison Crabfeathers

Steve Kuhn   1986

   Yesterday's Gardenias

     Bass: Ron Carter

     Drums: Al Foster

Steve Kuhn   1998

   Speak Low

     Bass: David Finck

     Drums: Billy Drummond

Steve Kuhn   2004

   Dear Old Stockholm

     Album: 'Easy to Love'

     Bass: David Finck

     Drums: Billy Drummond

Steve Kuhn   2005

   Pavane for a Dead Princess

     Bass: Davod Finck

     Drums: Billy Drummond

Steve Kuhn   2012

   Jazz à Foix

     Filmed live

     Bass: Steve Swallow

     Drums: Billy Drummond



Though the career of Gypsy Rose Lee coincides with the swing era (she began to acquire reputation as a burlesque act about 1931), if what she made famous, the striptease, doesn't place her in modern jazz then her solitary album, 'That's Me All Over', does. What made Lee famous in her heydays was ancient by the time she made that recording. But such remarks upon a culture in which 'Playboy' magazine hosted its first jazz festival in 1959 at Chicago Stadiium. Implosive free form jazz came late to pushing boundaries, and was neither so brave nor popular as am I black or white to the right. Ellen June Hovick's name was switched to Rose Louise upon the birth of her younger sister, for whom her mother preferred the name, Ellen June. Rose Louise performed in the shadow of her sister, Ellen June, (tap) dancing the vaudeville circuit to support the family (minus a father due to divorce). But vaudeville was on the wane at the time, so the sisters went into marathon dancing. But marathon dancing was a grueling way to make a living, so Ellen June eloped with another dancer and Rose Louise found herself at Minsky's burlesque house. During one of her acts a strap on her costume broke, to a highly approving audience when her garment fell to the stage. Whence upon Rose Louise became Gypsy Rose Lee and brought striptease, more a comedy than sex act at the time, to the American stage. Several years later (1937) Lee appeared in her first films as Louise Havock ('You Can't Have Everything' and 'Ali Baba Goes To Town'). But they were minor roles going nowhere so Lee returned to New York and wrote a mystery novel ('The G-String Murders') that was made into film ('Lady of Burlesque') in 1943. Despite Lee's enormous fame there was very little documented or recorded during her career. She died of lung cancer in 1970 in Los Angeles.

Gypsy Rose Lee   1943

   The Psychology of a Stripteaser

      Film: 'Stage Door Canteen'

Gypsy Rose Lee   1958

   Put the Blame On Mame

      Film: 'Screaming Mimi'   With Red Norvo  

Gypsy Rose Lee   1960

   That's Good Enough For Me

      From the album 'That's Me All Over'  


Birth of Modern Jazz: Gypsy Rose Lee

Gypsy Rose Lee

Source: Jewish Currents

  Born in 1940 in Rochester, NY, composer, flugelhorn and trumpet player, Chuck Mangione, put together his first band in 1957 with his brother, pianist, Gap Mangione. Called the Jazz Brothers, they released the first of three albums in 1960: 'The Jazz Brothers'. He issued his own 'Recuerdo' in 1962 with the backing of some bigger names: Louis Hayes (drums), Wynton Kelly (piano), Sam Jones (bass) and Joe Romano on horns. Things began busting loose in 1965 when he began working in the bands of Woody Herman, Maynard Ferguson and Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers with which remained for a couple of years. His first Grammy was won for his composition, 'Bellavia', released in 1975. His soundtrack for the 1978 film starring Anthony Quinn, 'The Children of Sanchez', gained him another Grammy. Another of Mangione's soundtracks was 'The Cannonball Run' starring Burt Reynolds in 1981. 'Tarantella' was also issued that year, containing edits of his 1980 nine-hour concert at the American Hotel Ballroom in Rochester to benefit Italian earthquake victims. Another benefit was held on his birthday in 2000 for St. John's Nursing Home in Rochester, netting $50,000. Beyond music, Mangione did some voice acting and was a Yankee fan. (He had played the national anthem at Yankee Stadium in New York in 1983, the year the Yankees beat the Boston Red Sox 4 to 0.) Mangione has issued more than thirty albums. He is yet active with his base of operations in his hometown of Rochester. Among his latest studio releases was 'Everything for Love' in 2000

The Jazz Brothers   1961

   Spring Fever

     Album: 'Spring Fever'

Chuck Mangione   1962


     Album: 'Recuerdo'

Chuck Mangione   1970

   Hill Where the Lord Hides

     Filmed 'Friends and Love Concert'

     Conducting: Chuck Mangione

Chuck Mangione   1973

   Land of Make Believe

     Album: 'Land of Make Believe'

Chuck Mangione   1975

   Monterey Jazz Festival

     Filmed live

Chuck Mangione   1977

   Feels So Good

     Album: 'Feels So Good'

Chuck Mangione   1978

   Children of Sanchez

     Album: 'Children of Sanchez'

   Land of Make Believe

     Live at the Hollywood Bowl

     Album: 'An Evening of Magic'

Chuck Mangione   1981



Chuck Mangione   1986

   Sweet Cheryl Lynn

     Album: 'Save Tonight for Me'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Chuck Mangione

Chuck Mangione

Source: Wheat's Beat
Birth of Modern Jazz: Pat Martino

Pat Martino

Source: Mas i Mas/Jamboree Jazz
Born in 1944 in Philadelphia, PA, guitarist, Pat Martino, recorded under his birth name, Pat Azzara, until the release of his debut album, 'El Hombre', in 1967. He was playing professionally at age fifteen in NYC where he would share quarters with Les Paul for a time. He is thought to have issued  'Sometimes'/'Latino Twist' with Ricky Tino in 1960. His career began to locomote with major horsepower in 1963 upon releasing three albums with Willis Jackson that year: 'Grease and Gravy', 'More Gravy', and 'The Good Life'. Martino recorded several more albums with Willis in 1964, also appearing on his first of several with Don Patterson that year: 'Holiday Soul'. The first of several LPs with Eric Kloss followed in 1965. He recorded or issued five LPs with Jack McDuff in 1966. The next year his first name album, 'El Hombre', emerged. During the seventies Martino made a favorite of himself at jazz guitar with, if not a huge fan base compared rock guitarists, at least a very dedicated one, largely aficionados recognizing Martino for one of the finest guitarists in the realm. In 1980, however, Martino endured a brain aneurysm, leaving him after surgery with amnesia not only as to his past, but as to playing guitar. So he trained himself again from his older recordings. Having rather much to relearn, he finally released 'The Return' in 1987. Unlike other musicians whose popularity begins to fade after a decade or two, Martino's has only kept growing. He doesn't fill stadiums but his fans think he should with good reason. One must be careful with Martino: once a fan you could get stuck and remain one indefinitely. In addition to collaborations Martino has issued nearly twenty name albums. His latest release was with keyboard player, Gene Ludwig, in 2014 for the optimistically titled: 'Young Guns'.

Pat Martino   1963

   Doot Dat

     Willis Jackson album: 'Grease n Gravy'

Pat Martino   1967

   El Hombre




Pat Martino   1972



Pat Martino   1974



Pat Martino   1976



Pat Martino   1987

   Live at Ethel's Place

     Filmed live

Pat Martino   2002



   Umbria Jazz

      Filmed concert

Pat Martino   2006

   Lazy Bird

     Album: 'East!'

Pat Martino   2013

   Live in Moscow

     Filmed live

Pat Martino   2014

   Lotos Jazz Festival

     Filmed concert


  Born in 1931 in Boston, Makanda Ken McIntyre played double bass, drums, piano, and a lot of horns, especially alto sax. After serving a couple years in the US Army McIntyre received his bachelor's in music from the Boston Conservatory in 1958. He continued studies in composition and flute to acquire his master's the next year. He recorded his first album, playing flute and alto sax, in May of 1960, his second in June: 'Stone Blues' and 'Looking Ahead'. McIntyre released only twelve albums during his career, followed posthumously in 2000 with 'A New Beginning'. The reason was his emphasis on education. He began teaching in public schools in 1961. Ten years later he founded the African American Music program at State University of New York College (SUNY), teaching there for 24 years. He'd meanwhile earned his doctorate in curriculum design from the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 1975. As the eighties rolled into the nineties he worked with Charlie Haden and his Liberation Music Orchestra. Though McIntyre's was a limited recording career he was good for above 400 compositions and 200 arrangements. He died in June 2001 at age 79 in Harlem.

Makanda Ken McIntyre   1960

  Looking Ahead


  Stone Blues

     LP: 'Stone Blues'

Makanda Ken McIntyre   1974



Makanda Ken McIntyre   1977

 Clear Eyes

     LP: 'Introducing the Vibrations'

 Miss Priss

     LP: 'Introducing the Vibrations'

 Now Is the Time

     LP: 'Introducing the Vibrations'

Makanda Ken McIntyre   1978

 Coconut Bread

     LP: 'Chasing the Sun'

Makanda Ken McIntyre   2000


     Solo filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Makanda Ken McIntyre

Makanda Ken McIntyre

Source: Roberto's Winds
Birth of Modern Jazz: Ben Riley

Ben Riley

Source: Drummer World
Born in 1933 in Georgia, drummer, Ben Riley, had been raised in NYC since age four. Entering military service after high school, Riley was an Army paratrooper until his release in 1954. He began playing professionally a couple years later. Riley made his first recordings with Johnny Griffin and Eddie Lockjaw Davis on multiple sessions in September and November of 1960, resulting in four albums issued with Griffin that year: 'Battle Stations', 'Studio Jazz Party', 'Tough Tenors' and 'Griff and Lock'. (Davis is absent from 'Studio Jazz Party'.) Riley, Griffin and, to great extent, Davis pumped out several albums together into 1962. Thelonious Monk figured huge in Riley's early career in the sixties, Riley appearing on five of Monk's albums from '64 ('It's Monk's Time') to '68 ('Underground'). He was a member of the New York Jazz Quartet in 1975 with bassist, Ron Carter, after which Carter liked him for a few LPs in the latter seventies. Riley worked largely as a sideman through the decades, not issuing his first album as a leader until 1996: 'Weaver of Dreams'. In the new millennium Riley formed the Monk Legacy Septet, issuing 'Memories of T' with arranger/trumpeter, Don Sickler, in 2006. That LP consists of Thelonious Monk covers though there's no piano on it. 'Grown Folks Music' with bassist, Ray Drummond, and guitarists, Freddy Bryant and Avi Rothbard, was issued in 2012. Riley has toured internationally on numerous occasions since his first with Monk. Per 1989 below, each edit was filmed lived with Stan Getz at the Umbria Jazz Festival.

Ben Riley   1960

  If I Had You

     Griffin/Davis LP: 'Battle Stations'

  Party Time/Good Bait

     Voice: Babs Gonzales

     Johnny Griffin LP: 'Studio Jazz Party'

  Save Your Love for Me

     Griffin/Davis LP: 'Tough Tenors'

Ben Riley   1962

  The Bridge

     LP by Sonny Rollins

     Bass: Bob Cranshaw

     Guitar: Jim Hall

     Sax: Sonny Rollins

  If Ever I Would Leave You

     Sonny Rollins LP: 'What's New?'

     Bass: Bob Cranshaw

     Guitar: Jim Hall

     Sax: Sonny Rollins

Ben Riley   1964

  Drum Solo

     Live in Paris

Ben Riley   1966

  Live in Denmark

     Filmed live

     Bass: Larry Gales

     Piano: Thelonious Monk

     Sax: Charlie Rouse

  Live in Oslo

     Filmed live

     Bass: Larry Gales

     Piano: Thelonious Monk

     Sax: Charlie Rouse

Ben Riley   1967

  Straight, No Chaser

     LP by Thelonious Monk

Ben Riley   1989

  But Beautiful

  I Love You


Ben Riley   2005

  Jazzwoche Burghausen

     Filmed live   Monk Legacy Septet

Ben Riley   2009

  Young and Foolish

     Album: 'Invitation'

     Bass: Gene Perla

     Piano: Bernie Senensky

Ben Riley   2015


     Filmed live   Monk Legacy Septet


Birth of Modern Jazz: Archie Shepp

Archie Shepp

Photo: Associated Press

Source: Ooyuz
Born in 1937 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, tenor saxophonist, Archie Shepp, was raised in Philadelphia, PA. He was a drama major for four years at Goddard College in Vermont before turning to a career in music. Shepp's debut recording session is thought to have been with avant-garde pianist, Cecil Taylor, in October 1960, recording 'Air' (2 takes) and 'Lazy Afternoon' to appear on 'The World of Cecil Taylor' that year. The following day he recorded three takes of 'Air' with Taylor, to appear on Taylor's album, 'Air', that year as well. Shepp would contribute to three more of Taylor's albums into 1961. Shepp's debut album, 'Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet', was released in 1962, recorded in October that year. It was '62 when Shepp, continuing along the avant-garde vein, began performing with John Tchicai (alto sax), Dan Moore (bass) and JC Moses (drums). That ensemble released 'Rufus' in 1963, after which it swallowed Don Cherry and called itself the New York Contemporary Five. Thanks to Cherry that group coughed up 'Consequences' in 1963. Three more long playing expectorations occurred into 1964 (the last on the B side of an album shared with trumpeter, Bill Dixon, on A side). Shepp's throat was clear by the time he appeared on two albums of original material by John Coltrane in 1965, 'Ascension' and 'A Love Supreme'. Shepp first visited Africa in July 1969, appearing at the Pan African Festival in Algiers, Algeria. In 1971 Shepp began teaching black music at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. He has also taught African American studies at SUNY in Buffalo, New York. Shepp turned his interests to Europe in the early eighties. He and Dutch pianist, Jasper van 't Hof, released 'Mama Rose' in 1982 and 'The Fifth of May' in 1987. In the early nineties Shepp began performing with French trumpeter, Eric Le Lann. He collaborated with Belgian pianist, Michel Herr, on the film score to 'Just Friends', released in 1994. In 2002 he and Hungarian saxophonist, Mihály Dresch, collaborated on 'Hungarian Bebop'. In 2004, together with Monette Berthomier, Shepp founded the Archieball record label in Paris. Shepp released a regular library of albums during his career, appearing on above 100 of them as a leader. His two latest releases were with German pianist, Joachim Kuhn, Kuhn featured on Shepp's 'Wo!man' in 2011 and Shepp featured on Kuhn's 'Voodoo Sense' in 2012.

Archie Shepp   1960

   Air   Take 9

     Cecil Taylor album: 'Air'

   Air   Take 24 (also Take 29)

     Cecil Taylor album: 'Air'

   Number One   Take 2

     Cecil Taylor album: 'Air'

   The World Of Cecil Taylor

     Album   Shepp on tracks 1 and 5

Archie Shepp   1963

   New York Contemporary Five


Archie Shepp   1964

   Like a Blessed Baby Lamb

     With the New York Contemporary Five

Archie Shepp   1967

   The Magic of Ju-Ju


Archie Shepp   1969


Archie Shepp   1972

   Attica Blues


Archie Shepp   1973

   Dr.King - The Peaceful Warrior

     Live in Ljubljana, Slovenia

Archie Shepp   1975


     Album: 'A Sea of Faces'

   Lush Life

     Album: 'Montreux One

Archie Shepp   1976


     Album with Max Roach

Archie Shepp   1994

   Live in Geneva

     Filmed concert

Archie Shepp   2001

   God Bless the Child

     Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival


     Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival

     Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival

Archie Shepp   2004

   Hungarian Bebop

     Album with Mihály Dresch Quartet

Archie Shepp   2011

   Jazz a Porquerolles

     Filmed concert   Piano: Chucho Valdes

Archie Shepp   2015

   Jazz in Marciac

     Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Stanley Turrentine

Stanley Turrentine

Source: Blue Note
Born in 1934 in Pittsburgh, PA, tenor saxophonist, Stanley Turrentine, was son to Thomas Turrentine Sr., saxophonist with Al Cooper's Savoy Sultans. His brother, Tommy, was a professional trumpet player and his mother played stride piano. During the fifties Turrentine performed in the groups of Lowell Fulson and Earl Bostic. Upon release from duty in the military in 1959 Turrentine joined Max Roach's ensemble, first recording that year toward the 1960 release of Roach's 'Quiet as It's Kept'. That was followed by 'Moon Faced and Starry Eyed', also recorded in '59. Turrentine married organist, Shirley Scott, in 1960. The pair released their first of eight albums together in 1961: 'Hip Soul'. Their last was 'Soul Song' in 1968. Turrentine issued the first of seven albums with organist, Jimmy Smith, in 1960: 'Midnight Special'. Their last together, 'Foremost', was issued in 1990. It was also 1960 that Turrentine released his first solo LP, 'Look Out!'. Turrentine issued well above fifty albums during his career of forty years until his death of stroke in 2000 in New York City.

Stanley Turrentine   1960

   Live in France

     Drums: Max Roach

     Trombone: Julian Priester

    Trumpet: Tommy Turrentine

   Lotus Blossom

      Album: 'Quiet as It's Kept'

   Quiet as It's Kept

      Album: 'Quiet as It's Kept'

Stanley Turrentine   1961

   Come Rain Or Come Shine

   Stolen Sweets

Stanley Turrentine   1963

   Midnight Blue

      Album: 'A Chip Off the Old Block'

Stanley Turrentine   1964


Stanley Turrentine   1966

   Feeling Good

      Album: 'Rough N Tumble'


      Album: 'The Spoiler'

Stanley Turrentine   1967

   The Return of the Prodigal Son


Stanley Turrentine   1970


Stanley Turrentine   1972

   Night Wings

Stanley Turrentine   1982

   I Remember You

      Vibes: Milt Jacksn

Stanley Turrentine   1985

   Scratch My Back

      Filmed live

     Drums: Grady Tate

      Guitar: Kenny Burrell 

     Organ: Jimmy Smith

Stanley Turrentine   1989


      Television broadcast

Stanley Turrentine   1992

   In a Sentimental Mood


Birth of Modern Jazz: McCoy Tyner

McCoy Tyner

Source: All Music
McCoy Tyner, pianist, was born in 1938 in Philadelphia, PA. As a youth he knew Bud Powell, also a resident of Philadelphia. He began tapping keys at age thirteen. He changed his name to Sulieman Saud upon becoming a Muslim four years later. He is known to have gigged in Philadelphia with John Coltrane in the summer of '57 at the Red Rooster and the House of Jazz (both now defunct). Tyner made his debut recordings with trombonist, Curtis Fuller, in December of '59. the LP, 'Imagination', issued in 1960. In February of 1960 he recorded with Art Farmer, 'Meet the Jazztet' issued that year. More recordings with Fuller followed until June of '60 saw Tyner in the studio with with Freddie Hubbard, resulting in 'Open Sesame' that year. In 1960 he laid four tracks with John Coltrane that ended up on Coltrane's 'Like Sonny' in 1960. Tyner and Coltrane would record some 20 LPs together up to 1965. January of 1960 saw Tyner recording 'Inception' for release the next June, the initial of well above seventy albums as a leader. Tyner first played with Art Blakey in the summer of '61, but didn't release 'A Jazz Message' with him until 1964. Major figures during the sixties were also Joe Henderson, Wayne Shorter and Hank Mobley, but he would release several albums with Stanley Turrentine, starting with 'Rough 'n' Tumble' in 1966. (Tracks for 'Mr. Natural' were recorded in September 1964, but not issued until 1980.) During the eighties and nineties Tyner focused on his trio with bassist, Avery Sharp. The trio and quartet have been his favorite configurations into the 21st century. He has served on the panel of judges for the Independent Music Awards on three occasions since 2007. Tyner is yet active recording and touring as among the greatest heavyweight jazz pianists of the 20th century.

McCoy Tyner   1960

   Bang Bang

      Curtis Fuller LP: 'Imagination'


      LP: 'Images of Curtis Fuller'

   Meet the Jazztet

      LP by Farmer/Golson

   Open Sesame

      Freddie Hubbard LP: 'Open Sesame'

McCoy Tyner   1962



   Reaching Fourth


McCoy Tyner   1963

   My Funny Valentine

      Newport Jazz Festival

McCoy Tyner   1965

   Live at the Half Note

      Radio broadcast with John Coltrane

McCoy Tyner   1972

   My Favorite Things

      LP: 'Echoes of a Friend'

McCoy Tyner   1974


      LP: 'Asante'   Recorded 1970

   Goin' Home

     LP: 'Asante'   Recorded 1970

McCoy Tyner   1976

   Fly with the Wind

      LP: 'Fly With the Wind'

McCoy Tyner   1977



McCoy Tyner   1981

   Live at Montreux

      Filmed concert

McCoy Tyner   1986

   Jazz Ost-West

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Avery Sharpe

      Drums: Louis Hayes

      Tenor sax: Hoe Henderson

      Trumpet: Freddie Hubbard

McCoy Tyner   1989

   Live in Munich

      Filmed with George Benson

McCoy Tyner   1998

   Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

McCoy Tyner   2004


      LP: 'Illuminations'

McCoy Tyner   2009

   Live at Jazz Open

     Filmed in Germany

McCoy Tyner   2010

   Jazz in Marciac

     Filmed live

     Bass: Gerald Cannon

     Drums: Eric Kamau Gravatt

McCoy Tyner   2013

   Live at SFJAZZ

     Filmed by NPR


Birth of Modern Jazz: Leo Wright

Leo Wright

Source: Muutoksen Syke
Born in 1933 in Wichita Falls, Texas, saxophonist, Leo Wright, is ghostly a figure on the internet but for this singular biography by Andre Condouant. internet. We'll not iterate but to mention that he won a scholarship to Tillotson College in Austin, Texas, before being drafted into the US Army to do short duty in Germany where he performed on flute in the military band and met peers such as Eddie Harris, Don Ellis and Cedar Walton. Release from service saw him at San Francisco State College to study flute while he honed his talents on sax independently, there no curriculum for sax. 'The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz' (other sources alike: Jazz Profiles) apparently has Wright recording with David Pike in 1958. Wright would scratch tracks with Pike in '62 ('Limbo Carnival' ['63]) but Condouant doesn't mention it and no record of such is found. Be as may, Condouant's material has Wright heading to NYC in 1959. He there met Charles Mingus at the Blue Note nightclub. Wright was with Mingus at the Newport Jazz Festival in July of 1959. A number of tracks were recorded but no release is known until years later. In September of 1959 he was on tour with Dizzy Gillespie in Europe for a live recording in Denmark on the 17th. That isn't thought to have seen light until 1995 on 'Copenhagen Concert' released by Steeplechase. Heading south to Italy (per discography), Wright and Gillespie were recorded on television in Roma the same month for RAI Studios. (That's a moot matter, however, per below.) Wright's first tracks to see record shelves were again with Gillespie, backing vocalist, Katie Nubin in January of 1960 on 'Soul, Soul Searching', issued that year. In May he taped tracks for his debut album, 'Blues Shout'. Wright's first album with Gillespie as leader was 'Gillespiana', released in the latter part of the year. Also of large importance in the early sixties was Argentine pianist, Lalo Schifrin. Wright released his last album in 1977: 'Evening Breeze'. He is obscure until his death in January 1991 in Vienna, Austria. Per 'Suite' under 1960 below, J-DISC Columbia shows two televised sessions in Rome, one in '59, one in '60, before discussing the likeness and difference between discographies by Fitzgerald ('59 per Jazz Discography) and Bruyninckx ('60 per Jazz Disco) leading to suspicion that they could be different versions of the same session. The tracks on the television broadcast below are alike and different from both of those as well. Since Wright and Gillespie's recordings with Nubin were in January of 1960 in the United States, their tour in Europe kaput, the question is whether there was more than one RAI broadcast, and whether Wright and Gillespie were yet in Italy in January that year, with time to return to the States to back Nubin that month on an unknown date. Without clarifying the matter, Easy Does It places Wright and Gillespie on the last leg of their European tour in Antwerp, Belgium, with footage differing from that below, said to have been broadcast (versus recorded) over French television in 1960. The odds between '59 and '60 seem the flip of a coin at this point, so we're splitting the difference with filmed in '59 for broadcast in '60 for 'Suite' below. Mayhaps. Per 1978 below, all but 'Caravan' were filmed in Germany with Benjamin Brown (bass), Micky Roker (drums), Rodney Jones (guitar) and Dizzy Gillespie (trumpet).

Leo Wright   1960

   Autumn Leaves

      LP: 'Blues Shout'

   Blues Shout

      LP: 'Blues Shout'

   Gillespiania Suite: Blues

      Not released until 1998:

      'Paris Jazz Concert 1960'


      Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed with Dizzy Gillespie


      LP: 'Blues Shout'


      RAI TV   Rome

   The Wind

      LP: 'Blues Shout'

Leo Wright   1961

   Jazz Casual

      Television program

Leo Wright   1962

   Chega de Saudade

      Lao Schifrin LP: 'Bossa Nova'

   Chora Tua Tristeza

      Lao Schifrin LP: 'Bossa Nova'

   An Evening in Sao Paulo

      Lao Schifrin LP: 'Lalo = Brilliance'

   A Felicidad

      LP: 'Suddenly the Blues'

      'A Happiness' or 'To Happiness'


      Filmed in Antibes, France

      Piano: Lalo Schifrin

      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

   Menina Feia

      Lao Schifrin LP: 'Bossa Nova'


      Lao Schifrin LP: 'Bossa Nova'


      Lao Schifrin LP: 'Lalo = Brilliance'

Leo Wright   1978


      Filmed in Hamburg


      Filmed live

      Paul Kuhn & the SFB Big Band

   Dizzy's Party

      Filmed in Hamburg

   Night In Tunesia

      Filmed in Hamburg


      Filmed in Hamburg


Larry Young, organist, was born in 1940 in Newark, New Jersey. He began his career performing with R&B bands in his hometown. He is thought to have first recorded in August 1960 for the Prestige label, resulting in the release of 'Testifying' that year. Seven days later he recorded 'Forrest Fire' with tenor saxophonist, Jimmy Forrest. 1964 saw Young recording the first two of four albums with guitarist, Grant Green: 'Talkin' About!' released in '65 and 'Street of Dreams' on shop shelves in 1966. Also in '64 Young issued his first album for Blue Note Records, 'Into Somethin''. 'Emergency!' was the first of three albums Young recorded with Tony Williams, issued in 1969. Others with whom Young recorded were Miles Davis and Jimi Hendrix. Young died at an age he ought yet have had plenty of drive left in him, in March of 1978 of unclear causes, though said to be pneumonia.

Larry Young   1960


      Album: 'Testifying'

Larry Young   1966

   Softly As In a Morning Sunrise

      Recorded 1965


      Recorded 1965

Larry Young   1967

   Street of Dreams

      Grant Green album: 'Street of Dreams'

     Recorded 1964

Larry Young   1968


      Album: 'Contrasts'   Recorded 1967

Larry Young   1969


     Album by Tony Williams

   Love Drops

   Street Scene

Larry Young   1975




Birth of Modern Jazz: Larry Young

Larry Young

Source: Concert Vault
  Eric Gale was born in Brooklyn in 1938 (not to be confused with later guitarist, Eric Gales). After a go with various other instruments at age twelve he settled with guitar. Gale studied chemistry at Niagara University. It was about 1960 that he began his career, largely as a studio musician contributing to so many albums, above 500 by most estimates, that it isn't likely anyone has taken up the task to account for them all. Gale first gigged with doo wop and R&B musicians, Maxine Brown and Jackie Wilson among the latter. His absolute first vinyl isn't known but he surfaced on King Curtis' 'Old Gold' in 1961. In 1963 he emerged on Red Holloway's 'The Burner'. Eight years later (1971) he appeared on Stanley Turrentine's ''Salt Song' (all but the sixth and last track). Gale issued his debut LP in 1973: 'Forecast'. He formed the group, Stuff, in 1976, which backed Joe Cocker on 'Stingray' that year. Stuff issued ten or so studio and live albums from 'Stuff' in '1976 up to 'Stuff Made in America' in 1994. That band often performed at the now defunct jazz club, Mikell’s (1969-91), in Manhattan. Apparently backing every musician in the land, Gale also issued twelve or so name LPs other than those with Stuff. Gale often backed bands on television in his latter days, he dying of lung cancer in 1994 in Baja, California. Per 1973 below, each track is from Gale's debut LP, 'Forecast'.

Eric Gale   1963

  The Burner

      Red Holloway LP: 'The Burner'

Eric Gale   1971

  Salt Song

      Stanley Turrentine LP: 'Salt Song'

Eric Gale   1973



Eric Gale   1977


      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

  Ginseng Woman

      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

  Live in Japan

      With Stuff

  More Stuff

      Album with Stuff

  Sara Smile

      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

  She Is My Lady

      LP: 'Ginseng Woman'

Eric Gale   1978

  Live in Japan

  Morning Glory

      LP: 'Multiplication'

  Oh Mary Don't You Weep

      LP: 'Multiplication'

Eric Gale   1981

  Stuff in Japan


Eric Gale   1982

  Blue Horizon

      Filmed in Montreux


      Filmed in Montreux


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eric Gale

Eric Gale

Source: Hendrix Guitars
Birth of Modern Jazz: Herbie Hancock

Herbie Hancock

Source: Prog Archives
Keyboardist, Herbie Hancock, made his name before jazz-rock fusion and funk jazz, but his pioneering combination of those made him a hugely popular musician twice over who bloats concert halls to busting with faithful fans to this day. Hancock was born in 1940 in Chicago. He was the son of a meat inspector and secretary. Beginning classical training at age seven, four years later Hancock performed Mozart's 'Piano Concerto No 2 in D Major' with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. He began attending Grinnell College in 1958 as a music and electrical engineering major. He studied with Chris Anderson in 1960, also gigging with saxophonist, Coleman Hawkins, around that time, as well as trumpeter, Donald Byrd. Hancock's debut vinyl was with the latter in 1961 on Byrd's ''Royal Flush', followed by 'Free Form' the next year. Around that time Hancock also began to study with (opera) composer, Vittorio Giannini. Hancock released his first album in 1962, aptly titled, 'Takin' Off'. He recorded his initial film score, 'Blow Up', in 1966. He moved from piano to electric keyboard in the seventies. Having earlier earned his degree from Grinnell, he was there awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts in 1972. He formed the Headhunters in 1973 toward the issue of 'Head Hunters' that year. Hancock is one of the very few jazz artists in these histories who became involved with hip-hop, releasing 'Future Shock' in 1983 complete with scratching on 'Rockit'. Hancock has recorded prolifically, releasing at least 41 studio albums, 12 live albums and five soundtracks. He'd won his first Grammy in 1984 for 'Rockit', then built a nest with thirteen more. He's won four 'Keyboard Magazine' Readers Polls in addition to six 'Playboy' Music Polls. 1986 saw an Academy Award for his soundtrack, 'Round Midnight'. Other honors require a tall building and box of spray paints, we listing only his NEA Jazz Masters Award in 2004, the 'Downbeat Magazine' Readers Poll Hall of Fame in 2005 and Kennedy Center Honors in 2013. Among Hancock's latest releases were 'The Imagine Project', 'Under Tokyo Skies' and 'The Latin Side of Herbie Hancock', each in 2010. Hancock is as active as aver, touring the United States as of this writing.

Herbie Hancock   1961

  Royal Flush

      Album by Donald Byrd

Herbie Hancock   1962

  Takin' Off


Herbie Hancock   1963

  My Point of View


Herbie Hancock   1965

  Maiden Voyage


Herbie Hancock   1973

  Head Hunters




Herbie Hancock   1974

  Headhunters Live

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   1976

  Man Child


Herbie Hancock   1978

  An Evening with ... Chick Corea


Herbie Hancock   1988

  Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   1994

  Dis Is Da Drum


Herbie Hancock   1995

  Cantaloupe Island


Herbie Hancock   1996

  Live in Japan

      Filmed with the New Standard Allstars

Herbie Hancock   1998

  Mr Funk


Herbie Hancock   2005

  Headhunters Live

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   2008

  Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Herbie Hancock   2015

  What Would You Say

      With Dave Matthews


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Harris

Eddie Harris

Source: Concert Database
Tenor saxophonist, Eddie Harris, was born in 1934 in Chicago. He was a student of Walter Dyett, famous for the numerous musicians who passed through his music classes at the Phillips and DuSable public high schools. Harris played piano and vibes in addition to sax when he entered Roosevelt University, during which period he gigged with Gene Ammons. Drafted into the US Army after college, he served in a military band in Europe that included Cedar Walton. After his military tour was up, Harris worked a bit in NYC before returning to Chicago where he recorded his first album, 'Exodus to Jazz', in 1961 for issue that year. The short version of 'Exodus' is said to be the first jazz title to reach gold, charting at #16 on Billboard's R&B. He began performing on electric piano and the amplified Varitone sax in the latter sixties. Notable in 1969 was his live recording with pianist, Les McCann, at the Montreuz Jazz Festival in Switzerland in 1969, issued on 'Swiss Movement' that year. During the early seventies he began experimenting with instruments, fitting sax with a trumpet mouthpiece and trumpet with a reed mouthpiece. He also experimented with the Guitorgan, first introduced by its inventor, Bob Murrell, in 1967 in Chicago. Vox would soon release its own models. Unfortunately, Harris also competes with Elvis Presley for the worst album ever released. We know not what the worst albums ever issued actually are. Names like Lou Reed, Kiss, Metallica and Duran Duran get iterated on a quick search for such, but mentioned at Wikipedia and Allmusic are Presley's 'Having Fun with Elvis on Stage' per 1974 (banter rather than music) and Harris' comical release of 'The Reason Why I'm Talking S--t' in '75 (banter rather than music). During the eighties Harris performed with the Horace Silver Quintet. Having toured the States and Europe extensively while releasing above seventy records, Harris died in Los Angeles in November 1996 of bone cancer and kidney disease.

Eddie Harris   1961


      Long version

      Album: 'Exodus to Jazz'


      Short version

Eddie Harris   1962


      Album: 'Bossa Nova'

      Piano: Lalo Schiffrin

Eddie Harris   1966

  Freedom Jazz Dance

      Album: 'The In Sound'

  The Shadow of Your Smile

      Album: 'The In Sound'

Eddie Harris   1968

  Listen Here

      Long version

      Album: 'The Electrifying Eddie Harris'

  Listen Here

      Short version

Eddie Harris   1969

  Ballad (For My Love)

      Album: 'High Voltage'

  Cold Duck Time

      Album: 'Swiss Movement'

  Compared to What

      Filmed with Les McCann

  Listen Here

      Filmed with Les McCann

  Movin' On Out

      Album: 'High Voltage'

Eddie Harris   1975

  I Don't Want Nobody

      Album: 'I Need Some Money'

  I Need Some Money

      Album: 'I Need Some Money'

  That Is Why You're Overweight


Eddie Harris   1979

  Playing with Myself


Eddie Harris   1983



Eddie Harris   1989

  Live at Moonwalker



  Bobby Hutcherson was born in 1941 in Los Angeles. He took up the vibraphone at age twelve, later moving on to the marimba (a deep-toned xylophone). Yet a teenager, Hutcherson's first professional gigs were with such as Curtis Amy and Carmell Jones, as well as Eric Dolphy and Charles Lloyd at Pandora's Box on Sunset Strip. His initial session is thought to been with Les McCann and Curtis Amy on August 3rd, 1960, toward the release of 'Oat Meal' and 'One More Hamhock Please' in 1961. The next December Hutcherson entered the studio with Frank Butler and Curtis Amy, recording 'Groovin' Blue' for issue the next year. He is thought to have appeared on three albums by Al Grey in '62 and '63. He began touring with Billy Mitchell in January of '63 before moving to Bronx. Hutcherson's initial recordings with Blue Note Records were in 1963 with Jackie McLean toward the issue of 'One Step Beyond' in 1964. two more albums with McLean would be released in '64. The first of three albums with Andrew Hill appeared in 1963, 'Judgment!'. Hutcherson recorded his first album, 'Kicker', in December of '63 but it wasn't released until latter 1999. In 1964 Hutcherson released the first of three LPs with Dexter Gordon, 'Gettin' Around'. His first LP to see issue was 'Dialogue' in September 1965. Things in NYC were looking bleak in 1967 when Hutcherson was arrested for drugs in Central Park. Letting both his cabaret and taxi driving license expire, he traveled back to begin an important relationship with Harold Land, they releasing 'The Peace-Maker' that year. Three more albums with Land would be issued into 1981, after which Land and Hutcherson would record the first of four albums as the Timeless All Stars in 1982. Another important partnership was begun with McCoy Tyner in 1968, Hutcherson recording four tracks that May to appear on the 1969 release of Tyner's 'Time For Tyner'. Six more albums with Tyner would follow, their last, 'Land of Giants', in 2004. Also in 1968 Hutcherson appeared on the first of three albums with Gerald Wilson, 'Everywhere'. 2004 saw the release of several live LPs with the SFJAZZ Collective. Hutcherson filled out a bursting career with appearances on the recordings all number of other name artists. He himself issued nearly fifty albums as a leader, his last, 'Enjoy the View', in 2014.

Bobby Hutcherson   1961

  Beautiful You

      Album: 'Groovin' Blue'

  Groovin' Blue

      Album: 'Groovin' Blue'

  One More Ham Hock, Please


Bobby Hutcherson   1965



Bobby Hutcherson   1966


      Album: 'Happenings'

  Head Start

      Album: 'Happenings'

Bobby Hutcherson   1968

  Total Eclipse


Bobby Hutcherson   1970


      Album: 'San Francisco'

      Tenor sax: Harold Land

Bobby Hutcherson   1971

  Hey Harold

      Album: 'Head On'

Bobby Hutcherson   1974


      Album: 'Cirrus'

Bobby Hutcherson   1977

  Live in Bologna

      Italian television broadcast

Bobby Hutcherson   1980


      Recorded in 1968

Bobby Hutcherson   2002

  Moment's Notice

      Jazzbaltica 2002

      Piano: McCoy Tyner

Bobby Hutcherson   2007

  JazzBaltica 2007

      Filmed live

Bobby Hutcherson   2014


      Album: 'Enjoy the View'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Hutcherson

Bobby Hutcherson   1963

Photo: Francis Wolff

Source: Rate Your Music
  Carmell Jones was a trumpeter born in 1936 in Kansas City, Kansas. In 1960 he headed to California, becoming a studio musician. He is thought to have entered his first session in August of 1960  to record ten tracks with Forrest Westbrook et al at Westbrook's apartment studio. Those weren't released, however, until 2015 on a CD titled 'Carmell Jones Quartet with Forrest Westbrook'. Jones next sessions were likely in October of '60 (per Marc Myers). On December 10, 1960, Jones recorded 'Groovin' Blue' with the Frank Butler Sextet. Another session with Butler followed in January 1961, recording 'Gone Into It', 'Annsome', 'Bobblin'', 'Beautiful You' and 'Very Frank'. That February found him at Pacific Jazz Studios again with the Paul Bryant Quintet, recording 'Meetin' Here', 'Early in the Morning', 'If I Were a Bell', 'One More Hamhock, Please', 'Angel Eyes' and 'Just Friends'. That June found him laying tracks for his debut album released that year: 'The Remarkable Carmell Jones'. Carmell is thought to have released only four more albums as a leader, his last, 'Carmell Jones Returns', in 1982. He otherwise worked with a large number of name performers. One such was pianist, Horace Silver. Jones' earliest recording with Silver is thought to have been in 1964, that found on the album, 'Horace Silver ‎– Live 1964', released in 1984. Jones made his base of operations in Germany in 1965 for the next fifteen years, recording and touring in Europe. He returned to the States in 1980 to his birthplace, Kansas City, Kansas. He remained Stateside for the remainder of his career but for a single tour to Europe in 1982 with Ray Charles. Jones taught and performed locally until his death in November 1996.

Carmell Jones   1960

  If I Love Again

      Not released until 2015

Carmell Jones   1961

  Come Rain Or Come Shine

      Album: 'The Remarkable Carmell Jones'

  Full Moon and Empty Arms

      Album: 'The Remarkable Carmell Jones'

  Groovin' Blue

      Tenor sax: Curtis Amy

  New Groove

      Bud Shank Quintet

  If I Love Again

      Bud Shank Quintet

Carmell Jones   1962

  Angel Eyes

      With Tricky Lofton

  Beautiful Love

  Canadian Sunset

      With Tricky Lofton

Carmell Jones   1965


Carmell Jones   1967

  Carmell Jones In Europe

      Album recorded in 1965

Carmell Jones   1979

  Let´s Swing

      WDR television broadcast


Birth of Modern Jazz: Carmell Jones

Carmell Jones

Photo: Mosaic Images

Source: Jazz Wax
  Flautist and tenor saxophonist, Charles Lloyd, was born in 1938 in Memphis, Tennessee. He began sax at age nine, his best friend as a child the trumpeter, Booker Little. He received musical training from pianist, Phineas Newborn. Lloyd left for Los Angeles in 1956 to study classical music at the University of Southern California by day, to gig in nightclubs by night with some commanding names, eventually to join the orchestra of Gerald Wilson. In November of 1960 he recorded tracks with drummer, Chico Hamilton, for 'Chico Hamilton Special', issued the next year. He joined Hamilton again for the release of 'Drumfusion' in 1962. Lloyd recorded tracks for 'Nirvana' in February and March of '62, though that wasn't issued until 1968. Several more albums with Hamilton were made until he began recording with Cannonball Adderley, surfacing on Adderley's 'Fiddler on the Roof' and 'Live!' in 1964. Lloyd began issuing albums as a leader enforce in latter 1964 with 'Discovery!'. In 1967 Lloyd was uniquely invited to the Soviet Union by Soviet festival officials. He there recorded 'Charles Lloyd in the Soviet Union', released in 1970. Lloyd had issued LPs regularly through the sixties until 'Soundtrack' in 1968, after which his recording career ceased for several years, then continued in '72 into the decades to come, though considerably and gradually less as other aspects of life wanted interest. In the early seventies Lloyd belonged to Celebration, a band fronted by Mike Love of the Beach Boys. The early eighties saw him working with genetically disabled pianist, Michel Petrucciani, the latter with pianist, Bobo Stenson. Another of Lloyd's notable concert recordings was 'Athens Concert' in 2011, recorded the previous year with vocalist, Maria Farantouri, at the the Herodion Theater. He was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2015, the same year he issued 'Wild Man Dance' and accepted an honorary doctorate in music from the Berklee College of Music. He yet actively tours to this date. Indeed, did one go by YouTube one could think Lloyd began his career sometime in the 21st century.

Charles Lloyd   1961

   Chico Hamilton Special   Side A

   Chico Hamilton Special   Side B

Charles Lloyd   1962


      Chico Hamilton LP: 'Drumfusion'

   A Rose for Booker

      Chico Hamilton LP: 'Drumfusion'

Charles Lloyd   1963

   Lonesome Child

      Chico Hamilton LP: 'Passin' Thru'

Charles Lloyd   1964

   Days of Wine and Roses

      Album: 'Discovery!'

   Fiddler On the Roof

      LP by Cannonball Adderley

Charles Lloyd   1966

   Forest Flower

      'Sunrise' & 'Sunset'

      Album: 'Forest Flower'

   Sombrero Sam

Charles Lloyd   1967

   Live in Prague

      Filmed live

Charles Lloyd   1968


      Filmed live

Charles Lloyd   1972



Charles Lloyd   2001

   Live in Montreal

      Bass: Marc Johnson

      Drums: Billy Hart

      Guitar: John Abercrombie

      Piano: Geri Allen

Charles Lloyd   2001

   Live in Montreal


Charles Lloyd   2008

   Hyeres Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

Charles Lloyd   2010

   Jazz Baltica

      Filmed concert

   Jazz a Porquerolles

      Filmed concert


      Album: 'Mirror'

Charles Lloyd   2013

   Jazz Sous les Pommiers

      Filmed live

Charles Lloyd   2014

   Wild Man Dance Suite

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Charles Lloyd

Charles Lloyd

Source: PBS
Birth of Modern Jazz: Ronnie Mathews

Ronnie Mathews

Source: Jazz Lead Sheets
Pianist, Ronnie Mathews, was born in 1935 in NYC, which automatically put him in a prime spot to begin his career as a sideman. He is said to have backed Art Blakey in the latter fifties. In February of 1961 he recorded 'A Story Tale' with Clifford Jordan and Sonny Red. That October he laid tracks with the Bill Hardman Quintet to be released that year on 'Saying Something'. His initial name album was 'Doin' the Thang!', recorded with Freddie Hubbard in 1963, issued the next year. Hubbard's name on Mathews' album ignited the engine, turbo added in '63 upon joining Max Roach's outfit. Mathews issued relatively few albums as a leader, just above ten, his reputation made largely via the bands in which he played, such as the Johnny Griffin Quartet from '78 to '82. Another important figure during that period was young bassist, Ray Drummond. During the eighties Mathews toured with the United Nations Orchestra run by Dizzy Gillespie and Freddie Hubbard. Important in the nineties were Clifford Jordan and drummer, TS Monk (Thelonious Sphere Monk, son of Thelonious Monk). Mathews died of pancreatic cancer in Brooklyn in 2008. Per 1963 below, tracks are from Mathews' debut album with Freddie Hubbard: 'Doin The Thang!'.

Ronnie Mathews   1961


      Bill Hardman LP: 'Saying Something'

  If I Didn't Care

      Album: 'A Story Tale'

      Clifford Jordan/Sonny Red

  With Malice Toward None

      Bill Hardman LP: 'Saying Something'

Ronnie Mathews   1963


  The Orient

  The Thang

Ronnie Mathews   1966

  Desert Moonlight

      Lee Morgan LP: 'The Rumproller'

Ronnie Mathews   1975

  Manha de Carnabal

      Album: 'Trip to the Orient'

Ronnie Mathews   1978

  Jean Marie

      Woody Shaw LP: 'Little Red's Fantasy'

Ronnie Mathews   1980

  I Should Care

      Album: 'Song For Leslie'

  Once I Loved

      Album: 'Song For Leslie'


      Album: 'Song For Leslie'

Ronnie Mathews   1988

   In a Sentimental Mood

      Album: 'Selena's Dance'

      Bass: Stafford James

      Drums: Tony Reedus

Ronnie Mathews   1992

   Tin Tin Deo

      Album: 'Lament for Love'

      Bass: David Williams

      Drums: Frank Gant


  Charles McPherson was born in 1939 in Joplin, Missouri, but raised in Detroit. He there played regularly in clubs before moving to NYC in 1959, finding a spot in a very brief time with Charles Mingus, likely the most significant figure in his career. Frustrating discographies are frequent in the making if these histories, and McPherson's easily joins others who have pushed me past popped, I bravely risking the contemplation of suicide upon facing sources which agreed on little but that McPherson recorded with Mingus in October and November of 1960. As to releases, tracks and who played what, we finally surrender the battle with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, now to experience heroism in vain as well. If McPherson performed on 'Vassarlean' and if that was released per Discogs on the various artists album, 'The Jazz Life!', in 1960, then that would make 'Vassarlean' McPherson's first emergence on vinyl per 1960. (We await the lighting bolt that proves us wrong and I go into shock as my reward for this quagmire.) 'M.D.M.' and 'Lock 'Em Up' were released the next year on the LP, 'Mingus'. 'Bugs' and 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird No 2' aren't thought to have been issued until 1988 on the Mingus collection, 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird'. Mingus' 1995 album, 'In a Soulful Mood', contained 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird No 1', 'Vassarlean' and 'Bugs', which I am by now. Thanks, Charles. Now I qualify for mental disability because emotional overload blew out my amp. I still have a lamp flickering inside my remains though. I just know it. They can't take that away from me. As for McPherson, he would brilliantly shine on numerous LPs by Mingus throughout his career. In 1961 McPherson recorded 'Newer Than New' with Barry Harris, issued that year. 'Bebop Revisited!' was McPherson's initial name LP. Released in 1964, that was the first of well over twenty albums released to date. In 1978 McPherson moved to San Diego. McPherson toured internationally on a number of occasions, has held numerous teaching posts and has appeared on more than fifty recordings by other musicians. He is yet active as ever from his base of operations in the fairest climate in the States, sailor city, San Diego. His latest album, 'The Journey', was issued January 2015. Per 1966 below, each track is from McPherson's album, 'The Quintet/Live!'. Per 1976, each is from the album, 'Live in Tokyo'.

Charles McPherson   1960


      Released 1988

      Album: 'Reincarnation of a Lovebird'

Charles McPherson   1961

  Make Haste

      With the Barry Harris Quintet

      Album: 'Newer Than New'


      Participation unconconfirmed

Charles McPherson   1964


      Album: 'Bebop Revisited!'

Charles McPherson   1965

  Feelin' Good

      With Pat Bowie

  In a Sentimental Mood


Charles McPherson   1965

  Feelin' Good

      With Pat Bowie

  In a Sentimental Mood

Charles McPherson   1966

   Here's That Rainy Day

   I Believe in You

   Never Let Me Go

Charles McPherson   1972

   For Heaven's Sake

      Album: 'Siku Ya Bibi'

Charles McPherson   1976

   Bouncing with Bud

   East of the Sun

   These Foolish Things

Charles McPherson   1990


      Filmed live

Charles McPherson   1994


      Album: 'First Flight Out'

Charles McPherson   2002

  Spring Is Here

      Album: 'Live at the Cellar'

Charles McPherson   2004

   Gone with the Wind

      Album: 'But Beautiful'

   I'll Never Stop Loving You

      Album: 'But Beautiful'

Charles McPherson   2005

   Tenor Madness

      With the Bernie Senensky Trio

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Charles McPherson

Charles McPherson

Source: Roberto's Winds
  Born in 1936 in frosty Buffalo, New York, big band saxophonist, Don Menza, began training on tenor at age thirteen. The hep days of the big band were in the forties. About the time rock n roll arrived jazz orchestras began their decline in popularity. The big band, however, has never been in danger of disappearing, Menza one of the various figures to give reason why. After a time in the military he joined Maynard Ferguson's orchestra, his first recordings in June of 1961 with that band. Menza worked with Ferguson into 1962, also arranging, then joined Stan Kenton's outfit. He appeared on Kenton's 'Adventures In Time' per 1962. After a brief time with Kenton he formed a quintet in Buffalo before moving to Germany in '64. He there first recorded as a leader in 1965 for the Saba label: 'Morning Song'. Back in the States in '68, he became lead tenor in the orchestra of Buddy Rich. Living in California, position in various orchestras would follow. Menza was among those musicians who had relatively little interest in recording, he coming to great repute in the industry by doing as he might while leaving that to as it may per the bands with which he performed. He was content to occupy the rear covers of those with whom he played, his name in big letters on the front of solo LPs not a driving point for him. That wasn't necessary anyway. He was simply the bright light in whatever capacity he played. With his career consisting of heavy touring, Menza issued only eight LPs as a leader, another six as co-leader. His second issue was 'First Flight' in 1977 with Frank Rosolino. 'Burnin' followed in 1981. Two years later he recorded tracks at a restaurant in Finland which would end up on the much later release of 'Very Live at Groovy'. 'Hip Pocket' was issued in 1985. Not until 18 years later did he record 'Jack Rabbitt' for release in 2004. Menza was supposed to have retired after recording that in 2003, being disappointed with the music industry, particularly the commercialism of the pop-rock sector in which music played second hand to the show, be it stage, video, etc.. But then he recorded 'Menza Lines' at the Los Angeles Sheridan Hotel for release in 2005. That was followed by 'Voyage' in 2007. With homes in both Los Angeles and Las Vegas, the latter has served as one of Menza's venues for several decades. Menza is the father of Megadeth drummer, Nick Menza. Per 1961 below, Menza is lead tenor, indistinguishable on what could well be his first recorded track to see commercial issue. The featured sax player is thought to be Lenny Morgan on alto. Per 2007 below, weach track is from the LP: 'Voyage'.

Don Menza   1961


      Maynard Ferguson LP: 'Straightaway'

Don Menza   1966

  Cinderella's Waltz

      Album: 'Morning Song'

  Morning Song

      Album: 'Morning Song'

Don Menza   1970

  Groovin' Hard

      With Buddy Rich

Don Menza   1977

  Groove Blues

      Album: 'First Flight'

  Samba de Rollins

      Album: 'First Flight'

Don Menza   1981


      Album: 'Burnin''


      Album: 'Burnin''

Don Menza   1987

  Live in Hamburg

      Filmed live

Don Menza   1991

  The Red Men's Revenge

      Filmed live

Don Menza   1992


      Filmed in Burghausen

Don Menza   2007

   Another Who?

  If I Only Had a Brain

  Rebel Rousers


Don Menza   2008

   Live at Jazzland

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Roscoe Mitchell

Don Menza

Source: Jake Feinberg Show

Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Pass

Joe Pass

Photo: Tom Marcello

Source: High Fidelity Report

Joe Pass was born in 1929 in New Brunswick, New Jersey. By the time Pass landed his first recording contract in 1961 jazz had long since developed beyond the big swing orchestra, due to such as foreign influence from abroad in the thirties (such as Reinhardt and Grappelli via Coleman Hawkins), then the bebop of Dizzy Gillespie and small-band individualists such as Nat King Cole in the forties. The fifties had brought West Coast jazz, one of its major hubs the Lighthouse Cafe in Hermosa Beach, California, and the "cool" jazz of Miles Davis ('Birth of the Cool' recorded in 1949-50 though not released until 1957). By the time Pass recorded his first album, string musicians such as guitarist, Larry Coryell, and bassists Jimmy Garrison and Sam Jones, were in preparation to take jazz through the sixties, a decade that would see hugely influential recordings such as 'Desafinado' per Charlie Byrd and Stan Getz, and 'Take Five' per Dave Brubeck and Paul Desmond. Joe Pass, however, had largely dropped out of the jazz scene in the fifties. Though Pass had begun playing gigs at age fourteen and had spent the forties traveling with various bands, he met with drugs for several years. It was during two and a half years of rehabilitation, begun in the latter fifties, that he resumed guitar, reemerging in 1961 with 'The Sounds of Synanon'. His first sessions with Pacific Jazz Studios were in April of '62 with either Richard Groove Holmes (no date) or Bumble Bee Slim on the 26th. From thereon Pass made up for lost ground, siding all number of big names, such as Frank Sinatra, and performing in television bands such as that of Johnny Carson's 'Tonight Show'. Signature of arrival occurred in a big way in 1970 upon Norman Granz, founder of Verve Records, contracting Pass to his new label, Pablo Records. Pass there backed some of the biggest names in jazz (perhaps most notably, Ella Fitzgerald), but it was his trio with bassist, Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, and pianist, Oscar Peterson, that kept him on track into the eighties. Pass' last studio recording of an LP was in January of 1994 with the great country guitarist, Roy Clark, they releasing an album of Hank Williams tunes that year. Pass later died of liver cancer in Los Angeles in 1994. Per 1993 below, all edits were filmed live with Roy Clark.

Joe Pass   1961

  Sound of Synanon


Joe Pass   1963

  There Will Never Be Another You

      Piano: Clare Fischer

Joe Pass   1964

  For Django


Joe Pass   1973

  Take Love Easy

      Album with Ella Fitzgerald

Joe Pass   1974

  Berk's Works

      Trumpet: Dizzy Gillespie

  The Giants

      Album with Ray Brown & Oscar Peterson

  Portraits of Duke Ellington


Joe Pass   1975

  Live in Hannover

      With Ella Fitzgerald

  You Are the Sunshine of My Life

      Filmed live in Montreaux

Joe Pass   1978


      Bass: Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen

Joe Pass   1979

  April in Paris

Joe Pass   1980

  Live for BBC

      Piano: Oscar Peterson

Joe Pass   1984


      Filmed live in Berlin

Joe Pass   1985


      Filmed live with Oscar Peterson

Joe Pass   1988

  When You Wish Upon A Star

      Filmed live in Vienna

Joe Pass   1992


      Concert filmed live

   Winter Wonderland

Joe Pass   1993

  I Can't Help It

   I'll Never Get Out . . . Alive


   Why Don't You Love Me

   You Win Again

Joe Pass   1993

  Roy Clark & Joe Pass Play Hank Williams



  Born in Fairlawn, New Jersey, in 1940, double bassist, Steve Swallow, trained on piano and trumpet before picking up the double bass at age fourteen. Swallow would become known for his expertise with electric bass guitar to which he switched in the early seventies. After studying composition at Yale Swallow headed for New York City where he quickly fell in with horn player, Jimmy Giuffre and pianist, Paul Bley. In March of 1961 Swallow recorded 'Fusion' in a trio with Giuffre and Bley. The next May he laid tracks with George Russell for the album, 'Ezz-thetics'. Also released in 1961 was 'Thesis', another project with Giuffre and Bley as a trio, recorded in August. Bley was the major force in Swallow's budding career, they releasing three albums together in 1963. Swallow would also release the first of five album with Art Farmer in 1963: 'Interaction'. In December of 1964 Swallow made his first recordings with vibraphonist, Gary Burton, 'The Groovy Sound of Music' issued the next year. Burton would be Swallow's main man for the next two decades, they releasing nearly twenty albums together into the eighties. In 1968 Swallow appeared on trumpeter, Michael Mantler's, 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra', the first of several LPs with Mantler. It was with Burton that Swallow released his first of fourteen albums as a leader in 1974: 'Hotel Hello'. Swallow also began teaching at the Berklee College of Music for a couple years in 1974. In 1979 Swallow issued the first of twenty albums with pianist, Carla Bley: 'Musique Mecanique'. Swallow and Bley's relationship became romantic in the eighties. Also significant in Swallow's career were pianist, Steve Kuhn and guitarist, John Scofield (too late for these histories, not recording until the seventies). During the nineties Swallow issued several albums with drummer, Paul Motian. Swallow is yet active as of this writing, his latest album with Carla Bley, 'Trios', released in 2013. In 2014 Swallow released 'The New Standard', also performing on Dave Douglas' album, 'Riverside'.

Steve Swallow   1961


      Album: 'Fusion'

      Trio with Paul Bley & Jimmy Giuffre


      Album by George Russell

   I'll Remember April

      Album: 'Out of Nowhere'

      Trio with Paul Bley & Jimmy Giuffre

Steve Swallow   1965


      Pete La Roca album: 'Basra'

Steve Swallow   1966

   Falling Grace

      Gary Burton album: 'The Time Machine'

Steve Swallow   1968

   Walter L.

      Gary Burton album: 'Quartet In Concert'

      Live at Carnegie Hall

Steve Swallow   1996

   Bug in a Rug

      Album: 'Deconstructed'

Steve Swallow   2010

   Trio Blues

      Filmed live

      Drums: Bill Stewart

      Guitar: John Scofield

Steve Swallow   2012

   Cully Jazz Festival

      Filmed live in Switzerland

      Piano: Carla Bley

      Sax: Andy Sheppard

Steve Swallow   2015

   Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed concert

      The New Standard Trio

      Drums: Bobby Previte

      Keyboards: Jamie Saft


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Swallow

Steve Swallow

Source: Luca de Pasquale

Birth of Modern Jazz: Harold Vick

Harold Vick

Source: Wikipedia
Born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, in 1936, saxophonist/flautist, Harold Vick, began training on clarinet at age thirteen. Three years later he took up tenor sax. His first professional employment of note was with Brother Jack McDuff in 1960, he found on McDuff's 'Goodnight, It's Time to Go' in 1961. Vick worked closely with McDuff in the early sixties. Vick issued his first LP, 'Steppin' Out!', in 1963. Backing other musicians throughout his career, among the more important was pianist, Horace Silver, in the early seventies, after which he spent a brief period with the jazz ensemble, Compost. During the eighties he worked briefly with vocalist, Abbey Lincoln, before his death in his home in Manhattan in November 1987 of heart attack, only 51 years of age. He had also performed with such as John Patton and Grant Green in the early sixties. His seventh and last album as a leader was in 1977: 'After the Dance'. Per 1963 below, tracks are from 'Steppin' Out'.

Harold Vick   1961

   Goodnight, It's Time to Go

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Goodnight, It's Time to Go'

   Sanctified Waltz

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Goodnight, It's Time to Go'

Harold Vick   1963

  Dotty's Dream


  Our Miss Brooks

  Steppin' Out

  Trimmed In Blue


Harold Vick   1967

  Tiempo Medio Lento

      LP: 'The Caribbean Suite'

Harold Vick   1968

  Where Butterflies Play

      LP: ' Watch What Happens'

Harold Vick   1974

  Don't Look Back



      LP: 'Commitment' Recorded 1967

  A Time and a Place

      LP: 'Commitment' Recorded 1967

Harold Vick   1976

  Don't Look Back

      Filmed with Shirley Scott

Harold Vick   1977

  After the Dance

      LP: 'After the Dance'

  Blue In the Face

      LP: 'After the Dance'


  Born Charles Anthony Williams in Camden, New Jersey, in 1942, double bassist, Buster Williams, played his initial professional gig while yet in junior high school. He formed his first band in 1959, a matter of emergency for one Monday night when a band was needed to do a gig at Rip’s nightclub in Philadelphia. Williams yet in high school, that got him hired by Jimmy Heath. After graduating from school Williams laid his first tracks on a couple albums with Gene Ammons and Sonny Stitt in 1961: 'Dig Him!' and 'Boss Tenors'. Williams' career was a prolific one which this condensed history can but glance upon. Among the major personalities to enter into his young career were vocalists, Betty Carter and Sarah Vaughan, the latter with whom Williams first toured Europe, there to record with Vaughan in July of 1963 at Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen. 'Sassy Swings the Tivoli' was the album released that year. It was Nancy Wilson with whom he more cemented, recording the first of five albums in 1963 with her: 'Hollywood - My Way'. Six albums with Herbie Hancock commenced with the release of 'The Prisoner' in 1969. 'Pinnacle' became his first of numerous albums in 1975. His initial of several LPs with Kenny Barron was 'Innocence' in 1978. In 1982 Williams formed two groups, the Timeless All-Stars and Sphere. The Timeless All-Stars released 'It's Timeless' that year, the first of four. Sphere also issued an album in 1982, the first of seven: 'Four in One'. Another major name Williams' career was Larry Coryell, with whom he recorded the first of several in 1986: 'Equipoise'. 1988 would find him on the first of five with Steve Turre: 'Fire and Ice'. In 1990 Williams formed the group, Something More, with which he has since toured internationally. Among his latest albums in the new millennium were 'Live Volume 1' in 2008 and '65 Roses' in 2009 in a trio with Lenny White (drums) and Kenny Barron (piano).

Buster Williams   1961

   Autumn Leaves

      Album: 'Boss Tenors'

      With Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

   Counter Clockwise

      Album: 'Boss Tenors'

      With Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

   Dig Him!

      Album by Gene Ammons & Sonny Stitt

Buster Williams   1975


      Album: 'Pinnacle'

  The Hump

      Album: 'Pinnacle'

   Noble Ego

      Album: 'Pinnacle'

Buster Williams   1985

   Dual Force

      Sphere album 'On Tour'

Buster Williams   1987

   Air Dancing

      Filmed live

      Drums: Al Foster

     Piano: Herbie Hancock

Buster Williams   1989


     Album: 'Something More'

      Drums: Al Foster

     Piano: Herbie Hancock

      Soprano sax: Wayne Shorter

Buster Williams   2004


      Album: 'Griot Libertè'

Buster Williams   2012

   Live at the Blue Note Milano

      Filmed concert

      Piano: Patrice Rushen


Birth of Modern Jazz: Buster Williams

Buster Williams

Source: Criss Cross Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Ran Blake

Ran Blake

Source: Jazz Times
Born in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1935, pianist, Ran Blake, was influenced as a youth by film noir, gospel, Béla Bartók and Claude Debussy. He graduated from Bard College in Red Hook, New York in 1960. Majoring in jazz, Blake had had his first encounter with Third Stream originator, Gunther Schuller, the year before. Summer studies ensued in '59 and '60 at the School of Jazz in Lenox, Massachusetts. During that time he participated in Kenny Dorham's 'D.C. Special' on August 29, 1959, that to get issued in 1990 in Denmark on 'Lenox School of Jazz Concert 1959'. Schuller would be among the most important figures in Blake's life, both as a friend and in musical and professional capacities. With Schuller's assistance Blake first surfaced on vinyl in 1962 with vocalist, Jeanne Lee, on the album, 'The Newest Sound Around' with George Duvivier contributing to a couple titles. 1963 witnessed him and Lee touring to Stockholm, Sweden. Blake issued his debut album, a suite of solos, in 1966: 'Ran Blake Plays Solo Piano'. Another tour to Stockholm with Lee in latter 1966 resulted in the duets that got issued in 1995 as 'Free Standards 1966 Stockholm'. Blake became Community Services Director at the New England Conservatory in 1967, Schuller NEC's President at that time. Blake held that position, staging concerts at prisons and retirement homes, until 1973. During that period he recorded another string of solos in April of 1969 called 'The Blue Potato and Other Outrages'. In 1973 Blake assumed the chair of NEC's Department of Third Stream. Titles recorded during that period in '73 and '75 at Jordan Hall saw issue in 1979 on 'Third Stream Today'. In 1981 Blake published 'Third Stream and the Importance of the Ear'. Blake was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for composition in 1982. He became a MacArthur Foundation Fellow six years later. In 2011 Blake published 'The Primacy of the Ear' with Jason Rogers. Blake is yet active with some fifty albums to his catalogue, his most recent issued in 2016 with Dominique Eade at vocals and Ricky Ford (partnering since the early seventies) at tenor sax: 'Chabrol Noir'. He yet teaches composition at NEC as of this writing. Per 1962 below, each track is from Blake's first album with Jeanne Lee, 'The Newest Sound Around'. More Blake under Jeanne Lee.

Ran Blake   1962

   Love Isn't Everything


   Where Flamingos Fly

Ran Blake   1976



Ran Blake   1986

   Short Life of Barbara Monk

      Album: 'Short Life of Barbara Monk'

Ran Blake   1991

   The Man I Love

      Soprano sax: Steve Lacy

Ran Blake   1994

   The Girl From Ipanema

      Album: 'Unmarked Van'

Ran Blake   2010

   Somewhere Over the Rainbow

      Filmed live in Lisbon


  Born in 1941 in Bartonsville, Maryland, trumpeter, Lester Bowie, grew up in Saint Louis, Missouri. He picked up trumpet at the young age of five, his father a professional musician. While yet in St. Louis he had opportunities to play with such as Little Milton, Albert King and Solomon Burke. Of greater significance to come was vocalist, Fontella Bass, with whom Lord's disco estimates recordings as early as 1960. Those were released in 1962: 'I Don't Hurt Anymore'/'Brand New Love' and 'Honey Bee'/'Bad Boy'. Sources differ as to when Bowie married Bass, '65 or '69, until 1978. He nevertheless became her musical director in 1965, they both in Chicago by November that year to record Bass' album, 'The New Look', issued in 1966. That had been preceded in Chicago by the 1965 limited issue per Out of Sight Records of Nick Gravenites' 'Whole Lotta Soul'/'Drunken Boat' with Roscoe Mitchell (Beanbenders). While in Chicago Bowie would maintain ties to St. Louis via Oliver Lake and Muhal Richard Abrams who there formed the Black Artists Group (BAG 1968-72). Bowie appeared on Mitchell's LP, 'Sound', in latter 1966. He joined Abrams' Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM founded in 1965) in '67, to succeed Abrams as its president in 1968. Bowie formed the Art Ensemble of Chicago (AEC) in 1967 with Mitchell and Malachi Favors (bass). The AEC was Bowie's main engine, releasing about forty albums with that group throughout his career. His first recordings with what would become the AEC occurred in May of 1967, which would appear on the later Mitchell album of 1975: 'Old/Quartet', and 'The Art Ensemble ‎– 1967/68' in 1993. The first issue of what would become the EAC was Bowie's 'Numbers 1 & 2' in 1967. The initial recordings by the Art Ensemble in September and November of 1967 weren't released until 2012: 'Early Combinations'. The EAC's first album was 'Congliptious' in 1968 as Roscoe Mitchell's Art Ensemble. Upon the Art Ensemble becoming the AEC it released seven albums in 1969 alone. That organization issued its last album in 1997 per 'Urban Magic', yet with original members, Mitchell and Favors. Its most longstanding members were multi-instrumentalist, Joseph Jarman, and drummer, Don Moye. Bowie and Jarman went back to 'Numbers 1 & 2' in 1967. An original member of the AEC, Jarman remained through 'Salutes the Chicago Blues Tradition' put down in Geneva, Switzerland on July 7, 1993. Moye's first session with the AEC was in 1970 in France affecting 'Chi Congo', he keeping with the group through its last album in '97, 'Urban Magic'. Muhal Richard Abrams was part of the configuration for 'Fanfare for the Warriors' in September 6, 1973, and 'Kabalaba' at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland on July 4, 1974.   As indicated, Bowie did a strong amount of collaborating with other musicians. Fontella Bass, per above, toured to France for sessions with the AEC in 1970. She joined Bowie for sessions in Germany in '81 and '82. They recorded together as late as the nineties per a rendition of 'What the World Needs Now' on Bass' 'No Ways Tired' issued in 1996. Bowie emerged on the first two of four LPs with Archie Shepp in '69, 'Yasmina, a Black Woman' and 'Blasé', followed in 1970 by 'Pitchin' Can' and 'Coral Rock'. In 1978 Bowie appeared on Jack DeJohnette's 'New Directions', followed by 'New Directions in Europe' in '79 and 'Zebra' in '89. He joined pianist, Sun Ra, for sessions in Europe in 1983, titles to end up on 'Hiroshima' ('85) and 'Milan, Zurich, West Berlin, Paris' ('08). In 1985 he released the first of eight LPs during his lifetime with his group, Brass Fantasy: 'I Only Have Eyes for You'. Ninth and last was 'When the Spirit Returns', recorded in latter '97, issued in 2003. In 1986 Bowie recorded the first of a few albums with the Leaders: 'Mudfoot'. 'Out Here Like This' ensued in '87 and 'Unforeseen Blessings' in '89. Bowie was also a member of the New York Organ Ensemble, releasing 'The Organizer' in '91 and 'Funky T. Cool T.' in '92 with organist, Amina Claudine Myers. Lord's disco has Bowie recording to as late as early 1999, being featured on Mac Gollehon's 'Smokin' Live'. He died of liver cancer on November 8 of 1999 at his home in Brooklyn.

Lester Bowie   1966


      Album by Roscoe Mitchell

Lester Bowie   1974

   Fast Last!


Lester Bowie   1976


      Album: 'Rope-A-Dope'

Lester Bowie   1981

   The Great Pretender

      Album: 'The Great Pretender'

   Rios Negroes

      Album: 'The Great Pretender'

Lester Bowie   1982

   For Louie

      Album: 'All the Magic'

Lester Bowie   1983

   From the Roots to the Source

      Filmed live

      With Fontanella Bass & Martha Bass

Lester Bowie   1985

   I Only Have Eyes for You

      Album: 'I Only Have Eyes for You'

      With Brass Fantasy

Lester Bowie   1986

   Saving All My Love For You

      Filmed live with Brass Fantasy

Lester Bowie   1991

   Live at Jazz Jamboree

      With EAC

   Live at North Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Lester Bowie   1993

   Live at JazzBaltica

      Filmed live with the Brazz Brothers

Lester Bowie   1995

   Here's the Olden Meesaur

      Milosc album: 'Not Two'

   Smrt Maharishia

      Milosc album: 'Not Two'

Lester Bowie   1999


      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lester Bowie

Lester Bowie

Source: DownBeat
Birth of Modern Jazz: Chick Corea

Chick Corea

Source: Jazz & Chips
Born in Chelsea, Massachusetts, in 1940, keyboardist, Chick Corea, had a father who ran a Dixieland band in Boston and had him training at piano at four. He began training on drums at age eight and was performing professionally, in a tuxedo purchased for him by his father, while yet in high school. Moving to NYC, Corea matriculated into both Columbia University and Juilliard, both fleeting experiences in that Corea far preferred playing nightclubs. One reason was hooking up to play gigs with Cab Calloway, managing to destroy any further notions of formal education. Corea is first discovered on vinyl in 1962, performing on the album, 'Go, Mongo!', with Mongo Santamaria and His Afro-Latin Group. Especially important to Corea's career in the sixties were Hubert Laws, Blue Mitchell and Herbie Mann. But it was Miles Davis with whom Corea would come to be a significant name in jazz, he first recording with Davis in September of 1968 on the first and last tracks of Davis' 'Filles de Kilimanjaro', released that year in the UK, in '69 in States. Those were 'Frelon Brun' and 'Mademoiselle Mabry (Miss Mabry)'. Later in November of '68 Corea recorded three tracks with Davis in two sessions a day apart that ended up on later Davis releases of 'Water Babies'. 'Two Faced' and 'Dual Mr. Anthony Tillmon Williams Process' were included on that LP's original release in 1976. 'Splash' didn't see issue until 2002 as one of several bonus tracks on a reissue of 'Water Babies'. Corea's was a powerful career with Davis into the seventies. Also important in the seventies were Joe Farrell, Stanley Clarke (a touch too late for these histories) and, later, Joe Henderson. Corea's career boomed like a fireworks display in the seventies. He was first recording with Circle in March of 1970, those and others in April and August released in 1976 on 'Circlng In'. April and August sessions also saw the issue of Circle's first album, 'Circulus', in 1970. Circle was an avant-garde group composed of Barry Altschul (drums), Anthony Braxton (sax) and Dave Holland (bass). Circle released several albums in the early seventies. Return to Forever was a jazz fusion group that Corea formed upon becoming a Scientologist. Its first of eight issues was 'Return to Forever' in 1972. A later reunion tour of Return to Forever in the new millennium would yield three more live releases. That's all fine and well, but the phenomenal thing was Corea's career as a leader and co-leader that had begun with the issue of 'Turkish Women at the Bath' in 1967 with drummer, Pete La Roca. The next year that LP was issued in Corea's name as 'Bliss', for which La Roca successfully sued Muse Records in 1973. Be as may, Corea issued two other albums in 1968 titled 'Tones for Joan's Bones', recorded in latter '66, and 'Now He Sings, Now He Sobs', released in December. He has issued since that time some hundred albums, his latest being 'Two' in 2015, a compilation of earlier live recordings with banjo virtuoso, Bela Fleck. The prior year (2014) he had issued 'Portrait', a collection of solo suites, and 'Trilogy' with Christian McBride (bass) and Brian Blade (drums). Corea's career was among the more productive among jazz musicians, he a ceaseless stream of music, his career yet in full swing as of this writing. He's won so many awards that temptation to list any needs to be nipped at bud right here and now. There's Google for that. .

Chick Corea   1962

   Happy Now

      Album: 'Go, Mongo!'

      Mongo Santamaria and his Afro-Latin Group

Chick Corea   1968

   Frelon Brun

      Miles Davis album 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

      Release 1968 UK 1969 US

   Mademoiselle Mabry (Miss Mabry)

      Miles Davis album 'Filles de Kilimanjaro'

      Release 1968 UK 1969 US

   Tones for Joan's Bones

      Album: 'Tones for Joan's Bones'

      Recorded 1966

Chick Corea   1970

   The Sun


Chick Corea   1972

   Return To Forever


Chick Corea   1986

   Bern Jazz Festival

      Filmed live with the Elektric Band

   Elektric City

      With the Elektric Band

Chick Corea   2003

   Live at the Blue Note

      Filmed live

      Bass: Eddie Gomez

      Drums: Steve Gadd

      Saxophone: Michael Brecker

Chick Corea   2007

   Dr. Joe

      '5 Trios' Box Set Disc 1

   Live in Barcelona

      Filmed concert

Chick Corea   2013

   Festival de Jazz de Vitoria

      Filmed concert

Chick Corea   2014

   The Enchantment

      Filmed live with Bela Fleck

   Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed concert


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bill Dixon

Bill Dixon

Source: The Guardian
Though born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, in 1925, trumpeter, Bill Dixon, was raised in Harlem. He also performed on flugelhorn and piano. From '46 to '51 Dixon studied at the Hartnett Conservatory of Music in Manahattan. He also studied painting at three different colleges. During the early fifties Dixon was employed at the United Nations, he forming the UN Jazz Society. In 1962 Dixon joined Archie Shepp in the recording of the album, 'Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet'. Thought to be Dixon's initial recordings, that was also Shepp's debut album. Some twenty albums as a leader later, Dixon's last, 'Envoi', was released posthumously in 2011. In 1964 he organized a series of concerts called the 'October Revolution in Jazz' which wrought his founding of the Jazz Composers Guild which agenda was the encouragement of avant-garde jazz. That guild was replaced in 1966 with the Jazz Composers Orchestra Association Inc. (JCOA) in 1966. Dixon appeared on Cecil Taylor's album, 'Conquistador!' in 1966. He began teaching at Bennington College in Vermont in 1968, remaining there until 1995. During the seventies he recorded a number of noncommercial solo pieces later issued by Cadence Jazz Records. In 1981 he appeared in the documentary, 'Imagine the Sound', with Paul Bley, Archie Shepp and Cecil Taylor. Another album with Taylor, 'Taylor/Dixon/Oxley', was issued in 2002. Dixon died in his sleep at his home in June of 2010.

Bill Dixon   1962

   Archie Shepp – Bill Dixon Quartet


Bill Dixon   1966

   Conquistador Part 1

      Cecil Taylor album: 'Conquistador!'

   Conquistador Part 2

      Cecil Taylor album: 'Conquistador!'

Bill Dixon   1967


      Album: 'Intents and Purposes'

   Nightfall Pieces I & II

      Album: 'Intents and Purposes'


      Album: 'Intents and Purposes'

Bill Dixon   1988

   Son of Sisyphus


Bill Dixon   1994

   Vade Mecum


Bill Dixon   2008

   Constellations for Innerlight Projections

      Album: 'Bill Dixon with Exlploding Star Orchestra'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Keith Jarret

Keith Jarrett

Source: FMA
Born in 1945 in Allentown, Pennsylvania, Keith Jarrett gave his first classical recital at age seven, including two of his own compositions. His interest in jazz began in high school before traveling to Boston to attend the Berklee College of Music. While there he participated in his first emergence on vinyl, 'Swinging Big Sound', issued in 1962 by Don Jacoby and the College All Stars. By night Jarrett played in piano lounges before moving to NYC to find employment at the Village Vanguard. Art Blakey shook things up when he hired Jarrett to join the Jazz Messengers. In January of 1966 Jarrett recorded 'Buttercorn Lady' with Blakey at the Lighthouse in Hermosa Beach, CA. Such was arrival twice-fold. Blakey brought forth a number of young musicians during his career, but you had to be highly talented. In addition to the Jazz Messengers on his resume Jarrett had recorded at the Lighthouse, a longtime major jazz hub near Los Angeles where John Levine had run the show until his death in 1970 and the club was sold to Rudy Onderwyzer. The Lighthouse had featured bassist, Howard Rumsey, and his Lighthouse All-Stars, since 1949, and into the seventies. Howsoever, drummer, Jack DeJohnette, got Jarrett hired into Charles Lloyd's band in 1966. Among numerous sessions with Lloyd that year were those in March which yielded the issue of 'Dream Weaver' the same year. Jarrett also appeared on Art Blakey's 'Buttercorn Lady' in '66. Jarrett and Lloyd made a dynamite combination, they releasing several albums together in the latter sixties, 'Soundtrack' their last in January 1969. Upon the dissolution of Lloyd's quartet after 'Soundtrack' Jarrett hooked up with Miles Davis. He appeared on 'Miles Davis at Fillmore' in 1970, 'Live-Evil' in '71 and one track on Davis' 'Get Up with It' in '74: 'Honky Tonk', recorded in 1970. Jarrett, of course, worked with others in the music business, but his own discography is a history in itself. He issued his first LP as a leader, 'Life Between the Exit Signs', in 1968 in a trio with Charlie Haden (bass) and Paul Motian (drums). He followed that with 'Restoration Ruin' in '68 as well, on which he sings vocals and plays guitar, harmonica, soprano saxophone, recorder, piano, organ, electric bass, drums, tambourine and sistra. He constrained himself to acoustic piano on the release of 'Facing You', his next solo LP, in 1972. 1978 saw the release of 'Sun Bear Concerts', a huge issue of solo recordings made in Japan in 1976. in 1995 'At the Blue Note' was issued, a giant volume of standards recorded live with Gary Peacock (bass) and Jack DeJohnette (drums). Another series of standards were issued between 1999 and 2002, recorded variously in France, England, Japan, Switzerland and Germany. Jarrett has released above eighty albums, not counting his classical recordings, beginning with composer, Arvo Part, in 1984 on the issue of 'Tabula Rasa'. Jarrett released numerous classical recordings into the nineties. His latest release was the live album, 'Creation', in 2015. He is et active touring as of this writing. More Keith Jarrett under double bassist, Gary Peacock. Per 1966 below, the order given at agir3's channel is chronologically in reverse. K 271, 453 and 466 are from the album, 'Mozart', released in 1999. K 467, 488 and 595 are from the album, 'Mozart', released in 1966.

Keith Jarrett   1962

   Groovin' High

      With Don Jacoby

   Sing! It's Good for You!

      With Don Jacoby

Keith Jarrett   1965


      Bass: Kent Carter

      Drums: Dannee Fullerton

Keith Jarrett   1975

   Arbour Zena


   The Köln Concert


Keith Jarrett   1978


Keith Jarrett   1984

   Somewhere Over the Rainbow

      Filmed live in Japan

Keith Jarrett   1987

   Live in Japan

      Filmed concert

Keith Jarrett   1989

   Standards in Norway


Keith Jarrett   1993


      Keith Jarrett Trio filmed live

Keith Jarrett   1995

   Live in Milano

      Live at Teatro alla Scala

Keith Jarrett   1999/96

   6 Piano Concertos

      K 271, 453 &.466 released 1999

      K 467, 488 & 595 released 1996


  Born in 1939 in New York City, Jeanne Lee attended Bard College in Red Hook, New York, where she studied child psychology, literature and dance. The year she graduated with a bachelor's in the arts, 1961, she also first performed with pianist, Ran Blake. They won the Amateur Night Contest at the Apollo Theater together. Each their debut recordings were together as well, 'The Newest Sound Around' released in 1962. Lee then expanded her horizons as she explored sound poetry, happenings and Fluxus. During the seventies Gunter Hampel was prominent among the musicians with whom she recorded, their first together, 'Gunter Hampel Group + Jeanne Lee', in 1969. Lee acquired her master's in the arts in 1972 from New York University. She taught at institutions in Europe and the United States. During the nineties she and pianist, Mal Waldron, collaborated numerously, among such their 1994 release of 'After Hours'. Lee died of cancer in Tijuana, Mexico, in 2000. Per 1962 below, each track is from Lee's first LP with Ran Blake: 'The Newest Sound Around'. More Jeanne Lee under Ran Blake and Gunter Hampel.

Jeanne Lee   1962

   Evil Blues


   Lonely Woman

Jeanne Lee   1963

   All About Ronnie

      Filmed live with Ran Blake

Jeanne Lee   1966

   Night and Day

      Album: 'Free Standards - Stockholm 1966'

      Piano: Ran Blake

Jeanne Lee   1974

   Yeh Come T'beh

      Album: 'Conspiracy'

   Your Ballad

      Album: 'Conspiracy'

Jeanne Lee   1990

   Subway Couple

      Bass: Peter Kowald


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jeanne Lee

Jeanne Lee

Source: Modo de Usar
  Born in Idabel, OK, in 1936, free jazz drummer, Sunny Murray, was raised in Philadelphia, PA. In 1956 he went to NYC, early gigging with Cecil Taylor and studying with classical composer, Varès. His initial recording session is thought to have been with Taylor in January of 1961, taping 'Section C' for Taylor's later album, 'Cell Walk for Celeste', not issued until 1988. Via Taylor he found himself on 'Into the Hot' in 1962, an LP by Gil Evans (his orchestra) recorded in '61. Together with Taylor, Albert Ayler was a huge figure in Murray's early career, first recording with Ayler in 1962, tracks that would be found on the much later release of the box set, 'Holy Ghost', in 2003. Archie Shepp was also a major player in Murray's career, they first recording together on 1964 on 'Bill Dixon 7-tette/Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5'. Murray issued his first LP in 1965: 'Sunny's Time Now'. Making Philadelphia his home, he later formed the group, the Untouchable Factor. Murray backed all number of musicians during his career, Kenny Millions and Khan Jamal among them. Among Murray's latest studio recordings was 'I Stepped Onto a Bee', recorded in 2010 and released the next year with a trio consisting of John Edwards (bass) and Tony Bevan (tenor sax). Per below, a few in the list are recording rather than release dates. Per 1964, the full title of the 2001 release is 'Bill Dixon 7-Tette / Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary 5'. Per 1968 below, Murray joins drummers, Art Blakey, Max Roach and Elvin Jones.

Sunny Murray   1961

   Section C

      Not issued until 1988

      Cecil Taylor LP: 'Cell Walk for Celeste'

Sunny Murray   1962


      Gil Evans LP: 'Into the Hot'


      Not issued until 2003

      Albert Ayler box set CD: 'Holy Ghost'

Sunny Murray   1964

   Like a Blessed Baby Lamb

      Not issued until 2001

      LP: 'Bill Dixon . . . Contemporary 5'

Sunny Murray   1965

   Black Art

      LP: 'Sonny's Time Now'

   Holy Spirit

      Albert Ayler album: 'Ghosts'

   Justice 1 & 2

      LP: 'Sonny's Time Now'

   Number One

      Piano: Cecil Taylor

      Live at the Village Gate


      LP: 'Sonny's Time Now'

Sunny Murray   1968

   Drum Solo

      Filmed live

   Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed live

   Swing Unit


Sunny Murray   1969

   Red Cross

      LP: 'Sunshine'

Sunny Murray   1970

   Complete Affection

      LP: 'Never Give a Sucker'

   An Even Break

      LP: 'Never Give a Sucker'

   Giblets Part 12

      LP: 'Never Give a Sucker'

Sunny Murray   1976

   Seven Steps to Heaven

      With the Untouchable Factor

Sunny Murray   1977

   Something's Cookin'

      LP: 'Wildflowers 5'

Sunny Murray   1979

   African Magic


      Bass: Malachi Favors

      Percussion: Cheikh Tidiane Fall

Sunny Murray   2000

   Dawn of a New Vibration

      Album with Arthur Doyle

   Live at the Tunnel 1

      Fringes Festival with Arthur Doyle

   Live at the Tunnel 2

      Fringes Festival with Arthur Doyle

   Live at the Tunnel 3

      Fringes Festival with Arthur Doyle


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sunny Murray

Sunny Murray

Source: Dark Forces
  Born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1936, Don Patterson, had trained on piano as a child, but would begin his professional career in 1959 as an organist. His first major musical associate of note was Sonny Stitt in New York City. He appeared on a joint Gene Ammons/Sonny Stitt LP in 1962: 'Boss Tenors in Orbit!'. Patterson and Stitt would work closely together into the early seventies, Patterson contributing to numerous Stitt albums. He recorded his first album in January of 1963, 'Goin' Down Home', which wasn't released until 1966. 'Patterson's People', was recorded in March of 1964 but not issued in 1965. He did, however, issue three albums in 1964, two recorded in May and the next in November: 'Hip Cake Walk', 'The Exciting New Organ of Don Patterson', and 'Holiday Soul'. Patterson lived in scenic Gary, Indiana, per the seventies, later in Philadelphia where he died in 1988, having been on dialysis for kidney woes. He had issued nearly thirty albums as a leader and co-leader. 'Why Not' had been his last in 1978. Per 1962 below, tracks are from the Gene Ammons/Sonny Stitt LP, 'Boss Tenors In Orbit!'.

Don Patterson   1962

   Bye Bye Blackbird


   Why Was I Born

Don Patterson   1964

   Hip Cake Walk

      LP: 'Hip Cake Walk'


      LP: 'Hip Cake Walk'

   S'bout Time

      LP: 'The Exciting New Organ of Don Patterson'

   Under the Boardwalk

      LP: 'Hip Cake Walk'

Don Patterson   1965

   Sentimental Journey

      LP: 'Patterson's Perople'

      Recorded 1964

Don Patterson   1967

   Hump Snapa Blues

      LP: 'Mellow Soul'

Don Patterson   1968

   Donna Lee

      LP: 'Boppin' and Burnin''

   Embraceable You

      LP: 'Four Dimensions'


      LP: 'Four Dimensions'

Don Patterson   1969


      LP: 'Funk You!'

Don Patterson   1974

   The Return of Don Patterson

      Album recorded in 1972


Birth of Modern Jazz: Don Patterson

Don Patterson

Source: All About Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul Winter

Paul Winter

Source: Paul Winter
Born in Altoona, PA, in 1939, saxophonist, Paul Winter, graduated from high school in 1957, having studied sax, clarinet and piano by that time. He had formed his first band in 1953, the Silver Liners, their first gigs at the Altoona YMCA in '55. Upon graduation Winter spent the summer with the Ringling Brothers Circus Band. He played with a few more bands until forming a sextet in 1961 that won the Intercollegiate Jazz Festival that year, judges being trumpeter, Dizzy Gillespie, and producer, John Hammond. That found him with a contract with Columbia Records, releasing his first vinyl, 'The Paul Winter Sextet', that year. In the meantime his career with Columbia was interrupted by the State Department, he sent on a tour of Latin America as a cultural ambassador, delivering 160 concerts in 23 countries. Upon his return he played for Jackie Kennedy at the White House in November of '62, said to be the first jazz performance at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. 'Jazz Meets the Bossa Nova' ensued in 1962. That was a very different album from his first bebop release in '61, beginning an exploration of various musical cultures that would figure large in Winter's work. Winter put together the Winter Consort in 1967, which first recording was with Peter, Paul and Mary that year on 'The House Song'. The Consort's initial LP was 'The Winter Consort' issued the next year by A&M. Winter's return to Brazil in the mid sixties yielded the LP, 'Rio' in 1965. His experimentation with the sounds of wildlife began in 1975 with a Greenpeace anti-whaling expedition off the coast of Vancouver Island, studying the effects of saxophone and other instruments, such as a Serge synthesizer, on whales. In 1977 Winter's Consort performed at the inauguration of President Jimmy Carter. 'Common Ground' was issued the next year, featuring whale, wolf and eagle. 'Callings', featuring sea creatures, was issued in 1980 on Winter's newly founded label, Living Music Records. His 'Missa Gaia' ('Earth Mass') premiered in 1981 at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in NYC. 1984 saw the first of thirteen tours to Russia. Whales were featured again on the 1987 release of 'Whales Alive'. 'Earth: Voices of a Planet' was released in 1990. Four years later 'Spanish Angel', recorded in Spain, won a Grammy. A second Grammy in '95 was won for 'Prayer for the Wild Things'. 'Celtic Solstice' earned a Grammy in 2000, 'Silver Solstice' in 2006, 'Crestone' in 2008, 'Miho: Journey to the Mountain' in 2011. Having released above fifty albums, Winter's latest was 'Earth Music' in 2011, followed by 'Count Me In', a collection of recordings made by his early sextet in '62 and '63. Per 1962 below, tracks are from Winter's second record release and debut 12" album (assumed), 'Jazz Meets the Bossa Nova'.

Paul Winter   1962

   Little Boat

   Maria Nobody

   Song of the Sad Eyes

Paul Winter   1963

   Blue Mountain

      Album: 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song'

   Jazz Casual

      Television broadcast

   Lass from the Low Countrie

      Album: 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song'

Paul Winter   1972



Paul Winter   1978

   Wolf Eyes

      Album: 'Common Ground'

Paul Winter   1985

   Grand Canyon Sunrise

      Album: 'Canyon'

Paul Winter   1987

   Lullaby from the Great Mother

      Album: 'Whales Alive'

   Whales Weep Not!

      Album: 'Whales Alive'

Paul Winter   1993

   A Winter's Solstice IV


Paul Winter   1999


      Album: 'Celtic Solstice'


      Album: 'Celtic Solstice'


  Born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1936, avant-garde saxophonist, Albert Ayler, was elder brother to trumpeter, Donald Ayler. He played sax and oboe as a child with his father who played sax and violin. He began performing with Little Walter in 1952. After high school Ayler joined the US Army in 1958, switching from alto to tenor sax. What is possibly his first recording session took place for the Revenant label (RVN 213) in 1960 in Orleans, France, while in the service, 'Tenderly' and 'Leap Frog' credited to the US Army 76th AG Band. Like many of Ayler's early recordings, those went unissued, not appearing until 2004 as the bonus and 10th disc to a box set of CDs titled 'Holy Ghost: Rare & Unissued Recordings (1962–70)'. Upon release from military service Ayler visited Los Angeles and Cleveland briefly before traveling to Sweden in 1962. He there performed in groups in radio and made recordings with Cecil Taylor that year. Those weren't released but were compiled on the above-mentioned 'Holy Ghost' in 2004. In October of '62 Ayler recorded some tracks with his trio of Torbjorn Hultcrantz (bass) and Sune Spangberg (drums), the first issue of which was 'Something Different!!!!!!' in 1963. That got reissued as 'The First Recordings Vol 1' in 1969. The earliest date found for 'The First Recordings Vol 2' is 1990, with a prior test pressing of perhaps a total of ten on which 'Moanin'' wasn't included. In January of 1963 Ayler recorded tracks in Copenhagen that would end up on his first album release in 1964: 'My Name Is Albert Ayler'. He was back in the States in NYC by 1964, his recordings that year to surface on eight future albums. The first to be recorded was 'Witches & Devils' in February if not March. The first to be released was 'New York Eye and Ear Control' in 1965. For as brief a career as Ayler's was it was highly productive. Considering recordings alone, he released well above twenty albums between 1962 and 1971. The problem was that the two in '71, 'Nuits de la Fondation Maeght' and 'The Last Album', were posthumous. 'The Last Album' consisted of tracks from his last studio sessions in August of 1969, tracks from which had already been released in '69 on 'Music Is the Healing Force of the Universe'. Ayler's final recorded performance was in July 1970 at the Festival de la Fondation Maeght in St. Paul de Vence, France. Tracks from that were issued in 1971 on 'Nuits de la Fondation Maeght', that to include two volumes of four tracks each. Ayler's was a miserable death of psychological desperation in November 1970 during the course of which he smashed his saxophone over his television set, Mary Maria Parks, his intimate and musical associate, present. He then boarded a ferry for Liberty Island (Statue of Liberty), from which he is presumed to have jumped overboard in transit. His body was discovered twenty days later in the East River. On that positive note, per below, recording dates are mixed with release dates to keep the list to his time period.

Albert Ayler   1964

   Billie's Bounce

      Album: ''My Name Is Albert Ayler'

   The Copenhagen Tapes

      Recorded September 1964

      Not released until 2002


      Album: ''My Name Is Albert Ayler'


      Recorded September 1964

      Not released until 1975

Albert Ayler   1965

   Spirits Rejoice

      Album: 'Spirits Rejoice'

   Spiritual Unity


Albert Ayler   1966

   Truth Is Marching In

      Recorded May 1966

      Not released until 2004

      CD: 'Complete Live at Slug's Saloon Recordings'

Albert Ayler   1967

   Love Cry/Truth Is Marching In/Our Prayer

      Recorded July 1967

      Not released until 2004

      CD box set: 'Holy Ghost'   Disc 6

Albert Ayler   1968


      Recorded August 1968

      Not released until 2004

      CD box set: 'Holy Ghost'   Disc 6

Albert Ayler   1969

   Music is the Healing Force

      Album: 'Music is the Healing Force'

      Vocal: Mary Maria Parks

Albert Ayler   1971

   Untitled Duet

      Album: 'The Last Album'

      Recorded August 1969

     Posthumous release

      Guitar: Henry Vestine


Birth of Modern Jazz: Albert Ayler

Albert Ayler

Source: Jazz da Gama
Birth of Modern Jazz: Alice Coltrane

Alice Coltrane

Source: Delo
Born Alice McLeod in 1937 in Detroit, composer, Alice Coltrane, played harp, piano and organ. Classically trained, she began playing piano at age nine at her Baptist church. In 1959 she traveled to Paris to study jazz with pianist, Bud Powell. Back in the States, she made her recording debut on several tracks with the Terry Gibbs Octet in January and March of 1963 in NYC, released on 'Terry Gibbs Plays Jewish Melodies in Jazztime' that year. Coltrane shared piano with pianist, Alan Logan, on that. In February of 1963, between the above two sessions, she joined Gibbs' quartet for 'The Family Album'. Tracks recorded with Gibbs that April would end up on Gibbs' 'El Nutto' the next year. Gibbs' 'Hootenanny My Way' went down in 1963 as well on an unknown date. It was via Gibbs that Alice met John Coltrane whom she married in 1964. She laid tracks with John and tenor saxman, Pharoah Sanders, in February of '66 which would surface on 'Cosmic Music' in 1968 (John passed). In May of '66 she was recorded with John and Sanders again at the Village Vanguard in NYC, that released in December on 'Live at the Village Vanguard Again!'. Alice would appear on about eight albums with John, some issued after John's death (July 1967), such as 'Live in Japan' gone down in 1966, released in 1973. Her participation in 'Infinity' was dubbed in April of 1972 over tracks recorded by John in '65 and '66. Alice released her first LP with Sanders, 'A Monastic Trio', in 1968. John was yet alive when she recorded her piano solo, 'Altruvista', on March 7 of 1967, later included on 'A Monastic Trio' as a bonus track. Coltrane's next album was 'Huntington Ashram Monastery' in 1969, reflecting the life she would devote to Eastern philosophy and transcendental meditation. In 1975 she founded the Vedantic Center in the Santa Monica Mountains just north of Malibu, CA. Her spirituality would be thematic in the seventeen albums she released into the nineties. Coltrane had four children, all with whom she had recorded at one time or another. Her daughter, Michelle (Miki), had been born in 1960 via singer, Kenny Hagwood, John to become her stepfather. Alice's sons with John followed per Arjuna John Coltrane Jr in '64, Ravi in '65 and Oran in '67. Lord's disco has Arjuna contributing drums to 'Om Namah Sivaya' on Alice's 'Radha Krisna Nama Sankirtana' in August of 1976.     Michelle contributed violin on April 16, 1978, to Alice's 'Transfigurations'. Coltrane would began working with Ravi and Oran in the eighties. In 2004 she issued her eighteenth album, 'Translinear Light', on which Ravi blew both tenor or soprano sax on five tracks starting in April of 2000. Oran performed alto sax in a duet with Alice on that album on June 12, 2004: 'The Hymn'. Lord's disco shows that to be her last session. Coltrane died of respiratory failure in January of 2007. Per 1963 below, Coltrane shared piano with Alan Logan on 'Terry Gibbs Plays Jewish Melodies in Jazztime'. We can't vouch that it is Coltrane on piano on either track though it's likely, she listed as first piano. Per 2004 below, each track is from Coltrane's LP, 'Translinear Light'.

Alice Coltrane   1963

   My Yiddishe Momme

      Vibes: Terry Gibbs

   Vuloch (A Folk Dance)

      Vibes: Terry Gibbs

Alice Coltrane   1966

   Live at the Village Vanguard Again!

      LP by John Coltrane

Alice Coltrane   1968

   Lord, Help Me to Be

      Album: 'A Monastic Trio'


      Album: 'Cosmic Music"

      Recorded 1966

   The Sun

      Album: 'A Monastic Trio'

Alice Coltrane   1969

   Huntington Ashram Monastery


Alice Coltrane   1970

   Ptah, the El Daoud


Alice Coltrane   1971

   Journey in Satchidananda


Alice Coltrane   1972

   World Galaxy


Alice Coltrane   1974



Alice Coltrane   1977



Alice Coltrane   1978



Alice Coltrane   1987

   Divine Songs


Alice Coltrane   2004

   Translinear Light


  Walk with Me


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ronnie Cuber

Ronnie Cuber

Source: Concord Music Group
Born in 1941 in NYC, Ronnie Cuber, played clarinet, flute and sax: soprano, tenor and baritone. His first substantial employment was with the Marshall Brown Newport Youth Band with which he performed at the 1959 Newport Jazz Festival. His first recordings were in July of '62 for Slide Hampton's 'Explosion!' He appeared on the tracks, 'Spanish Flier', 'Begin the Beguine', 'Maria' and 'Slide's Blues' (Jay Cameron at baritone on the others). After Hampton, Cuber joined Maynard Ferguson for a couple years, then spent about a year with George Benson. Cuber issued his first LP, 'Cuber Libre!', in 1976. He also worked with Frank Zappa, Patti Austin, Idris Muhammad and Lee Konitz during the seventies. He's performed with the Mingus Big Band since the early nineties. His last studio release was 'Boplicity' in 2012. Having issued some 16 live and studio LPs, Cuber currently teaches sax via Skype. Per 1985 below, Cuber plays baritone with Nick Brignola and Cecil Payne.

Ronnie Cuber   1962


      Slide Hampton LP: 'Explosion!'

   Slide's Blues

      Slide Hampton LP: 'Explosion!'

Ronnie Cuber   1976

   Tin Tin Deo

      LP: 'Cuber Libre!'

Ronnie Cuber   1985

   Battle of the Big Horns

      Filmed concert

Ronnie Cuber   1992

   Arroz Con Pollo

      Album 'Cubism'

   No Smokin'

      Album 'Cubism'

Ronnie Cuber   1993


      LP: 'The Scene Is Clean'

   Max & Pack

      Filmed with Antonio Farao


      LP: 'The Scene Is Clean'


      Charles Mingus LP:

      'Nostalgia in Times Square'

Ronnie Cuber   1996

   12/8 Thang

      LP: 'In a New York Minute'

Ronnie Cuber   2003

   San Sebastian Jazz Festival

      Filmed live in Spain

      Sax: Bill Evans

      Trumpet: Randy Brecker

Ronnie Cuber   2007

   Filthy McNasty

      Filmed live

      Novisad Serbia Jazz Fest

Ronnie Cuber   2014

   Mountain Flight

      Filmed with the WDR Big Band

      Guitar: Tininho Horta


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Hart

Billy Hart

Photo: Lothar Jung

Source: Drummer World
Billy Hart was a drummer born in 1940 in Washington DC. His first professional gigs were with Buck Hill (on whose much later debut album, 'This Is Buck Hill', Hart would appear in 1978) in 1960. Hart then toured with the Montgomery Brothers (Buddy, Monk and Wes), his first recordings with the Montgomery Brothers in 1961 in St. Louis, Missouri. Those have no clear release date ('Recorded Live at Jorgies Jazz Club' VGM 0001 and 'Live at Jorgies and More' VGM 0008) which may have been years later. Hart then worked with Shirley Horn before appearing on 'The Buck Clarke Sound' in 1963. He joined Jimmy Smith in 1964, worked more with the Montgomery Brothers until Wes' death in 1968, then began doing session work in New York City. Hart has appeared on countless recordings, to name a few during his early career: Eddie Harris, Pharoah Sanders, Herbie Hancock, Miles Davis, Eddie Henderson and Buster Williams. Among the more significant in Hart's career was Stan Getz, with whom he often performed from the seventies into the nineties. Hart issued his debut LP in 1977: 'Enchance'. 1979 saw the first of his recordings on albums by both Chico Freeman and Duke Jordan. (Saxophonist, Freeman, son of saxophonist, Von Freeman, is a bit late for these histories, thought to have first appeared on vinyl in 1975 per the musical drama, 'Black Fairy'.) Hart worked with James Newton in the eighties, then joined the group, Quest, in the latter eighties. He recorded several albums with Charles Lloyd in the nineties as well. Among Hart's later issues in the new millennium was 'One Is the Other' in 2014. Residing in Montclair, New Jersey, Hart has taught in various distinguished capacities since the nineties and is yet active with the Billy Hart Quartet.

Billy Hart   1961

   All of You

      LP: 'Recorded Live at Jorgies Jazz Club'

      Release unknown

Billy Hart   1963

   There Will Never Be Another You

      LP: 'Complete Live at Jorgies'

      Release unknown

Billy Hart   1969

   Movin' On Out

      Eddie Harris LP: 'High Voltage'

Billy Hart   1971

   Live in Molde

      Filmed live in Norway

      With Herbie Hancock & Mwandishi

Billy Hart   1977



Billy Hart   1997

   One for Carter

      LP: 'Oceans of Time'

Billy Hart   2000

   Jazz Baltica 2000

      Filmed concert

Billy Hart   2006

   Lullaby for Imke

      LP: 'Quartet'

Billy Hart   2013

   Dolphin Dance

      Filmed live

      Bass: Daryl Johns

      Piano: Roberta Piket


      Filmed live

   Live in Paris 2010

      With Quest   Sax: Dave Liebman

   Tribal Ghost

      LP: 'Tribal Ghost'

      Recorded 2007

Billy Hart   2014

   One Is the Other



  Born in Lima, Ohio, in 1937, tenor saxophonist, Joe Henderson, attended Wayne State University upon graduation from high school where he had begun playing sax and composing. He began gigging at clubs in Detroit, yet a teenager. He recorded variously at such clubs between '58 and '60 but none were issued and very little is known about most. He spent '60 to '62 in the Army, touring internationally in a military band. His first tracks to see sunshine were recorded  in April of 1963 with trumpeter, Kenny Dorham: 'Sao Paolo', 'Straight Ahead', 'Una Mas' and 'If Ever I Would Leave You'. Those were followed the next month by several tracks with guitarist, Grant Green. Five of six were issued: 'Am I Blue', 'Take These Chains From My Heart', 'Sweet Slumber', 'I Wanna Be Loved' and 'For All We Know'. Like those with Dorham and Green, his next recordings were also with Blue Note, they his recording debut as a leader that June, to be found on the album, 'Page One'. Joining him on that were Kenny Dorham (trumpet), McCoy Tyner (piano), Butch Warren (bass) and Pete La Roca (drums). Henderson recorded prolifically as both a leader and sideman. Among his latest releases was 'Porgy & Bess' in '97, a few years before his death in June of 2001 in San Francisco. Per 1958 below, 'Sweet Georgia Brown' is from a set of four privately recorded in the home of alto saxophonist, Joe Brazil, in September with John Coltrane. The other tracks were: 'Now's the Time', 'Woody 'n You' and 'Paul's Pal'.

Joe Henderson   1958

   Sweet Georgia Brown

      Private recording

Joe Henderson   1963

   Page One


Joe Henderson   1964

   Inner Urge


   In 'n Out


Joe Henderson   1968



Joe Henderson   1971

   In Japan


Joe Henderson   1972

   Black Is the Color

      Album: 'Black Is The Color'

Joe Henderson   1973

   The Elements


Joe Henderson   1976

   Black Miracle


Joe Henderson   1982

   A Very Special Concert

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Stanley Clarke

      Drums: Lenny White

      Piano: Chick Corea

Joe Henderson   1993

   Stella By Starlight

      Filmed live

      Bass: Dave Holland

      Drums: Al Foster

Joe Henderson   1994

   Vitoria Jazz

      Filmed concert

      Bass: George März

      Drums: Al Foster

      Piano: Bheki Mseleku

Joe Henderson   1995

   Double Rainbow



Birth of Modern Jazz: Joe Henderson

Joe Henderson

Source: Ticket Fly/Dazzle Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Prince Lasha

Prince Lasha

Source: Undercover Black Man
Born in Fort Worth, TX, in 1929, clarinetist/alto saxophonist/flautist, Prince Lasha (pronounced lashay), was playing horn in high school. He performed in Texas until thinking Los Angeles the place to be in 1954. He there involved himself with the newly developing free jazz movement. His first appearance on vinyl is thought to have been his own album recorded in November of 1962: 'The Cry!' ('63). He recorded that with Sonny Simmons, likely the most important of Lasha's musical associates. 'The Cry!' was followed by 'It Is Revealed' the same year. In 1967 they would form the Firebirds, issuing 'Firebirds' the next year. Lasha issued only about nine albums before he up and disappeared after 'And Now Music' in 1983. He suddenly bopped up a score later with 'The Mystery of Prince Lasha' in 2005 before dying in Oakland, CA, in 2008. Per 1975 below, the full title of the album is 'Firebirds Live at Berkeley Jazz Festival Vol II'.

Prince Lasha   1963

   Congo Call

      LP: 'The Cry!'

   Music Matador

      Eric Dolphy LP: 'Conversations'

Prince Lasha   1966

   Nuttin' Out Jones

      LP: 'Insight'

Prince Lasha   1967

   The Loved Ones

      LP: 'Firebirds'

   Prelude to Bird

      LP: 'Firebirds'

Prince Lasha   1975

   Tracking Train

      LP: 'Firebirds Live . . . Vol II'

Prince Lasha   1981

   Kwadwo Safari

      LP: 'Inside Story'

Prince Lasha   1987

   Live in Novi Sad

      Filmed with the Woody Shaw Quintet


  Born in Houston in 1939, flautist, Hubert Laws, won a scholarship to Juilliard in 1960. He there studied by day while gigging by night in NYC, his first professional job at Sugar Ray's Lounge in Harlem. Among those with whom Laws played in those early days was Mongo Santamaria. Laws is thought to have first surfaced on vinyl in 1963 with Solomon Ilori on the album, 'African High Life', performing on flute and sax on tracks 7 - 9. He also appeared with James Moody on the album, 'Great Day', that year. In February of 1964 he laid tracks with Dave Pike for 'Manhattan Latin' before recording his debut album that April: 'The Laws of Jazz'. Laws capped the sixties with the first of several albums with George Benson ('Tell It Like It Is') and Quincy Jones ('Walking in Space') in 1969. He began the seventies with the first of several with Ron Carter in 1970: 'Uptown Conversation'. Laws has since that time collaborated with countless musicians. He has been the recipient of several 'Downbeat' awards in the new millennium in addition to the NEA lifetime achievement award in 2010 and the NEA Jazz Master award in 2011. Laws yet pursues his career full swing, his latest release being 'Baila Cinderella' in 2015.

Hubert Laws   1963

   Agbamurero (Rhino)

      Solomon Ilori album 'African High Life'

   Gbogbo Omo Ibile (Going Home)

      Solomon Ilori album 'African High Life'

   Igbesi Aiye (Song of Praise to God)

      Solomon Ilori album 'African High Life'

Hubert Laws   1966

   Bessie's Blues

      Album: 'Flute By-Laws'


      Album: 'Flute By-Laws'

   Mean Lene

      Album: 'Flute By-Laws'

Hubert Laws   1970



Hubert Laws   1971

   Brandenburg Concerto No 3

      Album: 'The Rite of Spring'


      Album: 'The Rite of Spring'

Hubert Laws   1976

   Romeo & Juliet


Hubert Laws   1977

   Feel Like Makin' Love

      Album: 'The San Francisco Concert'

Hubert Laws   1979

   The Key

      Album: 'Land of Passion'

      Vocal: Debra Laws

Hubert Laws   1980

   Bolero de Ravel

      Album: 'Family'

      Keyboards: Chick Corea

   Piccolo Boogie

      Album: 'How To Beat The High Cost Of Living'

      Guitar: Earl Klugh

Hubert Laws   2013


      Filmed live in Los Angeles

      Kim Richmond Concert Jazz Orchestra


Birth of Modern Jazz: Hubert Laws

Hubert Laws

Photo: Todd Gray

Source: All Music
Birth of Modern Jazz: Grachan Moncur III

Grachan Moncur III

Source: WNCU
Though born in New York City in 1937, trombonist, Grachan Moncur III, was raised in Newark, New Jersey. Moncur began performing while in high school, sitting in with Art Blakey and Jackie McLean as occurred. Upon graduating from high school he toured with Ray Charles. He was picked up by Benny Golson to participate in the recording of 'Here and Now' with Art Farmer, released in 1962. He then participated in four tracks on Golson's 'Pop + Jazz = Swing', also issued in '62. In April of '63 Moncur recorded with Jackie McLean for the issue of the latter's 'One Step Beyond' in January 1964. Moncur recorded his debut album in November 1963 for release in April 1964: 'Evolution'. Moncur released the first of nine albums with Archie Shepp in 1966, 'Mama Too Tight'. Their last album together is thought to be 'Freedom' as of 1991. Moncur recorded with an impressive lot during his career. We mention only Beaver Harris, with whom he released three albums, 'Safe' ('79), 'Beautiful Africa' ('79) and 'Live at Nyon' ('81). Moncur became composer in residence at the Newark Community School of the Arts in the latter nineties. Moncur's last release is thought to have been 'Inner Cry Blues' as of December 2007 (not listed for listed for some reason on his website).

Grachan Moncur III   1962

   Richie's Dilemma

      Farmer/Golson album: 'Here and Now'


      Farmer/Golson album: 'Here and Now'

      Original composition: Ray Bryant

Grachan Moncur III   1964


      Album: 'Evolution'


      Jackie McLean album: 'One Step Beyond'

   Monk in Wonderland

      Album: 'Evolution'

   Saturday and Sunday

      Jackie McLean album: 'One Step Beyond'

Grachan Moncur III   1965


      Album: 'Some Other Stuff'

      Recorded 1964


      Album: 'Some Other Stuff'

      Recorded 1964

Grachan Moncur III   1967


      With Jackie McClean

Grachan Moncur III   1969


      Album: 'New Africa'


      Album: 'New Africa'

Grachan Moncur III   1974

   Right On Part 1

      Album: 'Echoes of Prayer'

   Right On Part 2

      Album: 'Echoes of Prayer'


  Born in 1934 in Florence, South Carolina, Houston Person, played piano until switching to sax at age seventeen. He studied at South Carolina State College, was in the Air Force with Don Ellis, Eddie Harris, Cedar Walton, and Leo Wright, then continued his studies at the Hartt College of Music in Hartford, Connecticut. Person's initial vinyl is thought to have been with Johnny Hammond Smith on the latter's 'Mr. Wonderful' in 1963. His first of more than 75 albums to come as a leader was 'Underground Soul' in 1966, followed by 'Chocomotive' the next year. Person worked closely with Smith throughout the sixties, also recording with Don Patterson in the latter. In 1968 he emerged on the first of a few LPs with guitarist, Billy Butler: 'This Is Billy Butler!'. He began backing Etta Jones about 1973 and would remain with her until her death in October of 2001. Since that time he's maintained his pace of an average of at least one album a year, his latest as of this writing, 'Something Personal', in 2015. Person won the Eubie Blake Jazz Award in 1982. Per 1963 below, both tracks are from Hammond Smith's 'Mr. Wonderful'. Per 1966, tracks are from Person's debut LP, 'Underground Soul'. Per 2012, edits were filmed at the Iridium in NYC with bassist, James Cammack, drummer, Lewis Nash and pianist, Joe Alterman.

Houston Person   1963

  Blues On Sunday


Houston Person   1966



  Underground Soul

Houston Person   1969


      LP: 'Goodness!'

Houston Person   1971

  The Houston Express

      LP: 'Houston Express'

Houston Person   1993

  Moonlight in Vermont

      Joey DeFrancesco LP:

      'Live at the Five Spot'

Houston Person   1994

   Grilled Cheese and Bacon

      Joey DeFrancesco LP:

      'All About My Girl'

Houston Person   1998

   My Romance


Houston Person   2004

   Don't Misunderstand

      LP: 'To Etta with Love'

   Since I Fell for You

      LP: 'To Etta with Love'

Houston Person   2009



Houston Person   2012

   Blue Moon


   Georgia On My Mind

Houston Person   2015

   The Second Time Around

      LP: 'Something Personal'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Houston Person

Houston Person

Source: Noticias de Jazz
  Born in 1944 in Laurinburg, North Carolina, Woody Shaw, began playing bugle at age nine in various Bugle Corps in Newark, New Jersey, where his family had moved. He began trumpet a couple years later because positions for violin and saxophone in his junior high school band were already taken. He was playing professionally as a teenager at such as weddings, eventually moving to nightclubs. He was working with Eric Dolphy when he first emerged on vinyl in 1963 on Dolphy's 'Iron Man'. (Dolphy would die prematurely die the next year.) He soon after moved to Paris from where he toured about Europe with Nathan Davis (saxophone), Billy Brooks (drums) and Larry Young (organ). Back in the States in '65, he began session work for Blue Note Records, also performing with Horace Silver's quintet, his Blue Note debut on Silver's 'The Cape Verdean Blues' released in '66. He also made the demos in '65 that would later appear on 'In the Beginning' in 1985 (also issued as 'Cassandranite'). In 1969 Shaw toured to Iran with drummer, Max Roach. Shaw's debut LP, 'Blackstone Legacy', was issued in 1971. The seventies would see Shaw working closely with Louis Hayes, Art Blakey and Dexter Gordon. He won Downbeat magazine's Critics or Readers Polls in '77, '78 (2) and '80, and was posthumously elected into Downbeat's Hall of Fame in '89. During the eighties Shaw toured the Middle East for the United States Information Agency (which handled public diplomacy). Like many jazz masters, Shaw also taught variously. Beyond music, he is said to have had a photographic memory and was a practitioner of tai chi. He was only 44 years of age when he tripped (perhaps pushed, not known) from a subway platform in NYC and lost his left arm to a train. Complications in the hospital a few months later saw him die in May of 1989 of kidney failure. Shaw remains among the more highly estimated trumpet players of the last century.

Woody Shaw   1963

   Iron Man

      Album by Eric Dolphy

Woody Shaw   1970


      Live at The Lighthouse

Woody Shaw   1971

   Blackstone Legacy

      Album: 'Blackstone Legacy'

Woody Shaw   1975


      Buster Williams album: 'Pinnacle'

Woody Shaw   1977



Woody Shaw   1979

   Live In France

      Filmed concert

   Stepping Stones

      Filmed live

Woody Shaw   1981

   Blues for Wood

      Album: 'United'

Woody Shaw   1983

   Live in Rome

      Filmed concert

Woody Shaw   1985


Woody Shaw   1986

   Live In France

      Filmed with Freddy Hubbard

Woody Shaw   1987

   The Moontrane

      With Freddy Hubbard


      Filmed live with Prince Lasha

Woody Shaw   1988

   Dat Dere

      Album: 'Imagination'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Horace Tapscott

Woody Shaw

Source: Jazz Trumpet Solos
  Born Huey Simmons in 1933 in Sicily Island, Louisiana, Sonny Simmons was raised in Oakland, CA. He began with English horn before taking up alto sax at age sixteen. Gigs during his formative years included such as Amos Milburn, Lowell Fulson and Charles Mingus. He first emerged on vinyl in 1963 on Prince Lasha's 'The Cry!'. His debut album, 'Staying on the Watch', arrived in 1966 for ESP-Disk. The next year he formed Firebirds with Lasha, issuing 'Firebirds' the next year. That was followed by three more live LPs, the last in '76. Simmons issued 'Burning Sprits' in '79 and 'Backwood Suite' in '82, but somewhere along the trail he fell into a period of struggle lasting into the nineties. He'd been through a divorce and at one point was actually homeless and busking in San Francisco. Things somehow began coming together again toward the latter nineties, since which he became highly active, releasing an average of more than one album per year. He helped form the Cosmosamatics in 2000, issuing the album by the same name the next year. His latest release per this writing was in 2014: 'Leaving Knowledge, Wisdom & Brilliance'.

Sonny Simmons   1963

   Congo Call

      Prince Lasha LP: 'The Cry!'

Sonny Simmons   1966

   Staying on the Watch


Sonny Simmons   1968

   Dolphy's Days

      LP: 'Music From the Spheres'

Sonny Simmons   1971

   Burning Spirits

      Disc 1

   Burning Spirits

      Disc 2

Sonny Simmons   1997

   American Jungle Theme

      LP: 'American Jungle'

   My Favorite Things

      LP: 'American Jungle'

Sonny Simmons   2005

   'Round About Midnight

      Cosmosamatics LP: 'Magnitudes'


      Cosmosamatics LP: 'Magnitudes'

Sonny Simmons   2006

   Rev. Church

      LP: 'Live at Knitting Factory'

Sonny Simmons   2008

   Live at ZDB

      Filmed live

      Bass: Masa Kamaguchi

      Piano: Bobby Few

Sonny Simmons   2014

   Help Them Through This World

      LP: 'Nomadic'

      With Moksha Samnyasin

   I Put It In a Dark Area

      LP: 'Nomadic'

      With Moksha Samnyasin


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sonny Simmons

Sonny Simmons

Photo: Matt Brown

Source: Wikipedia
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jeremy Steig

Jeremy Steig

Source: Grognards
Born in 1942 in Greenwich Village, NYC, flautist, Jeremy Steig, was born to 'New Yorker' cartoonist, William Steig, his mother an educator at Lesley College in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was an adolescent friend of double bassist, Eddie Gómez, the two to maintain a close relationship throughout their careers. That, however, might not have occurred due to a motorcycle accident in 1961 that wrought the left side of Steig's face paralyzed. He continued with a mouthpiece fashioned with cardboard and tape until the late sixties, that is, through his first two albums. In 1962 Steig and Gómez formed the Satyrs with Warren Bernhardt and Adrian Guillary, a group that mixed jazz with rock quite before the term "fusion" came about in the latter sixties or early seventies, about the time such as Miles Davis and Weather Report first began (separately) joining jazz to rock. Before breaking up the Satyrs were big deal enough to take to California for billing with the rock band, Cream, at the Fillmore (West) and Winterland. Steig's first album was also pianist, Denny Zeitlin's, debut appearance on vinyl, 'Flute Fever' in 1963. Steig's next release wasn't until 'Jeremy & the Satyrs' in 1968. Steig's catalogue since then approaches thirty LPs as a leader or co-leader. He's also backed a good number of musicians, largely in jazz, but having supported such as Tommy Bolin and Johnny Winter in the early seventies as well. Steig's last studio LP as a leader was 'Pterodactyl' per 2007. He currently resides, married, in Japan.

Jeremy Steig   1963

   Blue Seven

      LP: 'Flute Fever'


      LP: 'Flute Fever'

   So What

      LP: 'Flute Fever'

   What Is This Thing Called Love

      LP: 'Flute Fever'

Jeremy Steig   1969

   Autumn Leaves

      Piano: Bill Evans

      LP: 'What's New'

   Spartacus Love Theme

      Piano: Bill Evans

      LP: 'What's New'

Jeremy Steig   1970


      LP: 'Energy'

   Howlin' for Judy

      LP: 'Legwork'

Jeremy Steig   1971

   In the Beginning

      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'

   Mint Tea

      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'


      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'

   Wayfaring Stranger

      LP: 'Wayfaring Stranger'

Jeremy Steig   1972

   Something Else

      LP: 'Fusion'

Jeremy Steig   1973

   Association P.C. + Jeremy Steig


Jeremy Steig   1974

   Dream Passage

      LP: 'Monium'


      LP: 'Monium'

Jeremy Steig   1975

   King Tut Strut

      LP: 'Temple of Birth'

Jeremy Steig   1977


      LP: 'Firefly'

      Vocal: Googie Coppolla

   Hop Scotch

      LP: 'Firefly'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Horace Tapscott

Horace Tapscott

Source: NeFormat
Born in 1934 in Houston, pianist, Horace Tapscott, had a professional pianist and singer for a mother. Graduating from high school in Los Angeles in 1952, he joined the Air Force and played trombone in a military band in Wyoming. Discharge saw his return to L.A. where he worked freelance with numerous such as Eric Dolphy, Frank Morgan, Wardell Gray, Dexter Gordon, Gerald Wilson, He is said to have toured with Lionel Hampton from 1959 to '61. In about that period Tapscott traded trombone for piano after a serious auto accident. Such coincided with his formation of the Pan-African People's Arkestra, an ambitious project involving some 35 band members. In 1961 Tapscott helped found the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) which became the Union of God's Musicians and Artist's Ascension (UGMAA) a few years later. In 1963 Tapscott emerged onto vinyl as of Lou Blackburn's album, 'Jazz Frontier'. His debut album as a leader appeared in 1969: 'The Giant Is Awakened'. During the seventies Tapscott resurrected Pan-African People's Arkestra (PAPA), numerous albums ensuing into the nineties. His last studio release is thought to have been 'Thoughts of Dar es Salaam' in 1997, recorded in 1996. The other members of that trio were Ray Drummond (bass) and Billy Hart (drums). Tapscott died in February 1999 of lung cancer. Per below, PAPA refers to the Pan-African People's Arkestra (also called The Ark).

Horace Tapscott   1963

   New Frontier

      Lou Blackburn album: 'Jazz Frontier'


      Lou Blackburn album: 'Jazz Frontier'

  Two-Note Samba

      Lou Blackburn album: 'Two Note Samba'

Horace Tapscott   1968

   The Golden Pearl

      Album: 'Sonny's Dream (Birth of the New Cool)'

      Alto Sax: Sonny Criss

Horace Tapscott   1969

   The Giant Is Awakened

      Album   Horace Tapscott Quintet

Horace Tapscott   1978

   Peyote Song No III

      Album: 'The Call'   With PAPA

Horace Tapscott   1979

   Desert Fairy Princess

      Album: 'Live At I.U.C.C.'   With PAPA

  Village Dance

      Album: 'Live At I.U.C.C.'   With PAPA

Horace Tapscott   1991

   Piano Solo

      Filmed live

Horace Tapscott   1995

   Live in Moers

      With PAPA

Horace Tapscott   1998

   If You Could See Me Now

      Filmed live   Bass: Roberto Miranda


  Born in 1945 in Chicago, drummer, Tony Williams, was raised in Boston. He began to play professionally at age thirteen with Sam Rivers, picked up by Jackie McLean when he was sixteen. His first studio session is thought to have been with McLean in June of 1962. The resulting album, however, wasn't released until 1980: 'Vertigo'. Miles Davis thought Williams ripe enough for his band at age seventeen (1962). 1963 was the year Williams began to distinguish himself on a number of important sessions. In March he laid tracks for Herbie Hancock's September 1963 release of 'My Point of View'. Williams would release well over ten LPs with Hancock into the eighties. The 1st of April in '63 found Willilliams recording for Kenny Dorham's January 1964 release of 'Una Mas'. A couple weeks later he laid tracks with Miles Davis for 'Seven Steps to Heaven'. As that was issued in July of 1963 such is thought to be Williams' first appearance on record shelves. April of '63 was giving Williams a reason to be a musician when on the 30th he recorded again with McLean for the January 1964 issue of 'One Step Beyond'. He was meanwhile giving Miles Davis reason to embrace him as a core member of his ensembles into 1969. In July of '63 he was recorded on tour with Davis for the 1964 release of 'Miles Davis in Europe'. Some seventeen albums would follow over the next several years, two more posthumously. The year of '63 ran out of room for Williams upon recording 'Evolution' in November with Grachan Moncur III, that issued in April the next year. Figure more of the same nonstop focus as '63 for the remainder of Williams' career. He released his debut album in 1964, 'Life Time', and will have released more than twenty as a leader during his lifetime, his last in 1996, 'Young at Heart'. His first album issue with his band, Lifetime, was 'Emergency', in 1969. In 1976 Williams released the first two of ten albums with Hank Jones, 'I'm Old Fashioned' and 'Love for Sale'. 1977 saw the release of Williams' first of three with Sonny Rollins: 'Easy Living'. He then left New York City to make his base of operations in San Francisco. He there died of heart attack in February 1997. Edits below are chronological by year only. Per 1980 below, all tracks are with Jackie McLean, recorded in June 1962 (Williams first sessions).

Tony Williams   1963

   My Point of View

      Album by Herbie Hancock

   Seven Steps to Heaven

      Miles Davis album:

     'Seven Steps to Heaven'

Tony Williams   1964


      Grachan Moncur III album: 'Evolution'


      Jackie McClean album:

     'One Step Beyond'

   Saturday And Sunday

      Jackie McClean album:

     'One Step Beyond'

   Una Mas

      Kenny Dorham album: 'Una Mas'

Tony Williams   1965


      Album: 'Spring'

   Love Song

      Album: 'Spring'

Tony Williams   1969



Tony Williams   1970

   Turn It Over


Tony Williams   1971

   Montreaux Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

   There Comes a Time

      Filmed in Paris

Tony Williams   1972

   Jazz Now Festival with Art Blakey

Tony Williams   1975


      Album: 'Believe It'

   Mr Spock

      Album: 'Believe It'


      Album: 'Believe It'

Tony Williams   1976

   Live in Iowa City

Tony Williams   1977

   Easy Living

      Album by Sonny Rollins


      Live at Village Vanguard

      Bass: Ron Carter   Piano: Hank Jones

Tony Williams   1979

   There Comes a Time

      Filmed drum solo

Tony Williams   1980




Tony Williams   1989

   Internationale Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live

Tony Williams   1991

   Montreaux Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

   Sister Cheryl

      Filmed live

Tony Williams   1996

   On Green Dolphin Street

      Album: 'Young at Heart'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Anthony Williams

Anthony Williams

Source: All Music
  Born in 1938 in Chicago, Illinois, composer, Denny Zeitlin, trained at classical piano as a child and was performing professionally as a high school student. He acquired his bachelor's from the University of Illinois in 1960, his master's in medicine from Johns Hopkins in 1964. Prior to that he appeared on Jeremy Steig's 'Flute Fever' in 1963. He was yet at Johns Hopkins when he recorded 'Cathexis' for issue in 1964. 'Carnival' appeared the same year. Zeitlin's was a tridential career, he not only a pianist, but a clinical psychiatrist (having continued studies at the University of California San Francisco) and educator (teaching at the University of California San Francisco since 1968). He has also integrated psychiatry with psychoanalysis, per Joseph Weiss and Control Master Theory, for a few decades now. Zeitlin has issued above thirty albums. Of note in the nineties were collaborations with David Friesen. His latest LP issue was 'Riding the Moment' in 2015 with George Marsh. Beyond music and the wide, wide realms of psychoses, Zeitlin has also become highly knowledgeable in mountain biking, fly fishing and wine. Currently residing in Kentfield north of San Francisco, Zeitlin is married to actress, Josephine Zeitlin.

Denny Zeitlin   1963

   So What

      Original composition: Miles Davis

      Jeremy Steig LP: 'Flute Fever'

Denny Zeitlin   1964



Denny Zeitlin   1965


      LP: 'Live at the Trident'

   St. Thomas

      LP: 'Live at the Trident'

Denny Zeitlin   1975

   Wind Born

      LP: 'Expansion'

Denny Zeitlin   1983

   Free Improv/What Is...Love

      Filmed at the Berlin Jazz Festival

   Quiet Now

      Filmed at the Berlin Jazz Festival

Denny Zeitlin   1998

   Cousin Mary

      'As Long As There’s Music'

   For Heaven's Sake

      'As Long As There’s Music'


      'As Long As There’s Music'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Denny Zeitlin

Denny Zeitlin

Source: Jazz Wax
Birth of Modern Jazz: Al Foster

Al Foster

Source: Blue Note
Born in 1943 in Richmond, Virginia, composer and drummer, Al Foster, grew up in Harlem, taking up drums at age thirteen upon his father, an amateur bassist, purchasing him a drum set. Harlem hadn't Virginia's beautiful landscape, but it did have the Apollo Theatre and close proximity to other New York City venues. Foster had been playing about eight years when he recorded 'The Thing to Do' with Blue Mitchell in July of 1964, issued about a year later. Another album with Mitchell was released in 1965 as well: 'Down With It!'. Among the more important of numerous partnerships during Foster's career were those with Cedar Walton, Sonny Rollins and Steve Kuhn. But before they came along he'd already made his name with Miles Davis. Foster had hooked up with Davis in 1972, appearing on 'In Concert' in 1973, that recorded live at Philharmonic Hall the prior year. Foster would appear on more than ten albums with Davis throughout the seventies and eighties, their latest together in 1989: 'Amaanda'. 1978 saw the release of Foster's first album as a leader, 'Mixed Roots'. Another figure important to Foster's career was McCoy Tyner, with whom he released 'Horizon' in 1980. Five more albums with Tyner would follow to the 2000 release of 'McCoy Tyner with Stanley Clarke and Al Foster'. Foster put together his own group in 1995, the Al Foster Quartet. Among his latest collaborations was with Israeli saxophonist, Eli Degibri, on 'Israeli Song' in 2010. Foster yet actively tours as of this writing. Per 1965 below, both albums are by Blue Mitchell.

Al Foster   1965

   Alone, Alone and Alone

      Album: 'Down With It!'

   Chick's Tune

      Album: 'The Thing to Do'


      Album: 'Down With It!'

   The Thing to Do

      Album: 'The Thing to Do'

Al Foster   1978

   Dr.Jekyll and Mr.Hyde

      Album: 'Mixed Roots'

   Ya' Damn Right

      Album: 'Mixed Roots'

Al Foster   1979

   Love Eyes

      Album: 'Mr Foster'

Al Foster   1982

   Live in London

      Filmed live with Miles Davis

Al Foster   1987

   Air Dancing

      Filmed live

      Bass: Buster Williams

      Piano: Herbie Hancock

Al Foster   1989

   I've Got You Under My Skin

      Album: 'Presage'

      Bass: Eddie Gomez

      Piano: David Kikoski

Al Foster   1997

   Racorda Me

      Filmed live at the Théâtre Antique de Vienne

Al Foster   2000

   Drum Solo

      Filmed live at Jazzfestival Vienna

Al Foster   2002


      Filmed concert

Al Foster   2006

   I Have a Dream

      Bass: Buster Williams

      Bass: Buster Williams


  Born in 1935 in Cleveland, Ohio,, pianist, Bobby Few, grew up with saxophonist, Albert Ayler, with whom he listened to Charlie Parker and Lester Young records and would later record a couple albums in 1969. First, however, he gigged in the Cleveland area with such as Bob Cunningham, Bill Hardman and Frank Wright. Restless to New York City, he there formed a trio with which he performed from '58 to '64. He also gigged there with friend, Ayler, Brook Benton, Rahsaan Roland Kirk, Jackie McLean and Joe Henderson. He is thought to have first recorded in 1968 with Booker Ervin, appearing on the latter's 'The In Between'. He recorded several albums throughout his career with Noah Howard, beginning with the latter's 'Space Dimension' in 1969. 'One for John' in 1970 commenced several LPs with Frank Wright to the mid seventies. Few's debut album was 'More or Less Few' in 1973. By far the most glue was made by Few during his career with saxophonist, Steve Lacy, and drummer, Sunny Murray. He first appeared with Murray on the latter's 'Aidu-Grave' in 1979. Lacy would join them for 'Ballets' in 1981. They issued some 17 albums together until 1994, after which Few and Murray issued an additional eight together until 2001. Few meanwhile had been issuing a long string of his own albums as a leader or co-leader, some seventeen by 'True Wind' with Sonny Simmons in 2007. Having lived in France since 1969, he has toured Europe and done quite a lot of commuting across the Atlantic to the States.

Bobby Few   1968

   The In Between

      Booker Ervin LP: 'The In Between'

Bobby Few   1970


      Frank Wright LP: 'One for John'

   Space Dimension

      Noah Howard LP: 'Space Dimension'

Bobby Few   1973

   More Or Less Few

      LP: 'More Or Less Few'

Bobby Few   1979

   Diom Futa


Bobby Few   1982

   The Flame

      Steve Lacy LP: 'The Flame'

Bobby Few   2013

   Sophisticated Lady

      Soundtrack: 'Mood Indigo'

  Live at the Czech Centre Paris

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobby Few

Bobby Few

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Wilbert Longmire

Wilbert Longmire

Source: Cover Source
Though born in Mobile, Alabama, on an uncertain date, soul jazz guitarist/vocalist, Wilbert Longmire, grew up in Cincinnati. Though Longmire wouldn't enjoy worldwide repute with contemporaries such as George Benson, he was one of the finer jazz musicians to arise out of that town. Beginning with violin, Longmire moved onward to guitar, played in a band called the Students as a youth, then joined the Hank Marr Band in 1963 with which he made his first recordings. We find him in no discography with Marr until 'Live at the Club 502'. Allmusic has that recorded from June to December in '63, discogs in January '64. He later joined Trudy Pitts' outfit, appearing on a couple albums, then surfaced on Jean-Luc Ponty’s 'Electric Connection' in 1969, the same year he issued his first LP as leader: 'Revolution'. Now considered something of an acid jazz classic, it less than took the world by storm at the time. His career picked up speed in the latter seventies upon being recommended by Benson to the newly founding Tappan Zee label. After recording three albums with that label Longmire settled into gigging in Cincinnati. During the nineties he partnered with Marr again, they releasing 'Groovin' It' in 1996. Having backed a number of other musicians during his early and brief recording career, Longmire has otherwise left a scant catalogue but for numerous (Various Artists) compilations, preferring to keep his activities to Ohio.

Wilbert Longmire   1964

   One O'Clock Jump

      Hank Marr LP: 'Live at the Club 502'

Wilbert Longmire   1969



  Scarborough Fair/Canticle


Wilbert Longmire   1975

   I Won't Last Day Without You

      LP: 'The Way We Were'

Wilbert Longmire   1976

   This Side of Heaven

      LP: 'This Side of Heaven'

Wilbert Longmire   1978

   Black Is the Color

      LP: 'Sunny Side Up'

   Good Morning!

      LP: 'Sunny Side Up'

Wilbert Longmire   1979

   Love's Holiday

      LP: 'Champagne'

Wilbert Longmire   1980

   Crystal Clear

      LP: 'Crystal Clear'

   Just as Long as We Have Love

      LP: 'With All My Love'


  Keshavan Maslak, also known as Kenny Millions later in his career, was born to Ukrainian parents in 1930 in Detroit. They worked at the Ford Motor Company. Maslak took up mandolin at age five, clarinet and sax at six. His first recording came early compared to most on this page, 'Cass Tech Symphony Band' in 1964 for his high school. His next record was also for a school, this time the University of North Texas College in 1969 on 'One O'clock Lab Band'. 'Lower East Side Insane Shit' was recorded in 1974 for Hum Ha Records, an obscure plate concerning which information has all but vanished. Likewise his 1977 'Multiplexmulti'. He made no recordings with a confirmable issue date until 1978 on Burton Greene's 'Variations On a Coffee Machine'. 'Maslak 1000' per 1978 is also unconformable. Not until 'Buddha's Hand' in 1978 did Maslak issue an album with a confirmable release date. In 1981 Maslak assumed the stage name, Kenny Millions, upon the formation of the group, Loved by Millions, releasing 'Loved By Millions' that year. He would henceforth use both names interchangeably. Having lived in Amsterdam the last three years, Maslak returned to the States in 1981, working in NYC until moving to Miami in '89 to open the Sushi Blues Cafe, later the Cafe Jamm as well. Maslak has recorded prolifically during his career, both classical and jazz. Among Maslak's latest CD albums were 'Bim Huis Live 1st Set' in 2008 and 'at Shit @ Churchill's' the ensuing year. Among his latest digital albums (download only) were 'Weapon' and 'Yo Honkies!' in 2013. Maslak is yet active performing for digital media and has a couple Facebook pages.

Keshavan Maslak   1978

   Fuck Door Gigs

      LP: 'New York Bust Out'

      Issued 2000

Keshavan Maslak   1984

   Blaster Master

      LP: 'Blaster Master'

      With Charles Moffett

Keshavan Maslak   1992

   Trying Hard to Be

      LP: 'Not to Be a Star'

      With Paul Bley

Keshavan Maslak   2003

   Those Were the Days

      Recorded 1996

      LP: 'Friends Afar'

      With Sergey Kuryokhin

Kenny Millions   2012

   Live at Squelch TV

Kenny Millions   2013

   Live at Squelch TV


      Filmed live

Kenny Millions   2014

   The Art of Fuck You

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Kenny Millions

Kenny Millions

Photo: Ronnie Rivera
  Born in 1935 in Tulsa, OK, Cecil McBee had played clarinet until exchanging that for double bass at age seventeen. He attended Ohio Central State University before doing time in the Army, conducting a band at Fort Knox. After the service McBee quickly hooked up big time with Dinah Washington in 1959. He thought Detroit the place to go in '62, from where he left with Paul Winter for NYC where they recorded 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song' in 1963 for issue the next year. A stellar career quickly commenced during which McBee worked with Who's Who throughout his career. During the sixties such as Charles Lloyd, Yusef Lateef and Sam Rivers came his direction. He began recording heavily with Pharoah Sanders in '69. The seventies saw albums with Charles Tolliver and Woody Shaw, Chico Freeman figuring especially large in the latter seventies. The eighties saw him backing guitarist, Tisziji Munoz, as well as working with Lester Bowie's group, the Leaders. His contribution to McCoy Tyner's 1987, 'Blues for Coltrane', with Pharoah Sanders brought a Grammy in 1988. Inducted into the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame in 1991, the nineties also found him behind such as drummer, Elvin Jones, and pianist, Yosuke Yamashita. Having backed the phone book, McBee issued only some seven albums as a leader. Among his latest was 'Unspoken' in 1997. In 2006 he lost his lawsuit against the Japanese fashion chain with the same name, Cecil McBee. In 2013 he appeared on 'Tribal Ghost' with drummer, Billy Hart, and saxophonist, Charlie Kohlhase.

Cecil McBee   1964

   Lass from the Low Countrie

      Paul Winter LP: 'Jazz Meets the Folk Song'

Cecil McBee   1966

   The Song My Lady Sings

      Filmed in Molde, Norway

      Drums: Jack DeJohnette

      Piano: Keith Jarrett

      Tenor sax: Charles Lloyd

Cecil McBee   1974



Cecil McBee   1978


      LP: 'Music from the Source'

Cecil McBee   1979

   Alternate Spaces

      LP: 'Alternate Spaces'

   Pepi's Samba

      LP: 'Compassion'

Cecil McBee   1982

   Into a Fantasy

      LP: 'Flying Out'

Cecil McBee   1995


      Filmed live

Cecil McBee   2009


      Filmed live

      Drums: Al Foster-Drums

      Piano: Joanne Brackeen

      Soprano sax: Tony Lakatos


Birth of Modern Jazz: Cecil McBee

Cecil McBee

Source: Mezzrow
  Born in 1923 in El Reno, OK, tenor saxophonist, Sam Rivers, also played flute, clarinet, harmonica and piano. His father had sang with the Fisk Jubilee Singers. Rivers did his time in the US Navy in the forties. Stationed in California where he played with Jimmy Witherspoon, upon discharge he headed for Massachusetts to enter the Boston Conservatory in 1947. While there he performed with such as Quincy Jones and Herb Pomeroy. He is listed a session member as early as 1950 with Serge Chaloff but it is unlikely he or anyone else performed as those were solos on which nary is heard but Chaloff. He did record a number of title with Tadd Dameron in December 1961, but it isn't known if they were ever issued: 'The Elder Speaks', 'Bevan Beeps', 'Lament for the Living', and 'Aloof Spoof'. Rivers is rumored to have appeared on a few questionable recordings with Miles Davis in 1964 until his first with Davis of certain occurrence and release in July of 1964: 'Miles in Tokyo'. That album wasn't issued, however, until 1969. Rivers thus first saw vinyl on Tony Williams' debut album, 'Life Time', released in 1964. In November that year he laid tracks with Larry Young that saw the release in March 1965 of Young's 'Into Somethin''. In December of '64 Rivers recorded his debut LP, 'Fuchsia Swing Song', for release in April of '65. The first of his big band releases was 'Crystals' in 1974. He would later form the Rivbea Orchestra. Rivers recorded with a ceaseless list of musicians who occupy the higher echelons of jazz. He released some forty albums on which he was either leader or collaborator as such. Rivers died of pneumonia December 2011 in Orlando, Florida.

Sam Rivers   1964

   If I Were a Bell

      Miles Davis album: 'Miles In Tokyo'

      Not issued until 1969

  Tomorrow Afternoon

      Tony Williams album: 'Life Time'

Sam Rivers   1965


      Album: 'Fuchsia Swing Song'

  Fuchsia Swing Song

      Album: 'Fuchsia Swing Song''

   Paris Eyes

      Larry Young album: 'Into Somethin'

Sam Rivers   1973



Sam Rivers   1976


      Album: 'The Quest'

Sam Rivers   1984

   Live in Hamburg

      Duet with Max Roach'

Sam Rivers   1989


      Filmed live


      Filmed live

Sam Rivers   2004


      London Jazz Festival


Birth of Modern Jazz: Sam Rivers

Sam Rivers

Source: bb10k
  Born Ferrell Sanders in 1940 in Little Rock, Arkansas, free jazz tenor saxophonist, Pharoah Sanders, started with clarinet as a youth, moving onward to sax in high school. He began his career in Oakland, CA, before moving to NYC in 1961. He there lived the bare bones existence, sleeping in the subway on occasion, as he began gigging with such as Sun Ra, Don Cherry and Billy Higgins. In June of 1964 he recorded tracks with Sun Ra that would end up on Ra's 1976 LP, 'Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold'. That same year Sanders released 'Pharaoh's First' for ESP-Disc containing 'Seven By Seven' and 'Bethera'. He recorded 'Chappaqua Suite' with Ornette Coleman in June of 1965 before jumping in a rushing river with John Coltrane later that month to record 'Ascension'. Coltrane was the significant figure in Sanders' young career in the mid sixties, the pair alike a locomotive on two rails of tenor sax. Sanders was with Coltrane on his last live recording in April of 1967: 'The Olatunji Concert', after which he would appear on a few albums by pianist, Alice Coltrane (John's second wife). Free jazz had about a decade to go haywire before inherently losing its audience, Sanders then beginning to explore African rhythms and otherwise in the seventies. Having toured and recorded internationally, 'Rejoice' was created in 1981 in Germany, 'Africa' in 1988 in Japan, 'The Trance of Seven Colors' in 1994 in Morocco. Another of Sanders' more important associations was drummer, Tisziji Munoz, from the eighties into the 21st century. Per 2016 Sanders is become an NEA Master (ceremony in Washington DC in April). Per 1964 below, the full title of Sun Ra's LP is 'Featuring Pharoah Sanders & Black Harold'.

Pharoah Sanders   1964


      Album: 'Pharaoh's First'

   Featuring ... Black Harold

      Album by Sun Ra

      Not issued until 1976

   Seven by Seven

      Album: 'Pharaoh's First'

Pharoah Sanders   1967

   Kulu Sé Mama

      John Coltrane LP: 'Kulu Sé Mama'

      Piano: McCoy Tyner

Pharoah Sanders   1969



Pharoah Sanders   1971


      Album: 'Thembi'

Pharoah Sanders   1973

   Village of the Pharoahs


Pharoah Sanders   1977

   Harvest Time


   Love Will Find a Way

      Album: 'Love Will Find a Way'

Pharoah Sanders   1978

   As You Are

      Vocal: Phyllis Hyman

Pharoah Sanders   1979

   Journey to the One


Pharoah Sanders   1981

   You've Got to Have Freedom

      Live at the Maiden Voyage Los Angeles

Pharoah Sanders   1983

   Heart Is a Melody


Pharoah Sanders   1987


      Album: 'Oh Lord'

Pharoah Sanders   1994

   Lonnie's Lament

      Album: 'Crescent with Love'

   Wise One

      Album: 'Crescent with Love'

Pharoah Sanders   1999

   Live in Warsaw

      Filmed live

Pharoah Sanders   2001

   The Creator Has a Master Plan

      Live in Santa Cruz

Pharoah Sanders   2011

   Live at the Jazz Cafe

      Filmed live in London


Birth of Modern Jazz: Pharoah Sanders

Pharoah Sanders

Source: All Music
  Born in 1942 in Jacksonville, FL, big band musician, Charles Tolliver's first trumpet was given him by his grandmother. He was a pharmacy student at Howard University before heading to NYC in 1964 where he would record with Jackie McLean that year, appearing on the latter's 'It's Time!' and 'Action Action Action'. Also important to Tolliver's career in the sixties was Andrew Hill. Tolliver recorded his first album, 'Charles Tolliver and His All Stars', in 1968, variously reissued ('Paper Man' '75, 'Earl's World' '77). 'The Ringer' was released in 1969. In 1971 he and pianist, Stanley Cowell, founded Strata East Records. Tolliver has toured internationally and issued twelve LPs, his latest live at the Blue Note, titled 'Emperor March', in 2009. Per 1968 below, the album is 'Charles Tolliver and His All Stars', variously reissued ('Paper Man' '75, 'Earl's World' '77). Per 1969 each track is from 'The Ringer'.

Charles Tolliver   1964


      Jackie McLean LP: 'It's Time!'

   Das' Dat

      Jackie McLean LP: 'It's Time!'

Charles Tolliver   1968

  Earl's World

   Household Of Saud

   Right Now

Charles Tolliver   1969

   On the Nile


   The Ringer

Charles Tolliver   1970


      LP: 'Live at Slugs' Saloon'


      LP: 'Live at Slugs' Saloon'

Charles Tolliver   1971

   Jazz Session

      Filmed live

Charles Tolliver   1972

   Brilliant Circles

      LP: 'Impact'

Charles Tolliver   1974


      Live at Yubinchokin Hall Tokyo

Charles Tolliver   2014

   Music Inc.

      Filmed at Banlieues Bleues


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eberhard Weber

Charles Tolliver

Source: Discogs
  Born in 1940 in Baltimore, Maryland, alto and soprano saxophonist, Gary Bartz, also played clarinet. Attending Juilliard after high school, he was later performing at his father's club, the North End Lounge, in Baltimore when Art Blakey came along in 1965. Bartz joined the Jazz Messengers and made his first record release on the Blakey's 'Soul Finger' of 1965. That album saw no proofreading before release: Bartz performs on alto sax on all tracks of that LP except 'Spot Session' which is the only track on which Lucky Thompson participates. Bartz issued his debut album as a leader in 1968: 'Libra'. He also emerged on 'Expansions' in '68, the first of seven more by McCoy Tyner until 'Dimensions' in 1984. A major figure in Bartz' career, Tyner and Bartz partnered again in 1999 on 'McCoy Tyner and the Latin All-Stars' and 2004 on 'Illuminations', the latter winning a Grammy in 2005 for Best Instrumental Jazz Album. Bartz worked with Miles Davis in 1970-71, his initial session in August of '70 for 'On the Crest of the Waves'. What would amount to about nine albums later, Bartz' last session with Davis is thought to have been at Philharmonic Hall in NYC on November 26, 1971, for 'Bwongo' and 'Ananka', those issued on an unknown date as 'Hooray for Miles Davis Vol 3 (Session Disc 123)'. Bartz began working with R&B artist, Norman Connors in 1972, titles to 'Dance of Magic' gone down in June of 1972. Seven more albums with Connors ensued to 'Invitation' in 1979. With at least 217 sessions to his credit, among the host with whom Bartz had worked were vocalist, Phyllis Hyman, Gene Ammons, Donald Byrd ('Caricatures' '76), Kenny Burrell, Woody Shaw ('Home!' '69 and 'For Sure!' '79), Harvie Swartz ('Return to Zero' '94), Roseanna Vitro, Dave Holland ('Red & Orange Poems' '94) and Keith Ailer (Spaces & Places '98). Of note in the new millennium was the issue of 'The Montréal Concert' in 2000, a string of duets with guitarist, Peter Leitch. Also of note was Bartz' participation in the album by various, 'Miles from India', issued in 2008. In 2012 Bartz released the first volume of 'Coltrane Rules: Tao of a Music Warrior'. The second volume was released in December 2014, coming to about 31 albums by Bartz. Among his more recent recordings was 'Search for Peace' in 2015 with Heads of State and 'Harlem Hieroglyphs' in 2016 for Jay Hoggard. As of this writing Bartz divides his musical career between touring and teaching at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio. Per 1965 below, it is Bartz on alto sax, not Lucky Thompson on tenor. Per above, that was a confusion at Verve Records.

Gary Bartz   1965

   Soul Finger

      Art Blakey LP: 'Soul Finger'

Gary Bartz   1968


      LP: 'Libra'

Gary Bartz   1970


      Cellar Door Sessions


      Cellar Door Sessions

Gary Bartz   1973

   I've Known Rivers and Other Bodies


Gary Bartz   1975

   I Concentrate On You

      Filmed in Lisbon

   Live at Lincoln Center

      Filmed live

   The Shadow Do


Gary Bartz   1976

   Ju Ju Man

      LP: 'Ju Ju Man'

Gary Bartz   1976

   Ju Ju Man


Gary Bartz   1977

   Music Is My Sanctuary

Gary Bartz   1991

   On a Misty Night

      LP: 'There Goes The Neighborhood!'

      Recorded live 1990

Gary Bartz   1997

   Celestial Blues

      LP: 'Harlem Bush Music'

   Jazzwoche Burghausen

      Filmed live

Gary Bartz   2007

   Ballad for Aisha/Blues on the Corner

      Filmed in Germany

Gary Bartz   2014

   Jazz a Foix

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Tibo Soulas

      Drums: Samgoma Everett

      Piano: Kirk Lightsey

   Si Tu Vois Ma Mère

      Filmed at Lincoln Center

Gary Bartz   2015

   Transitions/Minor Blues

      Filmed in Greece


Birth of Modern Jazz: Gary Bartz

Gary Bartz

Source: En Esencia Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Carla Bley

Carla Bley

Source: Music Me
Born Carla Borg in 1936 in Oakland, CA, composer/pianist (some might say punk jazz composer/pianist), Carla Bley, had a father for a piano teacher, so it's natural that a restless girl be attracted to influences otherwise, she moving from a church environment at home to NYC circa 1954 to get a job selling cigarettes at the Birdland jazz club. She there played piano as well, also meeting pianist, Paul Bley, whom she married in 1957. She began composing with Paul, other musicians beginning to record her work as well. In 1964 she assisted in the formation of the Jazz Composer's Guild with Bill Dixon to promote avant-garde jazz. In 1965 she, Michael Mantler and Steve Lacy formed the Jazz Musicians Orchestra, which would spawn the Jazz Musicians Orchestra Association to replace the Guild. That orchestra recorded 'Communication' in December of 1964 for issue in 1965 with 'Roast' composed and arranged by Carla. The other two tracks on that were composed by Mantler with Carla out: 'Day (Communications No. 4)' and 'Day (Communications No. 5)'. The Jazz Musicians Orchestra would issue several albums into the seventies with contributions by Carla. Paul's 1965 album, 'Barrage', consisted entirely of Carla's compositions. She appeared with Lacy on Mantler's 'Jazz Realities' in 1966, her first piano performance on disc, and the first of several LPs she would release with Mantler into the eighties. Their last session together is thought to have been in the summer of 1990 for 'Karen Mantler and Her Cat Arnold Get the Flu'. (In 1967 Carla and Paul were divorced, Carla retaining his last name professionally though she married Mantler that year to 1992. Karen was the daughter of Carla and Mantler, born in 1966.) 1968 saw the release of 'The Jazz Composer's Orchestra', a double album taking six months to make with contributions from every avant-garde jazz artist in NYC that could be gathered (and others too, young Linda Ronstadt contributing vocals). Carla plays piano on that album but Cecil Taylor is the main feature. Charlie Haden would begin to figure big in Carla's career in the latter sixties with Jazz Composer's Orchestra, she contributing to his 1970 album, 'Liberation Music Orchestra'. She and Haden would cross paths well into the new millennium. In 1971 Carla released the huge project on which she'd been working the last three years, 'Escalator Over the Hill', a jazz opera with six sides that made her name alongside lyricist, Paul Haines. Mantler produced and coordinated the project on which she performed keyboards and voice with the several bands she had formed for its making. Among the members of the orchestra was tenor saxophonist, Gato Barbieri (also appearing on 'The Jazz Composers Orchestra' in '68). Bley received a Guggenheim Fellowship for composition in 1972. She released 'Tropic Appetites' in 1974 in a number of capacities, including keyboards and voice. She was again joined by Gato Barbieri. Well above twenty more albums as a leader would follow into the new millennium, including 'Boo to You Too' in 1979. Another important figure in Bley's life was bassist, Steve Swallow, with whom she'd been working since 'Communication' in '65 and would continue throughout her career. They issued 'Night-Glo' together in 1985, the first of several into the new millennium. Bley was made an NEA Jazz Master in 2014. She has led or co-led nearly thirty albums to as late as 'Andando el Tiempo' in 2015 with Andy Sheppard at sax and Swallow at bass guitar. With perhaps 100 sessions to her credit among the numerous with whom she had worked were Gary Burton, Don Cherry, Grachan Moncur III, Orchestra Jazz Siciliana and Rudiger Krause. Residing in Woodstock, New York, she is yet active and highly popular in Germany. Per 1971 below, all tracks are from 'Escalator Over the Hill' with compositions by Bley.

Carla Bley   1966

   Jazz Realities

      Album by Michael Mantler

Carla Bley   1971

   Escalator Over the Hill

   Hotel Overture

   Rawalpindi Blues

   Song to Anything that Moves


Carla Bley   1972

   Naked Hamlet


Carla Bley   1980

   Boo to You Too

      Filmed live

      Kansas City Womens Jazz Festival

Carla Bley   1981

   Boo to You Too

      Nick Mason album: 'Fictitious Sports'

Carla Bley   1989

   Fleur Carnivoreo


Carla Bley   1994

   Crazy With You

      Album: 'Songs with Legs'

Carla Bley   2002

   Live in Munich

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Steve Swallow

      Sax: Andy Sheppard

Carla Bley   2004

   Live in Marciac

      Filmed concert

      The New Liberation Orchestra

   Live in Umbria

      Filmed concert

      The New Liberation Orchestra

Carla Bley   2006

   Jazz à Vienne

      Filmed concert

Carla Bley   2009

   Carla's Christmas Carols


Carla Bley   2012

   Cully Jazz Festival

      Filmed live in Switzerland

      Bass: Steve Swallow

      Sax: Andy Sheppard


Birth of Modern Jazz: Marion Brown

Marion Brown

Source: Brian Olewnick
Born in 1931 in Atlanta, Georgia, alto saxophonist, Marion Brown, was about 22 when he joined the US Army, was released in 1957 to study music at now Clark Atlanta University. In 1960 he decided to examine pre-law at Howard University in Washington DC. He got an itch for New York City in 1962. Discographies want him with Archie Shepp in October that year at Judson Hall in NYC for unissued titles like 'The Funeral', 'Rufus Swung His Face at Last', et al. In 1965 he was present at a session on February 16 with Archie Shepp to yield the album, 'Fire Music'. June 26 with John Coltrane wrought 'Ascension'. August 28 saw the Woodstock Playhouse in NY with pianist, Burton Greene, 'Live at The Woodstock Playhouse 1965' issued in 2010. In November Brown laid his first name tracks as the Marion Brown Quartet for the ESP label: 'Capricorn Moon', '27 Cooper Square', 'Exhibition' and 'Mephistopheles'. December 18 witnessed Greene's 'You Never Heard Such Sounds In Your Life!'. 'Three For Shepp' was Brown's debut album release in 1966. Brown engaged himself in a variety of projects in Paris from 1967 to 1970, including the recording of his soundtrack, 'Le Temps Fou', in September 1968 for issue the next year. His return to the States in 1970 saw him teaching, acquiring a bachelor's degree, then continuing to teach at universities in Maine, Massachusetts and Connecticut. Brown continued to compose and record through the eighties, his final album of well above twenty is thought to have been 'Echoes of Blue' recorded in Göttingen, Germany, in January 1992, issued in 2000. Beyond music, Brown had long entertained an interest in art, he himself a painter. Come the 21st century, Brown was facing severe health issues and surgeries, his condition requiring a nursing home in New York. Moving to Hollywood, Florida, in 2005, he there died in a hospice on October 18, 2010.

Marion Brown   1965


      Archie Shepp album: 'Fire Music'

Marion Brown   1966


      Album with John Coltrane   Edition I

      Brown solos on track 14 of both I & II

  Capricorn Moon


Marion Brown   1967


      Album: 'Three For Shepp'

   Live on Dim Dam Dom

      French television broadcast


      Filmed live

   Porto Novo

      Album: 'Porto Novo'


      Album: 'Three For Shepp'

Marion Brown   1969

   Live in Bremen

   Le Temps Fou Side A


   Le Temps Fou Side B


Marion Brown   1970

   Afternoon of a Georgia Faun

      Album: 'Afternoon of a Georgia Faun'

   Creative Improvisation Ensemble

      Album with Wadada Leo Smith

   Djinji's Corner

      Album: 'Afternoon of a Georgia Faun'

Marion Brown   1975


      Album: 'Vista'

Marion Brown   1979

   November Cotton Flower

      Album: 'November Cotton Flower'

   Sweet Earth Flying

      Album: 'November Cotton Flower'

Marion Brown   1983


      Vibes: Gunter Hampel

Marion Brown   1985


      Piano: Mal Waldron


Birth of Modern Jazz: Watercolor by Marion Brown

Watercolor by Marion Brown   1985

Source: Live Auctioneers
Birth of Modern Jazz: Nathan Davis

Nathan Davis

Source: Old Mon Music
Nathan Davis was a composer/pianist born in 1937 in Kansas City, Kansas. He had completed his degree in music education at the University of Kansas before being drafted into military service. Sent to Germany, he there played in a military band, then decided to stay in Berlin when his tour in the service was up in 1962. He there gigged a bit with Benny Bailey and Joe Harris before moving to Paris to become a house performer at the St. Germain des Pres nightclub, one of not a few hubs in Paris for American jazz artists touring Europe. One reason Davis stayed in Europe was the opportunity to play with musicians of a caliber that attempting to start his career in the States would have made more difficult to reach.     All number of American name musicians passed through the St. Germain des Pres, such as Kenny Clarke or Dexter Gordon. Davis recorded with two others in June of 1964, Donald Byrd and Eric Dolphy: 'Springtime', '245', 'GW', 'Serene', 'Ode to Charlie Parker' and 'Naima'. Those tracks weren't released until years later, variously on the Dolphy collections: 'Naima' ('87), 'Unrealized Tapes' ('88) and 'Naima' ('95). Trumpeter, Woody Shaw, arrived in Paris shortly after Dolphy's death in June of '64, Davis recording his first two albums as a leader with him in Germany and Paris in '65: 'Happy Girl' (January) and 'Peace Treaty' (May). 'The Hip Walk' was recorded that September in Germany with Carmell Jones on trumpet. Each of Davis' first three albums were issued in '65. Davis toured Europe a bit with Art Blakey in 1965 but didn't wish to leave his family to return to the States with Blakey, a major career decision. He did decide to head back to the States in 1969, however, for a position at the University of Pittsburgh as Director of Jazz Studies, a tenure he held until 2013, Professor Emeritus since then. He received his PHD in Ethnomusicology from Wesleyan University in Connecticut in 1974. In 1985 he formed the Paris Reunion Band with Woody Shaw, until the latter's death in '89. Davis was a founding member of Roots in the nineties and has been a familiar figure at the Blue Note in NYC through the years. Davis is also founder and editor of the 'International Jazz Archives Journal'. Per 1970 below, 'Song for Agnes' if from the album: 'Jazz Concert in a Benedictine Monastery'.

Nathan Davis   1964

   Eric Dolphy: Last Recordings

      Unissued   Album not known

Nathan Davis   1965

   B´s Blues

      Album: 'The HipWalk'

   Carmell´s Black Forest Waltz

      Album: 'The HipWalk'

   The Flute in the Blues

      Album: 'Happy Girl'

   Happy Girl

      Album: 'Happy Girl'

   Klook's Theme

      Album: 'Peace Treaty'

   Modalite pour Mimi

      Jef Gilson album: 'A Gaveau'

   Now Let M' Tell Ya

      Album: 'Peace Treaty'

   Ruby My Dear

      Album: 'Peace Treaty'


      Album: 'Peace Treaty'

   That Kaycee Thing

      Album: 'The HipWalk'

   Theme From Zoltan

      Album: 'Happy Girl'

Nathan Davis   1967

   Rules of Freedom

      Album: 'The Rules of Freedom'

Nathan Davis   1970

   Song for Agnes

Nathan Davis   1971




Birth of Modern Jazz: Beaver Harris

Beaver Harris

Source: Ni Kantu
Born in 1936 in Pittsburgh, PA, drummer, Beaver Harris, may well have gotten into the pots and pans as a toddler. Beyond that he had no experience in percussion until the US Army. Upon discharge he went to New York City where he honed his skills before his first recording in 1965 with Grachan Moncur III at the Village Gate nightclub in Greenwich Village. Those numbers were 'Blue Free' and 'The Intellect'. He was yet going by Bill Harris at that time (William his birth name). His first appearance on an album by free jazz saxophonist, Archie Shepp, was recorded in February of 1966, resulting in 'Archie Shepp Live in San Francisco' that year. Harris would back Shepp on ten more albums into 1975. In July of 1966 he laid several tracks with Rosewell Rudd for the release that year of 'Everywhere'. Sessions with Albert Ayler occurred in November and December, also contributing to a couple tracks that December to Marion Brown's debut album, 'Three for Shepp'. Harris released his first album, 'From Ragtime to No Time', in 1975. Seven more would ensue to 'Beaver Is My Name' in 1983. Harris died of prostate cancer in December of 1991.

Beaver Harris   1965

   Blue Free

      With Grachan Moncur III

Beaver Harris   1966

   In a Sentimental Mood

      Archie Shepp album:

     'Live in San Francisco'

   A Portrait of Robert Thompson

      Archie Shepp album: 'Mama Too Tight'

Beaver Harris   1974

   Donna Lee

      Trumpet: Chet Baker

   Right On Part 1

      With Grachan Moncur III

   Right On Part 2

      With Grachan Moncur III

Beaver Harris   1975

   It's Hard To But We Do Transition

      Album: 'From Rag Time to No Time'

Beaver Harris   1976

   A Message from Trane

      Tenor saxophone: Cameron Brown

Beaver Harris   1983

   Well Kept Secret

      Saalfelden Jazz Festival

      Sax: Sam Rivers

      Steel drums: Francis Haynes


Birth of Modern Jazz: Howard Johnson

Howard Lewis Johnson

Photo: Roger Humbert

Source: All About Jazz

Born blind in 1941 in Montgomery, Alabama, himself Howard Lewis Johnson (not to be confused with the earlier saxophonist or later soul singer), performed on all manner of horn, but distinguished himself the most with baritone sax and tuba. He'd begun playing baritone at age 13, adding tuba the next year. After a time in the US Navy he arrived in New York City in the early sixties where he gigged with such as Roland Kirk and Carla Bley. In April of 1964 he began recording 'Dig These Blues' with Hank Crawford, performing on baritone. After another session that December and one in February of '65 the album was issued that year. In September of '65 he recorded 'Music Written for Monterey 1965' with Charles Mingus, a live album on which he played tuba at Royce Hall in Los Angeles. Johnson appeared on Archie Shepp's 'Mama Too Tight' in 1966, playing tuba. Two years later he formed the tuba ensemble, Substructure, changing its name to Gravity in 1972 and leading it ever since. In 1974 he appeared with the Gil Evans Orchestra on 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix, playing tuba and clarinet. He is thought to have formed the Saturday Night Live Band in '75, leading it in '77. Johnson didn't release an album as a leader until 1995, recorded with the band, Nubia, in Hamburg: 'Arrival: A Pharoah Sanders Tribute'. He waited until '96 and '98 to issue albums with his band, Gravity: 'Gravity!!!' and 'Right Now'. Having backed a who's who of jazz luminaries, Johnson also worked without that idiom, collaborating with such as Taj Mahal and The Band. Johnson can also be found on several film scores. Johnson is yet active performing, also holding clinics and master classes. Per 1965 below, the recording date was September 10, 1965 for both 'Don't Let It Happen Here' and 'Majonet' per a telecast at the Village Gate in NYC. The bootleg, 'The Arts of Tatum and Freddie Webster', was issued, presumably that year, by Ozone (12" LP 19). Per 1974 below, the full title of the album is 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix'.

Howard Johnson   1965

  Don't Let It Happen Here

      With Charles Mingus


      With Charles Mingus

  Music Written for Monterey

      Album by Charles Mingus

Howard Johnson   1966

  Bluff City Blues

      Hank Crawford LP: 'Dig These Blues'

  Don't Get Around Much Anymore

      Hank Crawford LP: 'Dig These Blues'

  Mama Too Tight

      Album by Archie Shepp

Howard Johnson   1974

  Crosstown Traffic

      LP: 'The Gil Evans . . . Jimi Hendrix'

Howard Johnson   1985

  Baritone Sax Quartet in Berlin

      Filmed live

Howard Johnson   1995


      LP: 'Arrival'

  Think About The One

      LP: 'Arrival'

Howard Johnson   1996

  Big Alice

      LP: 'Gravity!!!'

  Stolen Moments

      LP: 'Gravity!!!'

Howard Johnson   1998

  O Raggedy Man

      LP: 'Right Now'

  Right Now

      LP: 'Right Now'

Howard Johnson   2015

  Evolution/Natural Woman

      Filmed at the Bitter End Greenwich Village


  Born blind in 1949 in Greenville, PA, Eric Kloss, trained in piano before switching to saxophone at age ten. His debut vinyl was his own LP six years later with guitarist, Pat Martino: 'Introducing Eric Kloss'. Kloss recorded heavily with other musicians through the sixties and seventies, meanwhile recording an album or two per year, amounting to more nigh 20 LPs released by 1982. 'Sweet Connections', recorded in '79, wasn't released until 1998. Kloss married in 1983, pulling away from the national spotlight about that time. Reputation aside, he yet needed to hold day jobs to get along, living in New Jersey and Pittsburgh. Having taught briefly at Rutgers, the nineties saw him at Duquesne University and Carnegie Mellon. In 2002 'About Time' was released, a reissue of Kloss' first two albums, 'Introducing' and 'Love and All That Jazz'.

Eric Kloss   1965

  Embraceable You

      LP: "Introducing Eric Kloss'

Eric Kloss   1966

  The Shadow of Your Smile

      LP: 'Love and All That Jazz'

  Softly, As In a Morning Sunrise

      LP: 'Grits & Gravy'

Eric Kloss   1968



  I'll Give You Everything

      LP: 'Sky Shadows'

  Sky Shadows

      LP: 'Sky Shadows'

Eric Kloss   1969


      LP: 'In the Land of the Giants'

  Sunshine Superman

      Original composition: Donovan

      LP: 'To Hear Is to See'

Eric Kloss   1970


      LP: 'Consciousness!'

  Outward Wisdom

      LP: 'Consciousness!'

Eric Kloss   1974

  Love Will Take You There

      LP: 'Essence'

Eric Kloss   1975

  Bodies' Warmth

      LP: 'Bodies' Warmth'

Eric Kloss   1980

  The Samba Express

      LP: 'Celebration'

Eric Kloss   2008

  Live in Pittsburgh

      Solo filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eric Kloss

Eric Kloss

Photo: Sam Yahres

Source: All About Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Roscoe Mitchell

Roscoe Mitchell

Photo: Joseph Blough

Source: Sound Projections
Born in 1940 in Chicago, saxophonist, Roscoe Mitchell, began training as a child on clarinet, an instrument with which many sax players begin. He did his time in the US Army in the fifties in Germany, also studying clarinet under the first clarinetist for the Heidelberg Symphony. Returning to the Chicago in the early sixties, Mitchell began playing with the Experimental Band of Muhal Richard Abrams in 1961. He joined the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965, via which he recorded the album, 'Before There Was Sound', which wasn't released, however, until 2011. He did issue a couple tracks in 1965 though: 'Whole Lotta Soul' and 'Drunken Boat' (which title would imply reference to Arthur Rimbaud). Of the thousand copies pressed five hundred got lost, four hundred were given away and a hundred sold. I'm guessing any copy of that disc in existence would be a pricy collector's item. Mitchell's debut album, 'Sound', was issued in 1966. In 1967 Mitchell formed the Roscoe Mitchell Art Ensemble which would become the Art Ensemble of Chicago (AEC) in '69 to tour Europe. The most important members of that operation were Lester Bowie (trumpet) and Malachi Favors (bass) who would stay with the AEC through the coming decades. (A more representative list of tracks by the AEC.) During the early seventies Mitchell formed the Creative Arts Collective and the Sound Ensemble. During the nineties Mitchell belonged to the classical-leaning trio, Trio Space, as well as the groups, Space, the Note Factory and a reassembly of the Art Ensemble of Chicago in Madison, Wisconsin. In 2007 Mitchell assumed the Chair of Composition at Mills College in Oakland, California, where he yet resides as of this writing. Among Mitchell's more important collabororators were Anthony Braxton, and Lester Bowie and upright bassist, Malachi Favors.

Roscoe Mitchell   1966



Roscoe Mitchell   1975


Roscoe Mitchell   1977


      Album: 'Nonaah'

Roscoe Mitchell   1978

  Duets   Side 1

      Album with Anthony Braxton

      All compositions by Mitchell

Roscoe Mitchell   1981


      Album: 'Snurdy McGurdy and Her Dancin' Shoes'

Roscoe Mitchell   1984

  You Wastin' My Tyme

Roscoe Mitchell   1999


      Album: 'Nine to Get Ready'

Roscoe Mitchell   2013

  Live at Canker Hall

      Solo filmed live in Ljubljana, Slovenia


Birth of Modern Jazz: Barre Phillips 

Barre Phillips

Source: The Wire
Born in 1934 in San Francisco, Barre Phillips studied double bass with assistant principal bassist for the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, S. Charles Siani, in 1959. It was also about that time (age 25) that he switched from classical to jazz. He left the West Coast for New York City in 1962. The earliest recordings we know by Phillips were in March 1965 with Attila Zoller, appearing on Zoller's 'The Horizon Beyond' that year. In May of '65 he was recorded in a concert with Jimmy Giuffre at Columbia University. Such can be found on a double CD released in 2014: 'The New York Concerts'. The next July he was recorded at the Newport Jazz Festival with Archie Shepp, that released the same year ('65) on an album shared with John Coltrane on side A: 'New Thing at Newport'. 1966 saw Phillips in a trio with pianist, Peter Nero and drummer, Joseph Cusatis. A tour to Europe in 1967 with Jimmy Giuffre resulted in tempting offers that kept him in Europe permanently, he making his base of operations in southern France. Phillips would tour Europe with drummer, Steve McCall, in the Marion Brown Trio. He would also be a member of The Trio in the seventies with saxophonist, John Surman, and drummer, Stu Martin. During the latter decades of the 21st century Phillips played with the London Jazz Composers Orchestra. Phillips has worked on soundtracks as well: 'Merry-Go-Round' ('81), 'Naked Lunch' ('91) and 'Alles was baumelt, bringt Glück!' ('13). Phillips has released more than thirty albums as a leader, his latest, 'Albeit - Montreuil - 1-3-2:-1', in 2015. Per below for 2015 each track is from that album with pianist, Jacques Demierre.

Barre Phillips   1965

  Le Matin des Noire

      Album: 'New Thing at Newport'

      Tenor sax: Archie Shepp

  The New York Concerts

      With Jimmy Giuffre

      CD   Not released until 2014


      Album: 'New Thing at Newport'

      Tenor sax: Archie Shepp

Barre Phillips   1970

  Green Walnut

      Album: 'The Trio'

Barre Phillips   1971

  Improvised Piece I/Beans

      Album: 'Music From Two Basses'

      Duets with David Holland

  Song for Clare

      Album: 'Music From Two Basses'

      Duet with David Holland

Barre Phillips   1973


      Album: 'Trio Comes Bremen'

  For All It Is


Barre Phillips   1976

  Mountainscapes I

      Album: 'Mountainscapes'

Barre Phillips   1979

  Miss P

      Album: 'Three Day Moon'

Barre Phillips   1994

  Grant's Pass

      Album: 'Call Me When You Get There'

  Poetic Justice

      Album: 'Time Will Tell'

Barre Phillips   2009

  Live at the Jazzdor

      Filmed live

      Drums: Roger Turner

    Piano: Matthew Bourne

Barre Phillips   2015





Birth of Modern Jazz: Clifford Thornton

Clifford Thornton

Source: Jazz Vinyl
Born in 1936 in Philadelphia, PA, Clifford Thornton, played piano as a child before switching to trumpet. Thornton also played the valve trombone. He studied at at least two universities, is said to have learned some tricks with Donald Byrd in 1957, and played in Army bands. Upon discharge from military service Thornton headed for Brooklyn where he shared an apartment with Rashied Ali, Don Cherry and Marion Brown. His first recording session was with Sun Ra in 1962, performing on 'Infinity of the Universe' contained on Ra's 1965 album, 'Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow'. In 1966 he laid three tracks with the Marzette Watts Ensemble that saw release in 1971 on the album, 'Marzette And Company'. 1967 saw the release of Thornton's first of several albums as a leader, 'Freedom & Unity'. Thornton began recording with Archie Shepp in 1969, the first two of several albums with Shepp released that year: 'Live at the Pan-African Festival' and 'Yasmina, a Black Woman'. Also in 1969 Thornton began teaching at Wesleyan University in Connecticut, remaining there until 1975. The next year he was employed by UNESO as a counselor on African-American education, he then moving to Geneva, Switzerland. Thornton's recordings were much aligned with his second career as an educator, he a highly regarded composer. It isn't certain when Thornton died in Geneva, 1983 per one source, 1989 per others.

Clifford Thornton   1965

  Infinity of the Universe

      Sun Ra album:

     'Art Forms of Dimensions Tomorrow'

Clifford Thornton   1966

  Backdrop for Urban Revolution

      Album: 'Marzette And Company'

Clifford Thornton   1967

  15th Floor

      Album: 'Freedom And Unity'


      Album: 'Freedom And Unity'

Clifford Thornton   1969


      Album: 'Ketchaoua'

  Yasmina, a Black Woman

      Archie Shepp album:

     'Yasmina, a Black Woman'

Clifford Thornton   1970

  Huey Is Free

      Album: 'The Panther and the Lash'

Clifford Thornton   1975

  The Gardens of Harlem



  Born in 1933 in Philadelphia, PA, Rashied Ali played drums in military bands in the US Army during the Korean War. Upon release from duty he headed for New York City where he was picked up by such as Bill Dixon and Paul Bley. Lord's disco seems to want his first sessions with Bobby Hutcherson on vibes on August 12 of 1965  for Archie Shepp's 'On This Night'. August 28 found him at the Woodstock Playhouse in Woodstock, New York, for what would get issued in 2010 as Burton Greene's 'Live at The Woodstock Playhouse 1965'. Come 'Marion Brown Quartet' in November containing 'Capricorn Moon', '27 Cooper Square', 'Exhibition' and 'Mephistopheles'.    Ali's next session on November 23 of '65 would be an important one alongside drummer, Elvin Jones, that his first with John Coltrane to record 'Meditations' with Pharoah Sanders (tenor sax), McCoy Tyner (piano) and Jimmy Garrison (bass). Ali would record seven more albums with Coltrane until the latter's death in July of '67, including Coltrane's posthumous 1968 issue of 'Cosmic Music'. The session for that had been held February 2 of 1966 in San Francisco, thought his first with pianist, Alice Coltrane (John's widow). After Coltrane's death Ali continued with Alice for several years, he also running a bar called Ali's Alley in NYC. Their last session together is thought to have been  toward Alice's 'Universal Consciousness' on June 19, 1971. Ali's debut album, 'New Directions in Modern Music', appeared in 1971 as well. He issued some twenty more LPs until 'Spirits Aloft', released posthumously, in 2010. Filling out the seventies with Sangeeta Michael Berardi's 'Divine Song' 1979, he began the eighties with  the Lee Rozie Trio with Rick Rozie at bass in Kirchhellen, Germany, in May of 1980 for 'Afro Algonquin'. The mid eighties found Ali participating in Zusaan Kali Fasteau's 'Beyond Words', 'Affinity' and 'Worlds Beyond Words'. The eighties also found Ali joining George Adams' quartet, Phalanx, with James Blood Ulmer (guitar) and Sirone (bass) for 'Original Phalanx' in February of 1987. The next year the same configuration recorded 'In Touch'. In 1997 Ali surfaced on the first of fourteen albums with guitarist, Tisziji Munoz: 'The River of Blood'. Wikipedia lists their last per 'Sky Worlds' in 2014. Also notable in the new millennium were Ali's performances as a duo with double bassist, Henry Grimes. 'Going to the Ritual' went down on March 20 of 2007. 'Spirits Aloft' followed at Rutgers University in New Jersey on February 7, 2009. Four months before his death Ali recorded 'Mystic Journey' with saxophonist, Azar Lawrence, released in 2010. He died on August 12 of 2009 of heart attack, some 263 sessions to his credit, this a highly limited account of such.

Rashied Ali   1966

  Capricorn Moon

      With the Marion Brown Quartet


      With the Marion Brown Quartet

Rashied Ali   1967


      Tenor sax: John Coltrane

Rashied Ali   1971

  New Directions in Modern Music

      Album: 'New Directions in Modern Music'

Rashied Ali   1972


      Filmed live

Rashied Ali   1981

  A Love Supreme

      Piano and tenor sax: Arthur Rhames

  Mr. PC

      Piano and tenor sax: Arthur Rhames

Rashied Ali   1994


      Album: 'Peace on Earth'

  No Messages

      Album: 'Songlines'

Rashied Ali   1995

  Live in Burghausen

      Filmed live

Rashied Ali   1999

  Theme for Captain Black

      Guitar: James Blood Ulmer

Rashied Ali   2008

  Viersen JazzFestival

      Filmed concert


Birth of Modern Jazz: Rashied Ali

Rashied Ali

Source: Drummer World
Birth of Modern Jazz: Larry Coryell

Larry Coryell

Source: Music Guy 247

Born in 1943 in Galveston, TX, jazz-rock fusion guitarist, Larry Coryell, graduated from high school in Richland, Washington. He'd played with a number of R&B bands before heading to the coast to attend the University of Washington in Seattle. He played in various bands while a student there as well before moving to NYC to take classical training. He there joined Chico Hamilton's outfit, replacing Gabor Szabo to emerge on Hamilton's, 'The Dealer', in 1966. He recorded several albums with Gary Burton from April of 1967 to 'Gary Burton Quartet in Concert' in February of 1968. Also in 1967 Coryell formed the Free Spirits, releasing  'Out of Sight and Sound' that year. He issued his first name album as a leader in 1969, simply titled, 'Larry Coryell'. Also important in the latter sixties was his appearance on a few albums by saxophonist, Steve Marcus. 1974 saw the first LP by Coryell's group, the Eleventh House. He doubled up with Belgian guitarist, Philip Catherine, to release a couple of nice albums in '77 and '78: 'Twin House' and 'Splendid'. Also significant in the latter seventies were albums recorded with double bassist, Charles Mingus. Of especially piquant note was his flamenco partnership in 1979 with the great guitarists, John McLaughlin (also on Coryell's 'Spaces' per 1970), and Paco de Lucía. The DVD of their performance at Royal Albert Hall in London in 1979 was made available the next year: 'Meeting of the Spirits'. During the eighties Coryell began to focus on acoustic guitar. 1990 saw the release of 'American Odyssey' with Wayne Shorter. Among Coryell's favored ensembles was the trio as he delivered high caliber guitar through the decades, he able to draw the best out of the world-class musicians with whom he performed. Coryell published his autobiography, 'Improvising: My Life in Music', in 2007. Yet active, Coryell is touring internationally as this is written, with dates in Europe and Indonesia. Per 1967 below, Coryell plays sitar on 'Out of Sight and Sound' with the group, Free Spirits. Per 1980 below, 'Meeting of the Spirits' is performed with guitarists, John McLaughlin and Paco de Lucía. Per 1990, the Super Guitar Trio consists of Coryell with Al Di Meola and Bireli Lagrene.

Larry Coryell   1966

  The Dealer

      Chico Hamilton LP: 'The Dealer'

Larry Coryell   1967


      Gary Burton LP: 'Duster'

   I'm Gonna Be Free

      Album: 'Out of Sight and Sound'

  General Mojo's Well-Laid Plan

      Filmed with Gary Burton

Larry Coryell   1968

  Mellow Yellow

      Steve Marcus LP: 'Tomorrow Never Knows'

      Piano: Mike Nock

      Tenor sax: Steve Marcus

Eleventh House   1973


      Filmed live

Eleventh House   1974


      LP: 'Introducing Eleventh House'

Eleventh House   1975

  Level One

      LP: 'Level One'

  Thats the Joint

      LP: 'Level One'

Eleventh House   1976


      LP: 'Aspects'

Larry Coryell   1978


      Filmed in Montreux

Larry Coryell   1980

  Meeting of the Spirits

      Excerpt   DVD

Larry Coryell   1990

  Super Guitar Trio

      Filmed live

Larry Coryell   1992


      Filmed live

      Original composition: Maurice Ravel

Larry Coryell   1995

   Moment's Notice

      Filmed in Czech Republic

      Piano: Mark Sherman

Larry Coryell   2006

   Jazz Triumph Festival

      Bass: Victor Bailey

      Drums: Lenny White

Larry Coryell   2011

   Blue Monk/Jam 292

      Filmed live

Larry Coryell   2013

   Java Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

  Kowloon Jag

      Filmed at Yoshi's   Oakland CA

Larry Coryell   2014

   Solo Suite

      Filmed live

Larry Coryell   2015

   Solo at the Blue Note

      Filmed live


  Born in 1941 in Toledo, Ohio, pianist, Stanley Cowell, studied at Oberlin Conservatory of Music in Ohio where he had opportunity to play with Roland Kirk. In 1965 he worked with the Detroit Artist's Workshop Jazz Ensemble until leaving for NYC in 1966. He there hooked up with Marion Brown, appearing on Brown's 'Three for Shepp' that year. He also surfaced on Brown's 'Why Not' in 1968. Also important in the latter sixties was Bobby Hutcherson. Cowell's debut album was 'Blues for the Viet Cong' in 1969 with his trio consisting of Steve Novosel (bass) and Jimmy Hopps (drums). He also appeared on Gary Bartz' 'Another Earth' in 1969, as well as Charles Tolliver's 'The Ringer'. Cowell stuck with Tolliver into the mid seventies when he joined the Heath Brothers consisting Percy (bass), Albert (drums) and Jimmy (sax). During his time with that group he also worked with Art Pepper. Cowell has released above thirty albums. Among his more recent were 'Juneteenth' in 2015 and 'Reminiscent' the next year. Per 1973 below, tracks are from 'Illusion Suite' with Stanley Clarke on bass and Jimmy Hopps on drums.

Stanley Cowell   1966

   New Blue

      Marion Brown LP: 'Three for Shepp'


      Marion Brown LP: 'Three for Shepp'

Stanley Cowell   1969

   Blues for the Viet Cong

      LP: 'Blues for the Viet Cong'


      LP: 'Blues for the Viet Cong'

Stanley Cowell   1973

   Cal Massey

   Ibn Mukhtarr Mustapha


   Miss Viki

Stanley Cowell   1977

   Sienna: Welcome, My Darling

      LP: 'Waiting for the Moment'

   Talkin' 'Bout Love


Stanley Cowell   1978


      LP: 'Equipoise'

   New World


Stanley Cowell   1989

   Sylvia's Place

      LP: 'Back to the Beautiful'

Stanley Cowell   2014

   Live at the Zinc Bar

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jack DeJohnette

Stanley Cowell

Source: ABC Jazz
Birth of Modern Jazz: Jack DeJohnette

Jack DeJohnette

Source: Jazz Festival
Born in 1942 in Chicago, Jack DeJohnette began piano studies at age four and played professionally on that instrument before switching to drums. He performed with R&B and bop bands in Chicago prior to twisting toward avant-garde jazz. Gigs in those early days were often loft concerts with such as Richard Abrams and Roscoe Mitchell. He sat in with with Sun Ra's Arkestra now and then as well. He is mentioned to have recorded a few tracks with John Coltrane in the early sixties but no documentation of such is found. He entered the studio in July of '65 with Jackie McLean to record a couple of rejected tunes, before his next session with McLean that September, yielding 'Jacknife', though that LP wasn't released until 1975. It was 1966 that DeJohnette broke out the gate so far as recordings are concerned, he appearing on four albums by Charles Lloyd that year. DeJohnette would find himself on four more albums by Lloyd. 1966 was also the year DeJohnette joined Herbie Hancock in the studio to record the soundtrack to 'Blow-Up, released the next year. DeJohnette was a highly popular sideman which this condensed history can only touch upon, little reflecting the reality of his busy life. Due to space limitations we mention only those musicians with whom DeJohnette appears on five albums or more: In 1967 DeJohnette recorded 'Tetragon' with Joe Henderson for release the next year. They would emerge on four more LPs together. Two months after his first sessions with Henderson DeJohnette found himself in the studio for the first time with Miles Davis, recording tracks that would appear on Davis' 1981 release of 'Directions'. In 1969 he participated in the recording of Davis' 'Bitches Brew', issued the next year. Eight more albums with Davis would ensue into 1972. 1969 also saw the first of well over thirty albums as a leader by DeJohnette: 'The DeJohnette Complex'. The first two of six albums with Freddie Hubbard appeared in 1971: 'Straight Life' and 'First Light'. 1972 saw the release of seven LPs with Sonny Rollins: 'Next Album'. Toward the mid seventies DeJohnette joined John Abercrombie (guitar) and Dave Holland (bass) in the formation of the Gateway Trio which issued its first LP in 1975. 1983 witnessed the issue of the first two of nearly twenty albums into the new millennium with pianist, Keith Jarrett: 'Standards Vol 1' and 'Standards Vol 2'. In 1987 DeJohnette appeared on 'Michael Brecker' and would join Brecker on four more LPs. DeJohnette had meanwhile been backing a large number of other jazz musicians as well as forming his own groups since the seventies, Special Edition one of which he took into the nineties. DeJohnette began the new millennium with Wadada Leo Smith, appearing on the first of three albums with Smith in 2000: 'Golden Quartet'. DeJohnette founded the Golden Beams Productions record label in 2005. He was appointed a Jazz Master in 2012 by the National Endowment for the Arts. Per 1965 below, 'Jacknife' was recorded in '65 but not released until 1975.

Jack DeJohnette   1965

  Blue Fable

      Jackie McLean album: 'Jacknife'


      Jackie McLean album: 'Jacknife'

  Jossa Bossa

      Jackie McLean album: 'Jacknife'

Jack DeJohnette   1966

  My Lady Sings

      Filmed live with Keith Jarrett

  Sombrero Sam

      With Charles LLoyd

Jack DeJohnette   1967

  Forest Flower/Sunrise Sunset

      Charles LLoyd album: 'Forest Flower'

Jack DeJohnette   1968


      Joe Henderson album: 'Tetragon'

Jack DeJohnette   1969


      Album: 'The DeJohnette Complex'

  Live in Antibes

      Filmed live with Miles Davis

  The Major General

      Album: 'The DeJohnette Complex'

  Mirror Image

      Album: 'The DeJohnette Complex'

Jack DeJohnette   1970

  Straight Life

      Album by Freddie Hubbard'

Jack DeJohnette   1974


      Album: 'Sorcery'

Jack DeJohnette   1984

  Album Album


Jack DeJohnette   1989

  Tennessee Waltz

      Sonny Rollins album:

      'Falling in Love with Jazz'

Jack DeJohnette   2003

  Music in the Key of Om


Jack DeJohnette   2005

  JazzBaltica 2005

      Filmed live

Jack DeJohnette   2006

  Jazz à Vienne

      Filmed live

Jack DeJohnette   2008

  Peace Time


Jack DeJohnette   2013


      Album with Keith Jarrett: 'Somewhere'

Jack DeJohnette   2014

  Wise One

      Filmed live at the Blue Note Milano


Birth of Modern Jazz: George Duke

George Duke

Photo: Echoes/Redferns

Source: Julian Mihdi
Born in 1946 in San Rafael, CA, jazz fusion keyboardist, George Duke, began training at piano at age seven at his Baptist church. He graduated from San Francisco Conservatory in 1967 with a degree in composition and trombone, minoring in contrabass (double bass). While there he issued his debut vinyl on the LP: 'George Duke Quartet Presented by the Jazz Workshop', in 1966. Doing session work after the conservatory, he wrote a letter to Jean-Luc Ponty upon hearing Ponty was to visit Los Angeles that resulted in 'The Jean-Luc Ponty Experience with The George Duke Trio', which album brought Duke to major recognition in 1969. The largest figures in Duke's career were Frank Zappa and Cannonball Adderley. Duke began appearing on Zappa's albums in 1970 per 'Chunga's Revenge' and 'King Kong', and would record with Zappa into the eighties ('Them Or Us' 1984). In 1972 Duke surfaced on Adderley's 'Black Messiah', among the numerous records on which he collaborated with Adderley. Duke did side work with all number of artists, especially vocalist, Diana Reeves, from the late eighties into the 21st century. Among others were Flora Purim, Sonny Rollins, Quincy Jones, Al Jarreau, Stanley Clarke, Billy Cobham and Chanté Moore. Duke died of leukemia in August 2013 and was buried at Forest Lawn in Hollywood Hills. Among Duke's latest releases as a leader were 'Deja Vu' in 2010 and 'Dreamweaver' per 2013. In 2014 he posthumously appeared on Reeves' 'Beautiful Life'. Per 1966 below, tracks are from Duke's first LP: 'The George Duke Quartet Presented By The Jazz Workshop'.

George Duke   1966

  Days of Wine and Roses

  Secret Love

George Duke   1969

  The Jean-Luc Ponty Experience


George Duke   1975

  For Love (I Come Your Friend)

      LP: 'The Aura Will Prevail'

George Duke   1976

  Billy Cobham & George Duke


      Live at the Hofstra Playhouse

      Drums: Billy Cobham

  Montreux Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

      Bass: Chapman Stick

      Drums: Billy Cobham

      Guitar: John Scofield

George Duke   1979

  Live in Paris

      Filmed live

George Duke   1981

  Sweet Baby

      LP: 'The Clarke/Duke Project'

      Guitar: Stanley Clarke

George Duke   1983

  Sweet Baby

      Filmed in Japan

      Bass: Louis Johnson

      Drums: Steve Ferrone

      Guitar: Paul Jackson

George Duke   1995



George Duke   1995



George Duke   2008

  Live at NAMM

      Filmed live

George Duke   2010

   Old Skool Boogie Oogie

      Filmed live

      Duet with Greg Phillinganes

George Duke   2011

   Brazilian Love Affair

      Filmed with Dira Sugandhi


  Born in 1937 in Chicago, pianist, Burton Greene, arrived in NYC in 1962 to form the Free Form Improvisation Ensemble (FFIE) with bassist, Alan Silva, the next year. He joined the Jazz Composers Guild in 1964 but wouldn't appear on that organization's album, 'Communication' in '65 (The Jazz Composer's Orchestra for the Fontana label). In April of 1964 the FFIE recorded 'Eat Eat'. In December it recorded parts 1 through 3 of 'Free Form Composition'. Those were combined on an album with no confirmable release date before '98/'99 by Cadence Historical Series (CJR 1094). Nigh an hour's worth of other recordings were made by FFIE but those tapes are since buried somewhere if not lost. In 1965 Greene was recorded on tracks that would be released in 2010 titled 'Live at the Woodstock Playhouse'. Performing with him on that were Marion Brown (alto sax), Reggie Johnson (bass) and Rashied Ali (drums). In December of 1965 Greene recorded ESP 1024, 'Burton Greene Quartet' (also titled 'Bloom In the Commune'). Those tracks were 'Cluster Quartet', 'Ballade II', 'Bloom In the Commune' and 'Taking It Out of the Ground', released the next year. Henry Grimes played bass on that. Other crew members were Marion Brown (alto sax), Frank Smith (tenor sax), Dave Grant (percussion) and Tom Price (percussion). Also in 1966 Greene released 'Concert Tour'. As well, he contributed that year to one untitled track (11 of disc 2) of Albert Ayler's 'Holy Ghost' (released 2004). 1966 also found Greene on a couple of albums by vocalist, Patty Waters: 'Sings' and 'College Tour' (that tour funded by the New York State Council on the Arts). In 1969 Greene moved to Paris, recording 'Aquariana' in France that year. He would eventually settle in Amsterdam, returning to NYC on occasion to perform and record. In the latter eighties Greene began exploring Klezmer (Jewish folk music of Eastern Europe). Groups he formed along that vein were Klezmokum, the Klez-thetics and Klez-Edge, the last releasing 'Ancestors, Mindreles, Nagila Monsters' in 2008. Greene has issued above sixty albums. His latest were recorded in 2013, 'Space Is Still the Place' and 'Free Form Improvisation Ensemble 2013', issued in 2015. Per 2012 below, tracks are from Greene's album, 'Parallel Worlds'.

Burton Greene   1964

  Free Form Composition 1

      LP: 'The Free Form Improvisation Ensemble'

      Not issued until 1998

  Free Form Composition 2

      LP: 'The Free Form Improvisation Ensemble'

      Not issued until 1998

  Free Form Composition 3

      LP: 'The Free Form Improvisation Ensemble'

      Not issued until 1998

Burton Greene   1966

  Cluster Quartet

      LP: 'Burton Greene Quartet'

Burton Greene   1969

  From 'Out of Bartok'

      LP: 'Aquariana'

Burton Greene   1973



Burton Greene   1984

  One World Music


Burton Greene   2004

  Live at the Eyedrum

      Piano solo filmed live

Burton Greene   2007

  Mark IV

      Piano solo filmed live

Burton Greene   2009

  Live at the Kraak Festival

      Film with Alan Silva

Burton Greene   2009

  Live at the Kraak Festival


Burton Greene   2010

  Live at the Bean Runner Cafe

      Filmed live

Burton Greene   2012

   Fate of the Aztecs and Incas

   Great Scott

   The Indian In All of Us

   North American Indian Reflections

   String Beings

   The Unknown Passage

Burton Greene   2013

  Berkeley Arts Now 1

      Piano solo filmed live

  Don't Forget the Poet

      Piano solo filmed live

  Lotus Bud Variations

      Piano solo filmed live

Burton Greene   2014

  Space Is Still the Place

      Filmed live with Silke Röllig


Birth of Modern Jazz: Burton Greene

Burton Greene

Source: All Music
  Born in 1943 in Houston, saxophonist, Billy Harper graduated from the University of North Texas in 1965. He traveled to NYC in 1966 where he appeared with his ensemble on 'The Big Apple' television special that year. (We're cheating a bit call that his first recording date, issued by broadcast rather than record company.) Harper treaded water for about a year until hooking up with Gil Evans in '67, with whom he would work for the next several years. (He would first appear on albums by Evans on the latter's 'Blues in Orbit' in 1971.) In August 1968 he was recorded at Slug's Saloon in NYC with Art Blakey, that released in 1974 on 'Live! Vol 1'. He also recorded in Europe with Blakey in '68. Those would be found on 'Moanin', original issue date unknown (nothing earlier than 1988 by Delta). In 1970 Harper appeared on 'Consummation', his first with the important Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra. (He shares tenor sax and flute with Eddie Daniels.) For all we can tell, those were also his initial issued recordings. In 1971 he surfaced on Bobbi Humphrey's debut album, 'Flute-In'. Also significant in the early seventies were Max Roach and Randy Weston. Harper's initial LP as a leader was 'Capra Black' in 1973. Harper also worked as an educator. He began teaching improvisation in New Jersey high schools in 1972. He taught sax and flute at Rutgers in 1975 and has been a visiting instructor at various schools about the globe since the nineties. Harper has won numerous awards, including by 'Jazz Magazine' (Japan), the NEA, 'Swing Journal International' and 'Down Beat'. Having issued about twenty LPs as a leader, among Harper's most recent was 'The Roots of the Blues' in 2013 with Randy Weston. Harper is active delivering jazz with smaller ensembles per this writing.

Billy Harper   1968

  Angels Eyes

      Recorded live at Slug's Saloon

      Various later releases

Billy Harper   1970


      Thad Jones/Mel Lewis

Billy Harper   1972


      LP: 'Masabumi Kikuchi & Gil Evans'

Billy Harper   1973

  Capra Black


Billy Harper   1975

  Black Saint


Billy Harper   1979


      LP: "In Europe'

Billy Harper   1990

  Soran Bushi BH


Billy Harper   1993


      LP: 'On Tour in the Far East Vol 2'

      Recorded 1991

Billy Harper   1995

  I Do Believe

      Filmed live


      LP: 'Somalia'

Billy Harper   2009

  Capra Black

      Filmed live

Billy Harper   2011

  Live at Jazz a Foix

      Filmed live

Billy Harper   2011

  Live at the Stone

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Harper

Billy Harper

Source: Billy Harper
Birth of Modern Jazz: Noah Howard 

Noah Howard

Source: Noah Howard
Born in 1943 in New Orleans, Noah Howard began training in music with trumpet before switching to saxophone (alto, tenor, soprano). He took the long route to New York City, spending time in Los Angeles and San Francisco, before arriving to record his first album in January of 1966 for ESP-Disk: 'Noah Howard Quartet' (ESP 1031). That contained the tracks 'Henry's Street', 'Apotheosis', 'Apotheosis Extension I' and 'And About Love'. He left for France in the latter sixties where he founded his own label, Altsax, in 1971. Howard's was an extensive catalogue. He had appeared on above fifty albums, about half of those his own as a leader. His last studio recording as such is thought to have been 'Voyage' in 2010. He was relaxing in southern France when he died in September that year. Per 1972 below, tracks are from 'The Black Ark'.

Noah Howard   1966

  Noah Howard Quartet


Noah Howard   1968

  Homage to Coltrane

      LP: 'At Judson Hall'

  This Place Called Earth

      LP: 'At Judson Hall'

Noah Howard   1970

  Space Dimension

      LP: 'Space Dimension'

Noah Howard   1972


   Mount Fuji

   Ole Negro

   Queen Anne

Noah Howard   1973

  Living Space

      Release unknown

Noah Howard   1974

  Mardi Gras

      LP: 'Live at the Swing Club Torino Italy'

Noah Howard   1975


      LP: 'Live In Europe Vol 1'

  New Arrival

      LP: 'Live In Europe Vol 1'


      LP: 'Live In Europe Vol 1'

Noah Howard   1979

   Message to South Africa Part I

      Released 1999

      LP: 'Patterns/Message To South Africa'

   Message to South Africa Part II

      Released 1999

      LP: 'Patterns/Message To South Africa'

Noah Howard   2000

   Live at the Glenn Miller Café

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Byard Lancaster

Byard Lancaster

Source: All Music
Born in 1942 in Philadelphia, PA, saxophonist/flautist, Byard Lancaster, studied at Shaw University in North Carolina and the Berklee College of Music in Boston before heading to New York City. That would have been in time to record for a couple of albums in 1966: 'Sunny Murray' ('66)by guess who and 'Marzette and Company' ('68) by Marzette Watts. He appeared on Bill Dixon's 'Intents and Purposes' in 1967. Lancaster issued his first LP, 'It's Not Up To Us', in 1968 before his first early trips to Europe, two of those with Murray, the first in '69 to the Actuel Festival in Belgium. Murray would continue a major figure in Lancaster's career along with pianists, Sun Ra ('68-'71), and McCoy Tyner in the seventies. During the eighties he issued a couple albums with cellist, David Eyges. 2005 saw the issue of 'Pam Africa' for CIMP (Creative Improvised Music Projects). Lancaster died of pancreatic cancer in August of 2012. He had appeared on Diem Jones' 'Useless Education' in 2011. Per 1966 below, Lancaster shares alto sax with Jack Graham. Per 1974 below, tracks are from the album, 'Funny Funky Rib Crib', unless otherwise noted. Those were recorded in 1974 in Netherlands but not issued until 2008. Lancaster recorded a similarly titled 'Just-Test' in France in '74 as well, that found on the album, 'Us' that year.

Byard Lancaster   1966


      LP: 'Sunny Murray'

Byard Lancaster   1968


      Recorded 1966

      LP: 'Marzette and Company'

  It's Not Up to Us


Byard Lancaster   1974


  Just Test

  Loving Kindness

  Mc Call All

      LP: 'Us'

  'Sweet Evil Miss' Kisianga

      LP: 'Exactement'


      LP: 'Exactement'


  Work and Pray

Byard Lancaster   2005

  Live at the Olympic Cafe

Byard Lancaster   2008

  Blue Train


  Born in 1936 in Germantown, PA, Hammond B-3 organist, Jimmy McGriff had learned to play vibes, drums, sax and double bass by the time he was teenager. He knew organist, Jimmy Smith, as a youth and served as an MP (military police) in the Army in Korea. It was 1956 when he purchased his first Hammond B-3, studied half year, then enrolled at Juilliard in NYC. He later moved to Philadelphia where he played in clubs with his own combos. It was 1961 that Jell Records offered him an opportunity to record 'I've Got a Woman' (Ray Charles) Parts 1 & 2. That was also released by the Sue label in '61. The album, 'I've Got a Woman', ensued the following year, the first of more than sixty to come while touring the globe. Playing in configurations from trios to Count Basie's big band, he eventually settled in Newark, New Jersey, where he opened the Golden Slipper supper club. During the nineties he experimented with the Hammond XB-3, an organ synthesizer with a MIDI interface for digital enhancements. During the new millennium he issued several albums with David Fathead Newman in his group. He died in May 2008 in New Jersey of multiple sclerosis.

Jimmy McGriff   1961

  I've Got a Woman 1 & 2


Jimmy McGriff   1962

  After Hours

      Album: 'I've Got a Woman'

  The Sermon

      Album: 'I've Got a Woman'

Jimmy McGriff   1966


      Album: 'Cherry'

  I Cover the Waterfront

  See See Rider

  Watermelon Man

      Album: 'Cherry'

Jimmy McGriff   1968



      LP: 'I've Got a New Woman'

  I've Got a Woman

      LP: 'I've Got a New Woman'

  The Worm


Jimmy McGriff   1969

  Electric Funk


Jimmy McGriff   1970

  A Thing to Come By


Jimmy McGriff   1971

  Fat Cakes

      LP: 'Soul Sugar'

  Groove Grease


Jimmy McGriff   1972

  Healin' Feeling

      Album: 'Fly Dude'

Jimmy McGriff   1989

  Everyday I Have the Blues

      Filmed live

     Hank Crawford Quartet


      Filmed live

     Hank Crawford Quartet


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jimmy McGriff

Jimmy McGriff

Source: Soul Sides
  Born in 1939 in Bronx, Steve Marcus, began with clarinet as a youth, picking up saxophone at age fifteen. He was a student at Berklee College of Music in 1962 when he was hired by Stan Kenton. Moving onward to Woody Herman, he is thought to have first recorded in 1966 with Gary Burton and Friends on 'Tennessee Fire'. He issued his own LP, 'Tomorrow Never Knows' in 1969. Especially important to Marcus' early career was guitarist, Larry Coryell, his first LP with Coryell released in 1971: 'Barefoot Boy'. In 1975 Marcus moved beyond jazz fusion with a step into the past via the great drummer and bandleader, Buddy Rich, remaining with Rich's orchestra until the latter's death in 1987 when Marcus assumed leadership and renamed the orchestra Buddy's Buddies. Together with touring with that band and other side work, Marcus issued nine albums as a leader. He died in 2005 in New Hope, PA.

Steve Marcus   1966

  Just Like a Woman

      Original omposition: Bob Dylan

      Gary Burton LP: 'Tennessee Firebird'

Steve Marcus   1968

  Mellow Yellow

      Original composition: Donovan Leitch

      LP: 'Tomorrow Never Knows'

  Tomorrow Never Knows/Half a Heart

      LP: 'Tomorrow Never Knows'

Steve Marcus   1970

  Green Line


Steve Marcus   1971

  The Great Escape

      Larry Coryell LP: 'Barefoot Boy'

Steve Marcus   1985

   Channel One Suite

      Filmed in San Francisco

      Buddy Rich Big Band

Steve Marcus   1993


      Album: 'Smile'

   My One and Only Love

      Album: 'Smile'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Marcus

Steve Marcus

Source: Discogs
  Born in 1940 in Detroit, Bennie Maupin performed on sax, flute and bass clarinet. He began his recording career in 1965 with Andrew Hil. 'One for One' wasn't released, however, for another ten years in 1975, he on tracks one through four. His first track to see record shops was with Marion Brown, recording 'Exhibition' for Brown's 'Marion Brown Quartet' in 1966. He would also appear on Brown's 'Afternoon of a Georgia Faun' in 1970. Maupin was meanwhile working with Lee Morgan as well. Maupin emerged on Miles Davis' 'Bitches Brew' in 1970, continuing with Davis in the early seventies as he began working with the younger great trumpeter, Herbie Hancock. Maupin surfaced on Hancock's 'Mwandishi' in 1971 and appeared on eight more until 'VSOP', issued in 1977. Maupin was also with Hancock in the latter's group, the Headhunters, and would later appear on Hancock's 'Dis Is da Drum' ('94) and 'Return of the Headhunters' ('98). During the mid seventies Maupin worked with Eddie Henderson as well, during which period he issued his first LP in 1974: 'The Jewel in the Lotus'. Among others with whom Maupin had worked during his early career were drummer, Roy Haynes, Horace Silver and McCoy Tyner. During the new millennium Maupin released the highly acclaimed LP, 'Early Reflections', with Polish trumpeter, Tomasz Stanko, that his latest issue as of this writing. Maupin has yet been active, however, touring the globe. Per 1977 below, tracks are from Maupin's LP, 'Slow Traffic to the Right'.

Bennie Maupin   1965


      Andrew Hill LP: 'One for One'

      Not issued until 1975

Bennie Maupin   1966


      LP: 'Marion Brown Quartet'

Bennie Maupin   1968


      Filmed with Horace Silver

Bennie Maupin   1974

   The Jewel In the Lotus


Bennie Maupin   1977


  It Remains to Be Seen


Bennie Maupin   1978


      LP: 'Moonscapes'

Bennie Maupin   2006

   Equal Justice

      LP: 'Penumbra'


      LP: 'Penumbra'

Bennie Maupin   2008


      LP: 'Early Reflections'

   Live with Hanka Rybka

      Filmed live

Bennie Maupin   2013

   Amazonas Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Bennie Maupin   2015

   Roma Jazz Festival

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bennie Maupin 

Bennie Maupin

Photo: Mosaic Images

Source: Blue Note
  Born in 1940 in Richmond, Virginia, pianist/keyboardist, Lonnie Liston Smith, can easily be confused with Dr Lonnie Smith, the usually turbaned Hammond B3 organist who began his recording career at roughly the same time. Smith received his bachelor's in music education from Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland. While there a student he began performing with such as Gary Bartz, Micky Bass, Betty Carter and Grachan Moncur III. Upon graduation Smith headed for NYC, gigging with such as Carter and Joe Williams until joining Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers for three gigs at the Village Vanguard, then filling a spot in the band of drummer, Max Roach. Thus far Smith hadn't seen a studio, but in March of '65 he recorded with the Roland Kirk Quartet for the issue of 'Here Comes the Whistleman' that year. Smith recorded multiple albums with Kirk, Pharoah Sanders and Gato Barbieri in the early seventies before forming the Cosmic Echoes to release 'Astral Treveling' in 1973, followed by 'Cosmic Funk' in the next year. Several LPs were issued with Cosmic Echoes until its dissolution in 1985. Smith issued some sixteen more LPs during his career. 1980 saw him at the Montreux Jazz Festival with Marvin Gaye (recorded to release). Smith is one of the few musicians on this page who involved himself with hip hop, recording with Guru in the early nineties, after which he founded his own label, Loveland. Smith last recorded in 1998: 'Transformation'. Into the new millennium compositions by Smith have found their way onto video games such as 'Grand Theft Auto'. Smith has kept busy in the 21st century touring internationally in Europe and Japan, as well as holding workshops. Per 1965 below, more 'Here Comes the Whistleman' under Rahsaan Roland Kirk.

Lonnie Liston Smith   1965

  Step Right Up

      With Roland Kirk

      LP: 'Here Comes the Whistleman'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1969

  Sun in Aquarius

      With Pharoah Sanders

      LP: 'Jewels of Thought'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1971

  Astral Traveling

      Pharoah Sanders LP: 'Thembi'

  El Arriero

      Gato Barbieri LP: 'Fenix'

  Falsa Bahiana

      Gato Barbieri LP: 'Fenix'

  Morning Prayer

      Pharoah Sanders LP: 'Thembi'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1973

  Astral Traveling


Lonnie Liston Smith   1974

  Peaceful Ones

      LP: 'Cosmic Funk'

  Sais (Egypt)

      LP: 'Cosmic Funk'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1975


      LP: 'Expansions'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1977



   Space Lady

      LP: 'Renaissance'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1978

  Floating Through Space

      LP: 'Loveland'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1984


      LP: 'Silhouettes'

  Once Again Love

      LP: 'Silhouettes'


      LP: 'Silhouettes'

Lonnie Liston Smith   1998

  Nubian Nights

      LP: 'Transformation'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Lonnie Liston Smith

Lonnie Liston Smith

Source: All Music
  Born in 1931 in Fort Worth, TX, Dewey Redman was father to saxophonist, Joshua Redman. He went to the same high school as Ornette Coleman and the two played in a band together. He thought he might pursue electrical engineering after high school but that didn't work out, so he studied industrial arts at the Prairie View Agricultural and Mechanical University, accepting his bachelor's in 1953. He'd meanwhile progressed from clarinet to alto sax to tenor. After a couple years in the Army he entered the University of North Texas to receive his master's in education in 1957, minoring in industrial arts. He'd meanwhile begun teaching public school. He took off for San Francisco in 1959 where he freelanced for the next several years, releasing his first album, 'Look for the Black Star', in 1966 as the Dewey Redman Quartet. His professional association with Ornette Coleman began in 1968, appearing on Coleman's LP, 'New York Is Now!' that year. Redman's partnership with Coleman would result in not a few appearances on Coleman LPs into the eighties. In 1970 he surfaced on Charlie Haden's 'Liberation Music Orchestra'. He would also contribute to Haden's 'The Ballad of the Fallen' ('82) and 'Dream Keeper' ('90). After Coleman, Keith Jarrett was easily the most important figure in Redman's career. He recorded 'El Juicio' ('The Judgement') in 1971 with Jarrett for its release in 1975. The latter two of those four sessions yielded 'Birth' in 1971. Redman worked continuously with Jarrett throughout the seventies, joining him on above ten albums. In 1976 Redman formed the quartet, Old and New Dreams, with Don Cherry (trumpet), Ed Blackwell (drums) and Charlie Haden (bass). That configuration wooud release four albums into the latter eighties. 1981 saw Redman at the Woodstock Jazz Festival. He issued more than ten name albums before his death of liver failure in Brooklyn in September 2006.

Dewey Redman   1966

  Look for the Black Star

      Album (1975 reissue)

Dewey Redman   1969


      Album: 'Tarik'

   Paris? Oui!

      Album: 'Tarik'


      Album: 'Tarik'

Dewey Redman   1973

  Berliner Jazztage

      Filmed with Keith Jarrett

Dewey Redman   1973

  Berliner Jazztage


Dewey Redman   1974

  Seeds and Deeds

      Album: 'Coincide'

Dewey Redman   1979

  Lonely Woman

      Album: 'Old and New Dreams'

      With Old and New Dreams

  Need to Be

      Album: 'Musics'

Dewey Redman   1981

  Live in Woodstock

      Filmed with Pat Matheney

Dewey Redman   1982

  Joie de Vivre

      Album: 'The Struggle Continues'

Dewey Redman   1985


      Album: 'Red and Black in Willisau'

Dewey Redman   2002

  The Very Thought of You

      Filmed at the Chivas Jazz Festival


Birth of Modern Jazz: Dewey Redman

Dewey Redman

Source: Roberto's Winds
Birth of Modern Jazz: Dr Lonnie Smith

Dr Lonnie Smith

Source: Hammond Organ
Born in 1942 in Lackawanna, New York, Hammond B3 organist, Dr Lonnie Smith, is easy to confuse with Lonnie Liston Smith in print, they both keyboardists who began their careers about the same time in New York. The Doctor (vs Liston) played only Hammond B3 and began wearing a Sikh turban in '75 or '76. He began referring to himself as Doctor in the latter seventies, though didn't appear on albums as such until the nineties. Smith received his flair for music from his mother, she presenting him gospel, classical and jazz. During the fifties he sang in vocal groups, also receiving his first organ as a gift from one Art Kubera, the owner of a music store. Smith first played professionally in Buffalo at the Pine Grill. He there met guitarist, George Benson, whose quartet he joined, leaving for NYC. Smith and Benson were present in Red Holloway's quintet for sessions in December of 1965 resulting in Holloway's 'Red Soul' released in 1966. Smith also appeared on Benson's albums, 'It's Uptown' and 'Cookbook' in '66. Recording dates for 'It's Uptown' are yet unfound. 'Cookbook' had been recorded on dates between August and October. Smith was in the studio in April of '67 with Benson and Lou Donaldson to record the latter's 'Alligator Boogaloo'. That was between sessions from March to May that came to Smith's debut album release that year: 'Finger Lickin' Good'. A couple more sessions with Donaldson, now with Blue Mitchell, followed before Smith recorded 'Think!' in July of '68. 'Turning Point' and 'Move Your Hand' followed in '69. During the seventies Smith focused on venues in the northeast. Among other awards Smith has been consecutively named Organist/Keyboardist of the Year by the Jazz Journalist Association from 2003 to 2014. Having released about thirty albums, his latest was 'Evolution' in 2016. As for the Sikh turbans Smith wears, there's no religious significance: he simply likes turbans.

Lonnie Smith   1966

  Get It Together

      Red Holloway LP: 'Red Soul'

  It's Uptown

      George Benson LP: 'It's Uptown'

  Movin' On

      Red Holloway LP: 'Red Soul'

Lonnie Smith   1967

  Hola Muneca

      LP: 'Finger Lickin' Good'

Lonnie Smith   1970

  Spinning Wheel

      LP: 'Drives'

  Twenty-Five Miles

      LP: 'Drives'

Lonnie Smith   1971

  Mama Wailer

      LP: 'Mama Wailer'

Lonnie Smith   1975


      LP: 'Afro-Desia'

Lonnie Smith   1977

  Funk Reaction


Lonnie Smith   1978

  Sweet Honey Wine

      LP: 'Gotcha''

Lonnie Smith   1999

  What's New

      Live at the Smoke NYC

Lonnie Smith   2003

  Where It's At

      LP: 'Boogaloo to Beck: A Tribute'

Lonnie Smith   2004

  Live with Lou Donaldson

      Concert filmed in Paris

Lonnie Smith   2007

  Beehive/My Favourite Things

      Filmed live

Lonnie Smith   2008


      Drums: Herlin Riley

      Guitar: Greg Skaff

      Bridgestone Music Festival

      São Paulo

Lonnie Smith   2012

  Dapper Dan

      LP: 'The Healer'

Lonnie Smith   2013

  Iowa City Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

      Drums: Joe Dyson

      Guitar: Jonathan Kreisberg

  Live at the LantarenVenster

      With the Jazzinvaders

      Filmed in Rotterdam, Netherlands

Lonnie Smith   2015

  Charlie Parker Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

      Drums: Johnathan Blake

      Guitar: Jonathan Kreisberg


  Born in 1940 in New York City, Larry Willis studied at the Manhattan School of Music befre signing up with saxophonist, Jackie McLean. It was McLean with whom Willis first emerged on vinyl in 1966 on the album, 'Right Now!', recorded in January of '65. In September the same year Willis and McLean recorded tracks that would be issued on 'Jacknife' in 1975. In November of 1965 Willis laid tracks with trumpeter, Lee Morgan, which would find their way onto Morgan's release of 'Infinity' in 1981. Willis' first of above 20 LPs as a leader was 'A New Kind Of Soul' in 1970. He was performing with Cannonball Adderley in the early seventies when he joined Blood Sweat & Tears for the next seven years. He was afterward a member of the group, Fort Apache. Having appeared as a sideman on more than 300 albums, Willis' own latest release was in 2012: 'This Time the Dream's On Me'.

Larry Willis   1966

   Christel's Time

      Jackie McLean album 'Right Now!'

   Right Now

      Jackie McLean album: 'Right Now!'

Larry Willis   1970

   Someday Soon

      Album: 'A New Kind of Soul'

Larry Willis   1974

   Inner Crisis


Larry Willis   1988

   My Funny Valentine

      Album: 'My Funny Valentine'

Larry Willis   1994

   King Cobra

Larry Willis   1998


      Filmed live at the North Sea Jazz Festival

      Trumpet: Roy Hargrove

Larry Willis   2011

   Catania Jazz

      Solo filmed live

Larry Willis   2013

   You Make Me Feel Brand New

      Filmed live with Hugh Masekela

Larry Willis   2014

   Live with Hugh Masekela

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Larry Willis

Larry Willis

Source: Latin Jazz Corner
Birth of Modern Jazz: Frank Wright 

Frank Wright

Photo: Lona Foote

Source: JJA Jazz House
Born in 1935 in Grenada, MS, tenor saxophonist, Frank Wright, was raised in Memphis, Tennessee. During his late teens he followed his family to Cleveland. Allmusic has Wright playing electric bass in R&B bands until meeting saxophonist, Albert Ayler, in Cleveland, where Ayler resided. Not until the early sixties did Wright take himself to NYC where he would gig with such as Larry Young, Sunny Murray, Noah Howard. John Coltrane and Cecil Taylor. His first recording date is thought to have been in 1965 with his own trio consisting of Henry Grimes (bass) and Tom Price (drums): 'Frank Wright Trio' (ESP 1023) containing 'The Earth', 'Jerry' and 'The Moon'. 'Your Prayer' followed in 1967. (ESP 1053). Alternating periods between the United States and France, together with Wright's own albums he backed other musicians such as AR Penck. He died young in May of 1990 in Germany, having issued above ten LPs, 'Run With the Cowboys' among his latest in 1983.

Frank Wright   1967

   The Lady

      LP: 'Your Prayer'

Frank Wright   1969


      LP: 'One for John'

Frank Wright   1973

   Church Number Nine   Part 2

      LP: 'Church Number Nine'

Frank Wright   1974

   Adieu Little Man   Part I

      LP: 'Adieu Little Man'

Frank Wright   1979

   T and W

      LP: 'Stove Man, Love Is the Word'

Frank Wright   1981

   Live in Moers

   Live in Willisau

Frank Wright   1983

   Run With the Cowboys

Frank Wright   2004

   Oriental Mood

      LP: 'Uhuru Na Umoja'


  Born in 1948 in Chicago, drummer, Thurman Barker began his professional career as a teenager with blues guitarist, Mighty Joe Young. He received his degree from Empire State College in New York, also attending the American Conservatory of Music and Roosevelt University in Chicago. Barker first emerged on vinyl in 1967, backing Joseph Jarman on the album, 'Song For', in letter 1966. He'd joined the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) about that time, leading to sessions with the newly forming Art Ensemble of Chicago in 1967, titles issued in 1993 per 'Early Combinations'. 1967 also found Barker participating in Muhal Richard Abrams' 'Levels and Degrees of Light' with alto saxophonist, Anthony Braxton. That ensemble also included Jarman, Lester Bowie, Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors and Charles Clark. Barker would contribute to several of Abrams' albums to as late as 'Blu Blu Blu' in 1990. He would later join Braxton in Europe in 1978 for what would get issued as 'Creative Orchestra (Koln) 1978' ('95) and 'Orchestra (Paris) 1978' ('11). The next year he joined Braxton in Europe for 'Performance 9/1/79' ('81) and 'Seven Compositions 1978' ('80), the last recorded in Paris in November of 1979. The latter seventies also saw Mitchell's 'L-R-G / The Maze / S II Examples' in 1978. Barker joined Sam Rivers for 'Waves' in August of 1978 in NYC and 'Contrasts' in December of 1979 in Ludwigsburg, Germany. During the eighties he contributed to several albums by Cecil Taylor. Barker didn't release a name album until 'Voyage' in 1987. He started teaching at Bard College in New York in 1993, thereafter focusing on composition, his 'Dialogue' premiering in New York City in 1994. 'The Way I Hear It' was released in 1998, followed by 'Time Factor' ('01), 'Strike Force' ('04) and 'Rediscovered', his latest in 2009. Barker currently yet serves on the faculty at Bard College.

Thurman Barker   1967

  Little Fox Run

      Joseph Jarman album: 'Song For'

      Take unissued until 1991

  Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City

      Joseph Jarman album: 'Song For'

Thurman Barker   1987


      Album: 'Voyage'

  Tenor Tantrum

      Album: 'Voyage'


      Album: 'Voyage'

Thurman Barker   1995

  Live in Frankfurt

      Filmed live with Cecil Taylor

Thurman Barker   1998

  Bird Behavior

      Album: 'The Way I Hear It'

  Kendra's Rising

      Album: 'The Way I Hear It'


      Album: 'The Way I Hear It'

Thurman Barker   2001

  Quality Time

      Album: 'Time Factor'

Thurman Barker   2013

  Live at Brecht Forum

      Solo filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Thurman Barker

Thurman Barker

Source: New Music USA
Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Daniels

Eddie Daniels

Source: Berkeley Agency
Born in 1941 in New York City, Jewish clarinetist, Eddie Daniels, also performed on tenor sax. He was fifteen when he appeared on alto sax at the Newport Jazz Festival in a youth competition. He was also a member of Marshall Brown’s Youth Band as a teenager. Attending Brooklyn College, then Juilliard, Daniels' first recordings were also the first for the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra at the Village Vanguard on February 7, 1966. Those weren't made available until 2000 on 'Opening Night'. An even later edition titled 'All My Yesterdays' includes recordings from March 21 in '66. Recordings by that orchestra in May of '66 at the Vanguard were released as 'Presenting' in 1975. The first to see vinyl were recorded in April 1967 for release that year, titled 'Live at the Village Vanguard'. Howsoever, the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra has been a mainstay or, rather, an institution in jazz that has performed at the Vanguard ever since (also as the Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra, then the Vanguard Jazz Orchestra). Daniels released his first LP, 'First Prize!', in '67 as well. Also a classical musician, Daniels has been involved in third stream (jazz-classical fusion). Among his latest releases was 'Live at the Library of Congress', recorded in February 2010 with third stream pianist, Roger Kellaway. Daniels has issued well above twenty albums as a leader in addition to collaborations with various. He yet tours the United States as of this writing. Per 1966 and 1967 below, Daniels began his career on tenor sax before switching to clarinet nigh exclusively. He is unfeatured as one of five saxophone players ranging from baritone to soprano in the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra. 'Don't Git Sassy' had to be found on another collection than its original LP, 'Live at the Village Vanguard'.

Eddie Daniels   1966

   Once Around

      LP: 'Opening Night'

      Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra

      Not released until 2000

Eddie Daniels   1967

   Don't Git Sassy

      LP: 'Live at the Village Vanguard'

      Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra

Eddie Daniels   1968

   Giant Steps

      LP: 'This is New'

Eddie Daniels   1978


      LP: 'Streetwind'

   I Go to Rio

      LP: 'Streetwind'

Eddie Daniels   1980

   Morning Thunder


Eddie Daniels   1985


      LP: 'Breakhrough'

Eddie Daniels   1987

   East of the Sun

      LP: 'To Bird With Love'

Eddie Daniels   1988

   Concerto No 2 for Clarinet

      West Texas State University Symphonic Band

Eddie Daniels   1989


      LP: 'Blackwood'

Eddie Daniels   1997

   First Gymnopedie

      LP: 'Beatiful Love'

Eddie Daniels   2010

   Donna Lee

      Filmed with Damian Draghici

Eddie Daniels   2011

   This Is All I Have

      Filmed with the WDR Big Band

Eddie Daniels   2012

   Clarinet Concerto

      Filmed with Orchestra Sinfonica G

Eddie Daniels   2013


      Filmed live


  Born in 1937 in Port Arthur, Texas, guitarist, Ted Dunbar, was self-taught with the exception of studying to become a pharmacist at Texas Southern University. He is thought to have first recorded with Gloria Coleman in 1965, not released until 1971 as 'Gloria Coleman Sings and Swings Organ'. (Coleman had played professionally since 1952. Her debut album in 1963, 'Soul Sisters', featured Grant Green on guitar.) In 1967 Dunbar layed tracks with David Fathead Newman on 'House of David'. He also recorded private unknown titles with Gil Evans that year in New York City. Dunbar commenced the seventies with Lou Donaldson on 'Pretty Things' in 1970. Backing all manner of jazz musicians in the seventies, he released the first of only three albums as a leader in 1978: 'Opening Remarks'. He issued 'Secundum Artem' in 1980, the same year he appeared with Kenny Barron on 'In Tandem'. 1982 saw the issue of 'Jazz Guitarist'. Dunbar had a second career in education, beginning to teach at Livingston College Rutgers in 1972. He published the first of several volumes of guitar instruction in 1975: 'A System of Tonal Convergence'. Dunbar was only 61 when he died of stroke in 1998 in New Brunswick, New Jersey. Per 1967 below, 'House of David' is an album by David Fathead Newman. Per 1973, 'Bebop Spoken Here' features Joe Carroll, an early vocalese singer who first came into the spotlight with Dizzy Gillespie between 1949 and '53 ('Jump Did-Le Ba' thought to be his first, recorded in May of '49).

Ted Dunbar   1967

   House Of David

      LP: 'House Of David'

Ted Dunbar   1972


      Filmed with Richard Davis

Ted Dunbar   1973

   Bebop Spoken Here

      Filmed live with Joe Carroll

   Donna Lee

      Filmed live

   Jazz Tribute to Charlie Parker

      Filmed live

Ted Dunbar   1974


      Albert Heath LP: 'Kwanza (The First)'

      Recorded June 1973

Ted Dunbar   1978

   Grand Mal-Petie Mal/Exit

      LP: 'Opening Remarks'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Ted Dunbar

Ted Dunbar

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Joseph Jarman

Joseph Jarman   Circa 1970

Photo: Tom Copi

Source: About Entertainment
Born in 1937 in Pine Bluff, Arkansas, Joseph Jarman began playing drums in high school, picking up clarinet and saxophone upon joining the US Army and playing in an Army band. Upon discharge in 1958 he enrolled at Woodrow Wilson Junior College where he met a number of important early musical associates also attending Wilson at that time: bassist, Malachi Favors, and saxophonists, Anthony Braxton, Roscoe Mitchell and Henry Threadgil. He would soon meet pianist, Muhal Richard Abrams, with whom he, Favors and Mitchell privately played as the Experimental Band. He became a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965. The AACM helped launch many a recording career, including Jarman's, he laying the tracks for 'Song For', in December of 1966. The next year he, Favors and trumpeter, Lester Bowie, joined Mitchell in the formation of the Art Ensemble, releasing 'Numbers 1 & 2' that year. The Art Ensemble would become the Art Ensemble of 1969, issuing seven albums that year alone. That group established a commune in Paris in 1969 to which drummer, Steve McCall, belonged. He and Favors returned to Chicago in the seventies. Jarman remained with the Art Ensemble until 1993, the nineties not wholly inactive, but a drifting period, until his return to the Ensemble in 2003. (A more representative list of tracks by the AEC.) Yet active as of this writing, Jarman has also composed for orchestra and multimedia. Beyond music, Jarman has been a Buddhist some years, having traveled to various monasteries in Eastern Asia. He's currently a Jodo Shinshu priest, holding a fifth degree black belt in Japanese aikido.

Joseph Jarman   1967

  Adam's Rib

      Album: 'Love For'

  Little Fox Run

      Album: 'Love For'

   Non-Cognitive Aspects of the City

      Album: 'Love For'

Joseph Jarman   1973

  Barnyard Scuffle Shuffle

      Album: 'Fanfare For The Warriors'

      Art Ensemble of Chicago

  What's to Say

      Album: 'Fanfare For The Warriors'

      Art Ensemble of Chicago

Joseph Jarman   1977

  The Kitchen Set 2

      With Anthony Braxton & Roscoe Mitchell

Joseph Jarman   1980

  Black Paladins

      Album: 'Black Paladins'

  In Memory of My Seasons

      Album: 'Black Paladins'

Joseph Jarman   1996

  Dear Lord

      Piano: Marilyn Crispell

      Composition: John Coltrane


  Born in 1946 in Brooklyn, Jewish saxophonist, David Liebman, began training in classical piano at seven, moving onward to saxophone at age twelve. Having completed his junior year at New York University Liebman's parents thought it well to add to his education such as only travel to Europe could, gave him a book titled 'Europe on $5 a Day' with a $1000 wad and flew him off to London, twenty years old in a strange land. To make Liebman's own story brief, he did have some phone numbers which by this and that path landed him in Sweden to make his first recordings on Lars (Lasse) Werner's 'Och Hans Vanner' per 1967. Returning to America for his senior year at NYU, he graduated the next with a degree in American History, that accomplished with relief that he could now pursue the jazz that had long since been more his element. He released recordings with both Ten Wheel Drive and Terumasa Hino in 1970, also recording the album, 'Night Scapes', that year with the Carvel Six (which Discogs doesn't have released until 1975). Of major importance to Liebman's career in the early seventies were Elvin Jones and Miles Davis, issuing several albums with both. He recorded and issued 'First Visit' in 1973, followed by 'Lookout Farm' in '74, then 'Drum Ode' and 'Sweet Hands' in '75. He also appeared on 'Father Time' and 'The Year of the Ear' that year. 1977 found him touring internationally with Chick Corea.  Throughout the eighties he recorded with his band, Quest. Also of large significance among Liebman's musical associates was guitarist, Tisziji Munoz. Liebman has issued and appeared on so many albums that one dares not the list without the most dependable rapelling gear, a bit like the bottomless pit that is this page, so we'll forego his list of awards as well. With the exception of his NEA Jazz Master's in 2011. He has also taught music in various distinguished capacities. In 2014 he released his biography, 'What It Is', a conversation with Lewis Porter (whence we find some of the above information). Liebman's latest release per this writing was 'The Puzzle' in 2015, with 'Balladscapes' planned for issue in April 2016. Per 1967 below, 'Vår i Helsingfors' is from the Lars (Lasse) Werner LP: 'Och Hans Vanner'.

David Liebman   1967

  Vår i Helsingfors

David Liebman   1973

  First Visit

      LP: 'First Visit'

  Live with Miles Davis

      Filmed with Pete Cosey (guitar)

David Liebman   1974

  Sam's Float

      LP: 'Lookout Farm'

David Liebman   1975

  Live in Hamburg

      Filmed live

  Loft Dance

      LP: 'Drum Ode'

David Liebman   1980

  What It Is

      LP: 'What It Is'

      Guitar: John Scofield

David Liebman   1988

  All the Things That...

      LP: 'Trio + One'

David Liebman   2005

  Live in Ljubljana

      Concert filmed in Slovenia

David Liebman   2008

  Jazz Baltica 2008

      Filmed concert

David Liebman   2009

  MR. P.C.

      Filmed live

David Liebman   2013

  Live in Paris



Birth of Modern Jazz: Dave Liebman

David Liebman

Source: Bop Shop Records
Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve McCall

Steve McCall

Source: Sooze Blues & Jazz
Born in 1933 in Chicago, among the musicians with whom Steve McCall performed during his early career in the fifties was Lucky Carmichael. Yet in Chicago, he met composer and pianist, Muhal Richard Abrams, in 1961. He and Abrams would be among the founders of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1965. McCall is thought to have first emerged on vinyl in 1967 on 'Song For', an album by Joseph Jarman on which he augments drummer, Thurman Barker. In March of 1968 McCall recorded '3 Compositions of New Jazz' with Anthony Braxton. Of greater significance to his career was Marion Brown, with whom he recorded their first two albums together later that year: 'Le Temps Fou' (soundtrack) and 'Gesprächsfetzen'. In 1970 McCall moved to Amsterdam briefly, returning to Chicago later that year to record 'The Chase' in a trio with Gene Ammons and Dexter Gordon. In 1971 McCall formed the group, Air, with sax player, Henry Threadgill.  Starting with 'Air Song' in 1975, that group released nine more albums before becoming New Air, to release a couple more in the mid eighties. Important from the latter seventies into the eighties were alto sax man, Arthur Blythe, and trumpeter, Ted Curson. Another major figure in McCall's life was David Murray, with whom he released 'Sweet Lovely' in 1980, three more LPs to follow into 1982. McCall died of stoke in 1989. Per below, all tracks from 1976 onward are with McCall's group, Air, unless otherwise noted.

Steve McCall   1967

  Little Fox Run

      Joseph Jarman album: 'Song For'

      Percussion: Thurman Barker & McCall

Steve McCall   1968

  Marion Brown - Bremen

      Album   Live at the Lila Eule

Steve McCall   1976

   Midnight Sun

      Album: 'Air Raid'

Steve McCall   1977

   Live in Moers

Steve McCall   1978


      Cecil McBee album: 'Music From the Source'

   Card Two

      The Jick or Mandrill's Cosmic Ass

      Album: 'Open Air Suit'

Steve McCall   1979

   The Ragtime Dance

      Album: 'Air Lore'

Steve McCall   1980

   Keep Right On Playing

      Album: 'Live Air'

Steve McCall   1981


      Album: 'Air Mail'

Steve McCall   1982

   Class Struggle in Music I

      Amiri Baraka album: 'New Music - New Poetry'


  Born in 1941 in Portland, Oregon, double bassist, Glen Moore began performing as an adolescent in a group called the Young Oregonians. While with that band he performed with saxophonist, Jim Pepper. After studying history and literature at the University of Oregon he became an itinerant student, studying bass with instructors in Portland, Seattle, New York, Copenhagen, Vienna and Hawaii. In 1967 he emerged on saxophonist, Nick Brignola's 'This Is It'. 1969 saw him surface on Jeremy Steig's 'This Is Jeremy Steig'. He was also present on live recordings with Paul Bley and Ann Peacock in 1969 that would appear on 'Revenge' in 1971. In 1970 Moore recorded with Peter Warren's free-jazz double bass quartet with percussion, piano (Chick Corea) and saxophone (John Surman). Those tracks saw light in 1972 on Warren's 'Bass Is'. Moore was with the Paul Winter Consort to record 'Road' for its release in 1970. While with Winter's Consort, Moore worked with guitarist, Ralph Towner, whom he had known since 1960. The pair formed the group, Oregon, with Paul McCandless and Collin Walcott, and would work together throughout their careers. Oregon's first album, 'Our First Record', was recorded in 1970, though not released until 1980. Moore then appeared on Bley's 'The Paul Bley Synthesizer Show' in 1971. Oregon's initial release was 'Music of Another Present Era' in 1972. In latter 1972 Moore and Towner recorded 'Trios / Solos' for issue the next year. Moore would issue nigh ten more albums as a leader or co-leader, but Oregon was his main vehicle, which group would release nigh thirty albums into the new millennium, its latest, 'Family Tree' in 2012. Moore began working with the Mountain Writers Center in 1988, providing bass accompaniment for poets. Moore also backed numerous other musicians and groups through the decades, one among his later collaborations being 'Birdfingers' in 2002 with guitarist, Larry Coryell. Moore yet actively tours and teaches double bass at his studio in Portland.

Glen Moore   1970

  Bass Is

      Album by Peter Warren

Glen Moore   1973

  Raven's Wood

      LP: 'Trios / Solos'

      Guitar: Ralph Towner

  Song for a Friend

      Guitar: Ralph Towner

Glen Moore   1979

  Hawaiian Shuffle/Three Step Dance

      LP: 'Introducing Glen Moore'

Glen Moore   1991

  Useless Landscape/Poinciana

      Vocal: Nancy King

      LP: 'Impending Bloom'

Glen Moore   1993


      Vocal: Nancy King

      LP: 'Cliff Dance'

Glen Moore   1995


      LP: 'Dragonetti's Dream'

Glen Moore   1999


      LP: 'Nude Bass Ascending'

Glen Moore   2011

  Live with Peter Herbert

      Filmed live

Glen Moore   2012

  Bright Moments

      Filmed live   Sax: Rob Scheps


Birth of Modern Jazz: Glen Moore

Glen Moore

Source: Origin Records
Birth of Modern Jazz: Bob Moses

Bob Moses

Source: Te Koki
Born in 1948 in New York City, Ra-Kalam Bob Moses was in the right place to get hired into his first important band in 1964, drumming for Roland Kirk. A couple years later he made his initial claim to fame upon forming the Free Spirits with Larry Coryell . The Free Spirits released 'Out of Sight and Sound' in 1967, often cited as the first jazz fusion album. Both Moses and Coryell left the Free Spirits that year to join Gary Burton 's outfit. Both would appear on Burton 's 1967 'A Genuine Tong Funeral', and two albums to follow: 'Lofty Fake Anagram' and 'Gary Burton Quartet in Concert'. In 1967 Moses began recording his first album, which didn't see release until 2003: 'Love Animal'. He didn't issue an album until 1975: 'Bittersuite in the Ozone'. Important associates during the latter seventies were pianists, Hal Galper and Steve Kuhn. More significant, however, was his relationship with guitarist, Tisziji Munoz, whom he has backed since the eighties to this present time, issuing countless albums together. Having released well above twenty albums as a leader or co-leader, among Moses' latest were 'We Are One' and 'Music from a Parallel Universe', released in 2014.

The Free Spirits   1967

  Out of Sight and Sound

      Guitar: Larry Coryell

Bob Moses   1975


      LP: 'Bittersuite in the Ozone'

Bob Moses   1983

  Happy to Be Here Today

      Vocal: Sheila Jordan

      LP: 'When Elephants Dream of Music'

Bob Moses   1994

  Spiritual Reunion

      Guitar: Tisziji Munoz

      Sax: Dave Liebman

Bob Moses   2003

  The Worms Crawl in Blues

      LP: 'Love Animal'

      Recorded 1967-68

Bob Moses   2008

  Drum Solo

      Filmed live

Bob Moses   2012

  Home in Motion

      LP: 'Home in Motion'

Bob Moses   2013


      Filmed live

  Drum Solo

      Filmed live

Bob Moses   2014

  Live at ShapeShifter Lab

      Filmed with Kari Ikonen

Bob Moses   2015

  Tearing Me Up

      LP: 'Days Gone By'


  Born in 1941 in Salam, Oregon, Jim Pepper was a Kaw-Muskogee American Indian. He was playing sax at age twelve in the Young Oregonians with Glen Moore in Portland. In 1964 he ventured to NYC where he gigged until forming the Free Spirits with Larry Coryell. Issued in 1967 was 'Out of Sight and Sound', often cited as the first jazz fusion album. Pepper then formed Everything Is Everything, recording the album by the same name in 1969. That included 'Witchi Tai To', a Kaw tribe peyote song. Pepper would continue incorporating jazz with American Indian themes. Another version was issued on Pepper's LP, 'Pepper's Pow Wow', in 1971. During the eighties Pepper worked closely with both drummer, Paul Motian, and pianist, Mal Waldron, but died young of lymphoma in February of 1992. He had issued about ten albums during his relatively short career. Three years later he was the subject of Sandra Osawa's documentary, 'Pepper's Pow Wow' ('95). Per 1991 below, Pepper is filmed live with pianist/vocalist, Amina Claudine Myers, at Jazz in Raab.

The Free Spirits   1967

  I'm Gonna Be Free/Early Mornin' Fear

      LP: 'Out of Sight and Sound'

      Guitar: Larry Coryell

Everything Is Everything   1969


      LP: 'Everything Is Everything'

  Witchi Tai To

      LP: 'Everything Is Everything'

Jim Pepper   1971

  Pepper's Pow Wow


Jim Pepper   1983

  Comin' and Goin'

      LP: 'Comin' and Goin''


      LP: 'Comin' and Goin''

Jim Pepper   1989

  Funny Glasses

      Piano: Mal Waldron

Jim Pepper   1991

  Coming and Going

  Straight to You

  Witchi Tai To


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jim Pepper

Jim Pepper

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Melvin Sparks

Melvin Sparks

Source: Discogs
Born in 1946 in Houston, Melvin Sparks took up guitar at age eleven before playing with the doo wop group, the Midnighters, led by Hank Ballard, as a high school student. He dropped out of school and left home to tour with the Upsetters, a road band run by Little Richard, in '63 or '64. That band was found behind R&B figures such as Jackie Wilson, Curtis Mayfield, Marvin Gaye and Sam Cooke. He ended up in NYC in 1966 where King Curtis, Grant Green and George Benson became early associates, leading to joining organist, Brother Jack McDuff, on his first recording session in December of '66. He thus first saw vinyl in 1967 on two of McDuff's albums: 'Do It Now!' and 'Double Barrelled Soul'. That launched Sparks into a career as a sideman that would lead to important engagements with Lou Donaldson and Reuben Wilson. Sparks' debut LP appeared in 1970, 'Sparks!', the initial of seven throughout his career. The first of several albums with saxman, Houston Person, appeared in 1977: 'The Nearness of You'. During the eighties he would work closely with Hank Crawford and Jimmy McGriff. Sparks' final album was was issued in 2005: 'Groove On Up'. He died in March of 2011 at his home in Mount Vernon, New York, only age 64.

Melvin Sparks   1967

  Do It Now

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Do It Now!'

  Snap Back Jack

      Jack McDuff LP: 'Do It Now!'

Melvin Sparks   1970

  Thank You

      LP: 'Sparks!'

Melvin Sparks   1971

  Spark Plug

      LP: 'Spark Plug'

Melvin Sparks   1973

  Gathering Together

      LP: 'Texas Twister'

  Whip! Whop!

      LP: 'Texas Twister'

Melvin Sparks   1975

  If You Want My Love

      LP: 'Melvin Sparks '75'

Melvin Sparks   2002

  Live at the Conduit

      Filmed in Trenton NJ

Melvin Sparks   2004

  Pick Up the Pieces

      LP: 'It Is What It Is'

Melvin Sparks   2005

  Live at the Jewish Mother

      Filmed in Virginia Beach VA

Melvin Sparks   2011

  Live at Theodore's BBQ

      Filmed in Springfield MA

      Drums: Bill Carbone

      Organ: Beau Sasser


Birth of Modern Jazz: James Blood Ulmer

James Blood Ulmer

Source: Colozine Magazin
Born in 1940 in St. Matthews, South Carolina, James Blood Ulmer began playing guitar in jazz groups in Pittsburgh in 1959. In '64 he changed his base of operations to Columbus, Ohio, where he made his first recordings in 1964 with organist, Hank Marr. Those weren't released until 1967 as 'Sounds from the Marr-Ket Place'. It was in 1969 that Ulmer appeared on Big John Patton's 'Accent on the Blues'. Ulmer recorded tracks for an album in 1977, but they weren't released as 'Revealing' until 1990. In December of '78 he recorded 'Tales of Captain Black' for release the next year. In January of 1980 he recorded 'Are You Glad to Be in America?' for release that year. With the exception of a period in the latter nineties Ulmer released about (not exactly) one album per year as a leader. Also in 1980 Ulmer released his first album with the Music Revelation Ensemble: 'No Wave'. That ensemble's seventh album was 'Cross Fire' in 1997. In 1983 he issued 'Odyssey', the first with his trio, Odyssey the Band, populated with drummer, Warren Benbow, and violinist, Charles Burnham. In 1990 he issued 'George Adams'/'James "Blood" Ulmer Quartet'. He and Adams gave that quartet the name, The Phalanx, for the release of three albums together in that capacity. Among Ulmer's latest releases was 'In and Out' in 2009 for In+Out Records. That same year he founded the American Revelation label, releasing CDs via website. He currently has websites at facebook and myspace.

James Blood Ulmer   1967

  Sounds From The Marr-Ket Place

      Album with Hank Marr

James Blood Ulmer   1969

  Don't Let Me Lose This Dream

      John Patton album:

     'Accent On The Blues'

  Rakin' and Scrapin'

      John Patton album:

     'Accent On The Blues'

James Blood Ulmer   1977

  Love Nest

      Album: 'Revealing' Released in 1990


      Album: 'Revealing' Released in 1990

James Blood Ulmer   1979

  Tales of Captain Black


James Blood Ulmer   1980

  Are You Glad To Be In America?

      Album: 'Are You Glad To Be In America?'

  Revelation March

      Album: 'Are You Glad To Be In America?'

James Blood Ulmer   1981

  Free Lancing


James Blood Ulmer   1982

  Black Rock

      Album: 'Black Rock'

  Love Has Two Faces

      Album: 'Black Rock'

James Blood Ulmer   1987

  Song Number One

      Album: 'Original Phalanx'

James Blood Ulmer   1993

  Live in Leverkusen

      Filmed live

  Street Bride

      Filmed live

James Blood Ulmer   1996

  The Elephant

      Album: 'Knights of Power'

James Blood Ulmer   2001

  O Gentle One

      Album: 'Blue Blood'

James Blood Ulmer   2003

  Internationale Jazzwoche

      Filmed live

James Blood Ulmer   2009

  Live in Burghausen

      Filmed live


  Born in 1945 in NYC, Collin Walcott, studied at the Yale School of music, majored in percussion at Indiana University and ethnomusicology at the University of California Los Angeles. He studied sitar under Ravi Shankar and tabla (similar to bongos) with Alla Rakha. He was doing session work in 1967, playing sitar and tabla on 'Lotus Palace' with the Alan Lorber Orchestra that year. In 1968 he performed on sitar on 'Homage To Lord Krishna', a track on Tony Scott's 'Tony Scott'. Walcott is, of course, best known as an original member of the group, Oregon, formed in 1970. In addition to fourteen albums with Oregon, Walcott issued his first of four albums as a leader or co-leader in 1976: 'Cloud Dance'. 'Grazing Dreams' followed the next year. 'Dawn Dance', with Steve Eliovson, arrived in 1981. He was also a founding member of the trio, Codona, with trumpeter, Don Cherry, and percussionist, Naná Vasconcelos. That group issued three albums between 1979 and '83. Unfortunately, Walcott died in an auto crash on the Germany's Autobahn in 1984. More recordings by Walcott under Oregon.

Collin Walcott   1967

  Within You, Without You

      LP: 'Lotus Palace'

      Alan Lorber Orchestra

Collin Walcott   1968

  Homage to Lord Krishna

      LP: 'Tony Scott'

Collin Walcott   1976

  Cloud Dance


Collin Walcott   1977

  Gold Sun

      LP: 'Grazing Dreams'

  Jewel Ornament

      LP: 'Grazing Dreams'

Collin Walcott   1979


      LP: 'Codona'

Collin Walcott   1981


      LP: 'Dawn Dance'


      LP: 'Dawn Dance'

  Woodstock Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Collin Walcott   1983


      LP: 'Codona 3'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Collin Walcott

Collin Walcott

Photo: Collin Walcott Family

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Reuben Wilson

Reuben Wilson

Photo: Mosaic Images

Source: Blue Note
Born in 1935 in Mounds, OK, Hammond B3 organist, Reuben Wilson, was raised in Pasadena, CA. He began to teach himself piano as a teenager, but was a macho sort as well, taking up boxing and even sparring with Floyd Patterson. He appeared in the film, 'Carmen Jones', about that time. At seventeen he moved not far away to Los Angeles where he began singing and playing organ in clubs. In December of '66 he headed to NYC and put together a band called the Wildare Express with drummer, Tommy Derrick, that group releasing its first tracks for Brunswick in 1967: 'Dead End Street'/'Why Do You Treat Me So Bad'. Wildare Express was brief existing, though an album was later released in 1970 titled 'Walk On By'. Wilson's first recordings for the Blue Note label in August of '68 went unissued. His next in October were released as 'On Broadway' that year. His last LP for Blue Note was 'Set Us Free' in 1971, moving onward to the Groove Merchant label. Wilson retired from the music industry during the eighties. Resuming upon a revived interest in his music in the nineties, he toured with rap musician, Guru, in 1995, and began recording again. Into the new millennium, Wilson has worked with Bernard Purdie and Grant Green Jr. (son of Grant Green) in the group, the Godfathers of Groove. Having released about fifteen albums, among his latest was 'Azure Te' in 2009. Currently residing in NYC, Wilson yet tours internationally.

The Wildare Express   1967

  Dead End Street

  Why Am I Treated So Bad

The Wildare Express   1968

  A River's Invitation

Reuben Wilson   1968


      LP: 'On Broadway'

  Ronnie's Bonnie

      LP: 'On Broadway'

Reuben Wilson   1969


      LP: 'Blue Mode'

  Blue Mode

      LP: 'Blue Mode'

  Bus Ride

      LP: 'Blue Mode'

Reuben Wilson   1972

   Inner City Blues

      LP: 'The Sweet Life'

Reuben Wilson   1974

   The Cisco Kid

      LP: 'The Cisco Kid'

Reuben Wilson   1975

   Tight Money

      LP: 'Got to Get Your Own'

   Got to Get Your Own

      LP: 'Got to Get Your Own'

Reuben Wilson   1998

   Orange Peel

      LP: 'Organ Donor'

Reuben Wilson   2005

   Loft Funk

      LP: 'Fun House'


Birth of Modern Jazz: John Abercrombie

John Abercrombie

Photo: Hans Speekenbrink

Source: Moments Musicales
Born in 1944 in Port Chester, New York, John Abercrombie, was raised in Greenwich, Connecticut. Abercrombie began playing guitar at age fourteen, teaching himself via recordings by Chuck Berry and Barney Kessel. He attended the Berklee College of Music in Boston from 1962 to 1966. While there he participated in 'Jazz in the Classroom Vol 10: A Tribute to Charlie Mariano', sheet music for which Berklee has copyrighted by Newport Music in 1966. When those titles got released isn't readily determinable. Abercrombie attended North Texas State University in 1967 before heading to New York City in 1968 to do session work.     Lord's disco has him with Johnny Hammond Smith, on June 18, 1968, for 'Nasty', 1968 thus Abercrombie's earliest identifiable date of issue that isn't estimated. In 1969 he joined a band called Dreams run by Michael and Randy Brecker, appearing on their 1970 release of 'Dreams'. Abercrombie would record with Michael and/or Randy on occasion throughout his career, backing this or that combo. Michael joined Abercrombie on the latter's album, 'Night', in 1984 and 'Getting There' in 1987. His last session with Michael would appear to have been in 2002 for 'Marc Copland And ...'. Abercrombie's first album with Enrico Rava was in 1973: 'Katcharpari'. Several followed to as late as April of 2002 in Denmark for 'Happiness Is...'. In December of 1973 drummer, Jack DeJohnette, had joined Abercrombie in support of Rava's 'Pupa O Crisalide' and 'Quotation Marks'. DeJohnette would become one of the more important of Abercrombie's associates throughout the years. From 'Sorcery' gone down in March of 1974 to 'New Directions in Europe' recorded live in Switzerland in June of '79 Abercrombie backed multiple DeJohnette albums. DeJohnette supported Abercrombie's first LP release in 1974 per 'Timeless'. A decade later he backed Abercrombie's 'Night' in April of '84. Abercrombie and DeJohnette also formed a trio called Gateway with bassist, Dave Holland, resulting in 'Gateway' ('76), 'Gateway 2' ('78), 'Homecoming' ('95) and 'In the Moment' ('96). Lord's disco has Abercrombie and DeJohnette together a last time in NYC in September of 2010 for John Surman's 'Brewster's Rooster'. Holland was himself among Abercrombie's major comrades. Their first mutual session is thought to have been DeJohnette's 'Sorcery' per above in 1974. In February of 1976 they recorded their duo LP, 'Pictures'. They partnered in support of multiple ensembles throughout the years to as late as Charles Lloyd's 'Voice in the Night' in May of 1998. As commented, Abercrombie issued his debut album, 'Timeless', in 1974, that a trio with DeJohnette and Jan Hammer at keyboards. He would lead some thirty-six more LPs of small combos such as trios and quartets to his latest per above in 2017, 'Up and Coming'. Along the way his solo album, 'Characters', arrived in 1977. He issued duos with guitarist, Ralph Towner, bassist and pianist, Don Thompson and pianist, Richie Belrarch. Another important drummer was Peter Erskine, they first recording together in June of 1979 for Bobby Hutcherson's 'Un Poco Loco'. In 1985 they formed a trio with Marc Johnson on bass in Oslo, Norway, for 'Current Events'. October of 1986 saw Abercrombie supporting Erskine's 'Transition' in NYC. They collaborated on multiple projects to as late as 'The Hudson Project' in October of 1998 with Bob Mintzer (tenor sax) and John Patitucci (bass). They continued working together fairly regularly to Chuck Bergeron's 'Cause and Effect' in 2001. Ten years later found them together again in Germany for Vince Mendoza's 'Nights On Earth' in 2011. A third drummer with a strong presence in Abercrombie's career was Adam Nussbaum. Their initial mutual session is thought to have been for Jeff Palmer's 'Laser Wizard' on July 16, 1985, commencing a parallel rail that would last into the late nineties. They partnered in support of numerous ensembles when not fulfilling Abercrombie's projects from 'While We're Young' in 1992 to 'Open Land' in 1998. Occasional sessions in the new millennium were held to the Nuttree Quartet in New Paltz, NY, in September, 2007, for 'Something Sentimental'. Abercrombie had surfaced on his first LP with Kenny Wheeler in 1977: 'Deer Wan'. Several followed to as late as July 2005 for 'It Takes Two'. The seventies had also seen Abercrombie in sessions with such as Gato Barbieri and Gil Evans. Abercrombie began working with a guitar synthesizer in 1984, continuing so through the eighties, a decade which also found him contributing to titles by such as Andy LaVerne and Rudy Linka. He supported pianist, Marc Copland, numerously beginning in June of '88 with the latter's 'My Foolish Heart'. Come the new millennium they began co-leading projects together, such as their trio with Kenny Wheeler in Hilversum, Holland, in October 2000 to result in 'That's for Sure'. Abercrombie and Copland recorded 'Speak to Me' as a duo in Munich in March of 2011. Their most recent of partnerships was Abercrombie's quartet for 'Up and Coming' in 2016, released the next year. Returning to the nineties, Abercrombie kept a blistering schedule that has continued to the present day. Together with touring, he surfaced on LPs by such as Lonnie Smith. Abercrombie, genius of just the touch, just the clue and sometimes the just barely, with a light, often minimal, approach, Abercrombie used understatement toward the greater impression, there heavy stuff unseen behind the but agreeably apparent. A rarified figure in jazz guitar, his compositions are in a dimension with the writer, Jacque Derrida. Abercrombie released 'John Abercrombie Teaches Jazz Guitar Improvisation' on VHS in 1990, an obligatory kind of thing addressing basics for budding guitarists yet without callouses, paradoxical in that Abercrombie surely knew that Abercrombie can't be taught: you either have it, in which case you're unique, or you don't. Abercrombie is to jazz a bit like, say, Max Plank was to physics: not for everybody, yet just so. As the advanced of the advanced of the advanced, nigh defining sensibility the meanwhile, Abercrombie is a good deep read indefinitely at any paragraph, any book and, like the better authors, most is missed the first time through because even his empty spaces are loaded, that in itself curious in that he did so much with challengingly little, alike placing impossibility in his path to accomplish the impossible. Abercrombie is both heady composition and improvisation, the greater immediacy and encompassment of which goes unsuspected in simply good music. Not for the vacuous masses because he should be (an Abercrombie kind of self-wrestling phrase), the greater portion of Abercrombie's presence is invisible, there much more to which to listen than the already heard. Were I a youth with a guitar and ten humble years ahead of myself Abercrombie's are the first discs to which I'd be listening, in anticipation of being ready for that, with some exhausting work in between in not a few areas both in and out of music, a decade later. As of this writing Abercrombie is yet active recording, touring and making the difficult appear easy, having been at ECM Records for well over forty years. He hasn't brought ECM a lot of gold records, but they've otherwise got something not merely much skilled like any great guitarist would be, but enormous altogether. Per 1975 below, Abercrombie is accompanied on 'Timeless' by Jack DeJohnette (drums) and Jan Hammer (keys).

John Abercrombie   1968


      Johnny Hammond Smith LP: 'Nasty'

John Abercrombie   1975

  Red and Orange

      Album: 'Timeless'


      Album: 'Timeless'



John Abercrombie   1976

  Live with Ralph Towner 1/3

      Filmed concert 1976

  Live with Ralph Towner 2/3

      Filmed concert 1976

  Live with Ralph Towner 3/3

      Filmed concert 1976

John Abercrombie   1978


      Album: 'Arcade'

John Abercrombie   1985

  Live at Village Vanguard

      Filmed live

      Bass: Marc Johnson

      Drums: Peter Erskine

      Tenor sax: Michael Brecker

John Abercrombie   2000

  Cat 'n' Mouse


John Abercrombie   2006



      Bass: Eddie Gomez

      Drums: Gene Jackson

John Abercrombie   2011

  Live at the Teatro Comunale

      Filmed in Bologna, Italy

John Abercrombie   2012

  Round Midnight

      Filmed in Koln, Germany

John Abercrombie   2013

  Skopje Jazz Festival

      Filmed concert

John Abercrombie   2014

  Pancevo Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

      Drums: Adam Nussbaum

      Organ: Gary Versace


Birth of Modern Jazz: Anthony Braxton

Anthony Braxton

Source: Akamu
Born in 1945 in Chicago, Anthony Braxton performed on a variety of horns such as sax, as well as piano. He studied at Roosevelt University in Chicago and became a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM). Braxtion is thought to have first recorded in 1967 with Muhal Richard Abrams, two sessions resulting in Abrams' 'Levels and Degrees of Light' the next year. In 1968 two sessions resulted in his first album, '3 Compositions of New Jazz', issued that year. In 1969 he recorded alto saxophone solos for the double-sleeve release of 'For Alto' in 1970. It was 1970 when he joined Chick Corea's group, Circle, recording for the '75 release of 'Circling In' and the '78 issue of 'Circulus'. In 1971 Braxton appeared on Circle's live album 'Paris Concert'. 1981 brought Braxton a Guggenheim Fellowship. 1994 brought him a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship. In 1995 Braxton began a decade of what he called Ghost Trance Music, a manner of composing fashioned after the the ghost dances of the American Plains Indian. In 2013 Braxton was recipient of the Doris Duke Performing Artist Award. The NEA (National Endowment for the Arts) appointed him a Jazz Master in 2014. Beyond music, Braxton's greatest passion was chess. (He'd been a professional hustler in New York City parks in the early seventies.) Having released some 170 albums as a leader, his latest as of this writing was the 2 CD set, 'Ao Vivo Jazz Na Fábrica', in 2016. Braxton is currently Artistic Director of the Tri-Centric Foundation, dedicated to his legacy.

Anthony Braxton   1968

  3 Compositions of New Jazz


Anthony Braxton   1969

  For Alto


  The Light On the Dalta

      Album: 'Anthony Braxton'

Anthony Braxton   1971


      Circle album: 'Paris Concert'

Anthony Braxton   1975

  You Stepped Out Of a Dream

      Album: 'Five Pieces'

Anthony Braxton   1977

  For Trio


Anthony Braxton   1979

  Alto Saxophone Improvisations 1979


Anthony Braxton   1980

  One in Two - Two in One

      Album with Max Roach

Anthony Braxton   1993

  9 Standards (Quartet) 1993


Anthony Braxton   2004

  Three to Get Ready

      Album: '23 Standards (Quartet) 2003'

Anthony Braxton   2005

  Lonnie's Lament

      Album: '20 Standards (Quartet) 2003'

  Take Five

      Album: '20 Standards (Quartet) 2003'

Anthony Braxton   2012

   Live in Venice

      12+1 Tet   Filmed live

Anthony Braxton   2015

   Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed live

   Turin Jazz Festival

      Sonic Genome   Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Randy Brecker

Randy Brecker

Source: Jazz Trumpet Solos
Born in 1945 in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, trumpeter, Randy Brecker, was elder brother to tenor saxophonist, Michael Brecker. Brecker's father was a lawyer who played jazz piano. His mother was a portrait artist. Brecker matriculated into Indiana State University in '63 before heading to NYC in 1966. On December 24th and 25th that year he was recorded live in two broadcast sessions with Clark Terry in Charlie Barnet's big band at Basin Street East. Another broadcast session was recorded on January 1 of '67. Those tapes weren't released until 2006 on 'Charlie Barnet Live at Basin Street East', including a couple tracks from the January show. On February 22, 1967, Brecker joined Larry Coryell in the Free Spirits in NYC for what would get issued in 2011 as 'Live at The Scene'. In latter 1967 Brecker was an original member of Blood Sweat & Tears, emerging on 'Child Is Father to the Man' in 1968. Brecker had also recorded with Duke Pearson in December of '67, 'Introducing Duke Pearson's Big Band' issued in 1968. Brecker had left Blood Sweat & Tears before appearing on the 'Jazz Casual' television program in April of 1968 with the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra. Brecker is thought to have released his first LP in 1969 (1970 per discogs), 'Score', featuring his brother, Michael. Larry Coryell also contributed to that LP. Brecker and Michael formed the band, Dreams, with drummer, Billy Cobham, to release 'Dreams' in 1970 and 'Imagine My Surprise' the next year. Important to Brecker's early career in the seventies were such as Horace Silver, Tod Rundgren and Idris Muhammad. In 1975 he formed the Brecker Brothers with Michael, they to perform together into the nineties with a brief respite in the eighties. In 2003 they toured Japan together. Brecker's last performance with Michael was in 2004 in Europe with the German WDR Big Band, as Michael would fall ill and die in January 2007 of leukemia (MDS). During the new millennium Brecker has toured Europe heavily, receiving his sixth Grammy in 2014 for his 2012 LP, 'Night in Calisia', recorded in Poland. Brecker is yet active as ever. Among the latest of his forty some albums as a leader or co-leader, not counting the Brecker Brothers, was 'Dearborn Station' in 2015 with the DePaul University Jazz Ensemble, recorded in 2014. Like brother Michael who was highly prolific at 515 sessions, Lord's disco credits Randy with 722 of them. Among the host on whose recordings he can be heard are Johnny Hodges, John Tropea, Joe Farrell, Eddie Daniels, Mingus Dynasty, Bob Mintzer, Vince Mendoza, Andy Sheppard, Al Kooper, Tom Scott, Herbie Mann and David Lahm. Per 1970 below, tracks are from the album, 'Dreams', by the joint Michael/Randy Brecker band, Dreams.

Randy Brecker   1969



Dreams   1970

   Holli Be Home

   New York

   Try Me

Randy Brecker   1977


      Album by Jack Wilkins

Randy Brecker   1986


      Album with Eliane Elias

The Brecker Brothers   1992

  Live in Barcelona

      Filmed concert

Randy Brecker   2012

   Blagoevgrad Jazz Panorama

      Filmed live with Ventzislav Blagoev

Randy Brecker   2014

   Live in Tokyo

      Filmed with Ozone Makoto & Mike Stern


Birth of Modern Jazz: Billy Cobham

Billy Cobham   2007

Source: paoenrico
Born in 1944 in Panama, jazz fusion drummer, Billy Cobham, was raised in New York City. Graduating from high school in 1962, he then enlisted in the Army and played in Army bands. Upon release from service Cobham wasted little time forging important important relationships in New York City. His earliest known recording session was in February of 1967 with George Benson, appearing on 'Giblet Gravy' the next year. He thereat formed strong relationships with bassist, Ron Carter, guitarist, Eric Gale, and pianist, Herbie Hancock. Hancock and, especially, Benson, would join Cobham on multiple occasions in the future in support of other bands. Along the way Cobham provided rhythm on Benson's 'White Rabbit' in November, 1971. Lord's disco has their last mutual session in 1974 for 'Naturally' (Nat Adderley), that included on Freddie Hubbard's 'Polar AC' issued in '76. As for Carter, he was to become a figure of major importance throughout Cobham's career. They worked nigh as left and right rail into the latter eighties in support numerous operations, partnering likewise on multiple occasions in the new millennium. Along the way Cobham sided for Carter on seven albums from 'Uptown Conversation' in October of '69 to 'Empire Jazz' in 1980. Carter contributed to Cobham's debut LP, 'Spectrum', in May of 1973. It was Cobham's 'Picture This' in Italy for issue in 1987. The trio, Art of Three, including pianist, Kenny Barron, recorded 'The Art of Three' in Norway and Denmark on January 12 and 13 of 2001. 'Art of Four' went down in Switzerland that year on an unidentified date. It was the Art of Three again for 'Live in Japan 2003'. Lord's disco has Carter and Cobham recording together as late as a trio with alto saxophonist, Donald Harrison, for 'This Is Jazz' in March of 2011. As for Eric Gale, he and Cobham would interweave often into the eighties in support of various groups such as Stanley Turrentine's. Along the way they would both participate in both volumes of 'Montreux Summit' in 1977 in Switzerland. Lord's disco shows their last mutual session in Montreux on July 21, 1982, for Mose Allison's 'Lesson In Living'. We turn back to March of 1968 for three tracks with Horace Silver on the latter's 'Serenade to a Soul Sister' for Blue Note that year. His period with Silver into 1969 included a tour to France for 'Live' in November of '68. With well above 250 sessions to his credit, we skip through '69 a bit to trumpeter, Miles Davis, for 'Big Fun' in November. From Cobham's participation in 'Bitches Brew' on January 20, 1970, to 'Circle in the Round' in November of '79 Cobham contributed to seven of Davis' albums. 'Big Fun' in November of 1968 included guitarist, John McLaughlin, who would also play a major role in Cobham's career. Continuing with Davis together, Cobham would support above ten of McLaughlin's albums with the latter's Mahavishnu Orchestra beginning with 'The Inner Mounting Flame' in August of 1971 to 'Mahavishnu' in Paris in 1984. Cobham and McLaughlin would reunite in 2010 at the 44th Montreux Jazz Festival. The early seventies had also seen recordings for Johnny Hammond Smith and Eumir Deodato before Cobham's first LP as a leader issued in 1973: 'Spectrum'. Joining him on that were Jan Hammer (keyboards) Tommy Bolin (guitar) and Lee Sklar (electric bass). The seventies also saw Cobham on titles for Larry Coryell and Stanley Clarke. During the early eighties Cobham drummed with the Grateful Dead, then formed his quartet, the Glass Menagerie. Cobham was elected into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1987. During the nineties he worked with Peter Gabriel, formed the quartet, Nordic ('Nordic' '96), then the trio, Paradox ('Paradox' '96), with Bill Bickford (guitar) and Wolfgang Schmid (bass). Cobham was a member of the group, Jazz Is Dead, a Dead-jazz fusion group performing Grateful Dead covers. He appeared on Jazz Is Dead's first two albums, 'Blue Light Rain' ('98) and 'Laughing Water' ('99). That group's original members were Alphonso Johnson (bass), Jimmy Herring (guitar) and T Levitz (keyboards). Among the numerous others Cobham had supported during his career were Kenny Burrell, Les McCann and Hubert Laws. With a prolific recording career behind him, Cobham has issued about forty albums as a leader. He released 'Tales from the Skeleton Coast' in 2014. The next year he released the live LP, 'Spectrum 40 Live' and the studio album, 'Reflected Journey'. Cobham has been teaching drums online since 2011 for the ArtistWorks Drum Academy. Per below, Mahavishnu Orchestra also means John McLaughlin. Per 1971 below, 'Jack Johnson' (the boxer) has been reissued a few times as 'A Tribute to Jack Johnson'.

Billy Cobham   1968

   Giblet Gravy

      George Benson LP: 'Giblet Gravy'

   Jungle Juice

      Horace Silver LP:

     'Serenade to a Soul Sister'

Billy Cobham   1970


      Ron Carter LP: 'Uptown Conversation'

Billy Cobham   1971

   Vital Transformation

      LP: 'The Inner Mounting Flame'

      Mahavishnu Orchestra


      Miles Davis LP: 'Jack Johnson'

Billy Cobham   1972

   Mahavishnu Orchestra Live

      Filmed live

Billy Cobham   1973



Billy Cobham   1974



   Live in London

      Filmed live at Rainbow Theatre

Billy Cobham   1976

   Live in Montreux

      Filmed concert

Billy Cobham   1977



Billy Cobham   1981

   Live in Riazzino

      Filmed with Glass Mangerie

Billy Cobham   1982


      LP with Glass Mangerie

Billy Cobham   1983

   Live in Lugano

      Filmed concert

      Bass: Ron Carter

      Piano: Herbie Hancock

Billy Cobham   1984

   Drum Solo: Zildjian Days

      Filmed live

Billy Cobham   2002

   Live in Paris

      Filmed concert

Billy Cobham   2011

   Live at Nancy Jazz Pulsation

      Filmed concert

Billy Cobham   2013

   Drum Solo: Evans Studio

      Filmed live

   Drum Solo: Spectrum 40

      Filmed live

Billy Cobham   2014

   Drum Solo: PASIC

      Filmed live

   Drum Solo

      Filmed at Teatro Gabriele D'Annunzio


  Born in 1945 in Tampa, Florida, smooth jazz master, David Sanborn, began playing alto sax as a youth with polio upon the advice of a doctor. It being 50/50 with doctors, he might have been lucky. As a teenager he jammed with such as Albert King and Little Milton. He attended both Northwestern University and the University of Iowa before heading to San Francisco to there join a friend. He there happened upon another earlier friend, Phillip Wilson, who was playing with Paul Butterfield, which is how he came to record 'The Resurrection of Pigboy Crabshaw' with Butterfield's blues band in December of 1967, released the next month in '68. From that point onward Sanborn became a favored session player, surfacing on countless tracks by all number of musicians. He later toured with Stevie Wonder, appearing on Wonder's 'Talking Book' in 1972. He then worked with the Rolling Stones and toured with David Bowie, appearing on Bowie's 'Young Americans' per 1975. Also significant in the seventies was his work with Gil Evans, first appearing with Evans on 'The Gil Evans Orchestra Plays the Music of Jimi Hendrix' per 1974. Sanborn also issued 'Taking Off' in '65, the first of more than thirty as a leader or co-leader. Sanborn began working in radio and television in the latter eighties. He hosted the 'Night Music' television program for a couple years, starting in '88. He also hosted 'The Jazz Show with David Sanborn' radio program into the nineties. Sanborn also regularly hosted the ABC television special, 'After New Year's Eve'. He's appeared on 'David Letterman' on numerous occasions, both in Paul Shaffer's band and with his own. Having won six Grammy Awards, Sanborn has also scored eight gold albums and one platinum ('Double Vision' 1986), which is how he can afford his favored alto sax, the very expensive Selmer Mark VI wanting $6000. He likes the Vandoren V16 reeds which, at Sanborn's pace, each lasts about a week. Having also composed for films, Sanborn resides in Manhattan and is yet quite active. His latest LP release was 'Time and the River' in 2015. Per 1964 below, both tracks are from 'The Resurrection of Pigboy Crabshaw' by the Paul Butterfield Blues Band.

David Sanborn   1968

  Born Under a Bad Sign

  Pity the Fool

David Sanborn   1975

  Blue Night

      Album: 'Taking Off'


      Album: 'Taking Off'

  Duck Ankles

      Album: 'Taking Off'

David Sanborn   1979



David Sanborn   1986

  Double Vision


  Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed concert

  Love and Happiness

      Filmed at SIR Studios

David Sanborn   1988

  Slam/Rush Hour

      Filmed at Live Under the Sky

David Sanborn   1989

  Live on Night Music

      Trumpet: Miles Davis

David Sanborn   1990

  Chicago Song

      Filmed live at Under the Sky

David Sanborn   1991

  Festival Jazz de Vitoria-Gasteiz

      Filmed concert

      Piano: Kenny Kirkland

David Sanborn   1999

  The Super Session I

      Television broadcast:

      'After New Year's Eve'

  The Super Session II

      Television broadcast:

      'After New Year's Eve'

David Sanborn   2009

  Live at Estival Jazz Lugano

      Filmed concert

David Sanborn   2010

  Live in Burghausen

      Filmed concert

David Sanborn   2013

  Leverkusener Jazztage

      Filmed Concert

  Quartette Humaine


David Sanborn   2015

  A La Verticale

      Album: 'Time and the River'

  Run for Cover

      Filmed at Montreux


Birth of Modern Jazz: David Sanborn

David Sanborn

Source: EJazz News
Birth of Modern Jazz: Wadada Leo Smith

Wadada Leo Smith

Source: MS Writers & Musicians
Born in 1941 in Leland, Mississippi, Wadada Leo Smith began playing trumpet in R&B bands before becoming a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) in 1967. Smith is thought to have first seen vinyl in 1968 on Anthony Braxton's '3 Compositions of New Jazz'. Several more albums with Braxton would ensue as of the next year. Smith founded his own record label, 'Kabell', in 1971.Smith's first issue as a leader was in 1972: 'Creative Music - 1'. During the seventies he studied at Wesleyan University in Connecticut. He also developed Ankhrasmation in the seventies, a system of graphic notation. Becoming a Rastafarian in the eighties, he began using the name, Wadada. He began teaching at the California Institute of the Arts (Calarts) in 1993, remaining there until 2014. Playing multiple instruments, he also taught instrument making. In 1998 Smith released the first of three albums with guitarist, Henry Kaiser. 2002 saw the release of Smith's first album with his Golden Quartet, 'The Elephant'. In 2013 he issued 'Ten Freedom Summers', a four-disc tribute to the Civil Tights movement three decades in the making. That album made him a candidate for the Pulitzer Prize that year. Smith yet performs as of this writing.

Wadada Leo Smith   1968

  3 Compositions of New Jazz

      Anthony Braxton album:

     '3 Compositions of New Jazz'

Wadada Leo Smith   1975

  Creative Improvisation Ensemble

      Album Recorded 1970

  Divine Love


Wadada Leo Smith   1976

  Until the Fire

      Album: 'Kabell Years 1971-1979'

      Released 2004

Wadada Leo Smith   2005

  Live at the Banlieues Bleues Festival

      DVD: 'Freedom Now'   Recorded 2004

Wadada Leo Smith   2009

  Angela Davis

      Album: 'Spiritual Dimensions'

Wadada Leo Smith   2012

  Martin Luther King Jr

      Album: 'Ten Freedom Summers'

Wadada Leo Smith   2013

  A Memorial

      Filmed live

Wadada Leo Smith   2014

  Janus Face

      Album: 'Red Hill'

  Lake Ontario

      Album 'The Great Lakes Suites'

  Rosa Parks

      Filmed live

Wadada Leo Smith   2015

  Live at the Stone

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Score by Smith

Score by Smith

Source: The Wire
Birth of Modern Jazz: Arthur Blythe

Arthur Blythe

Photo: Frank Schindelbeck

Source: Jazz Pages
Born in 1940 in Los Angeles, Arthur Blythe began alto sax at age nine, shifting from R&B to jazz as a teenager. Having lived in San Diego, he returned to Los Angeles at age nineteen where he met pianist, Horace Tapscott. The two became founding members of the Underground Musicians and Artists Association (UGMAA) in 1961, which became the Union of God's Musicians and Artist's Ascension (UGMAA) a few years later. Blythe had first surfaced on vinyl with Tapscott in 1969 on the album, 'The Giant Is Awakened'. Blythe worked with Tapscott until 1974 when he went to New York where he worked with Chico Hamilton from '75 to '77. Blythe contributed to Hamilton's 'Peregrinations' in '75, 'Chico Hamilton and The Players' in '76 and 'Catwalk' in '77. They would reunite in the new millennium for 'Firestorn' ('01). Blythe joined Synthesis sometime in 1976 for 'Sentiments', 'Six By Six' following on August 17 of 1977. The major figure in Bylthe's career in the latter seventies was pianist, arranger and conductor, Gil Evans, with whose orchestra Blythe recorded 'Synthetic Evans' in Warsaw, Poland, on October 23, 1976. Blythe toured with Evans to Europe for sessions in '77 and '78, recording 'Parabola' in Rome on July 29 of 1978. In February of 1980 he supported Evans' 'Live at The Public Theatre' in New York City.     Blythe had recorded his debut album, 'The Grip', on February 26, 1977. Lord's disco has him leading 23 albums to 'Live at Yoshi's' in Oakland, CA, in December of 2003. It was also some time in 1977 that Blythe held his first mutual session with trumpeter, Lester Bowie, that for a couple titles recorded at the Environ Loft in NYC issued on 'Environ Days' in 1991 (discography for 'Environ Days'). The next year in April of '78 Blythe joined Bowie's quintet, the Leaders, for 'The Fifth Power'. Another session with the Leaders in 1986 witnessed 'Mudfoot'. 'Slipping and Sliding' was recorded in Brooklyn in '93 and '94. 1979 saw Blythe touring to Havana, Cuba, with the CBS Jazz All-Stars for both volumes of 'Havana Jam' on March 3 at the Karl Marx Theatre. In 1980 he showed up on McCoy Tyner's 'Quartets 4 X 4'. Eleven years later be joined Tyner on ''44th Street Suite' on May 11, 1991. The year after 'Quartets 4 X 4' Blythe found himself partnering with saxophonist, Chico Freeman, in the McCoy Tyner Quintet at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland in July of 1981 for 'Rotunda', that included on the 1982 album by various, 'The New York Montreux Connection '81'. Freeman and Blythe worked together numerously for the next fifteen years. They were both members of the Leaders and Roots, also backing each other's projects. On February 25, 1989, they co-led 'Luminous'. Blythe participated in Freeman's 'The Unspoken Word' in 1993 and 'Focus' on May 16 of 1994. Freeman assisted Blythe on 'Night Song' in August of '96. Another ensemble to which Blythe belonged was the World Saxophone Quartet, recording 'Metamorphosis' in April of 1990 and 'Breath of Life' in September of 1992. Other than Blythe that quartet consisted of Oliver Lake, David Murray and Hamiet Bluiett. Between those two albums Blythe joined Roots for live sessions in Leverkusen, Germany, in October of 1991 to result in both volumes of 'Salutes the Saxophone'. Joining Blythe on alto sax were tenors Nathan Davis, Chico Freeman and Sam Rivers. That square of saxophones was maintained on 'Stablemates' recorded in Heidelberg, Germany, on December 14 and 15, 1992. Benny Golson replaced Rivers on tenor for 'Saying Something' at Muddy's Club in Weinheim, Germany, on June 14, 1995. Another group to which Blythe got attached was the Music Revelation Ensemble, recording 'In the Name of ...' in December of of 1993 in NYC, that including Rivers. 'Knights of Power' arrived in April of 1995 with Rivers out. The other members of that band on both those sessions were Hamiet Bluiett (baritone sax), James Blood Ulmer (guitar), Amin Ali (electric bass) and Cornell Rochester (drums). Another group was the trio, Another Interface, with John Fischer (piano) and Wilber Morris (bass), recording 'Live at the BIM' at the Bimhuis in Amsterdam, Holland, on October 1, 1996. Blythe also contributed to a couple albums by drummer, Joey Baron, in the latter nineties: 'Down Home' in '97 and 'We'll Soon Find Out' in '99. Blythe's latest studio album release was 'Exhale' in 2003. That was followed per above by 'Live at Yoshi's' in December of 2003. Come a trio in February of 2004 with David Eyges (electric cello) and Abe Speller (drums) for 'Ace'. February 2, 2006, saw Blythe contributing to Gitta Kahle's 'Blue Tide Red'. Per 1979 below, all tracks are from Blythe's album, 'In the Tradition', unless otherwise noted.

Arthur Blythe   1969

  The Giant Is Awakened

      Album by Horace Tapscott

Arthur Blythe   1977

  As Of Yet

      Album: 'The Grip'

Arthur Blythe   1978

  Bush Baby

      Album   Recorded 1977

Arthur Blythe   1979


  Hip Dripper

  In a Sentimental Mood

  Jitterbug Waltz

  Lenox Avenue Breakdown

      Album   Recorded 1978

Arthur Blythe   1980


      Album: 'Illusions'

  Jazzfestival Berlin

      Filmed live

Arthur Blythe   1981

  Live in Montreux

      Filmed live

Arthur Blythe   1983

  Jana's Delight

      Album: 'Reflection'

Arthur Blythe   1989

  Heaven Dance

      Album: 'Unforeseen Blessings'


  Born in 1949 in Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, Michael Brecker, was younger brother to trumpter, Randy Brecker. Like many saxophonists, Brecker began with clarinet, assumed alto as he matured, then found tenor to be his fit. He was yet a high school student when he was recorded at the Summer Big Band Camp on something titled 'Ramblerry School '66'. No notion what's become of that. Graduating from high school in 1967, Brecker attended Indiana State University for a year before popping up in New York City where he rapidly began earning good money as a session musician. In 1968 he backed Randy, and was also featured, on the latter's 1969 debut LP, 'Score', thereafter to became one of the more prolific recording artists in jazz, having appeared on more than 700 albums during his career (we've read 900 somewhere). Brecker formed the brief-lived band, Dreams, with Randy and drummer, Billy Cobham in '70. Cobham was an important figure early in Michael's career, as would be his brother, Randy, throughout. Michael and Randy formed the Brecker Brothers in 1975, a group that would be their main engine into the eighties, reuniting in the nineties and 21st century as well. Brecker would form Steps in 1979, becoming Steps Ahead in '82 upon discovery that another band already owned the Steps name. Brecker's debut LP, 'Cityscape', was issued in 1982. I dread to say that partial listings of Brecker's recordings are alone so intimidating that unusual courage is requisite to look upon them. Only I dare to give a meager account of the roster of musicians Brecker has backed with saxophone in the manner that I do here: Hal Gulper, James Brown, James Taylor, Art Garfunke, Paul Simon, Carly Simon, Jun Fukumachi, Bob James, Chaka Khan, Yoko Ono, John Patitucci, Frank Zappa, Al Foster, The Manhattan Transfer, John Tropea, Joe Farrell, Alphonse Mouzon, Members Only, Jim Beard, Jason Miles, McCoy Tyner, Sports Music Assemble People (SMAP), Kazumi Watanabe and Michael Franks, not to mention work on several soundtracks. Into the new millennium Brecker was struck with MDS, giving his final performance at Carnegie Hall in June of 2006. He died of leukemia in January the next year in New York City. His final of above ten albums, 'Pilgrimage', was issued the next May. Brecker had brought home 15 Grammy awards, was recipient of an honorary doctorate from the Berklee College of Music in 2004 and was posthumously inducted into 'Down Beat' magazine's Jazz Hall of Fame in 2007. His saxophone was the Selmer Mark VI.

Michael Brecker   1969


      Album by Randy Brecker

Dreams   1970

  Dream Suite

      LP: 'Dreams'

Dreams   1971

  Imagine My Surprise

      LP: 'Imagine My Surprise'

Michael Brecker   1977

  Live at Village Vanguard

      Filmed with the Hal Galper Quintet

Michael Brecker   1983

  Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed with Steps Ahead

Michael Brecker   1989

  Live in Lund

      Filmed concert

The Brecker Brothers   1992

  Live in Barcelona

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   1998

  Live in Leverkusen

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   2001

  AVO Session Basel

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   2003

  Live at the Blue Note

      Filmed with Chick Corea

Michael Brecker   2004

  Live at the Blue Note Tokyo

      Filmed concert

Michael Brecker   2007




Birth of Modern Jazz: Michael Brecker 

Michael Brecker

Photo: Enid Farber

Source: Michael Brecker Live Recordings
Birth of Modern Jazz: Paul McCandless

Paul Candless

Source: Joseph Noise
Born in 1947 in Indiana, PA, Paul McCandless, played woodwinds from oboe and clarinet to sax and flute. He began his career performing on English horn with the Paul Winter Consort, emerging on Winter's 'Something In the Wind' in 1969. Winter would remain a major figure throughout McCandless' career. McCandless is known, however, as a founding member of the group, Oregon, in 1970, which has remained largely intact to this day (but for the loss of Collin Walcott in 1984 by auto accident in Germany). In 1979 McCandless released the first of several LPs as a leader: 'All the Mornings Bring'. In addition to Oregon, McCandless has backed a number of others during his career, perhaps most significantly, the banjo virtuoso, Bela Fleck, with whom he worked from the latter nineties into the new millennium. McCandless has won three Grammy awards, one in association with Bela Fleck in 1997, two more in 2007 and 2011 for work with Paul Winter. McCandless remains active with Oregon as of this writing.

Paul McCandless   1969

  Cantata 127

      Paul Winter LP: 'Something In the Wind'

Paul McCandless   1979


      LP: 'All the Mornings Bring'

Paul McCandless   1990

  Song Without Words

Paul McCandless   1992


      LP: 'Premonition'


      LP: 'Premonition'

  Two Moons

      LP: 'Premonition'

Paul McCandless   2007


      Filmed with Antonio Calogero

Paul McCandless   2008

  Virgil's Brown Box

      Filmed with Art Lande

Paul McCandless   2011

  Scala Nobile

      Filmed in Italy

Paul McCandless   2015


      Filmed in Revensburg, Germany

      Drums: Roberto Dani

      Guitar: Samo Salamon


      Filmed with the SWR Big Band


Birth of Modern Jazz: Leon Spencer

Leon Spencer

Source: Soul Unlimited
Born in 1945 in Houston, pianist/organist, Leon Spencer, pursued but a brief career of several years before becoming obscure. He's an apt illustration, however, of soul jazz and acid (funk) jazz in the early seventies. He is thought to have surfaced on vinyl for the first time in 1969 on Wilbert Longmire's 'Revolution', that recorded in Hollywood at Liberty Studios for World Pacific. Though Spencer's career was short he appeared on numerous albums by Lou Donaldson, Melvin Sparks and Sonny Stitt. Spencer issued a total of four albums as a leader: 'Sneak Preview!' ('71), 'Louisiana Slim' ('71), 'Bad Walking Woman' ('72) and 'Where I'm Coming From' ('73). His last recordings are thought to been released on Wilbert Longmire's 'This Side of Heaven' in 1976 before disappearing into obscurity. He did bob up years later on several tracks (1, 4, 7-9) of Karl Denson's 'Dance Lesson #2' in 2001, only to undertow again until his death in March of 2012.

Leon Spencer   1969

  Scarborough Fair/Canticle

      Wilbert Longmire LP: 'Revolution'

Leon Spencer   1971

  Louisiana Slim


  The Slide

      LP: 'Sneak Preview'

  Sneak Preview

      LP: 'Sneak Preview'

Leon Spencer   1972

  Bad Walking Woman


Leon Spencer   1973


      LP: 'Where I'm Coming From'

  Where I'm Coming From

      LP: 'Where I'm Coming From'

Leon Spencer   1976

  This Side of Heaven

      Wilbert Longmire LP: 'This Side of Heaven'

Leon Spencer   2001

  I Want the Funk

      Karl Denson LP: 'Dance Lesson #2'


  Steve Grossman was born in New York City, in 1951. Foregoing clarinet, he was big enough for alto at age eight, went soprano at fifteen, then tenor the next year. He was only eighteen when Miles Davis picked him up to record his first tracks in November of 1969, those to be found on the later Davis releases of 'Big Fun' ('74) and 'The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions' ('98). Needless to say, young Grossman did some serious honing with Davis, appearing on the latter's 'Live at Fillmore East' in 1970, recorded in June. He emerged on several other Davis albums in the early seventies, including a live engagement at Fillmore West in April 1970, issued in 1973 as 'Black Beauty'. Also huge in Grossman's earliest days as a pro was drummer, Elvin Jones. His first two of several LPs with Jones were issued in 1972: 'Merry-Go-Round' and 'Mr. Jones'. It was time to focus on his own album in 1973, releasing 'Some Shapes to Come' the next year. He helped form the group, Stone Alliance, in the latter seventies and would appear on six of that ensemble's albums. He has since released above twenty albums as a leader or co-leader, among his latest being 'Lagos Blues' in 2010.

Steve Grossman   1969

  The Big Green Serpent

      Not released until 1998

      Miles Davis: 'The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions'


      Not released until 1998

      Miles Davis: 'The Complete Bitches Brew Sessions'

  Great Expectations

      Not released until 1974

      Miles Davis LP: 'Big Fun'

Steve Grossman   1970

  Wednesday Miles

      Miles Davis: 'Live at Fillmore East'


      Miles Davis: 'Live at Fillmore East'

Steve Grossman   1973

  Bright Piece

      Filmed with Elvin Jones

  The Children/Merry-Go-Round

      Filmed with Elvin Jones


      Miles Davis LP: 'Black Beauty'

      Live at Fillmore West

  Willie Nelson

      Miles Davis LP: 'Black Beauty'

      Live at Fillmore West

Steve Grossman   1974

  Some Shapes to Come


Steve Grossman   1975

  Recorder Me

      Bass: Tsutomu Okada

      Drums: Motohiko Hino

      Guitar: Kazumi Watanabe

Steve Grossman   1976


      Filmed with Stone Alliance

      Bass: Gene Perla

      Congas: Don Alias


      LP: 'Terra Firma'

Steve Grossman   1988

  There Will Never Be Another You

      Live with Sal Nistico

Steve Grossman   1999

  Inner Circle

      LP: 'With Michael Petrucciani'

Steve Grossman   2012

  I Hear a Rhapsody

      Filmed with the Salvatore Tranchini Trio

Steve Grossman   2013

  Jam #204

      Filmed at the Hat Bar


Birth of Modern Jazz: Steve Grossman

Steve Grossman   2008

Source: All About Jazz
  Alphonse Mouzon is but barely beyond the range of this page, being jazz musicians who issued before 1970. But he was an important jazz fusion drummer and did record in the sixties. Born in 1948 in Charleston, South Carolina, Mouzon studied both drama at the City College of New York and medicine at the Manhattan Medical School. He also received instruction from Bobby Thomas, drummer for Billy Taylor. While yet a student he worked professionally on Broadway in 1968 as a percussionist in the musical, 'Promises, Promises'. He was working at a hospital when he was able to quit his day job and invest full focus on music. It was about that time that he recorded 'Thoroughbred' and 'Blues In Orbit' with Gil Evans, released in 1971 on 'Blues In Orbit'. (Drummer on the remainder of that album was Elvin Jones on tracks recorded in 1971). In 1970 Mouzon was found on the release of Evans' eponymously titled 'Gil Evans'. Major figures with whom he worked in the early seventies as his career came together were McCoy Tyner and Larry Coryell. In 1973 Mouzin issued his firs album, 'The Essence of Mystery'. He would work with Herbie Hancock from the latter seventies into the early eighties. Mouzon founded Tenacious Records in 1992, on which he released 'The Survivor' and numerous afterward. Among releases in the 21st century was 'Prayer For My Ancestors' in 2008. Currently living in Los Angeles, Mouzon has recently worked with the group, El Chicano.

Alphonse Mouzon   1971

  Blues In Orbit

      Recorded 1969

      Gil Evans LP: 'Blues In Orbit'

  Live in NYC

      Television broadcast

      Piano: McCoy Tyner


      Recorded 1969

      Gil Evans LP: 'Blues In Orbit'

Alphonse Mouzon   1974

  Fusion Jam

      Not released until 1999

      Guitar: Tommy Bolin

Alphonse Mouzon   1975

  Ascorbic Acid

      LP: 'Mind Transplant'

  Golden Rainbows

      LP: 'Mind Transplant'

Alphonse Mouzon   1976

  Drum Solo

      Filmed live

      Bass: Jaco Pastorius

      Trombone: Albert Mangelsdorff

  Master Funk

      Filmed live

      Jazz Zur Nacht


      Filmed live

      Jazz Zur Nacht

  Trio Song

      Filmed live

      Bass: Jaco Pastorius

      Trombone: Albert Mangelsdorff

Alphonse Mouzon   1979

  I Want To Hold Your Hand

      LP: 'Baby Come Back'

Alphonse Mouzon   2015

  Misty Mountain Hop

      Filmed at Bonzo Bash


Birth of Modern Jazz: Alphonse Mouzon

Alphonse Mouzon

Source: Valvulado
Birth of Modern Jazz: Ralph Towner

Ralph Towner

Source: Inner Views
Ralph Towner was born in Chehalis, Washington, in 1940. Though he played multiple instruments he is best known as a guitarist. Towner was tapping piano keys at three and blowing trumpet at five. He was a student at the University of Oregon with future partner, Glen Moore, in 1960. Like Moore, he studied abroad in Vienna, classical composition. With Moore he was recorded with the Paul Winter Consort at locations in California and New York for Winters 1970 Release of 'Road'. By that time Towner and Moore had put together the group, Oregon, with Paul McCandless and Collin Walcott. That group recorded tracks for its first LP in 1970, but before its pressing Increase Records went bankrupt. Those recordings didn't see light until 1980 on 'Our First Record'. Oregon's first LP to see record shelves was 'Music of Another Present Era' in 1972, the same year he and Moore released 'Trios / Solos'. Like Moore, McCandless and Walcott, Towner's story is mucho Oregon: he, Moore and McCandless yet the core of that group nigh thirty albums later as of this writing (2015). Towner also had a full recording career as a leader apart from Oregon. His 1974 album, 'Diary', was not only without Moore but everyone else, as he performed on all instruments himself (guitars, piano, gong). A few of Towner's more important collaborations have been with Gary Burton, John Abercrombie and Gary Peacock. Of especial mention in biographies is his appearance on Weather Report's 'I Sing the Body Electric' in 1972. Having released above 30 LPs as a leader or co-leader (not counting Oregon), Towner's latest was 'Travel Guide' in 2013 with Slava Grigoryan and Wolfgang Muthspiel. Towner is yet active, his base of operations in Rome, Italy.

Ralph Towner   1973

  Raven's Wood

      LP: 'Trios / Solos'

      Bass: Glen Moore

  Song for a Friend

      Bass: Glen Moore

Ralph Towner   1975


      LP: 'Solstice'

Ralph Towner   1979

  New Moon

      LP: 'Old Friends, New Friends'

Ralph Towner   1982


      Guitar: John Abercrombie

Ralph Towner   1996

   Green & Golden

      LP: 'Ana'

Ralph Towner   2001



Ralph Towner   2005


      Filmed live   Guitars:

      Wolfgang Muthspiel & Slava Grigoryan

Ralph Towner   2007?

   Catching Up

      Television broadcast

Ralph Towner   2011

   Live in Sardinia

      Filmed live

      Trumpet/Flugelhorn: Paolo Fresu

Ralph Towner   2012

   Stompin' at the Savoy

      Filmed in Banchette, Turin


  Grover Washington Jr was born in 1943 in Buffalo, New York. His mother sang in a church choir. His father played sax and gave Washington his first at age eight. He began playing professionally with a couple bands in Ohio before getting drafted into the Army. Upon termination of duty Washington headed for NYC, then Philadelphia per 1967. He began working sessions for CTI, then Prestige, in 1970. Sessions data is yet unfound, thus his earliest tracks, but he surfaced on pianist, Leon Spencer's, 'Sneak Preview' that year. The next year found him on Spencer's 'Louisiana Slim' and albums by the Charles Earland Sextet ('Living Black!'), the Boogaloo Joe Jones Quintet ('No Way!' and 'What It Is'), Johnny Hammond Smith ('What's Going On' and 'Breakout') and Melvin Spark's 'Spark Plug'. Washington released his first record as a leader in 1971, a 7" 45: 'Inner City Blues' bw 'Wholy Holy'. His initial albums as a leader were issued in 1972: 'Inner City Blues' and 'All the King's Horses'. Among his more important associates was guitar player, Eric Gale, with whom he often performed since 'Inner City Blues'. Washington died prematurely at age 56 in NYC of heart attack on December 17 of 1999 between sets of a show he was doing for CBS, 'The Saturday Early Show'. His last performance only moments before his death is below. Washington's favored saxophones were the expensive black nickel-plated Keilworths. He had issued above thirty albums as leader and co-leader.

Grover Washington   1970

   Message From The Meters

      Leon Spencer LP: 'Sneak Preview'

  The Slide

      Leon Spencer LP: 'Sneak Preview'

Grover Washington   1971

   Georgia On My Mind

      LP: 'Inner City Blues'

   Inner City Blues

      LP: 'Inner City Blues'

Grover Washington   1975

   Mister Magic

      LP: 'Mister Magic'

Grover Washington   1979

   Tell Me About It Now

      LP: 'Paradise'

Grover Washington   1980



Grover Washington   1981

   Live at the Schubert Theatre

      Concert filmed in Philadelphia PA

Grover Washington   1999

   Tony Williams Scholarship Festival

      Filmed with Fathead Newman

   The Saturday Early Show

      Final performance day of death


Birth of Modern Jazz: Grover Washington

Grover Washington Jr

Source: Mr. Philly
Birth of Modern Jazz: Lenny White

Lenny White

Source: WCSU FM
Lenny White was a jazz fusion drummer born in 1949 in NYC. Self-taught, he is thought to have begun his career at age nineteen with, already, Jackie McLean. With that to recommend him, White would spend the rest of his career backing commanding musicians. In November 1969 he recorded 'Passing Ships' with Andrew Hill. That wasn't issued, however, until 2003. In 1970 he surfaced on three albums, again with remarkable musicians: 'If You're Not Part of the Solution' by Joe Henderson, 'Red Clay' by Freddie Hubbard and 'Bitches Brew' by Miles Davis. In 1972 he became a member of Azteca, then joined Chick Corea's Return To Forever in time to record that group's third album, 'Hymn of the Seventh Galaxy'. Such as Stanley Clarke and Al Di Meola would also figure in the seventies. In 1975 White released his LP, 'Venusian Summer'. He would issue above twenty more as a leader or co-leader. His latest as a leader was 'Anomaly' in 2010. White is yet active, touring the United States per this writing.

Lenny White   1969

  The Little Blue Frog (alt)

      LP: 'Complete Bitches Brew Sessions'

      Not released until 1998

  Passing Ships

      Andrew Hill LP: 'Passing Ships'

      Not released until 2003

Lenny White   1970

  'If You're Not Part of the Solution'

      'At The Lighthouse'

  Red Clay

      LP by Freddie Hubbard

  So What

      With Steve Grossman

Lenny White   1975

  Drum Solo

      Date unconfirmed   Filmed live

  Venusian Summer


Lenny White   1978

  The Adventures of Astral Pirates


Lenny White   1979

  Tropical Night

      LP with Twennynine: 'Best of Friends'

Lenny White   1995

  Who Do You Love

      With Chaka Khan

      LP: 'Present Tense'

Lenny White   2008

  Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed in San Sebastian, Spain

      Guitars: Stanley Clarke & Al Di Meola

      Keyboards: Chick Corea

  Montreal Drumfest

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Stanley Clarke

Stanley Clarke

Source: World Cafe Live
Unique bass guitarist, Stanley Clarke, is bit beyond the scope of this page concerning jazz musicians who surfaced on vinyl in the sixties. But he was a major bass guitarist whose virtuosity requires inclusion with other musicians of the period. Clarke was a composer who performed on acoustic and electric upright bass and bass guitar. He was born in Philadelphia in 1951. Graduating from the Philadelphia Musical Academy in 1971, he headed directly to the hotbed of jazz that was New York City and wasted little time making himself indispensable. He soon found himself on Curtis Fuller's 'Crankin' recorded in July of '71. Lenny White played drums on that, to become one of the more important percussionists in Clarke's career, both backing other enterprises, like Chick Corea's Return to Forever (RTF), and each other. White drummed on Clarke's debut album, 'Children of Forever', in December of 1972. Clarke contributed bass to 'Dark' on White's 'Present Tense' in 1995 and 'Ho - Cake' on 'Renderors of Spirit' in 1996. Among other collaborations over the years was 'Jazz in the Garden' in 2014 with the Stanley Clarke Trio including pianist, Hiromi Uehara. Lord's disco has Clark and White together as late as 'Beka Gochiashvili' in 2012. Returning to 1971, Gato Barbieri's 'Under Fire' also went down that year on an unknown date. That included Airto Moreira, another of the more important percussionists in Clarke's career, interweaving on multiple occasions into the latter seventies in support of other enterprises like Barbieri's or Chick Corea's. Along the way Clarke contributed to Moreira's 'Virgin Land' in February of 1974. Clarke's 'Stanley Clark' went down on an unknown date that year as well. October of 1977 found them supporting Dee Dee Bridgewater's 'Just Family'. Lord's disco has their next and last mutual sessions in 1987 for Billy Shields' 'Shieldstone' and Dianne Reeves' 'Dianne Reeves'. We slip back to 1971 for sessions with Joe Henderson in May, Luis Gasca in August and Pharoah Sanders in November for 'Black Unity'. He then hooked up with pianist, Chick Corea, joining the latter's group, Return to Forever (RTF), to record 'Return to Forever' in February of 1972. Clarke would remain with RTF through six more albums into 1977, but would reunite with Corea in the eighties and the new millennium. The RTF was resurrected in the new millennium as well: 'Returns' ('09), 'Forever' ('11) and 'The Mothership Returns' ('12). Corea had supported Clarke's debut album, 'Children of Forever', in December of 1972. Above forty years later Corea contributed piano to Clarke's 'Up' in 2014. Among the numerous others Clarke supported were saxophonist, Stan Getz, Indian violinist, Lakshminarayana Subramaniam, and saxophonist, Doug Webb. Clarke himself would issue more than forty albums, also responsible for more than sixty television and film scores, starting with 'Pee Wee’s Playhouse' in the mid eighties. Films would include such as 'Boyz ‘N the Hood' in 1991. Clarke had also worked much as a producer over the years introducing new talent to jazz audiences. Having won numerous honors, including four Grammy awards, among Clarke's latest issues was 'D-Stringz' in 2016, gone down in Brussels, Belgium, in August of 2014 with Bireli Lagrene at guitar and Jean-Luc Ponty on violin. As of this writing Lord's disco has him recording as late as pan flautist, Damian Draghici's, 'The American Dream' released in 2016. Clarke's preferred electric bass was the handmade Alembic.

Stanley Clarke   1971

  Black Unity

      LP by Pharoah Sanders


      Curtis Fuller LP: 'Crankin'

Stanley Clarke   1972

  Return to Forever

      LP by Chick Corea

Stanley Clarke   1973

  Children Of Forever


Stanley Clarke   1974

  Lopsy Lu

      LP: 'Stanley Clarke'

Stanley Clarke   1975

  Journey to Love


Stanley Clarke   1976

  School Days


Stanley Clarke   1977

  Quiet Afternoon

      Filmed at Montreux

Stanley Clarke   1979

  Live in San Francisco

      Filmed live

  I Wanna Play for You

      Live LP

Stanley Clarke   1993

  East River Drive


Stanley Clarke   1995

  The Rite of Strings

      LP with Al Di Meola & Jean-Luc Ponty

Stanley Clarke   2002

  Night School

      Filmed live

Stanley Clarke   2003

  Newport Jazz Festival

      Filmed live

Stanley Clarke   2006

  North Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed with Jeff Beck

Stanley Clarke   2009

  SMV Concert

      Filmed Marcus Miller & Victor Wooten

  SMV Concert

      Filmed Marcus Miller & Victor Wooten

Stanley Clarke   2010

  Heineken Jazzaldia

      Filmed live

Stanley Clarke   2015

  North Sea Jazz Festival

      Filmed live


  Eddie Henderson is beyond the scope of this page concerning jazz musicians who issued before 1970. But he was a major trumpet talent, he's just a hop across the fence and I don't see any 'No Trespassing' signs. Born in 1940 in New York City. His mother was a dancer at the Cotton Club. His father died when he was nine, his mother to remarry a  doctor who took them to San Francisco in 1954. Henderson had begun trumpet at age nine. His mother had known Louis Armstrong and Miles Davis, Henderson as well, the latter's influence apparent in tracks below. Henderson attended the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, after which he joined the San Francisco Conservatory Symphony Orchestra. After three years in the Air Force Henderson received his bachelor's in zoology from the University of California Berkeley. His doctorate in medicine followed in 1968 from Howard University in Washington DC, after which he spent a residency in psychiatry. He would practice medicine together with his musical career until the latter eighties. Henderson was serving an internship in San Francisco when he recorded 'Mwandishi' with Herbie Hancock in 1970, issued the next year. He issued his debut LP as a leader in 1973: 'Realization'. Having released well above twenty albums as a leader, he's also recorded with an impressive roster. One such was saxman Pharoah Sanders, with whom he recorded 'Journey to the One', issued in 1980. Another was saxophonist, Billy Harper, with whom he finished the eighties and rolled into the nineties. Henderson's last studio endeavor was 'For All We Know' in 2010. He yet performs in clubs as of this writing.

Eddie Henderson   1971


      LP by Herbie Hancock

Eddie Henderson   1973


      LP: 'Realization'

  Scorpio Libra

      LP: 'Realization'

Eddie Henderson   1975


      LP: 'Sunburst'

  Scorpio Libra

      LP: 'Sunburst'

  Scorpio Libra

      LP: 'Sunburst'

Eddie Henderson   1977

  Beyond Forever

      LP: 'Comin' Through'

  Movin' On

      LP: 'Comin' Through'

Eddie Henderson   1978


      LP: 'Mahal'

  Prance On

      LP: 'Mahal'

Eddie Henderson   1994

  I Remember Clifford

      LP: 'Manhattan In Blue'

  On Green Dolphin Street

      LP: 'Manhattan In Blue'

Eddie Henderson   2013


      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Eddie Henderson

Eddie Henderson

Source: Songkick
  Bobbi Humphrey was born Barbara Ann Humphrey in Marlin, Texas, in 1950, raised in Dallas (a city to avoid as fundamental in a big truck). Humphrey was playing flute by high school and continued studies at a couple universities in Texas. She was noticed by Dizzy Gillespie who was passing through town and secured her an engagement at the Apollo Theatre in NYC. She issued her first album in 1971: 'Flute-In'. Humphrey founded Paradise Sounds Records in 1994, she releasing her twelfth and, apparently, last album that year: 'Passion Flute'. She has performed largely in New York in the 21st century. Per 1971 below, Billy Harper is on sax.

Bobbi Humphrey   1971



Bobbi Humphrey   1973

   Blacks and Blues


Bobbi Humphrey   1974

   New York Times

      LP: 'Satin Doll'

Bobbi Humphrey   1975

   Mestizo Eyes

      LP: 'Fancy Dancer'

   Una Esta

      LP: 'Fancy Dancer'

Bobbi Humphrey   1977

   Lover To Lover

      LP: 'Tailor Made'

Bobbi Humphrey   1979

   The Good Life

      LP: 'The Good Life'

Bobbi Humphrey   2012

   Mr. Magic

      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Bobbi Humphrey

Bobbi Humphrey

Source: Discogs
Birth of Modern Jazz: Weather Report

Weather Report   1979

L to R:

Joe Zawinul (keyboards)
Wayne Shorter (horns)
Peter Erskine (drums)
Jaco Pastorius (bass)

Source: Record Collector News
Weather Report is a bit beyond the scope of this page concerning jazz groups and musicians who issued recordings before 1970. But as jazz fusion (jazz rock) would become a major genre in itself in the seventies and eighties, Weather Report requires mention as among its earliest expressions. The group was put together by saxophonist, Wayne Shorter, and keyboard player, Joe Zawinul, who had first met in 1959 in Maynard Ferguson's big band. Recruiting Miroslav Vitouš for bass guitar and upright bass, and Alphonse Mouzon for drums, Don Alias and Barbara Burton were added to the group's original personnel for percussion. Personnel would shift about during the sixteen years of the band's existence, perhaps most notably in 1976 when guitarist, Jaco Pastorius, joined the band for several years (leaving in 1981). Drummer, Peter Erskine, who had begun his recording recording career in 1972 with Stan Kenton, joined the group in 1978. The group issued its first album, 'Weather Report' in 1971. Its sixteenth and last studio release was 'This Is This!' in 1986. Two live albums had been issued in the seventies as well: 'Live In Tokyo' ('72) and '8:30' ('79). Shorter would eventually lose interest in the group among other pursuits, spelling its demise in 1986. Zawinul would continue with the band another year, rechristened Weather Update. Per 1971 below, notes per Discogs state that 'Vienna, November 1971' was recorded, not in Vienna, but at ORF Studio in Klagenfurt for radio broadcast. Another note comments that the CD cover features a photograph from a 1978 German Rockpalast broadcast. (The entry for 'Weather Report', the group's initial album, uses the same image but isn't that album's cover.)

Weather Report   1971

   NDR Jazzworkshop

      Berlin television broadcast

   Vienna, November 1971

      Release unknown

   Weather Report


Weather Report   1973



Weather Report   1975

   Live in Copenhagen

      Filmed live

Weather Report   1976

   Black Market

      Side A

   Black Market

      Side B

Weather Report   1977

   Heavy Weather


Weather Report   1978

   Mr. Gone


   Live in Offenbach

      DVD released 2011

   Live in Providence

      Recording by Dan Lampinski

      Made public 2010?

Weather Report   1982

   Volcano For Hire

      Filmed live

Weather Report   1984

   Live in Tokyo

      Filmed concert


Birth of Modern Jazz: Peter Erskine

Peter Erskine

Source: Gitarren
Peter Erskine is a couple steps beyond the range of this page, being musicians who saw vinyl before 1970. But a bit longer step turns two into one, and Erskine requires mention as one of the more important jazz drummers among his slightly earlier contemporaries bearing jazz through the seventies. Erskine was born in 1954 in Somers Point, New Jersey. He graduated from the Interlochen Arts Academy in Michigan, and studied at Indiana University as well before joining the Stan Kenton Orchestra in 1972. It was with Kenton's big band that Erskine first appeared on record, 'National Anthems of the World' issued that year. He was working with Maynard Ferguson four years later, then joined Weather Report in 1978. He issued his debut album, 'Peter Erskine', in 1982. The next year he joined Steps Ahead. During the eighties Erskine began backing such as John Abercrombie, Bob Mintzer, Gary Burton and Eliane Elias. Later in the 21st century he would work with Dewa Budjana, then Yelena Eckemoff. Erskine has also published several instructional books and DVDs. Having appeared on more than 600 LPs and film scores, he's also issued well above forty albums as a leader or co-leader. His last studio album per this writing was released in 2016: 'Dr. Um'. Erskine is yet active, touring internationally. Per 1972 below, both tracks are from Stan Kenton's 'National Anthems Of The World'. Per 1994, 'Time Being' is with the trio consisting of Palle Danielsson (double bass) and John Taylor (piano).

Peter Erskine   1972

   God Save the Queen

   The Star Spangled Banner

Peter Erskine   1975

   Give It One

      Live telecast with Maynard Ferguson

Peter Erskine   1978

   Live in Offenbach

      Concert filmed with Weather Report

Peter Erskine   1983

   Live in Copenhagen

      Concert filmed with Steps Ahead

Peter Erskine   1986

   Smart Shoppers

      LP: 'Transition'


      LP: 'Transition'

Peter Erskine   1990


      Album by Gary Burton

Peter Erskine   1994


      LP: 'Time Being'

   Phrase One

      LP: 'Time Being'

Peter Erskine   2014

   Trace Elements


      Bass: Janek Gwizdala

      Piano: Paolo Di Sabatino

Peter Erskine   2015

   For Jupiter

      Filmed at the Blue Note Milano

      Bass: Palle Danielsson

      Piano: Rita Marcotulli

   Peter Erskine . . . GospelChops

      DVD: 'Bass Sessionz Vol 1'


Birth of Modern Jazz: Jon Faddis

Jon Faddis

Source: WBGO
Jon Faddis is a bit beyond the scope of this page, too young to have appeared on any issued recordings in the sixties. He was, however, a major trumpeter (would perform with the upraised trumpet like Gillsespie), and Oregon mustn't hog the show for year 1972. Born in 1953 in Oakland, CA, Faddis began honking at age seven, inspired by Louis Armstrong on the 'Ed Sullivan Show'. He was just eighteen fresh out of high school when he joined Lionel Hampton's orchestra, then assumed lead trumpet in the Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra. He first recorded in February of 1972 with Charles Mingus, filling in for an ill Roy Eldridge at Philharmonic Hall in NYC. That was issued that year as 'Charles Mingus and Friends in Concert', he appearing on 'Ecclusiastics', 'Little Royal Suite' and 'E's Flat, Ah's Flat Too'. Faddis also emerged on Johnny Hammond Smith's 'The Prophet' in '72, as well as Charles Earland's, 'Intensity'. (Lee Morgan's final recordings were on 'Intensity', he shot to death by his girlfriend two days later at age thirty-three.) Faddis issued his first name LP in 1974 with saxophone player, Billy Harper: 'Jon & Billy'. He would soon be backing any number of musicians from Tatsuro Yamashita to Lalo Schifrin. Schifrin would figure huge in the nineties into the new millennium. Faddis would also roll the nineties into the 21st century as Director of the Dizzy Gillespie Allumni All-Stars. Faddis prefers the Shike trumpet. He also began teaching trumpet at SUNY Purchase early in the millennium. Faddis released his latest LP as a leader in 2006: 'Teranga'. Per 1977 below, 'Live In Montreux is from 'Norman Granz Jazz in Montreux: Presents Dizzy Gillespie Sextet '77'. Per 1987, Faddis joins some of the biggest names in jazz all on one stage: Dizzy Gillespie (trumpet), Arturo Sandoval (trumpet), Slide Hampton (trombone), Johnny Griffin (tenor sax), Hank Jones (piano), Eddie Gómez (bass) and Ed Thigpen (drums).

Jon Faddis   1972


      'Charles Mingus and Friends in Concert'

Jon Faddis   1974

   Ballad For Jon Faddis

      LP: 'Jon Faddis & Billy Harper'

Jon Faddis   1976

   Samba de Orpheus

      LP: 'Youngblood'

Jon Faddis   1977

   Live in Montreux

      Filmed live

Jon Faddis   1982


      Dizzy Gillespie Dream Band

Jon Faddis   1985


      'Merv Griffin Show' with Jack Sheldon

Jon Faddis   1987


      Filmed live

  Night In Tunesia

      Filmed live

Jon Faddis   1990

   Struttin' With Some Barbecue

      With Doc Cheatham & Wynton Marsallis

Jon Faddis   1999


      LP: "Dizzy's World'


  Oregon was a group formed in 1970 by Paul McCandless (woodwinds), Glen Moore (double bass/violin), Ralph Towner (guitar) and Collin Walcott (percussion/sitar/tabla). They first recorded in 1970 for Increase Records, which decreased into bankruptcy before pressing. Those tracks eventually ended up on 'Our First Record' in 1980. The group's first release was in 1972 with 'Music of Another Present Era'. Since that time the band has issued nearly thirty thirty LPs. Walcott died in 1984 in an auto accident in Germany (having released three LPs of his own plus three with the group, Codona.) He was replaced by Indian percussionist, Trilok Gurtu, in 1986. Girtu remained until 1991, the group a trio until 1997 when it is though drummer, Mark Walker, joined Oregon. Important in 1999 was Oregon's tour to Moscow, Russia, to record 'In Moscow' with the Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra, issued 2000. Oregon has been a highly popular and tight band throughout the decades of its existence. It's core members (McCandless, Moore and Towner) remaining constant to this date (2015).

Oregon   1972

  Music of Another Present Era


Oregon   1978

  Yellow Bell

      LP: 'Out of the Woods'

Oregon   1980

   Full Circle

      LP: 'Our First Record'

      Recorded 1970

Oregon   1987


      LP: 'Distant Hills'

Oregon   2006

   1000 Kilometers

      Filmed live


      Filmed live

Oregon   2009


      Filmed live


Birth of Modern Jazz: Oregon


Source: Prog Archives


We end this history of modern jazz in the United States from 1960 to 1970 with guitarists who began recording in the early seventies: Ralph Towner and Stanley Clarke. Fusion guitarist, Pat Metheny, would begin recording in '74 with both Paul Bley and Gary Burton. Guitarist, Jaco Pastorius, is thought to have begun his career the same year with Metheny. Guitarist, Al Di Meola, surfaced on 'Where Have I Known You Before' in 1974 as well, that with Chick Corea's group, Return to Forever. Yet another guitar giant, John Scofield, began his recording career in 1974, appearing at Carnegie Hall with Chet Baker and Gerry Mulligan for their 'Reunion' performance.




Early Blues 1: Guitar

Early Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments

Modern Blues 1: Guitar

Modern Blues 2: Vocal - Other Instruments


Medieval - Renaissance


Galant - Classical

Romantic: Composers born 1770 to 1840

Romantic - Impressionist

Expressionist - Modern

Modern: Composers born 1900 to 1950




Country Western


Early Jazz 1: Ragtime - Bands - Horn

Early Jazz 2: Ragtime - Other Instrumentation

Early Jazz 3: Ragtime - Song - Hollywood

Swing Era 1: Big Bands

Swing Era 2: Song

Modern 1: Saxophone

Modern 2: Trumpet - Other Horn

Modern 3: Piano

Modern 4: Guitar - Other String

Modern 5: Percussion - Other Orchestration

Modern 6: Song

Modern 7: Latin Jazz - Latin Recording

Modern 8: United States 1960 - 1970

Modern 9: International 1960 - 1970

Rock & Roll

Early - Boogie Woogie - R&B - Soul - Disco

Doo Wop

The Big Bang - Fifties American Rock

UK Beat

British Invasion

Total War - Sixties American Rock

Other Musical Genres - Popular Music Appendix

Musician Indexes

Classical - Medieval to Renaissance

Classical - Baroque to Classical

Classical - Romantic to Modern

The Blues

Bluegrass - Folk

Country Western

Jazz Early - Ragtime - Swing Jazz

Jazz Modern - Horn

Jazz Modern - Piano - String

Jazz Modern - Latin - Percussion - Song - Other

Jazz Modern - 1960 to 1970

Boogie Woogie - Doo Wop - R&B - Rock & Roll - Soul - Disco

UK Beat - British Invasion

Sixties American Rock - Popular


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